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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

                                   Gross job gains and job losses              Gross job gains and job losses
                                          (in thousands)                         as a percent of employment

    Category                              3 months ended                               3 months ended

                                   June     Sept.    Dec.     Mar.     June    June    Sept.   Dec.    Mar.    June
                                   2018     2018     2018     2019     2019    2018    2018    2018    2019    2019
Total private by firm(1)

Gross job gains                   6,179    5,970    6,132    5,944    6,111     4.9     4.8     4.9     4.7     4.8
 At expanding firms               5,264    5,086    5,166    5,019    5,215     4.2     4.1     4.1     4.0     4.1
 At opening firms                   915      884      966      925      896     0.7     0.7     0.8     0.7     0.7
 
Gross job losses                  5,753    5,960    5,393    5,365    5,924     4.6     4.8     4.3     4.3     4.7
 At contracting firms             4,872    5,074    4,508    4,515    5,035     3.9     4.1     3.6     3.6     4.0
 At closing firms                   881      886      885      850      889     0.7     0.7     0.7     0.7     0.7
 
Net employment change               426       10      739      579      187     0.3     0.0     0.6     0.4     0.1
 

Firm size 1 to 49 employees

Gross job gains                   3,189    3,019    3,182    3,159    3,137     9.2     8.8     9.3     9.1     9.1
 At expanding firms               2,315    2,169    2,257    2,259    2,279     6.7     6.3     6.6     6.5     6.6
 At opening firms                   874      850      925      900      858     2.5     2.5     2.7     2.6     2.5
 
Gross job losses                  3,061    3,121    2,972    2,879    3,082     8.9     9.1     8.7     8.4     8.9
 At contracting firms             2,220    2,271    2,122    2,063    2,225     6.5     6.6     6.2     6.0     6.4
 At closing firms                   841      850      850      816      857     2.4     2.5     2.5     2.4     2.5
 
Net employment change               128     -102      210      280       55     0.3    -0.3     0.6     0.7     0.2
 

Firm size 50 to 249 employees

Gross job gains                   1,132    1,026    1,085    1,054    1,119     5.1     4.6     4.8     4.7     4.9
 At expanding firms               1,096      995    1,054    1,030    1,086     4.9     4.5     4.7     4.6     4.8
 At opening firms                    36       31       31       24       33     0.2     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1
 
Gross job losses                    982    1,059      934      904    1,026     4.4     4.7     4.1     4.0     4.5
 At contracting firms               952    1,029      904      878      998     4.3     4.6     4.0     3.9     4.4
 At closing firms                    30       30       30       26       28     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1
 
Net employment change               150      -33      151      150       93     0.7    -0.1     0.7     0.7     0.4
 

Firm size 250 or more employees

Gross job gains                   1,858    1,925    1,865    1,731    1,855     2.7     2.8     2.7     2.5     2.7
 At expanding firms               1,853    1,922    1,855    1,730    1,850     2.7     2.8     2.7     2.5     2.7
 At opening firms                     5        3       10        1        5     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Gross job losses                  1,710    1,780    1,487    1,582    1,816     2.5     2.6     2.2     2.3     2.6
 At contracting firms             1,700    1,774    1,482    1,574    1,812     2.5     2.6     2.2     2.3     2.6
 At closing firms                    10        6        5        8        4     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Net employment change               148      145      378      149       39     0.2     0.2     0.5     0.2     0.1
 
 
(1) Total gross job gains and gross job losses by firm are lower than total gross job gains and gross job losses by
    establishment, as some establishment gains and losses within a firm are offset during the aggregation process.

NOTE: Net change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. Net change totals for
the firm-level data differ from the establishment-level data due to independent seasonal adjustment. The unit of
analysis section in the technical note provides additional detail. See www.bls.gov/bdm/bdmfirmsize.htm for more
detailed firm size class data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 29, 2020