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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Time spent in selected primary activities, by selected characteristics, averages for May to December, 2019 and 2020

Table 3. Time spent in selected primary activities, by selected characteristics, averages for May to December, 2019 and 2020
Characteristic Average hours per day spent in selected primary activities(1)
Personal care
activities
Eating and drinking Household
activities
Caring for and helping
household members
Working and work-
related activities
Leisure and sports Telephone calls,
mail, and e-mail
Travel
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020

Age

Total, 15 years and over

9.60 9.67 1.06 1.07 1.78 2.01 0.41 0.43 3.32 3.02 4.99 5.53 0.15 0.22 1.22 0.79

15 to 19 years

10.64 10.61 0.93 0.92 0.87 0.60 0.04 0.04 1.46 1.13 5.15 6.40 0.23 0.41 1.10 0.62

20 to 24 years

10.14 10.23 0.94 0.92 1.02 1.23 0.13 0.33 3.63 3.13 4.86 5.58 0.11 0.15 1.29 0.92

25 to 34 years

9.54 9.65 1.04 1.09 1.45 1.73 0.93 0.90 4.44 3.99 4.10 4.57 0.10 0.18 1.30 0.92

35 to 44 years

9.27 9.41 1.01 1.05 1.85 2.08 0.97 1.10 4.62 4.35 3.79 4.03 0.11 0.12 1.34 0.90

45 to 54 years

9.42 9.39 1.06 1.03 1.66 2.11 0.34 0.27 4.81 4.24 4.22 4.94 0.12 0.17 1.43 0.85

55 to 64 years

9.33 9.56 1.08 1.03 2.16 2.40 0.11 0.12 3.57 3.27 5.15 5.58 0.15 0.21 1.20 0.77

65 to 74 years

9.46 9.51 1.20 1.18 2.55 2.71 0.12 0.08 0.86 1.20 6.89 7.09 0.23 0.25 1.06 0.66

75 years and over

9.94 9.78 1.19 1.29 2.36 2.53 0.07 0.04 0.33 0.30 7.46 8.05 0.26 0.41 0.81 0.44

Sex

Men

9.39 9.46 1.06 1.08 1.38 1.64 0.29 0.24 3.99 3.59 5.36 5.98 0.11 0.16 1.22 0.81

Women

9.81 9.88 1.06 1.05 2.17 2.36 0.53 0.60 2.68 2.50 4.65 5.10 0.19 0.27 1.22 0.76

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White

9.55 9.61 1.10 1.09 1.86 2.10 0.40 0.41 3.37 3.02 4.98 5.50 0.13 0.21 1.23 0.80

Black or African American

9.91 10.02 0.77 0.85 1.33 1.58 0.40 0.41 3.12 2.83 5.46 6.14 0.22 0.24 1.27 0.76

Asian

9.72 9.72 1.25 1.34 1.68 1.81 0.66 0.74 3.20 3.42 3.70 4.48 s 0.30 1.18 0.58

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.92 9.93 1.04 1.00 1.81 2.13 0.50 0.59 3.66 3.11 4.29 5.07 0.10 0.12 1.28 0.75

Employment status

Employed

9.30 9.35 1.04 1.05 1.44 1.71 0.44 0.44 5.16 5.08 4.02 4.30 0.11 0.15 1.36 0.93

Full-time workers

9.16 9.24 1.03 1.06 1.38 1.62 0.42 0.41 5.77 5.66 3.84 4.16 0.10 0.14 1.41 0.94

Part-time workers

9.79 9.75 1.07 1.00 1.68 2.03 0.52 0.53 2.99 3.03 4.66 4.78 0.14 0.20 1.21 0.90

Not employed

10.13 10.13 1.09 1.09 2.37 2.43 0.36 0.42 0.14 0.09 6.68 7.28 0.22 0.32 0.98 0.58

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

9.59 9.74 0.97 0.97 1.36 1.57 0.42 0.30 5.51 5.09 3.84 4.56 0.14 0.12 1.19 0.86

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

9.26 9.49 0.99 0.99 1.26 1.67 0.34 0.35 5.78 5.27 4.14 4.31 0.10 0.15 1.31 1.01

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

9.21 9.02 1.11 1.08 1.56 1.66 0.45 0.48 5.12 5.71 4.06 4.20 0.10 0.14 1.56 0.94

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

8.82 8.97 1.11 1.20 1.31 1.65 0.53 0.46 6.03 5.98 3.61 4.06 0.09 0.13 1.60 0.88

Presence and age of household children

No household children under 18

9.69 9.72 1.08 1.09 1.81 2.05 0.04 0.03 3.05 2.75 5.54 6.14 0.18 0.25 1.15 0.75

Household children under 18

9.44 9.59 1.02 1.03 1.73 1.93 1.13 1.18 3.83 3.54 3.95 4.36 0.11 0.16 1.36 0.85

Children 13 to 17 years, none younger

9.65 9.87 1.02 1.03 1.60 1.77 0.27 0.18 3.46 3.21 4.53 5.13 0.10 0.29 1.54 0.71

Children 6 to 12 years, none younger

9.51 9.55 1.02 1.00 1.52 1.93 0.75 0.88 4.19 3.85 3.97 4.40 0.15 0.10 1.37 0.94

Youngest child under 6 years

9.27 9.46 1.02 1.05 2.00 2.03 1.96 2.06 3.69 3.46 3.60 3.86 0.08 0.13 1.24 0.85

Marital status and sex

Married, spouse present

9.36 9.37 1.16 1.18 2.10 2.40 0.62 0.64 3.55 3.36 4.59 5.00 0.12 0.16 1.30 0.83

Men

9.07 9.11 1.16 1.22 1.60 1.90 0.46 0.41 4.30 4.25 4.98 5.30 0.08 0.11 1.34 0.87

Women

9.66 9.63 1.15 1.14 2.61 2.91 0.79 0.87 2.78 2.47 4.19 4.70 0.15 0.21 1.26 0.80

Other marital statuses

9.85 9.98 0.96 0.95 1.47 1.61 0.20 0.21 3.08 2.69 5.40 6.06 0.19 0.28 1.15 0.74

Men

9.75 9.83 0.94 0.94 1.13 1.37 0.09 0.07 3.65 2.87 5.80 6.71 0.15 0.22 1.09 0.75

Women

9.94 10.12 0.98 0.97 1.76 1.83 0.30 0.34 2.59 2.52 5.07 5.48 0.22 0.33 1.19 0.73

Day of week

Non-holiday weekdays

9.33 9.43 1.02 1.03 1.63 1.83 0.43 0.44 4.25 3.88 4.50 5.07 0.17 0.23 1.25 0.79

Weekends or holidays

10.21 10.24 1.15 1.15 2.14 2.43 0.38 0.40 1.23 1.02 6.11 6.59 0.12 0.19 1.16 0.77

Educational attainment, 25 years and over

Less than a high school diploma

10.15 10.05 0.92 0.95 2.01 2.29 0.38 0.51 2.69 2.19 5.76 6.24 0.10 0.14 1.05 0.67

High school graduates, no college

9.58 9.73 1.02 1.03 2.00 2.25 0.40 0.34 3.12 2.82 5.53 6.04 0.14 0.17 1.07 0.75

Some college or associate degree

9.46 9.56 1.05 1.04 1.95 2.27 0.47 0.44 3.37 3.14 5.19 5.39 0.13 0.19 1.19 0.84

Bachelor's degree and higher

9.20 9.28 1.19 1.20 1.88 2.14 0.56 0.57 3.96 3.68 4.29 4.89 0.18 0.26 1.41 0.81

Bachelor's degree only

9.27 9.31 1.13 1.20 1.93 2.15 0.53 0.54 3.92 3.58 4.37 4.98 0.18 0.22 1.37 0.83

Advanced degree

9.09 9.22 1.27 1.20 1.81 2.12 0.60 0.61 4.00 3.82 4.18 4.75 0.18 0.31 1.46 0.78

(1) Estimates will not sum to 24 hours because the following activities are not shown: Purchasing goods and services; Caring for and helping nonhousehold members; Educational activities; and Organizational, civic, and religious activities. Unlike in prior years, major activity categories do not include associated travel. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. Data refer to persons 15 years and over, unless otherwise specified, and are representative of the periods May 10th through December 31st. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: July 22, 2021