Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 27, 2017                    USDL-17-1323

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


             METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 323 of the 388
metropolitan areas, higher in 55 areas, and unchanged in 10 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Thirty-two areas had jobless rates of less than
3.0 percent and three areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 326 metropolitan areas, decreased in 55 areas,
and was unchanged in 7 areas. The national unemployment rate in August was 4.5
percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.0 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, Fort Collins, CO, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.8 percent, closely
followed by Boulder, CO, 1.9 percent. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ, had the highest
unemployment rates, 24.9 percent and 23.7 percent, respectively. A total of 196 areas
had August jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.5 percent, 180 areas had rates above
it, and 12 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Odessa, TX, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in August (-2.7
percentage points). An additional 78 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (+1.4
percentage points), and Toledo, OH (+1.2 points).

    ______________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                              |
   |                            Hurricane Harvey                                  |
   |                                                                              |
   |Hurricane Harvey had no discernible effect on the employment and unemployment |
   |data for August. Household survey data collection was completed before the    |
   |storm. Establishment survey data collection for this news release was largely |
   |completed prior to the storm, and collection rates were within normal ranges  |
   |nationally and for the affected areas. For information on how unusually       |
   |severe weather can affect the employment estimates, see the Frequently Asked  |
   |Questions section of the Employment Situation news release at                 |
   |www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.faq.htm.                                      |
   |______________________________________________________________________________|


Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO, had the lowest unemployment rate in August, 2.2 percent.
Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 6.8 percent.
Forty-two large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, eight had
increases, and one had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Birmingham-
Hoover, AL (-2.0 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was in
Cleveland-Elyria, OH (+1.4 percentage points).
 
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In August, Nashua,
NH-MA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.9 percent. Philadelphia,
PA, had the highest jobless rate, 6.1 percent. (See table 2.)

In August, 23 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
12 had increases, and 3 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-
Dearborn-Livonia, MI (-1.9 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increases
occurred in Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, and Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ (+0.5 percentage
point each).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 326 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 55 had decreases, and 7 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+145,900), Dallas-Fort
Worth-Arlington, TX (+96,700), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (+86,400). The
largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Lake Charles, LA
(+5.8 percent), Elkhart-Goshen, IN (+5.6 percent), and Sebring, FL (+5.1 percent).
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-
Newport News, VA-NC (-4,500), followed by Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI (-3,100),
and Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA (-2,100). The largest over-the-year percentage
decrease in employment occurred in Beckley, WV (-3.1 percent), followed by Michigan
City-La Porte, IN (-2.6 percent), and Cape Girardeau, MO-IL (-2.5 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010
Census population of 1 million or more and fell in 3. The largest over-the-year
percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in
Raleigh, NC (+3.5 percent), Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.3 percent), and Atlanta-
Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA, and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+3.2 percent each).
The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News,
VA-NC (-0.6 percent), Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI (-0.4 percent), and Rochester,
NY (-0.3 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year and fell in Elgin, IL (-900, or -0.4 percent). The largest over-the-year
increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey
City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+135,200), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+70,900), and
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (+53,800). The largest over-the-year
percentage increases occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+3.5 percent), Fort Lauderdale-
Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, FL (+3.3 percent), and Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury
Town, MA-NH (+3.1 percent). (See table 4.)

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for September is scheduled to be
released on Friday, October 20, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for September is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, November 1, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series
are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available
upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
July August Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) July August July August
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,173,465 2,180,600 2,168,460 2,162,768 132,734 106,593 134,754 92,837 6.1 4.9 6.2 4.3

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,948 45,663 45,787 45,393 3,103 2,495 3,123 2,208 6.8 5.5 6.8 4.9

Auburn-Opelika

73,331 74,011 73,352 73,784 4,055 3,173 4,018 2,853 5.5 4.3 5.5 3.9

Birmingham-Hoover

538,204 540,050 535,382 533,084 30,461 23,666 31,321 20,923 5.7 4.4 5.9 3.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

92,533 93,777 91,338 92,291 4,745 3,769 4,952 3,483 5.1 4.0 5.4 3.8

Decatur

68,962 69,058 68,802 68,611 4,075 3,200 4,121 2,831 5.9 4.6 6.0 4.1

Dothan

62,594 62,557 62,852 62,329 3,704 2,915 3,877 2,650 5.9 4.7 6.2 4.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,361 66,079 66,716 65,603 4,540 3,473 4,523 3,063 6.8 5.3 6.8 4.7

Gadsden

43,964 44,088 43,538 43,797 2,607 2,145 2,723 1,891 5.9 4.9 6.3 4.3

Huntsville

212,303 216,336 212,978 216,081 11,454 9,159 11,531 8,082 5.4 4.2 5.4 3.7

Mobile

184,604 183,004 183,688 181,101 12,914 10,768 13,070 9,366 7.0 5.9 7.1 5.2

Montgomery

171,600 172,060 170,887 170,426 9,879 8,445 10,207 7,056 5.8 4.9 6.0 4.1

Tuscaloosa

112,046 113,567 112,726 112,894 7,175 5,891 7,127 4,738 6.4 5.2 6.3 4.2

Alaska

371,272 376,851 366,325 369,982 22,540 24,709 21,301 23,430 6.1 6.6 5.8 6.3

Anchorage

201,989 206,767 198,924 201,961 11,536 12,841 10,879 12,168 5.7 6.2 5.5 6.0

Fairbanks

46,473 47,024 46,829 47,164 2,408 2,732 2,250 2,589 5.2 5.8 4.8 5.5

Arizona

3,240,274 3,314,032 3,243,683 3,304,258 186,236 181,037 186,548 169,670 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.1

Flagstaff

75,340 76,496 75,060 75,705 4,790 4,457 4,647 3,839 6.4 5.8 6.2 5.1

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

81,549 83,107 81,323 82,614 5,393 5,076 5,454 4,769 6.6 6.1 6.7 5.8

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,241,581 2,298,355 2,242,331 2,291,662 109,376 105,153 108,752 98,216 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.3

Prescott

100,563 102,125 100,420 102,082 5,066 4,760 5,010 4,498 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,429 49,849 50,229 50,038 3,181 2,934 3,134 2,784 6.3 5.9 6.2 5.6

Tucson

467,184 472,763 466,964 470,908 24,672 23,118 24,386 21,413 5.3 4.9 5.2 4.5

Yuma

98,009 102,156 98,285 101,246 22,011 24,470 23,495 24,006 22.5 24.0 23.9 23.7

Arkansas

1,360,570 1,393,745 1,345,036 1,371,780 59,883 53,259 52,969 48,633 4.4 3.8 3.9 3.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

269,348 283,189 265,220 277,181 8,657 8,218 7,551 7,518 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.7

Fort Smith

123,014 123,168 121,797 122,231 6,107 5,220 5,668 5,202 5.0 4.2 4.7 4.3

Hot Springs

41,430 42,923 40,510 41,888 1,941 1,770 1,692 1,575 4.7 4.1 4.2 3.8

Jonesboro

63,819 66,009 62,678 64,581 2,418 2,215 2,110 2,049 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

360,153 367,752 353,122 359,448 13,893 12,374 12,354 11,384 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.2

Pine Bluff

36,442 36,710 36,052 36,016 2,217 1,916 2,059 1,747 6.1 5.2 5.7 4.9

California

19,209,227 19,284,617 19,178,340 19,293,497 1,115,050 1,035,395 1,069,094 1,041,499 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.4

Bakersfield

391,073 388,044 390,645 391,795 40,515 37,413 37,954 36,786 10.4 9.6 9.7 9.4

Chico

101,907 102,667 101,826 103,424 7,119 6,609 6,636 6,560 7.0 6.4 6.5 6.3

El Centro

77,398 77,139 77,885 76,109 21,160 20,821 21,141 18,947 27.3 27.0 27.1 24.9

Fresno

450,284 449,458 449,520 448,585 40,813 38,767 38,120 38,374 9.1 8.6 8.5 8.6

Hanford-Corcoran

57,757 57,478 57,499 57,502 5,456 5,070 5,055 4,898 9.4 8.8 8.8 8.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,677,694 6,746,093 6,660,764 6,737,326 366,944 338,761 353,009 344,694 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.1

Madera

60,808 60,919 61,755 62,814 5,594 5,064 5,054 4,876 9.2 8.3 8.2 7.8

Merced

113,200 112,635 115,727 114,824 11,401 10,812 10,413 10,396 10.1 9.6 9.0 9.1

Modesto

247,386 249,398 248,562 251,836 21,061 19,663 19,259 18,886 8.5 7.9 7.7 7.5

Napa

75,074 75,785 74,555 75,985 3,092 2,898 3,045 2,896 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.8

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

426,072 428,556 423,158 427,600 23,665 21,590 23,854 22,461 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.3

Redding

74,583 75,567 75,266 76,901 5,218 4,592 4,917 4,615 7.0 6.1 6.5 6.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,981,543 1,997,193 1,984,703 2,000,869 131,948 121,523 127,530 123,537 6.7 6.1 6.4 6.2

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,082,066 1,083,471 1,080,210 1,084,145 59,982 55,459 57,526 55,872 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.2

Salinas

229,268 225,885 228,248 225,738 13,428 12,691 12,548 12,547 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,581,446 1,577,313 1,577,590 1,577,610 80,662 73,781 77,773 74,201 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,565,142 2,571,053 2,559,668 2,572,031 105,733 99,844 102,243 101,309 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,066,034 1,059,974 1,063,994 1,062,078 43,982 40,653 42,780 41,244 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.9

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

140,028 141,015 138,302 138,701 6,513 5,923 6,295 6,004 4.7 4.2 4.6 4.3

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

146,780 146,663 145,671 145,898 8,880 8,092 8,292 7,931 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

218,706 217,379 217,146 217,049 10,807 10,139 10,383 10,083 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.6

Santa Rosa

263,391 259,194 262,967 258,552 11,166 10,082 10,450 10,067 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.9

Stockton-Lodi

320,477 318,596 320,922 320,440 26,035 24,267 24,403 23,926 8.1 7.6 7.6 7.5

Vallejo-Fairfield

208,305 208,318 208,107 207,846 12,076 11,187 11,620 11,331 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.5

Visalia-Porterville

207,584 210,390 206,315 209,665 22,502 22,505 21,364 22,167 10.8 10.7 10.4 10.6

Yuba City

75,250 75,262 75,430 75,867 6,376 6,008 5,805 5,818 8.5 8.0 7.7 7.7

Colorado

2,916,061 3,022,710 2,910,544 3,009,751 98,970 76,206 93,703 66,616 3.4 2.5 3.2 2.2

Boulder

180,391 188,814 179,961 187,706 5,146 4,175 4,990 3,627 2.9 2.2 2.8 1.9

Colorado Springs

327,760 339,567 327,448 338,566 12,928 10,210 12,155 8,738 3.9 3.0 3.7 2.6

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,554,709 1,615,924 1,550,856 1,608,302 49,904 39,165 47,515 34,595 3.2 2.4 3.1 2.2

Fort Collins

188,291 200,687 189,699 200,647 5,374 4,165 5,277 3,708 2.9 2.1 2.8 1.8

Grand Junction

71,912 72,264 71,825 72,263 4,079 2,615 3,651 2,199 5.7 3.6 5.1 3.0

Greeley

149,146 156,055 149,802 156,515 5,303 3,739 5,089 3,259 3.6 2.4 3.4 2.1

Pueblo

72,704 74,576 72,334 73,760 3,798 3,081 3,438 2,647 5.2 4.1 4.8 3.6

Connecticut

1,924,769 1,966,249 1,907,030 1,919,376 103,538 98,484 98,951 87,404 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

478,555 487,535 472,802 475,637 24,786 23,922 23,696 21,171 5.2 4.9 5.0 4.5

Danbury

109,552 111,865 108,254 109,263 4,868 4,643 4,627 4,054 4.4 4.2 4.3 3.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

624,850 638,392 620,032 623,464 34,447 32,592 32,907 29,085 5.5 5.1 5.3 4.7

New Haven

326,636 335,799 323,996 327,057 17,846 17,133 16,994 15,080 5.5 5.1 5.2 4.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

146,037 148,997 144,951 145,650 7,844 7,119 7,485 6,236 5.4 4.8 5.2 4.3

Waterbury

112,643 114,737 111,634 111,746 7,224 6,876 7,075 6,269 6.4 6.0 6.3 5.6

Delaware

478,124 482,307 474,958 481,515 21,762 24,735 21,262 24,794 4.6 5.1 4.5 5.1

Dover

76,835 77,753 76,728 77,404 3,976 4,601 3,921 4,621 5.2 5.9 5.1 6.0

Salisbury(1)

198,015 201,542 195,221 198,904 9,333 9,428 9,195 9,144 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6

District of Columbia

397,407 405,950 391,268 397,247 25,186 28,062 24,968 26,244 6.3 6.9 6.4 6.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,353,057 3,452,903 3,317,964 3,405,922 134,186 133,991 132,301 127,497 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.7

Florida

9,879,776 10,169,972 9,867,355 10,127,466 508,776 444,547 509,388 430,233 5.1 4.4 5.2 4.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

325,438 327,119 324,295 326,387 16,098 13,899 15,947 13,281 4.9 4.2 4.9 4.1

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

127,893 130,791 125,585 129,091 5,245 4,453 5,074 4,251 4.1 3.4 4.0 3.3

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

293,939 297,937 292,907 298,284 15,765 13,647 15,568 13,135 5.4 4.6 5.3 4.4

Gainesville

137,891 142,284 136,845 141,122 6,454 5,608 6,257 5,307 4.7 3.9 4.6 3.8

Homosassa Springs

46,929 46,913 47,779 47,423 3,421 2,929 3,379 2,803 7.3 6.2 7.1 5.9

Jacksonville

746,075 765,911 743,945 762,465 37,606 33,009 37,334 31,461 5.0 4.3 5.0 4.1

Lakeland-Winter Haven

285,056 293,012 286,396 292,704 17,373 14,735 17,447 14,190 6.1 5.0 6.1 4.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,061,366 3,173,284 3,057,021 3,140,503 159,871 142,537 163,683 140,398 5.2 4.5 5.4 4.5

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

164,328 168,296 164,249 168,487 8,900 7,801 9,028 7,899 5.4 4.6 5.5 4.7

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

349,948 366,985 349,026 365,297 16,958 14,643 16,743 14,263 4.8 4.0 4.8 3.9

Ocala

133,787 136,225 133,694 135,917 8,234 6,919 8,144 6,668 6.2 5.1 6.1 4.9

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,268,193 1,309,015 1,266,207 1,307,053 60,165 52,149 59,663 49,970 4.7 4.0 4.7 3.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

265,982 273,493 265,194 271,683 14,202 12,054 14,069 11,613 5.3 4.4 5.3 4.3

Panama City

97,161 98,313 95,947 97,063 4,664 4,035 4,591 3,837 4.8 4.1 4.8 4.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

219,095 223,291 220,030 224,008 11,139 9,551 10,818 8,927 5.1 4.3 4.9 4.0

Port St. Lucie

204,871 209,415 205,557 210,210 12,084 10,395 12,077 9,968 5.9 5.0 5.9 4.7

Punta Gorda

68,872 71,038 69,028 71,103 3,873 3,366 3,841 3,308 5.6 4.7 5.6 4.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,886 63,201 61,887 63,289 4,204 3,529 4,263 3,471 6.8 5.6 6.9 5.5

Sebring

34,514 36,064 35,529 36,923 2,567 2,236 2,533 2,151 7.4 6.2 7.1 5.8

Tallahassee

187,387 192,535 186,972 191,716 9,529 8,185 9,354 7,632 5.1 4.3 5.0 4.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,483,897 1,528,358 1,481,720 1,526,007 72,107 63,024 71,476 60,514 4.9 4.1 4.8 4.0

The Villages

29,032 29,972 29,341 30,246 2,121 1,842 2,097 1,810 7.3 6.1 7.1 6.0

Georgia

4,948,936 5,078,790 4,920,833 5,057,573 283,213 256,555 273,846 242,570 5.7 5.1 5.6 4.8

Albany

65,679 67,113 65,660 66,760 4,384 4,037 4,324 3,875 6.7 6.0 6.6 5.8

Athens-Clarke County

97,363 100,494 97,336 99,645 5,454 5,067 5,309 4,664 5.6 5.0 5.5 4.7

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,960,023 3,052,606 2,941,500 3,039,724 159,677 146,654 156,164 139,785 5.4 4.8 5.3 4.6

Augusta-Richmond County

264,224 270,895 263,170 269,924 16,147 14,050 15,457 13,561 6.1 5.2 5.9 5.0

Brunswick

53,466 53,829 52,844 53,356 3,151 2,654 2,912 2,579 5.9 4.9 5.5 4.8

Columbus

124,746 125,299 124,044 124,440 8,414 7,432 8,163 7,056 6.7 5.9 6.6 5.7

Dalton

63,409 63,496 62,665 63,174 4,125 3,439 3,891 3,302 6.5 5.4 6.2 5.2

Gainesville

96,511 99,844 96,423 99,662 4,676 4,183 4,592 4,003 4.8 4.2 4.8 4.0

Hinesville

32,400 33,158 32,855 33,458 1,921 1,768 1,920 1,714 5.9 5.3 5.8 5.1

Macon-Bibb County

104,405 105,512 104,173 104,936 6,334 5,775 6,168 5,622 6.1 5.5 5.9 5.4

Rome

43,995 44,463 43,483 44,162 3,053 2,798 2,721 2,337 6.9 6.3 6.3 5.3

Savannah

182,986 187,566 181,281 186,273 9,824 8,682 9,689 8,291 5.4 4.6 5.3 4.5

Valdosta

63,874 65,071 63,508 64,517 3,556 3,213 3,398 3,080 5.6 4.9 5.4 4.8

Warner Robins

83,368 84,744 83,066 84,291 4,793 4,360 4,657 4,188 5.7 5.1 5.6 5.0

Hawaii

689,706 694,663 686,674 687,142 21,439 17,479 19,978 16,511 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.4

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

87,003 88,427 86,634 87,552 2,875 2,384 2,646 2,187 3.3 2.7 3.1 2.5

Urban Honolulu

473,442 478,638 471,740 473,437 13,457 11,186 12,749 10,993 2.8 2.3 2.7 2.3

Idaho

827,800 832,807 821,604 827,899 30,081 23,891 30,223 21,296 3.6 2.9 3.7 2.6

Boise City

339,577 345,896 338,404 345,415 12,502 10,008 12,641 8,942 3.7 2.9 3.7 2.6

Coeur d'Alene

75,894 75,248 75,239 74,940 3,085 2,426 3,169 2,239 4.1 3.2 4.2 3.0

Idaho Falls

67,372 67,113 66,777 66,448 2,083 1,662 2,089 1,483 3.1 2.5 3.1 2.2

Lewiston

31,054 32,065 30,699 31,640 1,210 924 1,130 847 3.9 2.9 3.7 2.7

Pocatello

41,835 40,742 41,454 40,499 1,486 1,141 1,472 1,000 3.6 2.8 3.6 2.5

Illinois

6,607,396 6,528,216 6,542,874 6,460,360 386,828 319,642 380,780 335,592 5.9 4.9 5.8 5.2

Bloomington

96,253 96,267 95,872 95,179 5,087 4,311 5,066 4,029 5.3 4.5 5.3 4.2

Carbondale-Marion

60,633 60,805 60,031 59,888 3,589 3,096 3,554 2,982 5.9 5.1 5.9 5.0

Champaign-Urbana

117,715 116,061 115,202 112,708 6,100 5,567 6,045 5,167 5.2 4.8 5.2 4.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,994,264 4,943,768 4,934,902 4,892,644 289,509 234,607 283,932 257,208 5.8 4.7 5.8 5.3

Danville

34,966 34,242 34,671 33,663 2,549 2,416 2,563 2,323 7.3 7.1 7.4 6.9

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

194,520 189,910 192,461 188,735 10,289 8,438 10,203 8,412 5.3 4.4 5.3 4.5

Decatur

50,851 49,889 50,274 49,361 3,430 2,952 3,399 2,914 6.7 5.9 6.8 5.9

Kankakee

54,923 54,716 54,829 53,913 3,389 2,962 3,442 2,874 6.2 5.4 6.3 5.3

Peoria

185,725 182,612 184,665 180,463 11,936 10,085 11,652 9,570 6.4 5.5 6.3 5.3

Rockford

168,996 166,594 167,880 164,029 10,864 9,646 11,061 9,269 6.4 5.8 6.6 5.7

Springfield

112,331 112,996 115,493 113,901 5,363 4,932 5,416 4,808 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.2

Indiana

3,360,615 3,379,507 3,334,171 3,355,775 147,172 116,400 147,078 135,466 4.4 3.4 4.4 4.0

Bloomington

74,756 73,718 75,051 75,136 3,907 2,939 3,708 3,486 5.2 4.0 4.9 4.6

Columbus

44,808 46,178 44,579 46,123 1,492 1,227 1,535 1,436 3.3 2.7 3.4 3.1

Elkhart-Goshen

109,456 114,149 109,277 113,718 3,923 2,875 3,971 3,355 3.6 2.5 3.6 3.0

Evansville

162,237 164,557 160,246 162,231 6,803 5,641 6,726 6,257 4.2 3.4 4.2 3.9

Fort Wayne

214,808 216,970 212,833 214,766 8,853 6,817 8,827 8,029 4.1 3.1 4.1 3.7

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,055,444 1,067,986 1,046,203 1,059,213 41,619 34,600 42,205 40,188 3.9 3.2 4.0 3.8

Kokomo

38,585 39,565 38,388 39,413 1,715 1,383 1,735 1,621 4.4 3.5 4.5 4.1

Lafayette-West Lafayette

107,884 108,916 108,006 109,587 4,962 3,595 4,510 4,255 4.6 3.3 4.2 3.9

Michigan City-La Porte

49,136 47,662 48,567 46,900 2,743 1,978 2,762 2,290 5.6 4.2 5.7 4.9

Muncie

54,571 54,294 54,108 54,258 2,861 2,380 2,859 2,783 5.2 4.4 5.3 5.1

South Bend-Mishawaka

157,172 156,349 155,486 154,393 7,364 5,968 7,356 6,610 4.7 3.8 4.7 4.3

Terre Haute

77,595 78,312 77,283 78,155 4,286 3,214 4,169 3,707 5.5 4.1 5.4 4.7

Iowa

1,723,032 1,704,341 1,702,436 1,687,993 63,255 53,304 62,720 54,885 3.7 3.1 3.7 3.3

Ames

54,507 54,837 54,830 55,752 1,547 1,295 1,425 1,360 2.8 2.4 2.6 2.4

Cedar Rapids

144,585 142,808 143,042 142,177 5,297 4,860 5,389 5,061 3.7 3.4 3.8 3.6

Des Moines-West Des Moines

349,824 355,191 346,434 351,292 11,805 10,479 11,886 10,481 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.0

Dubuque

54,680 53,949 53,966 53,390 1,953 1,613 1,934 1,675 3.6 3.0 3.6 3.1

Iowa City

97,731 98,334 97,683 98,951 2,757 2,687 2,769 2,817 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8

Sioux City

94,561 92,640 92,731 91,110 3,225 3,002 3,246 2,945 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,114 87,602 89,155 86,929 4,600 3,114 4,199 3,280 5.1 3.6 4.7 3.8

Kansas

1,502,871 1,504,441 1,477,686 1,481,458 72,640 64,520 67,296 61,627 4.8 4.3 4.6 4.2

Lawrence

63,818 64,616 62,707 63,541 2,826 2,492 2,537 2,334 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.7

Manhattan

46,756 47,484 45,398 46,415 1,949 1,771 1,747 1,598 4.2 3.7 3.8 3.4

Topeka

124,160 124,555 121,375 122,032 5,571 5,169 5,249 4,921 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.0

Wichita

315,112 315,494 309,168 310,590 17,138 15,477 16,175 14,782 5.4 4.9 5.2 4.8

Kentucky

2,004,794 2,076,628 1,990,054 2,054,263 103,089 123,031 95,780 106,224 5.1 5.9 4.8 5.2

Bowling Green

78,267 82,594 78,514 82,191 3,350 4,248 2,929 3,854 4.3 5.1 3.7 4.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

66,469 69,677 65,467 68,388 3,004 4,043 2,745 3,319 4.5 5.8 4.2 4.9

Lexington-Fayette

261,213 273,181 260,925 270,583 10,048 12,544 9,020 10,831 3.8 4.6 3.5 4.0

Louisville/Jefferson County

656,395 675,565 646,320 669,719 27,889 34,105 26,561 29,826 4.2 5.0 4.1 4.5

Owensboro

54,228 56,161 53,550 55,321 2,481 3,034 2,246 2,745 4.6 5.4 4.2 5.0

Louisiana

2,152,264 2,111,841 2,118,794 2,091,226 142,515 118,592 138,745 117,990 6.6 5.6 6.5 5.6

Alexandria

67,352 65,598 66,085 64,560 4,610 4,064 4,506 4,040 6.8 6.2 6.8 6.3

Baton Rouge

423,682 418,789 415,368 416,475 24,315 20,742 23,655 20,621 5.7 5.0 5.7 5.0

Hammond

54,935 54,643 54,730 54,317 4,056 3,546 3,886 3,439 7.4 6.5 7.1 6.3

Houma-Thibodaux

94,107 89,986 91,871 88,312 6,732 5,098 6,553 5,068 7.2 5.7 7.1 5.7

Lafayette

219,322 211,982 215,408 209,516 16,692 12,649 16,207 12,498 7.6 6.0 7.5 6.0

Lake Charles

108,282 111,344 107,096 111,124 5,501 4,761 5,479 4,780 5.1 4.3 5.1 4.3

Monroe

82,089 81,264 80,861 80,376 5,394 4,486 5,280 4,507 6.6 5.5 6.5 5.6

New Orleans-Metairie

606,371 597,763 600,382 593,570 36,816 31,772 35,930 32,063 6.1 5.3 6.0 5.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

194,061 188,372 191,345 185,913 13,530 11,300 13,288 11,308 7.0 6.0 6.9 6.1

Maine

710,901 723,949 710,951 721,388 26,109 25,028 23,400 22,181 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1

Bangor

70,699 71,648 70,103 71,111 2,679 2,649 2,405 2,327 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.3

Lewiston-Auburn

56,010 57,302 55,803 57,046 2,069 1,960 1,794 1,739 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0

Portland-South Portland

208,013 214,764 207,674 214,094 6,189 5,919 5,481 5,347 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5

Maryland

3,219,317 3,294,081 3,191,365 3,264,773 142,953 137,838 139,987 131,430 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,504,034 1,535,924 1,494,189 1,525,203 69,443 66,921 68,792 64,818 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.2

California-Lexington Park

55,550 56,685 54,901 56,063 2,542 2,463 2,392 2,291 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.1

Cumberland

44,514 44,456 44,120 43,853 2,679 2,420 2,712 2,382 6.0 5.4 6.1 5.4

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

132,893 133,948 131,862 132,672 5,761 5,438 6,124 5,638 4.3 4.1 4.6 4.2

Massachusetts

3,634,702 3,738,461 3,622,631 3,712,208 139,969 162,976 123,037 139,070 3.9 4.4 3.4 3.7

Barnstable Town

137,631 140,981 136,786 139,728 4,654 5,249 4,083 4,577 3.4 3.7 3.0 3.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,671,945 2,750,264 2,663,901 2,730,900 95,058 109,480 84,533 94,515 3.6 4.0 3.2 3.5

Leominster-Gardner

76,157 78,197 76,044 77,910 3,640 4,089 3,179 3,479 4.8 5.2 4.2 4.5

New Bedford

84,393 87,817 83,725 87,134 4,549 5,354 4,071 4,613 5.4 6.1 4.9 5.3

Pittsfield

44,225 45,101 44,004 44,619 1,820 2,068 1,566 1,835 4.1 4.6 3.6 4.1

Springfield

364,655 372,891 363,047 369,510 18,164 20,478 15,963 17,282 5.0 5.5 4.4 4.7

Worcester

346,862 354,746 345,897 351,908 14,869 16,727 13,233 14,310 4.3 4.7 3.8 4.1

Michigan

4,891,813 4,899,403 4,874,284 4,883,829 282,996 241,409 254,249 226,382 5.8 4.9 5.2 4.6

Ann Arbor

189,589 192,847 189,651 192,204 8,674 8,583 7,486 7,490 4.6 4.5 3.9 3.9

Battle Creek

64,918 65,031 65,025 64,880 3,626 3,618 3,149 3,301 5.6 5.6 4.8 5.1

Bay City

52,412 51,602 52,144 51,357 3,225 3,089 2,729 2,892 6.2 6.0 5.2 5.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,098,213 2,103,303 2,095,235 2,108,214 132,532 93,179 127,250 93,068 6.3 4.4 6.1 4.4

Flint

184,002 184,491 182,965 182,606 12,119 12,016 9,959 10,635 6.6 6.5 5.4 5.8

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

569,964 575,865 568,412 572,858 24,410 24,244 20,492 21,794 4.3 4.2 3.6 3.8

Jackson

74,398 74,880 74,166 74,342 4,225 4,004 3,619 3,650 5.7 5.3 4.9 4.9

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,992 168,744 167,923 168,403 8,584 8,414 7,299 7,823 5.1 5.0 4.3 4.6

Lansing-East Lansing

242,359 244,508 241,184 242,019 11,910 12,665 10,060 11,261 4.9 5.2 4.2 4.7

Midland

41,432 41,188 41,187 40,462 2,187 2,046 1,880 1,914 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.7

Monroe

76,762 77,380 76,477 76,974 4,025 4,568 3,681 4,070 5.2 5.9 4.8 5.3

Muskegon

78,796 78,421 78,239 77,729 5,129 4,862 4,209 4,491 6.5 6.2 5.4 5.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

75,516 75,134 75,093 74,891 4,182 4,030 3,654 3,726 5.5 5.4 4.9 5.0

Saginaw

89,183 89,172 88,762 88,468 5,423 5,271 4,503 4,884 6.1 5.9 5.1 5.5

Minnesota

3,032,161 3,091,925 3,016,796 3,082,329 115,174 105,928 113,799 109,940 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.6

Duluth

142,620 144,687 141,620 144,421 7,841 6,440 7,787 6,743 5.5 4.5 5.5 4.7

Mankato-North Mankato

57,927 58,481 57,692 58,608 1,914 1,758 1,827 1,745 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,968,981 2,014,179 1,959,254 2,010,421 70,269 66,952 70,270 69,269 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.4

Rochester

121,268 122,602 120,549 121,658 3,814 3,552 3,816 3,577 3.1 2.9 3.2 2.9

St. Cloud

109,674 110,708 109,339 110,647 4,063 3,645 3,971 3,741 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.4

Mississippi

1,292,473 1,304,303 1,272,765 1,276,299 82,624 79,317 71,743 64,669 6.4 6.1 5.6 5.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

168,847 169,416 164,622 164,637 10,394 10,141 9,271 8,317 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.1

Hattiesburg

66,789 69,059 66,210 67,693 3,872 3,780 3,463 3,015 5.8 5.5 5.2 4.5

Jackson

273,181 277,309 267,649 270,772 14,522 14,565 12,615 11,891 5.3 5.3 4.7 4.4

Missouri

3,145,778 3,096,872 3,107,753 3,069,421 162,471 124,507 160,287 129,036 5.2 4.0 5.2 4.2

Cape Girardeau

48,864 46,577 48,822 46,466 2,651 1,959 2,637 1,925 5.4 4.2 5.4 4.1

Columbia

98,075 97,850 96,814 97,384 3,844 2,841 3,907 2,874 3.9 2.9 4.0 3.0

Jefferson City

78,033 75,985 76,908 74,844 3,462 2,719 3,481 2,858 4.4 3.6 4.5 3.8

Joplin

87,478 85,776 85,756 84,174 4,287 3,250 4,367 3,245 4.9 3.8 5.1 3.9

Kansas City

1,154,722 1,154,038 1,134,240 1,140,916 58,247 49,215 53,713 50,226 5.0 4.3 4.7 4.4

St. Joseph

67,160 65,833 66,389 64,712 3,036 2,441 3,014 2,439 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.8

St. Louis(2)

1,499,611 1,481,775 1,485,053 1,467,787 75,578 59,386 76,320 60,412 5.0 4.0 5.1 4.1

Springfield

235,126 233,909 230,005 230,096 10,308 7,702 10,838 8,224 4.4 3.3 4.7 3.6

Montana

537,115 535,808 534,042 532,869 20,466 18,621 19,672 17,874 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.4

Billings

88,324 88,623 88,141 88,528 3,179 2,913 3,066 2,815 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.2

Great Falls

37,800 37,657 37,997 38,166 1,471 1,308 1,365 1,268 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.3

Missoula

61,042 60,938 61,029 61,232 2,117 1,968 2,017 1,893 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.1

Nebraska

1,026,937 1,023,223 1,013,673 1,010,473 35,980 30,942 32,821 27,996 3.5 3.0 3.2 2.8

Grand Island

44,059 44,506 43,540 43,766 1,576 1,311 1,443 1,194 3.6 2.9 3.3 2.7

Lincoln

178,397 180,707 176,491 181,174 5,754 4,858 5,284 4,561 3.2 2.7 3.0 2.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

486,684 492,036 478,379 486,182 17,663 15,348 16,228 14,022 3.6 3.1 3.4 2.9

Nevada

1,435,612 1,452,357 1,429,173 1,449,767 83,557 74,445 79,024 72,239 5.8 5.1 5.5 5.0

Carson City

25,160 24,915 24,877 24,755 1,439 1,210 1,399 1,158 5.7 4.9 5.6 4.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,055,184 1,069,695 1,049,101 1,068,802 63,583 57,390 60,137 55,901 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.2

Reno

231,897 235,226 232,452 234,788 11,464 9,920 10,897 9,535 4.9 4.2 4.7 4.1

New Hampshire

761,939 764,157 758,169 757,798 21,521 19,447 20,933 19,437 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.6

Dover-Durham

84,072 85,019 83,995 84,310 2,281 2,073 2,152 1,976 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.3

Manchester

116,919 118,191 116,381 117,123 3,287 2,993 3,218 3,019 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.6

Portsmouth

77,814 76,769 77,561 76,275 1,965 1,803 1,886 1,778 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3

New Jersey

4,591,439 4,588,074 4,545,123 4,553,480 252,733 217,499 229,302 218,421 5.5 4.7 5.0 4.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

128,137 128,078 126,672 127,173 9,335 8,417 8,414 8,405 7.3 6.6 6.6 6.6

Ocean City

58,242 58,077 56,890 57,000 3,609 3,060 3,125 2,959 6.2 5.3 5.5 5.2

Trenton

201,869 201,912 200,027 201,024 10,229 8,804 9,242 8,814 5.1 4.4 4.6 4.4

Vineland-Bridgeton

65,827 66,670 65,049 66,607 5,306 4,521 4,799 4,732 8.1 6.8 7.4 7.1

New Mexico

932,188 930,132 928,217 924,413 69,792 65,075 66,051 59,585 7.5 7.0 7.1 6.4

Albuquerque

424,575 426,002 422,900 422,683 29,031 27,826 27,778 25,906 6.8 6.5 6.6 6.1

Farmington

52,880 51,266 52,518 50,674 5,471 4,192 5,250 3,878 10.3 8.2 10.0 7.7

Las Cruces

94,189 94,421 95,161 95,110 7,411 7,239 6,859 6,423 7.9 7.7 7.2 6.8

Santa Fe

73,290 73,746 73,160 73,683 4,332 4,317 4,191 3,979 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.4

New York

9,696,799 9,827,042 9,627,104 9,730,139 487,956 476,970 474,278 473,017 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

452,131 452,635 449,313 449,243 18,942 19,513 18,058 18,873 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.2

Binghamton

108,771 108,787 107,904 108,229 5,806 5,785 5,369 5,458 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.0

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

553,029 551,494 549,644 549,787 27,923 29,253 27,149 28,588 5.0 5.3 4.9 5.2

Elmira

36,458 35,922 36,097 35,730 2,048 1,928 1,962 1,866 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.2

Glens Falls

63,683 63,645 63,219 63,067 2,705 2,660 2,569 2,608 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1

Ithaca

49,530 49,469 49,056 48,601 2,248 2,370 2,051 2,155 4.5 4.8 4.2 4.4

Kingston

89,078 89,975 88,450 88,973 4,098 4,098 3,958 4,041 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,131,061 10,265,855 10,046,939 10,160,481 527,389 487,401 503,205 488,285 5.2 4.7 5.0 4.8

Rochester

525,902 521,133 521,239 517,217 25,185 25,863 24,039 25,221 4.8 5.0 4.6 4.9

Syracuse

309,760 310,216 307,272 308,043 15,071 15,365 14,384 14,822 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.8

Utica-Rome

132,332 132,539 131,328 131,731 6,180 6,453 5,891 6,324 4.7 4.9 4.5 4.8

Watertown-Fort Drum

47,533 47,533 47,199 47,033 2,586 2,598 2,498 2,551 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.4

North Carolina

4,903,825 4,956,213 4,867,507 4,904,622 257,157 220,931 255,587 218,650 5.2 4.5 5.3 4.5

Asheville

227,396 229,179 225,282 225,975 9,493 8,326 9,592 8,273 4.2 3.6 4.3 3.7

Burlington

78,995 80,076 78,831 79,450 3,995 3,482 3,968 3,437 5.1 4.3 5.0 4.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,286,097 1,311,602 1,279,411 1,300,665 64,010 55,159 63,904 55,152 5.0 4.2 5.0 4.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

289,490 296,231 288,206 293,909 13,710 11,957 13,749 11,855 4.7 4.0 4.8 4.0

Fayetteville

146,438 146,897 145,580 145,491 9,819 8,259 9,625 8,143 6.7 5.6 6.6 5.6

Goldsboro

54,042 53,021 52,938 52,078 3,208 2,715 3,104 2,624 5.9 5.1 5.9 5.0

Greensboro-High Point

366,728 369,165 365,933 367,681 20,201 17,670 20,179 17,420 5.5 4.8 5.5 4.7

Greenville

88,567 88,145 88,144 87,422 5,302 4,514 5,230 4,418 6.0 5.1 5.9 5.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

170,775 172,171 170,368 170,692 8,523 7,316 8,602 7,186 5.0 4.2 5.0 4.2

Jacksonville

61,861 62,063 63,705 63,951 3,575 3,214 3,579 3,134 5.8 5.2 5.6 4.9

New Bern

52,451 52,989 52,007 52,079 2,767 2,421 2,769 2,401 5.3 4.6 5.3 4.6

Raleigh

687,461 706,799 680,773 698,210 31,050 27,531 31,067 27,410 4.5 3.9 4.6 3.9

Rocky Mount

66,994 65,267 65,936 63,923 5,114 4,292 4,990 4,215 7.6 6.6 7.6 6.6

Wilmington

145,430 148,492 145,379 146,988 7,089 6,136 7,197 6,075 4.9 4.1 5.0 4.1

Winston-Salem

322,242 323,496 320,217 319,929 16,350 14,034 16,318 13,838 5.1 4.3 5.1 4.3

North Dakota

424,877 425,175 424,003 422,505 12,420 8,771 12,150 8,953 2.9 2.1 2.9 2.1

Bismarck

71,932 71,423 70,971 70,428 1,826 1,427 1,843 1,466 2.5 2.0 2.6 2.1

Fargo

137,587 140,043 137,055 139,954 3,249 2,769 3,215 2,822 2.4 2.0 2.3 2.0

Grand Forks

56,243 56,017 56,302 55,604 1,730 1,566 1,649 1,571 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.8

Ohio

5,778,517 5,845,564 5,754,445 5,790,834 289,528 322,016 278,828 308,055 5.0 5.5 4.8 5.3

Akron

361,028 361,403 358,678 356,557 17,952 19,186 17,552 18,649 5.0 5.3 4.9 5.2

Canton-Massillon

200,293 199,683 199,715 198,276 10,727 10,907 10,484 10,585 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.3

Cincinnati

1,101,354 1,136,464 1,093,270 1,122,330 48,170 53,493 46,385 51,249 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.6

Cleveland-Elyria

1,052,757 1,059,575 1,039,216 1,041,894 59,057 69,716 55,690 70,354 5.6 6.6 5.4 6.8

Columbus

1,063,771 1,084,372 1,062,136 1,075,567 44,209 47,379 43,139 46,056 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.3

Dayton

387,954 391,460 385,326 387,116 18,288 19,823 17,848 19,206 4.7 5.1 4.6 5.0

Lima

48,965 49,157 48,403 48,437 2,795 2,918 2,396 2,494 5.7 5.9 5.0 5.1

Mansfield

54,046 54,712 53,603 53,888 2,974 3,292 2,719 2,894 5.5 6.0 5.1 5.4

Springfield

63,559 64,163 63,705 63,794 3,454 3,673 3,168 3,189 5.4 5.7 5.0 5.0

Toledo

305,131 312,516 303,053 308,116 14,713 19,594 14,690 18,516 4.8 6.3 4.8 6.0

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,429 51,277 52,175 50,847 3,979 3,481 3,858 3,384 7.6 6.8 7.4 6.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

251,782 250,917 250,132 246,117 15,946 19,749 15,496 15,900 6.3 7.9 6.2 6.5

Oklahoma

1,831,221 1,822,069 1,820,146 1,821,272 93,412 82,307 92,321 86,190 5.1 4.5 5.1 4.7

Enid

30,363 30,972 30,071 30,800 1,321 1,138 1,324 1,195 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.9

Lawton

52,855 52,625 52,345 52,599 2,529 2,408 2,490 2,616 4.8 4.6 4.8 5.0

Oklahoma City

670,913 675,034 663,686 669,604 29,749 27,345 29,103 28,519 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.3

Tulsa

480,289 478,196 473,342 473,379 24,773 22,248 25,359 23,421 5.2 4.7 5.4 4.9

Oregon

2,084,202 2,153,531 2,085,823 2,142,125 110,678 94,330 107,054 96,841 5.3 4.4 5.1 4.5

Albany

57,187 59,001 57,280 58,709 3,539 2,996 3,467 3,065 6.2 5.1 6.1 5.2

Bend-Redmond

92,254 95,890 92,902 96,174 4,569 3,910 4,363 4,014 5.0 4.1 4.7 4.2

Corvallis

45,593 46,734 45,634 46,675 2,242 1,866 2,076 1,826 4.9 4.0 4.5 3.9

Eugene

178,554 184,149 179,240 183,102 10,263 8,976 9,971 9,139 5.7 4.9 5.6 5.0

Grants Pass

34,610 35,943 34,908 35,970 2,416 2,029 2,356 2,121 7.0 5.6 6.7 5.9

Medford

101,802 104,596 103,903 104,966 6,537 5,391 6,329 5,583 6.4 5.2 6.1 5.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,286,315 1,333,058 1,287,275 1,326,903 65,871 54,772 64,417 56,239 5.1 4.1 5.0 4.2

Salem

200,988 206,728 200,104 206,301 11,318 9,694 10,944 9,919 5.6 4.7 5.5 4.8

Pennsylvania

6,572,241 6,534,398 6,509,403 6,443,254 395,273 348,538 381,313 329,328 6.0 5.3 5.9 5.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

441,404 435,293 437,498 429,721 25,389 23,295 25,330 22,510 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.2

Altoona

62,633 61,466 62,066 60,480 3,660 3,263 3,467 3,029 5.8 5.3 5.6 5.0

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,191 43,147 42,859 42,362 2,598 2,312 2,466 2,127 6.0 5.4 5.8 5.0

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,393 78,395 78,165 77,326 4,459 3,779 4,498 3,520 5.7 4.8 5.8 4.6

East Stroudsburg

84,111 82,985 83,003 81,459 5,663 5,105 5,521 4,925 6.7 6.2 6.7 6.0

Erie

136,003 133,900 134,894 132,653 9,719 8,098 9,301 7,475 7.1 6.0 6.9 5.6

Gettysburg

56,047 56,630 55,673 55,876 2,619 2,345 2,451 2,193 4.7 4.1 4.4 3.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

304,358 308,040 300,703 304,473 15,365 14,053 14,756 13,256 5.0 4.6 4.9 4.4

Johnstown

62,262 61,089 61,612 60,499 4,804 4,105 4,614 3,881 7.7 6.7 7.5 6.4

Lancaster

287,241 287,758 284,465 284,491 13,819 12,415 13,067 11,707 4.8 4.3 4.6 4.1

Lebanon

71,998 72,023 71,314 71,076 3,621 3,263 3,517 3,135 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,126,766 3,136,801 3,097,873 3,098,451 178,486 163,496 170,559 158,158 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.1

Pittsburgh

1,239,250 1,224,312 1,224,950 1,204,546 77,152 66,262 74,478 62,647 6.2 5.4 6.1 5.2

Reading

216,662 217,642 215,153 215,356 11,940 10,681 11,732 10,238 5.5 4.9 5.5 4.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

283,420 280,586 280,721 276,620 18,989 16,868 18,136 16,061 6.7 6.0 6.5 5.8

State College

77,764 76,098 78,252 75,982 3,920 3,329 3,662 2,944 5.0 4.4 4.7 3.9

Williamsport

59,245 57,371 58,933 56,607 4,245 3,361 4,036 3,100 7.2 5.9 6.8 5.5

York-Hanover

238,560 236,838 236,617 234,528 12,626 12,057 12,070 11,177 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.8

Rhode Island

560,384 565,382 558,556 560,511 31,448 27,011 30,925 23,736 5.6 4.8 5.5 4.2

Providence-Warwick

686,156 694,595 684,007 689,303 36,939 33,644 35,693 29,422 5.4 4.8 5.2 4.3

South Carolina

2,327,413 2,354,942 2,316,553 2,339,433 115,692 102,623 117,129 104,659 5.0 4.4 5.1 4.5

Charleston-North Charleston

379,072 383,951 375,636 381,012 16,143 14,068 16,364 14,358 4.3 3.7 4.4 3.8

Columbia

407,008 411,081 404,919 404,691 19,211 16,702 19,407 18,271 4.7 4.1 4.8 4.5

Florence

95,840 97,548 96,287 97,119 5,359 4,729 5,353 4,866 5.6 4.8 5.6 5.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

423,754 426,359 422,337 426,685 19,357 17,716 19,521 17,075 4.6 4.2 4.6 4.0

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

87,957 89,258 87,170 87,928 4,079 3,510 4,106 3,587 4.6 3.9 4.7 4.1

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

200,970 204,029 196,941 198,373 10,342 9,101 10,425 9,227 5.1 4.5 5.3 4.7

Spartanburg

154,473 158,015 154,660 157,111 7,767 7,830 7,615 6,956 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.4

Sumter

44,634 44,793 44,305 44,201 2,643 2,409 2,640 2,545 5.9 5.4 6.0 5.8

South Dakota

462,389 465,427 458,179 462,682 11,911 14,043 12,510 15,649 2.6 3.0 2.7 3.4

Rapid City

74,776 76,546 75,303 76,894 1,869 2,248 2,049 2,561 2.5 2.9 2.7 3.3

Sioux Falls

147,845 150,693 146,631 150,423 2,985 3,667 3,234 4,228 2.0 2.4 2.2 2.8

Tennessee

3,173,928 3,210,196 3,149,600 3,193,952 163,765 132,287 163,305 115,311 5.2 4.1 5.2 3.6

Chattanooga

264,534 271,521 260,265 266,731 14,110 11,756 13,938 10,380 5.3 4.3 5.4 3.9

Clarksville

109,884 111,693 109,810 111,014 6,456 6,082 6,454 5,322 5.9 5.4 5.9 4.8

Cleveland

58,058 59,593 57,930 59,311 3,036 2,486 2,983 2,143 5.2 4.2 5.1 3.6

Jackson

64,593 64,746 63,662 64,159 3,463 2,755 3,521 2,460 5.4 4.3 5.5 3.8

Johnson City

89,333 89,847 88,706 89,251 5,020 4,118 5,072 3,663 5.6 4.6 5.7 4.1

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,832 138,665 137,494 138,435 7,736 6,245 7,578 5,497 5.6 4.5 5.5 4.0

Knoxville

417,957 417,396 413,651 413,955 20,555 16,706 20,341 14,381 4.9 4.0 4.9 3.5

Memphis

632,236 641,388 623,533 630,876 35,726 30,486 34,977 26,262 5.7 4.8 5.6 4.2

Morristown

50,778 51,616 50,630 51,452 2,841 2,269 2,846 2,013 5.6 4.4 5.6 3.9

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

989,669 1,012,097 977,431 1,007,205 40,551 32,807 40,372 28,840 4.1 3.2 4.1 2.9

Texas

13,356,834 13,434,624 13,295,171 13,406,779 674,961 583,977 656,216 604,757 5.1 4.3 4.9 4.5

Abilene

74,624 73,837 74,268 73,644 3,248 2,941 3,087 3,030 4.4 4.0 4.2 4.1

Amarillo

131,554 131,672 130,768 131,376 4,619 4,152 4,336 4,105 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,117,694 1,132,325 1,110,447 1,126,108 39,810 36,421 38,241 37,761 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.4

Beaumont-Port Arthur

173,976 171,357 173,208 171,280 13,072 11,708 12,972 12,344 7.5 6.8 7.5 7.2

Brownsville-Harlingen

168,161 167,442 166,665 167,530 12,944 11,797 12,569 12,266 7.7 7.0 7.5 7.3

College Station-Bryan

122,139 124,441 121,186 124,007 5,171 4,372 4,946 4,472 4.2 3.5 4.1 3.6

Corpus Christi

206,239 207,937 205,014 208,217 13,030 11,434 12,807 12,110 6.3 5.5 6.2 5.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,711,345 3,782,926 3,699,756 3,773,579 155,477 141,580 150,287 146,743 4.2 3.7 4.1 3.9

El Paso

350,843 355,914 351,001 355,488 18,761 16,500 18,572 17,107 5.3 4.6 5.3 4.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,310,789 3,319,707 3,286,912 3,307,745 190,493 162,692 187,888 170,588 5.8 4.9 5.7 5.2

Killeen-Temple

176,082 178,896 175,369 178,689 8,564 7,388 8,153 7,571 4.9 4.1 4.6 4.2

Laredo

114,230 114,292 113,502 113,599 6,194 4,832 5,848 4,952 5.4 4.2 5.2 4.4

Longview

98,926 96,714 98,649 96,710 6,915 4,947 6,819 5,035 7.0 5.1 6.9 5.2

Lubbock

158,643 159,301 158,670 160,047 6,485 5,754 5,835 5,816 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.6

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

332,337 334,234 333,949 335,117 28,383 25,526 27,713 26,710 8.5 7.6 8.3 8.0

Midland

87,151 86,794 86,522 86,380 4,258 2,766 4,088 2,798 4.9 3.2 4.7 3.2

Odessa

75,770 74,174 75,441 73,975 5,456 3,121 5,313 3,174 7.2 4.2 7.0 4.3

San Angelo

55,026 53,634 54,816 53,707 2,729 2,070 2,604 2,058 5.0 3.9 4.8 3.8

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,145,861 1,155,117 1,140,404 1,156,394 47,375 42,321 45,318 43,081 4.1 3.7 4.0 3.7

Sherman-Denison

61,532 61,732 61,167 61,708 2,585 2,189 2,429 2,269 4.2 3.5 4.0 3.7

Texarkana

65,937 64,974 65,159 64,543 3,375 3,045 3,240 3,038 5.1 4.7 5.0 4.7

Tyler

106,285 107,309 106,279 106,723 5,190 4,229 5,321 4,326 4.9 3.9 5.0 4.1

Victoria

47,353 46,543 47,210 46,691 2,858 2,200 2,846 2,262 6.0 4.7 6.0 4.8

Waco

122,920 122,684 122,920 121,904 5,570 5,448 5,219 5,434 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.5

Wichita Falls

64,617 63,334 63,866 62,886 3,088 2,456 2,890 2,477 4.8 3.9 4.5 3.9

Utah

1,524,943 1,581,768 1,521,514 1,575,635 54,440 56,291 51,814 55,217 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5

Logan

66,073 67,842 65,751 67,940 2,243 2,139 2,058 2,052 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0

Ogden-Clearfield

320,390 333,245 318,958 330,130 11,360 12,015 10,842 11,785 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.6

Provo-Orem

283,824 297,195 284,735 296,792 9,480 9,907 8,839 9,617 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2

St. George

67,837 71,951 68,526 72,558 2,671 2,693 2,420 2,689 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.7

Salt Lake City

643,280 666,308 641,274 663,511 21,385 22,837 20,561 22,673 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.4

Vermont

351,345 349,484 348,711 349,081 11,996 10,607 10,916 10,475 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.0

Burlington-South Burlington

126,821 127,216 125,752 126,831 3,755 3,253 3,392 3,232 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.5

Virginia

4,283,528 4,391,110 4,250,825 4,331,940 180,463 168,995 183,143 165,276 4.2 3.8 4.3 3.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

88,536 91,278 90,689 91,722 4,310 3,906 5,712 3,874 4.9 4.3 6.3 4.2

Charlottesville

114,077 118,147 113,744 116,764 4,426 4,278 4,385 4,101 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.5

Harrisonburg

64,771 66,280 63,740 64,761 2,905 2,628 2,739 2,496 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.9

Lynchburg

122,288 124,505 121,582 121,588 6,047 5,783 6,016 5,634 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.6

Richmond

670,016 695,594 664,357 687,487 29,234 27,329 29,436 27,173 4.4 3.9 4.4 4.0

Roanoke

157,982 162,531 157,282 161,505 6,555 6,440 6,676 6,479 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.0

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,391 61,127 59,028 60,180 2,239 2,217 2,275 2,115 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.5

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

849,954 858,923 843,713 848,236 40,861 37,192 41,074 36,640 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.3

Winchester

70,051 71,808 69,873 71,005 2,646 2,498 2,659 2,424 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.4

Washington

3,675,259 3,754,843 3,658,770 3,743,407 198,745 163,601 193,627 169,583 5.4 4.4 5.3 4.5

Bellingham

109,655 113,563 106,052 109,633 6,547 5,311 6,422 5,154 6.0 4.7 6.1 4.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

118,204 120,625 116,862 118,739 7,055 5,626 6,811 5,536 6.0 4.7 5.8 4.7

Kennewick-Richland

137,598 141,320 136,893 138,710 8,648 6,685 8,755 6,706 6.3 4.7 6.4 4.8

Longview

44,769 45,667 44,754 45,517 3,280 2,553 3,386 2,547 7.3 5.6 7.6 5.6

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

59,396 61,553 59,036 60,856 3,857 2,997 3,876 2,959 6.5 4.9 6.6 4.9

Olympia-Tumwater

130,056 135,087 129,021 134,284 7,670 6,308 7,349 6,218 5.9 4.7 5.7 4.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,035,613 2,063,557 2,033,624 2,077,056 94,527 81,582 90,376 86,782 4.6 4.0 4.4 4.2

Spokane-Spokane Valley

254,619 261,424 253,478 258,535 16,408 13,182 16,185 13,013 6.4 5.0 6.4 5.0

Walla Walla

30,918 32,008 30,416 31,014 1,708 1,398 1,633 1,356 5.5 4.4 5.4 4.4

Wenatchee

71,987 76,187 67,903 69,934 3,588 2,640 3,683 2,866 5.0 3.5 5.4 4.1

Yakima

130,545 135,132 132,845 136,887 8,974 6,481 9,321 7,956 6.9 4.8 7.0 5.8

West Virginia

791,694 786,185 787,513 782,243 45,427 38,982 46,854 42,023 5.7 5.0 5.9 5.4

Beckley

47,066 45,060 46,554 44,708 3,192 2,444 3,162 2,665 6.8 5.4 6.8 6.0

Charleston

98,452 97,706 97,131 97,581 5,449 4,806 5,721 5,272 5.5 4.9 5.9 5.4

Huntington-Ashland

146,730 147,209 146,220 146,502 9,117 8,698 9,343 8,757 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0

Morgantown

65,494 66,556 65,238 66,182 3,021 2,647 3,152 2,916 4.6 4.0 4.8 4.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,498 39,073 39,301 38,753 2,225 2,113 2,363 2,241 5.6 5.4 6.0 5.8

Wheeling

65,841 64,989 65,224 64,307 4,246 3,543 4,176 3,647 6.4 5.5 6.4 5.7

Wisconsin

3,164,480 3,204,010 3,144,447 3,185,750 131,738 107,549 125,875 107,344 4.2 3.4 4.0 3.4

Appleton

133,902 137,379 133,252 136,888 4,808 4,085 4,619 3,949 3.6 3.0 3.5 2.9

Eau Claire

92,492 92,415 92,125 91,707 3,484 2,922 3,209 2,898 3.8 3.2 3.5 3.2

Fond du Lac

57,932 59,150 57,317 58,554 2,218 1,786 2,105 1,760 3.8 3.0 3.7 3.0

Green Bay

175,051 176,665 175,283 176,815 6,614 5,495 6,383 5,219 3.8 3.1 3.6 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

86,165 88,620 84,808 87,563 3,833 3,125 3,783 3,224 4.4 3.5 4.5 3.7

La Crosse-Onalaska

78,172 79,275 77,136 78,854 3,036 2,465 2,802 2,268 3.9 3.1 3.6 2.9

Madison

389,208 395,025 385,283 392,586 11,837 9,978 10,890 9,536 3.0 2.5 2.8 2.4

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

838,105 846,035 835,493 842,465 39,834 32,559 38,891 33,244 4.8 3.8 4.7 3.9

Oshkosh-Neenah

94,305 95,525 93,523 94,770 3,598 3,085 3,416 3,029 3.8 3.2 3.7 3.2

Racine

101,676 102,435 100,909 102,697 5,636 4,364 5,328 4,762 5.5 4.3 5.3 4.6

Sheboygan

63,985 64,390 63,349 64,075 2,215 1,861 2,073 1,791 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.8

Wausau

74,764 76,028 74,713 75,764 2,772 2,320 2,546 2,357 3.7 3.1 3.4 3.1

Wyoming

306,926 298,116 304,511 296,602 15,458 11,430 14,322 10,254 5.0 3.8 4.7 3.5

Casper

41,171 39,134 40,689 38,878 2,955 1,941 2,716 1,742 7.2 5.0 6.7 4.5

Cheyenne

49,240 48,911 48,571 48,167 1,890 1,687 1,850 1,560 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.2

Puerto Rico

1,125,198 1,095,817 1,106,765 1,096,951 140,449 114,108 133,047 128,054 12.5 10.4 12.0 11.7

Aguadilla-Isabela

89,672 88,688 88,754 89,269 14,249 12,332 13,453 13,540 15.9 13.9 15.2 15.2

Arecibo

53,264 51,025 52,496 51,223 7,412 5,947 7,116 6,726 13.9 11.7 13.6 13.1

Guayama

22,417 21,630 22,004 21,867 4,127 3,859 3,981 4,324 18.4 17.8 18.1 19.8

Mayaguez

29,151 29,034 28,807 29,112 4,170 3,605 4,068 4,031 14.3 12.4 14.1 13.8

Ponce

98,006 94,641 96,550 95,401 15,373 12,619 14,917 14,613 15.7 13.3 15.5 15.3

San German

37,394 37,600 36,368 37,683 5,952 5,557 5,404 6,174 15.9 14.8 14.9 16.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

749,792 728,111 736,634 726,495 81,185 63,298 76,147 70,471 10.8 8.7 10.3 9.7

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
July August Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) July August July August
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

California

19,209,227 19,284,617 19,178,340 19,293,497 1,115,050 1,035,395 1,069,094 1,041,499 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,677,694 6,746,093 6,660,764 6,737,326 366,944 338,761 353,009 344,694 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.1

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,608,723 1,590,039 1,601,503 1,587,083 71,298 66,907 68,720 67,355 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,068,971 5,156,054 5,059,261 5,150,243 295,646 271,854 284,289 277,339 5.8 5.3 5.6 5.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,565,142 2,571,053 2,559,668 2,572,031 105,733 99,844 102,243 101,309 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,405,175 1,407,709 1,400,533 1,406,111 66,107 61,561 63,963 62,312 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,017,001 1,021,410 1,016,796 1,023,184 34,585 33,501 33,390 34,132 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3

San Rafael

142,966 141,934 142,339 142,736 5,041 4,782 4,890 4,865 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4

District of Columbia

397,407 405,950 391,268 397,247 25,186 28,062 24,968 26,244 6.3 6.9 6.4 6.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,353,057 3,452,903 3,317,964 3,405,922 134,186 133,991 132,301 127,497 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.7

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

689,161 709,775 683,331 704,879 24,773 24,397 23,280 22,017 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,663,896 2,743,128 2,634,633 2,701,043 109,413 109,594 109,021 105,480 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.9

Florida

9,879,776 10,169,972 9,867,355 10,127,466 508,776 444,547 509,388 430,233 5.1 4.4 5.2 4.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,061,366 3,173,284 3,057,021 3,140,503 159,871 142,537 163,683 140,398 5.2 4.5 5.4 4.5

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,009,490 1,042,828 1,008,014 1,036,747 48,890 42,470 48,762 40,799 4.8 4.1 4.8 3.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,343,295 1,401,069 1,340,860 1,378,632 73,618 67,400 77,390 67,573 5.5 4.8 5.8 4.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

708,581 729,387 708,147 725,124 37,363 32,667 37,531 32,026 5.3 4.5 5.3 4.4

Illinois

6,607,396 6,528,216 6,542,874 6,460,360 386,828 319,642 380,780 335,592 5.9 4.9 5.8 5.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,994,264 4,943,768 4,934,902 4,892,644 289,509 234,607 283,932 257,208 5.8 4.7 5.8 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,852,098 3,804,446 3,804,720 3,771,688 229,412 183,247 223,786 204,442 6.0 4.8 5.9 5.4

Elgin

326,345 322,441 323,711 317,549 17,033 15,264 17,100 14,965 5.2 4.7 5.3 4.7

Gary(3)

346,291 344,397 341,376 339,153 20,138 15,754 20,106 17,981 5.8 4.6 5.9 5.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

469,530 472,484 465,095 464,254 22,926 20,342 22,940 19,820 4.9 4.3 4.9 4.3

Massachusetts

3,634,702 3,738,461 3,622,631 3,712,208 139,969 162,976 123,037 139,070 3.9 4.4 3.4 3.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,671,945 2,750,264 2,663,901 2,730,900 95,058 109,480 84,533 94,515 3.6 4.0 3.2 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,584,584 1,637,404 1,580,414 1,626,432 53,513 63,192 47,019 53,751 3.4 3.9 3.0 3.3

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

105,182 108,829 104,951 107,754 4,838 5,718 4,224 4,823 4.6 5.3 4.0 4.5

Framingham

156,436 160,268 156,022 159,480 4,973 6,021 4,429 5,157 3.2 3.8 2.8 3.2

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

115,209 117,834 114,593 116,967 3,962 4,222 3,651 3,832 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.3

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

96,439 98,317 95,901 97,643 4,674 5,300 4,365 4,793 4.8 5.4 4.6 4.9

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

187,630 191,970 186,719 190,323 7,555 8,477 6,606 7,252 4.0 4.4 3.5 3.8

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

83,736 85,999 83,508 85,271 3,256 3,655 2,869 3,151 3.9 4.3 3.4 3.7

Nashua(2)

169,977 172,370 169,351 170,794 5,397 5,056 5,283 5,028 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

90,171 92,834 90,035 92,136 3,280 3,727 2,889 3,191 3.6 4.0 3.2 3.5

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

82,581 84,439 82,407 84,100 3,610 4,112 3,198 3,537 4.4 4.9 3.9 4.2

Michigan

4,891,813 4,899,403 4,874,284 4,883,829 282,996 241,409 254,249 226,382 5.8 4.9 5.2 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,098,213 2,103,303 2,095,235 2,108,214 132,532 93,179 127,250 93,068 6.3 4.4 6.1 4.4

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

784,456 783,514 784,624 788,164 59,873 43,760 57,929 43,145 7.6 5.6 7.4 5.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,313,757 1,319,789 1,310,611 1,320,049 72,659 49,419 69,321 49,922 5.5 3.7 5.3 3.8

New York

9,696,799 9,827,042 9,627,104 9,730,139 487,956 476,970 474,278 473,017 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,131,061 10,265,855 10,046,939 10,160,481 527,389 487,401 503,205 488,285 5.2 4.7 5.0 4.8

Dutchess County-Putnam County

197,135 198,859 194,680 196,848 8,430 8,601 8,011 8,334 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.2

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,507,914 1,520,303 1,490,889 1,499,221 64,853 67,693 62,551 66,443 4.3 4.5 4.2 4.4

Newark(3)

1,265,739 1,251,777 1,250,788 1,242,815 69,905 60,228 63,530 60,318 5.5 4.8 5.1 4.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,160,273 7,294,916 7,110,582 7,221,597 384,201 350,879 369,113 353,190 5.4 4.8 5.2 4.9

Pennsylvania

6,572,241 6,534,398 6,509,403 6,443,254 395,273 348,538 381,313 329,328 6.0 5.3 5.9 5.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,126,766 3,136,801 3,097,873 3,098,451 178,486 163,496 170,559 158,158 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.1

Camden(3)

641,985 644,260 637,510 640,504 36,514 31,527 33,221 31,795 5.7 4.9 5.2 5.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,091,918 1,096,458 1,081,760 1,078,998 52,397 47,635 50,498 44,908 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.2

Philadelphia

1,013,455 1,014,257 1,003,295 998,026 70,908 64,293 68,780 61,375 7.0 6.3 6.9 6.1

Wilmington(3)

379,408 381,826 375,308 380,923 18,667 20,041 18,060 20,080 4.9 5.2 4.8 5.3

Texas

13,356,834 13,434,624 13,295,171 13,406,779 674,961 583,977 656,216 604,757 5.1 4.3 4.9 4.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,711,345 3,782,926 3,699,756 3,773,579 155,477 141,580 150,287 146,743 4.2 3.7 4.1 3.9

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,500,683 2,550,399 2,493,990 2,546,954 102,395 94,670 99,078 98,331 4.1 3.7 4.0 3.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,210,662 1,232,527 1,205,766 1,226,625 53,082 46,910 51,209 48,412 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.9

Washington

3,675,259 3,754,843 3,658,770 3,743,407 198,745 163,601 193,627 169,583 5.4 4.4 5.3 4.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,035,613 2,063,557 2,033,624 2,077,056 94,527 81,582 90,376 86,782 4.6 4.0 4.4 4.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,629,753 1,641,838 1,629,635 1,655,979 68,725 60,571 64,757 65,780 4.2 3.7 4.0 4.0

Tacoma-Lakewood

405,860 421,719 403,989 421,077 25,802 21,011 25,619 21,002 6.4 5.0 6.3 5.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area July August Change from
August 2016 to August 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,970.1 2,000.9 1,975.7 2,004.0 28.3 1.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.3 46.3 46.2 46.4 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

62.9 64.5 63.6 64.7 1.1 1.7

Birmingham-Hoover

521.4 529.6 521.4 526.8 5.4 1.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

75.4 77.7 74.4 76.4 2.0 2.7

Decatur

53.6 53.9 53.6 54.0 0.4 0.7

Dothan

57.4 57.9 57.9 57.8 -0.1 -0.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.3 56.9 57.1 57.0 -0.1 -0.2

Gadsden

38.2 38.7 38.1 38.8 0.7 1.8

Huntsville

223.2 230.1 225.5 231.7 6.2 2.7

Mobile

178.2 178.4 178.3 178.1 -0.2 -0.1

Montgomery

173.3 174.8 173.1 175.1 2.0 1.2

Tuscaloosa

103.9 106.2 105.2 107.3 2.1 2.0


Alaska

356.4 357.2 352.8 353.5 0.7 0.2

Anchorage

182.2 183.1 181.6 182.0 0.4 0.2

Fairbanks

39.2 38.5 39.8 39.5 -0.3 -0.8


Arizona

2,636.5 2,680.1 2,686.1 2,722.0 35.9 1.3

Flagstaff

65.4 66.3 66.5 67.1 0.6 0.9

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.9 48.3 48.4 49.1 0.7 1.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,926.8 1,967.7 1,961.7 1,996.6 34.9 1.8

Prescott

61.5 61.9 62.3 63.1 0.8 1.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.6 32.9 34.1 33.6 -0.5 -1.5

Tucson

360.1 362.3 366.0 367.5 1.5 0.4

Yuma

51.3 52.9 52.8 53.7 0.9 1.7


Arkansas

1,211.6 1,243.8 1,218.7 1,241.2 22.5 1.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

242.0 251.3 244.0 251.6 7.6 3.1

Fort Smith

111.7 111.3 113.1 112.8 -0.3 -0.3

Hot Springs

37.6 38.5 37.7 38.5 0.8 2.1

Jonesboro

55.2 56.4 55.5 56.5 1.0 1.8

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

350.6 353.5 352.8 353.8 1.0 0.3

Pine Bluff

32.5 32.4 33.0 32.6 -0.4 -1.2


California

16,382.4 16,671.6 16,462.4 16,721.2 258.8 1.6

Bakersfield

250.5 253.9 252.0 256.0 4.0 1.6

Chico

79.0 81.2 79.4 81.9 2.5 3.1

El Centro

50.0 50.5 50.8 51.6 0.8 1.6

Fresno

333.5 340.7 335.2 340.4 5.2 1.6

Hanford-Corcoran

39.3 39.7 39.7 40.2 0.5 1.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,919.8 5,971.0 5,939.8 5,977.9 38.1 0.6

Madera

36.5 37.9 37.3 38.6 1.3 3.5

Merced

62.7 63.5 65.3 65.4 0.1 0.2

Modesto

173.5 177.7 176.1 180.4 4.3 2.4

Napa

71.5 73.4 71.8 74.6 2.8 3.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

297.3 306.0 297.2 307.0 9.8 3.3

Redding

64.9 67.3 66.1 69.0 2.9 4.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,378.0 1,419.1 1,391.8 1,425.9 34.1 2.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

949.3 967.2 954.1 970.1 16.0 1.7

Salinas

135.8 136.6 137.7 138.7 1.0 0.7

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,420.9 1,441.0 1,425.0 1,444.2 19.2 1.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,346.1 2,388.1 2,351.5 2,392.2 40.7 1.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,074.0 1,083.4 1,076.9 1,087.9 11.0 1.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

112.4 115.4 111.5 113.5 2.0 1.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

100.8 103.1 100.6 102.6 2.0 2.0

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.3 182.1 180.1 182.8 2.7 1.5

Santa Rosa

202.2 202.3 203.4 202.1 -1.3 -0.6

Stockton-Lodi

224.9 227.3 228.1 230.0 1.9 0.8

Vallejo-Fairfield

134.8 137.0 135.9 137.0 1.1 0.8

Visalia-Porterville

122.4 126.4 123.6 127.4 3.8 3.1

Yuba City

42.1 43.1 43.2 44.1 0.9 2.1


Colorado

2,612.5 2,663.8 2,618.3 2,666.9 48.6 1.9

Boulder

183.2 188.6 183.0 188.5 5.5 3.0

Colorado Springs

279.8 285.0 280.8 286.0 5.2 1.9

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,444.3 1,475.6 1,446.4 1,474.8 28.4 2.0

Fort Collins

161.0 169.6 163.3 170.3 7.0 4.3

Grand Junction

60.7 60.9 61.4 61.5 0.1 0.2

Greeley

97.4 101.1 98.9 102.8 3.9 3.9

Pueblo

61.2 61.8 61.4 61.4 0.0 0.0


Connecticut

1,677.5 1,693.6 1,671.7 1,681.1 9.4 0.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

416.0 419.8 412.2 414.5 2.3 0.6

Danbury

78.7 79.7 78.1 78.8 0.7 0.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

566.7 572.3 563.0 566.2 3.2 0.6

New Haven

277.9 283.4 276.1 279.5 3.4 1.2

Norwich-New London-Westerly

131.0 132.8 130.2 131.1 0.9 0.7

Waterbury

66.9 67.2 66.4 66.0 -0.4 -0.6


Delaware

459.0 462.4 455.9 459.1 3.2 0.7

Dover

68.2 69.4 68.2 68.9 0.7 1.0

Salisbury(1)

169.2 173.5 167.7 172.1 4.4 2.6


District of Columbia

787.0 802.5 771.9 786.9 15.0 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,238.4 3,323.4 3,227.3 3,294.9 67.6 2.1


Florida

8,269.9 8,498.7 8,371.2 8,592.6 221.4 2.6

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

249.9 251.6 253.2 254.7 1.5 0.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

114.8 117.2 113.9 117.1 3.2 2.8

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

195.9 198.0 197.5 201.0 3.5 1.8

Gainesville

135.3 139.7 136.0 140.5 4.5 3.3

Homosassa Springs

31.9 32.1 33.1 32.9 -0.2 -0.6

Jacksonville

665.7 683.1 671.7 688.6 16.9 2.5

Lakeland-Winter Haven

210.8 217.9 214.8 220.5 5.7 2.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,543.6 2,619.3 2,573.6 2,635.5 61.9 2.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

137.5 141.9 138.7 143.0 4.3 3.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

288.8 304.0 291.4 306.0 14.6 5.0

Ocala

100.0 102.1 100.9 103.0 2.1 2.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,197.6 1,236.6 1,210.4 1,250.4 40.0 3.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

208.9 215.4 210.8 216.3 5.5 2.6

Panama City

85.3 86.3 85.2 86.4 1.2 1.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

171.7 175.1 174.5 178.2 3.7 2.1

Port St. Lucie

139.3 142.7 141.8 145.6 3.8 2.7

Punta Gorda

46.4 48.1 47.0 48.4 1.4 3.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

49.2 50.8 49.7 51.3 1.6 3.2

Sebring

24.2 25.6 25.4 26.7 1.3 5.1

Tallahassee

173.5 178.8 175.4 180.1 4.7 2.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,283.3 1,322.6 1,296.9 1,336.5 39.6 3.1

The Villages

26.4 27.5 27.1 28.1 1.0 3.7


Georgia

4,355.5 4,474.3 4,390.5 4,505.9 115.4 2.6

Albany

60.6 61.8 61.2 61.9 0.7 1.1

Athens-Clarke County

93.5 96.1 94.6 96.2 1.6 1.7

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,657.5 2,746.2 2,675.3 2,761.7 86.4 3.2

Augusta-Richmond County

231.4 238.9 233.4 240.4 7.0 3.0

Brunswick

44.3 44.7 44.5 44.7 0.2 0.4

Columbus

120.2 121.0 121.2 121.6 0.4 0.3

Dalton

70.1 70.5 70.2 70.7 0.5 0.7

Gainesville

86.3 89.2 87.3 90.0 2.7 3.1

Hinesville

19.5 20.1 20.2 20.6 0.4 2.0

Macon-Bibb County

101.8 102.8 102.8 103.2 0.4 0.4

Rome

40.4 40.9 40.7 41.3 0.6 1.5

Savannah

176.1 180.9 176.6 181.5 4.9 2.8

Valdosta

55.6 56.4 55.9 56.3 0.4 0.7

Warner Robins

72.5 73.7 73.1 73.8 0.7 1.0


Hawaii

640.2 650.2 643.3 646.8 3.5 0.5

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

74.1 76.8 75.0 76.6 1.6 2.1

Urban Honolulu

469.0 475.6 470.9 473.1 2.2 0.5


Idaho

703.8 717.7 702.1 717.5 15.4 2.2

Boise City

306.4 318.5 307.9 320.4 12.5 4.1

Coeur d'Alene

63.9 64.5 63.9 64.7 0.8 1.3

Idaho Falls

64.5 65.1 64.3 64.9 0.6 0.9

Lewiston

28.3 29.5 28.4 29.5 1.1 3.9

Pocatello

35.2 36.0 35.0 36.0 1.0 2.9


Illinois

6,028.3 6,066.1 6,029.8 6,054.5 24.7 0.4

Bloomington

90.5 92.6 91.3 93.0 1.7 1.9

Carbondale-Marion

56.9 58.2 56.9 58.2 1.3 2.3

Champaign-Urbana

105.0 105.3 103.7 103.9 0.2 0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,686.1 4,718.7 4,685.1 4,709.8 24.7 0.5

Danville

28.2 27.8 28.4 27.9 -0.5 -1.8

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.3 183.4 184.3 184.7 0.4 0.2

Decatur

51.3 51.2 51.3 51.4 0.1 0.2

Kankakee

43.7 44.7 44.4 44.7 0.3 0.7

Peoria

175.6 176.2 176.6 177.0 0.4 0.2

Rockford

151.3 151.4 151.4 151.5 0.1 0.1

Springfield

113.4 115.6 118.1 118.6 0.5 0.4


Indiana

3,042.4 3,101.1 3,086.7 3,134.2 47.5 1.5

Bloomington

70.9 70.8 73.0 73.7 0.7 1.0

Columbus

51.5 53.8 52.5 54.7 2.2 4.2

Elkhart-Goshen

130.1 137.6 132.5 139.9 7.4 5.6

Evansville

157.3 160.4 158.4 161.1 2.7 1.7

Fort Wayne

217.0 221.6 219.6 223.5 3.9 1.8

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,041.0 1,061.3 1,053.5 1,072.7 19.2 1.8

Kokomo

41.3 42.7 41.9 43.4 1.5 3.6

Lafayette-West Lafayette

98.1 100.4 100.6 103.0 2.4 2.4

Michigan City-La Porte

41.7 40.5 41.7 40.6 -1.1 -2.6

Muncie

49.7 49.8 50.5 50.7 0.2 0.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

136.5 136.7 137.1 136.9 -0.2 -0.1

Terre Haute

69.1 70.9 70.7 71.9 1.2 1.7


Iowa

1,566.6 1,583.8 1,566.3 1,582.6 16.3 1.0

Ames

48.3 49.5 49.6 51.4 1.8 3.6

Cedar Rapids

143.4 143.8 143.3 144.4 1.1 0.8

Des Moines-West Des Moines

360.6 372.7 361.0 372.3 11.3 3.1

Dubuque

58.6 58.9 58.6 58.8 0.2 0.3

Iowa City

99.8 101.8 101.1 103.8 2.7 2.7

Sioux City

89.0 88.1 88.1 87.8 -0.3 -0.3

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

88.8 88.8 89.3 89.0 -0.3 -0.3


Kansas

1,394.7 1,388.1 1,396.0 1,388.9 -7.1 -0.5

Lawrence

50.1 51.1 50.5 51.3 0.8 1.6

Manhattan

40.5 41.3 40.1 41.2 1.1 2.7

Topeka

113.2 113.9 113.1 113.9 0.8 0.7

Wichita

294.0 295.8 294.7 297.2 2.5 0.8


Kentucky

1,907.2 1,932.2 1,916.9 1,949.4 32.5 1.7

Bowling Green

73.2 75.2 74.8 76.3 1.5 2.0

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

57.3 58.5 57.5 58.5 1.0 1.7

Lexington-Fayette

272.5 277.7 276.0 280.7 4.7 1.7

Louisville/Jefferson County

662.1 668.0 664.1 676.2 12.1 1.8

Owensboro

53.4 53.7 53.3 53.7 0.4 0.8


Louisiana

1,955.5 1,974.2 1,950.6 1,975.4 24.8 1.3

Alexandria

63.4 62.7 63.1 62.4 -0.7 -1.1

Baton Rouge

402.0 405.3 398.9 406.9 8.0 2.0

Hammond

44.2 45.0 44.9 45.6 0.7 1.6

Houma-Thibodaux

88.4 86.4 87.3 86.1 -1.2 -1.4

Lafayette

200.3 198.4 199.1 198.9 -0.2 -0.1

Lake Charles

108.5 114.2 108.5 114.8 6.3 5.8

Monroe

78.5 79.5 78.2 79.3 1.1 1.4

New Orleans-Metairie

571.1 573.9 573.5 575.1 1.6 0.3

Shreveport-Bossier City

180.7 179.0 180.3 178.3 -2.0 -1.1


Maine

635.4 642.5 634.5 638.8 4.3 0.7

Bangor

65.8 66.4 65.2 66.2 1.0 1.5

Lewiston-Auburn

50.3 51.3 50.1 51.3 1.2 2.4

Portland-South Portland

207.3 214.0 207.3 213.3 6.0 2.9


Maryland

2,718.0 2,782.8 2,718.0 2,782.4 64.4 2.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,396.6 1,416.6 1,396.2 1,415.3 19.1 1.4

California-Lexington Park

45.2 45.9 45.2 45.8 0.6 1.3

Cumberland

39.0 38.9 38.8 38.6 -0.2 -0.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

106.3 107.1 106.6 106.8 0.2 0.2


Massachusetts

3,601.5 3,658.3 3,583.7 3,654.1 70.4 2.0

Barnstable Town

122.3 124.2 121.0 122.9 1.9 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,722.2 2,782.0 2,710.6 2,774.0 63.4 2.3

Leominster-Gardner

51.0 52.0 51.1 52.3 1.2 2.3

New Bedford

67.9 70.4 67.2 70.0 2.8 4.2

Pittsfield

43.7 44.3 43.3 43.9 0.6 1.4

Springfield

330.3 334.4 329.4 334.2 4.8 1.5

Worcester

281.7 285.4 280.9 284.8 3.9 1.4


Michigan

4,310.4 4,384.0 4,316.7 4,390.6 73.9 1.7

Ann Arbor

210.2 217.0 211.2 217.9 6.7 3.2

Battle Creek

58.7 59.5 59.1 59.9 0.8 1.4

Bay City

36.2 35.6 36.3 35.8 -0.5 -1.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,970.6 2,013.0 1,974.8 2,019.7 44.9 2.3

Flint

138.8 140.2 139.2 139.7 0.5 0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

540.0 554.1 541.2 554.8 13.6 2.5

Jackson

57.2 58.5 57.3 58.3 1.0 1.7

Kalamazoo-Portage

144.1 147.5 144.7 147.9 3.2 2.2

Lansing-East Lansing

223.9 228.2 224.2 227.8 3.6 1.6

Midland

37.7 38.0 37.6 37.4 -0.2 -0.5

Monroe

41.8 42.1 41.6 42.2 0.6 1.4

Muskegon

64.0 64.4 64.0 64.2 0.2 0.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

63.0 63.8 63.0 64.1 1.1 1.7

Saginaw

88.0 89.2 88.3 89.0 0.7 0.8


Minnesota

2,917.5 2,979.2 2,924.6 2,974.3 49.7 1.7

Duluth

134.7 138.1 134.8 137.8 3.0 2.2

Mankato-North Mankato

54.8 55.7 55.1 56.2 1.1 2.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,973.2 2,024.4 1,978.5 2,023.3 44.8 2.3

Rochester

120.4 122.6 120.7 122.2 1.5 1.2

St. Cloud

107.9 109.5 108.6 110.1 1.5 1.4


Mississippi

1,131.2 1,142.8 1,140.9 1,152.8 11.9 1.0

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

155.7 155.5 155.6 155.6 0.0 0.0

Hattiesburg

61.3 63.3 62.4 64.0 1.6 2.6

Jackson

275.5 278.2 276.7 279.6 2.9 1.0


Missouri

2,821.4 2,879.2 2,834.9 2,887.8 52.9 1.9

Cape Girardeau

42.8 42.0 43.7 42.6 -1.1 -2.5

Columbia

94.9 97.3 95.4 98.4 3.0 3.1

Jefferson City

76.5 76.6 76.8 76.4 -0.4 -0.5

Joplin

79.0 79.9 78.7 79.5 0.8 1.0

Kansas City

1,063.9 1,081.4 1,069.5 1,086.7 17.2 1.6

St. Joseph

63.1 63.4 63.5 63.2 -0.3 -0.5

St. Louis(2)

1,352.8 1,369.5 1,361.4 1,376.9 15.5 1.1

Springfield

207.0 212.0 205.3 211.1 5.8 2.8


Montana

474.4 483.3 474.9 484.5 9.6 2.0

Billings

84.9 86.5 85.2 86.9 1.7 2.0

Great Falls

35.0 35.7 35.5 36.4 0.9 2.5

Missoula

59.0 59.8 59.4 60.5 1.1 1.9


Nebraska

1,013.3 1,027.9 1,013.5 1,028.8 15.3 1.5

Grand Island

42.1 42.9 42.1 42.7 0.6 1.4

Lincoln

185.8 189.3 186.7 191.7 5.0 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

498.9 508.4 498.4 507.6 9.2 1.8


Nevada

1,299.9 1,340.7 1,303.8 1,346.6 42.8 3.3

Carson City

29.1 29.2 29.0 29.2 0.2 0.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

946.8 974.3 949.6 979.9 30.3 3.2

Reno

219.0 225.4 221.4 226.5 5.1 2.3


New Hampshire

671.3 684.8 671.2 686.8 15.6 2.3

Dover-Durham

51.9 54.1 52.1 54.1 2.0 3.8

Manchester

110.0 112.3 109.6 111.9 2.3 2.1

Portsmouth

94.5 93.3 94.5 92.9 -1.6 -1.7


New Jersey

4,102.3 4,159.8 4,087.0 4,145.1 58.1 1.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

132.5 135.6 132.5 135.2 2.7 2.0

Ocean City

56.8 57.6 56.0 56.7 0.7 1.3

Trenton

264.1 267.3 263.3 267.4 4.1 1.6

Vineland-Bridgeton

56.6 58.9 56.8 58.9 2.1 3.7


New Mexico

819.4 829.1 828.9 837.5 8.6 1.0

Albuquerque

387.3 392.3 388.9 393.1 4.2 1.1

Farmington

47.0 47.0 47.4 47.1 -0.3 -0.6

Las Cruces

70.3 70.4 72.4 72.5 0.1 0.1

Santa Fe

64.6 64.9 64.2 64.4 0.2 0.3


New York

9,424.5 9,577.1 9,394.6 9,542.0 147.4 1.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

461.9 465.1 462.5 464.1 1.6 0.3

Binghamton

102.5 103.2 102.6 103.6 1.0 1.0

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

560.2 560.5 560.3 561.4 1.1 0.2

Elmira

37.0 36.6 36.6 36.6 0.0 0.0

Glens Falls

59.6 60.2 59.5 59.9 0.4 0.7

Ithaca

61.8 62.3 61.6 61.7 0.1 0.2

Kingston

61.2 62.6 61.2 62.0 0.8 1.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,560.1 9,726.3 9,516.9 9,662.8 145.9 1.5

Rochester

528.2 526.3 526.7 525.2 -1.5 -0.3

Syracuse

314.8 317.5 314.5 316.9 2.4 0.8

Utica-Rome

128.4 129.3 128.0 129.1 1.1 0.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.9 44.3 43.9 44.1 0.2 0.5


North Carolina

4,285.2 4,353.7 4,347.9 4,420.9 73.0 1.7

Asheville

185.7 188.0 187.7 190.2 2.5 1.3

Burlington

59.8 60.8 61.0 61.8 0.8 1.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,134.9 1,163.6 1,148.7 1,178.9 30.2 2.6

Durham-Chapel Hill

297.9 306.5 303.0 312.0 9.0 3.0

Fayetteville

126.2 127.4 128.2 129.6 1.4 1.1

Goldsboro

40.7 40.4 41.4 41.3 -0.1 -0.2

Greensboro-High Point

350.9 354.9 357.3 362.3 5.0 1.4

Greenville

77.7 77.5 78.6 78.8 0.2 0.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

147.8 149.6 150.4 152.5 2.1 1.4

Jacksonville

46.3 46.6 49.0 49.7 0.7 1.4

New Bern

44.5 45.3 45.2 45.7 0.5 1.1

Raleigh

600.4 620.1 605.3 626.4 21.1 3.5

Rocky Mount

55.6 54.7 56.4 55.3 -1.1 -2.0

Wilmington

123.2 126.8 125.5 128.5 3.0 2.4

Winston-Salem

256.7 258.8 259.8 261.6 1.8 0.7


North Dakota

433.9 440.8 433.8 440.1 6.3 1.5

Bismarck

74.2 73.4 73.4 72.9 -0.5 -0.7

Fargo

139.4 141.6 139.5 142.5 3.0 2.2

Grand Forks

55.7 55.4 56.0 55.5 -0.5 -0.9


Ohio

5,504.5 5,567.3 5,510.2 5,569.5 59.3 1.1

Akron

337.6 337.0 337.6 336.8 -0.8 -0.2

Canton-Massillon

172.1 172.2 172.7 172.6 -0.1 -0.1

Cincinnati

1,081.8 1,113.6 1,084.6 1,114.5 29.9 2.8

Cleveland-Elyria

1,063.6 1,077.3 1,064.7 1,074.4 9.7 0.9

Columbus

1,064.1 1,088.1 1,069.2 1,091.5 22.3 2.1

Dayton

384.9 388.8 384.8 389.2 4.4 1.1

Lima

52.9 53.3 52.9 53.4 0.5 0.9

Mansfield

53.0 53.6 53.2 53.6 0.4 0.8

Springfield

49.3 49.9 50.1 50.4 0.3 0.6

Toledo

309.4 313.6 308.4 312.9 4.5 1.5

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

41.9 41.3 42.3 41.7 -0.6 -1.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

224.4 221.5 224.5 222.4 -2.1 -0.9


Oklahoma

1,631.8 1,648.6 1,640.2 1,659.6 19.4 1.2

Enid

27.7 28.7 27.8 28.8 1.0 3.6

Lawton

45.2 45.6 45.6 45.9 0.3 0.7

Oklahoma City

620.8 631.7 624.6 633.8 9.2 1.5

Tulsa

440.4 443.1 440.2 443.9 3.7 0.8


Oregon

1,824.6 1,880.5 1,832.5 1,879.1 46.6 2.5

Albany

42.8 44.1 43.1 44.4 1.3 3.0

Bend-Redmond

80.2 82.8 80.2 83.1 2.9 3.6

Corvallis

39.1 39.6 39.3 39.7 0.4 1.0

Eugene

153.9 157.5 154.3 156.9 2.6 1.7

Grants Pass

25.3 26.0 25.4 26.0 0.6 2.4

Medford

83.6 86.0 84.8 85.6 0.8 0.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,141.3 1,173.2 1,144.4 1,173.5 29.1 2.5

Salem

160.4 160.7 160.3 162.4 2.1 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,860.4 5,952.3 5,855.2 5,933.1 77.9 1.3

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

362.3 363.9 361.6 362.6 1.0 0.3

Altoona

61.6 61.5 61.7 61.3 -0.4 -0.6

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.3 42.0 41.4 41.8 0.4 1.0

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

58.7 59.9 59.0 60.0 1.0 1.7

East Stroudsburg

58.4 58.7 58.0 58.0 0.0 0.0

Erie

127.5 128.8 127.7 129.4 1.7 1.3

Gettysburg

33.9 35.1 34.1 35.1 1.0 2.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

340.4 350.8 338.6 350.9 12.3 3.6

Johnstown

55.1 55.4 55.1 55.6 0.5 0.9

Lancaster

249.7 253.9 249.8 254.5 4.7 1.9

Lebanon

51.0 51.4 51.1 51.4 0.3 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,857.9 2,916.7 2,852.8 2,904.3 51.5 1.8

Pittsburgh

1,163.3 1,176.3 1,159.4 1,169.7 10.3 0.9

Reading

174.9 178.8 174.8 179.4 4.6 2.6

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

258.2 261.1 257.9 260.2 2.3 0.9

State College

74.0 73.7 75.4 74.8 -0.6 -0.8

Williamsport

52.6 52.2 52.9 52.2 -0.7 -1.3

York-Hanover

182.0 182.5 182.4 183.3 0.9 0.5


Rhode Island

492.4 502.2 490.7 502.2 11.5 2.3

Providence-Warwick

584.2 592.4 582.5 593.2 10.7 1.8


South Carolina

2,058.8 2,089.5 2,061.4 2,094.3 32.9 1.6

Charleston-North Charleston

348.6 354.0 347.7 354.2 6.5 1.9

Columbia

392.1 398.1 393.4 393.8 0.4 0.1

Florence

86.2 88.5 87.5 88.9 1.4 1.6

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

406.8 409.5 408.7 414.5 5.8 1.4

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

78.7 80.3 78.3 79.6 1.3 1.7

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

170.4 174.0 168.4 170.8 2.4 1.4

Spartanburg

145.3 148.7 147.3 150.4 3.1 2.1

Sumter

38.9 39.2 38.9 38.9 0.0 0.0


South Dakota

439.4 444.0 439.6 445.2 5.6 1.3

Rapid City

70.1 71.4 71.3 72.0 0.7 1.0

Sioux Falls

154.6 156.2 154.6 156.2 1.6 1.0


Tennessee

2,943.0 2,994.6 2,966.8 3,019.5 52.7 1.8

Chattanooga

251.1 259.2 252.1 258.8 6.7 2.7

Clarksville

87.2 88.3 88.8 89.5 0.7 0.8

Cleveland

46.7 48.2 47.7 48.9 1.2 2.5

Jackson

68.3 69.0 68.5 69.1 0.6 0.9

Johnson City

77.5 78.4 78.4 79.0 0.6 0.8

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

119.4 120.8 121.4 122.5 1.1 0.9

Knoxville

388.9 389.7 393.4 393.9 0.5 0.1

Memphis

632.3 643.5 637.2 646.7 9.5 1.5

Morristown

44.8 46.1 45.5 46.4 0.9 2.0

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

944.9 971.3 954.5 983.2 28.7 3.0


Texas

11,984.1 12,283.9 12,001.2 12,287.5 286.3 2.4

Abilene

67.4 67.1 67.5 67.1 -0.4 -0.6

Amarillo

119.5 120.7 119.3 121.1 1.8 1.5

Austin-Round Rock

997.6 1,020.8 997.8 1,018.9 21.1 2.1

Beaumont-Port Arthur

162.1 161.5 162.3 161.6 -0.7 -0.4

Brownsville-Harlingen

142.0 143.7 141.5 143.8 2.3 1.6

College Station-Bryan

109.1 113.2 108.8 113.1 4.3 4.0

Corpus Christi

189.4 194.0 189.3 194.6 5.3 2.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,503.0 3,608.9 3,516.2 3,612.9 96.7 2.8

El Paso

306.8 315.4 308.8 316.0 7.2 2.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,988.7 3,041.7 2,984.3 3,037.8 53.5 1.8

Killeen-Temple

143.4 147.4 143.8 147.9 4.1 2.9

Laredo

101.8 103.7 101.8 103.6 1.8 1.8

Longview

96.0 96.3 96.2 96.7 0.5 0.5

Lubbock

144.3 146.6 145.3 147.8 2.5 1.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

246.4 253.7 249.8 254.3 4.5 1.8

Midland

86.3 88.3 86.6 88.4 1.8 2.1

Odessa

68.5 69.7 68.7 69.8 1.1 1.6

San Angelo

48.6 48.4 48.7 48.2 -0.5 -1.0

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,016.6 1,035.8 1,018.6 1,041.6 23.0 2.3

Sherman-Denison

46.5 47.3 46.4 47.5 1.1 2.4

Texarkana

59.9 59.2 60.1 59.3 -0.8 -1.3

Tyler

104.2 106.8 104.4 106.6 2.2 2.1

Victoria

41.5 41.8 41.7 41.9 0.2 0.5

Waco

118.5 118.8 119.4 118.6 -0.8 -0.7

Wichita Falls

57.7 57.6 57.5 57.3 -0.2 -0.3


Utah

1,418.9 1,459.8 1,425.2 1,465.1 39.9 2.8

Logan

56.9 58.2 56.8 58.8 2.0 3.5

Ogden-Clearfield

248.2 256.4 248.2 255.0 6.8 2.7

Provo-Orem

232.6 242.0 235.6 244.0 8.4 3.6

St. George

60.0 63.4 61.6 64.6 3.0 4.9

Salt Lake City

699.8 716.0 702.0 718.8 16.8 2.4


Vermont

311.4 312.5 310.9 313.0 2.1 0.7

Burlington-South Burlington

124.5 123.5 124.5 123.8 -0.7 -0.6


Virginia

3,918.4 3,991.2 3,921.2 3,975.6 54.4 1.4

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

74.2 76.1 75.8 77.6 1.8 2.4

Charlottesville

111.7 114.4 112.5 114.6 2.1 1.9

Harrisonburg

64.9 66.8 64.7 66.5 1.8 2.8

Lynchburg

103.1 103.8 103.7 102.6 -1.1 -1.1

Richmond

663.8 681.7 664.1 680.3 16.2 2.4

Roanoke

160.8 163.4 161.6 164.2 2.6 1.6

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.2 51.2 50.4 51.1 0.7 1.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

778.1 777.1 779.4 774.9 -4.5 -0.6

Winchester

61.6 63.1 62.3 63.2 0.9 1.4


Washington

3,261.3 3,341.7 3,256.7 3,331.2 74.5 2.3

Bellingham

90.0 92.3 89.1 91.2 2.1 2.4

Bremerton-Silverdale

89.9 90.4 89.1 89.1 0.0 0.0

Kennewick-Richland

111.8 113.6 111.3 112.5 1.2 1.1

Longview

39.4 39.6 39.5 39.6 0.1 0.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.9 51.8 49.9 51.2 1.3 2.6

Olympia-Tumwater

113.0 116.0 112.5 115.5 3.0 2.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,966.5 2,017.7 1,964.9 2,017.3 52.4 2.7

Spokane-Spokane Valley

239.6 243.4 239.4 241.5 2.1 0.9

Walla Walla

26.8 27.3 26.6 27.2 0.6 2.3

Wenatchee

45.9 48.0 45.2 46.9 1.7 3.8

Yakima

83.1 86.4 83.9 85.8 1.9 2.3


West Virginia

737.3 742.4 739.0 741.6 2.6 0.4

Beckley

45.6 44.5 45.7 44.3 -1.4 -3.1

Charleston

118.6 118.9 117.9 119.7 1.8 1.5

Huntington-Ashland

135.3 136.3 136.3 136.9 0.6 0.4

Morgantown

67.9 69.8 68.2 69.8 1.6 2.3

Parkersburg-Vienna

40.4 40.1 40.5 40.0 -0.5 -1.2

Wheeling

66.3 66.3 66.3 66.2 -0.1 -0.2


Wisconsin

2,945.0 2,979.3 2,946.4 2,975.6 29.2 1.0

Appleton

126.5 129.6 127.0 130.0 3.0 2.4

Eau Claire

85.2 84.5 85.9 84.5 -1.4 -1.6

Fond du Lac

48.0 49.0 47.8 48.7 0.9 1.9

Green Bay

176.9 177.5 178.5 178.7 0.2 0.1

Janesville-Beloit

68.9 70.6 68.1 70.0 1.9 2.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.1 78.8 77.6 78.9 1.3 1.7

Madison

399.3 402.0 398.9 401.7 2.8 0.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

865.4 868.8 869.7 866.6 -3.1 -0.4

Oshkosh-Neenah

97.2 97.0 97.0 96.3 -0.7 -0.7

Racine

78.2 78.8 78.2 79.2 1.0 1.3

Sheboygan

63.5 63.2 63.3 63.3 0.0 0.0

Wausau

72.3 73.3 72.7 73.2 0.5 0.7


Wyoming

287.0 285.8 285.5 284.6 -0.9 -0.3

Casper

38.4 38.1 38.7 38.4 -0.3 -0.8

Cheyenne

47.1 47.5 46.9 47.3 0.4 0.9


Puerto Rico

876.2 865.0 878.6 868.5 -10.1 -1.1

Aguadilla-Isabela

49.5 49.8 50.2 50.2 0.0 0.0

Arecibo

33.4 32.1 33.5 32.2 -1.3 -3.9

Guayama

15.1 14.4 15.0 14.5 -0.5 -3.3

Mayaguez

33.2 33.8 33.4 33.8 0.4 1.2

Ponce

69.4 68.0 69.6 68.0 -1.6 -2.3

San German

20.3 20.3 20.0 20.2 0.2 1.0

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

634.4 626.1 635.8 627.6 -8.2 -1.3


Virgin Islands

38.1 38.7 38.0 38.6 0.6 1.6

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division July August Change from
August 2016 to August 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

California

16,382.4 16,671.6 16,462.4 16,721.2 258.8 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,919.8 5,971.0 5,939.8 5,977.9 38.1 0.6

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,574.3 1,575.6 1,573.3 1,574.2 0.9 0.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,345.5 4,395.4 4,366.5 4,403.7 37.2 0.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,346.1 2,388.1 2,351.5 2,392.2 40.7 1.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,133.7 1,154.5 1,134.7 1,154.1 19.4 1.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,096.6 1,117.0 1,101.6 1,120.6 19.0 1.7

San Rafael

115.8 116.6 115.2 117.5 2.3 2.0


District of Columbia

787.0 802.5 771.9 786.9 15.0 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,238.4 3,323.4 3,227.3 3,294.9 67.6 2.1

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

593.8 607.6 594.6 608.4 13.8 2.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,644.6 2,715.8 2,632.7 2,686.5 53.8 2.0


Florida

8,269.9 8,498.7 8,371.2 8,592.6 221.4 2.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,543.6 2,619.3 2,573.6 2,635.5 61.9 2.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

810.4 841.2 818.1 845.0 26.9 3.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,138.4 1,163.6 1,153.7 1,173.0 19.3 1.7

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

594.8 614.5 601.8 617.5 15.7 2.6


Illinois

6,028.3 6,066.1 6,029.8 6,054.5 24.7 0.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,686.1 4,718.7 4,685.1 4,709.8 24.7 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,739.9 3,762.8 3,738.2 3,756.9 18.7 0.5

Elgin

255.0 254.4 255.1 254.2 -0.9 -0.4

Gary

273.3 275.0 275.2 275.5 0.3 0.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

417.9 426.5 416.6 423.2 6.6 1.6


Massachusetts

3,601.5 3,658.3 3,583.7 3,654.1 70.4 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,722.2 2,782.0 2,710.6 2,774.0 63.4 2.3

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,832.5 1,879.1 1,824.5 1,872.8 48.3 2.6

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

79.2 81.2 79.3 80.9 1.6 2.0

Framingham

175.1 176.4 174.4 176.3 1.9 1.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

67.7 69.3 67.2 69.3 2.1 3.1

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

84.1 84.6 83.4 84.7 1.3 1.6

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

155.9 157.3 154.9 156.6 1.7 1.1

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

46.1 46.6 45.9 46.3 0.4 0.9

Nashua(2)

125.8 129.6 125.7 129.1 3.4 2.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

95.8 97.9 95.6 97.4 1.8 1.9

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

60.0 60.0 59.7 60.6 0.9 1.5


Michigan

4,310.4 4,384.0 4,316.7 4,390.6 73.9 1.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,970.6 2,013.0 1,974.8 2,019.7 44.9 2.3

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

739.6 752.5 742.1 760.0 17.9 2.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,231.0 1,260.5 1,232.7 1,259.7 27.0 2.2


New York

9,424.5 9,577.1 9,394.6 9,542.0 147.4 1.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,560.1 9,726.3 9,516.9 9,662.8 145.9 1.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

145.9 148.3 145.3 147.7 2.4 1.7

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,343.2 1,357.0 1,336.7 1,343.3 6.6 0.5

Newark(3)

1,197.8 1,197.4 1,192.5 1,194.2 1.7 0.1

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,873.2 7,023.6 6,842.4 6,977.6 135.2 2.0


Pennsylvania

5,860.4 5,952.3 5,855.2 5,933.1 77.9 1.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,857.9 2,916.7 2,852.8 2,904.3 51.5 1.8

Camden(3)

528.0 536.0 527.6 534.8 7.2 1.4

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,050.9 1,075.5 1,050.1 1,069.9 19.8 1.9

Philadelphia

921.6 942.4 919.5 937.0 17.5 1.9

Wilmington(3)

357.4 362.8 355.6 362.6 7.0 2.0


Texas

11,984.1 12,283.9 12,001.2 12,287.5 286.3 2.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,503.0 3,608.9 3,516.2 3,612.9 96.7 2.8

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,496.2 2,571.8 2,506.9 2,577.8 70.9 2.8

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,006.8 1,037.1 1,009.3 1,035.1 25.8 2.6


Washington

3,261.3 3,341.7 3,256.7 3,331.2 74.5 2.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,966.5 2,017.7 1,964.9 2,017.3 52.4 2.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,657.8 1,699.6 1,656.9 1,698.4 41.5 2.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

308.7 318.1 308.0 318.9 10.9 3.5

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: September 27, 2017