A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    
Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, November 27, 2019			        USDL-19-2070

Technical information:
 Employment:		(202) 691-6559 * sminfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:		(202) 691-6392 * lausinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:		(202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


		 METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 240 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, higher in 121 areas, and unchanged in 28 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 153 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 2 areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 49
metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in the remaining 340 areas. The national 
unemployment rate in October was 3.3 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 3.5 percent
a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and
unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the 
national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours,
and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the 
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical 
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, Ames, IA, and Burlington-South Burlington, VT, had the lowest unemployment rates,
1.3 percent each. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ, had the highest unemployment rates, 21.2 
percent and 16.1 percent, respectively. A total of 188 areas had October jobless rates below 
the U.S. rate of 3.3 percent, 182 areas had rates above it, and 19 areas had rates equal to 
that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Yuma, AZ, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October (-2.4 percentage
points). Thirty-three other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The 
largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Grand Island, NE (+1.8 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Salt Lake
City, UT, had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 1.9 percent. New Orleans-Metairie, LA,
had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 4.4 percent. Thirty-nine large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, eight had increases, and four had no change. The 
largest rate decreases occurred in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (-1.3 percentage points), and 
Birmingham-Hoover, AL (-1.2 points). The largest jobless rate increase was in Pittsburgh, PA
(+0.6 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In October, San Francisco-Redwood
City-South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 1.9 percent.
Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rate, 5.2 percent. (See table 2.)

In October, 29 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 8 had 
increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia,
MI, and Elgin, IL (-0.9 percentage point each). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increase
occurred in Philadelphia, PA (+0.5 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 49 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment 
and 340 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+98,700), New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+84,600), 
and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+80,700). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in
employment occurred in Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC (+5.2 percent); Reno, NV,
and Wilmington, NC (+4.7 percent each); and Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL, and Ogden-Clearfield, UT
(+4.3 percent each). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 32 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census 
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 19 areas. The
largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas 
occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL, and San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX (+3.4 percent 
each), Raleigh, NC (+3.3 percent), and Jacksonville, FL (+3.2 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over 
the year and was essentially unchanged in 29 divisions. The largest over-the-year increase in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+87,300), 
followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+61,700), and New York-Jersey City-White 
Plains, NY-NJ (+57,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving,
TX, and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+3.3 percent each), Seattle-
Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.1 percent), and Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA (+2.1 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on
Friday, December 20, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment and 
Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, January 3, 2020,
at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note
 
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 389
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this news release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this news release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available
estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors.
Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate real-time
estimates. 

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this news release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this news release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states  at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this news release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) September October September October
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,192,040 2,264,263 2,212,503 2,268,807 80,600 56,924 81,676 55,198 3.7 2.5 3.7 2.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,479 46,291 45,795 46,674 2,006 1,353 2,001 1,337 4.4 2.9 4.4 2.9

Auburn-Opelika

75,157 77,717 76,149 78,383 2,538 1,717 2,539 1,675 3.4 2.2 3.3 2.1

Birmingham-Hoover

541,584 559,522 548,653 561,977 18,060 12,828 18,447 12,365 3.3 2.3 3.4 2.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

93,672 97,331 93,506 97,192 3,127 2,182 3,228 2,132 3.3 2.2 3.5 2.2

Decatur

70,394 73,294 71,190 73,304 2,340 1,602 2,359 1,614 3.3 2.2 3.3 2.2

Dothan

62,987 64,019 63,152 64,143 2,416 1,604 2,469 1,551 3.8 2.5 3.9 2.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,287 67,265 66,258 67,443 2,626 1,946 2,615 1,825 4.0 2.9 3.9 2.7

Gadsden

42,936 44,308 43,394 44,369 1,625 1,218 1,669 1,245 3.8 2.7 3.8 2.8

Huntsville

220,217 230,651 224,628 232,452 7,264 4,781 7,441 4,784 3.3 2.1 3.3 2.1

Mobile

186,204 192,181 188,386 192,453 8,194 6,008 8,147 5,748 4.4 3.1 4.3 3.0

Montgomery

171,053 176,289 172,359 176,808 6,315 4,433 6,430 4,315 3.7 2.5 3.7 2.4

Tuscaloosa

116,103 120,679 117,409 121,320 3,910 2,802 3,945 2,712 3.4 2.3 3.4 2.2

Alaska

357,350 349,424 354,262 344,086 21,107 19,674 21,539 19,302 5.9 5.6 6.1 5.6

Anchorage

197,327 192,730 199,196 193,097 11,023 10,164 11,106 9,729 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.0

Fairbanks

46,269 45,205 46,270 44,700 2,369 2,206 2,433 2,182 5.1 4.9 5.3 4.9

Arizona

3,477,406 3,599,212 3,491,620 3,600,272 171,484 160,003 170,174 155,592 4.9 4.4 4.9 4.3

Flagstaff

79,297 80,716 78,808 80,627 4,076 3,849 4,152 3,790 5.1 4.8 5.3 4.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

86,291 89,286 86,465 88,972 5,033 4,760 4,915 4,663 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,431,209 2,523,439 2,440,085 2,527,472 103,507 95,085 102,079 94,123 4.3 3.8 4.2 3.7

Prescott

106,731 109,655 107,103 109,339 4,920 4,458 4,754 4,408 4.6 4.1 4.4 4.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,170 51,496 50,156 51,896 2,840 2,716 2,805 2,637 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.1

Tucson

491,077 506,561 491,259 504,604 22,171 20,833 21,941 20,667 4.5 4.1 4.5 4.1

Yuma

100,308 102,575 104,775 102,337 18,891 19,116 19,431 16,468 18.8 18.6 18.5 16.1

Arkansas

1,353,432 1,363,893 1,355,060 1,371,506 46,919 45,710 44,065 43,543 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

275,697 284,020 276,369 286,952 7,261 6,732 6,889 6,488 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.3

Fort Smith

118,788 118,302 118,933 118,840 4,219 4,127 4,093 4,117 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5

Hot Springs

40,425 41,006 40,404 41,014 1,569 1,458 1,514 1,418 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.5

Jonesboro

64,771 65,524 64,667 66,208 1,898 1,781 1,794 1,695 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

355,268 357,382 355,560 360,147 11,341 11,288 10,672 10,724 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.0

Pine Bluff

35,370 35,124 35,546 35,245 1,684 1,728 1,602 1,641 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.7

California

19,478,378 19,567,536 19,542,699 19,587,530 756,608 690,859 772,789 718,288 3.9 3.5 4.0 3.7

Bakersfield

391,142 391,823 392,498 393,258 25,317 23,417 25,417 24,100 6.5 6.0 6.5 6.1

Chico

103,546 103,394 104,924 104,409 4,259 3,798 4,418 4,000 4.1 3.7 4.2 3.8

El Centro

71,236 72,519 72,081 73,767 14,219 15,091 14,209 15,651 20.0 20.8 19.7 21.2

Fresno

451,388 455,323 447,143 451,413 26,423 24,206 28,434 26,406 5.9 5.3 6.4 5.8

Hanford-Corcoran

57,958 57,905 57,747 57,891 3,421 3,281 3,604 3,632 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,782,795 6,785,155 6,806,284 6,795,446 285,930 269,412 286,727 274,351 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.0

Madera

62,299 62,572 61,415 61,712 3,331 3,147 3,571 3,331 5.3 5.0 5.8 5.4

Merced

117,448 118,318 116,860 118,643 7,069 6,467 7,272 6,853 6.0 5.5 6.2 5.8

Modesto

245,415 245,457 243,913 244,572 12,733 11,303 13,201 11,882 5.2 4.6 5.4 4.9

Napa

76,065 76,181 75,762 75,353 1,867 1,644 1,927 1,745 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

424,291 421,696 427,355 424,155 15,549 13,459 15,761 13,866 3.7 3.2 3.7 3.3

Redding

74,457 74,141 75,087 74,869 3,180 2,624 3,247 2,837 4.3 3.5 4.3 3.8

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,056,474 2,072,577 2,071,476 2,079,577 83,652 74,188 85,350 76,987 4.1 3.6 4.1 3.7

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,098,987 1,105,107 1,104,825 1,103,916 37,042 32,843 38,370 34,676 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.1

Salinas

229,726 231,814 226,619 228,152 8,779 7,707 9,263 8,429 3.8 3.3 4.1 3.7

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,596,791 1,607,643 1,604,579 1,609,412 49,999 43,666 51,942 45,811 3.1 2.7 3.2 2.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,599,544 2,630,673 2,608,606 2,633,595 66,042 57,618 68,309 60,912 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.3

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,083,709 1,100,638 1,086,645 1,102,117 26,864 23,959 27,599 25,244 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.3

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

140,167 140,511 142,915 143,504 3,834 3,351 3,937 3,476 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.4

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

142,495 143,329 144,629 144,268 4,976 4,504 5,164 4,829 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.3

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

216,786 217,769 218,635 218,479 7,021 6,157 7,312 6,591 3.2 2.8 3.3 3.0

Santa Rosa

265,969 266,244 265,201 263,952 6,484 5,737 6,687 6,018 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.3

Stockton-Lodi

329,347 327,190 329,029 327,452 16,534 15,224 17,168 16,273 5.0 4.7 5.2 5.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

210,285 208,026 210,499 209,172 7,379 6,401 7,601 6,803 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.3

Visalia-Porterville

204,285 204,289 201,854 202,778 16,238 15,457 16,931 16,256 7.9 7.6 8.4 8.0

Yuba City

74,834 74,634 74,629 74,312 4,007 3,620 4,233 3,859 5.4 4.9 5.7 5.2

Colorado

3,124,018 3,177,825 3,135,286 3,178,070 101,808 70,003 106,223 75,930 3.3 2.2 3.4 2.4

Boulder

195,113 200,131 197,284 200,566 5,654 3,895 5,897 4,163 2.9 1.9 3.0 2.1

Colorado Springs

352,303 361,495 356,469 360,437 13,876 9,424 14,362 10,125 3.9 2.6 4.0 2.8

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,657,922 1,687,250 1,666,651 1,688,172 52,774 36,456 54,623 39,461 3.2 2.2 3.3 2.3

Fort Collins

205,748 209,296 206,009 211,381 5,774 3,926 6,069 4,243 2.8 1.9 2.9 2.0

Grand Junction

77,323 78,331 77,589 78,297 2,882 1,993 3,022 2,177 3.7 2.5 3.9 2.8

Greeley

168,595 171,465 169,734 173,621 4,978 3,466 5,233 3,824 3.0 2.0 3.1 2.2

Pueblo

76,176 76,187 76,607 76,217 3,708 2,558 3,846 2,696 4.9 3.4 5.0 3.5

Connecticut

1,903,862 1,913,778 1,915,336 1,929,656 69,691 65,606 66,683 67,400 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

465,530 468,225 466,514 471,631 17,200 16,129 16,515 16,672 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.5

Danbury

106,370 106,730 106,623 107,710 3,239 2,982 3,056 3,084 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

625,782 628,079 630,843 632,980 22,961 21,881 21,802 22,383 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5

New Haven

326,292 329,729 330,043 333,315 11,903 11,083 11,324 11,397 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4

Norwich-New London-Westerly

142,699 142,243 142,468 142,782 4,961 4,732 4,754 4,779 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.3

Waterbury

112,083 112,271 112,797 113,484 5,063 4,742 4,924 4,882 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.3

Delaware

478,645 484,873 481,871 490,070 17,069 18,227 16,101 18,747 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.8

Dover

77,118 78,316 78,126 80,085 3,038 3,303 2,796 3,399 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.2

Salisbury(1)

191,904 192,611 189,219 190,267 7,499 7,414 7,764 7,679 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.0

District of Columbia

400,542 407,982 402,446 408,359 22,194 21,705 21,315 21,847 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,381,116 3,460,490 3,393,284 3,490,959 105,536 99,932 104,742 98,547 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.8

Florida

10,280,409 10,532,471 10,305,265 10,565,454 342,076 317,695 340,078 307,338 3.3 3.0 3.3 2.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

341,300 354,616 343,976 356,622 10,909 10,297 10,996 9,983 3.2 2.9 3.2 2.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

127,476 130,692 126,655 130,101 3,388 3,126 3,433 3,017 2.7 2.4 2.7 2.3

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

302,622 307,257 302,842 307,053 10,467 9,874 10,685 9,716 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.2

Gainesville

147,173 148,552 147,079 147,854 4,337 4,142 4,466 4,076 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.8

Homosassa Springs

48,210 48,578 48,201 48,558 2,298 2,104 2,307 2,006 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.1

Jacksonville

781,960 796,588 775,655 797,601 24,153 22,953 24,420 22,426 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

301,756 307,277 304,059 305,373 11,502 10,826 11,390 10,401 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,149,837 3,239,364 3,163,808 3,269,075 109,688 98,630 107,396 94,577 3.5 3.0 3.4 2.9

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

173,402 178,188 176,782 181,234 6,109 5,701 5,881 5,318 3.5 3.2 3.3 2.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

365,661 371,089 365,580 370,907 11,604 10,763 11,592 10,403 3.2 2.9 3.2 2.8

Ocala

136,399 139,905 136,819 139,689 5,356 4,899 5,368 4,741 3.9 3.5 3.9 3.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,349,984 1,398,711 1,355,177 1,396,329 40,715 38,678 40,714 37,753 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.7

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

279,311 286,474 279,292 286,677 8,947 8,492 9,001 8,379 3.2 3.0 3.2 2.9

Panama City

96,222 94,488 94,288 93,427 2,863 2,880 2,839 2,756 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

228,283 230,462 228,630 229,494 7,091 6,611 7,115 6,531 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.8

Port St. Lucie

217,048 222,935 219,745 223,534 8,247 7,712 8,150 7,402 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.3

Punta Gorda

70,611 72,009 71,114 72,353 2,722 2,529 2,685 2,376 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.3

Sebastian-Vero Beach

64,568 66,643 65,536 67,505 2,698 2,462 2,586 2,295 4.2 3.7 3.9 3.4

Sebring

36,185 35,781 35,682 35,869 1,657 1,537 1,631 1,468 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.1

Tallahassee

195,975 201,435 196,582 201,857 6,192 5,895 6,228 5,768 3.2 2.9 3.2 2.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,544,955 1,574,339 1,543,442 1,575,611 49,206 46,379 49,462 45,293 3.2 2.9 3.2 2.9

The Villages

31,325 32,200 31,324 32,051 1,442 1,327 1,443 1,270 4.6 4.1 4.6 4.0

Georgia

5,090,466 5,112,295 5,112,773 5,132,691 182,202 156,470 191,762 156,161 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.0

Albany

66,806 66,631 67,416 66,773 2,950 2,565 3,062 2,447 4.4 3.8 4.5 3.7

Athens-Clarke County

102,050 101,601 103,341 102,751 3,439 2,881 3,704 2,888 3.4 2.8 3.6 2.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,063,490 3,085,429 3,073,624 3,098,694 105,385 89,765 109,747 89,224 3.4 2.9 3.6 2.9

Augusta-Richmond County

265,141 266,503 266,838 268,614 10,316 7,992 10,426 8,141 3.9 3.0 3.9 3.0

Brunswick

53,504 53,985 53,382 53,573 1,840 1,848 1,980 1,638 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.1

Columbus

124,051 122,748 124,934 123,497 5,246 4,442 5,439 4,318 4.2 3.6 4.4 3.5

Dalton

61,230 61,024 61,094 61,234 2,702 2,270 2,809 2,693 4.4 3.7 4.6 4.4

Gainesville

102,630 104,394 103,346 104,958 2,954 2,479 3,166 2,497 2.9 2.4 3.1 2.4

Hinesville

33,497 33,756 33,697 33,794 1,257 1,211 1,346 1,159 3.8 3.6 4.0 3.4

Macon-Bibb County

103,890 103,506 104,212 103,590 4,017 3,461 4,465 3,437 3.9 3.3 4.3 3.3

Rome

43,941 44,374 44,214 44,686 1,758 1,464 1,850 1,468 4.0 3.3 4.2 3.3

Savannah

187,896 186,575 188,232 187,565 6,290 5,509 6,639 5,486 3.3 3.0 3.5 2.9

Valdosta

64,336 64,323 64,938 64,936 2,393 1,977 2,564 2,052 3.7 3.1 3.9 3.2

Warner Robins

85,651 86,049 86,457 86,541 3,166 2,591 3,918 2,742 3.7 3.0 4.5 3.2

Hawaii

673,932 657,524 673,215 663,485 18,180 18,240 17,405 17,433 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

85,717 83,510 84,790 83,856 2,286 2,273 2,274 2,275 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7

Urban Honolulu

460,732 451,198 462,290 456,513 11,824 11,914 10,977 11,045 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.4

Idaho

858,931 885,920 862,938 887,724 18,905 20,304 19,220 20,729 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3

Boise City

362,858 375,895 361,662 372,809 7,929 8,561 7,968 8,749 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3

Coeur d'Alene

77,678 79,640 77,092 79,248 2,013 2,089 2,027 2,201 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8

Idaho Falls

70,147 73,491 70,883 74,211 1,329 1,467 1,323 1,429 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9

Lewiston

30,883 31,597 31,125 31,742 846 856 849 922 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9

Pocatello

41,090 42,785 41,812 43,339 896 978 922 1,003 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3

Twin Falls

52,688 54,059 53,047 54,361 1,114 1,169 1,125 1,193 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2

Illinois

6,435,664 6,482,734 6,477,162 6,483,880 248,531 230,385 263,231 235,466 3.9 3.6 4.1 3.6

Bloomington

95,452 95,662 96,188 96,563 3,779 3,440 4,142 3,356 4.0 3.6 4.3 3.5

Carbondale-Marion

60,708 61,962 61,427 62,660 2,734 2,309 2,893 2,339 4.5 3.7 4.7 3.7

Champaign-Urbana

121,288 123,589 122,180 125,193 5,023 4,304 5,553 4,433 4.1 3.5 4.5 3.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,842,910 4,870,597 4,877,420 4,865,666 173,982 163,300 182,549 168,946 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5

Danville

33,280 33,218 33,416 33,444 1,872 1,650 1,956 1,629 5.6 5.0 5.9 4.9

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,358 196,306 193,286 197,001 7,479 7,698 7,701 7,569 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.8

Decatur

49,891 50,586 50,130 50,733 2,546 2,486 2,764 2,454 5.1 4.9 5.5 4.8

Kankakee

55,917 56,160 56,192 56,943 2,677 2,383 2,874 2,460 4.8 4.2 5.1 4.3

Peoria

180,698 180,345 181,323 180,190 8,356 7,721 8,920 7,573 4.6 4.3 4.9 4.2

Rockford

166,075 168,890 167,798 169,277 8,220 8,868 9,039 8,527 4.9 5.3 5.4 5.0

Springfield

111,602 112,581 111,527 112,603 4,424 3,965 4,715 3,929 4.0 3.5 4.2 3.5

Indiana

3,370,504 3,366,755 3,393,074 3,378,649 104,423 95,452 112,491 101,383 3.1 2.8 3.3 3.0

Bloomington

79,820 79,377 80,893 80,056 2,509 2,147 2,973 2,493 3.1 2.7 3.7 3.1

Columbus

45,057 45,587 45,399 45,608 1,012 911 1,106 988 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.2

Elkhart-Goshen

115,129 115,817 116,099 116,133 2,834 3,103 3,172 3,210 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8

Evansville

164,742 164,771 165,713 164,071 4,831 4,432 5,143 4,718 2.9 2.7 3.1 2.9

Fort Wayne

216,155 219,225 219,048 221,577 5,962 5,729 6,646 7,216 2.8 2.6 3.0 3.3

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,060,309 1,062,004 1,066,591 1,062,325 31,490 27,857 33,614 29,105 3.0 2.6 3.2 2.7

Kokomo

37,095 37,654 37,350 37,656 1,215 1,191 1,350 1,207 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

111,868 108,514 113,795 110,171 3,004 2,717 3,574 3,079 2.7 2.5 3.1 2.8

Michigan City-La Porte

47,437 47,186 47,608 47,263 1,815 1,709 1,892 1,677 3.8 3.6 4.0 3.5

Muncie

54,760 53,995 54,782 54,698 1,876 1,711 2,127 1,941 3.4 3.2 3.9 3.5

South Bend-Mishawaka

160,850 160,928 162,196 161,573 5,274 5,354 5,641 5,524 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.4

Terre Haute

76,977 76,389 77,549 76,848 3,141 2,688 3,306 2,764 4.1 3.5 4.3 3.6

Iowa

1,684,670 1,758,902 1,695,446 1,773,729 34,932 38,677 31,524 38,106 2.1 2.2 1.9 2.1

Ames

59,170 62,781 59,957 63,541 828 930 634 853 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.3

Cedar Rapids

142,754 148,577 143,332 149,779 3,332 3,651 2,988 3,599 2.3 2.5 2.1 2.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

351,730 374,015 355,900 378,586 7,190 7,987 6,693 7,935 2.0 2.1 1.9 2.1

Dubuque

54,966 57,827 55,766 58,192 1,018 1,147 891 1,127 1.9 2.0 1.6 1.9

Iowa City

96,955 99,959 97,784 100,807 1,696 1,796 1,426 1,614 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.6

Sioux City

92,185 95,605 93,462 96,238 1,891 2,196 1,790 2,307 2.1 2.3 1.9 2.4

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89,482 93,012 90,152 93,429 1,925 2,319 1,693 2,337 2.2 2.5 1.9 2.5

Kansas

1,478,994 1,491,504 1,488,086 1,502,615 44,157 41,041 44,868 42,716 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8

Lawrence

65,732 65,931 66,491 67,038 1,764 1,655 1,765 1,734 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.6

Manhattan

48,821 48,550 49,305 49,292 1,182 1,158 1,235 1,209 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5

Topeka

118,750 121,112 120,026 122,938 3,635 3,369 3,842 3,518 3.1 2.8 3.2 2.9

Wichita

307,981 309,892 309,637 311,587 10,332 9,544 10,347 9,792 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.1

Kentucky

2,054,993 2,070,290 2,050,539 2,074,620 84,562 78,396 79,263 76,865 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.7

Bowling Green

83,365 84,850 83,503 84,654 2,831 2,827 2,947 2,999 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.5

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

67,202 67,943 67,085 67,443 2,779 2,532 2,557 2,451 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.6

Lexington-Fayette

270,510 275,598 271,383 277,212 8,567 8,192 8,521 8,032 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

671,690 675,190 664,268 672,853 27,170 22,653 23,668 21,826 4.0 3.4 3.6 3.2

Owensboro

56,304 55,805 55,735 55,819 2,050 1,906 1,997 1,871 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.4

Louisiana

2,093,336 2,095,218 2,105,178 2,102,691 102,970 95,158 97,073 99,047 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.7

Alexandria

62,606 62,332 62,872 62,225 3,392 3,094 3,221 3,128 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.0

Baton Rouge

419,065 419,268 419,725 421,440 18,540 17,560 17,505 18,166 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3

Hammond

54,220 54,756 54,306 55,011 2,992 2,805 2,757 2,867 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.2

Houma-Thibodaux

87,819 85,686 87,597 85,422 4,303 3,799 4,060 3,940 4.9 4.4 4.6 4.6

Lafayette

211,606 211,988 212,434 212,513 10,356 9,465 9,781 9,877 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.6

Lake Charles

113,498 113,460 114,405 113,958 4,351 4,262 4,061 4,335 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.8

Monroe

78,716 78,200 79,544 78,320 4,190 3,969 4,056 4,204 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.4

New Orleans-Metairie

591,335 598,250 598,756 602,235 28,105 25,155 26,182 26,347 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

186,762 183,114 186,718 183,818 9,659 8,951 9,269 9,476 5.2 4.9 5.0 5.2

Maine

697,191 688,370 699,745 692,392 19,790 15,506 20,500 16,376 2.8 2.3 2.9 2.4

Bangor

71,085 70,614 72,269 71,602 2,075 1,588 2,208 1,740 2.9 2.2 3.1 2.4

Lewiston-Auburn

55,638 54,797 56,399 55,716 1,606 1,291 1,653 1,370 2.9 2.4 2.9 2.5

Portland-South Portland

209,555 207,244 209,715 209,620 5,052 3,982 5,248 4,255 2.4 1.9 2.5 2.0

Maryland

3,185,520 3,266,964 3,198,764 3,299,699 113,462 109,198 115,284 106,909 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,486,958 1,533,250 1,496,052 1,549,173 53,966 52,043 54,728 51,009 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.3

California-Lexington Park

54,891 55,880 55,244 56,692 1,848 1,715 1,856 1,668 3.4 3.1 3.4 2.9

Cumberland

44,139 45,535 44,515 45,818 2,067 2,362 2,068 2,283 4.7 5.2 4.6 5.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

130,199 133,599 131,799 136,102 5,028 4,449 5,027 4,458 3.9 3.3 3.8 3.3

Massachusetts

3,795,770 3,816,437 3,817,350 3,840,588 115,381 110,593 104,354 94,491 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.5

Barnstable Town

131,177 131,659 127,539 127,840 3,942 3,834 3,680 3,412 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,799,770 2,819,538 2,821,289 2,845,075 78,666 75,533 71,261 65,227 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.3

Leominster-Gardner

81,465 82,022 82,000 82,474 2,762 2,647 2,513 2,272 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.8

New Bedford

85,996 86,506 86,114 86,348 3,832 3,602 3,452 3,178 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7

Pittsfield

43,312 43,308 43,365 43,303 1,511 1,459 1,396 1,244 3.5 3.4 3.2 2.9

Springfield

380,281 385,376 384,172 388,635 14,083 13,709 12,769 11,865 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1

Worcester

360,122 358,167 362,453 361,205 11,893 11,537 10,906 9,991 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.8

Michigan

4,882,449 4,943,788 4,909,341 4,941,096 172,631 184,659 181,296 174,138 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.5

Ann Arbor

192,394 194,707 195,442 195,795 5,404 5,841 5,517 4,991 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.5

Battle Creek

61,736 61,758 62,506 61,938 2,181 2,400 2,174 2,184 3.5 3.9 3.5 3.5

Bay City

49,412 49,327 49,815 49,342 1,786 1,956 1,788 2,031 3.6 4.0 3.6 4.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,139,652 2,177,830 2,149,643 2,174,309 84,818 89,540 93,159 81,543 4.0 4.1 4.3 3.8

Flint

178,422 181,414 180,469 184,316 7,063 7,708 7,110 8,843 4.0 4.2 3.9 4.8

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

570,883 574,621 575,240 574,548 14,728 16,138 14,604 14,212 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.5

Jackson

72,874 73,404 73,850 73,210 2,372 2,514 2,372 2,412 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,062 168,170 168,725 168,955 5,121 5,675 5,069 5,198 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.1

Lansing-East Lansing

245,816 248,908 249,413 252,777 7,091 7,804 7,109 9,110 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.6

Midland

39,925 39,967 40,098 39,743 1,254 1,347 1,252 1,246 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.1

Monroe

75,076 74,900 76,181 75,118 2,629 2,489 2,971 2,210 3.5 3.3 3.9 2.9

Muskegon

76,818 77,830 77,167 77,897 2,892 3,060 2,906 2,802 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

72,431 73,494 72,430 73,061 2,517 2,605 2,489 2,282 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.1

Saginaw

85,363 86,190 86,163 86,955 3,306 3,526 3,255 4,120 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.7

Minnesota

3,062,746 3,122,799 3,077,928 3,138,214 70,277 77,470 68,733 79,545 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.5

Duluth

142,028 144,395 142,608 145,454 3,921 4,350 3,945 4,549 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.1

Mankato-North Mankato

61,144 62,870 62,681 64,731 1,249 1,390 1,147 1,293 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,999,031 2,029,583 2,003,584 2,032,943 45,348 49,898 43,886 51,346 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.5

Rochester

123,176 126,100 123,772 127,237 2,380 2,630 2,328 2,634 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.1

St. Cloud

111,326 114,723 112,734 115,506 2,522 2,791 2,441 2,671 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3

Mississippi

1,265,313 1,289,580 1,270,344 1,283,542 54,900 71,742 54,552 66,433 4.3 5.6 4.3 5.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

161,810 165,681 162,291 165,995 7,442 9,347 7,300 8,626 4.6 5.6 4.5 5.2

Hattiesburg

68,256 70,634 69,102 70,947 2,567 3,417 2,568 3,093 3.8 4.8 3.7 4.4

Jackson

266,664 272,099 269,116 272,124 10,221 13,356 10,237 12,353 3.8 4.9 3.8 4.5

Missouri

3,034,664 3,125,516 3,045,583 3,141,572 78,485 73,820 70,459 78,975 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.5

Cape Girardeau

47,473 48,936 47,736 49,574 1,194 1,186 1,056 1,231 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.5

Columbia

97,552 99,671 98,061 100,271 1,851 1,647 1,549 1,716 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7

Jefferson City

72,668 74,651 73,192 75,209 1,564 1,351 1,352 1,431 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.9

Joplin

83,383 85,493 83,833 86,402 1,979 1,902 1,751 2,058 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.4

Kansas City

1,129,354 1,154,747 1,134,437 1,162,194 31,996 28,644 30,859 31,025 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.7

St. Joseph

62,384 63,760 63,085 64,282 1,490 1,338 1,369 1,471 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.3

St. Louis(2)

1,452,550 1,500,313 1,455,409 1,501,055 42,891 38,621 41,198 40,877 3.0 2.6 2.8 2.7

Springfield

230,016 237,463 230,389 237,353 5,247 5,104 4,475 5,254 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.2

Montana

528,163 531,565 528,418 534,345 16,612 15,756 17,784 16,642 3.1 3.0 3.4 3.1

Billings

86,813 86,830 86,558 86,725 2,612 2,483 2,698 2,529 3.0 2.9 3.1 2.9

Great Falls

37,682 37,769 37,765 37,951 1,248 1,157 1,249 1,191 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.1

Missoula

63,389 64,485 63,595 64,959 1,745 1,729 1,898 1,810 2.8 2.7 3.0 2.8

Nebraska

1,013,831 1,036,023 1,022,354 1,046,966 25,238 29,521 25,751 31,102 2.5 2.8 2.5 3.0

Grand Island

43,985 44,252 43,288 44,810 1,105 1,279 1,116 1,966 2.5 2.9 2.6 4.4

Lincoln

182,555 185,302 183,949 186,917 4,285 4,978 4,350 5,053 2.3 2.7 2.4 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

483,647 502,102 488,718 509,345 12,384 13,997 12,330 14,091 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.8

Nevada

1,511,305 1,558,504 1,516,177 1,566,286 67,608 59,196 64,664 58,314 4.5 3.8 4.3 3.7

Carson City

25,721 26,818 25,709 26,975 1,091 961 1,062 916 4.2 3.6 4.1 3.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,106,442 1,133,949 1,110,177 1,137,788 52,701 45,715 50,049 45,143 4.8 4.0 4.5 4.0

Reno

254,776 270,051 256,884 272,438 8,676 7,942 8,518 7,739 3.4 2.9 3.3 2.8

New Hampshire

757,972 770,546 759,725 774,289 16,354 18,093 15,191 17,912 2.2 2.3 2.0 2.3

Dover-Durham

84,812 85,743 85,611 86,797 1,705 1,896 1,603 1,835 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.1

Manchester

119,295 121,068 120,021 122,216 2,515 2,737 2,333 2,725 2.1 2.3 1.9 2.2

Portsmouth

77,106 78,415 77,403 78,492 1,578 1,601 1,529 1,650 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1

New Jersey

4,383,803 4,507,912 4,412,319 4,557,982 164,888 144,697 154,190 150,031 3.8 3.2 3.5 3.3

Atlantic City-Hammonton

121,338 124,140 119,829 123,565 5,767 5,286 5,558 5,637 4.8 4.3 4.6 4.6

Ocean City

47,752 52,179 43,479 47,152 2,222 1,936 2,485 2,373 4.7 3.7 5.7 5.0

Trenton

194,868 202,411 196,542 205,260 6,561 6,025 6,125 6,102 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

63,974 66,219 64,062 67,374 3,510 3,084 3,179 3,248 5.5 4.7 5.0 4.8

New Mexico

939,873 963,823 948,513 968,393 46,039 43,703 46,182 43,833 4.9 4.5 4.9 4.5

Albuquerque

428,686 440,138 433,428 443,364 20,471 19,345 20,466 19,279 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.3

Farmington

52,569 53,749 53,202 54,268 2,964 2,852 2,944 2,843 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.2

Las Cruces

97,040 99,001 97,751 99,602 5,158 4,958 5,163 4,941 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.0

Santa Fe

73,945 74,760 74,709 74,164 3,066 2,748 3,114 2,748 4.1 3.7 4.2 3.7

New York

9,547,754 9,539,775 9,603,222 9,582,441 347,563 353,170 347,452 374,217 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.9

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

449,079 447,840 455,703 451,024 14,886 15,357 14,368 15,504 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.4

Binghamton

107,187 106,376 108,095 106,841 4,205 4,394 4,063 4,459 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.2

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

544,059 544,771 546,329 545,478 20,503 21,381 19,978 21,983 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.0

Elmira

35,333 35,057 35,258 35,174 1,427 1,393 1,368 1,411 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0

Glens Falls

59,748 59,739 59,607 59,143 1,982 2,064 1,972 2,129 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.6

Ithaca

50,137 52,176 51,467 52,370 1,649 1,830 1,593 1,825 3.3 3.5 3.1 3.5

Kingston

88,912 89,365 89,936 89,966 2,980 3,053 2,874 3,071 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,872,871 9,941,535 9,937,952 10,024,877 361,265 346,125 356,047 368,904 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.7

Rochester

523,460 524,328 526,171 526,878 18,858 20,052 18,247 20,260 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.8

Syracuse

306,398 310,345 309,179 311,819 11,017 12,083 10,697 12,126 3.6 3.9 3.5 3.9

Utica-Rome

128,171 128,249 129,561 128,421 4,805 5,025 4,698 5,064 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

44,585 44,711 44,263 44,294 1,845 2,088 1,834 2,156 4.1 4.7 4.1 4.9

North Carolina

4,965,574 5,122,133 5,007,407 5,153,112 172,031 178,368 181,089 185,142 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6

Asheville

234,371 245,648 236,145 247,651 6,291 6,732 6,727 7,056 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8

Burlington

80,304 82,595 81,364 83,283 2,563 2,793 2,697 2,877 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,336,399 1,380,941 1,347,774 1,390,702 43,025 42,845 44,938 44,840 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

297,513 305,460 299,396 306,698 8,980 9,417 9,517 9,843 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2

Fayetteville

145,954 150,636 148,334 150,961 6,855 6,972 7,173 7,228 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.8

Goldsboro

52,179 52,927 52,831 53,103 2,028 1,967 2,104 2,074 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.9

Greensboro-High Point

367,301 374,487 370,424 377,639 13,046 13,839 13,763 14,293 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8

Greenville

89,325 91,533 89,516 91,701 3,305 3,556 3,469 3,629 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,023 176,326 175,686 177,719 5,353 5,912 5,733 6,184 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.5

Jacksonville

62,694 64,648 64,242 64,865 3,076 2,667 3,221 2,867 4.9 4.1 5.0 4.4

New Bern

50,658 51,923 51,437 51,946 2,043 1,869 2,242 1,924 4.0 3.6 4.4 3.7

Raleigh

708,466 736,498 714,682 741,411 21,327 22,514 22,561 23,302 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1

Rocky Mount

64,065 64,609 65,370 65,692 3,188 3,128 3,248 3,209 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.9

Wilmington

146,351 155,209 149,297 156,588 5,746 4,869 5,842 5,077 3.9 3.1 3.9 3.2

Winston-Salem

325,444 337,136 328,455 339,479 10,603 11,172 11,258 11,617 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4

North Dakota

403,172 403,489 402,879 404,046 8,020 7,829 7,157 6,951 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7

Bismarck

66,333 67,124 66,733 67,162 1,407 1,358 1,272 1,230 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8

Fargo

136,031 137,669 136,045 138,070 2,603 2,668 2,338 2,262 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.6

Grand Forks

53,896 54,604 54,312 55,056 1,118 1,083 964 1,006 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8

Ohio

5,730,788 5,811,297 5,774,153 5,828,745 238,820 240,276 246,996 227,965 4.2 4.1 4.3 3.9

Akron

354,844 358,228 359,552 359,941 14,869 15,329 15,539 14,828 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1

Canton-Massillon

197,329 200,209 200,307 202,081 8,680 8,740 9,099 8,785 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.3

Cincinnati

1,113,174 1,145,596 1,123,610 1,148,340 41,509 42,183 42,602 40,783 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.6

Cleveland-Elyria

1,037,428 1,042,674 1,035,215 1,034,543 46,577 42,193 46,825 33,520 4.5 4.0 4.5 3.2

Columbus

1,075,678 1,098,320 1,089,855 1,104,529 39,430 40,774 40,923 39,006 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.5

Dayton

383,365 389,261 386,105 393,049 15,747 16,223 16,357 16,376 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.2

Lima

47,486 48,290 48,034 48,538 1,907 1,971 1,999 1,936 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.0

Mansfield

52,275 53,138 52,608 53,283 2,215 2,318 2,359 2,265 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.3

Springfield

62,652 63,520 63,368 64,638 2,651 2,680 2,770 3,246 4.2 4.2 4.4 5.0

Toledo

300,038 301,016 302,636 304,406 13,728 13,006 14,240 12,836 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.2

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

49,942 50,424 50,272 50,517 2,675 2,811 2,730 2,869 5.4 5.6 5.4 5.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

238,530 238,489 240,096 238,518 12,501 13,160 13,085 13,118 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.5

Oklahoma

1,834,606 1,857,552 1,844,742 1,856,561 53,843 57,971 56,342 61,510 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.3

Enid

27,068 27,037 27,276 27,180 719 782 737 785 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.9

Lawton

50,436 51,443 51,024 51,361 1,758 1,833 1,897 1,847 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6

Oklahoma City

680,037 691,711 684,926 689,747 18,659 19,980 19,361 20,304 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9

Tulsa

474,840 479,546 478,148 480,125 14,247 15,056 15,072 16,967 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.5

Oregon

2,112,722 2,124,764 2,117,663 2,118,914 77,800 82,620 83,429 74,575 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.5

Albany

58,246 58,713 58,855 59,248 2,479 2,654 2,640 2,393 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.0

Bend-Redmond

96,039 98,011 95,831 97,379 3,402 3,563 3,689 3,277 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.4

Corvallis

47,591 47,351 49,013 48,869 1,464 1,672 1,556 1,344 3.1 3.5 3.2 2.8

Eugene

180,940 179,758 182,153 181,209 7,455 7,797 7,904 6,995 4.1 4.3 4.3 3.9

Grants Pass

36,213 36,666 36,382 36,450 1,688 1,744 1,846 1,632 4.7 4.8 5.1 4.5

Medford

105,704 106,797 106,374 106,847 4,353 4,345 4,591 3,885 4.1 4.1 4.3 3.6

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,314,910 1,333,540 1,323,190 1,336,318 46,360 50,170 49,507 47,017 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.5

Salem

202,854 203,540 203,005 202,273 7,783 8,426 8,332 7,553 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.7

Pennsylvania

6,414,056 6,522,663 6,444,551 6,571,225 249,244 255,958 248,016 284,607 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.3

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

434,215 441,676 439,216 447,705 18,042 17,626 17,811 19,213 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.3

Altoona

59,095 60,474 58,745 60,615 2,192 2,390 2,210 2,690 3.7 4.0 3.8 4.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,609 43,197 42,701 43,515 1,619 1,603 1,568 1,790 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.1

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,286 79,115 76,976 79,421 2,596 2,654 2,540 3,000 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.8

East Stroudsburg

81,496 82,919 81,761 83,780 4,027 4,066 3,964 4,484 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.4

Erie

129,514 130,825 129,549 131,188 5,070 5,030 5,191 5,704 3.9 3.8 4.0 4.3

Gettysburg

55,338 56,076 55,105 56,079 1,695 1,597 1,677 1,809 3.1 2.8 3.0 3.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

297,676 298,960 296,672 300,533 10,081 10,519 9,960 11,594 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.9

Johnstown

57,816 58,633 58,404 59,591 2,556 2,596 2,556 2,882 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8

Lancaster

282,442 285,781 281,454 285,702 8,725 8,916 8,674 9,935 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.5

Lebanon

71,301 73,118 70,870 73,247 2,449 2,633 2,445 2,827 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,071,271 3,143,988 3,096,866 3,176,237 121,262 121,263 118,481 130,650 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.1

Pittsburgh

1,198,202 1,212,878 1,208,178 1,222,456 44,719 46,324 44,687 52,068 3.7 3.8 3.7 4.3

Reading

212,334 217,138 212,363 218,080 8,238 8,563 8,138 9,455 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.3

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

274,889 277,152 276,991 280,620 12,578 12,951 12,575 14,435 4.6 4.7 4.5 5.1

State College

81,008 83,246 82,361 84,542 2,409 2,492 2,367 2,790 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.3

Williamsport

56,703 57,533 56,607 57,771 2,396 2,413 2,292 2,617 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.5

York-Hanover

233,317 236,016 233,944 237,724 8,310 8,262 8,178 9,194 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.9

Rhode Island

556,243 555,580 556,208 558,187 19,927 18,240 19,182 16,156 3.6 3.3 3.4 2.9

Providence-Warwick

690,039 690,756 691,368 694,805 24,635 22,930 23,416 20,228 3.6 3.3 3.4 2.9

South Carolina

2,316,250 2,362,736 2,330,794 2,379,312 75,024 42,459 75,373 50,111 3.2 1.8 3.2 2.1

Charleston-North Charleston

379,444 389,922 385,901 389,984 10,426 5,772 10,462 6,888 2.7 1.5 2.7 1.8

Columbia

398,315 401,073 399,763 403,798 12,356 6,904 12,397 7,969 3.1 1.7 3.1 2.0

Florence

95,738 97,017 96,054 97,541 3,521 1,944 3,476 2,233 3.7 2.0 3.6 2.3

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

422,758 430,780 425,543 433,626 12,372 7,024 12,545 8,391 2.9 1.6 2.9 1.9

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

87,182 90,722 87,369 91,731 2,567 1,418 2,648 1,733 2.9 1.6 3.0 1.9

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

197,972 207,548 197,538 207,725 8,101 5,448 8,343 6,153 4.1 2.6 4.2 3.0

Spartanburg

159,229 164,246 160,137 165,003 4,730 2,697 4,772 3,187 3.0 1.6 3.0 1.9

Sumter

44,037 44,299 44,164 44,911 1,651 951 1,638 1,114 3.7 2.1 3.7 2.5

South Dakota

457,620 467,128 461,575 470,748 11,976 12,794 12,065 13,366 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.8

Rapid City

74,258 76,177 74,560 75,854 2,088 2,229 2,129 2,281 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0

Sioux Falls

150,927 157,052 153,741 159,069 3,320 3,639 3,363 3,779 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.4

Tennessee

3,238,611 3,348,862 3,259,609 3,355,432 108,475 104,662 106,795 106,353 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.2

Chattanooga

270,765 277,417 272,203 277,205 8,941 8,389 9,317 8,375 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.0

Clarksville

114,427 119,513 115,031 119,161 4,662 4,611 4,434 4,775 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0

Cleveland

56,991 58,556 57,630 58,733 2,009 1,988 1,982 1,892 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.2

Jackson

63,874 66,467 64,416 66,325 2,315 2,263 2,275 2,193 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.3

Johnson City

90,746 93,560 91,597 93,640 3,315 3,186 3,218 3,070 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

136,352 141,376 136,856 142,139 4,669 4,640 4,554 4,626 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3

Knoxville

421,356 437,256 422,838 437,833 13,192 12,612 13,058 12,695 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.9

Memphis

630,566 648,021 636,392 646,985 25,207 26,322 24,943 24,868 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.8

Morristown

50,959 52,836 51,558 53,130 1,841 1,856 1,783 1,853 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,044,488 1,081,323 1,052,647 1,087,653 28,024 26,376 27,312 27,906 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.6

Texas

13,849,870 14,113,138 13,901,088 14,189,091 512,839 471,527 489,204 467,991 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.3

Abilene

76,989 77,137 77,153 77,610 2,475 2,274 2,397 2,251 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.9

Amarillo

131,430 131,978 132,132 133,028 3,538 3,290 3,397 3,241 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.4

Austin-Round Rock

1,200,200 1,220,394 1,203,065 1,230,512 34,647 31,932 33,376 31,384 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6

Beaumont-Port Arthur

176,073 177,084 177,316 177,475 9,941 9,337 9,074 8,829 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.0

Brownsville-Harlingen

164,420 164,762 163,865 164,335 9,345 8,507 8,705 8,466 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.2

College Station-Bryan

134,390 135,758 136,391 138,876 3,815 3,572 3,670 3,611 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6

Corpus Christi

206,181 208,114 207,479 209,448 9,716 8,451 8,945 8,248 4.7 4.1 4.3 3.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,908,721 4,010,417 3,928,885 4,025,199 132,835 123,222 128,366 123,935 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.1

El Paso

361,408 363,919 362,407 366,308 14,953 13,529 14,312 13,546 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,385,469 3,455,713 3,403,759 3,476,739 139,555 124,698 131,468 123,054 4.1 3.6 3.9 3.5

Killeen-Temple

175,539 178,862 176,049 180,188 7,113 6,373 6,956 6,344 4.1 3.6 4.0 3.5

Laredo

116,247 117,816 116,413 118,389 4,138 3,982 4,068 4,048 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4

Longview

97,848 97,150 98,232 97,664 3,839 3,545 3,761 3,513 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.6

Lubbock

162,366 164,188 162,976 165,169 4,832 4,411 4,587 4,375 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.6

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

344,547 352,762 345,285 356,225 20,964 20,614 19,020 19,803 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.6

Midland

107,143 107,962 107,454 108,112 2,153 2,208 2,106 2,246 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1

Odessa

86,184 87,340 86,853 87,338 2,144 2,304 2,057 2,372 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.7

San Angelo

55,816 56,103 55,893 56,244 1,736 1,601 1,683 1,615 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,190,400 1,215,238 1,191,437 1,228,419 38,527 35,928 37,225 35,715 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.9

Sherman-Denison

63,609 64,586 63,863 65,029 1,994 1,901 1,942 1,877 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9

Texarkana

65,016 64,761 65,123 64,988 3,384 2,643 3,149 2,583 5.2 4.1 4.8 4.0

Tyler

107,417 108,312 108,396 108,792 3,746 3,438 3,797 3,412 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.1

Victoria

46,734 46,176 46,701 46,267 1,678 1,515 1,597 1,521 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.3

Waco

125,575 126,702 125,360 127,301 4,260 3,983 4,108 3,957 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.1

Wichita Falls

65,396 65,560 65,741 65,719 2,115 1,949 2,029 1,926 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.9

Utah

1,575,536 1,612,660 1,581,739 1,620,643 46,039 32,753 45,535 29,939 2.9 2.0 2.9 1.8

Logan

70,700 72,354 71,851 73,559 1,726 1,208 1,715 1,117 2.4 1.7 2.4 1.5

Ogden-Clearfield

325,273 336,069 327,041 337,225 9,763 6,766 9,649 6,085 3.0 2.0 3.0 1.8

Provo-Orem

308,745 314,980 310,095 318,381 8,378 5,871 8,153 5,393 2.7 1.9 2.6 1.7

St. George

74,607 77,061 75,372 77,180 2,359 1,791 2,337 1,592 3.2 2.3 3.1 2.1

Salt Lake City

652,937 666,526 655,548 669,347 18,927 13,623 18,720 12,442 2.9 2.0 2.9 1.9

Vermont

343,991 339,404 344,338 339,367 8,567 7,532 6,419 5,426 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.6

Burlington-South Burlington

126,742 125,845 125,505 126,489 2,736 2,399 2,050 1,685 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.3

Virginia

4,315,374 4,414,738 4,332,241 4,444,906 118,118 108,209 115,281 107,036 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

90,745 92,163 90,553 89,398 2,560 2,387 2,479 2,298 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6

Charlottesville

120,469 123,805 119,483 123,015 2,959 2,694 2,917 2,622 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.1

Harrisonburg

66,004 67,821 66,412 68,820 1,779 1,560 1,732 1,484 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.2

Lynchburg

122,444 124,971 122,491 125,854 3,772 3,566 3,632 3,456 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.7

Richmond

672,021 687,233 676,836 692,607 19,764 17,969 19,220 17,868 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6

Roanoke

156,381 160,261 156,853 161,350 4,165 3,944 4,071 3,914 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.4

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,221 60,996 59,746 61,652 1,498 1,360 1,506 1,394 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.3

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

842,466 860,603 845,987 862,243 25,733 23,526 25,012 23,403 3.1 2.7 3.0 2.7

Winchester

71,548 74,410 72,448 75,453 1,878 1,712 1,868 1,713 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.3

Washington

3,805,427 3,935,912 3,829,284 3,960,349 151,394 161,428 156,123 160,530 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1

Bellingham

110,181 115,533 113,257 117,985 4,494 5,557 4,834 5,769 4.1 4.8 4.3 4.9

Bremerton-Silverdale

121,974 127,543 124,369 130,702 5,014 5,612 5,309 5,824 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.5

Kennewick-Richland

140,277 147,992 141,665 148,636 5,914 6,812 6,416 7,203 4.2 4.6 4.5 4.8

Longview

45,827 47,035 46,206 47,887 2,288 2,732 2,435 2,847 5.0 5.8 5.3 5.9

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

60,574 62,662 61,595 63,783 2,695 3,218 2,895 3,365 4.4 5.1 4.7 5.3

Olympia-Tumwater

137,520 143,081 139,676 146,215 5,678 6,632 6,002 7,014 4.1 4.6 4.3 4.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,117,773 2,189,689 2,117,874 2,188,755 78,754 76,970 77,856 71,521 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.3

Spokane-Spokane Valley

265,287 277,006 271,270 283,822 11,819 13,343 12,474 14,030 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.9

Walla Walla

31,659 32,214 32,843 33,957 1,208 1,448 1,318 1,523 3.8 4.5 4.0 4.5

Wenatchee

70,507 71,730 69,274 70,364 2,316 2,770 2,662 2,936 3.3 3.9 3.8 4.2

Yakima

134,122 138,881 134,495 137,331 5,687 6,881 6,590 7,299 4.2 5.0 4.9 5.3

West Virginia

785,466 806,147 788,391 810,421 35,285 33,630 35,784 36,480 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.5

Beckley

45,499 46,655 45,610 46,959 2,144 1,991 2,227 2,191 4.7 4.3 4.9 4.7

Charleston

92,337 93,947 92,340 93,930 4,375 3,946 4,409 4,169 4.7 4.2 4.8 4.4

Huntington-Ashland

144,981 146,997 145,452 147,244 7,064 6,608 7,014 6,683 4.9 4.5 4.8 4.5

Morgantown

68,786 70,115 69,548 70,603 2,722 2,325 2,724 2,463 4.0 3.3 3.9 3.5

Parkersburg-Vienna

37,936 38,892 37,962 39,165 1,760 1,705 1,814 1,934 4.6 4.4 4.8 4.9

Wheeling

66,859 68,375 67,715 69,331 2,873 3,205 2,885 3,586 4.3 4.7 4.3 5.2

Wisconsin

3,112,050 3,108,570 3,121,149 3,110,345 73,637 91,401 74,734 85,869 2.4 2.9 2.4 2.8

Appleton

130,239 129,340 130,174 128,883 2,846 3,349 2,863 3,110 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.4

Eau Claire

91,702 91,767 92,637 92,370 1,935 2,490 2,035 2,375 2.1 2.7 2.2 2.6

Fond du Lac

57,500 57,135 57,705 56,945 1,116 1,538 1,180 1,400 1.9 2.7 2.0 2.5

Green Bay

175,294 175,785 175,833 175,832 3,790 4,888 3,879 4,505 2.2 2.8 2.2 2.6

Janesville-Beloit

84,703 85,682 84,514 85,433 2,198 2,968 2,154 2,722 2.6 3.5 2.5 3.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,258 77,756 77,662 78,225 1,506 1,891 1,588 1,771 1.9 2.4 2.0 2.3

Madison

384,983 383,006 386,487 385,954 7,048 8,746 7,515 8,333 1.8 2.3 1.9 2.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

821,475 823,044 822,019 824,515 22,748 27,634 22,348 25,630 2.8 3.4 2.7 3.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,097 91,875 92,273 91,883 1,997 2,530 2,068 2,379 2.2 2.8 2.2 2.6

Racine

98,892 98,813 98,681 98,607 3,012 3,709 2,876 3,498 3.0 3.8 2.9 3.5

Sheboygan

62,771 62,925 62,531 62,830 1,245 1,533 1,290 1,494 2.0 2.4 2.1 2.4

Wausau

72,991 73,096 73,579 73,385 1,506 1,845 1,560 1,778 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.4

Wyoming

289,631 292,446 289,628 293,213 10,693 9,715 10,831 9,570 3.7 3.3 3.7 3.3

Casper

38,365 38,855 39,013 39,284 1,706 1,455 1,734 1,447 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.7

Cheyenne

46,795 47,426 47,340 48,217 1,732 1,618 1,756 1,569 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.3

Puerto Rico

1,080,804 1,062,293 1,073,873 1,062,590 93,881 87,206 89,194 95,462 8.7 8.2 8.3 9.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

86,225 84,076 85,162 84,852 9,734 8,444 9,152 9,437 11.3 10.0 10.7 11.1

Arecibo

51,711 51,422 51,993 51,982 5,197 4,845 5,188 5,564 10.1 9.4 10.0 10.7

Guayama

19,933 19,452 19,683 19,483 2,598 2,383 2,449 2,614 13.0 12.3 12.4 13.4

Mayaguez

27,492 27,218 27,591 27,413 2,946 2,608 2,860 2,835 10.7 9.6 10.4 10.3

Ponce

91,097 90,328 90,008 90,178 10,238 10,514 9,685 11,132 11.2 11.6 10.8 12.3

San German

35,243 34,704 34,846 34,809 3,972 3,538 3,679 3,865 11.3 10.2 10.6 11.1

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

728,609 715,041 724,383 712,557 53,827 49,606 51,263 54,514 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.7

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) September October September October
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

California

19,478,378 19,567,536 19,542,699 19,587,530 756,608 690,859 772,789 718,288 3.9 3.5 4.0 3.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,782,795 6,785,155 6,806,284 6,795,446 285,930 269,412 286,727 274,351 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.0

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,630,989 1,631,954 1,640,925 1,633,947 45,179 39,176 46,639 41,326 2.8 2.4 2.8 2.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,151,806 5,153,201 5,165,359 5,161,499 240,751 230,236 240,088 233,025 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,599,544 2,630,673 2,608,606 2,633,595 66,042 57,618 68,309 60,912 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.3

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,418,048 1,430,180 1,422,748 1,431,912 40,617 36,091 42,054 37,939 2.9 2.5 3.0 2.6

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,039,457 1,057,211 1,042,990 1,058,690 22,227 18,800 22,890 20,093 2.1 1.8 2.2 1.9

San Rafael

142,039 143,282 142,868 142,993 3,198 2,727 3,365 2,880 2.3 1.9 2.4 2.0

District of Columbia

400,542 407,982 402,446 408,359 22,194 21,705 21,315 21,847 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,381,116 3,460,490 3,393,284 3,490,959 105,536 99,932 104,742 98,547 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.8

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

686,149 698,241 686,453 703,628 20,690 19,754 20,991 19,250 3.0 2.8 3.1 2.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,694,967 2,762,249 2,706,831 2,787,331 84,846 80,178 83,751 79,297 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.8

Florida

10,280,409 10,532,471 10,305,265 10,565,454 342,076 317,695 340,078 307,338 3.3 3.0 3.3 2.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,149,837 3,239,364 3,163,808 3,269,075 109,688 98,630 107,396 94,577 3.5 3.0 3.4 2.9

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,043,978 1,060,747 1,047,301 1,060,485 32,319 30,084 32,321 29,607 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,376,079 1,433,319 1,381,547 1,462,938 52,205 44,799 50,415 42,483 3.8 3.1 3.6 2.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

729,780 745,298 734,960 745,652 25,164 23,747 24,660 22,487 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.0

Illinois

6,435,664 6,482,734 6,477,162 6,483,880 248,531 230,385 263,231 235,466 3.9 3.6 4.1 3.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,842,910 4,870,597 4,877,420 4,865,666 173,982 163,300 182,549 168,946 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,705,981 3,721,644 3,732,976 3,714,650 128,020 120,786 134,188 126,791 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.4

Elgin

328,885 332,334 331,020 333,200 14,016 12,399 15,104 12,448 4.3 3.7 4.6 3.7

Gary(3)

342,113 342,217 343,807 343,650 14,322 13,447 14,617 13,210 4.2 3.9 4.3 3.8

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

465,931 474,402 469,617 474,166 17,624 16,668 18,640 16,497 3.8 3.5 4.0 3.5

Massachusetts

3,795,770 3,816,437 3,817,350 3,840,588 115,381 110,593 104,354 94,491 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,799,770 2,819,538 2,821,289 2,845,075 78,666 75,533 71,261 65,227 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.3

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,672,618 1,685,084 1,686,619 1,702,228 44,999 42,914 40,597 36,354 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

110,918 111,573 111,814 112,501 3,847 3,591 3,446 3,061 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.7

Framingham

162,457 162,639 163,791 164,138 4,190 3,983 3,837 3,414 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

117,299 118,610 117,900 118,917 3,250 3,239 3,037 2,962 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

98,809 97,807 99,233 98,577 4,080 3,798 3,652 3,384 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

196,730 197,941 197,969 199,145 5,865 5,663 5,316 4,891 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.5

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

86,901 87,336 87,157 87,999 2,745 2,579 2,468 2,227 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.5

Nashua(2)

172,806 175,932 173,942 177,599 4,141 4,445 3,934 4,407 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.5

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

94,325 95,185 95,224 96,208 2,753 2,594 2,468 2,211 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.3

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

86,907 87,431 87,640 87,763 2,796 2,727 2,506 2,316 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.6

Michigan

4,882,449 4,943,788 4,909,341 4,941,096 172,631 184,659 181,296 174,138 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,139,652 2,177,830 2,149,643 2,174,309 84,818 89,540 93,159 81,543 4.0 4.1 4.3 3.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

797,051 810,992 802,052 808,119 38,591 39,644 43,101 36,384 4.8 4.9 5.4 4.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,342,601 1,366,838 1,347,592 1,366,190 46,227 49,896 50,059 45,159 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.3

New York

9,547,754 9,539,775 9,603,222 9,582,441 347,563 353,170 347,452 374,217 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,872,871 9,941,535 9,937,952 10,024,877 361,265 346,125 356,047 368,904 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

194,104 194,945 196,208 196,276 6,444 6,910 6,237 6,989 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.6

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,483,657 1,481,511 1,487,221 1,489,115 48,286 50,687 46,447 51,605 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5

Newark(3)

1,204,337 1,240,467 1,214,580 1,259,132 46,819 41,270 43,587 42,605 3.9 3.3 3.6 3.4

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,990,773 7,024,612 7,039,943 7,080,354 259,716 247,258 259,776 267,705 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.8

Pennsylvania

6,414,056 6,522,663 6,444,551 6,571,225 249,244 255,958 248,016 284,607 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,071,271 3,143,988 3,096,866 3,176,237 121,262 121,263 118,481 130,650 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.1

Camden(3)

618,847 632,943 623,232 640,858 24,157 21,267 22,455 22,081 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.4

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,070,509 1,095,462 1,077,100 1,102,717 34,847 35,655 34,724 39,538 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6

Philadelphia

1,006,353 1,031,716 1,016,468 1,043,458 48,325 49,817 48,114 54,303 4.8 4.8 4.7 5.2

Wilmington(3)

375,562 383,867 380,066 389,204 13,933 14,524 13,188 14,728 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.8

Texas

13,849,870 14,113,138 13,901,088 14,189,091 512,839 471,527 489,204 467,991 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,908,721 4,010,417 3,928,885 4,025,199 132,835 123,222 128,366 123,935 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.1

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,636,444 2,718,866 2,650,889 2,728,283 90,093 83,084 86,951 82,546 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.0

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,272,277 1,291,551 1,277,996 1,296,916 42,742 40,138 41,415 41,389 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.2

Washington

3,805,427 3,935,912 3,829,284 3,960,349 151,394 161,428 156,123 160,530 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,117,773 2,189,689 2,117,874 2,188,755 78,754 76,970 77,856 71,521 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,695,957 1,747,935 1,688,061 1,739,007 59,706 55,439 57,768 48,643 3.5 3.2 3.4 2.8

Tacoma-Lakewood

421,816 441,754 429,813 449,748 19,048 21,531 20,088 22,878 4.5 4.9 4.7 5.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2018 to October 2019(p)
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,047.2 2,093.9 2,059.9 2,101.8 41.9 2.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.8 47.2 46.8 47.5 0.7 1.5

Auburn-Opelika

66.5 68.3 66.9 68.7 1.8 2.7

Birmingham-Hoover

539.4 549.0 541.9 550.4 8.5 1.6

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

77.5 79.7 76.5 79.5 3.0 3.9

Decatur

56.1 57.6 56.5 57.4 0.9 1.6

Dothan

58.8 59.1 58.9 59.4 0.5 0.8

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.1 58.1 57.6 58.4 0.8 1.4

Gadsden

38.1 39.1 38.4 38.9 0.5 1.3

Huntsville

237.3 245.4 240.5 247.2 6.7 2.8

Mobile

185.3 188.4 186.3 188.8 2.5 1.3

Montgomery

176.8 179.8 176.6 180.1 3.5 2.0

Tuscaloosa

111.3 113.8 112.0 114.6 2.6 2.3


Alaska

338.7 342.1 323.6 323.6 0.0 0.0

Anchorage

179.0 179.6 175.8 175.1 -0.7 -0.4

Fairbanks

38.9 39.0 37.9 37.5 -0.4 -1.1


Arizona

2,877.0 2,944.2 2,903.6 2,975.8 72.2 2.5

Flagstaff

70.4 70.4 70.0 70.8 0.8 1.1

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

51.6 52.5 52.0 53.1 1.1 2.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,122.5 2,176.4 2,145.1 2,201.6 56.5 2.6

Prescott

65.8 66.9 66.4 67.3 0.9 1.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.6