CONSUMER EXPENDITURES--2017

For release: 10:00 a.m. (EDT), Tuesday, September 11, 2018 USDL-18-1450

Technical Information:	(202) 691-6900    CEXInfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/cex
Media Contact :	        (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov

                    CONSUMER EXPENDITURES--2017

  NOTE: This news release was reissued September 13, 2018, correcting data in 
  table C. The table was originally published with 2016 data. No other data 
  were affected. 

Average expenditures per consumer unit1 for 2017 were $60,060, a 4.8-percent 
increase from 2016 levels, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
During the same period, the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) rose 2.1 percent, and 
average pretax incomes decreased slightly by 1.5 percent.

Eight of the 10 largest components of household spending increased during 2017. 
(See table A.) The 12.2-percent rise in education spending was the largest 
percentage increase among all major components, followed by a 10.0-percent rise 
in entertainment. 


Table A. Average expenditures and income of all consumer units, 2015-17	
________________________________________________________________________________
                                                               Percent change
          Item                     2015     2016     2017      2015-16   2016-17
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Average income before taxes     $69,627  $74,664  $73,573          7.2      -1.5
                                           
Average annual expenditures      55,978   57,311   60,060          2.4       4.8
  Food                            7,023    7,203    7,729          2.6       7.3
    Food at home                  4,015    4,049    4,363          0.8       7.8
    Food away from home           3,008    3,154    3,365          4.9       6.7
  Housing                        18,409   18,886   19,884          2.6       5.3
    Shelter                      10,742   11,128   11,895          3.6       6.9
      Owned dwellings             6,210    6,295    6,947          1.4      10.4
      Rented dwellings            3,802    4,035    4,167          6.1       3.3
  Apparel and services            1,846    1,803    1,833         -2.3       1.7
  Transportation                  9,503    9,049    9,576         -4.8       5.8
    Vehicle purchases             3,997    3,634    4,054         -9.1      11.6
    Gasoline, other fuels,
     and motor oil 		  2,090    1,909    1,968         -8.7       3.1
  Healthcare                      4,342    4,612    4,928          6.2       6.9
    Health insurance              2,977    3,160    3,414          6.1       8.0
  Entertainment                   2,842    2,913    3,203          2.5      10.0
  Personal care products
    and services	            683      707      762          3.5       7.8
  Education                       1,315    1,329    1,491          1.1      12.2
  Cash contributions              1,819    2,081    1,873         14.4     -10.0
  Personal insurance              6,349    6,831    6,771          7.6      -0.9
   and pensions                                                           
    Pensions and Social           
     Security                     6,016    6,509    6,353          8.2      -2.4
  All other expenditures          1,847    1,897    2,010          2.7       6.0

Note: Subcategories do not sum to their respective major item category.
                                                                        
________________________________________________________________________________

                         
Spending patterns, 2017

Spending on food increased 7.3 percent. The increase was driven by both food at 
home spending, up 7.8 percent, and food away from home spending, up 6.7 percent.

Housing expenditures increased 5.3 percent. Expenditures on the two primary 
components of shelter, owned dwellings and rented dwellings were up 10.4 percent 
and 3.3 percent, respectively. 

Transportation expenditures were up 5.8 percent, driven by vehicle purchases, 
which were up 11.6 percent, following a 9.1 percent decline in 2016. Gasoline, 
other fuels, and motor oil expenditures were up a modest 3.1 percent, the first 
increase since 2012. 

Healthcare expenditures were up 6.9 percent, following a 6.2-percent increase in 
2016. The largest component of healthcare, health insurance, was up 8.0 percent, 
following a 6.1-percent increase in the preceding year. 


Spending by composition of consumer unit, 2017

Data from the Consumer Expenditure Surveys (CE) measure how consumers allocate 
their spending among the various components of total expenditures. Table B 
compares the shares allocated to selected expenditures by composition of consumer 
units. Over 10 percent of total spending for married-couple-only consumer units 
went to healthcare, almost twice as large a share as reported by one-parent 
consumer units (5.8 percent). Married-couple-with-children consumer units 
allocated the highest share of all groups to personal insurance and pensions 
(12.8 percent), while other-married-couple consumer units (those with married 
couples and persons other than children living in the consumer unit) allocated 
the highest share to transportation (17.3 percent).

Table B. Shares of average expenditures on selected major components by composition 
of consumer unit, 2017
_____________________________________________________________________________
             Item                  Married    Married    Other
				   couple     couple     married
				   only       with       couple
				              children   consumer
                                                         units 				             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food                                12.0      13.6       13.3
Housing                             30.3      31.9       32.5 
Transportation                      15.7      16.4       17.3
Healthcare                          10.4       7.1        7.9 
Personal insurance and pensions     11.5      12.8       12.0
           
_____________________________________________________________________________ 
             Item                  One        Single
				   parent,    person
				   at least   and other
				   one child  consumer         
                                   under 18   units
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Food                                12.9      12.9 
Housing                             37.7      36.1
Transportation                      16.0      15.4
Healthcare                           5.8       7.8
Personal insurance and pensions      8.6       9.7       
           
_____________________________________________________________________________ 


Spending by income quintile, 2017 

Table C shows the percent change for expenditures by income quintile. Overall 
spending increased in all five quintiles, ranging from 3.5 percent in the 
lowest quintile to 6.9 percent in the second quintile. Food at home, food away 
from home, housing, healthcare, and entertainment, rose for all five quintiles. 
Apparel and services and transportation expenditures rose in four of five 
quintiles. Personal insurance and pensions spending rose in three of five 
quintiles. Cash contributions fell in three of five quintiles. 

Table C. Dollar change and percent change in average annual expenditures on major 
components by income quintile, 2016-17 
______________________________________________________________________________ 
             Item			Lowest		Second		Third	
	
             				Dollar Percent	Dollar	Percent	Dollar	
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Average annual expenditure change:										
Total				        $881	 3.5  $2,530	 6.9   $2,806
 Food					 208	 5.4	 693	13.9	  837	
  At home				  80	 3.2	 510	16.4	  341	
  Away from home			 128	 9.4	 183	 9.8	  496	
 Housing				 146	 1.4	 543	 4.0	1,147	 
 Apparel and services			  18	 2.1	  88	 7.6	 -171	
 Transportation				-270    -7.2     580     9.7       68 	  
 Healthcare                              336    15.6     361    10.2      376
 Entertainment				 124	10.8	  90     5.0	  173
 Cash contributions			  92    16.5    -239   -16.7	  184
 Personal insurance and pensions	  10	 1.6	 655	37.1      109
 All other expenditures			 217    11.6	-241    -9.4	   83	

______________________________________________________________________________ 
	     Item			Third	Fourth		Highest	

            				Percent	Dollar	Percent	Dollar	Percent	
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Average annual expenditure change:										
Total					 5.9    $2,694    4.2  $4,767	  4.2
 Food					13.4	   321    3.8     566	  4.5
  At home			         9.2       155	  3.3	  484	  7.8 
  Away from home			19.6 	   165	  4.5	   82	  1.3
 Housing				 7.0	 1,557	  7.5   1,581	  4.7
 Apparel and services		       -11.3	    93	  4.7	  122	  3.5
 Transportation				 0.8	   168    1.5   2,076	 12.9
 Healthcare                              8.8       322    5.9     180     2.3 
 Entertainment				 7.4	    61	  1.8	1,001	 17.0
 Cash contributions			14.1	   -18	 -1.0  -1,063	-20.3
 Personal insurance and pensions	 2.6       -47	 -0.6  -1,049	 -5.4
 All other expenditures			 2.8	   237	  6.1	1,353    16.2
______________________________________________________________________________ 


Additional information

Consumer Expenditure (CE) data include the expenditures and income of consumers, 
as well as the demographic characteristics of those consumers. Tables with more 
expenditure detail are available at www.bls.gov/cex. Published tables provide 2017 
CE data by standard classifications that include income quintile, income decile, 
income class, age of reference person, size of consumer unit, number of earners, 
composition of consumer unit, region of residence, housing tenure, type of area 
(urban-rural), race, Hispanic origin, occupation, and highest education level of 
any member. These annual tables include means, shares, and standard errors. Other 
tables available on the website include expenditures by age, region, size, or 
gender cross-tabulated by income before taxes and other demographic variables. 
Historical tables back to 1984 and selected metropolitan area tabulations are 
also available. 

Standard CE midyear tables, which are similar to the annual tables but cover the 
third quarter of a given year through the second quarter of the next year, are 
also available and can be found at www.bls.gov/cex/midyear.htm. Data tables with 
the most detailed subcategories of expenditures can be obtained by sending a 
request to cexinfo@bls.gov.

The 1996 through 2017 CE public-use microdata, including Interview Survey data, 
Diary Survey data, and paradata (information about the data collection process), 
are available on the CE website for free electronic download at 
www.bls.gov/cex/pumd_data.htm. The Interview Survey files contain expenditure data 
in two different formats: MTBI files that present monthly values in an item-coding 
framework based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) pricing scheme, and EXPN files 
that organize expenditures by the section of the Interview questionnaire in which 
they are collected. Expenditure values on EXPN files cover different time periods 
depending on the specific questions asked, and the files also contain relevant 
non-expenditure information not found on the MTBI files. For releases prior to 1996, 
users can continue to purchase USB flash drives using the public-use microdata 
order form at www.bls.gov/cex/pumd_doc.htm.

The change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) cited in the text was calculated as 
the percentage change between the 12-month average CPI-U for all items from 
January  December 2016 (240.007) and the 12-month average CPI-U for all items from 
January  December 2017 (245.120).

The 2017 Data Quality Profile, which reports quality metrics and indicators for the 
Interview and Diary Surveys regarding measurement, nonresponse, and processing error, 
will be available shortly after this release. 

Recent CE-specific articles in the BLS Beyond the Numbers web report series provide 
analyses of topical economic issues and long term spending trends, as well as 
comparisons of CE data to other data series at www.bls.gov/cex/csxwebarticles.htm and 
www.bls.gov/cex/cecomparison.htm. Additional methodological and analytical articles 
using CE data will be published in 2018. 

Also available are the Diary Survey questionnaire and a modified version of the 
computer assisted personal interview (CAPI) instrument used to collect the Interview 
Survey data at www.bls.gov/cex/csxsurveyforms.htm.

Information on the methodology used to calculate and collect CE data is available at 
www.bls.gov/cex/ce_methodology.htm. General articles and research papers using CE 
data are in the CE research library at 
www.bls.gov/cex/research_papers/research-paper-catalog.htm.

For further information, contact the Division of Consumer Expenditure Surveys, Office 
of Prices and Living Conditions at (202) 691-6900 or by email at cexinfo@bls.gov. 
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals 
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200;
Federal Relay Service: 1 (800) 877-8339.


1 Consumer units include families, single persons living alone or sharing a household 
  with others but who are financially independent, or two or more persons living 
  together who share major expenses.






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Last Modified Date: September 13, 2018