Consumer Price Index News Release

 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (EDT) August 10, 2018  USDL-18-1278

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – JULY 2018

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.2 percent in
 July on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.1 percent in June, the U.S.
 Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items
 index rose 2.9 percent before seasonal adjustment.

 The index for shelter rose 0.3 percent in July and accounted for nearly 60 percent
 of the seasonally adjusted monthly increase in the all items index. The food index
 rose slightly in July, with major grocery store food group indexes mixed. The
 energy index fell 0.5 percent, as all the major component indexes declined. 

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in July, the same
 increase as in May and June. Along with the shelter index, the indexes for used
 cars and trucks, airline fares, new vehicles, household furnishings and operations,
 and recreation all increased. The indexes for medical care and for apparel both
 declined in July. 
 
 The all items index rose 2.9 percent for the 12 months ending July, the same
 increase as for the period ending June. The index for all items less food and
 energy rose 2.4 percent for the 12 months ending July; this was the largest
 12-month increase since the period ending September 2008. The food index increased
 1.4 percent over the last 12 months, and the energy index rose 12.1 percent.  


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July   ended 
                              2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018  2018   July  
                                                                         2018  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .5    .2   -.1    .2    .2    .1    .2      2.9
  Food......................    .2    .0    .1    .3    .0    .2    .1      1.4
   Food at home.............    .1   -.2    .1    .3   -.2    .2    .2       .4
   Food away from home (1)..    .4    .2    .1    .2    .3    .2    .1      2.8
  Energy....................   3.0    .1  -2.8   1.4    .9   -.3   -.5     12.1
   Energy commodities.......   5.8   -.9  -4.7   3.0   1.6    .6   -.6     25.4
    Gasoline (all types)....   5.7   -.9  -4.9   3.0   1.7    .5   -.6     25.4
    Fuel oil................   9.5  -3.6   -.7   2.7   -.7   2.9   1.2     34.7
   Energy services..........   -.8   1.4   -.2   -.5   -.1  -1.5   -.4     -1.0
    Electricity.............   -.2    .4    .0   -.6    .1  -1.4   -.4      -.8
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............  -2.6   4.7  -1.2   -.4   -.6  -1.7   -.5     -1.3
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .3    .2    .2    .1    .2    .2    .2      2.4
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .4    .1   -.1   -.1   -.1    .0    .1       .0
    New vehicles............   -.1   -.5    .0   -.5    .3    .4    .3       .2
    Used cars and trucks....    .4   -.3   -.3  -1.6   -.9    .7   1.3       .8
    Apparel.................   1.7   1.5   -.6    .3    .0   -.9   -.3       .3
    Medical care commodities   -.1   -.3    .1   -.2   1.3    .2  -1.1       .4
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .3    .2    .3    .2    .3      3.1
    Shelter.................    .2    .2    .4    .3    .3    .1    .3      3.5
    Transportation services     .8   1.0    .2   -.4    .0    .2    .5      4.0
    Medical care services...    .6    .0    .5    .2   -.1    .5    .1      2.3

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.



 Food

 The food index rose 0.1 percent in July after increasing 0.2 percent in June. The
 index for food away from home rose 0.1 percent, while the index for food at home
 rose 0.2 percent in July, the same increase as the prior month. Three of the six
 major grocery store food group indexes increased, with the index for fruits and
 vegetables rising 1.0 percent as the index for fresh vegetables rose 1.9 percent.
 The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.3 percent and the index
 for other food at home advanced 0.1 percent.

 In contrast, the index for dairy and related products fell 0.6 percent in July
 after rising 0.7 percent in June. The index for cereals and bakery products also
 declined in July, falling 0.2 percent after rising in June. The index for
 nonalcoholic beverages was unchanged in July.

 The food at home index increased 0.4 percent over the past year. Four of the six
 major grocery store food group indexes rose over the span; the index for meats,
 poultry, fish, and eggs and the fruits and vegetables index both rose 0.9 percent
 over the last 12 months, the largest increases among the groups. The indexes for
 dairy and related products and nonalcoholic beverages both declined over the past
 year. The index for food away from home increased 2.8 percent over the past
 12 months.    

 Energy

 The energy index fell 0.5 percent in July after declining 0.3 percent in June. The
 indexes for gasoline, natural gas, and electricity all declined modestly in July.
 The gasoline index fell 0.6 percent in July after rising 0.5 percent in June.
 (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices decreased 1.4 percent in July.) The
 electricity index fell 0.4 percent, and the index for natural gas fell 0.5 percent,
 its fifth consecutive decline.

 The energy index increased 12.1 percent over the past year, as the gasoline index
 increased 25.4 percent. The index for fuel oil increased 34.7 percent over the last
 year. In contrast, the electricity index fell 0.8 percent, and the natural gas
 index declined 1.3 percent.   

 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in July. The
 shelter index rose 0.3 percent in July following a 0.1-percent increase in June.
 The indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent both rose 0.3 percent, the same
 increase as in June. The index for lodging away from home increased 0.4 percent
 in July after falling in June. The index for used cars and trucks increased
 1.3 percent in July, and the index for airline fares increased 2.7 percent after
 falling in each of the prior 3 months. The new vehicles index rose 0.3 percent,
 its third consecutive increase. The index for household furnishings and
 operations also rose in July, advancing 0.3 percent, and the recreation index
 rose 0.2 percent.   

 The medical care index declined in July, falling 0.2 percent. The index for
 prescription drugs fell 1.0 percent in July after rising in each of the last
 3 months, and the physicians' services index fell 0.2 percent. In contrast,
 the hospital services index rose 0.4 percent in July. The apparel index declined
 in July, falling 0.3 percent, and the index for personal care was unchanged.   

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent over the past
 12 months, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending September 2008.
 The shelter index rose 3.5 percent over the last 12 months, and the medical care
 index rose 1.9 percent. The indexes for used cars and trucks, apparel,
 recreation, and new vehicles all posted increases of less than 1.0 percent over
 the past year. 

 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.9 percent
 over the last 12 months to an index level of 252.006 (1982-84=100). For the
 month, the index was unchanged prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 increased 3.2 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 246.155
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index was unchanged prior to seasonal
 adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
 2.7 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index was unchanged
 on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past
 10 to 12 months are subject to revision. 

 The Consumer Price Index for August 2018 is scheduled to be released on
 Thursday, September 13, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).





 Technical Note

 Brief Explanation of the CPI

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
 for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
 population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
 workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
 U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
 urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the
 poor, the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and
 clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people
 living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
 Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals.
 Consumer inflation for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely,
 the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained
 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).
 
 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 is based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition
 that meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must
 come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's
 earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous
 12 months. The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S.
 population and is a subset of the CPI-U population.

 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
 doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
 people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban
 areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately
 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals,
 filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All
 taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in
 the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in
 all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
 every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in
 other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits
 or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained representatives.

 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
 are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
 of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
 U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
 by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
 and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do
 not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure
 the average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the
 C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
 considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form
 and subject to three subsequent quarterly revisions.
 
 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
 CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference
 base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from
 the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that
 relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
 of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.
 
 Sampling Error in the CPI

 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it
 is based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all
 prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month,
 and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These
 standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for
 hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month
 percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if
 we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same
 methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent
 of these estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage
 change based on all retail prices. For example, for a 1-month change of
 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident that the actual
 percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and
 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the
 estimates of standard error,
 see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.
 
 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
 rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
 of the index in relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following
 table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent changes:

              
                                 Item A                    Item B                    Item C
 Year I                         112.500                   225.000                   110.000
 Year II                        121.500                   243.000                   128.000
 Change in index points           9.000                    18.000                    18.000
 Percent change 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
 
 
 
 Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
 seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
 used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data
 revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment
 at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm
 and the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes
 at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.
 
 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
 preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
 in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events,
 production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on
 changes that are not typical for the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest
 to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used
 extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements and pension
 plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for
 seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation
 agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

 Intervention Analysis

 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
 Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price
 change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by
 such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal
 factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are
 then applied to the unadjusted data.
 
 For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009
 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier
 data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of
 the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to
 seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted”
 data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The
 last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

 For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2018, BLS adjusted 38 series using intervention
 analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, and
 natural gas.
 
 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to
 revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
 of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
 and not subject to revision. In January 2018, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
 indexes for 2013 to 2017 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
 using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2017
 will be applied to data for 2018 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2018 indexes. Series which
 are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
 factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.
 
 Determining Seasonal Status

 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
 criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
 status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the
 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status
 from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used
 in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
 indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the
 U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2018.

 Contact Information

 For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information
 and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.
 
 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
 https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment
 section at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.
 
 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
 Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  








Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2017
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2017-
Jul.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Apr.
2018-
May
2018
May
2018-
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018

All items

100.000 244.786 251.989 252.006 2.9 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

Food

13.198 250.214 253.231 253.746 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1

Food at home

7.239 238.953 239.158 239.820 0.4 0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.957 271.950 273.682 273.258 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.6 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.601 247.761 248.609 250.042 0.9 0.6 -0.7 -0.6 0.3

Dairy and related products

0.725 216.434 216.126 215.622 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.7 -0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.270 294.935 295.523 297.632 0.9 0.7 -0.3 0.5 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.856 167.085 166.431 166.577 -0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.0

Other food at home

1.831 210.624 210.259 210.736 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Food away from home(1)

5.959 268.649 275.808 276.125 2.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Energy

8.151 202.554 229.137 227.107 12.1 -0.9 0.9 -0.3 -0.5

Energy commodities

4.697 205.222 260.848 257.338 25.4 -1.3 1.6 0.6 -0.6

Fuel oil

0.116 220.152 293.685 296.602 34.7 1.0 -0.7 2.9 1.2

Motor fuel

4.509 202.051 257.041 253.424 25.4 -1.4 1.7 0.6 -0.6

Gasoline (all types)

4.415 201.173 255.885 252.232 25.4 -1.4 1.7 0.5 -0.6

Energy services

3.454 209.084 207.631 207.091 -1.0 -0.3 -0.1 -1.5 -0.4

Electricity

2.697 219.696 218.591 217.900 -0.8 -0.3 0.1 -1.4 -0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.757 174.301 172.167 172.062 -1.3 -0.1 -0.6 -1.7 -0.5

All items less food and energy

78.651 251.936 257.697 257.867 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.635 143.915 144.237 143.861 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Apparel

3.069 122.485 125.382 122.831 0.3 -2.0 0.0 -0.9 -0.3

New vehicles

3.723 146.190 146.562 146.526 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.401 139.519 139.090 140.687 0.8 1.1 -0.9 0.7 1.3

Medical care commodities

1.733 380.302 385.121 381.954 0.4 -0.8 1.3 0.2 -1.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.961 244.706 248.844 248.469 1.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.5 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.645 1,030.729 1,060.067 1,062.895 3.1 0.3 0.4 -0.4 0.1

Services less energy services

59.016 318.674 328.068 328.641 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

32.720 297.919 307.521 308.393 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.761 308.173 318.318 319.351 3.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

23.564 305.037 314.472 315.391 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

6.898 506.681 518.307 518.277 2.3 0.0 -0.1 0.5 0.1

Physicians' services

1.732 377.989 380.991 380.404 0.6 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Hospital services(3)

2.322 319.387 333.408 334.033 4.6 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.4

Transportation services

5.982 310.567 323.646 322.842 4.0 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.109 279.605 285.753 286.067 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.376 526.394 565.284 565.547 7.4 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.2

Airline fares

0.739 276.308 278.937 264.994 -4.1 -5.0 -1.9 -0.9 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, July 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2017-
Jul.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Apr.
2018-
May
2018
May
2018-
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018

All items

100.000 2.9 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

Food

13.198 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1

Food at home

7.239 0.4 0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

0.957 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.6 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 -0.3 0.1 -0.5 0.3 -0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.5 0.4 -0.8 -0.1 -0.4

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.149 -2.5 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.120 2.1 0.5 -0.7 1.3 0.5

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.1 -0.7 -0.8 1.3 -0.7

Bakery products(1)

0.647 0.9 -0.3 0.1 0.8 -0.3

Bread(1)(2)

0.190 1.0 0.0 1.5 -0.3 0.0

White bread(1)(3)

  0.2 0.0 1.7 -0.4 0.0

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  2.2 0.4 1.2 -0.1 0.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.091 1.6 -0.3 0.0 1.3 -0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.163 1.5 -0.9 -0.3 2.2 -0.9

Cookies(3)

  0.9 -1.7 -0.5 4.3 -1.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  1.6 -0.1 -0.3 0.1 -0.1

Other bakery products

0.203 -0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.8 0.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.6 3.1 -0.5 -1.2 3.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -0.9 0.3 -1.7 2.4 0.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -1.4 -1.0 0.5 0.5 -1.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.601 0.9 0.6 -0.7 -0.6 0.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.509 0.0 0.5 -0.6 -0.1 0.3

Meats

0.943 -0.7 0.6 -0.7 -0.4 0.3

Beef and veal

0.433 0.1 0.4 -1.4 1.0 0.5

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.171 -1.6 0.3 -2.1 0.4 0.3

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.063 2.6 0.1 0.3 2.8 0.1

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.161 0.4 0.8 -1.0 0.0 1.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.038 2.7 -0.1 0.4 1.4 -0.1

Pork

0.294 -1.3 0.8 -0.2 -1.1 -0.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.131 -1.2 2.0 -0.2 -1.4 1.1

Bacon and related products(3)

  -2.5 2.4 -0.1 -2.1 1.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  1.4 1.3 -0.8 -0.7 0.9

Ham

0.055 -2.8 -0.4 1.7 -0.1 -1.7

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -2.3 -0.3 2.5 -0.4 -1.6

Pork chops(1)

0.043 2.3 -0.9 -1.5 0.4 -0.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.065 -2.4 0.6 -1.1 -1.5 -0.1

Other meats

0.215 -1.8 0.6 -0.3 -2.0 0.8

Frankfurters(3)

  -1.1 -1.3 -3.1 -1.4 -0.4

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -2.3 0.9 0.4 -1.7 0.9

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.317 1.2 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.6

Chicken(1)(2)

0.259 1.8 0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.7

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  2.5 0.9 0.5 0.0 0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  2.0 0.5 -0.8 0.3 0.5

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.057 -1.4 -0.1 0.9 0.2 0.3

Fish and seafood

0.249 1.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.5 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.129 2.4 -0.8 -0.8 1.3 -0.7

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.120 0.9 0.6 -0.2 -0.3 0.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  4.3 1.5 0.5 0.7 1.5

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -1.8 0.1 -0.8 -0.8 -0.6

Eggs

0.092 16.7 2.5 -3.3 -7.1 -0.2

Dairy and related products

0.725 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.7 -0.6

Milk(1)(2)

0.199 -2.2 -0.8 -0.2 0.6 -0.8

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -2.8 0.1 -0.4 0.8 -0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -1.7 -1.4 -0.5 1.3 -1.9

Cheese and related products

0.239 0.9 -0.5 -0.1 1.4 -1.0

Ice cream and related products

0.102 0.0 -1.0 0.5 0.8 -0.2

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.185 -0.3 1.1 -0.5 -0.5 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.270 0.9 0.7 -0.3 0.5 1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.999 1.4 1.0 -0.1 0.7 1.3

Fresh fruits

0.542 1.9 0.6 -0.8 1.6 0.9

Apples

0.076 -4.9 2.1 -2.7 -4.4 1.7

Bananas(1)

0.080 1.2 0.8 -0.2 -0.4 0.8

Citrus fruits(2)

0.161 4.9 2.6 -1.0 -0.7 0.2

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  2.8 4.7 2.9 -0.6 -1.0

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.225 3.0 -1.4 -0.9 5.9 1.3

Fresh vegetables

0.457 0.9 1.5 0.7 -0.3 1.9

Potatoes

0.077 1.3 2.3 0.1 1.4 0.4

Lettuce

0.055 1.6 3.4 -1.0 -3.5 6.3

Tomatoes(1)

0.076 1.4 0.5 -4.1 3.5 0.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.249 0.4 1.0 0.8 -0.6 1.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.271 -1.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.1 -0.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.148 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.7

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -1.4 -0.6 0.4 -1.1 -0.7

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  1.4 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.078 -2.8 0.5 -2.4 -0.4 0.4

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -3.4 0.3 -1.8 -0.4 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.045 -1.3 -1.2 -0.7 0.2 -1.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -2.7 -1.2 0.2 -0.4 -1.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.856 -0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.604 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.252 0.7 -0.8 0.2 0.7 -1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 -2.3 0.7 0.3 -0.6 0.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.343 -0.1 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.252 -1.5 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1

Coffee

0.163 -2.4 0.0 0.4 0.3 -0.2

Roasted coffee(3)

  -3.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 -0.2

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -4.2 1.1 -1.1 -1.0 1.1

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.089 0.0 1.7 -0.7 -1.0 1.7

Other food at home

1.831 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.277 -1.1 -0.8 0.0 0.2 -0.8

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.4

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.181 -0.8 -0.9 0.5 0.0 -0.9

Other sweets(2)

0.054 -1.7 -0.7 -2.0 0.8 -0.6

Fats and oils

0.213 -0.5 1.1 -0.7 -0.3 0.6

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 -0.2 1.7 -1.5 0.1 0.3

Butter(3)

  1.2 1.8 -1.2 0.0 -0.2

Margarine(3)

  -2.4 0.7 -1.3 -0.2 0.7

Salad dressing(2)

0.050 -2.9 2.3 -0.1 -0.8 0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.102 0.5 0.2 -0.6 -0.1 0.8

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -1.9 -2.9 0.1 0.0 -2.9

Other foods

1.341 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Soups

0.085 -1.0 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.1

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.235 -1.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Snacks(1)

0.309 2.0 0.6 -0.6 0.1 0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 0.8 0.0 0.7 0.2 -0.4

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.2 0.4 -0.1 1.9 0.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  3.2 -0.4 0.7 2.3 -0.4

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  1.7 -0.8 1.2 0.2 -2.0

Other condiments(3)

  -0.7 0.0 0.8 0.9 -0.1

Baby food(1)(2)

0.049 0.9 -0.7 1.1 0.3 -0.7

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.394 -0.1 0.7 -1.0 -0.1 0.7

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  -0.7 0.0 -2.7 0.0 0.0

Food away from home(1)

5.959 2.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.963 2.4 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.532 2.6 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.179 7.8 0.2 0.8 1.1 1.8

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

      0.2 0.1  

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.090 3.0 0.3 -0.2 1.2 0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.195 4.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Energy

8.151 12.1 -0.9 0.9 -0.3 -0.5

Energy commodities

4.697 25.4 -1.3 1.6 0.6 -0.6

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 22.1 0.1 0.0 1.6 0.7

Fuel oil

0.116 34.7 1.0 -0.7 2.9 1.2

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.073 7.0 -1.3 1.2 -0.2 0.1

Motor fuel

4.509 25.4 -1.4 1.7 0.6 -0.6

Gasoline (all types)

4.415 25.4 -1.4 1.7 0.5 -0.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  25.9 -1.5 1.7 0.6 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  23.3 -1.2 2.6 0.8 -0.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  22.0 -1.2 1.4 0.3 -0.8

Other motor fuels(2)

0.094 30.1 -0.5 2.1 1.7 -0.2

Energy services

3.454 -1.0 -0.3 -0.1 -1.5 -0.4

Electricity

2.697 -0.8 -0.3 0.1 -1.4 -0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.757 -1.3 -0.1 -0.6 -1.7 -0.5

All items less food and energy

78.651 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.635 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.345 -0.5 0.0 -0.6 -0.2 0.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.258 -0.5 -0.6 -1.3 -0.8 -0.6

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.056 1.4 -1.7 -0.7 -1.5 -1.7

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.046 -3.2 -0.5 -0.9 -2.1 -0.5

Other linens(1)(2)

0.156 -0.4 -0.2 -1.6 -0.1 -0.2

Furniture and bedding

0.883 0.0 -0.6 -0.3 0.2 -0.1

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.319 0.8 0.4 -0.8 0.7 0.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.428 0.0 -1.1 0.7 -0.2 -1.1

Other furniture(2)

0.124 -2.3 -1.2 -1.7 0.4 -0.8

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  -2.1 -0.6   0.9 -0.6

Appliances(2)

0.213 2.8 0.9 0.3 0.0 1.5

Major appliances(2)

0.078 8.5 2.0 1.8 0.2 3.5

Laundry equipment(3)

  15.4 -1.4 7.4 1.8 0.3

Other appliances(2)

0.131 0.0 0.3 -0.8 0.2 0.2

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.502 -5.6 -0.4 -1.4 -1.7 0.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.274 -7.2 0.3 -3.1 -0.3 0.3

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.092 0.1 -1.3 0.7 -1.9 0.9

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.054 -11.2 -1.0 1.1 -8.2 -1.0

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.081 -3.3 -1.2 0.3 -2.6 -1.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.663 -0.1 0.2 -1.0 0.2 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.196 0.7 0.1 -0.9 0.4 0.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.306 -0.5 0.2 -0.9 -0.1 0.5

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.827 1.0 0.6 -0.5 0.3 0.6

Household cleaning products(2)

0.329 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.216 0.4 1.4 -0.7 0.0 1.4

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.282 1.0 0.6 -1.2 0.6 0.6

Apparel

3.069 0.3 -2.0 0.0 -0.9 -0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.749 1.4 -1.0 -1.2 -0.1 0.6

Men's apparel

0.584 0.8 0.0 -1.7 0.1 1.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 -0.8 -0.4 -4.3 -0.3 2.5

Men's furnishings

0.150 4.7 3.1 -0.4 0.3 5.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.169 1.3 -0.4 -3.0 0.5 0.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.155 -2.9 -2.4 0.0 0.2 -2.4

Boys' apparel

0.164 4.1 -4.7 1.4 -2.2 -3.0

Women's and girls' apparel

1.267 -1.3 -4.7 0.9 -1.4 -1.8

Women's apparel

1.092 -1.4 -5.0 1.1 -1.2 -2.0

Women's outerwear

0.069 -5.5 -3.0 -2.5 0.5 -1.0

Women's dresses

0.131 0.2 -7.4 -0.5 -3.5 0.8

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.586 -1.6 -7.2 1.6 0.1 -2.9

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.293 -1.7 0.0 0.6 -3.4 0.9

Girls' apparel

0.175 -2.0 -3.0 -0.2 -2.6 -0.7

Footwear

0.667 0.5 0.3 -0.7 -0.4 1.1

Men's footwear(1)

0.213 1.5 1.3 -0.6 -2.1 1.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.155 3.5 3.6 -2.3 -1.0 4.3

Women's footwear

0.300 -2.0 -2.1 -0.9 1.5 -1.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.138 7.5 -2.0 2.5 1.0 -2.4

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.248 0.1 2.3 -0.3 -2.5 1.6

Watches(1)(6)

0.096 0.3 2.2 -1.1 -1.5 2.2

Jewelry(6)

0.152 0.0 2.3 0.7 -3.7 2.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.617 0.6 0.4 -0.1 0.5 0.7

New vehicles

3.723 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.2 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.3

New cars(3)

  0.4 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.5

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.401 0.8 1.1 -0.9 0.7 1.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.378 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0

Tires(1)

0.224 -1.6 -0.4 0.8 -0.7 -0.4

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.155 2.7 0.6 0.2 1.3 0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.8 1.0 0.4 0.9 1.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  3.3 -0.5 1.1 1.1 -0.5

Medical care commodities

1.733 0.4 -0.8 1.3 0.2 -1.1

Medicinal drugs(1)(8)

1.676 0.4 -0.8 0.8 0.4 -0.8

Prescription drugs

1.333 0.9 -0.9 1.4 0.3 -1.0

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.343 -1.6 -0.6 0.0 0.3 -0.6

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.057 1.3 -0.2 2.5 0.0 -0.2

Recreation commodities(8)

1.812 -2.7 0.2 -0.7 -0.2 0.2

Video and audio products(8)

0.239 -13.0 -0.5 -0.8 -0.6 0.0

Televisions

0.110 -18.2 -1.1 -1.7 -0.7 0.4

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 -5.0 -1.8 0.1 -0.6 -2.7

Audio equipment(1)

0.044 -12.7 0.6 0.7 -1.3 0.6

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.050 -3.8 0.2 -0.9 -0.1 0.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.600 0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  0.6 -0.1 0.6 0.2 -0.1

Sporting goods

0.493 0.7 0.9 -0.8 0.5 0.5

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.281 4.1 2.2 -1.8 0.7 2.2

Sports equipment

0.205 -3.5 -0.9 -0.8 0.5 -1.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 -6.5 0.9 -2.5 -5.7 -0.6

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -4.9 1.3 -2.8 -4.8 -0.4

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.113 3.3 1.7 -0.3 -0.2 1.7

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.068 3.8 2.6 -0.6 0.2 2.6

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.045 2.4 0.3 0.1 -0.8 0.3

Other recreational goods(2)

0.335 -7.1 -0.4 -1.8 -0.7 0.1

Toys

0.265 -8.7 -0.7 -2.1 -1.1 0.0

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -8.3 -0.3 -2.4 -1.0 0.7

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 5.6 -0.1 -0.3 1.8 -0.1

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.035 -2.2 1.0 -1.1 0.1 1.0

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.549 -4.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.9 -0.9

Educational books and supplies

0.132 1.9 0.5 3.7 -1.6 0.3

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  1.6 0.5 3.3 -1.3 0.5

Information technology commodities(8)

0.417 -5.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.6 -1.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.315 -6.4 -1.8 0.2 -0.7 -2.0

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.024 -4.8 1.2 -1.2 0.3 1.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.078 -4.1 1.0 -1.6 -0.6 1.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.961 1.5 -0.2 -0.2 0.5 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.597 1.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.7 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 1.4 -0.6 0.0 0.8 -0.3

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.2 0.6 0.6 -0.1 0.4

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -0.7 1.1 -0.2 0.8 1.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.2 0.4 0.1 -0.9 0.4

Wine at home

0.252 1.3 -0.2 -0.8 0.7 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.364 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.8 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 0.2 -0.3 0.6 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Other goods(8)

1.548 0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.645 3.1 0.3 0.4 -0.4 0.1

Cigarettes(2)

0.572 3.1 0.3 0.5 -0.5 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 4.1 0.2 -0.8 0.7 0.2

Personal care products(1)

0.688 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.378 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.304 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.9 0.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.215 -3.0 -0.7 -1.0 -0.6 -0.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  1.2 -1.3 0.3 0.4 0.2

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -5.8 -1.2 -2.9 -3.3 -1.2

Services less energy services

59.016 3.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

32.720 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Rent of shelter(12)

32.347 3.5 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Rent of primary residence

7.761 3.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

1.022 5.1 -0.3 2.9 -3.7 0.4

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.111 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.911 5.2 -0.4 3.3 -4.1 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

23.564 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.249 3.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.373 1.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.6

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.072 3.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.810 3.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.262 3.8 0.1 0.9 0.5 0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.869 5.8 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.4

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.298 2.3 0.1 1.2 -0.7 0.1

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.288 8.0 0.2 0.0 1.1 0.2

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.101 8.6 1.1 0.5 -1.4 1.2

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.107 6.9 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.9

Medical care services

6.898 2.3 0.0 -0.1 0.5 0.1

Professional services

3.252 1.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Physicians' services

1.732 0.6 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Dental services

0.788 3.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.3 -0.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.315 2.5 0.2 -0.4 0.2 0.2

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.417 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.598 4.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.4

Hospital services(13)

2.322 4.6 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.4

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  4.1 0.1 0.4 0.8 0.3

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  4.3 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.190 2.8 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.086 0.9 0.8 -0.5 0.2 0.8

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.048 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Transportation services

5.982 4.0 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.5

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.650 6.4 0.7 0.5 1.6 0.7

Car and truck rental(2)

0.117 -7.0 10.1 -3.0 1.5 1.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.109 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.055 2.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.623 2.9 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.368 1.3 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.376 7.4 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.538 1.5 0.1 0.5 -0.3 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.278 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.243 2.1 0.1 1.1 -0.7 0.1

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  1.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.6 0.6 -0.5 0.6

Public transportation

1.192 -1.5 -2.9 -1.2 -0.8 1.7

Airline fares

0.739 -4.1 -5.0 -1.9 -0.9 2.7

Other intercity transportation

0.168 0.7 1.2 -1.2 -1.3 0.0

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  -0.4        

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 0.4 -1.5 -0.4 0.4

Intracity transportation(1)

0.277 2.5 0.4 0.4 -1.0 0.4

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  4.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

Recreation services(8)

3.839 1.8 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1

Video and audio services(8)

1.579 1.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.492 0.8 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.087 4.3 -0.4 0.9 -1.3 -0.4

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 -0.9 1.2 -2.5 -0.9

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  4.2 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.411 2.6 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.1

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  2.5 -1.2 2.5 0.1 -1.2

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.4 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.038 -1.8 -0.1 0.7 0.2 -0.1

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  0.8 0.0   0.3 0.0

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

  -7.4 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Other recreation services(2)

1.810 2.4 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.663 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Admissions

0.662 2.9 0.3 1.1 1.8 0.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.3

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  3.4 -0.3 2.1 2.9 -0.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.214 1.5 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Education and communication services(8)

6.006 1.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.838 2.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

College tuition and fees

1.568 2.0 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.325 3.9 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.6

Child care and nursery school(9)

0.797 1.5 -0.3 0.2 0.4 -0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 3.1 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.7

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.108 2.5 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2

Postage

0.094 2.0 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.2

Delivery services(2)

0.014 8.0 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.8

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.274 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.704 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.569 1.5 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.6

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.778 0.8 0.4 1.5 1.3 1.3

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.631 3.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Personal care services(1)

0.624 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.624 3.0 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.006 3.6 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Legal services(1)(6)

0.304 3.6 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 2.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.236 2.2 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.7 0.8

Financial services(6)

0.240 5.6 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.2

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  9.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  6.4 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, July 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jun.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2017
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2017-
Jul.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018
Apr.
2018-
May
2018
May
2018-
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2018-
Jul.
2018

All items less food

86.802 243.937 251.775 251.716 3.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

All items less shelter

67.280 226.729 233.054 232.755 2.7 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

All items less food and shelter

54.082 220.586 227.608 227.132 3.0 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.931 226.339 229.953 229.748 1.5 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.529 231.632 235.517 235.146 1.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

All items less medical care

91.369 233.688 240.756 240.812 3.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2

All items less energy

91.849 250.981 256.325 256.545 2.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Commodities

37.530 180.043 185.965 185.531 3.0 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.233 145.076 145.458 144.792 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Commodities less food

24.332 148.853 155.493 154.761 4.0 -0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.371 145.566 152.228 151.492 4.1 -0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0

Services

62.470 308.584 317.004 317.482 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.122 330.288 337.420 337.460 2.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Services less medical care services

55.572 293.556 301.716 302.229 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Durables

9.968 105.298 104.636 104.864 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.2 0.5

Nondurables

27.562 217.668 227.922 227.018 4.3 -0.4 0.7 0.0 0.2

Nondurables less food

14.364 190.190 205.762 203.811 7.2 -0.9 1.1 0.0 0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.403 186.810 203.036 200.994 7.6 -1.0 1.2 0.0 0.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.335 231.039 255.799 254.009 9.9 -0.7 1.2 -1.0 0.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.296 231.138 253.990 252.330 9.2 -0.7 1.1 -0.8 0.5

Housing

41.649 251.870 258.710 259.268 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Education and communication(2)

6.556 135.388 136.535 136.770 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2

Education(2)

2.970 252.115 256.679 257.477 2.1 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Communication(2)

3.585 74.131 74.129 74.171 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.478 70.281 70.228 70.267 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.204 7.611 7.489 7.481 -1.7 -0.1 0.9 0.6 0.4

Recreation(2)

5.651 118.863 119.145 119.272 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2

Video and audio(2)

1.817 104.803 104.115 103.973 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.011 170.602 172.696 172.700 1.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0

Photography(2)

0.072 75.923 72.656 72.913 -4.0 0.4 -0.9 -2.5 -0.3

Food and beverages

14.159 249.930 253.022 253.476 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

6.055 247.134 247.343 248.112 0.4 0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Other services

11.475 346.663 352.454 353.050 1.8 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.401 115.080 118.533 115.346 0.2 -2.7 0.2 -1.0 -0.7

Fuels and utilities

4.715 242.119 244.560 244.269 0.9 -0.1 0.1 -0.9 -0.2

Household energy

3.643 203.569 204.238 203.747 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -1.3 -0.3

Medical care

8.631 476.126 486.019 485.193 1.9 -0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.2

Transportation

17.107 199.466 214.679 214.039 7.3 -0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Private transportation

15.915 194.419 210.184 209.959 8.0 -0.1 0.5 0.5 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.005 99.120 99.447 100.071 1.0 0.6 -0.1 0.6 0.7

Utilities and public transportation

9.483 218.308 219.554 218.686 0.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

4.214 120.526 121.408 121.480 0.8 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.3

Other goods and services

3.179 434.033 442.851 443.170 2.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Personal care

2.534 227.509 231.603 231.655 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, July 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Jul. 2018 from: Percent change to Jun. 2018 from:
Jul.
2017
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2017
Apr.
2018
May
2018

U.S. city average

M

2.9 0.2 0.0 2.9 0.6 0.2

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.7 0.0 0.0 2.6 0.5 0.0

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.4 0.1 0.0 2.2 0.3 0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.4 -0.1 -0.1 3.2 0.7 0.0

New England(4)

M

  -0.1 0.0   0.3 -0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

  0.0 -0.1   0.5 0.1

Midwest

M

2.4 0.1 0.0 2.5 0.7 0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.3 0.2 -0.1 2.4 0.8 0.3

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.2 0.1 0.0 2.2 0.6 0.1

East North Central(4)

M

  0.0 -0.1   0.5 0.1

West North Central(4)

M

  0.5 0.1   0.9 0.3

South

M

2.9 0.2 0.0 2.7 0.5 0.2

South - Size Class A

M

3.2 0.3 0.0 3.0 0.8 0.3

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.8 0.2 0.0 2.6 0.4 0.1

South Atlantic(4)

M

  0.2 0.0   0.4 0.1

East South Central(4)

M

  0.1 0.0   0.4 0.1

West South Central(4)

M

  0.3 -0.1   0.8 0.4

West

M

3.6 0.3 0.1 3.6 0.6 0.2

West - Size Class A

M

3.9 0.4 0.2 3.8 0.5 0.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.2 0.2 -0.1 3.2 0.8 0.2

Mountain(4)

M

  0.0 -0.1   0.8 0.1

Pacific(4)

M

  0.4 0.2   0.6 0.2

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

3.0 0.2 0.0 2.9 0.6 0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.8 0.1 0.0 2.7 0.6 0.1

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.9 -0.4 -0.3 2.2 0.3 -0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.9 -0.1 0.2 4.0 0.2 -0.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.2 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.4 0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

      2.8 1.2  

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

        0.9  

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

      3.6 1.3  

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

      3.0 1.0  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

      4.2 0.5  

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      1.9 0.2  

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

        1.1  

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

      3.9 0.9  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

      3.3 0.8  

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

        0.9  

Urban Alaska

2

        2.7  

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

3.4 0.3        

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

3.5 -0.2        

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

  -0.2        

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

  0.3        

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

  0.2        

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

  2.1        

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

  0.3        

Urban Hawaii

1

  0.4        

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

2.5 0.1        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, July 2018 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.2 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.5 1.9

September 2017

0.5 0.5 1.9 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.6 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.8 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 2.0 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.4 0.4 2.4 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.5 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.7 2.9

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2018, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jun. 2018-
Jul. 2018
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jun. 2018-
Jul. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.2   0.03 L-May 2018 0.2

Food

13.198 0.1 0.019 0.06 S-May 2018 0.0

Food at home

7.239 0.2 0.012 0.10 - -

Cereals and bakery products

0.957 -0.2 -0.002 0.25 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 -0.2 -0.001 0.42 S-May 2018 -0.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 -0.4 0.000 0.66 S-May 2018 -0.8

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.149 -0.4 -0.001 0.68 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.120 0.5 0.001 0.76 S-May 2018 -0.7

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   1.21 S-May 2018 -0.8

Bakery products(4)

0.647 -0.3 -0.002 0.28 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Bread(4)(5)

0.190 0.0 0.000 0.48 L-May 2018 1.5

White bread(4)(6)

  0.0   0.59 L-May 2018 1.7

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.4   0.81 L-May 2018 1.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.091 -0.6 -0.001 0.71 S-Jan. 2018 -0.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.163 -0.9 -0.002 0.58 S-Apr. 2015 -1.5

Cookies(6)

  -1.7   0.93 S-Apr. 2018 -2.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.69 S-May 2018 -0.3

Other bakery products

0.203 0.1 0.000 0.53 S-May 2018 -0.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  3.1   0.74 L-Apr. 1999 6.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  0.6   0.95 S-May 2018 -1.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.5   0.71 S-Dec. 2016 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.601 0.3 0.005 0.20 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.509 0.3 0.005 0.21 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Meats

0.943 0.3 0.003 0.25 L-Apr. 2018 0.5

Beef and veal

0.433 0.5 0.002 0.34 S-May 2018 -1.4

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.171 0.3 0.001 0.53 S-May 2018 -2.1

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.063 0.1 0.000 1.03 S-Jan. 2018 -1.2

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.161 1.7 0.003 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 1.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.038 -0.1 0.000 0.86 S-Oct. 2017 -1.2

Pork

0.294 -0.3 -0.001 0.55 L-May 2018 -0.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.131 1.1 0.002 0.68 L-Aug. 2017 1.4

Bacon and related products(6)

  1.6   1.01 L-Aug. 2017 3.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.9   1.08 L-Mar. 2018 2.5

Ham

0.055 -1.7 -0.001 1.44 S-Feb. 2018 -1.8

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -1.6   1.40 S-Feb. 2018 -2.6

Pork chops(4)

0.043 -0.9 0.000 1.37 S-May 2018 -1.5

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.065 -0.1 0.000 1.19 L-Mar. 2018 0.6

Other meats

0.215 0.8 0.002 0.54 L-Mar. 2018 1.0

Frankfurters(6)

  -0.4   1.43 L-Apr. 2018 3.8

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.9   0.54 L-Mar. 2018 1.2

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.317 0.6 0.002 0.52 L-Dec. 2017 1.6

Chicken(4)(5)

0.259 0.7 0.002 0.62 L-Mar. 2018 0.8

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  0.9   1.14 L-Mar. 2018 0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.5   0.71 L-Mar. 2018 0.8

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 0.3 0.000 0.89 L-May 2018 0.9

Fish and seafood

0.249 0.1 0.000 0.51 S-May 2018 -0.5

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.129 -0.7 -0.001 0.75 S-May 2018 -0.8

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.120 0.3 0.000 0.64 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  1.5   1.05 L-Mar. 2018 3.9

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.6   1.10 L-Apr. 2018 1.4

Eggs

0.092 -0.2 0.000 0.90 L-Apr. 2018 7.1

Dairy and related products

0.725 -0.6 -0.004 0.28 S-Mar. 2017 -0.6

Milk(4)(5)

0.199 -0.8 -0.002 0.38 S-Mar. 2018 -1.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -0.8   0.56 S-Mar. 2018 -0.9

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -1.9   0.51 S-Feb. 2015 -2.3

Cheese and related products

0.239 -1.0 -0.002 0.51 S-Feb. 2018 -1.0

Ice cream and related products

0.102 -0.2 0.000 0.75 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.185 1.1 0.002 0.56 L-Jul. 2017 1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.270 1.0 0.012 0.30 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.999 1.3 0.014 0.36 L-Apr. 2017 2.4

Fresh fruits

0.542 0.9 0.005 0.45 S-May 2018 -0.8

Apples

0.076 1.7 0.001 1.15 L-Apr. 2018 2.0

Bananas(4)

0.080 0.8 0.001 0.64 L-Mar. 2018 0.9

Citrus fruits(5)

0.161 0.2 0.000 0.75 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -1.0   1.25 S-Mar. 2018 -2.7

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.225 1.3 0.003 0.73 S-May 2018 -0.9

Fresh vegetables

0.457 1.9 0.009 0.56 L-Apr. 2017 4.3

Potatoes

0.077 0.4 0.000 1.22 S-May 2018 0.1

Lettuce

0.055 6.3 0.004 1.62 L-Apr. 2017 16.2

Tomatoes(4)

0.076 0.5 0.000 1.10 S-May 2018 -4.1

Other fresh vegetables

0.249 1.7 0.004 0.69 L-Apr. 2017 3.3

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.271 -0.5 -0.001 0.44 S-May 2018 -1.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.148 -0.7 -0.001 0.65 S-Feb. 2018 -1.1

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.78 L-May 2018 0.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.77 S-Feb. 2018 -1.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.078 0.4 0.000 0.83 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.3   1.00 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.045 -1.1 -0.001 0.76 S-Jan. 2018 -1.1

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.80 S-Mar. 2018 -2.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.856 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.604 -0.2 -0.001 0.41 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.252 -1.1 -0.003 0.77 S-Jul. 2017 -1.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 0.7 0.000 0.73 L-Dec. 2017 1.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.343 0.4 0.001 0.51 - -

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.252 0.1 0.000 0.61 - -

Coffee

0.163 -0.2 0.000 0.77 S-Apr. 2018 -1.3

Roasted coffee(6)

  -0.2   1.08 S-Apr. 2018 -1.3

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  1.1   0.71 L-Mar. 2018 2.0

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.089 1.7 0.002 0.99 L-Oct. 2017 2.1

Other food at home

1.831 0.1 0.002 0.20 - -

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.277 -0.8 -0.002 0.49 S-Apr. 2018 -0.8

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 -0.4 0.000 0.67 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.181 -0.9 -0.002 0.69 S-Apr. 2018 -1.4

Other sweets(5)

0.054 -0.6 0.000 0.84 S-May 2018 -2.0

Fats and oils

0.213 0.6 0.001 0.44 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 0.3 0.000 0.88 L-Apr. 2018 2.0

Butter(6)

  -0.2   1.01 S-May 2018 -1.2

Margarine(6)

  0.7   0.98 L-Mar. 2018 1.4

Salad dressing(5)

0.050 0.8 0.000 1.03 L-Feb. 2018 0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.102 0.8 0.001 0.56 L-Feb. 2018 1.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.9   0.63 S-Dec. 2017 -4.0

Other foods

1.341 0.2 0.003 0.25 L-Nov. 2017 0.4

Soups

0.085 0.1 0.000 1.07 L-May 2018 0.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.235 0.0 0.000 0.54 S-May 2018 0.0

Snacks(4)

0.309 0.6 0.002 0.72 L-Apr. 2018 0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 -0.4 -0.001 0.54 S-Feb. 2018 -1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.5   0.96 S-May 2018 -0.1

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   1.31 S-Mar. 2018 -2.0

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -2.0   0.81 S-Dec. 2010 -2.6

Other condiments(6)

  -0.1   0.65 S-Apr. 2018 -0.8

Baby food(4)(5)

0.049 -0.7 0.000 0.52 S-Mar. 2017 -0.8

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.394 0.7 0.003 0.41 L-Feb. 2018 0.9

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  0.0   0.76 - -

Food away from home(4)

5.959 0.1 0.007 0.04 S-Mar. 2018 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.963 0.2 0.006 0.04 L-May 2018 0.4

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.532 0.0 0.000 0.07 S-Nov. 2016 0.0

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.179 1.8 0.003 0.38 L-Dec. 2017 2.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.090 0.3 0.000 0.11 S-May 2018 -0.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.195 0.2 0.000 0.09 L-Apr. 2018 2.3

Energy

8.151 -0.5 -0.039 0.08 S-Mar. 2018 -2.8

Energy commodities

4.697 -0.6 -0.026 0.13 S-Mar. 2018 -4.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 0.7 0.001 0.33 S-May 2018 0.0

Fuel oil

0.116 1.2 0.001 0.43 S-May 2018 -0.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.073 0.1 0.000 0.48 L-May 2018 1.2

Motor fuel

4.509 -0.6 -0.027 0.13 S-Mar. 2018 -4.9

Gasoline (all types)

4.415 -0.6 -0.026 0.13 S-Mar. 2018 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -1.3   0.51 S-Mar. 2018 -4.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -0.7   0.51 S-Mar. 2018 -3.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -0.8   0.44 S-Mar. 2018 -4.5

Other motor fuels(5)

0.094 -0.2 0.000 0.15 S-Mar. 2018 -1.9

Energy services

3.454 -0.4 -0.013 0.08 L-May 2018 -0.1

Electricity

2.697 -0.4 -0.010 0.10 L-May 2018 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

0.757 -0.5 -0.004 0.08 L-Apr. 2018 -0.4

All items less food and energy

78.651 0.2 0.192 0.03 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.635 0.1 0.023 0.08 L-Feb. 2018 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.345 0.3 0.010 0.16 L-Apr. 2018 0.6

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.258 -0.6 -0.001 0.75 L-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.056 -1.7 -0.001 0.56 S-Dec. 2017 -1.9

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.046 -0.5 0.000 0.88 L-Apr. 2018 1.3

Other linens(4)(5)

0.156 -0.2 0.000 1.15 S-May 2018 -1.6

Furniture and bedding

0.883 -0.1 -0.001 0.34 S-May 2018 -0.3

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.319 0.4 0.001 0.52 S-May 2018 -0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.428 -1.1 -0.005 0.45 S-Nov. 2016 -1.4

Other furniture(5)

0.124 -0.8 -0.001 0.71 S-May 2018 -1.7

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -0.6   0.74 S-Mar. 2018 -4.2

Appliances(5)

0.213 1.5 0.003 0.55 L-Apr. 2018 2.1

Major appliances(5)

0.078 3.5 0.003 0.70 L-Apr. 2018 4.8

Laundry equipment(6)

  0.3   1.18 S-Mar. 2018 -0.6

Other appliances(5)

0.131 0.2 0.000 0.63 - -

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.502 0.4 0.002 0.48 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.274 0.3 0.001 0.76 L-Nov. 2017 1.8

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.092 0.9 0.001 0.68 L-Mar. 2018 1.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.054 -1.0 -0.001 1.49 L-May 2018 1.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.081 -1.0 -0.001 0.75 L-May 2018 0.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.663 0.4 0.003 0.24 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.196 0.1 0.000 0.35 S-May 2018 -0.9

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.306 0.5 0.002 0.30 L-Oct. 2017 0.5

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.827 0.6 0.005 0.24 L-Apr. 2018 0.6

Household cleaning products(5)

0.329 0.4 0.001 0.39 - -

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.216 1.4 0.003 0.38 L-Jul. 2010 1.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.282 0.6 0.002 0.41 - -

Apparel

3.069 -0.3 -0.011 0.39 L-May 2018 0.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.749 0.6 0.004 0.72 L-Feb. 2018 1.7

Men's apparel

0.584 1.7 0.010 0.78 L-Jan. 2017 2.6

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 2.5 0.003 1.68 L-Oct. 2017 3.2

Men's furnishings

0.150 5.3 0.008 1.45 L-EVER -

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.169 0.7 0.001 1.22 L-Feb. 2018 4.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.155 -2.4 -0.004 1.28 S-Mar. 2017 -5.4

Boys' apparel

0.164 -3.0 -0.005 1.44 S-Oct. 2017 -4.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.267 -1.8 -0.023 0.60 S-Mar. 2018 -2.1

Women's apparel

1.092 -2.0 -0.022 0.65 S-Mar. 2018 -2.5

Women's outerwear

0.069 -1.0 -0.001 2.13 S-May 2018 -2.5

Women's dresses

0.131 0.8 0.001 1.42 L-Apr. 2018 2.9

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.586 -2.9 -0.017 0.87 S-Mar. 2018 -4.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.293 0.9 0.003 1.10 L-Feb. 2018 1.1

Girls' apparel

0.175 -0.7 -0.001 1.49 L-May 2018 -0.2

Footwear

0.667 1.1 0.007 0.57 L-Mar. 2018 1.2

Men's footwear(4)

0.213 1.3 0.003 0.96 L-Mar. 2018 2.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.155 4.3 0.007 1.01 L-Sep. 2010 4.5

Women's footwear

0.300 -1.6 -0.005 0.80 S-Apr. 2018 -2.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.138 -2.4 -0.003 1.24 S-Nov. 2017 -3.0

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.248 1.6 0.004 1.00 L-Mar. 2018 1.8

Watches(4)(9)

0.096 2.2 0.002 1.52 L-Jan. 2018 2.4

Jewelry(9)

0.152 2.1 0.003 1.22 L-Feb. 2017 2.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.617 0.7 0.044 0.09 L-Jun. 2011 0.8

New vehicles

3.723 0.3 0.013 0.15 S-May 2018 0.3

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.3   0.23 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

New cars(6)

  0.5   0.24 L-May 2018 0.5

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.2   0.21 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.401 1.3 0.031 0.02 L-Jun. 2011 1.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.378 0.0 0.000 0.28 S-Apr. 2018 -0.3

Tires(4)

0.224 -0.4 -0.001 0.38 L-May 2018 0.8

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.155 0.6 0.001 0.44 S-May 2018 0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  1.0   0.38 L-Mar. 2018 1.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.90 S-Feb. 2018 -0.9

Medical care commodities

1.733 -1.1 -0.020 0.25 S-EVER -

Medicinal drugs(4)(11)

1.676 -0.8 -0.014 0.26 S-Sep. 2017 -0.9

Prescription drugs

1.333 -1.0 -0.013 0.29 S-EVER -

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.343 -0.6 -0.002 0.43 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.057 -0.2 0.000 0.50 S-Apr. 2018 -0.3

Recreation commodities(11)

1.812 0.2 0.004 0.17 L-Mar. 2018 0.3

Video and audio products(11)

0.239 0.0 0.000 0.49 L-Jun. 2017 0.5

Televisions

0.110 0.4 0.000 0.81 L-Jun. 2017 1.9

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 -2.7 -0.001 0.85 S-Mar. 2012 -3.0

Audio equipment(4)

0.044 0.6 0.000 0.71 L-May 2018 0.7

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.050 0.2 0.000 0.85 L-Mar. 2018 0.3

Pets and pet products(4)

0.600 -0.1 0.000 0.23 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.31 S-Nov. 2017 -1.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.39 S-Feb. 2018 -0.7

Sporting goods

0.493 0.5 0.002 0.29 - -

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.281 2.2 0.006 0.34 L-Apr. 2016 2.3

Sports equipment

0.205 -1.3 -0.003 0.47 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 -0.6 0.000 0.66 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.69 L-Apr. 2018 1.0

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.113 1.7 0.002 0.64 L-Mar. 2018 1.8

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.068 2.6 0.002 0.95 L-Mar. 2018 3.6

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.045 0.3 0.000 0.97 L-Apr. 2018 1.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.335 0.1 0.000 0.46 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Toys

0.265 0.0 0.000 0.52 L-Feb. 2018 0.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.7   0.55 L-Feb. 2012 1.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -0.1 0.000 1.10 S-May 2018 -0.3

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.035 1.0 0.000 0.68 L-Jul. 2017 1.7

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.549 -0.9 -0.005 0.36 - -

Educational books and supplies

0.132 0.3 0.000 0.60 L-May 2018 3.7

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.5   0.58 L-May 2018 3.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.417 -1.2 -0.005 0.43 S-Feb. 2018 -1.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.315 -2.0 -0.006 0.59 S-Aug. 2011 -2.2

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.024 1.2 0.000 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 2.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.078 1.0 0.001 0.70 L-Jan. 2018 2.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.961 -0.1 -0.001 0.14 S-May 2018 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.597 -0.3 -0.002 0.22 S-May 2018 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 -0.3 -0.001 0.27 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.4 0.000 0.37 L-May 2018 0.6

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  1.1   0.54 L-Mar. 2017 1.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.4   0.50 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

Wine at home

0.252 -0.4 -0.001 0.46 S-May 2018 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.364 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Sep. 2017 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.18 S-May 2018 0.1

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.18 S-May 2018 -0.3

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.15 S-Dec. 2015 -0.2

Other goods(11)

1.548 0.0 0.001 0.16 L-May 2018 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.645 0.1 0.001 0.14 L-May 2018 0.4

Cigarettes(5)

0.572 0.1 0.001 0.15 L-May 2018 0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.2 0.000 0.33 S-May 2018 -0.8

Personal care products(4)

0.688 0.1 0.001 0.30 L-Feb. 2018 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.378 0.1 0.000 0.37 - -

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.304 0.1 0.000 0.45 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.215 -0.4 -0.001 0.75 L-Apr. 2018 0.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.2   0.77 S-Mar. 2018 0.1

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -1.2   0.46 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Services less energy services

59.016 0.3 0.171 0.03 L-May 2018 0.3

Shelter

32.720 0.3 0.100 0.04 L-May 2018 0.3

Rent of shelter(15)

32.347 0.3 0.085 0.04 L-May 2018 0.4

Rent of primary residence

7.761 0.3 0.025 0.03 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

1.022 0.4 0.004 1.24 L-May 2018 2.9

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.111 0.1 0.000 0.06 S-May 2018 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.911 0.4 0.004 1.45 L-May 2018 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

23.564 0.3 0.069 0.03 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.249 0.3 0.065 0.03 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.373 0.6 0.002 0.13 L-May 2018 0.8

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.072 0.2 0.002 0.05 S-Mar. 2018 0.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.810 0.3 0.002 0.06 S-May 2018 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.262 0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Mar. 2018 0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.869 0.4 0.003 0.32 L-May 2018 0.6

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.298 0.1 0.000 0.04 L-May 2018 1.2

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.288 0.2 0.001 0.05 S-May 2018 0.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.101 1.2 0.001 1.97 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.107 0.9 0.001 0.23 L-Feb. 2018 5.0

Medical care services

6.898 0.1 0.004 0.09 S-May 2018 -0.1

Professional services

3.252 -0.1 -0.004 0.10 S-May 2018 -0.2

Physicians' services

1.732 -0.2 -0.003 0.09 S-Nov. 2017 -0.6

Dental services

0.788 -0.2 -0.001 0.11 S-May 2018 -0.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.315 0.2 0.001 0.31 - -

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.417 0.0 0.000 0.09 S-Feb. 2018 -0.8

Hospital and related services

2.598 0.4 0.009 0.12 S-May 2018 0.4

Hospital services(16)

2.322 0.4 0.008 0.13 S-Apr. 2018 0.2

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.3   0.20 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.4   0.32 S-May 2018 0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.190 0.2 0.000 0.12 - -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.086 0.8 0.001 0.12 L-Feb. 2018 0.8

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.048 -0.2 -0.002 0.08 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Transportation services

5.982 0.5 0.032 0.13 L-Feb. 2018 1.0

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.650 0.7 0.005 0.39 S-May 2018 0.5

Car and truck rental(5)

0.117 1.7 0.002 1.78 L-Mar. 2018 3.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.109 0.1 0.001 0.15 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.055 0.0 0.000 0.11 - -

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.623 0.2 0.001 0.24 S-Mar. 2018 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.368 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-May 2018 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.376 0.2 0.004 0.17 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.538 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-May 2018 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.278 0.0 0.000 0.04 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.243 0.1 0.000 0.22 L-May 2018 1.1

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.16 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.6   0.43 L-May 2018 0.6

Public transportation

1.192 1.7 0.020 0.36 L-May 2015 1.7

Airline fares

0.739 2.7 0.018 0.58 L-Jul. 2013 4.9

Other intercity transportation

0.168 0.0 0.000 0.56 L-Apr. 2018 0.1

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

      0.98 - -

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.82 L-Mar. 2018 1.6

Intracity transportation(4)

0.277 0.4 0.001 0.19 L-May 2018 0.4

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  0.4   0.15 L-Feb. 2018 0.8

Recreation services(11)

3.839 0.1 0.006 0.16 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

Video and audio services(11)

1.579 0.1 0.002 0.15 L-May 2018 0.1

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.492 0.2 0.003 0.14 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.087 -0.4 0.000 1.26 L-May 2018 0.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.9   2.01 L-May 2018 1.2

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.14 L-Apr. 2018 1.1

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.411 0.1 0.000 0.11 S-Apr. 2018 0.0

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.10 S-Apr. 1999 -1.6

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.3   0.13 - -

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.038 -0.1 0.000 0.43 S-Mar. 2018 -0.8

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.06 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.65 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

Other recreation services(5)

1.810 0.2 0.003 0.29 S-Apr. 2018 -0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.663 0.1 0.001 0.22 - -

Admissions

0.662 0.3 0.002 0.58 S-Apr. 2018 -0.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.46 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   1.79 S-Mar. 2018 -3.4

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.214 -0.3 -0.001 0.34 S-Apr. 2018 -0.4

Education and communication services(11)

6.006 0.4 0.021 0.07 L-May 2018 0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.838 0.3 0.008 0.05 - -

College tuition and fees

1.568 0.5 0.008 0.06 L-Sep. 2017 0.5

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.325 0.6 0.002 0.08 L-Oct. 2016 0.7

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.797 -0.2 -0.002 0.09 S-Jan. 2014 -0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.7 0.000 0.11 L-Aug. 2017 0.7

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.108 0.2 0.000 0.02 - -

Postage

0.094 0.2 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.8 0.000 0.32 L-Jan. 2018 1.5

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.274 0.1 0.003 0.12 L-May 2018 0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.704 0.0 0.000 0.10 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.569 0.6 0.003 0.21 L-Dec. 2017 0.7

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.778 1.3 0.010 0.29 - -

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.631 0.1 0.001 0.11 S-May 2018 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.624 0.1 0.000 0.13 S-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.624 0.1 0.000 0.13 S-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Miscellaneous personal services

1.006 0.2 0.002 0.11 L-Apr. 2018 1.3

Legal services(4)(9)

0.304 -0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Sep. 2017 -0.2

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.3 0.000 0.09 L-Apr. 2018 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.236 0.1 0.000 0.16 S-May 2018 -0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 0.8 0.000 0.21 L-Jun. 2017 1.1

Financial services(9)

0.240 0.2 0.000 0.32 L-Apr. 2018 4.6

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.02 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  0.6   0.33 L-Apr. 2018 7.9

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.802 0.2 0.152 0.03 L-May 2018 0.2

All items less shelter

67.280 0.1 0.071 0.03 - -

All items less food and shelter

54.082 0.1 0.052 0.04 - -

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.931 0.2 0.092 0.05 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.529 0.1 0.061 0.05 - -

All items less medical care

91.369 0.2 0.187 0.03 L-May 2018 0.2

All items less energy

91.849 0.2 0.210 0.03 - -

Commodities

37.530 0.0 0.016 0.05 S-Mar. 2018 -0.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.233 0.0 -0.008 0.09 L-May 2018 0.0

Commodities less food

24.332 0.0 -0.003 0.07 S-Mar. 2018 -1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.371 0.0 -0.002 0.07 S-Mar. 2018 -1.0

Services

62.470 0.3 0.157 0.03 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.122 0.1 0.039 0.05 - -

Services less medical care services

55.572 0.2 0.131 0.04 L-May 2018 0.3

Durables

9.968 0.5 0.054 0.08 L-Oct. 2009 1.2

Nondurables

27.562 0.2 0.065 0.07 L-May 2018 0.7

Nondurables less food

14.364 0.2 0.029 0.11 L-May 2018 1.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.403 0.2 0.030 0.12 L-May 2018 1.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.335 0.5 0.051 0.09 L-May 2018 1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.296 0.5 0.050 0.08 L-May 2018 1.1

Housing

41.649 0.2 0.103 0.04 L-May 2018 0.2

Education and communication(5)

6.556 0.2 0.016 0.07 - -

Education(5)

2.970 0.3 0.008 0.06 L-May 2018 0.4

Communication(5)

3.585 0.2 0.008 0.11 - -

Information and information processing(5)

3.478 0.2 0.008 0.12 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.204 0.4 0.005 0.25 S-Apr. 2018 -0.6

Recreation(5)

5.651 0.2 0.010 0.11 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.817 0.1 0.002 0.15 L-Sep. 2017 0.4

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.011 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Photography(5)

0.072 -0.3 0.000 0.41 L-Apr. 2018 0.6

Food and beverages

14.159 0.1 0.018 0.06 S-May 2018 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

6.055 0.2 0.010 0.11 L-Apr. 2018 0.4

Other services

11.475 0.3 0.029 0.06 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.401 -0.7 -0.018 0.45 L-May 2018 0.2

Fuels and utilities

4.715 -0.2 -0.010 0.06 L-May 2018 0.1

Household energy

3.643 -0.3 -0.012 0.08 L-May 2018 -0.1

Medical care

8.631 -0.2 -0.016 0.09 S-May 2013 -0.2

Transportation

17.107 0.3 0.049 0.06 S-Apr. 2018 0.2

Private transportation

15.915 0.2 0.030 0.06 S-Mar. 2018 -1.3

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.005 0.7 0.051 0.10 L-Jun. 2011 0.8

Utilities and public transportation

9.483 0.0 -0.002 0.07 L-Mar. 2018 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

4.214 0.3 0.013 0.16 L-Apr. 2018 0.5

Other goods and services

3.179 0.0 0.001 0.10 L-May 2018 0.1

Personal care(4)

2.534 0.0 0.001 0.13 - -

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2018, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Jul. 2017-
Jul. 2018
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2017-
Jul. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.9   0.07 - -

Food

13.198 1.4 0.190 0.10 - -

Food at home

7.239 0.4 0.026 0.16 - -

Cereals and bakery products

0.957 0.5 0.004 0.30 - -

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 -0.3 -0.001 0.62 S-May 2018 -0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 0.5 0.000 0.99 S-Mar. 2018 -0.1

Breakfast cereal

0.149 -2.5 -0.004 0.85 S-Feb. 2018 -3.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.120 2.1 0.002 1.11 L-Dec. 2015 2.7

Rice(4)(5)

  1.1   1.35 S-May 2018 1.0

Bakery products

0.647 0.9 0.005 0.37 L-Apr. 2016 1.0

Bread(4)

0.190 1.0 0.002 0.66 L-Mar. 2018 1.3

White bread(5)

  0.2   0.89 L-May 2018 0.3

Bread other than white(5)

  2.2   0.89 L-Nov. 2015 3.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.091 1.6 0.002 1.07 - -

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.163 1.5 0.003 0.68 S-May 2018 0.0

Cookies(5)

  0.9   1.14 S-May 2018 -2.5

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  1.6   1.11 S-Feb. 2018 0.7

Other bakery products

0.203 -0.2 -0.001 0.71 S-May 2018 -0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  3.6   1.16 L-Feb. 2016 3.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -0.9   1.24 L-Oct. 2017 -0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -1.4   1.15 S-Jul. 2016 -2.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.601 0.9 0.015 0.33 S-Sep. 2017 0.4

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.509 0.0 0.000 0.32 S-Jun. 2017 -0.3

Meats

0.943 -0.7 -0.008 0.39 S-Jun. 2017 -1.0

Beef and veal

0.433 0.1 0.000 0.49 S-Jun. 2017 -0.8

Uncooked ground beef

0.171 -1.6 -0.003 0.81 S-May 2017 -3.3

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.063 2.6 0.002 1.39 L-Apr. 2018 3.7

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.161 0.4 0.001 0.91 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.038 2.7 0.001 1.30 S-Jan. 2018 2.6

Pork

0.294 -1.3 -0.004 0.79 S-Jan. 2017 -3.5

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.131 -1.2 -0.002 1.01 L-May 2018 0.1

Bacon and related products(5)

  -2.5   1.31 L-May 2018 -0.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  1.4   1.67 L-May 2018 2.4

Ham

0.055 -2.8 -0.002 1.82 S-Mar. 2018 -2.8

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -2.3   2.30 S-Mar. 2018 -2.8

Pork chops

0.043 2.3 0.001 1.89 S-May 2018 1.2

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.065 -2.4 -0.002 1.73 - -

Other meats

0.215 -1.8 -0.004 0.83 S-Apr. 2017 -2.1

Frankfurters(5)

  -1.1   2.43 S-Jun. 2017 -2.0

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -2.3   0.83 S-Feb. 2017 -2.5

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.317 1.2 0.004 0.72 L-Feb. 2018 1.3

Chicken(4)

0.259 1.8 0.005 0.84 L-Apr. 2018 2.5

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  2.5   1.94 L-Apr. 2018 3.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  2.0   0.99 L-Apr. 2018 2.6

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.057 -1.4 -0.001 1.44 L-Dec. 2017 -0.8

Fish and seafood

0.249 1.6 0.004 0.84 L-Apr. 2018 3.8

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.129 2.4 0.003 1.17 S-May 2018 2.1

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.120 0.9 0.001 0.98 L-Apr. 2018 3.9

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  4.3   1.31 L-Apr. 2018 5.8

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -1.8   1.50 S-Mar. 2018 -1.8

Eggs

0.092 16.7 0.016 1.47 L-May 2018 21.6

Dairy and related products

0.725 -0.4 -0.003 0.40 S-May 2018 -0.6

Milk(4)

0.199 -2.2 -0.004 0.70 S-May 2018 -2.6

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -2.8   1.68 S-May 2018 -3.7

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -1.7   0.99 S-Mar. 2018 -2.8

Cheese and related products

0.239 0.9 0.002 0.68 S-Apr. 2018 0.9

Ice cream and related products

0.102 0.0 0.000 0.96 S-May 2018 -0.8

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.185 -0.3 -0.001 0.82 S-May 2018 -0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.270 0.9 0.012 0.43 L-Feb. 2018 2.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

0.999 1.4 0.015 0.53 L-Feb. 2018 3.1

Fresh fruits

0.542 1.9 0.011 0.68 - -

Apples

0.076 -4.9 -0.005 1.75 S-Jun. 2017 -4.9

Bananas

0.080 1.2 0.001 1.03 L-Jan. 2012 2.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.161 4.9 0.008 1.42 S-Sep. 2017 2.2

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  2.8   2.18 S-Apr. 2017 2.3

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.225 3.0 0.007 1.05 L-Feb. 2018 4.0

Fresh vegetables

0.457 0.9 0.004 0.84 L-Mar. 2018 1.1

Potatoes

0.077 1.3 0.001 2.08 - -

Lettuce

0.055 1.6 0.001 2.35 L-Jan. 2018 4.1

Tomatoes

0.076 1.4 0.001 1.67 L-Apr. 2018 1.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.249 0.4 0.001 1.20 L-Mar. 2018 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.271 -1.0 -0.003 0.69 - -

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.148 0.1 0.000 0.87 S-Apr. 2018 -0.1

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  -1.4   1.19 L-May 2018 -0.5

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  1.4   1.24 S-May 2018 1.1

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.078 -2.8 -0.002 1.35 L-Apr. 2018 -1.2

Frozen vegetables(5)

  -3.4   1.67 L-May 2018 -3.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.045 -1.3 -0.001 1.42 S-Mar. 2018 -3.6

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -2.7   2.11 S-Mar. 2018 -4.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.856 -0.3 -0.003 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.604 0.2 0.001 0.53 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Carbonated drinks

0.252 0.7 0.002 0.87 - -

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.009 -2.3 0.000 1.12 S-Mar. 2013 -2.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.343 -0.1 0.000 0.64 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.252 -1.5 -0.004 0.77 L-Mar. 2018 -1.2

Coffee

0.163 -2.4 -0.004 1.09 L-Mar. 2018 -1.6

Roasted coffee(5)

  -3.0   1.60 L-Mar. 2018 -2.1

Instant coffee(5)

  -4.2   1.65 L-Mar. 2018 -3.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.089 0.0 0.000 1.01 L-May 2018 0.2

Other food at home

1.831 0.1 0.000 0.31 - -

Sugar and sweets

0.277 -1.1 -0.003 0.70 S-Apr. 2017 -1.2

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.043 -0.9 -0.001 0.87 S-May 2017 -1.1

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.181 -0.8 -0.002 0.91 S-Sep. 2017 -1.4

Other sweets(4)

0.054 -1.7 -0.001 1.22 S-Sep. 2016 -2.0

Fats and oils

0.213 -0.5 -0.001 0.61 S-Feb. 2017 -1.1

Butter and margarine(4)

0.060 -0.2 0.000 1.16 S-Feb. 2017 -0.2

Butter(5)

  1.2   1.57 S-Mar. 2018 0.6

Margarine(5)

  -2.4   1.43 L-Apr. 2018 -2.0

Salad dressing(4)

0.050 -2.9 -0.002 1.37 S-Nov. 2016 -4.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.102 0.5 0.001 0.92 L-May 2018 0.5

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  -1.9   1.06 S-Dec. 2017 -3.5

Other foods

1.341 0.4 0.005 0.36 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Soups

0.085 -1.0 -0.001 1.65 S-May 2018 -1.2

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.235 -1.0 -0.002 0.89 S-May 2018 -1.3

Snacks

0.309 2.0 0.006 0.82 L-Jan. 2016 2.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.270 0.8 0.002 0.79 S-Apr. 2018 0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  1.2   1.40 L-Mar. 2018 2.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  3.2   1.68 S-May 2018 3.1

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  1.7   1.16 S-Apr. 2018 1.7

Other condiments(5)

  -0.7   1.74 S-May 2018 -1.5

Baby food(4)

0.049 0.9 0.000 1.16 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.394 -0.1 0.000 0.51 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  -0.7   1.26 S-Sep. 2016 -1.1

Food away from home

5.959 2.8 0.164 0.10 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.963 2.4 0.071 0.13 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.532 2.6 0.066 0.18 S-Oct. 2017 2.6

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.179 7.8 0.015 0.63 L-Aug. 2016 10.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.090 3.0 0.003 1.49 S-May 2018 1.9

Other food away from home(4)

0.195 4.8 0.010 0.53 L-May 2018 4.9

Energy

8.151 12.1 0.896 0.11 L-Feb. 2017 15.2

Energy commodities

4.697 25.4 0.939 0.17 L-Feb. 2017 29.8

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.189 22.1 0.039 0.91 L-Sep. 2011 25.9

Fuel oil

0.116 34.7 0.032 1.08 L-Aug. 2011 35.4

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.073 7.0 0.007 1.58 S-Apr. 2018 6.5

Motor fuel

4.509 25.4 0.900 0.18 L-Feb. 2017 30.6

Gasoline (all types)

4.415 25.4 0.882 0.18 L-Feb. 2017 30.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  25.9   0.94 L-Feb. 2017 31.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  23.3   0.78 L-Feb. 2017 28.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  22.0   0.79 L-Feb. 2017 24.7

Other motor fuels(4)

0.094 30.1 0.018 0.28 L-Sep. 2011 31.2

Energy services

3.454 -1.0 -0.042 0.15 S-Jun. 2016 -2.5

Electricity

2.697 -0.8 -0.033 0.18 S-Jul. 2016 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

0.757 -1.3 -0.010 0.22 L-May 2018 -0.8

All items less food and energy

78.651 2.4 1.863 0.08 L-Sep. 2008 2.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.635 0.0 0.004 0.19 L-Feb. 2016 0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(10)

3.345 -0.5 -0.013 0.33 L-Dec. 2012 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.258 -0.5 -0.001 1.10 S-Apr. 2018 -1.7

Floor coverings(4)

0.056 1.4 0.001 1.56 S-Jan. 2018 0.1

Window coverings(4)

0.046 -3.2 -0.002 2.47 L-May 2018 -1.5

Other linens(4)

0.156 -0.4 -0.001 1.79 S-May 2018 -0.9

Furniture and bedding

0.883 0.0 0.001 0.84 - -

Bedroom furniture

0.319 0.8 0.003 1.05 L-Nov. 2017 1.0

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.428 0.0 0.001 1.41 S-Mar. 2018 -2.0

Other furniture(4)

0.124 -2.3 -0.003 1.58 L-Apr. 2018 -1.5

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

  -2.1   2.26 L-Oct. 2007 0.9

Appliances(4)

0.213 2.8 0.007 1.10 L-Jun. 2012 3.2

Major appliances(4)

0.078 8.5 0.006 1.29 L-Mar. 2012 9.0

Laundry equipment(5)

  15.4   2.84 L-EVER -

Other appliances(4)

0.131 0.0 0.000 1.52 L-Jul. 2011 0.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.502 -5.6 -0.028 1.03 L-Apr. 2018 -4.6

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.274 -7.2 -0.020 1.64 L-Jun. 2017 -5.6

Indoor plants and flowers(11)

0.092 0.1 0.000 1.28 L-May 2018 2.0

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.054 -11.2 -0.006 3.20 S-May 2012 -11.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.081 -3.3 -0.002 1.49 S-Feb. 2018 -5.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.663 -0.1 0.000 0.70 L-Apr. 2018 0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.196 0.7 0.002 0.81 L-Apr. 2018 1.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.306 -0.5 -0.002 0.92 L-Apr. 2018 -0.4

Housekeeping supplies

0.827 1.0 0.008 0.43 L-Sep. 2012 1.2

Household cleaning products(4)

0.329 1.4 0.005 0.62 L-Jul. 2012 2.4

Household paper products(4)

0.216 0.4 0.001 0.83 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.282 1.0 0.003 0.88 L-Apr. 2018 1.9

Apparel

3.069 0.3 0.010 0.79 S-Mar. 2018 0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.749 1.4 0.011 1.43 L-Apr. 2018 2.0

Men's apparel

0.584 0.8 0.005 1.68 L-Apr. 2018 1.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.103 -0.8 -0.001 2.87 L-Apr. 2018 0.5

Men's furnishings

0.150 4.7 0.007 3.59 L-Sep. 2013 6.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.169 1.3 0.002 2.21 L-Apr. 2018 3.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.155 -2.9 -0.004 2.81 S-Dec. 2016 -4.1

Boys' apparel

0.164 4.1 0.006 3.18 S-Mar. 2018 3.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.267 -1.3 -0.016 1.21 S-Dec. 2017 -2.4

Women's apparel

1.092 -1.4 -0.013 1.32 S-Dec. 2017 -3.1

Women's outerwear

0.069 -5.5 -0.004 4.56 S-Mar. 2018 -9.6

Women's dresses

0.131 0.2 0.000 3.98 S-Nov. 2017 0.2

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.586 -1.6 -0.004 1.77 S-Mar. 2018 -2.3

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.293 -1.7 -0.006 2.05 S-Apr. 2018 -2.4

Girls' apparel

0.175 -2.0 -0.003 2.99 S-Feb. 2017 -3.0

Footwear

0.667 0.5 0.003 1.29 L-Mar. 2018 0.8

Men's footwear

0.213 1.5 0.004 2.00 L-Jun. 2017 1.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.155 3.5 0.006 2.35 L-Jun. 2015 4.4

Women's footwear

0.300 -2.0 -0.006 1.69 S-May 2018 -2.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.138 7.5 0.010 2.57 S-Apr. 2018 4.7

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.248 0.1 0.002 4.64 L-May 2018 0.1

Watches(8)

0.096 0.3 0.001 10.80 S-May 2018 -0.5

Jewelry(8)

0.152 0.0 0.001 4.96 L-May 2018 0.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(10)

6.617 0.6 0.043 0.19 L-Jan. 2016 0.6

New vehicles

3.723 0.2 0.008 0.33 L-May 2017 0.3

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  0.2   0.39 L-May 2017 0.2

New cars(5)

  0.4   0.39 L-Jan. 2017 0.5

New trucks(12)(5)

  0.0   0.52 L-Jun. 2017 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.401 0.8 0.033 0.09 L-Jan. 2016 0.9

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.378 0.1 0.001 0.70 S-Apr. 2018 -0.7

Tires

0.224 -1.6 -0.004 1.03 - -

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.155 2.7 0.004 0.75 S-May 2018 1.8

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  2.8   0.80 L-Jun. 2013 2.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  3.3   1.08 S-Apr. 2018 3.2

Medical care commodities

1.733 0.4 0.008 0.69 S-Dec. 2013 0.3

Medicinal drugs(10)

1.676 0.4 0.007 0.71 S-Dec. 2013 0.4

Prescription drugs

1.333 0.9 0.013 0.87 S-Dec. 2013 0.8

Nonprescription drugs(10)

0.343 -1.6 -0.006 0.77 S-Jul. 2016 -1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(10)

0.057 1.3 0.001 0.90 L-Apr. 2017 1.3

Recreation commodities(10)

1.812 -2.7 -0.048 0.43 L-May 2016 -2.6

Video and audio products(10)

0.239 -13.0 -0.030 1.38 L-May 2018 -12.6

Televisions

0.110 -18.2 -0.021 1.88 L-May 2018 -17.0

Other video equipment(4)

0.027 -5.0 -0.001 1.71 S-Sep. 2017 -5.0

Audio equipment

0.044 -12.7 -0.007 2.38 L-Nov. 2017 -11.5

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)

0.050 -3.8 -0.001 7.26 S-Feb. 2017 -4.1

Pets and pet products

0.600 0.4 0.003 0.54 S-May 2018 0.2

Pet food(4)(5)

  0.3   0.69 S-May 2018 -0.4

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  0.6   1.01 S-Apr. 2018 0.1

Sporting goods

0.493 0.7 0.004 0.81 L-Apr. 2018 0.7

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.281 4.1 0.012 1.23 L-Aug. 2011 4.1

Sports equipment

0.205 -3.5 -0.007 1.05 S-May 2017 -4.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.032 -6.5 -0.002 2.01 S-Apr. 2016 -7.6

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

           

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  -4.9   2.74 - -

Recreational reading materials

0.113 3.3 0.004 1.35 L-May 2014 3.3

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.068 3.8 0.002 1.97 L-Aug. 2017 3.8

Recreational books(4)

0.045 2.4 0.001 1.67 S-May 2018 2.4

Other recreational goods(4)

0.335 -7.1 -0.025 0.98 L-Apr. 2018 -7.1

Toys

0.265 -8.7 -0.025 1.11 L-Mar. 2018 -8.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -8.3   1.57 L-Nov. 2017 -7.4

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.024 5.6 0.001 2.69 S-Mar. 2018 2.8

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.035 -2.2 -0.001 1.50 S-May 2018 -2.6

Education and communication commodities(10)

0.549 -4.0 -0.024 0.97 S-Apr. 2017 -4.0

Educational books and supplies

0.132 1.9 0.002 1.91 S-Apr. 2018 0.4

College textbooks(13)(5)

  1.6   1.65 S-Apr. 2018 -0.3

Information technology commodities(10)

0.417 -5.8 -0.026 1.04 S-Apr. 2017 -6.4

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.315 -6.4 -0.019 1.24 S-Nov. 2016 -6.7

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.024 -4.8 -0.004 3.43 S-Apr. 2017 -9.8

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.078 -4.1 -0.004 1.41 L-Mar. 2018 -4.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.961 1.5 0.015 0.29 S-May 2018 1.4

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.597 1.2 0.007 0.43 S-May 2018 1.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.265 1.4 0.004 0.52 S-May 2018 0.9

Distilled spirits at home

0.080 0.2 0.000 0.73 L-Jan. 2017 0.3

Whiskey at home(5)

  -0.7   0.99 L-Aug. 2017 -0.7

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  0.2   1.03 L-May 2018 0.5

Wine at home

0.252 1.3 0.003 0.81 S-Mar. 2018 0.9

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.364 2.1 0.008 0.32 L-Apr. 2018 2.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  1.8   0.63 L-Jan. 2018 2.0

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  2.4   0.58 L-Nov. 2016 2.4

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  2.1   0.77 S-Dec. 2017 1.7

Other goods(10)

1.548 0.8 0.013 0.34 S-Mar. 2017 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.645 3.1 0.021 0.44 L-May 2018 3.3

Cigarettes(4)

0.572 3.1 0.018 0.43 L-May 2018 3.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.059 4.1 0.002 1.18 S-May 2018 3.8

Personal care products

0.688 -0.2 -0.001 0.54 L-May 2018 0.4

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.378 -0.3 -0.001 0.81 L-May 2018 -0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.304 -0.1 0.000 0.85 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.215 -3.0 -0.006 1.81 S-Apr. 2017 -5.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  1.2   1.51 - -

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  -5.8   1.28 S-Mar. 2017 -8.4

Services less energy services

59.016 3.1 1.859 0.09 - -

Shelter

32.720 3.5 1.163 0.10 L-May 2018 3.5

Rent of shelter(14)

32.347 3.5 1.157 0.10 L-May 2018 3.5

Rent of primary residence

7.761 3.6 0.284 0.11 - -

Lodging away from home(4)

1.022 5.1 0.057 2.03 L-Jun. 2016 6.8

Housing at school, excluding board(14)

0.111 2.0 0.002 0.29 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.911 5.2 0.054 2.37 L-Jun. 2016 6.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(14)

23.564 3.4 0.816 0.10 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(14)

22.249 3.4 0.777 0.10 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.373 1.6 0.006 0.37 L-Feb. 2016 1.6

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.072 3.6 0.040 0.20 L-Mar. 2017 3.6

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.810 3.5 0.029 0.24 L-Dec. 2017 3.5

Garbage and trash collection(12)

0.262 3.8 0.010 0.38 - -

Household operations(4)

0.869 5.8 0.050 0.99 S-May 2018 5.8

Domestic services(4)

0.298 2.3 0.007 0.41 S-Apr. 2017 1.9

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.288 8.0 0.022 0.51 L-Mar. 2009 8.5

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.101 8.6 0.009 4.54 S-May 2018 5.5

Repair of household items(4)

0.107 6.9 0.007 0.81 L-May 2018 6.9

Medical care services

6.898 2.3 0.158 0.32 S-May 2018 2.3

Professional services

3.252 1.4 0.045 0.38 S-May 2018 1.1

Physicians' services

1.732 0.6 0.011 0.62 S-May 2018 0.6

Dental services

0.788 3.1 0.024 0.50 S-Feb. 2018 3.0

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.315 2.5 0.008 0.78 L-Apr. 2016 2.5

Services by other medical professionals(8)

0.417 0.7 0.002 0.86 - -

Hospital and related services

2.598 4.3 0.111 0.50 S-Apr. 2018 4.2

Hospital services(15)

2.322 4.6 0.105 0.55 S-Apr. 2018 4.5

Inpatient hospital services(15)(5)

  4.1   1.65 S-Apr. 2018 4.0

Outpatient hospital services(8)(5)

  4.3   1.51 - -

Nursing homes and adult day services(15)

0.190 2.8 0.005 0.44 S-Sep. 2017 2.7

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.086 0.9 0.001 1.16 L-Dec. 2016 1.5

Health insurance(7)

1.048 0.0 0.001 0.36 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Transportation services

5.982 4.0 0.234 0.25 L-Apr. 2018 4.1

Leased cars and trucks(13)

0.650 6.4 0.039 1.20 L-Aug. 2009 8.0

Car and truck rental(4)

0.117 -7.0 -0.006 2.67 L-May 2018 -2.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.109 2.3 0.026 0.47 - -

Motor vehicle body work

0.055 2.9 0.002 0.64 - -

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.623 2.9 0.018 0.69 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.368 1.3 0.005 0.64 - -

Motor vehicle insurance

2.376 7.4 0.180 0.46 S-May 2017 7.0

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.538 1.5 0.008 0.35 S-Jan. 2018 1.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)

0.278 1.1 0.003 0.43 S-Jul. 2016 1.0

Parking and other fees(4)

0.243 2.1 0.005 0.54 S-Feb. 2018 1.7

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  1.5   1.21 S-Aug. 2014 1.5

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

      1.99 - -

Public transportation

1.192 -1.5 -0.014 0.63 L-Nov. 2017 -0.8

Airline fares

0.739 -4.1 -0.022 0.94 L-Dec. 2017 -4.0

Other intercity transportation

0.168 0.7 0.001 1.21 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

  -0.4   3.59 S-Jan. 2010 -0.5

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)

  0.7   2.08 S-May 2018 -0.5

Intracity transportation

0.277 2.5 0.007 0.30 L-Mar. 2018 3.1

Intracity mass transit(10)(5)

  4.4   0.81 L-Jun. 2013 5.8

Recreation services(10)

3.839 1.8 0.068 0.55 S-May 2018 1.8

Video and audio services(10)

1.579 1.0 0.015 0.50 S-Jun. 2015 0.9

Cable and satellite television service(12)

1.492 0.8 0.012 0.51 S-Jan. 2011 0.0

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)

0.087 4.3 0.004 1.69 L-Jun. 2016 5.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  2.4   3.58 L-Jun. 2016 5.4

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)

  4.2   0.80 L-Apr. 2017 4.2

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.411 2.6 0.010 0.57 S-Apr. 2018 2.1

Pet services(4)(5)

  2.5   0.60 S-Apr. 2018 0.7

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  2.4   0.65 S-Apr. 2018 2.4

Photographers and photo processing(4)

0.038 -1.8 -0.001 1.05 S-Apr. 2018 -2.5

Photographer fees(4)(5)

  0.8   1.26 S-Mar. 2018 0.0

Photo processing(4)(5)

  -7.4   1.21 S-May 2018 -8.1

Other recreation services(4)

1.810 2.4 0.043 1.08 S-May 2018 2.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)

0.663 2.3 0.015 1.42 S-Nov. 2017 2.3

Admissions

0.662 2.9 0.020 1.68 S-May 2018 1.5

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  3.0   1.68 - -

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  3.4   3.59 S-May 2018 1.2

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.214 1.5 0.003 1.34 S-Dec. 2016 0.5

Education and communication services(10)

6.006 1.5 0.092 0.24 L-Jun. 2016 1.5

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.838 2.2 0.064 0.20 L-Dec. 2017 2.2

College tuition and fees

1.568 2.0 0.037 0.26 L-Feb. 2018 2.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.325 3.9 0.013 0.42 L-Sep. 2017 3.9

Child care and nursery school(11)

0.797 1.5 0.011 0.40 S-May 2018 1.5

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.032 3.1 0.001 1.02 L-Dec. 2017 3.4

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.108 2.5 0.003 0.22 - -

Postage

0.094 2.0 0.002 0.22 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.014 8.0 0.001 0.99 L-Jan. 2012 9.2

Telephone services(4)

2.274 0.8 0.019 0.50 L-May 2016 0.9

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.704 0.6 0.008 0.64 L-Jun. 2016 0.8

Land-line telephone services(10)

0.569 1.5 0.010 0.61 L-Jan. 2018 2.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.778 0.8 0.006 1.21 L-Nov. 2016 0.8

Other personal services(10)

1.631 3.3 0.054 0.25 S-Mar. 2018 2.5

Personal care services

0.624 3.0 0.019 0.36 S-May 2018 2.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.624 3.0 0.019 0.36 S-May 2018 2.5

Miscellaneous personal services

1.006 3.6 0.036 0.38 S-Mar. 2018 2.8

Legal services(8)

0.304 3.6 0.011 0.56 L-May 2018 4.8

Funeral expenses(8)

0.127 2.1 0.003 0.41 L-Aug. 2017 2.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.236 2.2 0.005 0.74 S-May 2015 2.0

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.028 0.6 0.000 0.91 L-Sep. 2017 0.8

Financial services(8)

0.240 5.6 0.013 1.03 S-Mar. 2018 1.4

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  9.9   0.96 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  6.4   1.14 S-Mar. 2018 -1.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.802 3.2 2.759 0.07 L-Feb. 2017 3.2

All items less shelter

67.280 2.7 1.786 0.08 L-Mar. 2012 2.9

All items less food and shelter

54.082 3.0 1.596 0.10 L-Feb. 2017 3.0

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.931 1.5 0.700 0.11 L-Aug. 2016 1.5

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.529 1.5 0.667 0.12 - -

All items less medical care

91.369 3.0 2.784 0.07 L-Nov. 2011 3.4

All items less energy

91.849 2.2 2.053 0.07 L-Jun. 2012 2.3

Commodities

37.530 3.0 1.133 0.11 L-Mar. 2012 3.5

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.233 -0.2 -0.029 0.21 - -

Commodities less food

24.332 4.0 0.943 0.17 L-Feb. 2012 4.3

Commodities less food and beverages

23.371 4.1 0.928 0.17 L-Feb. 2012 4.4

Services

62.470 2.9 1.816 0.08 L-May 2018 2.9

Services less rent of shelter(14)

30.122 2.2 0.660 0.13 - -

Services less medical care services

55.572 3.0 1.659 0.09 L-May 2018 3.0

Durables

9.968 -0.4 -0.029 0.18 L-Jul. 2012 0.0

Nondurables

27.562 4.3 1.162 0.13 S-May 2018 4.1

Nondurables less food

14.364 7.2 0.971 0.24 S-May 2018 6.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.403 7.6 0.956 0.25 S-May 2018 7.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

10.335 9.9 0.946 0.20 S-May 2018 9.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

11.296 9.2 0.961 0.18 - -

Housing

41.649 2.9 1.235 0.09 L-May 2018 3.0

Education and communication(4)

6.556 1.0 0.068 0.22 L-Jun. 2016 1.1

Education(4)

2.970 2.1 0.067 0.22 L-Nov. 2017 2.2

Communication(4)

3.585 0.1 0.002 0.37 L-Jun. 2012 0.2

Information and information processing(4)

3.478 0.0 -0.001 0.38 L-Jun. 2012 0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(16)

1.204 -1.7 -0.020 0.81 L-Oct. 2014 -1.5

Recreation(4)

5.651 0.3 0.020 0.40 S-May 2018 0.2

Video and audio(4)

1.817 -0.8 -0.015 0.46 S-Jun. 2011 -1.4

Pets, pet products and services(4)

1.011 1.2 0.013 0.40 S-May 2018 1.2

Photography(4)

0.072 -4.0 -0.003 1.02 S-Sep. 2015 -4.0

Food and beverages

14.159 1.4 0.205 0.09 S-May 2018 1.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.055 0.4 0.024 0.17 S-May 2018 0.3

Other services

11.475 1.8 0.215 0.21 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.401 0.2 0.007 0.97 S-Mar. 2018 0.1

Fuels and utilities

4.715 0.9 0.036 0.12 S-Aug. 2016 0.2

Household energy

3.643 0.1 -0.004 0.15 S-Aug. 2016 -0.7

Medical care

8.631 1.9 0.165 0.30 S-Feb. 2018 1.8

Transportation

17.107 7.3 1.177 0.12 L-Nov. 2011 8.0

Private transportation

15.915 8.0 1.191 0.12 L-Nov. 2011 8.2

New and used motor vehicles(4)

7.005 1.0 0.076 0.21 L-Oct. 2013 1.0

Utilities and public transportation

9.483 0.2 0.014 0.16 - -

Household furnishings and operations

4.214 0.8 0.036 0.36 L-Jul. 2012 0.9

Other goods and services

3.179 2.1 0.067 0.21 S-Dec. 2017 2.0

Personal care

2.534 1.8 0.047 0.26 S-Mar. 2018 1.6

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Last Modified Date: August 10, 2018