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Table 12. Waking hours spent alone or with others, by sex and household composition, averages for May to December, 2019 and 2020

Table 12. Waking hours spent alone or with others, by sex and household composition, averages for May to December, 2019 and 2020
Presence of others(1) and household composition Average waking hours per day, population Average percent of population spending time alone
or with others present per day
Total Men Women Total Men Women
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020

Total, all persons

Total waking hours(2)

15.16 14.99 15.22 15.10 15.11 14.89 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Alone

6.06 7.01 6.40 7.42 5.73 6.62 94.2 94.6 94.7 94.5 93.8 94.7

Others present, not alone

8.23 7.19 8.08 6.99 8.37 7.38 92.7 87.8 91.7 86.5 93.7 89.1

With household members present

4.51 4.75 4.10 4.33 4.90 5.15 72.4 74.3 71.9 73.1 72.8 75.5

Family members

4.22 4.41 3.78 4.03 4.63 4.76 67.4 69.1 66.5 67.7 68.3 70.3

Spouse

2.65 2.81 2.79 2.88 2.51 2.74 44.9 46.1 47.2 47.6 42.8 44.6

Own children under 18

1.37 1.44 1.01 1.06 1.71 1.80 23.4 22.8 21.5 20.1 25.2 25.4

Non-family household members

0.37 0.43 0.41 0.37 0.34 0.48 7.1 7.6 7.9 7.5 6.3 7.7

With nonhousehold members present

4.43 2.89 4.59 3.05 4.29 2.73 67.9 48.5 66.2 48.4 69.5 48.5

Family

0.95 0.71 0.67 0.58 1.21 0.83 22.4 17.4 16.9 14.4 27.4 20.2

Coworkers or customers

2.38 1.51 2.90 1.88 1.90 1.17 30.8 19.8 36.3 23.5 25.6 16.2

Friends, neighbors, and acquaintances

0.70 0.44 0.67 0.40 0.73 0.46 21.1 12.6 19.8 11.9 22.3 13.3

Other nonhousehold members

0.62 0.31 0.51 0.25 0.71 0.37 18.9 9.9 15.9 8.1 21.8 11.6

Information not collected(3)

0.88 0.79 0.74 0.69 1.01 0.89 81.4 75.6 77.8 71.8 84.8 79.1

Persons living alone

Total waking hours(2)

15.20 14.89 15.15 15.06 15.24 14.76 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Alone

9.72 11.31 9.69 11.60 9.74 11.09 98.5 98.9 98.2 98.8 98.8 98.9

Others present, not alone

4.62 2.86 4.79 2.91 4.48 2.83 71.3 50.9 67.5 48.2 74.2 52.9

With household members present

- - - - - - - - - - - -

With nonhousehold members present

4.62 2.86 4.79 2.91 4.48 2.83 71.3 50.9 67.5 48.2 74.2 52.9

Family

1.09 0.88 0.68 0.59 1.40 1.11 24.0 20.5 16.7 14.9 29.7 24.9

Coworkers or customers

2.02 1.09 2.76 1.45 1.45 0.80 25.3 13.9 32.2 17.9 20.0 10.7

Friends, neighbors, and acquaintances

1.04 0.57 0.99 0.55 1.07 0.59 26.7 16.7 24.2 15.7 28.7 17.6

Other nonhousehold members

0.73 0.42 0.56 0.37 0.85 0.45 19.3 12.6 14.9 10.5 22.7 14.3

Information not collected(3)

0.86 0.72 0.67 0.55 1.01 0.84 78.4 75.3 70.8 68.2 84.2 81.0

Persons living with spouse or partner and
no children under 18

Total waking hours(2)

15.31 15.15 15.39 15.34 15.22 14.97 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Alone

5.56 6.37 5.92 6.71 5.17 6.03 92.6 93.1 93.6 93.5 91.5 92.6

Others present, not alone

8.98 8.08 8.86 8.02 9.12 8.14 97.4 96.0 97.0 95.7 97.8 96.3

With household members present

5.97 6.20 5.81 6.03 6.14 6.37 91.9 92.8 91.5 92.5 92.2 93.0

Family members

5.33 5.57 5.17 5.42 5.51 5.72 82.1 83.2 81.4 83.6 82.9 82.9

Spouse

5.16 5.35 5.06 5.32 5.27 5.38 80.5 81.5 79.3 82.7 81.7 80.4

Own children under 18

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Non-family household members

0.65 0.67 0.66 0.62 0.64 0.73 10.2 10.5 10.3 9.2 10.1 11.7

With nonhousehold members present

4.01 2.45 3.96 2.53 4.07 2.37 64.9 43.2 62.4 43.0 67.5 43.4

Family

1.11 0.72 0.89 0.63 1.34 0.81 24.7 16.6 20.4 15.6 29.4 17.6

Coworkers or customers

2.03 1.31 2.31 1.53 1.74 1.09 26.7 16.9 29.9 19.3 23.1 14.7

Friends, neighbors, and acquaintances

0.54 0.26 0.52 0.24 0.56 0.27 18.3 8.9 17.6 7.8 19.0 9.9

Other nonhousehold members

0.60 0.23 0.43 0.18 0.78 0.27 18.1 8.1 15.0 6.9 21.5 9.4

Information not collected(3)

0.76 0.70 0.61 0.61 0.94 0.79 80.4 74.8 75.0 71.3 86.3 78.2

Adults living with children under 18(4)

Total waking hours(2)

15.36 15.13 15.50 15.31 15.25 14.97 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Alone

4.67 5.30 5.10 5.81 4.30 4.87 92.4 92.9 92.6 92.1 92.2 93.5

Others present, not alone

9.96 9.18 9.75 8.90 10.14 9.41 98.4 97.2 98.9 96.5 98.0 97.7

With household members present

6.28 6.69 5.43 5.76 7.01 7.48 91.7 92.9 90.5 90.9 92.7 94.7

Family members

6.15 6.56 5.27 5.68 6.89 7.31 90.3 91.8 88.9 89.4 91.5 93.8

Spouse

3.07 3.32 3.42 3.64 2.78 3.05 59.4 61.2 65.2 66.0 54.5 57.1

Own children under 18

4.36 4.63 3.39 3.58 5.18 5.52 74.2 73.5 71.8 67.9 76.2 78.3

Non-family household members

0.35 0.31 0.41 0.24 0.31 0.37 7.2 6.3 8.6 6.3 6.1 6.4

With nonhousehold members present

4.57 3.08 5.03 3.57 4.18 2.67 68.0 48.2 68.9 50.6 67.1 46.2

Family

0.77 0.61 0.56 0.43 0.94 0.76 20.0 16.2 15.5 12.0 23.7 19.8

Coworkers or customers

2.86 1.94 3.63 2.67 2.20 1.32 36.3 24.3 44.3 31.5 29.6 18.0

Friends, neighbors, and acquaintances

0.55 0.35 0.47 0.33 0.62 0.36 17.3 10.4 14.6 9.6 19.6 11.0

Other nonhousehold members

0.57 0.27 0.50 0.17 0.64 0.35 19.3 9.7 16.4 7.0 21.7 12.1

Information not collected(3)

0.73 0.65 0.64 0.60 0.81 0.69 82.4 75.8 81.5 74.2 83.1 77.2

(1) This information was collected by asking people, "Who was in the room with you?" or "Who accompanied you?" See Technical Note for more information.
(2) Information about who people were with while they slept was not collected and thus this table focuses on times people were awake.
(3) Information about who people were with was not collected for certain non-sleep activities (grooming, personal activities, and attending high school classes) and when respondents did not remember or refused to provide an activity or information about who they were with.
(4) Includes persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 18.
- Not applicable.

Note: Data refer to persons 15 years and over, unless otherwise specified, and are representative of the periods May 10th through December 31st. Time spent with multiple people is counted in all relevant categories.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: July 22, 2021