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Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPI CPI Program Links

Consumer Price Index News Release

 

 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (ET) September 11, 2020              USDL-20-1693

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov 

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – AUGUST 2020
 
 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.4 percent
 in August on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.6 percent in July, the
 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all
 items index increased 1.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.
 
 The monthly increase in the seasonally adjusted all items index was broad-based;
 a sharp rise in the used cars and trucks index was the largest factor, but the
 indexes for gasoline, shelter, recreation, and household furnishings and
 operations also contributed. The energy index rose 0.9 percent in August as the
 gasoline index rose 2.0 percent. The food index rose 0.1 percent in August after
 falling in July; an increase in the food away from home index more than offset a
 slight decline in the food at home index.  

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in August after
 increasing 0.6 percent in July. The sharp rise in the index for used cars and
 trucks accounted for over 40 percent of the increase; the indexes for shelter,
 recreation, household furnishings and operations, apparel, motor vehicle
 insurance, and airline fares also rose. The indexes for education and personal
 care were among the few to decline. 

 The all items index increased 1.3 percent for the 12 months ending August; this
 figure has been rising since the period ending May 2020, when the 12-month
 increase was 0.1 percent. The index for all items less food and energy increased
 1.7 percent over the last 12 months. The food index increased 4.1 percent over the
 last 12 months, with the index for food at home rising 4.6 percent. Despite recent
 monthly increases, the energy index fell 9.0 percent over the last 12 months. 


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July  Aug.   ended 
                              2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020  2020   Aug.  
                                                                         2020  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .1   -.4   -.8   -.1    .6    .6    .4      1.3
  Food......................    .4    .3   1.5    .7    .6   -.4    .1      4.1
   Food at home.............    .5    .5   2.6   1.0    .7  -1.1   -.1      4.6
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .2    .1    .4    .5    .5    .3      3.5
  Energy....................  -2.0  -5.8 -10.1  -1.8   5.1   2.5    .9     -9.0
   Energy commodities.......  -3.5 -10.4 -20.0  -3.5  11.7   5.3   2.0    -16.7
    Gasoline (all types)....  -3.4 -10.5 -20.6  -3.5  12.3   5.6   2.0    -16.8
    Fuel oil................  -8.5 -13.7 -15.6  -6.3  10.2   4.3   3.9    -23.6
   Energy services..........   -.3   -.5    .1   -.5   -.2    .0   -.2      -.1
    Electricity.............   -.1   -.2    .1   -.8   -.3    .3   -.2      -.1
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.9  -1.4    .2    .8    .0  -1.0   -.2      -.5
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2   -.1   -.4   -.1    .2    .6    .4      1.7
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .2   -.3   -.7   -.2    .2    .7   1.0       .4
    New vehicles............    .1   -.4    .0    .3    .0    .8    .0       .7
    Used cars and trucks....    .4    .8   -.4   -.4  -1.2   2.3   5.4      4.0
    Apparel.................    .4  -2.0  -4.7  -2.3   1.7   1.1    .6     -5.9
    Medical care commodities   -.6    .0   -.1    .1    .2    .0   -.1       .8
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .2    .0   -.4    .0    .3    .6    .2      2.2
    Shelter.................    .3    .0    .0    .2    .1    .2    .1      2.3
    Transportation services     .3  -1.9  -4.7  -3.6   2.1   3.6    .0     -4.0
    Medical care services...    .3    .5    .5    .6    .5    .5    .1      5.3

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.


 Food
 
 The food index rose 0.1 percent in August after falling in July. The index for
 food at home fell slightly in August, decreasing 0.1 percent after falling
 1.1 percent the prior month. The August decline was mostly caused by the index
 for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which fell 1.7 percent in August, its second
 consecutive monthly decline after sharp increases in prior months. The beef index
 fell 4.4 percent in August after declining 8.2 percent in July. The cereals and
 bakery products index also declined in August, falling 0.2 percent.  

 The remaining four major grocery store food group indexes increased in August.
 The index for dairy and related products rose 1.5 percent in August after declining
 in June and July. The index for other food at home rose 0.5 percent in August, the
 index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.2 percent, and the index for nonalcoholic
 beverages advanced 0.1 percent. 

 The index for food away from home continued to rise in August, although its
 0.3-percent increase was the smallest monthly increase since April. The index for
 limited service meals advanced 0.4 percent in August after rising 0.6 percent in
 July. The index for full service meals increased 0.1 percent in August following a
 0.4-percent increase in July.

 The food at home index increased 4.6 percent over the last 12 months. All six major
 grocery store food group indexes rose over that span. The index for meats, poultry,
 fish, and eggs rose 7.1 percent over the last year as the index for beef increased
 9.6 percent. Increases in the other groups ranged from 2.7 percent (fruits and
 vegetables) to 5.7 percent (dairy and related products). The index for food away
 from home rose 3.5 percent over the last year. The index for limited service meals
 increased 4.8 percent and the index for full service meals rose 2.8 percent over
 the last 12 months.

 Energy

 The energy index rose 0.9 percent in August, its third consecutive increase. The
 gasoline index continued to rise, increasing 2.0 percent in August after rising
 5.6 percent in July. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices were unchanged in
 August.) The index for electricity decreased 0.2 percent in August after rising in
 July. The index for natural gas also declined, falling 0.2 percent in August after
 a 1.0-percent decrease in July.  
 
 The energy index fell 9.0 percent over the past 12 months. The gasoline index
 decreased 16.8 percent, while the fuel oil index fell 23.6 percent. The index for
 natural gas declined 0.5 percent and the index for electricity decreased slightly
 over the year, falling 0.1 percent.

 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in August after
 rising 0.6 percent in July. The index for used cars and trucks increased 5.4 percent
 in August, its largest monthly increase since March 1969. The shelter index increased
 in August, rising 0.1 percent, with the indexes for rent and owners’ equivalent rent
 both rising 0.1 percent. 

 The recreation index increased 0.7 percent in August after falling in June and July.
 The index for household furnishings and operations increased 0.9 percent, its largest
 monthly increase since February 1991, as the index for furniture and bedding rose
 1.6 percent and the index for appliances increased 2.0 percent. The apparel index
 rose 0.6 percent in August, its third consecutive monthly increase. The index for
 motor vehicle insurance rose 0.5 percent, and the index for airline fares increased
 1.2 percent over the month.

 The index for medical care rose slightly in August, increasing 0.1 percent. The
 indexes for hospital services and for physicians’ services both rose 0.1 percent,
 while the index for prescription drugs declined 0.2 percent. The new vehicles index
 was unchanged in August after rising in July. The education index decreased
 0.3 percent in August, the first decline in the history of the index, which dates
 to 1993. The personal care index also fell 0.3 percent in August after rising the
 last 2 months.   

 The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent over the past 12 months.
 The shelter index rose 2.3 percent, and the medical care index increased 4.5 percent
 over the last 12 months. Indexes that declined over the 12-month span include apparel
 (-5.9 percent), airline fares (-23.2 percent), and motor vehicle insurance
 (-1.5 percent). 

 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.3 percent over
 the last 12 months to an index level of 259.918 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
 index rose 0.3 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 increased 1.4 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 253.597
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index rose 0.4 percent prior to seasonal
 adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased
 1.0 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent
 on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to
 12 months are subject to revision. 

 _______________
 The Consumer Price Index for September 2020 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
 October 13, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
 
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on August 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

 Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended
 since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either
 online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August was affected by the temporary closing or
 limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the
 number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to
 collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices
 than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.
 Additional information is available at
 www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
 Technical Note
 
 Brief Explanation of the CPI
 
 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers
 for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two
 population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical
 workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total
 U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of
 urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor,
 the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical
 workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in
 rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and
 those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation
 for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price
 Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for
 All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).
 
 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is
 based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that
 meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come
 from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners
 must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
 The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population
 and is a subset of the CPI-U population.
 
 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation,
 doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people
 buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas
 across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail
 establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and
 other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated
 with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and
 a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most
 other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest
 geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and
 services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s
 trained representatives.
 
 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location
 are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending
 of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a
 U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published
 by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions
 and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not
 measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
 average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U,
 data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered
 final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to
 three subsequent quarterly revisions.
 
 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the
 CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base
 for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the
 reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship
 can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and
 services rising from $100 to $107.
 
 Sampling Error in the CPI
 
 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is
 based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices.
 BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-
 month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error
 estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.
 For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03
 percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from
 the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a
 percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be
 within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices.
 For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are
 95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices
 would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including
 information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see
 https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.
 
 Calculating Index Changes
 
 Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent
 changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are
 affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent
 changes are not.
 
 The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent
 changes:
  
                                Item A                  Item B                      Item C
 Year I                         112.500                 225.000                     110.000
 Year II                        121.500                 243.000                     128.000
 Change in index points         9.000                   18.000                      18.000
 Percent change                 9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
 Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
 
 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
 SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new
 factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors
 are available at www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-2020.pdf.
 For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal
 Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the
 Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.
 
 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are
 usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
 same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting
 from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This
 allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The
 unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they
 actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many
 collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation
 changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises
 against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally
 adjusted series are revised annually.
 
 Intervention Analysis
 
 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some
 CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal
 pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which
 the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior
 to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
 represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data.
 
 For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the
 2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this
 outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal
 portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data
 prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this
 “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal
 pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the
 unadjusted data.
 
 For the seasonal factors introduced for January 2020, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention
 analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels,
 electricity, and vehicles.
 
 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
 
 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject
 to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years
 of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final
 and not subject to revision. For January 2020, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
 indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly adjusted
 using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors for 2019
 will be applied to data for 2020 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2020 indexes. Series which
 are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series have seasonal
 factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.
 
 Determining Seasonal Status
 
 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
 criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its
 status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the
 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status
 from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used
 in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
 indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S.
 city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 2020.
 
 Contact Information
 
 For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information
 and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.
 
 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
 www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.
 
 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
 request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.



Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2019
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019-
Aug.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
May
2020-
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020

All items

100.000 256.558 259.101 259.918 1.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.4

Food

14.133 258.410 268.863 269.079 4.1 0.1 0.6 -0.4 0.1

Food at home

7.853 241.153 252.563 252.352 4.6 -0.1 0.7 -1.1 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.012 276.619 285.204 284.472 2.8 -0.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.788 249.277 271.028 266.969 7.1 -1.5 2.0 -3.8 -1.7

Dairy and related products

0.780 218.758 227.114 231.231 5.7 1.8 -0.4 -0.8 1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.346 298.600 306.123 306.754 2.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.939 170.067 178.167 178.684 5.1 0.3 0.7 -0.5 0.1

Other food at home

1.989 210.841 219.254 219.607 4.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.5

Food away from home(1)

6.279 285.507 294.599 295.437 3.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3

Energy

6.172 216.978 197.665 197.362 -9.0 -0.2 5.1 2.5 0.9

Energy commodities

3.027 238.431 198.365 198.496 -16.7 0.1 11.7 5.3 2.0

Fuel oil

0.074 271.766 203.084 207.623 -23.6 2.2 10.2 4.3 3.9

Motor fuel

2.895 234.746 195.317 195.352 -16.8 0.0 12.0 5.5 2.0

Gasoline (all types)

2.832 233.625 194.397 194.449 -16.8 0.0 12.3 5.6 2.0

Energy services

3.146 205.900 206.388 205.636 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Electricity

2.488 217.811 218.820 217.680 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3 0.3 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.658 167.803 166.536 166.916 -0.5 0.2 0.0 -1.0 -0.2

All items less food and energy

79.695 264.169 267.703 268.756 1.7 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.080 144.806 143.696 145.391 0.4 1.2 0.2 0.7 1.0

Apparel

2.673 123.641 114.267 116.299 -5.9 1.8 1.7 1.1 0.6

New vehicles

3.744 146.456 147.803 147.412 0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.8 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.592 144.026 141.493 149.765 4.0 5.8 -1.2 2.3 5.4

Medical care commodities

1.616 382.519 384.377 385.409 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages

1.033 253.314 256.960 257.678 1.7 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.600 1,124.082 1,178.054 1,180.537 5.0 0.2 1.1 0.8 0.4

Services less energy services

59.615 338.619 345.493 345.936 2.2 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.2

Shelter

33.378 319.679 326.580 326.997 2.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.846 332.638 341.950 342.444 2.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

24.207 326.977 335.144 335.763 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Medical care services

7.368 539.066 567.299 567.771 5.3 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1

Physicians' services

1.832 382.858 392.928 393.025 2.7 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.1

Hospital services(3)

2.222 339.781 353.381 353.332 4.0 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.1

Transportation services

5.169 324.396 312.938 311.422 -4.0 -0.5 2.1 3.6 0.0

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.089 297.884 305.573 307.554 3.2 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.6

Motor vehicle insurance

1.644 568.972 558.276 560.623 -1.5 0.4 5.1 9.3 0.5

Airline fares

0.632 259.849 204.785 199.496 -23.2 -2.6 2.6 5.4 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, August 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2020
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2019-
Aug.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
May
2020-
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020

All items

100.000 1.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.4

Food

14.133 4.1 0.1 0.6 -0.4 0.1

Food at home

7.853 4.6 -0.1 0.7 -1.1 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.012 2.8 -0.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.312 1.7 -1.0 0.2 -1.2 -0.7

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 1.4 -0.4 2.1 -1.4 0.3

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.142 0.5 -2.0 1.1 -1.8 -2.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.127 2.9 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.0 -0.2 0.6 0.0

Bakery products(1)

0.700 3.4 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

Bread(1)(2)

0.199 5.2 0.5 -0.5 0.6 0.5

White bread(1)(3)

  6.8 1.0 -0.6 0.7 1.0

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  3.9 0.0 -0.4 0.4 0.0

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.100 4.6 1.5 0.2 -0.2 1.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.179 1.0 -0.4 1.8 -0.8 -0.3

Cookies(1)(3)

  2.2 0.4 0.7 -0.3 0.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  -1.9 -2.2 3.5 -1.5 -2.2

Other bakery products

0.221 3.0 -0.5 0.1 0.2 -0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  5.0 -0.3 1.8 -0.6 -0.3

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  2.7 0.3 -1.0 0.2 -0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  1.3 -1.1 0.0 0.4 -1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.788 7.1 -1.5 2.0 -3.8 -1.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.691 7.2 -1.5 2.3 -3.7 -1.7

Meats

1.077 8.1 -2.3 3.7 -5.1 -2.6

Beef and veal

0.508 9.6 -4.6 4.8 -8.2 -4.4

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.186 9.9 -4.0 6.8 -8.0 -4.0

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.081 12.1 -5.1 1.3 -8.7 -5.1

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.196 8.2 -5.2 5.1 -8.7 -4.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.046 10.0 -3.5 5.1 -5.9 -3.5

Pork

0.337 7.6 -1.1 3.3 -3.2 -2.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.136 4.8 -1.7 6.2 -1.4 -2.4

Bacon and related products(3)

  3.6 -2.5 8.1 -1.6 -4.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  6.7 -0.1 3.2 -0.9 0.9

Ham

0.067 3.6 1.2 1.0 -5.7 0.3

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  3.9 1.2 0.4 -5.7 0.3

Pork chops(1)

0.055 9.3 -3.3 4.3 -5.7 -3.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(2)

0.079 14.7 -0.6 1.8 -2.2 -1.6

Other meats

0.232 5.9 1.1 1.9 -0.6 0.6

Frankfurters(3)

  9.7 -1.2 4.9 2.4 -3.2

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  5.3 1.1 0.5 -1.3 1.0

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.338 7.1 -0.2 0.1 -2.1 -0.2

Chicken(1)(2)

0.276 6.2 -0.5 0.2 -2.6 -0.5

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  6.6 -1.6 -0.3 -1.5 -1.6

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  5.9 -0.3 0.4 -2.9 -0.3

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(2)

0.063 11.3 1.3 -0.7 0.8 1.4

Fish and seafood

0.276 3.6 0.2 -0.7 -0.3 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.139 2.9 -1.1 -1.7 0.0 -1.3

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.137 4.2 1.4 0.2 -0.7 1.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  5.2 0.7 -0.5 0.6 0.7

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  4.3 1.8 1.0 -2.0 2.0

Eggs

0.097 7.1 -2.3 -2.7 -4.0 -3.0

Dairy and related products

0.780 5.7 1.8 -0.4 -0.8 1.5

Milk(2)

0.209 7.7 4.0 -0.6 0.2 3.6

Fresh whole milk(3)

  9.0 4.1 -0.4 0.6 4.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  7.0 3.9 -0.8 0.1 3.0

Cheese and related products(1)

0.262 6.7 2.6 -0.2 -1.6 2.6

Ice cream and related products

0.110 5.8 -0.2 0.4 -0.3 -1.3

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.200 2.2 -0.5 -1.3 0.0 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.346 2.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.053 2.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Fresh fruits

0.534 1.5 1.4 -0.4 0.2 1.4

Apples

0.077 -7.3 1.0 -2.1 -1.0 -1.0

Bananas(1)

0.076 -2.7 -1.6 -0.5 -1.3 -1.6

Citrus fruits(2)

0.146 1.6 1.0 0.3 0.8 0.1

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  -0.9 1.4 -0.4 -1.6 0.6

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.235 7.2 2.8 1.2 0.6 4.1

Fresh vegetables

0.520 3.0 -0.8 1.3 0.0 -0.8

Potatoes

0.086 4.9 -0.1 1.3 -3.1 -0.6

Lettuce(1)

0.061 2.0 -1.2 -0.5 1.6 -1.2

Tomatoes

0.082 7.3 -0.8 -0.7 0.5 -0.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.290 1.4 -1.0 1.8 0.9 -0.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.293 4.6 -0.2 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.152 3.3 -0.7 1.2 0.3 -1.2

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  2.9 -0.5 -0.4 1.2 -0.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  3.9 -0.6 1.8 -0.2 -1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.088 5.8 0.1 -0.7 -0.6 0.7

Frozen vegetables(3)

  4.4 0.0 -0.8 -0.5 0.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.053 6.5 0.7 -0.8 0.0 1.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  10.3 1.9 0.2 0.3 1.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.939 5.1 0.3 0.7 -0.5 0.1

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.672 6.6 0.2 0.7 -0.3 -0.1

Carbonated drinks

0.285 8.7 0.8 2.2 0.1 0.0

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.006 0.3 0.0 -1.1 0.7 0.0

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.381 5.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.266 1.3 0.6 1.2 -1.5 0.6

Coffee

0.172 0.2 0.2 1.8 -1.4 0.0

Roasted coffee(3)

  0.6 0.2 1.7 -0.9 0.0

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -2.1 0.8 1.8 -2.2 0.8

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.094 3.3 1.3 -1.1 -0.4 1.3

Other food at home

1.989 4.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.5

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.265 3.2 0.8 -0.7 -0.9 0.8

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 6.0 0.3 -1.3 -1.2 0.2

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.174 2.9 1.3 -0.8 -1.1 1.3

Other sweets(2)

0.054 2.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.7

Fats and oils

0.217 2.4 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Butter and margarine(2)

0.065 2.1 0.9 -1.4 0.7 0.8

Butter(3)

  2.4 1.2 -1.7 0.3 0.9

Margarine(3)

  4.4 -0.1 -1.5 2.2 -0.2

Salad dressing(2)

0.051 2.2 -1.5 0.1 -0.8 -1.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.101 2.5 -0.7 1.2 -0.2 -0.4

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  8.0 1.0   -2.4 1.0

Other foods

1.507 4.6 0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.5

Soups

0.092 5.4 0.2 0.6 1.2 1.7

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.260 5.4 0.4 -0.7 0.2 1.2

Snacks(1)

0.348 4.6 -0.8 2.1 -0.2 -0.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.294 3.5 1.3 -0.3 -0.3 1.0

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  1.8 0.2 -1.0 -0.8 0.9

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  4.2 2.1 0.2 -0.2 2.1

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  4.5 1.9 -0.2 -0.8 1.3

Other condiments(3)

  2.6 0.5 1.3 0.8 0.4

Baby food(1)(2)

0.043 1.5 -0.3 -0.2 -1.7 -0.3

Other miscellaneous foods(2)

0.470 5.2 0.0 -0.3 0.2 0.7

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  3.0 2.1 0.3 -1.6 2.1

Food away from home(1)

6.279 3.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

3.154 2.8 0.1 0.9 0.4 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.736 4.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.136 -3.0   -5.6    

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.173 2.7 0.7 1.0 -0.5 0.7

Energy

6.172 -9.0 -0.2 5.1 2.5 0.9

Energy commodities

3.027 -16.7 0.1 11.7 5.3 2.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.132 -15.6 1.1 6.6 2.3 2.3

Fuel oil

0.074 -23.6 2.2 10.2 4.3 3.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.057 -2.2 -0.3 2.4 0.4 -0.7

Motor fuel

2.895 -16.8 0.0 12.0 5.5 2.0

Gasoline (all types)

2.832 -16.8 0.0 12.3 5.6 2.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -17.3 0.0 12.8 5.6 2.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -14.2 0.3 10.3 5.5 1.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -13.1 0.4 9.3 4.9 2.3

Other motor fuels(2)

0.063 -17.2 -0.4 0.8 1.0 0.4

Energy services

3.146 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Electricity

2.488 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3 0.3 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

0.658 -0.5 0.2 0.0 -1.0 -0.2

All items less food and energy

79.695 1.7 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.080 0.4 1.2 0.2 0.7 1.0

Household furnishings and supplies(8)

3.787 2.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.289 1.5 0.7 2.1 -0.7 0.7

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.063 -2.3 1.1 -0.3 0.4 1.1

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.059 6.3 3.4 -0.7 -1.9 3.4

Other linens(1)(2)

0.167 1.7 -0.4 4.1 -0.8 -0.4

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.920 1.0 1.6 0.7 -0.8 1.6

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.322 -0.6 1.8 1.6 -1.2 1.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.442 -0.1 1.4 -0.6 -0.7 1.4

Other furniture(1)(2)

0.148 7.9 1.8 2.8 -0.1 1.8

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

  6.6 -0.4 -0.6 -1.1 -0.4

Appliances(2)

0.219 6.7 1.8 1.7 1.1 2.0

Major appliances(2)

0.075 11.0 5.0 1.7 3.0 4.8

Laundry equipment(3)

  13.7 3.4 1.2 10.9 5.6

Other appliances(2)

0.142 4.8 0.1 1.6 0.4 -0.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.540 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.9 1.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.315 2.3 1.7 -0.5 0.1 1.7

Indoor plants and flowers(9)

0.092 0.4 -1.7 0.2 1.8 -1.2

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.054 -3.4 2.9 1.2 -1.6 2.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.079 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 1.2 0.4

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.888 1.9 0.0 0.9 -0.1 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.244 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.455 2.5 -0.2 1.3 -0.3 0.1

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.930 5.4 -0.5 0.0 1.8 -0.5

Household cleaning products(1)(2)

0.365 4.6 -0.5 0.7 1.8 -0.5

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.237 9.9 -1.0 0.2 3.7 -1.0

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.328 3.0 -0.2 -0.8 0.4 -0.2

Apparel

2.673 -5.9 1.8 1.7 1.1 0.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.678 -4.7 1.8 2.4 0.5 0.8

Men's apparel

0.543 -4.6 2.2 1.5 -0.5 2.0

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.096 -17.1 -1.2 4.7 1.9 -3.2

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(1)

0.161 4.0 3.6 1.4 -0.9 3.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.149 -9.0 2.5 0.7 -1.9 2.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.132 1.0 2.6 -0.7 0.0 5.1

Boys' apparel

0.135 -5.8 0.1 3.6 5.8 -1.2

Women's and girls' apparel

1.065 -8.7 2.4 0.9 1.3 0.8

Women's apparel

0.880 -10.4 2.2 0.8 1.7 0.5

Women's outerwear

0.060 -12.5 3.6 0.4 4.6 -1.6

Women's dresses

0.081 -17.0 10.3 -0.5 4.1 4.9

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.459 -11.6 1.3 0.8 1.5 -0.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(2)

0.271 -5.1 1.0 2.2 0.7 0.9

Girls' apparel

0.185 0.7 3.4 1.7 -0.5 2.0

Footwear

0.640 -3.9 1.2 1.4 1.2 0.3

Men's footwear(1)

0.229 -1.9 0.6 1.2 1.4 0.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 -7.4 -1.0 1.7 -1.2 -2.2

Women's footwear

0.279 -3.7 2.6 0.0 2.6 2.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.129 -2.8 1.8 6.5 0.8 0.3

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.161 -0.6 -0.1 1.0 1.4 0.3

Watches(1)(6)

0.039 4.0 2.7 -0.5 -0.5 2.7

Jewelry(6)

0.123 -3.5 -1.0 0.8 2.6 -0.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(8)

6.968 2.0 2.1 -0.5 1.4 2.1

New vehicles

3.744 0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.8 0.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.8 0.0

New cars(3)

  1.0 -0.2 0.4 0.7 0.1

New trucks(3)(10)

  0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.7 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.592 4.0 5.8 -1.2 2.3 5.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.395 1.2 0.0 -0.7 0.3 0.0

Tires(1)

0.249 0.6 0.5 -1.1 0.7 0.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.146 2.1 -1.0 0.1 -0.4 -1.0

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  2.8 -1.0 0.4 -1.0 -1.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -2.6 -2.3 -0.6 1.2 -2.3

Medical care commodities

1.616 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Medicinal drugs(8)

1.543 0.8 0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Prescription drugs

1.165 1.4 0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Nonprescription drugs(1)(8)

0.378 -1.7 1.0 -0.1 0.0 1.0

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(8)

0.073 -1.0 -1.2 -0.1 0.3 -1.2

Recreation commodities(8)

2.003 -0.4 0.9 -0.1 0.5 1.1

Video and audio products(8)

0.271 -4.9 1.1 -0.8 0.1 1.4

Televisions

0.093 -12.5 0.1 -1.9 -0.4 0.3

Other video equipment(2)

0.042 2.9 2.9 -1.1 -1.4 4.2

Audio equipment(1)

0.079 -1.0 0.8 -0.5 1.3 0.8

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.045 -2.0 2.2 1.6 0.1 2.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.632 -0.5 1.3 -1.0 0.1 1.3

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -0.6 0.8 -0.8 -0.1 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -0.6 1.9 -1.2 0.3 1.9

Sporting goods

0.595 3.4 0.5 1.2 1.3 1.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.363 5.7 -0.1 2.3 2.4 -0.1

Sports equipment

0.221 0.0 1.6 0.1 0.6 1.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 3.5 0.1 0.3 0.6 -1.3

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  4.0 0.5 -0.1 1.0 -0.6

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.120 4.7 0.7 1.7 0.0 0.7

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.068 5.2 0.8 1.5 0.7 0.8

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.050 4.1 0.6 2.0 -0.9 0.6

Other recreational goods(2)

0.359 -4.9 0.9 -1.0 0.3 1.0

Toys

0.275 -7.2 0.1 -0.9 -0.2 0.2

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -4.8 0.9 -0.9 1.1 0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.021 8.9 15.0 -4.6 5.6 15.0

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.048 3.1 -0.4 -0.5 1.4 -0.4

Education and communication commodities(8)

0.515 -4.8 0.2 -0.6 -0.5 0.5

Educational books and supplies

0.109 -1.3 1.1 -0.7 0.2 0.8

College textbooks(1)(3)(11)

  -2.1 0.8 -0.3 0.5 0.8

Information technology commodities(8)

0.406 -5.8 0.0 -0.6 -0.7 0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(4)

0.301 -3.0 0.5 0.3 -1.0 1.0

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.018 -9.3 -1.3 -2.3 2.8 -1.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(2)

0.087 -14.9 -1.2 -3.2 -0.5 -1.6

Alcoholic beverages

1.033 1.7 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.581 1.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.224 3.3 -0.4 -0.6 0.4 -0.2

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 -0.1 0.2 0.8 -0.7 -0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -0.4 -0.2 1.3 1.4 -0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  1.0 0.4 0.0 -0.8 0.4

Wine at home

0.263 -0.2 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.453 2.4 0.8 0.4 -0.9 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 1.4 0.6 -1.6 1.4

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.4 0.6 -0.8 0.4

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.5 0.5   -0.4 0.5

Other goods(8)

1.485 1.3 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.600 5.0 0.2 1.1 0.8 0.4

Cigarettes(2)

0.522 5.4 0.1 1.2 0.9 0.3

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.060 1.6 1.2 -0.6 0.7 1.2

Personal care products(1)

0.687 -0.5 0.1 -0.5 0.6 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.370 1.3 0.2 -0.5 0.6 0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.309 -2.7 -0.1 -0.6 0.5 -0.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.197 -3.9 -3.5 0.9 -4.4 -2.6

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -2.2 -4.6 -0.5 -3.8 -3.9

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  10.9   3.6    

Services less energy services

59.615 2.2 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.2

Shelter

33.378 2.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Rent of shelter(12)

33.012 2.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.846 2.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Lodging away from home(2)

0.958 -11.4 -1.4 1.2 1.2 0.9

Housing at school, excluding board(12)

0.117 2.1 0.5 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.842 -13.1 -1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(12)

24.207 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(12)

22.992 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.366 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.095 3.4 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.6

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.803 3.4 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.6

Garbage and trash collection(1)(10)

0.293 3.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5

Household operations(1)(2)

0.879 2.1 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.292 3.5 0.5 -0.1 0.3 0.5

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.306   0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Moving, storage, freight expense(1)(2)

0.089 -0.5 2.6 1.1 2.3 2.6

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.115 -2.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Medical care services

7.368 5.3 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1

Professional services

3.688 2.3 -0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.1

Physicians' services

1.832 2.7 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.1

Dental services

1.013 2.9 -0.6 0.2 0.6 -0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.368 0.4 -0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(6)

0.474 1.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.415 3.9 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1

Hospital services(13)

2.222 4.0 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.1

Inpatient hospital services(13)(3)

  3.7 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Outpatient hospital services(3)(6)

  2.7 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(13)

0.124 3.0 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.070 3.6 1.1     1.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.265 17.4 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.9

Transportation services

5.169 -4.0 -0.5 2.1 3.6 0.0

Leased cars and trucks(1)(11)

0.637 -2.8        

Car and truck rental(2)

0.129 2.0 1.8 17.5 4.0 4.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.089 3.2 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.6

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.058 3.3 0.5 0.0 -0.3 0.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.631 2.7 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.341 4.4 1.0 0.1 -0.3 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance

1.644 -1.5 0.4 5.1 9.3 0.5

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.566 1.5 0.3 -0.4 0.6 0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(2)

0.298 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.254 0.2 0.7 -0.9 0.9 0.7

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  -0.1 0.5 -1.5 0.9 0.5

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

    0.2 3.7 0.1 0.2

Public transportation

1.103 -17.5 -3.2 1.5 3.4 -1.2

Airline fares

0.632 -23.2 -2.6 2.6 5.4 1.2

Other intercity transportation

0.170 -6.8 1.0 -1.5 -0.4 1.6

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  1.0 1.5     1.5

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  -9.4 0.0 -1.7 -0.6 0.0

Intracity transportation(1)

0.297 -9.0 -6.8 -0.5 -0.2 -6.8

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(8)

  -11.8 -10.3 -0.3 0.2 -10.3

Recreation services(8)

3.759 2.2 0.5 -0.9 -1.2 0.5

Video and audio services(8)

1.260 4.6 0.5 0.0 1.3 0.5

Cable and satellite television service(10)

1.178 5.2 0.5 -0.1 1.2 0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.082 -3.9 0.2 1.1 1.9 0.2

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -6.1 1.5 1.9 2.1 1.5

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.557 3.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.4

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.1 0.0 -0.7 0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.8 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.5

Photographers and photo processing(1)(2)

0.045 3.0 -0.6 2.5 -0.3 -0.6

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

           

Photo processing(1)(2)(3)

           

Other recreation services(2)

1.896 0.1 0.5 -1.8 -3.2 0.6

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.664 -2.2 0.3 -3.5 -4.7 0.3

Admissions

0.700 1.6 0.9 0.1 -3.3 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  0.4 1.5 0.7 -4.2 1.5

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

      -0.3    

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.214 1.4 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.1

Education and communication services(8)

6.295 2.9 0.4 -0.1 1.3 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.921 1.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.4

College tuition and fees

1.571 1.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 -0.7

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.425 2.4 1.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.1

Day care and preschool(9)

0.768 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.037 3.6 -0.1 0.6 0.4 -0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.112 4.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3

Postage

0.102 4.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Delivery services(2)

0.010 0.4 0.1 0.9 1.4 0.3

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.359 5.0 0.6 -0.1 3.0 0.6

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.958 4.3 0.8 -0.1 3.6 0.8

Land-line telephone services(1)(8)

0.402 6.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.891 0.9 0.0 -0.5 0.4 0.1

Other personal services(1)(8)

1.672 2.9 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.0

Personal care services(1)

0.687 4.8 -0.3 1.1 1.5 -0.3

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.687 4.8 -0.3 1.1 1.5 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal services

0.985 1.6 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Legal services(1)(6)

0.251 1.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.140 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.219 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.030 4.9 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.4

Financial services(6)

0.233 1.9 0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.4

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 0.1 -0.5 -0.4 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, August 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jul.
2020
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Aug.
2019
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019-
Aug.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020
May
2020-
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2020-
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2020-
Aug.
2020

All items less food

85.867 256.250 257.553 258.465 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.4

All items less shelter

66.622 234.853 235.820 236.785 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.5

All items less food and shelter

52.490 228.658 227.475 228.608 0.0 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.6

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.317 233.367 235.111 236.485 1.3 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.6

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.725 238.745 240.841 241.498 1.2 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.3

All items less medical care

91.016 244.836 246.479 247.304 1.0 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.4

All items less energy

93.828 262.592 267.149 268.073 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Commodities

37.240 185.686 184.590 185.830 0.1 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.8

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.488 145.392 144.465 145.171 -0.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food

23.107 153.408 148.471 150.007 -2.2 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.2

Commodities less food and beverages

22.074 149.991 144.856 146.405 -2.4 1.1 1.6 1.3 1.2

Services

62.760 326.489 332.797 333.141 2.0 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

29.749 343.892 349.557 349.819 1.7 0.1 0.3 0.9 0.2

Services less medical care services

55.392 310.364 315.055 315.390 1.6 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.2

Durables

10.751 105.331 105.252 106.970 1.6 1.6 -0.2 0.9 1.8

Nondurables

26.489 226.909 225.024 225.659 -0.6 0.3 1.8 0.8 0.4

Nondurables less food

12.356 200.141 188.502 189.470 -5.3 0.5 3.0 2.0 0.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.323 196.830 184.196 185.181 -5.9 0.5 3.3 2.2 0.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.650 246.714 231.720 232.069 -5.9 0.2 3.8 2.5 0.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.683 246.124 233.004 233.387 -5.2 0.2 3.4 2.2 0.6

Housing

42.417 267.263 272.445 272.866 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Education and communication(2)

6.809 138.154 140.794 141.320 2.3 0.4 -0.1 1.1 0.1

Education(2)

3.029 266.979 270.659 271.626 1.7 0.4 0.1 0.2 -0.3

Communication(2)

3.780 73.272 74.980 75.271 2.7 0.4 -0.3 1.9 0.5

Information and information processing(2)

3.669 69.271 70.852 71.134 2.7 0.4 -0.3 1.9 0.5

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.309 7.420 7.320 7.320 -1.3 0.0 -0.5 0.0 0.2

Recreation(2)

5.762 120.458 121.304 122.074 1.3 0.6 -0.6 -0.6 0.7

Video and audio(2)

1.531 104.380 107.223 107.898 3.4 0.6 -0.1 1.1 0.6

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.188 178.751 179.540 181.015 1.3 0.8 -0.4 0.3 0.8

Photography(2)

0.072 73.621 75.921 75.659 2.8 -0.3 1.7 0.1 -0.9

Food and beverages

15.166 258.154 268.132 268.383 4.0 0.1 0.6 -0.4 0.1

Domestically produced farm food

6.563 248.907 260.984 260.645 4.7 -0.1 0.7 -1.2 -0.1

Other services

11.726 359.320 367.630 368.939 2.7 0.4 -0.3 0.4 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.034 115.904 106.236 108.334 -6.5 2.0 1.7 1.0 0.7

Fuels and utilities

4.373 244.540 245.125 244.948 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Household energy

3.277 201.914 200.788 200.177 -0.9 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Medical care

8.984 500.916 522.686 523.295 4.5 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1

Transportation

15.032 211.084 200.766 202.386 -4.1 0.8 2.5 2.9 1.3

Private transportation

13.929 206.979 198.657 200.884 -2.9 1.1 2.6 2.9 1.5

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.339 100.407 100.161 102.070 1.7 1.9 -0.2 1.3 1.9

Utilities and public transportation

8.882 218.690 218.783 218.326 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 1.3 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

4.666 123.818 126.269 126.974 2.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.9

Other goods and services

3.158 453.074 463.712 462.847 2.2 -0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.2

Personal care

2.557 234.749 238.852 238.184 1.5 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, August 2020 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Aug. 2020 from: Percent change to Jul. 2020 from:
Aug.
2019
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019
May
2020
Jun.
2020

U.S. city average

M

1.3 0.8 0.3 1.0 1.1 0.5

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

1.1 0.5 0.1 1.1 0.7 0.4

Northeast - Size Class A

M

1.1 0.4 0.1 1.2 0.6 0.3

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.1 0.6 0.1 0.9 1.0 0.5

New England(4)

M

0.7 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.1

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

1.3 0.6 0.0 1.3 0.8 0.5

Midwest

M

1.1 0.9 0.4 0.7 1.3 0.5

Midwest - Size Class A

M

0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.1

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.2 1.1 0.4 0.8 1.6 0.7

East North Central(4)

M

1.2 1.0 0.5 0.8 1.3 0.5

West North Central(4)

M

0.9 0.6 0.2 0.5 1.3 0.4

South

M

1.1 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.2 0.6

South - Size Class A

M

0.8 0.8 0.3 0.6 1.0 0.5

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.2 1.1 0.5 0.6 1.3 0.6

South Atlantic(4)

M

1.5 1.0 0.5 0.9 1.0 0.4

East South Central(4)

M

1.0 1.2 0.3 0.6 1.6 0.9

West South Central(4)

M

0.4 0.9 0.2 0.0 1.3 0.7

West

M

1.9 0.8 0.3 1.7 0.9 0.5

West - Size Class A

M

2.0 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.9 0.5

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.8 1.1 0.5 1.5 0.9 0.6

Mountain(4)

M

2.1 0.5 0.1 2.4 1.1 0.3

Pacific(4)

M

1.8 1.0 0.4 1.4 0.9 0.6

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

1.3 0.6 0.2 1.1 0.9 0.4

Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.3 1.0 0.4 0.9 1.2 0.6

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.0 0.4 0.1 1.0 0.6 0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

2.0 0.7 0.1 1.9 1.1 0.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.4 0.4 -0.1 1.7 0.5 0.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

0.7 1.2        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

0.7 0.5        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

1.8 1.9        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

-0.2 0.0        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

1.4 1.0        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

0.4 0.8        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

1.8 0.4        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

1.6 0.0        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

1.6 1.4        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

0.8 0.6        

Urban Alaska

2

-1.5 0.8        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      0.8 0.2  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      0.4 1.5  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

      3.1 1.6  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

      -0.3 -0.1  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

      1.7 0.7  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

      2.1 1.4  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

      1.8 1.0  

Urban Hawaii

1

      1.3 0.0  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      0.8 0.6  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, August 2020 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

December 2016

    1.8 2.1

December 2017

    1.7 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.6 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 1.7 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

May 2018

0.3 0.4 2.3 2.8

June 2018

0.1 0.2 2.4 2.9

July 2018

0.0 0.0 2.6 2.9

August 2018

0.0 0.1 2.3 2.7

September 2018

0.1 0.1 1.9 2.3

October 2018

0.1 0.2 2.1 2.5

November 2018

-0.3 -0.3 1.8 2.2

December 2018

-0.4 -0.3 1.5 1.9

January 2019

0.2 0.2 1.3 1.6

February 2019

0.4 0.4 1.3 1.5

March 2019

0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9

April 2019

0.4 0.5 1.6 2.0

May 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

June 2019

0.0 0.0 1.3 1.6

July 2019

0.1 0.2 1.5 1.8

August 2019

0.0 0.0 1.5 1.7

September 2019

0.0 0.1 1.4 1.7

October 2019

0.2 0.2 1.4 1.8

November 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.7 2.1

December 2019

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.3

January 2020

0.4 0.4 2.1 2.5

February 2020

0.3 0.3 2.0 2.3

March 2020

-0.3 -0.2 1.2 1.5

April 2020

-0.8 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

May 2020

0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1

June 2020

0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6

July 2020

0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0

August 2020

0.3 0.3 1.0 1.3

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to four revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2020, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2020
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul. 2020-
Aug. 2020
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2020-
Aug. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.4   0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

Food

14.133 0.1 0.010 0.07 L-Jun. 2020 0.6

Food at home

7.853 -0.1 -0.008 0.12 L-Jun. 2020 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

1.012 -0.2 -0.002 0.30 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.312 -0.7 -0.002 0.54 L-Jun. 2020 0.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 0.3 0.000 0.83 L-Jun. 2020 2.1

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.142 -2.0 -0.003 0.74 S-Jan. 2016 -2.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.127 -0.2 0.000 0.98 - -

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   1.14 S-Jun. 2020 -0.2

Bakery products(4)

0.700 0.1 0.001 0.36 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Bread(4)(5)

0.199 0.5 0.001 0.74 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

White bread(4)(6)

  1.0   1.01 L-Apr. 2020 3.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  0.0   0.77 S-Jun. 2020 -0.4

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.100 1.3 0.001 0.96 L-Apr. 2020 4.7

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.179 -0.3 0.000 0.71 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Cookies(4)(6)

  0.4   1.07 L-Jun. 2020 0.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -2.2   0.78 S-Apr. 2020 -2.3

Other bakery products

0.221 -0.8 -0.002 0.52 S-Mar. 2020 -1.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.83 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -0.5   0.94 S-Jun. 2020 -1.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -1.1   0.75 S-Mar. 2020 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.788 -1.7 -0.031 0.23 L-Jun. 2020 2.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.691 -1.7 -0.028 0.24 L-Jun. 2020 2.3

Meats

1.077 -2.6 -0.028 0.29 L-Jun. 2020 3.7

Beef and veal

0.508 -4.4 -0.022 0.45 L-Jun. 2020 4.8

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.186 -4.0 -0.007 0.75 L-Jun. 2020 6.8

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.081 -5.1 -0.004 1.31 L-Jun. 2020 1.3

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.196 -4.8 -0.009 0.70 L-Jun. 2020 5.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.046 -3.5 -0.002 0.75 L-Jun. 2020 5.1

Pork

0.337 -2.0 -0.007 0.61 L-Jun. 2020 3.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.136 -2.4 -0.003 0.83 S-Aug. 2019 -2.7

Bacon and related products(6)

  -4.2   0.99 S-Aug. 2019 -4.7

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  0.9   1.20 L-Jun. 2020 3.2

Ham

0.067 0.3 0.000 1.81 L-Jun. 2020 1.0

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  0.3   1.73 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Pork chops(4)

0.055 -3.3 -0.002 1.57 L-Jun. 2020 4.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(5)

0.079 -1.6 -0.001 1.30 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Other meats

0.232 0.6 0.001 0.54 L-Jun. 2020 1.9

Frankfurters(6)

  -3.2   1.31 S-Feb. 2020 -3.4

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  1.0   0.59 L-May 2020 1.4

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.338 -0.2 -0.001 0.63 L-Jun. 2020 0.1

Chicken(4)(5)

0.276 -0.5 -0.001 0.70 L-Jun. 2020 0.2

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -1.6   1.43 S-Jan. 2020 -2.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.77 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(5)

0.063 1.4 0.001 1.43 L-May 2020 3.0

Fish and seafood

0.276 0.1 0.000 0.47 L-May 2020 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.139 -1.3 -0.002 0.71 S-Jun. 2020 -1.7

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.137 1.3 0.002 0.65 L-Apr. 2020 3.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  0.7   0.97 L-May 2020 1.7

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  2.0   0.84 L-Apr. 2020 5.8

Eggs

0.097 -3.0 -0.003 0.98 L-Jun. 2020 -2.7

Dairy and related products

0.780 1.5 0.012 0.31 L-Apr. 2020 1.5

Milk(5)

0.209 3.6 0.008 0.48 L-Jul. 2008 4.3

Fresh whole milk(6)

  4.2   0.70 L-Jul. 2008 4.4

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  3.0   0.52 L-Mar. 2011 3.5

Cheese and related products(4)

0.262 2.6 0.007 0.55 L-Apr. 2011 2.6

Ice cream and related products

0.110 -1.3 -0.001 0.86 S-Dec. 2019 -1.3

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.200 -0.5 -0.001 0.56 S-Jun. 2020 -1.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.346 0.2 0.003 0.35 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.053 0.3 0.003 0.41 L-Jun. 2020 0.4

Fresh fruits

0.534 1.4 0.007 0.56 L-Mar. 2017 1.6

Apples

0.077 -1.0 -0.001 1.21 - -

Bananas(4)

0.076 -1.6 -0.001 0.80 S-Apr. 2019 -1.9

Citrus fruits(5)

0.146 0.1 0.000 0.97 S-May 2020 -1.2

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.6   1.35 L-Apr. 2020 5.6

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.235 4.1 0.010 0.97 L-Mar. 2020 4.6

Fresh vegetables

0.520 -0.8 -0.004 0.59 S-Dec. 2019 -1.2

Potatoes

0.086 -0.6 0.000 1.57 L-Jun. 2020 1.3

Lettuce(4)

0.061 -1.2 -0.001 2.16 S-Feb. 2020 -3.6

Tomatoes

0.082 -0.9 -0.001 1.38 S-Apr. 2020 -1.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.290 -0.6 -0.002 0.74 S-Mar. 2020 -1.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.293 -0.1 0.000 0.49 - -

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.152 -1.2 -0.002 0.69 S-Apr. 2019 -1.7

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.88 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.98 S-May 2020 -1.2

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.088 0.7 0.001 0.94 L-May 2020 1.8

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.5   1.21 L-May 2020 1.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.053 1.7 0.001 0.79 L-May 2020 2.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  1.9   1.47 L-May 2020 4.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.939 0.1 0.001 0.38 L-Jun. 2020 0.7

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.672 -0.1 -0.001 0.45 L-Jun. 2020 0.7

Carbonated drinks

0.285 0.0 0.000 0.83 S-May 2020 -0.9

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.006 0.0 0.000 0.65 S-Jun. 2020 -1.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.381 -0.1 -0.001 0.54 L-Jun. 2020 0.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.266 0.6 0.002 0.63 L-Jun. 2020 1.2

Coffee

0.172 0.0 0.000 0.90 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.0   0.99 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  0.8   1.15 L-Jun. 2020 1.8

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.094 1.3 0.001 0.74 L-Apr. 2020 1.5

Other food at home

1.989 0.5 0.009 0.24 L-Apr. 2020 1.9

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.265 0.8 0.002 0.64 L-Jan. 2020 2.6

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.037 0.2 0.000 0.84 L-May 2020 1.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.174 1.3 0.002 0.90 L-Jan. 2020 2.4

Other sweets(5)

0.054 0.7 0.000 0.79 L-May 2020 2.4

Fats and oils

0.217 -0.1 0.000 0.51 L-Jun. 2020 0.1

Butter and margarine(5)

0.065 0.8 0.001 0.97 L-Mar. 2020 3.1

Butter(6)

  0.9   1.57 L-Mar. 2020 2.6

Margarine(6)

  -0.2   0.92 S-Jun. 2020 -1.5

Salad dressing(5)

0.051 -1.0 -0.001 0.93 S-Feb. 2020 -1.0

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.101 -0.4 0.000 0.87 S-Mar. 2020 -0.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   1.28 L-Feb. 2020 4.2

Other foods

1.507 0.5 0.007 0.25 L-Apr. 2020 2.2

Soups

0.092 1.7 0.002 1.06 L-Apr. 2020 2.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.260 1.2 0.003 0.69 L-May 2020 1.3

Snacks(4)

0.348 -0.8 -0.003 0.66 S-May 2020 -1.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.294 1.0 0.003 0.51 L-Apr. 2020 1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  0.9   1.05 L-May 2020 1.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  2.1   0.63 L-Jan. 2020 4.0

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  1.3   0.87 L-Apr. 2020 1.6

Other condiments(6)

  0.4   1.12 S-May 2020 -2.2

Baby food(4)(5)

0.043 -0.3 0.000 0.78 L-Jun. 2020 -0.2

Other miscellaneous foods(5)

0.470 0.7 0.003 0.58 L-Apr. 2020 2.4

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  2.1   0.87 L-Dec. 2019 3.8

Food away from home(4)

6.279 0.3 0.018 0.05 S-Apr. 2020 0.1

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

3.154 0.1 0.002 0.06 S-Apr. 2020 -0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.736 0.4 0.012 0.10 S-Mar. 2020 0.4

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.136   0.002 0.11 - -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.0 0.000 0.25 - -

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.173 0.7 0.001 0.09 L-Jun. 2020 1.0

Energy

6.172 0.9 0.052 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.8

Energy commodities

3.027 2.0 0.058 0.20 S-May 2020 -3.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.132 2.3 0.003 0.43 - -

Fuel oil

0.074 3.9 0.003 0.52 S-May 2020 -6.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.057 -0.7 0.000 0.60 S-Apr. 2020 -2.9

Motor fuel

2.895 2.0 0.055 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline (all types)

2.832 2.0 0.054 0.21 S-May 2020 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  2.0   0.68 S-May 2020 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  1.7   0.73 S-May 2020 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  2.3   0.76 S-May 2020 -5.2

Other motor fuels(5)

0.063 0.4 0.000 0.24 S-May 2020 -4.9

Energy services

3.146 -0.2 -0.006 0.19 S-Jun. 2020 -0.2

Electricity

2.488 -0.2 -0.005 0.20 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

0.658 -0.2 -0.001 0.31 L-Jun. 2020 0.0

All items less food and energy

79.695 0.4 0.308 0.04 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.080 1.0 0.211 0.11 L-Sep. 1980 1.2

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.787 1.0 0.038 0.22 L-EVER -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.289 0.7 0.002 1.10 L-Jun. 2020 2.1

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.063 1.1 0.001 0.91 L-Jun. 2019 1.2

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.059 3.4 0.002 1.47 L-Dec. 2019 5.6

Other linens(4)(5)

0.167 -0.4 -0.001 1.72 L-Jun. 2020 4.1

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.920 1.6 0.015 0.49 L-Mar. 2008 1.7

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.322 1.8 0.006 0.62 L-Aug. 2017 2.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.442 1.4 0.006 0.86 L-Feb. 2020 1.9

Other furniture(4)(5)

0.148 1.8 0.003 0.99 L-Jun. 2020 2.8

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

  -0.4   0.37 L-May 2020 9.4

Appliances(5)

0.219 2.0 0.004 0.58 L-EVER -

Major appliances(5)

0.075 4.8 0.004 0.98 L-EVER -

Laundry equipment(6)

  5.6   1.42 S-Jun. 2020 1.2

Other appliances(5)

0.142 -0.1 0.000 0.70 S-Feb. 2020 -1.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.540 1.5 0.008 0.59 L-Apr. 2020 2.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.315 1.7 0.005 0.93 L-Apr. 2020 3.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.092 -1.2 -0.001 0.64 S-Feb. 2020 -1.6

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.054 2.9 0.002 1.39 L-Jan. 2020 5.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.079 0.4 0.000 0.96 S-Jun. 2020 0.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.888 0.4 0.003 0.43 L-Jun. 2020 0.9

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.244 0.5 0.001 0.60 L-Mar. 2020 0.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.455 0.1 0.001 0.52 L-Jun. 2020 1.3

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.930 -0.5 -0.005 0.31 S-Aug. 2019 -0.6

Household cleaning products(4)(5)

0.365 -0.5 -0.002 0.34 S-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.237 -1.0 -0.002 0.59 S-Nov. 2017 -1.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.328 -0.2 -0.001 0.66 S-Jun. 2020 -0.8

Apparel

2.673 0.6 0.017 0.52 S-May 2020 -2.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.678 0.8 0.006 0.66 L-Jun. 2020 2.4

Men's apparel

0.543 2.0 0.011 0.74 L-Jan. 2020 2.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.096 -3.2 -0.003 2.12 S-May 2020 -4.1

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.161 3.6 0.006 1.11 L-Jan. 2020 4.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.149 2.1 0.003 1.15 L-Sep. 2018 2.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.132 5.1 0.007 1.22 L-Jan. 2020 6.2

Boys' apparel

0.135 -1.2 -0.002 1.46 S-May 2020 -2.7

Women's and girls' apparel

1.065 0.8 0.009 0.93 S-May 2020 -2.9

Women's apparel

0.880 0.5 0.005 1.09 S-May 2020 -3.0

Women's outerwear

0.060 -1.6 -0.001 1.87 S-May 2020 -1.8

Women's dresses

0.081 4.9 0.004 1.58 L-Mar. 2012 7.4

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.459 -0.1 0.000 1.54 S-May 2020 -1.7

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(5)

0.271 0.9 0.002 1.38 L-Jun. 2020 2.2

Girls' apparel

0.185 2.0 0.004 1.95 L-Feb. 2020 2.6

Footwear

0.640 0.3 0.002 0.71 S-May 2020 -1.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.229 0.6 0.001 0.99 S-May 2020 -2.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.133 -2.2 -0.003 1.31 S-Apr. 2020 -4.0

Women's footwear

0.279 2.0 0.006 0.91 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.129 0.3 0.000 1.21 S-May 2020 -0.5

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.161 0.3 0.000 2.07 S-May 2020 -0.4

Watches(4)(9)

0.039 2.7 0.001 1.91 L-Oct. 2019 3.4

Jewelry(9)

0.123 -0.8 -0.001 2.46 S-May 2020 -1.3

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.968 2.1 0.143 0.11 L-EVER -

New vehicles

3.744 0.0 0.001 0.19 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.0   0.17 S-Apr. 2020 0.0

New cars(6)

  0.1   0.17 S-Apr. 2020 -0.2

New trucks(13)(6)

  0.0   0.20 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.592 5.4 0.138 0.02 L-Mar. 1969 5.4

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.395 0.0 0.000 0.36 S-Jun. 2020 -0.7

Tires(4)

0.249 0.5 0.001 0.35 S-Jun. 2020 -1.1

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.146 -1.0 -0.001 0.62 S-Oct. 2015 -1.3

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -1.0   0.47 - -

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -2.3   1.56 S-Mar. 2020 -3.7

Medical care commodities

1.616 -0.1 -0.002 0.30 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.543 -0.2 -0.004 0.31 - -

Prescription drugs

1.165 -0.2 -0.003 0.32 - -

Nonprescription drugs(4)(11)

0.378 1.0 0.004 0.53 L-Aug. 2019 1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(11)

0.073 -1.2 -0.001 0.59 S-Jul. 2019 -1.9

Recreation commodities(11)

2.003 1.1 0.022 0.22 L-Dec. 2018 1.2

Video and audio products(11)

0.271 1.4 0.004 0.38 L-EVER -

Televisions

0.093 0.3 0.000 0.68 L-Jun. 2017 1.8

Other video equipment(5)

0.042 4.2 0.002 0.88 L-EVER -

Audio equipment(4)

0.079 0.8 0.001 0.84 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.045 2.2 0.001 0.67 L-Mar. 2017 5.7

Pets and pet products(4)

0.632 1.3 0.008 0.24 L-Sep. 2008 1.4

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.26 L-Jul. 2019 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  1.9   0.45 L-EVER -

Sporting goods

0.595 1.1 0.007 0.56 S-May 2020 0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.363 -0.1 0.000 0.79 S-Apr. 2020 -0.8

Sports equipment

0.221 1.3 0.003 0.53 L-Feb. 2020 1.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 -1.3 0.000 0.88 S-May 2020 -1.4

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -0.6   1.01 S-May 2020 -1.9

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.120 0.7 0.001 1.00 L-Jun. 2020 1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.068 0.8 0.001 1.26 L-Jun. 2020 1.5

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.050 0.6 0.000 1.25 L-Jun. 2020 2.0

Other recreational goods(5)

0.359 1.0 0.003 0.48 L-Feb. 2004 1.1

Toys

0.275 0.2 0.000 0.50 L-Aug. 2019 0.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  0.9   0.68 S-Jun. 2020 -0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.021 15.0 0.003 1.24 L-EVER -

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.048 -0.4 0.000 0.64 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.515 0.5 0.002 0.46 L-Feb. 2020 0.6

Educational books and supplies

0.109 0.8 0.001 0.76 L-Apr. 2020 1.0

College textbooks(4)(14)(6)

  0.8   0.84 L-Apr. 2020 1.0

Information technology commodities(11)

0.406 0.4 0.001 0.53 L-Mar. 2020 0.4

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(7)

0.301 1.0 0.003 0.68 L-Feb. 2020 1.5

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.018 -1.3 0.000 1.50 S-Jun. 2020 -2.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(5)

0.087 -1.6 -0.001 0.81 S-Jun. 2020 -3.2

Alcoholic beverages

1.033 0.3 0.003 0.18 L-May 2020 0.8

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.581 0.0 0.000 0.27 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.224 -0.2 -0.001 0.34 S-Jun. 2020 -0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 -0.1 0.000 0.44 L-Jun. 2020 0.8

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.90 S-May 2020 -0.8

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  0.4   0.62 L-May 2020 0.7

Wine at home

0.263 -0.2 0.000 0.47 S-Dec. 2019 -1.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.453 0.8 0.004 0.22 L-May 2020 1.0

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  1.4   0.25 L-EVER -

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.17 L-Jun. 2020 0.6

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.25 L-Feb. 2020 0.6

Other goods(11)

1.485 -0.2 -0.003 0.21 S-May 2020 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.600 0.4 0.002 0.13 S-May 2020 -0.2

Cigarettes(5)

0.522 0.3 0.002 0.13 S-May 2020 -0.2

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.060 1.2 0.001 0.39 L-Jan. 2019 1.2

Personal care products(4)

0.687 0.1 0.000 0.28 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.370 0.2 0.001 0.37 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.309 -0.1 0.000 0.44 S-Jun. 2020 -0.6

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.197 -2.6 -0.005 1.05 L-Jun. 2020 0.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -3.9   1.05 S-EVER -

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

      1.19 - -

Services less energy services

59.615 0.2 0.090 0.04 S-May 2020 0.0

Shelter

33.378 0.1 0.045 0.05 S-Jun. 2020 0.1

Rent of shelter(15)

33.012 0.1 0.043 0.06 S-Jun. 2020 0.1

Rent of primary residence

7.846 0.1 0.007 0.04 S-Jun. 2020 0.1

Lodging away from home(5)

0.958 0.9 0.009 1.55 S-May 2020 -1.5

Housing at school, excluding board(15)

0.117 -0.2 0.000 0.04 S-Sep. 2000 -0.4

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.842 1.1 0.009 1.76 S-May 2020 -1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(15)

24.207 0.1 0.030 0.04 S-Jun. 2020 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(15)

22.992 0.1 0.028 0.04 S-Jun. 2020 0.1

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.366 0.0 0.000 0.07 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.095 0.6 0.007 0.08 L-Nov. 2018 1.1

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.803 0.6 0.005 0.09 L-May 2016 0.7

Garbage and trash collection(4)(13)

0.293 0.5 0.001 0.15 L-Feb. 2020 0.7

Household operations(4)(5)

0.879 0.5 0.004 0.21 L-Feb. 2020 0.7

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.292 0.5 0.001 0.29 L-Nov. 2019 0.9

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.306 0.0 0.000 0.06 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)(5)

0.089 2.6 0.002 0.60 L-Oct. 2017 5.1

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.115 0.1 0.000 0.22 L-Apr. 2020 0.2

Medical care services

7.368 0.1 0.008 0.17 S-Feb. 2019 0.1

Professional services

3.688 -0.1 -0.003 0.13 S-Jan. 2020 -0.2

Physicians' services

1.832 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Dental services

1.013 -0.3 -0.003 0.10 S-Jan. 2020 -0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.368 -0.1 -0.001 0.24 L-Jun. 2020 0.3

Services by other medical professionals(4)(9)

0.474 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Hospital and related services

2.415 0.1 0.003 0.21 S-May 2020 0.1

Hospital services(16)

2.222 0.1 0.003 0.24 S-May 2020 0.1

Inpatient hospital services(16)(6)

  0.0   0.32 S-Feb. 2020 -0.7

Outpatient hospital services(9)(6)

  0.3   0.25 - -

Nursing homes and adult day services(16)

0.124 0.2 0.000 0.13 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.070 1.1 0.001 0.11 L-Mar. 2020 1.7

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.265 0.9 0.011 0.20 S-Aug. 2018 -0.3

Transportation services

5.169 0.0 0.001 0.11 S-May 2020 -3.6

Leased cars and trucks(4)(14)

0.637   -0.008 0.37 - -

Car and truck rental(5)

0.129 4.6 0.005 1.64 L-Jun. 2020 17.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.089 0.6 0.007 0.19 L-Mar. 2020 0.6

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.058 0.5 0.000 0.25 L-Apr. 2020 1.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.631 0.4 0.003 0.23 L-Mar. 2020 0.8

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.341 1.0 0.004 0.26 L-Feb. 2020 1.6

Motor vehicle insurance

1.644 0.5 0.008 0.11 S-May 2020 -8.9

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.566 0.3 0.002 0.13 S-Jun. 2020 -0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(5)

0.298 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.254 0.7 0.002 0.25 S-Jun. 2020 -0.9

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.5   0.26 S-Jun. 2020 -1.5

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.31 L-Jun. 2020 3.7

Public transportation

1.103 -1.2 -0.013 0.37 S-May 2020 -3.8

Airline fares

0.632 1.2 0.008 0.57 S-May 2020 -4.9

Other intercity transportation

0.170 1.6 0.003 0.70 L-Aug. 2019 2.2

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  1.5   1.47 - -

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.75 L-Jan. 2020 0.2

Intracity transportation(4)

0.297 -6.8 -0.020 0.35 S-EVER -

Intracity mass transit(4)(11)(6)

  -10.3   0.13 S-EVER -

Recreation services(11)

3.759 0.5 0.020 0.17 L-May 2020 1.3

Video and audio services(11)

1.260 0.5 0.006 0.17 S-Jun. 2020 0.0

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.178 0.5 0.006 0.19 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.082 0.2 0.000 0.95 S-May 2020 -1.6

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   1.68 S-May 2020 -2.3

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.76 L-Jun. 2020 0.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.557 0.4 0.002 0.16 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.24 L-May 2020 0.4

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.5   0.25 S-Jun. 2020 0.3

Photographers and photo processing(4)(5)

0.045 -0.6 0.000 0.46 S-May 2020 -0.6

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Photo processing(4)(5)(6)

           

Other recreation services(5)

1.896 0.6 0.012 0.31 L-May 2020 2.3

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.664 0.3 0.002 0.35 L-May 2020 2.5

Admissions

0.700 1.1 0.008 0.69 L-May 2020 2.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   0.54 L-May 2020 2.2

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

           

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.214 0.1 0.000 0.43 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Education and communication services(11)

6.295 0.1 0.005 0.07 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.921 -0.4 -0.011 0.10 S-Sep. 1983 -1.1

College tuition and fees

1.571 -0.7 -0.011 0.16 S-Sep. 1978 -1.0

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.425 0.1 0.000 0.06 L-May 2020 0.5

Day care and preschool(12)

0.768 -0.2 -0.001 0.13 S-Oct. 2018 -0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.037 -0.2 0.000 0.12 S-Aug. 2019 -1.9

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.112 0.3 0.000 0.03 S-Jun. 2020 0.3

Postage

0.102 0.3 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.010 0.3 0.000 0.27 S-May 2020 -1.1

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.359 0.6 0.015 0.10 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.958 0.8 0.015 0.05 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(4)(11)

0.402 -0.1 0.000 0.36 - -

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.891 0.1 0.001 0.22 S-Jun. 2020 -0.5

Other personal services(4)(11)

1.672 0.0 -0.001 0.13 S-Apr. 2020 -0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.687 -0.3 -0.002 0.14 S-Feb. 2015 -0.7

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.687 -0.3 -0.002 0.14 S-Feb. 2015 -0.7

Miscellaneous personal services

0.985 0.3 0.003 0.15 L-Jan. 2020 0.6

Legal services(4)(9)

0.251 0.1 0.000 0.12 L-Jun. 2020 0.3

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.140 0.1 0.000 0.19 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.219 0.1 0.000 0.22 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.030 0.4 0.000 0.36 L-Apr. 2020 0.6

Financial services(9)

0.233 0.4 0.001 0.20 L-Feb. 2020 0.5

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.00 - -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.31 L-May 2020 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.867 0.4 0.360 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less shelter

66.622 0.5 0.325 0.05 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

52.490 0.6 0.315 0.06 S-May 2020 -0.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.317 0.6 0.263 0.06 S-Jun. 2020 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.725 0.3 0.125 0.07 S-May 2020 -0.2

All items less medical care

91.016 0.4 0.365 0.04 S-May 2020 -0.1

All items less energy

93.828 0.3 0.318 0.04 S-Jun. 2020 0.3

Commodities

37.240 0.8 0.280 0.07 L-Jun. 2020 1.2

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.488 0.4 0.073 0.12 S-Jun. 2020 0.4

Commodities less food

23.107 1.2 0.269 0.09 S-May 2020 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

22.074 1.2 0.267 0.10 S-May 2020 -0.6

Services

62.760 0.1 0.084 0.04 S-May 2020 0.0

Services less rent of shelter(15)

29.749 0.2 0.050 0.06 S-May 2020 -0.3

Services less medical care services

55.392 0.2 0.089 0.04 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Durables

10.751 1.8 0.190 0.12 L-EVER -

Nondurables

26.489 0.4 0.099 0.08 S-May 2020 -0.3

Nondurables less food

12.356 0.7 0.083 0.15 S-May 2020 -1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.323 0.7 0.080 0.16 S-May 2020 -1.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.650 0.7 0.057 0.13 S-May 2020 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.683 0.6 0.062 0.12 S-May 2020 -1.0

Housing

42.417 0.2 0.091 0.05 S-Jun. 2020 0.2

Education and communication(5)

6.809 0.1 0.007 0.07 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Education(5)

3.029 -0.3 -0.010 0.10 S-EVER -

Communication(5)

3.780 0.5 0.017 0.10 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Information and information processing(5)

3.669 0.5 0.017 0.11 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.309 0.2 0.002 0.24 L-Feb. 2020 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.762 0.7 0.042 0.15 L-May 2020 0.9

Video and audio(5)

1.531 0.6 0.010 0.17 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.188 0.8 0.010 0.16 L-Feb. 2011 0.9

Photography(5)

0.072 -0.9 -0.001 0.53 S-May 2020 -0.9

Food and beverages

15.166 0.1 0.013 0.07 L-Jun. 2020 0.6

Domestically produced farm food

6.563 -0.1 -0.008 0.13 L-Jun. 2020 0.7

Other services

11.726 0.2 0.026 0.07 S-Jun. 2020 -0.3

Apparel less footwear

2.034 0.7 0.015 0.64 S-May 2020 -2.5

Fuels and utilities

4.373 0.1 0.004 0.14 S-Jun. 2020 0.1

Household energy

3.277 -0.1 -0.003 0.18 S-May 2020 -0.6

Medical care

8.984 0.1 0.006 0.18 S-Feb. 2020 0.1

Transportation

15.032 1.3 0.199 0.08 S-May 2020 -1.8

Private transportation

13.929 1.5 0.212 0.09 S-May 2020 -1.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.339 1.9 0.140 0.11 L-Oct. 2009 1.9

Utilities and public transportation

8.882 0.1 0.013 0.10 S-Jun. 2020 -0.1

Household furnishings and operations

4.666 0.9 0.042 0.18 L-Feb. 1991 0.9

Other goods and services

3.158 -0.2 -0.005 0.12 S-Oct. 2010 -0.2

Personal care(4)

2.557 -0.3 -0.007 0.15 S-Mar. 2019 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, August 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jul.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Aug. 2019-
Aug. 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Aug. 2019-
Aug. 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.3   0.08 L-Mar. 2020 1.5

Food

14.133 4.1 0.564 0.15 - -

Food at home

7.853 4.6 0.351 0.19 - -

Cereals and bakery products

1.012 2.8 0.028 0.44 - -

Cereals and cereal products

0.312 1.7 0.005 0.80 S-Apr. 2020 1.5

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 1.4 0.001 1.08 L-Jun. 2020 2.6

Breakfast cereal

0.142 0.5 0.001 1.01 S-Apr. 2020 0.4

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.127 2.9 0.004 1.35 - -

Rice(4)(5)

  3.1   1.84 L-Dec. 2018 3.2

Bakery products

0.700 3.4 0.023 0.55 L-Jun. 2020 3.5

Bread(4)

0.199 5.2 0.010 0.98 L-Apr. 2020 5.3

White bread(5)

  6.8   1.32 L-Oct. 2011 7.8

Bread other than white(5)

  3.9   1.32 L-Apr. 2020 4.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.100 4.6 0.004 1.35 L-Jan. 2012 5.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.179 1.0 0.002 1.01 S-May 2020 0.7

Cookies(5)

  2.2   1.31 L-Jun. 2020 3.2

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  -1.9   1.09 S-Apr. 2020 -2.8

Other bakery products

0.221 3.0 0.007 0.89 S-May 2020 2.5

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  5.0   1.97 S-May 2020 2.9

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  2.7   1.60 S-Mar. 2020 1.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  1.3   0.81 S-May 2020 1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.788 7.1 0.117 0.33 S-Apr. 2020 6.8

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.691 7.2 0.112 0.35 S-Apr. 2020 6.2

Meats

1.077 8.1 0.080 0.44 S-Apr. 2020 6.6

Beef and veal

0.508 9.6 0.043 0.59 S-Apr. 2020 7.5

Uncooked ground beef

0.186 9.9 0.016 0.86 S-Apr. 2020 9.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.081 12.1 0.008 1.62 S-Apr. 2020 9.2

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.196 8.2 0.014 0.93 S-Apr. 2020 5.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.046 10.0 0.004 1.19 S-Apr. 2020 5.4

Pork

0.337 7.6 0.024 0.91 S-May 2020 7.3

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.136 4.8 0.006 1.14 L-Jun. 2020 4.9

Bacon and related products(5)

  3.6   1.48 L-Jun. 2020 3.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  6.7   1.62 L-Jun. 2020 6.9

Ham

0.067 3.6 0.003 3.14 S-Jul. 2019 1.7

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  3.9   3.40 S-Dec. 2019 3.8

Pork chops

0.055 9.3 0.005 2.19 S-Apr. 2020 7.9

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.079 14.7 0.010 2.01 L-Jun. 2020 16.3

Other meats

0.232 5.9 0.013 0.72 L-Jun. 2020 6.7

Frankfurters(5)

  9.7   1.91 S-May 2020 8.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  5.3   0.88 L-Jun. 2020 5.5

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.338 7.1 0.022 0.77 S-Apr. 2020 6.3

Chicken(4)

0.276 6.2 0.016 0.91 S-Apr. 2020 6.1

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  6.6   1.77 S-Mar. 2020 1.5

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  5.9   1.08 - -

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.063 11.3 0.006 2.42 L-Dec. 2011 12.4

Fish and seafood

0.276 3.6 0.010 0.76 - -

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.139 2.9 0.004 1.11 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.137 4.2 0.006 1.15 L-Feb. 2019 5.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  5.2   1.59 L-May 2019 5.9

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  4.3   1.70 L-Jun. 2020 5.0

Eggs

0.097 7.1 0.005 1.58 S-Mar. 2020 -1.6

Dairy and related products

0.780 5.7 0.043 0.43 L-May 2020 5.7

Milk(4)

0.209 7.7 0.016 0.78 L-Feb. 2012 7.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  9.0   1.41 L-Jan. 2012 10.0

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  7.0   1.25 L-Feb. 2012 8.0

Cheese and related products

0.262 6.7 0.017 0.71 L-May 2020 7.0

Ice cream and related products

0.110 5.8 0.006 1.16 S-May 2020 5.8

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.200 2.2 0.005 0.87 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.346 2.7 0.037 0.58 L-Mar. 2019 3.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.053 2.2 0.024 0.61 L-Apr. 2019 2.8

Fresh fruits

0.534 1.5 0.008 0.64 L-Jul. 2018 1.9

Apples

0.077 -7.3 -0.006 1.68 S-Mar. 2020 -8.8

Bananas

0.076 -2.7 -0.002 1.27 S-Nov. 2017 -3.5

Citrus fruits(4)

0.146 1.6 0.002 1.55 L-Mar. 2019 2.0

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -0.9   2.14 L-Mar. 2019 2.7

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.235 7.2 0.014 1.12 L-Feb. 2016 7.5

Fresh vegetables

0.520 3.0 0.015 0.97 S-May 2020 2.7

Potatoes

0.086 4.9 0.004 2.45 S-Mar. 2020 4.1

Lettuce

0.061 2.0 0.001 2.84 L-Jun. 2020 7.0

Tomatoes

0.082 7.3 0.006 2.00 S-Apr. 2020 6.9

Other fresh vegetables

0.290 1.4 0.004 1.12 S-Jun. 2020 0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.293 4.6 0.013 0.94 L-Jun. 2012 5.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)