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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                              USDL-19-1598
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 13, 2019

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Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - AUGUST 2019

U.S. import prices decreased 0.5 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, after 
rising 0.1 percent the previous month. The August decline was driven by a drop in fuel prices; prices for 
nonfuel goods were unchanged. Prices for U.S. exports fell 0.6 percent in August following a 0.2-percent 
increase in July.


Imports

Prices for U.S. imports fell 0.5 percent in August following a 0.1-percent increase in July and a 1.1-percent 
decline in June. With the exception of the August and June decreases, U.S. import prices advanced in each 
month of 2019. Despite the increases, the price index for U.S. imports declined 2.0 percent from August 
2018 to August 2019. (See table 1.)

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices decreased 4.3 percent in August, after rising 0.7 percent the previous 
month. Prices for import fuel fell 11.1 percent over the past 3 months. In August, lower petroleum prices 
more than offset higher prices for natural gas. The price index for import petroleum declined 4.8 percent, 
after increasing 0.9 percent the previous month. Fuel prices decreased 8.7 percent over the past 12 months; 
prices for import petroleum fell 9.6 percent over the same period. The price index for natural gas imports 
rose 16.0 percent in August, after declines in each of the previous 4 months. Despite the August increase, 
natural gas prices fell 6.1 percent over the past year.

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports were unchanged for the second consecutive month 
in August following 0.3-percent decreases in both June and May. In August, lower prices for foods, feeds, 
and beverages and nonfuel industrial supplies and materials were offset by price increases for automotive 
vehicles and consumer goods. Prices for nonfuel imports declined 1.0 percent over the past 12 months, led 
by price decreases for industrial supplies and materials and capital goods.

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials fell 
0.3 percent in August, after ticking up 0.1 percent in July. The August drop was driven by decreases in 
prices for chemicals, textiles, and lumber, which more than offset higher unfinished metals prices.

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly up in August. Consumer goods prices ticked up 0.1 
percent following a 0.2-percent advance in July. Prices for automotive vehicles ticked up 0.1 percent 
following a 0.2-percent drop the previous month. The price index for capital goods was unchanged for the 
second consecutive month in August. Lower computer accessories, peripherals, and semiconductors prices 
offset higher prices for telecommunications equipment.

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Import foods, feeds, and beverages prices fell 0.3 percent in August, after a 
0.5-percent drop in July. The August decrease was driven by a 9.4-percent decline in fruit prices.

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2018

August

-0.4 -2.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

September

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1.3 0.2

October

0.5 3.3 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.5

November

-1.6 -12.2 -0.2 -0.8 1.7 -1.0

December

-1.4 -13.3 0.0 -0.6 3.8 -1.1

2019

January

0.2 4.6 -0.3 -0.6 -2.1 -0.4

February

1.0 10.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.7

March

0.6 7.2 -0.2 0.7 0.9 0.7

April

0.2 1.9 -0.1 0.1 -1.4 0.2

May

0.2 (r)3.6 -0.3 -0.3 (r)-1.1 -0.2

June

-1.1 (r)-7.8 -0.3 -0.6 (r)2.4 (r)-0.9

July

(r)0.1 (r)0.7 (r)0.0 0.2 (r)0.2 0.2

August

-0.5 -4.3 0.0 -0.6 -2.5 -0.4

Aug. 2017 to 2018

3.8 32.7 0.9 3.6 -1.5 4.1

Aug. 2018 to 2019

-2.0 -8.7 -1.0 -1.4 0.5 -1.6

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports 

Prices for U.S. exports decreased 0.6 percent in August, after a 0.2-percent rise the previous month. The 
decline was driven by price decreases for both agricultural and nonagricultural exports. The price index for 
U.S. exports also fell on a 12-month basis in August, declining 1.4 percent from August 2018 to August 
2019. (See table 2.)

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports declined 2.5 percent in August, after 
increases of 0.2 percent in July and 2.4 percent in June. The decrease in August was the largest monthly 
decline since the index fell 5.2 percent in July 2018. Lower prices for vegetables, corn, soybeans, cotton, 
meat, and wheat all contributed to the decline. Despite the monthly drop, prices for agricultural exports rose 
0.5 percent over the past year.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices fell 0.4 percent in August following a 
0.2-percent increase in July. The August decrease was driven by price declines for nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials and automotive vehicles. The price indexes for consumer goods and capital goods 
both were unchanged in August. Prices for nonagricultural exports fell 1.6 percent for the year ended in 
August; lower prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials more than offset price increases 
for finished goods over the 12-month period.

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices 
decreased 1.1 percent in August, after rising 0.8 percent the previous month. A 3.5-percent drop in export 
fuel prices drove the monthly decline, more than offsetting higher nonferrous metals prices.

Finished Goods: Export finished goods prices were mostly unchanged in August. Automotive vehicles 
prices fell 0.2 percent led by lower prices for nonengine parts and accessories. Prices for capital goods were 
unchanged for the month. Lower electrical generating equipment prices were offset by price increases for 
transportation equipment. The price index for consumer goods also was unchanged in August.


Measures of Import and Export Prices by Locality

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China edged down 0.1 percent in August following 
decreases of 0.2 percent in both July and June. Import prices from China have not advanced on a monthly 
basis since ticking up 0.1 percent in May 2018. The price index for imports from China fell 1.6 percent for 
the year ended in August. Import prices from Japan increased 0.2 percent in August, after being unchanged 
for each of the previous 4 months. The last time the index rose more than 0.2 percent was a 0.5-percent 
advance in January 2018. Prices for imports from Japan increased 0.2 percent over the past year. Import 
prices from the European Union fell 0.2 percent in August and 0.3 percent over the past 12 months. The 
price index for imports from Mexico declined 0.1 percent in August, after a 0.2-percent rise in July. Import 
prices from Canada fell 1.4 percent in August, after decreasing 4.8 percent for the 3 months ended in July. 
Despite the drops, prices for imports from Canada rose 1.1 percent over the past year. (See table 7.)

Exports by Locality of Destination: Export prices to China declined 1.6 percent in August, after advancing 
0.2 percent in July. Prices for exports to China fell 3.1 percent over the past 12 months. Export prices to 
Japan decreased 0.6 percent in August, after increasing 1.0 percent in July and ticking up 0.1 percent in 
June. Export prices to the European Union declined 0.2 percent in August following a 0.8-percent increase 
the previous month. The price indexes for exports to Canada and Mexico each decreased 0.8 percent in 
August. (See table 8.)

Terms of Trade Indexes: Terms of Trade indexes are based on country, region, or grouping and measure 
the change in the purchasing power of exports relative to imports. The U.S. terms of trade with China 
decreased 1.5 percent in August, the largest decline since the index fell 1.7 percent in September 2018. 
Lower export prices to China drove the monthly decrease in August. U.S. terms of trade with China dropped 
1.5 percent over the past 12 months. The U.S. terms of trade with Japan declined 0.8 percent in August 
following a 0.9-percent increase the previous month. U.S. terms of trade with Japan fell 0.5 percent from 
August 2018 to August 2019. The index for U.S. terms of trade with the European Union was unchanged in 
August, after advancing 0.6 percent in July. The U.S. terms of trade with Mexico declined 0.7 percent in 
August and 1.9 percent over the past year. U.S. terms of trade with Canada rose 0.6 percent in August and 
declined 0.7 percent over the past 12 months. (See table 9.)


Import and Export Services

Imports: Import air passenger fares fell 8.2 percent in August following a 9.9-percent drop in July and a 
6.7-percent advance in June. In August, lower European, Asian, and Latin American/Caribbean fares all 
contributed to the monthly decline. Import air passenger fares decreased 6.1 percent from August 2018 to 
August 2019. The price index for import air freight declined 0.7 percent in August, after dropping 2.5 
percent the previous month. Import air freight prices fell 7.6 percent over the past year. (See table 10.)

Exports: Export air passenger fares decreased 3.1 percent in August following a 3.3-percent rise in July. 
Lower European and Latin American/Caribbean fares more than offset higher Asian fares in August. The 
index for export air passenger fares fell 0.8 percent over the past 12 months. Export air freight prices 
declined 1.2 percent in August, the largest monthly drop since the index decreased 6.2 percent in December 
2017. Despite the August decline, prices for export air freight rose 0.4 percent over the past year.

Import and Export Price Index data for September are scheduled for release on Friday, October 11, 2019 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2018 to August 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

All commodities

  100.000 125.7 125.1 -2.0 0.2 -1.1 0.1 -0.5

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.299 99.2 99.2 -1.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.0

All imports excluding petroleum

  89.605 112.0 112.0 -1.0 -0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.0

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  89.294 116.2 116.2 -1.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

5.994 179.0 178.4 1.2 -0.8 -1.5 -0.5 -0.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.660 195.9 193.9 1.0 -0.9 -1.8 -0.6 -1.0

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.334 141.1 143.8 2.0 -0.4 0.0 -0.3 1.9

Industrial supplies & materials

1

24.561 189.9 186.0 -5.9 1.0 -3.9 0.4 -2.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.311 151.5 151.7 -3.3 -1.0 -1.2 -0.1 0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.856 174.1 173.6 -3.2 -1.0 -0.7 0.1 -0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.737 165.6 165.8 -2.5 -1.3 -0.5 0.6 0.1

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.429 134.3 134.3 -4.3 -0.6 -2.3 -1.0 0.0

Fuels & lubricants

10

10.706 216.9 207.6 -8.7 3.6 -7.8 0.7 -4.3

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

10.395 238.7 227.3 -9.6 3.8 -7.5 0.9 -4.8

Crude

10000

7.500 246.7 233.6 -11.4 3.7 -8.4 0.0 -5.3

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.312 71.4 80.7 -8.2 -1.3 -16.7 -4.0 13.0

Gas-natural

10110

0.224 55.6 64.5 -6.1 -1.9 -22.1 -2.6 16.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.555 116.6 115.8 -5.3 -2.6 -0.1 -3.1 -0.7

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.563 156.7 155.0 -4.4 -0.3 -1.0 -0.4 -1.1

Selected building materials

13

1.490 143.0 141.2 -9.1 -1.6 0.6 0.9 -1.3

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.738 230.7 232.5 -0.6 -1.8 -1.3 0.8 0.8

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.763 157.4 157.6 -2.0 -0.7 -0.5 0.3 0.1

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.747 113.1 113.2 -1.0 -0.3 0.0 0.2 0.1

Capital goods

2

27.771 88.3 88.3 -1.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Electric generating equipment

20

3.432 119.8 119.8 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.048 80.3 80.2 -1.8 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.291 136.5 137.0 1.7 0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.4

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.647 109.7 109.8 -0.5 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.027 107.0 107.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.428 123.7 123.9 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

12.341 91.4 91.5 -1.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.257 116.7 116.5 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2018 to August 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

All commodities

  100.000 126.3 125.5 -1.4 -0.3 -0.6 0.2 -0.6

Agricultural commodities

  9.703 180.8 176.3 0.5 -1.1 2.4 0.2 -2.5

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  80.344 101.4 101.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.297 122.1 121.6 -1.6 -0.2 -0.9 0.2 -0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

9.026 184.3 180.2 1.6 -1.1 2.9 0.2 -2.2

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.420 182.9 178.4 1.8 -1.0 3.1 0.2 -2.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.605 212.5 215.4 0.5 -2.3 -0.7 0.5 1.4

Industrial supplies & materials

1

32.217 155.5 153.7 -5.8 -0.6 -2.6 0.8 -1.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.334 166.1 167.6 2.8 -0.8 -0.3 0.9 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  21.883 150.9 147.8 -9.5 -0.6 -3.6 0.7 -2.1

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.253 173.0 168.6 -7.5 -1.6 -1.6 -0.2 -2.5

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  30.964 155.0 153.3 -5.7 -0.6 -2.6 0.8 -1.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

10.630 184.3 177.8 -14.3 -1.0 -6.7 2.3 -3.5

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.358 157.4 157.7 -1.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.2

Selected building materials

13

0.977 119.7 118.2 -4.4 -0.6 -0.9 -1.2 -1.3

Capital goods

2

36.019 110.6 110.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.770 118.0 117.7 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

23.506 94.5 94.5 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.742 182.7 182.9 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.196 114.6 114.4 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.543 110.6 110.6 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.954 108.3 108.1 1.6 0.0 -0.2 0.6 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.155 107.4 107.7 0.1 0.0 0.7 -0.4 0.3

Nonmanufactured consumer goods (Dec. 2018=100)

42

1.434 99.0 99.0 - -0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: August 2018 to August 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  10.007 116.5 111.6 -5.5 2.4 -7.5 -0.3 -4.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.915 179.4 174.6 3.6 -2.1 -3.4 -0.7 -2.7

Crop production

111

1.556 193.1 186.8 5.2 -1.4 -3.7 -1.1 -3.3

Mining

21

8.092 110.3 105.2 -7.5 3.4 -8.5 -0.1 -4.6

Oil and gas extraction

211

7.844 110.1 104.7 -8.2 3.5 -8.7 -0.1 -4.9

Manufacturing

  89.692 111.1 111.0 -1.2 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.160 124.9 125.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Food manufacturing

311

3.362 154.3 154.7 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.8 0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.123 123.0 125.9 3.3 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 2.4

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.370 100.9 99.8 -0.2 -1.1 -0.3 1.8 -1.1

Textile product mills

314

0.926 108.3 108.0 -1.5 0.6 -0.3 -0.7 -0.3

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.747 112.4 112.4 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.633 123.4 123.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.567 126.5 125.5 -3.0 0.5 -1.1 0.6 -0.8

Paper manufacturing

322

1.026 111.2 110.7 -4.5 -2.1 -0.1 -1.7 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.666 104.5 100.6 -4.2 4.2 -4.9 4.1 -3.7

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.550 138.9 138.6 -2.1 0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.258 118.8 118.9 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.032 130.8 131.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.965 103.5 103.6 -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.340 154.7 155.4 0.2 -1.6 -1.3 0.7 0.5

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.103 126.3 126.6 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.298 119.0 119.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.186 72.5 72.4 -3.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

5.167 117.8 117.8 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.633 109.0 109.1 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.867 116.8 116.5 -0.9 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.370 118.2 118.4 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: August 2018 to August 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  9.052 133.0 128.3 -7.4 -2.6 -0.4 0.2 -3.5

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.867 153.4 146.7 -2.1 -2.4 4.0 0.0 -4.4

Crop production

111

4.529 160.7 153.2 -1.9 -2.5 4.5 -0.1 -4.7

Mining

21

4.185 83.9 81.8 -14.1 -2.9 -5.1 0.2 -2.5

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.294 113.5 113.8 0.7 -0.3 -2.2 -1.2 0.3

Manufacturing

  89.750 117.0 116.6 -0.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.3 -0.3

Manufacturing, part 1

31

6.817 141.7 141.1 1.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.4

Food manufacturing

311

4.661 159.9 159.0 1.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 -0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.659 123.4 123.5 3.2 -1.5 0.4 0.8 0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

25.257 115.5 114.0 -4.7 0.1 -2.4 0.8 -1.3

Wood product manufacturing (Dec. 2017=100)

321

0.518 97.0 94.7 -8.4 -1.1 -1.5 -0.8 -2.4

Paper manufacturing

322

1.673 124.2 122.4 -7.2 -0.6 -0.5 -1.6 -1.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

6.330 111.7 107.5 -12.5 0.5 -7.9 3.5 -3.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.391 118.9 118.3 -1.5 0.1 -0.5 0.0 -0.5

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.275 116.8 116.9 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.844 117.7 117.7 0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

57.677 115.1 115.3 1.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.107 149.6 153.5 8.3 -1.5 0.5 2.3 2.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.993 148.1 148.4 5.2 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

9.546 129.8 130.0 1.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

13.759 81.7 81.6 -2.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.810 118.2 117.9 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.709 129.1 129.0 1.5 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.396 122.3 122.5 1.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.357 120.2 121.0 0.5 -0.2 0.6 -0.2 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2018 to August 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
importance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

1.388 195.1 196.3 1.4 -0.9 -0.6 -0.5 0.6

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.376 261.0 265.8 8.0 0.0 0.1 -1.8 1.8

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.733 139.9 140.9 1.2 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.7

Vegetable products

II

1.876 212.2 206.5 4.6 -1.2 -3.8 -1.3 -2.7

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.434 466.9 497.9 37.3 -13.9 0.5 -7.9 6.6

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.688 126.9 114.4 -3.1 8.5 -11.0 1.9 -9.9

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.317 197.6 193.5 -7.4 -2.6 1.6 -0.1 -2.1

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.223 84.3 86.5 -11.6 -3.0 -1.9 0.5 2.6

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.832 165.3 166.7 0.5 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.8

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.226 98.4 96.6 0.1 -0.5 1.2 0.6 -1.8

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.363 170.7 171.2 -1.0 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.076 133.0 136.3 3.3 -0.7 -0.1 0.1 2.5

Mineral products

V

10.684 216.8 208.0 -8.7 3.5 -7.6 0.6 -4.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.374 214.1 205.1 -9.1 3.6 -7.8 0.7 -4.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.913 156.8 156.6 -1.7 0.1 -0.6 0.4 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.509 290.1 280.3 -11.1 -1.5 -5.0 -0.5 -3.4

Organic chemicals

29

2.024 127.2 126.4 -5.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.6

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.387 154.4 154.7 0.8 0.1 -0.3 1.4 0.2

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.261 79.3 79.1 -5.7 2.5 -3.0 -6.9 -0.3

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.603 103.9 103.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.5 -0.5

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.585 103.6 103.3 -3.4 -0.2 0.0 0.4 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.474 140.3 139.9 -1.2 0.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.323 143.1 142.7 -1.6 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.151 137.0 136.4 -0.4 0.6 0.5 -0.7 -0.4

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.616 123.9 123.9 -1.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.6 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.588 130.5 130.4 -0.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.853 146.0 142.2 -15.7 -2.5 1.0 1.7 -2.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.078 117.6 117.0 -3.6 -1.4 0.0 -2.0 -0.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.726 110.0 109.7 -1.6 -0.3 -0.1 -0.9 -0.3

Textile and textile articles

XI

4.886 114.7 114.3 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.4 -0.3

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.984 105.5 105.6 1.5 0.0 -0.1 0.9 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.632 120.3 120.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.640 102.4 101.7 -2.5 0.1 -0.1 -1.2 -0.7

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.361 122.7 122.8 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.130 121.6 121.8 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.945 131.7 132.2 0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.4

Ceramic products

69

0.266 135.7 135.7 0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.7 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.788 182.8 185.5 10.1 -0.8 0.7 2.9 1.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.762 173.0 173.2 -4.4 -1.1 -1.4 -0.6 0.1

Iron and steel

72

1.307 211.5 211.7 -8.2 -1.4 -1.6 -2.2 0.1

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.710 149.1 150.3 -1.5 -0.3 -0.3 -0.5 0.8

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.435 274.9 269.8 -3.5 -2.5 -5.0 1.3 -1.9

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.991 130.2 128.2 -8.0 -1.6 -1.3 -0.3 -1.5

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.442 123.7 123.6 0.6 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.517 136.2 136.1 -0.8 0.0 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.966 79.3 79.3 -1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.886 85.5 85.5 -1.5 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.080 73.6 73.5 -1.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.867 113.3 113.5 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.696 112.4 112.6 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.058 113.0 113.2 -1.8 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6 0.2

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.981 101.7 101.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.710 98.2 98.2 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.210 143.0 143.0 0.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.8 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.429 111.9 111.9 -0.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.788 118.1 118.0 -0.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.371 101.5 101.8 -1.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.6 0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.270 128.7 128.7 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2018 to August 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

1.998 217.7 216.1 4.1 2.0 1.1 -0.1 -0.7

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.196 173.0 169.9 4.5 3.6 1.9 0.2 -1.8

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.395 116.7 118.9 0.6 -2.8 -0.9 0.5 1.9

Vegetable products

II

4.582 199.4 190.4 1.1 -2.1 5.2 0.2 -4.5

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.971 136.4 135.0 3.1 -1.6 6.1 -2.5 -1.0

Cereals

10

1.445 204.7 194.3 -1.3 -2.6 11.9 -0.5 -5.1

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.700 190.0 184.3 -4.0 -5.0 3.8 1.7 -3.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

3.034 154.8 154.5 2.3 -1.0 1.0 0.8 -0.2

Miscellaneous edible preparations (Dec. 2017=100)

21

0.569 98.7 98.8 1.3 -0.3 0.8 0.7 0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.561 112.9 112.7 3.2 0.1 3.6 2.5 -0.2

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.703 217.1 215.1 0.6 -4.6 1.5 0.8 -0.9

Mineral products

V

10.730 222.0 214.3 -13.6 -0.9 -6.8 2.4 -3.5

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.399 96.1 98.1 0.4 0.3 -4.6 -0.2 2.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.134 213.7 205.6 -14.5 -1.0 -7.0 2.5 -3.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.860 138.0 137.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.7 -0.2 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.740 149.6 147.6 -3.6 0.5 -0.3 0.0 -1.3

Organic chemicals

29

2.539 140.3 139.8 -5.7 -1.5 -1.5 -1.6 -0.4

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.070 107.7 107.7 1.0 0.0 -0.2 1.0 0.0

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.553 105.5 107.5 4.8 1.2 -1.2 1.6 1.9

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.850 131.1 130.5 -0.3 -0.4 -0.6 -0.2 -0.5

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.490 124.3 124.8 4.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.962 155.6 155.3 0.9 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6 -0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.212 143.9 143.1 -1.5 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.6

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.335 141.0 140.2 -1.1 0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.877 154.2 153.7 -3.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.5 -0.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.626 96.3 93.8 -10.2 -0.8 -1.3 -1.0 -2.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.860 122.5 122.4 -9.1 -0.9 -0.6 -1.6 -0.1

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.082 125.7 125.0 -3.8 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.6

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.725 121.0 117.9 -6.6 -0.6 -1.9 -0.3 -2.6

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.491 116.2 108.6 -22.5 -1.7 -6.7 -1.9 -6.5

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.817 127.2 127.2 2.5 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.315 250.9 258.8 11.6 -1.0 1.6 2.3 3.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.697 158.8 158.5 -0.9 -1.4 -0.8 -0.3 -0.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.477 177.9 172.5 -7.2 -2.0 -5.3 -0.4 -3.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.697 103.0 101.7 -10.8 -2.2 -2.1 -1.2 -1.3

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.335 154.2 154.2 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.039 97.8 97.6 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.310 116.1 115.8 0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.728 78.1 78.0 -1.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.742 137.1 137.0 1.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.321 116.5 116.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.847 109.2 109.5 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.374 112.9 112.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.766 130.8 130.3 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.454 88.2 88.6 1.1 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: August 2018 to August 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 126.8 126.1 0.6 0.2 -1.6 0.2 -0.6

Nonmanufacturing

10.915 184.1 176.4 6.8 0.0 -11.1 -0.4 -4.2

Manufacturing

88.528 121.4 121.2 -0.3 0.2 -0.4 0.3 -0.2

Canada

100.000 139.4 137.4 1.1 0.1 -4.4 -0.4 -1.4

Nonmanufacturing

29.880 180.0 172.3 9.2 0.1 -11.5 -0.8 -4.3

Manufacturing

69.278 130.2 129.9 -2.8 0.2 -0.9 -0.3 -0.2

European Union

100.000 137.1 136.8 -0.3 0.3 -0.6 0.2 -0.2

Manufacturing

98.756 133.5 133.2 -0.4 0.3 -0.5 0.2 -0.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 128.0 127.8 -0.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.5 -0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 112.4 112.4 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.8 121.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.7 0.5 -0.2

Latin America(3)

100.000 148.0 147.4 -2.3 0.9 -1.3 -0.2 -0.4

Nonmanufacturing

17.423 269.0 257.2 -5.5 5.6 -4.5 -1.5 -4.4

Manufacturing

82.297 120.0 120.5 -1.5 0.0 -0.6 0.1 0.4

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 128.0 127.9 -0.5 0.5 -1.3 0.2 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

9.130 150.4 138.8 -2.0 3.2 -9.5 1.3 -7.7

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.608 87.2 87.9 -0.3 0.2 -0.5 0.0 0.8

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(4)

100.000 98.2 98.1 -1.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 98.7 98.6 -1.6 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Japan

100.000 96.7 96.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

Taiwan (Dec. 2018=100)

100.000 98.8 98.4 - 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

Asian NICs(5)

100.000 88.3 87.9 -1.2 -0.1 -0.8 0.6 -0.5

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 97.4 97.3 -1.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.8 -0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(7)

100.000 182.1 178.0 -7.3 2.8 -4.8 0.3 -2.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(5) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(6) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(7) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes by locality of destination: August 2018 to August 2019 [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 103.6 103.2 0.8 -0.3 -0.2 0.5 -0.4

Nonmanufacturing

8.570 111.0 105.5 5.9 -2.1 -2.7 0.4 -5.0

Manufacturing

90.332 103.2 103.3 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Canada

100.000 105.2 104.4 0.5 -0.3 -0.2 0.5 -0.8

European Union

100.000 105.2 105.0 1.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.8 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing

7.349 107.2 104.8 2.9 -2.3 -2.4 -1.1 -2.2

Manufacturing

91.548 105.2 105.1 1.5 0.2 -0.4 0.9 -0.1

Germany

100.000 104.4 104.4 3.2 0.1 0.2 1.3 0.0

Latin America(3)

100.000 101.6 100.4 -3.2 -0.2 -1.9 0.8 -1.2

Nonmanufacturing

7.029 105.6 103.1 -2.5 -1.9 1.1 -0.3 -2.4

Manufacturing

92.551 101.4 100.2 -3.2 0.0 -2.0 0.9 -1.2

Mexico

100.000 100.9 100.1 -2.5 -0.1 -1.3 0.6 -0.8

Nonmanufacturing

6.059 98.1 95.2 -8.5 -1.8 0.5 -0.4 -3.0

Manufacturing

93.453 101.1 100.4 -2.1 0.0 -1.4 0.7 -0.7

Pacific Rim(4)

100.000 100.7 100.2 -0.2 -0.8 -0.1 0.8 -0.5

Nonmanufacturing

14.783 103.0 99.8 3.2 -3.8 0.2 4.5 -3.1

Manufacturing

83.393 100.9 100.8 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

China

100.000 98.3 96.7 -3.1 -1.4 -0.2 0.2 -1.6

Nonmanufacturing

21.047 99.4 95.5 0.2 -4.6 0.3 2.3 -3.9

Manufacturing

75.710 99.4 98.5 -2.3 -0.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.9

Japan

100.000 101.1 100.5 -0.3 -0.8 0.1 1.0 -0.6

Nonmanufacturing

19.379 107.1 102.1 1.9 -2.9 1.8 1.8 -4.7

Manufacturing

79.432 99.5 99.8 -1.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.7 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: August 2018 to August 2019(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.0 100.2 0.2 -0.5 1.5 0.3 0.2

Canada

99.2 99.8 -0.7 -0.3 4.4 0.9 0.6

European Union

103.3 103.3 2.0 -0.4 0.0 0.6 0.0

Germany

106.9 106.9 2.8 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.0

Latin America(3)

102.2 101.4 -0.9 -1.2 -0.6 1.0 -0.8

Mexico

101.7 101.0 -1.9 -0.6 0.0 0.5 -0.7

Pacific Rim(4)

100.9 100.5 0.9 -0.7 0.1 0.8 -0.4

China

99.7 98.2 -1.5 -1.3 0.0 0.4 -1.5

Japan

99.8 99.0 -0.5 -0.7 0.1 0.9 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 10. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: August 2018 to August 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2019(1)
Index Percent change
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 174.5 173.2 -7.6 0.4 -0.1 -2.5 -0.7

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.953 144.2 145.7 -1.1 -1.1 0.1 -2.6 1.0

Asia

59.805 163.2 160.4 -11.4 1.0 -0.1 -2.7 -1.7

Export Air Freight

100.000 166.3 164.3 0.4 0.2 -0.5 0.6 -1.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

31.846 152.5 151.6 2.4 0.9 -0.5 0.5 -0.6

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 163.9 160.4 -6.1 1.0 0.5 -2.5 -2.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

27.871 132.1 132.0 -2.7 -0.3 1.4 -4.3 -0.1

Asia

57.103 152.5 146.8 -9.1 1.7 0.2 -2.1 -3.7

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 148.5 146.4 -1.9 0.3 0.0 2.6 -1.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

32.892 155.1 154.7 4.5 0.9 -0.3 0.4 -0.3

Asia

45.638 146.5 141.0 -8.0 0.0 0.4 6.2 -3.8

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 167.4 153.6 -6.1 6.9 6.7 -9.9 -8.2

Europe

52.606 184.5 162.0 -7.8 8.0 7.3 -12.7 -12.2

Asia

20.804 132.6 125.9 -5.4 9.9 9.7 -11.8 -5.1

Latin America/Caribbean

7.443 168.1 160.3 1.8 -2.4 4.3 6.1 -4.6

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 159.3 154.4 -0.8 0.7 4.0 3.3 -3.1

Europe

29.070 207.7 184.1 -2.8 0.9 5.2 3.2 -11.4

Asia

27.714 141.1 145.6 0.3 5.6 5.5 1.6 3.2

Latin America/Caribbean

25.861 169.7 164.7 1.6 -5.3 4.9 6.7 -2.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                                TECHNICAL NOTE                                                

Import and Export Goods and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
includes outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification system 
of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" (f.a.s.) 
factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Indexes for import and export air passenger fares calculate changes in the 
average revenue received per passenger by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and by U.S. carriers from 
foreign residents, respectively. Data are obtained from an airline consulting service and report on tickets 
sold by travel agencies, travel websites, and directly by the airlines. Taxes and fees are included in both 
the import and export air passenger fares indexes. Import air passenger fares data have used the airline 
consulting service source since September 2008. Before April 2018, the export air passenger fares data 
were collected directly by BLS from U.S. airlines. The air freight indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the 
service being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any 
ground transportation or port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: 
balance of payments (which represents transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and 
international (which represents transactions inbound to and outbound from the United States.) Fact 
sheets specifying detailed information for each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp 
under "MXP Publications."

Import Price Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the import price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and, 
beginning with January 2002, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 
covering goods-producing industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and 
manufactured goods are defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Export Price Indexes by Locality of Destination - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the export price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and are 
based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) covering goods-producing 
industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are 
defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Terms of Trade Indexes - Terms of trade indexes measure the relative price of exports in terms of 
import prices for a specific country, region, or grouping. The indexes are calculated as one country, 
region, or grouping's all-export goods price index divided by the corresponding all-import goods price 
index on a scale of 100. 
   
Relative Importance - A relative importance is a specific index's price-updated value share (expressed 
as a percentage) of overall imports or exports at a specific point in time. Relative importance values are 
affected by the trade weights at the point indexes are reweighted and index changes relative to other 
indexes since the reweight point. If an index is rising in value relative to other indexes over time, the 
relative importance will increase as well. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Rounding Policy - Index values are rounded to the tenth decimal place after being calculated. All 
percent changes are then derived from the rounded index values and subsequently rounded to the tenth 
decimal place.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. 

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   
Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: September 13, 2019