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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

 
Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					USDL-15-1758
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, September 10, 2015

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			      U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - AUGUST 2015

U.S. import prices declined 1.8 percent in August following a 0.9-percent drop the previous month, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The August decrease was primarily driven by lower fuel prices, 
although falling nonfuel prices contributed to the decline as well. Prices for U.S. exports also fell in August, 
decreasing 1.4 percent, after a 0.4-percent decline in July. 

Imports

All Imports: The price index for U.S. imports decreased 1.8 percent in August, the largest monthly decline 
since the index fell 3.2 percent in January. A sharp drop in fuel prices and lower nonfuel prices both 
contributed to the decrease in August. With the exception of May and June, import prices trended down 
over the past year, falling 11.4 percent between August 2014 and August 2015. The 12-month drop in 
August was the largest year-over-year decline since the index fell 12.0 percent in September 2009.           

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices declined 13.3 percent in August following a 5.7-percent fall the previous 
month. The August drop was the largest 1-month decrease since the index fell 20.1 percent in January. The 
decline in fuel prices was led by a 14.2-percent drop in August petroleum prices that followed a 5.9-percent 
decrease in July. In contrast, natural gas prices increased 0.9 percent in August. Overall fuel prices fell 48.3 
percent over the past year. A 49.6-percent decline in petroleum prices and a 34.4-percent drop in natural gas 
prices each factored into the 12-month fall in fuel prices.  

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports dropped 0.4 percent in August, after 
declining 0.3 percent in July and 0.2 percent in June. Nonfuel import prices last recorded a monthly advance 
when the index ticked up 0.1 percent in July 2014. In August, lower prices for nonfuel industrial supplies 
and materials as well as finished goods more than offset higher foods, feeds, and beverages prices. Prices for 
nonfuel imports decreased 3.0 percent for the year ended in August, the largest 12-month decline for the 
index since a 3.1-percent drop in October 2009.       

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2014

August

-0.8 -3.8 0.0 -0.5 -3.1 -0.2

September

-0.8 -3.6 -0.2 -0.4 -1.6 -0.2

October

-1.4 -6.8 -0.1 -0.9 -2.2 -0.7

November

-1.8 -9.3 -0.3 -0.9 0.1 -1.0

December

-2.5 -15.0 -0.1 -0.9 -0.7 -1.0

2015

January

-3.2 -20.1 -0.7 -1.7 -1.4 -1.8

February

-0.4 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -2.2 0.2

March

-0.2 1.5 -0.4 0.0 -1.6 0.2

April

-0.2 1.8 -0.3 -0.6 -0.9 -0.7

May

(r)1.1 10.8 0.0 0.5 -1.3 (r)0.6

June

(r)0.1 1.6 -0.2 (r)-0.2 -1.6 (r)-0.1

July

-0.9 -5.7 -0.3 (r)-0.4 (r)1.1 (r)-0.5

August

-1.8 -13.3 -0.4 -1.4 -2.6 -1.3

Aug. 2013 to 2014

-0.3 -3.5 0.7 0.4 -1.6 0.5

Aug. 2014 to 2015

-11.4 -48.3 -3.0 -7.0 -13.9 -6.2

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports 

All Exports: U.S. export prices decreased 1.4 percent in August following a 0.4-percent decline in July. 
Lower prices for both nonagricultural and agricultural exports contributed to the drop in August, which was 
the largest 1-month drop since a 1.7-percent decline in January. Prices for U.S. exports also decreased over 
the past 12 months, falling 7.0 percent, the largest year-over-year decline since the index fell 8.3 percent in 
July 2009.               

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices declined 1.3 percent in August, after 
decreases of 0.5 percent in July and 0.1 percent in June. The August drop was the largest monthly fall since 
the index declined 1.8 percent in January. Decreasing prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials, consumer goods, and capital goods all contributed to the drop. The price index for nonagricultural 
exports declined 6.2 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month drop since the index fell 6.6 percent in 
July 2009.       

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports fell 2.6 percent in August following a 1.1-
percent advance the previous month. The August decline was the largest 1-month drop since a 3.1-percent 
decrease in August 2014. The August 2015 drop was led by a 16.8-percent decline in wheat prices, a 4.0-
percent fall in soybean prices, and a 9.2-percent decrease in corn prices. Prices for overall agricultural 
exports declined 13.9 percent over the past 12 months.  

					  SELECTED AUGUST HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China edged down 0.1 percent in August, after a 0.2-
percent decline the previous month. Prices for imports from China have not recorded a monthly increase 
since the index rose 0.1 percent in December 2014. The price index for imports from Japan fell 0.2 percent 
in August following a 0.3-percent drop in July and a 0.5-percent decrease in June. Import prices from 
Canada, Mexico, and the European Union also declined in August, driven by lower fuel prices. Prices for 
imports from Canada fell 4.1 percent in August. August import prices from Mexico decreased 1.5 percent, 
and the price index for imports from the European Union declined 0.5 percent.                 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials decreased 
1.8 percent in August following a 0.9-percent drop the previous month. The August decrease was driven by 
lower prices for unfinished metals and chemicals.   

Finished Goods: Prices for each of the major finished goods categories recorded decreases in August. 
Capital goods prices fell 0.2 percent, after a 0.3-percent decline in July. The index last recorded a monthly 
advance when prices for capital goods ticked up 0.1 percent in June 2014. Prices for automotive vehicles 
and consumer goods also decreased, declining 0.2 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively.           

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: In contrast, August prices for import foods, feeds, and beverages advanced 
0.3 percent, after recording no change in July. The August increase was led by a 2.5-percent rise in the price 
index for fish and shellfish.            

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares fell 5.1 percent in August following a 4.1-percent drop 
the previous month. Both declines were primarily led by a drop in European fares, although lower Asian 
fares were also a contributing factor. The decline in import air passenger fares over the past 2 months 
pushed the index down 3.2 percent over the past year. Import air freight prices decreased 2.0 percent in 
August, after falling 3.2 percent in July. The price index for import air freight declined 8.2 percent over the 
past year. 

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials decreased 3.7 percent in August, after a 1.5-percent decline the previous month. The August drop 
was driven by an 8.6-percent decrease in fuel prices.     

Finished Goods: Consumer goods prices fell 0.4 percent in August which followed a 0.3-percent decline in 
July. The decrease was led by a 0.6-percent drop in the price index for medicinal, dental, and 
pharmaceutical materials. Prices for capital goods also fell in August, edging down 0.1 percent, and the 
price index for automotive vehicles recorded no change.            

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares rose 1.5 percent in August, after a 3.2-percent advance 
the previous month. Despite the recent advances, export air passenger fares fell 18.6 percent over the past 
year. Export air freight prices declined 0.8 percent in August and 1.7 percent over the past 12 months.        

Import and Export Price Index data for September 2015 are scheduled for release on Friday, October 9, 2015 
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2014 to August 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 125.4 123.1 -11.4 1.1 0.1 -0.9 -1.8

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  82.481 99.6 99.2 -3.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4

All imports excluding petroleum

  89.130 112.4 112.0 -3.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.4

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  88.402 116.6 116.1 -3.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

5.921 175.5 176.0 -2.1 0.1 -0.6 0.0 0.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.631 195.2 195.1 -1.5 0.8 -0.5 0.1 -0.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.290 130.5 132.7 -4.3 -2.1 -1.1 -0.5 1.7

Industrial supplies & materials

1

24.929 180.1 167.2 -32.3 4.8 0.6 -3.2 -7.2

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.059 146.8 144.4 -10.3 -0.1 -0.3 -1.1 -1.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.331 166.8 163.8 -9.5 -0.1 -0.4 -0.9 -1.8

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  7.811 152.8 149.3 -12.1 -0.4 -0.6 -1.5 -2.3

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.520 139.1 137.9 -8.1 0.1 0.1 -0.5 -0.9

Fuels & lubricants

10

11.598 198.0 171.6 -48.3 10.8 1.6 -5.7 -13.3

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

10.870 216.5 185.7 -49.6 11.7 1.7 -5.9 -14.2

Crude

10000

7.913 221.3 185.6 -51.3 13.4 3.0 -6.6 -16.1

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.540 95.6 96.3 -27.6 -0.7 1.0 -1.2 0.7

Gas-natural

10110

0.382 78.7 79.4 -34.4 -1.0 1.9 -1.7 0.9

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.587 109.8 109.4 -4.0 -0.1 -0.6 -0.5 -0.4

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

5.001 160.9 159.1 -5.9 0.3 0.1 -0.1 -1.1

Selected building materials

13

1.204 137.4 135.2 -4.9 -1.2 0.7 0.7 -1.6

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.183 200.1 191.1 -21.5 -0.4 -1.4 -3.4 -4.5

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.685 151.5 150.0 -5.9 -0.3 -0.5 -0.7 -1.0

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.671 109.6 109.6 -2.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Capital goods

2

27.356 90.6 90.4 -2.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

3.334 117.8 117.5 -2.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.599 83.1 82.9 -2.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.424 137.0 137.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.283 111.2 111.0 -1.6 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.511 107.1 107.0 -1.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.639 118.8 118.6 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

12.404 95.5 95.4 -2.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.467 117.6 117.4 -2.8 0.3 0.1 -0.7 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2014 to August 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 124.9 123.1 -7.0 0.5 -0.2 -0.4 -1.4

Agricultural commodities

  8.909 186.3 181.5 -13.9 -1.3 -1.6 1.1 -2.6

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.678 100.1 99.5 -2.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6

Nonagricultural commodities

  91.091 120.3 118.7 -6.2 0.6 -0.1 -0.5 -1.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.274 188.1 182.4 -14.4 -1.3 -2.3 2.0 -3.0

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.599 188.9 183.3 -15.1 -1.0 -1.6 1.7 -3.0

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.675 187.1 179.9 -6.4 -3.9 -9.7 4.8 -3.8

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.027 153.4 148.0 -16.1 2.0 -0.3 -1.5 -3.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.854 157.1 153.1 -10.8 0.0 -0.2 -1.6 -2.5

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  20.173 152.3 146.1 -18.8 3.0 -0.3 -1.5 -4.1

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.310 176.4 175.9 -6.7 -2.3 -1.7 -2.2 -0.3

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  29.717 152.7 147.1 -16.5 2.2 -0.3 -1.5 -3.7

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.048 182.0 166.4 -33.9 8.1 -0.2 -2.5 -8.6

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

20.682 155.8 152.9 -8.7 0.1 -0.2 -1.2 -1.9

Selected building materials

13

0.987 115.9 114.4 -6.4 -0.7 -1.7 0.1 -1.3

Capital goods

2

37.993 107.5 107.4 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.825 114.0 114.1 -1.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.970 95.1 94.9 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.198 161.6 161.6 3.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.194 113.8 113.8 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.512 112.6 112.2 -2.9 0.1 0.3 -0.3 -0.4

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.557 108.5 108.0 -4.0 0.1 0.3 -0.3 -0.5

Durables, manufactured

41

5.338 110.5 110.3 -1.4 0.1 0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2014 to August 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  10.563 104.9 92.2 -44.6 10.0 1.9 -5.2 -12.1

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.037 175.7 175.0 -1.6 1.7 -0.8 -0.5 -0.4

Crop production

111

1.632 185.6 185.0 0.4 2.6 -1.1 -0.5 -0.3

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.222 91.0 88.9 - -2.3 2.3 -3.0 -2.3

Forestry and logging (Dec. 2012=100)

113

0.111 64.9 66.2 -13.4 -0.6 -0.3 1.7 2.0

Mining

21

8.526 96.7 82.3 -50.1 12.2 2.7 -6.3 -14.9

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.206 98.4 98.3 -20.1 0.7 -0.1 -4.2 -0.1

Manufactured articles

  89.133 111.4 110.6 -5.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.7

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

11.893 124.2 124.4 -1.7 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.283 152.0 153.0 -5.9 -0.6 -0.6 -0.2 0.7

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.088 118.3 118.2 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.402 100.8 100.7 -1.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.880 111.9 111.8 -2.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.349 111.9 111.9 0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.891 124.3 124.2 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.506 122.8 120.3 -12.5 1.2 -0.2 -0.8 -2.0

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.720 115.3 112.5 -7.4 -2.0 1.2 1.1 -2.4

Paper manufacturing

322

1.091 107.9 107.6 -3.4 0.1 -0.6 -0.5 -0.3

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.817 98.7 89.4 -44.1 7.9 -1.3 -3.9 -9.4

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.527 134.0 133.1 -3.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.7

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.170 118.9 118.8 -2.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.976 130.9 130.5 0.1 0.1 0.6 -0.2 -0.3

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

59.734 104.9 104.5 -3.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.4

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.855 134.3 129.4 -19.5 -0.7 -1.3 -3.0 -3.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.003 125.9 125.6 -1.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.167 118.7 118.5 -2.3 0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.589 77.9 77.7 -2.5 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.653 116.9 116.6 -2.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.432 110.3 110.1 -1.3 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.575 116.0 115.9 -0.6 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.459 119.9 119.4 -2.4 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2014 to August 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.532 135.5 130.2 -13.5 -0.4 -2.1 3.0 -3.9

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.348 169.2 160.8 -10.4 -1.7 -2.0 4.2 -5.0

Crop production

111

4.107 175.9 167.1 -10.5 -1.6 -1.3 4.1 -5.0

Mining

21

2.184 73.7 72.4 -18.5 1.9 -2.1 0.5 -1.8

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.175 86.6 83.5 -15.3 1.5 -1.7 -2.8 -3.6

Manufactured articles

  91.987 114.6 113.3 -6.1 0.5 -0.1 -0.5 -1.1

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.851 138.0 137.3 -12.8 -1.0 -1.2 -1.1 -0.5

Food manufacturing

311

4.677 155.5 154.6 -15.9 -0.9 -1.4 -1.1 -0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.584 111.0 110.8 -1.2 -2.5 -3.1 -0.5 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

24.562 115.3 111.7 -15.0 2.5 -0.2 -1.0 -3.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.879 124.2 123.4 -2.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 -0.6

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.568 108.9 97.5 -39.1 10.2 -0.1 -3.2 -10.5

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.260 120.4 118.9 -7.5 0.4 -0.2 -0.7 -1.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.228 117.7 117.1 -1.8 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.820 112.3 112.3 0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

60.574 112.1 111.7 -1.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.688 137.5 132.0 -12.2 -0.6 -0.6 -1.4 -4.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.003 129.3 129.6 1.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.499 125.3 125.4 1.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.218 85.7 85.5 -2.4 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.728 114.2 114.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.481 121.6 121.6 1.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.381 109.4 109.4 0.4 1.0 -0.5 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.576 123.2 122.9 -1.8 -0.2 0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2014 to August 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.331 185.0 188.5 -6.9 -1.9 -0.7 -0.1 1.9

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.323 241.7 248.0 -9.9 -0.2 -2.1 3.1 2.6

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.667 126.4 130.5 -5.5 -3.0 -1.8 -0.6 3.2

Vegetable products

II

1.952 201.2 199.2 0.3 3.5 -0.8 -0.3 -1.0

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.556 469.9 476.5 33.2 14.1 -1.3 2.2 1.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.489 97.0 94.2 -7.3 -1.0 -3.0 1.6 -2.9

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.359 232.9 233.2 -7.9 -1.4 0.7 -3.9 0.1

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.267 104.3 106.5 -9.2 1.6 0.5 -1.5 2.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.805 161.6 161.1 -1.5 -0.4 -0.1 0.6 -0.3

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.186 90.6 85.6 -6.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 -5.5

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.255 113.3 113.1 -3.4 2.2 0.6 1.8 -0.2

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.279 132.0 131.8 -0.7 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.328 155.7 156.2 -6.5 -2.0 -1.7 0.1 0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.055 128.2 128.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Mineral products

V

11.503 199.1 172.5 -48.4 11.0 1.8 -5.7 -13.4

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

11.268 196.3 169.6 -48.9 11.1 1.9 -5.8 -13.6

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.700 148.3 147.6 -3.1 0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.5

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.649 291.3 292.0 -5.1 -0.7 -1.7 -1.9 0.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.507 125.9 125.1 -8.1 0.3 -0.5 1.9 -0.6

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.483 136.1 135.8 1.0 0.0 0.1 -0.4 -0.2

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.384 111.1 102.2 -3.8 1.7 -1.9 -0.3 -8.0

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.204 98.6 98.6 -6.4 0.0 1.2 -0.9 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.549 89.9 90.3 -3.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.4

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.377 140.8 140.3 -4.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.9 -0.4

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.194 144.9 144.0 -4.1 -0.1 -0.3 -1.0 -0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.183 135.2 135.3 -5.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.6 0.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.721 128.0 128.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.681 130.7 130.7 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.745 139.9 136.7 -7.2 -1.9 0.9 1.1 -2.3

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.707 96.1 93.8 - -2.0 1.1 1.2 -2.4

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.152 111.5 110.7 -2.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.7

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.767 105.5 105.2 -2.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.5 -0.3

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.469 114.3 114.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.194 104.2 104.2 1.3 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.961 119.8 119.8 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.634 105.8 105.7 -2.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.8 -0.1

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.498 123.1 123.0 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.302 122.2 122.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.903 132.7 132.1 -0.8 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.5

Ceramic products

69

0.269 138.2 137.6 -2.9 0.1 0.1 -0.5 -0.4

Glass and glassware

70

0.316 129.7 129.7 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.988 167.7 162.8 -11.6 -0.5 -0.2 -1.8 -2.9

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.210 165.3 162.8 -11.7 -0.1 -1.0 -1.6 -1.5

Iron and steel

72

1.062 177.8 175.0 -21.4 -2.1 -0.6 -2.0 -1.6

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.665 147.3 146.5 -5.5 -0.2 -0.8 -0.5 -0.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.452 282.8 268.8 -19.4 0.8 2.4 -5.7 -5.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.728 129.7 126.7 -12.0 0.1 -3.5 -1.4 -2.3

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.446 128.5 127.9 -0.9 0.0 0.2 -0.4 -0.5

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.521 138.4 138.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.567 82.3 82.1 -2.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.024 87.4 87.2 -2.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.543 77.4 77.3 -2.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.787 114.8 114.6 -0.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.458 113.4 113.2 -0.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.236 119.9 119.9 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.891 103.6 103.3 -1.5 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.567 100.4 100.1 -1.6 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.262 142.8 142.1 -0.9 -0.1 0.1 0.6 -0.5

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.025 112.9 112.8 -1.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.423 117.4 117.3 -1.0 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.344 104.8 104.8 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.257 134.2 134.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2014 to August 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.808 190.1 187.4 -25.4 -1.7 -3.4 -2.1 -1.4

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.051 146.5 144.1 -28.0 -1.3 -2.8 -2.9 -1.6

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.410 212.5 204.4 -3.4 -2.1 -6.2 2.7 -3.8

Vegetable products

II

4.069 214.1 203.5 -11.4 -1.0 -2.0 3.9 -5.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.119 174.0 175.0 5.8 4.7 -3.3 -0.6 0.6

Cereals

10

1.068 210.8 183.5 -18.7 -9.1 0.9 8.4 -13.0

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.465 217.7 208.8 -19.2 -0.1 -3.5 6.4 -4.1

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.209 99.0 92.7 -17.5 -0.3 3.9 0.2 -6.4

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.922 153.0 153.3 -6.6 -1.2 -1.3 -0.1 0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.403 118.3 118.2 0.1 0.2 -0.3 0.2 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.506 108.5 110.4 -0.5 0.2 1.4 -3.3 1.8

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.730 218.5 219.7 -10.7 -4.4 -3.8 1.9 0.5

Mineral products

V

7.827 206.9 190.1 -34.4 8.0 -1.0 -2.4 -8.1

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.458 81.8 78.9 -20.5 4.6 -4.3 -5.8 -3.5

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.182 200.6 183.4 -35.7 8.6 -0.7 -2.3 -8.6

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.901 143.2 141.7 -5.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -1.0

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.899 185.0 185.2 8.3 0.4 -0.6 0.3 0.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.937 145.2 142.9 -15.4 0.8 0.1 -1.5 -1.6

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.588 111.4 110.8 -4.5 0.3 0.5 -0.2 -0.5

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.792 136.4 136.3 2.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.487 115.4 115.4 -1.6 0.0 -0.2 1.1 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.892 151.3 147.4 -2.7 -0.3 -1.0 -0.5 -2.6

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.149 142.1 141.4 -6.5 0.0 -0.6 -0.6 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.208 138.0 137.2 -6.1 0.1 -0.7 -0.3 -0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.941 159.2 158.6 -8.2 -0.5 0.1 -1.6 -0.4

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.382 127.4 125.3 -22.6 -1.8 -1.3 -8.9 -1.6

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.215 75.0 72.9 - -2.5 -2.7 -14.4 -2.8

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.614 96.7 96.1 - -0.2 -0.6 -0.3 -0.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.278 125.4 124.4 -1.7 0.4 0.2 1.4 -0.8

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.650 129.3 126.5 -4.1 1.3 2.3 2.3 -2.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.204 122.8 122.5 -2.4 0.0 -0.6 -0.1 -0.2

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.424 103.2 102.8 - 0.0 -0.1 4.2 -0.4

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.785 122.1 122.6 -5.5 -0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.4

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.521 120.9 121.4 -9.8 -1.9 1.1 1.8 0.4

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.821 122.2 122.2 1.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.423 98.9 98.9 0.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.701 230.7 223.1 -11.2 -0.6 -0.4 -1.3 -3.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.122 150.2 147.7 -9.9 0.3 0.4 -1.9 -1.7

Iron and steel

72

1.177 157.8 152.3 -18.6 -1.2 5.5 -4.7 -3.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.494 181.8 169.3 -26.3 5.7 -4.0 -5.0 -6.9

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.852 112.4 110.2 -12.6 0.3 -2.4 -2.7 -2.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.334 148.4 148.4 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.982 97.0 96.8 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.426 113.3 113.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.556 79.3 79.1 -1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.588 130.9 130.9 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.065 115.0 115.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.219 107.6 107.3 -0.6 -0.1 0.7 0.0 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.492 111.5 110.6 -0.4 0.1 -0.3 0.2 -0.8

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.849 123.9 123.5 0.5 0.4 -0.5 0.2 -0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.480 89.6 89.5 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: August 2014 to August 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 121.5 119.3 -10.0 1.2 0.3 -0.8 -1.8

Nonmanufactured articles

8.765 152.3 133.8 -42.7 10.3 5.3 -5.9 -12.1

Manufactured articles

90.797 118.8 117.8 -5.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.8

Other Countries(3)

100.000 123.6 121.2 -11.9 1.1 0.0 -0.7 -1.9

Nonmanufactured articles

11.812 216.7 189.9 -44.3 9.8 0.5 -3.6 -12.4

Manufactured articles

87.977 105.3 104.7 -4.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.6

Canada

100.000 128.6 123.3 -18.8 2.5 1.4 -1.8 -4.1

Nonmanufactured articles

24.123 146.3 127.8 -43.4 10.6 5.3 -5.9 -12.6

Manufactured articles

75.182 128.1 126.3 -7.3 0.2 0.2 -0.3 -1.4

European Union(4)

100.000 134.9 134.2 -3.9 0.7 0.2 0.0 -0.5

Manufactured articles

99.384 131.4 130.7 -3.7 0.7 0.3 0.0 -0.5

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.8 121.6 -1.3 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.2 116.7 -1.9 -0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.4

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.6 121.1 -8.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Latin America(5)

100.000 148.7 144.6 -15.2 1.5 -0.3 -1.3 -2.8

Nonmanufactured articles

19.195 234.3 208.8 -41.2 8.4 -0.8 -4.6 -10.9

Manufactured articles

80.434 124.2 123.2 -5.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 131.0 129.1 -8.6 0.5 0.1 -0.7 -1.5

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

10.762 131.1 115.9 -39.4 6.9 1.2 -4.0 -11.6

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

88.930 90.5 90.3 -2.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 100.1 99.9 -2.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 102.7 102.6 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Japan

100.000 95.6 95.4 -3.2 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 85.9 86.1 -3.0 0.2 -0.8 -0.3 0.2

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 98.4 98.9 -4.4 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.5

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 179.2 158.1 -41.0 8.7 1.1 -2.6 -11.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: August 2014 to August 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2015(1)
Index Percent change
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2014
to
Aug.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 164.8 161.5 -8.2 -0.4 -0.8 -3.2 -2.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.517 148.7 146.1 -18.5 1.0 3.0 -0.8 -1.7

Asia

65.035 148.1 144.6 -4.9 -0.9 -2.1 -4.5 -2.4

Export Air Freight

100.000 158.5 157.3 -1.7 -0.4 0.3 0.4 -0.8

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

36.751 151.6 150.2 4.8 -0.5 0.3 0.5 -0.9

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 155.1 152.3 -7.9 -0.5 -0.3 -2.0 -1.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.012 140.6 138.3 -13.3 0.1 2.3 0.1 -1.6

Asia

60.570 140.7 137.7 -6.8 -0.8 -1.4 -3.3 -2.1

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 150.9 149.1 -2.6 2.3 -0.3 1.5 -1.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.700 158.3 157.1 -8.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.8

Asia

45.259 146.4 143.6 -1.0 0.6 0.1 3.1 -1.9

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 197.8 187.7 -3.2 1.9 8.9 -4.1 -5.1

Europe

42.784 225.2 205.1 -1.5 3.4 6.4 -6.9 -8.9

Asia

23.539 153.6 146.6 -7.8 6.1 9.1 -3.2 -4.6

Latin America/Caribbean

8.967 164.6 164.0 -5.4 -3.9 0.3 3.1 -0.4

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 172.2 174.7 -18.6 2.8 2.3 3.2 1.5

Europe

32.495 236.5 212.6 -11.0 4.3 8.4 4.0 -10.1

Asia

26.645 143.0 174.8 -14.5 9.1 0.4 0.4 22.2

Latin America/Caribbean

21.694 168.3 162.0 -15.9 -3.1 0.5 1.3 -3.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                            TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a two-year lag in 
the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More detailed index series 
and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price Index) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and 
excluded from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service 
being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further 
data revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes news release is available through an 
e-mail subscription service at (http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm).

Additional Information -- More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at (http://www.bls.gov/mxp). For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For Import/Export Price Index data requests, send e-mail to 
(mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice 
phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: September 10, 2015