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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Monday, December 7, 2015                   USDL-15-2326

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559   sminfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392   lausinfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902   PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2015


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 337 of the 387 
metropolitan areas, higher in 38 areas, and unchanged in 12 areas, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-four areas had jobless rates of less than 
3.0 percent, and three areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll 
employment increased over the year in 300 metropolitan areas, decreased in 78 areas, 
and was unchanged in 9 areas. The national unemployment rate in October was 4.8 
percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.5 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Bismarck, N.D., and Fargo, N.D.-Minn., had the lowest unemployment rates in October, 
1.8 percent each. Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment 
rates, 23.2 percent and 21.8 percent, respectively. A total of 185 areas had October 
unemployment rates below the U.S. unemployment rate of 4.8 percent, 185 areas had 
rates above it, and 17 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate 
decrease in October (-2.5 percentage points), followed by El Centro, Calif. (-2.0 
points). The largest rate increases occurred in Odessa, Texas (+1.7 percentage 
points), and Farmington, N.M. (+1.6 points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest unemployment rate in 
October, 2.9 percent. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest 
jobless rate among the large areas, 6.4 percent. Forty-eight large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, two had increases, and one had no 
change. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif., had the largest rate decrease 
(-1.8 percentage points), followed by Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Mich., and 
Providence-Warwick, R.I.-Mass. (-1.6 points each). The jobless rate increases 
occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (+0.4 percentage point), 
and Raleigh, N.C. (+0.3 point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
October, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael, 
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.3 percent each. 
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate, 7.7 percent. 
(See table 2.)

All 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in 
October. The largest decline occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. 
(-2.1 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 300 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 78 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. 
(+157,100), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+126,300), and Dallas-Fort 
Worth-Arlington, Texas (+98,400). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in 
employment occurred in Provo-Orem, Utah (+5.5 percent), followed by San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+5.2 percent), and Lake Charles, La. (+4.6 percent). 
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-4,300), 
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-3,900), and Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-2,800). 
The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Pine Bluff, 
Ark. (-7.0 percent), Cape Girardeau, Mo.-Ill. (-2.9 percent), and Houma-Thibodaux, La. 
(-2.7 percent). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 
2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage 
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+5.2 percent), followed by San Antonio-New Braunfels, 
Texas (+4.0 percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+3.8 percent).  

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan 
divisions over the year and decreased in 4. The largest over-the-year increase in 
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White 
Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+124,700), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. 
(+85,300), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+82,200). The over-the-year decreases 
in employment occurred in Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-3,700), Dutchess 
County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-2,900), Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1,800), and Taunton-
Middleborough-Norton, Mass. (-200). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions occurred in San Rafael, Calif. (+5.6 percent), followed by San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif. (+4.6 percent), and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. 
(+3.7 percent). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in 
Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-2.0 percent), Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1.4 
percent), Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-0.9 percent), and Taunton-
Middleborough-Norton, Mass. (-0.3 percent). 

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Friday, December 18, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The 
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, December 30, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced
for the following areas and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan
Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett,
WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau,
any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate
estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the
revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of time-series
models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back to the series 
beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the substate estimation
methodology, and more timely inputs from the American Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot
Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated.
For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for 
states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm 
level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as 
well. Revisions of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once
a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for 
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error 
are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on 
recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
February 28, 2013. Data reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New
England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population
of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the administration of various
federal economic assistance programs are available on the Internet at
www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                             September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,133.9  2,147.2  2,148.0  2,162.3    132.9    127.0    128.7    121.8   6.2   5.9   6.0   5.6
  Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville..........     45.9     45.8     46.2     46.5      3.3      3.1      3.2      3.1   7.3   6.8   7.0   6.6
  Auburn-Opelika........................     70.8     72.1     71.3     72.6      3.5      3.4      3.5      3.3   5.0   4.8   4.9   4.5
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    528.7    532.4    533.9    537.6     29.2     28.6     28.5     27.6   5.5   5.4   5.3   5.1
  Daphne-Fairhope-Foley.................     85.3     87.0     85.0     87.1      4.7      4.5      4.7      4.4   5.5   5.2   5.5   5.1
  Decatur...............................     69.0     69.0     69.3     69.6      4.4      4.2      4.2      4.0   6.4   6.0   6.1   5.7
  Dothan................................     62.6     62.7     63.1     63.2      4.0      3.8      3.8      3.6   6.4   6.0   6.1   5.6
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     67.2     65.4     67.3     66.0      4.9      4.6      4.6      4.4   7.3   7.0   6.9   6.6
  Gadsden...............................     43.3     43.1     43.4     43.4      2.7      2.6      2.6      2.5   6.2   6.0   6.0   5.7
  Huntsville............................    207.2    207.7    210.5    209.8     11.6     10.9     11.3     10.6   5.6   5.3   5.4   5.0
  Mobile................................    181.9    181.0    182.2    182.2     13.0     12.6     12.5     12.1   7.2   7.0   6.9   6.6
  Montgomery............................    167.8    168.3    169.1    169.7     10.5      9.8     10.0      9.5   6.2   5.8   5.9   5.6
  Tuscaloosa............................    110.6    112.9    111.9    113.9      6.2      6.0      6.0      5.7   5.6   5.4   5.4   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    367.6    362.9    363.9    360.7     22.8     20.7     22.5     21.9   6.2   5.7   6.2   6.1
  Anchorage.............................    202.2    200.5    203.3    203.4     10.9     10.3     10.6     10.6   5.4   5.1   5.2   5.2
  Fairbanks.............................     47.3     46.8     47.2     46.8      2.4      2.2      2.5      2.4   5.1   4.7   5.3   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,108.9  3,163.9  3,129.7  3,163.2    214.1    203.5    208.3    193.5   6.9   6.4   6.7   6.1
  Flagstaff.............................     74.1     74.6     73.3     73.7      4.9      4.8      4.7      4.7   6.6   6.4   6.5   6.3
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     78.3     78.0     78.5     77.4      6.8      6.5      6.6      6.2   8.7   8.4   8.4   8.0
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,120.0  2,168.7  2,138.3  2,172.7    126.8    118.3    123.9    113.8   6.0   5.5   5.8   5.2
  Prescott..............................     96.1     98.1     97.9     98.2      5.8      5.5      5.8      5.3   6.0   5.6   5.9   5.4
  Sierra Vista-Douglas..................     51.2     50.3     51.5     50.2      4.1      3.8      4.1      3.6   8.1   7.6   7.9   7.2
  Tucson................................    465.0    471.5    466.6    471.6     28.5     27.0     28.0     26.2   6.1   5.7   6.0   5.5
  Yuma..................................     92.7     92.4     92.8     90.7     22.7     24.1     21.3     21.0  24.5  26.1  23.0  23.2
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,305.5  1,331.8  1,309.8  1,336.8     73.9     64.5     68.4     61.8   5.7   4.8   5.2   4.6
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    242.3    248.9    242.0    250.4     10.4      8.8      9.5      8.5   4.3   3.5   3.9   3.4
  Fort Smith............................    119.3    120.9    119.4    121.2      6.7      6.4      6.5      6.2   5.6   5.3   5.5   5.1
  Hot Springs...........................     40.1     41.2     39.9     40.9      2.4      2.2      2.3      2.1   6.1   5.3   5.7   5.2
  Jonesboro.............................     59.4     62.5     60.4     62.8      3.1      2.7      2.9      2.5   5.2   4.3   4.8   4.0
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    340.4    351.0    340.5    352.1     17.7     15.3     16.4     14.7   5.2   4.4   4.8   4.2
  Pine Bluff............................     36.4     34.6     36.9     34.9      2.8      2.4      2.6      2.3   7.7   7.0   7.1   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,855.1 18,945.5 18,945.0 19,017.2  1,322.8  1,034.4  1,323.6  1,080.4   7.0   5.5   7.0   5.7
  Bakersfield...........................    398.4    396.0    399.6    399.7     35.0     32.8     35.3     35.4   8.8   8.3   8.8   8.9
  Chico.................................    101.4    101.9    102.3    103.7      7.6      6.0      7.6      6.5   7.5   5.9   7.5   6.2
  El Centro.............................     80.1     79.7     79.8     79.6     21.1     18.8     19.0     17.3  26.4  23.6  23.8  21.8
  Fresno................................    440.7    441.1    438.8    439.4     42.9     35.4     45.5     40.9   9.7   8.0  10.4   9.3
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     57.1     57.2     56.9     56.6      5.5      4.6      6.0      5.5   9.6   8.0  10.6   9.7
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim........  6,627.4  6,601.7  6,657.6  6,595.0    490.1    374.3    487.0    364.8   7.4   5.7   7.3   5.5
  Madera................................     63.8     63.0     62.6     62.1      5.7      4.8      6.0      5.5   8.9   7.6   9.5   8.9
  Merced................................    117.1    115.4    118.0    116.6     11.8      9.4     12.0     10.6  10.1   8.1  10.2   9.1
  Modesto...............................    242.5    243.8    239.0    241.9     23.1     18.3     23.6     20.5   9.5   7.5   9.9   8.5
  Napa..................................     75.8     75.9     76.3     76.8      3.6      2.8      3.7      3.2   4.8   3.6   4.8   4.2
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    428.0    428.2    430.4    434.0     28.1     22.5     27.7     23.5   6.6   5.3   6.4   5.4
  Redding...............................     75.6     74.7     76.4     76.2      6.3      4.8      6.3      5.2   8.3   6.4   8.2   6.8
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,920.3  1,930.7  1,934.9  1,953.1    149.7    116.9    148.9    124.1   7.8   6.1   7.7   6.4
  Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade...  1,047.2  1,054.1  1,051.7  1,056.7     69.2     53.9     69.8     58.5   6.6   5.1   6.6   5.5
  Salinas...............................    226.1    227.5    224.0    226.1     14.4     11.9     14.9     13.2   6.4   5.2   6.6   5.8
  San Diego-Carlsbad....................  1,542.3  1,564.1  1,555.7  1,572.3     94.2     72.2     93.8     78.1   6.1   4.6   6.0   5.0
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.........  2,469.3  2,508.2  2,481.2  2,522.5    122.0     94.0    121.8    101.7   4.9   3.7   4.9   4.0
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........  1,029.7  1,061.9  1,035.2  1,070.2     51.4     39.1     51.3     42.6   5.0   3.7   5.0   4.0
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-                                                                                                          
    Arroyo Grande.......................    138.6    141.0    141.9    144.0      7.5      5.7      7.5      6.2   5.4   4.1   5.3   4.3
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    140.5    140.5    143.5    143.5      9.5      7.5      9.9      8.3   6.8   5.3   6.9   5.8
  Santa Maria-Santa Barbara.............    217.1    220.8    219.7    223.5     12.0      9.4     12.3     10.7   5.5   4.3   5.6   4.8
  Santa Rosa............................    259.9    262.1    259.4    262.6     13.2      9.9     13.4     10.9   5.1   3.8   5.2   4.2
  Stockton-Lodi.........................    311.4    312.0    312.6    312.9     28.9     23.1     29.4     25.5   9.3   7.4   9.4   8.1
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    203.3    206.0    204.8    207.5     13.8     10.8     13.8     11.7   6.8   5.2   6.7   5.6
  Visalia-Porterville...................    196.4    195.5    196.5    195.9     22.4     19.3     23.3     21.2  11.4   9.9  11.9  10.8
  Yuba City.............................     72.0     72.0     71.7     71.7      7.1      5.6      7.2      6.2   9.9   7.8  10.1   8.7
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,831.8  2,810.5  2,836.4  2,814.7    116.6     93.5    113.2     93.0   4.1   3.3   4.0   3.3
  Boulder...............................    179.2    176.8    181.3    178.2      6.0      4.7      5.9      4.8   3.4   2.6   3.3   2.7
  Colorado Springs......................    319.6    314.4    320.7    314.2     16.1     12.4     15.4     12.3   5.0   4.0   4.8   3.9
  Denver-Aurora-Lakewood................  1,502.3  1,500.2  1,508.7  1,503.1     60.6     47.8     58.5     47.2   4.0   3.2   3.9   3.1
  Fort Collins..........................    179.6    179.3    179.3    179.9      6.2      4.9      6.1      5.1   3.4   2.7   3.4   2.8
  Grand Junction........................     73.7     72.9     74.3     72.7      3.6      3.5      3.4      3.4   4.8   4.8   4.5   4.7
  Greeley...............................    149.1    151.0    150.2    151.7      5.4      4.9      5.2      4.9   3.6   3.3   3.5   3.2
  Pueblo................................     73.0     72.2     73.2     72.1      4.3      3.7      4.1      3.3   5.9   5.1   5.6   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,883.7  1,892.6  1,899.2  1,894.5    116.2     95.7    115.8     91.6   6.2   5.1   6.1   4.8
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    462.3    464.4    464.3    464.1     27.8     23.0     27.7     22.0   6.0   4.9   6.0   4.7
  Danbury...............................    106.0    105.8    106.7    106.2      5.1      4.3      5.2      4.1   4.8   4.0   4.8   3.9
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    614.1    619.2    620.8    621.6     37.9     31.2     37.7     29.9   6.2   5.0   6.1   4.8
  New Haven.............................    323.3    324.2    326.5    324.2     20.5     16.7     20.4     16.0   6.4   5.1   6.2   4.9
  Norwich-New London-Westerly...........    142.8    142.0    143.1    141.1      9.3      7.5      9.3      7.2   6.5   5.3   6.5   5.1
  Waterbury.............................    111.5    111.9    112.7    111.4      8.6      7.2      8.5      6.7   7.7   6.4   7.5   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    450.8    460.6    454.6    468.3     24.9     22.6     23.8     23.7   5.5   4.9   5.2   5.1
  Dover.................................     74.5     74.9     75.9     76.9      4.6      4.1      4.3      4.3   6.2   5.4   5.7   5.5
  Salisbury (1).........................    181.1    186.2    177.7    184.0     10.9      9.9     11.6     11.0   6.0   5.3   6.5   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    380.4    384.3    383.2    389.5     30.4     26.6     29.6     26.0   8.0   6.9   7.7   6.7
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,252.4  3,262.1  3,271.5  3,290.7    161.7    139.5    155.0    140.9   5.0   4.3   4.7   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,705.8  9,645.3  9,711.7  9,634.7    601.8    516.2    568.0    488.1   6.2   5.4   5.8   5.1
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    311.3    309.8    314.7    316.6     18.8     15.9     17.7     15.0   6.0   5.1   5.6   4.8
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    121.3    119.5    120.2    117.8      6.1      5.2      5.9      5.0   5.1   4.4   4.9   4.2
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    284.8    282.7    283.6    281.1     18.8     15.7     18.0     15.0   6.6   5.6   6.3   5.4
  Gainesville...........................    140.4    139.2    140.7    138.9      7.2      6.3      6.8      5.8   5.1   4.5   4.8   4.2
  Homosassa Springs.....................     48.9     47.5     48.7     47.9      4.0      3.4      3.8      3.3   8.2   7.1   7.8   6.8
  Jacksonville..........................    726.7    720.4    725.3    714.7     44.3     36.6     41.7     34.6   6.1   5.1   5.8   4.8
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    282.5    283.2    282.1    282.1     20.7     17.4     19.1     16.2   7.3   6.2   6.8   5.7
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach.  3,014.8  3,001.5  3,030.3  3,007.0    187.7    167.7    176.7    158.3   6.2   5.6   5.8   5.3
  Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island.........    158.7    158.6    161.2    160.2     10.2      9.0      9.4      8.4   6.4   5.7   5.8   5.2
  North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton.........    339.6    338.3    339.2    337.1     19.9     17.0     18.9     16.3   5.9   5.0   5.6   4.8
  Ocala.................................    134.5    133.4    134.3    132.2      9.6      8.2      9.1      7.8   7.1   6.1   6.8   5.9
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,227.3  1,231.4  1,224.2  1,226.3     71.7     60.1     67.9     56.8   5.8   4.9   5.5   4.6
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    262.6    259.5    260.5    257.6     17.5     14.7     16.7     14.0   6.7   5.7   6.4   5.4
  Panama City...........................     95.2     92.6     93.5     90.4      5.7      4.6      5.5      4.5   6.0   5.0   5.9   4.9
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    218.2    216.1    216.9    214.4     12.7     10.9     12.0     10.3   5.8   5.0   5.5   4.8
  Port St. Lucie........................    202.0    199.1    202.3    198.4     14.8     11.9     13.4     11.0   7.3   6.0   6.6   5.5
  Punta Gorda...........................     66.6     66.5     66.7     66.5      4.6      3.9      4.4      3.8   7.0   5.9   6.6   5.7
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     61.4     60.1     61.7     60.4      5.0      4.4      4.4      4.1   8.2   7.2   7.1   6.7
  Sebring...............................     36.0     35.3     36.4     35.6      3.0      2.6      2.9      2.5   8.4   7.3   7.9   6.9
  Tallahassee...........................    193.9    190.0    193.5    189.2     11.0      9.6     10.4      8.9   5.7   5.0   5.4   4.7
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,458.7  1,447.6  1,453.5  1,446.1     86.4     72.4     82.3     69.0   5.9   5.0   5.7   4.8
  The Villages..........................     28.4     28.4     28.7     28.4      2.1      1.9      2.2      1.9   7.5   6.8   7.5   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,754.8  4,726.0  4,766.2  4,745.7    333.1    271.8    323.6    269.7   7.0   5.8   6.8   5.7
  Albany................................     66.1     63.5     66.4     63.8      5.5      4.5      5.3      4.4   8.3   7.1   7.9   6.9
  Athens-Clarke County..................     95.7     94.6     96.1     94.7      6.2      5.1      5.8      5.0   6.4   5.4   6.0   5.3
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell.........  2,808.8  2,809.5  2,813.7  2,823.4    187.9    153.9    182.4    152.2   6.7   5.5   6.5   5.4
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    255.6    256.5    257.4    256.1     18.7     16.2     18.1     16.0   7.3   6.3   7.0   6.3
  Brunswick.............................     49.9     49.0     50.4     49.6      3.8      3.0      3.7      3.0   7.5   6.2   7.3   6.0
  Columbus..............................    126.6    125.4    127.1    126.7      9.8      8.4      9.6      8.3   7.7   6.7   7.5   6.5
  Dalton................................     61.0     60.1     60.8     59.8      4.8      3.7      4.7      3.8   7.9   6.1   7.7   6.4
  Gainesville...........................     90.5     90.0     90.9     90.3      5.2      4.2      5.0      4.2   5.8   4.7   5.5   4.7
  Hinesville............................     32.5     31.3     32.5     31.3      2.4      1.9      2.4      1.9   7.3   6.2   7.3   6.1
  Macon.................................    103.9    101.2    104.6    102.0      7.8      6.4      7.8      6.5   7.5   6.3   7.5   6.4
  Rome..................................     43.2     42.5     43.3     42.8      3.2      2.8      3.1      2.7   7.5   6.5   7.2   6.3
  Savannah..............................    174.7    173.1    174.8    173.1     11.9      9.3     11.5      9.3   6.8   5.4   6.6   5.4
  Valdosta..............................     63.2     60.7     63.5     61.3      4.5      3.6      4.4      3.6   7.2   5.9   6.9   5.8
  Warner Robins.........................     81.6     78.8     81.6     79.1      5.9      4.8      5.9      5.3   7.3   6.1   7.2   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    666.5    673.8    666.9    676.2     28.9     24.5     27.3     22.8   4.3   3.6   4.1   3.4
  Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina...............     82.5     83.4     82.2     83.3      3.6      3.1      3.4      3.0   4.3   3.8   4.1   3.6
  Urban Honolulu........................    460.6    467.8    464.3    473.1     19.0     16.0     18.1     15.0   4.1   3.4   3.9   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    777.1    801.4    780.3    804.0     32.4     29.7     31.7     27.9   4.2   3.7   4.1   3.5
  Boise City............................    312.5    320.5    312.0    319.4     13.2     11.3     12.6     10.4   4.2   3.5   4.0   3.3
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     70.8     74.0     70.4     73.9      3.2      3.2      3.3      3.2   4.6   4.4   4.7   4.4
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.4     65.5     63.4     66.4      2.4      2.2      2.3      2.0   3.8   3.4   3.6   3.1
  Lewiston..............................     30.0     30.3     30.2     30.4      1.2      1.1      1.2      1.1   4.1   3.8   4.0   3.6
  Pocatello.............................     41.6     43.2     42.6     44.1      1.8      1.6      1.7      1.5   4.3   3.7   4.1   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,502.0  6,504.2  6,534.6  6,551.4    400.3    329.1    394.6    349.8   6.2   5.1   6.0   5.3
  Bloomington...........................     98.4    100.6     99.0    101.0      5.0      4.3      5.0      4.8   5.0   4.3   5.0   4.8
  Carbondale-Marion.....................     58.4     58.2     58.7     58.7      3.6      3.3      3.6      3.6   6.1   5.6   6.1   6.1
  Champaign-Urbana......................    118.8    122.0    121.1    123.6      6.4      5.4      6.5      6.2   5.4   4.4   5.3   5.1
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin..............  4,889.0  4,860.9  4,912.5  4,895.9    301.2    238.5    296.7    247.3   6.2   4.9   6.0   5.1
  Danville..............................     35.4     36.3     35.6     36.4      2.6      2.3      2.6      2.5   7.4   6.4   7.3   6.9
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island (1)......    194.0    191.0    194.3    190.9     11.6      9.6     11.3     10.8   6.0   5.0   5.8   5.6
  Decatur...............................     50.3     50.4     50.4     50.7      3.7      3.2      3.6      3.5   7.3   6.4   7.2   6.8
  Kankakee..............................     55.2     55.8     55.4     56.5      3.8      3.3      3.7      3.6   6.9   5.9   6.7   6.4
  Peoria................................    185.6    187.3    187.0    188.8     11.6     10.6     11.5     12.4   6.2   5.6   6.2   6.6
  Rockford..............................    168.0    169.9    168.0    170.4     12.0     10.6     11.7     11.6   7.1   6.2   7.0   6.8
  Springfield...........................    110.0    112.2    110.1    112.9      5.9      5.2      5.9      5.8   5.4   4.7   5.4   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,234.3  3,262.9  3,265.3  3,284.1    176.3    131.7    182.5    137.9   5.5   4.0   5.6   4.2
  Bloomington...........................     78.0     77.7     79.5     79.0      4.2      3.2      4.6      3.5   5.4   4.1   5.8   4.4
  Columbus..............................     42.8     44.0     43.3     44.2      1.7      1.3      1.8      1.4   4.0   3.0   4.2   3.1
  Elkhart-Goshen........................    102.3    104.5    103.1    105.5      4.8      3.5      5.0      3.7   4.7   3.4   4.8   3.5
  Evansville............................    157.8    159.0    159.8    159.5      7.8      5.8      7.8      6.0   4.9   3.6   4.9   3.7
  Fort Wayne............................    206.9    206.8    208.6    207.8     10.4      7.8     10.8      8.3   5.0   3.8   5.2   4.0
  Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson..........    993.5  1,009.2  1,003.4  1,014.9     52.1     38.4     54.1     40.2   5.2   3.8   5.4   4.0
  Kokomo................................     36.9     37.5     37.2     37.9      2.1      1.6      2.3      1.7   5.7   4.1   6.1   4.4
  Lafayette-West Lafayette..............    106.9    108.1    109.1    109.3      5.0      3.9      5.2      4.1   4.7   3.6   4.8   3.7
  Michigan City-La Porte................     48.7     48.1     49.2     48.2      3.3      2.4      3.4      2.6   6.7   5.1   6.9   5.3
  Muncie................................     54.5     54.4     54.9     55.1      3.5      2.5      3.6      2.7   6.3   4.6   6.6   4.9
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    153.0    152.3    154.8    153.7      9.1      6.4      9.2      6.7   6.0   4.2   5.9   4.4
  Terre Haute...........................     77.3     75.6     78.7     76.5      5.3      3.9      5.4      4.1   6.9   5.2   6.9   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,705.2  1,698.5  1,718.7  1,708.9     68.9     56.3     66.4     54.2   4.0   3.3   3.9   3.2
  Ames..................................     58.3     58.6     59.1     59.4      1.6      1.3      1.6      1.2   2.8   2.2   2.6   2.1
  Cedar Rapids..........................    143.8    141.6    144.3    143.0      6.2      5.0      5.7      4.7   4.3   3.5   4.0   3.3
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    336.3    341.5    340.3    342.8     13.1     10.6     13.5     10.2   3.9   3.1   4.0   3.0
  Dubuque...............................     55.2     54.8     56.3     55.4      2.1      1.7      1.9      1.7   3.8   3.2   3.4   3.0
  Iowa City.............................     96.5     96.1     97.4     97.7      3.0      2.4      2.8      2.3   3.1   2.5   2.8   2.3
  Sioux City............................     93.7     93.2     94.6     93.3      3.9      3.0      3.8      2.9   4.1   3.2   4.0   3.1
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     92.7     91.4     94.0     92.1      4.0      3.5      3.9      3.3   4.3   3.8   4.2   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,495.9  1,491.1  1,503.3  1,508.7     63.4     56.9     58.9     56.2   4.2   3.8   3.9   3.7
  Lawrence..............................     65.1     65.8     65.8     66.5      2.5      2.2      2.2      2.0   3.8   3.3   3.3   3.0
  Manhattan.............................     50.1     51.3     51.0     52.2      1.7      1.5      1.5      1.4   3.4   2.9   3.0   2.6
  Topeka................................    121.1    120.2    121.6    121.9      5.3      4.5      5.0      4.5   4.4   3.8   4.1   3.7
  Wichita...............................    308.7    306.0    310.3    310.9     15.4     13.5     14.5     13.4   5.0   4.4   4.7   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  1,984.8  1,929.8  1,977.4  1,929.5    109.4     88.3    101.3     82.4   5.5   4.6   5.1   4.3
  Bowling Green.........................     78.0     75.5     77.5     75.3      3.8      3.0      3.6      2.8   4.9   4.0   4.6   3.7
  Elizabethtown-Fort Knox...............     63.6     62.1     63.3     61.8      3.5      2.8      3.3      2.6   5.6   4.5   5.2   4.2
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    256.9    252.2    257.5    253.5     11.1      8.9     10.3      8.2   4.3   3.5   4.0   3.2
  Louisville/Jefferson County...........    626.6    619.1    628.3    619.9     32.0     24.7     30.2     23.7   5.1   4.0   4.8   3.8
  Owensboro.............................     53.5     52.1     53.1     52.3      2.6      2.2      2.4      2.1   4.9   4.1   4.5   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,185.0  2,152.1  2,207.2  2,158.5    151.5    133.8    150.2    138.6   6.9   6.2   6.8   6.4
  Alexandria............................     67.7     66.2     68.5     66.1      5.0      4.3      4.9      4.4   7.4   6.5   7.2   6.6
  Baton Rouge...........................    423.9    424.4    427.8    424.2     26.5     22.3     26.4     22.9   6.3   5.3   6.2   5.4
  Hammond...............................     55.2     54.6     55.6     54.3      4.4      3.8      4.3      3.8   8.0   6.9   7.7   7.0
  Houma-Thibodaux.......................    104.8    102.6    105.8    101.8      5.5      5.7      5.6      6.1   5.2   5.5   5.3   6.0
  Lafayette.............................    235.5    231.3    238.1    231.8     13.6     14.7     13.8     15.7   5.8   6.3   5.8   6.8
  Lake Charles..........................    100.0    102.2    101.9    103.5      6.4      5.4      6.2      5.5   6.4   5.3   6.1   5.3
  Monroe................................     82.4     80.2     83.7     80.9      6.3      5.3      6.3      5.5   7.6   6.6   7.5   6.8
  New Orleans-Metairie..................    603.3    592.1    611.5    597.1     42.6     35.9     41.9     36.9   7.1   6.1   6.9   6.2
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    197.9    193.3    200.2    194.1     15.3     13.3     15.1     13.9   7.7   6.9   7.6   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    696.4    682.2    698.4    683.8     34.1     25.1     34.0     24.4   4.9   3.7   4.9   3.6
  Bangor................................     71.9     69.8     72.5     71.3      3.6      2.5      3.5      2.5   5.0   3.6   4.9   3.5
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     55.8     54.6     56.6     54.6      2.7      2.0      2.7      1.9   4.8   3.6   4.8   3.5
  Portland-South Portland...............    200.0    198.9    200.6    199.0      8.1      6.1      8.1      5.8   4.1   3.0   4.0   2.9
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,107.1  3,137.1  3,117.1  3,174.7    172.8    156.6    169.4    163.7   5.6   5.0   5.4   5.2
  Baltimore-Columbia-Towson.............  1,453.9  1,469.6  1,458.4  1,488.2     85.5     77.1     83.7     80.7   5.9   5.2   5.7   5.4
  California-Lexington Park.............     53.6     54.4     53.7     54.8      2.8      2.6      2.7      2.7   5.2   4.8   5.0   5.0
  Cumberland............................     44.7     44.6     44.9     45.1      3.0      2.7      2.9      2.7   6.6   6.1   6.3   6.0
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    127.8    127.3    128.5    127.7      7.1      6.4      6.9      6.3   5.6   5.0   5.4   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,560.2  3,536.4  3,580.4  3,553.1    201.5    158.9    179.4    159.0   5.7   4.5   5.0   4.5
  Barnstable Town.......................    125.8    122.8    122.4    120.4      7.0      5.6      6.4      5.8   5.5   4.5   5.3   4.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua...............  2,608.5  2,597.6  2,628.5  2,613.7    136.2    107.6    121.7    107.3   5.2   4.1   4.6   4.1
  Leominster-Gardner....................     76.1     74.8     76.5     75.4      5.1      4.0      4.5      4.0   6.8   5.4   5.9   5.4
  New Bedford...........................     83.3     82.5     83.9     82.9      6.7      5.4      5.9      5.4   8.0   6.5   7.1   6.5
  Pittsfield............................     44.0     42.8     44.0     42.9      2.7      2.1      2.4      2.2   6.1   4.9   5.5   5.1
  Springfield...........................    364.3    361.8    368.1    365.5     24.3     19.1     21.9     18.9   6.7   5.3   6.0   5.2
  Worcester.............................    344.7    344.5    347.2    346.2     20.8     16.5     18.8     16.3   6.0   4.8   5.4   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,744.7  4,739.9  4,763.6  4,760.2    314.3    223.5    299.0    239.6   6.6   4.7   6.3   5.0
  Ann Arbor.............................    184.6    183.6    189.0    188.5      8.4      6.1      7.7      6.4   4.6   3.3   4.1   3.4
  Battle Creek..........................     63.8     64.2     64.4     64.4      3.6      2.7      3.3      2.8   5.6   4.3   5.1   4.3
  Bay City..............................     52.6     52.2     53.0     52.8      3.1      2.3      2.8      2.3   5.9   4.5   5.3   4.4
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn...............  2,027.5  2,008.7  2,035.9  2,018.2    165.3    113.5    161.6    127.8   8.2   5.7   7.9   6.3
  Flint.................................    181.4    180.4    183.3    182.2     12.2      9.0     11.1      9.1   6.7   5.0   6.1   5.0
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    540.0    553.5    544.6    557.3     23.7     17.4     21.9     17.5   4.4   3.1   4.0   3.1
  Jackson...............................     71.8     72.1     72.2     72.0      4.2      3.2      3.9      3.2   5.9   4.4   5.4   4.5
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    162.4    163.7    162.9    164.8      8.6      6.3      7.9      6.4   5.3   3.9   4.9   3.9
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    240.4    240.5    243.7    242.7     12.4      8.7     12.2      8.8   5.1   3.6   5.0   3.6
  Midland...............................     41.3     41.1     41.2     41.5      2.1      1.6      1.9      1.6   5.1   3.9   4.7   4.0
  Monroe................................     74.8     75.5     75.5     76.5      4.0      2.8      3.6      3.1   5.4   3.8   4.8   4.1
  Muskegon..............................     76.4     76.9     76.4     76.7      4.9      3.7      4.5      3.7   6.4   4.8   5.9   4.8
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     73.2     73.6     72.7     73.9      4.2      3.2      3.8      3.2   5.7   4.3   5.2   4.3
  Saginaw...............................     88.3     88.5     89.0     89.0      5.6      4.1      5.1      4.1   6.3   4.6   5.7   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,969.5  2,987.3  2,976.8  3,001.1    102.9     95.8     88.5     89.8   3.5   3.2   3.0   3.0
  Duluth................................    142.4    142.4    142.3    141.9      6.0      6.3      5.3      6.1   4.2   4.4   3.7   4.3
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.2     57.9     60.0     59.2      1.7      1.5      1.4      1.4   2.8   2.6   2.3   2.4
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,915.0  1,923.3  1,912.9  1,919.3     66.4     60.3     56.5     55.8   3.5   3.1   3.0   2.9
  Rochester.............................    116.5    116.0    116.6    116.4      3.4      3.1      3.0      2.9   2.9   2.7   2.6   2.5
  St. Cloud.............................    108.7    107.8    109.9    109.2      3.7      3.3      3.1      3.1   3.4   3.1   2.9   2.9
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,228.3  1,284.1  1,229.7  1,287.4     91.1     75.6     88.8     75.9   7.4   5.9   7.2   5.9
  Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula............    158.3    163.1    158.3    164.9     11.6      9.8     11.4     10.0   7.3   6.0   7.2   6.1
  Hattiesburg...........................     63.0     65.8     63.8     66.2      4.1      3.6      4.0      3.6   6.5   5.4   6.3   5.4
  Jackson...............................    255.2    269.5    257.7    272.2     15.8     13.2     15.3     13.4   6.2   4.9   5.9   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,058.2  3,074.0  3,075.6  3,109.9    169.9    139.4    152.7    135.2   5.6   4.5   5.0   4.3
  Cape Girardeau........................     48.8     47.9     49.8     48.7      2.5      2.1      2.3      2.0   5.2   4.4   4.5   4.2
  Columbia..............................     99.1    100.6    100.1    103.1      3.7      3.1      3.2      3.0   3.7   3.1   3.2   2.9
  Jefferson City........................     75.8     75.6     76.6     76.6      3.5      2.9      3.1      2.6   4.7   3.8   4.0   3.5
  Joplin................................     86.9     88.1     87.7     89.2      4.2      3.4      3.8      3.4   4.8   3.9   4.3   3.8
  Kansas City...........................  1,100.2  1,105.5  1,100.1  1,114.7     59.4     48.1     53.5     47.0   5.4   4.4   4.9   4.2
  St. Joseph............................     65.7     64.5     66.3     65.6      3.2      2.7      2.9      2.7   4.9   4.2   4.4   4.1
  St. Louis (2).........................  1,451.0  1,462.2  1,458.7  1,477.5     82.3     67.9     76.3     67.9   5.7   4.6   5.2   4.6
  Springfield...........................    228.9    231.8    230.1    233.4     10.7      9.4      9.5      9.0   4.7   4.0   4.1   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    514.9    520.1    514.5    521.3     20.2     17.5     20.9     19.3   3.9   3.4   4.1   3.7
  Billings..............................     85.7     88.0     85.8     88.3      2.8      2.5      2.8      2.7   3.3   2.9   3.2   3.1
  Great Falls...........................     38.1     37.9     38.1     38.2      1.4      1.4      1.4      1.5   3.7   3.6   3.7   3.9
  Missoula..............................     60.6     61.9     60.3     61.9      2.2      1.9      2.2      2.1   3.7   3.0   3.7   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,013.4    997.8  1,021.9  1,010.1     29.7     26.2     28.4     26.7   2.9   2.6   2.8   2.6
  Grand Island..........................     45.3     43.8     45.1     43.2      1.4      1.2      1.4      1.2   3.0   2.8   3.0   2.9
  Lincoln...............................    178.6    177.6    180.5    181.1      4.7      3.9      4.4      4.1   2.6   2.2   2.4   2.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    475.7    472.3    480.2    479.1     15.7     14.0     15.0     13.8   3.3   3.0   3.1   2.9
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,397.1  1,428.7  1,397.2  1,430.0    101.8     94.3     97.9     88.9   7.3   6.6   7.0   6.2
  Carson City...........................     25.0     25.1     25.0     24.9      1.9      1.7      1.9      1.6   7.7   6.8   7.4   6.6
  Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise..........  1,019.7  1,049.3  1,022.5  1,052.2     75.6     70.8     72.8     66.4   7.4   6.7   7.1   6.3
  Reno..................................    225.3    230.5    225.2    230.3     15.4     13.5     14.8     12.9   6.9   5.9   6.6   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    738.0    734.0    738.9    736.9     28.9     22.3     27.4     22.0   3.9   3.0   3.7   3.0
  Dover-Durham..........................     81.6     81.2     82.4     82.1      3.0      2.2      2.9      2.2   3.7   2.7   3.5   2.7
  Manchester............................    114.2    114.3    114.8    115.3      4.4      3.4      4.2      3.4   3.9   3.0   3.6   3.0
  Portsmouth............................     72.0     72.0     71.8     71.7      2.6      1.9      2.5      1.9   3.6   2.7   3.5   2.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,503.0  4,488.2  4,538.3  4,524.6    286.3    243.9    277.7    226.6   6.4   5.4   6.1   5.0
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    133.7    130.0    132.3    128.2     13.7     10.4     13.6      9.9  10.2   8.0  10.2   7.7
  Ocean City............................     51.8     51.6     46.9     46.2      4.3      3.6      4.8      4.1   8.3   7.1  10.3   8.8
  Trenton...............................    193.8    195.1    195.6    197.8     10.7      9.4     10.4      8.6   5.5   4.8   5.3   4.4
  Vineland-Bridgeton....................     66.2     65.8     67.3     66.0      6.0      5.3      5.8      4.9   9.0   8.0   8.6   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    915.0    915.9    922.6    915.4     57.5     61.6     55.2     60.3   6.3   6.7   6.0   6.6
  Albuquerque...........................    411.0    414.8    413.5    413.4     25.6     26.4     24.6     25.8   6.2   6.4   5.9   6.2
  Farmington............................     55.0     56.1     57.2     56.8      3.3      4.1      3.2      4.0   6.1   7.4   5.5   7.1
  Las Cruces............................     93.0     91.7     93.8     91.3      6.2      6.7      5.9      6.6   6.7   7.3   6.3   7.2
  Santa Fe..............................     70.6     69.6     71.9     70.7      3.8      4.0      3.6      4.0   5.4   5.8   5.0   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,498.3  9,614.4  9,571.8  9,686.7    548.4    462.9    542.7    440.3   5.8   4.8   5.7   4.5
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    440.9    446.8    446.0    451.7     20.9     19.7     19.9     18.4   4.7   4.4   4.5   4.1
  Binghamton............................    110.8    110.2    112.0    110.8      6.6      6.1      6.3      5.8   6.0   5.5   5.6   5.2
  Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls.....    545.5    554.7    549.2    556.2     31.5     29.2     29.8     26.9   5.8   5.3   5.4   4.8
  Elmira................................     38.0     38.3     38.3     38.2      2.2      2.2      2.1      2.1   5.8   5.8   5.5   5.4
  Glens Falls...........................     60.4     61.1     60.4     61.0      3.2      2.8      3.1      2.7   5.3   4.6   5.1   4.4
  Ithaca................................     54.9     54.5     56.3     55.3      2.2      2.1      2.2      2.0   4.1   3.9   3.9   3.6
  Kingston..............................     87.6     87.7     88.5     88.5      4.7      4.2      4.5      3.8   5.4   4.8   5.1   4.3
  New York-Newark-Jersey City...........  9,875.6  9,957.0  9,959.9 10,046.5    589.6    487.6    584.4    462.4   6.0   4.9   5.9   4.6
  Rochester.............................    520.4    527.6    524.3    531.6     28.2     26.0     26.7     23.9   5.4   4.9   5.1   4.5
  Syracuse..............................    311.0    312.7    312.0    314.3     17.4     16.1     16.7     14.8   5.6   5.1   5.4   4.7
  Utica-Rome............................    131.7    131.8    132.4    133.6      7.5      6.7      7.2      6.3   5.7   5.1   5.4   4.7
  Watertown-Fort Drum...................     46.4     45.9     46.2     45.3      3.0      2.7      2.9      2.6   6.4   5.8   6.4   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,641.6  4,755.5  4,672.8  4,787.4    261.7    256.1    254.2    264.4   5.6   5.4   5.4   5.5
  Asheville.............................    212.2    218.6    215.5    219.3      9.4      9.3      9.0      9.6   4.4   4.2   4.2   4.4
  Burlington............................     76.2     78.4     76.7     79.2      3.9      3.9      3.9      4.0   5.2   4.9   5.1   5.1
  Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia............  1,189.7  1,229.5  1,200.7  1,244.1     67.8     63.5     65.8     65.4   5.7   5.2   5.5   5.3
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    273.9    281.5    272.9    283.5     12.8     13.2     12.5     13.7   4.7   4.7   4.6   4.8
  Fayetteville..........................    143.6    145.0    144.3    145.5     10.4     10.2     10.1     10.6   7.2   7.1   7.0   7.3
  Goldsboro.............................     52.9     52.6     54.2     53.6      3.2      3.1      3.1      3.2   6.0   5.8   5.8   6.0
  Greensboro-High Point.................    356.5    367.2    357.9    370.7     21.1     20.3     20.4     21.0   5.9   5.5   5.7   5.7
  Greenville............................     86.6     87.6     86.3     88.1      5.0      5.1      4.9      5.2   5.8   5.8   5.6   5.9
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    166.3    166.8    167.5    167.4      9.8      9.0      9.4      9.2   5.9   5.4   5.6   5.5
  Jacksonville..........................     63.2     64.1     63.7     64.7      3.6      3.6      3.5      3.8   5.7   5.7   5.4   5.9
  New Bern..............................     50.3     50.3     50.8     50.6      3.1      2.9      3.0      3.0   6.2   5.9   6.0   6.0
  Raleigh...............................    629.5    649.5    633.8    651.3     29.0     29.5     28.2     30.7   4.6   4.5   4.4   4.7
  Rocky Mount...........................     65.9     65.4     67.6     67.6      5.2      5.2      5.2      5.2   7.8   7.9   7.6   7.7
  Wilmington............................    135.2    138.2    135.1    137.4      7.2      7.2      7.0      7.3   5.4   5.2   5.2   5.3
  Winston-Salem.........................    311.5    321.6    313.8    322.4     16.9     16.4     16.3     16.8   5.4   5.1   5.2   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    419.3    409.5    420.1    411.0      9.1      9.0      8.8      8.3   2.2   2.2   2.1   2.0
  Bismarck..............................     65.8     65.7     66.2     66.3      1.5      1.3      1.4      1.2   2.2   2.0   2.1   1.8
  Fargo.................................    129.5    128.0    130.8    129.2      2.9      2.6      2.8      2.3   2.2   2.1   2.1   1.8
  Grand Forks...........................     54.5     54.1     55.4     55.4      1.5      1.3      1.3      1.1   2.7   2.3   2.3   1.9
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,732.0  5,689.1  5,759.0  5,736.6    293.5    245.7    279.2    240.2   5.1   4.3   4.8   4.2
  Akron.................................    360.3    355.5    362.7    361.7     18.5     15.0     17.7     15.3   5.1   4.2   4.9   4.2
  Canton-Massillon......................    202.4    200.0    203.2    202.3     10.1      9.4      9.8      9.5   5.0   4.7   4.8   4.7
  Cincinnati............................  1,077.9  1,074.2  1,083.0  1,077.5     52.5     42.1     49.7     41.4   4.9   3.9   4.6   3.8
  Cleveland-Elyria......................  1,046.8  1,037.9  1,044.7  1,034.8     58.2     50.4     55.0     43.6   5.6   4.9   5.3   4.2
  Columbus..............................  1,030.2  1,030.5  1,038.4  1,043.9     45.6     37.6     43.2     37.8   4.4   3.7   4.2   3.6
  Dayton................................    381.7    378.1    384.9    382.8     20.0     16.0     19.1     15.9   5.2   4.2   5.0   4.2
  Lima..................................     48.5     48.7     48.8     49.4      2.5      2.0      2.3      2.0   5.1   4.1   4.7   4.0
  Mansfield.............................     54.4     53.4     54.7     54.1      3.1      2.5      3.0      2.6   5.7   4.7   5.4   4.8
  Springfield...........................     65.3     64.1     66.0     65.2      3.3      2.7      3.2      2.7   5.0   4.2   4.8   4.2
  Toledo................................    301.3    296.9    301.3    299.8     16.2     12.8     15.1     12.9   5.4   4.3   5.0   4.3
  Weirton-Steubenville (1)..............     52.7     52.7     52.7     53.0      3.6      3.6      3.4      3.4   6.9   6.9   6.4   6.4
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    254.0    251.2    257.6    252.4     14.6     13.0     14.1     13.2   5.8   5.2   5.5   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,783.1  1,841.8  1,795.6  1,856.5     74.6     76.8     74.3     77.3   4.2   4.2   4.1   4.2
  Lawton................................     51.0     51.0     51.3     51.9      2.3      2.2      2.3      2.2   4.5   4.2   4.6   4.3
  Oklahoma City.........................    647.0    670.8    649.4    676.8     24.3     24.1     24.0     24.1   3.7   3.6   3.7   3.6
  Tulsa.................................    460.4    474.9    468.0    479.5     19.3     20.3     19.3     20.6   4.2   4.3   4.1   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,957.5  1,968.1  1,967.6  1,981.6    122.8    111.0    126.3    106.1   6.3   5.6   6.4   5.4
  Albany................................     54.3     53.6     54.8     54.5      4.1      3.8      4.3      3.7   7.5   7.1   7.8   6.7
  Bend-Redmond..........................     82.3     82.5     82.2     82.2      5.4      4.7      5.7      4.6   6.6   5.7   7.0   5.6
  Corvallis.............................     43.6     43.5     45.2     45.3      2.2      2.0      2.2      1.9   5.1   4.7   4.8   4.1
  Eugene................................    168.6    168.1    171.7    172.0     11.1     10.3     11.5      9.8   6.6   6.1   6.7   5.7
  Grants Pass...........................     33.4     33.5     33.6     33.8      2.9      2.5      3.0      2.5   8.7   7.6   8.9   7.3
  Medford...............................     97.9     98.7     99.1     99.8      7.4      6.4      7.4      6.1   7.6   6.5   7.5   6.1
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,204.4  1,214.7  1,212.7  1,225.5     71.2     63.4     72.8     60.8   5.9   5.2   6.0   5.0
  Salem.................................    188.4    188.2    188.5    188.7     12.3     11.1     12.7     10.7   6.5   5.9   6.7   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,347.5  6,399.0  6,369.4  6,414.3    322.3    310.5    310.9    294.3   5.1   4.9   4.9   4.6
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    423.9    424.4    426.2    424.5     22.8     21.1     22.2     19.7   5.4   5.0   5.2   4.6
  Altoona...............................     60.4     60.1     60.0     59.8      2.9      2.8      2.8      2.6   4.7   4.6   4.6   4.4
  Bloomsburg-Berwick....................     43.1     43.4     43.6     43.0      2.1      2.0      1.9      1.8   4.8   4.6   4.4   4.3
  Chambersburg-Waynesboro...............     75.5     75.8     76.3     76.6      3.5      3.4      3.3      3.4   4.6   4.5   4.4   4.4
  East Stroudsburg......................     78.6     79.1     78.7     78.9      5.2      4.7      5.1      4.5   6.6   6.0   6.5   5.7
  Erie..................................    133.8    134.7    134.0    134.0      6.9      6.5      6.6      6.4   5.2   4.8   4.9   4.8
  Gettysburg............................     54.9     54.8     55.5     55.8      2.1      2.0      2.0      1.8   3.8   3.6   3.6   3.3
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    287.6    294.0    287.1    293.5     12.4     11.6     11.9     11.0   4.3   4.0   4.1   3.8
  Johnstown.............................     62.2     62.1     62.6     61.8      3.6      3.5      3.5      3.4   5.8   5.7   5.6   5.4
  Lancaster.............................    270.9    272.9    270.9    273.8     10.8     10.2     10.4      9.5   4.0   3.7   3.9   3.5
  Lebanon...............................     69.4     69.0     69.9     69.1      3.0      2.8      2.8      2.7   4.3   4.1   4.1   3.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,011.9  3,024.7  3,029.7  3,046.8    172.1    156.2    165.1    148.3   5.7   5.2   5.5   4.9
  Pittsburgh............................  1,202.7  1,219.8  1,207.4  1,222.0     58.4     59.2     56.1     56.2   4.9   4.9   4.6   4.6
  Reading...............................    209.4    211.1    211.0    212.3     10.2      9.5      9.7      8.9   4.9   4.5   4.6   4.2
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton......    277.1    284.0    277.7    284.8     16.6     15.5     16.1     14.7   6.0   5.4   5.8   5.2
  State College.........................     78.2     77.6     80.0     79.2      2.8      2.7      2.6      2.5   3.6   3.5   3.3   3.2
  Williamsport..........................     61.0     60.4     61.3     60.3      3.1      3.5      3.0      3.3   5.1   5.8   5.0   5.5
  York-Hanover..........................    228.8    230.4    228.2    230.8     10.7      9.8     10.4      9.2   4.7   4.3   4.6   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    552.8    553.5    550.9    553.1     37.9     26.3     35.7     25.7   6.9   4.8   6.5   4.7
  Providence-Warwick....................    679.4    678.7    678.1    678.7     46.1     32.8     42.9     32.2   6.8   4.8   6.3   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,209.6  2,252.7  2,218.4  2,260.6    150.6    130.5    145.3    130.6   6.8   5.8   6.6   5.8
  Charleston-North Charleston...........    350.1    357.7    352.3    357.7     20.8     18.3     20.0     17.8   5.9   5.1   5.7   5.0
  Columbia..............................    385.7    392.6    386.0    395.2     24.2     21.5     23.1     21.9   6.3   5.5   6.0   5.5
  Florence..............................     93.9     93.9     93.8     93.7      7.4      6.2      7.3      6.4   7.9   6.6   7.7   6.8
  Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin...........    403.7    412.8    407.0    415.4     24.8     21.4     23.9     20.7   6.1   5.2   5.9   5.0
  Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort..     80.8     81.0     80.8     81.1      4.9      4.4      4.7      4.2   6.0   5.5   5.8   5.1
  Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach    182.1    186.4    180.3    182.8     12.6     11.6     12.7     12.0   6.9   6.2   7.0   6.5
  Spartanburg...........................    146.8    150.1    147.6    150.6     10.0      8.5      9.6      8.3   6.8   5.7   6.5   5.5
  Sumter................................     43.8     43.8     44.0     44.0      3.4      3.0      3.3      3.0   7.8   6.9   7.4   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    446.0    450.6    449.9    453.0     13.0     13.4     12.8     11.1   2.9   3.0   2.9   2.5
  Rapid City............................     71.5     72.1     71.8     71.9      2.1      2.3      2.1      1.9   2.9   3.1   2.9   2.6
  Sioux Falls...........................    140.7    143.8    142.7    146.2      3.5      3.6      3.4      3.0   2.5   2.5   2.4   2.0
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  2,996.0  3,037.4  3,002.1  3,055.6    196.2    174.3    189.1    164.3   6.5   5.7   6.3   5.4
  Chattanooga...........................    248.2    251.3    248.7    252.0     15.9     14.0     15.4     13.3   6.4   5.6   6.2   5.3
  Clarksville...........................    107.4    108.9    107.9    108.9      7.2      6.4      7.0      6.0   6.7   5.8   6.5   5.5
  Cleveland.............................     54.4     54.0     54.5     55.7      3.5      3.1      3.4      2.8   6.4   5.7   6.2   5.1
  Jackson...............................     60.4     61.1     60.6     61.6      4.1      3.7      4.0      3.5   6.8   6.1   6.7   5.7
  Johnson City..........................     87.6     89.1     87.9     89.5      6.0      5.5      5.7      5.1   6.8   6.2   6.4   5.7
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    138.1    138.7    138.1    139.3      8.9      7.7      8.3      7.4   6.4   5.5   6.0   5.3
  Knoxville.............................    396.6    405.7    398.5    407.8     24.0     21.4     23.2     20.0   6.0   5.3   5.8   4.9
  Memphis...............................    601.4    610.5    602.9    611.9     45.7     39.0     43.6     37.5   7.6   6.4   7.2   6.1
  Morristown............................     48.6     49.5     49.1     50.2      3.5      3.1      3.4      2.9   7.2   6.3   6.9   5.7
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    902.6    924.7    904.3    931.8     47.5     43.1     45.8     40.3   5.3   4.7   5.1   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 13,144.7 13,045.4 13,208.8 13,070.8    638.4    567.8    600.7    584.4   4.9   4.4   4.5   4.5
  Abilene...............................     76.8     75.5     77.1     75.3      3.2      2.9      3.0      2.9   4.2   3.8   3.9   3.9
  Amarillo..............................    131.2    129.2    132.3    129.2      4.7      4.0      4.4      4.1   3.6   3.1   3.3   3.2
  Austin-Round Rock.....................  1,054.8  1,053.2  1,059.4  1,057.6     43.1     34.4     40.5     35.4   4.1   3.3   3.8   3.3
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    181.1    180.1    183.3    181.6     13.5     11.4     12.3     11.9   7.4   6.4   6.7   6.6
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    166.1    162.4    166.3    162.4     12.8     10.7     12.1     11.0   7.7   6.6   7.3   6.8
  College Station-Bryan.................    120.5    118.1    121.8    119.2      4.7      4.1      4.4      4.2   3.9   3.5   3.6   3.5
  Corpus Christi........................    212.9    211.5    214.3    212.3     10.5     10.6     10.4     11.1   4.9   5.0   4.8   5.2
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,575.6  3,565.8  3,597.2  3,576.9    171.0    139.5    161.7    143.2   4.8   3.9   4.5   4.0
  El Paso...............................    347.2    340.2    348.1    340.8     21.8     17.4     20.5     17.9   6.3   5.1   5.9   5.3
  Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land......  3,272.5  3,233.0  3,288.7  3,242.6    154.6    149.4    145.0    154.1   4.7   4.6   4.4   4.8
  Killeen-Temple........................    169.6    166.4    170.2    166.0      9.6      7.7      9.2      8.0   5.7   4.7   5.4   4.8
  Laredo................................    112.0    111.4    112.2    111.5      5.4      5.1      5.0      5.4   4.8   4.6   4.5   4.8
  Longview..............................    105.7    104.5    106.5    105.1      4.8      5.1      4.6      5.3   4.6   4.9   4.3   5.0
  Lubbock...............................    154.2    153.3    155.1    152.6      5.8      5.1      5.5      5.2   3.8   3.4   3.5   3.4
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    331.2    330.3    334.4    332.1     26.5     24.5     24.5     24.6   8.0   7.4   7.3   7.4
  Midland...............................     96.0     96.7     97.1     97.0      2.7      3.2      2.5      3.4   2.8   3.3   2.6   3.5
  Odessa................................     84.6     86.2     85.1     86.1      2.7      3.8      2.5      4.1   3.2   4.5   3.0   4.7
  San Angelo............................     55.8     54.9     56.1     55.1      2.1      2.2      2.0      2.3   3.8   4.0   3.6   4.2
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,097.1  1,101.7  1,102.6  1,106.7     48.9     40.7     46.1     41.8   4.5   3.7   4.2   3.8
  Sherman-Denison.......................     60.7     59.4     61.0     59.7      2.8      2.3      2.7      2.4   4.7   3.9   4.4   4.0
  Texarkana.............................     64.5     63.1     64.6     63.0      3.7      3.1      3.6      3.1   5.8   4.9   5.5   4.9
  Tyler.................................    102.9    101.2    103.3    101.1      5.2      4.6      4.9      4.7   5.0   4.5   4.7   4.6
  Victoria..............................     50.3     50.5     50.5     50.6      2.0      2.1      1.8      2.2   4.0   4.2   3.6   4.4
  Waco..................................    120.1    117.4    119.3    116.9      6.0      4.8      5.5      4.8   5.0   4.1   4.6   4.1
  Wichita Falls.........................     66.2     63.2     66.3     63.7      3.1      2.8      2.9      2.9   4.7   4.4   4.4   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,435.0  1,467.1  1,443.9  1,464.3     49.2     48.7     49.5     48.5   3.4   3.3   3.4   3.3
  Logan.................................     65.7     66.9     66.5     66.9      2.0      2.0      2.0      1.9   3.0   2.9   3.0   2.8
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    300.3    306.5    302.5    306.5     10.8     10.6     11.0     10.5   3.6   3.5   3.6   3.4
  Provo-Orem............................    263.1    274.9    265.2    273.8      8.3      8.3      8.3      8.1   3.2   3.0   3.1   3.0
  St. George............................     62.0     61.8     62.3     62.2      2.4      2.3      2.4      2.3   3.8   3.7   3.9   3.7
  Salt Lake City........................    607.5    620.6    611.7    619.8     20.6     19.4     20.5     19.4   3.4   3.1   3.4   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    348.7    344.5    349.0    342.5     14.2     13.3     12.4     10.9   4.1   3.9   3.5   3.2
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    124.8    126.9    125.1    126.7      4.2      4.0      3.7      3.2   3.4   3.2   3.0   2.5
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,242.2  4,189.5  4,252.0  4,197.5    212.5    172.6    199.8    173.5   5.0   4.1   4.7   4.1
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     93.5     93.4     94.5     93.1      4.8      3.8      4.6      4.0   5.2   4.1   4.9   4.3
  Charlottesville.......................    116.2    115.0    117.9    116.7      5.1      4.1      4.8      4.2   4.4   3.6   4.1   3.6
  Harrisonburg..........................     64.8     64.4     65.3     64.2      3.2      2.6      3.2      2.7   5.0   4.0   4.9   4.1
  Lynchburg.............................    124.3    121.6    124.6    121.6      6.7      5.4      6.3      5.5   5.4   4.5   5.1   4.5
  Richmond..............................    652.1    637.8    655.8    645.2     34.8     28.3     32.6     28.2   5.3   4.4   5.0   4.4
  Roanoke...............................    161.1    156.4    161.3    156.7      8.1      6.4      7.5      6.4   5.0   4.1   4.7   4.1
  Staunton-Waynesboro...................     58.8     57.5     58.9     57.0      2.8      2.3      2.6      2.3   4.7   4.0   4.4   4.1
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    841.3    829.4    838.6    827.9     46.1     37.9     43.5     38.6   5.5   4.6   5.2   4.7
  Winchester............................     68.4     68.9     68.7     69.1      3.2      2.6      3.0      2.6   4.6   3.8   4.4   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,497.1  3,504.7  3,520.3  3,525.1    202.3    168.9    203.6    175.9   5.8   4.8   5.8   5.0
  Bellingham............................     99.5    100.5    102.5    102.7      6.3      5.4      6.5      5.4   6.3   5.4   6.3   5.2
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    112.3    110.3    113.6    111.8      7.0      5.5      7.1      5.6   6.2   5.0   6.3   5.0
  Kennewick-Richland....................    129.7    128.5    130.8    128.0      8.6      7.0      8.9      7.2   6.7   5.4   6.8   5.6
  Longview..............................     44.3     42.9     44.1     43.2      3.4      3.0      3.5      3.0   7.6   7.0   8.0   6.9
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.7     55.1     57.5     55.6      3.9      3.3      4.0      3.3   6.8   6.0   6.9   5.9
  Olympia-Tumwater......................    122.5    121.0    124.3    123.1      7.9      6.5      8.0      6.5   6.4   5.4   6.4   5.3
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,937.8  1,956.4  1,943.1  1,961.5     98.6     83.2     97.1     88.4   5.1   4.3   5.0   4.5
  Spokane-Spokane Valley................    244.4    242.7    248.8    247.8     16.5     14.0     16.8     14.1   6.8   5.8   6.8   5.7
  Walla Walla...........................     29.5     29.2     31.0     30.5      1.7      1.4      1.7      1.4   5.8   4.8   5.5   4.5
  Wenatchee.............................     63.9     63.8     64.0     64.1      3.3      2.7      3.4      2.9   5.1   4.2   5.3   4.6
  Yakima................................    126.9    128.0    126.9    127.2      8.3      6.8      8.6      7.6   6.5   5.3   6.8   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    787.9    789.7    787.5    791.6     45.9     49.3     44.1     44.4   5.8   6.2   5.6   5.6
  Beckley...............................     47.7     47.9     47.3     47.7      3.2      3.4      3.2      3.1   6.6   7.1   6.8   6.6
  Charleston............................     99.5     98.7     99.2     99.3      5.8      6.1      5.6      5.5   5.8   6.2   5.7   5.6
  Huntington-Ashland....................    149.6    147.4    150.4    148.5      8.7      8.5      8.2      7.5   5.8   5.8   5.5   5.1
  Morgantown............................     65.4     65.4     65.2     65.7      2.9      3.1      2.6      2.7   4.4   4.7   3.9   4.2
  Parkersburg-Vienna....................     39.8     40.2     40.1     40.6      2.2      2.5      2.1      2.2   5.6   6.2   5.3   5.4
  Wheeling..............................     66.1     66.2     66.7     66.9      3.7      4.0      3.5      3.7   5.5   6.1   5.2   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,098.8  3,077.2  3,109.4  3,100.5    146.4    112.4    141.1    112.4   4.7   3.7   4.5   3.6
  Appleton..............................    128.3    129.2    128.4    130.3      5.2      3.9      5.0      3.9   4.1   3.0   3.9   3.0
  Eau Claire............................     91.3     91.2     92.0     92.0      3.7      2.9      3.5      2.9   4.0   3.2   3.8   3.2
  Fond du Lac...........................     57.6     57.2     58.0     57.6      2.5      1.8      2.4      1.8   4.3   3.1   4.1   3.1
  Green Bay.............................    169.7    171.5    172.0    171.8      7.4      5.6      7.1      5.6   4.3   3.3   4.1   3.3
  Janesville-Beloit.....................     83.6     83.7     83.9     83.8      4.5      3.5      4.3      3.5   5.3   4.2   5.2   4.1
  La Crosse-Onalaska....................     76.8     76.0     77.2     77.0      2.8      2.3      2.6      2.4   3.6   3.1   3.4   3.1
  Madison...............................    372.9    375.0    375.4    379.4     13.0     10.3     12.4     10.2   3.5   2.8   3.3   2.7
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    827.2    815.5    830.0    823.8     44.7     33.9     43.5     34.2   5.4   4.2   5.2   4.2
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     91.7     91.7     92.4     92.7      4.3      3.1      4.1      3.1   4.7   3.4   4.5   3.4
  Racine................................     99.4     97.4     99.7     97.8      5.9      4.5      5.7      4.5   5.9   4.7   5.7   4.6
  Sheboygan.............................     61.7     61.8     61.5     62.4      2.5      1.9      2.3      1.8   4.0   3.0   3.8   3.0
  Wausau................................     72.9     72.6     73.2     73.3      3.2      2.3      3.0      2.3   4.3   3.2   4.1   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    306.5    307.3    306.5    307.3     11.7     10.7     11.9     11.8   3.8   3.5   3.9   3.9
  Casper................................     43.0     42.6     43.2     43.2      1.7      1.9      1.7      2.0   3.8   4.4   3.8   4.7
  Cheyenne..............................     48.3     48.3     48.7     48.9      2.0      1.6      2.0      1.7   4.1   3.3   4.0   3.5
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,130.2  1,138.2  1,138.1  1,159.9    169.5    138.8    155.0    164.2  15.0  12.2  13.6  14.2
  Aguadilla-Isabela.....................     90.0     89.1     90.6     92.3     16.8     13.3     15.4     16.0  18.7  14.9  17.0  17.4
  Arecibo...............................     53.0     53.1     53.7     54.7      8.6      7.3      8.3      9.0  16.3  13.7  15.5  16.4
  Guayama...............................     22.7     22.0     22.5     22.6      5.3      4.1      4.8      4.9  23.2  18.6  21.4  21.8
  Mayaguez..............................     29.9     29.6     29.9     30.2      5.1      3.9      4.7      4.6  17.1  13.2  15.5  15.2
  Ponce.................................    100.4    100.3    100.0    102.4     19.1     16.5     17.4     19.6  19.0  16.5  17.4  19.1
  San German............................     37.4     36.2     37.4     37.4      6.9      5.0      6.3      6.1  18.5  13.9  16.7  16.3
  San Juan-Carolina-Caguas..............    750.4    761.9    756.5    770.6     96.4     79.7     88.0     93.5  12.9  10.5  11.6  12.1

   1 For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population,
which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
   2 The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision
the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                               September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,855.1 18,945.5 18,945.0 19,017.2  1,322.8  1,034.4  1,323.6  1,080.4   7.0   5.5   7.0   5.7
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim..........  6,627.4  6,601.7  6,657.6  6,595.0    490.1    374.3    487.0    364.8   7.4   5.7   7.3   5.5
     Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine.............  1,578.1  1,596.1  1,590.9  1,605.8     83.2     63.8     83.2     69.3   5.3   4.0   5.2   4.3
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  5,049.2  5,005.6  5,066.7  4,989.2    406.9    310.5    403.8    295.5   8.1   6.2   8.0   5.9
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward...........  2,469.3  2,508.2  2,481.2  2,522.5    122.0     94.0    121.8    101.7   4.9   3.7   4.9   4.0
     Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley.............  1,358.0  1,366.0  1,364.5  1,372.9     76.9     58.7     76.8     63.3   5.7   4.3   5.6   4.6
     San Francisco-Redwood City-                                                                                                          
       South San Francisco................    971.0    998.8    975.9  1,004.4     39.4     30.8     39.2     33.5   4.1   3.1   4.0   3.3
     San Rafael...........................    140.3    143.4    140.8    145.2      5.7      4.5      5.7      4.9   4.0   3.1   4.1   3.3
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    380.4    384.3    383.2    389.5     30.4     26.6     29.6     26.0   8.0   6.9   7.7   6.7
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,252.4  3,262.1  3,271.5  3,290.7    161.7    139.5    155.0    140.9   5.0   4.3   4.7   4.3
     Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville (3)    664.7    673.2    668.3    681.8     29.8     27.6     28.9     28.5   4.5   4.1   4.3   4.2
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,587.8  2,588.9  2,603.1  2,608.8    131.9    111.9    126.0    112.5   5.1   4.3   4.8   4.3
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,705.8  9,645.3  9,711.7  9,634.7    601.8    516.2    568.0    488.1   6.2   5.4   5.8   5.1
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach...  3,014.8  3,001.5  3,030.3  3,007.0    187.7    167.7    176.7    158.3   6.2   5.6   5.8   5.3
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,004.9  1,001.6  1,005.1  1,000.6     57.9     49.3     54.8     46.7   5.8   4.9   5.5   4.7
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,319.4  1,314.5  1,333.6  1,321.9     89.2     82.3     84.4     77.8   6.8   6.3   6.3   5.9
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Delray Beach.......................    690.6    685.5    691.5    684.6     40.6     36.1     37.5     33.8   5.9   5.3   5.4   4.9
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,502.0  6,504.2  6,534.6  6,551.4    400.3    329.1    394.6    349.8   6.2   5.1   6.0   5.3
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (2)............  4,889.0  4,860.9  4,912.5  4,895.9    301.2    238.5    296.7    247.3   6.2   4.9   6.0   5.1
     Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights.  3,783.6  3,743.3  3,799.3  3,772.9    234.8    183.7    230.6    188.4   6.2   4.9   6.1   5.0
     Elgin................................    317.8    326.0    318.8    328.2     18.6     16.0     18.3     17.6   5.8   4.9   5.7   5.4
     Gary (3).............................    336.4    335.7    341.5    338.9     23.2     18.2     23.3     18.5   6.9   5.4   6.8   5.5
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    451.3    455.7    452.9    455.9     24.7     20.7     24.6     22.7   5.5   4.5   5.4   5.0
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,560.2  3,536.4  3,580.4  3,553.1    201.5    158.9    179.4    159.0   5.7   4.5   5.0   4.5
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (2).............  2,608.5  2,597.6  2,628.5  2,613.7    136.2    107.6    121.7    107.3   5.2   4.1   4.6   4.1
     Boston-Cambridge-Newton..............  1,541.6  1,538.0  1,554.5  1,548.3     77.1     60.9     68.8     60.9   5.0   4.0   4.4   3.9
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    104.9    104.1    105.8    105.3      6.7      5.3      5.9      5.2   6.4   5.1   5.6   4.9
     Framingham...........................    154.0    153.7    155.0    154.2      7.1      5.6      6.3      5.6   4.6   3.6   4.1   3.6
     Haverhill-Newburyport-                                                                                                               
       Amesbury Town (2)..................    110.8    110.6    111.3    111.0      5.9      4.6      5.3      4.6   5.3   4.1   4.8   4.1
     Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem (2)......     94.1     93.2     94.4     93.8      7.1      5.8      6.4      5.8   7.6   6.3   6.8   6.2
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    181.9    180.7    183.4    181.2     10.5      8.3      9.3      8.3   5.8   4.6   5.1   4.6
     Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead...............     83.1     82.9     83.6     83.0      4.8      3.8      4.3      3.8   5.8   4.6   5.1   4.6
     Nashua (2)...........................    166.1    164.2    167.3    165.5      7.2      5.6      6.8      5.6   4.3   3.4   4.1   3.4
     Peabody-Salem-Beverly................     90.1     89.4     90.9     90.2      4.9      3.8      4.3      3.8   5.4   4.2   4.7   4.2
     Taunton-Middleborough-Norton.........     81.9     80.9     82.4     81.2      4.9      4.0      4.3      3.9   6.0   4.9   5.2   4.8
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,744.7  4,739.9  4,763.6  4,760.2    314.3    223.5    299.0    239.6   6.6   4.7   6.3   5.0
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn.................  2,027.5  2,008.7  2,035.9  2,018.2    165.3    113.5    161.6    127.8   8.2   5.7   7.9   6.3
     Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia.............    768.6    755.0    771.4    760.0     75.2     50.7     74.0     58.4   9.8   6.7   9.6   7.7
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,258.8  1,253.7  1,264.6  1,258.2     90.1     62.8     87.6     69.4   7.2   5.0   6.9   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,498.3  9,614.4  9,571.8  9,686.7    548.4    462.9    542.7    440.3   5.8   4.8   5.7   4.5
  New York-Newark-Jersey City (2).........  9,875.6  9,957.0  9,959.9 10,046.5    589.6    487.6    584.4    462.4   6.0   4.9   5.9   4.6
     Dutchess County-Putnam County........    190.2    189.8    191.9    190.9      9.4      8.7      8.9      8.0   5.0   4.6   4.6   4.2
     Nassau County-Suffolk County.........  1,436.4  1,464.3  1,444.8  1,474.0     69.6     65.3     66.1     60.9   4.8   4.5   4.6   4.1
     Newark (3)...........................  1,257.2  1,253.1  1,269.9  1,265.2     77.0     66.7     74.6     61.8   6.1   5.3   5.9   4.9
     New York-Jersey City-White Plains (2)  6,991.8  7,049.9  7,053.4  7,116.4    433.5    347.0    434.9    331.7   6.2   4.9   6.2   4.7
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,347.5  6,399.0  6,369.4  6,414.3    322.3    310.5    310.9    294.3   5.1   4.9   4.9   4.6
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,011.9  3,024.7  3,029.7  3,046.8    172.1    156.2    165.1    148.3   5.7   5.2   5.5   4.9
     Camden (3)...........................    634.5    632.9    641.1    639.0     42.7     35.7     40.9     32.9   6.7   5.6   6.4   5.2
     Montgomery County-Bucks County-                                                                                                      
       Chester County.....................  1,037.8  1,044.2  1,038.7  1,048.1     44.1     41.2     41.9     38.9   4.2   3.9   4.0   3.7
     Philadelphia.........................    975.3    977.3    981.3    981.7     64.4     60.2     62.5     56.9   6.6   6.2   6.4   5.8
     Wilmington (3).......................    364.3    370.3    368.6    378.1     20.9     19.1     19.9     19.6   5.7   5.2   5.4   5.2
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 13,144.7 13,045.4 13,208.8 13,070.8    638.4    567.8    600.7    584.4   4.9   4.4   4.5   4.5
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,575.6  3,565.8  3,597.2  3,576.9    171.0    139.5    161.7    143.2   4.8   3.9   4.5   4.0
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,381.8  2,381.5  2,398.3  2,393.4    114.4     91.4    108.0     93.8   4.8   3.8   4.5   3.9
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,193.8  1,184.3  1,198.8  1,183.5     56.7     48.1     53.7     49.3   4.7   4.1   4.5   4.2
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,497.1  3,504.7  3,520.3  3,525.1    202.3    168.9    203.6    175.9   5.8   4.8   5.8   5.0
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,937.8  1,956.4  1,943.1  1,961.5     98.6     83.2     97.1     88.4   5.1   4.3   5.0   4.5
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,554.4  1,575.8  1,556.7  1,575.5     72.3     61.5     70.0     66.4   4.6   3.9   4.5   4.2
     Tacoma-Lakewood......................    383.4    380.6    386.4    386.0     26.4     21.7     27.0     22.0   6.9   5.7   7.0   5.7

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated
February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are
Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two
or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their
metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles
are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2014 to October 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,930.2 1,957.8 1,943.9 1,965.0 21.1 1.1

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.7 46.0 46.1 46.4 0.3 0.7

Auburn-Opelika

60.4 62.1 60.5 61.9 1.4 2.3

Birmingham-Hoover

512.7 519.1 516.6 521.0 4.4 0.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

67.6 70.0 67.0 69.6 2.6 3.9

Decatur

53.5 53.9 53.6 54.0 0.4 0.7

Dothan

56.9 57.2 57.3 57.5 0.2 0.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.7 55.4 56.9 55.7 -1.2 -2.1

Gadsden

37.5 37.4 37.5 37.6 0.1 0.3

Huntsville

217.3 219.4 220.5 220.0 -0.5 -0.2

Mobile

175.4 175.0 175.4 175.2 -0.2 -0.1

Montgomery

168.3 170.0 169.5 170.7 1.2 0.7

Tuscaloosa

103.7 106.1 104.5 106.5 2.0 1.9


Alaska

350.2 349.9 331.0 333.3 2.3 0.7

Anchorage

184.4 185.4 179.6 181.9 2.3 1.3

Fairbanks

40.1 40.2 38.7 38.9 0.2 0.5


Arizona

2,575.1 2,632.6 2,606.1 2,666.4 60.3 2.3

Flagstaff

66.7 67.2 65.9 67.0 1.1 1.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.3 45.8 46.7 45.8 -0.9 -1.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,857.8 1,906.2 1,883.7 1,932.0 48.3 2.6

Prescott

59.6 61.6 60.9 62.3 1.4 2.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.8 34.2 34.9 34.6 -0.3 -0.9

Tucson

366.2 371.4 368.6 376.0 7.4 2.0

Yuma

50.6 50.5 51.4 51.4 0.0 0.0


Arkansas

1,199.1 1,220.1 1,203.6 1,223.3 19.7 1.6

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

227.5 231.3 227.2 232.1 4.9 2.2

Fort Smith

113.6 112.9 113.4 113.1 -0.3 -0.3

Hot Springs

38.0 38.7 37.8 38.3 0.5 1.3

Jonesboro

53.6 56.1 54.4 56.2 1.8 3.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

347.2 353.6 348.4 355.1 6.7 1.9

Pine Bluff

33.8 31.6 34.3 31.9 -2.4 -7.0


California

15,728.2 16,190.6 15,876.1 16,339.9 463.8 2.9

Bakersfield

258.8 258.7 261.2 262.9 1.7 0.7

Chico

76.5 78.5 77.1 79.9 2.8 3.6

El Centro

51.6 53.8 53.2 55.3 2.1 3.9

Fresno

316.1 324.3 320.1 327.6 7.5 2.3

Hanford-Corcoran

38.4 39.2 37.7 38.2 0.5 1.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,739.4 5,873.4 5,798.8 5,925.1 126.3 2.2

Madera

37.5 37.5 37.4 37.3 -0.1 -0.3

Merced

64.6 64.6 65.3 65.5 0.2 0.3

Modesto

165.1 169.9 161.9 167.1 5.2 3.2

Napa

70.9 72.1 71.6 73.3 1.7 2.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

292.8 297.8 295.0 301.7 6.7 2.3

Redding

63.8 64.3 63.7 65.0 1.3 2.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,291.4 1,328.2 1,306.4 1,349.6 43.2 3.3

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

892.6 916.2 899.3 920.3 21.0 2.3

Salinas

132.9 136.8 132.3 137.0 4.7 3.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,346.9 1,393.8 1,364.4 1,404.6 40.2 2.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,199.2 2,271.2 2,217.7 2,292.0 74.3 3.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,012.4 1,062.8 1,020.8 1,074.3 53.5 5.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

108.8 113.0 112.2 116.0 3.8 3.4

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

93.2 94.6 97.0 98.2 1.2 1.2

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

175.7 182.9 179.3 185.8 6.5 3.6

Santa Rosa

194.2 199.6 194.3 200.3 6.0 3.1

Stockton-Lodi

211.4 217.2 213.0 217.8 4.8 2.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

128.4 133.0 130.0 134.5 4.5 3.5

Visalia-Porterville

116.0 117.8 116.3 118.2 1.9 1.6

Yuba City

40.1 40.9 40.4 41.4 1.0 2.5


Colorado

2,488.8 2,527.6 2,485.6 2,537.3 51.7 2.1

Boulder

179.1 180.9 180.6 182.5 1.9 1.1

Colorado Springs

264.8 267.5 265.1 267.6 2.5 0.9

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,360.7 1,392.2 1,362.6 1,397.3 34.7 2.5

Fort Collins

151.4 154.6 150.5 155.4 4.9 3.3

Grand Junction

62.4 62.5 62.8 62.7 -0.1 -0.2

Greeley

101.1 104.8 102.3 106.2 3.9 3.8

Pueblo

60.3 60.8 60.4 61.3 0.9 1.5


Connecticut

1,668.8 1,694.5 1,683.9 1,708.2 24.3 1.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

407.7 414.3 409.5 416.4 6.9 1.7

Danbury

78.5 78.4 79.0 79.0 0.0 0.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

566.9 576.3 572.4 581.4 9.0 1.6

New Haven

280.5 283.1 283.2 284.5 1.3 0.5

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.0 128.8 128.6 128.3 -0.3 -0.2

Waterbury

67.2 68.0 67.9 67.8 -0.1 -0.1


Delaware

440.0 445.6 442.9 447.2 4.3 1.0

Dover

67.3 67.0 68.4 68.0 -0.4 -0.6

Salisbury(1)

154.7 159.3 150.1 154.8 4.7 3.1


District of Columbia

757.3 764.8 764.9 773.0 8.1 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,118.7 3,176.9 3,138.9 3,206.0 67.1 2.1


Florida

7,831.7 8,067.3 7,915.8 8,155.7 239.9 3.0

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

229.5 235.0 232.6 241.5 8.9 3.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

104.3 105.9 104.2 105.4 1.2 1.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

182.2 186.6 183.2 187.6 4.4 2.4

Gainesville

133.7 136.3 135.3 138.0 2.7 2.0

Homosassa Springs

32.2 32.2 32.3 33.0 0.7 2.2

Jacksonville

623.5 638.2 629.2 641.9 12.7 2.0

Lakeland-Winter Haven

200.9 208.7 202.6 210.6 8.0 3.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,427.0 2,483.2 2,454.9 2,507.6 52.7 2.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

126.8 131.0 130.4 134.3 3.9 3.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

269.1 276.6 270.8 278.9 8.1 3.0

Ocala

96.2 98.6 96.9 98.9 2.0 2.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,114.2 1,154.8 1,123.4 1,166.4 43.0 3.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

197.8 201.8 198.0 202.9 4.9 2.5

Panama City

80.2 80.4 79.2 79.3 0.1 0.1

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

165.1 168.5 165.7 169.3 3.6 2.2

Port St. Lucie

131.4 134.4 133.7 135.9 2.2 1.6

Punta Gorda

43.0 44.4 43.5 45.1 1.6 3.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

46.5 47.2 47.0 47.6 0.6 1.3

Sebring

24.8 25.2 25.4 25.8 0.4 1.6

Tallahassee

174.0 175.1 175.1 176.8 1.7 1.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,213.1 1,242.4 1,220.1 1,257.2 37.1 3.0

The Villages

25.2 25.9 25.7 26.1 0.4 1.6


Georgia

4,183.3 4,266.5 4,222.2 4,319.1 96.9 2.3

Albany

61.0 59.9 61.4 60.6 -0.8 -1.3

Athens-Clarke County

92.6 93.9 93.4 94.6 1.2 1.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,519.8 2,595.6 2,539.9 2,628.0 88.1 3.5

Augusta-Richmond County

224.8 230.4 227.8 231.5 3.7 1.6

Brunswick

41.2 41.7 41.8 42.5 0.7 1.7

Columbus

122.1 123.9 123.4 126.1 2.7 2.2

Dalton

67.3 68.5 67.3 68.3 1.0 1.5

Gainesville

80.9 82.3 81.7 82.9 1.2 1.5

Hinesville

19.9 19.5 19.9 19.6 -0.3 -1.5

Macon

101.0 101.3 102.2 102.8 0.6 0.6

Rome

40.1 40.4 40.4 41.1 0.7 1.7

Savannah

167.8 171.8 168.9 172.7 3.8 2.2

Valdosta

54.9 54.0 55.3 55.0 -0.3 -0.5

Warner Robins

70.5 69.7 70.8 69.9 -0.9 -1.3


Hawaii

625.1 634.3 627.9 639.9 12.0 1.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

71.3 72.4 71.4 72.5 1.1 1.5

Urban Honolulu

460.9 469.2 464.4 475.0 10.6 2.3


Idaho

663.8 685.3 668.0 693.3 25.3 3.8

Boise City

284.3 290.5 286.8 292.9 6.1 2.1

Coeur d'Alene

60.3 62.3 60.0 62.7 2.7 4.5

Idaho Falls

59.9 62.7 61.0 63.6 2.6 4.3

Lewiston

27.8 27.9 28.2 27.9 -0.3 -1.1

Pocatello

34.9 36.3 35.8 37.1 1.3 3.6


Illinois

5,920.1 5,951.2 5,949.3 5,990.4 41.1 0.7

Bloomington

95.1 95.9 95.5 96.2 0.7 0.7

Carbondale-Marion

55.4 54.4 55.8 54.9 -0.9 -1.6

Champaign-Urbana

108.6 110.3 110.4 111.5 1.1 1.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,536.2 4,580.0 4,559.6 4,611.3 51.7 1.1

Danville

29.3 29.7 29.2 29.7 0.5 1.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.5 181.9 184.8 180.9 -3.9 -2.1

Decatur

51.4 50.8 51.3 51.1 -0.2 -0.4

Kankakee

45.4 45.1 45.6 45.6 0.0 0.0

Peoria

179.1 178.1 180.4 178.6 -1.8 -1.0

Rockford

152.1 151.6 152.5 151.9 -0.6 -0.4

Springfield

112.3 112.7 112.3 113.5 1.2 1.1


Indiana

3,017.0 3,082.3 3,032.5 3,092.8 60.3 2.0

Bloomington

77.3 77.7 78.2 78.7 0.5 0.6

Columbus

50.9 53.0 51.4 53.1 1.7 3.3

Elkhart-Goshen

124.6 129.0 125.3 130.0 4.7 3.8

Evansville

157.0 160.9 158.6 160.9 2.3 1.5

Fort Wayne

215.1 217.3 215.4 217.4 2.0 0.9

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,003.5 1,033.8 1,007.8 1,036.1 28.3 2.8

Kokomo

40.4 41.6 40.4 41.9 1.5 3.7

Lafayette-West Lafayette

101.1 103.4 103.1 104.2 1.1 1.1

Michigan City-La Porte

42.2 42.3 42.5 42.2 -0.3 -0.7

Muncie

51.5 52.1 51.5 52.6 1.1 2.1

South Bend-Mishawaka

137.0 137.9 138.2 139.1 0.9 0.7

Terre Haute

70.4 70.2 71.7 70.8 -0.9 -1.3


Iowa

1,562.3 1,581.6 1,575.7 1,597.8 22.1 1.4

Ames

53.9 54.8 54.5 55.5 1.0 1.8

Cedar Rapids

142.1 142.1 142.7 143.7 1.0 0.7

Des Moines-West Des Moines

344.8 357.1 348.4 358.5 10.1 2.9

Dubuque

59.3 59.8 60.6 60.5 -0.1 -0.2

Iowa City

98.7 99.8 99.8 101.6 1.8 1.8

Sioux City

88.3 89.3 88.8 89.3 0.5 0.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

93.2 92.9 94.3 93.7 -0.6 -0.6


Kansas

1,399.1 1,411.0 1,413.7 1,424.6 10.9 0.8

Lawrence

53.1 54.6 54.2 55.2 1.0 1.8

Manhattan

44.6 46.2 45.7 47.2 1.5 3.3

Topeka

111.9 112.5 112.9 113.7 0.8 0.7

Wichita

293.0 294.7 296.0 298.7 2.7 0.9


Kentucky

1,872.1 1,905.0 1,883.2 1,914.9 31.7 1.7

Bowling Green

72.5 73.5 72.5 73.6 1.1 1.5

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

53.9 55.4 54.2 55.2 1.0 1.8

Lexington-Fayette

265.9 273.5 268.3 275.9 7.6 2.8

Louisville/Jefferson County

633.2 650.1 638.9 654.2 15.3 2.4

Owensboro

52.2 53.2 52.3 53.6 1.3 2.5


Louisiana

1,986.3 1,985.3 2,001.7 1,992.9 -8.8 -0.4

Alexandria

63.4 63.1 63.8 63.1 -0.7 -1.1

Baton Rouge

400.7 407.4 400.4 407.6 7.2 1.8

Hammond

44.5 44.9 44.6 44.7 0.1 0.2

Houma-Thibodaux

102.0 100.1 102.2 99.4 -2.8 -2.7

Lafayette

221.7 217.8 222.5 218.2 -4.3 -1.9

Lake Charles

98.4 102.1 99.4 104.0 4.6 4.6

Monroe

77.9 77.0 78.5 78.0 -0.5 -0.6

New Orleans-Metairie

563.1 561.3 566.5 567.1 0.6 0.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

183.1 181.3 183.7 182.1 -1.6 -0.9


Maine

618.5 624.0 615.9 621.7 5.8 0.9

Bangor

66.7 66.9 67.3 68.2 0.9 1.3

Lewiston-Auburn

50.4 50.7 51.2 50.7 -0.5 -1.0

Portland-South Portland

197.4 202.3 197.5 202.1 4.6 2.3


Maryland

2,635.0 2,679.6 2,648.9 2,700.8 51.9 2.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,352.7 1,380.2 1,359.6 1,393.1 33.5 2.5

California-Lexington Park

44.1 45.1 44.3 45.3 1.0 2.3

Cumberland

39.7 39.9 40.2 40.2 0.0 0.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.4 103.2 104.8 103.1 -1.7 -1.6


Massachusetts

3,443.8 3,517.3 3,466.1 3,546.9 80.8 2.3

Barnstable Town

106.2 107.0 102.5 104.2 1.7 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,600.9 2,647.9 2,621.2 2,672.0 50.8 1.9

Leominster-Gardner

50.5 50.5 50.8 51.1 0.3 0.6

New Bedford

65.9 66.9 66.6 67.5 0.9 1.4

Pittsfield

42.2 42.1 42.2 42.2 0.0 0.0

Springfield

324.6 330.0 328.3 335.2 6.9 2.1

Worcester

275.5 282.0 278.1 284.5 6.4 2.3


Michigan

4,216.5 4,297.0 4,251.5 4,331.1 79.6 1.9

Ann Arbor

209.8 209.0 214.6 216.2 1.6 0.7

Battle Creek

58.8 59.7 59.4 59.9 0.5 0.8

Bay City

37.5 37.3 37.8 38.0 0.2 0.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,904.1 1,949.8 1,920.4 1,959.1 38.7 2.0

Flint

140.5 140.9 141.9 142.6 0.7 0.5

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

519.5 537.8 523.7 543.8 20.1 3.8

Jackson

55.9 56.7 55.5 56.4 0.9 1.6

Kalamazoo-Portage

141.3 144.2 142.2 146.0 3.8 2.7

Lansing-East Lansing

225.7 228.5 228.2 231.4 3.2 1.4

Midland

38.4 38.4 37.9 38.8 0.9 2.4

Monroe

41.8 43.0 42.1 43.8 1.7 4.0

Muskegon

63.8 64.7 63.4 64.4 1.0 1.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.8 62.8 61.3 63.5 2.2 3.6

Saginaw

88.0 89.7 88.9 90.5 1.6 1.8


Minnesota

2,837.0 2,871.3 2,862.1 2,886.4 24.3 0.8

Duluth

135.8 136.9 136.5 136.9 0.4 0.3

Mankato-North Mankato

55.4 55.3 57.3 56.3 -1.0 -1.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,909.0 1,941.3 1,919.5 1,953.7 34.2 1.8

Rochester

115.4 115.7 115.4 115.5 0.1 0.1

St. Cloud

107.2 107.0 108.4 107.7 -0.7 -0.6


Mississippi

1,124.6 1,132.4 1,129.2 1,137.5 8.3 0.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.0 152.0 153.1 152.5 -0.6 -0.4

Hattiesburg

61.2 61.1 61.8 61.2 -0.6 -1.0

Jackson

271.7 275.3 273.9 276.5 2.6 0.9


Missouri

2,751.2 2,780.2 2,766.5 2,793.9 27.4 1.0

Cape Girardeau

44.0 43.2 44.9 43.6 -1.3 -2.9

Columbia

98.5 100.1 99.6 102.3 2.7 2.7

Jefferson City

76.1 76.0 76.8 76.4 -0.4 -0.5

Joplin

80.5 82.0 81.2 82.5 1.3 1.6

Kansas City

1,024.7 1,042.4 1,029.3 1,048.1 18.8 1.8

St. Joseph

62.6 61.5 63.3 62.1 -1.2 -1.9

St. Louis(2)

1,321.5 1,334.7 1,331.7 1,345.4 13.7 1.0

Springfield

204.8 207.8 206.1 208.3 2.2 1.1


Montana

459.3 463.8 458.0 462.1 4.1 0.9

Billings

83.3 85.0 83.8 85.0 1.2 1.4

Great Falls

35.9 35.2 36.0 35.3 -0.7 -1.9

Missoula

59.3 60.5 59.0 60.1 1.1 1.9


Nebraska

998.1 1,004.5 1,005.3 1,017.3 12.0 1.2

Grand Island

43.6 43.0 43.2 42.2 -1.0 -2.3

Lincoln

185.9 189.0 187.4 191.9 4.5 2.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

486.1 492.5 489.2 497.9 8.7 1.8


Nevada

1,230.9 1,263.9 1,232.4 1,274.8 42.4 3.4

Carson City

28.1 28.1 28.3 28.1 -0.2 -0.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

894.7 915.7 895.1 926.1 31.0 3.5

Reno

205.7 211.0 205.5 212.3 6.8 3.3


New Hampshire

654.9 657.3 655.3 661.8 6.5 1.0

Dover-Durham

52.3 52.5 53.3 53.7 0.4 0.8

Manchester

107.9 109.3 108.0 110.3 2.3 2.1

Portsmouth

86.1 87.3 85.1 86.3 1.2 1.4


New Jersey

3,980.3 4,023.4 4,000.0 4,054.2 54.2 1.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

134.9 134.7 132.9 132.6 -0.3 -0.2

Ocean City

47.7 48.3 40.8 41.0 0.2 0.5

Trenton

251.5 256.2 253.6 260.2 6.6 2.6

Vineland-Bridgeton

56.2 56.2 56.9 56.5 -0.4 -0.7


New Mexico

824.5 831.3 831.2 834.0 2.8 0.3

Albuquerque

378.1 386.2 380.5 387.7 7.2 1.9

Farmington

51.4 52.2 53.5 52.8 -0.7 -1.3

Las Cruces

71.4 70.2 71.8 70.3 -1.5 -2.1

Santa Fe

61.5 61.3 62.0 61.7 -0.3 -0.5


New York

9,133.3 9,272.9 9,218.8 9,382.8 164.0 1.8

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

454.8 459.4 461.0 466.5 5.5 1.2

Binghamton

105.5 104.5 106.9 105.4 -1.5 -1.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

557.1 565.7 562.9 570.6 7.7 1.4

Elmira

39.4 39.2 39.5 39.3 -0.2 -0.5

Glens Falls

55.8 56.7 55.6 56.2 0.6 1.1

Ithaca

70.9 70.0 72.8 71.2 -1.6 -2.2

Kingston

61.0 61.0 62.0 62.0 0.0 0.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,163.3 9,289.5 9,245.8 9,402.9 157.1 1.7

Rochester

527.4 534.2 533.2 540.8 7.6 1.4

Syracuse

319.1 320.3 320.9 323.4 2.5 0.8

Utica-Rome

128.3 128.4 129.3 130.6 1.3 1.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.2 42.5 42.8 42.0 -0.8 -1.9


North Carolina

4,170.4 4,278.1 4,211.9 4,303.5 91.6 2.2

Asheville

178.4 183.0 182.1 183.4 1.3 0.7

Burlington

59.6 61.3 60.3 61.8 1.5 2.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,070.7 1,107.1 1,084.8 1,120.5 35.7 3.3

Durham-Chapel Hill

293.2 299.2 291.6 301.2 9.6 3.3

Fayetteville

127.0 127.3 127.8 127.5 -0.3 -0.2

Goldsboro

42.2 41.5 42.7 41.8 -0.9 -2.1

Greensboro-High Point

350.7 359.8 352.9 363.3 10.4 2.9

Greenville

78.4 78.7 78.1 78.9 0.8 1.0

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

147.2 147.0 148.6 147.3 -1.3 -0.9

Jacksonville

49.2 49.7 49.7 50.0 0.3 0.6

New Bern

43.7 43.5 44.0 43.6 -0.4 -0.9

Raleigh

562.1 577.6 568.7 577.4 8.7 1.5

Rocky Mount

56.8 55.9 58.2 57.8 -0.4 -0.7

Wilmington

117.5 119.4 117.7 118.7 1.0 0.8

Winston-Salem

254.7 262.2 257.5 262.4 4.9 1.9


North Dakota

472.1 463.9 474.4 464.8 -9.6 -2.0

Bismarck

74.3 76.3 74.9 77.0 2.1 2.8

Fargo

139.5 141.3 141.3 142.5 1.2 0.8

Grand Forks

57.5 58.6 58.6 59.4 0.8 1.4


Ohio

5,380.0 5,431.5 5,400.9 5,478.2 77.3 1.4

Akron

335.7 337.7 336.5 342.2 5.7 1.7

Canton-Massillon

173.9 174.3 173.8 175.2 1.4 0.8

Cincinnati

1,051.1 1,075.5 1,054.8 1,076.5 21.7 2.1

Cleveland-Elyria

1,043.0 1,053.3 1,048.0 1,068.3 20.3 1.9

Columbus

1,021.1 1,042.7 1,026.0 1,051.6 25.6 2.5

Dayton

374.3 379.3 376.6 382.6 6.0 1.6

Lima

52.3 53.9 52.5 54.3 1.8 3.4

Mansfield

53.0 53.0 52.9 53.3 0.4 0.8

Springfield

51.9 51.7 52.3 52.2 -0.1 -0.2

Toledo

301.4 304.0 300.4 305.3 4.9 1.6

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.3 43.7 43.4 43.9 0.5 1.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

227.9 228.8 230.9 228.9 -2.0 -0.9


Oklahoma

1,662.7 1,664.9 1,673.5 1,674.8 1.3 0.1

Lawton

45.1 44.0 45.2 44.7 -0.5 -1.1

Oklahoma City

624.1 632.5 624.4 637.2 12.8 2.0

Tulsa

440.8 442.9 447.0 446.3 -0.7 -0.2


Oregon

1,735.9 1,786.5 1,755.2 1,801.8 46.6 2.7

Albany

41.0 41.0 41.1 41.8 0.7 1.7

Bend-Redmond

71.3 73.3 71.1 72.9 1.8 2.5

Corvallis

38.1 39.0 40.5 41.2 0.7 1.7

Eugene

147.1 149.6 150.1 153.3 3.2 2.1

Grants Pass

24.7 25.4 24.8 25.6 0.8 3.2

Medford

80.2 83.3 82.1 84.9 2.8 3.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,081.7 1,119.3 1,091.3 1,128.4 37.1 3.4

Salem

153.9 156.9 154.8 158.1 3.3 2.1


Pennsylvania

5,825.1 5,868.0 5,871.6 5,920.3 48.7 0.8

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

354.7 356.0 357.6 357.7 0.1 0.0

Altoona

61.3 61.0 60.9 60.9 0.0 0.0

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.7 43.1 43.5 42.8 -0.7 -1.6

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

58.6 59.4 59.3 60.1 0.8 1.3

East Stroudsburg

54.8 55.6 54.9 55.5 0.6 1.1

Erie

130.8 132.1 131.5 131.8 0.3 0.2

Gettysburg

34.6 34.7 35.2 35.7 0.5 1.4

Harrisburg-Carlisle

330.0 338.7 330.2 339.5 9.3 2.8

Johnstown

57.6 57.5 58.3 57.5 -0.8 -1.4

Lancaster

241.7 245.6 241.9 246.8 4.9 2.0

Lebanon

51.0 50.5 51.7 50.6 -1.1 -2.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,793.6 2,817.8 2,816.5 2,848.1 31.6 1.1

Pittsburgh

1,167.7 1,182.4 1,177.2 1,191.3 14.1 1.2

Reading

174.2 176.8 176.3 178.6 2.3 1.3

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

259.1 266.9 260.7 269.3 8.6 3.3

State College

77.3 77.0 79.6 78.9 -0.7 -0.9

Williamsport

56.6 55.6 57.0 55.7 -1.3 -2.3

York-Hanover

179.8 181.1 179.6 182.4 2.8 1.6


Rhode Island

484.1 489.0 483.8 489.6 5.8 1.2

Providence-Warwick

573.9 582.6 575.8 584.2 8.4 1.5


South Carolina

1,956.4 2,016.8 1,972.7 2,030.1 57.4 2.9

Charleston-North Charleston

323.2 332.1 325.6 332.6 7.0 2.1

Columbia

374.5 383.6 376.5 387.0 10.5 2.8

Florence

84.3 85.3 84.6 85.2 0.6 0.7

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

389.8 401.6 393.7 405.5 11.8 3.0

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

72.5 72.8 72.5 73.2 0.7 1.0

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

155.2 159.4 153.2 155.6 2.4 1.6

Spartanburg

138.9 143.2 139.8 144.0 4.2 3.0

Sumter

38.3 38.5 38.7 38.8 0.1 0.3


South Dakota

428.4 435.3 428.7 436.7 8.0 1.9

Rapid City

67.5 67.8 67.0 67.3 0.3 0.4

Sioux Falls

148.1 151.2 148.5 152.4 3.9 2.6


Tennessee

2,842.0 2,891.0 2,857.4 2,907.9 50.5 1.8

Chattanooga

241.4 246.1 242.3 247.0 4.7 1.9

Clarksville

87.4 90.2 87.8 89.8 2.0 2.3

Cleveland

45.2 44.4 45.5 46.3 0.8 1.8

Jackson

65.4 66.3 65.7 66.9 1.2 1.8

Johnson City

78.3 79.6 78.7 80.0 1.3 1.7

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.0 123.7 122.3 124.2 1.9 1.6

Knoxville

380.9 390.3 383.8 391.9 8.1 2.1

Memphis

617.7 624.0 621.1 624.4 3.3 0.5

Morristown

43.6 45.0 44.5 45.7 1.2 2.7

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

888.6 911.8 891.3 916.6 25.3 2.8


Texas

11,617.4 11,838.5 11,719.0 11,923.8 204.8 1.7

Abilene

68.2 69.1 68.7 68.9 0.2 0.3

Amarillo

116.2 117.1 117.4 118.5 1.1 0.9

Austin-Round Rock

919.2 948.2 924.3 956.4 32.1 3.5

Beaumont-Port Arthur

166.4 171.2 169.5 173.4 3.9 2.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

136.9 138.8 137.3 139.2 1.9 1.4

College Station-Bryan

106.0 106.8 107.4 108.4 1.0 0.9

Corpus Christi

195.7 199.0 196.8 200.2 3.4 1.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,299.3 3,397.3 3,324.7 3,423.1 98.4 3.0

El Paso

294.9 299.3 296.4 301.0 4.6 1.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,947.2 2,979.8 2,967.5 3,000.6 33.1 1.1

Killeen-Temple

134.3 136.2 134.8 136.2 1.4 1.0

Laredo

98.9 100.9 99.2 101.2 2.0 2.0

Longview

104.1 104.7 105.2 105.8 0.6 0.6

Lubbock

137.2 140.7 138.1 140.8 2.7 2.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

241.5 249.6 245.4 252.3 6.9 2.8

Midland

97.0 99.6 98.3 100.3 2.0 2.0

Odessa

80.5 82.8 80.9 82.9 2.0 2.5

San Angelo

48.7 49.1 49.1 49.3 0.2 0.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

952.2 987.7 958.8 996.9 38.1 4.0

Sherman-Denison

44.8 45.1 45.3 45.5 0.2 0.4

Texarkana

58.8 58.6 59.0 58.6 -0.4 -0.7

Tyler

98.7 100.0 99.2 100.2 1.0 1.0

Victoria

44.9 46.1 45.0 46.2 1.2 2.7

Waco

112.6 113.7 112.1 113.7 1.6 1.4

Wichita Falls

58.3 57.0 58.4 57.7 -0.7 -1.2


Utah

1,341.1 1,393.4 1,353.1 1,400.8 47.7 3.5

Logan

57.6 59.1 58.3 59.6 1.3 2.2

Ogden-Clearfield

233.1 240.3 235.3 242.3 7.0 3.0

Provo-Orem

216.2 229.4 218.3 230.2 11.9 5.5

St. George

55.1 55.7 55.4 56.5 1.1 2.0

Salt Lake City

658.8 683.0 665.8 686.8 21.0 3.2


Vermont

311.6 313.7 315.4 318.0 2.6 0.8

Burlington-South Burlington

123.7 126.2 125.0 128.5 3.5 2.8


Virginia

3,785.8 3,819.9 3,797.5 3,845.4 47.9 1.3

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

78.1 80.1 79.2 80.1 0.9 1.1

Charlottesville

111.2 112.8 113.0 115.2 2.2 1.9

Harrisonburg

64.6 65.4 65.6 66.3 0.7 1.1

Lynchburg

103.2 103.5 103.9 103.9 0.0 0.0

Richmond

631.1 631.6 635.4 641.6 6.2 1.0

Roanoke

160.9 160.0 161.5 160.7 -0.8 -0.5

Staunton-Waynesboro

48.7 48.2 48.8 48.1 -0.7 -1.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

756.2 762.9 753.2 762.5 9.3 1.2

Winchester

59.9 61.4 60.5 62.2 1.7 2.8


Washington

3,110.3 3,204.2 3,131.0 3,224.0 93.0 3.0

Bellingham

85.6 89.2 88.2 91.1 2.9 3.3

Bremerton-Silverdale

86.5 88.3 87.0 88.4 1.4 1.6

Kennewick-Richland

106.0 107.6 106.6 107.7 1.1 1.0

Longview

39.7 39.1 39.4 39.1 -0.3 -0.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.3 48.0 48.8 48.3 -0.5 -1.0

Olympia-Tumwater

107.2 109.7 108.8 110.7 1.9 1.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,858.8 1,919.0 1,869.2 1,926.3 57.1 3.1

Spokane-Spokane Valley

233.1 240.0 237.1 243.3 6.2 2.6

Walla Walla

26.1 26.3 27.5 27.2 -0.3 -1.1

Wenatchee

41.8 42.3 42.3 42.6 0.3 0.7

Yakima

80.5 82.5 81.8 82.7 0.9 1.1


West Virginia

768.5 755.9 773.1 759.5 -13.6 -1.8

Beckley

48.2 48.2 47.7 47.9 0.2 0.4

Charleston

123.9 122.8 124.1 123.2 -0.9 -0.7

Huntington-Ashland

141.5 141.2 143.5 142.8 -0.7 -0.5

Morgantown

70.8 70.4 71.0 70.7 -0.3 -0.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.5 42.7 43.1 43.3 0.2 0.5

Wheeling

68.3 68.5 69.1 69.1 0.0 0.0


Wisconsin

2,868.0 2,912.6 2,887.9 2,939.4 51.5 1.8

Appleton

120.7 124.1 121.0 125.1 4.1 3.4

Eau Claire

84.9 86.1 85.9 86.9 1.0 1.2

Fond du Lac

48.2 48.6 48.5 48.7 0.2 0.4

Green Bay

171.8 176.5 174.7 176.9 2.2 1.3

Janesville-Beloit

66.6 67.9 66.8 67.8 1.0 1.5

La Crosse-Onalaska

77.1 77.0 77.6 78.1 0.5 0.6

Madison

383.3 391.3 387.0 396.5 9.5 2.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

849.7 855.4 855.8 865.7 9.9 1.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

93.9 95.8 95.5 97.0 1.5 1.6

Racine

76.5 76.1 76.9 76.2 -0.7 -0.9

Sheboygan

61.2 62.0 60.9 62.8 1.9 3.1

Wausau

70.8 71.7 71.0 72.4 1.4 2.0


Wyoming

299.5 298.3 295.8 296.3 0.5 0.2

Casper

43.5 42.5 43.6 42.7 -0.9 -2.1

Cheyenne

47.6 47.4 47.4 47.6 0.2 0.4


Puerto Rico

899.5 905.6 906.1 910.2 4.1 0.5

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.3 51.4 50.9 51.8 0.9 1.8

Arecibo

33.9 34.1 34.1 34.0 -0.1 -0.3

Guayama

14.8 14.7 14.9 14.7 -0.2 -1.3

Mayaguez

34.8 34.8 34.8 35.0 0.2 0.6

Ponce

72.2 72.0 72.4 71.7 -0.7 -1.0

San German

20.3 20.3 20.5 20.4 -0.1 -0.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

653.2 659.1 658.0 661.6 3.6 0.5


Virgin Islands

37.5 37.7 37.7 37.7 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division September October Change from
October 2014 to October 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

California

15,728.2 16,190.6 15,876.1 16,339.9 463.8 2.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,739.4 5,873.4 5,798.8 5,925.1 126.3 2.2

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,500.3 1,545.8 1,518.7 1,559.7 41.0 2.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,239.1 4,327.6 4,280.1 4,365.4 85.3 2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,199.2 2,271.2 2,217.7 2,292.0 74.3 3.4

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,068.3 1,089.5 1,077.1 1,098.1 21.0 1.9

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,019.7 1,065.5 1,028.5 1,075.5 47.0 4.6

San Rafael

111.2 116.2 112.1 118.4 6.3 5.6


District of Columbia

757.3 764.8 764.9 773.0 8.1 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,118.7 3,176.9 3,138.9 3,206.0 67.1 2.1

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

576.7 589.7 577.8 594.1 16.3 2.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,542.0 2,587.2 2,561.1 2,611.9 50.8 2.0


Florida

7,831.7 8,067.3 7,915.8 8,155.7 239.9 3.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,427.0 2,483.2 2,454.9 2,507.6 52.7 2.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

776.8 800.2 785.0 811.1 26.1 3.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,089.8 1,110.7 1,102.9 1,117.6 14.7 1.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

560.4 572.3 567.0 578.9 11.9 2.1


Illinois

5,920.1 5,951.2 5,949.3 5,990.4 41.1 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,536.2 4,580.0 4,559.6 4,611.3 51.7 1.1

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,603.4 3,640.3 3,618.8 3,668.4 49.6 1.4

Elgin

253.8 257.9 255.3 259.5 4.2 1.6

Gary(3)

275.2 278.3 279.0 280.6 1.6 0.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

403.8 403.5 406.5 402.8 -3.7 -0.9


Massachusetts

3,443.8 3,517.3 3,466.1 3,546.9 80.8 2.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,600.9 2,647.9 2,621.2 2,672.0 50.8 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,736.1 1,775.0 1,750.9 1,792.4 41.5 2.4

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.2 80.5 81.5 83.2 1.7 2.1

Framingham

170.2 174.4 170.7 174.8 4.1 2.4

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

63.8 64.9 63.8 65.1 1.3 2.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

79.4 79.6 79.6 80.7 1.1 1.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

147.2 149.3 148.9 149.3 0.4 0.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

44.7 46.0 44.9 45.9 1.0 2.2

Nashua(2)

125.5 123.2 125.8 124.0 -1.8 -1.4

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

95.4 96.5 96.3 98.0 1.7 1.8

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

58.4 58.5 58.8 58.6 -0.2 -0.3


Michigan

4,216.5 4,297.0 4,251.5 4,331.1 79.6 1.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,904.1 1,949.8 1,920.4 1,959.1 38.7 2.0

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

725.8 740.1 730.9 742.3 11.4 1.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,178.3 1,209.7 1,189.5 1,216.8 27.3 2.3


New York

9,133.3 9,272.9 9,218.8 9,382.8 164.0 1.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,163.3 9,289.5 9,245.8 9,402.9 157.1 1.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

142.9 140.9 145.1 142.2 -2.9 -2.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,293.9 1,314.7 1,304.2 1,328.8 24.6 1.9

Newark(3)

1,183.8 1,194.0 1,194.9 1,205.6 10.7 0.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,542.7 6,639.9 6,601.6 6,726.3 124.7 1.9


Pennsylvania

5,825.1 5,868.0 5,871.6 5,920.3 48.7 0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,793.6 2,817.8 2,816.5 2,848.1 31.6 1.1

Camden(3)

513.0 519.7 517.5 525.2 7.7 1.5

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,020.7 1,032.8 1,024.6 1,040.5 15.9 1.6

Philadelphia

911.0 914.0 922.5 926.0 3.5 0.4

Wilmington(3)

348.9 351.3 351.9 356.4 4.5 1.3


Texas

11,617.4 11,838.5 11,719.0 11,923.8 204.8 1.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,299.3 3,397.3 3,324.7 3,423.1 98.4 3.0

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,317.0 2,395.9 2,337.4 2,419.6 82.2 3.5

Fort Worth-Arlington

982.3 1,001.4 987.3 1,003.5 16.2 1.6


Washington

3,110.3 3,204.2 3,131.0 3,224.0 93.0 3.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,858.8 1,919.0 1,869.2 1,926.3 57.1 3.1

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,564.7 1,615.4 1,575.1 1,621.4 46.3 2.9

Tacoma-Lakewood

294.1 303.6 294.1 304.9 10.8 3.7

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: December 07, 2015