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Table 2. Time spent in primary activities and percent of the population engaging in each activity by sex, averages for May to December, 2019 and 2020

Table 2. Time spent in primary activities and percent of the population engaging in each activity by sex, averages for May to December, 2019 and 2020
Activity Average hours per day, population Average percent engaged in the
activity per day
Average hours per day for persons
who engaged in the activity
Men Women Men Women Men Women
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020

Total, all activities(1)

24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00

Personal care activities

9.39 9.46 9.81 9.88 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 9.39 9.47 9.81 9.88

Sleeping(2)

8.78 8.90 8.89 9.11 100.0 99.8 99.9 100.0 8.78 8.92 8.90 9.11

Grooming

0.55 0.51 0.80 0.69 76.5 69.5 83.3 77.7 0.72 0.74 0.96 0.89

Eating and drinking

1.06 1.08 1.06 1.05 96.0 96.1 95.3 96.0 1.10 1.13 1.11 1.09

Household activities

1.38 1.64 2.17 2.36 70.3 69.7 84.5 85.1 1.96 2.35 2.56 2.77

Housework

0.27 0.30 0.78 0.87 22.4 20.5 46.3 47.6 1.19 1.47 1.69 1.83

Food preparation and cleanup

0.41 0.42 0.82 0.89 48.0 47.1 69.4 71.7 0.86 0.89 1.18 1.24

Lawn and garden care

0.27 0.37 0.14 0.17 11.9 16.0 8.8 10.2 2.31 2.31 1.54 1.65

Household management

0.10 0.11 0.18 0.15 14.7 12.4 22.9 17.9 0.70 0.89 0.80 0.85

Purchasing goods and services

0.35 0.29 0.56 0.47 37.8 33.3 48.2 40.9 0.93 0.86 1.17 1.15

Consumer goods purchases

0.27 0.21 0.43 0.34 34.6 30.3 44.2 36.5 0.78 0.70 0.98 0.93

Professional and personal care services

0.06 0.06 0.12 0.11 5.9 4.4 9.5 8.1 0.98 1.26 1.23 1.41

Caring for and helping household members

0.29 0.24 0.53 0.60 20.8 14.1 26.8 24.8 1.38 1.73 1.99 2.41

Caring for and helping household children

0.25 0.23 0.49 0.55 16.4 12.2 22.1 21.2 1.52 1.88 2.22 2.60

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members

0.11 0.12 0.16 0.16 8.6 5.9 12.7 9.1 1.24 2.08 1.27 1.77

Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults

0.06 0.09 0.07 0.07 6.5 4.6 8.3 5.5 0.89 1.86 0.88 1.27

Working and work-related activities

3.99 3.59 2.68 2.50 51.0 45.4 37.6 35.6 7.83 7.90 7.13 7.01

Working

3.91 3.52 2.63 2.43 49.6 44.0 36.0 33.9 7.88 8.01 7.30 7.17

Educational activities

0.34 0.33 0.41 0.42 6.1 7.1 7.8 8.6 5.60 4.64 5.29 4.94

Attending class

0.16 0.15 0.20 0.21 2.7 3.6 3.9 4.0 5.81 4.10 5.09 5.11

Homework and research

0.18 0.17 0.21 0.21 4.6 4.9 6.9 6.3 3.91 3.55 3.00 3.28

Organizational, civic, and religious activities

0.20 0.14 0.30 0.22 9.9 7.6 16.5 12.7 2.07 1.82 1.84 1.70

Religious and spiritual activities

0.08 0.07 0.17 0.12 5.9 4.8 12.1 8.9 1.44 1.37 1.42 1.36

Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)

0.12 0.07 0.13 0.09 4.5 3.4 6.5 4.5 2.66 2.10 2.06 2.10

Leisure and sports

5.36 5.98 4.65 5.10 95.5 95.7 94.5 95.2 5.62 6.25 4.92 5.35

Socializing and communicating

0.59 0.52 0.73 0.56 31.6 24.9 38.5 29.0 1.87 2.07 1.89 1.93

Watching television

3.01 3.30 2.50 2.83 77.6 78.7 74.8 78.9 3.87 4.19 3.34 3.59

Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation

0.42 0.44 0.23 0.30 21.7 24.2 18.5 22.6 1.94 1.80 1.26 1.34

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail

0.11 0.16 0.19 0.27 15.7 16.2 24.4 25.8 0.73 1.00 0.78 1.06

Travel

1.22 0.81 1.22 0.76 84.6 68.8 83.8 65.6 1.45 1.18 1.46 1.16

Other activities, not elsewhere classified

0.19 0.16 0.25 0.22 15.0 14.8 20.9 19.0 1.27 1.06 1.20 1.16

(1) Unlike in prior years, major activity categories do not include associated travel. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
(2) Includes naps and spells of sleeplessness.

Note: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. Data refer to persons 15 years and over and are representative of the periods May 10th through December 31st.

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Last Modified Date: July 22, 2021