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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

Table 5. Components of private sector gross job gains and losses by firm size, seasonally adjusted

                                   Gross job gains and job losses              Gross job gains and job losses
                                          (in thousands)                         as a percent of employment

    Category                              3 months ended                               3 months ended

                                   Dec.     Mar.     June     Sept.    Dec.    Dec.    Mar.    June    Sept.   Dec.
                                   2018     2019     2019     2019     2019    2018    2019    2019    2019    2019
Total private by firm (1)

Gross job gains                   6,132    5,944    6,111    5,816    6,211     4.9     4.7     4.8     4.6     4.9
 At expanding firms               5,166    5,019    5,215    4,939    5,220     4.1     4.0     4.1     3.9     4.1
 At opening firms                   966      925      896      877      991     0.8     0.7     0.7     0.7     0.8
 
Gross job losses                  5,393    5,365    5,924    5,875    5,517     4.3     4.3     4.7     4.7     4.4
 At contracting firms             4,508    4,515    5,035    5,010    4,631     3.6     3.6     4.0     4.0     3.7
 At closing firms                   885      850      889      865      886     0.7     0.7     0.7     0.7     0.7
 
Net employment change               739      579      187      -59      694     0.6     0.4     0.1    -0.1     0.5
 

Firm size 1 to 49 employees

Gross job gains                   3,182    3,159    3,137    2,999    3,167     9.3     9.1     9.1     8.7     9.2
 At expanding firms               2,257    2,259    2,279    2,156    2,216     6.6     6.5     6.6     6.3     6.4
 At opening firms                   925      900      858      843      951     2.7     2.6     2.5     2.4     2.8
 
Gross job losses                  2,972    2,879    3,082    3,054    2,975     8.7     8.4     8.9     8.8     8.7
 At contracting firms             2,122    2,063    2,225    2,218    2,128     6.2     6.0     6.4     6.4     6.2
 At closing firms                   850      816      857      836      847     2.5     2.4     2.5     2.4     2.5
 
Net employment change               210      280       55      -55      192     0.6     0.7     0.2    -0.1     0.5
 

Firm size 50 to 249 employees

Gross job gains                   1,085    1,054    1,119    1,015    1,073     4.8     4.7     4.9     4.5     4.8
 At expanding firms               1,054    1,030    1,086      984    1,038     4.7     4.6     4.8     4.4     4.6
 At opening firms                    31       24       33       31       35     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.2
 
Gross job losses                    934      904    1,026    1,053      966     4.1     4.0     4.5     4.7     4.2
 At contracting firms               904      878      998    1,029      934     4.0     3.9     4.4     4.6     4.1
 At closing firms                    30       26       28       24       32     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1
 
Net employment change               151      150       93      -38      107     0.7     0.7     0.4    -0.2     0.6
 

Firm size 250 or more employees

Gross job gains                   1,865    1,731    1,855    1,802    1,971     2.7     2.5     2.7     2.6     2.8
 At expanding firms               1,855    1,730    1,850    1,799    1,966     2.7     2.5     2.7     2.6     2.8
 At opening firms                    10        1        5        3        5     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Gross job losses                  1,487    1,582    1,816    1,768    1,576     2.2     2.3     2.6     2.6     2.3
 At contracting firms             1,482    1,574    1,812    1,763    1,569     2.2     2.3     2.6     2.6     2.3
 At closing firms                     5        8        4        5        7     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0
 
Net employment change               378      149       39       34      395     0.5     0.2     0.1     0.0     0.5
 
 
(1) Total gross job gains and gross job losses by firm are lower than total gross job gains and gross job losses by
    establishment, as some establishment gains and losses within a firm are offset during the aggregation process.

NOTE: Net change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. Net change totals for
the firm-level data differ from the establishment-level data due to independent seasonal adjustment. The unit of
analysis section in the technical note provides additional detail. See www.bls.gov/bdm/bdmfirmsize.htm for more
detailed firm size class data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: July 29, 2020