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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 30, 2015         USDL-15-1895

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559    sminfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392    lausinfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov


      METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2015


Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 365 of the 387 
metropolitan areas, higher in 16 areas, and unchanged in 6 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eleven areas had jobless rates of 
less than 3.0 percent and three areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. 
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 303 metropolitan areas, 
decreased in 71 areas, and was unchanged in 13 areas. The national unemployment 
rate in August was 5.2 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 6.3 percent 
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Fargo, N.D.-Minn., had the lowest unemployment rate in August, 2.2 percent. 
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates, 26.9 
percent and 23.7 percent, respectively. A total of 189 areas had August 
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 5.2 percent, 184 areas had rates 
above it, and 14 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease 
in August (-4.7 percentage points). Nine other areas had rate declines of at 
least 2.0 percentage points. Grand Island, Neb., had the largest over-the-year 
jobless rate increase (+1.5 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or 
more, Austin-Round Rock, Texas, and Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., 
had the lowest unemployment rates in August, 3.2 percent and 3.3 percent, 
respectively. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev., had the highest jobless rate 
among the large areas, 7.0 percent, followed by Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, 
Calif., 6.8 percent. Fifty large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases and one had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-
Warren-Dearborn, Mich. (-2.7 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. 
In August, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San 
Rafael, Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.5 
percent each. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division 
unemployment rate, 7.5 percent. (See table 2.)

All 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in 
August. The largest decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. (-3.2 
percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 303 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm 
payroll employment, 71 had decreases, and 13 had no change. The largest 
over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, 
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+161,800), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+124,800), 
and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+103,500). The largest over-the-year 
percentage gain in employment occurred in Provo-Orem, Utah (+6.2 percent), 
followed by San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+5.5 percent), and 
Columbus, Ind., Elkhart-Goshen, Ind., and Greeley, Colo. (+4.5 percent each). 
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Davenport-Moline-
Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-4,200), Lafayette, La. (-3,000), and Peoria, Ill. 
(-2,600). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred 
in Pine Bluff, Ark. (-7.2 percent), Lawton, Okla. (-3.7 percent), and Davenport-
Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., and Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala. (-2.3 percent 
each). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas with 
a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred 
in San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+5.5 percent), followed by 
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, N.C.-S.C., and Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, 
Ore.-Wash. (+4.0 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases in 
employment occurred in New Orleans-Metairie, La. (-0.4 percent), and Richmond, Va. 
(-0.2 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 of the 38 metropolitan 
divisions over the year. The largest over-the-year increase in employment 
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, 
N.Y.-N.J. (+127,000), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+84,900), and 
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+76,300). The over-the-year decreases 
occurred in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1,100), and Dutchess County-Putnam County, 
N.Y. (-200). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the 
metropolitan divisions occurred in Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, 
Mass.-N.H. (+5.0 percent), followed by San Francisco-Redwood City-South San 
Francisco, Calif. (+4.6 percent), and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+4.1 percent). 
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Nashua, 
N.H.-Mass. (-0.9 percent), and Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-0.1 
percent). 

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September 
is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, October 20, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). 
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September 
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 28, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced
for the following areas and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan
Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett,
WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau,
any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate
estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the
revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of time-series
models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back to the series 
beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the substate estimation
methodology, and more timely inputs from the American Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot
Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated.
For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for 
states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm 
level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as 
well. Revisions of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once
a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for 
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error 
are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on 
recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
February 28, 2013. Data reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New
England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population
of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the administration of various
federal economic assistance programs are available on the Internet at
www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,168.8  2,179.6  2,149.2  2,159.4    165.2    147.1    154.8    141.1   7.6   6.7   7.2   6.5
  Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville..........     47.6     46.8     46.8     46.6      4.2      3.6      3.9      3.5   8.8   7.7   8.3   7.4
  Auburn-Opelika........................     71.0     72.5     71.0     72.3      4.5      4.3      4.3      4.0   6.4   5.9   6.1   5.5
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    537.3    541.8    533.0    538.7     35.8     32.2     34.0     31.6   6.7   6.0   6.4   5.9
  Daphne-Fairhope-Foley.................     88.8     89.6     87.1     87.8      5.5      5.1      5.3      4.9   6.2   5.6   6.1   5.6
  Decatur...............................     70.5     70.1     69.6     69.3      5.7      4.8      5.2      4.5   8.0   6.8   7.4   6.6
  Dothan................................     63.0     63.7     62.6     62.9      4.8      4.4      4.6      4.2   7.7   6.9   7.4   6.7
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.0     66.2     67.4     65.8      5.9      5.4      5.5      5.1   8.7   8.1   8.1   7.8
  Gadsden...............................     43.8     43.8     43.9     43.4      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.8   7.8   6.7   7.3   6.5
  Huntsville............................    209.4    210.7    208.2    207.9     14.5     12.8     13.5     12.3   6.9   6.1   6.5   5.9
  Mobile................................    185.6    184.1    183.6    181.9     15.9     14.6     14.9     13.9   8.6   7.9   8.1   7.6
  Montgomery............................    171.2    172.7    169.7    171.1     12.7     11.3     12.1     11.0   7.4   6.5   7.1   6.4
  Tuscaloosa............................    110.2    112.5    110.9    112.9      8.0      7.5      7.4      7.0   7.3   6.7   6.7   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    378.9    374.5    373.4    368.5     24.0     22.3     22.6     20.2   6.3   5.9   6.0   5.5
  Anchorage.............................    206.0    204.0    202.5    199.7     11.5     10.9     10.9      9.9   5.6   5.3   5.4   5.0
  Fairbanks.............................     47.6     46.6     47.6     47.0      2.6      2.3      2.4      2.1   5.4   4.9   5.1   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,090.9  3,146.3  3,091.7  3,143.0    228.1    214.6    230.4    214.1   7.4   6.8   7.5   6.8
  Flagstaff.............................     73.6     75.0     72.8     73.8      5.5      5.4      5.3      5.1   7.5   7.2   7.2   6.9
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     79.5     79.3     78.5     78.4      7.1      6.9      7.2      6.8   9.0   8.7   9.1   8.7
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,099.8  2,154.8  2,106.0  2,153.1    132.5    123.5    135.6    124.0   6.3   5.7   6.4   5.8
  Prescott..............................     95.5     96.8     96.2     97.8      6.3      5.8      6.4      5.8   6.6   6.0   6.6   6.0
  Sierra Vista-Douglas..................     51.7     51.0     51.7     50.7      4.6      4.0      4.5      4.1   8.8   7.9   8.6   8.0
  Tucson................................    459.0    459.7    455.9    461.0     30.2     28.4     30.7     28.4   6.6   6.2   6.7   6.2
  Yuma..................................     98.8     97.8     97.9     96.4     26.1     26.2     25.4     26.0  26.4  26.8  26.0  26.9
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,315.1  1,348.8  1,302.6  1,335.6     86.2     79.0     78.1     66.7   6.6   5.9   6.0   5.0
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    244.0    252.1    241.1    248.9     12.3     10.9     11.1      9.0   5.0   4.3   4.6   3.6
  Fort Smith............................    120.3    122.4    119.2    120.9      7.6      7.3      7.1      6.6   6.3   6.0   5.9   5.4
  Hot Springs...........................     41.3     42.9     40.6     42.1      2.7      2.6      2.5      2.2   6.6   6.0   6.2   5.2
  Jonesboro.............................     60.1     63.4     59.4     62.4      3.6      3.3      3.3      2.8   6.1   5.2   5.5   4.4
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    347.9    360.7    342.4    355.9     20.2     18.5     18.6     15.7   5.8   5.1   5.4   4.4
  Pine Bluff............................     37.4     35.5     36.6     34.8      3.5      3.0      3.0      2.6   9.3   8.4   8.3   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,897.3 19,132.6 18,869.7 19,071.9  1,497.7  1,243.4  1,434.2  1,166.6   7.9   6.5   7.6   6.1
  Bakersfield...........................    398.4    398.5    400.6    399.1     41.0     39.4     38.4     37.0  10.3   9.9   9.6   9.3
  Chico.................................    101.2    102.3    101.8    102.4      9.3      7.5      8.6      7.0   9.2   7.4   8.5   6.9
  El Centro.............................     79.2     81.1     80.4     78.9     22.3     21.3     22.8     18.7  28.1  26.3  28.4  23.7
  Fresno................................    446.5    451.0    444.1    448.7     49.5     42.9     46.3     40.0  11.1   9.5  10.4   8.9
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     58.2     57.9     58.0     57.7      6.6      5.6      6.1      5.3  11.4   9.7  10.5   9.1
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim........  6,630.5  6,695.5  6,620.4  6,644.4    547.0    457.6    525.8    423.1   8.2   6.8   7.9   6.4
  Madera................................     62.5     61.9     63.6     63.2      6.8      6.1      6.3      5.6  10.9   9.8   9.9   8.8
  Merced................................    112.8    111.9    114.2    113.5     14.0     11.9     12.9     11.0  12.4  10.6  11.3   9.7
  Modesto...............................    245.2    242.6    245.0    244.2     27.2     22.6     25.0     20.8  11.1   9.3  10.2   8.5
  Napa..................................     75.1     75.5     75.2     76.0      4.2      3.3      4.0      3.2   5.6   4.4   5.3   4.2
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    430.2    429.7    428.8    428.5     30.3     25.2     30.0     24.8   7.0   5.9   7.0   5.8
  Redding...............................     75.1     74.3     75.8     75.4      7.2      5.7      6.8      5.4   9.7   7.7   9.0   7.2
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,916.7  1,949.5  1,916.5  1,944.1    170.1    138.4    164.2    131.6   8.9   7.1   8.6   6.8
  Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade...  1,053.9  1,065.3  1,050.0  1,063.5     78.6     63.6     75.1     60.6   7.5   6.0   7.2   5.7
  Salinas...............................    227.8    229.4    228.7    230.2     16.8     14.5     15.8     13.7   7.4   6.3   6.9   6.0
  San Diego-Carlsbad....................  1,554.9  1,580.1  1,549.8  1,575.7    106.8     84.8    102.4     80.9   6.9   5.4   6.6   5.1
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.........  2,478.9  2,522.5  2,470.7  2,524.5    138.4    111.9    133.6    106.5   5.6   4.4   5.4   4.2
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........  1,025.5  1,068.4  1,028.2  1,069.6     58.2     46.0     55.8     44.0   5.7   4.3   5.4   4.1
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-                                                                                                          
    Arroyo Grande.......................    139.8    142.3    136.9    139.5      8.6      6.9      8.2      6.6   6.1   4.8   6.0   4.7
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    145.3    145.0    143.6    143.6     11.3      9.3     10.6      8.8   7.8   6.4   7.4   6.1
  Santa Maria-Santa Barbara.............    219.6    223.8    218.9    222.8     13.6     11.2     13.0     10.7   6.2   5.0   5.9   4.8
  Santa Rosa............................    259.6    261.1    258.4    261.8     15.3     12.0     14.5     11.3   5.9   4.6   5.6   4.3
  Stockton-Lodi.........................    311.8    312.8    312.9    313.3     33.2     27.5     31.2     25.9  10.6   8.8  10.0   8.3
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    205.0    207.5    203.7    206.8     15.9     12.9     15.1     12.2   7.8   6.2   7.4   5.9
  Visalia-Porterville...................    198.1    198.9    197.4    198.0     25.8     23.1     24.4     21.8  13.0  11.6  12.4  11.0
  Yuba City.............................     73.1     72.9     73.7     73.9      8.5      6.8      7.8      6.3  11.6   9.3  10.6   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,846.4  2,831.4  2,834.8  2,820.8    140.5    114.4    130.3    107.3   4.9   4.0   4.6   3.8
  Boulder...............................    177.7    175.0    176.9    175.3      7.4      5.8      6.8      5.6   4.2   3.3   3.8   3.2
  Colorado Springs......................    323.0    316.5    320.7    314.8     19.3     15.5     17.8     14.3   6.0   4.9   5.5   4.5
  Denver-Aurora-Lakewood................  1,510.6  1,505.2  1,504.6  1,503.3     72.1     57.7     67.4     54.6   4.8   3.8   4.5   3.6
  Fort Collins..........................    179.0    180.5    179.6    180.0      7.5      6.1      7.0      5.8   4.2   3.4   3.9   3.2
  Grand Junction........................     73.7     73.0     73.3     73.0      4.5      4.3      4.0      3.9   6.1   5.9   5.5   5.4
  Greeley...............................    146.6    149.9    147.6    150.4      6.6      6.1      6.1      5.8   4.5   4.1   4.1   3.8
  Pueblo................................     72.8     71.3     71.9     70.7      5.4      4.3      4.9      4.0   7.3   6.0   6.7   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,917.4  1,941.1  1,904.3  1,913.3    131.4    109.2    127.0    105.6   6.9   5.6   6.7   5.5
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    473.0    481.8    469.2    472.7     31.3     26.0     30.1     25.2   6.6   5.4   6.4   5.3
  Danbury...............................    108.4    109.4    107.3    107.7      6.0      5.0      5.7      4.9   5.5   4.6   5.3   4.5
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    622.9    631.7    618.9    622.8     43.3     36.0     41.9     34.7   7.0   5.7   6.8   5.6
  New Haven.............................    327.0    329.7    324.7    325.7     23.2     19.0     22.5     18.4   7.1   5.8   6.9   5.7
  Norwich-New London-Westerly...........    147.1    145.5    146.5    144.1     10.5      8.6     10.1      8.3   7.1   5.9   6.9   5.7
  Waterbury.............................    113.5    115.1    112.8    113.5      9.5      7.9      9.3      7.7   8.3   6.9   8.2   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    458.9    468.1    457.1    465.6     27.3     22.6     26.7     23.4   6.0   4.8   5.8   5.0
  Dover.................................     75.1     75.1     74.5     75.1      5.2      4.2      5.1      4.4   7.0   5.6   6.8   5.9
  Salisbury (1).........................    191.8    196.9    189.1    193.5     12.1     10.5     11.6     10.1   6.3   5.3   6.1   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    384.0    391.9    378.7    386.0     31.2     27.4     30.6     27.3   8.1   7.0   8.1   7.1
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,305.9  3,326.0  3,261.5  3,290.2    176.6    151.9    172.9    142.4   5.3   4.6   5.3   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,705.0  9,570.4  9,674.8  9,599.9    654.1    549.0    652.2    534.3   6.7   5.7   6.7   5.6
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    308.1    306.6    308.2    306.6     20.5     17.0     20.4     16.5   6.7   5.5   6.6   5.4
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    125.9    122.6    123.4    121.2      6.7      5.7      6.6      5.5   5.3   4.6   5.3   4.5
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    285.5    279.7    284.0    280.8     20.7     17.1     20.4     16.4   7.2   6.1   7.2   5.9
  Gainesville...........................    136.1    133.9    135.4    134.2      8.1      6.7      7.7      6.5   5.9   5.0   5.7   4.8
  Homosassa Springs.....................     48.2     46.4     48.7     47.1      4.4      3.8      4.3      3.6   9.1   8.1   8.9   7.6
  Jacksonville..........................    731.6    722.8    728.9    719.7     49.4     40.9     49.2     39.3   6.8   5.7   6.7   5.5
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    281.3    279.1    281.2    281.6     22.1     18.8     22.1     18.2   7.9   6.7   7.9   6.4
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach   3,017.3  2,977.5  3,006.0  2,992.1    201.2    172.2    203.4    170.7   6.7   5.8   6.8   5.7
  Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island.........    158.5    157.3    157.8    157.6     10.8      9.6     11.0      9.3   6.8   6.1   7.0   5.9
  North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton.........    338.0    334.2    337.5    334.6     21.3     18.0     21.2     17.6   6.3   5.4   6.3   5.3
  Ocala.................................    134.1    132.5    133.9    132.7     10.3      8.9     10.3      8.6   7.7   6.7   7.7   6.5
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,228.1  1,220.4  1,226.5  1,226.3     78.5     64.2     77.6     62.0   6.4   5.3   6.3   5.1
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    263.9    258.9    262.0    258.9     19.2     15.9     19.0     15.3   7.3   6.1   7.3   5.9
  Panama City...........................     97.8     95.2     96.3     93.9      6.1      5.1      6.1      4.8   6.3   5.3   6.4   5.2
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    219.3    215.5    218.5    216.1     14.3     11.9     13.7     11.3   6.5   5.5   6.3   5.2
  Port St. Lucie........................    200.2    197.1    200.9    197.6     16.3     13.1     16.2     12.6   8.1   6.7   8.1   6.4
  Punta Gorda...........................     66.5     65.7     66.5     66.1      4.9      4.1      4.9      4.1   7.3   6.2   7.3   6.1
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     61.9     59.9     61.6     59.9      5.5      4.7      5.5      4.6   8.9   7.8   8.9   7.7
  Sebring...............................     34.3     34.2     35.2     35.1      3.3      2.9      3.3      2.8   9.6   8.4   9.3   7.8
  Tallahassee...........................    189.8    185.1    188.6    185.1     12.3     10.2     11.9      9.8   6.5   5.5   6.3   5.3
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,458.3  1,435.7  1,454.2  1,441.5     94.2     78.1     93.3     75.4   6.5   5.4   6.4   5.2
  The Villages..........................     28.3     28.0     28.5     28.4      2.3      2.1      2.3      2.1   8.3   7.5   8.1   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,803.1  4,771.8  4,759.3  4,727.3    390.0    307.8    367.7    281.5   8.1   6.4   7.7   6.0
  Albany................................     66.3     64.1     65.9     63.4      6.3      5.1      6.0      4.7   9.5   7.9   9.2   7.4
  Athens-Clarke County..................     94.7     93.8     94.2     93.7      7.3      5.9      6.7      5.2   7.7   6.3   7.1   5.6
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell.........  2,838.3  2,840.2  2,812.9  2,810.2    216.5    172.6    206.2    159.4   7.6   6.1   7.3   5.7
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    257.4    258.6    255.8    256.9     21.5     18.1     20.5     16.8   8.4   7.0   8.0   6.5
  Brunswick.............................     51.1     50.5     50.3     48.9      4.4      3.4      4.2      3.2   8.7   6.8   8.3   6.5
  Columbus..............................    128.2    127.5    126.6    125.8     11.3      9.5     10.8      8.8   8.8   7.4   8.5   7.0
  Dalton................................     61.7     60.9     61.6     60.1      5.9      4.5      5.8      3.8   9.5   7.3   9.4   6.3
  Gainesville...........................     90.9     90.5     90.1     90.1      6.4      4.9      5.8      4.3   7.0   5.4   6.5   4.8
  Hinesville............................     32.5     31.4     32.6     31.6      2.8      2.1      2.7      2.0   8.6   6.8   8.2   6.3
  Macon.................................    105.2    102.6    103.9    101.5      9.1      7.2      8.7      6.6   8.7   7.0   8.3   6.5
  Rome..................................     43.6     42.6     42.9     42.2      4.1      3.2      3.6      2.8   9.5   7.5   8.5   6.6
  Savannah..............................    177.3    174.9    174.1    172.6     14.1     10.6     13.2      9.7   7.9   6.1   7.6   5.6
  Valdosta..............................     63.4     60.8     63.0     60.5      5.2      4.2      5.0      3.7   8.2   6.8   7.9   6.2
  Warner Robins.........................     82.2     79.4     81.5     78.6      6.9      5.4      6.4      5.0   8.3   6.9   7.9   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    674.4    673.5    669.6    674.0     30.1     22.1     28.0     22.4   4.5   3.3   4.2   3.3
  Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina...............     84.0     84.2     83.8     84.4      3.8      2.8      3.6      2.8   4.5   3.3   4.3   3.4
  Urban Honolulu........................    464.4    465.3    460.8    466.4     19.3     14.2     18.1     14.5   4.1   3.1   3.9   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    789.9    810.3    783.2    803.6     35.8     31.5     36.3     32.2   4.5   3.9   4.6   4.0
  Boise City............................    318.0    325.5    316.0    323.3     14.5     12.1     14.8     12.3   4.6   3.7   4.7   3.8
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     72.5     75.9     72.2     75.4      3.5      3.3      3.5      3.4   4.8   4.3   4.9   4.5
  Idaho Falls...........................     64.2     66.7     63.7     66.3      2.5      2.3      2.7      2.4   3.9   3.4   4.2   3.6
  Lewiston..............................     30.3     30.5     30.2     30.2      1.3      1.2      1.3      1.2   4.2   4.1   4.5   4.0
  Pocatello.............................     41.1     42.2     40.7     41.7      1.9      1.7      2.0      1.7   4.5   4.1   4.8   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,607.4  6,601.4  6,528.4  6,542.1    480.6    388.2    447.6    365.0   7.3   5.9   6.9   5.6
  Bloomington...........................     98.4     98.9     97.9     99.1      5.9      4.7      5.5      4.5   6.0   4.7   5.7   4.5
  Carbondale-Marion.....................     57.7     57.1     56.2     57.5      4.2      3.4      4.0      3.3   7.3   6.0   7.1   5.7
  Champaign-Urbana......................    116.0    117.3    112.1    113.9      7.6      5.9      7.2      5.6   6.6   5.0   6.5   4.9
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin..............  4,978.4  4,972.3  4,924.2  4,922.7    361.3    293.8    336.4    273.6   7.3   5.9   6.8   5.6
  Danville..............................     36.0     36.3     35.3     35.9      3.2      2.4      3.0      2.4   8.8   6.7   8.5   6.7
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island (1)......    200.0    193.9    196.1    191.6     12.6     10.0     11.6      9.7   6.3   5.1   5.9   5.1
  Decatur...............................     51.4     50.9     50.5     50.3      4.5      3.7      4.2      3.4   8.8   7.2   8.4   6.8
  Kankakee..............................     55.5     55.4     55.1     54.8      4.4      3.4      4.3      3.4   8.0   6.2   7.8   6.1
  Peoria................................    190.4    189.0    187.8    187.0     13.8     11.7     13.1     11.2   7.3   6.2   7.0   6.0
  Rockford..............................    171.3    172.1    168.6    170.2     14.4     12.2     13.5     10.8   8.4   7.1   8.0   6.4
  Springfield...........................    112.1    111.5    113.3    113.7      6.8      5.5      6.7      5.4   6.1   4.9   5.9   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,262.1  3,307.2  3,236.7  3,272.9    199.7    157.6    193.8    145.4   6.1   4.8   6.0   4.4
  Bloomington...........................     74.7     74.3     74.3     72.6      5.0      4.0      4.7      3.5   6.7   5.4   6.3   4.8
  Columbus..............................     43.4     44.3     42.9     44.4      1.9      1.6      1.9      1.4   4.4   3.6   4.4   3.2
  Elkhart-Goshen........................    103.2    106.7    103.1    106.4      5.4      4.1      5.3      3.8   5.3   3.9   5.1   3.6
  Evansville............................    160.9    162.8    157.8    159.8      8.7      6.9      8.5      6.2   5.4   4.2   5.4   3.9
  Fort Wayne............................    206.9    209.7    206.5    209.2     13.4      9.3     11.4      8.6   6.5   4.5   5.5   4.1
  Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson..........  1,010.1  1,027.5  1,000.5  1,018.3     58.2     45.4     57.3     42.4   5.8   4.4   5.7   4.2
  Kokomo................................     38.0     37.6     37.7     37.7      2.5      1.8      2.3      1.7   6.6   4.9   6.2   4.6
  Lafayette-West Lafayette..............    102.6    104.3    102.4    104.8      5.7      4.9      5.3      4.3   5.6   4.7   5.2   4.1
  Michigan City-La Porte................     49.3     49.4     48.6     48.5      3.5      2.9      3.6      2.7   7.2   5.8   7.5   5.7
  Muncie................................     53.7     54.0     52.9     52.9      4.2      3.1      3.7      2.8   7.9   5.8   7.0   5.4
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    152.0    153.4    150.8    152.0     10.6      7.9     10.1      7.1   7.0   5.1   6.7   4.7
  Terre Haute...........................     77.6     76.5     77.0     75.9      6.1      4.8      5.9      4.4   7.9   6.3   7.7   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,722.2  1,717.9  1,705.0  1,702.6     72.8     59.8     74.1     58.3   4.2   3.5   4.3   3.4
  Ames..................................     54.6     54.9     53.8     55.0      1.8      1.5      1.7      1.3   3.3   2.7   3.2   2.3
  Cedar Rapids..........................    146.8    143.4    144.2    142.0      6.6      5.2      6.5      5.1   4.5   3.6   4.5   3.6
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    343.9    345.0    341.3    342.6     13.8     11.1     14.0     10.7   4.0   3.2   4.1   3.1
  Dubuque...............................     55.7     55.4     55.1     55.1      2.2      1.8      2.2      1.8   3.9   3.3   3.9   3.3
  Iowa City.............................     96.9     96.8     96.8     97.3      3.4      2.7      3.2      2.5   3.5   2.8   3.3   2.5
  Sioux City............................     94.9     95.8     93.4     94.4      4.0      3.4      4.1      3.2   4.3   3.6   4.4   3.4
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     93.1     91.1     93.1     90.1      4.2      3.7      5.7      3.6   4.5   4.0   6.1   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,522.1  1,492.7  1,494.5  1,476.4     77.0     75.2     69.8     66.7   5.1   5.0   4.7   4.5
  Lawrence..............................     63.9     63.5     62.9     62.2      3.0      3.0      2.7      2.5   4.7   4.7   4.3   4.0
  Manhattan.............................     46.9     47.4     45.8     46.4      2.0      2.1      1.9      1.7   4.4   4.3   4.1   3.7
  Topeka................................    126.6    123.9    123.8    121.4      6.4      6.2      5.9      5.3   5.0   5.0   4.8   4.4
  Wichita...............................    317.3    310.1    312.0    304.7     18.9     17.5     16.8     15.4   6.0   5.6   5.4   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,018.9  1,968.3  1,991.2  1,934.3    134.0    111.5    120.6     94.0   6.6   5.7   6.1   4.9
  Bowling Green.........................     77.3     75.5     77.5     74.6      4.8      3.9      4.3      3.2   6.2   5.2   5.5   4.3
  Elizabethtown-Fort Knox...............     65.1     63.9     64.0     62.4      4.1      3.5      3.8      2.9   6.4   5.5   5.9   4.6
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    258.7    253.9    257.0    252.6     13.7     11.0     12.1      9.3   5.3   4.3   4.7   3.7
  Louisville/Jefferson County...........    640.5    633.4    630.4    619.2     38.0     33.0     35.4     26.3   5.9   5.2   5.6   4.2
  Owensboro.............................     54.6     52.9     53.8     52.0      3.2      2.6      2.9      2.2   5.9   4.9   5.5   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,202.0  2,217.8  2,188.0  2,179.3    158.8    145.5    161.6    136.9   7.2   6.6   7.4   6.3
  Alexandria............................     68.4     68.5     67.9     67.1      5.2      4.6      5.4      4.4   7.7   6.8   7.9   6.5
  Baton Rouge...........................    422.4    430.6    422.1    426.7     28.2     24.7     28.7     23.4   6.7   5.7   6.8   5.5
  Hammond...............................     55.2     56.0     55.0     54.9      4.8      4.1      4.7      3.9   8.7   7.4   8.6   7.1
  Houma-Thibodaux.......................    106.6    106.9    105.4    103.9      5.8      6.0      6.0      5.7   5.5   5.6   5.7   5.5
  Lafayette.............................    238.2    239.6    236.5    235.0     14.5     15.4     14.7     14.7   6.1   6.4   6.2   6.2
  Lake Charles..........................    100.0    105.2    100.1    103.0      6.6      5.8      6.9      5.5   6.6   5.5   6.9   5.3
  Monroe................................     83.4     82.8     82.4     80.8      6.5      5.7      6.7      5.5   7.8   6.9   8.1   6.8
  New Orleans-Metairie..................    610.1    607.7    606.3    600.4     43.9     38.8     44.9     36.6   7.2   6.4   7.4   6.1
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    201.1    201.4    199.0    196.0     15.8     14.5     16.2     13.6   7.8   7.2   8.1   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    715.9    705.1    714.0    700.2     37.9     28.0     34.4     25.5   5.3   4.0   4.8   3.6
  Bangor................................     70.8     69.6     70.7     69.0      3.9      2.9      3.5      2.6   5.5   4.1   5.0   3.8
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     56.5     55.7     56.2     55.2      3.0      2.2      2.7      2.0   5.3   3.9   4.9   3.6
  Portland-South Portland...............    205.6    205.8    205.0    204.4      9.0      6.6      8.3      6.0   4.4   3.2   4.0   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,167.1  3,194.8  3,131.5  3,163.3    196.3    171.6    189.0    161.8   6.2   5.4   6.0   5.1
  Baltimore-Columbia-Towson.............  1,478.2  1,495.7  1,465.4  1,486.0     97.3     85.4     94.4     81.3   6.6   5.7   6.4   5.5
  California-Lexington Park.............     54.8     55.4     54.2     54.7      3.4      3.1      3.2      2.9   6.2   5.6   5.9   5.2
  Cumberland............................     45.8     44.8     44.7     44.4      3.5      3.2      3.3      3.0   7.6   7.1   7.4   6.8
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    130.0    129.5    128.8    128.6      7.9      7.3      7.7      7.1   6.1   5.6   6.0   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,609.2  3,644.9  3,606.5  3,621.6    217.8    180.1    204.9    161.6   6.0   4.9   5.7   4.5
  Barnstable Town.......................    137.4    133.9    136.5    133.3      7.4      6.2      7.0      5.6   5.4   4.6   5.1   4.2
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua...............  2,637.8  2,672.7  2,632.9  2,655.1    146.1    121.3    138.6    109.6   5.5   4.5   5.3   4.1
  Leominster-Gardner....................     76.5     76.9     76.2     76.5      5.7      4.7      5.4      4.2   7.5   6.1   7.1   5.5
  New Bedford...........................     84.2     84.0     84.2     83.1      7.3      6.1      7.0      5.5   8.6   7.2   8.4   6.6
  Pittsfield............................     45.6     45.6     45.6     45.2      2.9      2.3      2.7      2.1   6.4   5.1   5.9   4.7
  Springfield...........................    365.9    367.4    366.2    364.7     26.7     22.4     25.0     20.0   7.3   6.1   6.8   5.5
  Worcester.............................    346.7    352.5    347.4    351.0     22.8     18.8     21.4     17.1   6.6   5.3   6.2   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,834.6  4,804.8  4,777.6  4,770.9    418.3    293.0    350.5    246.4   8.7   6.1   7.3   5.2
  Ann Arbor.............................    186.3    186.8    184.0    184.7     11.8      8.3      9.1      6.5   6.3   4.5   5.0   3.5
  Battle Creek..........................     64.5     65.6     64.0     64.9      5.0      3.8      3.9      3.0   7.7   5.7   6.1   4.6
  Bay City..............................     53.8     52.9     53.1     52.5      4.5      3.2      3.6      2.6   8.3   6.0   6.7   4.9
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn...............  2,064.1  2,031.1  2,045.1  2,021.7    204.4    142.2    182.5    126.1   9.9   7.0   8.9   6.2
  Flint.................................    186.4    184.1    183.3    182.0     17.4     12.5     13.7      9.8   9.3   6.8   7.5   5.4
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    548.4    563.7    542.9    560.0     34.7     23.7     26.8     19.0   6.3   4.2   4.9   3.4
  Jackson...............................     73.9     73.2     73.2     72.4      5.8      4.4      4.7      3.4   7.9   6.0   6.4   4.7
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    164.3    164.6    162.6    164.2     11.9      8.6      9.6      6.9   7.2   5.2   5.9   4.2
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    240.2    239.0    236.8    236.2     18.3     12.1     13.9      9.5   7.6   5.1   5.9   4.0
  Midland...............................     42.0     41.7     41.5     41.2      3.0      2.2      2.4      1.7   7.2   5.2   5.8   4.2
  Monroe................................     76.6     76.2     75.3     75.5      5.9      4.0      4.8      3.1   7.7   5.3   6.4   4.1
  Muskegon..............................     78.9     78.7     77.8     77.9      7.1      4.9      5.5      4.0   9.0   6.3   7.1   5.2
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     75.5     75.1     74.5     74.8      5.8      4.2      4.7      3.6   7.7   5.5   6.4   4.8
  Saginaw...............................     90.0     89.2     88.8     88.6      8.0      5.5      6.3      4.4   8.8   6.2   7.1   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  3,010.3  3,043.3  2,986.3  3,017.3    120.1    116.3    108.4    104.3   4.0   3.8   3.6   3.5
  Duluth................................    143.7    144.5    142.2    142.8      7.3      7.3      6.5      6.4   5.1   5.1   4.6   4.5
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     57.6     57.9     57.1     57.6      2.0      1.9      1.8      1.6   3.5   3.2   3.1   2.8
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,943.7  1,963.3  1,925.1  1,945.3     76.0     72.0     69.5     64.9   3.9   3.7   3.6   3.3
  Rochester.............................    119.7    119.2    119.0    118.2      4.2      4.0      3.7      3.5   3.5   3.3   3.1   2.9
  St. Cloud.............................    108.8    109.0    108.0    108.0      4.2      4.1      3.8      3.6   3.9   3.7   3.5   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,254.3  1,288.9  1,226.5  1,265.7    109.1     88.7     94.3     71.3   8.7   6.9   7.7   5.6
  Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula............    164.7    167.9    159.3    164.0     13.2     11.2     11.7      9.1   8.0   6.7   7.4   5.6
  Hattiesburg...........................     63.2     64.9     62.2     63.3      4.7      4.1      4.2      3.3   7.4   6.3   6.8   5.2
  Jackson...............................    260.6    272.3    254.9    267.3     19.0     15.2     15.9     12.1   7.3   5.6   6.2   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,088.3  3,110.4  3,050.4  3,068.4    202.5    183.9    189.1    160.9   6.6   5.9   6.2   5.2
  Cape Girardeau........................     48.5     47.6     48.4     47.4      3.2      2.7      2.9      2.4   6.5   5.8   6.0   5.0
  Columbia..............................     97.6     99.1     96.6     97.9      4.5      4.3      4.2      3.6   4.7   4.3   4.3   3.7
  Jefferson City........................     77.4     77.3     76.1     75.6      4.3      4.0      4.1      3.4   5.6   5.2   5.3   4.5
  Joplin................................     86.8     88.7     85.8     87.0      5.2      4.7      4.7      4.0   5.9   5.3   5.5   4.6
  Kansas City...........................  1,128.2  1,126.2  1,109.3  1,112.4     68.7     62.2     63.5     58.1   6.1   5.5   5.7   5.2
  St. Joseph............................     67.1     65.7     66.2     64.6      3.9      3.6      3.7      3.2   5.8   5.5   5.5   4.9
  St. Louis (2).........................  1,477.7  1,483.9  1,457.0  1,468.1     98.7     84.8     92.6     74.7   6.7   5.7   6.4   5.1
  Springfield...........................    231.4    233.0    225.7    227.9     12.5     11.8     11.9     10.4   5.4   5.1   5.3   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    527.6    535.7    524.6    531.2     22.2     20.6     21.8     19.7   4.2   3.8   4.2   3.7
  Billings..............................     86.1     89.3     86.2     89.0      3.2      2.9      3.1      2.8   3.7   3.2   3.6   3.2
  Great Falls...........................     38.2     38.1     38.3     38.2      1.5      1.5      1.5      1.5   4.0   4.0   4.0   4.0
  Missoula..............................     59.6     60.6     60.1     61.1      2.4      2.2      2.3      2.1   4.1   3.7   3.9   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,038.9  1,020.7  1,022.9  1,008.2     38.2     31.1     31.7     28.2   3.7   3.0   3.1   2.8
  Grand Island..........................     46.8     45.6     45.1     44.8      2.6      2.2      1.4      2.0   5.6   4.9   3.1   4.6
  Lincoln...............................    180.6    178.5    178.5    176.8      5.8      4.4      5.0      4.1   3.2   2.5   2.8   2.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    488.0    482.4    482.8    475.9     18.8     15.5     16.8     14.4   3.9   3.2   3.5   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,400.9  1,435.5  1,396.8  1,428.9    110.6     99.5    104.5     97.7   7.9   6.9   7.5   6.8
  Carson City...........................     25.3     25.5     25.1     25.2      2.0      1.8      2.0      1.8   8.1   7.2   7.8   7.1
  Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise..........  1,022.5  1,052.8  1,019.6  1,049.3     82.3     74.4     77.9     73.4   8.0   7.1   7.6   7.0
  Reno..................................    225.7    230.7    224.4    229.7     16.6     14.5     15.7     14.1   7.3   6.3   7.0   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    753.8    759.1    747.5    752.4     31.2     27.2     30.9     24.9   4.1   3.6   4.1   3.3
  Dover-Durham..........................     82.1     82.6     81.3     82.1      3.4      2.8      3.3      2.5   4.1   3.4   4.0   3.0
  Manchester............................    115.0    116.9    114.3    115.8      4.7      4.1      4.6      3.7   4.1   3.5   4.0   3.2
  Portsmouth............................     74.1     74.8     73.3     74.5      2.7      2.3      2.7      2.1   3.7   3.1   3.7   2.8
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,588.6  4,593.0  4,547.4  4,552.0    325.1    287.2    301.3    252.5   7.1   6.3   6.6   5.5
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    137.3    134.1    135.6    133.1     13.2     12.2     12.3     10.8   9.6   9.1   9.1   8.1
  Ocean City............................     59.5     58.5     58.3     57.5      4.7      4.3      4.3      3.6   8.0   7.3   7.3   6.3
  Trenton...............................    197.3    199.2    196.2    197.3     12.6     11.3     11.7      9.9   6.4   5.7   5.9   5.0
  Vineland-Bridgeton....................     66.0     66.2     64.7     64.7      6.8      6.2      6.3      5.7  10.3   9.3   9.8   8.7
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    923.9    927.3    917.2    916.2     66.2     65.7     60.7     63.0   7.2   7.1   6.6   6.9
  Albuquerque...........................    415.5    418.2    412.3    412.6     29.4     28.0     27.2     27.1   7.1   6.7   6.6   6.6
  Farmington............................     54.8     55.8     54.2     54.9      3.9      4.4      3.6      4.2   7.2   7.9   6.6   7.7
  Las Cruces............................     92.1     91.6     92.7     91.2      7.2      7.3      6.4      6.8   7.8   8.0   6.9   7.5
  Santa Fe..............................     71.6     71.7     70.8     70.6      4.2      4.2      3.9      4.1   5.8   5.8   5.6   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,685.3  9,753.1  9,588.8  9,696.7    629.7    528.0    588.8    484.7   6.5   5.4   6.1   5.0
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    448.8    451.1    444.5    447.8     23.3     21.6     21.9     19.4   5.2   4.8   4.9   4.3
  Binghamton............................    112.7    111.2    111.4    110.4      7.3      6.6      6.9      6.0   6.5   6.0   6.2   5.4
  Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls.....    555.3    560.8    551.5    557.3     35.3     32.3     33.6     29.2   6.4   5.8   6.1   5.2
  Elmira................................     38.5     38.4     38.3     38.1      2.4      2.4      2.3      2.1   6.2   6.1   5.9   5.6
  Glens Falls...........................     64.3     64.6     63.4     63.9      3.5      3.0      3.2      2.8   5.4   4.7   5.1   4.3
  Ithaca................................     52.0     52.5     51.2     51.7      2.6      2.5      2.3      2.1   5.0   4.7   4.5   4.1
  Kingston..............................     89.8     89.3     88.4     88.6      5.3      4.7      5.0      4.2   5.9   5.3   5.7   4.8
  New York-Newark-Jersey City........... 10,077.7 10,142.8  9,978.4 10,081.1    681.8    568.4    634.7    517.3   6.8   5.6   6.4   5.1
  Rochester.............................    526.6    530.3    522.2    528.0     31.3     28.5     29.4     25.5   5.9   5.4   5.6   4.8
  Syracuse..............................    314.8    314.0    312.1    310.3     19.2     17.6     18.1     15.6   6.1   5.6   5.8   5.0
  Utica-Rome............................    135.2    135.1    133.8    133.9      8.1      7.4      7.7      6.5   6.0   5.5   5.7   4.9
  Watertown-Fort Drum...................     48.6     47.9     48.0     47.5      3.3      3.0      3.1      2.7   6.8   6.2   6.4   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,706.7  4,801.2  4,652.3  4,750.6    316.2    300.2    303.1    290.0   6.7   6.3   6.5   6.1
  Asheville.............................    214.7    220.0    211.7    217.6     11.2     11.1     10.8     10.5   5.2   5.0   5.1   4.8
  Burlington............................     76.8     78.7     76.1     77.8      4.8      4.6      4.6      4.4   6.3   5.9   6.1   5.7
  Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia............  1,198.4  1,237.7  1,191.3  1,234.8     79.1     73.4     77.0     71.0   6.6   5.9   6.5   5.8
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    277.0    282.9    275.0    280.8     15.6     15.7     14.9     15.3   5.6   5.6   5.4   5.4
  Fayetteville..........................    145.0    145.1    143.6    144.0     12.6     11.9     12.0     11.6   8.7   8.2   8.4   8.0
  Goldsboro.............................     53.8     53.8     52.6     52.5      3.7      3.7      3.6      3.5   6.9   6.8   6.8   6.7
  Greensboro-High Point.................    358.5    368.5    356.6    365.9     25.9     23.9     24.7     23.1   7.2   6.5   6.9   6.3
  Greenville............................     86.6     87.8     86.3     86.9      6.3      6.1      6.0      5.9   7.3   7.0   6.9   6.8
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    167.7    167.7    165.6    166.4     11.6     10.6     11.2     10.2   6.9   6.3   6.8   6.1
  Jacksonville..........................     64.3     65.6     63.9     65.0      4.1      4.2      4.1      4.1   6.4   6.4   6.3   6.2
  New Bern..............................     51.5     51.7     50.8     50.7      3.7      3.4      3.6      3.3   7.2   6.5   7.1   6.4
  Raleigh...............................    644.1    659.2    634.5    649.6     35.2     34.5     33.7     33.5   5.5   5.2   5.3   5.2
  Rocky Mount...........................     66.9     66.2     65.9     65.1      6.4      6.0      6.0      5.8   9.5   9.0   9.1   8.8
  Wilmington............................    136.6    140.2    136.0    138.8      8.8      8.3      8.5      8.0   6.5   5.9   6.2   5.8
  Winston-Salem.........................    314.1    321.9    310.7    317.7     20.5     19.4     19.7     18.5   6.5   6.0   6.3   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    426.0    418.4    424.8    414.1     11.0     10.7     10.7     10.6   2.6   2.6   2.5   2.5
  Bismarck..............................     68.7     68.3     67.1     66.8      1.7      1.5      1.7      1.6   2.4   2.3   2.5   2.3
  Fargo.................................    131.2    129.5    129.4    127.7      3.4      3.1      3.2      2.8   2.6   2.4   2.5   2.2
  Grand Forks...........................     54.3     54.1     53.8     53.2      1.8      1.7      1.7      1.5   3.4   3.1   3.2   2.8
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,800.2  5,800.6  5,776.9  5,748.6    354.6    289.3    323.4    244.9   6.1   5.0   5.6   4.3
  Akron.................................    363.2    360.4    361.8    357.2     21.8     17.6     20.4     15.2   6.0   4.9   5.6   4.2
  Canton-Massillon......................    205.9    205.0    204.7    202.0     12.0     10.6     11.1      9.0   5.8   5.2   5.4   4.4
  Cincinnati............................  1,093.1  1,096.0  1,089.3  1,088.1     62.5     50.0     57.7     42.7   5.7   4.6   5.3   3.9
  Cleveland-Elyria......................  1,072.4  1,069.4  1,059.2  1,053.1     71.7     59.9     63.8     50.2   6.7   5.6   6.0   4.8
  Columbus..............................  1,036.7  1,050.4  1,037.1  1,039.3     53.7     43.7     49.9     37.2   5.2   4.2   4.8   3.6
  Dayton................................    386.4    384.1    385.4    381.8     23.8     18.9     22.0     15.9   6.2   4.9   5.7   4.2
  Lima..................................     48.7     49.0     49.1     49.0      3.1      2.4      2.7      2.0   6.3   4.9   5.4   4.1
  Mansfield.............................     55.9     54.5     55.2     54.2      3.8      2.9      3.4      2.5   6.9   5.3   6.1   4.7
  Springfield...........................     65.7     65.9     66.0     65.7      4.2      3.4      3.6      2.7   6.3   5.1   5.5   4.1
  Toledo................................    301.0    304.6    300.1    299.9     19.4     15.2     18.0     12.9   6.5   5.0   6.0   4.3
  Weirton-Steubenville (1)..............     53.8     53.7     53.2     52.9      4.3      4.3      4.1      3.9   8.0   8.0   7.7   7.4
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    257.0    255.9    255.3    254.3     18.4     15.6     16.8     13.5   7.2   6.1   6.6   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,790.9  1,848.1  1,778.4  1,829.7     81.4     83.6     77.7     82.4   4.5   4.5   4.4   4.5
  Lawton................................     51.9     51.5     51.4     50.8      2.4      2.3      2.4      2.3   4.7   4.5   4.6   4.5
  Oklahoma City.........................    650.7    673.8    644.1    663.8     26.3     26.4     25.2     26.1   4.0   3.9   3.9   3.9
  Tulsa.................................    468.7    476.0    460.8    469.2     20.7     21.5     20.0     21.5   4.4   4.5   4.3   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,966.6  1,957.7  1,968.7  1,961.4    137.8    123.0    135.8    116.2   7.0   6.3   6.9   5.9
  Albany................................     54.6     53.1     54.7     53.3      4.5      4.0      4.5      3.9   8.3   7.6   8.2   7.3
  Bend-Redmond..........................     82.5     82.5     83.1     83.3      6.1      5.1      5.9      4.8   7.4   6.2   7.1   5.8
  Corvallis.............................     42.8     42.4     43.3     42.6      2.6      2.3      2.6      2.1   6.1   5.5   6.0   4.9
  Eugene................................    168.7    167.3    169.2    167.3     12.3     11.4     12.3     10.9   7.3   6.8   7.3   6.5
  Grants Pass...........................     33.3     32.8     33.5     32.9      3.2      2.8      3.2      2.7   9.6   8.6   9.5   8.2
  Medford...............................     96.8     95.9     97.9     97.3      8.6      7.4      8.3      7.0   8.8   7.7   8.5   7.2
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,204.8  1,209.6  1,212.2  1,215.0     77.5     70.8     78.1     66.5   6.4   5.9   6.4   5.5
  Salem.................................    187.5    185.8    189.1    186.9     14.1     12.5     13.7     11.8   7.5   6.7   7.3   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,481.1  6,525.9  6,415.9  6,444.3    414.6    384.6    390.4    355.0   6.4   5.9   6.1   5.5
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    430.5    433.2    426.7    428.9     28.6     26.0     27.0     23.7   6.6   6.0   6.3   5.5
  Altoona...............................     61.9     61.8     61.2     61.0      3.7      3.5      3.5      3.2   6.0   5.6   5.8   5.3
  Bloomsburg-Berwick....................     43.6     43.8     42.9     43.0      2.8      2.6      2.6      2.3   6.4   5.9   6.0   5.3
  Chambersburg-Waynesboro...............     77.1     77.2     76.4     75.6      4.5      4.2      4.2      3.9   5.8   5.4   5.5   5.1
  East Stroudsburg......................     81.5     80.9     80.1     79.5      6.4      5.7      6.1      5.2   7.9   7.1   7.6   6.5
  Erie..................................    136.5    136.3    135.3    135.5      9.0      8.1      8.4      7.5   6.6   6.0   6.2   5.6
  Gettysburg............................     55.6     55.6     54.9     54.7      2.9      2.6      2.6      2.4   5.1   4.7   4.8   4.3
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    295.8    301.0    293.7    297.6     16.1     14.7     15.1     13.4   5.5   4.9   5.2   4.5
  Johnstown.............................     63.4     63.4     62.7     62.6      4.9      4.8      4.5      4.3   7.8   7.5   7.3   6.9
  Lancaster.............................    277.4    280.6    274.2    276.2     14.4     13.3     13.5     12.2   5.2   4.7   4.9   4.4
  Lebanon...............................     71.4     70.7     70.6     69.7      3.9      3.6      3.7      3.3   5.5   5.1   5.2   4.8
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,061.2  3,073.1  3,033.1  3,036.0    207.9    186.5    197.3    172.3   6.8   6.1   6.5   5.7
  Pittsburgh............................  1,231.6  1,253.3  1,217.8  1,235.7     76.6     72.5     72.1     67.4   6.2   5.8   5.9   5.5
  Reading...............................    213.4    214.5    211.3    212.5     12.7     11.8     12.0     10.9   5.9   5.5   5.7   5.1
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton......    280.9    288.6    279.4    283.6     21.3     19.6     20.0     17.9   7.6   6.8   7.1   6.3
  State College.........................     76.1     76.2     76.9     76.8      3.8      3.5      3.7      3.3   4.9   4.6   4.8   4.3
  Williamsport..........................     61.7     61.1     61.5     60.6      3.9      3.9      3.6      3.6   6.3   6.4   5.9   6.0
  York-Hanover..........................    234.3    233.4    231.8    231.7     14.7     12.6     13.1     11.5   6.3   5.4   5.6   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    562.1    567.2    559.9    565.3     44.0     33.0     42.0     32.2   7.8   5.8   7.5   5.7
  Providence-Warwick....................    688.5    695.0    686.8    692.7     53.1     40.4     50.4     38.9   7.7   5.8   7.3   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,233.2  2,283.6  2,225.2  2,269.8    154.7    146.0    161.3    138.9   6.9   6.4   7.2   6.1
  Charleston-North Charleston...........    355.5    363.2    353.5    360.0     21.2     20.1     22.2     19.1   6.0   5.5   6.3   5.3
  Columbia..............................    388.4    395.5    387.6    393.8     24.8     23.8     25.8     22.9   6.4   6.0   6.7   5.8
  Florence..............................     94.1     94.5     93.9     94.1      7.7      7.1      7.8      6.7   8.1   7.5   8.4   7.1
  Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin...........    405.8    416.5    405.3    413.0     25.1     23.8     26.6     22.7   6.2   5.7   6.6   5.5
  Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort..     83.2     84.5     82.4     83.2      5.0      5.0      5.3      4.7   6.1   5.9   6.5   5.7
  Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach    191.9    195.6    188.2    192.8     13.1     12.8     13.6     12.3   6.8   6.5   7.2   6.4
  Spartanburg...........................    147.5    150.3    147.4    150.4     10.7      9.8     10.9      9.2   7.2   6.5   7.4   6.1
  Sumter................................     44.6     44.5     44.2     44.3      3.6      3.3      3.7      3.3   8.0   7.5   8.4   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    457.1    462.9    452.7    458.0     13.7     15.2     14.1     14.6   3.0   3.3   3.1   3.2
  Rapid City............................     73.8     74.8     73.8     74.9      2.1      2.4      2.2      2.3   2.8   3.2   2.9   3.1
  Sioux Falls...........................    143.7    146.1    142.0    145.1      3.5      3.8      3.6      3.7   2.4   2.6   2.5   2.5
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,049.8  3,110.4  3,006.2  3,050.9    225.5    197.9    214.9    176.6   7.4   6.4   7.2   5.8
  Chattanooga...........................    253.1    256.2    247.9    251.4     18.9     16.1     17.7     14.5   7.5   6.3   7.1   5.7
  Clarksville...........................    108.2    110.1    107.7    108.9      8.4      7.3      7.9      6.6   7.8   6.6   7.3   6.0
  Cleveland.............................     55.8     56.2     55.3     54.8      4.1      3.6      3.9      3.1   7.4   6.5   7.0   5.7
  Jackson...............................     62.1     63.1     60.6     61.8      4.7      4.2      4.6      3.9   7.6   6.7   7.5   6.3
  Johnson City..........................     88.7     89.5     87.3     88.5      6.9      6.1      6.7      5.5   7.7   6.8   7.7   6.2
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    140.4    141.1    139.2    139.7     10.1      8.8      9.8      7.9   7.2   6.3   7.0   5.6
  Knoxville.............................    404.3    416.4    396.6    406.4     27.9     24.7     26.6     21.6   6.9   5.9   6.7   5.3
  Memphis...............................    615.9    626.0    603.8    609.8     50.8     44.1     48.4     39.3   8.2   7.0   8.0   6.4
  Morristown............................     49.6     50.3     48.8     49.8      3.9      3.5      3.8      3.1   7.8   6.9   7.7   6.2
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    917.2    948.2    902.4    928.9     55.2     48.4     52.3     43.0   6.0   5.1   5.8   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 13,178.7 13,082.1 13,093.4 13,029.5    728.3    597.1    693.7    569.8   5.5   4.6   5.3   4.4
  Abilene...............................     77.3     75.3     76.4     74.7      3.7      3.0      3.4      2.8   4.8   4.0   4.5   3.8
  Amarillo..............................    132.4    129.1    130.6    127.9      5.5      4.3      5.0      4.0   4.1   3.4   3.8   3.1
  Austin-Round Rock.....................  1,055.6  1,056.6  1,049.3  1,053.5     47.8     36.5     46.1     34.1   4.5   3.5   4.4   3.2
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    181.2    180.4    180.4    180.0     15.1     11.9     14.9     11.6   8.4   6.6   8.3   6.5
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    168.9    164.2    166.6    163.6     14.8     11.6     14.2     11.1   8.8   7.0   8.5   6.8
  College Station-Bryan.................    117.2    114.3    116.4    113.1      5.7      4.5      5.1      4.1   4.8   3.9   4.4   3.6
  Corpus Christi........................    212.7    210.2    211.6    209.6     12.0     10.8     11.4     10.6   5.6   5.1   5.4   5.0
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,579.7  3,576.1  3,566.9  3,569.6    192.8    147.3    185.9    139.9   5.4   4.1   5.2   3.9
  El Paso...............................    347.5    337.8    346.5    337.9     24.6     18.4     23.7     17.4   7.1   5.5   6.8   5.2
  Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land......  3,278.2  3,250.3  3,256.8  3,231.1    175.4    153.1    167.5    149.3   5.4   4.7   5.1   4.6
  Killeen-Temple........................    170.3    167.3    168.9    166.9     10.7      8.1     10.2      7.6   6.3   4.9   6.0   4.6
  Laredo................................    112.0    112.1    111.6    111.9      6.4      5.6      5.8      5.2   5.8   5.0   5.2   4.7
  Longview..............................    105.4    104.9    105.1    104.6      5.6      5.4      5.3      5.1   5.3   5.1   5.0   4.9
  Lubbock...............................    155.3    153.1    153.8    151.9      7.2      5.9      6.4      5.2   4.7   3.8   4.2   3.4
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    330.9    328.1    330.3    328.0     31.3     26.5     29.9     25.8   9.5   8.1   9.1   7.9
  Midland...............................     96.0     97.0     95.2     96.5      3.0      3.2      2.8      3.1   3.2   3.4   2.9   3.2
  Odessa................................     83.8     85.3     83.5     85.3      3.2      3.8      2.9      3.7   3.8   4.5   3.5   4.3
  San Angelo............................     55.7     55.0     55.4     55.2      2.5      2.4      2.3      2.2   4.5   4.3   4.2   4.0
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,104.9  1,102.7  1,095.6  1,096.8     55.8     43.3     52.5     40.3   5.0   3.9   4.8   3.7
  Sherman-Denison.......................     61.3     60.0     60.7     59.9      3.2      2.5      3.0      2.4   5.2   4.1   5.0   4.1
  Texarkana.............................     64.4     63.6     63.7     62.8      4.3      3.5      4.1      3.1   6.6   5.5   6.4   4.9
  Tyler.................................    103.5    101.7    103.0    101.4      5.7      4.9      5.3      4.6   5.5   4.8   5.2   4.5
  Victoria..............................     50.1     50.4     50.1     50.3      2.3      2.2      2.2      2.1   4.7   4.3   4.4   4.1
  Waco..................................    121.3    117.8    120.1    117.1      7.1      5.3      6.6      4.8   5.9   4.5   5.5   4.1
  Wichita Falls.........................     66.9     63.9     66.3     63.3      3.6      2.9      3.4      2.7   5.4   4.6   5.2   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,439.7  1,481.3  1,438.6  1,471.2     57.7     57.9     57.0     56.2   4.0   3.9   4.0   3.8
  Logan.................................     63.2     64.9     63.6     64.9      2.3      2.3      2.2      2.2   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.4
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    304.7    311.8    303.1    309.6     12.6     12.5     12.5     12.2   4.1   4.0   4.1   3.9
  Provo-Orem............................    259.1    272.5    260.9    272.4      9.8      9.9      9.7      9.7   3.8   3.7   3.7   3.6
  St. George............................     61.8     62.0     62.2     61.9      2.7      2.7      2.8      2.6   4.4   4.4   4.4   4.2
  Salt Lake City........................    611.7    628.5    610.3    622.2     24.0     23.1     23.8     22.4   3.9   3.7   3.9   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    354.2    354.8    352.6    349.8     14.5     12.8     13.9     12.4   4.1   3.6   3.9   3.5
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    126.2    131.0    125.7    128.9      4.4      4.0      4.2      3.8   3.5   3.0   3.4   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,308.2  4,285.6  4,257.0  4,242.2    236.0    201.4    233.3    183.6   5.5   4.7   5.5   4.3
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     90.2     90.7     89.9     90.8      5.6      4.6      5.3      4.1   6.3   5.1   5.9   4.5
  Charlottesville.......................    114.2    114.8    113.0    113.8      5.8      4.9      5.7      4.4   5.0   4.3   5.0   3.8
  Harrisonburg..........................     65.2     65.2     63.0     63.3      3.8      3.3      3.4      2.8   5.8   5.0   5.5   4.4
  Lynchburg.............................    126.7    124.4    124.9    123.4      7.7      6.6      7.4      5.9   6.1   5.3   6.0   4.8
  Richmond..............................    663.6    653.8    657.3    647.3     38.6     33.3     38.3     30.5   5.8   5.1   5.8   4.7
  Roanoke...............................    162.4    159.0    161.2    158.7      9.0      7.6      9.0      6.9   5.5   4.7   5.6   4.4
  Staunton-Waynesboro...................     59.7     59.0     58.7     58.1      3.0      2.6      3.0      2.4   5.0   4.5   5.1   4.1
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    859.0    855.0    851.9    845.4     50.9     44.3     50.4     40.7   5.9   5.2   5.9   4.8
  Winchester............................     69.7     70.7     68.9     70.0      3.5      3.1      3.5      2.8   5.0   4.4   5.0   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,516.8  3,560.8  3,500.1  3,530.2    211.9    189.9    214.8    175.2   6.0   5.3   6.1   5.0
  Bellingham............................    101.7    103.3    101.8    101.6      6.6      6.2      6.7      5.8   6.5   6.0   6.6   5.7
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    112.7    112.0    114.5    111.5      6.9      6.3      7.2      5.8   6.1   5.6   6.3   5.2
  Kennewick-Richland....................    130.8    130.5    131.7    129.9      9.0      8.4      9.4      7.8   6.9   6.5   7.2   6.0
  Longview..............................     43.9     43.5     44.5     43.2      3.4      3.4      3.6      3.2   7.8   7.8   8.2   7.3
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.8     56.3     57.9     55.9      3.9      3.7      4.1      3.5   6.8   6.6   7.1   6.3
  Olympia-Tumwater......................    121.2    122.8    123.1    122.2      7.8      7.4      8.1      6.9   6.4   6.0   6.6   5.6
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,948.9  1,977.9  1,927.2  1,974.3    105.4     89.0    102.1     81.4   5.4   4.5   5.3   4.1
  Spokane-Spokane Valley................    242.6    243.3    245.4    243.6     16.9     16.1     17.7     14.9   7.0   6.6   7.2   6.1
  Walla Walla...........................     30.2     30.2     29.5     29.2      1.8      1.7      1.9      1.5   6.1   5.6   6.3   5.2
  Wenatchee.............................     71.2     73.7     63.8     64.0      3.3      3.3      4.0      3.1   4.7   4.4   6.2   4.9
  Yakima................................    125.5    132.1    125.1    124.5      8.9      8.9     10.4      8.5   7.1   6.8   8.3   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    796.3    790.5    788.7    791.5     51.3     59.7     51.4     59.0   6.4   7.6   6.5   7.5
  Beckley...............................     48.2     47.9     48.2     48.0      3.6      4.0      3.6      4.0   7.4   8.4   7.4   8.3
  Charleston............................    101.6    100.0    100.2    100.0      6.3      7.1      6.3      7.1   6.2   7.1   6.3   7.1
  Huntington-Ashland....................    150.8    148.5    149.4    147.4     10.1     10.2      9.8      9.6   6.7   6.9   6.6   6.5
  Morgantown............................     64.0     63.4     63.3     63.3      3.1      3.9      3.2      3.9   4.9   6.1   5.1   6.2
  Parkersburg-Vienna....................     40.7     40.3     40.0     40.2      2.5      2.9      2.5      2.9   6.1   7.2   6.2   7.1
  Wheeling..............................     67.6     68.0     66.5     67.0      4.4      4.9      4.1      4.4   6.5   7.2   6.2   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,135.1  3,119.6  3,113.9  3,102.0    173.7    142.1    162.5    122.1   5.5   4.6   5.2   3.9
  Appleton..............................    131.3    131.4    129.9    130.3      6.4      5.0      5.9      4.3   4.9   3.8   4.5   3.3
  Eau Claire............................     91.7     91.5     91.4     90.9      4.6      3.7      4.3      3.2   5.0   4.1   4.7   3.5
  Fond du Lac...........................     58.2     58.4     57.9     57.9      3.0      2.4      2.9      2.1   5.2   4.1   4.9   3.6
  Green Bay.............................    172.2    173.8    171.0    173.1      8.8      7.0      8.2      6.0   5.1   4.0   4.8   3.5
  Janesville-Beloit.....................     84.9     85.3     84.2     84.8      5.2      4.4      4.9      3.8   6.1   5.2   5.8   4.4
  La Crosse-Onalaska....................     76.5     75.6     76.0     75.6      3.5      3.0      3.1      2.5   4.5   4.0   4.1   3.4
  Madison...............................    375.9    377.3    373.1    377.1     15.1     12.4     14.0     10.6   4.0   3.3   3.8   2.8
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    834.3    828.4    833.7    827.7     52.3     43.1     49.3     37.7   6.3   5.2   5.9   4.6
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     93.0     92.4     91.8     91.7      5.2      4.0      4.9      3.5   5.5   4.4   5.3   3.8
  Racine................................    102.0     99.8    101.0     98.9      7.1      6.3      6.6      5.1   7.0   6.3   6.5   5.1
  Sheboygan.............................     63.4     63.3     62.9     63.2      2.9      2.3      2.7      2.0   4.6   3.6   4.3   3.1
  Wausau................................     73.8     73.4     73.3     72.9      3.8      3.0      3.6      2.6   5.1   4.0   4.9   3.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    311.7    314.1    309.4    311.1     12.2     11.5     12.0     11.0   3.9   3.6   3.9   3.5
  Casper................................     43.8     43.8     43.0     42.9      1.7      1.9      1.7      1.9   3.9   4.4   3.9   4.4
  Cheyenne..............................     49.7     49.7     49.0     49.3      2.0      1.7      2.0      1.6   4.1   3.4   4.2   3.3
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,131.9  1,122.0  1,143.5  1,127.6    157.0    126.0    173.9    140.0  13.9  11.2  15.2  12.4
  Aguadilla-Isabela.....................     89.4     87.3     91.8     88.4     16.3     12.6     17.7     13.7  18.2  14.5  19.3  15.5
  Arecibo...............................     53.3     52.2     54.1     52.7      8.5      6.7      9.2      7.6  15.9  12.9  17.0  14.4
  Guayama...............................     22.1     21.5     22.7     21.8      4.7      3.8      5.2      4.2  21.4  17.7  23.0  19.3
  Mayaguez..............................     30.0     29.3     30.5     29.5      4.9      3.6      5.5      4.1  16.3  12.2  18.0  13.8
  Ponce.................................     99.4     98.2    101.4     98.7     17.4     14.5     19.4     16.1  17.5  14.8  19.1  16.3
  San German............................     37.4     35.7     38.0     36.2      6.9      4.8      7.5      5.2  18.4  13.5  19.8  14.4
  San Juan-Carolina-Caguas..............    754.7    753.5    758.5    755.1     88.5     71.9     98.7     80.5  11.7   9.5  13.0  10.7

   1 For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population,
which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
   2 The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision
the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,897.3 19,132.6 18,869.7 19,071.9  1,497.7  1,243.4  1,434.2  1,166.6   7.9   6.5   7.6   6.1
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim..........  6,630.5  6,695.5  6,620.4  6,644.4    547.0    457.6    525.8    423.1   8.2   6.8   7.9   6.4
     Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine.............  1,581.0  1,607.7  1,575.5  1,604.4     94.6     75.3     90.9     71.9   6.0   4.7   5.8   4.5
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  5,049.5  5,087.8  5,044.9  5,040.0    452.4    382.3    434.9    351.2   9.0   7.5   8.6   7.0
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward...........  2,478.9  2,522.5  2,470.7  2,524.5    138.4    111.9    133.6    106.5   5.6   4.4   5.4   4.2
     Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley.............  1,366.2  1,378.8  1,359.4  1,375.3     87.3     69.9     84.3     66.7   6.4   5.1   6.2   4.8
     San Francisco-Redwood City-                                                                                                          
       South San Francisco................    970.3    999.3    970.1  1,004.7     44.6     36.7     43.1     34.7   4.6   3.7   4.4   3.5
     San Rafael...........................    142.3    144.3    141.3    144.4      6.5      5.3      6.3      5.1   4.6   3.7   4.4   3.5
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    384.0    391.9    378.7    386.0     31.2     27.4     30.6     27.3   8.1   7.0   8.1   7.1
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,305.9  3,326.0  3,261.5  3,290.2    176.6    151.9    172.9    142.4   5.3   4.6   5.3   4.3
     Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville (3)    678.5    683.9    670.6    677.8     33.1     28.6     31.6     26.6   4.9   4.2   4.7   3.9
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,627.4  2,642.1  2,590.9  2,612.4    143.5    123.3    141.3    115.8   5.5   4.7   5.5   4.4
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,705.0  9,570.4  9,674.8  9,599.9    654.1    549.0    652.2    534.3   6.7   5.7   6.7   5.6
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach...  3,017.3  2,977.5  3,006.0  2,992.1    201.2    172.2    203.4    170.7   6.7   5.8   6.8   5.7
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,001.2    990.4    998.1    997.3     62.9     52.5     62.4     51.0   6.3   5.3   6.2   5.1
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,326.8  1,305.7  1,320.8  1,312.8     93.7     81.3     96.5     82.4   7.1   6.2   7.3   6.3
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Delray Beach.......................    689.3    681.4    687.1    682.0     44.6     38.4     44.5     37.4   6.5   5.6   6.5   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,607.4  6,601.4  6,528.4  6,542.1    480.6    388.2    447.6    365.0   7.3   5.9   6.9   5.6
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (2)............  4,978.4  4,972.3  4,924.2  4,922.7    361.3    293.8    336.4    273.6   7.3   5.9   6.8   5.6
     Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights.  3,846.5  3,837.6  3,810.2  3,799.9    284.6    232.5    261.8    215.1   7.4   6.1   6.9   5.7
     Elgin................................    324.6    326.5    319.2    324.2     22.2     17.0     21.1     16.6   6.8   5.2   6.6   5.1
     Gary (3).............................    342.3    343.8    337.9    338.5     25.3     21.7     25.7     20.4   7.4   6.3   7.6   6.0
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    464.9    464.5    456.9    460.1     29.2     22.6     27.9     21.6   6.3   4.9   6.1   4.7
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,609.2  3,644.9  3,606.5  3,621.6    217.8    180.1    204.9    161.6   6.0   4.9   5.7   4.5
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (2).............  2,637.8  2,672.7  2,632.9  2,655.1    146.1    121.3    138.6    109.6   5.5   4.5   5.3   4.1
     Boston-Cambridge-Newton..............  1,560.3  1,585.5  1,559.6  1,574.3     82.5     68.3     77.0     61.1   5.3   4.3   4.9   3.9
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    105.2    106.0    105.1    105.4      7.4      6.1      7.0      5.5   7.1   5.8   6.7   5.2
     Framingham...........................    155.8    158.0    155.9    157.0      7.5      6.3      7.1      5.7   4.8   4.0   4.5   3.6
     Haverhill-Newburyport-                                                                                                               
       Amesbury Town (2)..................    112.7    114.5    111.5    113.8      6.2      5.2      6.2      4.8   5.5   4.5   5.6   4.2
     Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem (2)......     95.6     95.8     94.9     95.4      7.5      6.3      7.5      5.9   7.9   6.6   7.9   6.2
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    184.5    185.9    183.1    185.2     11.5      9.4     11.0      8.5   6.2   5.0   6.0   4.6
     Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead...............     83.8     85.2     84.0     84.7      5.2      4.2      4.9      3.8   6.2   5.0   5.9   4.5
     Nashua (2)...........................    167.2    168.0    166.0    166.3      7.7      6.8      7.7      6.3   4.6   4.0   4.7   3.8
     Peabody-Salem-Beverly................     90.4     91.4     90.6     90.9      5.1      4.2      4.9      3.8   5.7   4.6   5.4   4.2
     Taunton-Middleborough-Norton.........     82.3     82.6     82.3     82.2      5.5      4.6      5.2      4.2   6.7   5.5   6.3   5.1
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,834.6  4,804.8  4,777.6  4,770.9    418.3    293.0    350.5    246.4   8.7   6.1   7.3   5.2
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn.................  2,064.1  2,031.1  2,045.1  2,021.7    204.4    142.2    182.5    126.1   9.9   7.0   8.9   6.2
     Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia.............    783.1    764.5    775.2    760.3     91.8     63.0     82.9     57.0  11.7   8.2  10.7   7.5
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,281.0  1,266.7  1,269.9  1,261.4    112.6     79.2     99.6     69.1   8.8   6.3   7.8   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,685.3  9,753.1  9,588.8  9,696.7    629.7    528.0    588.8    484.7   6.5   5.4   6.1   5.0
  New York-Newark-Jersey City (2)......... 10,077.7 10,142.8  9,978.4 10,081.1    681.8    568.4    634.7    517.3   6.8   5.6   6.4   5.1
     Dutchess County-Putnam County........    196.0    195.0    193.4    193.3     10.6      9.5      9.8      8.4   5.4   4.9   5.1   4.3
     Nassau County-Suffolk County.........  1,484.5  1,492.3  1,463.7  1,481.8     78.0     73.4     74.3     66.6   5.3   4.9   5.1   4.5
     Newark (3)...........................  1,279.5  1,282.0  1,268.2  1,270.3     87.9     78.3     81.6     68.7   6.9   6.1   6.4   5.4
     New York-Jersey City-White Plains (2)  7,117.8  7,173.5  7,053.0  7,135.6    505.3    407.3    469.0    373.6   7.1   5.7   6.7   5.2
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,481.1  6,525.9  6,415.9  6,444.3    414.6    384.6    390.4    355.0   6.4   5.9   6.1   5.5
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,061.2  3,073.1  3,033.1  3,036.0    207.9    186.5    197.3    172.3   6.8   6.1   6.5   5.7
     Camden (3)...........................    638.8    639.9    634.1    635.5     48.9     42.0     45.4     37.0   7.7   6.6   7.2   5.8
     Montgomery County-Bucks County-                                                                                                      
       Chester County.....................  1,064.1  1,070.4  1,053.3  1,054.5     56.0     51.7     53.5     47.9   5.3   4.8   5.1   4.5
     Philadelphia.........................    990.2    987.7    979.0    974.5     79.6     72.8     75.6     67.5   8.0   7.4   7.7   6.9
     Wilmington (3).......................    368.1    375.0    366.7    371.5     23.5     20.0     22.7     20.0   6.4   5.3   6.2   5.4
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 13,178.7 13,082.1 13,093.4 13,029.5    728.3    597.1    693.7    569.8   5.5   4.6   5.3   4.4
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,579.7  3,576.1  3,566.9  3,569.6    192.8    147.3    185.9    139.9   5.4   4.1   5.2   3.9
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,383.0  2,387.0  2,375.4  2,385.8    128.6     96.7    124.0     91.6   5.4   4.0   5.2   3.8
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,196.7  1,189.1  1,191.5  1,183.8     64.3     50.6     62.0     48.2   5.4   4.3   5.2   4.1
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,516.8  3,560.8  3,500.1  3,530.2    211.9    189.9    214.8    175.2   6.0   5.3   6.1   5.0
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,948.9  1,977.9  1,927.2  1,974.3    105.4     89.0    102.1     81.4   5.4   4.5   5.3   4.1
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,569.2  1,592.9  1,541.0  1,589.9     78.9     64.4     74.2     58.1   5.0   4.0   4.8   3.7
     Tacoma-Lakewood......................    379.7    384.9    386.1    384.4     26.5     24.6     27.8     23.3   7.0   6.4   7.2   6.1

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated
February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are
Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two
or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their
metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles
are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area July August Change from
August 2014 to August 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,914.9 1,947.4 1,925.0 1,948.3 23.3 1.2

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.2 46.3 46.2 46.5 0.3 0.6

Auburn-Opelika

58.9 60.5 59.9 61.4 1.5 2.5

Birmingham-Hoover

509.7 518.6 511.4 520.3 8.9 1.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

70.1 71.4 69.1 70.5 1.4 2.0

Decatur

53.6 53.7 53.8 54.0 0.2 0.4

Dothan

56.2 57.2 56.5 57.2 0.7 1.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.0 54.8 56.4 55.1 -1.3 -2.3

Gadsden

36.9 37.4 37.4 37.4 0.0 0.0

Huntsville

214.5 218.0 215.9 216.8 0.9 0.4

Mobile

174.4 174.2 175.0 173.8 -1.2 -0.7

Montgomery

168.0 171.0 168.5 171.1 2.6 1.5

Tuscaloosa

100.8 103.1 102.8 105.1 2.3 2.2


Alaska

361.9 363.3 359.9 357.8 -2.1 -0.6

Anchorage

184.0 187.2 184.8 185.0 0.2 0.1

Fairbanks

39.3 39.7 40.3 40.6 0.3 0.7


Arizona

2,495.2 2,562.9 2,548.4 2,601.0 52.6 2.1

Flagstaff

63.9 65.4 64.8 65.7 0.9 1.4

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.3 45.9 46.7 46.1 -0.6 -1.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,799.5 1,860.4 1,841.6 1,886.5 44.9 2.4

Prescott

58.3 59.2 59.8 60.9 1.1 1.8

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.7 33.5 34.6 34.2 -0.4 -1.2

Tucson

353.7 355.4 358.0 361.3 3.3 0.9

Yuma

49.4 48.3 50.5 50.0 -0.5 -1.0


Arkansas

1,172.5 1,200.8 1,181.4 1,206.7 25.3 2.1

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

220.7 225.8 223.0 227.6 4.6 2.1

Fort Smith

110.5 110.6 112.2 111.4 -0.8 -0.7

Hot Springs

38.0 38.9 38.1 38.9 0.8 2.1

Jonesboro

52.2 54.7 52.8 55.0 2.2 4.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

342.1 351.2 344.5 353.4 8.9 2.6

Pine Bluff

33.0 31.1 33.5 31.1 -2.4 -7.2


California

15,524.1 16,022.9 15,655.1 16,092.6 437.5 2.8

Bakersfield

252.3 254.6 256.7 256.2 -0.5 -0.2

Chico

74.8 77.6 76.4 77.9 1.5 2.0

El Centro

50.2 52.4 51.0 52.9 1.9 3.7

Fresno

312.9 321.6 313.9 322.2 8.3 2.6

Hanford-Corcoran

38.0 38.6 38.3 38.9 0.6 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,662.4 5,820.1 5,705.4 5,830.2 124.8 2.2

Madera

37.0 36.8 37.3 36.9 -0.4 -1.1

Merced

59.8 60.2 62.0 62.4 0.4 0.6

Modesto

163.2 164.5 165.7 167.3 1.6 1.0

Napa

69.1 70.7 70.4 71.9 1.5 2.1

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

290.6 294.4 291.9 294.4 2.5 0.9

Redding

61.8 62.4 63.2 64.1 0.9 1.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,265.3 1,318.4 1,280.0 1,324.5 44.5 3.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

885.1 911.6 891.1 915.8 24.7 2.8

Salinas

129.1 132.7 132.6 135.5 2.9 2.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,341.9 1,389.7 1,349.0 1,391.4 42.4 3.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,185.7 2,255.7 2,194.7 2,265.3 70.6 3.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

995.5 1,056.6 1,007.3 1,062.8 55.5 5.5

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

108.3 112.4 106.7 110.5 3.8 3.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

95.5 95.8 95.4 95.4 0.0 0.0

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

174.8 181.8 175.8 182.0 6.2 3.5

Santa Rosa

191.9 196.2 192.7 197.7 5.0 2.6

Stockton-Lodi

207.5 213.2 211.3 215.5 4.2 2.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

127.7 131.8 128.1 132.3 4.2 3.3

Visalia-Porterville

113.1 116.0 114.9 117.1 2.2 1.9

Yuba City

38.9 40.2 40.0 40.7 0.7 1.8


Colorado

2,471.8 2,530.3 2,487.2 2,530.2 43.0 1.7

Boulder

175.0 177.0 175.9 177.7 1.8 1.0

Colorado Springs

263.7 267.4 265.2 266.8 1.6 0.6

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,349.7 1,391.5 1,361.3 1,392.7 31.4 2.3

Fort Collins

149.2 154.7 151.3 154.9 3.6 2.4

Grand Junction

61.0 61.9 61.6 62.3 0.7 1.1

Greeley

97.2 102.2 99.1 103.6 4.5 4.5

Pueblo

58.9 59.8 59.0 59.4 0.4 0.7


Connecticut

1,662.1 1,697.3 1,658.7 1,688.0 29.3 1.8

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

410.1 420.3 407.3 414.6 7.3 1.8

Danbury

78.2 78.1 77.7 77.6 -0.1 -0.1

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

559.9 572.5 557.0 566.6 9.6 1.7

New Haven

275.2 279.3 273.6 277.4 3.8 1.4

Norwich-New London-Westerly

130.3 128.8 130.0 128.2 -1.8 -1.4

Waterbury

66.7 68.5 66.3 67.9 1.6 2.4


Delaware

441.7 451.8 440.7 446.3 5.6 1.3

Dover

66.5 66.6 66.0 66.1 0.1 0.2

Salisbury(1)

162.1 168.2 160.6 165.5 4.9 3.1


District of Columbia

758.9 776.1 744.3 758.6 14.3 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,118.0 3,190.3 3,103.2 3,163.8 60.6 2.0


Florida

7,702.7 7,974.3 7,815.5 8,058.4 242.9 3.1

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

223.8 232.5 227.7 234.2 6.5 2.9

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

107.5 109.0 106.9 108.1 1.2 1.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

179.7 183.3 181.7 185.8 4.1 2.3

Gainesville

127.0 130.4 128.5 131.5 3.0 2.3

Homosassa Springs

31.0 31.2 31.9 32.0 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

618.0 638.4 625.1 640.1 15.0 2.4

Lakeland-Winter Haven

197.0 204.4 200.0 208.4 8.4 4.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,379.9 2,449.7 2,414.6 2,483.3 68.7 2.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

125.1 129.5 126.5 130.6 4.1 3.2

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

264.0 272.6 268.0 274.6 6.6 2.5

Ocala

94.4 97.4 95.9 98.4 2.5 2.6

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,099.2 1,141.9 1,114.6 1,156.7 42.1 3.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

195.8 200.5 197.1 202.3 5.2 2.6

Panama City

81.4 82.7 81.4 81.9 0.5 0.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

163.3 167.2 165.7 169.5 3.8 2.3

Port St. Lucie

127.9 132.2 130.6 133.6 3.0 2.3

Punta Gorda

42.2 43.7 42.9 44.6 1.7 4.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

46.1 46.9 46.7 47.1 0.4 0.9

Sebring

22.9 24.1 24.1 25.1 1.0 4.1

Tallahassee

167.0 169.7 168.9 171.2 2.3 1.4

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,196.1 1,229.2 1,211.3 1,244.2 32.9 2.7

The Villages

24.7 25.2 25.3 25.8 0.5 2.0


Georgia

4,139.5 4,243.8 4,184.8 4,264.9 80.1 1.9

Albany

59.9 59.7 60.4 59.7 -0.7 -1.2

Athens-Clarke County

89.6 91.6 91.0 92.8 1.8 2.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,499.6 2,587.4 2,525.8 2,592.2 66.4 2.6

Augusta-Richmond County

221.4 228.1 224.0 229.3 5.3 2.4

Brunswick

41.4 42.3 41.5 41.4 -0.1 -0.2

Columbus

121.3 124.1 121.9 124.1 2.2 1.8

Dalton

66.2 68.1 67.2 68.3 1.1 1.6

Gainesville

79.3 81.5 80.3 82.4 2.1 2.6

Hinesville

19.3 19.3 19.9 19.7 -0.2 -1.0

Macon

100.4 101.2 101.0 101.4 0.4 0.4

Rome

39.2 39.8 39.5 40.1 0.6 1.5

Savannah

167.0 170.7 167.1 170.9 3.8 2.3

Valdosta

54.1 53.3 54.7 53.7 -1.0 -1.8

Warner Robins

69.7 69.3 70.5 69.2 -1.3 -1.8


Hawaii

617.4 627.1 619.7 631.8 12.1 2.0

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

71.0 72.5 71.6 73.1 1.5 2.1

Urban Honolulu

453.3 461.5 454.8 465.8 11.0 2.4


Idaho

661.2 681.0 661.2 680.5 19.3 2.9

Boise City

282.3 289.0 283.6 289.7 6.1 2.2

Coeur d'Alene

60.3 62.7 61.0 63.1 2.1 3.4

Idaho Falls

60.5 62.8 60.4 62.9 2.5 4.1

Lewiston

27.3 27.4 27.3 27.3 0.0 0.0

Pocatello

34.2 34.8 33.8 34.4 0.6 1.8


Illinois

5,889.6 5,940.3 5,903.5 5,935.7 32.2 0.5

Bloomington

92.6 93.1 94.0 94.5 0.5 0.5

Carbondale-Marion

53.1 52.7 52.7 53.6 0.9 1.7

Champaign-Urbana

102.5 104.6 100.7 102.0 1.3 1.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,529.7 4,592.2 4,539.2 4,583.6 44.4 1.0

Danville

29.0 29.6 29.1 29.6 0.5 1.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

185.9 182.4 186.0 181.8 -4.2 -2.3

Decatur

51.0 50.5 50.9 50.8 -0.1 -0.2

Kankakee

44.1 44.5 44.7 44.0 -0.7 -1.6

Peoria

179.1 177.8 180.2 177.6 -2.6 -1.4

Rockford

150.5 151.6 151.0 152.2 1.2 0.8

Springfield

111.4 111.2 115.1 114.5 -0.6 -0.5


Indiana

2,937.0 3,023.8 2,987.9 3,059.5 71.6 2.4

Bloomington

70.7 70.8 72.4 71.0 -1.4 -1.9

Columbus

50.3 51.6 50.6 52.9 2.3 4.5

Elkhart-Goshen

121.7 127.6 124.7 130.3 5.6 4.5

Evansville

155.1 159.6 155.7 160.0 4.3 2.8

Fort Wayne

205.8 213.0 212.8 217.0 4.2 2.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

985.9 1,017.3 1,002.0 1,030.1 28.1 2.8

Kokomo

40.1 40.2 40.9 41.4 0.5 1.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

93.4 95.7 95.5 98.6 3.1 3.2

Michigan City-La Porte

41.6 42.2 41.7 42.1 0.4 1.0

Muncie

48.2 49.6 49.0 49.5 0.5 1.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

130.3 133.8 132.6 135.2 2.6 2.0

Terre Haute

68.2 67.9 69.4 69.2 -0.2 -0.3


Iowa

1,539.2 1,568.7 1,543.7 1,565.7 22.0 1.4

Ames

47.6 49.0 47.8 49.8 2.0 4.2

Cedar Rapids

140.9 140.8 140.8 140.5 -0.3 -0.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

343.3 352.9 346.7 353.8 7.1 2.0

Dubuque

58.1 59.1 58.5 59.3 0.8 1.4

Iowa City

95.9 98.0 97.9 100.0 2.1 2.1

Sioux City

87.0 89.5 86.8 89.4 2.6 3.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.7 90.3 90.7 90.0 -0.7 -0.8


Kansas

1,376.9 1,388.5 1,381.5 1,384.5 3.0 0.2

Lawrence

48.9 50.2 49.4 49.9 0.5 1.0

Manhattan

39.6 41.3 39.5 40.9 1.4 3.5

Topeka

112.2 113.2 111.9 112.4 0.5 0.4

Wichita

287.9 290.5 290.0 289.5 -0.5 -0.2


Kentucky

1,849.4 1,888.5 1,867.6 1,901.1 33.5 1.8

Bowling Green

69.5 71.1 71.5 72.1 0.6 0.8

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

53.9 55.3 54.2 55.5 1.3 2.4

Lexington-Fayette

261.2 268.6 264.3 273.0 8.7 3.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

626.9 641.5 632.9 646.4 13.5 2.1

Owensboro

51.9 52.6 52.1 53.1 1.0 1.9


Louisiana

1,965.4 1,977.1 1,979.5 1,982.5 3.0 0.2

Alexandria

63.0 62.8 63.3 63.1 -0.2 -0.3

Baton Rouge

391.8 399.0 396.9 404.2 7.3 1.8

Hammond

43.2 44.3 43.8 44.3 0.5 1.1

Houma-Thibodaux

102.0 100.8 102.3 100.0 -2.3 -2.2

Lafayette

220.6 218.3 222.0 219.0 -3.0 -1.4

Lake Charles

96.5 102.0 98.2 102.0 3.8 3.9

Monroe

77.6 76.8 77.5 76.7 -0.8 -1.0

New Orleans-Metairie

561.8 557.2 565.2 563.0 -2.2 -0.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

183.5 182.8 183.5 181.6 -1.9 -1.0


Maine

620.2 627.9 620.2 628.4 8.2 1.3

Bangor

63.6 64.7 63.9 64.6 0.7 1.1

Lewiston-Auburn

49.2 50.1 49.1 50.0 0.9 1.8

Portland-South Portland

199.7 205.2 199.0 205.4 6.4 3.2


Maryland

2,625.3 2,686.5 2,625.3 2,678.0 52.7 2.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,344.5 1,384.4 1,344.5 1,382.0 37.5 2.8

California-Lexington Park

44.0 45.1 44.1 44.8 0.7 1.6

Cumberland

39.8 39.4 39.1 39.1 0.0 0.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

102.7 103.9 103.3 103.6 0.3 0.3


Massachusetts

3,442.1 3,526.9 3,419.0 3,516.7 97.7 2.9

Barnstable Town

117.2 114.6 115.6 114.6 -1.0 -0.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,596.5 2,656.0 2,577.3 2,647.6 70.3 2.7

Leominster-Gardner

49.3 50.1 48.9 50.3 1.4 2.9

New Bedford

65.2 65.1 64.4 64.7 0.3 0.5

Pittsfield

43.2 44.1 43.2 43.9 0.7 1.6

Springfield

319.7 323.8 319.2 323.6 4.4 1.4

Worcester

271.6 279.9 271.7 280.3 8.6 3.2


Michigan

4,159.3 4,270.8 4,176.4 4,280.2 103.8 2.5

Ann Arbor

203.6 207.1 204.2 206.6 2.4 1.2

Battle Creek

57.3 59.4 57.9 59.4 1.5 2.6

Bay City

37.1 36.8 36.9 37.0 0.1 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,891.9 1,939.5 1,899.9 1,945.1 45.2 2.4

Flint

138.0 139.0 138.6 139.2 0.6 0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

509.8 535.2 512.7 535.4 22.7 4.4

Jackson

55.9 56.0 56.4 56.3 -0.1 -0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

138.0 140.6 138.0 141.3 3.3 2.4

Lansing-East Lansing

216.4 220.3 217.7 220.1 2.4 1.1

Midland

37.6 37.8 37.7 37.8 0.1 0.3

Monroe

41.2 41.6 41.0 41.7 0.7 1.7

Muskegon

63.3 64.3 63.9 64.4 0.5 0.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.0 62.7 62.0 63.0 1.0 1.6

Saginaw

86.2 87.6 86.7 88.1 1.4 1.6


Minnesota

2,834.7 2,881.4 2,845.3 2,883.0 37.7 1.3

Duluth

134.2 136.1 134.6 136.1 1.5 1.1

Mankato-North Mankato

53.5 54.1 53.7 54.5 0.8 1.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,905.5 1,946.7 1,911.7 1,947.7 36.0 1.9

Rochester

116.3 116.4 117.1 116.9 -0.2 -0.2

St. Cloud

104.9 105.7 105.5 106.1 0.6 0.6


Mississippi

1,104.5 1,119.9 1,118.3 1,126.8 8.5 0.8

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.0 153.2 154.1 153.9 -0.2 -0.1

Hattiesburg

58.9 58.8 59.8 58.9 -0.9 -1.5

Jackson

265.7 272.3 269.9 274.5 4.6 1.7


Missouri

2,713.7 2,750.9 2,732.6 2,759.7 27.1 1.0

Cape Girardeau

42.1 41.4 43.0 42.1 -0.9 -2.1

Columbia

93.7 95.7 94.9 96.3 1.4 1.5

Jefferson City

75.3 75.2 75.3 74.9 -0.4 -0.5

Joplin

78.0 80.0 78.7 79.9 1.2 1.5

Kansas City

1,015.7 1,034.4 1,021.2 1,033.7 12.5 1.2

St. Joseph

62.2 61.0 62.3 60.9 -1.4 -2.2

St. Louis(2)

1,305.2 1,324.0 1,315.1 1,331.3 16.2 1.2

Springfield

201.6 203.6 199.9 202.1 2.2 1.1


Montana

461.3 466.7 462.6 467.8 5.2 1.1

Billings

82.4 85.0 82.9 85.3 2.4 2.9

Great Falls

35.3 34.9 35.7 35.2 -0.5 -1.4

Missoula

56.9 57.7 58.0 58.9 0.9 1.6


Nebraska

990.9 999.5 994.2 1,004.2 10.0 1.0

Grand Island

42.8 42.6 42.9 42.7 -0.2 -0.5

Lincoln

182.5 185.9 183.4 186.7 3.3 1.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

485.2 492.7 487.2 492.6 5.4 1.1


Nevada

1,209.8 1,252.9 1,220.9 1,257.0 36.1 3.0

Carson City

28.0 28.3 28.2 28.1 -0.1 -0.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

875.8 904.7 886.4 908.4 22.0 2.5

Reno

202.3 207.7 203.5 208.7 5.2 2.6


New Hampshire

651.9 660.2 646.0 657.7 11.7 1.8

Dover-Durham

50.8 51.2 50.5 51.1 0.6 1.2

Manchester

106.5 108.8 106.0 108.8 2.8 2.6

Portsmouth

87.9 88.9 86.8 89.2 2.4 2.8


New Jersey

3,978.9 4,024.1 3,962.5 4,016.2 53.7 1.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

138.0 135.5 137.3 136.1 -1.2 -0.9

Ocean City

55.7 55.3 55.0 54.9 -0.1 -0.2

Trenton

250.1 255.7 250.1 254.7 4.6 1.8

Vineland-Bridgeton

54.2 55.2 54.0 54.8 0.8 1.5


New Mexico

811.4 820.8 820.6 823.6 3.0 0.4

Albuquerque

375.4 382.8 378.0 383.5 5.5 1.5

Farmington

49.9 51.0 50.2 51.0 0.8 1.6

Las Cruces

68.3 68.0 70.7 69.4 -1.3 -1.8

Santa Fe

62.4 62.4 62.2 62.2 0.0 0.0


New York

9,098.7 9,282.8 9,083.2 9,245.3 162.1 1.8

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

449.8 457.0 449.6 455.1 5.5 1.2

Binghamton

103.8 103.6 103.8 103.4 -0.4 -0.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

550.6 564.0 551.8 562.1 10.3 1.9

Elmira

38.6 39.0 38.8 38.9 0.1 0.3

Glens Falls

58.9 59.8 58.5 59.6 1.1 1.9

Ithaca

64.3 65.3 64.2 64.8 0.6 0.9

Kingston

60.1 60.8 59.9 60.5 0.6 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,166.8 9,332.7 9,129.6 9,291.4 161.8 1.8

Rochester

518.0 527.6 518.6 528.2 9.6 1.9

Syracuse

313.6 316.4 314.1 314.1 0.0 0.0

Utica-Rome

128.6 129.7 128.2 129.4 1.2 0.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

44.1 43.9 43.9 43.5 -0.4 -0.9


North Carolina

4,079.5 4,194.9 4,153.9 4,264.2 110.3 2.7

Asheville

174.7 178.3 177.5 181.8 4.3 2.4

Burlington

58.2 59.8 59.2 60.4 1.2 2.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,046.6 1,085.3 1,065.2 1,107.7 42.5 4.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

286.4 291.0 292.7 296.7 4.0 1.4

Fayetteville

123.5 123.4 125.7 125.7 0.0 0.0

Goldsboro

40.9 40.6 41.7 41.2 -0.5 -1.2

Greensboro-High Point

340.0 350.8 347.9 357.2 9.3 2.7

Greenville

75.5 76.4 77.2 77.6 0.4 0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

143.5 143.3 145.4 146.3 0.9 0.6

Jacksonville

48.6 49.2 49.7 50.2 0.5 1.0

New Bern

43.1 43.4 43.8 43.8 0.0 0.0

Raleigh

560.6 572.5 564.7 576.5 11.8 2.1

Rocky Mount

55.0 54.4 56.3 55.2 -1.1 -2.0

Wilmington

114.6 118.0 117.7 119.7 2.0 1.7

Winston-Salem

248.7 254.8 252.3 257.6 5.3 2.1


North Dakota

460.8 458.9 461.9 458.2 -3.7 -0.8

Bismarck

74.1 76.3 73.2 75.9 2.7 3.7

Fargo

135.8 138.3 136.1 138.5 2.4 1.8

Grand Forks

54.7 56.2 55.1 56.1 1.0 1.8


Ohio

5,335.9 5,417.9 5,367.4 5,427.4 60.0 1.1

Akron

330.4 333.5 331.2 334.3 3.1 0.9

Canton-Massillon

173.7 175.7 174.2 174.6 0.4 0.2

Cincinnati

1,041.7 1,070.3 1,051.0 1,078.8 27.8 2.6

Cleveland-Elyria

1,042.3 1,057.3 1,047.7 1,059.1 11.4 1.1

Columbus

1,007.9 1,040.8 1,016.0 1,039.7 23.7 2.3

Dayton

371.1 376.3 373.3 378.5 5.2 1.4

Lima

51.3 53.0 52.6 53.5 0.9 1.7

Mansfield

53.0 53.0 53.1 53.2 0.1 0.2

Springfield

50.6 52.2 51.9 53.0 1.1 2.1

Toledo

293.9 304.9 295.6 303.3 7.7 2.6

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.0 43.3 43.1 43.0 -0.1 -0.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

224.0 227.5 225.0 228.6 3.6 1.6


Oklahoma

1,639.1 1,650.7 1,651.5 1,652.6 1.1 0.1

Lawton

45.0 43.9 45.4 43.7 -1.7 -3.7

Oklahoma City

611.3 625.9 617.0 626.6 9.6 1.6

Tulsa

437.6 438.1 438.3 438.2 -0.1 0.0


Oregon

1,713.0 1,775.0 1,720.6 1,780.6 60.0 3.5

Albany

40.5 40.5 41.0 40.8 -0.2 -0.5

Bend-Redmond

70.4 73.6 71.1 74.2 3.1 4.4

Corvallis

36.8 38.0 37.2 38.1 0.9 2.4

Eugene

145.7 149.6 145.6 148.7 3.1 2.1

Grants Pass

24.1 24.8 24.3 24.9 0.6 2.5

Medford

78.2 80.8 78.8 81.1 2.3 2.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,072.1 1,113.2 1,075.4 1,118.3 42.9 4.0

Salem

148.2 152.2 150.8 154.5 3.7 2.5


Pennsylvania

5,760.5 5,849.0 5,768.1 5,830.2 62.1 1.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

349.0 355.8 349.6 355.5 5.9 1.7

Altoona

60.8 61.3 60.8 61.0 0.2 0.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.6 42.2 41.5 41.9 0.4 1.0

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

57.6 58.2 58.0 57.7 -0.3 -0.5

East Stroudsburg

55.6 55.6 55.0 55.0 0.0 0.0

Erie

129.1 130.5 129.6 131.0 1.4 1.1

Gettysburg

33.5 34.0 33.6 33.8 0.2 0.6

Harrisburg-Carlisle

329.5 339.5 330.8 338.7 7.9 2.4

Johnstown

56.3 56.8 56.5 56.8 0.3 0.5

Lancaster

239.0 244.7 239.6 243.8 4.2 1.8

Lebanon

50.6 49.9 50.7 49.9 -0.8 -1.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,765.6 2,807.1 2,761.4 2,791.8 30.4 1.1

Pittsburgh

1,159.5 1,192.8 1,157.7 1,184.3 26.6 2.3

Reading

171.5 174.3 172.0 174.9 2.9 1.7

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

253.7 264.9 255.4 262.4 7.0 2.7

State College

72.6 73.4 74.3 74.8 0.5 0.7

Williamsport

55.5 55.1 56.0 55.2 -0.8 -1.4

York-Hanover

177.5 178.2 178.3 179.0 0.7 0.4


Rhode Island

480.1 486.8 480.2 487.6 7.4 1.5

Providence-Warwick

566.0 579.8 566.8 580.5 13.7 2.4


South Carolina

1,943.0 2,003.5 1,950.0 2,005.1 55.1 2.8

Charleston-North Charleston

322.0 331.2 323.6 330.7 7.1 2.2

Columbia

369.3 377.8 372.6 379.6 7.0 1.9

Florence

83.0 83.7 83.5 84.3 0.8 1.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

384.5 397.5 387.6 397.2 9.6 2.5

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

74.1 75.2 73.7 74.3 0.6 0.8

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

161.1 164.8 159.9 164.3 4.4 2.8

Spartanburg

135.8 139.5 137.5 141.4 3.9 2.8

Sumter

38.2 38.3 38.3 38.3 0.0 0.0


South Dakota

429.0 439.5 430.9 439.2 8.3 1.9

Rapid City

68.3 69.5 69.5 70.5 1.0 1.4

Sioux Falls

148.7 152.1 148.7 152.3 3.6 2.4


Tennessee

2,785.5 2,849.7 2,819.3 2,868.8 49.5 1.8

Chattanooga

236.8 242.5 238.9 244.5 5.6 2.3

Clarksville

84.4 87.7 86.8 89.2 2.4 2.8

Cleveland

44.2 44.6 45.5 44.6 -0.9 -2.0

Jackson

64.5 65.7 64.9 66.4 1.5 2.3

Johnson City

75.9 76.3 76.7 78.1 1.4 1.8

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

119.4 120.8 121.7 122.9 1.2 1.0

Knoxville

372.5 384.8 377.6 387.5 9.9 2.6

Memphis

608.8 617.3 616.2 619.0 2.8 0.5

Morristown

42.8 43.5 43.4 44.6 1.2 2.8

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

866.7 898.3 882.0 907.9 25.9 2.9


Texas

11,524.9 11,803.0 11,569.7 11,782.1 212.4 1.8

Abilene

68.0 68.3 67.8 68.0 0.2 0.3

Amarillo

116.1 116.9 115.8 116.6 0.8 0.7

Austin-Round Rock

912.4 945.4 915.5 946.6 31.1 3.4

Beaumont-Port Arthur

163.8 170.6 164.7 170.6 5.9 3.6

Brownsville-Harlingen

137.1 139.0 136.8 139.5 2.7 2.0

College Station-Bryan

100.8 101.9 102.0 101.7 -0.3 -0.3

Corpus Christi

193.0 196.5 194.2 196.4 2.2 1.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,268.3 3,387.5 3,289.0 3,392.5 103.5 3.1

El Paso

291.2 294.5 293.5 296.0 2.5 0.9

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,921.6 2,982.2 2,932.0 2,970.4 38.4 1.3

Killeen-Temple

133.1 136.1 133.8 136.2 2.4 1.8

Laredo

97.3 100.6 98.3 101.0 2.7 2.7

Longview

102.5 104.6 103.5 104.9 1.4 1.4

Lubbock

136.2 139.0 136.9 138.9 2.0 1.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

236.3 244.2 239.9 246.1 6.2 2.6

Midland

96.4 99.3 96.4 99.2 2.8 2.9

Odessa

78.8 81.4 79.4 81.8 2.4 3.0

San Angelo

47.8 48.6 48.3 49.1 0.8 1.7

San Antonio-New Braunfels

949.3 981.9 951.5 980.9 29.4 3.1

Sherman-Denison

45.2 45.6 45.3 45.5 0.2 0.4

Texarkana

57.5 57.7 57.7 57.7 0.0 0.0

Tyler

98.5 99.7 99.0 100.0 1.0 1.0

Victoria

44.0 45.6 44.7 45.9 1.2 2.7

Waco

112.1 113.3 112.5 113.3 0.8 0.7

Wichita Falls

58.1 57.3 58.2 57.0 -1.2 -2.1


Utah

1,312.7 1,373.2 1,325.5 1,378.3 52.8 4.0

Logan

53.9 55.2 54.7 56.0 1.3 2.4

Ogden-Clearfield

231.2 238.9 231.8 239.5 7.7 3.3

Provo-Orem

206.2 221.1 210.5 223.5 13.0 6.2

St. George

53.4 54.4 54.5 55.2 0.7 1.3

Salt Lake City

648.8 678.5 654.0 677.9 23.9 3.7


Vermont

304.5 309.5 308.0 311.6 3.6 1.2

Burlington-South Burlington

120.8 124.6 121.9 125.5 3.6 3.0


Virginia

3,776.4 3,827.5 3,780.3 3,814.7 34.4 0.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

72.5 74.8 73.8 75.8 2.0 2.7

Charlottesville

106.7 109.5 107.3 109.5 2.2 2.1

Harrisonburg

62.0 63.0 61.8 62.6 0.8 1.3

Lynchburg

102.9 103.0 103.1 103.1 0.0 0.0

Richmond

631.2 633.6 632.3 631.2 -1.1 -0.2

Roanoke

159.2 158.8 159.8 159.6 -0.2 -0.1

Staunton-Waynesboro

48.3 48.4 48.5 48.3 -0.2 -0.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

759.4 770.1 761.4 766.4 5.0 0.7

Winchester

59.6 61.4 59.9 61.3 1.4 2.3


Washington

3,091.5 3,204.8 3,093.6 3,195.7 102.1 3.3

Bellingham

84.8 88.0 84.6 86.8 2.2 2.6

Bremerton-Silverdale

86.7 88.4 86.8 88.0 1.2 1.4

Kennewick-Richland

105.6 107.3 105.9 107.3 1.4 1.3

Longview

38.9 38.7 38.8 38.5 -0.3 -0.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.5 48.4 48.3 47.8 -0.5 -1.0

Olympia-Tumwater

105.8 110.1 106.0 109.2 3.2 3.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,852.4 1,922.6 1,854.2 1,922.0 67.8 3.7

Spokane-Spokane Valley

230.2 237.1 229.2 237.4 8.2 3.6

Walla Walla

26.0 26.0 25.7 25.9 0.2 0.8

Wenatchee

42.0 43.7 41.3 42.4 1.1 2.7

Yakima

79.1 81.7 79.0 81.4 2.4 3.0


West Virginia

754.4 740.1 758.5 741.2 -17.3 -2.3

Beckley

47.3 47.5 48.1 47.7 -0.4 -0.8

Charleston

123.7 123.2 124.1 123.4 -0.7 -0.6

Huntington-Ashland

138.5 139.3 139.9 139.7 -0.2 -0.1

Morgantown

67.5 67.2 67.6 67.1 -0.5 -0.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.4 42.3 42.3 42.3 0.0 0.0

Wheeling

68.0 69.0 67.9 68.6 0.7 1.0


Wisconsin

2,855.5 2,918.9 2,867.4 2,923.3 55.9 1.9

Appleton

122.2 125.3 122.4 124.8 2.4 2.0

Eau Claire

83.4 85.0 84.3 85.0 0.7 0.8

Fond du Lac

47.7 48.8 47.9 48.7 0.8 1.7

Green Bay

171.4 177.1 171.9 177.2 5.3 3.1

Janesville-Beloit

66.6 68.4 66.6 68.5 1.9 2.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

75.1 75.6 75.4 75.9 0.5 0.7

Madison

380.9 389.5 381.6 391.1 9.5 2.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

844.8 859.9 851.1 860.9 9.8 1.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

93.8 95.7 92.9 94.6 1.7 1.8

Racine

77.4 76.6 77.3 76.6 -0.7 -0.9

Sheboygan

62.0 63.3 62.2 63.2 1.0 1.6

Wausau

70.4 71.2 70.6 71.4 0.8 1.1


Wyoming

301.4 301.9 299.9 301.6 1.7 0.6

Casper

43.2 42.7 43.1 42.3 -0.8 -1.9

Cheyenne

47.5 47.8 47.5 48.0 0.5 1.1


Puerto Rico

887.2 892.8 891.1 901.5 10.4 1.2

Aguadilla-Isabela

49.2 50.4 50.2 50.9 0.7 1.4

Arecibo

33.4 33.6 33.6 33.7 0.1 0.3

Guayama

14.3 14.3 14.6 14.5 -0.1 -0.7

Mayaguez

34.2 34.5 34.4 34.6 0.2 0.6

Ponce

70.7 71.3 71.4 71.4 0.0 0.0

San German

19.8 19.8 19.9 20.2 0.3 1.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

645.3 650.5 646.6 656.3 9.7 1.5


Virgin Islands

37.9 38.1 37.3 37.6 0.3 0.8

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division July August Change from
August 2014 to August 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

California

15,524.1 16,022.9 15,655.1 16,092.6 437.5 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,662.4 5,820.1 5,705.4 5,830.2 124.8 2.2

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,486.7 1,538.7 1,492.4 1,540.9 48.5 3.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,175.7 4,281.4 4,213.0 4,289.3 76.3 1.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,185.7 2,255.7 2,194.7 2,265.3 70.6 3.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,063.5 1,086.7 1,065.4 1,085.9 20.5 1.9

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,008.9 1,053.2 1,016.7 1,063.8 47.1 4.6

San Rafael

113.3 115.8 112.6 115.6 3.0 2.7


District of Columbia

758.9 776.1 744.3 758.6 14.3 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,118.0 3,190.3 3,103.2 3,163.8 60.6 2.0

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

576.6 589.5 577.8 590.0 12.2 2.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,541.4 2,600.8 2,525.4 2,573.8 48.4 1.9


Florida

7,702.7 7,974.3 7,815.5 8,058.4 242.9 3.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,379.9 2,449.7 2,414.6 2,483.3 68.7 2.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

763.4 789.0 772.7 800.7 28.0 3.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,065.9 1,093.1 1,083.9 1,110.4 26.5 2.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

550.6 567.6 558.0 572.2 14.2 2.5


Illinois

5,889.6 5,940.3 5,903.5 5,935.7 32.2 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,529.7 4,592.2 4,539.2 4,583.6 44.4 1.0

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,599.3 3,652.9 3,608.8 3,644.7 35.9 1.0

Elgin

252.3 255.0 251.8 255.1 3.3 1.3

Gary(3)

269.8 274.1 272.4 275.7 3.3 1.2

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

408.3 410.2 406.2 408.1 1.9 0.5


Massachusetts

3,442.1 3,526.9 3,419.0 3,516.7 97.7 2.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,596.5 2,656.0 2,577.3 2,647.6 70.3 2.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,737.7 1,786.6 1,728.6 1,779.5 50.9 2.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

77.6 78.6 77.2 78.6 1.4 1.8

Framingham

170.4 174.2 169.6 173.6 4.0 2.4

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

64.2 65.7 62.5 65.6 3.1 5.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

79.6 79.8 77.9 80.1 2.2 2.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

147.5 149.3 144.2 149.6 5.4 3.7

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

44.6 46.2 44.5 46.2 1.7 3.8

Nashua(2)

123.4 122.1 122.3 121.2 -1.1 -0.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

94.1 95.7 93.4 95.5 2.1 2.2

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

57.4 57.8 57.1 57.7 0.6 1.1


Michigan

4,159.3 4,270.8 4,176.4 4,280.2 103.8 2.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,891.9 1,939.5 1,899.9 1,945.1 45.2 2.4

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

719.6 736.8 721.8 736.5 14.7 2.0

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,172.3 1,202.7 1,178.1 1,208.6 30.5 2.6


New York

9,098.7 9,282.8 9,083.2 9,245.3 162.1 1.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,166.8 9,332.7 9,129.6 9,291.4 161.8 1.8

Dutchess County-Putnam County

142.7 142.9 142.5 142.3 -0.2 -0.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,303.3 1,322.0 1,294.0 1,314.5 20.5 1.6

Newark(3)

1,179.9 1,193.5 1,176.4 1,190.9 14.5 1.2

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,540.9 6,674.3 6,516.7 6,643.7 127.0 1.9


Pennsylvania

5,760.5 5,849.0 5,768.1 5,830.2 62.1 1.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,765.6 2,807.1 2,761.4 2,791.8 30.4 1.1

Camden(3)

506.5 515.1 504.5 515.0 10.5 2.1

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,020.0 1,038.6 1,019.8 1,030.8 11.0 1.1

Philadelphia

892.9 900.3 891.0 896.1 5.1 0.6

Wilmington(3)

346.2 353.1 346.1 349.9 3.8 1.1


Texas

11,524.9 11,803.0 11,569.7 11,782.1 212.4 1.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,268.3 3,387.5 3,289.0 3,392.5 103.5 3.1

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,294.2 2,387.4 2,309.8 2,394.7 84.9 3.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

974.1 1,000.1 979.2 997.8 18.6 1.9


Washington

3,091.5 3,204.8 3,093.6 3,195.7 102.1 3.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,852.4 1,922.6 1,854.2 1,922.0 67.8 3.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,562.8 1,618.7 1,564.1 1,620.1 56.0 3.6

Tacoma-Lakewood

289.6 303.9 290.1 301.9 11.8 4.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: September 30, 2015