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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, October 28, 2015			USDL-15-2085

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559    sminfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392    lausinfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov


	METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2015 


Unemployment rates were lower in September than a year earlier in 353 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 25 areas, and unchanged in 9 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Nineteen areas had jobless rates of less than
3.0 percent, and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 302 metropolitan areas, decreased in 76
areas, and was unchanged in 9 areas. The national unemployment rate in September
was 4.9 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.7 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest unemployment rate in September, 2.0 percent.
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates, 26.0
percent and 21.6 percent, respectively. A total of 192 areas had September
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 4.9 percent, 186 areas had rates
above it, and 9 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
September (-4.8 percentage points). Four other areas had rate declines of at least
2.0 percentage points. Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate
increase (+1.5 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., and Salt Lake City, Utah, had the
lowest unemployment rates in September, 3.1 percent each. Las Vegas-Henderson-
Paradise, Nev., had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 6.8 percent.
Forty-nine large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases and two had
no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Mich.
(-2.5 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
September, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.1 percent each.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division unemployment rate,
6.7 percent. (See table 2.)

All 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in
September. The largest decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. (-3.1
percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In September, 302 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 76 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-
the-year employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif.
(+129,900), New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+115,400), and Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+98,700). The largest over-the-year percentage gain
in employment occurred in Provo-Orem, Utah (+6.2 percent), followed by Medford, Ore.
(+4.9 percent), and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.8 percent). (See
table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Davenport-Moline-
Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-4,200), Lafayette, La. (-3,700), and Bloomington, Ind.
(-3,100). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred
in Pine Bluff, Ark. (-6.5 percent), Bloomington, Ind. (-4.0 percent), and Cape
Girardeau, Mo.-Ill., and Lawton, Okla. (-2.7 percent each). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.8 percent), followed by Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford,
Fla., Salt Lake City, Utah, and San Antonio-New Braunfels, Texas (+3.7 percent each).
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in New Orleans-Metairie,
La. (-0.2 percent), and Richmond, Va. (-0.1 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In September, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 33 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year, decreased in 4, and remained unchanged in Taunton-
Middleborough-Norton, Mass. The largest over-the-year increase in employment
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains,
N.Y.-N.J. (+88,000), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+85,000),
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+78,800). The largest over-the-year decrease in
employment occurred in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1,800), followed by Dutchess County-
Putnam County, N.Y. (-1,600), Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-1,000),
and Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-200). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif. (+4.7
percent), followed by San Rafael, Calif. (+4.5 percent), and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash.
(+3.5 percent). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Nashua,
N.H.-Mass. (-1.4 percent), Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-1.1 percent),
Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-0.3 percent), and Lake County-Kenosha
County, Ill.-Wis. (-0.2 percent). 

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for October is
scheduled to be released on Friday, November 20, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled
to be released on Monday, December 7, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced
for the following areas and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan
Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett,
WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau,
any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate
estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the
revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of time-series
models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back to the series 
beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the substate estimation
methodology, and more timely inputs from the American Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot
Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated.
For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for 
states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm 
level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as 
well. Revisions of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once
a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for 
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error 
are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on 
recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
February 28, 2013. Data reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New
England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population
of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the administration of various
federal economic assistance programs are available on the Internet at
www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                               August          September           August          September        August    September 
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,149.2  2,159.6  2,133.9  2,147.8    154.8    140.9    132.9    127.1   7.2   6.5   6.2   5.9
  Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville..........     46.8     46.6     45.9     45.8      3.9      3.4      3.3      3.1   8.3   7.4   7.3   6.8
  Auburn-Opelika........................     71.0     72.3     70.8     72.1      4.3      4.0      3.5      3.4   6.1   5.5   5.0   4.8
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    533.0    538.6    528.7    532.6     34.0     31.5     29.2     28.6   6.4   5.9   5.5   5.4
  Daphne-Fairhope-Foley.................     87.1     87.9     85.3     87.1      5.3      4.9      4.7      4.5   6.1   5.6   5.5   5.2
  Decatur...............................     69.6     69.1     69.0     69.3      5.2      4.5      4.4      4.2   7.4   6.6   6.4   6.0
  Dothan................................     62.6     62.8     62.6     62.8      4.6      4.2      4.0      3.8   7.4   6.7   6.4   6.0
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     67.4     65.7     67.2     65.4      5.5      5.1      4.9      4.6   8.1   7.8   7.3   7.0
  Gadsden...............................     43.9     43.4     43.3     43.0      3.2      2.8      2.7      2.6   7.3   6.5   6.2   6.0
  Huntsville............................    208.2    207.8    207.2    208.2     13.5     12.2     11.6     10.9   6.5   5.9   5.6   5.2
  Mobile................................    183.6    182.2    181.9    180.9     14.9     13.9     13.0     12.6   8.1   7.6   7.2   7.0
  Montgomery............................    169.7    171.3    167.8    168.5     12.1     11.0     10.5      9.8   7.1   6.4   6.2   5.8
  Tuscaloosa............................    110.9    112.7    110.6    113.0      7.4      7.0      6.2      6.0   6.7   6.2   5.6   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    373.4    368.6    367.6    362.8     22.6     20.2     22.8     20.7   6.0   5.5   6.2   5.7
  Anchorage.............................    202.5    199.9    202.2    200.3     10.9      9.9     10.9     10.3   5.4   4.9   5.4   5.1
  Fairbanks.............................     47.6     47.1     47.3     46.7      2.4      2.1      2.4      2.2   5.1   4.5   5.1   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,091.7  3,142.6  3,108.9  3,163.4    230.4    213.9    214.1    203.6   7.5   6.8   6.9   6.4
  Flagstaff.............................     72.8     73.8     74.1     74.7      5.3      5.1      4.9      4.8   7.2   6.9   6.6   6.4
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     78.5     78.4     78.3     77.9      7.2      6.8      6.8      6.5   9.1   8.7   8.7   8.4
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,106.0  2,152.7  2,120.0  2,168.0    135.6    123.8    126.8    118.4   6.4   5.8   6.0   5.5
  Prescott..............................     96.2     97.2     96.1     98.2      6.4      5.8      5.8      5.5   6.6   6.0   6.0   5.6
  Sierra Vista-Douglas..................     51.7     50.7     51.2     50.4      4.5      4.0      4.1      3.8   8.6   8.0   8.1   7.6
  Tucson................................    455.9    461.6    465.0    471.4     30.7     28.4     28.5     27.0   6.7   6.1   6.1   5.7
  Yuma..................................     97.9     96.4     92.7     92.4     25.4     26.1     22.7     24.0  26.0  27.0  24.5  26.0
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,302.6  1,335.9  1,305.5  1,331.2     78.1     66.9     73.9     64.3   6.0   5.0   5.7   4.8
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    241.1    249.0    242.3    248.5     11.1      9.0     10.4      8.8   4.6   3.6   4.3   3.5
  Fort Smith............................    119.2    121.1    119.3    120.7      7.1      6.6      6.7      6.4   5.9   5.4   5.6   5.3
  Hot Springs...........................     40.6     42.0     40.1     41.3      2.5      2.2      2.4      2.2   6.2   5.3   6.1   5.3
  Jonesboro.............................     59.4     62.4     59.4     62.5      3.3      2.8      3.1      2.7   5.5   4.4   5.2   4.3
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    342.4    355.6    340.4    350.7     18.6     15.7     17.7     15.3   5.4   4.4   5.2   4.4
  Pine Bluff............................     36.6     34.7     36.4     34.6      3.0      2.6      2.8      2.4   8.3   7.5   7.7   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,869.7 19,071.2 18,855.1 18,946.0  1,434.2  1,166.9  1,322.8  1,034.2   7.6   6.1   7.0   5.5
  Bakersfield...........................    400.6    398.9    398.4    395.9     38.4     36.7     35.0     33.1   9.6   9.2   8.8   8.4
  Chico.................................    101.8    102.0    101.4    101.3      8.6      6.9      7.6      6.0   8.5   6.8   7.5   5.9
  El Centro.............................     80.4     81.3     80.1     77.8     22.8     21.1     21.1     16.8  28.4  25.9  26.4  21.6
  Fresno................................    444.1    447.4    440.7    441.4     46.3     39.6     42.9     35.7  10.4   8.8   9.7   8.1
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     58.0     57.8     57.1     57.3      6.1      5.2      5.5      4.6  10.5   9.0   9.6   8.1
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim........  6,620.4  6,643.2  6,627.4  6,599.7    525.8    425.8    490.1    372.6   7.9   6.4   7.4   5.6
  Madera................................     63.6     63.1     63.8     63.1      6.3      5.5      5.7      4.9   9.9   8.7   8.9   7.7
  Merced................................    114.2    113.5    117.1    115.7     12.9     10.8     11.8      9.5  11.3   9.5  10.1   8.2
  Modesto...............................    245.0    245.5    242.5    244.7     25.0     20.6     23.1     18.5  10.2   8.4   9.5   7.6
  Napa..................................     75.2     75.8     75.8     76.0      4.0      3.1      3.6      2.8   5.3   4.2   4.8   3.6
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    428.8    428.5    428.0    427.7     30.0     24.7     28.1     22.5   7.0   5.8   6.6   5.3
  Redding...............................     75.8     75.4     75.6     74.7      6.8      5.3      6.3      4.8   9.0   7.1   8.3   6.4
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,916.5  1,942.8  1,920.3  1,930.6    164.2    131.3    149.7    117.1   8.6   6.8   7.8   6.1
  Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade...  1,050.0  1,062.1  1,047.2  1,054.2     75.1     60.1     69.2     54.3   7.2   5.7   6.6   5.2
  Salinas...............................    228.7    230.1    226.1    227.7     15.8     13.5     14.4     12.0   6.9   5.9   6.4   5.3
  San Diego-Carlsbad....................  1,549.8  1,574.7  1,542.3  1,564.6    102.4     80.7     94.2     72.3   6.6   5.1   6.1   4.6
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.........  2,470.7  2,526.3  2,469.3  2,512.7    133.6    106.2    122.0     94.4   5.4   4.2   4.9   3.8
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........  1,028.2  1,069.8  1,029.7  1,060.8     55.8     43.7     51.4     39.4   5.4   4.1   5.0   3.7
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-                                                                                                          
    Arroyo Grande.......................    136.9    139.5    138.6    140.5      8.2      6.5      7.5      5.7   6.0   4.7   5.4   4.1
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    143.6    143.5    140.5    140.9     10.6      8.7      9.5      7.6   7.4   6.0   6.8   5.4
  Santa Maria-Santa Barbara.............    218.9    223.1    217.1    220.0     13.0     10.6     12.0      9.4   5.9   4.8   5.5   4.3
  Santa Rosa............................    258.4    261.9    259.9    261.9     14.5     11.2     13.2     10.0   5.6   4.3   5.1   3.8
  Stockton-Lodi.........................    312.9    314.1    311.4    312.2     31.2     25.6     28.9     23.4  10.0   8.1   9.3   7.5
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    203.7    206.7    203.3    206.0     15.1     12.2     13.8     10.9   7.4   5.9   6.8   5.3
  Visalia-Porterville...................    197.4    197.6    196.4    195.9     24.4     21.5     22.4     19.4  12.4  10.9  11.4   9.9
  Yuba City.............................     73.7     74.1     72.0     72.2      7.8      6.2      7.1      5.7  10.6   8.4   9.9   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,834.8  2,819.7  2,831.8  2,811.3    130.3    107.2    116.6     93.5   4.6   3.8   4.1   3.3
  Boulder...............................    176.9    175.3    179.2    177.0      6.8      5.6      6.0      4.7   3.8   3.2   3.4   2.6
  Colorado Springs......................    320.7    314.9    319.6    314.0     17.8     14.3     16.1     12.4   5.5   4.5   5.0   4.0
  Denver-Aurora-Lakewood................  1,504.6  1,501.8  1,502.3  1,497.2     67.4     54.5     60.6     47.8   4.5   3.6   4.0   3.2
  Fort Collins..........................    179.6    179.9    179.6    179.5      7.0      5.8      6.2      4.9   3.9   3.2   3.4   2.7
  Grand Junction........................     73.3     72.9     73.7     73.3      4.0      3.9      3.6      3.5   5.5   5.4   4.8   4.8
  Greeley...............................    147.6    150.3    149.1    151.0      6.1      5.8      5.4      4.9   4.1   3.8   3.6   3.3
  Pueblo................................     71.9     71.0     73.0     72.1      4.9      4.0      4.3      3.7   6.7   5.6   5.9   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,904.3  1,913.9  1,883.7  1,892.5    127.0    105.4    116.2     95.9   6.7   5.5   6.2   5.1
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    469.2    472.6    462.3    464.6     30.1     25.1     27.8     23.0   6.4   5.3   6.0   5.0
  Danbury...............................    107.3    107.6    106.0    105.9      5.7      4.8      5.1      4.3   5.3   4.5   4.8   4.0
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    618.9    623.8    614.1    619.3     41.9     34.6     37.9     31.3   6.8   5.6   6.2   5.1
  New Haven.............................    324.7    325.6    323.3    323.4     22.5     18.4     20.5     16.7   6.9   5.6   6.4   5.2
  Norwich-New London-Westerly...........    146.5    144.1    142.8    142.0     10.1      8.3      9.3      7.5   6.9   5.8   6.5   5.3
  Waterbury.............................    112.8    113.5    111.5    112.1      9.3      7.7      8.6      7.2   8.2   6.8   7.7   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    457.1    465.5    450.8    460.8     26.7     23.4     24.9     22.6   5.8   5.0   5.5   4.9
  Dover.................................     74.5     75.1     74.5     74.6      5.1      4.4      4.6      4.1   6.8   5.9   6.2   5.4
  Salisbury (1).........................    189.1    193.6    181.1    186.2     11.6     10.0     10.9      9.9   6.1   5.2   6.0   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    378.7    385.9    380.4    384.3     30.6     27.2     30.4     26.6   8.1   7.1   8.0   6.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,261.5  3,289.0  3,252.4  3,261.3    172.9    141.8    161.7    140.0   5.3   4.3   5.0   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,674.8  9,604.0  9,705.8  9,644.8    652.2    539.6    601.8    513.6   6.7   5.6   6.2   5.3
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    308.2    306.7    311.3    309.4     20.4     16.7     18.8     15.9   6.6   5.4   6.0   5.1
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    123.4    121.3    121.3    119.4      6.6      5.5      6.1      5.2   5.3   4.5   5.1   4.4
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    284.0    281.4    284.8    282.4     20.4     16.6     18.8     15.7   7.2   5.9   6.6   5.5
  Gainesville...........................    135.4    134.0    140.4    139.3      7.7      6.5      7.2      6.3   5.7   4.8   5.1   4.5
  Homosassa Springs.....................     48.7     47.2     48.9     47.4      4.3      3.6      4.0      3.4   8.9   7.7   8.2   7.1
  Jacksonville..........................    728.9    720.3    726.7    721.6     49.2     39.7     44.3     36.5   6.7   5.5   6.1   5.1
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    281.2    282.1    282.5    283.2     22.1     18.3     20.7     17.3   7.9   6.5   7.3   6.1
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach.  3,006.0  2,990.7  3,014.8  3,000.6    203.4    172.4    187.7    166.6   6.8   5.8   6.2   5.6
  Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island.........    157.8    157.6    158.7    158.6     11.0      9.4     10.2      8.9   7.0   6.0   6.4   5.6
  North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton.........    337.5    335.1    339.6    338.3     21.2     17.7     19.9     16.9   6.3   5.3   5.9   5.0
  Ocala.................................    133.9    132.6    134.5    133.3     10.3      8.6      9.6      8.2   7.7   6.5   7.1   6.1
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,226.5  1,228.4  1,227.3  1,231.7     77.6     62.7     71.7     59.7   6.3   5.1   5.8   4.8
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    262.0    259.3    262.6    259.4     19.0     15.4     17.5     14.6   7.3   5.9   6.7   5.6
  Panama City...........................     96.3     94.1     95.2     93.2      6.1      4.9      5.7      4.6   6.4   5.2   6.0   5.0
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    218.5    216.1    218.2    216.2     13.7     11.4     12.7     10.8   6.3   5.3   5.8   5.0
  Port St. Lucie........................    200.9    197.9    202.0    199.1     16.2     12.8     14.8     11.9   8.1   6.4   7.3   6.0
  Punta Gorda...........................     66.5     66.2     66.6     66.5      4.9      4.1      4.6      3.9   7.3   6.2   7.0   5.9
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     61.6     60.0     61.4     60.2      5.5      4.6      5.0      4.3   8.9   7.7   8.2   7.2
  Sebring...............................     35.2     35.1     36.0     35.4      3.3      2.8      3.0      2.6   9.3   7.9   8.4   7.3
  Tallahassee...........................    188.6    185.2    193.9    190.0     11.9      9.9     11.0      9.5   6.3   5.3   5.7   5.0
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,454.2  1,440.8  1,458.7  1,446.5     93.3     76.0     86.4     72.0   6.4   5.3   5.9   5.0
  The Villages..........................     28.5     28.4     28.4     28.4      2.3      2.1      2.1      1.9   8.1   7.3   7.5   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,759.3  4,726.5  4,754.8  4,726.8    367.7    280.2    333.1    272.7   7.7   5.9   7.0   5.8
  Albany................................     65.9     63.4     66.1     63.5      6.0      4.7      5.5      4.5   9.2   7.4   8.3   7.1
  Athens-Clarke County..................     94.2     93.5     95.7     94.6      6.7      5.2      6.2      5.2   7.1   5.6   6.4   5.4
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell.........  2,812.9  2,810.8  2,808.8  2,809.0    206.2    158.7    187.9    154.4   7.3   5.6   6.7   5.5
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    255.8    256.7    255.6    256.8     20.5     16.7     18.7     16.1   8.0   6.5   7.3   6.3
  Brunswick.............................     50.3     49.1     49.9     49.1      4.2      3.2      3.8      3.1   8.3   6.4   7.5   6.2
  Columbus..............................    126.6    125.6    126.6    125.6     10.8      8.8      9.8      8.4   8.5   7.0   7.7   6.7
  Dalton................................     61.6     60.1     61.0     60.2      5.8      3.8      4.8      3.7   9.4   6.3   7.9   6.1
  Gainesville...........................     90.1     90.0     90.5     89.8      5.8      4.3      5.2      4.2   6.5   4.8   5.8   4.7
  Hinesville............................     32.6     31.6     32.5     31.3      2.7      2.0      2.4      1.9   8.2   6.3   7.3   6.2
  Macon.................................    103.9    101.4    103.9    101.3      8.7      6.6      7.8      6.4   8.3   6.5   7.5   6.3
  Rome..................................     42.9     42.2     43.2     42.5      3.6      2.8      3.2      2.8   8.5   6.6   7.5   6.6
  Savannah..............................    174.1    172.7    174.7    173.0     13.2      9.6     11.9      9.4   7.6   5.6   6.8   5.4
  Valdosta..............................     63.0     60.5     63.2     60.6      5.0      3.7      4.5      3.6   7.9   6.2   7.2   5.9
  Warner Robins.........................     81.5     78.5     81.6     78.7      6.4      4.9      5.9      4.8   7.9   6.3   7.3   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    669.6    674.4    666.5    673.8     28.0     22.5     28.9     24.4   4.2   3.3   4.3   3.6
  Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina...............     83.8     84.1     82.5     83.4      3.6      2.8      3.6      3.1   4.3   3.4   4.3   3.8
  Urban Honolulu........................    460.8    467.0    460.6    467.5     18.1     14.6     19.0     16.0   3.9   3.1   4.1   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    783.2    803.4    777.1    801.3     36.3     32.1     32.4     29.7   4.6   4.0   4.2   3.7
  Boise City............................    316.0    322.8    312.5    321.2     14.8     12.3     13.2     11.3   4.7   3.8   4.2   3.5
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     72.2     75.5     70.8     74.1      3.5      3.4      3.2      3.2   4.9   4.5   4.6   4.4
  Idaho Falls...........................     63.7     66.4     62.4     65.3      2.7      2.4      2.4      2.2   4.2   3.6   3.8   3.4
  Lewiston..............................     30.2     30.4     30.0     30.4      1.3      1.2      1.2      1.2   4.5   4.0   4.1   3.8
  Pocatello.............................     40.7     41.6     41.6     42.5      2.0      1.8      1.8      1.6   4.8   4.2   4.3   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,528.4  6,542.0  6,502.0  6,502.0    447.6    365.9    400.3    329.0   6.9   5.6   6.2   5.1
  Bloomington...........................     97.9     98.9     98.4    100.5      5.5      4.5      5.0      4.3   5.7   4.5   5.0   4.3
  Carbondale-Marion.....................     56.2     57.5     58.4     58.2      4.0      3.3      3.6      3.3   7.1   5.7   6.1   5.6
  Champaign-Urbana......................    112.1    114.0    118.8    122.3      7.2      5.6      6.4      5.4   6.5   4.9   5.4   4.4
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin..............  4,924.2  4,920.6  4,889.0  4,858.4    336.4    274.4    301.2    238.4   6.8   5.6   6.2   4.9
  Danville..............................     35.3     35.9     35.4     36.3      3.0      2.4      2.6      2.3   8.5   6.7   7.4   6.4
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island (1)......    196.1    191.2    194.0    189.5     11.6      9.7     11.6      9.5   5.9   5.1   6.0   5.0
  Decatur...............................     50.5     50.3     50.3     50.5      4.2      3.4      3.7      3.2   8.4   6.8   7.3   6.4
  Kankakee..............................     55.1     54.7     55.2     55.8      4.3      3.4      3.8      3.3   7.8   6.1   6.9   5.9
  Peoria................................    187.8    187.1    185.6    186.9     13.1     11.2     11.6     10.6   7.0   6.0   6.2   5.7
  Rockford..............................    168.6    170.2    168.0    170.1     13.5     10.9     12.0     10.6   8.0   6.4   7.1   6.2
  Springfield...........................    113.3    114.7    110.0    112.2      6.7      5.4      5.9      5.2   5.9   4.7   5.4   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,236.7  3,272.9  3,234.3  3,258.2    193.8    145.3    176.3    131.6   6.0   4.4   5.5   4.0
  Bloomington...........................     74.3     72.1     78.0     74.6      4.7      3.5      4.2      3.2   6.3   4.8   5.4   4.3
  Columbus..............................     42.9     44.3     42.8     44.0      1.9      1.4      1.7      1.3   4.4   3.2   4.0   3.0
  Elkhart-Goshen........................    103.1    106.0    102.3    104.5      5.3      3.8      4.8      3.5   5.1   3.6   4.7   3.4
  Evansville............................    157.8    159.2    157.8    158.9      8.5      6.2      7.8      5.8   5.4   3.9   4.9   3.6
  Fort Wayne............................    206.5    207.7    206.9    206.4     11.4      8.6     10.4      7.8   5.5   4.1   5.0   3.8
  Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson..........  1,000.5  1,018.5    993.5  1,007.8     57.3     42.4     52.1     38.3   5.7   4.2   5.2   3.8
  Kokomo................................     37.7     37.8     36.9     37.6      2.3      1.7      2.1      1.6   6.2   4.6   5.7   4.1
  Lafayette-West Lafayette..............    102.4    104.8    106.9    108.2      5.3      4.3      5.0      3.9   5.2   4.1   4.7   3.6
  Michigan City-La Porte................     48.6     48.3     48.7     47.9      3.6      2.7      3.3      2.4   7.5   5.7   6.7   5.1
  Muncie................................     52.9     53.2     54.5     54.4      3.7      2.8      3.5      2.5   7.0   5.3   6.3   4.6
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    150.8    151.5    153.0    152.9     10.1      7.1      9.1      6.4   6.7   4.7   6.0   4.2
  Terre Haute...........................     77.0     75.9     77.3     75.8      5.9      4.4      5.3      3.9   7.7   5.8   6.9   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,705.0  1,702.4  1,705.2  1,697.4     74.1     58.5     68.9     56.0   4.3   3.4   4.0   3.3
  Ames..................................     53.8     55.1     58.3     58.3      1.7      1.3      1.6      1.3   3.2   2.3   2.8   2.2
  Cedar Rapids..........................    144.2    142.5    143.8    141.6      6.5      5.2      6.2      4.9   4.5   3.6   4.3   3.5
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    341.3    342.8    336.3    341.1     14.0     10.7     13.1     10.5   4.1   3.1   3.9   3.1
  Dubuque...............................     55.1     55.1     55.2     54.8      2.2      1.8      2.1      1.7   3.9   3.3   3.8   3.2
  Iowa City.............................     96.8     97.1     96.5     96.1      3.2      2.5      3.0      2.4   3.3   2.5   3.1   2.5
  Sioux City............................     93.4     94.3     93.7     93.0      4.1      3.2      3.9      3.0   4.4   3.4   4.1   3.2
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     93.1     90.1     92.7     91.1      5.7      3.7      4.0      3.4   6.1   4.1   4.3   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,494.5  1,476.6  1,495.9  1,490.9     69.8     66.4     63.4     57.1   4.7   4.5   4.2   3.8
  Lawrence..............................     62.9     62.3     65.1     65.8      2.7      2.5      2.5      2.2   4.3   4.0   3.8   3.3
  Manhattan.............................     45.8     46.3     50.1     50.9      1.9      1.7      1.7      1.5   4.1   3.7   3.4   2.9
  Topeka................................    123.8    121.6    121.1    120.2      5.9      5.3      5.3      4.6   4.8   4.4   4.4   3.8
  Wichita...............................    312.0    304.7    308.7    306.0     16.8     15.3     15.4     13.5   5.4   5.0   5.0   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  1,991.2  1,934.7  1,984.8  1,929.0    120.6     94.2    109.4     88.1   6.1   4.9   5.5   4.6
  Bowling Green.........................     77.5     74.7     78.0     75.5      4.3      3.2      3.8      3.0   5.5   4.3   4.9   4.0
  Elizabethtown-Fort Knox...............     64.0     62.4     63.6     62.1      3.8      2.9      3.5      2.8   5.9   4.7   5.6   4.5
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    257.0    252.3    256.9    252.0     12.1      9.3     11.1      8.9   4.7   3.7   4.3   3.5
  Louisville/Jefferson County...........    630.4    620.4    626.6    618.8     35.4     26.4     32.0     24.6   5.6   4.2   5.1   4.0
  Owensboro.............................     53.8     51.9     53.5     51.8      2.9      2.2      2.6      2.1   5.5   4.2   4.9   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,188.0  2,178.3  2,185.0  2,152.8    161.6    136.8    151.5    133.9   7.4   6.3   6.9   6.2
  Alexandria............................     67.9     67.1     67.7     66.1      5.4      4.4      5.0      4.3   7.9   6.5   7.4   6.5
  Baton Rouge...........................    422.1    426.6    423.9    424.5     28.7     23.3     26.5     22.4   6.8   5.5   6.3   5.3
  Hammond...............................     55.0     54.9     55.2     54.7      4.7      3.9      4.4      3.8   8.6   7.1   8.0   6.9
  Houma-Thibodaux.......................    105.4    104.4    104.8    102.5      6.0      5.7      5.5      5.7   5.7   5.4   5.2   5.6
  Lafayette.............................    236.5    235.1    235.5    231.4     14.7     14.7     13.6     14.7   6.2   6.2   5.8   6.3
  Lake Charles..........................    100.1    103.3    100.0    102.2      6.9      5.5      6.4      5.4   6.9   5.3   6.4   5.3
  Monroe................................     82.4     80.7     82.4     80.1      6.7      5.5      6.3      5.3   8.1   6.8   7.6   6.6
  New Orleans-Metairie..................    606.3    600.2    603.3    592.4     44.9     36.6     42.6     36.0   7.4   6.1   7.1   6.1
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    199.0    196.4    197.9    193.5     16.2     13.6     15.3     13.3   8.1   6.9   7.7   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    714.0    700.1    696.4    682.3     34.4     25.4     34.1     25.2   4.8   3.6   4.9   3.7
  Bangor................................     70.7     69.0     71.9     69.8      3.5      2.6      3.6      2.5   5.0   3.7   5.0   3.6
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     56.2     55.1     55.8     54.5      2.7      2.0      2.7      2.0   4.9   3.6   4.8   3.6
  Portland-South Portland...............    205.0    204.5    200.0    199.5      8.3      6.0      8.1      6.1   4.0   2.9   4.1   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,131.5  3,162.3  3,107.1  3,137.1    189.0    160.6    172.8    157.5   6.0   5.1   5.6   5.0
  Baltimore-Columbia-Towson.............  1,465.4  1,485.2  1,453.9  1,470.1     94.4     80.5     85.5     77.6   6.4   5.4   5.9   5.3
  California-Lexington Park.............     54.2     54.7     53.6     54.4      3.2      2.8      2.8      2.6   5.9   5.2   5.2   4.8
  Cumberland............................     44.7     44.4     44.7     44.7      3.3      3.0      3.0      2.7   7.4   6.8   6.6   6.1
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    128.8    128.6    127.8    127.1      7.7      7.1      7.1      6.4   6.0   5.5   5.6   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,606.5  3,621.9  3,560.2  3,537.0    204.9    161.9    201.5    158.9   5.7   4.5   5.7   4.5
  Barnstable Town.......................    136.5    133.2    125.8    122.6      7.0      5.5      7.0      5.6   5.1   4.2   5.5   4.5
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua...............  2,632.9  2,655.3  2,608.5  2,598.9    138.6    109.6    136.2    107.5   5.3   4.1   5.2   4.1
  Leominster-Gardner....................     76.2     76.4     76.1     74.8      5.4      4.2      5.1      4.0   7.1   5.5   6.8   5.4
  New Bedford...........................     84.2     83.1     83.3     82.5      7.0      5.5      6.7      5.4   8.4   6.6   8.0   6.5
  Pittsfield............................     45.6     45.1     44.0     42.9      2.7      2.1      2.7      2.1   5.9   4.7   6.1   4.9
  Springfield...........................    366.2    365.6    364.3    361.9     25.0     20.3     24.3     19.1   6.8   5.6   6.7   5.3
  Worcester.............................    347.4    350.5    344.7    344.2     21.4     17.1     20.8     16.5   6.2   4.9   6.0   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,777.6  4,771.3  4,744.7  4,743.0    350.5    245.9    314.3    223.7   7.3   5.2   6.6   4.7
  Ann Arbor.............................    184.0    185.0    184.6    183.9      9.1      6.5      8.4      6.1   5.0   3.5   4.6   3.3
  Battle Creek..........................     64.0     64.9     63.8     64.4      3.9      3.0      3.6      2.7   6.1   4.6   5.6   4.2
  Bay City..............................     53.1     52.5     52.6     52.4      3.6      2.6      3.1      2.3   6.7   4.9   5.9   4.5
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn...............  2,045.1  2,021.3  2,027.5  2,008.2    182.5    125.8    165.3    113.6   8.9   6.2   8.2   5.7
  Flint.................................    183.3    182.0    181.4    180.7     13.7      9.8     12.2      9.0   7.5   5.4   6.7   5.0
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    542.9    559.4    540.0    553.4     26.8     19.0     23.7     17.4   4.9   3.4   4.4   3.1
  Jackson...............................     73.2     72.4     71.8     72.1      4.7      3.4      4.2      3.2   6.4   4.7   5.9   4.4
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    162.6    164.1    162.4    164.2      9.6      6.9      8.6      6.4   5.9   4.2   5.3   3.9
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    236.8    237.1    240.4    240.9     13.9      9.5     12.4      8.7   5.9   4.0   5.1   3.6
  Midland...............................     41.5     41.2     41.3     41.2      2.4      1.7      2.1      1.6   5.8   4.2   5.1   3.9
  Monroe................................     75.3     75.6     74.8     75.6      4.8      3.1      4.0      2.9   6.4   4.1   5.4   3.8
  Muskegon..............................     77.8     77.9     76.4     77.0      5.5      4.0      4.9      3.7   7.1   5.2   6.4   4.8
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     74.5     74.7     73.2     74.0      4.7      3.6      4.2      3.2   6.4   4.8   5.7   4.3
  Saginaw...............................     88.8     88.7     88.3     88.4      6.3      4.4      5.6      4.1   7.1   4.9   6.3   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,986.3  3,016.5  2,969.5  2,988.7    108.4    104.6    102.9     95.8   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.2
  Duluth................................    142.2    142.9    142.4    142.2      6.5      6.4      6.0      6.3   4.6   4.5   4.2   4.4
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     57.1     57.5     58.2     57.8      1.8      1.6      1.7      1.5   3.1   2.9   2.8   2.6
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,925.1  1,944.7  1,915.0  1,925.1     69.5     65.3     66.4     60.3   3.6   3.4   3.5   3.1
  Rochester.............................    119.0    118.2    116.5    116.0      3.7      3.5      3.4      3.1   3.1   2.9   2.9   2.7
  St. Cloud.............................    108.0    108.1    108.7    107.9      3.8      3.7      3.7      3.3   3.5   3.4   3.4   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,226.5  1,266.3  1,228.3  1,284.3     94.3     71.7     91.1     75.4   7.7   5.7   7.4   5.9
  Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula............    159.3    163.3    158.3    163.3     11.7      9.1     11.6      9.8   7.4   5.6   7.3   6.0
  Hattiesburg...........................     62.2     64.0     63.0     65.8      4.2      3.3      4.1      3.6   6.8   5.2   6.5   5.4
  Jackson...............................    254.9    267.2    255.2    269.0     15.9     12.1     15.8     13.2   6.2   4.5   6.2   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,050.4  3,069.6  3,058.2  3,073.7    189.1    160.7    169.9    139.5   6.2   5.2   5.6   4.5
  Cape Girardeau........................     48.4     47.4     48.8     47.5      2.9      2.4      2.5      2.1   6.0   5.0   5.2   4.4
  Columbia..............................     96.6     97.8     99.1    100.3      4.2      3.6      3.7      3.2   4.3   3.7   3.7   3.1
  Jefferson City........................     76.1     75.6     75.8     75.4      4.1      3.4      3.5      2.9   5.3   4.5   4.7   3.8
  Joplin................................     85.8     87.0     86.9     87.9      4.7      4.0      4.2      3.4   5.5   4.6   4.8   3.9
  Kansas City...........................  1,109.3  1,112.3  1,100.2  1,104.0     63.5     57.9     59.4     48.3   5.7   5.2   5.4   4.4
  St. Joseph............................     66.2     64.6     65.7     64.5      3.7      3.1      3.2      2.7   5.5   4.9   4.9   4.2
  St. Louis (2).........................  1,457.0  1,469.5  1,451.0  1,464.3     92.6     74.8     82.3     67.7   6.4   5.1   5.7   4.6
  Springfield...........................    225.7    228.4    228.9    232.0     11.9     10.3     10.7      9.4   5.3   4.5   4.7   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    524.6    530.9    514.9    519.9     21.8     19.8     20.2     17.4   4.2   3.7   3.9   3.3
  Billings..............................     86.2     89.0     85.7     87.9      3.1      2.8      2.8      2.5   3.6   3.2   3.3   2.9
  Great Falls...........................     38.3     38.1     38.1     38.1      1.5      1.5      1.4      1.3   4.0   4.0   3.7   3.5
  Missoula..............................     60.1     61.0     60.6     61.8      2.3      2.1      2.2      1.9   3.9   3.4   3.7   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,022.9  1,007.8  1,013.4    997.9     31.7     28.2     29.7     26.2   3.1   2.8   2.9   2.6
  Grand Island..........................     45.1     44.7     45.3     43.8      1.4      2.0      1.4      1.2   3.1   4.6   3.0   2.8
  Lincoln...............................    178.5    177.5    178.6    177.4      5.0      4.1      4.7      3.9   2.8   2.3   2.6   2.2
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    482.8    475.9    475.7    474.2     16.8     14.4     15.7     13.9   3.5   3.0   3.3   2.9
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,396.8  1,429.0  1,397.1  1,429.2    104.5     97.7    101.8     94.3   7.5   6.8   7.3   6.6
  Carson City...........................     25.1     25.3     25.0     25.1      2.0      1.8      1.9      1.7   7.8   7.1   7.7   6.8
  Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise..........  1,019.6  1,049.6  1,019.7  1,048.6     77.9     73.4     75.6     70.8   7.6   7.0   7.4   6.8
  Reno..................................    224.4    229.4    225.3    230.2     15.7     14.0     15.4     13.5   7.0   6.1   6.9   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    747.5    752.2    738.0    734.1     30.9     24.9     28.9     22.2   4.1   3.3   3.9   3.0
  Dover-Durham..........................     81.3     82.1     81.6     81.4      3.3      2.5      3.0      2.2   4.0   3.0   3.7   2.7
  Manchester............................    114.3    115.7    114.2    114.2      4.6      3.7      4.4      3.4   4.0   3.2   3.9   3.0
  Portsmouth............................     73.3     74.5     72.0     72.2      2.7      2.1      2.6      1.9   3.7   2.8   3.6   2.7
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,547.4  4,552.7  4,503.0  4,488.1    301.3    252.7    286.3    243.9   6.6   5.6   6.4   5.4
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    135.6    132.9    133.7    130.4     12.3     10.8     13.7     10.4   9.1   8.1  10.2   8.0
  Ocean City............................     58.3     57.2     51.8     51.4      4.3      3.6      4.3      3.6   7.3   6.4   8.3   7.1
  Trenton...............................    196.2    197.5    193.8    195.2     11.7      9.9     10.7      9.4   5.9   5.0   5.5   4.8
  Vineland-Bridgeton....................     64.7     64.6     66.2     65.5      6.3      5.7      6.0      5.3   9.8   8.8   9.0   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    917.2    917.7    915.0    916.3     60.7     63.0     57.5     61.6   6.6   6.9   6.3   6.7
  Albuquerque...........................    412.3    413.9    411.0    414.6     27.2     27.1     25.6     26.4   6.6   6.5   6.2   6.4
  Farmington............................     54.2     55.2     55.0     56.1      3.6      4.2      3.3      4.2   6.6   7.6   6.1   7.4
  Las Cruces............................     92.7     91.7     93.0     91.6      6.4      6.8      6.2      6.7   6.9   7.5   6.7   7.3
  Santa Fe..............................     70.8     70.9     70.6     69.8      3.9      4.1      3.8      4.0   5.6   5.8   5.4   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,588.8  9,696.0  9,498.3  9,615.0    588.8    484.5    548.4    463.0   6.1   5.0   5.8   4.8
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    444.5    448.2    440.9    446.4     21.9     19.4     20.9     19.7   4.9   4.3   4.7   4.4
  Binghamton............................    111.4    110.4    110.8    110.3      6.9      6.0      6.6      6.1   6.2   5.4   6.0   5.5
  Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls.....    551.5    558.3    545.5    554.4     33.6     29.2     31.5     29.2   6.1   5.2   5.8   5.3
  Elmira................................     38.3     38.1     38.0     38.3      2.3      2.1      2.2      2.2   5.9   5.6   5.8   5.8
  Glens Falls...........................     63.4     63.9     60.4     61.2      3.2      2.8      3.2      2.8   5.1   4.3   5.3   4.6
  Ithaca................................     51.2     51.8     54.9     54.8      2.3      2.1      2.2      2.1   4.5   4.1   4.1   3.9
  Kingston..............................     88.4     88.6     87.6     88.0      5.0      4.2      4.7      4.2   5.7   4.8   5.4   4.8
  New York-Newark-Jersey City...........  9,978.4 10,079.8  9,875.6  9,954.3    634.7    517.3    589.6    487.6   6.4   5.1   6.0   4.9
  Rochester.............................    522.2    527.3    520.4    528.4     29.4     25.5     28.2     26.0   5.6   4.8   5.4   4.9
  Syracuse..............................    312.1    310.7    311.0    312.5     18.1     15.6     17.4     16.1   5.8   5.0   5.6   5.1
  Utica-Rome............................    133.8    133.9    131.7    132.0      7.7      6.5      7.5      6.8   5.7   4.9   5.7   5.1
  Watertown-Fort Drum...................     48.0     47.5     46.4     46.0      3.1      2.7      3.0      2.7   6.4   5.7   6.4   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,652.3  4,748.2  4,641.6  4,753.8    303.1    288.6    261.7    257.1   6.5   6.1   5.6   5.4
  Asheville.............................    211.7    217.4    212.2    219.2     10.8     10.5      9.4      9.3   5.1   4.8   4.4   4.3
  Burlington............................     76.1     77.8     76.2     78.4      4.6      4.4      3.9      3.9   6.1   5.7   5.2   4.9
  Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia............  1,191.3  1,234.4  1,189.7  1,227.8     77.0     70.7     67.8     63.6   6.5   5.7   5.7   5.2
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    275.0    280.5    273.9    281.2     14.9     15.2     12.8     13.2   5.4   5.4   4.7   4.7
  Fayetteville..........................    143.6    143.8    143.6    145.2     12.0     11.5     10.4     10.3   8.4   8.0   7.2   7.1
  Goldsboro.............................     52.6     52.6     52.9     52.7      3.6      3.5      3.2      3.1   6.8   6.6   6.0   5.8
  Greensboro-High Point.................    356.6    365.9    356.5    367.0     24.7     23.0     21.1     20.4   6.9   6.3   5.9   5.6
  Greenville............................     86.3     86.9     86.6     86.9      6.0      5.9      5.0      5.1   6.9   6.8   5.8   5.9
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    165.6    166.3    166.3    166.6     11.2     10.1      9.8      9.1   6.8   6.1   5.9   5.4
  Jacksonville..........................     63.9     65.0     63.2     64.0      4.1      4.0      3.6      3.7   6.3   6.2   5.7   5.7
  New Bern..............................     50.8     50.7     50.3     50.3      3.6      3.2      3.1      3.0   7.1   6.4   6.2   5.9
  Raleigh...............................    634.5    648.9    629.5    649.1     33.7     33.3     29.0     29.6   5.3   5.1   4.6   4.6
  Rocky Mount...........................     65.9     65.0     65.9     65.2      6.0      5.7      5.2      5.2   9.1   8.8   7.8   8.0
  Wilmington............................    136.0    138.7    135.2    138.2      8.5      8.0      7.2      7.2   6.2   5.8   5.4   5.2
  Winston-Salem.........................    310.7    317.1    311.5    321.5     19.7     18.4     16.9     16.5   6.3   5.8   5.4   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    424.8    414.0    419.3    409.6     10.7     10.6      9.1      9.0   2.5   2.5   2.2   2.2
  Bismarck..............................     67.1     66.7     65.8     65.8      1.7      1.6      1.5      1.3   2.5   2.3   2.2   2.0
  Fargo.................................    129.4    127.6    129.5    127.9      3.2      2.8      2.9      2.6   2.5   2.2   2.2   2.1
  Grand Forks...........................     53.8     53.2     54.5     54.1      1.7      1.5      1.5      1.3   3.2   2.8   2.7   2.4
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,776.9  5,748.1  5,732.0  5,690.6    323.4    244.5    293.5    245.9   5.6   4.3   5.1   4.3
  Akron.................................    361.8    357.0    360.3    355.8     20.4     15.1     18.5     15.1   5.6   4.2   5.1   4.2
  Canton-Massillon......................    204.7    202.2    202.4    200.4     11.1      9.0     10.1      9.4   5.4   4.4   5.0   4.7
  Cincinnati............................  1,089.3  1,086.1  1,077.9  1,076.2     57.7     42.6     52.5     42.1   5.3   3.9   4.9   3.9
  Cleveland-Elyria......................  1,059.2  1,053.7  1,046.8  1,038.7     63.8     50.1     58.2     50.4   6.0   4.8   5.6   4.9
  Columbus..............................  1,037.1  1,038.7  1,030.2  1,029.5     49.9     37.1     45.6     37.7   4.8   3.6   4.4   3.7
  Dayton................................    385.4    381.3    381.7    377.9     22.0     15.9     20.0     16.0   5.7   4.2   5.2   4.2
  Lima..................................     49.1     49.2     48.5     48.5      2.7      2.0      2.5      2.0   5.4   4.1   5.1   4.1
  Mansfield.............................     55.2     54.1     54.4     53.5      3.4      2.5      3.1      2.5   6.1   4.7   5.7   4.7
  Springfield...........................     66.0     65.1     65.3     64.0      3.6      2.7      3.3      2.7   5.5   4.1   5.0   4.2
  Toledo................................    300.1    301.0    301.3    297.0     18.0     12.9     16.2     12.8   6.0   4.3   5.4   4.3
  Weirton-Steubenville (1)..............     53.2     52.9     52.7     52.8      4.1      3.9      3.6      3.6   7.7   7.4   6.9   6.9
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    255.3    254.2    254.0    250.6     16.8     13.5     14.6     13.0   6.6   5.3   5.8   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,778.4  1,829.6  1,783.1  1,841.5     77.7     82.5     74.6     76.7   4.4   4.5   4.2   4.2
  Lawton................................     51.4     50.8     51.0     50.7      2.4      2.3      2.3      2.2   4.6   4.5   4.5   4.3
  Oklahoma City.........................    644.1    663.7    647.0    669.0     25.2     26.1     24.3     24.1   3.9   3.9   3.7   3.6
  Tulsa.................................    460.8    468.9    460.4    472.3     20.0     21.5     19.3     20.3   4.3   4.6   4.2   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,968.7  1,960.9  1,957.5  1,966.3    135.8    116.2    122.8    110.8   6.9   5.9   6.3   5.6
  Albany................................     54.7     53.3     54.3     53.7      4.5      3.9      4.1      3.8   8.2   7.3   7.5   7.1
  Bend-Redmond..........................     83.1     83.4     82.3     82.3      5.9      4.8      5.4      4.7   7.1   5.8   6.6   5.7
  Corvallis.............................     43.3     42.6     43.6     43.3      2.6      2.1      2.2      2.0   6.0   4.9   5.1   4.7
  Eugene................................    169.2    167.4    168.6    168.1     12.3     10.9     11.1     10.3   7.3   6.5   6.6   6.1
  Grants Pass...........................     33.5     32.9     33.4     33.4      3.2      2.7      2.9      2.5   9.5   8.2   8.7   7.6
  Medford...............................     97.9     97.5     97.9     99.2      8.3      7.0      7.4      6.4   8.5   7.2   7.6   6.4
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,212.2  1,214.4  1,204.4  1,213.4     78.1     66.6     71.2     63.3   6.4   5.5   5.9   5.2
  Salem.................................    189.1    186.5    188.4    187.9     13.7     11.8     12.3     11.1   7.3   6.3   6.5   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,415.9  6,444.4  6,347.5  6,398.6    390.4    355.0    322.3    310.5   6.1   5.5   5.1   4.9
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    426.7    429.7    423.9    424.4     27.0     23.7     22.8     21.0   6.3   5.5   5.4   5.0
  Altoona...............................     61.2     60.9     60.4     60.2      3.5      3.2      2.9      2.8   5.8   5.3   4.7   4.6
  Bloomsburg-Berwick....................     42.9     42.9     43.1     43.3      2.6      2.3      2.1      2.0   6.0   5.3   4.8   4.6
  Chambersburg-Waynesboro...............     76.4     76.0     75.5     75.3      4.2      3.9      3.5      3.4   5.5   5.1   4.6   4.6
  East Stroudsburg......................     80.1     79.5     78.6     79.4      6.1      5.2      5.2      4.7   7.6   6.5   6.6   5.9
  Erie..................................    135.3    135.1    133.8    135.0      8.4      7.5      6.9      6.5   6.2   5.6   5.2   4.8
  Gettysburg............................     54.9     54.7     54.9     54.6      2.6      2.3      2.1      2.0   4.8   4.3   3.8   3.6
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    293.7    297.7    287.6    294.2     15.1     13.4     12.4     11.6   5.2   4.5   4.3   4.0
  Johnstown.............................     62.7     62.6     62.2     62.0      4.5      4.3      3.6      3.5   7.3   6.9   5.8   5.7
  Lancaster.............................    274.2    276.2    270.9    273.0     13.5     12.2     10.8     10.2   4.9   4.4   4.0   3.7
  Lebanon...............................     70.6     69.7     69.4     68.7      3.7      3.3      3.0      2.8   5.2   4.8   4.3   4.1
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,033.1  3,037.8  3,011.9  3,027.0    197.3    172.4    172.1    156.2   6.5   5.7   5.7   5.2
  Pittsburgh............................  1,217.8  1,234.9  1,202.7  1,220.2     72.1     67.3     58.4     59.2   5.9   5.5   4.9   4.9
  Reading...............................    211.3    212.4    209.4    211.2     12.0     10.9     10.2      9.5   5.7   5.1   4.9   4.5
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton......    279.4    283.7    277.1    284.0     20.0     17.9     16.6     15.5   7.1   6.3   6.0   5.4
  State College.........................     76.9     76.5     78.2     77.7      3.7      3.3      2.8      2.7   4.8   4.3   3.6   3.5
  Williamsport..........................     61.5     60.6     61.0     60.5      3.6      3.6      3.1      3.5   5.9   6.0   5.1   5.8
  York-Hanover..........................    231.8    231.4    228.8    230.0     13.1     11.5     10.7      9.8   5.6   5.0   4.7   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    559.9    564.9    552.8    552.8     42.0     32.4     37.9     26.2   7.5   5.7   6.9   4.7
  Providence-Warwick....................    686.8    692.0    679.4    678.0     50.4     38.9     46.1     32.8   7.3   5.6   6.8   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,225.2  2,270.6  2,209.6  2,252.3    161.3    138.4    150.6    129.3   7.2   6.1   6.8   5.7
  Charleston-North Charleston...........    353.5    360.0    350.1    357.2     22.2     19.1     20.8     18.1   6.3   5.3   5.9   5.1
  Columbia..............................    387.6    394.4    385.7    393.3     25.8     22.8     24.2     21.3   6.7   5.8   6.3   5.4
  Florence..............................     93.9     94.0     93.9     93.9      7.8      6.7      7.4      6.2   8.4   7.1   7.9   6.6
  Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin...........    405.3    413.4    403.7    413.4     26.6     22.6     24.8     21.2   6.6   5.5   6.1   5.1
  Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort..     82.4     83.3     80.8     80.8      5.3      4.7      4.9      4.4   6.5   5.6   6.0   5.4
  Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach    188.2    193.0    182.1    186.8     13.6     12.2     12.6     11.6   7.2   6.3   6.9   6.2
  Spartanburg...........................    147.4    150.2    146.8    150.1     10.9      9.2     10.0      8.5   7.4   6.1   6.8   5.6
  Sumter................................     44.2     44.2     43.8     43.9      3.7      3.3      3.4      3.0   8.4   7.4   7.8   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    452.7    458.1    446.0    450.7     14.1     14.6     13.0     13.4   3.1   3.2   2.9   3.0
  Rapid City............................     73.8     75.2     71.5     72.4      2.2      2.3      2.1      2.3   2.9   3.1   2.9   3.1
  Sioux Falls...........................    142.0    145.0    140.7    144.2      3.6      3.7      3.5      3.6   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.5
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,006.2  3,049.8  2,996.0  3,037.5    214.9    176.2    196.2    174.5   7.2   5.8   6.5   5.7
  Chattanooga...........................    247.9    251.2    248.2    251.4     17.7     14.4     15.9     14.1   7.1   5.7   6.4   5.6
  Clarksville...........................    107.7    108.9    107.4    108.8      7.9      6.6      7.2      6.4   7.3   6.0   6.7   5.8
  Cleveland.............................     55.3     54.7     54.4     54.1      3.9      3.1      3.5      3.1   7.0   5.7   6.4   5.7
  Jackson...............................     60.6     61.9     60.4     61.0      4.6      3.9      4.1      3.7   7.5   6.3   6.8   6.1
  Johnson City..........................     87.3     88.3     87.6     88.8      6.7      5.5      6.0      5.5   7.7   6.2   6.8   6.2
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    139.2    139.4    138.1    138.8      9.8      7.8      8.9      7.7   7.0   5.6   6.4   5.6
  Knoxville.............................    396.6    405.8    396.6    405.9     26.6     21.5     24.0     21.4   6.7   5.3   6.0   5.3
  Memphis...............................    603.8    610.9    601.4    610.5     48.4     39.2     45.7     39.0   8.0   6.4   7.6   6.4
  Morristown............................     48.8     49.6     48.6     49.5      3.8      3.1      3.5      3.1   7.7   6.2   7.2   6.3
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    902.4    927.6    902.6    924.7     52.3     42.9     47.5     43.1   5.8   4.6   5.3   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 13,093.4 13,030.4 13,144.7 13,045.6    693.7    569.6    638.4    568.0   5.3   4.4   4.9   4.4
  Abilene...............................     76.4     74.8     76.8     75.4      3.4      2.8      3.2      2.9   4.5   3.8   4.2   3.8
  Amarillo..............................    130.6    127.9    131.2    128.3      5.0      4.0      4.7      4.0   3.8   3.1   3.6   3.1
  Austin-Round Rock.....................  1,049.3  1,051.6  1,054.8  1,053.1     46.1     34.1     43.1     34.4   4.4   3.2   4.1   3.3
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    180.4    179.8    181.1    180.0     14.9     11.6     13.5     11.4   8.3   6.5   7.4   6.4
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    166.6    162.9    166.1    162.2     14.2     11.1     12.8     10.7   8.5   6.8   7.7   6.6
  College Station-Bryan.................    116.4    113.7    120.5    117.6      5.1      4.1      4.7      4.1   4.4   3.6   3.9   3.5
  Corpus Christi........................    211.6    209.6    212.9    211.2     11.4     10.6     10.5     10.6   5.4   5.0   4.9   5.0
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,566.9  3,566.4  3,575.6  3,564.0    185.9    139.9    171.0    139.5   5.2   3.9   4.8   3.9
  El Paso...............................    346.5    338.2    347.2    338.6     23.7     17.4     21.8     17.4   6.8   5.2   6.3   5.1
  Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land......  3,256.8  3,235.8  3,272.5  3,234.4    167.5    149.2    154.6    149.4   5.1   4.6   4.7   4.6
  Killeen-Temple........................    168.9    166.5    169.6    166.2     10.2      7.6      9.6      7.7   6.0   4.6   5.7   4.7
  Laredo................................    111.6    111.9    112.0    111.2      5.8      5.2      5.4      5.2   5.2   4.7   4.8   4.6
  Longview..............................    105.1    104.7    105.7    104.5      5.3      5.1      4.8      5.2   5.0   4.9   4.6   4.9
  Lubbock...............................    153.8    152.2    154.2    153.5      6.4      5.2      5.8      5.1   4.2   3.4   3.8   3.4
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    330.3    327.9    331.2    329.9     29.9     25.7     26.5     24.5   9.1   7.8   8.0   7.4
  Midland...............................     95.2     96.5     96.0     96.7      2.8      3.1      2.7      3.2   2.9   3.2   2.8   3.3
  Odessa................................     83.5     85.1     84.6     86.1      2.9      3.7      2.7      3.9   3.5   4.3   3.2   4.5
  San Angelo............................     55.4     55.2     55.8     55.0      2.3      2.2      2.1      2.2   4.2   4.0   3.8   4.0
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,095.6  1,098.4  1,097.1  1,100.6     52.5     40.3     48.9     40.7   4.8   3.7   4.5   3.7
  Sherman-Denison.......................     60.7     59.8     60.7     59.5      3.0      2.4      2.8      2.3   5.0   4.1   4.7   3.9
  Texarkana.............................     63.7     62.9     64.5     63.0      4.1      3.1      3.7      3.1   6.4   5.0   5.8   4.8
  Tyler.................................    103.0    101.6    102.9    101.7      5.3      4.6      5.2      4.6   5.2   4.5   5.0   4.5
  Victoria..............................     50.1     50.4     50.3     50.8      2.2      2.1      2.0      2.1   4.4   4.1   4.0   4.2
  Waco..................................    120.1    117.5    120.1    117.7      6.6      4.8      6.0      4.8   5.5   4.1   5.0   4.1
  Wichita Falls.........................     66.3     63.2     66.2     63.2      3.4      2.7      3.1      2.8   5.2   4.2   4.7   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,438.6  1,471.8  1,435.0  1,466.6     57.0     56.5     49.2     48.6   4.0   3.8   3.4   3.3
  Logan.................................     63.6     64.8     65.7     66.7      2.2      2.2      2.0      2.0   3.5   3.4   3.0   2.9
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    303.1    309.4    300.3    306.4     12.5     12.2     10.8     10.6   4.1   3.9   3.6   3.5
  Provo-Orem............................    260.9    272.4    263.1    274.8      9.7      9.7      8.3      8.3   3.7   3.6   3.2   3.0
  St. George............................     62.2     62.1     62.0     62.0      2.8      2.6      2.4      2.3   4.4   4.2   3.8   3.7
  Salt Lake City........................    610.3    622.8    607.5    620.2     23.8     22.4     20.6     19.4   3.9   3.6   3.4   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    352.6    349.6    348.7    344.4     13.9     12.3     14.2     13.2   3.9   3.5   4.1   3.8
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    125.7    128.8    124.8    127.2      4.2      3.8      4.2      4.1   3.4   2.9   3.4   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,257.0  4,241.1  4,242.2  4,190.9    233.3    182.7    212.5    173.4   5.5   4.3   5.0   4.1
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     89.9     90.7     93.5     93.3      5.3      4.1      4.8      3.8   5.9   4.5   5.2   4.1
  Charlottesville.......................    113.0    113.7    116.2    115.1      5.7      4.4      5.1      4.1   5.0   3.8   4.4   3.6
  Harrisonburg..........................     63.0     63.3     64.8     64.4      3.4      2.8      3.2      2.6   5.5   4.4   5.0   4.0
  Lynchburg.............................    124.9    123.3    124.3    121.4      7.4      5.9      6.7      5.5   6.0   4.8   5.4   4.5
  Richmond..............................    657.3    646.7    652.1    637.9     38.3     30.3     34.8     28.5   5.8   4.7   5.3   4.5
  Roanoke...............................    161.2    158.1    161.1    156.6      9.0      6.9      8.1      6.5   5.6   4.4   5.0   4.1
  Staunton-Waynesboro...................     58.7     58.1     58.8     57.5      3.0      2.4      2.8      2.3   5.1   4.1   4.7   4.0
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    851.9    845.4    841.3    829.8     50.4     40.4     46.1     38.1   5.9   4.8   5.5   4.6
  Winchester............................     68.9     70.0     68.4     69.0      3.5      2.8      3.2      2.7   5.0   4.0   4.6   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,500.1  3,530.8  3,497.1  3,506.1    214.8    174.8    202.3    169.5   6.1   5.0   5.8   4.8
  Bellingham............................    101.8    101.7     99.5    100.0      6.7      5.8      6.3      5.4   6.6   5.7   6.3   5.4
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    114.5    111.7    112.3    110.5      7.2      5.8      7.0      5.5   6.3   5.2   6.2   5.0
  Kennewick-Richland....................    131.7    130.1    129.7    128.6      9.4      7.8      8.6      7.0   7.2   6.0   6.7   5.4
  Longview..............................     44.5     43.4     44.3     42.9      3.6      3.2      3.4      3.0   8.2   7.3   7.6   7.0
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     57.9     56.0     56.7     55.0      4.1      3.5      3.9      3.3   7.1   6.3   6.8   6.0
  Olympia-Tumwater......................    123.1    122.4    122.5    121.1      8.1      6.9      7.9      6.5   6.6   5.6   6.4   5.4
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,927.2  1,973.8  1,937.8  1,958.0    102.1     80.9     98.6     83.7   5.3   4.1   5.1   4.3
  Spokane-Spokane Valley................    245.4    243.6    244.4    242.2     17.7     14.9     16.5     14.0   7.2   6.1   6.8   5.8
  Walla Walla...........................     29.5     29.3     29.5     29.2      1.9      1.5      1.7      1.4   6.3   5.2   5.8   4.8
  Wenatchee.............................     63.8     64.2     63.9     64.0      4.0      3.1      3.3      2.7   6.2   4.9   5.1   4.2
  Yakima................................    125.1    124.5    126.9    128.3     10.4      8.5      8.3      6.8   8.3   6.8   6.5   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    788.7    792.0    787.9    789.8     51.4     59.0     45.9     49.4   6.5   7.4   5.8   6.3
  Beckley...............................     48.2     48.0     47.7     48.0      3.6      4.0      3.2      3.4   7.4   8.3   6.6   7.1
  Charleston............................    100.2    100.1     99.5     98.6      6.3      7.2      5.8      6.1   6.3   7.1   5.8   6.2
  Huntington-Ashland....................    149.4    147.5    149.6    147.7      9.8      9.6      8.7      8.5   6.6   6.5   5.8   5.7
  Morgantown............................     63.3     63.4     65.4     65.3      3.2      3.9      2.9      3.1   5.1   6.2   4.4   4.8
  Parkersburg-Vienna....................     40.0     40.2     39.8     40.2      2.5      2.9      2.2      2.5   6.2   7.1   5.6   6.2
  Wheeling..............................     66.5     67.2     66.1     66.3      4.1      4.4      3.7      4.0   6.2   6.6   5.5   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,113.9  3,102.4  3,098.8  3,079.5    162.5    122.0    146.4    112.3   5.2   3.9   4.7   3.6
  Appleton..............................    129.9    130.5    128.3    128.9      5.9      4.3      5.2      3.9   4.5   3.3   4.1   3.0
  Eau Claire............................     91.4     90.9     91.3     91.3      4.3      3.2      3.7      2.9   4.7   3.5   4.0   3.2
  Fond du Lac...........................     57.9     57.9     57.6     57.4      2.9      2.1      2.5      1.8   4.9   3.6   4.3   3.2
  Green Bay.............................    171.0    173.4    169.7    171.6      8.2      6.0      7.4      5.6   4.8   3.5   4.3   3.3
  Janesville-Beloit.....................     84.2     84.7     83.6     83.7      4.9      3.8      4.5      3.5   5.8   4.4   5.3   4.2
  La Crosse-Onalaska....................     76.0     75.5     76.8     76.2      3.1      2.5      2.8      2.3   4.1   3.3   3.6   3.0
  Madison...............................    373.1    376.3    372.9    375.0     14.0     10.6     13.0     10.3   3.8   2.8   3.5   2.7
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    833.7    828.6    827.2    818.1     49.3     37.7     44.7     33.9   5.9   4.5   5.4   4.1
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     91.8     91.8     91.7     91.5      4.9      3.5      4.3      3.1   5.3   3.8   4.7   3.4
  Racine................................    101.0     98.8     99.4     97.6      6.6      5.1      5.9      4.5   6.5   5.1   5.9   4.6
  Sheboygan.............................     62.9     63.3     61.7     61.7      2.7      2.0      2.5      1.9   4.3   3.1   4.0   3.0
  Wausau................................     73.3     73.0     72.9     72.4      3.6      2.6      3.2      2.3   4.9   3.5   4.3   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    309.4    311.0    306.5    306.9     12.0     11.0     11.7     10.7   3.9   3.5   3.8   3.5
  Casper................................     43.0     42.9     43.0     42.7      1.7      1.9      1.7      1.9   3.9   4.4   3.8   4.4
  Cheyenne..............................     49.0     49.2     48.3     48.0      2.0      1.6      2.0      1.6   4.2   3.3   4.1   3.3
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,143.5  1,127.6  1,130.2  1,138.2    173.9    140.0    169.5    138.8  15.2  12.4  15.0  12.2
  Aguadilla-Isabela.....................     91.8     88.5     90.0     89.5     17.7     13.7     16.8     13.3  19.3  15.5  18.7  14.9
  Arecibo...............................     54.1     52.8     53.0     53.1      9.2      7.6      8.6      7.3  17.0  14.3  16.3  13.7
  Guayama...............................     22.7     21.8     22.7     22.0      5.2      4.2      5.3      4.1  23.0  19.3  23.2  18.6
  Mayaguez..............................     30.5     29.5     29.9     29.6      5.5      4.1      5.1      3.9  18.0  13.8  17.1  13.2
  Ponce.................................    101.4     98.8    100.4    100.5     19.4     16.0     19.1     16.5  19.1  16.2  19.0  16.4
  San German............................     38.0     36.2     37.4     36.2      7.5      5.2      6.9      5.0  19.8  14.4  18.5  13.9
  San Juan-Carolina-Caguas..............    758.5    755.0    750.4    761.6     98.7     80.6     96.4     79.7  13.0  10.7  12.9  10.5

   1 For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population,
which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
   2 The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision
the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                 August          September           August          September        August    September 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,869.7 19,071.2 18,855.1 18,946.0  1,434.2  1,166.9  1,322.8  1,034.2   7.6   6.1   7.0   5.5
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim..........  6,620.4  6,643.2  6,627.4  6,599.7    525.8    425.8    490.1    372.6   7.9   6.4   7.4   5.6
     Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine.............  1,575.5  1,603.8  1,578.1  1,596.2     90.9     71.6     83.2     64.0   5.8   4.5   5.3   4.0
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  5,044.9  5,039.4  5,049.2  5,003.5    434.9    354.2    406.9    308.5   8.6   7.0   8.1   6.2
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward...........  2,470.7  2,526.3  2,469.3  2,512.7    133.6    106.2    122.0     94.4   5.4   4.2   4.9   3.8
     Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley.............  1,359.4  1,375.7  1,358.0  1,368.4     84.3     66.5     76.9     58.9   6.2   4.8   5.7   4.3
     San Francisco-Redwood City-                                                                                                          
       South San Francisco................    970.1  1,006.0    971.0  1,000.8     43.1     34.6     39.4     30.9   4.4   3.4   4.1   3.1
     San Rafael...........................    141.3    144.6    140.3    143.5      6.3      5.0      5.7      4.5   4.4   3.5   4.0   3.1
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    378.7    385.9    380.4    384.3     30.6     27.2     30.4     26.6   8.1   7.1   8.0   6.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,261.5  3,289.0  3,252.4  3,261.3    172.9    141.8    161.7    140.0   5.3   4.3   5.0   4.3
     Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville (3)    670.6    678.3    664.7    673.3     31.6     26.5     29.8     27.7   4.7   3.9   4.5   4.1
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,590.9  2,610.7  2,587.8  2,588.1    141.3    115.3    131.9    112.3   5.5   4.4   5.1   4.3
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,674.8  9,604.0  9,705.8  9,644.8    652.2    539.6    601.8    513.6   6.7   5.6   6.2   5.3
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach...  3,006.0  2,990.7  3,014.8  3,000.6    203.4    172.4    187.7    166.6   6.8   5.8   6.2   5.6
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    998.1    996.7  1,004.9  1,000.8     62.4     51.5     57.9     49.0   6.2   5.2   5.8   4.9
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,320.8  1,312.5  1,319.4  1,314.8     96.5     83.2     89.2     81.7   7.3   6.3   6.8   6.2
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Delray Beach.......................    687.1    681.5    690.6    685.0     44.5     37.7     40.6     35.9   6.5   5.5   5.9   5.2
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,528.4  6,542.0  6,502.0  6,502.0    447.6    365.9    400.3    329.0   6.9   5.6   6.2   5.1
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (2)............  4,924.2  4,920.6  4,889.0  4,858.4    336.4    274.4    301.2    238.4   6.8   5.6   6.2   4.9
     Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights.  3,810.2  3,799.8  3,783.6  3,741.7    261.8    215.7    234.8    183.6   6.9   5.7   6.2   4.9
     Elgin................................    319.2    323.8    317.8    325.4     21.1     16.6     18.6     16.0   6.6   5.1   5.8   4.9
     Gary (3).............................    337.9    337.4    336.4    335.8     25.7     20.4     23.2     18.1   7.6   6.1   6.9   5.4
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    456.9    459.7    451.3    455.4     27.9     21.6     24.7     20.7   6.1   4.7   5.5   4.5
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,606.5  3,621.9  3,560.2  3,537.0    204.9    161.9    201.5    158.9   5.7   4.5   5.7   4.5
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (2).............  2,632.9  2,655.3  2,608.5  2,598.9    138.6    109.6    136.2    107.5   5.3   4.1   5.2   4.1
     Boston-Cambridge-Newton..............  1,559.6  1,574.7  1,541.6  1,538.7     77.0     61.1     77.1     60.8   4.9   3.9   5.0   4.0
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    105.1    105.3    104.9    104.1      7.0      5.5      6.7      5.3   6.7   5.2   6.4   5.1
     Framingham...........................    155.9    157.0    154.0    153.6      7.1      5.7      7.1      5.5   4.5   3.6   4.6   3.6
     Haverhill-Newburyport-                                                                                                               
       Amesbury Town (2)..................    111.5    113.7    110.8    110.8      6.2      4.8      5.9      4.6   5.6   4.2   5.3   4.1
     Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem (2)......     94.9     95.3     94.1     93.1      7.5      5.9      7.1      5.8   7.9   6.2   7.6   6.3
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    183.1    185.1    181.9    180.8     11.0      8.5     10.5      8.3   6.0   4.6   5.8   4.6
     Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead...............     84.0     84.6     83.1     83.1      4.9      3.8      4.8      3.8   5.9   4.5   5.8   4.6
     Nashua (2)...........................    166.0    166.3    166.1    164.5      7.7      6.4      7.2      5.6   4.7   3.8   4.3   3.4
     Peabody-Salem-Beverly................     90.6     91.0     90.1     89.4      4.9      3.8      4.9      3.8   5.4   4.2   5.4   4.2
     Taunton-Middleborough-Norton.........     82.3     82.2     81.9     80.8      5.2      4.2      4.9      4.0   6.3   5.1   6.0   4.9
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,777.6  4,771.3  4,744.7  4,743.0    350.5    245.9    314.3    223.7   7.3   5.2   6.6   4.7
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn.................  2,045.1  2,021.3  2,027.5  2,008.2    182.5    125.8    165.3    113.6   8.9   6.2   8.2   5.7
     Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia.............    775.2    760.2    768.6    755.3     82.9     56.9     75.2     50.7  10.7   7.5   9.8   6.7
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,269.9  1,261.1  1,258.8  1,252.9     99.6     68.9     90.1     62.9   7.8   5.5   7.2   5.0
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,588.8  9,696.0  9,498.3  9,615.0    588.8    484.5    548.4    463.0   6.1   5.0   5.8   4.8
  New York-Newark-Jersey City (2).........  9,978.4 10,079.8  9,875.6  9,954.3    634.7    517.3    589.6    487.6   6.4   5.1   6.0   4.9
     Dutchess County-Putnam County........    193.4    193.3    190.2    190.2      9.8      8.4      9.4      8.7   5.1   4.4   5.0   4.6
     Nassau County-Suffolk County.........  1,463.7  1,481.5  1,436.4  1,464.7     74.3     66.5     69.6     65.3   5.1   4.5   4.8   4.5
     Newark (3)...........................  1,268.2  1,270.1  1,257.2  1,252.0     81.6     68.8     77.0     66.7   6.4   5.4   6.1   5.3
     New York-Jersey City-White Plains (2)  7,053.0  7,134.9  6,991.8  7,047.4    469.0    373.6    433.5    347.0   6.7   5.2   6.2   4.9
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,415.9  6,444.4  6,347.5  6,398.6    390.4    355.0    322.3    310.5   6.1   5.5   5.1   4.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,033.1  3,037.8  3,011.9  3,027.0    197.3    172.4    172.1    156.2   6.5   5.7   5.7   5.2
     Camden (3)...........................    634.1    635.9    634.5    634.5     45.4     37.0     42.7     35.7   7.2   5.8   6.7   5.6
     Montgomery County-Bucks County-                                                                                                      
       Chester County.....................  1,053.3  1,055.9  1,037.8  1,045.0     53.5     47.9     44.1     41.2   5.1   4.5   4.2   3.9
     Philadelphia.........................    979.0    974.6    975.3    976.1     75.6     67.5     64.4     60.2   7.7   6.9   6.6   6.2
     Wilmington (3).......................    366.7    371.3    364.3    371.4     22.7     20.0     20.9     19.1   6.2   5.4   5.7   5.1
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 13,093.4 13,030.4 13,144.7 13,045.6    693.7    569.6    638.4    568.0   5.3   4.4   4.9   4.4
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,566.9  3,566.4  3,575.6  3,564.0    185.9    139.9    171.0    139.5   5.2   3.9   4.8   3.9
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,375.4  2,383.0  2,381.8  2,379.8    124.0     91.6    114.4     91.4   5.2   3.8   4.8   3.8
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,191.5  1,183.4  1,193.8  1,184.2     62.0     48.2     56.7     48.1   5.2   4.1   4.7   4.1
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,500.1  3,530.8  3,497.1  3,506.1    214.8    174.8    202.3    169.5   6.1   5.0   5.8   4.8
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,927.2  1,973.8  1,937.8  1,958.0    102.1     80.9     98.6     83.7   5.3   4.1   5.1   4.3
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,541.0  1,588.7  1,554.4  1,576.8     74.2     57.6     72.3     62.0   4.8   3.6   4.6   3.9
     Tacoma-Lakewood......................    386.1    385.1    383.4    381.2     27.8     23.3     26.4     21.7   7.2   6.0   6.9   5.7

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated
February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are
Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two
or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their
metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles
are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area August September Change from
September 2014 to September 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,925.0 1,948.8 1,930.2 1,958.8 28.6 1.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.2 46.4 45.7 46.2 0.5 1.1

Auburn-Opelika

59.9 61.2 60.4 62.1 1.7 2.8

Birmingham-Hoover

511.4 519.7 512.7 519.4 6.7 1.3

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

69.1 70.4 67.6 70.1 2.5 3.7

Decatur

53.8 53.6 53.5 54.1 0.6 1.1

Dothan

56.5 57.1 56.9 57.4 0.5 0.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.4 55.1 56.7 55.4 -1.3 -2.3

Gadsden

37.4 37.4 37.5 37.3 -0.2 -0.5

Huntsville

215.9 216.4 217.3 219.9 2.6 1.2

Mobile

175.0 174.2 175.4 174.7 -0.7 -0.4

Montgomery

168.5 171.3 168.3 170.3 2.0 1.2

Tuscaloosa

102.8 104.9 103.7 106.2 2.5 2.4


Alaska

359.9 358.3 350.2 349.4 -0.8 -0.2

Anchorage

184.8 185.3 184.4 184.8 0.4 0.2

Fairbanks

40.3 40.7 40.1 40.2 0.1 0.2


Arizona

2,548.4 2,604.4 2,575.1 2,633.2 58.1 2.3

Flagstaff

64.8 65.7 66.7 67.2 0.5 0.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.7 46.1 46.3 45.6 -0.7 -1.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,841.6 1,888.0 1,857.8 1,904.6 46.8 2.5

Prescott

59.8 60.5 59.6 61.6 2.0 3.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.6 34.0 34.8 34.2 -0.6 -1.7

Tucson

358.0 362.1 366.2 371.3 5.1 1.4

Yuma

50.5 49.9 50.6 50.5 -0.1 -0.2


Arkansas

1,181.4 1,207.1 1,199.1 1,219.4 20.3 1.7

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

223.0 227.7 227.5 230.8 3.3 1.5

Fort Smith

112.2 111.7 113.6 112.7 -0.9 -0.8

Hot Springs

38.1 38.8 38.0 38.8 0.8 2.1

Jonesboro

52.8 55.0 53.6 56.1 2.5 4.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

344.5 352.8 347.2 353.1 5.9 1.7

Pine Bluff

33.5 31.1 33.8 31.6 -2.2 -6.5


California

15,655.1 16,097.8 15,728.2 16,177.9 449.7 2.9

Bakersfield

256.7 256.1 258.8 258.4 -0.4 -0.2

Chico

76.4 77.8 76.5 77.9 1.4 1.8

El Centro

51.0 53.0 51.6 53.9 2.3 4.5

Fresno

313.9 321.3 316.1 324.0 7.9 2.5

Hanford-Corcoran

38.3 39.0 38.4 39.2 0.8 2.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,705.4 5,826.0 5,739.4 5,869.3 129.9 2.3

Madera

37.3 36.9 37.5 37.5 0.0 0.0

Merced

62.0 62.6 64.6 64.7 0.1 0.2

Modesto

165.7 168.8 165.1 170.5 5.4 3.3

Napa

70.4 71.9 70.9 72.3 1.4 2.0

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

291.9 294.8 292.8 297.2 4.4 1.5

Redding

63.2 64.1 63.8 64.3 0.5 0.8

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,280.0 1,324.2 1,291.4 1,327.7 36.3 2.8

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

891.1 915.0 892.6 915.7 23.1 2.6

Salinas

132.6 135.6 132.9 136.9 4.0 3.0

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,349.0 1,391.3 1,346.9 1,393.8 46.9 3.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,194.7 2,268.5 2,199.2 2,275.0 75.8 3.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,007.3 1,063.9 1,012.4 1,061.0 48.6 4.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

106.7 110.5 108.8 112.5 3.7 3.4

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

95.4 95.4 93.2 94.9 1.7 1.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

175.8 182.4 175.7 181.7 6.0 3.4

Santa Rosa

192.7 198.1 194.2 199.4 5.2 2.7

Stockton-Lodi

211.3 216.6 211.4 217.1 5.7 2.7

Vallejo-Fairfield

128.1 132.0 128.4 132.8 4.4 3.4

Visalia-Porterville

114.9 116.9 116.0 118.2 2.2 1.9

Yuba City

40.0 41.0 40.1 41.2 1.1 2.7


Colorado

2,487.2 2,529.3 2,488.8 2,531.2 42.4 1.7

Boulder

175.9 177.8 179.1 181.3 2.2 1.2

Colorado Springs

265.2 267.0 264.8 267.3 2.5 0.9

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,361.3 1,391.4 1,360.7 1,390.0 29.3 2.2

Fort Collins

151.3 154.8 151.4 155.3 3.9 2.6

Grand Junction

61.6 62.1 62.4 62.9 0.5 0.8

Greeley

99.1 103.5 101.1 104.9 3.8 3.8

Pueblo

59.0 59.7 60.3 60.9 0.6 1.0


Connecticut

1,658.7 1,690.3 1,668.8 1,691.7 22.9 1.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

407.3 414.9 407.7 414.0 6.3 1.5

Danbury

77.7 77.6 78.5 78.3 -0.2 -0.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

557.0 568.1 566.9 575.4 8.5 1.5

New Haven

273.6 277.5 280.5 281.4 0.9 0.3

Norwich-New London-Westerly

130.0 128.2 129.0 128.6 -0.4 -0.3

Waterbury

66.3 67.8 67.2 68.2 1.0 1.5


Delaware

440.7 446.1 440.0 446.2 6.2 1.4

Dover

66.0 66.2 67.3 66.8 -0.5 -0.7

Salisbury(1)

160.6 165.7 154.7 159.6 4.9 3.2


District of Columbia

744.3 758.5 757.3 764.7 7.4 1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,103.2 3,164.3 3,118.7 3,172.0 53.3 1.7


Florida

7,815.5 8,051.0 7,831.7 8,066.2 234.5 3.0

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

227.7 234.0 229.5 234.8 5.3 2.3

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

106.9 108.1 104.3 105.6 1.3 1.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

181.7 185.9 182.2 186.2 4.0 2.2

Gainesville

128.5 131.3 133.7 136.5 2.8 2.1

Homosassa Springs

31.9 32.0 32.2 32.1 -0.1 -0.3

Jacksonville

625.1 639.7 623.5 639.7 16.2 2.6

Lakeland-Winter Haven

200.0 208.4 200.9 208.7 7.8 3.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,414.6 2,477.9 2,427.0 2,483.4 56.4 2.3

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

126.5 130.6 126.8 131.0 4.2 3.3

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

268.0 274.7 269.1 276.5 7.4 2.7

Ocala

95.9 98.2 96.2 98.6 2.4 2.5

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,114.6 1,157.3 1,114.2 1,155.6 41.4 3.7

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

197.1 202.3 197.8 201.7 3.9 2.0

Panama City

81.4 82.2 80.2 81.0 0.8 1.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

165.7 169.2 165.1 168.7 3.6 2.2

Port St. Lucie

130.6 133.7 131.4 134.4 3.0 2.3

Punta Gorda

42.9 44.5 43.0 44.4 1.4 3.3

Sebastian-Vero Beach

46.7 47.1 46.5 47.2 0.7 1.5

Sebring

24.1 25.1 24.8 25.3 0.5 2.0

Tallahassee

168.9 171.2 174.0 175.2 1.2 0.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,211.3 1,241.7 1,213.1 1,241.6 28.5 2.3

The Villages

25.3 25.8 25.2 25.9 0.7 2.8


Georgia

4,184.8 4,264.7 4,183.3 4,262.1 78.8 1.9

Albany

60.4 59.8 61.0 59.9 -1.1 -1.8

Athens-Clarke County

91.0 92.8 92.6 93.9 1.3 1.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,525.8 2,595.7 2,519.8 2,592.1 72.3 2.9

Augusta-Richmond County

224.0 229.3 224.8 230.6 5.8 2.6

Brunswick

41.5 41.6 41.2 41.7 0.5 1.2

Columbus

121.9 124.0 122.1 124.2 2.1 1.7

Dalton

67.2 68.4 67.3 68.5 1.2 1.8

Gainesville

80.3 82.4 80.9 82.1 1.2 1.5

Hinesville

19.9 19.6 19.9 19.5 -0.4 -2.0

Macon

101.0 101.4 101.0 101.1 0.1 0.1

Rome

39.5 40.1 40.1 40.3 0.2 0.5

Savannah

167.1 171.1 167.8 171.5 3.7 2.2

Valdosta

54.7 53.8 54.9 53.8 -1.1 -2.0

Warner Robins

70.5 69.2 70.5 69.5 -1.0 -1.4


Hawaii

619.7 633.1 625.1 634.3 9.2 1.5

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

71.6 72.9 71.3 72.2 0.9 1.3

Urban Honolulu

454.8 466.8 460.9 468.8 7.9 1.7


Idaho

661.2 680.3 663.8 685.3 21.5 3.2

Boise City

283.6 288.7 284.3 290.7 6.4 2.3

Coeur d'Alene

61.0 63.1 60.3 62.3 2.0 3.3

Idaho Falls

60.4 62.9 59.9 62.4 2.5 4.2

Lewiston

27.3 27.4 27.8 27.9 0.1 0.4

Pocatello

33.8 34.3 34.9 35.5 0.6 1.7


Illinois

5,903.5 5,931.4 5,920.1 5,947.3 27.2 0.5

Bloomington

94.0 94.3 95.1 95.8 0.7 0.7

Carbondale-Marion

52.7 53.6 55.4 54.3 -1.1 -2.0

Champaign-Urbana

100.7 102.2 108.6 110.5 1.9 1.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,539.2 4,579.7 4,536.2 4,575.3 39.1 0.9

Danville

29.1 29.6 29.3 29.7 0.4 1.4

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

186.0 181.5 184.5 180.3 -4.2 -2.3

Decatur

50.9 50.8 51.4 51.0 -0.4 -0.8

Kankakee

44.7 43.9 45.4 45.1 -0.3 -0.7

Peoria

180.2 177.7 179.1 177.6 -1.5 -0.8

Rockford

151.0 152.0 152.1 151.9 -0.2 -0.1

Springfield

115.1 115.7 112.3 112.4 0.1 0.1


Indiana

2,987.9 3,058.8 3,017.0 3,073.9 56.9 1.9

Bloomington

72.4 70.7 77.3 74.2 -3.1 -4.0

Columbus

50.6 52.8 50.9 53.0 2.1 4.1

Elkhart-Goshen

124.7 130.1 124.6 129.1 4.5 3.6

Evansville

155.7 159.5 157.0 160.9 3.9 2.5

Fort Wayne

212.8 215.8 215.1 216.8 1.7 0.8

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,002.0 1,032.8 1,003.5 1,031.6 28.1 2.8

Kokomo

40.9 41.5 40.4 41.7 1.3 3.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

95.5 98.5 101.1 103.4 2.3 2.3

Michigan City-La Porte

41.7 42.0 42.2 42.1 -0.1 -0.2

Muncie

49.0 49.9 51.5 52.0 0.5 1.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

132.6 135.0 137.0 138.5 1.5 1.1

Terre Haute

69.4 69.4 70.4 70.3 -0.1 -0.1


Iowa

1,543.7 1,564.9 1,562.3 1,578.2 15.9 1.0

Ames

47.8 49.9 53.9 54.4 0.5 0.9

Cedar Rapids

140.8 141.2 142.1 142.1 0.0 0.0

Des Moines-West Des Moines

346.7 354.5 344.8 356.3 11.5 3.3

Dubuque

58.5 59.4 59.3 59.8 0.5 0.8

Iowa City

97.9 99.8 98.7 99.8 1.1 1.1

Sioux City

86.8 89.2 88.3 89.1 0.8 0.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.7 90.1 93.2 92.5 -0.7 -0.8


Kansas

1,381.5 1,387.5 1,399.1 1,407.3 8.2 0.6

Lawrence

49.4 49.9 53.1 54.5 1.4 2.6

Manhattan

39.5 40.8 44.6 45.8 1.2 2.7

Topeka

111.9 112.5 111.9 112.3 0.4 0.4

Wichita

290.0 289.5 293.0 293.8 0.8 0.3


Kentucky

1,867.6 1,901.3 1,872.1 1,902.6 30.5 1.6

Bowling Green

71.5 72.4 72.5 73.7 1.2 1.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

54.2 55.5 53.9 55.3 1.4 2.6

Lexington-Fayette

264.3 272.7 265.9 273.5 7.6 2.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

632.9 648.1 633.2 650.1 16.9 2.7

Owensboro

52.1 52.9 52.2 52.7 0.5 1.0


Louisiana

1,979.5 1,980.7 1,986.3 1,986.4 0.1 0.0

Alexandria

63.3 63.0 63.4 63.0 -0.4 -0.6

Baton Rouge

396.9 403.6 400.7 407.4 6.7 1.7

Hammond

43.8 44.4 44.5 45.0 0.5 1.1

Houma-Thibodaux

102.3 100.4 102.0 100.0 -2.0 -2.0

Lafayette

222.0 218.6 221.7 218.0 -3.7 -1.7

Lake Charles

98.2 102.2 98.4 102.2 3.8 3.9

Monroe

77.5 76.3 77.9 77.0 -0.9 -1.2

New Orleans-Metairie

565.2 562.1 563.1 561.7 -1.4 -0.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

183.5 181.9 183.1 181.4 -1.7 -0.9


Maine

620.2 628.3 618.5 623.9 5.4 0.9

Bangor

63.9 64.5 66.7 67.0 0.3 0.4

Lewiston-Auburn

49.1 50.0 50.4 50.5 0.1 0.2

Portland-South Portland

199.0 205.6 197.4 202.8 5.4 2.7


Maryland

2,625.3 2,678.0 2,635.0 2,676.2 41.2 1.6

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,344.5 1,381.4 1,352.7 1,380.5 27.8 2.1

California-Lexington Park

44.1 44.8 44.1 45.1 1.0 2.3

Cumberland

39.1 39.1 39.7 39.9 0.2 0.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.3 103.6 103.4 102.9 -0.5 -0.5


Massachusetts

3,419.0 3,514.2 3,443.8 3,512.4 68.6 2.0

Barnstable Town

115.6 114.4 106.2 106.8 0.6 0.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,577.3 2,646.7 2,600.9 2,648.2 47.3 1.8

Leominster-Gardner

48.9 50.2 50.5 50.6 0.1 0.2

New Bedford

64.4 64.8 65.9 66.9 1.0 1.5

Pittsfield

43.2 43.7 42.2 42.0 -0.2 -0.5

Springfield

319.2 324.1 324.6 330.1 5.5 1.7

Worcester

271.7 279.6 275.5 281.4 5.9 2.1


Michigan

4,176.4 4,281.3 4,216.5 4,305.1 88.6 2.1

Ann Arbor

204.2 207.1 209.8 209.0 -0.8 -0.4

Battle Creek

57.9 59.4 58.8 59.8 1.0 1.7

Bay City

36.9 37.0 37.5 37.4 -0.1 -0.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,899.9 1,944.3 1,904.1 1,950.5 46.4 2.4

Flint

138.6 139.3 140.5 141.0 0.5 0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

512.7 534.6 519.5 536.9 17.4 3.3

Jackson

56.4 56.3 55.9 56.7 0.8 1.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

138.0 141.1 141.3 144.5 3.2 2.3

Lansing-East Lansing

217.7 220.9 225.7 228.7 3.0 1.3

Midland

37.7 37.8 38.4 38.4 0.0 0.0

Monroe

41.0 41.8 41.8 43.0 1.2 2.9

Muskegon

63.9 64.4 63.8 64.6 0.8 1.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.0 63.0 61.8 63.1 1.3 2.1

Saginaw

86.7 88.1 88.0 89.3 1.3 1.5


Minnesota

2,845.3 2,881.8 2,837.0 2,872.5 35.5 1.3

Duluth

134.6 136.2 135.8 136.6 0.8 0.6

Mankato-North Mankato

53.7 54.5 55.4 55.4 0.0 0.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,911.7 1,948.0 1,909.0 1,944.3 35.3 1.8

Rochester

117.1 117.0 115.4 115.7 0.3 0.3

St. Cloud

105.5 106.2 107.2 107.3 0.1 0.1


Mississippi

1,118.3 1,127.3 1,124.6 1,133.0 8.4 0.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.1 153.0 154.0 152.0 -2.0 -1.3

Hattiesburg

59.8 59.6 61.2 61.0 -0.2 -0.3

Jackson

269.9 274.3 271.7 274.3 2.6 1.0


Missouri

2,732.6 2,766.2 2,751.2 2,775.2 24.0 0.9

Cape Girardeau

43.0 42.1 44.0 42.8 -1.2 -2.7

Columbia

94.9 96.2 98.5 99.7 1.2 1.2

Jefferson City

75.3 74.9 76.1 75.9 -0.2 -0.3

Joplin

78.7 79.9 80.5 81.8 1.3 1.6

Kansas City

1,021.2 1,033.7 1,024.7 1,039.9 15.2 1.5

St. Joseph

62.3 60.9 62.6 61.6 -1.0 -1.6

St. Louis(2)

1,315.1 1,332.6 1,321.5 1,337.4 15.9 1.2

Springfield

199.9 202.4 204.8 207.9 3.1 1.5


Montana

462.6 466.9 459.3 463.3 4.0 0.9

Billings

82.9 85.3 83.3 84.8 1.5 1.8

Great Falls

35.7 35.1 35.9 35.4 -0.5 -1.4

Missoula

58.0 58.8 59.3 60.3 1.0 1.7


Nebraska

994.2 1,003.2 998.1 1,004.3 6.2 0.6

Grand Island

42.9 42.4 43.6 42.9 -0.7 -1.6

Lincoln

183.4 187.4 185.9 189.2 3.3 1.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

487.2 492.5 486.1 494.9 8.8 1.8


Nevada

1,220.9 1,257.6 1,230.9 1,265.4 34.5 2.8

Carson City

28.2 28.3 28.1 28.2 0.1 0.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

886.4 909.8 894.7 916.6 21.9 2.4

Reno

203.5 208.7 205.7 210.8 5.1 2.5


New Hampshire

646.0 657.5 654.9 657.4 2.5 0.4

Dover-Durham

50.5 51.1 52.3 52.7 0.4 0.8

Manchester

106.0 108.7 107.9 109.0 1.1 1.0

Portsmouth

86.8 89.0 86.1 87.6 1.5 1.7


New Jersey

3,962.5 4,018.2 3,980.3 4,020.1 39.8 1.0

Atlantic City-Hammonton

137.3 135.8 134.9 135.1 0.2 0.1

Ocean City

55.0 54.6 47.7 48.0 0.3 0.6

Trenton

250.1 255.0 251.5 256.1 4.6 1.8

Vineland-Bridgeton

54.0 54.7 56.2 55.8 -0.4 -0.7


New Mexico

820.6 826.7 824.5 832.1 7.6 0.9

Albuquerque

378.0 383.5 378.1 385.9 7.8 2.1

Farmington

50.2 51.1 51.4 52.3 0.9 1.8

Las Cruces

70.7 69.6 71.4 70.1 -1.3 -1.8

Santa Fe

62.2 62.2 61.5 61.4 -0.1 -0.2


New York

9,083.2 9,245.7 9,133.3 9,266.0 132.7 1.5

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

449.6 455.6 454.8 458.4 3.6 0.8

Binghamton

103.8 103.5 105.5 104.5 -1.0 -0.9

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

551.8 563.6 557.1 564.6 7.5 1.3

Elmira

38.8 38.8 39.4 39.1 -0.3 -0.8

Glens Falls

58.5 59.5 55.8 56.7 0.9 1.6

Ithaca

64.2 65.0 70.9 70.2 -0.7 -1.0

Kingston

59.9 60.5 61.0 61.3 0.3 0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,129.6 9,291.6 9,163.3 9,278.7 115.4 1.3

Rochester

518.6 527.7 527.4 534.4 7.0 1.3

Syracuse

314.1 314.4 319.1 319.7 0.6 0.2

Utica-Rome

128.2 129.4 128.3 128.4 0.1 0.1

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.9 43.5 43.2 42.7 -0.5 -1.2


North Carolina

4,153.9 4,260.6 4,170.4 4,269.0 98.6 2.4

Asheville

177.5 181.6 178.4 183.6 5.2 2.9

Burlington

59.2 60.3 59.6 61.3 1.7 2.9

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,065.2 1,107.4 1,070.7 1,105.0 34.3 3.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

292.7 296.4 293.2 298.4 5.2 1.8

Fayetteville

125.7 125.4 127.0 127.5 0.5 0.4

Goldsboro

41.7 41.3 42.2 41.5 -0.7 -1.7

Greensboro-High Point

347.9 357.2 350.7 359.7 9.0 2.6

Greenville

77.2 77.4 78.4 78.0 -0.4 -0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

145.4 146.0 147.2 146.7 -0.5 -0.3

Jacksonville

49.7 50.2 49.2 49.6 0.4 0.8

New Bern

43.8 43.7 43.7 43.5 -0.2 -0.5

Raleigh

564.7 575.9 562.1 576.8 14.7 2.6

Rocky Mount

56.3 55.2 56.8 55.8 -1.0 -1.8

Wilmington

117.7 119.7 117.5 119.4 1.9 1.6

Winston-Salem

252.3 256.9 254.7 262.1 7.4 2.9


North Dakota

461.9 457.8 472.1 463.8 -8.3 -1.8

Bismarck

73.2 75.8 74.3 76.5 2.2 3.0

Fargo

136.1 138.4 139.5 141.1 1.6 1.1

Grand Forks

55.1 56.3 57.5 58.5 1.0 1.7


Ohio

5,367.4 5,425.6 5,380.0 5,436.0 56.0 1.0

Akron

331.2 333.4 335.7 337.7 2.0 0.6

Canton-Massillon

174.2 174.9 173.9 174.7 0.8 0.5

Cincinnati

1,051.0 1,076.3 1,051.1 1,077.2 26.1 2.5

Cleveland-Elyria

1,047.7 1,060.3 1,043.0 1,055.5 12.5 1.2

Columbus

1,016.0 1,038.5 1,021.1 1,041.3 20.2 2.0

Dayton

373.3 377.8 374.3 379.0 4.7 1.3

Lima

52.6 53.7 52.3 53.6 1.3 2.5

Mansfield

53.1 53.1 53.0 53.0 0.0 0.0

Springfield

51.9 52.2 51.9 51.5 -0.4 -0.8

Toledo

295.6 304.3 301.4 303.8 2.4 0.8

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.1 43.1 43.3 43.7 0.4 0.9

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

225.0 228.6 227.9 227.9 0.0 0.0


Oklahoma

1,651.5 1,652.4 1,662.7 1,663.9 1.2 0.1

Lawton

45.4 43.9 45.1 43.9 -1.2 -2.7

Oklahoma City

617.0 626.1 624.1 632.8 8.7 1.4

Tulsa

438.3 437.7 440.8 441.7 0.9 0.2


Oregon

1,720.6 1,779.8 1,735.9 1,782.1 46.2 2.7

Albany

41.0 40.9 41.0 41.1 0.1 0.2

Bend-Redmond

71.1 74.2 71.3 73.1 1.8 2.5

Corvallis

37.2 38.0 38.1 38.8 0.7 1.8

Eugene

145.6 148.7 147.1 149.5 2.4 1.6

Grants Pass

24.3 24.9 24.7 25.4 0.7 2.8

Medford

78.8 81.4 80.2 84.1 3.9 4.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,075.4 1,116.9 1,081.7 1,117.5 35.8 3.3

Salem

150.8 154.0 153.9 156.4 2.5 1.6


Pennsylvania

5,768.1 5,830.9 5,825.1 5,863.9 38.8 0.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

349.6 356.6 354.7 355.9 1.2 0.3

Altoona

60.8 61.0 61.3 61.1 -0.2 -0.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.5 41.8 42.7 43.0 0.3 0.7

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

58.0 58.2 58.6 58.8 0.2 0.3

East Stroudsburg

55.0 55.0 54.8 55.9 1.1 2.0

Erie

129.6 130.6 130.8 132.5 1.7 1.3

Gettysburg

33.6 33.8 34.6 34.6 0.0 0.0

Harrisburg-Carlisle

330.8 339.1 330.0 338.9 8.9 2.7

Johnstown

56.5 56.8 57.6 57.3 -0.3 -0.5

Lancaster

239.6 243.9 241.7 245.6 3.9 1.6

Lebanon

50.7 49.9 51.0 50.2 -0.8 -1.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,761.4 2,794.6 2,793.6 2,819.6 26.0 0.9

Pittsburgh

1,157.7 1,184.2 1,167.7 1,182.6 14.9 1.3

Reading

172.0 174.8 174.2 176.8 2.6 1.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

255.4 262.7 259.1 266.9 7.8 3.0

State College

74.3 74.5 77.3 77.0 -0.3 -0.4

Williamsport

56.0 55.2 56.6 55.6 -1.0 -1.8

York-Hanover

178.3 178.8 179.8 180.5 0.7 0.4


Rhode Island

480.2 486.5 484.1 487.7 3.6 0.7

Providence-Warwick

566.8 579.2 573.9 582.2 8.3 1.4


South Carolina

1,950.0 2,007.7 1,956.4 2,017.8 61.4 3.1

Charleston-North Charleston

323.6 330.8 323.2 331.9 8.7 2.7

Columbia

372.6 380.4 374.5 384.5 10.0 2.7

Florence

83.5 84.3 84.3 85.4 1.1 1.3

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

387.6 397.9 389.8 402.6 12.8 3.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

73.7 74.4 72.5 72.6 0.1 0.1

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

159.9 164.4 155.2 159.9 4.7 3.0

Spartanburg

137.5 141.3 138.9 143.3 4.4 3.2

Sumter

38.3 38.3 38.3 38.6 0.3 0.8


South Dakota

430.9 439.4 428.4 435.6 7.2 1.7

Rapid City

69.5 70.9 67.5 68.0 0.5 0.7

Sioux Falls

148.7 152.6 148.1 151.4 3.3 2.2


Tennessee

2,819.3 2,866.4 2,842.0 2,890.1 48.1 1.7

Chattanooga

238.9 244.3 241.4 246.2 4.8 2.0

Clarksville

86.8 89.1 87.4 90.0 2.6 3.0

Cleveland

45.5 44.5 45.2 44.4 -0.8 -1.8

Jackson

64.9 66.4 65.4 66.2 0.8 1.2

Johnson City

76.7 77.9 78.3 79.4 1.1 1.4

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

121.7 122.7 122.0 123.7 1.7 1.4

Knoxville

377.6 386.7 380.9 390.4 9.5 2.5

Memphis

616.2 620.0 617.7 623.8 6.1 1.0

Morristown

43.4 44.5 43.6 45.1 1.5 3.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

882.0 906.4 888.6 911.6 23.0 2.6


Texas

11,569.7 11,792.1 11,617.4 11,835.8 218.4 1.9

Abilene

67.8 68.1 68.2 68.9 0.7 1.0

Amarillo

115.8 116.7 116.2 116.4 0.2 0.2

Austin-Round Rock

915.5 945.1 919.2 948.5 29.3 3.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

164.7 170.4 166.4 171.2 4.8 2.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

136.8 138.9 136.9 138.5 1.6 1.2

College Station-Bryan

102.0 102.4 106.0 106.3 0.3 0.3

Corpus Christi

194.2 196.5 195.7 198.6 2.9 1.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,289.0 3,390.9 3,299.3 3,398.0 98.7 3.0

El Paso

293.5 296.6 294.9 297.7 2.8 0.9

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,932.0 2,977.0 2,947.2 2,983.4 36.2 1.2

Killeen-Temple

133.8 136.1 134.3 136.1 1.8 1.3

Laredo

98.3 100.9 98.9 100.6 1.7 1.7

Longview

103.5 105.0 104.1 104.8 0.7 0.7

Lubbock

136.9 139.2 137.2 140.9 3.7 2.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

239.9 246.1 241.5 249.5 8.0 3.3

Midland

96.4 99.3 97.0 99.7 2.7 2.8

Odessa

79.4 81.8 80.5 82.7 2.2 2.7

San Angelo

48.3 49.1 48.7 49.2 0.5 1.0

San Antonio-New Braunfels

951.5 982.8 952.2 987.2 35.0 3.7

Sherman-Denison

45.3 45.4 44.8 45.3 0.5 1.1

Texarkana

57.7 57.7 58.8 58.5 -0.3 -0.5

Tyler

99.0 100.1 98.7 100.6 1.9 1.9

Victoria

44.7 46.0 44.9 46.4 1.5 3.3

Waco

112.5 113.6 112.6 114.1 1.5 1.3

Wichita Falls

58.2 57.0 58.3 57.0 -1.3 -2.2


Utah

1,325.5 1,379.3 1,341.1 1,392.8 51.7 3.9

Logan

54.7 55.9 57.6 59.1 1.5 2.6

Ogden-Clearfield

231.8 239.3 233.1 240.4 7.3 3.1

Provo-Orem

210.5 223.5 216.2 229.7 13.5 6.2

St. George

54.5 55.3 55.1 55.8 0.7 1.3

Salt Lake City

654.0 678.7 658.8 683.0 24.2 3.7


Vermont

308.0 311.2 311.6 313.7 2.1 0.7

Burlington-South Burlington

121.9 125.4 123.7 126.5 2.8 2.3


Virginia

3,780.3 3,811.2 3,785.8 3,818.7 32.9 0.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

73.8 75.8 78.1 79.9 1.8 2.3

Charlottesville

107.3 109.4 111.2 112.7 1.5 1.3

Harrisonburg

61.8 62.6 64.6 65.4 0.8 1.2

Lynchburg

103.1 103.1 103.2 103.1 -0.1 -0.1

Richmond

632.3 630.7 631.1 630.6 -0.5 -0.1

Roanoke

159.8 158.8 160.9 159.9 -1.0 -0.6

Staunton-Waynesboro

48.5 48.3 48.7 48.2 -0.5 -1.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

761.4 766.4 756.2 762.2 6.0 0.8

Winchester

59.9 61.3 59.9 61.4 1.5 2.5


Washington

3,093.6 3,199.3 3,110.3 3,203.2 92.9 3.0

Bellingham

84.6 86.9 85.6 89.0 3.4 4.0

Bremerton-Silverdale

86.8 88.1 86.5 88.5 2.0 2.3

Kennewick-Richland

105.9 107.7 106.0 107.6 1.6 1.5

Longview

38.8 38.7 39.7 39.1 -0.6 -1.5

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.3 47.8 48.3 47.9 -0.4 -0.8

Olympia-Tumwater

106.0 109.2 107.2 109.8 2.6 2.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,854.2 1,920.7 1,858.8 1,919.9 61.1 3.3

Spokane-Spokane Valley

229.2 237.1 233.1 239.5 6.4 2.7

Walla Walla

25.7 26.0 26.1 26.2 0.1 0.4

Wenatchee

41.3 42.6 41.8 42.3 0.5 1.2

Yakima

79.0 81.2 80.5 82.8 2.3 2.9


West Virginia

758.5 748.4 768.5 755.8 -12.7 -1.7

Beckley

48.1 47.7 48.2 48.3 0.1 0.2

Charleston

124.1 123.5 123.9 122.6 -1.3 -1.0

Huntington-Ashland

139.9 140.0 141.5 141.5 0.0 0.0

Morgantown

67.6 67.3 70.8 70.1 -0.7 -1.0

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.3 42.3 42.5 42.7 0.2 0.5

Wheeling

67.9 68.7 68.3 68.5 0.2 0.3


Wisconsin

2,867.4 2,923.4 2,868.0 2,919.9 51.9 1.8

Appleton

122.4 124.8 120.7 123.8 3.1 2.6

Eau Claire

84.3 84.9 84.9 86.4 1.5 1.8

Fond du Lac

47.9 48.7 48.2 48.6 0.4 0.8

Green Bay

171.9 177.6 171.8 176.9 5.1 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

66.6 68.2 66.6 67.9 1.3 2.0

La Crosse-Onalaska

75.4 75.9 77.1 77.4 0.3 0.4

Madison

381.6 390.2 383.3 391.5 8.2 2.1

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

851.1 862.3 849.7 858.8 9.1 1.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

92.9 94.9 93.9 95.6 1.7 1.8

Racine

77.3 76.2 76.5 76.5 0.0 0.0

Sheboygan

62.2 63.2 61.2 62.0 0.8 1.3

Wausau

70.6 71.4 70.8 71.3 0.5 0.7


Wyoming

299.9 301.0 299.5 296.8 -2.7 -0.9

Casper

43.1 42.5 43.5 42.8 -0.7 -1.6

Cheyenne

47.5 48.0 47.6 47.1 -0.5 -1.1


Puerto Rico

891.1 900.9 899.5 904.3 4.8 0.5

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.2 50.9 50.3 51.6 1.3 2.6

Arecibo

33.6 33.8 33.9 34.0 0.1 0.3

Guayama

14.6 14.5 14.8 14.7 -0.1 -0.7

Mayaguez

34.4 34.6 34.8 34.7 -0.1 -0.3

Ponce

71.4 71.4 72.2 72.1 -0.1 -0.1

San German

19.9 20.1 20.3 20.2 -0.1 -0.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

646.6 655.3 653.2 657.8 4.6 0.7


Virgin Islands

37.3 37.5 37.5 37.6 0.1 0.3

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division August September Change from
September 2014 to September 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

California

15,655.1 16,097.8 15,728.2 16,177.9 449.7 2.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,705.4 5,826.0 5,739.4 5,869.3 129.9 2.3

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,492.4 1,541.8 1,500.3 1,545.2 44.9 3.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,213.0 4,284.2 4,239.1 4,324.1 85.0 2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,194.7 2,268.5 2,199.2 2,275.0 75.8 3.4

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,065.4 1,087.0 1,068.3 1,091.2 22.9 2.1

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,016.7 1,065.7 1,019.7 1,067.6 47.9 4.7

San Rafael

112.6 115.8 111.2 116.2 5.0 4.5


District of Columbia

744.3 758.5 757.3 764.7 7.4 1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,103.2 3,164.3 3,118.7 3,172.0 53.3 1.7

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

577.8 590.5 576.7 589.7 13.0 2.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,525.4 2,573.8 2,542.0 2,582.3 40.3 1.6


Florida

7,815.5 8,051.0 7,831.7 8,066.2 234.5 3.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,414.6 2,477.9 2,427.0 2,483.4 56.4 2.3

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

772.7 798.8 776.8 799.6 22.8 2.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,083.9 1,108.1 1,089.8 1,111.6 21.8 2.0

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

558.0 571.0 560.4 572.2 11.8 2.1


Illinois

5,903.5 5,931.4 5,920.1 5,947.3 27.2 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,539.2 4,579.7 4,536.2 4,575.3 39.1 0.9

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,608.8 3,641.7 3,603.4 3,637.6 34.2 0.9

Elgin

251.8 254.7 253.8 256.8 3.0 1.2

Gary(3)

272.4 275.4 275.2 278.1 2.9 1.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

406.2 407.9 403.8 402.8 -1.0 -0.2


Massachusetts

3,419.0 3,514.2 3,443.8 3,512.4 68.6 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,577.3 2,646.7 2,600.9 2,648.2 47.3 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,728.6 1,778.9 1,736.1 1,775.2 39.1 2.3

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

77.2 78.5 80.2 80.5 0.3 0.4

Framingham

169.6 173.5 170.2 174.3 4.1 2.4

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

62.5 65.5 63.8 65.1 1.3 2.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

77.9 80.1 79.4 79.2 -0.2 -0.3

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

144.2 149.4 147.2 149.3 2.1 1.4

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

44.5 46.1 44.7 46.2 1.5 3.4

Nashua(2)

122.3 121.3 125.5 123.7 -1.8 -1.4

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

93.4 95.6 95.4 96.3 0.9 0.9

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

57.1 57.8 58.4 58.4 0.0 0.0


Michigan

4,176.4 4,281.3 4,216.5 4,305.1 88.6 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,899.9 1,944.3 1,904.1 1,950.5 46.4 2.4

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

721.8 736.0 725.8 741.4 15.6 2.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,178.1 1,208.3 1,178.3 1,209.1 30.8 2.6


New York

9,083.2 9,245.7 9,133.3 9,266.0 132.7 1.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,129.6 9,291.6 9,163.3 9,278.7 115.4 1.3

Dutchess County-Putnam County

142.5 142.4 142.9 141.3 -1.6 -1.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,294.0 1,314.8 1,293.9 1,314.1 20.2 1.6

Newark(3)

1,176.4 1,190.9 1,183.8 1,192.6 8.8 0.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,516.7 6,643.5 6,542.7 6,630.7 88.0 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,768.1 5,830.9 5,825.1 5,863.9 38.8 0.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,761.4 2,794.6 2,793.6 2,819.6 26.0 0.9

Camden(3)

504.5 515.4 513.0 521.2 8.2 1.6

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,019.8 1,033.1 1,020.7 1,033.5 12.8 1.3

Philadelphia

891.0 896.5 911.0 911.6 0.6 0.1

Wilmington(3)

346.1 349.6 348.9 353.3 4.4 1.3


Texas

11,569.7 11,792.1 11,617.4 11,835.8 218.4 1.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,289.0 3,390.9 3,299.3 3,398.0 98.7 3.0

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,309.8 2,392.8 2,317.0 2,395.8 78.8 3.4

Fort Worth-Arlington

979.2 998.1 982.3 1,002.2 19.9 2.0


Washington

3,093.6 3,199.3 3,110.3 3,203.2 92.9 3.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,854.2 1,920.7 1,858.8 1,919.9 61.1 3.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,564.1 1,618.4 1,564.7 1,615.6 50.9 3.3

Tacoma-Lakewood

290.1 302.3 294.1 304.3 10.2 3.5

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: October 28, 2015