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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

                                   Gross job gains and job losses              Gross job gains and job losses
                                          (in thousands)                         as a percent of employment

    Category                              3 months ended                               3 months ended

                                   Mar.     June     Sept.    Dec.     Mar.    Mar.    June    Sept.   Dec.    Mar.
                                   2020     2020     2020     2020     2021    2020    2020    2020    2020    2021
Total private by firm(1)

Gross job gains                   5,659    4,494    9,459    7,092    6,798     4.5     3.7     8.2     6.0     5.7
 At expanding firms               4,708    3,626    7,980    5,982    5,731     3.7     3.0     6.9     5.1     4.8
 At opening firms                   951      868    1,479    1,110    1,067     0.8     0.7     1.3     0.9     0.9
 
Gross job losses                  6,269   19,814    5,419    5,199    5,043     5.0    16.6     4.7     4.5     4.2
 At contracting firms             5,177   17,716    4,487    4,307    4,273     4.1    14.8     3.9     3.7     3.6
 At closing firms                 1,092    2,098      932      892      770     0.9     1.8     0.8     0.8     0.6
 
Net employment change              -610  -15,320    4,040    1,893    1,755    -0.5   -12.9     3.5     1.5     1.5
 

Firm size 1 to 49 employees

Gross job gains                   3,026    2,552    4,483    3,496    3,590     8.8     7.7    13.8    10.5    10.7
 At expanding firms               2,106    1,709    3,062    2,424    2,562     6.1     5.2     9.4     7.3     7.6
 At opening firms                   920      843    1,421    1,072    1,028     2.7     2.5     4.4     3.2     3.1
 
Gross job losses                  3,394    7,252    2,978    2,975    2,641     9.8    21.9     9.2     9.0     7.9
 At contracting firms             2,361    5,298    2,075    2,110    1,901     6.8    16.0     6.4     6.4     5.7
 At closing firms                 1,033    1,954      903      865      740     3.0     5.9     2.8     2.6     2.2
 
Net employment change              -368   -4,700    1,505      521      949    -1.0   -14.2     4.6     1.5     2.8
 

Firm size 50 to 249 employees

Gross job gains                     967      579    1,423    1,193    1,094     4.2     2.7     7.1     5.9     5.2
 At expanding firms                 939      557    1,380    1,161    1,065     4.1     2.6     6.9     5.7     5.1
 At opening firms                    28       22       43       32       29     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.2     0.1
 
Gross job losses                  1,069    3,398      881      842      877     4.7    16.1     4.4     4.1     4.2
 At contracting firms             1,036    3,292      857      817      852     4.6    15.6     4.3     4.0     4.1
 At closing firms                    33      106       24       25       25     0.1     0.5     0.1     0.1     0.1
 
Net employment change              -102   -2,819      542      351      217    -0.5   -13.4     2.7     1.8     1.0
 

Firm size 250 or more employees

Gross job gains                   1,666    1,363    3,553    2,403    2,114     2.4     2.1     5.6     3.7     3.2
 At expanding firms               1,663    1,360    3,538    2,397    2,104     2.4     2.1     5.6     3.7     3.2
 At opening firms                     3        3       15        6       10     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Gross job losses                  1,806    9,164    1,560    1,382    1,525     2.6    14.0     2.5     2.1     2.3
 At contracting firms             1,780    9,126    1,555    1,380    1,520     2.6    13.9     2.5     2.1     2.3
 At closing firms                    26       38        5        2        5     0.0     0.1     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Net employment change              -140   -7,801    1,993    1,021      589    -0.2   -11.9     3.1     1.6     0.9
 
 
(1) Total gross job gains and gross job losses by firm are lower than total gross job gains and gross job losses by
    establishment, as some establishment gains and losses within a firm are offset during the aggregation process.

NOTE: Net change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. Net change totals for
the firm-level data differ from the establishment-level data due to independent seasonal adjustment. The unit of
analysis section in the technical note provides additional detail. See www.bls.gov/bdm/bdmfirmsize.htm for more
detailed firm size class data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: October 27, 2021