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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                      USDL-16-1992
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, October 13, 2016

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                             U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - SEPTEMBER 2016 

Prices for U.S. imports increased 0.1 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today, following a 0.2-percent decline the previous month. The September advance was led by higher fuel 
prices. U.S. export prices rose 0.3 percent in September, after decreasing 0.8 percent in August.  

Imports

All Imports: U.S. import prices resumed an upward trend in September, increasing 0.1 percent, after a 0.2-
percent decline in August. Prior to August, import prices had risen in each of the previous 5 months, 
advancing 3.1 percent between February and July. Despite those increases, import prices continue to decline 
on a 12-month basis, falling 1.1 percent between September 2015 and September 2016. The 1.1 percent 
decrease was the smallest drop on an over-the-year basis since the index fell 0.3 percent in August 2014. 

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices rose 1.1 percent in September, after a 2.4-percent drop in August and a 
2.1-percent decline in July. The September advance was led by a 1.2-percent increase in petroleum prices, 
although a 0.8-percent rise in natural gas prices also contributed to the overall advance. The September rise 
in natural gas prices followed a 10.3-percent advance in August and a 28.0-percent increase in July. Prices 
for import fuel fell 2.9 percent for the year ended in September. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports recorded no change in September, after 
edging down 0.1 percent the previous month. In September, higher prices for capital goods; foods, feeds, 
and beverages; and automotive vehicles offset lower nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices. 
Nonfuel prices declined 0.7 percent over the past year, driven by lower prices for nonfuel industrial supplies 
and materials, and each of the major finished goods categories. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2015

September

-1.1 -8.4 -0.3 -0.6 -1.4 -0.5

October

-0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

November

-0.6 -4.0 -0.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.7

December

-1.2 -10.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.9 -1.1

2016

January

-1.3 -15.6 -0.1 -0.9 -1.3 -0.9

February

-0.5 -6.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.6

March

0.4 8.5 -0.1 -0.1 -2.1 0.2

April

0.7 9.8 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.4

May

1.2 12.7 0.3 1.1 3.0 1.0

June

0.7 (r)10.5 -0.2 (r)0.8 2.5 0.5

July

0.1 (r)-2.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 (r)0.3

August

-0.2 (r)-2.4 (r)-0.1 -0.8 (r)-3.5 (r)-0.6

September

0.1 1.1 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.4

Sept. 2014 to 2015

-11.6 -50.8 -3.0 -7.3 -13.8 -6.6

Sept. 2015 to 2016

-1.1 -2.9 -0.7 -1.5 -3.2 -1.4

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: The price index for overall exports increased 0.3 percent in September, as rising 
nonagricultural prices more than offset declining agricultural prices. The advance followed a 0.8-percent 
drop the previous month and resumed an upward trend dating back to April. U.S. export prices fell 1.5 
percent for the year ended in September, the smallest 12-month decline since the index decreased 0.7 
percent in October 2014. 

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural prices fell 1.0 percent in September, after a 3.5-percent drop the 
previous month. A 6.8-percent decrease in nut prices, a 2.2-percent decline in soybean prices, and a 4.2-
percent decrease in corn prices more than offset higher prices for vegetables and fruit. The price index for 
agricultural exports declined 3.2 percent over the past 12 months. Lower prices for nuts, corn, and wheat 
drove the 12-month decrease in agricultural prices. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports increased 0.4 percent in September 
following a 0.6-percent decrease in August. Rising prices for both nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials and finished goods contributed to the September increase in nonagricultural prices. Despite the 
September advance, nonagricultural export prices decreased 1.4 percent over the past year. Both 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials as well as finished goods decreased between September 
2015 and September 2016.

                                         SELECTED SEPTEMBER HIGHLIGHTS 

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China recorded no change in September, after 
declining 0.2 percent in August. Import prices from China have not risen on a monthly basis since the index 
ticked up 0.1 percent in December 2014, and prices for imports from China fell 1.7 percent for the year 
ended in September. The price index for imports from Japan rose 0.1 percent in September and last recorded 
a monthly decline when the index edged down 0.1 percent in January. Import prices from Japan advanced 
0.9 percent over the past 12 months. Prices for imports from the European Union and from Mexico each 
increased 0.2 percent in September and import prices from Canada ticked up 0.1 percent. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices declined 0.6 
percent following a 0.3-percent advance the previous month. Both the September decrease and August 
increase were driven by unfinished metal prices which fell 1.7 percent in September, after rising 1.5 percent 
the previous month. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly up in September. Automotive vehicles prices advanced 
0.2 percent. Capital goods prices also rose, increasing 0.1 percent, the first monthly advance since the index 
ticked up 0.1 percent in June 2014. The price index for consumer goods recorded no change in September. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Prices for import foods, feeds, and beverages advanced 0.6 percent in 
September, after declining 0.9 percent in August. The September increase was led by a 9.1-percent rise in 
vegetable prices. 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares rose 4.2 percent in September, after falling 6.0 percent 
in August and 3.9 percent in July. The September upturn was driven by a 10.0-percent advance in European 
fares. Despite the September rise, import air passenger fares declined 0.8 percent over the past year. The 
price index for import air freight increased 1.2 percent in September and declined 3.2 percent over the past 
12 months.

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices rose 1.3 percent in September, after decreasing 1.3 percent the previous month. Fuel prices were the 
largest contributor to both months, advancing 5.5 percent in September following a 4.9-percent decrease the 
previous month. 

Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods indexes either increased or recorded no change in 
September. The price indexes for consumer goods and automotive vehicles each rose, advancing 0.2 percent 
and 0.1 percent, respectively. Prices for export capital goods recorded no change in September following a 
0.1-percent decline in August and a 0.2-percent drop in July. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares decreased 11.1 percent in September following a 4.6-
percent increase the previous month. The September drop was the largest monthly decline since the index 
decreased 13.5 percent in February and was led by a 24.7-percent fall in Asian fares. The index for export 
air passenger fares declined 6.6 percent for the year ended in September. Export air freight prices recorded 
no change in September and fell 2.0 percent over the past year. 

Import and Export Price Index data for October 2016 are scheduled for release on Tuesday, November 15, 
2016 at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2015 to September 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.5 120.6 -1.1 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.1

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  85.538 98.3 98.3 -0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

All imports excluding petroleum

  92.381 111.0 111.0 -0.8 -0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  91.754 115.1 115.1 -0.7 -0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.216 175.9 177.0 1.3 -0.6 3.0 -0.9 0.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.804 192.4 193.4 -0.1 -0.6 3.9 -1.2 0.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.412 138.8 140.0 6.0 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials

1

21.895 157.3 157.3 -1.8 3.5 0.2 -0.7 0.0

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.277 142.6 141.7 -1.0 -0.6 2.2 0.6 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.650 162.1 161.1 -0.6 -0.4 1.6 0.3 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.389 152.7 151.3 2.1 -0.6 2.5 0.7 -0.9

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.261 129.9 129.7 -5.1 -0.5 1.6 0.3 -0.2

Fuels & lubricants

10

8.246 151.3 153.0 -2.9 10.5 -2.1 -2.4 1.1

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

7.619 162.7 164.7 -2.4 11.4 -3.1 -3.0 1.2

Crude

10000

5.608 167.8 168.9 0.8 11.3 -3.1 -2.4 0.7

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.451 89.4 89.9 -10.3 -3.9 20.7 8.1 0.6

Gas-natural

10110

0.360 73.7 74.3 -11.8 -5.3 28.0 10.3 0.8

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.575 107.0 105.7 -3.8 0.4 -0.5 0.1 -1.2

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.753 149.2 149.0 -4.7 -0.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.1

Selected building materials

13

1.309 137.8 137.3 3.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.4

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.602 203.7 200.2 5.5 -1.5 6.0 1.5 -1.7

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.704 146.6 145.4 -2.4 0.0 0.7 0.4 -0.8

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.707 107.8 108.2 -0.8 0.0 -0.6 -0.2 0.4

Capital goods

2

28.474 88.9 89.0 -1.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.463 116.0 116.0 -1.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.311 81.4 81.6 -1.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.699 136.2 136.2 -0.5 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.108 110.3 110.5 -0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.306 106.7 106.7 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.058 119.6 119.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.765 94.0 94.0 -1.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.483 118.0 118.5 1.5 -0.3 -0.6 -0.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2015 to September 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.1 120.5 -1.5 0.8 0.2 -0.8 0.3

Agricultural commodities

  9.049 174.9 173.1 -3.2 2.5 -0.3 -3.5 -1.0

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.928 98.4 98.4 -1.0 -0.1 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.951 115.9 116.4 -1.4 0.5 0.3 -0.6 0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.465 176.4 174.9 -2.6 2.6 -0.5 -3.7 -0.9

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.775 176.1 173.9 -3.6 2.7 -0.6 -4.1 -1.2

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.690 188.1 193.8 9.0 1.6 1.0 0.7 3.0

Industrial supplies & materials

1

28.831 140.1 141.8 -2.7 1.8 0.8 -1.3 1.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.791 154.9 154.8 1.3 -1.2 1.9 0.2 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  18.040 133.1 135.8 -4.8 3.6 0.2 -2.2 2.0

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.274 173.0 173.3 -0.8 1.2 1.6 0.2 0.2

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  27.557 139.0 140.8 -2.8 1.7 0.8 -1.3 1.3

Fuels & lubricants

11

6.607 140.1 147.8 -6.4 9.6 -0.4 -4.9 5.5

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.907 149.7 149.5 -1.8 -0.6 1.2 -0.1 -0.1

Selected building materials

13

1.043 115.8 116.8 3.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.9

Capital goods

2

39.058 106.8 106.8 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.980 112.3 112.3 -0.9 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.309 93.8 93.8 -1.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.769 164.6 164.8 1.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.703 112.5 112.6 -1.1 0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.943 110.4 110.6 -1.3 -0.4 0.5 -0.2 0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.893 106.5 106.7 -0.9 -0.1 0.9 -0.5 0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.417 107.9 108.0 -1.9 -0.6 0.0 0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2015 to September 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

Nonmanufacturing

  8.261 85.3 86.2 -0.1 7.2 0.1 -1.6 1.1

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.008 173.7 177.4 0.9 -1.9 6.8 -0.7 2.1

Crop production

111

1.628 187.0 192.9 3.5 -2.2 8.8 -1.0 3.2

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.207 79.4 75.9 -13.5 0.0 -2.7 1.5 -4.4

Mining

21

6.253 74.7 75.2 -0.1 10.1 -1.9 -1.8 0.7

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.238 94.6 95.3 -2.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.0 0.7

Manufacturing

  91.414 108.9 108.9 -1.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Manufacturing, part 1

31

12.188 123.6 123.7 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.502 153.1 153.3 1.6 0.5 0.5 -0.6 0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.088 117.7 117.8 -0.4 -0.1 -0.8 -0.1 0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.402 97.7 97.8 -2.6 0.1 0.2 -1.2 0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.902 109.5 109.6 -2.0 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.372 111.2 111.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.922 123.1 123.1 -1.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Manufacturing, part 2

32

16.713 115.1 115.3 -2.6 1.3 -0.3 -0.8 0.2

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.796 116.3 115.7 5.2 0.7 0.2 0.4 -0.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.076 105.3 104.4 -2.5 0.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.9

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

1.884 70.7 72.7 -11.4 11.9 -3.3 -4.3 2.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.436 130.4 130.2 -1.7 -0.1 0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.289 117.8 117.8 -0.8 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.032 129.3 129.3 -0.7 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

62.514 103.5 103.5 -0.9 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.371 134.8 132.2 3.1 -1.0 5.1 1.7 -1.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.108 122.1 122.2 -2.8 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.704 116.3 116.5 -1.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.971 76.1 76.3 -1.7 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.831 114.4 114.3 -2.4 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.312 109.5 109.7 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.664 114.9 115.0 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.554 120.1 119.9 0.6 -0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2015 to September 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

Nonmanufacturing

  6.939 122.1 121.2 -4.0 5.2 0.7 -4.3 -0.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.543 150.5 148.7 -4.6 4.6 -1.5 -5.7 -1.2

Crop production

111

4.200 157.1 154.4 -4.5 4.8 -1.6 -6.2 -1.7

Mining

21

2.396 68.1 68.2 -3.0 6.7 5.5 -1.6 0.1

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.157 79.5 80.0 -2.3 -0.6 0.6 2.6 0.6

Manufacturing

  91.690 111.0 111.4 -1.3 0.5 0.2 -0.4 0.4

Manufacturing, part 1

31

6.833 136.0 135.6 -0.7 0.9 0.7 -0.3 -0.3

Food manufacturing

311

4.593 153.0 152.2 -0.7 1.2 0.9 -0.5 -0.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.652 113.4 113.6 4.4 1.1 2.0 1.3 0.2

Manufacturing, part 2

32

22.906 104.2 105.8 -3.6 2.2 -0.4 -1.5 1.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.730 120.5 120.5 -2.7 -0.7 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2015=100)

323

0.269 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.189 79.7 86.0 -6.4 12.1 -3.2 -5.5 7.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

12.951 113.8 113.8 -3.7 0.2 0.7 -0.9 0.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.368 114.2 114.3 -2.3 -0.2 -0.8 -0.2 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.868 112.8 112.9 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.951 111.2 111.2 -0.5 -0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.398 138.5 137.9 3.1 -2.3 5.0 0.3 -0.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.308 130.5 130.5 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.622 125.9 125.9 0.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.431 83.4 83.3 -2.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.837 112.2 112.3 -1.0 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.346 121.9 122.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.418 117.7 117.9 7.2 1.1 1.4 0.9 0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.592 119.4 119.6 -2.5 -0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2015 to September 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.493 191.1 190.7 3.4 -0.7 0.2 0.7 -0.2

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.390 239.5 236.3 -0.7 -2.9 0.2 1.3 -1.3

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.789 142.4 144.5 11.9 -0.5 1.1 0.8 1.5

Vegetable products

II

2.050 203.1 211.3 4.0 -3.7 9.7 -0.4 4.0

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.494 432.9 525.8 -0.7 -1.0 1.1 5.3 21.5

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.687 109.0 105.2 14.8 -10.9 36.2 -2.5 -3.5

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.383 233.4 236.0 2.6 0.5 2.4 -0.6 1.1

Oilseeds & misc grains, seeds, plants, straw & fodder (Dec. 2015=100)

12

0.174 103.3 95.1 - 0.3 -0.8 -2.9 -7.9

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.280 106.8 110.5 7.5 -0.3 0.1 0.0 3.5

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.788 160.7 160.6 0.1 1.9 -0.1 -1.7 -0.1

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.193 87.1 87.0 1.5 0.8 0.0 0.6 -0.1

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.243 112.9 114.6 -1.2 0.4 0.1 -2.0 1.5

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.286 133.0 133.0 0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.330 157.9 159.8 4.4 0.5 1.9 -0.3 1.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.027 127.6 127.7 -0.4 0.0 -0.9 0.0 0.1

Mineral products

V

8.285 150.8 152.5 -3.7 10.2 -2.2 -2.3 1.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.124 148.4 150.0 -3.5 10.7 -2.3 -2.4 1.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.856 146.5 146.3 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.551 256.5 253.0 -13.2 -1.4 -1.7 -0.1 -1.4

Organic chemicals

29

2.390 120.8 121.3 -0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.849 141.7 141.7 2.8 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.268 72.5 68.1 -32.2 0.1 2.1 -8.1 -6.1

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.195 101.3 101.6 2.1 0.4 2.8 0.1 0.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.670 101.8 102.1 13.2 -0.4 0.7 0.3 0.3

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.513 137.0 137.2 -1.6 0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.248 140.1 140.5 -1.7 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.265 132.9 132.7 -1.7 0.1 1.1 -0.2 -0.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.706 123.3 123.3 -3.2 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.673 128.7 128.7 -1.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.833 141.6 141.0 5.1 0.6 0.3 0.4 -0.4

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.794 97.3 96.9 5.4 0.6 0.3 0.4 -0.4

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.153 109.6 109.0 -2.0 0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.784 104.6 104.2 -0.9 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.212 100.6 100.9 - 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.499 113.3 113.4 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.271 103.3 103.4 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.908 119.8 119.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.2 -0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.642 104.0 104.1 -1.8 -0.2 -0.1 1.2 0.1

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.532 122.6 122.5 -0.9 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.308 121.7 121.6 -1.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.959 130.9 130.9 -0.8 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2 0.0

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.330 98.1 97.3 - -1.0 -1.1 -0.3 -0.8

Ceramic products

69

0.282 136.9 137.8 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.7

Glass and glassware

70

0.348 129.6 129.9 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.235 179.1 176.7 7.8 -2.7 5.7 1.1 -1.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.521 157.4 156.6 -2.7 0.2 1.0 0.4 -0.5

Iron and steel

72

1.375 174.6 172.3 -0.5 3.1 2.4 0.6 -1.3

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.724 138.4 138.0 -5.4 -0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.360 241.6 242.0 -5.5 -2.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.724 120.7 119.1 -4.8 -1.1 0.0 -0.2 -1.3

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.446 122.3 122.4 -4.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.527 136.4 136.4 -0.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.580 80.6 80.7 -1.8 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.526 85.5 85.8 -1.8 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 0.4

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.054 75.8 75.9 -1.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.389 113.9 114.0 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.895 112.5 112.6 -0.5 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.420 118.8 118.8 -0.8 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

4.037 103.5 103.6 0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.3 0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.706 100.3 100.4 0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.3 0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.267 141.3 142.3 0.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.7

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.205 112.0 112.0 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.571 116.4 116.7 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.352 103.4 103.2 -0.9 0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.282 136.1 136.1 1.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2015 to September 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.757 188.5 191.7 2.2 0.8 1.3 -0.1 1.7

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.032 147.7 146.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 -1.3 -0.9

Vegetable products

II

4.255 191.0 187.4 -5.2 4.2 -1.5 -6.7 -1.9

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.866 145.1 140.6 -17.6 1.2 -1.7 -6.7 -3.1

Cereals

10

1.191 170.7 164.2 -9.6 4.2 -8.6 -2.9 -3.8

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.675 209.0 204.8 5.8 7.6 3.4 -8.2 -2.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.007 150.5 149.5 -1.0 1.1 0.5 -0.2 -0.7

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.375 117.6 117.6 -0.6 -0.1 -1.2 0.1 0.0

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.546 110.2 110.7 2.2 1.6 0.8 -1.6 0.5

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.711 214.6 207.7 -1.4 4.6 2.9 -0.2 -3.2

Mineral products

V

6.624 162.4 171.3 -5.4 9.1 0.7 -3.8 5.5

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.499 78.5 81.0 6.0 1.7 2.1 1.3 3.2

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

5.922 154.1 163.1 -6.4 10.1 0.6 -4.3 5.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.778 136.0 136.1 -3.3 0.1 0.4 -0.6 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.915 173.8 172.7 -6.2 0.2 0.7 -0.6 -0.6

Organic chemicals

29

2.456 132.2 132.9 -4.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 0.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.966 108.5 108.9 -1.4 0.0 1.9 -0.7 0.4

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.542 97.9 97.7 - -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.835 134.6 134.6 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.515 115.6 115.9 2.6 0.0 -0.6 -0.1 0.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.858 146.9 146.6 -3.2 0.5 0.1 -0.9 -0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.100 136.1 136.5 -3.1 -0.2 0.5 -0.7 0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.118 131.6 131.9 -3.5 0.0 0.8 -0.8 0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.982 155.4 156.2 -1.1 -1.1 -0.3 0.0 0.5

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.329 119.2 120.0 -6.6 0.6 0.2 -0.3 0.7

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.180 68.8 69.0 -10.0 0.3 0.1 -1.3 0.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.652 95.3 96.1 2.3 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.8

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.177 124.0 123.1 -0.3 -0.3 1.0 1.3 -0.7

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.667 134.0 130.5 2.8 -0.9 4.1 5.1 -2.6

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.128 118.8 119.0 -2.8 0.0 -0.4 -0.3 0.2

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.382 100.4 100.4 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.720 119.9 120.1 -1.5 0.1 0.9 -0.6 0.2

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.408 121.3 122.1 2.5 2.3 5.9 -2.9 0.7

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.874 123.1 123.1 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.296 101.3 101.3 - 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.441 99.7 99.7 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.594 241.1 240.4 6.4 -2.1 4.7 0.3 -0.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.001 143.7 143.2 -2.5 -1.0 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Iron and steel

72

1.021 143.5 142.7 -5.1 -2.9 -2.8 2.1 -0.6

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.431 154.2 148.8 -11.2 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 -3.5

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.770 103.2 103.2 -3.7 -0.9 0.1 -1.5 0.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.395 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.357 147.7 147.8 -0.5 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.816 95.6 95.5 -1.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.830 112.5 112.5 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.986 77.3 77.2 -1.9 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.200 131.3 131.4 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.215 114.3 114.3 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.207 105.9 105.8 -1.4 -0.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.565 112.3 112.4 1.2 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.1

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.942 128.3 128.5 3.7 1.0 1.1 0.5 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.474 89.2 89.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: September 2015 to September 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 117.2 117.3 0.3 0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Nonmanufacturing

7.630 123.7 124.1 7.7 8.0 -2.6 0.5 0.3

Manufacturing

91.998 116.2 116.3 -0.4 0.2 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Other Countries(3)

100.000 117.6 117.8 -1.9 0.8 -0.3 -0.4 0.2

Nonmanufacturing

8.626 171.9 174.7 -3.3 7.3 1.1 -2.9 1.6

Manufacturing

91.117 102.6 102.6 -1.6 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Canada

100.000 119.3 119.4 1.3 2.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.1

Nonmanufacturing

21.838 118.2 118.2 7.8 8.6 -2.8 0.8 0.0

Manufacturing

77.455 123.5 123.6 -0.6 0.6 0.6 -1.0 0.1

European Union(4)

100.000 131.1 131.3 -1.0 0.1 -0.4 -0.4 0.2

Manufacturing

99.530 127.8 127.9 -1.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.1

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.4 122.4 0.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 112.7 112.9 -3.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.2

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 118.7 117.6 -2.9 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.9

Latin America(5)

100.000 139.4 139.3 -2.4 1.0 0.5 -0.5 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing

16.236 192.9 196.6 -1.4 6.4 2.0 -4.0 1.9

Manufacturing

83.254 119.8 119.3 -2.5 0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.4

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 126.0 126.2 -1.5 0.7 0.2 -0.5 0.2

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

9.090 114.9 116.5 7.5 7.2 13.3 -5.2 1.4

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.448 88.1 88.1 -2.3 0.1 -1.0 0.0 0.0

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.4 98.6 -1.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.7 100.7 -1.7 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Japan

100.000 96.0 96.1 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.1

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 84.1 84.4 -1.9 -0.5 -0.4 0.1 0.4

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 96.7 96.8 -1.5 0.4 -0.5 0.0 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 144.7 145.9 -3.9 4.0 0.1 0.0 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: September 2015 to September 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2015
to
Sept.
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 151.2 153.0 -3.2 -2.0 0.9 1.6 1.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.553 135.8 137.0 -7.2 0.2 -0.3 -1.3 0.9

Asia

62.461 134.3 136.3 -2.2 -3.1 1.7 3.1 1.5

Export Air Freight

100.000 153.4 153.4 -2.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.0

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

37.847 145.5 145.5 -2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 144.5 146.8 -2.8 -1.4 0.6 1.3 1.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.435 134.2 134.5 -3.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.5 0.2

Asia

56.993 127.3 130.6 -2.7 -2.4 1.5 2.5 2.6

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 136.8 136.9 -7.7 -0.3 -0.6 -0.3 0.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

32.929 142.1 142.9 -10.2 -1.0 0.4 0.4 0.6

Asia

43.017 128.5 128.1 -10.2 0.0 -1.4 -1.0 -0.3

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 170.6 177.8 -0.8 0.3 -3.9 -6.0 4.2

Europe

42.112 187.8 206.5 -3.1 1.1 -8.4 -8.5 10.0

Asia

24.542 132.8 125.3 -7.4 5.9 -3.1 -7.2 -5.6

Latin America/Caribbean

10.247 157.2 148.3 -0.4 5.7 3.0 0.2 -5.7

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 164.6 146.4 -6.6 4.5 2.8 4.6 -11.1

Europe

27.414 193.0 193.9 -9.3 11.4 -3.3 -6.2 0.5

Asia

32.781 166.0 125.0 -6.4 0.3 1.3 22.4 -24.7

Latin America/Caribbean

22.171 163.3 153.3 3.0 2.3 8.6 -1.9 -6.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: October 13, 2016