Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, November 3, 2021 			       USDL-21-1928

Technical information: 
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact: (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


               METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2021


Unemployment rates were lower in September than a year earlier in 386 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, higher in 2 areas, and unchanged in 1 area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. A total of 88 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 2 areas had rates
of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 90 metropolitan
areas and was essentially unchanged in 299 areas. The national unemployment rate in September
was 4.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.7 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force
and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the
national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours,
and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies
used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In September, Logan, UT-ID, and Lincoln, NE, had the lowest unemployment rates, 1.2 percent and
1.3 percent, respectively. El Centro, CA, had the highest rate, 18.1 percent. A total of 251 areas
had September jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.6 percent, 125 areas had rates above it,
and 13 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in September occurred in Kahului-Wailuku-
Lahaina, HI (-15.9 percentage points). Rates fell over the year by at least 5.0 percentage points
in an additional 10 areas. No area had an unemployment rate increase greater than 0.1 percentage
point.

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Salt Lake City,
UT, and Oklahoma City, OK, had the lowest jobless rates in September, 1.7 percent and 1.9 percent,
respectively. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, had the
highest unemployment rates, 7.4 percent each. All 51 large areas had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases. The largest jobless rate decline was in Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (-8.0 
percentage points). The smallest over-the-year rate decrease occurred in Baltimore-Columbia-Towson,
MD (-1.3 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In September, Warren-Troy-Farmington
Hills, MI, had the lowest division unemployment rate, 2.4 percent, followed by Nashua, NH-MA,
2.6 percent. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA, had the highest rate among the divisions, 8.2
percent. (See table 2.)

In September, all 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, had the largest rate decline (-9.1 percentage points). The smallest
rate decrease occurred in Camden, NJ (-1.1 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In September, 90 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
and 299 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+364,100), New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+260,600),
and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+196,700). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in
employment occurred in Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI (+23.9 percent), Urban Honolulu, HI (+12.7
percent), and Ocean City, NJ (+11.2 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 46 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population
of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 5 areas. The largest over-the-
year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Las Vegas-
Henderson-Paradise, NV (+8.0 percent), Austin-Round Rock, TX (+7.4 percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, FL (+7.0 percent).   

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In September, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 25 metropolitan divisions and was essentially
unchanged in 13 divisions over the year. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+254,600), followed by New
York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+221,800), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+140,000). (See table
4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine,
CA (+7.4 percent), San Rafael, CA (+7.0 percent), and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco,
CA (+6.6 percent). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled to be released on Friday,
November 19, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release
for October is scheduled to be released on Thursday, December 2, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).
 
 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|												    |
|                   Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on September 2021			    |
|                            Establishment and Household Survey Data				    |
|												    |
| Data collection for both surveys was affected by the pandemic. In the establishment survey,	    |
| more data continued to be collected by web than in months prior to the pandemic. In the	    |
| household survey, for the safety of both interviewers and respondents, in-person interviews	    |
| were conducted only when telephone interviews could not be done.				    |
|												    |
| For information on the modifications made to the Current Employment Statistics (CES) estimation   |
| and methodological procedures due to the impact of COVID-19, see 				    |
| www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.								    |
|												    |
| For the September 2021 estimates of household employment and unemployment from the Local Area	    |
| Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, BLS continued to implement level-shift outliers in	    |
| the employment and/or unemployment inputs to the state models, based on statistical evaluation    |
| of movements in each area's inputs. These level shifts preserved movements in the published	    |
| estimates that the models otherwise would have discounted, without requiring changes to how	    |
| the models create estimates at other points in the time series.				    |
|												    |
| The "Frequently asked questions" document at 							    |
| www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-september-2021.htm extensively discusses	    |
| the impact of a misclassification in the household survey on the national estimates for	    |
| September 2021. Despite the considerable decline in its degree relative to prior months, this	    |
| misclassification continued to be widespread geographically, which in turn affected the official  |
| LAUS estimates for September 2021.								    |
|												    |
| Household data for substate areas are controlled to the employment and unemployment totals for    |
| their respective model-based areas. Hence, the preliminary September and revised August 	    |
| estimates for substate areas reflect the use of level-shift outliers, where implemented, in	    |
| the inputs for their model-based control areas. The substate area estimates also were impacted    |
| by misclassification in the household survey, in proportion to the impacts of the 		    |
| misclassifications on the data for their model-based control areas.				    |
|												    |
| Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a monthly household   |
| survey similar to the Current Population Survey. The Puerto Rico Department of Labor has 	    |
| reported a misclassification in its household survey similar in nature to the misclassification   |
| in the Current Population Survey, which has affected the local area data proportionally.	    |
|___________________________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   Special technical note: This technical note describes the procedures regularly
used on a monthly basis to develop estimates from the CES survey and the LAUS
program. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, some of the procedures described in this
technical note have been modified. The modifications are briefly described in the
box note of this news release. More information on the changes to the CES business
birth-death model is available at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.
   
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals. In early
2021, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this news release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
August September Number Percent of labor force
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) August September August September
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) 2020 2021 2020 2021(p)

Alabama

2,234,629 2,217,397 2,213,645 2,217,042 163,319 76,391 151,290 66,033 7.3 3.4 6.8 3.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,513 45,855 45,929 45,664 3,849 1,882 3,541 1,666 8.3 4.1 7.7 3.6

Auburn-Opelika

75,794 75,874 75,691 76,067 4,710 2,197 4,340 1,901 6.2 2.9 5.7 2.5

Birmingham-Hoover

548,906 552,131 542,100 550,687 38,640 17,364 35,541 14,831 7.0 3.1 6.6 2.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

98,278 100,723 95,737 100,140 6,300 2,850 5,662 2,450 6.4 2.8 5.9 2.4

Decatur

73,009 73,048 72,560 72,636 4,028 1,925 3,649 1,691 5.5 2.6 5.0 2.3

Dothan

64,123 64,736 63,685 64,232 4,145 2,147 3,890 1,788 6.5 3.3 6.1 2.8

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,549 64,139 64,890 65,199 4,439 2,243 3,968 1,954 6.8 3.5 6.1 3.0

Gadsden

40,569 39,191 40,096 39,042 3,691 1,557 3,340 1,385 9.1 4.0 8.3 3.5

Huntsville

232,391 234,355 229,986 234,471 13,012 6,136 12,040 5,318 5.6 2.6 5.2 2.3

Mobile

192,367 185,378 190,086 184,944 19,898 8,916 18,555 7,549 10.3 4.8 9.8 4.1

Montgomery

175,011 169,620 173,278 168,084 15,720 7,135 14,949 6,268 9.0 4.2 8.6 3.7

Tuscaloosa

115,608 113,391 115,645 113,709 9,641 4,224 8,860 3,626 8.3 3.7 7.7 3.2

Alaska

339,540 353,294 335,688 350,446 20,973 17,934 21,941 18,376 6.2 5.1 6.5 5.2

Anchorage

188,181 193,624 188,162 194,716 11,958 9,581 12,455 9,706 6.4 4.9 6.6 5.0

Fairbanks

43,781 45,328 43,479 44,637 2,110 1,777 2,235 1,903 4.8 3.9 5.1 4.3

Arizona

3,518,126 3,634,888 3,557,313 3,660,529 249,959 193,802 249,405 159,033 7.1 5.3 7.0 4.3

Flagstaff

74,350 76,056 75,315 77,208 6,157 4,829 6,005 3,973 8.3 6.3 8.0 5.1

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

87,367 89,558 88,226 89,398 7,254 5,373 7,253 4,564 8.3 6.0 8.2 5.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,487,770 2,578,712 2,511,530 2,597,306 165,465 122,270 165,156 99,854 6.7 4.7 6.6 3.8

Prescott

106,230 110,735 107,243 111,087 6,612 4,715 6,461 3,908 6.2 4.3 6.0 3.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

51,675 52,575 52,513 53,116 3,037 2,713 3,018 2,250 5.9 5.2 5.7 4.2

Tucson

486,417 497,250 491,929 502,192 32,862 26,103 33,108 21,710 6.8 5.2 6.7 4.3

Yuma

95,324 101,521 98,890 100,420 17,323 18,294 17,096 14,814 18.2 18.0 17.3 14.8

Arkansas

1,347,895 1,358,013 1,340,180 1,356,947 84,611 51,612 77,940 42,743 6.3 3.8 5.8 3.1

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

281,939 294,566 281,630 296,134 13,550 7,852 12,467 6,527 4.8 2.7 4.4 2.2

Fort Smith

118,171 119,001 117,862 119,316 7,117 4,029 6,659 3,280 6.0 3.4 5.6 2.7

Hot Springs

41,997 41,589 40,873 41,004 3,644 1,862 3,321 1,580 8.7 4.5 8.1 3.9

Jonesboro

65,316 66,290 65,152 66,526 3,769 2,138 3,410 1,709 5.8 3.2 5.2 2.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

353,922 352,277 349,567 348,813 25,003 14,136 22,817 11,579 7.1 4.0 6.5 3.3

Pine Bluff

34,421 34,361 34,264 33,804 2,780 1,957 2,680 1,604 8.1 5.7 7.8 4.7

California

18,690,463 19,024,036 18,494,445 19,041,573 2,299,887 1,423,841 1,933,139 1,216,588 12.3 7.5 10.5 6.4

Bakersfield

385,614 385,876 382,804 385,096 50,164 38,342 45,541 33,621 13.0 9.9 11.9 8.7

Chico

91,344 93,191 90,474 93,799 8,934 6,302 8,169 5,379 9.8 6.8 9.0 5.7

El Centro

68,175 68,714 67,343 68,249 16,885 13,516 14,928 12,329 24.8 19.7 22.2 18.1

Fresno

439,517 446,523 438,826 444,997 50,503 39,295 46,294 34,562 11.5 8.8 10.5 7.8

Hanford-Corcoran

55,466 56,356 54,769 56,343 6,112 5,073 5,672 4,485 11.0 9.0 10.4 8.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,464,674 6,601,247 6,326,521 6,616,500 1,026,135 580,167 777,912 492,822 15.9 8.8 12.3 7.4

Madera

61,747 62,648 60,757 62,607 6,479 5,235 5,860 4,543 10.5 8.4 9.6 7.3

Merced

112,481 117,080 114,259 118,318 13,330 11,186 12,106 9,751 11.9 9.6 10.6 8.2

Modesto

241,678 244,825 239,788 244,858 26,988 19,668 24,658 16,989 11.2 8.0 10.3 6.9

Napa

68,417 71,241 67,911 71,310 6,368 3,861 5,635 3,282 9.3 5.4 8.3 4.6

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

401,451 409,278 399,863 410,161 39,318 25,300 35,125 21,597 9.8 6.2 8.8 5.3

Redding

72,526 74,862 72,772 74,976 6,343 4,880 5,803 4,164 8.7 6.5 8.0 5.6

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,059,398 2,090,689 2,056,068 2,093,619 236,682 159,577 217,146 138,071 11.5 7.6 10.6 6.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,079,730 1,098,934 1,077,451 1,097,990 107,397 70,706 97,959 60,705 9.9 6.4 9.1 5.5

Salinas

217,046 227,096 213,344 225,361 19,149 14,605 17,297 12,791 8.8 6.4 8.1 5.7

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,518,659 1,536,342 1,512,118 1,534,735 164,732 101,620 145,203 86,140 10.8 6.6 9.6 5.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,437,221 2,473,282 2,420,908 2,474,812 239,181 139,205 218,246 116,822 9.8 5.6 9.0 4.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,039,834 1,055,670 1,030,736 1,058,692 84,979 50,770 76,845 42,195 8.2 4.8 7.5 4.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

129,399 129,497 130,677 130,972 11,089 7,113 9,832 5,975 8.6 5.5 7.5 4.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

132,158 135,017 131,149 134,245 12,149 8,372 10,871 7,193 9.2 6.2 8.3 5.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

216,272 220,673 215,658 221,351 17,888 12,044 16,110 10,295 8.3 5.5 7.5 4.7

Santa Rosa

243,406 248,593 241,905 249,566 21,107 13,195 18,872 11,162 8.7 5.3 7.8 4.5

Stockton-Lodi

331,302 334,168 330,993 333,072 40,402 28,384 37,380 24,919 12.2 8.5 11.3 7.5

Vallejo-Fairfield

200,438 203,337 199,338 202,565 21,953 14,859 20,208 12,825 11.0 7.3 10.1 6.3

Visalia-Porterville

196,826 199,989 194,135 200,516 25,779 21,118 23,408 18,730 13.1 10.6 12.1 9.3

Yuba City

75,457 77,609 74,685 76,440 7,832 6,262 7,251 5,477 10.4 8.1 9.7 7.2

Colorado

3,125,930 3,195,523 3,152,249 3,211,153 219,516 171,047 213,829 148,515 7.0 5.4 6.8 4.6

Boulder

191,671 196,196 194,964 199,873 11,735 8,667 11,265 7,226 6.1 4.4 5.8 3.6

Colorado Springs

359,936 371,242 363,333 374,267 23,764 20,680 23,565 17,869 6.6 5.6 6.5 4.8

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,674,266 1,712,072 1,685,554 1,724,964 126,215 93,616 122,272 82,376 7.5 5.5 7.3 4.8

Fort Collins

203,395 204,993 206,002 207,697 11,832 9,597 11,669 8,073 5.8 4.7 5.7 3.9

Grand Junction

76,126 76,677 76,958 77,183 5,148 4,350 4,955 3,720 6.8 5.7 6.4 4.8

Greeley

164,852 168,846 167,019 170,424 11,818 9,443 11,707 8,261 7.2 5.6 7.0 4.8

Pueblo

76,601 78,120 78,153 78,478 5,852 6,228 6,331 5,516 7.6 8.0 8.1 7.0

Connecticut

1,854,836 1,804,289 1,843,886 1,815,726 154,840 110,185 150,477 97,764 8.3 6.1 8.2 5.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

448,853 439,322 443,921 438,507 38,620 27,153 37,876 24,350 8.6 6.2 8.5 5.6

Danbury

103,082 100,620 101,655 100,411 7,511 5,095 7,399 4,416 7.3 5.1 7.3 4.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

609,570 588,540 609,869 595,873 50,289 36,445 48,507 32,033 8.2 6.2 8.0 5.4

New Haven

326,097 319,043 325,293 323,002 25,393 18,447 24,770 16,321 7.8 5.8 7.6 5.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly

137,118 131,547 135,566 133,385 14,207 8,688 13,397 7,745 10.4 6.6 9.9 5.8

Waterbury

109,233 106,803 109,052 107,705 10,661 7,961 10,352 7,141 9.8 7.5 9.5 6.6

Delaware

490,448 489,477 485,471 484,084 37,775 26,090 35,588 23,681 7.7 5.3 7.3 4.9

Dover

80,337 78,916 79,657 78,290 6,915 4,945 6,362 4,423 8.6 6.3 8.0 5.6

Salisbury(1)

197,655 199,755 188,525 193,590 14,227 10,079 12,140 9,889 7.2 5.0 6.4 5.1

District of Columbia

406,441 411,618 404,522 408,435 36,135 27,170 35,648 23,925 8.9 6.6 8.8 5.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,431,156 3,377,477 3,311,414 3,335,510 267,439 169,027 226,897 141,620 7.8 5.0 6.9 4.2

Florida

10,003,284 10,626,658 10,109,604 10,668,860 803,812 525,543 740,593 459,994 8.0 4.9 7.3 4.3

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

337,518 360,698 340,022 361,821 24,949 16,524 20,783 14,502 7.4 4.6 6.1 4.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

129,122 136,082 128,503 134,934 6,211 5,146 5,339 4,413 4.8 3.8 4.2 3.3

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

293,494 310,247 294,268 310,242 21,772 15,282 18,476 13,486 7.4 4.9 6.3 4.3

Gainesville

138,854 147,832 143,488 151,674 7,565 6,182 6,499 5,282 5.4 4.2 4.5 3.5

Homosassa Springs

46,297 49,184 46,628 48,994 3,682 3,097 3,234 2,621 8.0 6.3 6.9 5.3

Jacksonville

773,980 830,873 783,566 834,734 48,505 35,465 40,731 31,000 6.3 4.3 5.2 3.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

315,869 330,423 318,019 332,227 29,475 18,625 24,964 16,495 9.3 5.6 7.8 5.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,006,079 3,171,550 3,068,776 3,172,427 271,363 177,581 294,753 154,272 9.0 5.6 9.6 4.9

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

171,373 185,910 171,558 185,780 12,397 7,813 10,092 6,651 7.2 4.2 5.9 3.6

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

353,647 383,122 355,587 384,542 23,089 16,633 19,625 14,225 6.5 4.3 5.5 3.7

Ocala

136,739 146,647 138,920 145,928 9,720 7,849 8,414 6,904 7.1 5.4 6.1 4.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,284,687 1,346,852 1,282,415 1,358,813 137,291 67,483 112,078 60,612 10.7 5.0 8.7 4.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

280,876 300,152 282,272 301,099 18,103 12,811 15,467 11,411 6.4 4.3 5.5 3.8

Panama City

87,686 94,545 89,050 94,022 4,888 3,892 4,205 3,360 5.6 4.1 4.7 3.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

227,811 242,242 227,933 242,253 13,886 10,817 11,609 9,373 6.1 4.5 5.1 3.9

Port St. Lucie

214,200 232,923 217,161 232,318 15,361 11,277 13,107 9,737 7.2 4.8 6.0 4.2

Punta Gorda

70,040 74,625 70,748 74,398 4,983 3,706 4,269 3,203 7.1 5.0 6.0 4.3

Sebastian-Vero Beach

62,682 67,876 63,003 67,939 4,655 3,596 3,984 3,097 7.4 5.3 6.3 4.6

Sebring

33,821 36,534 34,277 36,499 2,708 2,383 2,433 2,093 8.0 6.5 7.1 5.7

Tallahassee

187,658 196,834 191,671 200,169 11,751 9,281 9,957 8,153 6.3 4.7 5.2 4.1

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,535,677 1,644,148 1,543,018 1,660,009 110,792 73,317 92,486 64,354 7.2 4.5 6.0 3.9

The Villages

31,645 33,646 31,875 33,333 2,387 2,146 2,138 1,860 7.5 6.4 6.7 5.6

Georgia

4,930,238 5,147,237 4,933,424 5,141,352 343,514 161,381 315,517 128,098 7.0 3.1 6.4 2.5

Albany

63,910 64,852 64,124 64,309 5,131 2,714 4,871 2,123 8.0 4.2 7.6 3.3

Athens-Clarke County

93,793 97,623 94,112 98,395 5,331 2,721 4,782 2,091 5.7 2.8 5.1 2.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,974,777 3,104,037 2,974,996 3,108,281 223,385 97,158 205,480 77,819 7.5 3.1 6.9 2.5

Augusta-Richmond County

261,753 268,948 263,722 265,381 14,900 9,407 13,617 7,351 5.7 3.5 5.2 2.8

Brunswick

49,947 52,905 49,940 52,503 3,157 1,666 2,890 1,221 6.3 3.1 5.8 2.3

Columbus

119,432 121,249 119,133 120,608 8,761 4,656 8,042 3,722 7.3 3.8 6.8 3.1

Dalton

56,371 58,422 56,584 58,226 3,455 1,797 2,903 1,481 6.1 3.1 5.1 2.5

Gainesville

98,537 104,328 98,625 104,630 4,410 2,289 3,920 1,760 4.5 2.2 4.0 1.7

Hinesville

32,898 34,291 32,811 34,058 2,022 1,018 1,875 840 6.1 3.0 5.7 2.5

Macon-Bibb County

98,965 103,149 98,954 102,822 7,163 3,543 6,713 2,811 7.2 3.4 6.8 2.7

Rome

41,670 43,338 41,809 43,635 2,464 1,246 2,199 1,057 5.9 2.9 5.3 2.4

Savannah

185,582 199,546 185,401 198,724 13,711 6,104 12,517 4,848 7.4 3.1 6.8 2.4

Valdosta

61,679 65,240 62,242 64,944 3,754 2,017 3,580 1,538 6.1 3.1 5.8 2.4

Warner Robins

83,349 88,465 83,866 88,135 4,457 2,557 4,061 1,940 5.3 2.9 4.8 2.2

Hawaii

645,049 648,495 608,565 646,829 91,155 43,012 93,068 41,144 14.1 6.6 15.3 6.4

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

81,261 81,297 76,367 80,227 19,059 6,939 18,311 6,502 23.5 8.5 24.0 8.1

Urban Honolulu

438,829 444,115 414,141 444,902 52,918 27,153 56,483 26,290 12.1 6.1 13.6 5.9

Idaho

891,663 912,707 907,941 907,657 38,766 24,655 50,384 19,504 4.3 2.7 5.5 2.1

Boise City

379,716 389,602 386,192 383,020 18,033 10,706 23,109 8,424 4.7 2.7 6.0 2.2

Coeur d'Alene

81,973 84,512 82,621 83,281 4,371 2,511 5,631 2,044 5.3 3.0 6.8 2.5

Idaho Falls

74,300 76,551 75,099 76,544 2,314 1,624 3,171 1,341 3.1 2.1 4.2 1.8

Lewiston

30,990 31,886 31,216 31,786 1,308 867 1,440 693 4.2 2.7 4.6 2.2

Pocatello

41,921 44,112 43,689 45,003 1,666 1,160 2,340 923 4.0 2.6 5.4 2.1

Twin Falls

53,371 53,718 54,222 53,667 2,117 1,474 2,766 1,158 4.0 2.7 5.1 2.2

Illinois

6,275,238 6,240,743 6,358,334 6,219,714 690,102 425,211 640,189 343,756 11.0 6.8 10.1 5.5

Bloomington

94,292 90,000 93,945 90,621 6,456 4,720 5,431 3,667 6.8 5.2 5.8 4.0

Carbondale-Marion

59,103 57,809 59,695 58,817 4,877 3,498 4,078 2,833 8.3 6.1 6.8 4.8

Champaign-Urbana

120,923 119,062 127,595 127,581 8,459 6,616 7,101 5,178 7.0 5.6 5.6 4.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,701,973 4,730,881 4,798,356 4,699,965 564,447 333,773 534,792 270,721 12.0 7.1 11.1 5.8

Danville

33,129 32,307 32,973 32,510 2,965 2,298 2,572 1,821 8.9 7.1 7.8 5.6

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

187,043 184,880 186,666 184,157 14,108 9,561 12,593 7,536 7.5 5.2 6.7 4.1

Decatur

49,144 47,426 48,024 46,850 5,229 3,872 4,496 3,238 10.6 8.2 9.4 6.9

Kankakee

54,954 53,418 54,077 53,502 4,926 3,591 4,225 2,944 9.0 6.7 7.8 5.5

Peoria

176,417 171,675 173,536 169,650 15,740 10,796 13,208 8,671 8.9 6.3 7.6 5.1

Rockford

164,689 158,002 162,346 157,365 18,013 13,096 15,065 12,099 10.9 8.3 9.3 7.7

Springfield

106,315 104,293 104,975 102,336 8,908 6,070 7,637 4,906 8.4 5.8 7.3 4.8

Indiana

3,339,458 3,331,182 3,321,153 3,327,038 238,890 134,618 200,335 115,552 7.2 4.0 6.0 3.5

Bloomington

76,456 77,403 77,326 78,777 4,676 2,791 3,748 2,209 6.1 3.6 4.8 2.8

Columbus

44,092 44,401 43,491 44,740 2,599 1,339 2,170 1,198 5.9 3.0 5.0 2.7

Elkhart-Goshen

111,907 116,881 111,640 116,923 7,151 3,269 5,815 2,833 6.4 2.8 5.2 2.4

Evansville

157,034 153,758 156,700 153,868 10,092 5,881 8,530 5,359 6.4 3.8 5.4 3.5

Fort Wayne

218,666 216,298 216,574 215,266 15,425 10,614 12,801 7,220 7.1 4.9 5.9 3.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,084,167 1,090,154 1,072,290 1,081,372 78,854 41,251 66,891 36,609 7.3 3.8 6.2 3.4

Kokomo

36,323 36,679 36,121 36,645 2,983 2,512 2,846 2,448 8.2 6.8 7.9 6.7

Lafayette-West Lafayette

105,881 108,994 108,963 112,292 7,071 3,917 5,777 3,356 6.7 3.6 5.3 3.0

Michigan City-La Porte

47,294 46,884 47,011 47,095 4,456 2,534 3,747 2,187 9.4 5.4 8.0 4.6

Muncie

51,283 51,845 52,889 52,917 3,970 2,486 3,250 2,015 7.7 4.8 6.1 3.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

158,683 159,338 155,963 156,793 13,425 6,889 11,276 6,052 8.5 4.3 7.2 3.9

Terre Haute

71,334 69,829 71,452 70,166 5,556 3,235 4,573 2,841 7.8 4.6 6.4 4.0

Iowa

1,631,247 1,648,868 1,635,725 1,655,423 79,510 63,457 69,064 47,973 4.9 3.8 4.2 2.9

Ames

54,861 55,240 56,713 56,775 1,936 1,707 1,606 1,181 3.5 3.1 2.8 2.1

Cedar Rapids

138,830 138,645 138,740 139,109 9,287 6,376 7,615 4,917 6.7 4.6 5.5 3.5

Des Moines-West Des Moines

351,259 362,390 349,785 361,068 18,289 13,551 16,011 10,337 5.2 3.7 4.6 2.9

Dubuque

53,731 54,473 53,520 54,802 2,724 2,142 2,460 1,575 5.1 3.9 4.6 2.9

Iowa City

94,638 93,573 94,175 93,145 4,658 3,371 3,895 2,462 4.9 3.6 4.1 2.6

Sioux City

89,257 89,397 89,879 89,258 4,023 3,085 3,453 2,252 4.5 3.5 3.8 2.5

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

85,297 84,580 86,105 86,040 4,405 3,450 3,972 2,557 5.2 4.1 4.6 3.0

Kansas

1,508,539 1,509,740 1,471,196 1,504,579 96,273 60,604 86,186 52,930 6.4 4.0 5.9 3.5

Lawrence

64,205 65,234 63,665 65,727 4,249 2,568 3,793 2,157 6.6 3.9 6.0 3.3

Manhattan

45,827 44,892 45,450 45,568 2,415 1,694 2,089 1,388 5.3 3.8 4.6 3.0

Topeka

121,892 122,486 117,802 120,396 7,097 4,607 6,452 4,001 5.8 3.8 5.5 3.3

Wichita

323,252 315,886 315,375 317,128 29,891 16,490 26,671 14,705 9.2 5.2 8.5 4.6

Kentucky

1,976,599 1,991,418 1,970,842 1,989,064 102,890 74,661 102,131 76,689 5.2 3.7 5.2 3.9

Bowling Green

79,808 79,884 80,112 81,078 3,851 2,812 3,582 2,862 4.8 3.5 4.5 3.5

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,328 63,871 62,959 63,233 3,353 2,455 3,236 2,501 5.3 3.8 5.1 4.0

Lexington-Fayette

264,514 266,915 262,438 263,219 12,345 8,541 12,297 8,626 4.7 3.2 4.7 3.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

650,580 658,372 647,532 656,588 36,486 22,494 34,823 22,483 5.6 3.4 5.4 3.4

Owensboro

52,804 52,358 52,336 52,093 2,473 1,932 2,477 1,921 4.7 3.7 4.7 3.7

Louisiana

2,101,254 2,060,445 2,090,267 2,052,375 174,030 113,383 170,842 101,491 8.3 5.5 8.2 4.9

Alexandria

64,561 63,544 64,498 64,000 3,960 2,442 3,830 2,192 6.1 3.8 5.9 3.4

Baton Rouge

421,756 416,584 423,299 419,481 31,231 20,733 29,752 17,655 7.4 5.0 7.0 4.2

Hammond

57,528 56,722 57,951 56,609 5,557 3,606 5,250 3,398 9.7 6.4 9.1 6.0

Houma-Thibodaux

88,742 87,986 88,684 86,491 6,267 4,063 6,104 4,998 7.1 4.6 6.9 5.8

Lafayette

214,234 211,435 212,758 210,968 16,411 10,406 15,823 8,934 7.7 4.9 7.4 4.2

Lake Charles

100,921 97,181 96,095 98,471 8,631 5,328 12,070 4,641 8.6 5.5 12.6 4.7

Monroe

80,448 78,072 80,108 78,902 5,878 3,803 5,598 3,254 7.3 4.9 7.0 4.1

New Orleans-Metairie

595,917 586,050 590,894 570,521 58,541 38,390 55,922 35,082 9.8 6.6 9.5 6.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

187,245 183,849 186,295 183,912 15,153 9,816 14,347 8,386 8.1 5.3 7.7 4.6

Maine

684,574 694,570 664,210 680,931 29,554 30,905 26,682 27,014 4.3 4.4 4.0 4.0

Bangor

67,589 67,867 67,825 69,074 2,738 3,018 2,477 2,639 4.1 4.4 3.7 3.8

Lewiston-Auburn

54,723 55,082 54,182 54,653 2,564 2,793 2,329 2,425 4.7 5.1 4.3 4.4

Portland-South Portland

204,215 210,335 200,916 205,904 8,995 8,202 8,077 7,213 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.5

Maryland

3,176,646 3,154,097 3,004,854 3,127,321 268,849 185,176 206,005 170,045 8.5 5.9 6.9 5.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,474,764 1,473,713 1,399,614 1,462,418 120,468 79,525 91,866 77,280 8.2 5.4 6.6 5.3

California-Lexington Park

57,047 57,204 54,069 57,047 3,429 2,738 2,432 2,555 6.0 4.8 4.5 4.5

Cumberland

42,942 43,157 41,602 43,440 3,405 2,356 2,764 2,159 7.9 5.5 6.6 5.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

130,842 129,974 127,102 129,819 9,534 5,659 7,553 5,075 7.3 4.4 5.9 3.9

Massachusetts

3,664,525 3,752,957 3,641,540 3,703,455 334,996 203,555 325,035 195,143 9.1 5.4 8.9 5.3

Barnstable Town

128,372 135,420 123,338 126,197 10,845 7,104 10,434 6,858 8.4 5.2 8.5 5.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,721,459 2,783,623 2,705,012 2,750,661 242,438 138,856 233,468 132,339 8.9 5.0 8.6 4.8

Leominster-Gardner

77,721 78,286 77,544 77,864 8,082 4,996 7,658 4,725 10.4 6.4 9.9 6.1

New Bedford

83,148 84,233 83,132 84,159 8,924 5,856 8,617 5,640 10.7 7.0 10.4 6.7

Pittsfield

40,918 41,174 40,338 40,331 3,978 2,622 3,779 2,544 9.7 6.4 9.4 6.3

Springfield

357,690 362,221 357,061 361,113 33,935 23,162 33,054 22,122 9.5 6.4 9.3 6.1

Worcester

347,194 353,912 345,497 348,749 30,400 20,053 29,547 18,760 8.8 5.7 8.6 5.4

Michigan

4,883,260 4,778,899 4,851,512 4,736,735 404,670 210,125 378,479 180,047 8.3 4.4 7.8 3.8

Ann Arbor

191,852 188,499 192,293 190,547 11,101 7,204 10,149 6,845 5.8 3.8 5.3 3.6

Battle Creek

61,313 59,606 60,797 58,860 4,777 3,475 4,408 3,123 7.8 5.8 7.3 5.3

Bay City

49,669 48,104 48,844 47,327 3,313 2,470 3,011 2,218 6.7 5.1 6.2 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,137,372 2,074,807 2,133,276 2,056,112 226,810 77,280 216,078 60,079 10.6 3.7 10.1 2.9

Flint

179,730 174,032 177,827 172,793 15,578 14,377 14,312 11,266 8.7 8.3 8.0 6.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

575,466 570,576 570,331 560,423 33,790 22,442 30,462 20,388 5.9 3.9 5.3 3.6

Jackson

72,878 71,198 72,753 71,277 5,186 3,622 4,728 3,323 7.1 5.1 6.5 4.7

Kalamazoo-Portage

165,584 162,713 165,284 162,923 10,491 7,457 9,628 6,752 6.3 4.6 5.8 4.1

Lansing-East Lansing

238,086 235,737 238,423 239,390 14,499 12,815 13,509 12,034 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.0

Midland

39,928 39,291 39,453 38,861 2,230 1,540 2,086 1,458 5.6 3.9 5.3 3.8

Monroe

73,011 71,766 72,948 72,004 4,687 3,752 4,179 3,791 6.4 5.2 5.7 5.3

Muskegon

77,902 74,413 76,467 73,223 7,156 4,985 6,592 4,544 9.2 6.7 8.6 6.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

73,661 71,733 72,346 70,414 5,256 3,448 4,727 3,197 7.1 4.8 6.5 4.5

Saginaw

84,581 82,865 84,150 81,767 6,645 5,444 6,141 4,829 7.9 6.6 7.3 5.9

Minnesota

3,126,078 3,035,823 3,084,862 3,033,209 195,939 101,882 169,776 85,056 6.3 3.4 5.5 2.8

Duluth

140,371 138,036 141,510 139,941 9,903 5,244 8,455 4,301 7.1 3.8 6.0 3.1

Mankato-North Mankato

60,034 58,612 60,772 59,196 3,285 1,796 2,717 1,438 5.5 3.1 4.5 2.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,044,641 1,982,667 2,014,432 1,979,023 141,253 68,554 122,923 58,465 6.9 3.5 6.1 3.0

Rochester

129,242 126,495 126,747 125,870 6,462 3,535 5,353 2,913 5.0 2.8 4.2 2.3

St. Cloud

112,448 108,615 112,267 109,439 6,002 3,961 5,302 3,145 5.3 3.6 4.7 2.9

Mississippi

1,255,536 1,271,613 1,262,195 1,264,518 96,874 74,812 88,775 59,263 7.7 5.9 7.0 4.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,884 169,176 164,442 168,314 13,455 10,047 12,252 8,030 8.2 5.9 7.5 4.8

Hattiesburg

67,709 68,703 68,748 68,795 4,855 3,660 4,423 2,938 7.2 5.3 6.4 4.3

Jackson

261,574 265,926 263,481 264,780 18,139 14,291 16,898 11,310 6.9 5.4 6.4 4.3

Missouri

3,093,781 3,055,940 3,067,041 3,047,662 187,462 106,650 147,973 87,257 6.1 3.5 4.8 2.9

Cape Girardeau

48,220 47,871 47,992 47,472 2,405 1,512 1,937 1,147 5.0 3.2 4.0 2.4

Columbia

96,859 97,816 97,794 98,712 4,259 2,351 3,238 1,793 4.4 2.4 3.3 1.8

Jefferson City

76,886 76,173 75,027 75,917 3,742 1,874 2,348 1,417 4.9 2.5 3.1 1.9

Joplin

83,671 83,692 83,132 82,826 4,596 2,532 3,721 1,894 5.5 3.0 4.5 2.3

Kansas City

1,155,392 1,174,116 1,128,697 1,163,022 72,907 44,197 61,334 40,963 6.3 3.8 5.4 3.5

St. Joseph

63,539 62,582 62,289 62,374 2,966 1,862 2,342 1,418 4.7 3.0 3.8 2.3

St. Louis(2)

1,483,662 1,447,461 1,464,965 1,441,427 102,966 60,619 84,147 47,910 6.9 4.2 5.7 3.3

Springfield

236,350 237,391 236,244 237,091 11,738 6,413 9,131 4,859 5.0 2.7 3.9 2.0

Montana

547,995 548,165 540,272 542,252 28,535 15,655 24,489 10,503 5.2 2.9 4.5 1.9

Billings

90,622 89,768 89,162 88,660 4,518 2,540 3,890 1,668 5.0 2.8 4.4 1.9

Great Falls

37,707 37,151 37,645 36,842 2,089 1,094 1,822 733 5.5 2.9 4.8 2.0

Missoula

64,170 64,318 63,831 63,299 3,641 1,790 3,066 1,231 5.7 2.8 4.8 1.9

Nebraska

1,031,473 1,022,109 1,023,637 1,018,835 39,782 18,765 37,866 14,253 3.9 1.8 3.7 1.4

Grand Island

44,013 43,345 43,992 43,356 2,105 829 1,984 622 4.8 1.9 4.5 1.4

Lincoln

185,795 186,635 184,724 186,343 7,217 3,156 6,775 2,430 3.9 1.7 3.7 1.3

Omaha-Council Bluffs

494,772 491,563 488,100 489,330 22,127 11,098 20,796 8,523 4.5 2.3 4.3 1.7

Nevada

1,523,321 1,533,153 1,539,088 1,532,345 219,299 109,883 200,711 97,755 14.4 7.2 13.0 6.4

Carson City

26,076 26,608 26,421 26,426 2,056 1,226 1,883 1,019 7.9 4.6 7.1 3.9

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,119,253 1,119,491 1,127,780 1,118,775 188,707 91,754 173,161 82,792 16.9 8.2 15.4 7.4

Reno

254,450 262,703 259,406 262,917 19,787 11,165 17,736 9,235 7.8 4.3 6.8 3.5

New Hampshire

768,870 756,979 758,568 742,972 48,630 21,503 40,858 18,089 6.3 2.8 5.4 2.4

Dover-Durham

85,029 84,209 84,391 83,672 4,846 2,264 4,074 1,949 5.7 2.7 4.8 2.3

Manchester

120,639 118,310 120,171 116,351 7,920 3,262 6,690 2,726 6.6 2.8 5.6 2.3

Portsmouth

79,072 78,818 77,205 76,928 4,219 2,047 3,626 1,739 5.3 2.6 4.7 2.3

New Jersey

4,548,021 4,446,146 4,348,286 4,385,187 494,604 308,503 333,020 273,063 10.9 6.9 7.7 6.2

Atlantic City-Hammonton

123,046 119,351 116,607 117,489 21,366 11,705 13,586 10,445 17.4 9.8 11.7 8.9

Ocean City

52,870 57,862 46,891 50,392 5,242 3,521 3,483 3,170 9.9 6.1 7.4 6.3

Trenton

207,771 204,426 199,975 201,888 17,483 11,542 11,911 10,132 8.4 5.6 6.0 5.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,405 66,356 64,258 65,440 7,509 5,616 5,085 4,886 11.3 8.5 7.9 7.5

New Mexico

915,617 950,216 961,466 945,592 85,672 59,845 82,725 54,575 9.4 6.3 8.6 5.8

Albuquerque

423,306 434,561 444,293 431,408 38,177 26,195 36,915 23,802 9.0 6.0 8.3 5.5

Farmington

48,949 48,837 51,781 49,010 5,468 3,693 5,426 3,387 11.2 7.6 10.5 6.9

Las Cruces

94,640 96,661 99,715 96,977 7,991 6,049 7,669 5,513 8.4 6.3 7.7 5.7

Santa Fe

69,483 69,626 73,093 68,840 6,517 4,125 6,147 3,742 9.4 5.9 8.4 5.4

New York

9,477,391 9,335,246 9,303,744 9,248,590 1,096,540 662,810 916,728 579,501 11.6 7.1 9.9 6.3

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

459,739 446,147 446,355 443,609 36,599 20,668 24,696 17,254 8.0 4.6 5.5 3.9

Binghamton

105,477 102,895 103,028 102,157 9,389 5,471 6,216 4,545 8.9 5.3 6.0 4.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

546,471 543,081 531,692 534,739 55,203 30,691 36,787 25,334 10.1 5.7 6.9 4.7

Elmira

36,006 34,856 35,101 34,283 3,283 1,918 2,183 1,616 9.1 5.5 6.2 4.7

Glens Falls

61,036 60,819 58,589 59,001 4,423 2,772 2,945 2,327 7.2 4.6 5.0 3.9

Ithaca

48,021 47,031 47,489 47,191 3,303 2,039 2,227 1,644 6.9 4.3 4.7 3.5

Kingston

88,039 85,708 86,021 84,622 7,747 4,316 5,135 3,562 8.8 5.0 6.0 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,915,186 9,731,783 9,656,077 9,623,734 1,210,352 741,121 995,945 658,648 12.2 7.6 10.3 6.8

Rochester

521,326 519,958 509,460 517,278 46,999 26,911 31,850 22,597 9.0 5.2 6.3 4.4

Syracuse

312,274 299,760 302,564 297,734 27,467 15,919 18,530 13,249 8.8 5.3 6.1 4.4

Utica-Rome

130,925 128,374 126,856 126,724 11,101 6,967 7,427 5,781 8.5 5.4 5.9 4.6

Watertown-Fort Drum

44,272 44,339 43,756 43,729 3,538 2,296 2,331 1,864 8.0 5.2 5.3 4.3

North Carolina

4,913,809 5,026,291 5,016,045 5,045,589 337,266 221,150 357,508 189,745 6.9 4.4 7.1 3.8

Asheville

224,463 228,248 230,131 229,386 15,956 8,697 16,324 7,402 7.1 3.8 7.1 3.2

Burlington

80,077 82,352 81,613 82,613 5,427 3,664 5,745 3,121 6.8 4.4 7.0 3.8

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,349,628 1,371,686 1,367,125 1,373,422 93,856 58,512 97,507 50,051 7.0 4.3 7.1 3.6

Durham-Chapel Hill

299,330 311,109 303,715 311,524 17,657 11,381 18,534 9,645 5.9 3.7 6.1 3.1

Fayetteville

144,108 143,963 147,892 145,861 13,040 9,219 13,926 8,042 9.0 6.4 9.4 5.5

Goldsboro

49,721 50,600 51,526 50,681 3,048 2,369 3,289 2,030 6.1 4.7 6.4 4.0

Greensboro-High Point

356,273 357,161 365,079 359,945 28,283 18,097 29,871 15,519 7.9 5.1 8.2 4.3

Greenville

86,165 89,770 89,243 92,467 5,637 4,176 6,275 3,582 6.5 4.7 7.0 3.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

169,052 173,850 172,576 174,422 11,297 7,172 12,046 6,163 6.7 4.1 7.0 3.5

Jacksonville

63,969 64,836 65,321 64,916 4,105 3,057 4,410 2,598 6.4 4.7 6.8 4.0

New Bern

49,987 51,445 51,076 51,058 2,933 2,176 3,227 1,871 5.9 4.2 6.3 3.7

Raleigh

710,114 737,584 721,469 739,193 42,910 27,348 45,032 23,251 6.0 3.7 6.2 3.1

Rocky Mount

61,692 62,880 63,537 62,842 5,704 4,021 6,166 3,566 9.2 6.4 9.7 5.7

Wilmington

149,092 155,670 151,764 156,154 9,446 5,976 9,783 5,073 6.3 3.8 6.4 3.2

Winston-Salem

318,870 325,358 325,162 327,603 21,345 13,922 22,903 11,912 6.7 4.3 7.0 3.6

North Dakota

415,991 406,639 406,373 404,240 24,206 13,032 16,530 10,481 5.8 3.2 4.1 2.6

Bismarck

71,384 71,690 69,649 70,665 3,297 2,007 2,259 1,636 4.6 2.8 3.2 2.3

Fargo

143,223 144,293 141,868 144,695 6,327 3,579 4,586 2,915 4.4 2.5 3.2 2.0

Grand Forks

52,906 51,918 53,292 52,580 2,656 1,592 1,871 1,267 5.0 3.1 3.5 2.4

Ohio

5,850,096 5,684,431 5,669,149 5,644,075 505,548 290,837 413,661 261,688 8.6 5.1 7.3 4.6

Akron

362,807 350,723 356,229 349,158 33,513 18,405 26,299 16,833 9.2 5.2 7.4 4.8

Canton-Massillon

200,944 194,132 196,117 192,353 17,807 10,013 13,947 9,218 8.9 5.2 7.1 4.8

Cincinnati

1,140,060 1,125,083 1,118,567 1,120,859 90,004 49,729 72,495 46,276 7.9 4.4 6.5 4.1

Cleveland-Elyria

990,490 1,004,762 904,577 987,748 79,764 53,122 79,698 43,823 8.1 5.3 8.8 4.4

Columbus

1,140,288 1,102,514 1,113,915 1,092,525 96,141 51,254 75,713 46,757 8.4 4.6 6.8 4.3

Dayton

400,117 381,398 392,289 379,811 36,314 19,964 28,689 18,245 9.1 5.2 7.3 4.8

Lima

48,890 48,112 47,915 47,893 4,232 2,544 3,262 2,930 8.7 5.3 6.8 6.1

Mansfield

52,828 51,199 51,847 50,454 4,785 2,988 3,796 2,724 9.1 5.8 7.3 5.4

Springfield

64,058 62,204 62,630 61,815 5,646 3,317 4,395 3,118 8.8 5.3 7.0 5.0

Toledo

306,386 293,270 302,361 290,734 30,209 17,136 23,739 15,301 9.9 5.8 7.9 5.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,440 50,399 50,634 49,476 5,531 3,205 4,575 2,519 10.8 6.4 9.0 5.1

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

238,336 226,114 234,561 225,870 26,800 15,216 20,811 13,222 11.2 6.7 8.9 5.9

Oklahoma

1,851,733 1,852,559 1,864,238 1,858,126 112,985 52,360 103,246 37,504 6.1 2.8 5.5 2.0

Enid

27,491 27,551 27,326 27,292 1,509 678 1,395 480 5.5 2.5 5.1 1.8

Lawton

50,736 51,240 50,964 51,179 3,101 1,564 2,845 1,127 6.1 3.1 5.6 2.2

Oklahoma City

688,628 695,723 694,770 698,922 41,869 18,695 37,849 13,226 6.1 2.7 5.4 1.9

Tulsa

482,764 482,511 484,409 485,218 31,418 14,078 28,583 10,135 6.5 2.9 5.9 2.1

Oregon

2,110,616 2,177,183 2,116,300 2,171,365 176,159 98,775 155,374 88,944 8.3 4.5 7.3 4.1

Albany

58,864 60,792 59,041 60,594 4,839 3,037 4,580 2,769 8.2 5.0 7.8 4.6

Bend-Redmond

98,894 101,101 99,183 101,263 7,655 4,424 6,610 4,019 7.7 4.4 6.7 4.0

Corvallis

44,441 46,454 45,527 47,355 2,946 1,761 2,579 1,551 6.6 3.8 5.7 3.3

Eugene

176,184 180,425 177,449 182,078 15,389 9,092 13,942 8,154 8.7 5.0 7.9 4.5

Grants Pass

36,197 37,235 36,667 37,313 3,039 2,062 2,596 1,807 8.4 5.5 7.1 4.8

Medford

105,940 110,107 106,692 108,862 8,887 5,308 7,772 4,607 8.4 4.8 7.3 4.2

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,319,516 1,357,819 1,315,702 1,352,587 118,339 59,863 102,044 53,016 9.0 4.4 7.8 3.9

Salem

205,577 214,152 206,982 214,347 14,767 9,429 13,555 8,455 7.2 4.4 6.5 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,307,843 6,318,696 6,331,317 6,262,637 646,398 416,980 444,222 339,004 10.2 6.6 7.0 5.4

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

430,725 433,744 431,195 432,369 44,696 28,869 30,062 23,785 10.4 6.7 7.0 5.5

Altoona

58,707 58,091 58,947 57,101 5,200 3,718 3,467 2,884 8.9 6.4 5.9 5.1

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41,594 43,002 42,179 42,558 3,165 2,452 2,197 1,894 7.6 5.7 5.2 4.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,473 76,236 76,620 75,527 6,429 4,155 4,428 3,221 8.4 5.5 5.8 4.3

East Stroudsburg

81,008 80,609 80,723 79,446 9,929 6,571 6,978 5,453 12.3 8.2 8.6 6.9

Erie

125,742 124,694 125,951 123,909 13,257 9,154 9,161 7,382 10.5 7.3 7.3 6.0

Gettysburg

53,206 54,989 53,990 54,941 3,752 2,614 2,469 1,943 7.1 4.8 4.6 3.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

297,238 300,030 298,300 295,315 25,416 16,998 17,450 13,532 8.6 5.7 5.8 4.6

Johnstown

55,007 53,015 55,716 52,873 5,572 4,212 3,660 3,184 10.1 7.9 6.6 6.0

Lancaster

280,200 282,126 281,541 278,216 22,608 14,974 15,348 11,786 8.1 5.3 5.5 4.2

Lebanon

71,079 70,965 71,596 70,391 6,187 4,228 4,257 3,256 8.7 6.0 5.9 4.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,085,730 3,073,204 3,058,958 3,050,113 328,517 205,984 232,410 173,253 10.6 6.7 7.6 5.7

Pittsburgh

1,171,219 1,175,792 1,172,221 1,162,223 121,830 76,085 82,317 62,454 10.4 6.5 7.0 5.4

Reading

209,144 204,523 209,273 202,836 22,069 14,122 15,276 11,641 10.6 6.9 7.3 5.7

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

269,239 268,655 270,063 266,027 30,043 20,795 21,231 17,051 11.2 7.7 7.9 6.4

State College

73,402 74,012 75,792 74,704 4,410 3,853 3,079 2,861 6.0 5.2 4.1 3.8

Williamsport

54,785 55,840 55,484 55,341 5,043 3,764 3,520 3,062 9.2 6.7 6.3 5.5

York-Hanover

229,856 232,970 230,767 230,396 20,125 13,411 13,456 10,516 8.8 5.8 5.8 4.6

Rhode Island

535,226 535,607 557,852 574,410 67,083 32,452 57,597 25,032 12.5 6.1 10.3 4.4

Providence-Warwick

665,420 670,228 688,481 705,796 79,062 40,351 69,428 32,714 11.9 6.0 10.1 4.6

South Carolina

2,414,177 2,416,939 2,411,907 2,386,123 130,920 101,911 122,607 77,799 5.4 4.2 5.1 3.3

Charleston-North Charleston

399,178 403,284 398,005 396,455 22,352 15,451 20,477 11,455 5.6 3.8 5.1 2.9

Columbia

409,012 406,718 409,329 405,502 19,827 16,234 18,813 12,283 4.8 4.0 4.6 3.0

Florence

99,239 98,851 99,148 97,327 5,578 4,478 5,293 3,347 5.6 4.5 5.3 3.4

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

438,956 440,539 440,625 437,036 21,001 16,497 19,494 12,360 4.8 3.7 4.4 2.8

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

91,804 94,590 90,311 92,261 3,997 3,389 3,648 2,403 4.4 3.6 4.0 2.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

205,014 208,494 202,890 203,524 14,064 10,759 13,516 8,457 6.9 5.2 6.7 4.2

Spartanburg

171,825 173,765 173,093 172,485 9,944 7,487 9,384 5,721 5.8 4.3 5.4 3.3

Sumter

43,603 43,607 43,875 43,186 2,808 2,143 2,670 1,643 6.4 4.9 6.1 3.8

South Dakota

459,134 475,612 475,314 468,846 21,131 13,596 17,295 10,103 4.6 2.9 3.6 2.2

Rapid City

76,685 79,081 77,731 77,395 3,806 2,271 3,116 1,754 5.0 2.9 4.0 2.3

Sioux Falls

153,941 162,064 159,541 159,356 6,381 3,926 5,207 2,973 4.1 2.4 3.3 1.9

Tennessee

3,371,004 3,316,555 3,379,104 3,286,244 262,028 141,341 256,163 116,278 7.8 4.3 7.6 3.5

Chattanooga

273,588 275,560 274,997 274,548 17,960 10,119 17,036 7,901 6.6 3.7 6.2 2.9

Clarksville

118,138 117,360 119,152 117,242 8,566 5,457 8,440 4,754 7.3 4.6 7.1 4.1

Cleveland

61,263 59,785 61,024 59,145 3,977 2,444 3,934 1,930 6.5 4.1 6.4 3.3

Jackson

66,047 64,739 66,352 64,111 4,980 2,867 5,042 2,263 7.5 4.4 7.6 3.5

Johnson City

91,716 89,569 92,853 89,881 5,978 3,655 5,717 2,997 6.5 4.1 6.2 3.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

136,771 133,926 135,873 132,569 9,242 5,337 8,818 4,475 6.8 4.0 6.5 3.4

Knoxville

434,147 431,889 435,637 428,513 25,916 15,175 25,082 12,334 6.0 3.5 5.8 2.9

Memphis

658,410 651,310 661,047 641,621 71,770 39,916 70,035 31,180 10.9 6.1 10.6 4.9

Morristown

53,157 52,154 53,234 51,898 3,478 2,160 3,404 1,776 6.5 4.1 6.4 3.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,097,607 1,087,616 1,099,745 1,079,757 82,040 38,055 79,313 32,414 7.5 3.5 7.2 3.0

Texas

14,090,773 14,191,262 13,993,842 14,254,432 973,671 758,342 1,116,437 705,249 6.9 5.3 8.0 4.9

Abilene

78,985 80,156 78,275 81,288 3,826 3,311 4,442 3,197 4.8 4.1 5.7 3.9

Amarillo

133,522 135,109 131,924 135,590 5,329 4,854 6,205 4,635 4.0 3.6 4.7 3.4

Austin-Round Rock

1,255,755 1,294,175 1,245,731 1,306,235 68,757 48,624 77,019 45,968 5.5 3.8 6.2 3.5

Beaumont-Port Arthur

170,847 173,493 170,954 173,533 17,220 15,222 20,396 13,858 10.1 8.8 11.9 8.0

Brownsville-Harlingen

171,497 170,238 168,933 170,115 15,369 13,333 17,406 12,415 9.0 7.8 10.3 7.3

College Station-Bryan

130,535 128,945 132,028 132,916 6,285 5,466 7,256 5,154 4.8 4.2 5.5 3.9

Corpus Christi

203,694 203,421 201,999 204,324 16,876 13,845 19,340 12,979 8.3 6.8 9.6 6.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,025,000 4,091,312 3,995,416 4,107,884 251,844 192,890 286,877 180,344 6.3 4.7 7.2 4.4

El Paso

369,297 366,850 367,005 369,253 26,303 21,131 30,104 19,835 7.1 5.8 8.2 5.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,411,341 3,431,621 3,396,370 3,443,699 277,140 209,352 318,998 190,991 8.1 6.1 9.4 5.5

Killeen-Temple

180,084 180,779 178,284 181,024 10,675 9,701 12,521 9,201 5.9 5.4 7.0 5.1

Laredo

116,853 116,528 115,778 116,440 9,095 6,703 10,456 6,328 7.8 5.8 9.0 5.4

Longview

96,620 97,071 95,896 97,240 6,998 5,674 8,239 5,311 7.2 5.8 8.6 5.5

Lubbock

164,901 165,399 162,620 166,017 8,301 7,052 9,405 6,537 5.0 4.3 5.8 3.9

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

360,352 366,329 360,711 367,068 38,101 32,389 43,564 29,486 10.6 8.8 12.1 8.0

Midland

98,285 99,235 97,547 100,032 8,361 5,243 9,595 4,949 8.5 5.3 9.8 4.9

Odessa

80,897 78,585 81,172 78,753 9,480 5,979 10,996 5,558 11.7 7.6 13.5 7.1

San Angelo

54,981 54,472 54,376 54,586 3,103 2,473 3,613 2,393 5.6 4.5 6.6 4.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,210,784 1,221,613 1,203,657 1,233,538 79,151 59,094 89,657 55,441 6.5 4.8 7.4 4.5

Sherman-Denison

65,501 66,484 64,661 66,300 3,217 2,801 3,769 2,749 4.9 4.2 5.8 4.1

Texarkana

63,855 63,055 63,174 63,278 4,081 3,241 4,312 2,931 6.4 5.1 6.8 4.6

Tyler

110,047 113,426 108,873 114,231 6,440 5,329 7,423 4,984 5.9 4.7 6.8 4.4

Victoria

44,450 43,962 44,433 44,410 3,329 2,628 3,807 2,524 7.5 6.0 8.6 5.7

Waco

130,113 131,891 128,177 130,986 6,860 6,017 7,857 5,611 5.3 4.6 6.1 4.3

Wichita Falls

64,886 65,204 63,875 65,197 3,737 3,059 4,388 2,900 5.8 4.7 6.9 4.4

Utah

1,646,330 1,674,737 1,641,771 1,678,988 78,638 42,373 66,216 26,563 4.8 2.5 4.0 1.6

Logan

70,704 72,990 73,258 75,588 2,145 1,490 1,932 900 3.0 2.0 2.6 1.2

Ogden-Clearfield

341,783 346,272 339,247 344,801 14,497 8,479 12,377 5,251 4.2 2.4 3.6 1.5

Provo-Orem

323,024 332,114 325,087 335,410 12,430 7,574 10,530 4,571 3.8 2.3 3.2 1.4

St. George

81,058 83,334 81,268 83,749 4,346 2,235 3,621 1,392 5.4 2.7 4.5 1.7

Salt Lake City

682,742 690,495 677,121 690,899 36,298 17,906 30,196 11,504 5.3 2.6 4.5 1.7

Vermont

325,514 322,525 318,926 317,639 16,427 9,486 14,262 6,366 5.0 2.9 4.5 2.0

Burlington-South Burlington

120,331 117,566 118,496 117,718 5,594 3,114 4,737 2,087 4.6 2.6 4.0 1.8

Virginia

4,401,474 4,266,523 4,289,848 4,208,762 312,141 161,031 276,693 134,733 7.1 3.8 6.4 3.2

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

89,740 88,186 87,870 90,460 5,505 2,922 4,391 2,532 6.1 3.3 5.0 2.8

Charlottesville

118,229 114,910 117,079 112,950 7,671 3,902 6,676 3,342 6.5 3.4 5.7 3.0

Harrisonburg

64,926 64,898 64,529 66,045 3,565 2,125 3,032 1,790 5.5 3.3 4.7 2.7

Lynchburg

122,493 118,268 119,318 115,755 8,027 4,615 7,251 3,937 6.6 3.9 6.1 3.4

Richmond

691,548 655,414 671,351 642,916 53,682 26,858 48,012 23,163 7.8 4.1 7.2 3.6

Roanoke

157,953 152,935 154,192 150,937 10,453 5,536 9,023 4,852 6.6 3.6 5.9 3.2

Staunton-Waynesboro

60,235 59,794 59,193 59,642 3,461 1,900 2,995 1,688 5.7 3.2 5.1 2.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

866,734 828,052 845,786 815,807 71,970 36,223 64,050 31,258 8.3 4.4 7.6 3.8

Winchester

75,284 75,575 73,710 74,630 3,835 2,088 3,358 1,782 5.1 2.8 4.6 2.4

Washington

3,886,399 3,959,899 3,869,556 3,962,743 335,071 197,137 293,324 164,113 8.6 5.0 7.6 4.1

Bellingham

111,079 113,979 109,862 113,837 10,814 5,895 9,202 4,590 9.7 5.2 8.4 4.0

Bremerton-Silverdale

126,397 125,290 125,221 126,669 9,971 5,586 8,665 4,355 7.9 4.5 6.9 3.4

Kennewick-Richland

145,539 150,902 143,572 149,515 12,628 7,420 10,030 5,792 8.7 4.9 7.0 3.9

Longview

48,270 48,296 47,579 47,971 4,601 2,713 4,046 2,114 9.5 5.6 8.5 4.4

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

61,803 63,175 60,863 62,655 5,981 3,298 5,015 2,594 9.7 5.2 8.2 4.1

Olympia-Tumwater

140,305 144,346 139,884 145,197 11,677 6,484 10,010 5,049 8.3 4.5 7.2 3.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,171,599 2,213,448 2,167,028 2,210,222 181,845 111,240 165,562 97,558 8.4 5.0 7.6 4.4

Spokane-Spokane Valley

272,207 283,282 271,658 285,784 24,712 13,091 20,503 10,235 9.1 4.6 7.5 3.6

Walla Walla

31,882 33,493 31,851 33,739 2,139 1,292 1,817 1,022 6.7 3.9 5.7 3.0

Wenatchee

67,399 68,516 66,066 67,397 5,270 2,980 4,209 2,200 7.8 4.3 6.4 3.3

Yakima

134,343 137,089 134,624 138,775 13,227 7,612 9,884 5,553 9.8 5.6 7.3 4.0

West Virginia

793,761 794,965 794,260 790,318 65,786 33,706 57,454 25,475 8.3 4.2 7.2 3.2

Beckley

47,379 47,915 47,044 46,937 4,301 2,154 3,828 1,618 9.1 4.5 8.1 3.4

Charleston

93,536 93,396 92,727 91,926 8,968 4,203 7,906 3,168 9.6 4.5 8.5 3.4

Huntington-Ashland

146,600 145,927 146,152 144,712 11,861 6,524 10,153 5,497 8.1 4.5 6.9 3.8

Morgantown

69,725 71,478 70,516 72,320 4,520 2,677 3,846 2,024 6.5 3.7 5.5 2.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,720 38,061 38,573 37,792 3,259 1,738 2,973 1,301 8.4 4.6 7.7 3.4

Wheeling

62,928 61,840 63,451 61,814 6,133 3,295 5,095 2,669 9.7 5.3 8.0 4.3

Wisconsin

3,079,474 3,130,893 3,129,027 3,116,580 179,297 125,982 153,718 103,902 5.8 4.0 4.9 3.3

Appleton

131,097 133,713 132,429 132,605 6,294 4,454 5,092 3,514 4.8 3.3 3.8 2.6

Eau Claire

91,817 94,774 92,782 94,792 4,905 3,292 3,754 2,616 5.3 3.5 4.0 2.8

Fond du Lac

56,047 58,832 56,982 58,862 2,577 2,032 2,127 1,584 4.6 3.5 3.7 2.7

Green Bay

172,652 176,878 174,699 175,998 9,323 6,347 7,658 5,213 5.4 3.6 4.4 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

85,597 87,488 86,443 87,238 5,447 3,980 4,687 3,654 6.4 4.5 5.4 4.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

74,487 76,383 76,855 77,030 3,595 2,374 2,857 1,950 4.8 3.1 3.7 2.5

Madison

385,169 394,286 393,577 397,497 18,137 12,257 15,754 10,178 4.7 3.1 4.0 2.6

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

818,592 828,286 828,971 819,797 58,713 40,799 52,454 33,905 7.2 4.9 6.3 4.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,881 94,205 93,239 94,282 4,454 3,369 3,469 2,664 4.8 3.6 3.7 2.8

Racine

98,079 99,612 98,987 98,225 6,690 5,127 6,004 4,234 6.8 5.1 6.1 4.3

Sheboygan

62,001 64,222 62,764 63,286 2,960 2,078 2,443 1,747 4.8 3.2 3.9 2.8

Wausau

72,205 74,325 73,416 73,953 3,158 2,416 2,680 1,923 4.4 3.3 3.7 2.6

Wyoming

299,955 294,877 298,662 292,802 17,661 10,917 16,320 8,082 5.9 3.7 5.5 2.8

Casper

40,891 39,536 40,201 39,423 3,683 1,995 3,404 1,455 9.0 5.0 8.5 3.7

Cheyenne

51,100 50,276 50,409 50,066 2,482 1,662 2,400 1,274 4.9 3.3 4.8 2.5

Puerto Rico

1,069,818 1,087,221 1,069,225 1,091,928 90,330 99,221 100,195 86,320 8.4 9.1 9.4 7.9

Aguadilla-Isabela

84,002 86,570 84,135 86,950 7,574 9,258 8,322 8,026 9.0 10.7 9.9 9.2

Arecibo

51,598 53,057 51,715 53,509 4,266 4,790 4,594 4,171 8.3 9.0 8.9 7.8

Guayama

19,550 20,006 19,311 19,985 1,491 2,019 1,613 1,686 7.6 10.1 8.4 8.4

Mayaguez

26,422 27,304 26,467 27,327 2,181 2,875 2,373 2,438 8.3 10.5 9.0 8.9

Ponce

88,013 92,269 88,611 92,374 7,724 10,495 8,587 9,209 8.8 11.4 9.7 10.0

San German

33,466 35,842 33,473 36,086 2,953 4,043 3,169 3,496 8.8 11.3 9.5 9.7

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

726,215 730,164 725,131 733,179 60,574 60,557 67,514 52,685 8.3 8.3 9.3 7.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
August September Number Percent of labor force
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) August September August September
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) 2020 2021 2020 2021(p)

California

18,690,463 19,024,036 18,494,445 19,041,573 2,299,887 1,423,841 1,933,139 1,216,588 12.3 7.5 10.5 6.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,464,674 6,601,247 6,326,521 6,616,500 1,026,135 580,167 777,912 492,822 15.9 8.8 12.3 7.4

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,526,181 1,577,855 1,521,576 1,581,979 164,026 94,837 146,059 79,795 10.7 6.0 9.6 5.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,938,493 5,023,392 4,804,945 5,034,521 862,109 485,330 631,853 413,027 17.5 9.7 13.2 8.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,437,221 2,473,282 2,420,908 2,474,812 239,181 139,205 218,246 116,822 9.8 5.6 9.0 4.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,337,925 1,344,356 1,330,461 1,342,670 141,115 85,166 128,683 72,054 10.5 6.3 9.7 5.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

971,158 995,100 962,919 998,198 88,046 48,159 80,583 39,928 9.1 4.8 8.4 4.0

San Rafael

128,138 133,826 127,528 133,944 10,020 5,880 8,980 4,840 7.8 4.4 7.0 3.6

District of Columbia

406,441 411,618 404,522 408,435 36,135 27,170 35,648 23,925 8.9 6.6 8.8 5.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,431,156 3,377,477 3,311,414 3,335,510 267,439 169,027 226,897 141,620 7.8 5.0 6.9 4.2

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

685,286 681,456 645,260 673,148 54,987 37,820 41,808 33,628 8.0 5.5 6.5 5.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,745,870 2,696,021 2,666,154 2,662,362 212,452 131,207 185,089 107,992 7.7 4.9 6.9 4.1

Florida

10,003,284 10,626,658 10,109,604 10,668,860 803,812 525,543 740,593 459,994 8.0 4.9 7.3 4.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,006,079 3,171,550 3,068,776 3,172,427 271,363 177,581 294,753 154,272 9.0 5.6 9.6 4.9

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,007,873 1,058,060 1,008,017 1,055,549 96,088 51,948 78,058 46,144 9.5 4.9 7.7 4.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,296,605 1,358,403 1,352,247 1,365,072 118,303 90,389 170,076 77,110 9.1 6.7 12.6 5.6

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

701,601 755,087 708,512 751,806 56,972 35,244 46,619 31,018 8.1 4.7 6.6 4.1

Illinois

6,275,238 6,240,743 6,358,334 6,219,714 690,102 425,211 640,189 343,756 11.0 6.8 10.1 5.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,701,973 4,730,881 4,798,356 4,699,965 564,447 333,773 534,792 270,721 12.0 7.1 11.1 5.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,584,783 3,638,891 3,690,447 3,612,893 465,537 271,600 451,442 219,529 13.0 7.5 12.2 6.1

Elgin

320,796 308,729 316,965 308,786 29,770 18,688 24,656 15,226 9.3 6.1 7.8 4.9

Gary(3)

333,152 328,211 329,959 325,906 32,143 19,310 27,302 16,405 9.6 5.9 8.3 5.0

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

463,242 455,050 460,985 452,380 36,997 24,175 31,392 19,561 8.0 5.3 6.8 4.3

Massachusetts

3,664,525 3,752,957 3,641,540 3,703,455 334,996 203,555 325,035 195,143 9.1 5.4 8.9 5.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,721,459 2,783,623 2,705,012 2,750,661 242,438 138,856 233,468 132,339 8.9 5.0 8.6 4.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,617,463 1,663,636 1,607,071 1,644,456 141,297 81,545 137,590 78,609 8.7 4.9 8.6 4.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

108,400 110,286 108,083 109,378 12,047 7,127 11,657 6,839 11.1 6.5 10.8 6.3

Framingham

155,024 159,669 153,418 158,152 11,691 6,897 11,262 6,529 7.5 4.3 7.3 4.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

116,374 117,956 114,767 115,344 9,587 5,101 8,906 4,706 8.2 4.3 7.8 4.1

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

99,633 99,442 99,174 97,471 12,925 7,473 12,470 7,002 13.0 7.5 12.6 7.2

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

190,317 195,379 189,450 192,940 16,110 9,994 15,560 9,499 8.5 5.1 8.2 4.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

84,273 84,901 85,000 85,116 9,918 5,526 9,766 5,381 11.8 6.5 11.5 6.3

Nashua(2)

175,674 174,852 174,259 172,147 12,071 5,340 10,259 4,409 6.9 3.1 5.9 2.6

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,801 90,875 89,542 90,237 8,589 4,917 8,316 4,732 9.6 5.4 9.3 5.2

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

84,500 86,627 84,248 85,420 8,203 4,936 7,682 4,633 9.7 5.7 9.1 5.4

Michigan

4,883,260 4,778,899 4,851,512 4,736,735 404,670 210,125 378,479 180,047 8.3 4.4 7.8 3.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,137,372 2,074,807 2,133,276 2,056,112 226,810 77,280 216,078 60,079 10.6 3.7 10.1 2.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

812,499 778,105 813,177 768,791 108,225 37,896 104,503 29,116 13.3 4.9 12.9 3.8

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,324,873 1,296,702 1,320,099 1,287,321 118,585 39,385 111,575 30,963 9.0 3.0 8.5 2.4

New York

9,477,391 9,335,246 9,303,744 9,248,590 1,096,540 662,810 916,728 579,501 11.6 7.1 9.9 6.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,915,186 9,731,783 9,656,077 9,623,734 1,210,352 741,121 995,945 658,648 12.2 7.6 10.3 6.8

Dutchess County-Putnam County

195,205 188,990 190,078 186,103 16,689 9,139 11,149 7,620 8.5 4.8 5.9 4.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,507,730 1,451,319 1,451,622 1,424,882 145,527 72,981 95,114 59,895 9.7 5.0 6.6 4.2

Newark(3)

1,243,256 1,210,084 1,190,915 1,195,386 134,847 84,389 91,622 75,226 10.8 7.0 7.7 6.3

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,968,995 6,881,390 6,823,462 6,817,363 913,289 574,612 798,060 515,907 13.1 8.4 11.7 7.6

Pennsylvania

6,307,843 6,318,696 6,331,317 6,262,637 646,398 416,980 444,222 339,004 10.2 6.6 7.0 5.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,085,730 3,073,204 3,058,958 3,050,113 328,517 205,984 232,410 173,253 10.6 6.7 7.6 5.7

Camden(3)

644,075 637,035 617,379 628,535 64,934 43,744 42,993 37,238 10.1 6.9 7.0 5.9

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,053,730 1,069,166 1,060,905 1,058,198 89,633 55,928 61,460 44,740 8.5 5.2 5.8 4.2

Philadelphia

1,006,988 986,302 1,005,322 985,030 143,466 84,884 100,597 72,202 14.2 8.6 10.0 7.3

Wilmington(3)

380,937 380,701 375,352 378,350 30,484 21,428 27,360 19,073 8.0 5.6 7.3 5.0

Texas

14,090,773 14,191,262 13,993,842 14,254,432 973,671 758,342 1,116,437 705,249 6.9 5.3 8.0 4.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,025,000 4,091,312 3,995,416 4,107,884 251,844 192,890 286,877 180,344 6.3 4.7 7.2 4.4

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,718,385 2,773,759 2,698,751 2,775,092 168,602 128,744 192,464 120,566 6.2 4.6 7.1 4.3

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,306,615 1,317,553 1,296,665 1,332,792 83,242 64,146 94,413 59,778 6.4 4.9 7.3 4.5

Washington

3,886,399 3,959,899 3,869,556 3,962,743 335,071 197,137 293,324 164,113 8.6 5.0 7.6 4.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,171,599 2,213,448 2,167,028 2,210,222 181,845 111,240 165,562 97,558 8.4 5.0 7.6 4.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,732,288 1,769,259 1,731,367 1,764,863 137,176 87,828 127,947 78,838 7.9 5.0 7.4 4.5

Tacoma-Lakewood

439,311 444,189 435,661 445,359 44,669 23,412 37,615 18,720 10.2 5.3 8.6 4.2

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area August September Change from
September 2020 to September 2021(p)
2020 2021 2020 2021(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,969.9 2,025.4 1,979.9 2,043.0 63.1 3.2

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.4 46.4 45.2 46.6 1.4 3.1

Auburn-Opelika

64.0 66.4 65.2 67.1 1.9 2.9

Birmingham-Hoover

515.2 537.8 516.3 541.0 24.7 4.8

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

78.0 83.4 76.7 83.5 6.8 8.9

Decatur

56.0 57.2 56.4 57.0 0.6 1.1

Dothan

57.4 59.7 57.8 59.7 1.9 3.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

54.8 55.0 54.9 56.6 1.7 3.1

Gadsden

33.3 33.5 33.6 33.9 0.3 0.9

Huntsville

240.0 248.6 240.9 250.7 9.8 4.1

Mobile

175.8 179.3 176.4 180.8 4.4 2.5

Montgomery

167.7 169.8 168.1 170.0 1.9 1.1

Tuscaloosa

103.1 106.0 104.8 107.1 2.3 2.2


Alaska

308.9 323.6 306.2 315.8 9.6 3.1

Anchorage

163.2 170.0 165.1