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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until				   USDL-15-2164
8:30 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Technical information: (202) 691-7101 * MXPinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/mxp
Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - OCTOBER 2015


U.S. import prices declined 0.5 percent in October, after falling 0.6 percent the previous month, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Lower prices for both fuel and nonfuel imports contributed to the 
October decrease. Prices for U.S. exports fell 0.2 percent in October, following a 0.6-percent drop in 
September. 

Imports

All Imports: Overall import prices decreased 0.5 percent in October, continuing a downward trend for the 
index in 2015. Prices for U.S. imports previously decreased 0.6 percent in September, 1.8 percent in August, 
and 0.9 percent in July. The price index for overall imports declined 10.5 percent between October 2014 and 
October 2015, after decreasing 2.1 percent for the year ending in October 2014.            

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices decreased 2.0 percent in October, following a 5.4-percent decline the 
previous month. In October, both a 2.1-percent drop in petroleum prices and a 2.5-percent decrease in 
natural gas prices contributed to the overall drop in import fuel prices. Fuel prices declined 46.6 percent 
over the past 12 months. Prices for petroleum fell 48.0 percent for the year ending in October, while natural 
gas prices decreased 30.3 percent over the same period. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Nonfuel import prices also continued to decline in October, falling 0.3 
percent, after a 0.2-percent drop the previous month. The price index for nonfuel imports has not recorded a 
monthly advance since the index ticked up 0.1 percent in July 2014. In October, lower prices for nonfuel 
industrial supplies and materials; foods, feeds, and beverages; automotive vehicles; and capital goods all 
contributed to the overall decrease in nonfuel import prices. Nonfuel import prices declined 3.2 percent over 
the past year, the largest 12-month drop for the index since a 4.2-percent decrease between September 2008 
and September 2009.     

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2014

October

-1.4 -6.8 -0.1 -0.9 -2.2 -0.7

November

-1.8 -9.3 -0.3 -0.9 0.1 -1.0

December

-2.5 -15.0 -0.1 -0.9 -0.7 -1.0

2015

January

-3.2 -20.1 -0.7 -1.7 -1.4 -1.8

February

-0.4 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -2.2 0.2

March

-0.2 1.5 -0.4 0.0 -1.6 0.2

April

-0.2 1.8 -0.3 -0.6 -0.9 -0.7

May

1.1 10.8 0.0 0.5 -1.3 0.6

June

0.1 1.5 -0.2 -0.3 -1.6 -0.1

July

(r)-0.9 (r)-6.1 -0.3 -0.4 1.0 -0.6

August

(r)-1.8 (r)-12.7 (r)-0.3 -1.4 -2.5 -1.3

September

(r)-0.6 (r)-5.4 (r)-0.2 (r)-0.6 (r)-1.3 (r)-0.5

October

-0.5 -2.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Oct. 2013 to 2014

-2.1 -11.2 0.3 -0.7 -4.6 -0.3

Oct. 2014 to 2015

-10.5 -46.6 -3.2 -6.7 -11.8 -6.1

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports 

All Exports: The price index for U.S. exports declined 0.2 percent in October, following decreases of 0.6 
percent in September and 1.4 percent in August. Lower prices for both agricultural exports and 
nonagricultural exports factored into the overall decrease in October. Overall export prices also declined 
over the past 12 months, decreasing 6.7 percent after a 0.7-percent decline for the year ending in October 
2014.                  

Agricultural Exports: Prices for agricultural exports edged down 0.1 percent in October, after decreasing 
1.3 percent the previous month. A 2.7-percent decline for meat prices led the October decrease, although 
lower prices for vegetables and nuts also contributed. In contrast, prices for wheat and corn rose in October, 
partially offsetting the declines. Agricultural export prices fell 11.8 percent over the past year, driven by 
declining prices for meat, soybeans, and wheat.  

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices decreased 0.3 percent in October, 
following a 0.5-percent drop in September. In October, the decline was driven by lower prices for 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials, consumer goods, and automotive vehicles. The price index 
for nonagricultural exports declined 6.1 percent for the year ending in October.        



                                      SELECTED OCTOBER HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China edged down 0.1 percent in October, after falling 
0.2 percent in September. Prices for imports from China have not recorded a monthly increase since the 
index ticked up 0.1 percent in December, and the index fell 1.4 percent over the past 12 months. Driven by 
lower fuel prices, the price indexes for imports from Canada and Mexico also declined in October, falling 
1.0 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively. In contrast, import prices from the European Union ticked up 0.1 
percent in October, while prices for imports from Japan recorded no change.                  

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices decreased 1.0 
percent in October, following a 0.9-percent drop in September. The October decline was led by a 5.9-
percent decrease in fertilizer prices and a 2.9-percent fall in the price index for industrial organic chemicals. 
Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices fell 10.4 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month 
decline since the index decreased 11.3 percent in October 2009.   

Finished Goods: Prices for the major finished goods categories were mostly down in October. Automotive 
vehicles prices declined 0.3 percent while prices for capital goods decreased 0.1 percent. The drop in 
automotive vehicles prices was driven by a 3.1-percent decline in transport vehicles prices and was the 
largest monthly decrease since the index fell 0.4 percent in February. In contrast, consumer goods prices 
ticked up 0.1 percent in October.              

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The price index for foods, feeds, and beverages decreased 1.0 percent in 
October, after a 0.7-percent decline the previous month. The October drop was led by an 8.0-percent 
decrease in meat prices and a 4.3-percent decline in vegetable prices.            

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares rose 5.2 percent in October, the first monthly advance 
since the index increased 8.9 percent in June. The index decreased 4.5 percent in September, 5.1 percent in 
August, and 4.1 percent in July. Despite the October upturn, import air passenger fares decreased 4.7 
percent over the past 12 months. Import air freight prices advanced 6.5 percent in October, while the index 
declined 2.6 percent over the past year.   


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials decreased 0.7 percent in October, following a 1.6-percent decline the previous month. Both 
decreases were led by falling fuel prices, which decreased 1.5 percent in October and 5.0 percent in 
September.     

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices declined in October. Both the price indexes for consumer goods and 
automotive vehicles edged down 0.1 percent. Capital goods prices recorded no change for the second 
consecutive month in October.             

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares advanced 0.5 percent in October, after decreasing 10.6 
percent in September. The October rise was driven by a 5.6-percent increase in Latin American/Caribbean 
fares. Despite the October increase, export air passenger fares fell 13.1 percent over the past year. The price 
index for export air freight declined 0.3 percent in October and 1.7 percent over the past 12 months.         

Import and Export Price Index data for November 2015 are scheduled for release on Thursday, December 10, 
2015 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2014 to October 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 122.3 121.7 -10.5 -0.9 -1.8 -0.6 -0.5

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.181 99.1 98.9 -3.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  90.994 111.9 111.5 -3.4 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  90.225 116.0 115.6 -3.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.044 174.6 172.9 -5.0 -0.1 0.3 -0.7 -1.0

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.709 193.5 190.8 -4.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.7 -1.4

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.335 131.7 132.1 -6.6 -0.4 1.8 -0.9 0.3

Industrial supplies & materials

1

23.074 162.5 160.2 -30.6 -3.3 -6.9 -2.9 -1.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.068 143.3 141.8 -11.0 -1.0 -1.8 -0.7 -1.0

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.299 162.2 160.5 -10.4 -1.0 -1.9 -0.9 -1.0

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  7.773 148.2 147.6 -11.2 -1.5 -2.3 -0.8 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.525 136.8 134.3 -10.7 -0.5 -1.1 -0.6 -1.8

Fuels & lubricants

10

9.776 162.7 159.4 -46.6 -6.1 -12.7 -5.4 -2.0

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

9.007 174.9 171.3 -48.0 -6.3 -13.6 -6.0 -2.1

Crude

10000

6.465 176.2 173.7 -49.1 -7.6 -15.1 -5.1 -1.4

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.577 99.6 97.8 -24.4 -1.2 0.0 4.3 -1.8

Gas-natural

10110

0.416 83.5 81.4 -30.3 -1.7 0.0 6.1 -2.5

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.603 109.9 109.3 -3.2 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.5

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.992 156.6 153.6 -9.6 -0.2 -1.3 -1.3 -1.9

Selected building materials

13

1.199 133.4 133.1 -5.9 0.7 -1.5 -1.6 -0.2

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.098 189.8 188.8 -19.3 -3.3 -4.4 -0.9 -0.5

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.700 149.0 147.8 -6.6 -0.7 -1.0 -0.7 -0.8

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.707 109.1 109.0 -2.7 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.1

Capital goods

2

27.976 90.3 90.2 -2.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.418 117.7 117.1 -2.6 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.5

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.073 82.8 82.7 -2.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.485 136.9 136.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.658 111.1 110.8 -1.6 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.248 107.3 107.4 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.021 119.3 119.3 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.734 95.6 95.6 -1.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.493 116.7 116.9 -3.5 -0.7 -0.2 -0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2014 to October 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 122.3 122.0 -6.7 -0.4 -1.4 -0.6 -0.2

Agricultural commodities

  8.744 179.1 178.9 -11.8 1.0 -2.5 -1.3 -0.1

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.793 99.3 99.2 -2.6 -0.4 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  91.256 118.0 117.7 -6.1 -0.6 -1.3 -0.5 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.074 179.7 180.4 -12.2 1.6 -2.9 -1.3 0.4

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.419 180.6 181.1 -12.8 1.5 -2.9 -1.4 0.3

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.655 177.7 181.4 -5.4 2.5 -3.2 -0.1 2.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

30.042 145.5 144.4 -15.9 -1.5 -3.7 -1.6 -0.8

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.794 153.0 152.9 -8.9 -1.6 -2.5 -0.1 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.247 142.3 140.6 -19.6 -1.5 -4.2 -2.4 -1.2

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.325 174.7 171.6 -5.7 -1.8 -0.4 -1.0 -1.8

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.717 144.5 143.5 -16.4 -1.5 -3.7 -1.6 -0.7

Fuels & lubricants

11

7.133 158.0 155.7 -34.9 -2.5 -8.4 -5.0 -1.5

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

20.599 151.9 151.1 -8.4 -1.2 -2.1 -0.5 -0.5

Selected building materials

13

0.985 113.3 113.4 -6.5 -0.2 -1.3 -0.7 0.1

Capital goods

2

38.762 107.4 107.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.878 113.2 112.8 -2.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.7 -0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.477 94.9 94.7 -0.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.407 162.3 163.4 3.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.7

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.409 113.8 113.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.713 112.0 111.9 -2.4 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.629 107.7 107.5 -3.7 -0.3 -0.6 -0.2 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.432 110.1 110.0 -1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2014 to October 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  9.222 89.3 88.0 -42.3 -6.1 -11.3 -3.1 -1.5

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.091 175.8 171.7 -7.3 -0.5 -0.3 0.3 -2.3

Crop production

111

1.682 186.4 184.2 -5.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.8 -1.2

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.218 87.0 77.3 - -3.0 -2.2 -2.4 -11.1

Forestry and logging (Dec. 2012=100)

113

0.115 65.8 61.3 -10.9 1.7 2.0 -0.6 -6.8

Mining

21

7.131 78.8 77.8 -47.6 -7.3 -14.0 -4.1 -1.3

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.211 98.1 97.7 -17.3 -4.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Manufactured articles

  90.482 110.2 109.8 -4.9 -0.4 -0.6 -0.5 -0.4

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.169 123.9 123.4 -2.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.4

Food manufacturing

311

3.341 150.8 149.2 -7.6 -0.3 0.5 -1.2 -1.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.116 118.3 118.3 0.8 0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.410 100.3 100.1 -3.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Textile product mills

314

0.903 111.8 111.3 -2.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.454 111.7 111.6 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.945 124.6 124.6 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.329 118.5 117.1 -12.5 -0.6 -2.0 -1.7 -1.2

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.704 110.0 109.4 -9.4 1.2 -2.3 -2.6 -0.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.111 107.1 106.7 -3.8 -0.5 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.401 82.0 78.5 -44.1 -2.6 -9.7 -9.0 -4.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.685 132.8 131.5 -4.7 -0.1 -0.5 -0.5 -1.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.223 118.7 118.6 -2.6 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.996 130.3 130.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

60.984 104.4 104.3 -3.0 -0.3 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.776 128.3 127.7 -17.8 -2.9 -3.6 -1.0 -0.5

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.078 125.8 124.9 -2.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.7

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.355 118.7 118.6 -1.6 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.973 77.6 77.5 -2.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.786 117.2 117.0 -1.8 -0.4 -0.3 0.4 -0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.830 110.2 110.0 -1.3 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.611 115.6 115.6 -0.9 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.575 119.3 119.3 -1.8 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2014 to October 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.216 126.3 124.7 -12.8 2.8 -3.9 -2.7 -1.3

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.088 155.9 158.5 -5.7 3.8 -5.1 -2.5 1.7

Crop production

111

3.853 161.7 164.4 -5.5 3.7 -5.2 -2.6 1.7

Mining

21

2.128 70.4 65.4 -24.6 1.0 -1.5 -3.0 -7.1

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.136 82.0 79.8 -16.9 -2.3 -3.1 -2.3 -2.7

Manufactured articles

  92.369 112.8 112.5 -5.9 -0.4 -1.2 -0.4 -0.3

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.927 136.7 134.8 -13.0 -1.1 -0.4 -0.3 -1.4

Food manufacturing

311

4.715 153.6 151.2 -16.5 -1.3 -0.5 -0.3 -1.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.585 108.8 106.6 -1.2 -0.6 -0.5 -1.4 -2.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

23.831 109.6 108.9 -15.2 -1.2 -3.3 -1.5 -0.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.913 123.9 123.5 -1.8 0.2 -1.9 1.6 -0.3

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.799 92.0 90.8 -39.4 -3.2 -10.4 -5.5 -1.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.221 117.6 116.9 -8.1 -0.7 -1.4 -0.9 -0.6

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.263 117.1 116.9 -1.8 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.836 112.2 112.3 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

61.611 111.8 111.8 -0.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.648 133.6 134.1 -7.3 -1.3 -3.9 1.1 0.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.076 129.8 129.7 1.2 0.1 0.5 0.0 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.742 125.4 125.4 1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.440 85.3 85.2 -2.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.771 113.3 113.3 -1.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.874 121.8 122.2 1.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.391 110.0 109.9 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.669 122.7 122.3 -2.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2014 to October 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.356 183.8 178.1 -12.5 -0.5 1.4 -1.6 -3.1

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.326 237.2 221.2 -17.1 1.2 0.9 -1.0 -6.7

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.694 128.3 129.1 -9.0 -0.6 3.2 -1.7 0.6

Vegetable products

II

2.022 203.2 201.0 -3.4 -0.3 -1.0 2.0 -1.1

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.642 529.6 498.6 11.9 2.2 1.4 11.1 -5.9

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.473 91.6 94.7 -0.6 1.6 -2.9 -2.8 3.4

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.363 230.1 230.7 -12.6 -3.9 0.2 -1.5 0.3

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.270 103.1 105.3 -6.4 -1.5 1.9 -3.0 2.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.855 160.4 159.7 -2.0 0.6 -0.3 -0.4 -0.4

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.180 85.7 84.9 -5.8 0.1 -5.5 0.1 -0.9

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.268 116.0 114.0 -4.0 1.8 -0.2 2.6 -1.7

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.286 132.2 132.2 -1.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.330 153.0 152.9 -7.4 0.2 0.3 -2.2 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.081 128.2 128.2 0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Mineral products

V

9.696 163.7 160.2 -46.6 -6.1 -12.7 -5.3 -2.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

9.457 160.7 157.3 -47.0 -6.2 -13.0 -5.4 -2.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.871 147.5 146.7 -4.0 0.3 -0.3 -0.5 -0.5

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.667 291.8 288.2 -13.2 -1.1 -0.1 -0.8 -1.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.490 122.0 120.8 -10.1 1.9 -0.9 -2.4 -1.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.627 138.2 138.7 3.5 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.4

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.356 100.5 91.5 -21.7 -1.0 -7.1 -1.6 -9.0

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.211 99.6 99.4 -6.2 -0.9 0.0 1.0 -0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.565 90.2 90.4 -2.6 -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.435 139.7 138.7 -5.2 -0.9 -0.6 -0.2 -0.7

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.225 143.3 142.6 -5.1 -1.0 -0.9 -0.2 -0.5

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.210 135.0 133.4 -5.3 -0.7 0.0 -0.1 -1.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.737 127.7 127.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.698 130.7 130.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.4

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.732 134.1 133.5 -8.9 1.2 -2.1 -2.3 -0.4

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.694 91.9 91.5 - 1.3 -2.2 -2.4 -0.4

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.178 111.2 110.9 -1.9 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 -0.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.783 105.1 105.2 -1.7 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.596 114.1 114.0 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.246 104.0 103.9 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

2.008 119.6 119.7 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.651 106.0 105.5 -1.9 -0.8 -0.2 0.4 -0.5

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.543 123.6 123.6 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.342 122.9 122.8 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.922 132.1 132.1 -0.8 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Ceramic products

69

0.276 138.6 138.3 -2.4 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.324 129.8 129.9 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.994 163.9 165.2 -6.2 -1.8 -2.9 0.7 0.8

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.200 160.9 159.1 -13.1 -1.6 -1.4 -1.3 -1.1

Iron and steel

72

1.062 173.4 167.3 -24.9 -1.9 -1.2 -1.5 -3.5

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.690 145.9 144.6 -7.1 -0.6 -0.3 -0.6 -0.9

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.420 256.1 259.7 -19.0 -5.7 -4.9 -4.8 1.4

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.720 125.1 124.0 -12.9 -1.4 -2.3 -1.3 -0.9

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.454 127.6 127.3 -1.3 -0.4 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.533 138.2 138.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.262 82.2 82.0 -2.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.399 87.4 87.1 -2.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.2 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.863 77.1 77.1 -2.7 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.122 114.7 114.5 -1.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.762 113.3 113.1 -1.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.265 119.7 119.7 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.976 103.3 103.3 -0.7 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.646 100.1 100.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.266 141.6 140.3 -0.6 0.4 -0.5 -0.1 -0.9

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.121 112.7 112.7 -1.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.481 117.2 117.1 -1.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.377 104.7 104.7 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.264 134.1 134.0 -1.3 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2014 to October 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.820 187.6 184.0 -25.9 -2.2 -1.5 0.6 -1.9

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.067 145.8 141.7 -28.5 -2.9 -1.6 1.1 -2.8

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.391 198.9 201.3 -4.0 1.3 -3.7 -0.1 1.2

Vegetable products

II

3.832 197.7 201.6 -7.7 3.3 -4.7 -2.6 2.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.118 170.5 174.2 -8.3 -2.3 1.0 -1.3 2.2

Cereals

10

0.938 181.6 195.9 -5.5 8.4 -12.7 -1.3 7.9

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.329 193.6 193.8 -10.0 6.3 -4.1 -7.2 0.1

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.197 91.8 90.2 -14.5 0.2 -5.5 -1.8 -1.7

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.952 151.5 150.4 -6.8 -0.2 0.1 -1.0 -0.7

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.412 118.3 118.2 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.515 108.3 109.8 -0.1 -3.4 1.7 -1.7 1.4

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.717 210.5 201.9 -13.2 1.7 0.2 -3.7 -4.1

Mineral products

V

6.987 181.1 176.9 -35.5 -2.3 -8.0 -4.7 -2.3

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.437 76.4 73.1 -23.5 -4.2 -2.7 -2.4 -4.3

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

6.365 174.3 170.4 -36.8 -2.2 -8.5 -5.0 -2.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.886 140.2 139.3 -6.3 -0.5 -1.2 -0.9 -0.6

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.910 183.6 182.7 6.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.826 137.0 134.7 -17.6 -1.6 -1.6 -4.0 -1.7

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.615 110.4 110.1 -3.8 -0.2 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.803 135.6 135.4 1.7 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.486 113.0 112.2 -5.0 0.9 -2.2 0.3 -0.7

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.927 151.1 150.6 -1.7 -0.3 -2.4 2.2 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.208 140.9 139.3 -7.7 -0.6 -0.7 -0.1 -1.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.257 136.8 135.2 -7.5 -0.4 -0.8 0.0 -1.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.951 157.7 156.6 -8.6 -1.5 -0.3 -0.8 -0.7

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.394 128.6 123.4 -22.8 -8.1 -0.7 0.7 -4.0

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.225 76.8 71.5 - -13.1 -1.2 1.9 -6.9

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.616 95.0 95.2 - -1.0 -0.8 -0.2 0.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.287 123.4 123.4 -1.9 0.6 -1.6 0.8 0.0

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.651 126.9 126.2 -2.3 2.3 -4.9 3.3 -0.6

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.223 122.4 122.4 -2.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.413 98.4 98.9 - -0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.5

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.817 121.9 121.0 -4.9 0.2 0.1 -0.6 -0.7

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.466 119.1 117.5 -8.3 1.8 -0.2 -1.3 -1.3

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.837 122.1 122.2 1.8 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.431 98.8 98.8 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.696 226.0 226.8 -6.1 -1.3 -3.3 1.3 0.4

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.109 146.9 146.2 -10.0 -1.9 -1.4 -0.8 -0.5

Iron and steel

72

1.144 150.4 148.4 -21.6 -4.5 -3.5 -1.4 -1.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.464 167.5 167.5 -18.7 -5.0 -7.1 -0.8 0.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.828 107.2 106.5 -14.5 -2.5 -2.0 -2.8 -0.7

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.341 148.6 148.6 1.0 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.458 96.6 96.7 -0.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.760 113.2 113.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.4

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.698 78.7 78.5 -1.8 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.924 131.3 131.2 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.247 115.0 115.0 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.330 107.3 107.3 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.517 111.1 111.6 0.4 0.2 -0.7 0.4 0.5

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.867 123.9 124.5 1.0 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.5

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.489 89.5 89.8 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: October 2014 to October 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 117.3 116.9 -10.0 -1.0 -2.1 -1.2 -0.3

Nonmanufactured articles

7.090 118.9 118.0 -46.1 -7.8 -16.4 -4.7 -0.8

Manufactured articles

92.503 116.8 116.5 -5.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.9 -0.3

Other Countries(3)

100.000 120.2 119.6 -11.0 -1.0 -1.6 -0.9 -0.5

Nonmanufactured articles

10.237 182.6 180.6 -41.7 -5.3 -9.8 -4.6 -1.1

Manufactured articles

89.546 104.3 103.8 -4.7 -0.4 -0.6 -0.4 -0.5

Canada

100.000 118.8 117.6 -20.5 -2.2 -5.1 -2.2 -1.0

Nonmanufactured articles

20.197 113.1 112.5 -46.8 -8.0 -17.0 -4.8 -0.5

Manufactured articles

79.133 124.5 123.2 -8.7 -0.3 -1.2 -1.6 -1.0

European Union(4)

100.000 132.9 133.0 -2.9 -0.1 -0.5 -0.9 0.1

Manufactured articles

99.408 129.4 129.6 -2.7 -0.1 -0.5 -1.0 0.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.7 121.5 -1.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 116.8 116.9 -1.8 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.2 121.2 -7.3 -0.1 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Latin America(5)

100.000 142.6 141.2 -14.7 -1.5 -2.7 -1.1 -1.0

Nonmanufactured articles

17.087 200.0 198.6 -39.3 -5.6 -10.9 -2.8 -0.7

Manufactured articles

82.524 122.2 121.0 -6.2 -0.4 -0.8 -0.8 -1.0

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 127.9 127.2 -8.4 -0.8 -1.5 -0.8 -0.5

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

9.143 108.8 109.5 -38.7 -4.6 -11.5 -5.6 0.6

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

90.541 90.0 89.4 -3.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.7

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 99.8 99.7 -2.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 102.4 102.3 -1.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Japan

100.000 95.2 95.2 -3.4 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 86.0 85.9 -3.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 98.2 98.3 -3.8 -0.2 0.5 -0.6 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 154.9 152.4 -37.5 -4.0 -7.7 -5.3 -1.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: October 2014 to October 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2014
to
Oct.
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015
July
2015
to
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2015
to
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 157.5 167.8 -2.6 -3.4 -2.0 -2.2 6.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.038 145.3 144.6 -16.4 -0.8 -1.7 -0.5 -0.5

Asia

63.996 139.3 153.8 2.7 -4.8 -2.3 -3.3 10.4

Export Air Freight

100.000 156.6 156.1 -1.7 0.3 -0.5 -0.6 -0.3

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

33.138 149.7 148.9 4.1 0.5 -0.5 -0.7 -0.5

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 150.8 156.3 -4.1 -2.0 -1.9 -0.9 3.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.180 137.7 136.7 -12.0 0.1 -1.6 -0.4 -0.7

Asia

59.498 134.5 143.0 -2.1 -3.2 -2.4 -2.1 6.3

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 148.6 145.3 -5.0 1.4 -1.0 -0.5 -2.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

31.133 158.1 157.6 -8.4 0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.3

Asia

44.775 142.6 136.0 -6.1 3.0 -1.9 -0.6 -4.6

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 179.3 188.6 -4.7 -4.1 -5.1 -4.5 5.2

Europe

44.671 213.1 221.3 0.4 -6.9 -8.9 3.9 3.8

Asia

22.877 135.3 142.2 -5.0 -3.2 -4.6 -7.7 5.1

Latin America/Caribbean

8.945 148.9 149.0 -13.0 3.1 -0.4 -9.2 0.1

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 158.4 159.2 -13.1 3.6 1.5 -10.6 0.5

Europe

32.070 214.7 209.7 -9.4 4.0 -10.1 0.2 -2.3

Asia

26.974 133.2 134.2 -11.2 0.4 20.6 -23.2 0.8

Latin America/Caribbean

21.973 156.8 165.6 -10.1 2.1 -1.8 -8.9 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                            TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a two-year lag in 
the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More detailed index series 
and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price Index) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and 
excluded from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service 
being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further 
data revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes news release is available through an 
e-mail subscription service at (http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm).

Additional Information -- More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at (http://www.bls.gov/mxp). For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For Import/Export Price Index data requests, send e-mail to 
(mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice 
phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: November 10, 2015