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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                           USDL-15-1956
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 9, 2015

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - SEPTEMBER 2015

Prices for U.S. imports edged down 0.1 percent in September, after a 1.6-percent decrease in August, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The continued downward trend in nonfuel import prices 
more than offset an advance in fuel prices. The price index for U.S. exports declined 0.7 percent in 
September, following a 1.4-percent drop the previous month. 

Imports

All Imports: U.S. import prices fell 0.1 percent in September, following declines of 1.6 percent in August 
and 1.0 percent in July. Unlike the decreases the 2 previous months where falling fuel and nonfuel prices 
each contributed to the decline, the September drop was entirely driven by lower nonfuel prices. The price 
index for overall imports decreased 10.7 percent between September 2014 and September 2015 and has not 
recorded a 12-month increase since the index rose 0.9 percent for the year ended July 2014. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports continued to trend downward in 
September, decreasing 0.3 percent following a 0.4-percent drop the previous month. Falling prices for 
nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; foods, feeds, and beverages; and capital goods more than offset a 
rise in consumer goods prices. Nonfuel import prices have not recorded a monthly advance since the index 
rose 0.1 percent in July 2014 and have declined 3.1 percent over the past year. 

Fuel Imports: In contrast, prices for import fuel advanced 1.4 percent in September, after declining 11.1 
percent in August and 6.4 percent in July. Both petroleum prices and natural gas prices contributed to the 
increase in September. Petroleum prices rose 1.1 percent, following an 11.8-percent decline in August and a 
6.6-percent drop in July. The price index for natural gas advanced 9.3 percent in September, the largest 
monthly increase for the index since an 11.1-percent rise in December 2014. Despite the September 
advance, overall fuel prices declined 44.7 percent over the past 12 months. The drop was led by a 46.1-
percent decrease in petroleum prices for the year ended in September, although a 27.3-percent drop in 
natural gas prices over the same period also factored into the overall decline. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2014

September

-0.8 -3.6 -0.2 -0.4 -1.6 -0.2

October

-1.4 -6.8 -0.1 -0.9 -2.2 -0.7

November

-1.8 -9.3 -0.3 -0.9 0.1 -1.0

December

-2.5 -15.0 -0.1 -0.9 -0.7 -1.0

2015

January

-3.2 -20.1 -0.7 -1.7 -1.4 -1.8

February

-0.4 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -2.2 0.2

March

-0.2 1.5 -0.4 0.0 -1.6 0.2

April

-0.2 1.8 -0.3 -0.6 -0.9 -0.7

May

1.1 10.8 0.0 0.5 -1.3 0.6

June

0.1 (r)1.5 -0.2 (r)-0.3 -1.6 -0.1

July

(r)-1.0 (r)-6.4 -0.3 -0.4 (r)1.0 (r)-0.6

August

(r)-1.6 (r)-11.1 -0.4 -1.4 (r)-2.5 -1.3

September

-0.1 1.4 -0.3 -0.7 -1.1 -0.6

Sept. 2013 to 2014

-1.4 -7.9 0.4 -0.4 -3.7 -0.1

Sept. 2014 to 2015

-10.7 -44.7 -3.1 -7.4 -13.5 -6.7

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports

All Exports: Prices for U.S. exports fell 0.7 percent in September, following a 1.4-percent drop the 
previous month. Falling agricultural and nonagricultural export prices each contributed to the September 
and August declines. The price index for overall exports fell 7.4 percent over the past year, the largest year-
over-year decrease for the index since an 8.3-percent drop for the 12 months ended July 2009. 

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural export prices declined 1.1 percent in September, after falling 2.5 
percent in August. The decrease was mostly the result of an 8.3-percent drop in soybean prices, although a 
4.3-percent decline in nut prices also contributed to falling export agricultural prices. The price index for 
agricultural exports decreased 13.5 percent for the year ended in September. Declining prices for meat, 
soybeans, and wheat over the past year primarily drove the drop. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports declined 0.6 percent in September, 
following a 1.3-percent drop the previous month. The September decrease was led by declining prices for 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials, consumer goods, and automotive vehicles. Overall 
nonagricultural prices fell 6.7 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month drop for the index since the 
index was first published in March 1985. 


                                  SELECTED SEPTEMBER HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China declined 0.2 percent in September and 1.3 
percent over the past 12 months. The price index for imports from Japan recorded no change in September 
and has not increased on a monthly basis since the index rose 0.2 percent in March 2014. Prices for imports 
from Japan decreased 3.2 percent between September 2014 and September 2015. Import prices from the 
European Union declined 1.0 percent in September, the largest 1-month drop since a 1.6-percent decrease in 
January. The price indexes for imports from Canada and Mexico also fell in September, decreasing 0.4 
percent and 0.1 percent, respectively. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
fell 0.9 percent in September, following a 1.9-percent drop the previous month. Lower prices for chemicals, 
metals, and building materials led the decrease. 

Finished Goods: Prices for the major finished goods categories were mixed in September. Import capital 
goods prices edged down 0.1 percent for the month and fell 2.3 percent over the past year. In contrast, prices 
for consumer goods ticked up 0.1 percent, after declines of 0.1 percent in August and 0.3 percent in July. 
The price index for automotive vehicles recorded no change in September. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices declined 0.8 percent in September, after 
rising 0.3 percent in August. Falling prices for food oils, feedstuff, fruit, fish, and coffee all contributed to 
the overall drop in September. 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares declined 4.5 percent in September, following a 5.1-
percent drop the previous month. The September decrease was driven by lower Asian and Latin 
American/Caribbean fares which more than offset rising European fares. Overall import air passenger fares 
fell 7.2 percent for the year ended in September. The price index for import air freight declined 2.0 percent 
for the second consecutive month in September. Import air freight prices decreased 10.4 percent over the 
past 12 months. 

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: In September, the price index for nonagricultural 
industrial supplies and materials fell 1.8 percent, after decreasing 3.7 percent in August. Both monthly 
declines were led by lower fuel prices which decreased 5.3 percent in September and 8.4 percent in August. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly down in September. The price index for consumer 
goods declined 0.2 percent, following 0.4-percent decreases in August and July. Automotive vehicle prices 
also fell in September, declining 0.1 percent. Prices for capital goods recorded no change in both September 
and over the past year. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares decreased 10.8 percent in September, the largest 
monthly decline since the index fell 13.5 percent in February. The September drop was driven by a 23.2-
percent decrease in Asian fares. Overall export air passenger fares fell 16.3 percent over the past 12 months. 
Export air freight prices declined 0.8 percent in September and 2.1 percent over the past year. 

Import and Export Price Index data for October 2015 are scheduled for release on Tuesday, November 10, 
2015 at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2014 to September 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 123.3 123.2 -10.7 0.1 -1.0 -1.6 -0.1

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.556 99.2 99.0 -3.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  90.332 112.0 111.8 -3.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  89.597 116.1 115.8 -3.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.041 175.9 174.5 -3.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.3 -0.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.706 194.9 193.2 -2.1 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.9

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.335 132.7 131.7 -6.4 -1.1 -0.4 1.6 -0.8

Industrial supplies & materials

1

23.712 168.3 168.4 -30.2 0.5 -3.6 -6.1 0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.044 144.1 143.3 -10.6 -0.3 -1.1 -1.8 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.309 163.6 162.1 -10.1 -0.3 -1.0 -1.9 -0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  7.771 149.4 148.3 -12.4 -0.6 -1.4 -2.4 -0.7

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.538 137.3 136.8 -8.2 0.1 -0.6 -1.2 -0.4

Fuels & lubricants

10

10.402 174.5 176.9 -44.7 1.5 -6.4 -11.1 1.4

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

9.667 189.2 191.3 -46.1 1.6 -6.6 -11.8 1.1

Crude

10000

6.967 191.4 199.2 -45.5 3.0 -7.6 -12.4 4.1

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.548 95.3 101.7 -22.2 0.9 -1.2 -0.2 6.7

Gas-natural

10110

0.388 78.6 85.9 -27.3 1.9 -1.7 -0.1 9.3

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.595 109.4 109.4 -3.4 -0.6 -0.5 -0.4 0.0

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

5.012 158.5 156.5 -7.0 0.1 -0.3 -1.3 -1.3

Selected building materials

13

1.208 135.6 133.5 -6.3 0.8 0.7 -1.5 -1.5

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.101 191.5 189.7 -21.7 -1.4 -3.3 -4.4 -0.9

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.699 150.1 149.1 -5.9 -0.4 -0.7 -1.0 -0.7

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.694 109.2 109.3 -2.7 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4 0.1

Capital goods

2

27.769 90.4 90.3 -2.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.387 117.6 117.5 -2.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.915 82.9 82.8 -2.5 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.467 137.0 136.8 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.525 111.0 111.0 -1.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.953 107.0 107.1 -1.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.857 118.7 118.8 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.606 95.3 95.6 -1.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.3

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.490 117.4 116.7 -3.6 0.1 -0.7 -0.2 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2014 to September 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 123.0 122.2 -7.4 -0.3 -0.4 -1.4 -0.7

Agricultural commodities

  8.808 181.4 179.4 -13.5 -1.6 1.0 -2.5 -1.1

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.399 99.5 99.3 -2.8 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6 -0.2

Nonagricultural commodities

  91.191 118.6 117.9 -6.7 -0.1 -0.6 -1.3 -0.6

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.129 182.0 180.0 -14.3 -2.3 1.6 -2.9 -1.1

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.478 183.1 180.9 -14.8 -1.6 1.5 -2.9 -1.2

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.651 177.9 177.8 -7.6 -9.4 2.6 -3.3 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

30.343 147.8 145.3 -17.1 -0.3 -1.5 -3.7 -1.7

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.733 153.0 152.8 -10.2 -0.3 -1.7 -2.5 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.610 145.8 142.1 -20.6 -0.4 -1.4 -4.3 -2.5

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.330 176.4 175.5 -5.4 -1.6 -1.8 -0.4 -0.5

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  29.013 146.9 144.3 -17.6 -0.3 -1.5 -3.7 -1.8

Fuels & lubricants

11

7.471 166.5 157.7 -37.0 -0.4 -2.4 -8.4 -5.3

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

20.557 152.5 151.8 -8.8 -0.2 -1.2 -2.1 -0.5

Selected building materials

13

0.985 113.9 112.8 -7.2 -1.7 -0.2 -1.5 -1.0

Capital goods

2

38.523 107.3 107.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.883 114.0 113.2 -2.4 -0.1 -0.3 0.1 -0.7

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.318 94.9 95.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.321 161.6 161.6 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.347 113.8 113.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.657 112.2 112.0 -2.8 0.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.606 107.9 107.6 -4.1 0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.409 110.4 110.2 -1.3 0.5 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2014 to September 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  9.657 94.3 97.6 -39.2 1.9 -6.1 -9.3 3.5

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.067 175.2 175.9 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 -0.3 0.4

Crop production

111

1.656 185.0 186.7 0.8 -1.1 -0.5 -0.3 0.9

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.221 89.2 86.7 - 2.4 -2.9 -2.2 -2.8

Forestry and logging (Dec. 2012=100)

113

0.115 66.2 65.8 -9.1 -0.3 1.7 2.0 -0.6

Mining

21

7.590 84.6 88.2 -44.3 2.6 -7.3 -11.5 4.3

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.209 98.2 98.0 -19.9 -0.2 -4.3 0.0 -0.2

Manufactured articles

  90.046 110.6 110.1 -5.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.7 -0.5

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.117 124.4 123.9 -2.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.4

Food manufacturing

311

3.357 152.8 150.5 -7.3 -0.6 -0.3 0.6 -1.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.106 118.2 118.3 0.7 0.2 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.408 100.6 100.5 -2.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.895 111.8 111.8 -2.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.423 111.8 111.7 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.928 124.5 124.8 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.399 119.9 118.1 -13.5 -0.2 -0.9 -2.3 -1.5

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.717 112.9 110.1 -9.8 1.2 1.2 -2.3 -2.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.101 107.0 107.0 -3.7 -0.6 -0.5 -0.8 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.567 88.4 82.1 -47.4 -1.4 -3.8 -10.3 -7.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.611 132.8 131.9 -3.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.7

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.208 118.9 118.9 -2.4 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.989 130.5 130.0 -0.3 0.6 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

60.529 104.5 104.4 -3.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.787 129.6 128.2 -19.7 -1.3 -2.8 -3.6 -1.1

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.050 125.7 125.5 -1.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.279 118.4 118.8 -1.9 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.862 77.7 77.5 -2.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.728 116.7 117.0 -1.9 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.688 110.1 110.1 -1.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.600 115.8 115.7 -0.9 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.535 119.5 119.4 -2.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2014 to September 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.352 129.8 126.7 -14.6 -2.2 2.8 -3.9 -2.4

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.171 159.9 156.3 -11.2 -2.0 3.8 -5.2 -2.3

Crop production

111

3.935 166.1 162.2 -11.3 -1.3 3.7 -5.2 -2.3

Mining

21

2.181 72.5 70.7 -19.9 -2.5 1.0 -1.6 -2.5

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.154 83.8 82.7 -15.3 -2.2 -2.3 -3.2 -1.3

Manufactured articles

  92.212 113.2 112.7 -6.3 -0.2 -0.4 -1.2 -0.4

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.904 137.0 136.8 -12.3 -1.4 -1.1 -0.4 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.699 154.0 153.9 -15.4 -1.7 -1.3 -0.5 -0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.590 110.5 109.0 -1.4 -3.0 -0.5 -0.5 -1.4

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

24.085 111.4 109.5 -16.3 -0.2 -1.1 -3.3 -1.7

Paper manufacturing

322

1.871 121.9 122.4 -2.3 0.2 0.2 -1.8 0.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.055 97.4 91.7 -42.4 -0.3 -3.2 -10.4 -5.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.271 118.8 117.6 -8.2 -0.2 -0.7 -1.3 -1.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.249 117.1 117.1 -1.8 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.832 112.3 112.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

61.223 111.7 111.7 -1.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.571 132.2 133.6 -10.0 -0.6 -1.4 -3.9 1.1

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.059 129.8 129.6 1.3 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.675 125.4 125.5 1.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.369 85.4 85.3 -2.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.770 113.8 113.3 -1.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.738 121.6 121.5 1.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.387 109.5 110.1 1.3 -0.5 0.3 0.1 0.5

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.654 123.1 123.0 -1.8 0.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2014 to September 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.369 187.0 184.5 -9.3 -0.7 -0.5 1.5 -1.3

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.327 239.8 237.8 -13.4 -2.1 1.2 1.0 -0.8

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.700 130.5 128.8 -8.1 -1.7 -0.6 3.2 -1.3

Vegetable products

II

1.968 199.2 203.6 2.0 -0.8 -0.3 -1.0 2.2

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.574 476.5 529.6 41.8 -1.3 2.2 1.4 11.1

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.483 94.2 91.7 -7.8 -3.0 1.6 -2.9 -2.7

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.366 233.6 230.2 -9.4 0.7 -3.9 0.2 -1.5

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.277 106.5 100.5 -9.4 0.5 -1.5 2.1 -5.6

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.846 161.1 160.2 -2.1 -0.1 0.5 -0.2 -0.6

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.179 85.6 85.7 -5.4 -0.4 0.1 -5.5 0.1

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.259 113.1 116.0 -0.9 0.6 1.8 -0.2 2.6

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.284 132.3 132.2 -0.7 0.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.335 156.3 152.3 -9.6 -1.6 0.1 0.3 -2.6

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.073 128.1 128.2 0.2 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Mineral products

V

10.320 175.5 178.1 -44.8 1.7 -6.4 -11.1 1.5

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.082 172.6 175.3 -45.2 1.7 -6.5 -11.3 1.6

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.803 147.5 146.3 -3.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.6 -0.8

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.663 292.2 289.0 -7.6 -1.5 -1.6 -0.3 -1.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.532 124.9 122.0 -9.8 -0.4 1.9 -0.9 -2.3

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.540 135.9 135.9 1.3 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.358 101.7 100.3 -7.6 -2.3 -1.2 -7.3 -1.4

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.208 98.6 98.7 -6.3 1.2 -0.9 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.561 90.3 90.3 -3.1 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.414 139.9 139.7 -4.3 -0.1 -0.8 -0.7 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.210 143.4 143.2 -4.1 -0.3 -1.0 -1.0 -0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.204 135.3 135.1 -4.7 0.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.734 128.0 128.0 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.693 130.7 130.7 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.744 137.3 134.3 -9.2 1.1 1.2 -2.1 -2.2

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.706 94.2 92.0 - 1.2 1.3 -2.2 -2.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.165 110.8 110.8 -2.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6 0.0

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.778 105.2 104.8 -2.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.3 -0.4

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.560 114.2 114.1 -0.8 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.232 104.1 104.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.994 119.7 119.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.644 105.6 106.0 -1.7 0.0 -0.8 -0.2 0.4

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.528 123.4 123.8 1.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.329 122.6 123.0 1.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.916 132.2 131.8 -1.0 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Ceramic products

69

0.273 137.8 137.8 -2.7 0.1 -0.5 -0.3 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.321 129.7 129.8 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.951 162.8 163.9 -9.9 -0.2 -1.8 -2.9 0.7

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.228 163.0 160.7 -12.9 -0.9 -1.5 -1.5 -1.4

Iron and steel

72

1.070 176.0 173.2 -22.7 -0.5 -1.8 -1.3 -1.6

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.687 146.7 145.4 -6.3 -0.7 -0.5 -0.5 -0.9

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.438 268.9 255.3 -22.1 2.4 -5.7 -4.9 -5.1

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.723 126.7 125.1 -13.6 -3.5 -1.4 -2.3 -1.3

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.452 128.0 127.6 -1.1 0.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.3

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.529 138.2 138.1 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.022 82.1 82.1 -2.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.245 87.2 87.4 -2.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.777 77.3 77.1 -2.9 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.006 114.6 114.6 -0.7 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.653 113.2 113.3 -0.7 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.258 119.9 119.7 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.947 103.3 103.3 -1.1 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.618 100.1 100.1 -1.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.265 142.1 142.0 -0.8 0.1 0.6 -0.5 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.093 112.8 112.7 -1.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.463 117.2 117.2 -1.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.368 104.8 104.7 -0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.262 134.2 134.3 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2014 to September 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.798 186.4 187.6 -24.4 -3.7 -2.2 -1.5 0.6

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.050 144.2 145.8 -25.5 -2.8 -2.9 -1.6 1.1

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.388 198.6 198.6 -6.7 -7.5 1.3 -3.9 0.0

Vegetable products

II

3.911 202.9 198.1 -12.4 -2.0 3.4 -4.8 -2.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.126 172.7 171.3 -0.9 -3.3 -2.3 1.0 -0.8

Cereals

10

0.945 184.0 181.6 -17.3 0.9 8.4 -12.7 -1.3

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.426 208.8 193.8 -21.1 -3.5 6.4 -4.1 -7.2

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.200 93.6 92.5 -13.8 3.8 0.2 -5.4 -1.2

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.964 153.1 152.1 -6.9 -1.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.7

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.409 118.2 118.3 0.5 -0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.522 110.4 108.5 -2.0 1.4 -3.3 1.8 -1.7

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.740 218.6 210.8 -13.0 -3.8 1.7 0.2 -3.6

Mineral products

V

7.289 190.0 181.1 -37.1 -1.3 -2.3 -8.0 -4.7

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.445 78.2 77.6 -20.7 -7.4 -4.3 -2.7 -0.8

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

6.658 183.4 174.1 -38.7 -0.9 -2.2 -8.5 -5.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.930 141.6 140.1 -6.5 -0.1 -0.5 -1.1 -1.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.913 185.1 184.9 8.2 -0.6 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.934 143.0 136.6 -18.2 0.1 -1.5 -1.5 -4.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.609 110.8 110.3 -4.4 0.5 -0.2 -0.5 -0.5

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.803 136.3 135.6 1.8 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.482 112.7 113.0 -4.1 -0.2 0.9 -2.2 0.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.868 147.3 150.8 -1.4 -1.0 -0.5 -2.6 2.4

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.187 141.2 141.0 -6.6 -0.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.234 136.9 137.0 -6.2 -0.6 -0.4 -0.8 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.953 159.0 157.4 -8.2 0.2 -1.5 -0.3 -1.0

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.389 127.7 128.6 -20.3 -1.3 -8.1 -0.7 0.7

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.220 75.4 76.8 - -2.4 -13.1 -1.2 1.9

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.611 94.8 93.8 - -0.6 -1.0 -1.3 -1.1

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.268 123.1 123.2 -1.7 0.2 1.1 -1.6 0.1

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.627 122.9 123.4 -4.9 2.3 2.3 -4.9 0.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.217 122.5 122.3 -1.3 -0.6 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.424 101.6 101.6 - -0.1 2.9 -0.3 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.813 122.3 121.9 -5.4 0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.3

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.527 120.7 120.4 -8.4 1.1 1.8 -0.2 -0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.833 122.2 122.1 1.7 0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.429 98.9 98.8 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.610 223.1 226.0 -8.9 -0.4 -1.3 -3.3 1.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.122 148.1 146.2 -10.6 0.4 -1.9 -1.4 -1.3

Iron and steel

72

1.152 152.4 148.1 -19.9 5.5 -4.6 -3.5 -2.8

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.466 168.9 167.6 -25.5 -4.0 -5.0 -7.1 -0.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.848 110.3 106.6 -15.4 -2.4 -2.5 -2.0 -3.4

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.339 148.5 148.6 1.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.333 96.8 96.7 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.661 113.2 113.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.672 79.0 78.7 -2.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.803 130.9 131.0 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.198 115.1 115.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.305 107.5 107.5 -0.5 0.9 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.501 110.6 111.1 0.5 -0.3 0.2 -0.8 0.5

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.859 123.5 123.8 1.4 -0.6 0.2 -0.3 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.487 89.6 89.6 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: September 2014 to September 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 119.8 119.1 -9.2 0.3 -1.0 -1.2 -0.6

Nonmanufactured articles

8.107 138.8 143.6 -37.3 5.3 -7.8 -7.0 3.5

Manufactured articles

91.478 117.9 116.8 -5.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.9

Other Countries(3)

100.000 121.5 121.5 -10.9 0.0 -1.0 -1.5 0.0

Nonmanufactured articles

10.855 195.8 202.6 -38.3 0.4 -5.3 -7.8 3.5

Manufactured articles

88.932 104.7 104.3 -4.7 0.0 -0.4 -0.6 -0.4

Canada

100.000 124.4 123.9 -17.6 1.4 -2.3 -2.7 -0.4

Nonmanufactured articles

22.651 132.9 137.8 -37.8 5.3 -8.0 -7.2 3.7

Manufactured articles

76.682 126.4 124.4 -8.1 0.2 -0.3 -1.3 -1.6

European Union(4)

100.000 134.5 133.1 -3.1 0.2 0.0 -0.3 -1.0

Manufactured articles

99.374 130.9 129.6 -3.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -1.0

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.7 121.7 -1.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 116.6 116.7 -1.4 0.4 0.0 -0.3 0.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.4 121.6 -7.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Latin America(5)

100.000 144.6 144.6 -14.2 -0.3 -1.5 -2.4 0.0

Nonmanufactured articles

17.607 209.0 216.9 -36.7 -1.2 -5.6 -9.5 3.8

Manufactured articles

82.017 123.2 122.1 -5.9 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8 -0.9

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 128.8 128.7 -8.3 0.1 -0.8 -1.5 -0.1

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

9.555 114.5 116.7 -37.3 1.2 -4.6 -12.1 1.9

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

90.132 90.2 90.0 -3.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 99.9 99.8 -2.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 102.6 102.4 -1.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Japan

100.000 95.3 95.3 -3.2 -0.5 -0.3 -0.3 0.0

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 86.0 86.3 -2.9 -0.8 -0.3 0.1 0.3

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 98.9 98.5 -3.4 -0.4 -0.2 0.6 -0.4

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 165.9 170.1 -34.7 1.4 -4.2 -6.1 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: September 2014 to September 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2014
to
Sept.
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 159.8 156.6 -10.4 -0.8 -4.2 -2.0 -2.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.824 146.1 145.3 -17.6 3.0 -0.8 -1.7 -0.5

Asia

64.419 142.3 138.0 -9.0 -2.1 -6.0 -2.3 -3.0

Export Air Freight

100.000 157.3 156.1 -2.1 0.3 0.4 -0.8 -0.8

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

36.699 150.2 149.1 4.3 0.3 0.5 -0.9 -0.7

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 150.5 149.3 -9.2 -0.3 -2.8 -2.2 -0.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.354 138.3 137.7 -12.6 2.3 0.1 -1.6 -0.4

Asia

59.839 134.9 132.2 -10.2 -1.4 -4.5 -2.9 -2.0

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 149.4 148.7 -2.8 -0.3 1.5 -1.0 -0.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.954 158.1 158.1 -8.0 0.0 0.3 -0.3 0.0

Asia

44.838 143.6 142.9 -1.4 0.1 3.1 -1.9 -0.5

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 187.7 179.3 -7.2 8.9 -4.1 -5.1 -4.5

Europe

41.063 205.1 213.1 -1.1 6.4 -6.9 -8.9 3.9

Asia

23.687 146.6 135.3 -8.3 9.1 -3.2 -4.6 -7.7

Latin America/Caribbean

9.410 164.0 148.9 -9.1 0.3 3.1 -0.4 -9.2

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 177.2 158.1 -16.3 3.4 3.6 1.5 -10.8

Europe

28.628 214.3 213.7 -8.6 9.2 4.0 -10.1 -0.3

Asia

31.408 173.4 133.2 -14.8 0.8 0.4 20.6 -23.2

Latin America/Caribbean

21.560 172.1 155.7 -15.3 3.7 2.1 -1.8 -9.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                            TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a two-year lag in 
the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More detailed index series 
and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price Index) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and 
excluded from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service 
being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further 
data revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes news release is available through an 
e-mail subscription service at (http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm).

Additional Information -- More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at (http://www.bls.gov/mxp). For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For Import/Export Price Index data requests, send e-mail to 
(mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice 
phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: October 09, 2015