Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
BDM BDM Program Links

Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

                                   Gross job gains and job losses              Gross job gains and job losses
                                          (in thousands)                         as a percent of employment

    Category                              3 months ended                               3 months ended

                                   Dec.     Mar.     June     Sept.    Dec.    Dec.    Mar.    June    Sept.   Dec.
                                   2020     2021     2021     2021     2021    2020    2021    2021    2021    2021
Total private by firm(1)

Gross job gains                   7,092    6,798    6,614    7,112    7,653     6.0     5.7     5.5     5.8     6.1
 At expanding firms               5,982    5,731    5,655    6,087    6,489     5.1     4.8     4.7     5.0     5.2
 At opening firms                 1,110    1,067      959    1,025    1,164     0.9     0.9     0.8     0.8     0.9
 
Gross job losses                  5,199    5,043    5,694    5,832    4,917     4.5     4.2     4.7     4.7     4.0
 At contracting firms             4,307    4,273    4,860    4,809    4,053     3.7     3.6     4.0     3.9     3.3
 At closing firms                   892      770      834    1,023      864     0.8     0.6     0.7     0.8     0.7
 
Net employment change             1,893    1,755      920    1,280    2,736     1.5     1.5     0.8     1.1     2.1
 

Firm size 1 to 49 employees

Gross job gains                   3,496    3,590    3,493    3,475    3,748    10.5    10.7    10.2    10.1    10.7
 At expanding firms               2,424    2,562    2,566    2,485    2,627     7.3     7.6     7.5     7.2     7.5
 At opening firms                 1,072    1,028      927      990    1,121     3.2     3.1     2.7     2.9     3.2
 
Gross job losses                  2,975    2,641    2,795    3,177    2,852     9.0     7.9     8.2     9.3     8.2
 At contracting firms             2,110    1,901    1,988    2,193    2,024     6.4     5.7     5.8     6.4     5.8
 At closing firms                   865      740      807      984      828     2.6     2.2     2.4     2.9     2.4
 
Net employment change               521      949      698      298      896     1.5     2.8     2.0     0.8     2.5
 

Firm size 50 to 249 employees

Gross job gains                   1,193    1,094    1,137    1,189    1,314     5.9     5.2     5.4     5.5     6.1
 At expanding firms               1,161    1,065    1,108    1,159    1,277     5.7     5.1     5.3     5.4     5.9
 At opening firms                    32       29       29       30       37     0.2     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.2
 
Gross job losses                    842      877      933      960      840     4.1     4.2     4.4     4.5     3.8
 At contracting firms               817      852      910      927      813     4.0     4.1     4.3     4.3     3.7
 At closing firms                    25       25       23       33       27     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.2     0.1
 
Net employment change               351      217      204      229      474     1.8     1.0     1.0     1.0     2.3
 

Firm size 250 or more employees

Gross job gains                   2,403    2,114    1,984    2,448    2,591     3.7     3.2     3.0     3.7     3.8
 At expanding firms               2,397    2,104    1,981    2,443    2,585     3.7     3.2     3.0     3.7     3.8
 At opening firms                     6       10        3        5        6     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Gross job losses                  1,382    1,525    1,966    1,695    1,225     2.1     2.3     3.0     2.5     1.8
 At contracting firms             1,380    1,520    1,962    1,689    1,216     2.1     2.3     3.0     2.5     1.8
 At closing firms                     2        5        4        6        9     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Net employment change             1,021      589       18      753    1,366     1.6     0.9     0.0     1.2     2.0
 
 
(1) Total gross job gains and gross job losses by firm are lower than total gross job gains and gross job losses by
    establishment, as some establishment gains and losses within a firm are offset during the aggregation process.

NOTE: Net change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. Net change totals for
the firm-level data differ from the establishment-level data due to independent seasonal adjustment. The unit of
analysis section in the technical note provides additional detail. See www.bls.gov/bdm/bdmfirmsize.htm for more
detailed firm size class data.
Last Modified Date: July 27, 2022