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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until 				       USDL-16-2300
8:30 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 13, 2016

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			U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - NOVEMBER 2016

U.S. import prices fell 0.3 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
following increases of 0.4 percent and 0.1 percent the 2 previous months. The drop in November was 
primarily led by decreasing fuel prices. U.S. export prices also declined in November, edging down 0.1 
percent, after a 0.2-percent increase the previous month.  

Imports

All Imports: The price index for U.S. imports declined 0.3 percent in November, the largest monthly 
decrease since the index fell 0.5 percent in February. Prior to November, import prices had trended up since 
February, with the only decline coming in August when the index fell 0.2 percent. Despite rising throughout 
much of 2016, import prices remained down on a 12-month basis, declining 0.1 percent between November 
2015 and November 2016. The last over-the-year advance in import prices was a 0.9-percent increase in 
July 2014.                          

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices declined 3.9 percent in November, the largest monthly drop in the index since a 
6.8-percent decrease in February. In November, a 4.7-percent decline in petroleum prices more than offset a 
10.6-percent advance in natural gas prices. Natural gas prices increased 68.4 percent over the past 5 months. 
Import fuel prices advanced 2.7 percent for the year ended in November; a 2.4-percent increase in petroleum 
prices and a 13.6-percent rise in natural gas prices each contributed to the overall increase in fuel prices.

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports edged down 0.1 percent for the second consecutive 
month in November. Declining prices for finished goods and nonfuel industrial supplies more than offset 
higher foods, feeds, and beverages prices. Nonfuel prices declined 0.3 percent over the past year, after 
decreasing 3.2 percent between November 2014 and November 2015. The drop over the past year was 
driven by a 1.6-percent decline in capital goods prices and a 0.6-percent decrease in the price index for 
import consumer goods.                 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2015

November

-0.6 -4.0 -0.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.7

December

-1.2 -10.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.9 -1.1

2016

January

-1.3 -15.6 -0.1 -0.9 -1.3 -0.9

February

-0.5 -6.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.6

March

0.4 8.5 -0.1 -0.1 -2.1 0.2

April

0.7 9.8 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.4

May

1.2 12.7 0.3 1.1 3.0 1.0

June

0.7 10.5 -0.2 0.8 2.5 0.5

July

0.1 -2.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

August

-0.2 -3.4 (r)0.0 -0.8 (r)-3.4 (r)-0.6

September

(r)0.1 (r)0.5 (r)0.0 0.3 -1.1 (r)0.5

October

(r)0.4 (r)6.9 -0.1 0.2 (r)0.5 0.2

November

-0.3 -3.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.6 -0.1

Nov. 2014 to 2015

-9.5 -44.3 -3.2 -6.5 -12.7 -5.8

Nov. 2015 to 2016

-0.1 2.7 -0.3 -0.3 -1.2 -0.3

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: The price index for overall exports edged down 0.1 percent in November, after increasing 0.2 
percent in October and 0.3 percent in September. In November, declining nonagricultural prices led the 
overall decrease. U.S. export prices also fell over the past 12 months, decreasing 0.3 percent. Export prices 
have not risen on a 12-month basis since the index rose 0.4 percent between August 2013 and August 2014.

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural prices increased for the second consecutive month in November, rising 
0.6 percent following a 0.5-percent advance in October. In November, the increase was driven by an 11.5-
percent rise in vegetable prices. Despite the recent advances, the price index for agricultural exports fell 1.2
percent for the year ended in November. Lower prices for nuts, corn, and wheat all contributed to the drop 
in agricultural prices over the past year.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports declined 0.1 percent in November 
following a 0.2-percent advance the previous month. In November, decreasing prices for nonagricultural 
industrial supplies and materials, and consumer goods led the overall decline. Nonagricultural goods also 
fell over the past 12 months, decreasing 0.3 percent following a 5.8-percent decline for the year ended in 
November 2015.

					SELECTED NOVEMBER HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China declined 0.2 percent in November, after 
recording no change in October. Import prices from China have not increased on a monthly basis since a 
0.1-percent rise in December 2014; the index decreased 1.5 percent over the past year. In contrast, the price 
index for imports from Japan rose 0.2 percent for the second consecutive month in November. Prices for 
imports from Japan have not decreased on a monthly basis since the index edged down 0.1 percent in 
January; import prices from Japan advanced 1.3 percent over the past 12 months. The indexes for imports 
from Canada, the European Union, and Mexico all fell in November, led in part by lower fuel prices. Import 
prices from Canada declined 0.8 percent and prices for imports from the European Union and Mexico each 
decreased 0.1 percent.                                

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices edged down 
0.1 percent in November following a 0.6-percent decline in October. The November decrease was driven by 
a 5.1-percent decline in other agricultural products prices and a 2.1-percent drop in prices for iron and steel 
mill products.            

Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods price indexes fell in November. Capital goods prices 
declined for the second consecutive month in November led by a 0.4-percent decrease in the price index for 
computers, peripherals, and semiconductors. Prices for consumer goods and automotive vehicles each fell 
0.1 percent in November.                         

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices rose 1.5 percent in November. A 5.5-
percent advance in fruit prices was the largest contributor to the overall increase.

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares declined 2.7 percent in November following a 6.3-
percent advance the previous month. In November, the downturn was led by a 5.0-percent drop in Asian 
fares and a 1.2-percent decrease in European fares. The index for import air passenger fares also decreased 
over the past year, falling 6.0 percent. Import air freight prices declined 0.4 percent in November and 1.3 
percent over the past 12 months.

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials fell 0.4 percent in November following a 1.0-percent increase in October. The 
decrease in November was led by a 2.7-percent decline in fuel prices.

Finished Goods: Export consumer goods prices fell 0.2 percent in November, after a 0.5-percent decrease 
the previous month. The November decline was driven by lower prices for medical, dental, and 
pharmaceutical materials. The price indexes for capital goods and automotive vehicles each recorded no 
change in November.

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares declined 0.6 percent in November as a 1.2-percent 
decrease in Latin American/Caribbean fares and a 0.5-percent drop in Asian fares more than offset a 1.9-
percent advance in European fares. Export air passenger fares declined 3.2 percent for the year ended in 
November. The price index for export air freight declined 0.1 percent in November and 1.4 percent over the 
past year.

Import and Export Price Index data for December 2016 are scheduled for release on Thursday, January 12, 
2017 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: November 2015 to November 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 121.1 120.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.4 -0.3

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.952 98.1 98.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.910 111.0 111.0 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  91.266 115.1 115.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.314 179.6 182.3 5.6 1.4 0.4 -0.7 1.5

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.890 196.8 200.5 5.1 1.7 0.4 -1.0 1.9

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.424 140.7 141.0 7.1 0.0 0.9 0.5 0.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.134 159.8 157.3 1.0 -1.2 -0.2 2.2 -1.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.044 141.0 141.4 0.7 0.5 -0.6 -0.4 0.3

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.400 160.0 159.9 0.4 0.3 -0.7 -0.6 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.164 149.4 149.5 2.4 0.7 -0.9 -1.2 0.1

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.236 130.5 131.2 -1.6 0.2 -0.2 0.7 0.5

Fuels & lubricants

10

8.734 161.0 154.8 2.7 -3.4 0.5 6.9 -3.9

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.090 173.6 165.4 2.4 -4.1 0.6 7.3 -4.7

Crude

10000

5.847 175.8 163.9 2.6 -4.0 -0.4 6.8 -6.8

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.476 94.8 103.4 9.5 8.0 0.4 5.7 9.1

Gas-natural

10110

0.386 79.5 87.9 13.6 10.3 0.5 7.3 10.6

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.561 105.0 104.4 -4.6 0.1 -1.1 -0.8 -0.6

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.741 149.6 149.2 -2.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.4 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.297 137.3 136.4 1.3 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.7

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.444 195.8 197.0 7.2 1.5 -1.7 -2.1 0.6

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.659 143.5 143.8 -2.1 0.3 -0.8 -1.3 0.2

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.698 107.8 107.3 -1.3 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.5

Capital goods

2

28.306 88.8 88.6 -1.6 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

3.441 115.8 115.9 -0.9 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.178 81.3 81.1 -1.7 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.687 136.3 136.3 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.079 110.7 110.6 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.167 106.7 106.6 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.947 119.2 119.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.737 94.2 94.1 -1.3 -0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.484 118.6 118.4 -0.1 -0.3 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: November 2015 to November 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.8 120.7 -0.3 -0.8 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Agricultural commodities

  8.954 174.1 175.1 -1.2 -3.4 -1.1 0.5 0.6

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.277 98.2 98.3 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  91.045 116.7 116.6 -0.3 -0.6 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.384 175.7 177.0 -1.3 -3.7 -0.8 0.4 0.7

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.679 174.9 176.4 -1.7 -4.0 -1.2 0.5 0.9

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.705 193.3 191.7 4.0 0.6 2.9 0.2 -0.8

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.310 143.3 142.8 0.8 -1.3 1.3 1.0 -0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.633 153.5 154.5 2.7 0.2 0.0 -0.8 0.7

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  18.677 138.6 137.3 -0.3 -2.1 2.0 2.1 -0.9

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.275 174.2 172.0 1.7 0.3 -0.3 0.8 -1.3

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.035 142.3 141.8 0.8 -1.3 1.4 1.0 -0.4

Fuels & lubricants

11

7.338 156.5 152.2 1.3 -5.0 5.9 5.5 -2.7

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.651 148.6 149.4 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.5 0.5

Selected building materials

13

1.046 116.9 117.3 3.1 0.3 0.9 0.0 0.3

Capital goods

2

38.819 106.8 106.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.943 111.9 111.8 -0.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.136 93.8 93.9 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.741 165.0 164.9 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.672 112.9 112.9 -0.6 -0.5 0.1 0.2 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.814 110.0 109.8 -1.9 -0.2 0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.842 106.2 105.9 -1.7 -0.5 0.2 -0.5 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.349 107.2 107.1 -2.5 0.1 0.1 -0.7 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: November 2015 to November 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

Nonmanufacturing

  8.643 89.7 86.6 4.2 -1.4 0.1 4.7 -3.5

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.100 182.5 187.6 7.8 4.7 1.5 -1.9 2.8

Crop production

111

1.733 200.0 206.8 10.9 5.9 2.2 -2.1 3.4

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.187 72.2 70.8 -12.9 1.2 -4.2 -4.7 -1.9

Mining

21

6.543 78.5 74.3 3.3 -3.3 -0.3 6.8 -5.4

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.239 95.6 95.7 -1.9 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.1

Manufacturing

  91.055 109.0 108.9 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

12.144 123.8 123.9 0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.500 153.7 154.5 3.9 -0.6 0.3 0.0 0.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.089 118.3 118.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.400 97.7 97.7 -2.0 -1.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Textile product mills

314

0.894 109.1 109.2 -1.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.350 111.2 111.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.911 123.0 123.0 -1.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing, part 2

32

16.785 116.1 116.2 -0.8 -0.9 0.1 0.9 0.1

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.788 115.7 114.7 3.0 0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.9

Paper manufacturing

322

1.058 104.0 103.8 -2.6 0.0 -0.8 -0.5 -0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.090 78.8 79.2 0.3 -4.3 3.4 7.8 0.5

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.357 129.9 130.2 -0.8 -0.7 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.264 117.1 117.2 -1.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.028 129.4 129.3 -0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

62.126 103.4 103.2 -0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.190 129.8 130.2 4.5 1.6 -1.9 -1.7 0.3

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.081 121.6 121.5 -2.3 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.677 116.4 116.2 -1.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.907 76.2 76.0 -1.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.833 115.0 114.9 -1.5 0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.289 109.9 109.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.656 114.9 114.8 -0.6 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.493 119.3 119.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: November 2015 to November 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

Nonmanufacturing

  6.950 122.9 121.1 0.6 -4.3 0.1 0.6 -1.5

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.527 150.7 152.5 -2.2 -5.7 -0.9 1.1 1.2

Crop production

111

4.168 156.7 158.8 -1.8 -6.1 -1.5 1.2 1.3

Mining

21

2.423 69.3 64.9 6.7 -1.6 2.1 -0.3 -6.3

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.216 83.9 87.7 11.4 2.5 1.3 4.4 4.5

Manufacturing

  91.730 111.6 111.4 -0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 1

31

6.751 135.1 134.7 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Food manufacturing

311

4.535 151.8 152.0 0.7 -0.5 -0.5 -0.3 0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.640 112.0 108.0 1.5 1.6 -0.7 -0.8 -3.6

Manufacturing, part 2

32

23.445 107.2 106.5 -1.1 -1.5 1.4 1.4 -0.7

Paper manufacturing

322

1.696 118.8 117.9 -3.8 0.1 -0.2 -1.2 -0.8

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2015=100)

323

0.268 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.851 92.8 89.4 1.7 -5.5 7.5 8.3 -3.7

Chemical manufacturing

325

12.888 113.8 114.2 -1.5 -0.9 0.0 0.0 0.4

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.349 113.9 114.0 -2.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.863 112.6 112.7 0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.534 111.0 111.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.271 135.2 136.1 3.7 0.1 -0.4 -1.8 0.7

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.291 130.4 130.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.581 126.1 125.9 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.276 82.9 83.1 -2.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4 0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.812 112.0 112.0 -0.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.313 122.3 122.3 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.417 118.0 117.9 7.1 0.9 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.572 119.6 119.6 -2.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: November 2015 to November 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.469 189.0 189.4 5.2 0.5 -0.2 -0.8 0.2

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.384 236.6 241.0 6.3 1.3 -0.4 -0.8 1.9

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.798 144.7 145.1 13.1 0.5 1.3 0.4 0.3

Vegetable products

II

2.228 221.9 229.0 13.0 6.6 3.1 -1.0 3.2

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.570 503.3 497.7 -0.2 5.3 21.5 -4.3 -1.1

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.796 127.3 137.3 44.5 18.5 -4.0 0.1 7.9

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.382 234.6 243.6 7.5 -0.3 0.8 -0.6 3.8

Oilseeds & misc grains, seeds, plants, straw & fodder (Dec. 2015=100)

12

0.162 97.1 99.1 - -2.9 -7.9 2.1 2.1

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.287 109.9 113.8 11.0 0.4 3.3 -0.8 3.5

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.773 160.7 160.3 0.4 -1.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.193 87.2 87.9 2.9 0.5 -0.2 0.5 0.8

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.238 111.1 106.5 -8.1 -2.0 1.4 -3.0 -4.1

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.285 132.9 132.7 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.335 161.3 161.0 4.3 -0.2 0.9 1.1 -0.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.025 128.1 127.9 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.2

Mineral products

V

8.763 160.3 154.2 2.0 -3.4 0.5 6.9 -3.8

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.522 158.0 151.9 2.4 -3.5 0.4 7.1 -3.9

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.754 145.6 145.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.533 249.3 249.4 -12.2 0.0 -1.2 -2.0 0.0

Organic chemicals

29

2.376 120.7 120.4 -0.6 0.2 0.4 -0.5 -0.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.796 140.5 140.4 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.258 70.2 73.5 -19.8 -8.3 -4.0 -0.4 4.7

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.197 102.6 102.4 4.5 0.1 0.3 1.0 -0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.667 101.9 102.1 13.6 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.502 137.3 137.1 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.239 140.3 139.8 -1.7 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.263 133.4 133.8 0.7 -0.2 -0.2 0.6 0.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.702 123.3 123.4 -2.8 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.669 128.7 128.7 -1.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.824 140.9 139.7 2.8 0.4 -0.4 -0.1 -0.9

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.785 96.9 95.9 2.9 0.4 -0.4 0.0 -1.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.135 108.5 107.8 -2.9 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 -0.6

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.772 103.5 103.6 -1.2 0.0 -0.3 -0.8 0.1

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.211 100.7 98.9 - 0.0 0.3 -0.2 -1.8

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.463 113.2 113.2 -0.6 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.267 103.7 103.8 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.888 119.2 119.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.635 103.3 103.5 -1.4 0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.521 122.4 122.3 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.298 121.5 121.4 -1.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.954 130.9 130.8 -1.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.327 97.8 97.7 - -0.3 -0.4 0.0 -0.1

Ceramic products

69

0.281 137.4 137.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.346 129.8 129.7 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.104 172.7 172.8 5.6 1.1 -1.3 -2.3 0.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.412 155.1 155.8 -0.5 0.4 -0.6 -0.8 0.5

Iron and steel

72

1.313 167.7 167.7 4.6 0.7 -1.4 -2.6 0.0

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.688 136.3 136.1 -5.0 0.0 -0.6 -0.7 -0.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.355 239.2 248.2 -3.6 0.0 0.1 -1.1 3.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.719 120.5 121.4 -0.7 -0.2 -1.0 0.8 0.7

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.443 122.3 122.0 -3.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.525 136.5 136.4 -1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.479 80.7 80.5 -1.7 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.452 85.6 85.3 -2.0 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.4

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.027 76.1 76.0 -1.3 -0.1 0.0 0.4 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.365 114.3 114.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.876 113.0 112.8 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 -0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.413 118.9 118.9 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

4.003 103.2 102.9 -0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.3

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.672 100.0 99.7 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.3

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.267 142.2 141.5 0.4 -0.1 0.6 -0.1 -0.5

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.175 111.7 111.7 -0.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.560 116.6 116.5 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.343 103.3 103.2 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.272 131.8 131.8 -1.6 -0.2 -0.6 -1.7 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: November 2015 to November 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.780 192.0 192.3 3.9 -0.2 1.5 0.4 0.2

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.021 146.9 147.9 4.9 -1.3 -0.9 0.3 0.7

Vegetable products

II

4.215 190.2 194.2 -2.9 -6.7 -1.7 1.3 2.1

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.915 152.0 152.6 -12.9 -6.7 -2.1 7.0 0.4

Cereals

10

1.188 168.9 170.9 -11.6 -2.9 -3.7 2.8 1.2

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.609 199.1 199.1 5.8 -8.2 -2.0 -2.8 0.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.944 148.1 147.0 -1.4 -0.1 -1.1 -0.6 -0.7

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.370 116.5 116.6 -1.4 0.1 0.0 -0.9 0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.550 111.5 111.8 4.0 -1.6 0.4 0.8 0.3

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.673 204.0 196.7 -1.8 0.0 -3.9 -1.4 -3.6

Mineral products

V

7.314 180.2 176.3 3.8 -3.9 6.0 4.8 -2.2

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.516 81.6 81.5 13.0 1.3 3.4 0.5 -0.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

6.597 172.6 168.5 3.2 -4.3 6.4 5.3 -2.4

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.715 135.9 136.1 -2.4 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.917 175.1 176.5 -3.6 -0.4 -0.9 1.3 0.8

Organic chemicals

29

2.459 133.0 134.4 -1.1 -0.5 0.2 0.4 1.1

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.955 108.7 108.1 -2.0 -0.7 0.4 -0.2 -0.6

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.537 97.5 97.5 - -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.809 131.1 131.1 -3.2 0.1 0.0 -2.6 0.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.515 116.3 115.7 2.7 0.0 0.1 0.4 -0.5

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.837 146.0 146.7 -2.2 -0.9 -0.3 -0.3 0.5

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.093 136.7 137.5 0.3 -0.7 0.3 0.1 0.6

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.115 132.2 132.8 0.2 -0.8 0.2 0.2 0.5

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.978 155.6 157.5 0.9 0.0 0.6 -0.4 1.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.330 120.4 121.1 0.4 -0.3 0.7 0.3 0.6

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.181 69.5 70.5 1.9 -1.3 0.3 0.7 1.4

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.651 95.7 95.7 0.2 0.5 1.2 -1.0 0.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.141 122.6 123.0 0.3 1.3 -0.9 -0.2 0.3

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.640 129.3 130.8 6.4 5.1 -3.0 -0.5 1.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.120 118.6 118.5 -3.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.381 100.6 100.6 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.707 119.6 119.4 -0.6 -0.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.410 122.3 122.5 5.5 -2.9 0.7 0.2 0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.869 123.0 123.1 0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.295 101.2 101.3 - 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.439 99.8 99.8 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.460 235.4 235.9 5.5 0.3 -0.3 -2.1 0.2

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.933 142.5 144.0 0.2 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 1.1

Iron and steel

72

0.995 140.7 143.6 1.4 1.9 -0.4 -1.4 2.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.424 152.5 155.9 -3.3 -0.1 -3.0 1.9 2.2

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.765 103.1 106.3 2.6 -1.5 0.0 -0.1 3.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.392 100.0 100.0 - -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.355 147.8 147.8 -0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.563 95.3 95.4 -1.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.703 112.3 112.3 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.860 76.9 77.1 -1.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.181 131.9 131.8 0.6 -0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.207 114.8 114.7 -0.2 -0.5 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.188 106.1 106.0 -1.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.559 112.5 112.5 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.940 128.6 128.5 3.7 0.5 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.471 89.2 89.3 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: November 2015 to November 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 117.4 117.0 0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.4 -0.3

Nonmanufacturing

7.729 125.7 120.4 2.1 -2.8 -1.0 6.1 -4.2

Manufacturing

91.859 116.4 116.3 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Other Countries(3)

100.000 118.2 117.8 -0.8 -0.4 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Nonmanufacturing

8.950 179.3 173.7 1.7 -2.8 0.9 3.2 -3.1

Manufacturing

90.802 102.7 102.7 -1.0 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0

Canada

100.000 120.2 119.2 1.3 -1.3 -0.2 1.7 -0.8

Nonmanufacturing

21.986 119.9 115.1 2.3 -2.8 -1.3 6.6 -4.0

Manufacturing

77.316 124.3 124.4 0.8 -1.0 0.2 0.5 0.1

European Union(4)

100.000 131.5 131.4 -0.8 -0.4 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Manufacturing

99.522 128.1 128.1 -0.8 -0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.4 122.3 0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 112.2 112.1 -4.0 -0.4 0.2 -0.6 -0.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 118.0 117.5 -2.4 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.4

Latin America(5)

100.000 140.2 140.1 0.0 -0.5 0.0 0.6 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing

17.139 204.9 201.6 5.6 -3.4 2.0 3.5 -1.6

Manufacturing

82.374 119.2 119.4 -1.1 0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.2

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 125.8 125.7 -0.9 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.948 112.9 113.0 8.9 -6.5 0.6 -1.0 0.1

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.590 88.1 88.0 -1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.6 98.5 -1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.7 100.5 -1.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Japan

100.000 96.3 96.5 1.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 84.3 84.3 -1.3 0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.0

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.1 97.1 -1.0 -0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 146.1 141.1 -2.0 -0.7 -0.4 1.9 -3.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: November 2015 to November 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Oct.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Annual Monthly
Nov.
2015
to
Nov.
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016
Aug.
2016
to
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 165.1 164.5 -1.3 1.6 1.8 7.3 -0.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

21.790 137.2 137.6 -5.4 -1.3 0.8 0.2 0.3

Asia

65.333 153.4 152.5 -0.3 3.1 2.5 11.4 -0.6

Export Air Freight

100.000 154.6 154.5 -1.4 0.1 -0.3 1.0 -0.1

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

37.569 145.5 145.5 -2.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 153.9 154.2 -0.8 1.3 1.3 5.1 0.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.708 134.2 134.4 -2.5 -0.5 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Asia

59.596 141.7 142.2 0.2 2.4 2.1 9.1 0.4

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 137.1 136.4 -5.7 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

33.180 143.5 143.3 -8.7 0.4 1.0 0.0 -0.1

Asia

43.011 128.7 128.6 -5.1 -1.0 -0.2 0.4 -0.1

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 189.0 183.9 -6.0 -6.0 4.2 6.3 -2.7

Europe

44.675 220.7 218.0 -6.3 -8.5 10.0 6.9 -1.2

Asia

21.912 131.3 124.7 -11.7 -7.2 -5.6 4.8 -5.0

Latin America/Caribbean

9.095 154.5 161.8 8.4 0.2 -5.7 4.2 4.7

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 150.0 149.1 -3.2 4.6 -11.1 2.5 -0.6

Europe

32.588 199.0 202.7 -4.3 -6.2 0.5 2.6 1.9

Asia

28.782 126.5 125.9 -5.1 22.4 -24.7 1.2 -0.5

Latin America/Caribbean

25.747 164.5 162.6 5.2 -1.9 -5.8 6.9 -1.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: December 13, 2016