County Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST), Wednesday, February 20, 2019	USDL-19-0307

Technical Information:	(202) 691-6567  *  QCEWInfo@bls.gov  	*  www.bls.gov/cew
Media Contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

COUNTY EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES – THIRD QUARTER 2018

From September 2017 to September 2018, employment increased in 295 of the 349 largest U.S. 
counties, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. In September 2018, national 
employment (as measured by the QCEW program) increased to 146.8 million, a 1.6 percent 
increase over the year. Midland, TX, had the largest over-the-year increase in employment with a 
gain of 11.9 percent. Employment data in this release are presented for September 2018, and 
average weekly wage data are presented for third quarter 2018.

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|                                                                                                 |
|                    Notice Regarding South Carolina Employment and Wages Data                    |
|                                                                                                 |
|  South Carolina QCEW data for the first, second, and third quarters of 2018 show unusual        |
|  movements, which may be a result of a change in reporting. These unusual movements coincide    |
|  with a modernization of the South Carolina unemployment insurance system. For more             |
|  information please visit: www.bls.gov/cew/2018-notice-regarding-south-carolina-employment-     |
|  and-wages-data.htm.                                                                            |
|                                                                                                 |
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Among the 349 largest counties, 336 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. In 
the third quarter of 2018, average weekly wages for the nation increased to $1,055, a 3.3 percent 
increase over the year. Chatham, GA, had the largest third quarter over-the-year wage gain at 8.5 
percent. (See table 1.)  

Large County Employment in September 2018

Midland, TX, had the largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment (11.9 percent). 
Within Midland, the largest employment increase occurred in natural resources and mining, 
which gained 5,824 jobs over the year (23.7 percent).

New Hanover, NC, experienced the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment, 
with a loss of 2.0 percent. Within New Hanover, leisure and hospitality had the largest 
employment decrease with a loss of 1,466 jobs (-8.0 percent).

Large County Average Weekly Wage in Third Quarter 2018

Chatham, GA, had the largest over-the-year percentage increase in average weekly wages (8.5 
percent). Within Chatham, an average weekly wage gain of $486 (30.7 percent) in manufacturing 
made the largest contribution to the county’s increase in average weekly wages.

Elkhart, IN, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in average weekly wages with a 
loss of 4.2 percent. Within Elkhart, professional and business services had the largest impact, 
with an average weekly wage decrease of $482 (-32.2 percent) over the year.

Ten Largest Counties

All of the 10 largest counties had over-the-year percentage increases in employment and average 
weekly wages. In September 2018, Miami-Dade, FL, had the largest over-the-year employment 
percentage gain among the 10 largest counties (3.9 percent). Within Miami-Dade, trade, 
transportation, and utilities had the largest employment increase with a gain of 9,878 jobs (3.6 
percent). (See table 2.)

In third quarter 2018, King, WA, experienced the largest over-the-year percentage gain in 
average weekly wages among the 10 largest counties (7.9 percent). Within King, information had 
the largest impact, with an average weekly wage increase of $475 (9.4 percent) over the year.

For More Information

The tables included in this release contain data for the nation and for the 349 U.S. counties with 
annual average employment levels of 75,000 or more in 2017. September 2018 employment and 
third quarter 2018 average weekly wages for all states are provided in table 3 of this release.

The most current news release on quarterly measures of gross job flows is available from QCEW 
Business Employment Dynamics at www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cewbd.pdf.

Several BLS regional offices issue QCEW news releases targeted to local data users. Links to 
these releases are available at www.bls.gov/cew/cewregional.htm.

QCEW’s news release schedule is available at www.bls.gov/cew/releasecalendar.htm.

____________
The County Employment and Wages full data update for third quarter 2018 is scheduled 
to be released on Wednesday, March 6, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). 

The County Employment and Wages news release for fourth quarter 2018 is scheduled to 
be released on Wednesday, May 22, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). 






Technical Note

These data are the product of a federal-state cooperative program, the Quarterly Census of Employment 
and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries 
of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legis-
lation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The summaries are a result of the administra-
tion of state unemployment insurance programs that require most employers to pay quarterly taxes based 
on the employment and wages of workers covered by UI. QCEW data in this release are based on the 2017 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Data for 2018 are preliminary and subject to 
revision. 

For purposes of this release, large counties are defined as having employment levels of 75,000 or greater. 
In addition, data for San Juan, Puerto Rico, are provided, but not used in calculating U.S. averages, rank-
ings, or in the analysis in the text. Each year, these large counties are selected on the basis of the prelimi-
nary annual average of employment for the previous year. The 349 counties presented in this release were 
derived using 2017 preliminary annual averages of employment. For 2018 data, three counties have been 
added to the publication tables: Cabarrus, N.C.; Pitt, N.C.; and Kent, R.I. These counties will be included 
in all 2018 quarterly releases. The counties in table 2 are selected and sorted each year based on the annual 
average employment from the preceding year.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual 
states. These potential differences result from the states' continuing receipt of UI data over time and ongo-
ing review and editing. The individual states determine their data release timetables.

Differences between QCEW, BED, and CES employment measures

The Bureau publishes three different establishment-based employment measures for any given quarter: 
QCEW, Business Employment Dynamics (BED), and Current Employment Statistics (CES). Each of these 
measures makes use of the quarterly UI employment reports in producing data; however, each measure has 
a somewhat different universe coverage, estimation procedure, and publication product. 

Differences in coverage and estimation methods can result in somewhat different measures of employment 
change over time. It is important to understand program differences and the intended uses of the program 
products. (See table.) Additional information on each program can be obtained from the program Web 
sites shown in the table.

Summary of Major Differences between QCEW, BED, and CES Employment Measures

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            |         QCEW        |         BED          |         CES
 -----------|---------------------|----------------------|------------------------
 Source     |--Count of UI admini-|--Count of longitudi- |--Sample survey:
            |  strative records   |  nally-linked UI ad- |  689,000 establish-
            |  submitted by 10.0  |  ministrative records|  ments
            |  million establish- |  submitted by 8.0    |
            |  ments in first     |  million private-sec-|
            |  quarter of 2018    |  tor employers       |
 -----------|---------------------|----------------------|------------------------
 Coverage   |--UI and UCFE cover- |--UI coverage, exclud-|Nonfarm wage and sal-
            |  age, including all |  ing government, pri-|  ary jobs:
            |  employers subject  |  vate households, and|--UI coverage, exclud-
            |  to state and fed-  |  establishments with |  ing agriculture, pri-
            |  eral UI laws       |  zero employment     |  vate households, and
            |                     |                      |  self-employed workers
            |                     |                      |--Other employment, in-
            |                     |                      |  cluding railroads, 
            |                     |                      |  religious organiza-
            |                     |                      |  tions, and other non-
            |                     |                      |  UI-covered jobs
 -----------|---------------------|----------------------|------------------------
 Publication|--Quarterly          |--Quarterly           |--Monthly 
 frequency  |  -Within 5 months   |  -7 months after the |  -Usually the 3rd Friday
            |   after the end of  |   end of each quarter|   after the end of the 
            |   each quarter      |                      |   week including 
            |                     |                      |   the 12th of the month
 -----------|---------------------|----------------------|------------------------
 Use of UI  |--Directly summarizes|--Links each new UI   |--Uses UI file as a sam-
 file       |  and publishes each |  quarter to longitu- |  pling frame and to an-
            |  new quarter of UI  |  dinal database and  |  nually realign sample-
            |  data               |  directly summarizes |  based estimates to pop-
            |                     |  gross job gains and |  ulation counts (bench- 
            |                     |  losses              |  marking)
 -----------|---------------------|----------------------|------------------------
 Principal  |--Provides a quarter-|--Provides quarterly  |--Provides current month-
 products   |  ly and annual uni- |  employer dynamics   |  ly estimates of employ-
            |  verse count of es- |  data on establish-  |  ment, hours, and earn-
            |  tablishments, em-  |  ment openings, clos-|  ings at the MSA, state,
            |  ployment, and wages|  ings, expansions,   |  and national level by
            |  at the county, MSA,|  and contractions at |  industry
            |  state, and national|  the national level  |
            |  levels by detailed |  by NAICS supersec-  |
            |  industry           |  tors and by size of |
            |                     |  firm, and at the    |
            |                     |  state private-sector|
            |                     |  total level         |
            |                     |--Future expansions   |
            |                     |  will include data   |
            |                     |  with greater indus- |
            |                     |  try detail and data |
            |                     |  at the county and   |
            |                     |  MSA level           |
 -----------|---------------------|----------------------|------------------------
 Principal  |--Major uses include:|--Major uses include: |--Major uses include:
 uses       |  -Detailed locality |  -Business cycle     |  -Principal federal
            |   data              |   analysis           |   economic indicator
            |  -Periodic universe |  -Analysis of employ-|  -Official time series 
            |   counts for bench- |   er dynamics under- |   for employment change
            |   marking sample    |   lying economic ex- |   measures
            |   survey estimates  |   pansions and con-  |  -Input into other ma-
            |  -Sample frame for  |   tractions          |   jor economic indi-
            |   BLS establishment |  -Analysis of employ-|   cators
            |   surveys           |   ment expansion and |
            |                     |   contraction by size|
            |                     |   of firm            |
            |                     |                      |
 -----------|---------------------|----------------------|------------------------
 Program    |--www.bls.gov/cew    |--www.bls.gov/bdm     |--www.bls.gov/ces
 Web sites  |                     |                      |
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Coverage

Employment and wage data for workers covered by state UI laws are compiled from quarterly contribution 
reports submitted to the SWAs by employers. For federal civilian workers covered by the Unemployment 
Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) program, employment and wage data are compiled from 
quarterly reports submitted by four major federal payroll processing centers on behalf of all federal agen-
cies, with the exception of a few agencies which still report directly to the individual SWA. In addition to 
the quarterly contribution reports, employers who operate multiple establishments within a state complete 
a questionnaire, called the "Multiple Worksite Report," which provides detailed information on the loca-
tion and industry of each of their establishments. QCEW employment and wage data are derived from mi-
crodata summaries of 9.8 million employer reports of employment and wages submitted by states to the 
BLS in 2017. These reports are based on place of employment rather than place of residence.

UI and UCFE coverage is broad and has been basically comparable from state to state since 1978, when 
the 1976 amendments to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act became effective, expanding coverage to 
include most state and local government employees. In 2017, UI and UCFE programs covered workers in 
143.9 million jobs. The estimated 138.6 million workers in these jobs (after adjustment for multiple job-
holders) represented 96.4 percent of civilian wage and salary employment. Covered workers received 
$7.968 trillion in pay, representing 94.3 percent of the wage and salary component of personal income and 
40.9 percent of the gross domestic product.

Major exclusions from UI coverage include self-employed workers, most agricultural workers on small 
farms, all members of the Armed Forces, elected officials in most states, most employees of railroads, 
some domestic workers, most student workers at schools, and employees of certain small nonprofit organ-
izations.

State and federal UI laws change periodically. These changes may have an impact on the employment and 
wages reported by employers covered under the UI program. Coverage changes may affect the over-the-
year comparisons presented in this news release.

Concepts and methodology

Monthly employment is based on the number of workers who worked during or received pay for the pay 
period including the 12th of the month. With few exceptions, all employees of covered firms are reported, 
including production and sales workers, corporation officials, executives, supervisory personnel, and cleri-
cal workers. Workers on paid vacations and part-time workers also are included.

Average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three 
monthly employment levels (all employees, as described above) and dividing the result by 13, for the 13 
weeks in the quarter. These calculations are made using unrounded employment and wage values. The av-
erage wage values that can be calculated using rounded data from the BLS database may differ from the 
averages reported. Included in the quarterly wage data are non-wage cash payments such as bonuses, the 
cash value of meals and lodging when supplied, tips and other gratuities, and, in some states, employer 
contributions to certain deferred compensation plans such as 401(k) plans and stock options. Over-the-year 
comparisons of average weekly wages may reflect fluctuations in average monthly employment and/or 
total quarterly wages between the current quarter and prior year levels.

Average weekly wages are affected by the ratio of full-time to part-time workers as well as the number of 
individuals in high-paying and low-paying occupations and the incidence of pay periods within a quarter. 
For instance, the average weekly wage of the workforce could increase significantly when there is a large 
decline in the number of employees that had been receiving below-average wages. Wages may include 
payments to workers not present in the employment counts because they did not work during the pay peri-
od including the 12th of the month. When comparing average weekly wage levels between industries, 
states, or quarters, these factors should be taken into consideration.

Wages measured by QCEW may be subject to periodic and sometimes large fluctuations. This variability 
may be due to calendar effects resulting from some quarters having more pay dates than others. The effect 
is most visible in counties with a dominant employer. In particular, this effect has been observed in coun-
ties where government employers represent a large fraction of overall employment. Similar calendar ef-
fects can result from private sector pay practices. However, these effects are typically less pronounced for 
two reasons: employment is less concentrated in a single private employer, and private employers use a 
variety of pay period types (weekly, biweekly, semimonthly, monthly).

For example, the effect on over-the-year pay comparisons can be pronounced in federal government due to 
the uniform nature of federal payroll processing. Most federal employees are paid on a biweekly pay 
schedule. As a result, in some quarters federal wages include six pay dates, while in other quarters there 
are seven pay dates. Over-the-year comparisons of average weekly wages may also reflect this calendar 
effect. Growth in average weekly wages may be attributed, in part, to a comparison of quarterly wages for 
the current year, which include seven pay dates, with year-ago wages that reflect only six pay dates. An 
opposite effect will occur when wages in the current quarter reflecting six pay dates are compared with 
year-ago wages for a quarter including seven pay dates.

In order to ensure the highest possible quality of data, states verify with employers and update, if neces-
sary, the industry, location, and ownership classification of all establishments on a 3-year cycle. Changes 
in establishment classification codes resulting from this process are introduced with the data reported for 
the first quarter of the year. Changes resulting from improved employer reporting also are introduced in 
the first quarter.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment 
records and reflect the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Estab-
lishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons that reflect economic events 
or administrative changes. For example, economic change would come from a firm relocating into the 
county; administrative change would come from a company correcting its county designation.

The over-the-year changes of employment and wages presented in this release have been adjusted to ac-
count for most of the administrative corrections made to the underlying establishment reports. This is done 
by modifying the prior-year levels used to calculate the over-the-year changes. Percent changes are calcu-
lated using an adjusted version of the final 2017 quarterly data as the base data. The adjusted prior-year 
levels used to calculate the over-the-year percent change in employment and wages are not published. 
These adjusted prior-year levels do not match the unadjusted data maintained on the BLS Web site. Over-
the-year change calculations based on data from the Web site, or from data published in prior BLS news 
releases, may differ substantially from the over-the-year changes presented in this news release.

The adjusted data used to calculate the over-the-year change measures presented in this release eliminate 
the effect of most of the administrative changes (those occurring when employers update the industry, lo-
cation, and ownership information of their establishments). The most common adjustments for administra-
tive change are the result of updated information about the county location of individual establishments. 
Included in these adjustments are administrative changes involving the classification of establishments that 
were previously reported in the unknown or statewide county or unknown industry categories. Adjusted 
data account for improvements in reporting employment and wages for individual and multi-unit estab-
lishments. To accomplish this, adjustments were implemented to account for: administrative changes 
caused by multi-unit employers who start reporting for each individual establishment rather than as a sin-
gle entity (first quarter of 2008); selected large administrative changes in employment and wages (second 
quarter of 2011); and state verified improvements in reporting of employment and wages (third quarter of 
2014). These adjustments allow QCEW to include county employment and wage growth rates in this news 
release that would otherwise not meet publication standards.

The adjusted data used to calculate the over-the-year change measures presented in any County Employ-
ment and Wages news release are valid for comparisons between the starting and ending points (a 12-
month period) used in that particular release. Comparisons may not be valid for any time period other than 
the one featured in a release even if the changes were calculated using adjusted data.

County definitions are assigned according to Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS 
PUBS) as issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, after approval by the Secretary of 
Commerce pursuant to Section 5131 of the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 and 
the Computer Security Act of 1987, Public Law 104-106. Areas shown as counties include those designat-
ed as independent cities in some jurisdictions and, in Alaska, those designated as census areas where coun-
ties have not been created. County data also are presented for the New England states for comparative pur-
poses even though townships are the more common designation used in New England (and New Jersey). 
The regions referred to in this release are defined as census regions.

Additional statistics and other information

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry 
on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2017 edition of this publica-
tion, which was published in September 2018, contains selected data produced by Business Employment 
Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2018 version of 
this news release. Tables and additional content from the 2017 edition of Employment and Wages Annual 
Averages Online are now available at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn17.htm. The 2018 edition of Employ-
ment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2019.

News releases on quarterly measures of gross job flows also are available from BED at www.bls.gov/bdm, 
(202) 691-6467, or data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/forms/bdm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice 
phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: (800) 877-8339.






Table 1. Covered establishments, employment, and wages in the 350 largest counties,
third quarter 2018

                                                   Employment               Average weekly wage(2)

                          Establishments,
        County(1)          third quarter                Percent    Ranking            Percent   Ranking
                                2018       September    change,      by      Third    change,     by
                            (thousands)       2018     September   percent  quarter    third    percent
                                          (thousands)  2017-18(3)  change     2018    quarter   change
                                                                                     2017-18(3)

United States(4).........      10,118.0     146,824.1       1.6        -    $1,055       3.3       -

Jefferson, AL............          19.0         350.1       1.4       139    1,022       3.3      128
Madison, AL..............           9.8         199.4       1.5       133    1,137       3.5      115
Mobile, AL...............          10.3         170.5       0.6       219      896       2.2      259
Montgomery, AL...........           6.4         131.1      -0.7       335      839       1.3      312
Shelby, AL...............           5.9          85.0      -0.8       338      991       3.6      101
Tuscaloosa, AL...........           4.6          96.0       2.1        85      859       3.6      101
Anchorage, AK............           8.3         150.9      -0.2       312    1,112       4.4       44
Maricopa, AZ.............         101.8       2,004.2       3.1        43    1,013       2.5      215
Pima, AZ.................          19.1         370.1       1.4       139      901       3.7       95
Benton, AR...............           6.6         120.4       1.3       148      968       2.5      215

Pulaski, AR..............          14.5         252.4       0.1       284      923       2.1      267
Washington, AR...........           6.2         109.2       2.0        95      844       2.4      232
Alameda, CA..............          65.2         789.0       1.8       104    1,419       2.3      241
Butte, CA................           8.8          85.7       1.5       133      831       5.5       18
Contra Costa, CA.........          33.2         367.6       0.0       296    1,256       1.8      283
Fresno, CA...............          36.8         401.8       1.7       115      825       2.4      232
Kern, CA.................          20.1         336.6       1.8       104      875       3.3      128
Los Angeles, CA..........         501.6       4,448.3       1.0       179    1,176       2.3      241
Marin, CA................          12.6         115.8       1.2       161    1,287       4.4       44
Merced, CA...............           6.8          83.5       0.6       219      805       2.3      241

Monterey, CA.............          14.1         210.5       2.6        62      915       1.7      290
Napa, CA.................           5.9          81.2       1.6       123    1,036       1.8      283
Orange, CA...............         124.5       1,626.3       1.3       148    1,153       1.7      290
Placer, CA...............          13.4         169.7       3.8        26    1,048       1.6      299
Riverside, CA............          67.0         734.8       2.7        57      846       2.2      259
Sacramento, CA...........          59.8         667.9       2.6        62    1,128       2.3      241
San Bernardino, CA.......          61.0         754.0       2.7        57      892       3.4      122
San Diego, CA............         113.8       1,467.1       1.7       115    1,149       3.2      141
San Francisco, CA........          61.5         745.3       3.1        43    2,097       7.6        5
San Joaquin, CA..........          18.3         258.4       1.6       123      894       3.0      163

San Luis Obispo, CA......          10.6         118.3       0.1       284      907       5.7       15
San Mateo, CA............          28.8         406.1       2.1        85    2,363       7.2        9
Santa Barbara, CA........          15.7         203.0       0.4       249    1,006       3.1      154
Santa Clara, CA..........          74.1       1,102.4       2.2        78    2,460       7.8        3
Santa Cruz, CA...........           9.6         108.2       0.5       235      944       2.3      241
Solano, CA...............          11.8         141.9       0.8       194    1,094       3.6      101
Sonoma, CA...............          20.4         213.2       1.7       115    1,047       5.4       19
Stanislaus, CA...........          16.1         194.3       1.8       104      948       7.8        3
Tulare, CA...............          11.0         167.7       2.7        57      753       2.2      259
Ventura, CA..............          27.9         325.0       0.8       194    1,019       2.9      169

Yolo, CA.................           6.9         105.3       1.1       168    1,097      -0.2      340
Adams, CO................          11.3         215.9       4.0        20    1,053       3.9       73
Arapahoe, CO.............          22.5         331.9       1.5       133    1,227       3.2      141
Boulder, CO..............          15.8         184.1       2.0        95    1,305       5.1       23
Denver, CO...............          33.7         522.0       2.3        72    1,301       3.7       95
Douglas, CO..............          12.4         125.7       2.1        85    1,158       3.2      141
El Paso, CO..............          20.4         277.6       1.8       104      956       0.8      327
Jefferson, CO............          20.6         239.3       1.7       115    1,099       3.9       73
Larimer, CO..............          12.5         163.7       2.1        85      965       0.3      333
Weld, CO.................           7.7         110.8       3.5        33      980       5.8       14

Fairfield, CT............          36.1         420.8      -0.5       325    1,464       2.9      169
Hartford, CT.............          28.7         512.7       0.4       249    1,210       2.3      241
New Haven, CT............          24.8         368.3       0.7       206    1,068       1.7      290
New London, CT...........           7.7         124.7      -0.1       307    1,031       4.2       52
New Castle, DE...........          20.6         289.7       0.6       219    1,164       2.0      272
Sussex, DE...............           7.2          83.7       1.7       115      759       3.4      122
Washington, DC...........          40.4         770.7       0.7       206    1,807       2.8      186
Alachua, FL..............           7.3         132.7       2.3        72      911       3.4      122
Bay, FL..................           5.7          79.6       2.6        62      757       3.7       95
Brevard, FL..............          16.1         215.6       6.6         4      938       3.9       73

Broward, FL..............          69.9         811.3       3.9        22      966       3.0      163
Collier, FL..............          14.4         142.6      10.5         2      884       2.9      169
Duval, FL................          29.7         515.6       3.4        38      976       2.5      215
Escambia, FL.............           8.2         136.0       2.3        72      820       2.2      259
Hillsborough, FL.........          43.5         685.5       3.5        33    1,009       3.3      128
Lake, FL.................           8.4          99.0       5.0         9      717       3.3      128
Lee, FL..................          22.6         258.6       7.8         3      824       1.9      280
Leon, FL.................           8.8         151.6       3.5        33      863       1.3      312
Manatee, FL..............          11.1         122.0       4.9        12      804       1.5      304
Marion, FL...............           8.5         103.1       3.6        30      711       2.3      241

Miami-Dade, FL...........          99.5       1,142.1       3.9        22    1,001       1.8      283
Okaloosa, FL.............           6.6          84.2       1.1       168      843       3.2      141
Orange, FL...............          43.4         850.5       4.6        15      931       3.9       73
Osceola, FL..............           7.3          95.3       4.9        12      707       5.1       23
Palm Beach, FL...........          57.2         599.1       4.0        20      986       3.6      101
Pasco, FL................          11.2         121.2       5.2         8      728       2.0      272
Pinellas, FL.............          33.6         434.0       3.5        33      902       2.5      215
Polk, FL.................          13.5         221.5       5.0         9      801       3.0      163
Sarasota, FL.............          16.2         168.7       4.3        18      866       2.7      196
Seminole, FL.............          15.2         195.5       5.0         9      916       5.9       13

Volusia, FL..............          14.5         174.0       4.3        18      744       3.6      101
Bibb, GA.................           4.3          82.5       1.0       179      832       4.3       49
Chatham, GA..............           8.0         154.6       3.0        50      928       8.5        1
Clayton, GA..............           4.0         120.5      -0.5       325    1,081       5.7       15
Cobb, GA.................          21.7         367.8       2.7        57    1,090       2.7      196
DeKalb, GA...............          17.7         299.3       0.2       276    1,064       3.5      115
Fulton, GA...............          43.3         880.9       2.4        70    1,367       2.9      169
Gwinnett, GA.............          25.0         353.9       1.3       148      989       2.7      196
Hall, GA.................           4.5          89.7       3.1        43      876       3.2      141
Muscogee, GA.............           4.5          93.9       0.9       184      823      -2.3      344

Richmond, GA.............           4.4         103.7      -0.9       341      886       2.4      232
Honolulu, HI.............          26.5         472.4      -0.3       317    1,015       2.7      196
Maui + Kalawao, HI.......           6.3          77.4       0.9       184      875      -1.9      343
Ada, ID..................          16.5         246.9       3.9        22      927       2.5      215
Champaign, IL............           4.1          90.8      -0.9       341      916       3.6      101
Cook, IL.................         139.1       2,617.8       1.1       168    1,204       3.8       86
DuPage, IL...............          34.7         617.7       0.0       296    1,189       2.5      215
Kane, IL.................          12.6         214.8      -0.2       312      923       0.7      329
Lake, IL.................          20.3         341.9       0.0       296    1,264       1.3      312
McHenry, IL..............           7.9          98.1      -0.5       325      852       2.2      259

McLean, IL...............           3.4          82.7      -1.6       347      983       4.7       36
Madison, IL..............           5.4         101.6      -0.4       320      806       4.1       59
Peoria, IL...............           4.2         107.6       1.2       161    1,050      -2.5      345
St. Clair, IL............           5.1          92.7      -0.7       335      818       0.2      336
Sangamon, IL.............           4.8         131.2       1.1       168    1,037       2.3      241
Will, IL.................          14.8         247.7       1.6       123      889       1.8      283
Winnebago, IL............           6.0         126.5       0.3       262      906       1.8      283
Allen, IN................           8.9         188.9       1.2       161      851       3.8       86
Elkhart, IN..............           4.8         137.5       1.6       123      887      -4.2      349
Hamilton, IN.............           9.6         142.7       2.1        85      994       2.1      267

Lake, IN.................          10.5         188.9       0.1       284      910       3.9       73
Marion, IN...............          24.3         600.1       0.1       284    1,049       2.5      215
St. Joseph, IN...........           5.8         123.9       0.3       262      852       3.1      154
Tippecanoe, IN...........           3.5          85.0       1.1       168      921       4.2       52
Vanderburgh, IN..........           4.8         110.2       0.1       284      838       1.3      312
Johnson, IA..............           4.3          83.7      -0.7       335      995       3.0      163
Linn, IA.................           6.9         131.4       0.3       262    1,039       7.6        5
Polk, IA.................          17.7         301.6       0.8       194    1,045       3.6      101
Scott, IA................           5.7          90.9       0.0       296      865       5.1       23
Johnson, KS..............          23.8         349.5       1.1       168    1,042       3.3      128

Sedgwick, KS.............          12.7         252.2       1.9       101      880       3.8       86
Shawnee, KS..............           5.1          96.9       0.4       249      852       3.3      128
Wyandotte, KS............           3.5          91.6       1.0       179      992       4.9       30
Boone, KY................           4.6          93.5       0.4       249      884       3.3      128
Fayette, KY..............          11.2         194.5       1.3       148      907       1.5      304
Jefferson, KY............          25.9         470.1       0.4       249      986       2.5      215
Caddo, LA................           7.3         111.8       0.2       276      834       2.7      196
Calcasieu, LA............           5.5         102.3       2.7        57      956       5.1       23
East Baton Rouge, LA.....          15.9         268.7       1.3       148      987       5.1       23
Jefferson, LA............          14.1         188.2       0.2       276      910       1.3      312

Lafayette, LA............           9.9         130.6       0.5       235      899       4.8       32
Orleans, LA..............          13.2         195.1       0.6       219      960       2.7      196
St. Tammany, LA..........           8.6          89.1       2.5        65      881       4.5       41
Cumberland, ME...........          13.6         185.7       0.5       235      968       3.9       73
Anne Arundel, MD.........          15.2         274.6       1.2       161    1,103       2.9      169
Baltimore, MD............          21.2         375.8       0.0       296    1,049       3.6      101
Frederick, MD............           6.4         103.3       1.8       104      945       0.7      329
Harford, MD..............           5.8          94.8       1.1       168    1,026       4.8       32
Howard, MD...............          10.0         171.0      -0.1       307    1,278       3.6      101
Montgomery, MD...........          32.8         473.6       0.8       194    1,352       1.5      304

Prince George's, MD......          16.1         321.2       0.6       219    1,095       1.7      290
Baltimore City, MD.......          13.6         346.8       0.1       284    1,203       0.6      331
Barnstable, MA...........           9.6         102.2      -0.3       317      876       3.3      128
Bristol, MA..............          17.8         228.7      -0.2       312      930       2.8      186
Essex, MA................          26.7         325.8      -0.6       330    1,102       3.1      154
Hampden, MA..............          18.7         212.6       0.9       184      933       2.3      241
Middlesex, MA............          56.1         923.5       1.4       139    1,563       4.3       49
Norfolk, MA..............          25.5         352.7       0.1       284    1,176       3.2      141
Plymouth, MA.............          16.3         195.2       0.1       284      976       4.4       44
Suffolk, MA..............          30.9         682.5       1.7       115    1,706       0.9      323

Worcester, MA............          26.1         350.7       0.3       262    1,044       3.7       95
Genesee, MI..............           6.9         135.7       0.8       194      859       1.5      304
Ingham, MI...............           6.1         152.0      -0.4       320      977       4.0       65
Kalamazoo, MI............           5.1         120.1       1.6       123      956       1.6      299
Kent, MI.................          14.9         400.8       1.3       148      926       3.6      101
Macomb, MI...............          17.9         330.2       0.4       249    1,034       2.0      272
Oakland, MI..............          40.2         737.3       0.5       235    1,142       2.0      272
Ottawa, MI...............           5.8         127.8       0.6       219      897       3.9       73
Saginaw, MI..............           3.9          83.9      -1.2       345      836       3.3      128
Washtenaw, MI............           8.4         214.4       0.3       262    1,144       4.1       59

Wayne, MI................          31.9         727.0       0.3       262    1,115       2.3      241
Anoka, MN................           7.6         127.0       2.5        65    1,053       4.5       41
Dakota, MN...............          10.5         190.3       0.4       249    1,018       5.4       19
Hennepin, MN.............          41.5         932.4       0.6       219    1,289       4.0       65
Olmsted, MN..............           3.7         100.0       1.3       148    1,230       3.6      101
Ramsey, MN...............          14.1         335.2       0.4       249    1,171       4.4       44
St. Louis, MN............           5.5          98.8      -0.4       320      887       4.8       32
Stearns, MN..............           4.5          87.7       1.1       168      911       3.5      115
Washington, MN...........           5.9          87.8       1.1       168      871       1.5      304
Harrison, MS.............           4.7          85.9       0.5       235      719       3.5      115

Hinds, MS................           5.9         120.0      -0.8       338      898       5.2       22
Boone, MO................           4.9          94.7       0.2       276      837       2.2      259
Clay, MO.................           5.7         105.3       0.6       219      904       5.6       17
Greene, MO...............           9.0         168.6       1.7       115      829       6.1       12
Jackson, MO..............          22.1         372.6       0.1       284    1,045       2.3      241
St. Charles, MO..........           9.6         148.5       0.7       206      834       3.3      128
St. Louis, MO............          39.6         608.0       0.4       249    1,083       3.2      141
St. Louis City, MO.......          14.7         231.5       0.2       276    1,118       4.1       59
Yellowstone, MT..........           6.8          82.0      -0.1       307      887       2.5      215
Douglas, NE..............          19.3         338.7       0.1       284      988       3.5      115

Lancaster, NE............          10.5         172.0       1.4       139      858       1.9      280
Clark, NV................          55.8       1,001.2       3.1        43      914       1.7      290
Washoe, NV...............          14.7         223.7       2.2        78      967       3.5      115
Hillsborough, NH.........          12.2         204.4       0.8       194    1,113      -1.6      342
Merrimack, NH............           5.2          77.7       0.4       249      994       3.2      141
Rockingham, NH...........          11.1         150.8       0.0       296    1,010       1.8      283
Atlantic, NJ.............           6.5         132.2       4.5        17      850       1.1      321
Bergen, NJ...............          33.1         445.7       0.9       184    1,199       2.5      215
Burlington, NJ...........          11.0         200.3      -0.2       312    1,067       2.5      215
Camden, NJ...............          12.2         207.2       0.0       296      990       2.5      215

Essex, NJ................          20.7         342.7       0.5       235    1,272       3.2      141
Gloucester, NJ...........           6.4         111.2       2.2        78      874       2.9      169
Hudson, NJ...............          15.1         264.5       0.6       219    1,379       1.6      299
Mercer, NJ...............          11.2         253.7      -0.1       307    1,237       2.4      232
Middlesex, NJ............          22.4         432.0       0.9       184    1,184       2.7      196
Monmouth, NJ.............          20.2         262.6       0.5       235    1,017       4.7       36
Morris, NJ...............          17.1         292.0       0.2       276    1,469       0.0      337
Ocean, NJ................          13.5         171.7       1.3       148      819       2.9      169
Passaic, NJ..............          12.6         165.9      -0.4       320      991       1.3      312
Somerset, NJ.............          10.2         188.5       0.6       219    1,487       4.8       32

Union, NJ................          14.4         227.4       0.7       206    1,263      -3.7      348
Bernalillo, NM...........          19.2         329.9       0.5       235      898       2.5      215
Albany, NY...............          10.4         233.9       0.0       296    1,073       2.6      208
Bronx, NY................          19.1         319.6       0.7       206    1,085       3.3      128
Broome, NY...............           4.5          86.7       0.5       235      841       2.9      169
Dutchess, NY.............           8.4         113.7       0.2       276    1,001       2.9      169
Erie, NY.................          24.7         474.6       0.7       206      925       2.9      169
Kings, NY................          64.2         766.6       3.6        30      922       2.3      241
Monroe, NY...............          18.9         391.0       0.9       184      968       2.5      215
Nassau, NY...............          54.3         629.2      -0.5       325    1,126       2.9      169

New York, NY.............         128.3       2,454.5       0.4       249    1,997       4.0       65
Oneida, NY...............           5.3         105.0       0.0       296      809       2.5      215
Onondaga, NY.............          12.9         248.3       0.8       194      963       3.3      128
Orange, NY...............          10.6         145.3       0.6       219      875       3.1      154
Queens, NY...............          53.9         708.9       2.2        78    1,047       2.8      186
Richmond, NY.............          10.0         121.8       0.1       284      997       2.8      186
Rockland, NY.............          11.0         125.7       0.7       206      975       2.3      241
Saratoga, NY.............           6.1          89.5       1.6       123      953       3.9       73
Suffolk, NY..............          53.4         667.3      -0.3       317    1,124       2.3      241
Westchester, NY..........          36.3         430.1       0.3       262    1,277       2.7      196

Buncombe, NC.............           9.5         133.5       2.8        55      820       3.8       86
Cabarrus, NC.............           4.8          77.6       2.1        85      758       2.8      186
Catawba, NC..............           4.5          88.7       2.3        72      805       3.6      101
Cumberland, NC...........           6.3         118.1      -0.6       330      826       3.4      122
Durham, NC...............           8.6         204.2       3.3        40    1,303       3.4      122
Forsyth, NC..............           9.3         186.0       0.6       219      945      -3.0      346
Guilford, NC.............          14.6         282.3       0.7       206      912       2.8      186
Mecklenburg, NC..........          38.9         698.0       1.9       101    1,170       3.6      101
New Hanover, NC..........           8.5         111.0      -2.0       349      874       6.2       10
Pitt, NC.................           3.9          76.3       0.2       276      868      -0.1      339

Wake, NC.................          35.5         555.2       1.4       139    1,099       4.9       30
Cass, ND.................           7.4         119.7       1.1       168      956       2.4      232
Butler, OH...............           7.9         156.0       0.6       219      919       2.5      215
Cuyahoga, OH.............          36.0         727.3       0.7       206    1,054       2.7      196
Delaware, OH.............           5.5          88.5       1.0       179    1,002       3.2      141
Franklin, OH.............          32.7         759.7       1.8       104    1,072       3.2      141
Hamilton, OH.............          23.9         520.7       0.8       194    1,116       2.3      241
Lake, OH.................           6.2          95.7       0.1       284      832       1.8      283
Lorain, OH...............           6.2          98.2       0.5       235      818       3.9       73
Lucas, OH................          10.2         209.0       1.2       161      912       3.8       86

Mahoning, OH.............           5.9          97.2      -0.9       341      752       3.4      122
Montgomery, OH...........          11.9         255.1       0.3       262      895       3.1      154
Stark, OH................           8.6         160.3       0.6       219      792       3.0      163
Summit, OH...............          14.3         267.5      -0.4       320      915       3.5      115
Warren, OH...............           5.1          95.0       1.8       104    1,050       7.3        8
Cleveland, OK............           5.9          82.5       1.3       148      764       2.0      272
Oklahoma, OK.............          28.1         459.4       1.5       133      978       2.7      196
Tulsa, OK................          22.5         356.3       0.8       194      946       4.0       65
Clackamas, OR............          15.5         167.3       1.3       148    1,009       4.6       38
Deschutes, OR............           9.0          84.5       3.0        50      863       0.3      333

Jackson, OR..............           7.8          91.6       2.0        95      816       3.7       95
Lane, OR.................          12.5         157.4       0.7       206      827       3.1      154
Marion, OR...............          11.3         158.9       1.4       139      877       3.9       73
Multnomah, OR............          36.2         513.8       1.9       101    1,125       5.0       29
Washington, OR...........          20.0         296.2       1.7       115    1,331       1.2      320
Allegheny, PA............          35.8         703.7       0.9       184    1,109       3.1      154
Berks, PA................           9.0         174.1       0.7       206      956       3.7       95
Bucks, PA................          20.1         268.2       1.8       104      965       3.1      154
Butler, PA...............           5.1          86.2      -0.6       330      982       4.5       41
Chester, PA..............          15.7         251.4       0.9       184    1,258       4.0       65

Cumberland, PA...........           6.6         134.9       0.8       194      962       4.2       52
Dauphin, PA..............           7.6         185.7       1.8       104    1,023       2.9      169
Delaware, PA.............          14.3         225.7       1.2       161    1,080       2.2      259
Erie, PA.................           7.0         123.6      -0.2       312      791       0.8      327
Lackawanna, PA...........           5.7          98.1      -0.6       330      794       2.3      241
Lancaster, PA............          13.7         243.6       1.8       104      877       2.6      208
Lehigh, PA...............           8.9         194.2       1.1       168    1,002       1.0      322
Luzerne, PA..............           7.4         145.4      -0.8       338      832       3.9       73
Montgomery, PA...........          27.8         496.4       0.8       194    1,246       2.8      186
Northampton, PA..........           6.9         116.2       0.8       194      890       2.3      241

Philadelphia, PA.........          35.2         692.4       2.1        85    1,232       1.7      290
Washington, PA...........           5.5          88.7       0.3       262    1,031       4.0       65
Westmoreland, PA.........           9.3         134.2      -0.5       325      867       4.2       52
York, PA.................           9.3         179.9       0.3       262      913       2.0      272
Kent, RI.................           5.5          76.2       0.5       235      906       2.4      232
Providence, RI...........          18.7         290.3       0.7       206      990      -3.4      347
Charleston, SC...........          16.2         251.1       2.3        72      926       2.8      186
Greenville, SC...........          14.8         273.6       2.5        65      889       1.3      312
Horry, SC................           9.4         130.1       1.3       148      635       0.5      332
Lexington, SC............           7.0         119.2       2.5        65      796       1.4      309

Richland, SC.............          10.7         223.6       1.6       123      890       0.0      337
Spartanburg, SC..........           6.6         142.8       3.9        22      863       0.9      323
York, SC.................           6.2          96.0       3.6        30      842       1.4      309
Minnehaha, SD............           7.4         127.6       1.5       133      925       2.4      232
Davidson, TN.............          23.7         503.5       3.1        43    1,131       6.2       10
Hamilton, TN.............          10.0         207.5       3.0        50      921       2.1      267
Knox, TN.................          12.7         240.3       0.7       206      915       4.6       38
Rutherford, TN...........           5.9         131.0       3.5        33      908       0.3      333
Shelby, TN...............          21.0         501.4       1.5       133    1,060       3.0      163
Williamson, TN...........           9.2         135.9       4.7        14    1,162       3.1      154

Bell, TX.................           5.6         118.0       0.6       219      882       2.2      259
Bexar, TX................          42.1         867.5       1.2       161      930       2.9      169
Brazoria, TX.............           6.0         113.5       5.5         7    1,101       2.8      186
Brazos, TX...............           4.7         107.0       3.7        28      785       1.7      290
Cameron, TX..............           6.5         138.3       1.4       139      632       2.6      208
Collin, TX...............          26.1         416.1       3.7        28    1,244       4.1       59
Dallas, TX...............          78.0       1,711.9       1.6       123    1,245       2.6      208
Denton, TX...............          15.5         246.5       2.2        78      946       2.3      241
El Paso, TX..............          15.3         306.9       1.6       123      735       2.7      196
Fort Bend, TX............          13.8         190.8       6.5         5      953       1.4      309

Galveston, TX............           6.2         108.5       1.8       104      912       2.1      267
Harris, TX...............         115.7       2,307.6       2.1        85    1,271       2.1      267
Hidalgo, TX..............          12.6         258.9       2.3        72      662       2.0      272
Jefferson, TX............           5.8         123.0       3.3        40    1,060       1.6      299
Lubbock, TX..............           7.6         139.7       1.0       179      825       4.3       49
McLennan, TX.............           5.3         113.8       1.3       148      871       3.2      141
Midland, TX..............           5.8         105.7      11.9         1    1,401       7.4        7
Montgomery, TX...........          11.8         185.9       3.8        26    1,007       0.9      323
Nueces, TX...............           8.3         162.0       0.5       235      906       2.6      208
Potter, TX...............           4.0          77.3       0.0       296      851       3.8       86

Smith, TX................           6.4         103.7       1.3       148      849       2.4      232
Tarrant, TX..............          44.3         900.5       2.1        85    1,029       3.3      128
Travis, TX...............          41.8         753.0       3.3        40    1,247       4.4       44
Webb, TX.................           5.5         100.9       0.3       262      698       4.2       52
Williamson, TX...........          11.3         172.9       4.6        15    1,016       1.7      290
Davis, UT................           8.8         131.6       2.0        95      845       2.8      186
Salt Lake, UT............          46.9         706.9       2.9        53    1,034       4.0       65
Utah, UT.................          17.0         247.5       5.6         6      851       4.2       52
Weber, UT................           6.3         106.0       2.4        70      810       3.6      101
Chittenden, VT...........           7.0         103.0       0.4       249    1,023       4.1       59

Arlington, VA............           9.3         177.9       0.9       184    1,691       2.9      169
Chesterfield, VA.........           9.4         136.8       0.0       296      881       1.7      290
Fairfax, VA..............          37.4         613.7       1.4       139    1,588       3.2      141
Henrico, VA..............          11.9         191.6       0.3       262      987       3.8       86
Loudoun, VA..............          12.6         168.7       2.5        65    1,220       2.5      215
Prince William, VA.......           9.5         130.3       2.2        78      929       3.8       86
Alexandria City, VA......           6.3          91.4      -0.6       330    1,465       2.4      232
Chesapeake City, VA......           6.2          99.4       0.6       219      826       1.6      299
Newport News City, VA....           3.9         101.6       3.1        43      977      -1.5      341
Norfolk City, VA.........           6.1         141.4      -1.0       344    1,018       1.9      280

Richmond City, VA........           7.9         155.2       0.9       184    1,124       0.9      323
Virginia Beach City, VA..          12.4         176.8      -1.3       346      790       2.9      169
Benton, WA...............           5.9          91.3       2.0        95    1,063       2.9      169
Clark, WA................          15.1         162.8       2.9        53    1,015       4.6       38
King, WA.................          89.6       1,404.0       2.8        55    1,752       7.9        2
Kitsap, WA...............           6.8          90.5       3.1        43      982       4.1       59
Pierce, WA...............          22.8         312.9       2.1        85      989       4.2       52
Snohomish, WA............          21.6         289.2       2.2        78    1,132       3.8       86
Spokane, WA..............          16.3         225.9       2.0        95      913       2.7      196
Thurston, WA.............           8.5         118.8       3.4        38      996       5.1       23

Whatcom, WA..............           7.4          91.3       1.4       139      898       5.3       21
Yakima, WA...............           7.9         125.4      -0.1       307      764       3.9       73
Kanawha, WV..............           5.7          98.0      -1.9       348      917       3.9       73
Brown, WI................           7.2         160.5       1.6       123      917       4.0       65
Dane, WI.................          16.2         335.6       0.5       235    1,028       1.3      312
Milwaukee, WI............          27.4         490.5       0.4       249      980       2.6      208
Outagamie, WI............           5.5         108.0       0.3       262      895       2.6      208
Waukesha, WI.............          13.5         244.5       0.5       235    1,022       2.9      169
Winnebago, WI............           3.9          93.6       0.3       262      936       2.0      272
San Juan, PR.............          10.7         242.0       1.3       (5)      649       6.0      (5)

(1) Includes areas not officially designated as counties. See Technical Note.
(2) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(3) Percent changes were computed from employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic
county reclassifications. See Technical Note.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(5) This county was not included in the U.S. rankings.

Note: Data are preliminary. Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment
Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. These 349 U.S. counties comprise 73.0 percent of
the total covered workers in the U.S.






Table 2. Covered establishments, employment, and wages in the 10 largest counties,
third quarter 2018

                                                                    Employment         Average weekly
                                                                                           wage(1)
                                              Establishments,
                                               third quarter
         County by NAICS supersector               2018                     Percent            Percent
                                               (thousands)      September   change,    Third   change,
                                                                  2018     September   quarter  third
                                                              (thousands)  2017-18(2)   2018   quarter
                                                                                              2017-18(2)


United States(3) ............................      10,118.0     146,824.1       1.6   $1,055       3.3
  Private industry...........................       9,818.2     125,105.2       1.7    1,047       3.5
    Natural resources and mining.............         138.5       2,043.3       1.9    1,070       5.2
    Construction.............................         815.3       7,427.0       4.1    1,180       3.7
    Manufacturing............................         352.0      12,705.3       1.8    1,249       2.5
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....       1,930.8      27,267.2       0.9      891       3.7
    Information..............................         172.4       2,794.2       0.1    2,161       8.0
    Financial activities.....................         895.7       8,178.7       0.8    1,558       2.7
    Professional and business services.......       1,849.3      20,961.4       2.0    1,358       3.5
    Education and health services............       1,713.4      22,646.3       1.9      964       2.6
    Leisure and hospitality..................         861.5      16,331.4       1.4      456       3.6
    Other services...........................         856.9       4,478.9       1.2      730       4.0
  Government.................................         299.8      21,718.9       0.5    1,099       2.0

Los Angeles, CA..............................         501.6       4,448.3       1.0    1,176       2.3
  Private industry...........................         495.2       3,870.6       1.0    1,143       2.3
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.5           6.8      -9.8    1,101       9.4
    Construction.............................          15.7         146.1       3.0    1,259       5.4
    Manufacturing............................          12.4         340.5      -1.9    1,322       3.7
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          56.0         831.5       0.1      971       3.3
    Information..............................          11.0         191.0      -0.3    2,429      -5.4
    Financial activities.....................          28.1         219.8      -0.8    1,819       3.7
    Professional and business services.......          51.6         616.8       0.2    1,453       4.6
    Education and health services............         239.2         806.3       2.1      894       3.0
    Leisure and hospitality..................          35.1         529.8       0.3      659       4.9
    Other services...........................          27.2         151.0      -0.7      752       4.9
  Government.................................           6.4         577.8       1.6    1,413       2.0

Cook, IL.....................................         139.1       2,617.8       1.1    1,204       3.8
  Private industry...........................         137.8       2,320.9       1.1    1,205       3.8
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.1           1.4       6.7    1,153       3.9
    Construction.............................          11.1          78.8       1.8    1,494       3.5
    Manufacturing............................           5.8         185.4       0.4    1,242       3.2
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          28.4         471.0       0.8      985       2.9
    Information..............................           2.5          51.6       0.0    1,945       7.5
    Financial activities.....................          14.0         199.8       1.2    2,127       5.9
    Professional and business services.......          29.2         487.6       1.7    1,518       3.0
    Education and health services............          15.6         452.9       1.9    1,021       3.0
    Leisure and hospitality..................          13.8         294.2       0.6      561       5.1
    Other services...........................          15.9          97.5      -1.4      948       4.6
  Government.................................           1.3         296.9       1.2    1,192       3.2

New York, NY.................................         128.3       2,454.5       0.4    1,997       4.0
  Private industry...........................         126.9       2,224.9       0.5    2,042       4.2
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.0           0.2       3.6    1,874       0.9
    Construction.............................           2.3          44.3       4.0    1,917       3.0
    Manufacturing............................           1.9          23.1      -5.3    1,484      -4.7
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          18.9         251.2      -1.1    1,412       2.8
    Information..............................           5.0         174.3      -0.7    2,936      13.9
    Financial activities.....................          19.2         381.0       1.7    3,368      -0.6
    Professional and business services.......          27.1         589.7       0.1    2,301       5.3
    Education and health services............          10.1         347.6       2.1    1,391       4.1
    Leisure and hospitality..................          14.8         304.9      -0.8      935       4.2
    Other services...........................          20.3         103.6      -0.4    1,259       8.2
  Government.................................           1.4         229.7       0.3    1,556       1.8

Harris, TX...................................         115.7       2,307.6       2.1    1,271       2.1
  Private industry...........................         115.1       2,033.9       2.3    1,283       2.3
    Natural resources and mining.............           1.6          67.1       2.2    2,999       1.2
    Construction.............................           7.6         161.0       3.4    1,351       5.2
    Manufacturing............................           4.8         176.7       3.6    1,585      -0.7
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          24.9         469.1       2.0    1,155       1.4
    Information..............................           1.2          25.7      -1.1    1,528       1.4
    Financial activities.....................          12.3         128.4       0.7    1,632       3.9
    Professional and business services.......          23.2         401.2       1.1    1,614       4.4
    Education and health services............          16.3         297.6       2.6    1,028       0.7
    Leisure and hospitality..................          10.4         237.1       3.6      477       3.7
    Other services...........................          11.8          67.3       2.2      810       3.8
  Government.................................           0.6         273.7       1.0    1,179       0.3

Maricopa, AZ.................................         101.8       2,004.2       3.1    1,013       2.5
  Private industry...........................         101.1       1,790.6       3.5    1,002       2.6
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.4           7.4      -0.3      996       4.8
    Construction.............................           8.0         123.1       7.3    1,102       4.4
    Manufacturing............................           3.3         124.0       3.0    1,349       0.5
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          19.7         387.7       3.9      923       3.4
    Information..............................           1.7          36.3       0.1    1,469       5.8
    Financial activities.....................          12.5         182.1       2.2    1,288       3.0
    Professional and business services.......          23.4         337.3       3.0    1,071       1.9
    Education and health services............          12.3         316.4       4.1    1,015       1.5
    Leisure and hospitality..................           8.7         220.4       2.7      506       3.3
    Other services...........................           6.9          53.9       3.9      747       2.8
  Government.................................           0.7         213.6      -0.2    1,114       2.4

Dallas, TX...................................          78.0       1,711.9       1.6    1,245       2.6
  Private industry...........................          77.5       1,537.3       1.6    1,251       2.7
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.5           8.8      17.6    3,380     -14.3
    Construction.............................           4.7          90.5       2.5    1,294       4.4
    Manufacturing............................           2.8         112.9       1.5    1,476       5.0
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          15.9         350.0       2.2    1,099       4.2
    Information..............................           1.4          48.1      -3.2    1,906       4.2
    Financial activities.....................           9.7         164.0      -1.7    1,697       0.8
    Professional and business services.......          17.8         353.8       2.5    1,445       2.9
    Education and health services............           9.7         201.0       1.5    1,104       2.4
    Leisure and hospitality..................           7.0         162.9       1.8      510      -1.2
    Other services...........................           7.0          43.5       1.8      838       5.4
  Government.................................           0.5         174.7       1.3    1,191       1.8

Orange, CA...................................         124.5       1,626.3       1.3    1,153       1.7
  Private industry...........................         123.1       1,479.7       1.3    1,145       2.0
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.2           2.5      -7.6      891       7.7
    Construction.............................           7.3         107.9       4.1    1,398       4.8
    Manufacturing............................           5.1         158.5      -0.9    1,462       5.0
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          17.6         257.1      -0.2    1,027       1.7
    Information..............................           1.4          26.1      -0.7    2,135       9.4
    Financial activities.....................          12.3         116.5      -1.6    1,797      -0.8
    Professional and business services.......          22.0         313.2       0.7    1,308       0.7
    Education and health services............          35.9         218.8       2.7      969       1.8
    Leisure and hospitality..................           9.0         222.2       1.5      522       5.5
    Other services...........................           7.0          46.6       0.3      726       4.0
  Government.................................           1.5         146.6       1.7    1,242      -1.7

San Diego, CA................................         113.8       1,467.1       1.7    1,149       3.2
  Private industry...........................         111.8       1,234.5       1.9    1,116       4.0
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.6           9.6       1.0      784       1.6
    Construction.............................           7.5          85.4       4.2    1,218       1.7
    Manufacturing............................           3.4         111.9       2.0    1,577       3.3
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          14.7         221.2      -0.1      877       3.3
    Information..............................           1.2          23.4      -3.1    2,324      10.8
    Financial activities.....................          10.6          74.6      -0.7    1,465       2.8
    Professional and business services.......          19.5         245.9       3.2    1,587       5.2
    Education and health services............          33.3         203.3       2.0      971       1.7
    Leisure and hospitality..................           8.6         200.1       1.1      523       4.8
    Other services...........................           7.5          51.1      -2.2      662       6.1
  Government.................................           2.0         232.7       0.6    1,331       0.2

King, WA.....................................          89.6       1,404.0       2.8    1,752       7.9
  Private industry...........................          89.1       1,236.3       2.9    1,795       8.3
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.4           3.1      -2.8    1,378      -0.9
    Construction.............................           6.9          75.6       5.0    1,422       4.6
    Manufacturing............................           2.5         103.1       1.2    1,606       0.2
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          14.1         271.9       1.4    1,703      12.8
    Information..............................           2.4         113.6       8.0    5,549       9.4
    Financial activities.....................           6.8          70.3       2.6    1,698       4.2
    Professional and business services.......          18.4         231.7       2.6    1,785       6.8
    Education and health services............          20.6         175.8       3.1    1,064       3.3
    Leisure and hospitality..................           7.5         145.4       2.6      619       3.9
    Other services...........................           9.4          45.9       3.3      884       2.2
  Government.................................           0.5         167.7       1.7    1,434       3.8

Miami-Dade, FL...............................          99.5       1,142.1       3.9    1,001       1.8
  Private industry...........................          99.2       1,003.7       4.5      969       2.0
    Natural resources and mining.............           0.5           7.9      11.1      686       9.4
    Construction.............................           7.0          51.1      12.1      981       2.9
    Manufacturing............................           2.9          41.2       5.0      905       5.8
    Trade, transportation, and utilities.....          24.8         284.7       3.6      912       2.1
    Information..............................           1.6          18.5       3.0    1,624       0.9
    Financial activities.....................          10.8          75.2       1.0    1,497       1.5
    Professional and business services.......          22.7         161.1       4.7    1,163       5.4
    Education and health services............          10.9         182.0       2.8      974       0.8
    Leisure and hospitality..................           7.4         141.2       6.8      608      -4.7
    Other services...........................           8.5          39.4       5.0      649       4.5
  Government.................................           0.3         138.4       0.2    1,241       1.4

(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic
county reclassifications. See Technical Note.
(3) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Counties selected are based on 2017 annual average employment.
Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal
Employees (UCFE) programs.






Table 3. Covered establishments, employment, and wages by state,
third quarter 2018

                                                  Employment        Average weekly
                                                                        wage(1)
                            Establishments,
                             third quarter
            State                2018                     Percent           Percent
                             (thousands)      September   change,   Third   change,
                                                2018     September  quarter  third
                                             (thousands)  2017-18    2018   quarter
                                                                            2017-18


United States(2)...........      10,118.0     146,824.1       1.6   $1,055      3.3

Alabama....................         127.8       1,966.0       1.2      885      3.1
Alaska.....................          22.2         334.0      -0.4    1,065      3.7
Arizona....................         166.0       2,838.6       2.8      974      2.9
Arkansas...................          90.9       1,222.1       0.7      811      2.9
California.................       1,573.5      17,457.5       1.8    1,260      3.8
Colorado...................         206.5       2,684.0       2.1    1,104      3.5
Connecticut................         121.3       1,681.5       0.3    1,209      2.5
Delaware...................          33.3         447.8       0.6    1,046      2.4
District of Columbia.......          40.5         770.7       0.7    1,807      2.8
Florida....................         698.6       8,690.7       4.6      924      3.1

Georgia....................         279.3       4,448.8       2.3      993      3.3
Hawaii.....................          43.0         654.7       0.0      975      2.4
Idaho......................          64.0         743.5       3.0      805      3.2
Illinois...................         375.1       6,029.2       0.8    1,087      3.0
Indiana....................         168.0       3,072.3       0.9      883      2.4
Iowa.......................         103.1       1,555.0       0.6      887      3.7
Kansas.....................          89.2       1,390.4       1.0      867      3.5
Kentucky...................         124.4       1,898.7       0.5      855      2.2
Louisiana..................         133.7       1,915.4       0.5      901      3.7
Maine......................          53.0         626.5       0.6      851      3.7

Maryland...................         171.3       2,683.9       0.7    1,130      2.4
Massachusetts..............         258.8       3,598.1       0.7    1,305      3.2
Michigan...................         252.0       4,366.5       0.8      991      2.8
Minnesota..................         178.8       2,904.3       0.8    1,074      4.2
Mississippi................          74.9       1,133.7       0.2      754      3.4
Missouri...................         205.0       2,812.0       0.4      907      3.3
Montana....................          50.6         473.3       1.0      815      2.8
Nebraska...................          73.6         980.3       0.6      873      2.8
Nevada.....................          82.4       1,382.9       3.4      936      2.4
New Hampshire..............          53.3         662.3       0.5    1,040      1.7

New Jersey.................         273.3       4,072.6       0.8    1,181      2.1
New Mexico.................          60.7         826.2       1.2      855      3.9
New York...................         650.0       9,467.5       1.4    1,272      4.2
North Carolina.............         281.7       4,398.0       1.1      938      3.8
North Dakota...............          32.1         424.3       1.1      995      4.4
Ohio.......................         297.8       5,424.4       0.7      947      2.9
Oklahoma...................         110.3       1,616.8       1.2      874      3.6
Oregon.....................         157.5       1,939.8       1.5    1,005      3.8
Pennsylvania...............         360.8       5,894.8       1.0    1,031      3.0
Rhode Island...............          38.2         489.4       1.0      963     -1.3

South Carolina.............         136.7       2,088.2       2.8      834      0.8
South Dakota...............          33.8         431.5       1.3      827      3.0
Tennessee..................         163.1       3,005.6       1.7      938      3.9
Texas......................         693.7      12,327.0       2.6    1,064      3.1
Utah.......................         104.7       1,494.4       3.4      911      3.6
Vermont....................          25.8         310.9       0.0      892      2.6
Virginia...................         280.5       3,889.6       1.1    1,082      2.9
Washington.................         249.0       3,425.6       2.4    1,280      6.2
West Virginia..............          51.2         706.0       1.7      894      8.1
Wisconsin..................         176.6       2,888.9       0.7      901      2.9

Wyoming....................          26.3         278.2       0.6      905      4.3

Puerto Rico................          45.4         862.5       0.2      534      5.3
Virgin Islands.............           3.5          33.4      -8.0      888     18.6

(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.






Last Modified Date: February 20, 2019