Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) April 11, 2018   		 USDL-18-0542

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MARCH 2018

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) decreased 0.1 percent in
March on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.2 percent in February, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all
items index rose 2.4 percent before seasonal adjustment.

A decline in the gasoline index more than outweighed increases in the indexes for
shelter, medical care, and food to result in the slight seasonally adjusted
decline in the all items index. The energy index fell sharply due mainly to the
4.9-percent decrease in the gasoline index. The index for food rose 0.1 percent
over the month, with the indexes for food at home and food away from home both
increasing. 

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in March, the
same increase as in February. Along with shelter and medical care, the indexes for
personal care, motor vehicle insurance, and airline fares all rose. The indexes
for apparel, for communication, and for used cars and trucks all declined over the
month. 
 
The all items index rose 2.4 percent for the 12 months ending March, the largest
12-month increase since the period ending March 2017 and higher than the
1.6-percent average annual rate over the past 10 years. The index for all items
less food and energy rose 2.1 percent, its largest 12-month increase since the
period ending February 2017. The energy index increased 7.0 percent over the past
12 months, and the food index advanced 1.3 percent.  

Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.   ended 
                              2017  2017  2017  2017  2018  2018  2018   Mar.  
                                                                         2018  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .5    .1    .3    .2    .5    .2   -.1      2.4
  Food......................    .1    .1    .0    .2    .2    .0    .1      1.3
   Food at home.............    .0    .1   -.1    .2    .1   -.2    .1       .4
   Food away from home (1)..    .3    .1    .2    .2    .4    .2    .1      2.5
  Energy....................   4.7  -1.4   3.2   -.2   3.0    .1  -2.8      7.0
   Energy commodities.......   9.6  -3.0   5.8   -.7   5.8   -.9  -4.7     11.3
    Gasoline (all types)....  10.0  -3.2   6.0   -.8   5.7   -.9  -4.9     11.1
    Fuel oil................   6.4   1.4   5.6    .9   9.5  -3.6   -.7     20.0
   Energy services..........    .0    .4    .5    .4   -.8   1.4   -.2      2.5
    Electricity.............    .1    .4    .5    .2   -.2    .4    .0      2.2
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.4    .4    .7   1.0  -2.6   4.7  -1.2      3.4
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .1    .2    .1    .2    .3    .2    .2      2.1
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.2    .0   -.1    .2    .4    .1   -.1      -.3
    New vehicles............   -.3   -.2    .2    .5   -.1   -.5    .0     -1.2
    Used cars and trucks....   -.3    .7    .5    .7    .4   -.3   -.3       .4
    Apparel.................    .1   -.2   -.9   -.3   1.7   1.5   -.6       .3
    Medical care commodities   -.5    .0    .5    .9   -.1   -.3    .1      1.4
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .2    .3    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3      2.9
    Shelter.................    .2    .3    .2    .3    .2    .2    .4      3.3
    Transportation services     .3    .4    .1    .3    .8   1.0    .2      4.3
    Medical care services...    .1    .3   -.1    .2    .6    .0    .5      2.1

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.1 percent in March after being unchanged in February. The
index for food away from home increased 0.1 percent in March. The index for food
at home also increased 0.1 percent as four of the six major grocery store food
group indexes rose. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.8
percent in March after declining in January and February. The index for cereals
and bakery products rose 0.4 percent, as did the index for nonalcoholic beverages.
The index for dairy and related products also rose in March, advancing 0.3 percent
after declining 0.3 percent in February.

The fruits and vegetables index declined 0.7 percent in March after falling 0.5
percent the prior month. The index for other food at home also fell for the second
month in a row, declining 0.2 percent. 

The index for food at home rose 0.4 percent over the last 12 months. The index for
meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 2.1 percent over the span. Other food at
home price indexes were relatively flat; all five of the remaining grocery store
food groups moved less than 1 percent over the last year. The index for food away
from home increased 2.5 percent over the last 12 months.  

Energy

The energy index fell 2.8 percent in March after rising in 3 of the last 4 months.
The gasoline index fell 4.9 percent in March after a 0.9-percent decrease in
February. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices decreased 0.2 percent in
March.) The index for natural gas also declined in March, falling 1.2 percent after
rising 4.7 percent in February. The index for electricity was unchanged in March.

The energy index increased 7.0 percent over the past year, with all the major
component indexes rising. The gasoline index increased 11.1 percent and the fuel
oil index rose 20.0 percent. The electricity index increased 2.2 percent, and the
index for natural gas advanced 3.4 percent.   

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in March. The
shelter index increased 0.4 percent, with the indexes for rent and owners'
equivalent rent both rising 0.3 percent. The index for lodging away from home
increased 2.3 percent in March after falling in January and being unchanged in
February. The medical care index rose 0.4 percent, with the hospital services index
rising 0.6 percent, the physicians' services index increasing 0.2 percent, but the
index for prescription drugs declining 0.2 percent.

The personal care index increased 0.3 percent in March. The index for motor vehicle
insurance continued to rise, increasing 0.3 percent. The airline fares index
increased 0.6 percent, the same increase as in February. The indexes for alcoholic
beverages and household furnishings and operations both increased 0.1 percent in
March, while the indexes for new vehicles and for recreation were unchanged.

The apparel index fell 0.6 percent in March after rising in each of the two prior
months. The index for communication declined 0.3 percent. The used cars and trucks
index fell 0.3 percent in March, the same decline as in February. The indexes for
education and for tobacco also declined in March.  
 
The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent over the past 12
months, a higher figure than the 1.8-percent annual average increase over the past
10 years. The shelter index rose 3.3 percent over the last 12 months, a higher
figure than the 2.2-percent average annual increase over the past decade. The index
for medical care advanced 2.0 percent, a lower rate than the 2.9-percent average
annual rate over the past 10 years. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.4 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 249.554 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased
2.4 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 243.463 (1982-84=100). For
the month, the index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.2
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent on
a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12
months are subject to revision. 


The Consumer Price Index for April 2018 is scheduled to be released on Thursday,
May 10, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods and
services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all urban consumers
and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent
of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or
metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending
patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all
urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers
(CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on the
expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: more than
one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of
the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset of the
CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’ and dentists’
services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are
collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and
approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling
stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with
the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are
obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most
goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained
representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are aggregated using
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local
data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are
also published by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and
population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in
the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since
the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three
subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and the CPI-W,
the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals
100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.
Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a sample
of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates
of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U.
These standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S.
all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using
the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices.
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident
that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent.
For the latest data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error,
see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather than
changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in
relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an example of
using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                 Item A                     Item B                     Item C

Year I                          112.500                    225.000                    110.000
Year II                         121.500                    243.000                    128.000

Change in index points            9.000                     18.000                     18.000

Percent change  9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. Seasonally
adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous
5 years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the
Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and
the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred
since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for
the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices
they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective
bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer
Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted
data in escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price change.
Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by such unusual
events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting
seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the
unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 return
to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier data during
seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of the time series
data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment.
Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel
seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2018, BLS adjusted 38 series using intervention analysis
seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, and natural gas.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to revision
for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI calculate new seasonal
factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted
indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not subject to revision. In
January 2018, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2013 to 2017 were calculated
and published. For series which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
software, the seasonal factors for 2017 will be applied to data for 2018 to produce the seasonally
adjusted 2018 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted
component series have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status from
"not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the
U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to
not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed.
Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted
for 2018.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and Analysis
Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339. 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017-
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2017-
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018

All items

100.000 243.801 248.991 249.554 2.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Food

13.306 249.165 252.266 252.370 1.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1

Food at home

7.327 238.256 239.190 239.158 0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.959 272.174 271.245 272.345 0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 244.306 247.095 249.516 2.1 1.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.8

Dairy and related products

0.735 218.567 216.412 216.497 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 292.932 298.503 293.870 0.3 -1.6 0.5 -0.5 -0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.873 168.455 167.736 167.758 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.4

Other food at home

1.852 210.002 210.115 210.012 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Food away from home(1)

5.978 267.055 273.435 273.733 2.5 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Energy

7.687 198.597 213.519 212.554 7.0 -0.5 3.0 0.1 -2.8

Energy commodities

4.254 209.029 233.414 232.716 11.3 -0.3 5.8 -0.9 -4.7

Fuel oil

0.117 240.619 292.718 288.737 20.0 -1.4 9.5 -3.6 -0.7

Motor fuel

4.059 205.155 228.666 228.068 11.2 -0.3 5.6 -0.8 -4.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.971 204.217 227.420 226.872 11.1 -0.2 5.7 -0.9 -4.9

Energy services(2)

3.433 197.709 203.932 202.625 2.5 -0.6 -0.8 1.4 -0.2

Electricity(2)

2.634 205.692 210.970 210.273 2.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.4 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.799 170.755 179.557 176.567 3.4 -1.7 -2.6 4.7 -1.2

All items less food and energy

79.007 251.290 255.783 256.610 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.895 145.527 144.412 145.050 -0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Apparel

3.136 128.250 126.587 128.604 0.3 1.6 1.7 1.5 -0.6

New vehicles

3.775 148.543 146.807 146.727 -1.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.407 139.372 137.768 139.892 0.4 1.5 0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Medical care commodities

1.740 376.440 381.975 381.804 1.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.970 244.978 248.166 248.287 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.646 987.910 1,049.343 1,046.450 5.9 -0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.2

Services less energy services

59.112 316.481 324.690 325.610 2.9 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

32.697 295.044 303.653 304.847 3.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.779 304.868 315.277 315.883 3.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

23.606 302.259 311.280 312.107 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

6.939 505.991 515.205 516.713 2.1 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.5

Physicians' services(2)

1.750 383.965 380.470 380.766 -0.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.324 314.529 329.701 330.759 5.2 0.3 1.3 -0.5 0.6

Transportation services

5.987 307.490 320.089 320.774 4.3 0.2 0.8 1.0 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.116 279.600 284.032 283.656 1.5 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.396 517.619 563.365 563.762 8.9 0.1 1.3 1.7 0.3

Airline fares

0.712 283.583 265.272 267.482 -5.7 0.8 -0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, March 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2017-
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2017-
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018

All items

100.000 2.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Food

13.306 1.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1

Food at home

7.327 0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.959 0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.311 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.1 -1.2 -0.2 1.5 -0.8

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.150 -2.4 0.4 -0.7 -1.5 0.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.120 0.4 -0.3 0.7 1.3 -0.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -0.5 -0.6 1.9 -0.4 -0.6

Bakery products(1)

0.648 0.6 0.6 1.1 -0.5 0.6

Bread(1)(2)

0.189 1.3 2.0 -0.5 -0.6 2.0

White bread(1)(3)

  0.5 2.4 -1.0 -0.6 2.4

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  1.9 1.4 -0.2 -0.7 1.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.092 1.0 0.7 -0.6 -0.2 0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 1.9 -0.3 1.6 0.6 -0.6

Cookies(3)

  1.4 -0.9 2.4 0.7 -0.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  2.1 0.7 0.7 -0.1 0.7

Other bakery products

0.203 -1.3 0.1 0.5 -0.5 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.5 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.5

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -2.4 0.8 0.5 -1.1 0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -1.2 -1.1 0.6 -0.7 -1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 2.1 1.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.511 1.3 1.0 -0.5 -0.3 0.6

Meats

0.948 1.4 1.0 -0.3 -0.6 0.6

Beef and veal

0.426 2.8 1.2 -1.2 -0.7 0.6

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.173 4.0 1.0 -0.8 -0.4 1.0

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.060 1.6 1.7 -1.2 1.3 1.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.156 1.1 1.4 -1.7 -1.0 0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.037 5.5 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.7

Pork

0.298 0.4 0.7 0.7 -0.8 0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.136 1.4 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.7

Bacon and related products(3)

  0.0 -0.3 1.1 0.0 -1.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  3.5 1.7 -1.0 -0.7 2.5

Ham

0.052 -2.8 3.7 -1.4 -1.8 1.1

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -2.8 4.1 -1.0 -2.6 1.3

Pork chops(1)

0.043 0.9 -0.9 1.6 0.3 -0.9

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.068 0.6 -0.1 1.3 -1.7 0.6

Other meats

0.223 0.1 1.0 0.1 -0.2 1.0

Frankfurters(3)

  1.3 1.3 -0.1 1.3 -0.4

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -0.5 1.2 0.1 -0.4 1.2

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.318 0.7 0.5 -1.3 0.4 0.5

Chicken(1)(2)

0.261 2.1 0.8 -1.5 0.6 0.8

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  1.6 0.9 -0.3 -0.4 0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  2.7 0.8 -2.0 1.1 0.8

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.058 -5.3 -1.1 -1.9 -1.6 -1.5

Fish and seafood

0.245 1.7 1.3 -0.6 -0.1 1.0

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.127 2.3 1.3 -0.2 1.0 0.6

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.118 1.4 1.3 -1.0 -1.7 2.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  4.7 3.9 -1.7 -3.8 3.9

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -1.8 -0.5 -0.7 -1.2 0.1

Eggs

0.099 16.3 1.4 5.2 2.0 3.8

Dairy and related products

0.735 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.3

Milk(1)(2)

0.202 -3.9 -1.3 -1.2 -0.2 -1.3

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -5.1 -1.3 -0.9 0.6 -0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -2.8 -1.0 -0.4 0.3 -0.6

Cheese and related products

0.240 0.8 0.6 0.5 -1.0 0.8

Ice cream and related products

0.106 -0.2 0.7 1.2 -2.3 2.0

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.188 -0.3 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 0.3 -1.6 0.5 -0.5 -0.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.025 1.0 -1.7 0.5 -0.7 -0.7

Fresh fruits

0.554 1.0 -1.9 1.9 -0.8 -1.2

Apples

0.078 -0.5 -1.3 0.1 -0.4 -1.2

Bananas(1)

0.081 1.1 0.9 0.4 1.4 0.9

Citrus fruits(2)

0.150 9.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 0.0

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  6.1 -2.6 1.1 0.9 -2.7

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.245 -3.2 -4.8 2.1 -2.4 -1.9

Fresh vegetables

0.471 1.1 -1.5 -1.2 -0.6 -0.1

Potatoes

0.076 -0.1 -2.2 -2.0 0.7 -1.1

Lettuce

0.057 -2.6 0.2 -5.5 0.6 2.9

Tomatoes(1)

0.082 5.4 -3.1 5.3 -8.7 -3.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.256 1.0 -1.2 -0.8 -0.3 -0.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.273 -2.2 -1.0 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.148 -2.4 -1.1 2.1 -1.1 -0.3

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -5.5 -3.0 0.1 -0.7 -2.6

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  -0.6 -0.1 3.1 -1.3 0.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.080 -1.2 -0.4 -1.8 1.4 -0.3

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -1.5 -0.2 -1.3 0.3 0.1

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.045 -3.6 -2.0 -1.1 0.9 -1.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -4.0 -2.1 -2.4 1.7 -2.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.873 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.617 -0.1 -0.2 0.8 -0.2 0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.258 0.3 -0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 0.3 0.4 -0.5 0.6 0.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.351 -0.5 -0.2 1.0 -1.0 0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.256 -1.2 0.5 -1.5 -0.4 0.9

Coffee

0.164 -1.6 1.1 -2.6 0.1 1.0

Roasted coffee(3)

  -2.1 0.4 -2.5 0.1 0.3

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -3.5 2.0 -2.5 -1.3 2.0

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.092 -0.4 -0.6 0.2 -0.4 -0.6

Other food at home

1.852 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.282 1.2 0.1 1.3 -0.3 0.1

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 1.4 -0.3 -0.2 -1.2 1.0

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.184 1.5 0.3 0.4 -0.2 0.3

Other sweets(2)

0.055 0.1 -0.5 0.7 0.1 -0.1

Fats and oils

0.218 0.2 -1.0 -0.1 0.5 -0.7

Butter and margarine(2)

0.061 -0.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Butter(3)

  0.6 -1.7 0.4 0.1 -1.5

Margarine(3)

  0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.4

Salad dressing(2)

0.053 -1.6 -0.8 0.0 0.8 -0.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.104 1.2 -1.2 -0.8 1.1 -1.2

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 -0.9 1.6 3.4 -0.9

Other foods

1.352 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Soups

0.083 -2.0 -0.3 -0.9 0.0 -3.0

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.235 -0.2 0.3 -1.5 0.0 0.3

Snacks(1)

0.312 -0.5 0.2 -0.2 0.6 0.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 0.3 0.1 0.2 -1.1 0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  2.0 -0.6 2.1 -0.1 0.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  -2.9 -2.0 0.9 0.2 -2.0

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  2.5 0.6 0.4 -1.1 0.4

Other condiments(3)

  -1.3 1.0 -1.4 -1.5 1.8

Baby food(1)(2)

0.049 0.9 -0.1 0.6 0.5 -0.1

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.401 -0.3 -0.1 -1.6 0.9 -0.1

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.5 -0.2 -1.3 1.5 -0.2

Food away from home(1)

5.978 2.5 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.971 2.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.544 3.0 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.1

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.180 2.1 -0.1 0.0 0.7 0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.090 2.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.194 2.2 -0.2 0.8 0.0 -0.2

Energy

7.687 7.0 -0.5 3.0 0.1 -2.8

Energy commodities

4.254 11.3 -0.3 5.8 -0.9 -4.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.195 14.2 -1.1 7.0 -2.1 -0.8

Fuel oil

0.117 20.0 -1.4 9.5 -3.6 -0.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.078 7.2 -0.7 2.2 -0.6 0.5

Motor fuel

4.059 11.2 -0.3 5.6 -0.8 -4.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.971 11.1 -0.2 5.7 -0.9 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  11.3 -0.3 6.1 -1.1 -4.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  9.9 0.0 4.9 -1.3 -3.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  10.2 0.2 3.2 0.9 -4.5

Other motor fuels(2)

0.088 16.5 -1.2 6.6 1.4 -1.9

Energy services(8)

3.433 2.5 -0.6 -0.8 1.4 -0.2

Electricity(8)

2.634 2.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.4 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.799 3.4 -1.7 -2.6 4.7 -1.2

All items less food and energy

79.007 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.895 -0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.395 -1.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.271 -1.7 -1.3 4.1 0.4 -1.3

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.056 4.4 0.7 1.4 2.4 0.7

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.049 -5.5 -3.2 2.0 2.2 -3.2

Other linens(1)(2)

0.165 -2.7 -1.4 5.6 -0.7 -1.4

Furniture and bedding

0.888 -1.3 -0.4 0.4 0.2 -1.0

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.324 -0.1 -0.3 0.7 -0.2 -0.3

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.425 -2.0 -0.6 0.6 0.1 -0.6

Other furniture(2)

0.127 -2.0 0.3 1.2 -1.9 -0.5

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  -5.1 -4.2 -0.5 0.0 -4.2

Appliances(2)

0.208 -2.2 1.0 -0.6 -1.5 1.2

Major appliances(2)

0.074 -3.6 0.8 0.5 -2.7 0.3

Laundry equipment(3)

  -7.2 0.2 3.4 -5.9 -0.6

Other appliances(2)

0.131 -1.5 1.1 -1.2 -0.6 1.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.525 -6.2 0.2 -2.2 0.4 0.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.291 -10.2 -0.4 -0.7 -0.2 -0.4

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.095 1.5 1.2 -1.9 1.1 1.9

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.059 -6.8 -2.7 0.9 1.1 -2.7

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.081 -2.0 3.5 -2.1 1.9 3.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.673 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.199 1.4 0.1 0.8 1.2 0.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.311 -0.8 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.830 -0.1 0.4 0.6 -0.1 0.4

Household cleaning products(2)

0.326 -1.3 0.5 -1.1 -0.1 0.3

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.221 -0.5 -0.7 0.5 0.0 -0.7

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.283 1.6 1.1 2.8 -0.4 1.1

Apparel

3.136 0.3 1.6 1.7 1.5 -0.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.778 0.4 -1.2 1.8 1.7 -1.0

Men's apparel

0.612 -0.4 -1.2 1.2 1.3 -1.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.111 -2.4 -1.6 -0.4 -0.2 -2.5

Men's furnishings

0.150 -1.8 1.4 -1.8 -0.8 1.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.182 0.2 -1.5 4.2 4.3 -2.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.162 1.7 -3.1 0.9 1.2 -2.1

Boys' apparel

0.166 3.4 -1.2 4.5 3.6 -1.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.292 -1.0 2.6 2.8 1.5 -2.1

Women's apparel

1.111 -1.2 2.6 3.4 1.8 -2.5

Women's outerwear

0.070 -9.6 3.5 -6.3 4.8 0.9

Women's dresses

0.135 3.2 7.7 3.8 1.9 -1.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.588 -2.3 2.8 4.8 2.4 -4.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.305 -1.1 -0.3 2.6 1.1 -2.5

Girls' apparel

0.181 -1.1 3.1 -1.5 0.1 0.3

Footwear

0.674 0.8 3.1 0.4 1.5 1.2

Men's footwear(1)

0.217 0.6 2.1 2.2 1.8 2.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.153 0.2 4.7 -2.7 -0.5 2.8

Women's footwear

0.304 1.1 2.9 1.0 3.0 0.8

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.134 4.6 2.6 1.1 0.9 2.2

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.257 2.6 0.5 -1.5 0.6 1.8

Watches(1)(6)

0.099 7.8 -0.7 2.4 1.2 -0.7

Jewelry(6)

0.159 0.0 1.2 -1.5 1.8 1.6

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

6.676 -0.5 0.6 0.2 -0.4 -0.1

New vehicles

3.775 -1.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 0.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -1.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 0.0

New cars(3)

  -1.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.0

New trucks(3)(11)

  -0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.6 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.407 0.4 1.5 0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.380 -0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Tires(1)

0.228 -1.5 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.152 1.3 0.8 0.2 -0.2 0.8

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.2 1.2 0.4 -0.1 1.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  1.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.9 0.1

Medical care commodities

1.740 1.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.682 1.5 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0

Prescription drugs(8)

1.338 1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.345 0.2 0.9 -0.8 0.3 0.9

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.058 -1.6 -2.0 0.5 0.6 -2.0

Recreation commodities(9)

1.849 -2.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.3

Video and audio products(9)

0.247 -12.0 -0.5 -1.8 -2.1 -0.8

Televisions

0.117 -14.3 -1.3 -3.8 -3.3 -1.6

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 -3.7 0.5 0.3 -0.2 -0.8

Audio equipment(1)

0.044 -17.6 -0.2 0.7 -3.1 -0.2

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.051 -2.0 0.3 -0.6 0.2 0.3

Pets and pet products(1)

0.600 -0.7 0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -0.8 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -0.7 0.3 0.2 -0.7 0.3

Sporting goods

0.499 0.8 0.9 0.3 -0.2 1.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.282 2.9 1.6 0.3 1.0 1.6

Sports equipment

0.210 -1.9 0.1 0.2 -1.5 0.1

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 0.1 1.9 -1.8 1.8 2.1

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  1.4 2.4 -1.7 2.2 2.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.112 0.7 1.8 0.1 0.1 1.8

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.067 2.5 3.6 -0.1 0.4 3.6

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.045 -2.0 -0.9 0.2 -0.4 -0.9

Other recreational goods(2)

0.356 -7.0 -0.7 -1.2 0.3 -0.5

Toys

0.284 -8.5 -0.7 -1.8 0.6 -0.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -8.5 -1.0 -1.5 0.3 -0.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 2.8 -1.4 5.2 -1.8 -1.4

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.036 0.1 -0.3 -0.9 -1.2 -0.3

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.562 -2.5 -0.3 0.8 -0.5 -0.4

Educational books and supplies

0.132 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 1.6 -0.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

  -0.7 0.4 -0.8 1.2 0.4

Information technology commodities(9)

0.429 -3.2 -0.5 1.0 -1.2 -0.4

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.321 -3.7 -0.1 0.4 -1.2 0.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.025 -1.9 -1.4 2.9 -3.2 -1.4

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.083 -4.1 -2.1 2.5 -0.5 -2.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.970 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.604 0.9 0.0 -0.5 0.4 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 1.4 0.2 -0.4 0.2 0.2

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -1.3 0.2 0.1 -0.6 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -3.2 0.1 1.0 -1.2 0.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.2 0.2 1.2 0.2 0.2

Wine at home

0.256 0.9 -0.3 -0.7 0.9 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.366 2.1 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.3 -0.2 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5

Other goods(9)

1.569 2.7 -0.2 0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.646 5.9 -0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.2

Cigarettes(2)

0.573 5.9 -0.4 0.2 0.2 -0.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 5.0 0.9 0.6 -0.5 0.9

Personal care products(1)

0.700 0.3 -0.1 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.385 -0.6 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.309 1.2 -0.1 0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.222 -0.1 -0.6 1.4 -1.1 -0.8

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -0.5 0.0 0.5 -0.7 0.1

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  4.1 -1.6 0.4 0.1 -1.6

Services less energy services

59.112 2.9 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

32.697 3.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Rent of shelter(13)

32.325 3.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Rent of primary residence(8)

7.779 3.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.939 2.4 5.4 -2.0 0.0 2.3

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.113 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.826 2.3 6.2 -2.5 -0.1 2.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

23.606 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

22.288 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.373 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.073 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.814 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.259 1.8 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.869 5.6 0.2 1.5 1.5 0.2

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.298 3.3 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.5

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.286 5.9 0.2     0.2

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.102 8.4 -0.8 1.0 1.1 0.0

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.108 8.2 0.0 0.0 5.0 0.0

Medical care services

6.939 2.1 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.5

Professional services

3.277 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.5

Physicians' services(8)

1.750 -0.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Dental services(8)

0.789 3.7 1.2 -0.1 1.3 1.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.320 1.4 -0.3 0.9 0.2 -0.3

Services by other medical professionals(1)(8)(6)

0.417 0.3 0.8 -0.4 -0.8 0.8

Hospital and related services

2.602 4.9 0.3 1.2 -0.4 0.6

Hospital services(8)(14)

2.324 5.2 0.3 1.3 -0.5 0.6

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

  4.6 0.1 1.2 -0.6 0.4

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

  5.1 0.5 1.4 -0.4 0.7

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.191 3.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.087 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.060 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0

Transportation services

5.987 4.3 0.2 0.8 1.0 0.2

Leased cars and trucks(1)(12)

0.651 5.3 -0.6 1.3 1.3 -0.6

Car and truck rental(2)

0.111 1.3 6.0 -2.6 0.0 3.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.116 1.5 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.055 2.4 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.624 2.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.373 0.1 -0.7 0.1 0.3 -0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.396 8.9 0.1 1.3 1.7 0.3

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.541 1.9 0.3 1.2 0.5 0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.282 1.6 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.243 2.4 0.7 1.5 1.0 0.7

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.4 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

  0.6 1.0   0.7 1.0

Public transportation

1.171 -2.1 0.7 -0.1 0.6 0.3

Airline fares

0.712 -5.7 0.8 -0.6 0.6 0.6

Other intercity transportation

0.171 2.2 1.2 1.4 1.2 0.3

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  2.9 0.2 0.4 -0.5 0.2

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 1.6 0.8 0.3 1.6

Intracity transportation(1)

0.282 3.1 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.0

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

  3.8 0.0 0.3 0.8 0.0

Recreation services(9)

3.867 2.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Video and audio services(9)

1.602 2.7 0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Cable and satellite television service(11)

1.513 2.7 0.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.089 2.1 -0.3 3.9 0.0 -0.3

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -1.3 0.3 5.3 0.3 0.3

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.411 2.3 0.2 0.5 -0.4 0.2

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  1.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.5 0.3 0.6 -0.5 0.4

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.038 -3.0 -0.8 -1.0 -0.2 -0.8

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

  -8.7 -0.8 -4.1 -0.4 -0.8

Other recreation services(2)

1.814 1.9 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.668 3.2 0.6 0.2 -0.3 0.6

Admissions

0.655 0.2 -0.9 -0.4 1.1 -1.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 -0.1 -0.3 1.0 -0.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -3.0 -3.4 2.1 2.8 -3.4

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.218 3.3 0.3 0.5 -0.5 0.3

Education and communication services(9)

6.063 0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.869 1.9 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.1

College tuition and fees

1.590 1.7 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.327 3.8 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.802 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 1.7 0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.109 2.4 0.0 0.6 -0.6 0.2

Postage

0.095 2.0 0.0 0.4 -0.8 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 6.1 0.0 1.5 0.2 0.3

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.298 -1.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.719 -2.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.5 0.2

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.579 0.5 -0.8 0.1 0.2 -0.8

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.778 -2.8 -0.4 -0.3 -1.0 -1.0

Other personal services(1)(9)

1.616 2.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6

Personal care services(1)

0.621 1.9 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.621 1.9 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

0.995 2.8 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.7

Legal services(1)(6)

0.306 4.3 0.6 1.1 2.6 0.6

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 1.7 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.237 2.8 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.3

Financial services(6)

0.227 1.4 2.1 -0.2 -2.2 1.5

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  9.4 4.7 0.0 1.1 4.7

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  -1.7 0.8 0.8 -4.6 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, March 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Feb.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017-
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2017-
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018

All items less food

86.694 242.962 248.469 249.102 2.5 0.3 0.6 0.2 -0.1

All items less shelter

67.303 226.469 230.358 230.692 1.9 0.1 0.7 0.1 -0.3

All items less food and shelter

53.997 220.508 224.545 224.927 2.0 0.2 0.8 0.2 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.309 226.956 229.090 229.717 1.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.902 232.304 234.707 235.187 1.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1

All items less medical care

91.321 232.732 237.767 238.305 2.4 0.2 0.6 0.2 -0.1

All items less energy

92.313 250.277 254.555 255.275 2.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Commodities

37.455 181.136 183.385 183.780 1.5 0.2 1.0 -0.1 -0.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.488 146.911 145.851 146.274 -0.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food

24.149 150.691 152.487 152.962 1.5 0.3 1.4 -0.1 -1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.179 147.435 149.182 149.663 1.5 0.3 1.4 -0.1 -1.0

Services

62.545 305.590 313.608 314.337 2.9 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.220 327.067 334.488 334.676 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.606 290.423 298.306 298.978 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3

Durables

10.087 106.343 104.626 105.046 -1.2 0.4 0.1 -0.4 0.0

Nondurables

27.368 218.705 223.624 223.953 2.4 0.1 1.1 0.2 -0.7

Nondurables less food

14.062 192.856 199.039 199.529 3.5 0.2 2.1 0.2 -1.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.092 189.614 195.966 196.477 3.6 0.3 2.3 0.2 -1.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.957 232.124 243.516 243.131 4.7 -0.2 2.2 -0.1 -1.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.927 232.147 242.772 242.432 4.4 -0.1 2.0 0.0 -1.5

Housing

41.663 248.978 255.713 256.388 3.0 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.624 136.234 136.327 136.029 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Education(2)

3.001 251.113 256.291 255.609 1.8 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Communication(2)

3.623 75.275 74.015 73.883 -1.8 -0.2 0.0 -0.6 -0.3

Information and information processing(2)

3.514 71.409 70.117 69.988 -2.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.6 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.216 7.666 7.474 7.438 -3.0 -0.5 0.2 -1.1 -0.8

Recreation(2)

5.716 118.573 119.093 119.281 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Video and audio(2)

1.849 104.011 104.650 104.921 0.9 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.011 170.197 170.706 171.011 0.5 0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.2

Photography(2)

0.074 75.883 74.383 74.728 -1.5 0.5 -1.3 0.7 0.5

Food and beverages

14.276 248.967 252.076 252.182 1.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

6.128 246.104 247.369 247.165 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Other services

11.546 346.601 350.392 350.476 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.462 121.342 120.049 121.481 0.1 1.2 2.0 1.5 -1.1

Fuels and utilities

4.701 232.714 240.938 239.786 3.0 -0.5 -0.2 1.0 -0.2

Household energy

3.628 193.703 200.993 199.657 3.1 -0.7 -0.4 1.2 -0.3

Medical care

8.679 474.561 482.897 483.984 2.0 0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.4

Transportation

16.723 200.091 207.359 207.845 3.9 0.2 1.8 0.0 -1.2

Private transportation

15.551 194.890 202.935 203.343 4.3 0.2 2.0 0.0 -1.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.059 99.582 99.010 99.552 0.0 0.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.489 214.482 217.061 216.906 1.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.8 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

4.264 121.548 121.376 121.484 -0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

3.184 428.336 438.306 439.269 2.6 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Personal care

2.538 226.301 229.218 230.011 1.6 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, March 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Mar. 2018 from: Percent change to Feb. 2018 from:
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018

U.S. city average

M

2.4 0.7 0.2 2.2 1.0 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.0 0.5 0.1 1.7 0.9 0.4

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.9 0.6 0.1 1.7 0.9 0.5

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.1 0.5 0.1 1.8 1.0 0.3

New England(4)

M

  0.7 0.3   1.1 0.4

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

  0.5 0.0   0.9 0.4

Midwest

M

1.8 0.4 0.2 1.7 0.9 0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.8 0.3 0.2 1.7 0.7 0.1

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.5 0.2 1.2 1.0 0.3

East North Central(4)

M

  0.2 0.1   0.8 0.1

West North Central(4)

M

  0.8 0.3   1.0 0.5

South

M

2.3 0.8 0.2 2.1 1.1 0.6

South - Size Class A

M

2.6 0.8 0.0 2.7 1.2 0.8

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.1 0.7 0.3 1.9 1.1 0.4

South Atlantic(4)

M

  0.9 0.3   1.3 0.6

East South Central(4)

M

  0.8 0.3   1.0 0.4

West South Central(4)

M

  0.5 -0.1   0.8 0.5

West

M

3.2 0.9 0.4 3.1 1.0 0.5

West - Size Class A

M

3.5 1.0 0.4 3.4 1.2 0.6

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.6 0.8 0.3 2.5 0.9 0.4

Mountain(4)

M

  0.7 0.3   0.9 0.5

Pacific(4)

M

  1.0 0.4   1.1 0.5

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.5 0.7 0.2 2.4 1.0 0.5

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.1 0.6 0.3 1.8 1.0 0.4

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.8 0.1 0.0 1.6 0.9 0.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.8 1.1 0.4 3.6 1.5 0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.7 0.5 0.0 1.7 1.0 0.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      3.3 1.2  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

        1.0  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      2.1 0.3  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      2.6 1.4  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      3.2 2.6  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      0.5 0.4  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

        1.8  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      3.6 1.4  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      3.3 0.8  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

        0.8  

Urban Alaska

2

        0.6  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

3.6 0.9        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

2.9 0.5        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

  0.3        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

  0.5        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

  1.0        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

  0.9        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

  0.6        

Urban Hawaii

1

  0.5        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

1.8 -0.1        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, March 2018 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.9 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.1 0.1 1.3 1.6

July 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.4 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.7 1.9

September 2017

0.6 0.5 2.1 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.8 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 2.0 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 2.0 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 2.2 2.4

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2018, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb. 2018-
Mar. 2018
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2018-
Mar. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 -0.1   0.03 S-May 2017 -0.1

Food

13.306 0.1 0.017 0.06 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Food at home

7.327 0.1 0.011 0.10 L-Jan. 2018 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.959 0.4 0.004 0.25 L-Oct. 2015 0.7

Cereals and cereal products

0.311 0.0 0.000 0.42 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.8 0.000 0.66 S-Apr. 2017 -1.1

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.150 0.4 0.001 0.68 L-Feb. 2017 0.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.120 -0.3 0.000 0.76 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   1.21 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Bakery products(4)

0.648 0.6 0.004 0.28 L-Jan. 2018 1.1

Bread(4)(5)

0.189 2.0 0.004 0.48 L-Nov. 2013 2.0

White bread(4)(6)

  2.4   0.59 L-Oct. 2011 2.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  1.4   0.81 L-Apr. 2017 1.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.092 0.6 0.001 0.71 L-Dec. 2017 1.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 -0.6 -0.001 0.58 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

Cookies(6)

  -0.8   0.93 S-Feb. 2017 -1.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.7   0.69 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

Other bakery products

0.203 0.0 0.000 0.53 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.5   0.74 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.5   0.95 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.2   0.71 S-Feb. 2017 -1.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 0.8 0.013 0.20 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.511 0.6 0.009 0.21 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Meats

0.948 0.6 0.005 0.25 L-Dec. 2017 0.6

Beef and veal

0.426 0.6 0.002 0.34 L-Dec. 2017 1.1

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.173 1.0 0.002 0.53 L-Jul. 2017 1.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.060 1.7 0.001 1.03 L-Jun. 2017 3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.156 0.4 0.001 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 1.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.037 0.7 0.000 0.86 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Pork

0.298 0.3 0.001 0.55 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.136 0.7 0.001 0.68 L-Sep. 2017 0.9

Bacon and related products(6)

  -1.0   1.01 S-Nov. 2017 -2.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  2.5   1.08 L-May 2014 2.8

Ham

0.052 1.1 0.001 1.44 L-Oct. 2017 2.5

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.3   1.40 L-Oct. 2017 2.8

Pork chops(4)

0.043 -0.9 0.000 1.37 S-Dec. 2017 -2.1

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.068 0.6 0.000 1.19 L-Jan. 2018 1.3

Other meats

0.223 1.0 0.002 0.54 L-Jul. 2017 2.1

Frankfurters(6)

  -0.4   1.43 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  1.2   0.54 L-Jul. 2017 1.6

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.318 0.5 0.001 0.52 L-Dec. 2017 1.6

Chicken(4)(5)

0.261 0.8 0.002 0.62 L-Dec. 2017 1.4

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.9   1.14 L-Dec. 2017 1.7

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.8   0.71 S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.058 -1.5 -0.001 0.89 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Fish and seafood

0.245 1.0 0.002 0.51 L-Oct. 2017 1.3

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.127 0.6 0.001 0.75 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.118 2.0 0.002 0.64 L-May 2017 2.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  3.9   1.05 L-EVER -

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  0.1   1.10 L-Oct. 2017 2.2

Eggs

0.099 3.8 0.004 0.90 L-Jan. 2018 5.2

Dairy and related products

0.735 0.3 0.002 0.28 L-Feb. 2017 0.7

Milk(4)(5)

0.202 -1.3 -0.003 0.38 S-Apr. 2017 -1.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.9   0.56 S-Jan. 2018 -0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.51 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Cheese and related products

0.240 0.8 0.002 0.51 L-Feb. 2017 0.9

Ice cream and related products

0.106 2.0 0.002 0.75 L-Jan. 2013 2.4

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.188 0.4 0.001 0.56 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 -0.7 -0.008 0.30 S-Jan. 2017 -1.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.025 -0.7 -0.008 0.36 - -

Fresh fruits

0.554 -1.2 -0.007 0.45 S-Mar. 2016 -2.2

Apples

0.078 -1.2 -0.001 1.15 S-Dec. 2017 -1.9

Bananas(4)

0.081 0.9 0.001 0.64 S-Jan. 2018 0.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.150 0.0 0.000 0.75 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -2.7   1.25 S-Jun. 2014 -6.0

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.245 -1.9 -0.004 0.73 L-Jan. 2018 2.1

Fresh vegetables

0.471 -0.1 -0.001 0.56 L-Dec. 2017 0.5

Potatoes

0.076 -1.1 -0.001 1.22 S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Lettuce

0.057 2.9 0.002 1.62 L-Apr. 2017 16.2

Tomatoes(4)

0.082 -3.1 -0.003 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 5.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.256 -0.4 -0.001 0.69 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.273 -0.3 -0.001 0.44 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.148 -0.3 -0.001 0.65 L-Jan. 2018 2.1

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -2.6   0.78 S-Dec. 2012 -2.6

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.7   0.77 L-Jan. 2018 3.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.080 -0.3 0.000 0.83 S-Jan. 2018 -1.8

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.1   1.00 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.045 -1.0 0.000 0.76 S-Jan. 2018 -1.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -2.1   0.80 S-Jan. 2018 -2.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.873 0.4 0.004 0.36 L-May 2017 0.9

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.617 0.3 0.002 0.41 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.258 0.3 0.001 0.77 S-Dec. 2017 -0.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 0.4 0.000 0.73 S-Jan. 2018 -0.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.351 0.4 0.001 0.51 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.256 0.9 0.002 0.61 L-Dec. 2017 1.1

Coffee

0.164 1.0 0.002 0.77 L-Dec. 2017 1.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.3   1.08 L-Dec. 2017 2.1

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  2.0   0.71 L-Apr. 2017 2.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.092 -0.6 -0.001 0.99 S-Nov. 2017 -0.8

Other food at home

1.852 -0.2 -0.003 0.20 S-Jun. 2017 -0.2

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.282 0.1 0.000 0.49 L-Jan. 2018 1.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 1.0 0.000 0.67 L-May 2017 1.7

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.184 0.3 0.001 0.69 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Other sweets(5)

0.055 -0.1 0.000 0.84 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Fats and oils

0.218 -0.7 -0.002 0.44 S-Aug. 2017 -0.8

Butter and margarine(5)

0.061 -0.1 0.000 0.88 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Butter(6)

  -1.5   1.01 S-May 2016 -3.1

Margarine(6)

  1.4   0.98 L-Apr. 2017 1.6

Salad dressing(5)

0.053 -0.3 0.000 1.03 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.104 -1.2 -0.001 0.56 S-Aug. 2017 -1.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.63 S-Dec. 2017 -4.0

Other foods

1.352 -0.1 -0.002 0.25 - -

Soups

0.083 -3.0 -0.003 1.07 S-Oct. 2007 -3.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.235 0.3 0.001 0.54 L-Nov. 2017 0.5

Snacks(4)

0.312 0.2 0.001 0.72 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 0.4 0.001 0.54 L-Nov. 2017 0.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.2   0.96 L-Jan. 2018 2.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -2.0   1.31 S-Apr. 2017 -3.1

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.4   0.81 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Other condiments(6)

  1.8   0.65 L-Apr. 2016 2.6

Baby food(4)(5)

0.049 -0.1 0.000 0.52 S-Nov. 2017 -0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.401 -0.1 0.000 0.41 S-Jan. 2018 -1.6

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.2   0.76 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Food away from home(4)

5.978 0.1 0.007 0.04 S-Oct. 2017 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.971 0.1 0.004 0.04 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.544 0.1 0.003 0.07 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.180 0.1 0.000 0.38 S-Jan. 2018 0.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.49 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.090 0.1 0.000 0.11 - -

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.194 -0.2 0.000 0.09 S-Sep. 2016 -0.2

Energy

7.687 -2.8 -0.218 0.08 S-Feb. 2016 -5.6

Energy commodities

4.254 -4.7 -0.210 0.13 S-May 2017 -5.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.195 -0.8 -0.002 0.33 L-Jan. 2018 7.0

Fuel oil

0.117 -0.7 -0.001 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 9.5

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.078 0.5 0.000 0.48 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Motor fuel

4.059 -4.9 -0.209 0.13 S-May 2017 -5.2

Gasoline (all types)

3.971 -4.9 -0.205 0.13 S-May 2017 -5.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -4.8   0.51 S-May 2017 -5.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -3.7   0.51 S-May 2017 -3.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -4.5   0.44 S-Feb. 2016 -9.5

Other motor fuels(5)

0.088 -1.9 -0.002 0.15 S-May 2017 -2.8

Energy services(11)

3.433 -0.2 -0.008 0.08 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Electricity(11)

2.634 0.0 0.001 0.10 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.799 -1.2 -0.009 0.08 S-Jan. 2018 -2.6

All items less food and energy

79.007 0.2 0.138 0.03 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.895 -0.1 -0.025 0.08 S-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.395 -0.1 -0.002 0.16 S-Nov. 2017 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.271 -1.3 -0.004 0.75 S-Nov. 2017 -2.7

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.056 0.7 0.000 0.56 S-Dec. 2017 -1.9

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.049 -3.2 -0.002 0.88 S-Dec. 2014 -3.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.165 -1.4 -0.002 1.15 S-Nov. 2017 -4.5

Furniture and bedding

0.888 -1.0 -0.009 0.34 S-Apr. 2010 -1.6

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.324 -0.3 -0.001 0.52 S-Dec. 2017 -1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.425 -0.6 -0.003 0.45 S-Nov. 2017 -0.6

Other furniture(5)

0.127 -0.5 -0.001 0.71 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -4.2   0.74 S-EVER -

Appliances(5)

0.208 1.2 0.002 0.55 L-Feb. 2005 1.3

Major appliances(5)

0.074 0.3 0.000 0.70 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Laundry equipment(6)

  -0.6   1.18 L-Jan. 2018 3.4

Other appliances(5)

0.131 1.7 0.002 0.63 L-Mar. 2014 2.0

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.525 0.3 0.002 0.48 S-Jan. 2018 -2.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.291 -0.4 -0.001 0.76 S-Jan. 2018 -0.7

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.095 1.9 0.002 0.68 L-Jun. 2005 2.0

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.059 -2.7 -0.002 1.49 S-Sep. 2017 -3.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.081 3.0 0.002 0.75 L-EVER -

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.673 0.2 0.001 0.24 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.199 0.1 0.000 0.35 S-Dec. 2017 -0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.311 0.4 0.001 0.30 L-Nov. 2017 0.4

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.830 0.4 0.003 0.24 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Household cleaning products(5)

0.326 0.3 0.001 0.39 L-Dec. 2017 0.3

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.221 -0.7 -0.002 0.38 S-Nov. 2017 -1.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.283 1.1 0.003 0.41 L-Jan. 2018 2.8

Apparel

3.136 -0.6 -0.020 0.39 S-Nov. 2017 -0.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.778 -1.0 -0.008 0.72 S-Apr. 2017 -1.6

Men's apparel

0.612 -1.0 -0.006 0.78 S-Apr. 2017 -2.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.111 -2.5 -0.003 1.68 S-Mar. 2017 -3.0

Men's furnishings

0.150 1.2 0.002 1.45 L-Oct. 2017 2.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.182 -2.7 -0.005 1.22 S-Apr. 2017 -3.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.162 -2.1 -0.003 1.28 S-Mar. 2017 -5.4

Boys' apparel

0.166 -1.2 -0.002 1.44 S-Nov. 2017 -1.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.292 -2.1 -0.028 0.60 S-Dec. 2004 -2.3

Women's apparel

1.111 -2.5 -0.029 0.65 S-Dec. 2004 -2.8

Women's outerwear

0.070 0.9 0.001 2.13 S-Jan. 2018 -6.3

Women's dresses

0.135 -1.7 -0.002 1.42 S-Aug. 2017 -3.8

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.588 -4.0 -0.024 0.87 S-Dec. 2004 -4.2

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.305 -2.5 -0.008 1.10 S-Jun. 2017 -2.7

Girls' apparel

0.181 0.3 0.000 1.49 L-Dec. 2017 1.8

Footwear

0.674 1.2 0.008 0.57 S-Jan. 2018 0.4

Men's footwear(4)

0.217 2.1 0.004 0.96 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.153 2.8 0.004 1.01 L-Jul. 2014 3.1

Women's footwear

0.304 0.8 0.002 0.80 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.134 2.2 0.003 1.24 L-Sep. 2017 5.9

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.257 1.8 0.005 1.00 L-Apr. 2017 2.7

Watches(4)(9)

0.099 -0.7 -0.001 1.52 S-Dec. 2017 -4.8

Jewelry(9)

0.159 1.6 0.003 1.22 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

6.676 -0.1 -0.005 0.09 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

New vehicles

3.775 0.0 0.001 0.15 L-Dec. 2017 0.5

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.0   0.23 L-Dec. 2017 0.5

New cars(6)

  0.0   0.24 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

New trucks(14)(6)

  0.0   0.21 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.407 -0.3 -0.008 0.02 - -

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.380 0.3 0.001 0.28 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Tires(4)

0.228 0.0 0.000 0.38 S-Nov. 2017 -1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.152 0.8 0.001 0.44 L-Jul. 2017 0.9

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  1.2   0.38 L-Nov. 2008 1.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.1   0.90 L-Nov. 2017 3.3

Medical care commodities

1.740 0.1 0.001 0.25 L-Dec. 2017 0.9

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.682 0.0 0.000 0.26 S-Oct. 2017 -0.2

Prescription drugs(11)

1.338 -0.2 -0.002 0.29 L-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.345 0.9 0.003 0.43 L-Feb. 2015 1.0

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.058 -2.0 -0.001 0.50 S-Jul. 2011 -2.0

Recreation commodities(12)

1.849 0.3 0.006 0.17 L-Feb. 2011 0.3

Video and audio products(12)

0.247 -0.8 -0.002 0.49 L-Sep. 2017 -0.5

Televisions

0.117 -1.6 -0.002 0.81 L-Dec. 2017 -1.2

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 -0.8 0.000 0.85 S-Dec. 2017 -1.1

Audio equipment(4)

0.044 -0.2 0.000 0.71 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.051 0.3 0.000 0.85 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Pets and pet products(4)

0.600 0.1 0.001 0.23 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.31 S-Nov. 2017 -1.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.39 L-Oct. 2017 0.3

Sporting goods

0.499 1.3 0.006 0.29 L-Oct. 2008 1.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.282 1.6 0.004 0.34 L-Apr. 2016 2.3

Sports equipment

0.210 0.1 0.000 0.47 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 2.1 0.001 0.66 L-Jun. 2016 2.1

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  2.6   0.69 L-EVER -

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.112 1.8 0.002 0.64 L-EVER -

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.067 3.6 0.002 0.95 L-EVER -

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.045 -0.9 0.000 0.97 S-Jun. 2017 -1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.356 -0.5 -0.002 0.46 S-Jan. 2018 -1.2

Toys

0.284 -0.4 -0.001 0.52 S-Jan. 2018 -1.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.55 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -1.4 0.000 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 5.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.036 -0.3 0.000 0.68 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.562 -0.4 -0.002 0.36 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Educational books and supplies

0.132 -0.1 0.000 0.60 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

  0.4   0.58 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Information technology commodities(12)

0.429 -0.4 -0.002 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.321 0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.025 -1.4 0.000 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 2.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.083 -2.1 -0.002 0.70 S-Oct. 2017 -2.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.970 0.1 0.001 0.14 S-Jan. 2018 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.604 0.0 0.000 0.22 S-Jan. 2018 -0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 0.2 0.000 0.27 - -

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 0.2 0.000 0.37 L-Jun. 2017 0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.1   0.54 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.2   0.50 - -

Wine at home

0.256 -0.5 -0.001 0.46 S-Jan. 2018 -0.7

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.366 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.18 S-Jul. 2017 -0.4

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.18 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.15 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Other goods(12)

1.569 -0.2 -0.004 0.16 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.646 -0.2 -0.001 0.14 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Cigarettes(5)

0.573 -0.4 -0.002 0.15 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.9 0.001 0.33 L-Oct. 2017 1.1

Personal care products(4)

0.700 -0.1 0.000 0.30 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.385 0.0 0.000 0.37 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.309 -0.1 0.000 0.45 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.222 -0.8 -0.002 0.75 L-Jan. 2018 1.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.1   0.77 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -1.6   0.46 S-Feb. 2017 -1.7

Services less energy services

59.112 0.3 0.157 0.03 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Shelter

32.697 0.4 0.116 0.04 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Rent of shelter(16)

32.325 0.4 0.115 0.04 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Rent of primary residence(11)

7.779 0.3 0.020 0.03 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Lodging away from home(5)

0.939 2.3 0.022 1.24 L-Aug. 2017 3.2

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.113 0.3 0.000 0.06 L-Dec. 2017 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.826 2.6 0.022 1.45 L-Aug. 2017 3.7

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

23.606 0.3 0.074 0.03 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

22.288 0.3 0.069 0.03 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.373 0.0 0.000 0.13 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.073 0.2 0.002 0.05 S-Jan. 2018 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.814 0.2 0.002 0.06 S-Oct. 2017 0.2

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.259 0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.869 0.2 0.001 0.32 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.298 0.5 0.002 0.04 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.286 0.2 0.001 0.05 L-Jun. 2017 0.6

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.102 0.0 0.000 1.97 S-Dec. 2017 -2.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.108 0.0 0.000 0.23 S-Jan. 2018 0.0

Medical care services

6.939 0.5 0.033 0.09 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Professional services

3.277 0.5 0.017 0.10 L-May 2016 0.6

Physicians' services(11)

1.750 0.2 0.004 0.09 - -

Dental services(11)

0.789 1.2 0.009 0.11 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.320 -0.3 -0.001 0.31 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Services by other medical professionals(4)(11)(9)

0.417 0.8 0.003 0.09 L-Jul. 2016 0.9

Hospital and related services

2.602 0.6 0.015 0.12 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

Hospital services(11)(17)

2.324 0.6 0.014 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 1.3

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

  0.4   0.20 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

  0.7   0.32 L-Jan. 2018 1.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.191 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.087 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.060 0.0 0.000 0.08 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Transportation services

5.987 0.2 0.011 0.13 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Leased cars and trucks(4)(15)

0.651 -0.6 -0.004 0.39 S-Aug. 2017 -0.6

Car and truck rental(5)

0.111 3.0 0.003 1.78 L-Jun. 2017 7.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.116 -0.1 -0.001 0.15 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.055 0.1 0.000 0.11 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.624 0.2 0.001 0.24 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.373 -0.7 -0.003 0.14 S-Jun. 2017 -0.9

Motor vehicle insurance

2.396 0.3 0.007 0.17 S-Jul. 2017 0.3

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.541 0.3 0.002 0.12 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.282 0.0 0.000 0.04 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.243 0.7 0.002 0.22 S-Dec. 2017 -0.7

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.3   0.16 - -

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.43 L-Nov. 2016 9.9

Public transportation

1.171 0.3 0.004 0.36 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Airline fares

0.712 0.6 0.005 0.58 - -

Other intercity transportation

0.171 0.3 0.000 0.56 S-Dec. 2017 0.2

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  0.2   0.98 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  1.6   0.82 L-Apr. 2017 2.2

Intracity transportation(4)

0.282 0.0 0.000 0.19 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

  0.0   0.15 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Recreation services(12)

3.867 -0.1 -0.005 0.16 S-Aug. 2016 -0.1

Video and audio services(12)

1.602 -0.2 -0.004 0.15 S-Sep. 2016 -0.2

Cable and satellite television service(14)

1.513 -0.2 -0.003 0.14 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.089 -0.3 0.000 1.26 S-Nov. 2017 -3.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   2.01 - -

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.14 L-Dec. 2017 0.6

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.411 0.2 0.001 0.11 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.10 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.4   0.13 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.038 -0.8 0.000 0.43 S-Jan. 2018 -1.0

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.06 S-Jan. 2018 -0.3

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.65 S-Jan. 2018 -4.1

Other recreation services(5)

1.814 -0.1 -0.002 0.29 S-Jun. 2017 -0.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.668 0.6 0.004 0.22 L-Dec. 2017 0.9

Admissions

0.655 -1.0 -0.006 0.58 S-Nov. 2016 -1.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.46 S-Jan. 2018 -0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -3.4   1.79 S-Nov. 2016 -5.1

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.218 0.3 0.001 0.34 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Education and communication services(12)

6.063 -0.2 -0.010 0.07 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.869 -0.1 -0.002 0.05 S-Aug. 2000 -0.2

College tuition and fees

1.590 -0.2 -0.003 0.06 S-Aug. 2000 -0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.327 0.3 0.001 0.08 - -

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.802 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Jan. 2018 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.1 0.000 0.11 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.109 0.2 0.000 0.02 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Postage

0.095 0.2 0.000 0.00 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.3 0.000 0.32 L-Jan. 2018 1.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.298 0.0 -0.001 0.12 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.719 0.2 0.004 0.10 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.579 -0.8 -0.005 0.21 S-Sep. 2016 -0.8

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.778 -1.0 -0.008 0.29 - -

Other personal services(4)(12)

1.616 0.6 0.010 0.11 L-May 2016 0.6

Personal care services(4)

0.621 0.3 0.002 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.621 0.3 0.002 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Miscellaneous personal services

0.995 0.7 0.007 0.11 L-Jul. 2016 0.8

Legal services(4)(9)

0.306 0.6 0.002 0.07 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.1 0.000 0.09 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.237 0.5 0.001 0.16 L-Mar. 2017 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 -0.3 0.000 0.21 S-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Financial services(9)

0.227 1.5 0.003 0.32 L-Jan. 2015 2.2

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  4.7   0.02 L-EVER -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.33 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.694 -0.1 -0.080 0.03 S-May 2017 -0.1

All items less shelter

67.303 -0.3 -0.179 0.03 S-Mar. 2017 -0.3

All items less food and shelter

53.997 -0.4 -0.196 0.04 S-Mar. 2017 -0.5

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.309 0.0 0.023 0.05 S-Nov. 2017 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.902 0.1 0.031 0.05 S-Nov. 2017 0.0

All items less medical care

91.321 -0.1 -0.097 0.03 S-May 2017 -0.1

All items less energy

92.313 0.2 0.156 0.03 - -

Commodities

37.455 -0.6 -0.218 0.05 S-Feb. 2016 -0.9

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.488 -0.1 -0.017 0.09 S-Nov. 2017 -0.2

Commodities less food

24.149 -1.0 -0.235 0.07 S-May 2017 -1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.179 -1.0 -0.236 0.07 S-May 2017 -1.0

Services

62.545 0.2 0.149 0.03 S-Nov. 2017 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(16)

30.220 0.2 0.047 0.05 S-Jan. 2018 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.606 0.3 0.139 0.04 S-Jan. 2018 0.2

Durables

10.087 0.0 0.002 0.08 L-Jan. 2018 0.1

Nondurables

27.368 -0.7 -0.183 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -1.1

Nondurables less food

14.062 -1.5 -0.211 0.11 S-Feb. 2016 -2.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.092 -1.6 -0.210 0.12 S-Feb. 2016 -2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.957 -1.7 -0.171 0.09 S-Jun. 2017 -1.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.927 -1.5 -0.170 0.08 S-Jun. 2017 -1.5

Housing

41.663 0.3 0.110 0.04 - -

Education and communication(5)

6.624 -0.2 -0.012 0.07 - -

Education(5)

3.001 -0.1 -0.002 0.06 S-Aug. 2000 -0.1

Communication(5)

3.623 -0.3 -0.010 0.11 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.514 -0.3 -0.010 0.12 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.216 -0.8 -0.010 0.25 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.716 0.0 0.001 0.11 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.849 -0.3 -0.006 0.15 S-Sep. 2016 -0.5

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.011 0.2 0.002 0.16 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Photography(5)

0.074 0.5 0.000 0.41 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Food and beverages

14.276 0.1 0.018 0.06 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.128 0.1 0.005 0.11 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Other services

11.546 -0.1 -0.007 0.06 S-Apr. 2017 -0.1

Apparel less footwear

2.462 -1.1 -0.028 0.45 S-Nov. 2017 -1.1

Fuels and utilities

4.701 -0.2 -0.007 0.06 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Household energy

3.628 -0.3 -0.010 0.08 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Medical care

8.679 0.4 0.034 0.09 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Transportation

16.723 -1.2 -0.202 0.06 S-Feb. 2016 -2.4

Private transportation

15.551 -1.3 -0.206 0.06 S-Feb. 2016 -2.5

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.059 -0.1 -0.006 0.10 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Utilities and public transportation

9.489 0.0 0.001 0.07 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.264 0.1 0.002 0.16 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Other goods and services

3.184 0.2 0.007 0.10 - -

Personal care(4)

2.538 0.3 0.009 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2018, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Mar. 2017-
Mar. 2018
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2017-
Mar. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.4   0.07 L-Mar. 2017 2.4

Food

13.306 1.3 0.175 0.10 S-Oct. 2017 1.3

Food at home

7.327 0.4 0.029 0.16 S-Sep. 2017 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.959 0.1 0.000 0.30 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.311 -1.0 -0.004 0.62 L-Sep. 2016 -0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.042 -0.1 0.000 0.99 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Breakfast cereal

0.150 -2.4 -0.004 0.85 L-Jan. 2018 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.120 0.4 0.000 1.11 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Rice(4)(5)

  -0.5   1.35 L-Sep. 2017 -0.3

Bakery products

0.648 0.6 0.004 0.37 L-Apr. 2016 1.0

Bread(4)

0.189 1.3 0.003 0.66 L-Nov. 2015 2.2

White bread(5)

  0.5   0.89 L-Sep. 2017 0.7

Bread other than white(5)

  1.9   0.89 L-Nov. 2015 3.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.092 1.0 0.001 1.07 S-Dec. 2017 1.0

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 1.9 0.003 0.68 S-Jan. 2018 1.1

Cookies(5)

  1.4   1.14 S-Jan. 2018 0.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  2.1   1.11 L-Jun. 2017 2.9

Other bakery products

0.203 -1.3 -0.003 0.71 S-Nov. 2017 -1.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.5   1.16 L-Jan. 2018 1.8

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -2.4   1.24 S-Nov. 2017 -2.9

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -1.2   1.15 S-Nov. 2017 -1.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.610 2.1 0.037 0.33 L-Dec. 2017 2.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.511 1.3 0.021 0.32 L-Jan. 2018 1.9

Meats

0.948 1.4 0.014 0.39 S-Sep. 2017 0.8

Beef and veal

0.426 2.8 0.013 0.49 L-Dec. 2017 3.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.173 4.0 0.007 0.81 S-Jan. 2018 3.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.060 1.6 0.001 1.39 S-Nov. 2017 0.5

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.156 1.1 0.002 0.91 L-Dec. 2017 2.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.037 5.5 0.002 1.30 L-Aug. 2015 7.0

Pork

0.298 0.4 0.001 0.79 S-Jul. 2017 0.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.136 1.4 0.002 1.01 S-May 2017 1.4

Bacon and related products(5)

  0.0   1.31 S-Jan. 2017 -2.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  3.5   1.67 L-Dec. 2017 3.7

Ham

0.052 -2.8 -0.002 1.82 S-Feb. 2017 -3.9

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -2.8   2.30 S-Feb. 2017 -4.2

Pork chops

0.043 0.9 0.000 1.89 S-Oct. 2017 -0.8

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.068 0.6 0.000 1.73 L-Jan. 2018 3.7

Other meats

0.223 0.1 0.000 0.83 - -

Frankfurters(5)

  1.3   2.43 S-Jan. 2018 0.4

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -0.5   0.83 L-Jan. 2018 -0.3

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.318 0.7 0.003 0.72 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Chicken(4)

0.261 2.1 0.006 0.84 S-Jan. 2018 1.9

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  1.6   1.94 L-Jan. 2018 2.8

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  2.7   0.99 S-Jan. 2018 1.1

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.058 -5.3 -0.003 1.44 S-EVER -

Fish and seafood

0.245 1.7 0.004 0.84 L-Dec. 2017 1.7

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.127 2.3 0.003 1.17 L-Mar. 2017 3.2

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.118 1.4 0.002 0.98 L-Jan. 2018 2.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  4.7   1.31 L-Feb. 2013 5.0

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -1.8   1.50 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

Eggs

0.099 16.3 0.016 1.47 L-Nov. 2015 23.7

Dairy and related products

0.735 -0.9 -0.008 0.40 L-Jan. 2018 -0.9

Milk(4)

0.202 -3.9 -0.009 0.70 S-Aug. 2016 -4.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -5.1   1.68 S-Jul. 2016 -7.0

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -2.8   0.99 S-Nov. 2016 -2.9

Cheese and related products

0.240 0.8 0.002 0.68 L-Jan. 2018 1.1

Ice cream and related products

0.106 -0.2 0.000 0.96 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.188 -0.3 -0.001 0.82 L-Nov. 2017 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.298 0.3 0.005 0.43 S-Mar. 2017 -1.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.025 1.0 0.011 0.53 S-Mar. 2017 -2.2

Fresh fruits

0.554 1.0 0.006 0.68 S-May 2017 0.3

Apples

0.078 -0.5 -0.001 1.75 S-Dec. 2017 -2.6

Bananas

0.081 1.1 0.001 1.03 L-Jan. 2012 2.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.150 9.1 0.013 1.42 L-Nov. 2017 10.2

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  6.1   2.18 S-Jan. 2018 6.0

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.245 -3.2 -0.008 1.05 S-Feb. 2017 -10.6

Fresh vegetables

0.471 1.1 0.005 0.84 S-Mar. 2017 -4.1

Potatoes

0.076 -0.1 0.000 2.08 S-Jan. 2016 -0.6

Lettuce

0.057 -2.6 -0.002 2.35 S-Mar. 2017 -2.7

Tomatoes

0.082 5.4 0.005 1.67 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.256 1.0 0.003 1.20 S-Jul. 2017 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.273 -2.2 -0.007 0.69 S-Dec. 2017 -2.7

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.148 -2.4 -0.004 0.87 S-Dec. 2017 -4.1

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  -5.5   1.19 S-EVER -

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  -0.6   1.24 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.080 -1.2 -0.001 1.35 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Frozen vegetables(5)

  -1.5   1.67 S-Nov. 2017 -2.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.045 -3.6 -0.002 1.42 S-Feb. 2017 -3.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -4.0   2.11 S-Nov. 2017 -4.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.873 -0.4 -0.005 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.617 -0.1 -0.001 0.53 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.258 0.3 0.001 0.87 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.009 0.3 0.000 1.12 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.351 -0.5 -0.002 0.64 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.256 -1.2 -0.003 0.77 L-Jan. 2018 -0.7

Coffee

0.164 -1.6 -0.003 1.09 L-Jan. 2018 -1.4

Roasted coffee(5)

  -2.1   1.60 L-Jan. 2018 -1.2

Instant coffee(5)

  -3.5   1.65 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.092 -0.4 0.000 1.01 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Other food at home

1.852 0.0 0.000 0.31 S-Jun. 2017 -0.1

Sugar and sweets

0.282 1.2 0.003 0.70 S-Dec. 2017 0.5

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 1.4 0.001 0.87 L-Jan. 2018 1.4

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.184 1.5 0.003 0.91 S-Jan. 2018 1.0

Other sweets(4)

0.055 0.1 0.000 1.22 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Fats and oils

0.218 0.2 0.000 0.61 S-Apr. 2017 -0.2

Butter and margarine(4)

0.061 -0.1 0.000 1.16 S-Feb. 2017 -0.2

Butter(5)

  0.6   1.57 S-Apr. 2017 -0.3

Margarine(5)

  0.5   1.43 L-Nov. 2017 1.3

Salad dressing(4)

0.053 -1.6 -0.001 1.37 S-Apr. 2017 -2.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.104 1.2 0.001 0.92 S-Aug. 2017 0.8

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  1.0   1.06 S-Jan. 2018 0.1

Other foods

1.352 -0.3 -0.004 0.36 S-Jul. 2017 -0.3

Soups

0.083 -2.0 -0.002 1.65 S-Apr. 2014 -2.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.235 -0.2 0.000 0.89 L-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Snacks

0.312 -0.5 -0.002 0.82 S-Jul. 2017 -1.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 0.3 0.001 0.79 - -

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  2.0   1.40 S-Dec. 2017 0.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  -2.9   1.68 S-Jul. 2017 -4.2

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  2.5   1.16 L-Jan. 2018 2.7

Other condiments(5)

  -1.3   1.74 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Baby food(4)

0.049 0.9 0.000 1.16 L-Oct. 2017 1.0

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.401 -0.3 -0.001 0.51 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  0.5   1.26 S-Jan. 2018 0.5

Food away from home

5.978 2.5 0.146 0.10 S-Jan. 2018 2.5

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.971 2.1 0.061 0.13 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.544 3.0 0.074 0.18 S-Jan. 2018 2.9

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.180 2.1 0.004 0.63 - -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

  1.6   0.52 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.090 2.3 0.002 1.49 S-Oct. 2017 1.9

Other food away from home(4)

0.194 2.2 0.005 0.53 S-Dec. 2017 2.2

Energy

7.687 7.0 0.508 0.11 S-Jan. 2018 5.5

Energy commodities

4.254 11.3 0.420 0.17 S-Jan. 2018 9.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.195 14.2 0.026 0.91 S-Dec. 2017 12.6

Fuel oil

0.117 20.0 0.020 1.08 S-Dec. 2017 15.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.078 7.2 0.006 1.58 L-Jan. 2018 9.0

Motor fuel

4.059 11.2 0.393 0.18 S-Jan. 2018 8.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.971 11.1 0.384 0.18 S-Jan. 2018 8.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  11.3   0.94 S-Jan. 2018 8.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  9.9   0.78 S-Jan. 2018 7.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  10.2   0.79 S-Jan. 2018 8.4

Other motor fuels(4)

0.088 16.5 0.009 0.28 S-Jan. 2018 15.8

Energy services(10)

3.433 2.5 0.088 0.15 S-Jan. 2018 1.9

Electricity(10)

2.634 2.2 0.061 0.18 - -

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.799 3.4 0.027 0.22 S-Jan. 2018 0.2

All items less food and energy

79.007 2.1 1.677 0.08 L-Feb. 2017 2.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.895 -0.3 -0.041 0.19 L-Jan. 2017 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.395 -1.5 -0.045 0.33 L-Jun. 2017 -1.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.271 -1.7 -0.004 1.10 S-Dec. 2017 -2.1

Floor coverings(4)

0.056 4.4 0.002 1.56 L-Apr. 2009 5.1

Window coverings(4)

0.049 -5.5 -0.003 2.47 S-Jan. 2018 -5.7

Other linens(4)

0.165 -2.7 -0.003 1.79 S-Nov. 2017 -5.5

Furniture and bedding

0.888 -1.3 -0.010 0.84 S-May 2017 -1.4

Bedroom furniture

0.324 -0.1 0.000 1.05 S-Jul. 2017 -1.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.425 -2.0 -0.007 1.41 S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Other furniture(4)

0.127 -2.0 -0.003 1.58 L-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

  -5.1   2.26 L-Dec. 2017 -4.7

Appliances(4)

0.208 -2.2 -0.003 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 -1.4

Major appliances(4)

0.074 -3.6 -0.002 1.29 L-Jan. 2018 -2.4

Laundry equipment(5)

  -7.2   2.84 L-Jan. 2018 -3.6

Other appliances(4)

0.131 -1.5 -0.002 1.52 L-Jan. 2018 -1.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.525 -6.2 -0.028 1.03 L-Dec. 2017 -5.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.291 -10.2 -0.025 1.64 - -

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.095 1.5 0.001 1.28 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.059 -6.8 -0.004 3.20 S-Dec. 2016 -7.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.081 -2.0 -0.001 1.49 L-Mar. 2017 -1.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.673 0.0 0.000 0.70 L-May 2017 0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.199 1.4 0.003 0.81 L-Sep. 2013 1.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.311 -0.8 -0.003 0.92 L-Jul. 2017 -0.7

Housekeeping supplies

0.830 -0.1 -0.001 0.43 L-Apr. 2017 -0.1

Household cleaning products(4)

0.326 -1.3 -0.004 0.62 L-Dec. 2017 -1.3

Household paper products(4)

0.221 -0.5 -0.001 0.83 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.283 1.6 0.005 0.88 L-Jan. 2018 1.6

Apparel

3.136 0.3 0.015 0.79 S-Jan. 2018 -0.7

Men's and boys' apparel

0.778 0.4 0.003 1.43 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

Men's apparel

0.612 -0.4 -0.002 1.68 L-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.111 -2.4 -0.002 2.87 L-Jan. 2018 -1.2

Men's furnishings

0.150 -1.8 -0.004 3.59 L-Dec. 2017 2.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.182 0.2 0.001 2.21 L-Jun. 2017 0.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.162 1.7 0.003 2.81 L-Nov. 2017 3.0

Boys' apparel

0.166 3.4 0.006 3.18 S-Jan. 2018 1.7

Women's and girls' apparel

1.292 -1.0 -0.009 1.21 S-Dec. 2017 -2.4

Women's apparel

1.111 -1.2 -0.006 1.32 S-Dec. 2017 -3.1

Women's outerwear

0.070 -9.6 -0.007 4.56 S-Aug. 2012 -14.1

Women's dresses

0.135 3.2 0.002 3.98 S-Jan. 2018 1.3

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.588 -2.3 0.004 1.77 S-Dec. 2017 -5.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.305 -1.1 -0.005 2.05 S-Dec. 2017 -1.5

Girls' apparel

0.181 -1.1 -0.003 2.99 S-Nov. 2017 -1.5

Footwear

0.674 0.8 0.006 1.29 L-Jul. 2017 0.9

Men's footwear

0.217 0.6 0.002 2.00 L-Aug. 2017 1.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.153 0.2 0.000 2.35 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Women's footwear

0.304 1.1 0.004 1.69 L-Jul. 2017 1.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.134 4.6 0.006 2.57 L-Sep. 2017 4.7

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.257 2.6 0.008 4.64 L-Dec. 2017 2.8

Watches(8)

0.099 7.8 0.007 10.80 L-Nov. 2017 11.2

Jewelry(8)

0.159 0.0 0.001 4.96 L-Dec. 2017 0.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.676 -0.5 -0.025 0.19 L-Apr. 2016 -0.3

New vehicles

3.775 -1.2 -0.045 0.33 L-Jan. 2018 -1.2

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  -1.3   0.39 L-Jan. 2018 -1.3

New cars(5)

  -1.8   0.39 L-Jan. 2018 -1.8

New trucks(13)(5)

  -0.7   0.52 L-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.407 0.4 0.021 0.09 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.380 -0.4 -0.001 0.70 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Tires

0.228 -1.5 -0.003 1.03 S-Nov. 2017 -1.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.152 1.3 0.002 0.75 L-Nov. 2017 1.9

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  2.2   0.80 L-Oct. 2013 2.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  1.3   1.08 S-May 2017 1.1

Medical care commodities

1.740 1.4 0.026 0.69 S-Oct. 2017 0.9

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.682 1.5 0.027 0.71 S-Oct. 2017 0.9

Prescription drugs(10)

1.338 1.9 0.026 0.87 S-Oct. 2017 1.0

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.345 0.2 0.001 0.77 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.058 -1.6 -0.001 0.90 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Recreation commodities(11)

1.849 -2.9 -0.051 0.43 L-Oct. 2017 -2.8

Video and audio products(11)

0.247 -12.0 -0.027 1.38 S-Feb. 2017 -12.6

Televisions

0.117 -14.3 -0.016 1.88 S-May 2017 -16.0

Other video equipment(4)

0.027 -3.7 -0.001 1.71 L-Nov. 2017 -2.8

Audio equipment

0.044 -17.6 -0.010 2.38 L-Jan. 2018 -15.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)

0.051 -2.0 0.000 7.26 S-Feb. 2017 -4.1

Pets and pet products

0.600 -0.7 -0.004 0.54 L-Oct. 2017 -0.7

Pet food(4)(5)

  -0.8   0.69 L-Mar. 2017 -0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  -0.7   1.01 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Sporting goods

0.499 0.8 0.004 0.81 L-Dec. 2012 1.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.282 2.9 0.008 1.23 L-Apr. 2013 3.0

Sports equipment

0.210 -1.9 -0.004 1.05 L-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.034 0.1 0.000 2.01 L-Nov. 2017 1.9

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

           

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  1.4   2.74 L-Nov. 2017 2.5

Recreational reading materials

0.112 0.7 0.000 1.35 L-Jul. 2017 1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.067 2.5 0.001 1.97 L-Aug. 2017 3.8

Recreational books(4)

0.045 -2.0 -0.001 1.67 S-Jan. 2018 -3.0

Other recreational goods(4)

0.356 -7.0 -0.025 0.98 L-Oct. 2017 -6.5

Toys

0.284 -8.5 -0.025 1.11 L-Oct. 2017 -8.0

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -8.5   1.57 L-Dec. 2017 -8.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.024 2.8 0.001 2.69 L-Jan. 2018 4.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.036 0.1 0.000 1.50 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.562 -2.5 -0.015 0.97 L-Aug. 2017 -2.5

Educational books and supplies

0.132 -0.4 -0.001 1.91 - -

College textbooks(14)(5)

  -0.7   1.65 S-Jan. 2018 -0.7

Information technology commodities(11)

0.429 -3.2 -0.014 1.04 L-Oct. 2017 -3.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.321 -3.7 -0.010 1.24 L-Nov. 2017 -3.5

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.025 -1.9 -0.001 3.43 S-Sep. 2017 -3.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.083 -4.1 -0.004 1.41 S-Dec. 2017 -5.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.970 1.4 0.013 0.29 - -

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.604 0.9 0.005 0.43 S-Jan. 2018 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 1.4 0.004 0.52 - -

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -1.3 -0.001 0.73 S-Nov. 2010 -1.9

Whiskey at home(5)

  -3.2   0.99 S-EVER -

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  0.2   1.03 S-Jan. 2018 0.0

Wine at home

0.256 0.9 0.002 0.81 S-Jan. 2018 0.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.366 2.1 0.008 0.32 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  1.3   0.63 S-May 2016 1.3

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  2.0   0.58 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  2.9   0.77 L-Jul. 2016 2.9

Other goods(11)

1.569 2.7 0.041 0.34 L-Jan. 2018 2.7

Tobacco and smoking products

0.646 5.9 0.039 0.44 S-Mar. 2017 3.6

Cigarettes(4)

0.573 5.9 0.036 0.43 S-Mar. 2017 3.7

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.059 5.0 0.002 1.18 L-Nov. 2017 5.6

Personal care products

0.700 0.3 0.002 0.54 L-Sep. 2016 0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.385 -0.6 -0.002 0.81 L-Jan. 2018 -0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.309 1.2 0.004 0.85 L-Aug. 2016 1.8

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.222 -0.1 0.000 1.81 L-Oct. 2017 0.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  -0.5   1.51 - -

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  4.1   1.28 S-Jan. 2018 2.3

Services less energy services

59.112 2.9 1.719 0.09 L-Mar. 2017 2.9

Shelter

32.697 3.3 1.105 0.10 L-Aug. 2017 3.3

Rent of shelter(15)

32.325 3.3 1.102 0.10 L-Oct. 2017 3.3

Rent of primary residence(10)

7.779 3.6 0.283 0.11 - -

Lodging away from home(4)

0.939 2.4 0.029 2.03 L-Apr. 2017 2.9

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.113 2.0 0.002 0.29 L-Jan. 2018 2.0

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.826 2.3 0.027 2.37 L-Apr. 2017 2.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

23.606 3.3 0.790 0.10 L-Aug. 2017 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

22.288 3.3 0.754 0.10 L-Aug. 2017 3.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.373 0.8 0.003 0.37 S-Dec. 2017 0.6

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.073 2.9 0.033 0.20 - -

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.814 3.3 0.028 0.24 - -

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.259 1.8 0.005 0.38 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Household operations(4)

0.869 5.6 0.048 0.99 - -

Domestic services(4)

0.298 3.3 0.010 0.41 S-Dec. 2017 3.2

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.286 5.9 0.016 0.51 L-Mar. 2015 6.2

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.102 8.4 0.009 4.54 S-Jan. 2018 4.3

Repair of household items(4)

0.108 8.2 0.008 0.81 S-Jan. 2018 4.5

Medical care services

6.939 2.1 0.146 0.32 L-Jul. 2017 2.3

Professional services

3.277 0.6 0.021 0.38 L-Jun. 2017 0.6

Physicians' services(10)

1.750 -0.8 -0.013 0.62 L-Oct. 2017 -0.6

Dental services(10)

0.789 3.7 0.029 0.50 L-Jul. 2013 3.9

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.320 1.4 0.005 0.78 L-Dec. 2016 1.4

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.417 0.3 0.000 0.86 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Hospital and related services

2.602 4.9 0.124 0.50 L-Jan. 2018 5.6

Hospital services(10)(16)

2.324 5.2 0.117 0.55 L-Jan. 2018 6.0

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

  4.6   1.65 L-Jan. 2018 5.2

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

  5.1   1.51 L-Jan. 2018 6.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.191 3.2 0.006 0.44 S-Jan. 2018 3.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.087 0.4 0.000 1.16 L-Dec. 2016 1.5

Health insurance(7)

1.060 0.1 0.001 0.36 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Transportation services

5.987 4.3 0.256 0.25 S-Jan. 2018 4.0

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.651 5.3 0.030 1.20 L-Jan. 2018 5.5

Car and truck rental(4)

0.111 1.3 0.002 2.67 L-Aug. 2017 2.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.116 1.5 0.017 0.47 - -

Motor vehicle body work

0.055 2.4 0.001 0.64 S-Jan. 2018 2.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.624 2.1 0.014 0.69 L-Dec. 2017 2.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.373 0.1 0.001 0.64 S-EVER -

Motor vehicle insurance

2.396 8.9 0.216 0.46 S-Jan. 2018 8.5

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.541 1.9 0.011 0.35 L-Dec. 2016 1.9

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.282 1.6 0.005 0.43 L-Jul. 2017 1.7

Parking and other fees(4)

0.243 2.4 0.006 0.54 L-Oct. 2017 2.4

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  2.4   1.21 - -

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

  0.6   1.99 L-Aug. 2016 0.6

Public transportation

1.171 -2.1 -0.020 0.63 S-Jan. 2018 -2.1

Airline fares

0.712 -5.7 -0.032 0.94 S-Nov. 2016 -6.6

Other intercity transportation

0.171 2.2 0.004 1.21 L-Apr. 2017 2.5

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

  2.9   3.59 S-Aug. 2012 2.2

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)

  3.0   2.08 L-Nov. 2016 5.0

Intracity transportation

0.282 3.1 0.009 0.30 S-Jan. 2018 2.8

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

  3.8   0.81 S-Jan. 2018 3.2

Recreation services(11)

3.867 2.2 0.086 0.55 S-Jul. 2015 2.0

Video and audio services(11)

1.602 2.7 0.044 0.50 S-Feb. 2016 2.3

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.513 2.7 0.042 0.51 S-Feb. 2016 2.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)

0.089 2.1 0.002 1.69 L-Jul. 2016 3.1

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  -1.3   3.58 L-Jul. 2016 1.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)

  2.7   0.80 - -

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.411 2.3 0.009 0.57 L-Jan. 2018 2.8

Pet services(4)(5)

  1.1   0.60 - -

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  2.5   0.65 L-Jan. 2018 3.0

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.038 -3.0 -0.001 1.05 S-EVER -

Photographer fees(4)(5)

  0.0   1.26 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Film processing(4)(5)

  -8.7   1.21 S-EVER -

Other recreation services(4)

1.814 1.9 0.035 1.08 S-Jun. 2017 1.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)

0.668 3.2 0.021 1.42 L-Jan. 2018 4.2

Admissions

0.655 0.2 0.001 1.68 S-Nov. 2014 0.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  2.9   1.68 L-Oct. 2017 3.1

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  -3.0   3.59 S-EVER -

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.218 3.3 0.007 1.34 S-Oct. 2017 3.2

Education and communication services(11)

6.063 0.1 0.005 0.24 L-Dec. 2016 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.869 1.9 0.058 0.20 S-EVER -

College tuition and fees

1.590 1.7 0.033 0.26 S-May 2017 1.7

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.327 3.8 0.012 0.42 L-Sep. 2017 3.9

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.802 1.3 0.010 0.40 S-EVER -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.032 1.7 0.001 1.02 S-Dec. 2016 1.7

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.109 2.4 0.003 0.22 - -

Postage

0.095 2.0 0.002 0.22 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.014 6.1 0.001 0.99 S-Sep. 2017 5.2

Telephone services(4)

2.298 -1.5 -0.035 0.50 L-Aug. 2016 -0.4

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.719 -2.4 -0.039 0.64 L-Sep. 2016 -2.4

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.579 0.5 0.004 0.61 S-Jan. 2017 0.4

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.778 -2.8 -0.021 1.21 S-Aug. 2015 -3.0

Other personal services(11)

1.616 2.5 0.040 0.25 L-May 2017 2.5

Personal care services

0.621 1.9 0.012 0.36 - -

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.621 1.9 0.012 0.36 - -

Miscellaneous personal services

0.995 2.8 0.028 0.38 L-Jun. 2017 3.0

Legal services(8)

0.306 4.3 0.013 0.56 L-Jun. 2017 4.6

Funeral expenses(8)

0.127 1.7 0.002 0.41 L-Dec. 2017 1.8

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.237 2.8 0.007 0.74 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.028 -0.3 0.000 0.91 L-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Financial services(8)

0.227 1.4 0.003 1.03 L-Jan. 2018 3.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  9.4   0.96 L-EVER -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  -1.7   1.14 S-EVER -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.694 2.5 2.185 0.07 L-Apr. 2017 2.5

All items less shelter

67.303 1.9 1.254 0.08 L-Feb. 2017 2.3

All items less food and shelter

53.997 2.0 1.080 0.10 L-Mar. 2017 2.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.309 1.2 0.572 0.11 L-Feb. 2017 1.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.902 1.2 0.551 0.12 L-Mar. 2017 1.2

All items less medical care

91.321 2.4 2.188 0.07 L-Feb. 2017 2.7

All items less energy

92.313 2.0 1.852 0.07 L-Aug. 2016 2.0

Commodities

37.455 1.5 0.553 0.11 - -

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.488 -0.4 -0.062 0.21 L-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Commodities less food

24.149 1.5 0.378 0.17 S-Jan. 2018 0.9

Commodities less food and beverages

23.179 1.5 0.365 0.17 S-Jan. 2018 0.9

Services

62.545 2.9 1.807 0.08 L-Mar. 2017 2.9

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.220 2.3 0.704 0.13 L-Feb. 2017 2.7

Services less medical care services

55.606 2.9 1.661 0.09 L-Feb. 2017 3.1

Durables

10.087 -1.2 -0.102 0.18 L-Mar. 2016 -1.0

Nondurables

27.368 2.4 0.655 0.13 S-Jan. 2018 2.2

Nondurables less food

14.062 3.5 0.480 0.24 S-Jan. 2018 2.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.092 3.6 0.467 0.25 S-Jan. 2018 2.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.957 4.7 0.452 0.20 S-Jan. 2018 3.9

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.927 4.4 0.465 0.18 S-Jan. 2018 3.6

Housing

41.663 3.0 1.256 0.09 L-Jun. 2017 3.0

Education and communication(4)

6.624 -0.2 -0.010 0.22 L-Dec. 2016 -0.2

Education(4)

3.001 1.8 0.057 0.22 S-EVER -

Communication(4)

3.623 -1.8 -0.068 0.37 L-Aug. 2016 -0.9

Information and information processing(4)

3.514 -2.0 -0.070 0.38 L-Sep. 2016 -2.0

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.216 -3.0 -0.035 0.81 S-Mar. 2017 -3.2

Recreation(4)

5.716 0.6 0.035 0.40 - -

Video and audio(4)

1.849 0.9 0.016 0.46 S-Oct. 2016 0.7

Pets, pet products and services(4)

1.011 0.5 0.005 0.40 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Photography(4)

0.074 -1.5 -0.001 1.02 L-Nov. 2017 0.2

Food and beverages

14.276 1.3 0.188 0.09 S-Oct. 2017 1.3

Domestically produced farm food

6.128 0.4 0.028 0.17 S-Aug. 2017 0.4

Other services

11.546 1.1 0.131 0.21 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

Apparel less footwear

2.462 0.1 0.009 0.97 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Fuels and utilities

4.701 3.0 0.148 0.12 S-Jan. 2018 2.7

Household energy

3.628 3.1 0.114 0.15 S-Jan. 2018 2.6

Medical care

8.679 2.0 0.172 0.30 L-Jan. 2018 2.0

Transportation

16.723 3.9 0.624 0.12 S-Jan. 2018 3.0

Private transportation

15.551 4.3 0.644 0.12 S-Jan. 2018 3.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

7.059 0.0 0.009 0.21 L-Mar. 2016 0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.489 1.1 0.109 0.16 L-Feb. 2017 1.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.264 -0.1 0.003 0.36 - -

Other goods and services

3.184 2.6 0.081 0.21 L-Apr. 2017 2.7

Personal care

2.538 1.6 0.042 0.26 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: April 11, 2018