U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until				    USDL-19-1301
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, July 16, 2019

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                            U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JUNE 2019

U.S. import prices decreased 0.9 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, after 
recording no change in May. Falling prices for both fuel and nonfuel imports in June contributed to the 
overall decrease. Prices for U.S. exports fell 0.7 percent in June following a 0.2-percent decline the previous 
month.  


Imports

Prices for U.S. imports declined 0.9 percent in June, the first monthly decrease since the index fell 1.4 
percent in December 2018. Import prices decreased 2.0 percent over the past 12 months, the largest over-
the-year drop since the index fell 2.2 percent from August 2015 to August 2016. (See table 1.) 

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices fell 6.5 percent in June following a 2.3-percent advance the previous 
month. The June downturn was the first monthly decline since the index decreased 13.3 percent in 
December 2018. Lower petroleum and natural gas prices in June both contributed to the overall fall in fuel 
prices. The price index for import petroleum declined 6.2 percent in June, after rising 2.4 percent in May. 
Natural gas prices fell 21.0 percent in June and 58.4 percent in the second quarter of 2019. Import fuel 
prices declined 6.6 percent over the past 12 months, driven by a 7.4-percent drop in petroleum prices. 
Natural gas prices declined 1.2 percent over the past year as the drop in the second quarter largely offset a 
126.6-percent increase in the fourth quarter of 2018.     

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Nonfuel import prices fell 0.3 percent for the second consecutive month in 
June. Lower prices for foods, feeds, and beverages; nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; capital goods; 
and consumer goods more than offset rising prices for automotive vehicles. Prices for nonfuel imports 
declined 1.4 percent over the past 12 months, the same over-the-year decline recorded in May. The decline 
from June 2018 to June 2019 was primarily driven by decreasing prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and 
materials.    

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials declined 0.6 
percent in June, after falling 1.0-percent in May. The June decrease was driven by a 1.0-percent drop in 
unfinished metals prices and a 0.8-percent decrease in chemicals prices. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly down in June. Capital goods prices fell 0.2 percent and 
have not recorded a monthly advance since the index rose 0.1 percent in March 2018. The June decline was 
led by a 0.6-percent drop in the price index for computers, peripherals, and semiconductors. Consumer 
goods prices also decreased, edging down 0.1 percent. In contrast, prices for automotive vehicles ticked up 
0.1 percent in June.    

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The price index for import foods, feeds, and beverages decreased 1.5 percent 
in June, the largest monthly drop since the index fell 1.6 percent in November 2018. The June decline was 
driven by a 10.3-percent decrease in fruit prices. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2018

June

0.0 2.6 -0.3 0.2 -1.0 0.3

July

-0.1 0.8 -0.2 -0.5 -5.2 0.1

August

-0.4 -2.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

September

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1.3 0.2

October

0.5 3.3 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.5

November

-1.6 -12.2 -0.2 -0.8 1.7 -1.0

December

-1.4 -13.3 0.0 -0.6 3.8 -1.1

2019

January

0.2 4.6 -0.3 -0.6 -2.1 -0.4

February

1.0 10.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.7

March

0.6 (r)7.2 -0.2 (r)0.7 (r)0.9 0.7

April

(r)0.2 (r)1.8 -0.1 0.1 -1.5 0.2

May

(r)0.0 (r)2.3 -0.3 -0.2 (r)-1.1 -0.2

June

-0.9 -6.5 -0.3 -0.7 2.7 -1.1

June 2017 to 2018

4.7 38.5 1.5 5.3 5.3 5.3

June 2018 to 2019

-2.0 -6.6 -1.4 -1.6 -1.9 -1.6

Footnotes
(r) Revised



Exports 

U.S. export prices fell 0.7 percent in June, after decreasing 0.2 percent in May. The June decline was the 
largest monthly drop for the index since a 0.8-percent decrease in November 2018. The price index for 
overall exports fell 1.6 percent for the year ended in June, the largest 12-month decline since the index 
decreased 2.4 percent from August 2015 to August 2016. (See table 2.)

Agricultural Exports: Prices for agricultural exports increased 2.7 percent in June following a 1.1-percent 
decline the previous month. The advance was the largest monthly rise since the index increased 3.8 percent 
in December 2018. In June, the advance was led by a 13.5-percent rise in corn prices and a 5.0-percent 
increase in soybean prices; higher fruit, wheat, and nut prices also contributed to the overall rise in 
agricultural prices. Despite the June advance, agricultural export prices fell 1.9 percent from June 2018 to 
June 2019. The drop over the past year was led by a 14.4-percent decrease in soybean prices.   

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports decreased 1.1 percent in June, after 
declining 0.2 percent in May. The June drop was the largest monthly decrease since the index fell 1.1 
percent in December 2018. In June, lower prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials more 
than offset higher prices for capital goods and consumer goods. Nonagricultural prices declined 1.6 percent 
over the past year, the largest 12-month drop since the index fell 2.3 percent for the year ended in August 
2016. The decrease over the past 12 months was led by lower prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials.

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials declined 3.1 percent in June following a 0.6-percent drop the previous month. In June, the 
decrease was led by a 7.7-percent drop in export fuel prices, the largest monthly decline in fuel prices since 
the index fell 8.4 percent in December 2018.  

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly up in June. Capital goods prices rose 0.2 percent in 
June and have not recorded a monthly decline since the index edged down 0.1 percent in October 2018. 
Prices for consumer goods ticked up 0.1 percent, after falling 0.1 percent in May. The price index for export 
automotive vehicles prices recorded no change in June.   


Measures of Import and Export Prices by Locality

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China edged down 0.1 percent for the second 
consecutive month in June. Import prices from China have not recorded a monthly advance since the index 
rose 0.1 percent in May 2018. The price index for imports from China decreased 1.5 percent over the past 
year, the largest 12-month decline since the index fell 1.6 percent for the year ended February 2017. Prices 
for imports from Japan recorded no change in June following a 0.1-percent rise the previous month. Import 
prices from Japan advanced 0.2 percent for the year ended in June. The price indexes for imports from 
Canada and Mexico both declined in June led by lower fuel prices. Prices for imports from Canada fell 2.7 
percent and import prices from Mexico decreased 1.3 percent. Prices for imports from the European Union 
also declined in June, falling 0.4 percent. (See table 7.)

Exports by Locality of Destination: Export prices to China declined 0.5 percent in June, after falling 1.5 
percent in May. Prices for exports to China fell 4.4 percent from June 2018 to June 2019. The price index 
for exports to Japan declined 0.3 percent in June following a 1.0 percent drop the previous month. Export 
prices to Japan decreased 2.2 percent over the past 12 months. Prices for exports to Canada fell for the third 
consecutive month, declining 0.6 percent in June, after a 0.4-percent drop in May and a 0.8-percent decrease 
in April. The price index for exports to Mexico fell 1.2 percent in June following a 0.1-percent drop in May. 
The June decline was the largest monthly decrease since the index fell 1.3 percent in January. Export prices 
to the European Union decreased 0.7 percent in June, the largest monthly drop since the index was first 
published in December 2017. (See table 8.)

Terms of Trade Indexes: Terms of Trade indexes are based on country, region, or grouping and measure 
the change in the purchasing power of exports relative to imports. U.S. terms of trade with China fell 0.4 
percent in June, after decreasing 1.4 percent the previous month. The index for U.S. terms of trade with 
China also fell over the past 12 months, decreasing 2.9 percent. U.S. terms of trade with Japan declined 0.3 
percent in June following a 1.1-percent decrease in May. U.S. terms of trade with Japan declined 2.3 percent 
for the year ended in June. The index for U.S terms of trade with the European Union decreased 0.3 percent 
in June and rose 1.1 percent over the past 12 months. In contrast, the U.S. terms of trade with Canada rose 
2.2 percent in June, after falling 0.6 percent in May. U.S. terms of trade with Canada fell 3.0 percent over 
the past year. The U.S. terms of trade with Mexico ticked up 0.1 percent in June and fell 1.2 percent from 
June 2018 to June 2019. (See table 9.)


Import and Export Services

Imports: Import air passenger fares increased 6.7 percent in June, after advancing 6.9 percent in May. A 
7.3-percent advance in European fares and a 9.7-percent rise in Asian fares were the primary contributors to 
the June increase in overall air passenger fares. The index for import air passenger fares fell 2.5 percent over 
the past 12 months despite the June and May advances. Import air freight prices declined 0.2 percent in June 
and 7.3 percent from June 2018 to June 2019. (See table 10.)

Exports: Export air passenger fares rose 4.0 percent following a 0.7-percent increase the previous month. 
The June advance was the largest monthly rise since a 7.0-percent increase in January, and was led by 
higher Asian, European, and Latin American/Caribbean fares. Despite the recent advances, export air 
passenger fares declined 3.0 percent for the year ended in June. Prices for export air freight fell 0.5 percent 
in June, the largest monthly decline since the index decreased 6.2 percent in December 2017. Export air 
freight prices increased 0.7 percent over the past year.    

Import and Export Price Index data for July are scheduled for release on Wednesday, August 14, 2019 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2018 to June 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

All commodities

  100.000 126.8 125.6 -2.0 0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.9

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  82.670 99.3 99.1 -1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  89.117 112.3 111.9 -1.4 0.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.4

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  88.727 116.5 116.2 -1.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.057 182.5 179.8 1.0 -0.3 2.7 -0.7 -1.5

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.729 200.5 196.8 1.1 -0.7 3.4 -0.8 -1.8

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.328 141.6 141.5 0.9 1.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

25.094 195.7 189.3 -5.8 3.0 0.7 0.5 -3.3

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.380 153.6 151.9 -4.9 1.0 -2.6 -1.0 -1.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.822 175.2 174.2 -4.9 0.0 -0.1 -1.0 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.659 165.5 164.9 -6.0 0.4 -0.1 -1.3 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.552 139.1 136.0 -2.9 1.7 -5.9 -0.4 -2.2

Fuels & lubricants

10

11.273 230.3 215.3 -6.6 7.2 1.8 2.3 -6.5

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

10.883 252.1 236.5 -7.4 6.4 4.6 2.4 -6.2

Crude

10000

7.964 264.2 246.5 -8.8 7.2 5.4 1.7 -6.7

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.390 90.1 75.7 -9.7 19.6 -40.7 -0.2 -16.0

Gas-natural

10110

0.297 74.4 58.8 -1.2 23.6 -47.2 -0.4 -21.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.569 120.6 120.1 1.3 -0.4 -0.6 -2.6 -0.4

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.593 159.2 157.7 -3.4 -0.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.9

Selected building materials

13

1.453 140.7 141.8 -12.8 -0.1 -1.4 -1.7 0.8

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.724 231.8 229.5 -6.5 0.9 0.7 -1.9 -1.0

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.753 157.8 157.3 -3.7 0.3 -0.4 -0.7 -0.3

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.729 112.9 112.9 -0.2 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.0

Capital goods

2

27.570 88.4 88.2 -1.3 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

3.383 119.1 119.2 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.927 80.6 80.3 -2.0 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.260 135.8 135.9 0.7 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.527 109.8 109.9 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

25.752 106.8 106.7 -0.6 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.265 123.1 123.0 0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.242 91.4 91.4 -1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.245 116.5 116.5 1.4 -2.6 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2018 to June 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

All commodities

  100.000 126.8 125.9 -1.6 0.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.7

Agricultural commodities

  9.410 176.0 180.7 -1.9 0.9 -1.5 -1.1 2.7

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  80.192 101.7 101.6 -0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.590 123.0 121.7 -1.6 0.7 0.2 -0.2 -1.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.712 178.6 183.9 -0.6 1.2 -1.8 -1.1 3.0

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.108 176.9 182.6 -0.7 1.2 -1.8 -1.0 3.2

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.604 212.9 211.5 1.4 1.1 -2.1 -2.4 -0.7

Industrial supplies & materials

1

32.690 158.4 153.7 -6.4 1.8 0.6 -0.7 -3.0

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.240 165.3 164.6 -2.5 0.6 0.5 -0.8 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  22.450 155.5 149.0 -8.2 2.4 0.6 -0.6 -4.2

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.272 176.3 174.3 -9.2 -0.5 0.4 -1.6 -1.1

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  31.419 157.9 153.0 -6.3 1.9 0.6 -0.6 -3.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

11.095 193.1 178.3 -12.8 5.5 1.5 -1.1 -7.7

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.330 157.8 156.9 -3.0 0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.6

Selected building materials

13

0.994 122.3 121.1 -3.1 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 -1.0

Capital goods

2

35.984 110.9 111.1 1.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.755 118.0 118.0 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

23.467 94.7 94.9 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.762 183.9 184.1 4.4 0.3 0.7 0.9 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.169 114.8 114.8 0.5 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.445 110.2 110.3 0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.900 107.8 107.6 1.1 0.0 0.6 0.0 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.112 106.9 107.6 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.7

Nonmanufactured consumer goods (Dec. 2018=100)

42

1.433 99.3 98.9 - -0.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: June 2018 to June 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  10.596 124.5 116.8 -2.9 5.7 3.6 0.9 -6.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.978 186.8 180.2 4.8 -2.6 6.6 -2.2 -3.5

Crop production

111

1.619 202.8 195.2 6.8 -4.1 8.3 -1.4 -3.7

Mining

21

8.618 118.5 110.4 -4.7 7.8 2.9 1.6 -6.8

Oil and gas extraction

211

8.371 118.5 110.2 -5.2 7.7 3.1 1.6 -7.0

Manufacturing

  89.097 111.3 110.9 -1.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.084 125.2 125.0 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.373 156.2 155.9 -0.4 0.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.107 122.3 122.0 0.2 -0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.361 99.4 99.2 -0.6 -0.3 0.6 -1.1 -0.2

Textile product mills

314

0.926 109.3 109.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.6 -0.2

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.701 112.0 112.0 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.616 123.2 123.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.496 127.1 125.8 -2.5 0.3 0.0 0.5 -1.0

Paper manufacturing

322

1.036 113.3 113.0 1.0 -0.4 -0.3 -2.1 -0.3

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.672 105.6 100.4 -3.6 4.7 2.4 4.2 -4.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.514 139.6 138.9 -1.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.1 -0.5

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.246 119.2 119.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.025 131.1 131.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.517 103.7 103.5 -1.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.329 155.6 154.2 -5.0 0.6 0.7 -1.6 -0.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.080 126.4 126.5 -1.4 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.212 118.6 118.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.139 72.9 72.6 -3.3 -0.3 -0.9 -0.3 -0.4

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

5.092 117.1 117.3 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.488 109.0 109.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.863 117.6 117.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.314 118.0 118.2 -0.5 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: June 2018 to June 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  9.045 133.3 131.3 -9.0 2.6 -1.7 -2.7 -1.5

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.659 147.4 153.5 -5.0 1.2 -2.5 -2.4 4.1

Crop production

111

4.320 153.9 160.9 -4.4 1.0 -2.5 -2.4 4.5

Mining

21

4.387 88.3 81.6 -13.6 4.1 -0.9 -3.0 -7.6

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.362 120.0 117.9 3.2 -0.3 -0.1 1.0 -1.8

Manufacturing

  89.739 117.4 116.7 -0.5 0.4 0.3 0.0 -0.6

Manufacturing, part 1

31

6.740 140.6 141.2 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Food manufacturing

311

4.595 158.2 159.2 0.4 0.6 -0.2 0.4 0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.648 121.9 123.6 -1.4 -1.4 -0.2 -1.5 1.4

Manufacturing, part 2

32

25.568 117.4 114.5 -3.8 1.4 0.9 0.1 -2.5

Wood product manufacturing (Dec. 2017=100)

321

0.528 99.3 97.8 -6.5 -2.3 -0.4 -1.1 -1.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.701 126.8 126.6 -3.4 -0.6 -1.6 -0.6 -0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

6.616 117.2 107.9 -11.3 6.8 3.4 0.5 -7.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.388 119.3 118.6 -0.8 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.6

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.267 116.8 117.0 0.7 -0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.843 118.0 117.9 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

57.431 115.0 115.2 0.9 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.981 145.5 146.1 -1.2 0.3 0.5 -1.5 0.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.953 146.7 147.5 5.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.5

Machinery manufacturing

333

9.504 129.7 130.2 2.4 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

13.778 82.2 82.2 -1.3 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.794 118.1 118.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.709 129.6 129.7 2.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.395 122.6 122.5 2.9 0.4 1.0 0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.317 119.7 120.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2018 to June 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
importance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

1.390 196.9 195.6 1.7 2.1 0.8 -1.0 -0.7

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.381 266.9 267.0 7.5 2.2 3.0 0.3 0.0

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.726 139.7 139.2 0.5 2.4 -0.3 -1.1 -0.4

Vegetable products

II

1.962 223.7 215.3 6.9 -3.5 7.8 -1.1 -3.8

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.465 504.1 506.8 41.8 0.1 12.7 -13.9 0.5

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.752 139.9 124.5 0.4 -5.8 14.1 8.5 -11.0

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.310 194.8 197.8 -7.3 -0.8 -0.1 -2.5 1.5

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.225 85.5 83.9 -16.3 -0.9 -2.7 -3.0 -1.9

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.806 165.1 165.2 -1.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.221 97.0 98.0 -2.9 0.7 0.6 -0.2 1.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.359 170.0 170.1 -0.7 -0.6 -1.6 0.4 0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.062 132.3 132.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Mineral products

V

11.250 230.1 215.4 -6.6 7.2 1.5 2.2 -6.4

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.943 227.7 212.8 -6.9 7.3 1.6 2.3 -6.5

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.853 156.9 156.1 -1.3 -0.5 -0.3 0.0 -0.5

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.535 307.4 293.9 -6.7 -3.3 -2.9 -1.4 -4.4

Organic chemicals

29

2.019 127.9 127.8 -4.3 -0.5 0.6 0.1 -0.1

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.302 152.6 152.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 0.1 -0.4

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.288 88.0 86.8 6.0 -2.0 -3.8 2.9 -1.4

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.591 102.7 102.3 -0.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.578 103.2 102.9 -3.9 -1.5 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.454 140.6 140.8 -0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.312 143.5 143.6 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.142 136.9 137.3 -0.4 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.615 124.8 124.6 -1.0 0.0 -0.5 0.1 -0.2

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.587 131.2 131.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 0.1 -0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.821 141.7 143.6 -20.4 -0.3 -2.5 -2.7 1.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.093 120.2 120.0 1.8 -0.7 -0.3 -1.3 -0.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.729 111.3 111.2 2.7 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

4.833 114.3 114.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.952 104.6 104.5 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.620 120.4 120.6 0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.642 103.5 103.4 -0.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.346 122.2 122.2 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.118 121.2 121.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.939 132.0 132.0 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Ceramic products

69

0.265 136.2 136.2 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.670 176.4 178.2 2.3 0.4 -0.6 -0.8 1.0

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.832 176.5 174.5 -5.8 0.4 0.4 -1.2 -1.1

Iron and steel

72

1.348 219.9 217.8 -5.9 0.5 1.3 -1.4 -1.0

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.708 150.1 149.9 -2.1 0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.449 285.7 273.5 -13.5 2.0 -0.6 -2.5 -4.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

1.000 132.3 130.6 -9.3 0.2 0.7 -1.6 -1.3

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.438 123.8 123.8 0.7 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.513 136.1 135.9 -0.7 -0.1 -0.7 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.697 79.3 79.2 -1.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.765 85.5 85.3 -1.8 -0.3 -0.7 -0.1 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.932 73.4 73.5 -1.5 0.0 -0.4 -0.1 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.780 113.5 113.5 -0.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.608 112.5 112.6 -0.6 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.064 114.5 114.5 -1.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.943 101.6 101.5 -1.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.678 98.1 98.0 -1.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.205 140.8 140.6 -0.8 -0.6 0.1 -0.5 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.414 112.4 112.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.2

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.779 118.7 118.4 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.366 102.0 102.0 -0.7 0.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.268 128.8 128.8 -0.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2018 to June 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

1.973 216.0 217.8 4.7 1.4 -0.5 2.3 0.8

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.171 170.0 172.5 4.8 0.7 0.5 4.0 1.5

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.395 117.2 116.1 1.7 1.7 -2.6 -2.8 -0.9

Vegetable products

II

4.324 189.0 199.2 -2.1 2.0 -3.7 -2.1 5.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.938 132.4 140.7 -1.3 -2.0 -3.2 -1.3 6.3

Cereals

10

1.292 183.8 206.2 1.6 -2.8 -1.9 -2.6 12.2

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.597 179.2 186.2 -12.3 -1.0 -0.3 -5.0 3.9

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.957 151.5 153.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 -1.3 1.4

Miscellaneous edible preparations (Dec. 2017=100)

21

0.560 97.6 98.4 1.0 1.8 -0.3 0.1 0.8

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.527 106.4 110.8 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 4.1

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.678 210.0 215.4 -5.5 -1.7 0.4 -5.6 2.6

Mineral products

V

11.213 233.0 214.5 -12.7 5.6 1.7 -0.9 -7.9

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.417 100.9 95.4 -11.7 1.5 0.7 0.3 -5.5

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.600 224.4 206.1 -13.0 5.8 1.8 -1.1 -8.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.918 139.4 138.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.6

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.734 149.0 147.2 -11.8 -0.9 0.1 -0.1 -1.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.626 145.7 144.5 -1.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.9 -0.8

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.032 106.8 106.6 -0.1 0.0 1.1 0.0 -0.2

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.549 105.1 103.8 1.4 -1.0 2.4 1.2 -1.2

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.854 132.1 131.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.5 -0.4 -0.6

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.488 124.3 124.2 3.9 0.3 0.6 0.2 -0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.975 157.3 156.5 2.6 0.2 0.4 -0.1 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.187 143.8 143.0 -1.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.6

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.311 140.8 140.1 -0.9 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.5

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.876 154.6 153.6 -3.8 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.6

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.638 98.6 97.4 -9.0 -0.7 0.0 -0.8 -1.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.894 125.3 124.9 -6.7 -1.1 -1.3 -0.9 -0.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.078 125.7 125.9 -2.4 -0.2 -1.5 -0.3 0.2

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.750 123.3 120.8 -4.1 -0.2 0.8 -0.8 -2.0

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.533 127.0 118.5 -16.3 0.0 2.3 -1.7 -6.7

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.818 127.8 127.8 2.9 1.2 0.3 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.135 241.4 245.3 2.8 0.0 0.1 -1.0 1.6

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.727 160.5 158.9 -3.8 1.0 0.7 -1.4 -1.0

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.503 188.5 177.6 -13.6 3.5 0.6 -2.0 -5.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.716 106.4 104.0 -16.0 1.4 2.3 -2.2 -2.3

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.331 153.0 153.0 0.1 1.4 -0.7 -0.6 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.047 98.2 98.4 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.324 116.7 117.1 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.723 78.4 78.3 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.694 137.2 137.3 1.6 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.299 116.7 116.7 0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.805 108.9 108.9 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.369 113.0 112.8 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.765 131.2 130.9 1.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.451 88.1 88.1 0.8 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: June 2018 to June 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 128.8 127.3 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.2 -1.2

Nonmanufacturing

12.178 208.6 195.1 17.5 9.1 4.8 0.3 -6.5

Manufacturing

87.243 121.5 121.0 -0.9 0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.4

Canada

100.000 146.5 142.5 3.5 3.2 1.7 0.2 -2.7

Nonmanufacturing

32.458 205.5 192.0 21.2 9.6 5.1 0.4 -6.6

Manufacturing

66.730 131.8 130.6 -3.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 -0.9

European Union

100.000 137.5 136.9 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.4

Manufacturing

98.671 133.9 133.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.4

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 128.2 127.5 -0.9 0.4 0.2 -0.1 -0.5

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 112.2 112.2 0.1 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.1 121.4 -1.0 0.6 0.6 0.2 -0.6

Latin America(3)

100.000 150.2 148.1 -2.4 0.1 0.5 1.0 -1.4

Nonmanufacturing

18.222 285.5 271.3 -1.1 1.4 4.2 5.5 -5.0

Manufacturing

81.502 120.6 119.9 -2.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.6

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 129.4 127.7 -1.0 0.0 1.0 0.5 -1.3

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

9.847 164.0 147.4 7.4 2.8 15.1 3.2 -10.1

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

89.893 87.5 87.2 -1.8 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(4)

100.000 98.4 98.2 -1.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 99.1 99.0 -1.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Japan

100.000 96.7 96.7 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Taiwan (Dec. 2018=100)

100.000 98.6 98.4 - 0.1 -0.6 -0.3 -0.2

Asian NICs(5)

100.000 88.4 87.7 -2.0 0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.8

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 96.8 96.6 -2.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(7)

100.000 187.8 179.9 -6.3 5.1 1.9 1.2 -4.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(5) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(6) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(7) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes by locality of destination: June 2018 to June 2019 [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 103.6 103.1 0.7 0.9 -0.2 -0.1 -0.5

Nonmanufacturing

8.781 113.8 108.6 13.4 9.1 -4.5 -2.1 -4.6

Manufacturing

90.161 103.1 103.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Canada

100.000 104.8 104.2 0.3 1.5 -0.8 -0.4 -0.6

European Union

100.000 105.0 104.3 0.9 0.3 0.5 -0.1 -0.7

Nonmanufacturing

7.710 112.2 107.5 4.0 2.7 3.4 -1.7 -4.2

Manufacturing

91.227 104.6 104.2 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.4

Germany

100.000 102.8 102.9 1.1 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.1

Latin America(3)

100.000 102.7 100.9 -2.6 1.5 0.0 -0.2 -1.8

Nonmanufacturing

6.882 104.6 105.6 -0.7 1.0 -1.3 -2.0 1.0

Manufacturing

92.704 102.6 100.6 -2.8 1.6 0.0 0.0 -1.9

Mexico

100.000 101.6 100.4 -2.1 1.3 -0.4 -0.1 -1.2

Nonmanufacturing

6.013 98.0 100.2 -4.5 1.7 -3.8 -1.8 2.2

Manufacturing

93.502 101.8 100.4 -2.0 1.3 -0.2 0.0 -1.4

Pacific Rim(4)

100.000 100.0 99.4 -2.4 0.3 0.2 -0.8 -0.6

Nonmanufacturing

14.154 97.9 95.4 -7.5 1.3 3.2 -4.2 -2.6

Manufacturing

83.890 100.8 100.6 -0.9 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

China

100.000 98.2 97.7 -4.4 0.7 0.4 -1.5 -0.5

Nonmanufacturing

20.442 96.5 94.1 -9.4 2.1 3.8 -5.0 -2.5

Manufacturing

76.003 99.7 100.1 -1.4 0.3 -0.4 -0.4 0.4

Japan

100.000 99.7 99.4 -2.2 0.2 0.6 -1.0 -0.3

Nonmanufacturing

18.702 101.9 100.5 -4.0 1.6 2.2 -3.7 -1.4

Manufacturing

80.176 99.0 98.9 -2.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: June 2018 to June 2019(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

98.5 99.1 -0.5 -0.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.6

Canada

94.0 96.1 -3.0 -1.5 -2.4 -0.6 2.2

European Union

102.8 102.5 1.1 0.1 0.5 -0.3 -0.3

Germany

105.5 105.6 1.1 -0.2 0.9 0.3 0.1

Latin America(3)

101.8 101.4 -0.2 1.4 -0.5 -1.2 -0.4

Mexico

101.3 101.4 -1.2 1.3 -1.4 -0.6 0.1

Pacific Rim(4)

100.0 99.6 -1.2 0.3 0.4 -0.7 -0.4

China

99.2 98.8 -2.9 0.7 0.6 -1.4 -0.4

Japan

98.5 98.2 -2.3 0.1 0.7 -1.1 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 10. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: June 2018 to June 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
May
2019(1)
Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
Annual Monthly
June
2018
to
June
2019
Feb.
2019
to
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2019
to
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 179.0 178.7 -7.3 -0.1 1.8 0.4 -0.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.960 147.9 148.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -1.1 0.2

Asia

59.959 167.8 167.4 -11.1 0.4 2.8 1.0 -0.2

Export Air Freight

100.000 166.1 165.3 0.7 0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.5

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

31.878 152.5 151.7 1.8 0.3 0.3 0.9 -0.5

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 167.3 168.6 -3.8 0.3 -0.7 1.0 0.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.141 136.1 139.7 2.0 -0.1 -1.0 -0.3 2.6

Asia

57.034 155.5 155.6 -7.0 0.8 -0.3 1.7 0.1

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 144.8 144.8 3.7 0.5 -0.6 0.3 0.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

33.739 155.0 154.5 3.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 -0.3

Asia

43.928 137.5 138.0 5.2 0.0 -2.1 0.0 0.4

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 174.0 185.7 -2.5 -5.7 -7.2 6.9 6.7

Europe

54.005 196.9 211.3 -3.5 -8.5 -11.5 8.0 7.3

Asia

20.696 137.1 150.4 -4.2 -0.7 0.1 9.9 9.7

Latin America/Caribbean

6.468 151.8 158.4 -1.4 -0.6 0.6 -2.4 4.3

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 148.2 154.2 -3.0 1.6 -1.4 0.7 4.0

Europe

28.790 191.3 201.3 -5.3 0.8 -3.2 0.9 5.2

Asia

27.825 131.7 138.9 1.9 1.2 -5.0 5.6 5.5

Latin America/Caribbean

24.834 151.6 159.1 -2.5 3.2 3.5 -5.3 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                                TECHNICAL NOTE                                                

Import and Export Goods and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
includes outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification system 
of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" (f.a.s.) 
factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Indexes for import and export air passenger fares calculate changes in the 
average revenue received per passenger by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and by U.S. carriers from 
foreign residents, respectively. Data are obtained from an airline consulting service and report on tickets 
sold by travel agencies, travel websites, and directly by the airlines. Taxes and fees are included in both 
the import and export air passenger fares indexes. Import air passenger fares data have used the airline 
consulting service source since September 2008. Before April 2018, the export air passenger fares data 
were collected directly by BLS from U.S. airlines. The air freight indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the 
service being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any 
ground transportation or port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: 
balance of payments (which represents transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and 
international (which represents transactions inbound to and outbound from the United States.) Fact 
sheets specifying detailed information for each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp 
under "MXP Publications."

Import Price Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the import price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and, 
beginning with January 2002, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 
covering goods-producing industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and 
manufactured goods are defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Export Price Indexes by Locality of Destination - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the export price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and are 
based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) covering goods-producing 
industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are 
defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Terms of Trade Indexes - Terms of trade indexes measure the relative price of exports in terms of 
import prices for a specific country, region, or grouping. The indexes are calculated as one country, 
region, or grouping's all-export goods price index divided by the corresponding all-import goods price 
index on a scale of 100. 
   
Relative Importance - A relative importance is a specific index's price-updated value share (expressed 
as a percentage) of overall imports or exports at a specific point in time. Relative importance values are 
affected by the trade weights at the point indexes are reweighted and index changes relative to other 
indexes since the reweight point. If an index is rising in value relative to other indexes over time, the 
relative importance will increase as well. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Rounding Policy - Index values are rounded to the tenth decimal place after being calculated. All 
percent changes are then derived from the rounded index values and subsequently rounded to the tenth 
decimal place.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. 

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   
Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.


Last Modified Date: July 16, 2019