Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) October 11, 2018               USDL-18-1628

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:             (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – SEPTEMBER 2018

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.1 percent in
September on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.2 percent in August, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all
items index rose 2.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The shelter index continued to rise and accounted for over half of the seasonally
adjusted monthly increase in the all items index. The energy index declined 0.5
percent in September after rising in August. The food index was unchanged in
September, as an increase in the index for food away from home offset a decline
in the food at home index.   

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in September, the
same increase as in August. The shelter index increased 0.2 percent, and the
indexes for apparel, motor vehicle insurance, recreation, and airline fares also
rose. The medical care index increased as well, though its components were mixed.
The index for used cars and trucks, which fell sharply, and the new vehicles
index were among the indexes that declined in September.  

The all items index rose 2.3 percent for the 12 months ending September, a
smaller increase than the 2.7-percent increase for the 12 months ending August.
The energy index rose 4.8 percent over the last year, a notably smaller increase
than the 10.2-percent increase for the 12 month period ending August. The index
for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent for the 12 months ending
September and the food index increased 1.4 percent; these were both the same
rate of increase as for the 12 months ending August.  


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.  Sep.   ended 
                              2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018   Sep.  
                                                                         2018  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................   -.1    .2    .2    .1    .2    .2    .1      2.3
  Food......................    .1    .3    .0    .2    .1    .1    .0      1.4
   Food at home.............    .1    .3   -.2    .2    .2    .0   -.1       .4
   Food away from home (1)..    .1    .2    .3    .2    .1    .2    .2      2.6
  Energy....................  -2.8   1.4    .9   -.3   -.5   1.9   -.5      4.8
   Energy commodities.......  -4.7   3.0   1.6    .6   -.6   3.0   -.2      9.6
    Gasoline (all types)....  -4.9   3.0   1.7    .5   -.6   3.0   -.2      9.1
    Fuel oil................   -.7   2.7   -.7   2.9   1.2   2.2    .3     23.4
   Energy services..........   -.2   -.5   -.1  -1.5   -.4    .4   -.8     -1.2
    Electricity.............    .0   -.6    .1  -1.4   -.4    .3   -.5     -1.2
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............  -1.2   -.4   -.6  -1.7   -.5    .9  -1.7     -1.2
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .1    .2    .2    .2    .1    .1      2.2
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.1   -.1   -.1    .0    .1   -.3   -.3      -.3
    New vehicles............    .0   -.5    .3    .4    .3    .0   -.1       .5
    Used cars and trucks....   -.3  -1.6   -.9    .7   1.3    .4  -3.0     -1.5
    Apparel.................   -.6    .3    .0   -.9   -.3  -1.6    .9      -.6
    Medical care commodities    .1   -.2   1.3    .2  -1.1   -.3   -.1       .7
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .3    .2    .3    .2    .2      3.0
    Shelter.................    .4    .3    .3    .1    .3    .3    .2      3.3
    Transportation services     .2   -.4    .0    .2    .5    .3    .5      4.0
    Medical care services...    .5    .2   -.1    .5    .1   -.2    .2      2.0

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.




Food

The food index was unchanged in September. The index for food at home, which was
unchanged in August, fell 0.1 percent in September with major grocery store food
group indexes mixed. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs fell 1.0
percent in September, with all its major component indexes falling. The fruits
and vegetables index also fell, declining 0.5 percent. The index for dairy and
related products declined 0.3 percent. 

The index for cereals and bakery products increased 0.6 percent, as did the index
for nonalcoholic beverages. The index for other food at home rose 0.2 percent.
The index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in September, the same
increase as in August.

The food index rose 1.4 percent over the last 12 months, with the index for food
away from home rising 2.6 percent and the food at home index increasing 0.4
percent. All the major grocery store food group indexes rose modestly over the
period, except for the index for dairy and related products, which was unchanged.

Energy

The energy index declined 0.5 percent in September after rising 1.9 percent in
August. After rising 3.0 percent in August, the gasoline index declined slightly
in September, falling 0.2 percent. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices
increased 0.3 percent in September.) The electricity index fell 0.5 percent in
September after rising in August, and the index for natural gas, which also
increased in August, fell 1.7 percent in September. 

The energy index increased 4.8 percent over the past year. The index for fuel oil
rose sharply, increasing 23.4 percent. The gasoline index rose 9.1 percent over
the last 12 months, while the electricity and natural gas indexes both declined,
falling 1.2 percent.  

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in September.
The shelter index rose 0.2 percent in September following a 0.3-percent increase
in August. The indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent both increased 0.2
percent in September, smaller increases than in August. 

The index for apparel rose 0.9 percent in September following declines in each of
the prior 3 months. The motor vehicle insurance index rose 0.8 percent. The
recreation index advanced 0.3 percent in September as the index for recreation
services increased 0.7 percent. The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in
September after declining in July and August. The index for physicians' services
rose 0.3 percent, but the indexes for hospital services and for prescription
drugs both declined. The index for airline fares continued to increase,
advancing 1.0 percent. The indexes for household furnishings and operations,
communication, education, alcoholic beverages, personal care, and tobacco all
also rose in September. 

The index for used cars and trucks fell sharply in September, declining 3.0
percent following increases in each of the last 3 months. The new vehicles index
declined slightly in September, falling 0.1 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent over the past 12
months, the same increase as for the 12 months ending August. The shelter index
increased 3.3 percent over the last 12 months, and the medical care index rose
1.7 percent. The indexes for used cars and trucks, apparel, and airline fares all
declined over the past year. 

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.3 percent
over the last 12 months to an index level of 252.439 (1982-84=100). For the
month, the index increased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 2.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 246.565
(1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.0
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index rose 0.1 percent on a
not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to
12 months are subject to revision. 	




The Consumer Price Index for October 2018 is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, November 14, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


Technical Note 

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the
poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and
clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people
living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals.
Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely,
the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained
Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban
areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately
22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals,
filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments).  All
taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in
the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in
all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits
or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do
not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure
the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the
C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form
and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These
standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for
hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month
percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if
we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same
methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent
of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage
change based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of
0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual
percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and
0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the
estimates of standard error,
see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following
table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                 Item A                   Item B                    Item C
Year I                          112.500                  225.000                   110.000
Year II                         121.500                  243.000                   128.000
Change in index points            9.000                   18.000                    18.000
Percent change 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data
revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm
and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes
at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events,
production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on
changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest
to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used
extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension
plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for
seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price
change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by
such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
then applied to the unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier
data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of
the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to
seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted”
data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The
last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2018, BLS adjusted 38 series using intervention
analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, and
natural gas.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to
revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
and not subject to revision. In January 2018, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
indexes for 2013 to 2017 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2017
will be applied to data for 2018 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2018 indexes. Series which
are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the
81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status
from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used
in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the
U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2018.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information
and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment
section at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339. 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017-
Sep.
2018
Aug.
2018-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2018-
Sep.
2018

All items

100.000 246.819 252.146 252.439 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Food

13.234 250.993 254.077 254.393 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.261 239.128 240.015 240.125 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 271.750 273.338 273.729 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.613 247.613 250.743 248.876 0.5 -0.7 0.3 0.1 -1.0

Dairy and related products

0.726 216.564 216.435 216.638 0.0 0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.278 297.047 297.644 298.432 0.5 0.3 1.0 -0.3 -0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.860 167.429 167.231 168.428 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.6

Other food at home

1.829 210.159 210.158 210.590 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Food away from home(1)

5.973 270.353 276.648 277.258 2.6 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Energy

8.068 215.711 226.939 226.165 4.8 -0.3 -0.5 1.9 -0.5

Energy commodities

4.617 234.982 256.520 257.575 9.6 0.4 -0.6 3.0 -0.2

Fuel oil

0.117 245.085 296.617 302.419 23.4 2.0 1.2 2.2 0.3

Motor fuel

4.427 232.076 252.546 253.432 9.2 0.4 -0.6 3.0 -0.2

Gasoline (all types)

4.334 231.182 251.367 252.216 9.1 0.3 -0.6 3.0 -0.2

Energy services

3.452 207.339 207.617 204.819 -1.2 -1.3 -0.4 0.4 -0.8

Electricity

2.688 218.117 217.967 215.536 -1.2 -1.1 -0.4 0.3 -0.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.764 172.111 173.867 170.100 -1.2 -2.2 -0.5 0.9 -1.7

All items less food and energy

78.698 252.941 258.012 258.429 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.536 144.108 143.599 143.641 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Apparel

2.995 128.150 122.447 127.440 -0.6 4.1 -0.3 -1.6 0.9

New vehicles

3.711 145.037 146.149 145.715 0.5 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.434 137.141 141.095 135.130 -1.5 -4.2 1.3 0.4 -3.0

Medical care commodities

1.719 377.869 382.171 380.535 0.7 -0.4 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 245.884 248.407 249.921 1.6 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.5

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 1,031.891 1,064.098 1,065.017 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3

Services less energy services

59.162 320.210 329.086 329.761 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Shelter

32.888 299.844 309.296 309.702 3.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.813 310.268 320.651 321.533 3.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.694 307.106 316.401 317.149 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Medical care services

6.874 508.078 516.841 518.108 2.0 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.2

Physicians' services

1.727 379.169 380.143 380.928 0.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.3

Hospital services(3)

2.316 320.449 332.708 332.595 3.8 0.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Transportation services

5.936 309.704 321.387 322.241 4.0 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.113 282.203 286.931 288.457 2.2 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Motor vehicle insurance

2.374 532.455 565.113 567.838 6.6 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.8

Airline fares

0.678 259.143 255.877 258.196 -0.4 0.9 2.7 2.4 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, September 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2017-
Sep.
2018
Aug.
2018-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2018-
Sep.
2018

All items

100.000 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Food

13.234 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.261 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.311 0.6 0.0 -0.2 0.6 0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 1.8 0.7 -0.4 -0.3 1.2

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.149 -1.2 0.3 -0.4 0.7 0.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.120 2.4 -0.6 0.5 0.3 -0.6

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 -0.6 -0.7 1.8 -0.6

Bakery products(1)

0.644 0.8 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.2

Bread(1)(2)

0.190 0.6 -0.6 0.0 0.4 -0.6

White bread(1)(3)

  -0.2 -0.7 0.0 0.3 -0.7

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  1.4 -0.6 0.4 0.2 -0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.091 2.8 1.2 -0.6 0.2 0.9

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.160 1.4 0.7 -0.9 -1.0 0.6

Cookies(3)

  0.8 1.2 -1.7 -1.7 1.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  1.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.8 0.3

Other bakery products

0.203 -0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.6 0.9

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  1.0 0.3 3.1 -1.1 0.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -1.3 -1.2 0.6 -0.3 0.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -0.1 1.6 -1.5 -0.9 1.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.613 0.5 -0.7 0.3 0.1 -1.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.519 -0.1 -0.7 0.3 0.2 -0.8

Meats

0.952 -0.5 -0.6 0.3 0.2 -0.6

Beef and veal

0.435 0.9 -1.0 0.5 0.3 -0.6

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.172 -2.2 -1.1 0.3 0.3 -1.1

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.063 3.0 -1.7 0.1 -0.4 -1.7

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.162 3.0 -0.6 1.7 -0.6 -0.2

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.038 3.7 -0.7 -0.1 -0.3 -0.7

Pork

0.300 -2.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.2 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.134 -4.8 0.1 1.1 -0.9 -0.4

Bacon and related products(3)

  -7.8 -0.3 1.6 -0.2 -1.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -0.2 0.7 0.9 -1.4 1.0

Ham

0.054 -0.6 1.6 -1.7 -2.2 0.7

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  0.2 2.0 -1.6 -2.7 1.0

Pork chops(1)

0.044 3.0 -0.6 -0.9 2.8 -0.6

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.068 -2.9 -3.8 -0.1 2.9 -3.4

Other meats

0.217 -0.8 -0.1 0.8 -0.1 -0.5

Frankfurters(3)

  -2.2 1.1 -0.4 0.8 -1.4

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -1.1 -0.9 0.9 -0.7 -0.9

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.315 -0.8 -1.0 0.6 -1.0 -1.0

Chicken(1)(2)

0.258 -0.2 -1.0 0.7 -1.0 -1.0

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  1.1 -0.9 0.9 -1.0 -0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -0.5 -1.1 0.5 -1.1 -1.1

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.057 -3.2 -1.0 0.3 -0.5 -1.3

Fish and seafood

0.252 2.7 -0.7 0.1 1.7 -1.4

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.130 3.6 -1.5 -0.7 1.9 -2.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.122 1.8 0.1 0.3 1.4 0.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  3.5 -1.0 1.5 0.5 -1.0

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  0.8 1.0 -0.6 2.0 1.2

Eggs

0.094 10.1 -1.3 -0.2 -1.2 -4.1

Dairy and related products

0.726 0.0 0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.3

Milk(1)(2)

0.199 -0.9 0.0 -0.8 0.9 0.0

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -1.7 -0.1 -0.8 0.7 -1.3

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -0.3 -0.3 -1.9 1.0 -1.1

Cheese and related products

0.237 0.4 0.1 -1.0 -0.6 0.1

Ice cream and related products

0.103 1.2 1.5 -0.2 0.3 0.1

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.187 -0.1 -0.5 1.1 0.3 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.278 0.5 0.3 1.0 -0.3 -0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.006 0.5 0.4 1.3 -0.7 -0.6

Fresh fruits

0.542 0.3 1.0 0.9 -1.4 -0.6

Apples

0.079 -7.6 -3.4 1.7 0.4 0.6

Bananas(1)

0.080 4.4 0.4 0.8 -1.0 0.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.171 5.4 -1.2 0.2 2.0 -2.5

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -0.2 -2.8 -1.0 -1.5 -4.0

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.212 -1.4 4.7 1.3 -4.6 -0.3

Fresh vegetables

0.464 0.8 -0.3 1.9 0.2 -0.6

Potatoes

0.079 0.5 -2.4 0.4 -0.5 -0.9

Lettuce

0.058 0.1 -0.9 6.3 1.4 -1.6

Tomatoes(1)

0.076 0.2 0.4 0.5 -1.0 0.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 1.2 0.3 1.7 1.1 -0.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.272 0.2 -0.3 -0.5 1.2 0.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.149 1.9 0.1 -0.7 1.4 0.7

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  0.3 0.8 -0.7 0.9 1.1

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  3.2 -0.3 -0.5 1.4 0.7

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.078 -2.1 -0.6 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -2.3 -1.3 0.3 1.0 -0.6

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.045 -1.3 -1.2 -1.1 1.9 -1.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -3.2 -1.5 -1.2 0.7 -1.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.860 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.606 1.2 1.2 -0.2 0.2 1.0

Carbonated drinks

0.256 2.1 0.6 -1.1 2.2 0.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.008 -0.7 -1.4 0.7 -0.8 -1.4

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.342 0.5 1.7 0.4 -0.8 1.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.253 -0.9 -0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Coffee

0.163 -2.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.3

Roasted coffee(3)

  -1.7 -0.3 -0.2 0.5 0.1

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -4.2 -1.6 1.1 0.1 -1.6

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.090 1.3 -0.4 1.7 -0.1 -0.4

Other food at home

1.829 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.275 0.4 1.3 -0.8 -0.1 1.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 -0.8 0.3 -0.4 -0.1 0.4

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.180 1.2 1.3 -0.9 0.2 1.3

Other sweets(2)

0.053 -0.5 1.8 -0.6 -0.9 1.6

Fats and oils

0.214 -0.2 0.3 0.6 -0.4 -0.1

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 -0.2 1.4 0.3 -1.7 1.1

Butter(3)

  -0.2 1.3 -0.2 -2.2 0.4

Margarine(3)

  -0.5 1.6 0.7 -0.2 1.8

Salad dressing(2)

0.052 0.0 0.6 0.8 1.3 -0.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.102 -0.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.6 -0.4

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -1.3 -2.0 -2.9 3.2 -2.0

Other foods

1.340 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Soups

0.084 -3.8 -4.0 0.1 1.1 -1.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.234 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Snacks(1)

0.310 1.6 0.7 0.6 -0.3 0.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 0.8 0.6 -0.4 0.0 0.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.2 1.4 0.5 -1.4 1.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  -3.9 -6.8 -0.4 1.0 -6.8

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  1.9 1.2 -2.0 0.2 1.0

Other condiments(3)

  1.4 2.5 -0.1 -2.3 3.9

Baby food(1)(2)

0.049 2.2 0.8 -0.7 0.4 0.8

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.394 -0.7 -0.3 0.7 -0.6 -0.3

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.5 -0.9 0.0 1.6 -0.9

Food away from home(1)

5.973 2.6 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.970 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.537 2.7 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.181 2.2 0.5 1.8 -1.2 -1.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  1.7 0.7     0.7

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.090 3.9 1.1 0.3 0.2 1.1

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.196 4.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Energy

8.068 4.8 -0.3 -0.5 1.9 -0.5

Energy commodities

4.617 9.6 0.4 -0.6 3.0 -0.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.190 15.6 1.8 0.7 2.3 0.1

Fuel oil

0.117 23.4 2.0 1.2 2.2 0.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.073 5.3 1.6 0.1 0.7 0.2

Motor fuel

4.427 9.2 0.4 -0.6 3.0 -0.2

Gasoline (all types)

4.334 9.1 0.3 -0.6 3.0 -0.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  9.0 0.3 -1.3 3.8 -0.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  10.3 0.4 -0.7 2.4 0.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  9.5 0.4 -0.8 2.9 0.2

Other motor fuels(2)

0.093 17.7 1.0 -0.2 0.4 -1.4

Energy services

3.452 -1.2 -1.3 -0.4 0.4 -0.8

Electricity

2.688 -1.2 -1.1 -0.4 0.3 -0.5

Utility (piped) gas service

0.764 -1.2 -2.2 -0.5 0.9 -1.7

All items less food and energy

78.698 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.536 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.331 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.256 -1.0 1.1 -0.6 -0.3 1.1

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.055 3.0 0.2 -1.7 1.1 0.2

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.045 -6.0 -0.4 -0.5 -2.4 -0.4

Other linens(1)(2)

0.156 -1.0 1.9 -0.2 -0.2 1.9

Furniture and bedding

0.874 0.6 1.1 -0.1 0.3 0.8

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.320 -1.3 1.0 0.4 -0.2 1.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.422 2.3 1.0 -1.1 -0.3 1.0

Other furniture(2)

0.121 -1.1 1.3 -0.8 -0.1 1.3

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  -4.1 -1.9 -0.6 0.1 -1.9

Appliances(2)

0.215 2.9 0.6 1.5 0.3 0.2

Major appliances(2)

0.080 7.7 0.4 3.5 -0.5 -0.6

Laundry equipment(3)

  10.6 -1.9 0.3 -0.2 -3.8

Other appliances(2)

0.132 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.8 1.0

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.494 -4.4 -0.4 0.4 -0.7 -0.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.271 -6.0 -1.4 0.3 -1.4 -1.4

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.091 3.1 1.4 0.9 0.5 0.7

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.053 -9.6 0.2 -1.0 -1.4 0.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.080 -3.3 0.4 -1.0 -1.1 0.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.660 0.7 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.0

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.195 0.9 0.7 0.1 -0.8 0.7

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.306 0.5 -0.4 0.5 0.1 -0.3

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.832 1.3 -0.2 0.6 0.1 -0.2

Household cleaning products(2)

0.329 2.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.220 0.4 -0.4 1.4 0.5 -0.4

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.282 1.0 -0.5 0.6 -0.2 -0.5

Apparel

2.995 -0.6 4.1 -0.3 -1.6 0.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.731 0.9 4.5 0.6 -2.1 2.2

Men's apparel

0.574 0.3 3.3 1.7 -1.9 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.102 -4.7 5.4 2.5 -2.8 0.6

Men's furnishings

0.155 3.6 0.3 5.3 0.2 0.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.162 0.5 6.1 0.7 -4.2 2.6

Men's pants and shorts

0.147 -0.3 1.8 -2.4 -0.7 2.9

Boys' apparel

0.156 2.7 8.9 -3.0 0.4 4.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.209 -1.0 6.7 -1.8 -1.7 1.4

Women's apparel

1.038 -0.9 6.4 -2.0 -1.9 1.6

Women's outerwear

0.068 -0.1 17.0 -1.0 -5.5 9.8

Women's dresses

0.130 7.3 10.3 0.8 0.6 0.7

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.531 -2.8 8.2 -2.9 -4.1 2.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.296 -2.9 -1.1 0.9 1.6 -2.0

Girls' apparel

0.171 -2.4 8.4 -0.7 -1.0 0.7

Footwear

0.671 -0.8 0.5 1.1 -0.6 -1.4

Men's footwear(1)

0.218 1.3 -0.3 1.3 1.2 -0.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.162 0.2 -0.4 4.3 0.1 -1.9

Women's footwear

0.291 -3.0 1.6 -1.6 -2.4 -0.9

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.135 1.1 4.2 -2.4 -2.7 1.8

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.251 -2.8 0.0 1.6 -2.0 0.4

Watches(1)(6)

0.097 0.3 2.3 2.2 -0.8 2.3

Jewelry(6)

0.154 -4.6 -1.4 2.1 -2.4 -1.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.638 -0.2 -1.8 0.7 0.1 -1.2

New vehicles

3.711 0.5 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.5 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1

New cars(3)

  1.1 -0.1 0.5 0.0 0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.0 -0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.434 -1.5 -4.2 1.3 0.4 -3.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.378 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Tires(1)

0.222 -1.5 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.156 3.3 -0.3 0.6 0.3 -0.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.7 -0.2 1.0 0.0 -0.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  6.8 0.5 -0.5 1.2 0.5

Medical care commodities

1.719 0.7 -0.4 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.663 0.7 -0.5 -0.8 0.1 -0.5

Prescription drugs

1.323 1.2 -0.4 -1.0 0.0 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.339 -1.1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.5 -0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.056 1.0 1.0 -0.2 -0.8 1.0

Recreation commodities(8)

1.804 -3.3 -0.6 0.2 -0.5 -0.6

Video and audio products(8)

0.235 -13.5 -1.6 0.0 -1.1 -1.4

Televisions

0.108 -18.6 -2.5 0.4 -1.3 -1.9

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 -1.8 0.0 -2.7 1.0 -0.6

Audio equipment(1)

0.043 -14.3 1.0 0.6 -2.3 1.0

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.049 -4.6 -2.9 0.2 -0.6 -2.9

Pets and pet products(1)

0.599 1.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Sporting goods

0.492 -0.5 -0.7 0.5 -0.5 -0.9

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.281 2.1 -1.2 2.2 -1.8 -1.2

Sports equipment

0.204 -3.6 -0.1 -1.3 0.6 -0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.033 -6.6 -0.2 -0.6 1.0 -0.5

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -6.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.115 1.4 -1.6 1.7 0.2 -1.6

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.070 2.4 -1.6 2.6 0.3 -1.6

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.045 -0.2 -1.5 0.3 0.0 -1.5

Other recreational goods(2)

0.330 -8.3 -0.8 0.1 -1.1 -0.8

Toys

0.259 -10.0 -0.9 0.0 -1.4 -0.9

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -9.7 -0.1 0.7 -1.8 -0.1

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.023 2.8 -0.3 -0.1 -1.8 -0.3

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.036 -1.0 -0.2 1.0 1.6 -0.2

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.545 -1.9 0.2 -0.9 0.1 0.2

Educational books and supplies

0.131 1.8 -0.3 0.3 -2.1 -0.3

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  2.7 0.3 0.5 -1.2 0.3

Information technology commodities(8)

0.414 -3.1 0.4 -1.2 0.8 0.3

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.312 -2.6 1.3 -2.0 1.4 1.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.024 -2.2 -0.3 1.2 0.1 -0.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.078 -6.5 -2.8 1.0 -1.6 -2.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 1.6 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.595 1.1 0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.263 1.1 0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.5

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -1.9 -2.2 1.1 0.4 -2.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Wine at home

0.251 1.4 0.9 -0.4 -0.4 0.8

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.364 2.5 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.4 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.3

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 0.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.5

Other goods(8)

1.545 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3

Cigarettes(2)

0.573 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 3.4 -0.4 0.2 1.0 -0.4

Personal care products(1)

0.688 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.380 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.302 -0.7 -0.2 0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.210 -3.9 0.0 -0.4 -0.7 -0.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -1.7 -0.2 0.2 -1.8 -0.9

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -7.9 -2.2 -1.2 0.0 -2.2

Services less energy services

59.162 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Shelter

32.888 3.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Rent of shelter(12)

32.513 3.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence

7.813 3.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2

Lodging away from home(2)

1.006 0.6 -3.4 0.4 0.6 -1.0

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.113 2.5 0.7 0.1 0.5 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.893 0.1 -3.9 0.4 0.6 -1.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.694 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.372 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.375 1.7 -0.1 0.6 0.1 -0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.080 3.6 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.816 3.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.265 4.9 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.871 5.5 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.298 2.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.292 8.8 -0.1 0.2 0.9 -0.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.102 6.7 0.0 1.2 -0.6 1.2

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.105 4.6 0.2 0.9 -2.5 0.2

Medical care services

6.874 2.0 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.2

Professional services

3.238 0.9 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Physicians' services

1.727 0.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.3

Dental services

0.779 2.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.8 0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.316 1.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.416 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Hospital and related services

2.594 3.7 0.0 0.4 0.0 -0.2

Hospital services(13)

2.316 3.8 0.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  3.7 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  3.2 -0.3 0.4 -0.3 -0.6

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.191 3.8 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.3

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.087 2.2 0.3 0.8 1.0 0.3

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.042 1.0 1.2 -0.2 -0.3 1.2

Transportation services

5.936 4.0 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.654 7.3 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.3

Car and truck rental(2)

0.126 -1.8 -5.7 1.7 -1.7 2.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.113 2.2 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.055 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.626 2.7 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.368 1.3 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance

2.374 6.6 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.8

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.540 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.279 1.3 -0.1 0.0 0.4 -0.1

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.243 3.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 0.5

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0

Public transportation

1.131 -0.2 0.3 1.7 1.3 0.4

Airline fares

0.678 -0.4 0.9 2.7 2.4 1.0

Other intercity transportation

0.167 -1.1 -0.6 0.0 -1.5 0.1

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  1.0 2.3   -5.4 2.3

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  0.2 0.8 0.4 -0.8 0.8

Intracity transportation(1)

0.278 0.6 -0.4 0.4 0.3 -0.4

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  2.2 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

Recreation services(8)

3.835 1.9 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.7

Video and audio services(8)

1.579 1.3 0.6 0.1 0.7 0.9

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.495 1.3 0.5 0.2 0.9 0.8

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.084 1.2 1.7 -0.4 -2.5 1.7

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -3.1 2.1 -0.9 -3.9 2.1

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 -0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.8

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.410 2.5 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.6

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 2.2 -1.2 -0.7 2.2

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.038 -0.9 0.7 -0.1 0.7 0.7

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -8.8 -0.7 -0.1 1.6 -0.7

Other recreation services(2)

1.805 2.4 0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.667 2.4 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1

Admissions

0.654 2.3 0.2 0.3 -1.4 0.9

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 -0.1 0.3 -0.7 -0.1

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  3.7 0.5 -0.3 -1.1 0.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.213 3.0 1.7 -0.3 -0.2 1.7

Education and communication services(8)

6.045 1.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.883 2.6 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.597 2.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.334 4.9 1.1 0.6 1.1 0.4

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.801 2.1 0.6 -0.2 0.7 0.1

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 1.8 -0.3 0.7 0.0 -0.3

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.108 2.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Postage

0.094 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 7.8 0.5 0.8 0.2 1.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.266 0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.4 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.695 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.571 1.8 0.4 0.6 -0.2 0.4

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.779 1.0 0.2 1.3 0.0 0.3

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.632 3.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.624 2.6 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.624 2.6 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.009 4.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Legal services(1)(6)

0.304 4.6 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 1.9 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.237 3.0 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.029 2.2 0.0 0.8 0.7 0.0

Financial services(6)

0.240 5.5 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  10.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  5.6 -0.1 0.6 0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, September 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Aug.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Sep.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017-
Sep.
2018
Aug.
2018-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2018-
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2018-
Sep.
2018

All items less food

86.766 246.163 251.827 252.116 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

All items less shelter

67.112 228.825 232.615 232.868 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

All items less food and shelter

53.878 222.978 226.890 227.127 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.810 226.824 229.489 229.910 1.4 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.375 232.332 234.829 235.840 1.5 0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.3

All items less medical care

91.407 235.793 241.006 241.287 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0

All items less energy

91.932 251.950 256.717 257.118 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Commodities

37.386 182.903 185.366 185.571 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.101 145.584 144.432 145.350 -0.2 0.6 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Commodities less food

24.152 152.380 154.439 154.598 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

23.194 149.136 151.165 151.289 1.4 0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Services

62.614 309.830 317.932 318.312 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.101 330.718 337.384 337.734 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.740 294.785 302.815 303.130 2.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Durables

9.965 104.175 104.669 103.488 -0.7 -1.1 0.5 0.1 -0.8

Nondurables

27.421 223.085 226.897 228.169 2.3 0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Nondurables less food

14.188 199.202 203.356 205.322 3.1 1.0 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.229 196.273 200.517 202.508 3.2 1.0 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.234 243.070 253.462 253.690 4.4 0.1 0.5 1.3 -0.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.192 242.167 251.828 252.167 4.1 0.1 0.5 1.1 -0.1

Housing

41.812 252.984 259.884 259.941 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.1

Education and communication(2)

6.590 136.189 137.336 137.868 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Education(2)

3.014 255.783 260.613 262.336 2.6 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.1

Communication(2)

3.576 73.994 73.983 74.099 0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.468 70.145 70.083 70.195 0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.202 7.542 7.481 7.502 -0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Recreation(2)

5.639 118.870 118.972 119.163 0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Video and audio(2)

1.814 104.994 103.991 104.306 -0.7 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.6

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.009 170.500 172.538 173.248 1.6 0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.4

Photography(2)

0.073 76.839 73.934 74.154 -3.5 0.3 -0.3 0.9 0.2

Food and beverages

14.193 250.735 253.779 254.178 1.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

6.070 247.431 248.105 248.048 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Other services

11.512 348.502 353.802 355.202 1.9 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.325 121.273 114.812 120.684 -0.5 5.1 -0.7 -1.9 1.6

Fuels and utilities

4.722 241.574 245.052 242.834 0.5 -0.9 -0.2 0.5 -0.6

Household energy

3.641 202.677 204.275 201.859 -0.4 -1.2 -0.3 0.6 -0.8

Medical care

8.593 476.485 484.172 484.708 1.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.2

Transportation

17.001 204.775 213.482 212.414 3.7 -0.5 0.3 0.9 -0.3

Private transportation

15.870 200.487 209.725 208.550 4.0 -0.6 0.2 0.9 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.039 97.831 99.985 98.261 0.4 -1.7 0.7 0.1 -1.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.424 217.150 218.312 217.562 0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Household furnishings and operations

4.202 120.014 121.138 121.390 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2

Other goods and services

3.178 434.057 442.934 443.409 2.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Personal care

2.530 227.454 231.433 231.694 1.9 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, September 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Sep. 2018 from: Percent change to Aug. 2018 from:
Sep.
2017
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018

U.S. city average

M

2.3 0.2 0.1 2.7 0.1 0.1

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.2 0.3 0.1 2.7 0.2 0.2

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.1 0.5 0.4 2.3 0.2 0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.7 0.1 -0.2 3.4 0.2 0.3

New England(4)

M

  0.3 0.4   0.0 -0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

  0.3 0.0   0.3 0.3

Midwest

M

1.9 0.1 0.1 2.1 -0.1 0.0

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.8 0.0 0.1 2.0 -0.2 -0.1

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.7 0.1 0.1 1.9 0.0 0.0

East North Central(4)

M

  0.1 0.2   -0.2 0.0

West North Central(4)

M

  0.0 0.0   0.1 0.0

South

M

1.7 -0.1 0.0 2.4 -0.1 -0.1

South - Size Class A

M

1.9 0.0 0.1 2.7 -0.1 0.0

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.6 -0.1 0.0 2.3 -0.1 -0.1

South Atlantic(4)

M

  0.1 0.1   0.0 0.0

East South Central(4)

M

  -0.3 -0.1   -0.2 -0.2

West South Central(4)

M

  -0.1 -0.1   -0.2 -0.1

West

M

3.4 0.4 0.3 3.6 0.3 0.2

West - Size Class A

M

3.7 0.4 0.3 3.8 0.3 0.1

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.8 0.5 0.2 3.0 0.2 0.2

Mountain(4)

M

  0.4 0.3   -0.1 0.0

Pacific(4)

M

  0.5 0.3   0.4 0.2

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.5 0.3 0.2 2.8 0.1 0.0

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.0 0.1 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.1

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.6 0.5 0.4 1.7 -0.2 0.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.9 0.8 0.5 3.9 0.4 0.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.0 0.5 0.4 2.2 0.1 0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      2.2 0.3  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

        0.1  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      2.8 -0.6  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      2.3 -0.5  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      3.6 -0.3  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      1.7 0.3  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

        -0.2  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      4.3 0.6  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      3.1 -0.3  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

        -0.2  

Urban Alaska

2

        0.1  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

3.3 1.2        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

2.4 0.4        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

  0.8        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

  0.3        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

  0.1        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

  0.2        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

  0.6        

Urban Hawaii

1

  0.6        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

2.0 0.4        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, September 2018 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.8 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 2.0 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.4 0.4 2.4 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.5 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.7 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.5 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 2.0 2.3

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2018, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug. 2018-
Sep. 2018
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2018-
Sep. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.03 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

Food

13.234 0.0 0.004 0.06 S-May 2018 0.0

Food at home

7.261 -0.1 -0.009 0.10 S-May 2018 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 0.6 0.006 0.25 L-Jun. 2018 0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.311 0.7 0.002 0.42 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 1.2 0.001 0.66 L-Apr. 2018 1.4

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.149 0.3 0.000 0.68 S-Jul. 2018 -0.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.120 -0.6 -0.001 0.76 S-May 2018 -0.7

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   1.21 S-Jul. 2018 -0.7

Bakery products(4)

0.644 0.2 0.001 0.28 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.190 -0.6 -0.001 0.48 S-Apr. 2018 -1.3

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.7   0.59 S-Apr. 2018 -1.7

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.81 S-Apr. 2018 -0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.091 0.9 0.001 0.71 L-Jun. 2018 1.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.160 0.6 0.001 0.58 L-Jun. 2018 2.2

Cookies(6)

  1.5   0.93 L-Jun. 2018 4.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.3   0.69 L-Apr. 2018 0.4

Other bakery products

0.203 0.9 0.002 0.53 L-Mar. 2017 1.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.3   0.74 L-Jul. 2018 3.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.0   0.95 L-Jul. 2018 0.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  1.9   0.71 L-Oct. 2016 2.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.613 -1.0 -0.016 0.20 S-Jan. 2016 -1.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.519 -0.8 -0.012 0.21 S-Dec. 2015 -1.1

Meats

0.952 -0.6 -0.005 0.25 S-May 2018 -0.7

Beef and veal

0.435 -0.6 -0.002 0.34 S-May 2018 -1.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.172 -1.1 -0.002 0.53 S-May 2018 -2.1

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.063 -1.7 -0.001 1.03 S-Oct. 2017 -2.3

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.162 -0.2 0.000 0.63 L-Jul. 2018 1.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.038 -0.7 0.000 0.86 S-Oct. 2017 -1.2

Pork

0.300 -0.6 -0.002 0.55 S-Jun. 2018 -1.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.134 -0.4 -0.001 0.68 L-Jul. 2018 1.1

Bacon and related products(6)

  -1.9   1.01 S-Jun. 2018 -2.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.0   1.08 L-Mar. 2018 2.5

Ham

0.054 0.7 0.000 1.44 L-May 2018 1.7

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.0   1.40 L-May 2018 2.5

Pork chops(4)

0.044 -0.6 0.000 1.37 S-Jul. 2018 -0.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.068 -3.4 -0.002 1.19 S-Apr. 2015 -3.9

Other meats

0.217 -0.5 -0.001 0.54 S-Jun. 2018 -2.0

Frankfurters(6)

  -1.4   1.43 S-Jun. 2018 -1.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.54 S-Jun. 2018 -1.7

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.315 -1.0 -0.003 0.52 - -

Chicken(4)(5)

0.258 -1.0 -0.002 0.62 - -

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.9   1.14 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -1.1   0.71 - -

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 -1.3 -0.001 0.89 S-Mar. 2018 -1.5

Fish and seafood

0.252 -1.4 -0.003 0.51 S-Apr. 2017 -1.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.130 -2.3 -0.003 0.75 S-EVER -

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.122 0.2 0.000 0.64 S-Jun. 2018 -0.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -1.0   1.05 S-Feb. 2018 -3.8

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.2   1.10 S-Jul. 2018 -0.6

Eggs

0.094 -4.1 -0.004 0.90 S-Jun. 2018 -7.1

Dairy and related products

0.726 -0.3 -0.002 0.28 S-Jul. 2018 -0.6

Milk(4)(5)

0.199 0.0 0.000 0.38 S-Jul. 2018 -0.8

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -1.3   0.56 S-Jul. 2016 -1.6

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.51 S-Jul. 2018 -1.9

Cheese and related products

0.237 0.1 0.000 0.51 L-Jun. 2018 1.4

Ice cream and related products

0.103 0.1 0.000 0.75 S-Jul. 2018 -0.2

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.187 -0.5 -0.001 0.56 S-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.278 -0.5 -0.006 0.30 S-Mar. 2018 -0.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.006 -0.6 -0.006 0.36 L-Jul. 2018 1.3

Fresh fruits

0.542 -0.6 -0.003 0.45 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Apples

0.079 0.6 0.000 1.15 L-Jul. 2018 1.7

Bananas(4)

0.080 0.4 0.000 0.64 L-Jul. 2018 0.8

Citrus fruits(5)

0.171 -2.5 -0.004 0.75 S-Jun. 2014 -6.8

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -4.0   1.25 S-Jun. 2014 -6.0

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.212 -0.3 -0.001 0.73 L-Jul. 2018 1.3

Fresh vegetables

0.464 -0.6 -0.003 0.56 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Potatoes

0.079 -0.9 -0.001 1.22 S-Mar. 2018 -1.1

Lettuce

0.058 -1.6 -0.001 1.62 S-Jun. 2018 -3.5

Tomatoes(4)

0.076 0.4 0.000 1.10 L-Jul. 2018 0.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 -0.2 -0.001 0.69 S-Jun. 2018 -0.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.272 0.0 0.000 0.44 S-Jul. 2018 -0.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.149 0.7 0.001 0.65 S-Jul. 2018 -0.7

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  1.1   0.78 L-Apr. 2018 4.3

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.7   0.77 S-Jul. 2018 -0.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.078 -0.2 0.000 0.83 S-Jun. 2018 -0.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.6   1.00 S-May 2018 -1.8

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.045 -1.8 -0.001 0.76 S-EVER -

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -1.5   0.80 S-Mar. 2018 -2.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.860 0.6 0.005 0.36 L-May 2017 0.9

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.606 1.0 0.006 0.41 L-Feb. 2017 1.1

Carbonated drinks

0.256 0.3 0.001 0.77 S-Jul. 2018 -1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.008 -1.4 0.000 0.73 S-Sep. 2017 -3.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.342 1.3 0.005 0.51 L-Dec. 2013 1.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.253 0.2 0.001 0.61 L-May 2018 0.2

Coffee

0.163 0.3 0.000 0.77 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.1   1.08 S-Jul. 2018 -0.2

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -1.6   0.71 S-Jan. 2018 -2.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.090 -0.4 0.000 0.99 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Other food at home

1.829 0.2 0.004 0.20 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.275 1.3 0.004 0.49 L-Jan. 2018 1.3

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 0.4 0.000 0.67 L-Mar. 2018 1.0

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.180 1.3 0.002 0.69 L-May 2015 1.6

Other sweets(5)

0.053 1.6 0.001 0.84 L-Feb. 2017 1.7

Fats and oils

0.214 -0.1 0.000 0.44 L-Jul. 2018 0.6

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 1.1 0.001 0.88 L-Apr. 2018 2.0

Butter(6)

  0.4   1.01 L-Apr. 2018 3.7

Margarine(6)

  1.8   0.98 L-Jun. 2016 2.2

Salad dressing(5)

0.052 -0.3 0.000 1.03 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.102 -0.4 0.000 0.56 L-Jul. 2018 0.8

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.0   0.63 S-Jul. 2018 -2.9

Other foods

1.340 0.1 0.001 0.25 - -

Soups

0.084 -1.4 -0.001 1.07 S-Mar. 2018 -3.0

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.234 0.0 0.000 0.54 L-Jul. 2018 0.0

Snacks(4)

0.310 0.7 0.002 0.72 L-Nov. 2017 0.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 0.3 0.001 0.54 L-May 2018 0.7

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  1.2   0.96 L-Jun. 2018 1.9

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -6.8   1.31 S-Nov. 2005 -8.7

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.0   0.81 L-May 2018 1.2

Other condiments(6)

  3.9   0.65 L-Aug. 2014 4.0

Baby food(4)(5)

0.049 0.8 0.000 0.52 L-May 2018 1.1

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.394 -0.3 -0.001 0.41 L-Jul. 2018 0.7

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.9   0.76 S-May 2018 -2.7

Food away from home(4)

5.973 0.2 0.013 0.04 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.970 0.1 0.002 0.04 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.537 0.3 0.009 0.07 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.181 -1.4 -0.003 0.38 S-Oct. 2017 -1.6

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.7   0.49 L-Dec. 2017 4.1

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.090 1.1 0.001 0.11 L-Jun. 2018 1.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.196 0.1 0.000 0.09 - -

Energy

8.068 -0.5 -0.037 0.08 S-Jul. 2018 -0.5

Energy commodities

4.617 -0.2 -0.009 0.13 S-Jul. 2018 -0.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.190 0.1 0.000 0.33 S-May 2018 0.0

Fuel oil

0.117 0.3 0.000 0.43 S-May 2018 -0.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.073 0.2 0.000 0.48 S-Jul. 2018 0.1

Motor fuel

4.427 -0.2 -0.010 0.13 S-Jul. 2018 -0.6

Gasoline (all types)

4.334 -0.2 -0.009 0.13 S-Jul. 2018 -0.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -0.4   0.51 S-Jul. 2018 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  0.1   0.51 S-Jul. 2018 -0.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  0.2   0.44 S-Jul. 2018 -0.8

Other motor fuels(5)

0.093 -1.4 -0.001 0.15 S-Mar. 2018 -1.9

Energy services

3.452 -0.8 -0.027 0.08 S-Jun. 2018 -1.5

Electricity

2.688 -0.5 -0.014 0.10 S-Jun. 2018 -1.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.764 -1.7 -0.013 0.08 S-Jun. 2018 -1.7

All items less food and energy

78.698 0.1 0.092 0.03 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.536 -0.3 -0.052 0.08 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.331 0.2 0.007 0.16 L-Jul. 2018 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.256 1.1 0.003 0.75 L-Jan. 2018 4.1

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.055 0.2 0.000 0.56 S-Jul. 2018 -1.7

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.045 -0.4 0.000 0.88 L-Apr. 2018 1.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.156 1.9 0.003 1.15 L-Jan. 2018 5.6

Furniture and bedding

0.874 0.8 0.007 0.34 L-Apr. 2018 1.1

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.320 1.0 0.003 0.52 L-Aug. 2017 2.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.422 1.0 0.004 0.45 L-Apr. 2018 2.1

Other furniture(5)

0.121 1.3 0.002 0.71 L-Jan. 2017 1.3

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -1.9   0.74 S-Mar. 2018 -4.2

Appliances(5)

0.215 0.2 0.000 0.55 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Major appliances(5)

0.080 -0.6 0.000 0.70 S-Feb. 2018 -2.7

Laundry equipment(6)

  -3.8   1.18 S-Feb. 2018 -5.9

Other appliances(5)

0.132 1.0 0.001 0.63 L-Mar. 2018 1.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.494 -0.9 -0.004 0.48 S-Jun. 2018 -1.7

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.271 -1.4 -0.004 0.76 - -

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.091 0.7 0.001 0.68 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.053 0.2 0.000 1.49 L-May 2018 1.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.080 0.4 0.000 0.75 L-Apr. 2018 0.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.660 0.0 0.000 0.24 L-Jul. 2018 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.195 0.7 0.001 0.35 L-Feb. 2018 1.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.306 -0.3 -0.001 0.30 S-May 2018 -0.9

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.832 -0.2 -0.002 0.24 S-May 2018 -0.5

Household cleaning products(5)

0.329 0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.220 -0.4 -0.001 0.38 S-May 2018 -0.7

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.282 -0.5 -0.001 0.41 S-May 2018 -1.2

Apparel

2.995 0.9 0.028 0.39 L-Feb. 2018 1.5

Men's and boys' apparel

0.731 2.2 0.016 0.72 L-Feb. 2009 2.4

Men's apparel

0.574 1.3 0.007 0.78 L-Jul. 2018 1.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.102 0.6 0.001 1.68 L-Jul. 2018 2.5

Men's furnishings

0.155 0.0 0.000 1.45 S-May 2018 -0.4

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.162 2.6 0.004 1.22 L-Feb. 2018 4.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.147 2.9 0.004 1.28 L-Oct. 2013 10.5

Boys' apparel

0.156 4.8 0.008 1.44 L-Aug. 2017 8.3

Women's and girls' apparel

1.209 1.4 0.018 0.60 L-Feb. 2018 1.5

Women's apparel

1.038 1.6 0.017 0.65 L-Feb. 2018 1.8

Women's outerwear

0.068 9.8 0.007 2.13 L-Sep. 2012 10.5

Women's dresses

0.130 0.7 0.001 1.42 L-Jul. 2018 0.8

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.531 2.4 0.013 0.87 L-Feb. 2018 2.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.296 -2.0 -0.006 1.10 S-Jun. 2018 -3.4

Girls' apparel

0.171 0.7 0.001 1.49 L-Apr. 2018 3.0

Footwear

0.671 -1.4 -0.009 0.57 S-Jun. 2016 -1.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.218 -0.3 -0.001 0.96 S-Jun. 2018 -2.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.162 -1.9 -0.003 1.01 S-May 2018 -2.3

Women's footwear

0.291 -0.9 -0.003 0.80 L-Jun. 2018 1.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.135 1.8 0.002 1.24 L-May 2018 2.5

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.251 0.4 0.001 1.00 L-Jul. 2018 1.6

Watches(4)(9)

0.097 2.3 0.002 1.52 L-Jan. 2018 2.4

Jewelry(9)

0.154 -1.8 -0.003 1.22 L-Jul. 2018 2.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.638 -1.2 -0.079 0.09 S-EVER -

New vehicles

3.711 -0.1 -0.005 0.15 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.23 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

New cars(6)

  0.1   0.24 L-Jul. 2018 0.5

New trucks(13)(6)

  -0.3   0.21 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.434 -3.0 -0.072 0.02 S-Sep. 2003 -3.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.378 -0.1 -0.001 0.28 S-Apr. 2018 -0.3

Tires(4)

0.222 0.0 0.000 0.38 - -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.156 -0.3 0.000 0.44 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.38 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.5   0.90 S-Jul. 2018 -0.5

Medical care commodities

1.719 -0.1 -0.002 0.25 L-Jun. 2018 0.2

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.663 -0.5 -0.008 0.26 S-Jul. 2018 -0.8

Prescription drugs

1.323 -0.2 -0.002 0.29 S-Jul. 2018 -1.0

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.339 -0.8 -0.003 0.43 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.056 1.0 0.001 0.50 L-May 2018 2.5

Recreation commodities(11)

1.804 -0.6 -0.011 0.17 S-May 2018 -0.7

Video and audio products(11)

0.235 -1.4 -0.003 0.49 S-Feb. 2018 -2.1

Televisions

0.108 -1.9 -0.002 0.81 S-Apr. 2018 -2.0

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 -0.6 0.000 0.85 S-Jul. 2018 -2.7

Audio equipment(4)

0.043 1.0 0.000 0.71 L-Sep. 2017 1.3

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.049 -2.9 -0.001 0.85 S-Jun. 2016 -3.9

Pets and pet products(4)

0.599 0.3 0.002 0.23 L-May 2018 0.3

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.31 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.39 - -

Sporting goods

0.492 -0.9 -0.005 0.29 S-Apr. 2018 -0.9

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.281 -1.2 -0.003 0.34 L-Jul. 2018 2.2

Sports equipment

0.204 -0.4 -0.001 0.47 S-Jul. 2018 -1.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.033 -0.5 0.000 0.66 S-Jul. 2018 -0.6

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.69 S-Jun. 2018 -4.8

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.115 -1.6 -0.002 0.64 S-Oct. 2017 -1.9

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.070 -1.6 -0.001 0.95 S-Oct. 2017 -3.4

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.045 -1.5 -0.001 0.97 S-Jun. 2017 -1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.330 -0.8 -0.003 0.46 L-Jul. 2018 0.1

Toys

0.259 -0.9 -0.002 0.52 L-Jul. 2018 0.0

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.55 L-Jul. 2018 0.7

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.023 -0.3 0.000 1.10 L-Jul. 2018 -0.1

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.036 -0.2 0.000 0.68 S-May 2018 -1.1

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.545 0.2 0.001 0.36 L-May 2018 0.7

Educational books and supplies

0.131 -0.3 0.000 0.60 L-Jul. 2018 0.3

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.3   0.58 L-Jul. 2018 0.5

Information technology commodities(11)

0.414 0.3 0.001 0.43 S-Jul. 2018 -1.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.312 1.1 0.003 0.59 S-Jul. 2018 -2.0

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.024 -0.3 0.000 1.10 S-May 2018 -1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.078 -2.8 -0.002 0.70 S-Sep. 2015 -3.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.959 0.5 0.005 0.14 L-Jun. 2018 0.5

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.595 0.5 0.003 0.22 L-Jun. 2018 0.7

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.263 0.5 0.001 0.27 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -0.1 0.000 0.37 S-Jun. 2018 -0.1

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -2.2   0.54 S-May 2016 -2.7

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.4   0.50 S-Jul. 2018 0.4

Wine at home

0.251 0.8 0.002 0.46 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.364 0.5 0.002 0.12 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.18 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.18 S-Jul. 2018 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.15 L-Mar. 2018 0.5

Other goods(11)

1.545 0.1 0.001 0.16 L-Apr. 2018 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products

0.647 0.3 0.002 0.14 L-May 2018 0.4

Cigarettes(5)

0.573 0.3 0.002 0.15 L-May 2018 0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 -0.4 0.000 0.33 S-May 2018 -0.8

Personal care products(4)

0.688 0.1 0.001 0.30 L-Jul. 2018 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.380 0.3 0.001 0.37 S-Jul. 2018 0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.302 -0.2 0.000 0.45 L-Jul. 2018 0.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.210 -0.6 -0.001 0.75 L-Jul. 2018 -0.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -0.9   0.77 L-Jul. 2018 0.2

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -2.2   0.46 S-Jun. 2018 -3.3

Services less energy services

59.162 0.2 0.140 0.03 - -

Shelter

32.888 0.2 0.051 0.04 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

Rent of shelter(15)

32.513 0.2 0.051 0.04 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.813 0.2 0.019 0.03 S-Feb. 2018 0.2

Lodging away from home(5)

1.006 -1.0 -0.010 1.24 S-Jun. 2018 -3.7

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.113 0.2 0.000 0.06 S-Jul. 2018 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.893 -1.2 -0.010 1.45 S-Jun. 2018 -4.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.694 0.2 0.043 0.03 S-May 2018 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.372 0.2 0.041 0.03 S-Feb. 2018 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.375 -0.1 0.000 0.13 S-Nov. 2017 -0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.080 0.1 0.001 0.05 S-Aug. 2017 0.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.816 0.1 0.001 0.06 - -

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.265 0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Jul. 2018 0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.871 0.0 0.000 0.32 - -

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.298 -0.1 0.000 0.04 S-Jun. 2018 -0.7

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.292 -0.1 0.000 0.05 S-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.102 1.2 0.001 1.97 L-Jul. 2018 1.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.105 0.2 0.000 0.23 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Medical care services

6.874 0.2 0.016 0.09 L-Jun. 2018 0.5

Professional services

3.238 0.2 0.006 0.10 L-Apr. 2018 0.2

Physicians' services

1.727 0.3 0.004 0.09 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Dental services

0.779 0.3 0.002 0.11 L-Jun. 2018 0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.316 0.0 0.000 0.31 S-May 2018 -0.4

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.416 -0.1 -0.001 0.09 - -

Hospital and related services

2.594 -0.2 -0.005 0.12 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Hospital services(16)

2.316 -0.3 -0.006 0.13 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.1   0.20 L-Jul. 2018 0.3

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  -0.6   0.32 S-Jun. 2015 -1.0

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.191 0.3 0.001 0.12 S-Jul. 2018 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.087 0.3 0.000 0.12 S-Jun. 2018 0.2

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.042 1.2 0.013 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 1.3

Transportation services

5.936 0.5 0.033 0.13 L-Jul. 2018 0.5

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.654 0.3 0.002 0.39 L-Jul. 2018 0.7

Car and truck rental(5)

0.126 2.2 0.003 1.78 L-Mar. 2018 3.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.113 0.5 0.006 0.15 L-Sep. 2017 0.6

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.055 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Jul. 2018 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.626 0.5 0.003 0.24 L-Sep. 2017 0.5

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.368 0.7 0.003 0.14 L-Sep. 2017 0.8

Motor vehicle insurance

2.374 0.8 0.018 0.17 L-Feb. 2018 1.7

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.540 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Jun. 2018 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.279 -0.1 0.000 0.04 S-Mar. 2017 -0.1

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.243 0.2 0.000 0.22 - -

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.5   0.16 L-Jul. 2017 0.6

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.43 - -

Public transportation

1.131 0.4 0.004 0.36 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Airline fares

0.678 1.0 0.007 0.58 S-Jun. 2018 -0.9

Other intercity transportation

0.167 0.1 0.000 0.56 L-Apr. 2018 0.1

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  2.3   0.98 L-Dec. 2017 2.3

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.82 L-Mar. 2018 1.6

Intracity transportation(4)

0.278 -0.4 -0.001 0.19 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.1   0.15 L-Jul. 2018 0.4

Recreation services(11)

3.835 0.7 0.028 0.16 L-Feb. 2017 0.8

Video and audio services(11)

1.579 0.9 0.014 0.15 L-Nov. 2016 1.0

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.495 0.8 0.012 0.14 S-Jul. 2018 0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.084 1.7 0.001 1.26 L-Jan. 2018 3.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  2.1   2.01 L-Jan. 2018 5.3

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.14 S-Aug. 2015 -0.8

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.410 0.6 0.003 0.11 L-May 2018 0.6

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  2.2   0.10 L-May 2018 2.5

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.4   0.13 L-Mar. 2018 0.4

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.038 0.7 0.000 0.43 - -

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.06 L-Nov. 2017 1.8

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.65 S-Mar. 2018 -0.8

Other recreation services(5)

1.805 0.6 0.012 0.29 L-Jun. 2018 0.8

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.667 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Jul. 2018 0.1

Admissions

0.654 0.9 0.006 0.58 L-Jun. 2018 1.8

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.46 L-Jul. 2018 0.3

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   1.79 L-Jun. 2018 2.9

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.213 1.7 0.004 0.34 L-Jun. 2007 2.1

Education and communication services(11)

6.045 0.1 0.009 0.07 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.883 0.1 0.004 0.05 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

College tuition and fees

1.597 0.1 0.002 0.06 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.334 0.4 0.001 0.08 S-Jun. 2018 0.4

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.801 0.1 0.001 0.09 S-Jul. 2018 -0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 -0.3 0.000 0.11 S-Jan. 2018 -0.3

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.108 0.3 0.000 0.02 L-May 2018 0.4

Postage

0.094 0.2 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 1.1 0.000 0.32 L-Jan. 2018 1.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.266 0.1 0.002 0.12 L-Jul. 2018 0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.695 0.0 0.000 0.10 L-Jul. 2018 0.0

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.571 0.4 0.002 0.21 L-Jul. 2018 0.6

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.779 0.3 0.002 0.29 L-Jul. 2018 1.3

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.632 0.1 0.002 0.11 - -

Personal care services(4)

0.624 0.1 0.001 0.13 L-Jul. 2018 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.624 0.1 0.001 0.13 L-Jul. 2018 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.009 0.2 0.002 0.11 - -

Legal services(4)(9)

0.304 0.1 0.000 0.07 L-May 2018 0.2

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.237 0.5 0.001 0.16 L-Apr. 2018 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.029 0.0 0.000 0.21 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Financial services(9)

0.240 0.2 0.000 0.32 S-Jul. 2018 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.02 S-Jul. 2018 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.33 S-Mar. 2018 -0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.766 0.1 0.055 0.03 S-Jun. 2018 0.1

All items less shelter

67.112 0.0 0.007 0.03 S-Mar. 2018 -0.3

All items less food and shelter

53.878 0.0 0.003 0.04 S-Mar. 2018 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.810 0.1 0.040 0.05 L-Jul. 2018 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.375 0.3 0.112 0.05 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

All items less medical care

91.407 0.0 0.045 0.03 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

All items less energy

91.932 0.1 0.096 0.03 - -

Commodities

37.386 -0.2 -0.058 0.05 S-Mar. 2018 -0.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.101 0.1 0.019 0.09 L-Apr. 2018 0.1

Commodities less food

24.152 -0.3 -0.062 0.07 S-Mar. 2018 -1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.194 -0.3 -0.067 0.07 S-Mar. 2018 -1.0

Services

62.614 0.2 0.113 0.03 - -

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.101 0.2 0.070 0.05 L-Mar. 2018 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.740 0.2 0.099 0.04 S-Jul. 2018 0.2

Durables

9.965 -0.8 -0.076 0.08 S-Sep. 2003 -0.9

Nondurables

27.421 -0.1 -0.030 0.07 S-Mar. 2018 -0.7

Nondurables less food

14.188 -0.2 -0.031 0.11 S-Mar. 2018 -1.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.229 -0.3 -0.037 0.12 S-Mar. 2018 -1.6

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.234 -0.1 -0.015 0.09 S-Jun. 2018 -1.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.192 -0.1 -0.009 0.08 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Housing

41.812 0.1 0.033 0.04 S-Jun. 2018 0.0

Education and communication(5)

6.590 0.1 0.009 0.07 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Education(5)

3.014 0.1 0.004 0.06 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

Communication(5)

3.576 0.2 0.006 0.11 L-Jul. 2018 0.2

Information and information processing(5)

3.468 0.2 0.005 0.12 L-Jul. 2018 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.202 0.3 0.003 0.25 L-Jul. 2018 0.4

Recreation(5)

5.639 0.3 0.017 0.11 L-Jul. 2017 0.4

Video and audio(5)

1.814 0.6 0.010 0.15 L-Feb. 2017 0.6

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.009 0.4 0.004 0.16 L-May 2018 0.4

Photography(5)

0.073 0.2 0.000 0.41 S-Jul. 2018 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.193 0.1 0.009 0.06 - -

Domestically produced farm food

6.070 -0.2 -0.012 0.11 S-May 2018 -0.2

Other services

11.512 0.3 0.040 0.06 L-Jul. 2018 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.325 1.6 0.038 0.45 L-Jan. 2018 2.0

Fuels and utilities

4.722 -0.6 -0.026 0.06 S-Jun. 2018 -0.9

Household energy

3.641 -0.8 -0.027 0.08 S-Jun. 2018 -1.3

Medical care

8.593 0.2 0.014 0.09 L-Jun. 2018 0.4

Transportation

17.001 -0.3 -0.056 0.06 S-Mar. 2018 -1.2

Private transportation

15.870 -0.4 -0.060 0.06 S-Mar. 2018 -1.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.039 -1.1 -0.074 0.10 S-Sep. 2003 -1.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.424 -0.1 -0.009 0.07 S-Jun. 2018 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

4.202 0.2 0.007 0.16 L-Jul. 2018 0.3

Other goods and services

3.178 0.1 0.005 0.10 L-May 2018 0.1

Personal care(4)

2.530 0.1 0.003 0.13 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, September 2018, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Aug.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Sep. 2017-
Sep. 2018
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Sep. 2017-
Sep. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.3   0.07 S-Feb. 2018 2.2

Food

13.234 1.4 0.181 0.10 - -

Food at home

7.261 0.4 0.030 0.16 S-Jul. 2018 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

0.955 0.7 0.007 0.30 L-Dec. 2015 1.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.311 0.6 0.002 0.62 L-Dec. 2015 0.8

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 1.8 0.001 0.99 L-Apr. 2018 2.4

Breakfast cereal

0.149 -1.2 -0.002 0.85 - -

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.120 2.4 0.003 1.11 L-Dec. 2015 2.7

Rice(4)(5)

  3.0   1.35 L-Oct. 2013 5.3

Bakery products

0.644 0.8 0.005 0.37 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Bread(4)

0.190 0.6 0.001 0.66 L-Jul. 2018 1.0

White bread(5)

  -0.2   0.89 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Bread other than white(5)

  1.4   0.89 L-Jul. 2018 2.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.091 2.8 0.003 1.07 L-Jul. 2015 3.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.160 1.4 0.002 0.68 L-Jul. 2018 1.5

Cookies(5)

  0.8   1.14 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  1.6   1.11 S-Jul. 2018 1.6

Other bakery products

0.203 -0.4 -0.001 0.71 L-Jul. 2018 -0.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  1.0   1.16 S-Jun. 2018 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -1.3   1.24 S-Jun. 2018 -1.9

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -0.1   1.15 L-Jun. 2018 0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.613 0.5 0.009 0.33 S-Sep. 2017 0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.519 -0.1 -0.001 0.32 S-Jun. 2017 -0.3

Meats

0.952 -0.5 -0.006 0.39 S-Jul. 2018 -0.7

Beef and veal

0.435 0.9 0.004 0.49 L-May 2018 2.6

Uncooked ground beef

0.172 -2.2 -0.004 0.81 S-May 2017 -3.3

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.063 3.0 0.002 1.39 S-Jul. 2018 2.6

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.162 3.0 0.005 0.91 L-Sep. 2015 3.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.038 3.7 0.001 1.30 L-May 2018 5.2

Pork

0.300 -2.4 -0.008 0.79 S-Jan. 2017 -3.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.134 -4.8 -0.007 1.01 S-Nov. 2016 -5.4

Bacon and related products(5)

  -7.8   1.31 S-Aug. 2015 -9.3

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -0.2   1.67 S-Aug. 2017 -1.4

Ham

0.054 -0.6 -0.001 1.82 L-Jun. 2018 1.4

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  0.2   2.30 L-Jun. 2018 2.2

Pork chops

0.044 3.0 0.001 1.89 S-Jul. 2018 2.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.068 -2.9 -0.002 1.73 S-Aug. 2017 -4.4

Other meats

0.217 -0.8 -0.001 0.83 - -

Frankfurters(5)

  -2.2   2.43 S-Apr. 2017 -2.7

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -1.1   0.83 L-May 2018 -0.6

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.315 -0.8 -0.002 0.72 S-Apr. 2017 -0.9

Chicken(4)

0.258 -0.2 0.000 0.84 S-Apr. 2017 -0.7

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  1.1   1.94 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -0.5   0.99 S-Jan. 2017 -0.7

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.057 -3.2 -0.002 1.44 S-May 2018 -4.1

Fish and seafood

0.252 2.7 0.007 0.84 S-Jul. 2018 1.6

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.130 3.6 0.005 1.17 S-Jul. 2018 2.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.122 1.8 0.002 0.98 S-Jul. 2018 0.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  3.5   1.31 S-Jun. 2018 2.9

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  0.8   1.50 L-Apr. 2018 1.3

Eggs

0.094 10.1 0.010 1.47 S-Jan. 2018 2.5

Dairy and related products

0.726 0.0 0.000 0.40 - -

Milk(4)

0.199 -0.9 -0.002 0.70 L-Aug. 2017 -0.3

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -1.7   1.68 S-Jul. 2018 -2.8

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -0.3   0.99 L-Jun. 2018 -0.3

Cheese and related products

0.237 0.4 0.001 0.68 L-Jul. 2018 0.9

Ice cream and related products

0.103 1.2 0.001 0.96 L-Feb. 2017 2.0

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.187 -0.1 0.000 0.82 S-Jul. 2018 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.278 0.5 0.006 0.43 S-Jun. 2018 0.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.006 0.5 0.006 0.53 S-May 2018 -0.3

Fresh fruits

0.542 0.3 0.002 0.68 S-May 2017 0.3

Apples

0.079 -7.6 -0.007 1.75 S-Aug. 2015 -9.7

Bananas

0.080 4.4 0.004 1.03 L-Nov. 2011 4.8

Citrus fruits(4)

0.171 5.4 0.008 1.42 S-Jul. 2018 4.9

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -0.2   2.18 S-Nov. 2016 -0.5

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.212 -1.4 -0.003 1.05 S-May 2018 -2.6

Fresh vegetables

0.464 0.8 0.004 0.84 S-Jun. 2018 -0.8

Potatoes

0.079 0.5 0.000 2.08 S-May 2018 0.0

Lettuce

0.058 0.1 0.000 2.35 S-Jun. 2018 -7.2

Tomatoes

0.076 0.2 0.001 1.67 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.251 1.2 0.003 1.20 L-Feb. 2018 1.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.272 0.2 0.000 0.69 L-Apr. 2016 1.0

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)