U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                      USDL-18-0376
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, March 15, 2018

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                              U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - FEBRUARY 2018                              

U.S. import prices increased 0.4 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
after rising 0.8 percent in January. In February, higher nonfuel prices more than offset declining prices for 
imported fuel. Prices for U.S. exports rose 0.2 percent in February following a 0.8-percent advance the 
previous month.

Imports

All Imports: The price index for U.S. imports rose 0.4 percent in February, the seventh consecutive 
monthly increase, after advancing 0.8 percent in January. The last time the index declined on a monthly 
basis was a 0.2-percent drop in July 2017. Import prices advanced 3.5 percent for the 12-month period 
ended in February, matching the 12-month rise in November. Those were the largest annual increases since 
the index rose 3.6 percent for the 12-month period ended April 2017.  

Fuel Imports: The price index for fuel imports declined 0.6 percent in February, the first monthly decline 
since July. Prior to February, the index for fuel imports rose 29.1 percent between July 2017 and January 
2018. Both petroleum and natural gas prices contributed to the decline in overall fuel prices in February. 
Petroleum prices fell 0.5 percent and prices for natural gas decreased 3.0 percent. Despite the February 
decline, the price index for fuel imports rose 17.4 percent over the past 12 months. Petroleum prices 
increased 18.3 percent for the year ended in February and prices for natural gas advanced 17.9 percent over 
the same period.  

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports advanced 0.5 percent in February, after 
rising 0.5 percent the previous month. The last time the index increased by more than 0.5 percent was a 0.8-
percent advance in April 2011. Prices for capital goods; consumer goods; nonfuel industrial supplies and 
materials; foods, feeds, and beverages; and automotive vehicles all contributed to the February advance. The 
price index for nonfuel imports increased 2.1 percent over the past 12 months, the largest over-the-year rise 
since the index advanced 2.4 percent for the year ended February 2012. The primary contributor to the 12-
month advance in February was higher prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials.  

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2017

February

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

March

-0.2 -3.0 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.0

April

0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

May

-0.1 -0.9 0.1 -0.6 -1.6 -0.4

June

-0.2 -3.6 0.1 -0.1 -1.4 0.0

July

-0.2 -1.0 -0.1 0.5 1.8 0.3

August

0.6 4.0 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.7

September

0.8 5.7 0.3 0.8 -0.7 0.9

October

0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 2.0 -0.1

November

1.0 9.8 0.0 0.5 -0.7 0.7

December

0.2 (r)3.3 (r)-0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.1

2018

January

(r)0.8 (r)3.2 (r)0.5 0.8 (r)0.1 (r)0.8

February

0.4 -0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.2

Feb. 2016 to 2017

4.7 68.9 0.6 3.2 2.1 3.3

Feb. 2017 to 2018

3.5 17.4 2.1 3.3 0.8 3.6

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices increased 0.2 percent in February after rising 0.8 percent in January. The 
last time the index declined on a monthly basis was a 0.1-percent decrease in June 2017. In February, higher 
prices for both nonagricultural and agricultural exports contributed to the increase in overall export prices. 
The price index for U.S. exports increased 3.3 percent over the past 12 months.   

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports rose 0.6 percent in February, after ticking up 
0.1 percent the previous month. The February advance was the largest increase since the index rose 2.0 
percent in October and was driven by higher prices for corn and soybeans, which increased 7.2 percent and 
2.5 percent, respectively. Prices for agricultural exports rose 0.8 percent over the past year. Rising meat 
prices were the primary contributor to the advance in agricultural prices for the year ended in February.    

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices advanced 0.2 percent in February 
following a 0.8-percent rise in January. The price indexes for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials, consumer goods, capital goods, and automotive vehicles all contributed to the monthly increase. 
Over the past 12 months prices for nonagricultural exports advanced 3.6 percent, which matched the 12-
month increase in January. Those were the largest 12-month rises since a 4.0-percent advance for the year 
ended December 2011.

                                          SELECTED FEBRUARY HIGHLIGHTS                                          

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China increased 0.2 percent in February, the first 
monthly advance since the index rose 0.3 percent in November. The price index for imports from China 
increased 0.3 percent for the 12-month period ended in February, the largest 12-month advance since the 
index rose 0.4 percent for the year ended June 2014. Import prices from Japan advanced 0.2 percent in 
February, after a 0.5-percent rise in January. Despite the increase, prices for imports from Japan declined 
0.1 percent over the past 12 months. The last time the index advanced on a 12-month basis was an increase 
of 0.5 percent in July 2017. Import prices from Canada increased 0.2 percent in February and prices for 
imports from the European Union rose 0.7 percent. In contrast, the import price index from Mexico 
decreased 0.5 percent in February, the largest monthly drop since the index fell 1.2 percent in January 2017.       

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices increased 0.9 
percent in February following a 1.8-percent advance in January. The rise in February was driven by higher 
prices for chemicals and iron and steel mill products.

Finished Goods: Prices for each of the finished goods categories increased in February. Prices for capital 
goods advanced 0.6 percent, led by rising prices for computers, peripherals, and semiconductors. The price 
indexes for consumer goods and automotive vehicles also rose in February, increasing 0.5 percent and 0.2 
percent, respectively. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Import prices for foods, feeds, and beverages rose 1.1 percent in February 
after advancing 0.8 percent the previous month. The February increase was driven by higher prices for 
vegetables, which advanced 4.3 percent.

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares rose 0.9 percent in February, after decreasing 3.2 
percent in January. The February advance was led by a 1.9-percent rise in European fares and a 4.6-percent 
increase in Latin American/Caribbean fares, which more than offset lower Asian fares. Import air passenger 
fares rose 4.2 percent over the past year. Import air freight prices increased 1.6 percent in February and 11.4 
percent over the past 12 months.

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials rose 0.3 percent in February. The advance was driven by a 1.5-percent increase in 
chemicals prices and a 2.0-percent rise in the price index for nonferrous metals.

Finished Goods: Prices for each of the major finished goods categories increased in February. Consumer 
goods prices advanced 0.3 percent, led by higher prices for medicinal, dental, and pharmaceutical 
preparatory materials. The price indexes for capital goods and automotive vehicles each ticked up 0.1 
percent in February. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares decreased 8.9 percent in February, the largest decline 
since the index fell 11.6 percent in February 2017. The decreases were driven by lower Asian and Latin 
American/Caribbean fares which more than offset higher European fares. Despite the monthly decreases, 
export air passenger fares rose 1.2 percent for the year ended in February. Prices for export air freight 
increased 0.2 percent in February and 7.1 percent over the past year.   
		
Import and Export Price Index data for March are scheduled for release on Thursday, April 12, 2018 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2017 to February 2018 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

All commodities

  100.000 126.5 127.0 3.5 1.0 0.2 0.8 0.4

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  82.891 99.9 100.4 1.9 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.5

All imports excluding petroleum

  89.832 113.2 113.8 2.1 0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.5

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  89.016 117.2 117.8 2.1 0.0 -0.2 0.5 0.5

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.125 182.4 184.4 3.5 -1.0 -0.9 0.8 1.1

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.825 200.6 203.0 4.5 -1.1 -1.2 0.8 1.2

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.300 141.0 142.2 -0.2 -0.7 0.0 0.8 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials

1

25.196 190.2 190.7 12.2 4.4 1.3 2.4 0.3

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  15.110 157.0 158.1 8.4 1.4 0.3 2.1 0.7

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  14.200 176.8 178.4 8.6 0.9 -0.3 1.8 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  9.027 168.1 169.6 9.7 0.7 -0.8 2.3 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  6.000 143.0 143.6 6.6 2.5 2.0 1.9 0.4

Fuels & lubricants

10

10.984 212.7 211.5 17.4 9.8 3.3 3.2 -0.6

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

10.168 230.1 229.0 18.3 9.5 2.8 3.0 -0.5

Crude

10000

7.288 241.3 237.7 20.0 9.4 3.2 4.3 -1.5

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.632 124.3 120.8 7.1 19.4 16.0 8.9 -2.8

Gas-natural

10110

0.490 112.5 109.1 17.9 25.7 20.0 13.4 -3.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.546 111.3 112.6 7.1 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.2

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.703 160.7 162.1 6.6 1.1 0.7 1.0 0.9

Selected building materials

13

1.607 150.1 152.7 8.9 0.3 -1.0 -0.7 1.7

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.904 234.4 236.6 13.5 1.5 -1.8 4.9 0.9

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.801 160.1 161.8 11.0 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.1

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.651 110.6 110.5 1.7 0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Capital goods

2

26.736 89.3 89.8 1.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.6

Electric generating equipment

20

3.227 117.0 117.7 1.2 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.6

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.257 81.9 82.2 1.5 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.252 135.4 137.4 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.3 1.5

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.886 110.7 110.9 0.7 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.057 106.8 107.3 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.5

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.724 121.4 121.9 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4

Durables, manufactured

41

12.029 92.9 93.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.304 115.7 118.9 0.4 -0.3 0.2 0.8 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2017 to February 2018 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

All commodities

  100.000 125.7 126.0 3.3 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.2

Agricultural commodities

  9.892 178.6 179.7 0.8 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.6

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  80.998 100.6 101.0 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.108 121.6 121.9 3.6 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.2

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

9.250 180.1 181.3 0.8 -1.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.7

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.629 178.8 179.7 0.0 -1.0 -0.6 -0.3 0.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.621 207.9 212.5 11.0 -0.6 0.4 1.5 2.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.369 157.8 158.2 7.5 2.0 0.1 2.0 0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.417 164.5 165.9 5.4 0.2 -0.1 1.5 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  20.952 155.0 154.9 8.7 3.1 0.0 2.4 -0.1

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.263 183.3 185.5 5.8 1.0 1.2 2.4 1.2

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  30.106 157.0 157.4 7.7 2.1 -0.1 2.0 0.3

Fuels & lubricants

11

9.751 192.4 189.8 14.6 5.1 -0.4 4.2 -1.4

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.347 157.1 158.7 4.9 1.0 0.1 1.1 1.0

Selected building materials

13

1.008 121.3 122.1 4.2 0.2 -0.2 -1.9 0.7

Capital goods

2

36.601 108.9 109.0 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.879 115.4 114.9 2.6 0.2 0.3 -0.5 -0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

23.655 94.5 94.6 1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.067 173.1 173.6 2.5 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.3

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.140 113.7 113.8 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.640 110.0 110.3 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.166 107.0 107.3 3.8 0.1 0.4 1.1 0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.030 107.7 107.8 1.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: February 2017 to February 2018 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

Nonmanufacturing

  10.109 115.3 114.8 16.1 6.7 2.4 4.2 -0.4

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.076 188.7 195.4 5.8 -2.4 -2.2 2.3 3.6

Crop production

111

1.683 202.8 210.9 7.9 -3.3 -3.0 2.1 4.0

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.194 78.0 79.7 -0.6 3.1 0.7 2.6 2.2

Mining

21

8.033 107.5 105.9 19.1 9.5 3.7 4.7 -1.5

Oil and gas extraction

211

7.810 107.9 106.1 19.6 9.9 3.9 5.0 -1.7

Manufacturing

  89.605 111.4 112.1 2.4 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.6

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.347 124.7 125.1 1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3

Food manufacturing

311

3.420 156.7 157.8 2.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.7

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.092 120.2 120.2 1.8 -0.1 0.0 0.7 0.0

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.384 100.0 100.4 2.4 0.1 0.6 -0.2 0.4

Textile product mills

314

0.921 109.2 109.3 1.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.856 111.2 111.4 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.673 122.9 122.9 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing, part 2

32

18.009 124.3 125.6 5.0 1.7 0.4 0.1 1.0

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.988 132.2 135.6 12.8 0.5 -1.5 -1.2 2.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.005 106.6 107.3 2.9 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.7

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2016=100)

323

0.209 100.3 100.4 0.3 -0.1 0.0 1.4 0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.587 94.0 96.8 15.7 10.7 1.5 -0.7 3.0

Chemical manufacturing

325

10.051 138.1 139.1 3.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.7

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.181 118.2 118.9 1.8 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.6

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.987 129.6 129.7 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.248 104.6 105.1 1.7 0.1 -0.2 0.5 0.5

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.418 154.3 156.5 13.0 1.3 -1.6 4.0 1.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.090 126.6 127.4 5.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6

Machinery manufacturing

333

6.765 118.0 118.6 2.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.095 75.5 75.8 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.889 115.1 115.7 1.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.5

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.890 109.9 110.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.768 116.1 116.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.334 118.4 118.4 0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.8 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: February 2017 to February 2018 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

Nonmanufacturing

  8.563 139.9 137.1 2.7 -0.1 0.4 1.2 -2.0

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

5.148 155.0 155.6 -0.7 -1.5 -0.7 1.0 0.4

Crop production

111

4.743 160.8 161.3 -1.3 -1.7 -0.8 1.1 0.3

Mining

21

3.415 93.0 87.7 7.9 2.4 2.1 1.5 -5.7

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.129 110.4 112.5 5.8 0.8 0.3 1.8 1.9

Manufacturing

  89.818 115.2 115.8 3.5 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.5

Manufacturing, part 1

31

6.937 138.9 140.1 3.0 -0.1 0.3 -0.4 0.9

Food manufacturing

311

4.747 157.0 158.4 3.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.8 0.9

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.678 116.8 120.0 10.1 0.3 -0.2 1.4 2.7

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.629 101.5 102.4 0.9 0.0 0.5 -0.2 0.9

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.274 98.3 98.8 -1.5 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.5

Manufacturing, part 2

32

25.097 114.6 115.8 8.0 1.8 -0.3 2.0 1.0

Wood product manufacturing (Dec. 2017=100)

321

0.527 100.0 102.2 - - - 0.0 2.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.649 125.2 125.2 6.6 0.7 -0.3 0.7 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

6.401 112.0 113.2 19.7 6.3 -1.7 6.0 1.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.237 117.5 119.0 5.2 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.225 114.0 114.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.821 114.2 115.1 2.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.8

Manufacturing, part 3

33

57.784 113.1 113.3 1.7 -0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.903 142.9 144.4 6.7 0.6 -0.2 2.3 1.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.023 138.3 138.4 0.7 -0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

8.947 125.8 126.2 0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.188 83.6 83.6 1.3 -0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.807 115.0 114.8 2.2 0.0 0.0 -0.6 -0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.126 125.5 125.8 1.5 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.401 118.3 118.7 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.389 119.7 120.2 1.5 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2017 to February 2018 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

Live animals; animal products

I

1.373 193.5 197.6 3.0 0.0 -0.1 1.3 2.1

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.374 246.9 252.4 6.6 -1.1 0.4 0.4 2.2

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.709 140.9 143.3 -1.7 -1.3 0.2 1.7 1.7

Vegetable products

II

2.067 224.4 233.0 7.5 -2.6 -2.8 1.7 3.8

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.494 506.4 539.7 28.6 16.9 -4.9 0.3 6.6

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.858 130.9 133.0 6.9 -11.9 -3.7 1.9 1.6

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.343 218.3 216.5 -8.8 -1.2 -2.2 0.5 -0.8

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.302 114.4 112.9 -5.8 0.2 -0.9 -1.6 -1.3

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.753 162.6 162.7 2.1 -0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.202 90.5 90.5 5.1 -0.7 -0.1 4.6 0.0

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.197 94.4 95.2 -2.9 0.6 -1.3 0.0 0.8

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.364 168.3 167.5 5.7 0.1 -0.6 -1.2 -0.5

Miscellaneous edible preparations (Dec. 2017=100)

21

0.201 99.5 100.3 - - - -0.5 0.8

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.034 130.2 130.3 2.0 -0.1 0.1 0.8 0.1

Mineral products

V

10.756 211.8 210.8 17.8 9.6 3.1 3.3 -0.5

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.511 209.7 208.6 17.9 10.0 3.2 3.3 -0.5

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.415 155.7 156.7 3.4 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.617 311.8 317.3 18.9 3.7 7.0 3.3 1.8

Organic chemicals

29

2.384 129.9 130.2 6.1 1.1 1.4 0.8 0.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.397 148.9 150.5 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.5 1.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.263 81.4 80.3 1.3 3.1 -1.0 1.5 -1.4

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.183 107.0 107.3 5.4 -0.5 0.9 0.7 0.3

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.578 102.5 103.2 3.0 0.1 -0.3 0.2 0.7

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.641 107.1 106.3 2.8 0.3 0.1 1.2 -0.7

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.394 139.9 140.9 1.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.7

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.231 142.7 143.5 2.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.163 136.4 137.7 -1.0 -0.7 0.4 -0.7 1.0

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.633 124.2 124.4 0.9 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.597 129.6 129.7 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

1.017 160.6 164.9 12.9 0.4 -1.6 -1.2 2.7

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.993 110.8 113.8 13.2 0.4 -1.6 -1.2 2.7

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.060 112.4 113.4 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.9

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.696 103.8 105.3 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.4

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.206 105.9 106.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.2

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.002 113.7 114.0 0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.011 103.9 104.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.698 119.1 119.2 0.1 -0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.641 104.0 104.0 0.7 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.384 122.0 121.8 -0.5 0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.159 121.0 120.9 -0.5 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.928 131.6 131.3 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.329 97.9 98.3 1.8 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.4

Ceramic products

69

0.261 136.7 134.9 -1.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 -1.3

Glass and glassware

70

0.338 132.0 132.0 1.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.9 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.107 175.1 175.0 4.4 0.8 -0.6 2.4 -0.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.531 177.2 179.3 9.6 0.6 -0.9 2.0 1.2

Iron and steel

72

1.247 209.6 214.2 12.6 0.1 -0.6 3.2 2.2

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.598 150.8 152.6 10.3 0.1 0.1 1.1 1.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.426 306.2 303.8 11.1 2.8 -2.3 4.4 -0.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.939 137.4 138.0 10.3 0.9 -1.4 1.3 0.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.417 122.1 122.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.516 136.8 137.2 1.4 0.0 0.1 -0.8 0.3

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.924 80.4 80.9 0.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.6

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.129 86.5 87.1 1.9 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.7

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.796 74.7 75.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.5

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.084 114.7 114.8 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.870 113.6 113.8 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.121 116.4 116.4 -2.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.892 103.3 103.4 2.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.7 0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.605 99.9 100.1 2.1 -0.4 -0.1 1.8 0.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.229 142.5 142.4 0.4 0.0 0.3 -1.3 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.289 111.4 111.5 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.704 117.3 117.4 0.9 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.302 101.7 101.7 -1.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.283 128.6 128.6 -0.8 0.0 -0.1 -0.8 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2017 to February 2018 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

Live animals; animal products

I

1.943 207.3 208.9 6.3 -1.0 0.5 -0.3 0.8

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.193 167.0 168.5 12.1 -1.3 1.2 0.2 0.9

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.409 114.4 117.1 12.1 -0.6 0.5 1.4 2.4

Dairy products, eggs and honey (Dec. 2017=100)

04

0.262 94.5 94.4 - - - -5.5 -0.1

Vegetable products

II

4.761 195.1 195.1 -2.8 -2.2 -1.4 1.1 0.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.924 147.3 146.6 4.2 2.6 -1.5 0.8 -0.5

Cereals

10

1.370 183.5 192.0 7.7 0.7 0.4 1.5 4.6

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.899 199.3 203.5 -1.7 0.3 2.2 -2.5 2.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

3.074 150.0 152.1 3.9 -0.2 -0.1 0.6 1.4

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.350 117.7 117.6 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.1

Miscellaneous edible preparations (Dec. 2017=100)

21

0.601 101.9 103.2 - - - 1.9 1.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.519 105.5 108.0 -1.4 -2.4 -2.7 -0.8 2.4

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.699 205.6 211.9 6.4 2.1 1.7 1.3 3.1

Mineral products

V

10.146 231.7 228.4 16.6 5.1 -0.1 4.3 -1.4

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.556 109.0 113.4 21.3 2.1 0.4 3.3 4.0

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

9.413 222.3 218.4 16.7 5.4 -0.2 4.4 -1.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.796 137.7 139.8 4.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 1.5

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.753 167.7 168.5 -5.5 0.4 2.5 3.1 0.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.456 138.1 144.6 8.5 0.4 0.4 1.1 4.7

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.281 108.3 109.0 5.6 -0.5 0.5 2.7 0.6

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.241 111.6 117.0 17.2 2.3 0.7 3.5 4.8

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.524 99.8 100.7 3.1 -0.1 -0.5 -1.6 0.9

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.815 130.2 130.4 -1.1 0.5 0.1 -2.0 0.2

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.527 126.6 126.5 8.3 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.805 150.6 150.7 3.4 0.7 2.0 0.4 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.072 139.8 140.3 2.0 0.4 -0.7 0.3 0.4

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.211 136.6 136.8 3.8 0.8 -0.8 0.5 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.860 152.4 153.7 -5.8 -1.5 -0.4 -0.5 0.9

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.670 103.0 104.7 13.1 0.8 -0.1 -1.3 1.7

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.032 128.3 127.0 0.8 6.0 -0.2 0.1 -1.0

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.632 136.1 130.7 -6.4 19.9 0.5 0.0 -4.0

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.070 124.0 124.5 4.4 0.0 -0.6 0.2 0.4

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.329 104.5 104.5 3.9 3.5 0.0 -0.6 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.665 122.1 122.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 1.2 0.2

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.451 132.3 132.1 2.8 1.9 2.2 3.2 -0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.806 123.2 123.4 0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.270 101.2 101.3 1.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.411 98.6 98.8 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.138 239.7 240.9 5.8 0.3 -0.2 2.0 0.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.909 159.0 159.5 5.8 -0.1 0.2 1.3 0.3

Iron and steel

72

1.053 167.7 164.4 5.9 -3.4 1.2 3.6 -2.0

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.581 203.2 204.8 21.0 2.6 0.8 3.0 0.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.959 118.2 121.7 11.1 2.7 -0.8 0.1 3.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.317 99.8 99.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 -0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.339 149.3 149.3 1.1 0.0 -0.1 0.8 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

27.621 96.8 96.9 1.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.804 113.8 114.0 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.817 78.4 78.4 2.0 -0.1 0.6 -0.1 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.313 134.1 134.5 1.7 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.3

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.325 115.7 115.9 0.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.953 108.3 108.7 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.409 112.4 112.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.2

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.819 128.4 128.9 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.429 89.1 88.0 -1.7 0.0 -0.8 1.1 -1.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: February 2017 to February 2018 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 123.8 124.4 4.3 1.1 0.5 1.1 0.5

Nonmanufacturing

9.205 160.4 157.2 12.7 8.9 3.4 2.9 -2.0

Manufacturing

90.251 120.2 121.1 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7

Canada

100.000 133.3 133.5 6.1 2.9 0.8 1.4 0.2

Nonmanufacturing

24.663 153.4 150.1 11.8 9.4 3.7 2.7 -2.2

Manufacturing

74.400 131.3 132.5 4.0 0.9 -0.2 1.0 0.9

European Union(3)

100.000 135.5 136.4 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.7

Manufacturing

99.005 132.1 132.9 3.3 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.6

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 127.5 128.3 6.0 0.1 0.0 1.3 0.6

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 111.7 112.6 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -3.0 0.8

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 120.1 120.5 2.4 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.3

Latin America(4)

100.000 150.9 151.0 5.3 1.0 0.3 1.3 0.1

Nonmanufacturing

19.128 269.0 266.4 14.6 4.1 1.5 5.0 -1.0

Manufacturing

80.601 122.6 122.9 3.2 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.2

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 129.7 129.1 4.5 -0.2 0.2 0.5 -0.5

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

9.178 141.3 134.6 15.9 -2.8 2.6 3.4 -4.7

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.575 89.1 89.0 3.4 0.2 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(5)

100.000 98.5 98.8 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.1 100.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2

Japan

100.000 96.0 96.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.2

Asian NICs(6)

100.000 88.1 88.2 3.9 -0.3 0.5 0.6 0.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(7)

100.000 98.3 98.4 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 179.3 179.5 10.4 4.7 2.5 2.9 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) European Union countries.
(4) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(5) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(6) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(7) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(8) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: February 2017 to February 2018 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2018(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2017
to
Feb.
2018
Oct.
2017
to
Nov.
2017
Nov.
2017
to
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2017
to
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018
to
Feb.
2018

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 177.2 180.1 11.4 6.9 -2.9 -2.4 1.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.755 144.6 151.0 10.6 0.5 0.1 0.4 4.4

Asia

62.731 168.2 168.8 13.7 10.5 -4.5 -3.9 0.4

Export Air Freight

100.000 167.8 168.1 7.1 1.8 -1.4 0.2 0.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

32.125 148.3 147.6 0.2 0.0 -0.8 -0.4 -0.5

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 169.8 168.1 9.9 5.5 -0.6 0.0 -1.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.377 133.0 140.3 5.6 -1.7 3.4 1.1 5.5

Asia

59.590 162.0 154.7 10.8 9.5 -2.2 -2.8 -4.5

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 140.8 137.5 -1.0 1.4 -0.9 -0.2 -2.3

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

32.941 144.6 143.5 -0.1 2.6 -2.0 0.0 -0.8

Asia

43.191 136.4 130.4 -2.7 2.1 -0.5 0.2 -4.4

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 187.7 189.3 4.2 -2.3 6.5 -3.2 0.9

Europe

46.279 234.0 238.5 10.3 3.2 -1.0 7.9 1.9

Asia

22.081 135.1 127.6 -0.7 -4.6 17.6 -11.1 -5.6

Latin America/Caribbean

8.878 156.6 163.8 3.5 4.7 10.8 -13.0 4.6

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 166.1 151.4 1.2 0.5 3.3 4.7 -8.9

Europe

26.904 193.1 206.4 -4.0 1.0 -5.2 -5.1 6.9

Asia

27.864 151.0 129.2 4.5 2.8 12.5 12.5 -14.4

Latin America/Caribbean

25.120 181.8 165.6 4.6 2.4 3.4 7.3 -8.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2016 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                                TECHNICAL NOTE                                                

Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Relative Importance - A relative importance is a specific index's price-updated value share (expressed 
as a percentage) of overall imports or exports at a specific point in time. Relative importance values are 
affected by the trade weights at the point indexes are reweighted and index changes relative to other 
indexes since the reweight point. If an index is rising in value relative to other indexes over time, the 
relative importance will increase as well. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: March 15, 2018