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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, September 1, 2021 			      USDL-21-1569

Technical information: 
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


             METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2021


Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 388 of the 389 metropolitan areas
and higher in 1 area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. A total of 31 areas
had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 7 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 142 metropolitan areas and was 
essentially unchanged in 247 areas. The national unemployment rate in July was 5.7 percent,
not seasonally adjusted, down from 10.5 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and
unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the national
household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The
employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and
earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments
are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by
these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, Logan, UT-ID, and Lincoln, NE, had the lowest unemployment rates, 1.8 percent and 1.9
percent, respectively. Yuma, AZ, had the highest rate, 20.1 percent. A total of 251 areas had
July jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 5.7 percent, 132 areas had rates above it, and 6 
areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in July occurred in Kahului-Wailuku-
Lahaina, HI (-14.1 percentage points). Rates fell over the year by at least 10.0 percentage
points in an additional three areas. The only over-the-year unemployment rate increase was
in Pueblo, CO (+0.8 percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Salt Lake
City, UT, and Oklahoma City, OK, had the lowest jobless rates in July, 2.8 percent and 2.9
percent, respectively. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim,
CA, had the highest unemployment rates, 9.4 percent and 9.3 percent, respectively. All 51
large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases. The largest jobless rate declines
were in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (-10.3 percentage points), and Las Vegas-Henderson-
Paradise, NV (-10.2 points). The smallest over-the-year rate decreases occurred in Denver-
Aurora-Lakewood, CO (-2.0 percentage points), and Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN (-2.2
points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In July, Nashua, NH-MA,
had the lowest division unemployment rate, 3.6 percent, closely followed by Warren-Troy-
Farmington Hills, MI, 3.7 percent. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the highest
rate among the divisions, 10.2 percent. (See table 2.)

In July, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases.
Philadelphia, PA, had the largest rate decline (-9.4 percentage points). The smallest rate
decrease occurred in Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD (-2.9 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, 142 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
and 247 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred
in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+558,300), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA
(+359,300), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+211,100). The largest over-the-year 
percentage gains in employment occurred in Ocean City, NJ (+21.9 percent), Kahului-Wailuku-
Lahaina, HI (+21.1 percent), and Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+14.1 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in all 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment
in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY (+9.6
percent), Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+9.5 percent), and Providence-Warwick, RI-MA, and
Rochester, NY (+8.7 percent each). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 32 metropolitan divisions and was essentially
unchanged in 6 divisions over the year. The largest over-the-year increase in employment
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+422,800),
followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+242,900), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX
(+171,800). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead,
MA (+9.5 percent), San Rafael, CA (+8.5 percent), and Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA (+8.2 percent). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released
on Friday, September 17, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area Employment and
Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September
29, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


  __________________________________________________________________________________________
 |       										    |
 |                  Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2021			    |
 |                        Establishment and Household Survey Data			    |
 |  											    |
 |  Data collection for both surveys was affected by the pandemic. In the establishment	    |
 |  survey, more data continued to be collected by web than in months prior to the	    |
 |  pandemic. In the household survey, for the safety of both interviewers and respondents, |
 |  in-person interviews were conducted only when telephone interviews could not be done.   |
 |  											    |
 |  For information on the modifications made to the Current Employment Statistics (CES)    |
 |  estimation and methodological procedures due to the impact of COVID-19, see		    |
 |  www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.							    |
 |  											    |
 |  For the July 2021 estimates of household employment and unemployment from the Local	    |
 |  Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, BLS continued to implement level-shift     |
 |  outliers in the employment and/or unemployment inputs to the state models, based on	    |
 |  statistical evaluation of movements in each area's inputs. These level shifts preserved |
 |  movements in the published estimates that the models otherwise would have discounted,   |
 |  without requiring changes to how the models create estimates at other points in the	    |
 |  time series.									    |
 |  											    |
 |  The "Frequently asked questions" document at 					    |
 |  www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-july-2021.htm extensively	    |
 |  discusses the impact of a misclassification in the household survey on the national	    |
 |  estimates for July 2021. Despite the considerable decline in its degree relative to	    |
 |  prior months, this misclassification continued to be widespread geographically, with    |
 |  BLS analysis indicating that most states again were affected to at least some extent,   |
 |  which in turn affected the official LAUS estimates for July 2021. 			    |
 |  											    |
 |  Household data for substate areas are controlled to the employment and unemployment	    |
 |  totals for their respective model-based areas. Hence, the preliminary July and revised  |
 |  June estimates for substate areas reflect the use of level-shift outliers, where	    |
 |  implemented, in the inputs for their model-based control areas. The substate area	    |
 |  estimates also were impacted by misclassification in the household survey, in	    |
 |  proportion to the impacts of the misclassifications on the data for their model-based   |
 |  control areas.									    |
 |  											    |
 |  Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a monthly   |
 |  household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. The Puerto Rico Department   |
 |  of Labor has reported a misclassification in its household survey similar in nature	    |
 |  to the misclassification in the Current Population Survey, which has affected the local |
 |  area data proportionally.								    |
 |__________________________________________________________________________________________|
 
 
 

Technical Note
 
   Special technical note: This technical note describes the procedures regularly
used on a monthly basis to develop estimates from the CES survey and the LAUS
program. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, some of the procedures described in this
technical note have been modified. The modifications are briefly described in the
box note of this news release. More information on the changes to the CES business
birth-death model is available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.
   
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this news release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) June July June July
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) 2020 2021 2020 2021(p)

Alabama

2,236,762 2,201,289 2,236,392 2,227,049 179,051 81,484 177,309 75,910 8.0 3.7 7.9 3.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,272 45,269 46,599 45,606 4,199 2,016 4,109 1,899 9.1 4.5 8.8 4.2

Auburn-Opelika

74,198 73,804 74,839 74,872 5,444 2,317 5,179 2,111 7.3 3.1 6.9 2.8

Birmingham-Hoover

547,521 547,883 548,950 555,322 41,437 18,582 41,383 17,150 7.6 3.4 7.5 3.1

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

99,638 101,029 99,493 102,740 7,286 3,042 7,054 2,759 7.3 3.0 7.1 2.7

Decatur

73,386 72,861 73,300 73,644 4,473 2,122 4,363 1,877 6.1 2.9 6.0 2.5

Dothan

64,689 63,834 64,601 65,193 4,457 2,259 4,367 2,071 6.9 3.5 6.8 3.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,440 63,723 65,340 63,864 5,146 2,441 4,897 2,319 7.9 3.8 7.5 3.6

Gadsden

40,447 39,338 40,587 39,340 4,016 1,703 4,009 1,579 9.9 4.3 9.9 4.0

Huntsville

230,664 232,429 231,250 236,039 14,524 6,617 13,796 5,982 6.3 2.8 6.0 2.5

Mobile

193,211 185,703 193,381 186,434 21,926 9,561 22,680 8,914 11.3 5.1 11.7 4.8

Montgomery

174,286 169,477 175,467 171,184 16,501 7,622 16,922 7,324 9.5 4.5 9.6 4.3

Tuscaloosa

114,440 111,804 114,913 112,904 10,594 4,594 10,342 4,401 9.3 4.1 9.0 3.9

Alaska

350,478 354,816 353,072 355,854 39,160 23,095 35,864 21,022 11.2 6.5 10.2 5.9

Anchorage

195,835 196,989 196,354 195,234 21,756 12,443 19,983 11,282 11.1 6.3 10.2 5.8

Fairbanks

44,442 45,695 44,315 45,841 4,132 2,280 3,775 2,066 9.3 5.0 8.5 4.5

Arizona

3,559,525 3,656,599 3,609,819 3,645,692 385,973 265,866 394,487 234,674 10.8 7.3 10.9 6.4

Flagstaff

75,247 76,579 75,980 76,415 10,026 6,700 9,663 5,861 13.3 8.7 12.7 7.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

89,666 90,648 90,985 90,994 11,726 7,391 11,178 6,526 13.1 8.2 12.3 7.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,515,843 2,598,476 2,553,493 2,595,681 258,768 172,318 263,528 150,058 10.3 6.6 10.3 5.8

Prescott

107,386 110,485 108,907 110,789 10,655 6,761 10,569 5,898 9.9 6.1 9.7 5.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

51,420 52,765 52,447 52,307 4,691 3,667 4,786 3,258 9.1 6.9 9.1 6.2

Tucson

495,268 500,768 499,389 496,987 52,344 36,651 53,274 32,097 10.6 7.3 10.7 6.5

Yuma

95,892 97,856 99,582 97,323 21,701 19,804 24,684 19,597 22.6 20.2 24.8 20.1

Arkansas

1,360,293 1,378,507 1,356,900 1,369,781 107,148 69,301 102,232 62,948 7.9 5.0 7.5 4.6

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

281,032 295,768 284,860 298,005 17,038 10,873 16,091 9,567 6.1 3.7 5.6 3.2

Fort Smith

119,088 120,603 118,489 119,923 8,982 5,385 8,576 4,654 7.5 4.5 7.2 3.9

Hot Springs

41,923 42,519 42,803 42,896 4,319 2,565 4,069 2,313 10.3 6.0 9.5 5.4

Jonesboro

65,650 66,670 66,401 67,210 4,889 2,843 4,552 2,594 7.4 4.3 6.9 3.9

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

357,845 360,552 359,855 359,528 30,519 18,433 29,703 16,843 8.5 5.1 8.3 4.7

Pine Bluff

34,724 34,966 34,760 34,812 3,174 2,493 3,224 2,329 9.1 7.1 9.3 6.7

California

18,743,309 19,003,600 18,789,689 19,164,565 2,639,792 1,524,557 2,548,914 1,505,495 14.1 8.0 13.6 7.9

Bakersfield

383,066 382,498 379,667 380,835 59,991 41,583 57,699 40,755 15.7 10.9 15.2 10.7

Chico

92,492 92,427 90,377 93,327 10,753 6,784 10,053 6,682 11.6 7.3 11.1 7.2

El Centro

71,298 68,759 68,647 67,961 18,898 12,244 18,863 12,833 26.5 17.8 27.5 18.9

Fresno

448,085 446,793 440,989 449,151 60,302 42,466 57,297 41,786 13.5 9.5 13.0 9.3

Hanford-Corcoran

56,401 56,086 56,419 56,584 7,505 5,766 6,977 5,483 13.3 10.3 12.4 9.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,386,277 6,636,917 6,479,271 6,689,348 1,070,173 624,216 1,090,189 620,856 16.8 9.4 16.8 9.3

Madera

62,082 63,055 60,659 61,781 8,000 5,814 7,512 5,644 12.9 9.2 12.4 9.1

Merced

113,767 116,440 110,828 118,461 16,419 12,573 15,396 12,128 14.4 10.8 13.9 10.2

Modesto

240,824 241,823 240,646 245,685 32,936 21,468 31,044 20,788 13.7 8.9 12.9 8.5

Napa

70,002 70,588 69,621 71,683 8,671 4,316 7,429 4,146 12.4 6.1 10.7 5.8

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

410,485 409,215 405,592 411,286 48,960 26,453 45,622 26,208 11.9 6.5 11.2 6.4

Redding

73,539 74,850 72,095 74,146 7,815 5,215 7,246 5,180 10.6 7.0 10.1 7.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,077,159 2,094,586 2,070,858 2,109,271 277,183 167,689 268,003 166,811 13.3 8.0 12.9 7.9

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,087,641 1,093,445 1,091,399 1,100,628 131,598 75,294 121,780 74,120 12.1 6.9 11.2 6.7

Salinas

221,270 226,506 219,315 229,731 26,879 16,662 22,780 15,901 12.1 7.4 10.4 6.9

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,537,017 1,527,783 1,535,410 1,543,890 206,976 107,387 189,612 106,289 13.5 7.0 12.3 6.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,467,292 2,453,770 2,461,722 2,490,026 299,690 149,126 274,337 144,988 12.1 6.1 11.1 5.8

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,048,681 1,045,476 1,048,827 1,059,502 108,798 54,773 98,311 52,916 10.4 5.2 9.4 5.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

132,446 131,102 131,828 131,193 14,574 7,670 13,033 7,510 11.0 5.9 9.9 5.7

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

134,260 134,357 134,720 135,060 16,339 9,314 14,298 8,972 12.2 6.9 10.6 6.6

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

216,810 221,634 219,400 222,134 23,174 13,133 20,996 12,859 10.7 5.9 9.6 5.8

Santa Rosa

245,277 244,468 245,233 249,405 28,081 14,238 24,587 13,842 11.4 5.8 10.0 5.6

Stockton-Lodi

333,887 332,564 331,605 333,001 48,519 30,498 45,902 30,065 14.5 9.2 13.8 9.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

202,356 201,915 202,729 204,348 26,126 15,771 24,510 15,571 12.9 7.8 12.1 7.6

Visalia-Porterville

202,483 202,207 195,971 199,106 30,391 22,448 29,324 22,166 15.0 11.1 15.0 11.1

Yuba City

76,822 77,582 76,400 77,890 9,782 6,992 9,117 6,735 12.7 9.0 11.9 8.6

Colorado

3,166,070 3,192,724 3,083,369 3,190,695 361,503 199,882 230,437 186,778 11.4 6.3 7.5 5.9

Boulder

193,969 195,242 187,992 194,879 19,924 10,743 12,643 9,603 10.3 5.5 6.7 4.9

Colorado Springs

362,418 369,583 354,597 368,104 40,542 23,993 24,767 22,677 11.2 6.5 7.0 6.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,701,227 1,714,348 1,651,093 1,708,871 200,958 108,637 131,945 102,380 11.8 6.3 8.0 6.0

Fort Collins

206,626 207,702 199,414 203,339 20,458 11,460 12,361 10,390 9.9 5.5 6.2 5.1

Grand Junction

76,141 75,922 73,903 75,960 8,430 5,202 5,332 4,808 11.1 6.9 7.2 6.3

Greeley

166,729 166,863 162,291 166,598 18,209 10,907 12,088 10,214 10.9 6.5 7.4 6.1

Pueblo

77,620 78,127 75,682 77,722 8,874 6,712 5,941 6,687 11.4 8.6 7.8 8.6

Connecticut

1,903,809 1,808,525 1,928,598 1,835,413 216,926 123,417 222,745 127,141 11.4 6.8 11.5 6.9

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

462,674 440,780 468,883 446,928 54,365 29,999 55,709 31,261 11.8 6.8 11.9 7.0

Danbury

105,354 100,626 106,157 102,297 11,002 5,666 10,957 5,996 10.4 5.6 10.3 5.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

627,395 591,418 634,079 598,089 69,858 41,127 72,278 42,001 11.1 7.0 11.4 7.0

New Haven

332,559 320,254 337,777 325,305 34,489 20,707 36,316 21,392 10.4 6.5 10.8 6.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

139,967 131,084 143,094 133,644 20,302 9,775 19,924 9,777 14.5 7.5 13.9 7.3

Waterbury

111,835 107,821 113,620 109,283 14,281 8,909 15,080 9,160 12.8 8.3 13.3 8.4

Delaware

480,773 495,150 492,039 492,381 63,880 29,283 42,346 27,014 13.3 5.9 8.6 5.5

Dover

79,449 80,553 80,601 79,631 11,764 6,317 7,771 5,392 14.8 7.8 9.6 6.8

Salisbury(1)

195,450 201,999 199,590 203,099 21,175 11,377 15,685 10,107 10.8 5.6 7.9 5.0

District of Columbia

400,830 410,775 407,168 419,464 36,778 29,715 38,812 27,629 9.2 7.2 9.5 6.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,434,608 3,381,868 3,415,701 3,420,173 300,289 189,216 287,934 174,818 8.7 5.6 8.4 5.1

Florida

9,916,934 10,574,369 10,113,079 10,645,864 1,159,961 600,998 1,205,307 545,433 11.7 5.7 11.9 5.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

340,256 356,965 343,658 359,775 37,469 19,058 36,963 17,190 11.0 5.3 10.8 4.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

127,483 137,064 130,743 138,139 9,094 6,009 9,310 5,486 7.1 4.4 7.1 4.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

289,852 310,102 296,130 312,031 31,753 18,006 32,109 16,101 11.0 5.8 10.8 5.2

Gainesville

135,382 148,671 139,163 149,222 10,329 7,274 11,262 6,658 7.6 4.9 8.1 4.5

Homosassa Springs

46,256 49,443 45,929 48,702 5,153 3,551 5,354 3,185 11.1 7.2 11.7 6.5

Jacksonville

762,843 832,137 781,050 835,127 67,465 41,586 71,188 37,687 8.8 5.0 9.1 4.5

Lakeland-Winter Haven

321,522 330,778 319,892 330,426 48,884 21,887 42,730 19,857 15.2 6.6 13.4 6.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,914,047 3,131,433 3,017,794 3,182,061 344,201 194,421 415,692 179,513 11.8 6.2 13.8 5.6

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

172,660 185,698 173,682 185,405 18,443 8,739 18,181 8,172 10.7 4.7 10.5 4.4

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

356,320 387,127 357,958 386,400 34,622 19,237 34,540 17,354 9.7 5.0 9.6 4.5

Ocala

135,711 146,698 137,473 147,390 13,125 9,108 13,872 8,098 9.7 6.2 10.1 5.5

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,319,665 1,333,759 1,325,784 1,341,712 244,192 80,258 207,207 71,152 18.5 6.0 15.6 5.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

279,449 300,133 283,508 300,709 26,439 15,085 26,766 13,336 9.5 5.0 9.4 4.4

Panama City

87,255 95,847 89,117 95,687 6,635 4,677 6,978 4,119 7.6 4.9 7.8 4.3

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

223,841 241,513 229,780 243,568 18,252 12,544 20,441 11,599 8.2 5.2 8.9 4.8

Port St. Lucie

215,089 232,587 218,121 234,329 22,290 12,995 22,596 11,708 10.4 5.6 10.4 5.0

Punta Gorda

69,955 74,912 70,435 74,854 7,339 4,235 7,257 3,820 10.5 5.7 10.3 5.1

Sebastian-Vero Beach

62,967 68,176 63,435 68,183 6,593 4,082 6,785 3,708 10.5 6.0 10.7 5.4

Sebring

34,272 36,675 34,279 36,011 3,595 2,746 3,957 2,434 10.5 7.5 11.5 6.8

Tallahassee

182,361 197,580 187,855 197,484 14,845 10,683 16,998 9,970 8.1 5.4 9.0 5.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,530,690 1,642,692 1,555,707 1,645,031 161,201 85,597 165,302 76,705 10.5 5.2 10.6 4.7

The Villages

31,789 33,432 31,916 33,263 3,499 2,401 3,502 2,176 11.0 7.2 11.0 6.5

Georgia

5,001,224 5,180,333 4,982,393 5,168,955 432,911 232,021 403,003 164,744 8.7 4.5 8.1 3.2

Albany

65,437 65,982 64,690 65,336 5,653 4,086 5,774 2,752 8.6 6.2 8.9 4.2

Athens-Clarke County

94,234 96,989 93,068 96,357 6,944 3,884 6,393 2,650 7.4 4.0 6.9 2.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,018,038 3,128,708 3,011,500 3,128,471 284,479 140,711 261,575 100,087 9.4 4.5 8.7 3.2

Augusta-Richmond County

264,230 273,059 265,100 270,968 18,957 12,125 18,744 9,664 7.2 4.4 7.1 3.6

Brunswick

50,996 53,384 50,776 53,259 4,002 2,203 3,721 1,502 7.8 4.1 7.3 2.8

Columbus

122,649 122,148 121,069 121,007 11,158 6,219 10,342 4,600 9.1 5.1 8.5 3.8

Dalton

57,754 59,313 57,256 59,303 4,655 2,621 4,505 2,029 8.1 4.4 7.9 3.4

Gainesville

100,112 104,360 99,697 104,375 6,148 3,154 5,515 2,187 6.1 3.0 5.5 2.1

Hinesville

33,436 34,468 33,143 34,318 2,374 1,453 2,238 1,009 7.1 4.2 6.8 2.9

Macon-Bibb County

100,390 104,464 100,022 103,819 8,334 5,233 8,317 3,678 8.3 5.0 8.3 3.5

Rome

42,528 44,006 42,764 43,556 3,382 1,835 3,165 1,293 8.0 4.2 7.4 3.0

Savannah

187,270 201,018 186,378 201,704 17,220 9,004 15,597 6,287 9.2 4.5 8.4 3.1

Valdosta

62,276 65,587 62,491 65,319 4,473 3,016 4,567 1,974 7.2 4.6 7.3 3.0

Warner Robins

84,794 88,995 84,875 88,569 5,534 3,669 5,171 2,541 6.5 4.1 6.1 2.9

Hawaii

638,944 644,257 643,980 646,960 92,280 50,463 91,356 44,339 14.4 7.8 14.2 6.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

80,668 80,102 80,959 80,441 18,421 8,496 18,870 7,384 22.8 10.6 23.3 9.2

Urban Honolulu

433,923 443,072 439,012 444,620 54,389 31,337 52,992 27,634 12.5 7.1 12.1 6.2

Idaho

893,401 912,060 895,098 912,273 61,163 29,253 50,728 26,515 6.8 3.2 5.7 2.9

Boise City

382,202 388,612 381,993 389,833 28,235 12,708 23,885 11,727 7.4 3.3 6.3 3.0

Coeur d'Alene

82,663 84,131 82,551 84,342 6,893 2,915 5,707 2,661 8.3 3.5 6.9 3.2

Idaho Falls

73,530 76,935 74,282 76,786 3,523 1,992 2,839 1,728 4.8 2.6 3.8 2.3

Lewiston

30,934 31,716 31,094 31,748 1,826 925 1,702 853 5.9 2.9 5.5 2.7

Pocatello

41,583 43,997 42,164 44,084 2,524 1,415 2,195 1,244 6.1 3.2 5.2 2.8

Twin Falls

53,359 53,726 53,339 53,768 3,374 1,745 2,843 1,602 6.3 3.2 5.3 3.0

Illinois

6,428,397 6,303,537 6,232,556 6,320,206 924,792 497,570 771,918 442,136 14.4 7.9 12.4 7.0

Bloomington

91,995 89,057 90,634 90,938 9,944 4,835 8,342 4,473 10.8 5.4 9.2 4.9

Carbondale-Marion

59,554 56,120 57,989 58,825 7,496 3,517 6,222 3,294 12.6 6.3 10.7 5.6

Champaign-Urbana

120,843 118,758 118,652 122,445 12,444 6,676 10,822 6,264 10.3 5.6 9.1 5.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,859,950 4,811,243 4,710,335 4,787,275 732,050 408,227 604,554 359,097 15.1 8.5 12.8 7.5

Danville

33,331 32,415 32,551 33,220 4,216 2,279 3,719 2,160 12.6 7.0 11.4 6.5

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

190,125 186,129 185,558 188,665 21,538 10,810 18,145 9,489 11.3 5.8 9.8 5.0

Decatur

48,530 46,739 47,611 47,956 7,174 3,804 6,538 3,598 14.8 8.1 13.7 7.5

Kankakee

55,335 53,229 53,923 54,156 7,057 3,618 6,129 3,288 12.8 6.8 11.4 6.1

Peoria

175,147 170,155 172,366 174,371 23,825 10,950 20,583 10,137 13.6 6.4 11.9 5.8

Rockford

166,664 155,594 165,305 158,769 27,440 14,696 26,508 13,863 16.5 9.4 16.0 8.7

Springfield

104,098 102,850 103,006 104,620 13,029 6,173 11,145 5,607 12.5 6.0 10.8 5.4

Indiana

3,320,310 3,384,905 3,336,724 3,353,799 340,905 159,703 298,074 141,527 10.3 4.7 8.9 4.2

Bloomington

73,401 75,584 73,599 74,962 6,375 3,328 5,763 2,803 8.7 4.4 7.8 3.7

Columbus

43,201 44,897 43,968 44,781 4,253 1,660 3,366 1,399 9.8 3.7 7.7 3.1

Elkhart-Goshen

110,532 118,112 111,555 117,586 10,527 3,975 9,706 3,367 9.5 3.4 8.7 2.9

Evansville

157,539 158,157 157,874 156,107 14,063 7,352 12,628 6,391 8.9 4.6 8.0 4.1

Fort Wayne

215,658 220,681 218,399 217,929 22,527 9,790 19,867 8,501 10.4 4.4 9.1 3.9

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,063,851 1,098,338 1,081,213 1,092,400 104,556 49,773 95,328 44,026 9.8 4.5 8.8 4.0

Kokomo

38,034 37,141 36,412 36,846 5,800 3,452 3,678 2,876 15.2 9.3 10.1 7.8

Lafayette-West Lafayette

105,364 111,754 104,918 109,675 9,401 4,746 8,515 3,961 8.9 4.2 8.1 3.6

Michigan City-La Porte

49,002 48,404 48,191 47,435 7,096 3,000 5,752 2,748 14.5 6.2 11.9 5.8

Muncie

51,133 52,040 51,388 51,281 5,237 2,767 4,771 2,389 10.2 5.3 9.3 4.7

South Bend-Mishawaka

160,265 162,596 159,666 160,606 18,897 8,272 17,004 7,449 11.8 5.1 10.6 4.6

Terre Haute

71,855 71,345 71,492 70,422 7,485 3,907 6,654 3,406 10.4 5.5 9.3 4.8

Iowa

1,659,741 1,673,835 1,643,799 1,681,641 120,767 78,915 97,420 66,991 7.3 4.7 5.9 4.0

Ames

52,976 54,024 52,528 54,136 2,988 1,973 2,445 1,752 5.6 3.7 4.7 3.2

Cedar Rapids

141,902 140,984 140,947 141,941 12,025 7,891 9,936 6,672 8.5 5.6 7.0 4.7

Des Moines-West Des Moines

355,659 364,802 355,760 368,372 28,446 17,248 22,224 14,390 8.0 4.7 6.2 3.9

Dubuque

55,130 55,202 54,232 55,839 4,293 2,617 3,489 2,190 7.8 4.7 6.4 3.9

Iowa City

95,357 93,759 95,460 94,211 6,541 4,126 5,565 3,498 6.9 4.4 5.8 3.7

Sioux City

90,677 91,300 90,135 92,064 6,197 3,932 4,901 3,312 6.8 4.3 5.4 3.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

86,247 85,649 85,854 86,402 6,708 4,265 5,484 3,540 7.8 5.0 6.4 4.1

Kansas

1,488,976 1,522,209 1,518,534 1,538,422 101,401 66,991 111,208 72,301 6.8 4.4 7.3 4.7

Lawrence

60,859 62,577 61,990 63,844 4,632 2,826 4,938 3,051 7.6 4.5 8.0 4.8

Manhattan

42,887 42,927 43,520 43,749 2,780 1,801 3,022 1,958 6.5 4.2 6.9 4.5

Topeka

120,391 123,096 123,969 126,091 7,673 4,911 8,027 5,388 6.4 4.0 6.5 4.3

Wichita

314,999 323,017 328,217 323,476 31,256 18,911 34,421 20,074 9.9 5.9 10.5 6.2

Kentucky

1,988,719 1,996,279 1,981,728 1,994,652 116,787 110,177 120,009 94,015 5.9 5.5 6.1 4.7

Bowling Green

79,369 80,561 78,782 79,336 4,669 4,110 4,572 3,427 5.9 5.1 5.8 4.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,317 64,137 64,427 64,429 3,994 3,710 3,921 3,135 6.2 5.8 6.1 4.9

Lexington-Fayette

265,931 264,409 264,884 265,837 13,795 12,009 14,355 10,400 5.2 4.5 5.4 3.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

648,728 662,573 649,280 658,937 45,530 35,472 43,306 29,411 7.0 5.4 6.7 4.5

Owensboro

53,013 52,376 53,358 52,761 2,711 2,705 2,890 2,345 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.4

Louisiana

1,976,761 2,091,311 1,983,701 2,090,339 203,300 155,190 198,185 132,582 10.3 7.4 10.0 6.3

Alexandria

60,274 63,923 61,068 64,752 4,399 3,291 4,424 2,802 7.3 5.1 7.2 4.3

Baton Rouge

392,090 417,462 394,491 419,554 37,399 28,439 36,467 24,388 9.5 6.8 9.2 5.8

Hammond

53,975 57,048 54,281 57,288 6,602 4,814 6,420 4,231 12.2 8.4 11.8 7.4

Houma-Thibodaux

82,928 89,241 83,681 89,222 7,226 5,553 7,189 4,695 8.7 6.2 8.6 5.3

Lafayette

201,124 215,002 203,340 215,060 18,436 14,199 18,741 12,081 9.2 6.6 9.2 5.6

Lake Charles

97,790 98,829 98,496 98,921 9,871 7,379 9,827 6,202 10.1 7.5 10.0 6.3

Monroe

74,934 79,594 76,046 79,645 6,572 5,186 6,565 4,408 8.8 6.5 8.6 5.5

New Orleans-Metairie

565,112 597,169 564,106 597,759 71,194 52,926 67,040 45,245 12.6 8.9 11.9 7.6

Shreveport-Bossier City

175,748 187,366 177,079 186,472 17,190 13,461 16,878 11,392 9.8 7.2 9.5 6.1

Maine

670,398 687,499 703,421 703,236 34,248 35,286 59,187 35,195 5.1 5.1 8.4 5.0

Bangor

67,571 67,831 69,333 68,989 3,199 3,415 5,407 3,430 4.7 5.0 7.8 5.0

Lewiston-Auburn

54,275 54,442 56,543 55,516 2,891 2,987 5,196 3,172 5.3 5.5 9.2 5.7

Portland-South Portland

199,526 205,237 209,241 210,186 10,729 9,488 18,465 9,371 5.4 4.6 8.8 4.5

Maryland

3,255,232 3,161,916 3,192,506 3,198,827 280,621 210,372 280,225 185,701 8.6 6.7 8.8 5.8

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,521,617 1,480,973 1,484,824 1,489,992 126,697 94,115 126,540 79,877 8.3 6.4 8.5 5.4

California-Lexington Park

58,968 57,650 57,400 58,075 3,478 3,054 3,686 2,691 5.9 5.3 6.4 4.6

Cumberland

43,935 43,738 42,884 43,727 4,204 2,900 3,682 2,437 9.6 6.6 8.6 5.6

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

133,492 131,268 131,824 132,046 11,277 6,938 10,396 5,989 8.4 5.3 7.9 4.5

Massachusetts

3,718,781 3,724,262 3,610,552 3,750,975 549,404 201,844 364,930 212,126 14.8 5.4 10.1 5.7

Barnstable Town

125,834 132,884 127,479 138,577 19,508 7,065 12,047 7,354 15.5 5.3 9.5 5.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,759,261 2,759,680 2,684,597 2,779,267 395,172 138,688 266,533 146,108 14.3 5.0 9.9 5.3

Leominster-Gardner

79,612 77,994 76,587 77,902 12,808 4,880 8,680 5,189 16.1 6.3 11.3 6.7

New Bedford

85,968 85,141 81,478 84,643 15,400 5,594 9,799 5,942 17.9 6.6 12.0 7.0

Pittsfield

41,137 40,883 40,460 40,384 6,179 2,629 4,367 2,712 15.0 6.4 10.8 6.7

Springfield

365,403 360,892 355,030 362,846 53,571 23,265 38,143 24,483 14.7 6.4 10.7 6.7

Worcester

353,046 350,338 343,451 353,359 48,795 19,920 34,372 21,036 13.8 5.7 10.0 6.0

Michigan

4,953,891 4,752,684 4,863,144 4,804,963 703,238 251,710 464,045 241,860 14.2 5.3 9.5 5.0

Ann Arbor

196,115 188,828 190,919 189,164 18,068 8,961 13,637 8,903 9.2 4.7 7.1 4.7

Battle Creek

64,656 60,474 61,634 60,401 8,207 4,151 5,730 4,016 12.7 6.9 9.3 6.6

Bay City

51,643 48,593 49,679 48,637 5,777 2,945 4,020 2,807 11.2 6.1 8.1 5.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,104,482 2,038,096 2,120,611 2,077,550 392,948 98,126 245,317 93,392 18.7 4.8 11.6 4.5

Flint

187,952 178,754 179,117 177,616 26,122 13,390 18,617 13,183 13.9 7.5 10.4 7.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

595,692 572,823 573,657 573,340 60,323 27,310 42,119 26,093 10.1 4.8 7.3 4.6

Jackson

77,378 72,241 72,917 71,594 9,310 4,280 6,452 4,146 12.0 5.9 8.8 5.8

Kalamazoo-Portage

171,826 164,679 166,434 164,579 17,292 9,054 12,757 8,625 10.1 5.5 7.7 5.2

Lansing-East Lansing

249,909 237,025 236,422 237,481 23,654 13,068 17,461 12,608 9.5 5.5 7.4 5.3

Midland

41,041 39,608 39,942 39,661 3,794 1,934 2,719 1,822 9.2 4.9 6.8 4.6

Monroe

77,045 72,677 73,584 73,042 8,513 4,514 5,791 5,045 11.0 6.2 7.9 6.9

Muskegon

81,976 75,756 78,164 75,588 12,353 5,993 8,712 5,808 15.1 7.9 11.1 7.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

76,605 72,633 74,242 72,335 8,958 4,183 6,446 4,033 11.7 5.8 8.7 5.6

Saginaw

87,930 83,900 84,575 83,682 10,876 5,860 7,789 5,673 12.4 7.0 9.2 6.8

Minnesota

3,191,110 3,050,457 3,163,899 3,050,714 281,258 133,233 239,267 104,069 8.8 4.4 7.6 3.4

Duluth

143,318 140,345 141,454 140,364 15,300 6,606 12,530 5,324 10.7 4.7 8.9 3.8

Mankato-North Mankato

62,383 59,574 60,389 59,185 4,835 2,364 3,985 1,831 7.8 4.0 6.6 3.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,080,337 1,990,975 2,065,421 1,990,810 197,087 89,057 171,017 69,511 9.5 4.5 8.3 3.5

Rochester

129,802 125,524 131,104 126,494 10,899 4,521 8,571 3,496 8.4 3.6 6.5 2.8

St. Cloud

115,489 110,055 113,762 110,232 9,156 5,131 7,337 4,109 7.9 4.7 6.4 3.7

Mississippi

1,247,891 1,289,309 1,262,877 1,292,943 128,290 98,245 121,084 87,176 10.3 7.6 9.6 6.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

161,898 168,926 165,625 171,262 18,667 13,073 16,866 11,649 11.5 7.7 10.2 6.8

Hattiesburg

65,900 69,627 67,304 70,131 6,164 4,888 5,864 4,256 9.4 7.0 8.7 6.1

Jackson

258,648 268,670 263,663 271,737 25,619 18,647 23,523 16,646 9.9 6.9 8.9 6.1

Missouri

3,034,301 3,127,941 3,140,441 3,100,240 245,672 160,748 228,801 120,073 8.1 5.1 7.3 3.9

Cape Girardeau

47,334 48,649 47,825 47,230 3,258 2,169 2,971 1,635 6.9 4.5 6.2 3.5

Columbia

93,850 98,511 98,359 98,010 5,518 3,561 5,040 2,479 5.9 3.6 5.1 2.5

Jefferson City

74,910 77,218 77,866 76,928 4,192 2,709 4,287 1,946 5.6 3.5 5.5 2.5

Joplin

82,100 85,409 84,920 84,663 6,144 3,785 5,629 2,800 7.5 4.4 6.6 3.3

Kansas City

1,133,727 1,184,172 1,177,742 1,196,546 85,296 63,993 87,293 52,475 7.5 5.4 7.4 4.4

St. Joseph

61,993 63,336 64,282 63,433 3,579 2,689 3,550 2,044 5.8 4.2 5.5 3.2

St. Louis(2)

1,454,179 1,469,165 1,494,430 1,477,553 143,721 78,044 127,470 65,270 9.9 5.3 8.5 4.4

Springfield

232,541 241,326 242,833 241,291 17,371 9,546 15,368 6,754 7.5 4.0 6.3 2.8

Montana

556,096 548,509 552,688 549,867 40,464 21,817 34,476 17,544 7.3 4.0 6.2 3.2

Billings

92,134 89,667 92,100 89,757 6,362 3,543 5,552 2,916 6.9 4.0 6.0 3.2

Great Falls

39,077 38,288 37,932 37,279 2,844 1,486 2,514 1,205 7.3 3.9 6.6 3.2

Missoula

66,598 64,291 64,614 64,360 5,239 2,522 4,419 2,005 7.9 3.9 6.8 3.1

Nebraska

1,056,456 1,033,960 1,042,865 1,034,191 69,618 27,696 49,400 21,751 6.6 2.7 4.7 2.1

Grand Island

45,122 44,019 44,176 44,218 3,206 1,226 2,254 1,066 7.1 2.8 5.1 2.4

Lincoln

187,404 185,899 186,425 187,128 12,669 4,705 9,073 3,501 6.8 2.5 4.9 1.9

Omaha-Council Bluffs

503,714 494,876 500,637 495,979 38,449 15,718 27,996 12,775 7.6 3.2 5.6 2.6

Nevada

1,501,397 1,560,223 1,514,424 1,547,799 232,481 129,648 254,963 127,211 15.5 8.3 16.8 8.2

Carson City

26,157 27,068 25,775 26,879 2,206 1,431 2,450 1,415 8.4 5.3 9.5 5.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,097,658 1,136,211 1,117,178 1,130,526 199,804 108,918 218,572 106,086 18.2 9.6 19.6 9.4

Reno

252,373 267,178 249,652 264,776 21,695 13,011 23,964 13,093 8.6 4.9 9.6 4.9

New Hampshire

766,230 750,038 770,338 760,726 78,038 23,431 62,617 26,089 10.2 3.1 8.1 3.4

Dover-Durham

84,338 83,445 85,727 84,423 7,745 2,747 6,915 2,865 9.2 3.3 8.1 3.4

Manchester

121,310 117,675 120,781 118,387 12,522 3,602 10,004 3,976 10.3 3.1 8.3 3.4

Portsmouth

77,417 77,981 78,964 78,736 6,465 2,371 5,900 2,446 8.4 3.0 7.5 3.1

New Jersey

4,521,304 4,480,044 4,657,034 4,500,363 729,247 353,621 631,398 341,707 16.1 7.9 13.6 7.6

Atlantic City-Hammonton

123,246 121,877 128,333 121,301 42,624 13,587 29,690 13,080 34.6 11.1 23.1 10.8

Ocean City

48,303 57,389 54,653 59,676 9,037 4,315 6,918 4,026 18.7 7.5 12.7 6.7

Trenton

204,683 203,148 213,005 207,121 24,040 13,354 22,421 12,894 11.7 6.6 10.5 6.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,303 66,943 67,079 66,146 10,805 6,093 9,522 6,121 16.1 9.1 14.2 9.3

New Mexico

914,023 956,885 945,825 957,643 93,336 80,023 126,619 73,909 10.2 8.4 13.4 7.7

Albuquerque

420,489 434,765 435,095 437,388 42,152 34,955 56,735 32,278 10.0 8.0 13.0 7.4

Farmington

47,601 49,662 51,270 49,567 5,961 4,957 7,932 4,593 12.5 10.0 15.5 9.3

Las Cruces

94,309 97,918 96,772 97,064 9,122 8,197 12,385 7,564 9.7 8.4 12.8 7.8

Santa Fe

69,813 70,590 72,035 70,812 7,398 5,524 9,837 5,109 10.6 7.8 13.7 7.2

New York

9,332,324 9,395,356 9,462,424 9,381,601 1,377,368 679,824 1,400,143 693,170 14.8 7.2 14.8 7.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

454,477 446,373 464,131 448,165 47,216 21,027 48,315 21,635 10.4 4.7 10.4 4.8

Binghamton

106,488 103,634 107,212 103,066 12,113 5,601 12,520 5,825 11.4 5.4 11.7 5.7

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

545,587 543,537 553,849 548,228 74,936 31,081 73,074 31,931 13.7 5.7 13.2 5.8

Elmira

36,387 34,991 36,293 34,921 4,463 1,978 4,310 2,005 12.3 5.7 11.9 5.7

Glens Falls

58,628 60,166 61,459 60,825 6,192 2,872 6,030 2,913 10.6 4.8 9.8 4.8

Ithaca

47,398 47,375 48,449 47,276 4,340 2,017 4,496 2,182 9.2 4.3 9.3 4.6

Kingston

87,564 86,872 89,056 86,911 10,157 4,344 10,419 4,522 11.6 5.0 11.7 5.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,753,161 9,814,910 9,945,132 9,802,622 1,577,775 788,235 1,528,846 788,235 16.2 8.0 15.4 8.0

Rochester

523,913 520,197 528,260 524,447 58,918 27,463 61,944 28,240 11.2 5.3 11.7 5.4

Syracuse

310,853 302,005 317,035 305,055 35,954 16,320 37,129 16,849 11.6 5.4 11.7 5.5

Utica-Rome

130,770 128,460 132,329 128,894 13,973 7,101 14,620 7,327 10.7 5.5 11.0 5.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

44,534 44,284 45,061 43,883 4,743 2,258 4,836 2,403 10.7 5.1 10.7 5.5

North Carolina

4,846,452 5,038,055 4,977,349 5,049,564 432,333 247,429 460,754 232,409 8.9 4.9 9.3 4.6

Asheville

220,526 227,374 226,664 227,861 22,905 10,096 22,333 9,185 10.4 4.4 9.9 4.0

Burlington

78,322 82,155 80,927 83,152 7,027 4,077 7,437 3,903 9.0 5.0 9.2 4.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,340,829 1,376,457 1,372,088 1,378,124 121,592 65,038 128,826 61,204 9.1 4.7 9.4 4.4

Durham-Chapel Hill

293,970 308,631 300,116 310,981 22,780 12,765 24,406 12,083 7.7 4.1 8.1 3.9

Fayetteville

144,054 147,143 146,847 146,817 15,929 10,134 17,544 9,638 11.1 6.9 11.9 6.6

Goldsboro

49,575 51,429 50,386 50,969 3,760 2,654 4,097 2,492 7.6 5.2 8.1 4.9

Greensboro-High Point

353,313 359,612 359,703 364,086 36,803 20,121 38,999 19,067 10.4 5.6 10.8 5.2

Greenville

83,698 89,989 85,999 90,496 6,958 4,557 7,778 4,386 8.3 5.1 9.0 4.8

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

167,561 175,019 171,998 173,999 14,861 8,226 15,690 7,519 8.9 4.7 9.1 4.3

Jacksonville

62,568 64,586 62,729 64,797 5,143 3,459 5,509 3,241 8.2 5.4 8.8 5.0

New Bern

49,233 51,583 50,785 51,356 3,634 2,459 3,905 2,252 7.4 4.8 7.7 4.4

Raleigh

693,982 733,543 719,481 738,141 56,041 30,600 59,073 28,786 8.1 4.2 8.2 3.9

Rocky Mount

61,013 63,605 63,124 63,333 6,721 4,479 7,538 4,216 11.0 7.0 11.9 6.7

Wilmington

145,812 153,531 150,461 156,370 12,244 6,783 12,935 6,293 8.4 4.4 8.6 4.0

Winston-Salem

313,820 327,591 322,915 329,024 27,858 15,698 29,496 14,688 8.9 4.8 9.1 4.5

North Dakota

413,557 410,357 413,915 411,446 25,997 18,209 24,952 14,971 6.3 4.4 6.0 3.6

Bismarck

70,906 72,355 72,198 73,691 3,552 2,798 3,296 2,300 5.0 3.9 4.6 3.1

Fargo

142,440 145,725 143,893 147,054 8,075 5,191 7,118 4,017 5.7 3.6 4.9 2.7

Grand Forks

53,598 52,975 53,086 52,789 3,440 2,412 3,070 1,978 6.4 4.6 5.8 3.7

Ohio

5,738,491 5,648,630 5,803,597 5,699,657 590,656 353,669 551,931 338,891 10.3 6.3 9.5 5.9

Akron

353,800 343,421 359,290 347,082 36,004 21,961 36,161 21,388 10.2 6.4 10.1 6.2

Canton-Massillon

196,146 191,204 199,136 192,160 19,671 12,184 19,530 11,774 10.0 6.4 9.8 6.1

Cincinnati

1,114,082 1,109,115 1,130,154 1,119,368 96,731 61,471 97,244 58,797 8.7 5.5 8.6 5.3

Cleveland-Elyria

1,008,073 1,023,799 994,711 1,036,583 128,306 66,647 91,227 60,996 12.7 6.5 9.2 5.9

Columbus

1,103,113 1,084,297 1,127,176 1,099,335 100,397 61,996 102,400 59,860 9.1 5.7 9.1 5.4

Dayton

390,504 377,028 395,822 377,006 38,930 23,881 39,272 23,199 10.0 6.3 9.9 6.2

Lima

47,887 47,125 47,923 47,784 4,885 3,039 4,695 3,009 10.2 6.4 9.8 6.3

Mansfield

51,726 50,712 52,966 50,749 5,501 3,497 5,500 3,283 10.6 6.9 10.4 6.5

Springfield

62,977 61,706 63,751 61,753 6,200 4,110 6,072 3,947 9.8 6.7 9.5 6.4

Toledo

297,792 288,262 301,858 290,228 34,493 20,301 33,395 20,753 11.6 7.0 11.1 7.2

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

50,699 50,547 51,265 50,659 5,922 3,951 5,867 3,571 11.7 7.8 11.4 7.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

234,699 224,978 238,701 225,576 29,673 16,990 29,835 16,856 12.6 7.6 12.5 7.5

Oklahoma

1,852,569 1,876,246 1,851,561 1,865,006 155,285 71,010 135,038 56,203 8.4 3.8 7.3 3.0

Enid

27,457 27,315 27,500 27,207 2,026 835 1,751 700 7.4 3.1 6.4 2.6

Lawton

50,900 52,197 51,291 52,171 4,440 2,128 3,848 1,647 8.7 4.1 7.5 3.2

Oklahoma City

692,988 706,496 693,162 705,360 60,302 26,169 50,660 20,305 8.7 3.7 7.3 2.9

Tulsa

483,348 489,491 486,609 489,432 42,600 19,139 37,552 15,079 8.8 3.9 7.7 3.1

Oregon

2,142,246 2,171,802 2,054,752 2,190,869 221,839 112,591 204,520 105,502 10.4 5.2 10.0 4.8

Albany

59,959 60,360 57,274 60,688 5,928 3,396 5,629 3,268 9.9 5.6 9.8 5.4

Bend-Redmond

99,547 101,182 96,393 101,700 10,721 5,223 9,336 4,754 10.8 5.2 9.7 4.7

Corvallis

46,763 47,773 43,548 46,441 3,709 1,909 3,522 1,882 7.9 4.0 8.1 4.1

Eugene

180,444 181,991 171,660 180,658 19,481 10,271 17,977 9,640 10.8 5.6 10.5 5.3

Grants Pass

37,074 37,757 35,075 37,630 3,629 2,269 3,404 2,159 9.8 6.0 9.7 5.7

Medford

107,130 108,217 102,191 110,347 11,060 5,855 10,367 5,601 10.3 5.4 10.1 5.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,331,185 1,345,439 1,294,197 1,359,537 145,337 67,413 139,259 62,826 10.9 5.0 10.8 4.6

Salem

207,000 213,828 200,067 216,766 18,659 10,708 17,175 10,053 9.0 5.0 8.6 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,455,636 6,327,433 6,516,443 6,361,987 854,532 403,157 879,551 424,173 13.2 6.4 13.5 6.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

441,076 438,668 445,376 438,205 62,583 29,309 60,072 30,088 14.2 6.7 13.5 6.9

Altoona

60,116 58,230 60,823 58,674 6,991 3,449 7,484 3,819 11.6 5.9 12.3 6.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,447 42,416 42,698 42,955 4,296 2,314 4,481 2,504 10.1 5.5 10.5 5.8

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,373 75,818 78,727 76,331 8,875 4,084 8,967 4,188 11.3 5.4 11.4 5.5

East Stroudsburg

82,270 79,870 83,971 80,793 14,908 6,229 13,555 6,429 18.1 7.8 16.1 8.0

Erie

127,176 124,418 129,725 125,613 18,273 9,018 18,174 9,356 14.4 7.2 14.0 7.4

Gettysburg

54,189 54,380 54,419 54,692 5,721 2,418 5,398 2,603 10.6 4.4 9.9 4.8

Harrisburg-Carlisle

301,279 299,131 305,400 302,669 35,220 16,453 34,975 17,570 11.7 5.5 11.5 5.8

Johnstown

56,789 53,830 57,252 54,557 7,142 3,994 7,794 4,353 12.6 7.4 13.6 8.0

Lancaster

283,722 280,024 287,269 284,185 33,218 14,304 32,052 15,454 11.7 5.1 11.2 5.4

Lebanon

72,877 71,127 73,057 71,401 8,711 3,974 8,449 4,296 12.0 5.6 11.6 6.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,123,706 3,084,063 3,174,157 3,093,591 447,468 210,413 429,559 212,541 14.3 6.8 13.5 6.9

Pittsburgh

1,201,769 1,178,387 1,211,675 1,185,335 151,832 73,534 167,026 78,103 12.6 6.2 13.8 6.6

Reading

214,918 206,124 216,070 206,470 29,771 13,892 29,575 14,407 13.9 6.7 13.7 7.0

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

278,045 268,128 278,646 270,965 40,861 20,346 40,381 21,040 14.7 7.6 14.5 7.8

State College

73,335 71,707 74,175 73,141 6,254 3,708 6,676 4,044 8.5 5.2 9.0 5.5

Williamsport

56,664 55,607 56,238 55,695 6,510 3,598 6,739 3,787 11.5 6.5 12.0 6.8

York-Hanover

235,736 232,785 236,662 235,094 27,510 12,951 27,404 13,851 11.7 5.6 11.6 5.9

Rhode Island

515,414 536,901 538,898 539,736 52,775 31,134 74,281 31,349 10.2 5.8 13.8 5.8

Providence-Warwick

649,711 670,439 666,133 673,939 75,014 38,713 87,412 39,553 11.5 5.8 13.1 5.9

South Carolina

2,424,628 2,430,838 2,454,331 2,439,465 188,372 108,434 193,284 104,642 7.8 4.5 7.9 4.3

Charleston-North Charleston

400,333 406,735 408,301 409,265 31,513 16,206 33,101 15,814 7.9 4.0 8.1 3.9

Columbia

409,408 407,815 417,233 410,818 27,463 16,993 28,507 16,557 6.7 4.2 6.8 4.0

Florence

98,834 98,828 99,512 99,768 7,288 4,669 7,786 4,550 7.4 4.7 7.8 4.6

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

437,322 441,855 444,595 444,533 32,560 17,931 31,890 17,057 7.4 4.1 7.2 3.8

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

92,617 95,951 93,641 97,502 6,092 3,568 6,053 3,476 6.6 3.7 6.5 3.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

208,170 210,123 212,665 211,944 20,441 11,651 20,396 11,030 9.8 5.5 9.6 5.2

Spartanburg

174,607 174,281 173,276 173,739 14,971 8,129 14,868 7,794 8.6 4.7 8.6 4.5

Sumter

44,051 44,218 44,318 44,518 3,459 2,230 3,997 2,173 7.9 5.0 9.0 4.9

South Dakota

462,485 479,161 461,807 479,175 26,559 15,980 23,651 12,703 5.7 3.3 5.1 2.7

Rapid City

76,184 79,779 76,908 79,344 5,050 2,703 4,299 2,057 6.6 3.4 5.6 2.6

Sioux Falls

156,813 164,065 156,293 164,943 8,515 4,764 7,264 3,587 5.4 2.9 4.6 2.2

Tennessee

3,185,318 3,346,722 3,184,398 3,354,320 315,155 187,741 298,721 156,571 9.9 5.6 9.4 4.7

Chattanooga

264,230 278,841 264,418 277,653 22,015 14,929 20,718 10,930 8.3 5.4 7.8 3.9

Clarksville

114,184 120,422 112,510 117,805 10,182 7,328 9,733 6,041 8.9 6.1 8.7 5.1

Cleveland

59,751 60,649 59,274 60,122 4,813 3,405 4,659 2,748 8.1 5.6 7.9 4.6

Jackson

62,583 65,652 62,364 65,705 5,627 3,659 5,535 3,077 9.0 5.6 8.9 4.7

Johnson City

86,314 91,170 86,497 90,811 7,537 4,873 6,848 3,907 8.7 5.3 7.9 4.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

131,975 135,732 131,840 135,475 11,914 7,280 10,884 6,074 9.0 5.4 8.3 4.5

Knoxville

412,326 437,169 411,414 439,026 32,541 20,989 30,251 16,942 7.9 4.8 7.4 3.9

Memphis

624,223 659,573 629,946 659,385 72,969 49,810 77,604 45,606 11.7 7.6 12.3 6.9

Morristown

51,131 53,258 50,807 53,353 4,683 2,894 4,221 2,402 9.2 5.4 8.3 4.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,037,084 1,091,205 1,037,299 1,102,445 103,632 50,519 95,425 41,240 10.0 4.6 9.2 3.7

Texas

14,074,215 14,126,847 14,010,729 14,192,398 1,454,139 939,920 1,349,002 851,641 10.3 6.7 9.6 6.0

Abilene

77,682 79,299 77,999 80,120 5,809 4,240 5,403 3,753 7.5 5.3 6.9 4.7

Amarillo

132,012 134,423 131,146 134,175 8,847 6,053 7,530 5,422 6.7 4.5 5.7 4.0

Austin-Round Rock

1,242,507 1,276,355 1,242,643 1,291,772 107,661 61,239 97,150 54,605 8.7 4.8 7.8 4.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

172,738 174,525 171,884 174,011 25,271 18,502 23,647 17,133 14.6 10.6 13.8 9.8

Brownsville-Harlingen

172,060 171,080 170,587 171,091 21,378 16,650 21,353 15,107 12.4 9.7 12.5 8.8

College Station-Bryan

128,444 129,909 127,768 129,448 10,063 7,105 9,045 6,233 7.8 5.5 7.1 4.8

Corpus Christi

205,745 203,198 204,252 204,550 23,702 17,041 23,592 15,432 11.5 8.4 11.6 7.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,000,002 4,058,247 3,988,897 4,086,851 393,318 241,550 351,783 217,116 9.8 6.0 8.8 5.3

El Paso

368,450 365,721 367,313 365,957 41,009 26,580 36,660 23,700 11.1 7.3 10.0 6.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,452,936 3,418,140 3,419,877 3,435,984 400,092 252,691 379,678 233,714 11.6 7.4 11.1 6.8

Killeen-Temple

178,718 180,155 178,922 180,790 16,137 12,051 14,747 10,791 9.0 6.7 8.2 6.0

Laredo

117,294 116,111 116,719 116,566 13,560 8,865 12,421 7,767 11.6 7.6 10.6 6.7

Longview

96,141 96,237 95,890 96,486 10,126 7,090 9,434 6,360 10.5 7.4 9.8 6.6

Lubbock

162,472 164,023 162,570 164,885 12,674 9,293 11,951 8,189 7.8 5.7 7.4 5.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

366,147 363,633 362,393 364,060 52,423 39,456 51,565 36,316 14.3 10.9 14.2 10.0

Midland

98,857 98,472 97,817 99,424 11,816 6,607 11,368 5,957 12.0 6.7 11.6 6.0

Odessa

83,539 78,555 81,848 78,405 13,078 7,608 12,684 6,817 15.7 9.7 15.5 8.7

San Angelo

54,693 54,582 54,681 54,522 4,781 3,162 4,483 2,789 8.7 5.8 8.2 5.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,203,505 1,229,149 1,199,395 1,228,008 119,635 73,333 111,565 66,115 9.9 6.0 9.3 5.4

Sherman-Denison

64,020 65,820 64,613 66,646 5,011 3,468 4,419 3,085 7.8 5.3 6.8 4.6

Texarkana

63,490 64,427 64,084 63,869 5,818 4,154 5,406 3,752 9.2 6.4 8.4 5.9

Tyler

110,050 111,932 108,967 113,125 9,963 6,644 8,931 5,953 9.1 5.9 8.2 5.3

Victoria

44,466 44,105 44,345 43,812 4,656 3,247 4,943 2,934 10.5 7.4 11.1 6.7

Waco

128,075 130,144 127,443 131,227 10,341 7,528 9,708 6,749 8.1 5.8 7.6 5.1

Wichita Falls

64,640 65,124 64,594 64,909 5,339 3,944 5,253 3,518 8.3 6.1 8.1 5.4

Utah

1,653,637 1,676,942 1,648,720 1,672,358 106,325 51,466 91,049 44,527 6.4 3.1 5.5 2.7

Logan

72,769 74,461 70,387 72,848 2,924 1,748 2,275 1,339 4.0 2.3 3.2 1.8

Ogden-Clearfield

343,867 350,429 343,262 348,269 19,839 10,119 16,478 8,656 5.8 2.9 4.8 2.5

Provo-Orem

320,845 329,083 320,764 329,156 16,209 9,175 13,816 7,603 5.1 2.8 4.3 2.3

St. George

79,238 81,886 78,993 81,740 5,625 2,657 4,924 2,208 7.1 3.2 6.2 2.7

Salt Lake City

687,110 690,889 687,493 691,814 49,352 21,828 43,147 19,499 7.2 3.2 6.3 2.8

Vermont

332,543 319,790 330,100 324,928 26,307 11,474 21,934 10,336 7.9 3.6 6.6 3.2

Burlington-South Burlington

121,998 117,987 121,546 119,183 8,732 3,703 7,416 3,380 7.2 3.1 6.1 2.8

Virginia

4,358,146 4,288,989 4,363,071 4,315,758 387,307 192,604 354,094 174,994 8.9 4.5 8.1 4.1

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

85,622 86,522 86,812 87,151 6,711 3,618 5,930 3,129 7.8 4.2 6.8 3.6

Charlottesville

118,730 115,824 117,547 116,538 10,325 4,748 9,109 4,222 8.7 4.1 7.7 3.6

Harrisonburg

64,711 65,075 64,504 65,340 5,316 2,667 4,323 2,294 8.2 4.1 6.7 3.5

Lynchburg

121,056 117,601 120,881 119,780 9,985 5,619 9,093 5,001 8.2 4.8 7.5 4.2

Richmond

683,177 657,077 688,706 665,390 65,559 31,901 61,248 28,960 9.6 4.9 8.9 4.4

Roanoke

155,049 154,763 156,620 154,616 13,011 6,593 11,934 5,940 8.4 4.3 7.6 3.8

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,939 60,211 59,890 60,617 4,603 2,304 4,015 2,058 7.7 3.8 6.7 3.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

856,577 839,578 864,134 845,618 85,234 42,380 81,747 38,556 10.0 5.0 9.5 4.6

Winchester

74,254 75,614 74,965 76,087 5,222 2,614 4,440 2,305 7.0 3.5 5.9 3.0

Washington

3,888,501 3,923,081 3,931,051 3,969,236 418,801 202,639 419,461 196,927 10.8 5.2 10.7 5.0

Bellingham

112,724 114,120 114,130 115,338 12,961 5,874 14,108 5,622 11.5 5.1 12.4 4.9

Bremerton-Silverdale

126,674 125,096 128,235 127,278 11,485 5,571 12,677 5,258 9.1 4.5 9.9 4.1

Kennewick-Richland

149,193 155,057 149,069 152,732 15,126 7,447 16,845 7,038 10.1 4.8 11.3 4.6

Longview

47,786 48,193 48,653 48,090 5,168 2,691 5,832 2,534 10.8 5.6 12.0 5.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

62,092 62,564 63,234 63,240 7,515 3,410 7,894 3,163 12.1 5.5 12.5 5.0

Olympia-Tumwater

140,612 143,428 142,935 143,690 13,749 6,515 15,443 6,143 9.8 4.5 10.8 4.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,165,411 2,180,156 2,174,935 2,209,409 239,570 116,508 220,237 115,875 11.1 5.3 10.1 5.2

Spokane-Spokane Valley

276,085 282,458 278,323 286,407 28,405 13,198 32,234 12,386 10.3 4.7 11.6 4.3

Walla Walla

31,383 33,079 32,353 33,794 2,237 1,263 2,674 1,245 7.1 3.8 8.3 3.7

Wenatchee

67,324 68,799 72,063 74,286 6,752 2,936 6,643 2,739 10.0 4.3 9.2 3.7

Yakima

137,559 138,764 138,302 138,473 15,312 7,641 17,091 6,986 11.1 5.5 12.4 5.0

West Virginia

795,463 802,562 794,028 800,291 80,456 41,145 75,343 36,308 10.1 5.1 9.5 4.5

Beckley

47,082 47,772 47,327 48,381 5,212 2,700 4,821 2,351 11.1 5.7 10.2 4.9

Charleston

94,963 94,810 93,777 94,040 10,683 5,136 10,000 4,534 11.2 5.4 10.7 4.8

Huntington-Ashland

146,376 147,233 146,095 146,286 13,877 8,276 13,316 7,419 9.5 5.6 9.1 5.1

Morgantown

69,282 71,011 69,322 71,410 6,249 2,986 5,887 2,590 9.0 4.2 8.5 3.6

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,058 38,659 39,032 38,519 3,992 2,201 3,875 1,893 10.2 5.7 9.9 4.9

Wheeling

63,012 62,350 63,215 62,404 7,063 4,094 6,850 3,707 11.2 6.6 10.8 5.9

Wisconsin

3,085,264 3,158,568 3,090,324 3,165,625 266,655 142,603 224,423 129,077 8.6 4.5 7.3 4.1

Appleton

131,225 134,780 131,238 135,150 9,507 4,936 7,887 4,488 7.2 3.7 6.0 3.3

Eau Claire

90,481 94,424 91,073 95,076 7,381 3,786 6,153 3,301 8.2 4.0 6.8 3.5

Fond du Lac

56,716 59,376 56,771 58,996 4,782 2,215 3,514 2,044 8.4 3.7 6.2 3.5

Green Bay

172,697 176,220 173,382 176,920 14,602 7,126 11,835 6,381 8.5 4.0 6.8 3.6

Janesville-Beloit

85,516 88,583 86,467 89,097 8,086 4,775 7,239 4,392 9.5 5.4 8.4 4.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

74,725 77,033 74,932 76,613 5,538 2,901 4,491 2,329 7.4 3.8 6.0 3.0

Madison

380,303 397,992 386,635 397,217 27,147 14,258 22,650 12,397 7.1 3.6 5.9 3.1

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

812,481 831,637 820,398 840,313 81,642 45,416 72,193 42,162 10.0 5.5 8.8 5.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,367 94,570 92,058 95,441 6,950 3,744 5,722 3,353 7.6 4.0 6.2 3.5

Racine

98,041 99,957 98,665 100,700 9,330 5,570 8,131 5,252 9.5 5.6 8.2 5.2

Sheboygan

62,402 65,290 62,517 64,983 4,918 2,497 3,965 2,116 7.9 3.8 6.3 3.3

Wausau

73,296 75,564 72,649 75,185 4,978 2,655 4,120 2,455 6.8 3.5 5.7 3.3

Wyoming

301,308 299,609 301,260 297,016 21,849 16,860 20,340 13,189 7.3 5.6 6.8 4.4

Casper

40,752 40,822 41,181 40,460 4,188 3,003 4,096 2,358 10.3 7.4 9.9 5.8

Cheyenne

51,073 51,444 51,335 50,910 3,206 2,575 2,892 2,034 6.3 5.0 5.6 4.0

Puerto Rico

1,084,685 1,070,185 1,062,180 1,071,440 92,050 87,864 77,104 98,980 8.5 8.2 7.3 9.2

Aguadilla-Isabela

85,069 84,021 82,850 84,459 7,808 8,198 6,509 9,130 9.2 9.8 7.9 10.8

Arecibo

51,788 51,775 50,922 52,017 4,623 4,399 3,775 4,833 8.9 8.5 7.4 9.3

Guayama

19,372 19,826 19,208 19,952 1,575 1,777 1,299 2,067 8.1 9.0 6.8 10.4

Mayaguez

27,154 26,582 26,254 26,770 2,256 2,395 1,860 2,759 8.3 9.0 7.1 10.3

Ponce

88,859 89,682 87,305 90,127 7,553 8,825 6,477 10,144 8.5 9.8 7.4 11.3

San German

33,803 35,037 32,764 35,182 2,897 3,617 2,447 4,051 8.6 10.3 7.5 11.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

738,083 723,130 723,617 722,324 61,885 54,106 51,731 60,888 8.4 7.5 7.1 8.4

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) June July June July
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) 2020 2021 2020 2021(p)

California

18,743,309 19,003,600 18,789,689 19,164,565 2,639,792 1,524,557 2,548,914 1,505,495 14.1 8.0 13.6 7.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,386,277 6,636,917 6,479,271 6,689,348 1,070,173 624,216 1,090,189 620,856 16.8 9.4 16.8 9.3

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,547,078 1,567,206 1,544,336 1,586,684 205,168 101,555 190,254 99,522 13.3 6.5 12.3 6.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,839,199 5,069,711 4,934,935 5,102,664 865,005 522,661 899,935 521,334 17.9 10.3 18.2 10.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,467,292 2,453,770 2,461,722 2,490,026 299,690 149,126 274,337 144,988 12.1 6.1 11.1 5.8

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,353,865 1,339,516 1,350,753 1,352,316 175,131 90,634 161,478 88,633 12.9 6.8 12.0 6.6

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

985,035 982,583 981,790 1,002,723 111,706 52,221 101,121 50,302 11.3 5.3 10.3 5.0

San Rafael

128,392 131,671 129,179 134,987 12,853 6,271 11,738 6,053 10.0 4.8 9.1 4.5

District of Columbia

400,830 410,775 407,168 419,464 36,778 29,715 38,812 27,629 9.2 7.2 9.5 6.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,434,608 3,381,868 3,415,701 3,420,173 300,289 189,216 287,934 174,818 8.7 5.6 8.4 5.1

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

695,714 679,878 686,696 690,705 57,960 42,824 57,616 38,177 8.3 6.3 8.4 5.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,738,894 2,701,990 2,729,005 2,729,468 242,329 146,392 230,318 136,641 8.8 5.4 8.4 5.0

Florida

9,916,934 10,574,369 10,113,079 10,645,864 1,159,961 600,998 1,205,307 545,433 11.7 5.7 11.9 5.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,914,047 3,131,433 3,017,794 3,182,061 344,201 194,421 415,692 179,513 11.8 6.2 13.8 5.6

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,021,973 1,056,520 1,034,280 1,058,552 142,621 60,890 140,820 54,181 14.0 5.8 13.6 5.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,185,677 1,321,435 1,266,534 1,366,318 120,162 93,206 192,170 88,706 10.1 7.1 15.2 6.5

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

706,397 753,478 716,980 757,191 81,418 40,325 82,702 36,626 11.5 5.4 11.5 4.8

Illinois

6,428,397 6,303,537 6,232,556 6,320,206 924,792 497,570 771,918 442,136 14.4 7.9 12.4 7.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,859,950 4,811,243 4,710,335 4,787,275 732,050 408,227 604,554 359,097 15.1 8.5 12.8 7.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,744,017 3,710,604 3,608,831 3,675,325 588,144 340,708 479,716 295,719 15.7 9.2 13.3 8.0

Elgin

321,047 309,109 312,939 314,363 44,233 19,170 38,035 17,643 13.8 6.2 12.2 5.6

Gary(3)

334,768 336,103 334,499 334,120 46,545 23,501 40,657 23,094 13.9 7.0 12.2 6.9

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

460,118 455,427 454,066 463,467 53,128 24,848 46,146 22,641 11.5 5.5 10.2 4.9

Massachusetts

3,718,781 3,724,262 3,610,552 3,750,975 549,404 201,844 364,930 212,126 14.8 5.4 10.1 5.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,759,261 2,759,680 2,684,597 2,779,267 395,172 138,688 266,533 146,108 14.3 5.0 9.9 5.3

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,635,807 1,648,510 1,593,159 1,662,425 228,116 81,167 153,209 85,338 13.9 4.9 9.6 5.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

111,067 109,306 106,466 109,610 19,858 7,016 13,045 7,429 17.9 6.4 12.3 6.8

Framingham

156,391 158,035 153,004 159,573 19,504 6,688 13,001 7,184 12.5 4.2 8.5 4.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

116,865 117,518 115,356 117,592 15,985 5,229 11,110 5,529 13.7 4.4 9.6 4.7

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

103,145 98,445 98,584 99,344 20,723 7,868 14,092 7,888 20.1 8.0 14.3 7.9

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

194,095 194,005 187,825 194,865 27,335 9,878 17,887 10,460 14.1 5.1 9.5 5.4

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

87,482 85,807 82,827 84,977 16,350 5,641 10,651 5,782 18.7 6.6 12.9 6.8

Nashua(2)

177,153 171,281 175,959 174,121 18,977 5,550 15,154 6,259 10.7 3.2 8.6 3.6

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

91,097 90,647 88,197 90,537 14,543 4,874 9,405 5,111 16.0 5.4 10.7 5.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

86,159 86,126 83,220 86,223 13,781 4,777 8,979 5,128 16.0 5.5 10.8 5.9

Michigan

4,953,891 4,752,684 4,863,144 4,804,963 703,238 251,710 464,045 241,860 14.2 5.3 9.5 5.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,104,482 2,038,096 2,120,611 2,077,550 392,948 98,126 245,317 93,392 18.7 4.8 11.6 4.5

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

804,665 763,749 805,556 778,401 172,690 47,941 113,604 45,847 21.5 6.3 14.1 5.9

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,299,816 1,274,346 1,315,055 1,299,149 220,257 50,185 131,713 47,545 16.9 3.9 10.0 3.7

New York

9,332,324 9,395,356 9,462,424 9,381,601 1,377,368 679,824 1,400,143 693,170 14.8 7.2 14.8 7.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,753,161 9,814,910 9,945,132 9,802,622 1,577,775 788,235 1,528,846 788,235 16.2 8.0 15.4 8.0

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,643 190,581 198,067 190,632 21,935 9,228 22,379 9,610 11.3 4.8 11.3 5.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,486,524 1,454,510 1,529,586 1,461,176 192,183 72,134 192,967 76,240 12.9 5.0 12.6 5.2

Newark(3)

1,240,987 1,221,981 1,272,988 1,226,492 190,799 96,146 170,527 93,010 15.4 7.9 13.4 7.6

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,832,007 6,947,838 6,944,491 6,924,322 1,172,858 610,727 1,142,973 609,375 17.2 8.8 16.5 8.8

Pennsylvania

6,455,636 6,327,433 6,516,443 6,361,987 854,532 403,157 879,551 424,173 13.2 6.4 13.5 6.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,123,706 3,084,063 3,174,157 3,093,591 447,468 210,413 429,559 212,541 14.3 6.8 13.5 6.9

Camden(3)

639,528 637,960 659,368 640,908 96,345 50,234 83,290 48,169 15.1 7.9 12.6 7.5

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,071,541 1,072,220 1,084,031 1,077,082 125,341 52,222 123,616 57,204 11.7 4.9 11.4 5.3

Philadelphia

1,035,935 990,959 1,048,591 992,460 178,585 84,345 188,518 85,051 17.2 8.5 18.0 8.6

Wilmington(3)

376,702 382,924 382,167 383,141 47,197 23,612 34,135 22,117 12.5 6.2 8.9 5.8

Texas

14,074,215 14,126,847 14,010,729 14,192,398 1,454,139 939,920 1,349,002 851,641 10.3 6.7 9.6 6.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,000,002 4,058,247 3,988,897 4,086,851 393,318 241,550 351,783 217,116 9.8 6.0 8.8 5.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,694,104 2,748,043 2,688,720 2,772,970 263,449 160,800 235,599 144,842 9.8 5.9 8.8 5.2

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,305,898 1,310,204 1,300,177 1,313,881 129,869 80,750 116,184 72,274 9.9 6.2 8.9 5.5

Washington

3,888,501 3,923,081 3,931,051 3,969,236 418,801 202,639 419,461 196,927 10.8 5.2 10.7 5.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,165,411 2,180,156 2,174,935 2,209,409 239,570 116,508 220,237 115,875 11.1 5.3 10.1 5.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,720,508 1,741,706 1,724,697 1,766,361 184,869 92,711 163,069 93,467 10.7 5.3 9.5 5.3

Tacoma-Lakewood

444,903 438,450 450,238 443,048 54,701 23,797 57,168 22,408 12.3 5.4 12.7 5.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area June July Change from
July 2020 to July 2021(p)
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,938.9 2,028.0 1,950.8 2,023.9 73.1 3.7

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

44.4 45.8 44.9 45.7 0.8 1.8

Auburn-Opelika

60.8 64.7 62.2 65.0 2.8 4.5

Birmingham-Hoover

507.7 537.5 510.5 538.4 27.9 5.5

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

77.8 84.6 78.3 85.1 6.8 8.7

Decatur

55.6 57.5 55.7 57.3 1.6 2.9

Dothan

57.1 59.5 57.2 59.8 2.6 4.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

53.4 55.0 53.7 54.1 0.4 0.7

Gadsden

32.7 34.2 32.8 33.7 0.9 2.7

Huntsville

234.8 248.6 237.1 249.3 12.2 5.1

Mobile

173.6 180.6 173.4 179.2 5.8 3.3

Montgomery

164.9 171.3 166.1 170.6 4.5 2.7

Tuscaloosa

100.0 105.1 101.3 104.5 3.2 3.2


Alaska

301.8