Consumer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
8:30 a.m. (EDT) May 10, 2018   		       USDL-18-0744

Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – APRIL 2018

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.2 percent in
April on a seasonally adjusted basis after falling 0.1 percent in March, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items
index rose 2.5 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The indexes for gasoline and shelter were the largest factors in the seasonally
adjusted increase in the all items index, although the food index increased as well.
The gasoline index increased 3.0 percent, more than offsetting declines in other
energy component indexes and led to a 1.4-percent rise in the energy index. The
food index rose 0.3 percent, with the food at home index rising 0.3 percent and the
index for food away from home increasing 0.2 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in April. The shelter
index rose 0.3 percent, with other indexes mixed. The indexes for household
furnishings and operations, personal care, tobacco, medical care, and apparel all
increased in April, while those for used cars and trucks, new vehicles, recreation,
and airline fares all declined.  
 
The all items index rose 2.5 percent for the 12 months ending April; this figure
has been mostly trending upward since it was 1.6 percent for the period ending June
2017. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent for the 12
months ending April. The food index increased 1.4 percent, and the energy index
rose 7.9 percent. 


 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.   ended 
                              2017  2017  2017  2018  2018  2018  2018   Apr.  
                                                                         2018  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .1    .3    .2    .5    .2   -.1    .2      2.5
  Food......................    .1    .0    .2    .2    .0    .1    .3      1.4
   Food at home.............    .1   -.1    .2    .1   -.2    .1    .3       .5
   Food away from home (1)..    .1    .2    .2    .4    .2    .1    .2      2.5
  Energy....................  -1.4   3.2   -.2   3.0    .1  -2.8   1.4      7.9
   Energy commodities.......  -3.0   5.8   -.7   5.8   -.9  -4.7   3.0     13.7
    Gasoline (all types)....  -3.2   6.0   -.8   5.7   -.9  -4.9   3.0     13.4
    Fuel oil................   1.4   5.6    .9   9.5  -3.6   -.7   2.7     22.6
   Energy services..........    .4    .5    .4   -.8   1.4   -.2   -.5      1.2
    Electricity.............    .4    .5    .2   -.2    .4    .0   -.6      1.2
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............    .4    .7   1.0  -2.6   4.7  -1.2   -.4      1.0
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .1    .2    .3    .2    .2    .1      2.1
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .0   -.1    .2    .4    .1   -.1   -.1      -.4
    New vehicles............   -.2    .2    .5   -.1   -.5    .0   -.5     -1.6
    Used cars and trucks....    .7    .5    .7    .4   -.3   -.3  -1.6      -.9
    Apparel.................   -.2   -.9   -.3   1.7   1.5   -.6    .3       .8
    Medical care commodities    .0    .5    .9   -.1   -.3    .1   -.2      1.9
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3    .2      2.9
    Shelter.................    .3    .2    .3    .2    .2    .4    .3      3.4
    Transportation services     .4    .1    .3    .8   1.0    .2   -.4      4.1
    Medical care services...    .3   -.1    .2    .6    .0    .5    .2      2.2

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.

Food

The food index rose 0.3 percent in April after a 0.1-percent increase in March. The
index for food at home rose 0.3 percent, the largest increase since March 2017. The
fruits and vegetables index rose 1.0 percent in April after declining in February
and March. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.7 percent, with
the index for eggs rising 7.1 percent and the beef index rising 1.3 percent. The
index for dairy and related products also increased in April, rising 0.4 percent. 

In contrast, the index for nonalcoholic beverages fell 0.6 percent in April after
rising in March. The index for cereals and bakery products fell 0.2 percent in
April, and the index for other food at home was unchanged. The index for food away
from home rose 0.2 percent in April following a 0.1-percent increase in March.

Over the last 12 months, the index for food away from home increased 2.5 percent,
and the food at home index rose 0.5 percent. The index for meats, poultry, fish,
and eggs increased 3.5 percent over the last year, the only one of the six major
grocery store food group indexes to increase. The indexes for cereals and bakery
products and for other food at home were unchanged, and the remaining indexes
declined modestly over the last 12 months. 

Energy

The energy index rose 1.4 percent in April after falling 2.8 percent in March. The
gasoline index rose 3.0 percent following a 4.9-percent decline in March. (Before
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices increased 6.2 percent in April.) In contrast,
the electricity index fell 0.6 percent in April, and the index for natural gas fell
0.4 percent.  

The energy index increased 7.9 percent over the past year, with all the major
component indexes rising. The gasoline index increased 13.4 percent and the fuel oil
index rose 22.6 percent. The remaining component indexes increased more moderately;
the electricity index increased 1.2 percent, and the index for natural gas advanced
1.0 percent.   

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in April. The
shelter index increased 0.3 percent, with the rent index rising 0.4 percent and the
index for owners' equivalent rent increasing 0.3 percent. The index for lodging
away from home increased 0.7 percent in April. The index for household furnishings
and operations rose 0.5 percent in April, the largest increase since April 2015,
and the personal care index increased 0.7 percent.

The apparel index rose 0.3 percent in April after declining in March, and the
tobacco index increased 1.3 percent. The medical care index rose 0.1 percent in
April, with the hospital services index rising 0.2 percent, the prescription drugs
index increasing 0.1 percent, and the physicians' services index unchanged. The
indexes for education and for alcoholic beverages also rose in April.

The index for used cars and trucks fell 1.6 percent in April, the largest decline
since March 2009. The recreation index fell 0.4 percent, the largest decline since
December 2009. The index for airline fares fell 2.7 percent in April, and the new
vehicles index declined 0.5 percent. The index for motor vehicle insurance fell 0.2
percent, the first monthly decline since April 2017. The index for communication
also declined 0.2 percent in April.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent over the past 12
months, the same increase as for the period ending March. The shelter index rose
3.4 percent over the last 12 months, and the medical care index rose 2.2 percent.
Indexes that declined over the past 12 months include those for new vehicles,
airline fares, used cars and trucks, and communication.

Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.5 percent over
the last 12 months to an index level of 250.546 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
index increased 0.4 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
increased 2.6 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 244.607 
1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.5 percent prior to seasonal 
adjustment.  

The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.3
percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.4 percent on
a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to
12 months are subject to revision. 


The Consumer Price Index for May 2018 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, 
June 12, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

Brief Explanation of the CPI

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers for goods and
services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: all urban consumers
and urban wage earners and clerical workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent
of the total U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of urban or
metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, the unemployed, and retired
people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending
patterns of people living in rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed
Forces, and those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation for all
urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers
(CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U).

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is based on the
expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that meet two requirements: more than
one-half of the household's income must come from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of
the household's earners must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months.
The CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is a subset of the
CPI-U population.

The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, doctors’ and dentists’
services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are
collected each month in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and
approximately 22,000 retail establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling
stations, and other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated with
the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are
obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most other commodities and services are collected
every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most
goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s trained
representatives.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are aggregated using
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local
data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are
also published by size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and
population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in
the level of prices among cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since
the base period. For the C-CPI-U, data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are
considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to three
subsequent quarterly revisions.

The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the CPI-U and the CPI-W,
the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals
100.  An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.
Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket
of goods and services rising from $100 to $107.

Sampling Error in the CPI

The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a sample
of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates
of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U.
These standard error estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing.
For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 percent for the U.S.
all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using
the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these
estimates will be within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices.
For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 95 percent confident
that the actual percent change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent.
For the latest data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error,
see https://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables/variance-estimates/home.htm.

Calculating Index Changes

Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather than
changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in
relation to its base period, while percent changes are not. The following table shows an example of
using index values to calculate percent changes:
 
                                 Item A                     Item B                     Item C

Year I                          112.500                    225.000                    110.000
Year II                         121.500                    243.000                    128.000

Change in index points            9.000                     18.000                     18.000

Percent change  9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0   18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4

Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. Seasonally
adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are used to revise the previous
5 years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the
Factsheet on Seasonal Adjustment at www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and
the Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at
www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm.

For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred
since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same
magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from weather events, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for
the time of year. The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices
they actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective
bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer
Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted
data in escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

Intervention Analysis

The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some CPI series.
Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern of price change.
Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which the distortions caused by such unusual
events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting
seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the
unadjusted data.

For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 2009 return
to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this outlier data during
seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal portion of the time series
data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data prior to seasonal adjustment.
Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal
factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel
seasonal factors to be applied to the unadjusted data.

For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2018, BLS adjusted 38 series using intervention analysis
seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, and natural gas.

Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes

Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject to revision
for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI calculate new seasonal
factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 years of data. Seasonally adjusted
indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to be final and not subject to revision. In
January 2018, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted indexes for 2013 to 2017 were calculated
and published. For series which are directly adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment
software, the seasonal factors for 2017 will be applied to data for 2018 to produce the seasonally
adjusted 2018 indexes. Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted
component series have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance.

Determining Seasonal Status

Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status from
"not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the
U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to
not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be changed.
Twenty-nine of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted
for 2018.

Contact Information

For additional information about the CPI visit www.bls.gov/cpi or contact the CPI Information and Analysis
Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@bls.gov.

For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit
https://www.bls.gov/cpi/seasonal-adjustment/home.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section at
202-691-6968 or cpiseas@bls.gov.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339. 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
Apr.
2017-
Apr.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018

All items

100.000 244.524 249.554 250.546 2.5 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Food

13.281 249.739 252.370 253.209 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3

Food at home

7.310 238.817 239.158 240.129 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.961 271.865 272.345 271.766 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.622 243.330 249.516 251.922 3.5 1.0 -0.2 0.8 0.7

Dairy and related products

0.733 217.827 216.497 216.906 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.3 0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.275 298.164 293.870 296.863 -0.4 1.0 -0.5 -0.7 1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.871 168.354 167.758 167.041 -0.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.4 -0.6

Other food at home

1.847 210.668 210.012 210.632 0.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Food away from home(1)

5.971 267.652 273.733 274.393 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Energy

7.635 202.869 212.554 218.830 7.9 3.0 0.1 -2.8 1.4

Energy commodities

4.232 216.791 232.716 246.387 13.7 5.9 -0.9 -4.7 3.0

Fuel oil

0.115 239.822 288.737 293.991 22.6 1.8 -3.6 -0.7 2.7

Motor fuel

4.039 213.288 228.068 242.056 13.5 6.1 -0.8 -4.9 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

3.952 212.424 226.872 240.962 13.4 6.2 -0.9 -4.9 3.0

Energy services(2)

3.404 198.915 202.625 201.245 1.2 -0.7 1.4 -0.2 -0.5

Electricity(2)

2.620 206.671 210.273 209.215 1.2 -0.5 0.4 0.0 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.784 172.597 176.567 174.318 1.0 -1.3 4.7 -1.2 -0.4

All items less food and energy

79.083 251.642 256.610 257.025 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.938 145.665 145.050 145.131 -0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Apparel

3.178 128.349 128.604 129.365 0.8 0.6 1.5 -0.6 0.3

New vehicles

3.764 148.457 146.727 146.069 -1.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

2.439 140.654 139.892 139.368 -0.9 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 -1.6

Medical care commodities

1.735 373.231 381.804 380.479 1.9 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.2

Alcoholic beverages

0.968 245.500 248.287 248.818 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.643 1,025.961 1,046.450 1,056.874 3.0 1.0 0.1 -0.2 1.3

Services less energy services

59.145 316.971 325.610 326.252 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.752 295.706 304.847 305.716 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.777 305.477 315.883 316.763 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

23.615 302.767 312.107 312.935 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

6.943 505.855 516.713 517.228 2.2 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.2

Physicians' services(2)

1.747 379.886 380.766 381.076 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.326 317.053 330.759 331.289 4.5 0.2 -0.5 0.6 0.2

Transportation services

5.987 308.908 320.774 321.437 4.1 0.2 1.0 0.2 -0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.112 280.170 283.656 284.367 1.5 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.393 516.203 563.762 562.749 9.0 -0.2 1.7 0.3 -0.2

Airline fares

0.716 294.034 267.482 273.817 -6.9 2.4 0.6 0.6 -2.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, April 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2018
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2017-
Apr.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018

All items

100.000 2.5 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Food

13.281 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3

Food at home

7.310 0.5 0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.961 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 -0.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 2.4 0.9 1.5 -0.8 1.4

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.150 -2.0 0.3 -1.5 0.4 0.3

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.119 1.0 0.7 1.3 -0.3 0.7

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  1.5 1.5 -0.4 -0.6 1.5

Bakery products(1)

0.651 0.1 -0.6 -0.5 0.6 -0.6

Bread(1)(2)

0.192 -0.6 -1.3 -0.6 2.0 -1.3

White bread(1)(3)

  -1.0 -1.7 -0.6 2.4 -1.7

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  -0.6 -0.8 -0.7 1.4 -0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.092 0.7 -0.9 -0.2 0.6 -0.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 0.6 -0.9 0.6 -0.6 -0.7

Cookies(3)

  -1.5 -1.9 0.7 -0.8 -2.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  2.7 0.4 -0.1 0.7 0.4

Other bakery products

0.203 0.0 0.6 -0.5 0.0 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  3.4 -0.1 0.9 0.5 -0.1

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -1.4 -0.1 -1.1 0.5 -0.4

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  0.4 1.8 -0.7 -1.2 1.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.622 3.5 1.0 -0.2 0.8 0.7

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.522 2.4 0.6 -0.3 0.6 0.3

Meats

0.955 2.4 0.5 -0.6 0.6 0.5

Beef and veal

0.430 4.0 1.7 -0.7 0.6 1.3

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.174 4.7 1.0 -0.4 1.0 1.0

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.061 3.7 2.1 1.3 1.7 2.1

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.158 2.7 2.5 -1.0 0.4 1.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.037 6.2 1.2 0.4 0.7 1.2

Pork

0.300 0.8 -0.7 -0.8 0.3 -0.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.136 -0.1 -1.4 -0.1 0.7 -2.2

Bacon and related products(3)

  -1.8 -1.5 0.0 -1.0 -2.0

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  2.8 -0.7 -0.7 2.5 -1.1

Ham

0.053 0.1 -2.0 -1.8 1.1 1.5

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  0.3 -2.4 -2.6 1.3 1.4

Pork chops(1)

0.043 5.7 2.9 0.3 -0.9 2.9

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.067 0.0 -0.6 -1.7 0.6 -1.8

Other meats

0.225 1.5 -0.2 -0.2 1.0 0.3

Frankfurters(3)

  6.8 1.1 1.3 -0.4 3.8

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -0.5 -0.5 -0.4 1.2 0.0

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

           

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

           

Poultry(1)

0.319 1.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1

Chicken(1)(2)

0.262 2.5 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.2

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  3.5 -0.1 -0.4 0.9 -0.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  2.6 0.4 1.1 0.8 0.4

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.057 -4.7 -0.4 -1.6 -1.5 0.0

Fish and seafood

0.248 3.8 1.8 -0.1 1.0 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.129 3.9 0.8 1.0 0.6 -0.1

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.119 3.9 2.9 -1.7 2.0 0.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  5.8 1.4 -3.8 3.9 1.4

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  1.3 3.7 -1.2 0.1 1.4

Eggs

0.100 23.2 6.2 2.0 3.8 7.1

Dairy and related products

0.733 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.3 0.4

Milk(1)(2)

0.199 -2.3 0.4 -0.2 -1.3 0.4

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -3.2 0.4 0.6 -0.9 1.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -1.1 0.3 0.3 -0.6 1.3

Cheese and related products

0.240 0.9 0.2 -1.0 0.8 0.1

Ice cream and related products

0.106 0.1 -0.5 -2.3 2.0 -0.6

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.188 -0.4 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.275 -0.4 1.0 -0.5 -0.7 1.0

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.005 -0.4 0.9 -0.7 -0.7 0.9

Fresh fruits

0.542 1.4 1.9 -0.8 -1.2 1.1

Apples

0.076 1.0 1.6 -0.4 -1.2 2.0

Bananas(1)

0.082 0.0 -1.0 1.4 0.9 -1.0

Citrus fruits(2)

0.151 9.6 2.4 1.4 0.0 -0.1

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  6.0 1.0 0.9 -2.7 0.6

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.233 -2.8 2.8 -2.4 -1.9 2.0

Fresh vegetables

0.463 -2.5 -0.3 -0.6 -0.1 0.6

Potatoes

0.074 0.2 0.5 0.7 -1.1 0.6

Lettuce

0.057 -14.0 0.5 0.6 2.9 2.6

Tomatoes(1)

0.079 1.7 -2.7 -8.7 -3.1 -2.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.252 -1.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.270 -0.4 1.4 0.0 -0.3 1.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.146 -0.1 1.6 -1.1 -0.3 1.5

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -1.5 4.1 -0.7 -2.6 4.3

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  1.0 0.6 -1.3 0.7 0.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.079 -1.2 0.8 1.4 -0.3 0.3

Frozen vegetables(3)

  -2.0 0.4 0.3 0.1 -0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.044 0.0 2.1 0.9 -1.0 2.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -2.2 2.0 1.7 -2.1 2.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.871 -0.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.4 -0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.615 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.257 0.0 -0.8 0.4 0.3 -0.2

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.009 0.5 -0.5 0.6 0.4 -0.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.350 -0.5 -0.1 -1.0 0.4 -0.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.256 -2.0 -0.5 -0.4 0.9 -0.8

Coffee

0.166 -3.3 -1.1 0.1 1.0 -1.3

Roasted coffee(3)

  -3.3 -1.0 0.1 0.3 -1.3

Instant coffee(1)(3)

  -6.0 -0.2 -1.3 2.0 -0.2

Other beverage materials including tea(1)(2)

0.091 0.2 0.6 -0.4 -0.6 0.6

Other food at home

1.847 0.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.282 0.7 -0.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.8

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 1.9 0.2 -1.2 1.0 -0.5

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.184 0.4 -1.4 -0.2 0.3 -1.4

Other sweets(2)

0.055 0.6 0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Fats and oils

0.215 1.0 0.7 0.5 -0.7 1.0

Butter and margarine(2)

0.060 1.9 1.2 -0.5 -0.1 2.0

Butter(3)

  4.4 2.1 0.1 -1.5 3.7

Margarine(3)

  -2.0 -0.2 0.2 1.4 -0.9

Salad dressing(2)

0.052 0.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.3 -0.2

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.103 0.9 1.1 1.1 -1.2 0.7

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  1.1 1.0 3.4 -0.9 1.0

Other foods

1.350 -0.3 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Soups

0.082 -0.5 1.8 0.0 -3.0 0.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.235 -1.2 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.6

Snacks(1)

0.312 -0.3 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 0.2 -0.3 -1.1 0.4 -0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  -0.3 -2.0 -0.1 0.2 -2.3

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 1.3 0.2 -2.0 1.3

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  1.7 -1.0 -1.1 0.4 -0.4

Other condiments(3)

  -1.5 0.2 -1.5 1.8 -0.8

Baby food(1)(2)

0.049 0.1 -0.1 0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.400 -0.2 0.5 0.9 -0.1 0.5

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.6 -0.6 1.5 -0.2 -0.6

Food away from home(1)

5.971 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.968 2.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.541 2.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.180 1.9 -0.1 0.7 0.1 -0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.090 2.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.193 4.7 2.3 0.0 -0.2 2.3

Energy

7.635 7.9 3.0 0.1 -2.8 1.4

Energy commodities

4.232 13.7 5.9 -0.9 -4.7 3.0

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.192 15.4 0.4 -2.1 -0.8 1.8

Fuel oil

0.115 22.6 1.8 -3.6 -0.7 2.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.077 6.5 -1.6 -0.6 0.5 -0.3

Motor fuel

4.039 13.5 6.1 -0.8 -4.9 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

3.952 13.4 6.2 -0.9 -4.9 3.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  13.5 6.4 -1.1 -4.8 2.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  12.5 5.4 -1.3 -3.7 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  12.7 5.1 0.9 -4.5 3.0

Other motor fuels(2)

0.087 19.1 2.6 1.4 -1.9 2.6

Energy services(8)

3.404 1.2 -0.7 1.4 -0.2 -0.5

Electricity(8)

2.620 1.2 -0.5 0.4 0.0 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.784 1.0 -1.3 4.7 -1.2 -0.4

All items less food and energy

79.083 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.938 -0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.389 -0.7 0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.6

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.266 -1.7 -0.2 0.4 -1.3 -0.2

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.057 4.3 1.3 2.4 0.7 1.3

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.047 -3.6 1.3 2.2 -3.2 1.3

Other linens(1)(2)

0.162 -3.2 -1.1 -0.7 -1.4 -1.1

Furniture and bedding

0.883 0.1 1.1 0.2 -1.0 1.1

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.323 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.1

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.421 0.7 2.1 0.1 -0.6 2.1

Other furniture(2)

0.127 -1.5 0.5 -1.9 -0.5 0.7

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

      0.0 -4.2  

Appliances(2)

0.209 0.2 2.1 -1.5 1.2 2.1

Major appliances(2)

0.075 1.6 4.8 -2.7 0.3 4.8

Laundry equipment(3)

  2.7 9.2 -5.9 -0.6 9.6

Other appliances(2)

0.132 -0.6 0.6 -0.6 1.7 0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.525 -4.6 -0.4 0.4 0.3 0.0

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.289 -7.8 -0.8 -0.2 -0.4 -0.8

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.096 1.3 -2.5 1.1 1.9 -0.4

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.057 -5.5 3.2 1.1 -2.7 3.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.083 -1.4 0.9 1.9 3.0 0.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.674 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.199 1.4 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.312 -0.4 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.2

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.832 0.0 0.6 -0.1 0.4 0.6

Household cleaning products(2)

0.327 -1.2 1.0 -0.1 0.3 1.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.219 -0.6 0.6 0.0 -0.7 0.6

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.286 1.9 0.1 -0.4 1.1 0.1

Apparel

3.178 0.8 0.6 1.5 -0.6 0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.767 2.0 0.5 1.7 -1.0 0.0

Men's apparel

0.603 1.1 -0.3 1.3 -1.0 -0.6

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 0.5 -1.5 -0.2 -2.5 0.7

Men's furnishings

0.151 -1.1 -0.4 -0.8 1.2 -0.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.178 3.9 0.6 4.3 -2.7 0.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.157 0.3 -0.4 1.2 -2.1 -1.0

Boys' apparel

0.164 5.7 3.4 3.6 -1.2 1.3

Women's and girls' apparel

1.323 0.6 1.2 1.5 -2.1 1.2

Women's apparel

1.137 0.2 1.0 1.8 -2.5 0.9

Women's outerwear

0.072 -2.7 5.1 4.8 0.9 4.5

Women's dresses

0.145 6.7 2.1 1.9 -1.7 2.9

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.603 -0.5 0.7 2.4 -4.0 0.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.304 -2.4 0.2 1.1 -2.5 0.0

Girls' apparel

0.186 1.5 2.4 0.1 0.3 3.0

Footwear

0.693 -0.4 -0.1 1.5 1.2 -0.9

Men's footwear(1)

0.221 -0.3 -0.2 1.8 2.1 -0.2

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 1.5 2.6 -0.5 2.8 1.8

Women's footwear

0.312 -1.7 -1.4 3.0 0.8 -2.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.137 4.7 1.2 0.9 2.2 1.2

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.258 -1.2 -0.8 0.6 1.8 -1.1

Watches(1)(6)

0.098 1.4 1.4 1.2 -0.7 1.4

Jewelry(6)

0.160 -2.6 -2.1 1.8 1.6 -1.4

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

6.698 -1.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 -0.9

New vehicles

3.764 -1.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -1.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.5

New cars(3)

  -2.1 -0.4 -0.6 0.0 -0.4

New trucks(3)(11)

  -1.3 -0.4 -0.6 0.0 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.439 -0.9 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 -1.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.381 -0.7 -0.3 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Tires(1)

0.227 -2.4 -0.7 0.4 0.0 -0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.153 1.7 0.4 -0.2 0.8 0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.5 -0.5 -0.1 1.2 -0.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  3.2 2.2 -0.9 0.1 2.2

Medical care commodities

1.735 1.9 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.2

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.679 2.1 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Prescription drugs(8)

1.332 2.7 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2 0.1

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.347 -0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.9 -0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.056 -1.8 -0.3 0.6 -2.0 -0.3

Recreation commodities(9)

1.849 -2.8 -0.1 -0.3 0.3 -0.3

Video and audio products(9)

0.245 -12.7 -0.8 -2.1 -0.8 -0.8

Televisions

0.115 -15.6 -2.1 -3.3 -1.6 -2.0

Other video equipment(2)

0.027 -1.1 1.7 -0.2 -0.8 1.2

Audio equipment(1)

0.044 -18.4 0.1 -3.1 -0.2 0.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(1)(2)

0.051 -3.0 -0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.2

Pets and pet products(1)

0.599 -0.1 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.7

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  -0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 1.2 -0.7 0.3 1.2

Sporting goods

0.503 0.7 0.0 -0.2 1.3 -0.9

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.286 3.0 0.2 1.0 1.6 0.2

Sports equipment

0.210 -2.1 -0.1 -1.5 0.1 -0.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.035 1.2 1.7 1.8 2.1 1.0

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

           

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  2.2 1.8 2.2 2.6 1.0

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.114 1.2 0.5 0.1 1.8 0.5

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.069 1.4 -0.4 0.4 3.6 -0.4

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.045 0.9 1.9 -0.4 -0.9 1.9

Other recreational goods(2)

0.353 -7.1 -1.3 0.3 -0.5 -1.4

Toys

0.281 -9.0 -1.5 0.6 -0.4 -1.6

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -8.5 -1.6 0.3 -0.4 -1.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 8.3 -0.1 -1.8 -1.4 -0.1

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.036 -1.0 -0.5 -1.2 -0.3 -0.5

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.558 -2.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2

Educational books and supplies

0.132 0.4 -0.6 1.6 -0.1 0.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

  -0.3 -0.8 1.2 0.4 -0.8

Information technology commodities(9)

0.426 -3.0 0.2 -1.2 -0.4 -0.3

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.320 -3.4 0.4 -1.2 0.1 -0.2

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.025 -0.5 0.4 -3.2 -1.4 0.4

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.082 -5.0 -0.8 -0.5 -2.1 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.968 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.603 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -1.1 -0.1 -0.6 0.2 0.0

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  -3.4 -0.3 -1.2 0.1 -0.3

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(1)(3)

  0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Wine at home

0.255 1.4 0.5 0.9 -0.5 1.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.365 2.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.6 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.2

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.7 -0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Other goods(9)

1.561 1.4 0.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.6

Tobacco and smoking products

0.643 3.0 1.0 0.1 -0.2 1.3

Cigarettes(2)

0.569 2.9 1.1 0.2 -0.4 1.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.059 5.0 0.3 -0.5 0.9 0.3

Personal care products(1)

0.699 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.384 -0.3 -0.6 0.6 0.0 -0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.308 0.3 0.7 -0.5 -0.1 0.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.220 0.6 0.5 -1.1 -0.8 0.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  0.8 0.7 -0.7 0.1 0.6

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  2.3 0.3 0.1 -1.6 0.3

Services less energy services

59.145 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

32.752 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Rent of shelter(13)

32.380 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence(8)

7.777 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4

Lodging away from home(2)

0.988 1.6 0.9 0.0 2.3 0.7

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.112 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.875 1.2 1.0 -0.1 2.6 0.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

23.615 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

22.297 3.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.372 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.072 3.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.814 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.259 2.6 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.8

Household operations(1)(2)

0.869 5.7 0.1 1.5 0.2 0.1

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.299 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.286 7.0 0.6   0.2 0.6

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.101 6.8 -0.7 1.1 0.0 -0.8

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.108 8.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 0.0

Medical care services

6.943 2.2 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.2

Professional services

3.282 1.3 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.2

Physicians' services(8)

1.747 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Dental services(8)

0.796 4.1 0.2 1.3 1.2 0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.319 1.2 0.1 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Services by other medical professionals(1)(8)(6)

0.420 0.5 0.2 -0.8 0.8 0.2

Hospital and related services

2.604 4.2 0.1 -0.4 0.6 0.1

Hospital services(8)(14)

2.326 4.5 0.2 -0.5 0.6 0.2

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

  4.0 0.1 -0.6 0.4 0.1

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

  4.0 0.2 -0.4 0.7 -0.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.191 3.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.087 -0.1 -0.6 0.8 0.1 -0.6

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.058 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Transportation services

5.987 4.1 0.2 1.0 0.2 -0.4

Leased cars and trucks(1)(12)

0.646 3.6 -0.6 1.3 -0.6 -0.6

Car and truck rental(2)

0.118 2.4 -0.6 0.0 3.0 -0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.112 1.5 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.055 2.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.623 2.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.369 0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.7 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.393 9.0 -0.2 1.7 0.3 -0.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.542 1.9 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.281 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(1)(2)

0.244 2.6 0.1 1.0 0.7 0.1

Parking fees and tolls(2)(3)

  2.7 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

  3.1 0.1 0.7 1.0 0.1

Public transportation

1.177 -3.0 1.5 0.6 0.3 -1.6

Airline fares

0.716 -6.9 2.4 0.6 0.6 -2.7

Other intercity transportation

0.172 2.3 0.3 1.2 0.3 0.1

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

  3.3 1.2 -0.5 0.2 1.2

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 -0.5 0.3 1.6 -0.5

Intracity transportation(1)

0.281 2.1 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.1

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

  2.6 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0

Recreation services(9)

3.863 1.7 -0.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Video and audio services(9)

1.604 1.9 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.5

Cable and satellite television service(11)

1.516 1.9 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(1)(2)

0.088 0.8 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  -2.7 -0.3 0.3 0.3 -0.3

Rental of video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  3.8 1.1 -0.1 0.0 1.1

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.411 2.1 0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.0

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  2.4 0.2 -0.5 0.4 0.1

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.038 -2.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.8 0.2

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

      0.0 -0.1  

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

  -8.7 -0.4 -0.4 -0.8 -0.4

Other recreation services(2)

1.808 1.5 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(1)(2)

0.671 3.0 -0.6 -0.3 0.6 -0.6

Admissions

0.647 0.0 -0.1 1.1 -1.0 -0.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 -0.6 1.0 -0.1 -0.6

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  -2.4 0.3 2.8 -3.4 0.3

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.218 2.5 -0.4 -0.5 0.3 -0.4

Education and communication services(9)

6.037 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.855 1.9 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.578 1.7 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.326 3.8 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.801 1.4 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.032 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.109 2.3 0.0 -0.6 0.2 0.5

Postage

0.095 2.0 0.0 -0.8 0.2 0.5

Delivery services(2)

0.014 5.9 -0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.292 -0.4 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.719 -0.7 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.573 0.1 -0.2 0.2 -0.8 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.772 -3.9 -0.5 -1.0 -1.0 -0.7

Other personal services(1)(9)

1.623 3.4 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.0

Personal care services(1)

0.621 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.621 2.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Miscellaneous personal services

1.001 4.1 1.4 0.5 0.7 1.3

Legal services(1)(6)

0.307 4.3 0.0 2.6 0.6 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.127 1.7 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.237 2.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.028 -0.5 0.0 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Financial services(6)

0.231 6.5 4.8 -2.2 1.5 4.6

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  9.9 0.5 1.1 4.7 0.5

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(2)(3)

  6.6 8.1 -4.6 -0.4 7.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, April 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Mar.
2018
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
Apr.
2017-
Apr.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018
Jan.
2018-
Feb.
2018
Feb.
2018-
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2018-
Apr.
2018

All items less food

86.719 243.708 249.102 250.117 2.6 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.2

All items less shelter

67.248 227.223 230.692 231.735 2.0 0.5 0.1 -0.3 0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.967 221.301 224.927 226.011 2.1 0.5 0.2 -0.4 0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.331 227.133 229.717 229.888 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.893 232.396 235.187 235.421 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

All items less medical care

91.321 233.531 238.305 239.339 2.5 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.2

All items less energy

92.365 250.662 255.275 255.750 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities

37.451 182.041 183.780 185.271 1.8 0.8 -0.1 -0.6 0.4

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.499 146.909 146.274 146.444 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Commodities less food

24.170 151.688 152.962 154.606 1.9 1.1 -0.1 -1.0 0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

23.201 148.439 149.663 151.325 1.9 1.1 -0.1 -1.0 0.4

Services

62.549 306.142 314.337 314.807 2.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.169 327.518 334.676 334.681 2.2 0.0 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Services less medical care services

55.605 291.018 298.978 299.443 2.9 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2

Durables

10.104 106.397 105.046 104.891 -1.4 -0.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.5

Nondurables

27.347 220.132 223.953 226.564 2.9 1.2 0.2 -0.7 0.7

Nondurables less food

14.065 194.939 199.529 203.427 4.4 2.0 0.2 -1.5 1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.097 191.787 196.477 200.568 4.6 2.1 0.2 -1.6 1.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.919 235.616 243.131 249.354 5.8 2.6 -0.1 -1.7 1.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.887 235.364 242.432 248.132 5.4 2.4 0.0 -1.5 1.0

Housing

41.678 249.514 256.388 256.969 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.595 135.781 136.029 135.943 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Education(2)

2.987 251.001 255.609 255.564 1.8 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Communication(2)

3.608 74.834 73.883 73.808 -1.4 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 -0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.500 70.974 69.988 69.916 -1.5 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 -0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.208 7.698 7.438 7.420 -3.6 -0.2 -1.1 -0.8 -0.6

Recreation(2)

5.712 118.639 119.281 118.966 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.4

Video and audio(2)

1.849 104.350 104.921 104.412 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 -0.5

Pets, pet products and services(2)

1.011 170.475 171.011 171.781 0.8 0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Photography(2)

0.074 75.901 74.728 75.392 -0.7 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.6

Food and beverages

14.250 249.538 252.182 252.999 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

6.109 246.842 247.165 248.373 0.6 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.4

Other services

11.522 346.244 350.476 350.431 1.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.485 121.069 121.481 122.435 1.1 0.8 1.5 -1.1 0.6

Fuels and utilities

4.668 233.827 239.786 238.857 2.2 -0.4 1.0 -0.2 -0.2

Household energy

3.596 194.763 199.657 198.418 1.9 -0.6 1.2 -0.3 -0.4

Medical care

8.679 473.582 483.984 484.034 2.2 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Transportation

16.724 202.389 207.845 210.734 4.1 1.4 0.0 -1.2 0.2

Private transportation

15.547 196.926 203.343 206.149 4.7 1.4 0.0 -1.3 0.4

New and used motor vehicles(2)

7.081 99.901 99.552 99.117 -0.8 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.9

Utilities and public transportation

9.460 215.176 216.906 216.712 0.7 -0.1 0.8 0.0 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

4.258 121.322 121.484 122.031 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.5

Other goods and services

3.184 432.175 439.269 442.553 2.4 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.8

Personal care

2.541 226.557 230.011 231.585 2.2 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, April 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Apr. 2018 from: Percent change to Mar. 2018 from:
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018

U.S. city average

M

2.5 0.6 0.4 2.4 0.7 0.2

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.1 0.5 0.4 2.0 0.5 0.1

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.0 0.5 0.4 1.9 0.6 0.1

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 0.6 0.5 2.1 0.5 0.1

New England(4)

M

  0.7 0.4   0.7 0.3

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

  0.5 0.4   0.5 0.0

Midwest

M

1.8 0.6 0.4 1.8 0.4 0.2

Midwest - Size Class A

M

1.8 0.6 0.5 1.8 0.3 0.2

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.4 0.6 0.4 1.4 0.5 0.2

East North Central(4)

M

  0.6 0.5   0.2 0.1

West North Central(4)

M

  0.5 0.2   0.8 0.3

South

M

2.4 0.6 0.4 2.3 0.8 0.2

South - Size Class A

M

2.7 0.4 0.4 2.6 0.8 0.0

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 0.7 0.4 2.1 0.7 0.3

South Atlantic(4)

M

  0.5 0.2   0.9 0.3

East South Central(4)

M

  0.8 0.5   0.8 0.3

West South Central(4)

M

  0.6 0.6   0.5 -0.1

West

M

3.2 0.8 0.4 3.2 0.9 0.4

West - Size Class A

M

3.6 0.8 0.4 3.5 1.0 0.4

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.6 0.8 0.4 2.6 0.8 0.3

Mountain(4)

M

  0.9 0.6   0.7 0.3

Pacific(4)

M

  0.8 0.3   1.0 0.4

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.6 0.6 0.4 2.5 0.7 0.2

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.2 0.7 0.4 2.1 0.6 0.3

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

2.1 0.7 0.7 1.8 0.1 0.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

4.0 0.8 0.4 3.8 1.1 0.4

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

1.9 0.3 0.3 1.7 0.5 0.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

2.8 0.2        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

  -0.1        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

2.3 0.9        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

2.4 0.2        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

3.5 -0.1        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

1.4 0.9        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

  1.2        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

3.2 0.8        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

3.3 0.8        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

  0.7        

Urban Alaska

2

  0.4        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      3.6 0.9  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      2.9 0.5  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

        0.3  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

        0.5  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

        1.0  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

        0.9  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

        0.6  

Urban Hawaii

1

        0.5  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      1.8 -0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, April 2018 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

December 2014

    0.5 0.8

December 2015

    0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.1 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.0

March 2016

0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

April 2016

0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.3 0.3 0.7 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

August 2016

0.0 0.1 0.7 1.1

September 2016

0.2 0.2 1.1 1.5

October 2016

0.2 0.1 1.3 1.6

November 2016

-0.2 -0.2 1.4 1.7

December 2016

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.1

January 2017

0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5

February 2017

0.3 0.3 2.6 2.7

March 2017

0.0 0.1 2.1 2.4

April 2017

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.2

May 2017

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9

June 2017

0.0 0.1 1.2 1.6

July 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.3 1.7

August 2017

0.3 0.3 1.6 1.9

September 2017

0.6 0.5 2.0 2.2

October 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.8 2.0

November 2017

0.0 0.0 2.0 2.2

December 2017

-0.1 -0.1 1.9 2.1

January 2018

0.5 0.5 1.8 2.1

February 2018

0.4 0.5 2.0 2.2

March 2018

0.2 0.2 2.2 2.4

April 2018

0.4 0.4 2.3 2.5

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2018, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2018
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar. 2018-
Apr. 2018
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2018-
Apr. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.2   0.03 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

Food

13.281 0.3 0.035 0.06 L-Feb. 2017 0.3

Food at home

7.310 0.3 0.021 0.10 L-Mar. 2017 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

0.961 -0.2 -0.002 0.25 S-Nov. 2017 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 0.4 0.001 0.42 L-Jul. 2016 0.4

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 1.4 0.001 0.66 L-Feb. 2018 1.5

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.150 0.3 0.000 0.68 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.119 0.7 0.001 0.76 L-Feb. 2018 1.3

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  1.5   1.21 L-Jan. 2018 1.9

Bakery products(4)

0.651 -0.6 -0.004 0.28 S-Feb. 2017 -0.6

Bread(4)(5)

0.192 -1.3 -0.003 0.48 S-Jul. 2017 -1.4

White bread(4)(6)

  -1.7   0.59 S-May 2014 -1.7

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.8   0.81 S-Sep. 2017 -0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.092 -0.1 0.000 0.71 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 -0.7 -0.001 0.58 S-Apr. 2015 -1.5

Cookies(6)

  -2.4   0.93 S-Apr. 2015 -2.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  0.4   0.69 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Other bakery products

0.203 0.0 0.000 0.53 - -

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.1   0.74 S-Dec. 2017 -0.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -0.4   0.95 S-Feb. 2018 -1.1

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  1.4   0.71 L-Oct. 2016 2.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.622 0.7 0.012 0.20 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.522 0.3 0.005 0.21 S-Feb. 2018 -0.3

Meats

0.955 0.5 0.004 0.25 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Beef and veal

0.430 1.3 0.006 0.34 L-Jun. 2017 2.8

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.174 1.0 0.002 0.53 - -

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.061 2.1 0.001 1.03 L-Jun. 2017 3.5

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.158 1.4 0.002 0.63 L-Dec. 2017 1.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.037 1.2 0.000 0.86 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Pork

0.300 -0.7 -0.002 0.55 S-Feb. 2018 -0.8

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.136 -2.2 -0.003 0.68 S-Mar. 2015 -2.2

Bacon and related products(6)

  -2.0   1.01 S-Nov. 2017 -2.6

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -1.1   1.08 S-Oct. 2016 -1.6

Ham

0.053 1.5 0.001 1.44 L-Oct. 2017 2.5

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.4   1.40 L-Oct. 2017 2.8

Pork chops(4)

0.043 2.9 0.001 1.37 L-May 2017 2.9

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.067 -1.8 -0.001 1.19 S-Jan. 2017 -2.3

Other meats

0.225 0.3 0.001 0.54 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Frankfurters(6)

  3.8   1.43 L-Jul. 2017 5.1

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  0.0   0.54 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

           

Poultry(4)

0.319 0.1 0.000 0.52 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Chicken(4)(5)

0.262 0.2 0.000 0.62 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  -0.1   1.14 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.4   0.71 S-Jan. 2018 -2.0

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.057 0.0 0.000 0.89 L-Dec. 2017 2.0

Fish and seafood

0.248 0.1 0.000 0.51 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.129 -0.1 0.000 0.75 S-Jan. 2018 -0.2

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.119 0.3 0.000 0.64 S-Feb. 2018 -1.7

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  1.4   1.05 S-Feb. 2018 -3.8

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  1.4   1.10 L-Oct. 2017 2.2

Eggs

0.100 7.1 0.007 0.90 L-Oct. 2017 7.4

Dairy and related products

0.733 0.4 0.003 0.28 L-Feb. 2017 0.7

Milk(4)(5)

0.199 0.4 0.001 0.38 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Fresh whole milk(6)

  1.2   0.56 L-Aug. 2016 1.3

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  1.3   0.51 L-Sep. 2016 1.3

Cheese and related products

0.240 0.1 0.000 0.51 S-Feb. 2018 -1.0

Ice cream and related products

0.106 -0.6 -0.001 0.75 S-Feb. 2018 -2.3

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.188 0.3 0.001 0.56 S-Feb. 2018 0.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.275 1.0 0.013 0.30 L-Apr. 2017 1.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.005 0.9 0.009 0.36 L-Apr. 2017 2.4

Fresh fruits

0.542 1.1 0.006 0.45 L-Jan. 2018 1.9

Apples

0.076 2.0 0.002 1.15 L-Sep. 2017 2.5

Bananas(4)

0.082 -1.0 -0.001 0.64 S-Sep. 2017 -3.4

Citrus fruits(5)

0.151 -0.1 0.000 0.75 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.6   1.25 L-Feb. 2018 0.9

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.233 2.0 0.005 0.73 L-Jan. 2018 2.1

Fresh vegetables

0.463 0.6 0.003 0.56 L-Apr. 2017 4.3

Potatoes

0.074 0.6 0.000 1.22 L-Feb. 2018 0.7

Lettuce

0.057 2.6 0.002 1.62 S-Feb. 2018 0.6

Tomatoes(4)

0.079 -2.7 -0.002 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 5.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.252 0.6 0.002 0.69 L-Jul. 2017 0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.270 1.4 0.004 0.44 L-Apr. 2016 1.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.146 1.5 0.002 0.65 L-Jan. 2018 2.1

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  4.3   0.78 L-EVER -

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.4   0.77 S-Feb. 2018 -1.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.079 0.3 0.000 0.83 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

  -0.3   1.00 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.044 2.7 0.001 0.76 L-Oct. 2011 2.8

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  2.0   0.80 L-Feb. 2015 2.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.871 -0.6 -0.005 0.36 S-Jul. 2013 -0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.615 -0.2 -0.001 0.41 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Carbonated drinks

0.257 -0.2 -0.001 0.77 S-Dec. 2017 -0.7

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.009 -0.5 0.000 0.73 S-Jan. 2018 -0.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.350 -0.3 -0.001 0.51 S-Feb. 2018 -1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.256 -0.8 -0.002 0.61 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Coffee

0.166 -1.3 -0.002 0.77 S-Jan. 2018 -2.6

Roasted coffee(6)

  -1.3   1.08 S-Jan. 2018 -2.5

Instant coffee(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.71 S-Feb. 2018 -1.3

Other beverage materials including tea(4)(5)

0.091 0.6 0.001 0.99 L-Dec. 2017 0.6

Other food at home

1.847 0.0 0.000 0.20 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.282 -0.8 -0.002 0.49 S-Apr. 2015 -1.0

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 -0.5 0.000 0.67 S-Feb. 2018 -1.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.184 -1.4 -0.003 0.69 S-Apr. 2015 -2.0

Other sweets(5)

0.055 0.2 0.000 0.84 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

Fats and oils

0.215 1.0 0.002 0.44 L-Dec. 2016 1.1

Butter and margarine(5)

0.060 2.0 0.001 0.88 L-Jun. 2016 2.1

Butter(6)

  3.7   1.01 L-Oct. 2015 4.9

Margarine(6)

  -0.9   0.98 S-Dec. 2017 -0.9

Salad dressing(5)

0.052 -0.2 0.000 1.03 L-Feb. 2018 0.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.103 0.7 0.001 0.56 L-Feb. 2018 1.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.63 L-Feb. 2018 3.4

Other foods

1.350 0.0 0.000 0.25 L-Nov. 2017 0.4

Soups

0.082 0.3 0.000 1.07 L-Dec. 2017 0.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.235 0.6 0.002 0.54 L-Jul. 2017 0.8

Snacks(4)

0.312 0.6 0.002 0.72 L-Feb. 2018 0.6

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 -0.2 -0.001 0.54 S-Feb. 2018 -1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -2.3   0.96 S-Mar. 2006 -2.5

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  1.3   1.31 L-Oct. 2017 1.3

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.81 S-Feb. 2018 -1.1

Other condiments(6)

  -0.8   0.65 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Baby food(4)(5)

0.049 -0.1 0.000 0.52 - -

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.400 0.5 0.002 0.41 L-Feb. 2018 0.9

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.6   0.76 S-Jan. 2018 -1.3

Food away from home(4)

5.971 0.2 0.014 0.04 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.968 0.3 0.008 0.04 L-Feb. 2017 0.3

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.541 0.1 0.002 0.07 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.180 -0.1 0.000 0.38 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.49 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.090 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.193 2.3 0.004 0.09 L-EVER -

Energy

7.635 1.4 0.109 0.08 L-Jan. 2018 3.0

Energy commodities

4.232 3.0 0.127 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 5.8

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.192 1.8 0.003 0.33 L-Jan. 2018 7.0

Fuel oil

0.115 2.7 0.003 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 9.5

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.077 -0.3 0.000 0.48 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Motor fuel

4.039 3.0 0.124 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 5.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.952 3.0 0.121 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 5.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  2.9   0.51 L-Jan. 2018 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  1.3   0.51 L-Jan. 2018 4.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  3.0   0.44 L-Jan. 2018 3.2

Other motor fuels(5)

0.087 2.6 0.002 0.15 L-Jan. 2018 6.6

Energy services(11)

3.404 -0.5 -0.019 0.08 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Electricity(11)

2.620 -0.6 -0.015 0.10 S-May 2015 -0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.784 -0.4 -0.004 0.08 L-Feb. 2018 4.7

All items less food and energy

79.083 0.1 0.077 0.03 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.938 -0.1 -0.029 0.08 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.389 0.6 0.019 0.16 L-EVER -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.266 -0.2 0.000 0.75 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.057 1.3 0.001 0.56 L-Feb. 2018 2.4

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.047 1.3 0.001 0.88 L-Feb. 2018 2.2

Other linens(4)(5)

0.162 -1.1 -0.002 1.15 L-Feb. 2018 -0.7

Furniture and bedding

0.883 1.1 0.009 0.34 L-Apr. 2015 1.2

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.323 0.1 0.000 0.52 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.421 2.1 0.009 0.45 L-Oct. 2016 2.5

Other furniture(5)

0.127 0.7 0.001 0.71 L-Jan. 2018 1.2

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

           

Appliances(5)

0.209 2.1 0.004 0.55 L-EVER -

Major appliances(5)

0.075 4.8 0.004 0.70 L-EVER -

Laundry equipment(6)

  9.6   1.18 L-EVER -

Other appliances(5)

0.132 0.6 0.001 0.63 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.525 0.0 0.000 0.48 S-Jan. 2018 -2.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.289 -0.8 -0.002 0.76 S-Sep. 2017 -1.0

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.096 -0.4 0.000 0.68 S-Jan. 2018 -1.9

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.057 3.2 0.002 1.49 L-Jan. 2017 7.2

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.083 0.8 0.001 0.75 S-Jan. 2018 -2.1

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.674 0.1 0.001 0.24 S-Dec. 2017 -0.5

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.199 0.2 0.000 0.35 L-Feb. 2018 1.2

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.312 0.2 0.001 0.30 S-Feb. 2018 0.1

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.832 0.6 0.005 0.24 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Household cleaning products(5)

0.327 1.4 0.005 0.39 L-EVER -

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.219 0.6 0.001 0.38 L-Dec. 2017 0.9

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.286 0.1 0.000 0.41 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Apparel

3.178 0.3 0.009 0.39 L-Feb. 2018 1.5

Men's and boys' apparel

0.767 0.0 0.000 0.72 L-Feb. 2018 1.7

Men's apparel

0.603 -0.6 -0.004 0.78 L-Feb. 2018 1.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 0.7 0.001 1.68 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Men's furnishings

0.151 -0.1 0.000 1.45 S-Feb. 2018 -0.8

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.178 0.1 0.000 1.22 L-Feb. 2018 4.3

Men's pants and shorts

0.157 -1.0 -0.002 1.28 L-Feb. 2018 1.2

Boys' apparel

0.164 1.3 0.002 1.44 L-Feb. 2018 3.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.323 1.2 0.016 0.60 L-Feb. 2018 1.5

Women's apparel

1.137 0.9 0.010 0.65 L-Feb. 2018 1.8

Women's outerwear

0.072 4.5 0.003 2.13 L-Feb. 2018 4.8

Women's dresses

0.145 2.9 0.004 1.42 L-Jan. 2018 3.8

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.603 0.5 0.003 0.87 L-Feb. 2018 2.4

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.304 0.0 0.000 1.10 L-Feb. 2018 1.1

Girls' apparel

0.186 3.0 0.005 1.49 L-Aug. 2016 4.0

Footwear

0.693 -0.9 -0.006 0.57 S-Jun. 2016 -1.5

Men's footwear(4)

0.221 -0.2 0.000 0.96 S-Dec. 2017 -3.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 1.8 0.003 1.01 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Women's footwear

0.312 -2.5 -0.008 0.80 S-Sep. 2007 -2.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.137 1.2 0.002 1.24 S-Feb. 2018 0.9

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.258 -1.1 -0.003 1.00 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Watches(4)(9)

0.098 1.4 0.001 1.52 L-Jan. 2018 2.4

Jewelry(9)

0.160 -1.4 -0.002 1.22 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

6.698 -0.9 -0.059 0.09 S-EVER -

New vehicles

3.764 -0.5 -0.018 0.15 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.23 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

New cars(6)

  -0.4   0.24 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

New trucks(14)(6)

  -0.6   0.21 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.439 -1.6 -0.039 0.02 S-Mar. 2009 -1.8

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.381 -0.3 -0.001 0.28 S-Nov. 2017 -0.5

Tires(4)

0.227 -0.7 -0.002 0.38 S-Nov. 2017 -1.0

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.153 0.4 0.001 0.44 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  -0.5   0.38 S-Aug. 2017 -0.5

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  2.2   0.90 L-Nov. 2017 3.3

Medical care commodities

1.735 -0.2 -0.004 0.25 S-Feb. 2018 -0.3

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.679 -0.3 -0.006 0.26 S-Sep. 2017 -0.9

Prescription drugs(11)

1.332 0.1 0.001 0.29 L-Dec. 2017 0.8

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.347 -0.4 -0.001 0.43 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.056 -0.3 0.000 0.50 L-Feb. 2018 0.6

Recreation commodities(12)

1.849 -0.3 -0.006 0.17 S-Feb. 2018 -0.3

Video and audio products(12)

0.245 -0.8 -0.002 0.49 - -

Televisions

0.115 -2.0 -0.002 0.81 S-Feb. 2018 -3.3

Other video equipment(5)

0.027 1.2 0.000 0.85 L-Oct. 2017 1.3

Audio equipment(4)

0.044 0.1 0.000 0.71 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)(5)

0.051 -0.2 0.000 0.85 S-Jan. 2018 -0.6

Pets and pet products(4)

0.599 0.7 0.004 0.23 L-Sep. 2014 0.9

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.31 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  1.2   0.39 L-Sep. 2014 1.4

Sporting goods

0.503 -0.9 -0.004 0.29 S-Jun. 2016 -1.4

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.286 0.2 0.000 0.34 S-Nov. 2017 -0.2

Sports equipment

0.210 -0.6 -0.001 0.47 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.035 1.0 0.000 0.66 S-Jan. 2018 -1.8

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

           

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  1.0   0.69 S-Jan. 2018 -1.7

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.114 0.5 0.001 0.64 S-Feb. 2018 0.1

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.069 -0.4 0.000 0.95 S-Dec. 2017 -0.9

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.045 1.9 0.001 0.97 L-Aug. 2016 5.3

Other recreational goods(5)

0.353 -1.4 -0.005 0.46 S-Apr. 2014 -1.4

Toys

0.281 -1.6 -0.004 0.52 S-Jan. 2018 -1.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -1.5   0.55 S-Jan. 2018 -1.5

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 -0.1 0.000 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 5.2

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.036 -0.5 0.000 0.68 S-Feb. 2018 -1.2

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.558 -0.2 -0.001 0.36 L-Jan. 2018 0.8

Educational books and supplies

0.132 0.1 0.000 0.60 L-Feb. 2018 1.6

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

  -0.8   0.58 S-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Information technology commodities(12)

0.426 -0.3 -0.001 0.43 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.320 -0.2 -0.001 0.59 S-Feb. 2018 -1.2

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.025 0.4 0.000 1.10 L-Jan. 2018 2.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.082 -0.8 -0.001 0.70 L-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.968 0.3 0.003 0.14 L-Sep. 2017 0.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.603 0.5 0.003 0.22 L-Apr. 2017 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 0.1 0.000 0.27 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 0.0 0.000 0.37 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.54 S-Feb. 2018 -1.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.50 S-Dec. 2017 -0.8

Wine at home

0.255 1.0 0.003 0.46 L-Nov. 2014 1.1

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.365 0.1 0.000 0.12 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.18 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.18 - -

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.15 S-Jan. 2017 -0.1

Other goods(12)

1.561 0.6 0.010 0.16 L-Oct. 2017 0.7

Tobacco and smoking products

0.643 1.3 0.009 0.14 L-Oct. 2017 1.3

Cigarettes(5)

0.569 1.4 0.008 0.15 L-Oct. 2017 1.4

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.059 0.3 0.000 0.33 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Personal care products(4)

0.699 0.0 0.000 0.30 L-Feb. 2018 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.384 -0.6 -0.002 0.37 S-Nov. 2017 -0.6

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.308 0.7 0.002 0.45 L-Nov. 2017 1.5

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.220 0.9 0.002 0.75 L-Jan. 2018 1.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.6   0.77 L-Oct. 2017 1.4

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.3   0.46 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Services less energy services

59.145 0.2 0.105 0.03 S-Feb. 2018 0.2

Shelter

32.752 0.3 0.114 0.04 S-Feb. 2018 0.2

Rent of shelter(16)

32.380 0.3 0.113 0.04 S-Feb. 2018 0.2

Rent of primary residence(11)

7.777 0.4 0.030 0.03 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

Lodging away from home(5)

0.988 0.7 0.007 1.24 S-Feb. 2018 0.0

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.112 0.2 0.000 0.06 S-Feb. 2018 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.875 0.8 0.007 1.45 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

23.615 0.3 0.077 0.03 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

22.297 0.3 0.073 0.03 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.372 0.1 0.000 0.13 L-Feb. 2018 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.072 0.4 0.004 0.05 L-Nov. 2017 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.814 0.3 0.002 0.06 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.259 0.8 0.002 0.07 L-Jul. 2012 0.9

Household operations(4)(5)

0.869 0.1 0.001 0.32 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.299 0.0 0.000 0.04 S-Feb. 2018 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.286 0.6 0.002 0.05 L-Jun. 2017 0.6

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.101 -0.8 -0.001 1.97 S-Dec. 2017 -2.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.108 0.0 0.000 0.23 - -

Medical care services

6.943 0.2 0.011 0.09 S-Feb. 2018 0.0

Professional services

3.282 0.2 0.007 0.10 S-Jan. 2018 0.1

Physicians' services(11)

1.747 0.0 -0.001 0.09 S-Nov. 2017 -0.6

Dental services(11)

0.796 0.1 0.001 0.11 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.319 0.1 0.000 0.31 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

Services by other medical professionals(4)(11)(9)

0.420 0.2 0.001 0.09 S-Feb. 2018 -0.8

Hospital and related services

2.604 0.1 0.004 0.12 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Hospital services(11)(17)

2.326 0.2 0.004 0.13 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

  0.1   0.20 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

  -0.1   0.32 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.191 0.2 0.000 0.12 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.087 -0.6 0.000 0.12 S-Jun. 2017 -0.7

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.058 -0.1 -0.001 0.08 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Transportation services

5.987 -0.4 -0.025 0.13 S-May 2013 -0.4

Leased cars and trucks(4)(15)

0.646 -0.6 -0.004 0.39 - -

Car and truck rental(5)

0.118 -0.6 -0.001 1.78 S-Jan. 2018 -2.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.112 0.3 0.003 0.15 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.055 0.2 0.000 0.11 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.623 0.3 0.002 0.24 L-Dec. 2017 0.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.369 0.2 0.001 0.14 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.393 -0.2 -0.004 0.17 S-Apr. 2017 -0.3

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.542 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.281 0.0 0.000 0.04 - -

Parking and other fees(4)(5)

0.244 0.1 0.000 0.22 S-Dec. 2017 -0.7

Parking fees and tolls(5)(6)

  0.2   0.16 S-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.43 S-Apr. 2017 -2.4

Public transportation

1.177 -1.6 -0.019 0.36 S-Jan. 2014 -1.8

Airline fares

0.716 -2.7 -0.019 0.58 S-Jan. 2014 -3.0

Other intercity transportation

0.172 0.1 0.000 0.56 S-Nov. 2017 -1.5

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

  1.2   0.98 L-Dec. 2017 2.3

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.82 S-Nov. 2017 -2.2

Intracity transportation(4)

0.281 0.1 0.000 0.19 L-Feb. 2018 0.5

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

  0.0   0.15 - -

Recreation services(12)

3.863 -0.4 -0.016 0.16 S-Sep. 2010 -0.4

Video and audio services(12)

1.604 -0.5 -0.008 0.15 S-Dec. 2010 -0.8

Cable and satellite television service(14)

1.516 -0.5 -0.008 0.14 S-Dec. 2010 -0.9

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)(5)

0.088 0.0 0.000 1.26 L-Feb. 2018 0.0

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   2.01 S-Nov. 2017 -7.6

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  1.1   0.14 L-Nov. 2017 1.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.411 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.10 S-Jan. 2018 -0.1

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.1   0.13 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.038 0.2 0.000 0.43 L-Sep. 2017 0.5

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

           

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.65 L-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Other recreation services(5)

1.808 -0.5 -0.008 0.29 S-Mar. 2013 -0.5

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)(5)

0.671 -0.6 -0.004 0.22 S-Nov. 2015 -0.9

Admissions

0.647 -0.2 -0.001 0.58 L-Feb. 2018 1.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.46 S-Oct. 2016 -0.7

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   1.79 L-Feb. 2018 2.8

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.218 -0.4 -0.001 0.34 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Education and communication services(12)

6.037 0.0 -0.001 0.07 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.855 0.2 0.004 0.05 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.578 0.1 0.002 0.06 L-Jan. 2018 0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.326 0.3 0.001 0.08 - -

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.801 0.1 0.001 0.09 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.032 0.2 0.000 0.11 L-Nov. 2017 0.3

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.109 0.5 0.000 0.02 L-Jan. 2018 0.6

Postage

0.095 0.5 0.000 0.00 L-Apr. 2017 0.5

Delivery services(5)

0.014 0.1 0.000 0.32 S-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.292 0.0 -0.001 0.12 - -

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.719 0.0 0.000 0.10 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.573 -0.2 -0.001 0.21 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.772 -0.7 -0.006 0.29 L-Jan. 2018 -0.3

Other personal services(4)(12)

1.623 1.0 0.017 0.11 L-EVER -

Personal care services(4)

0.621 0.4 0.003 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.621 0.4 0.003 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Miscellaneous personal services

1.001 1.3 0.013 0.11 L-Feb. 1995 1.3

Legal services(4)(9)

0.307 0.0 0.000 0.07 S-Dec. 2017 0.0

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.127 0.3 0.000 0.09 L-Feb. 2018 0.4

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.237 0.5 0.001 0.16 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.028 0.0 0.000 0.21 L-Feb. 2018 0.1

Financial services(9)

0.231 4.6 0.011 0.32 L-EVER -

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.02 S-Jan. 2018 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(5)(6)

  7.9   0.33 L-EVER -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.719 0.2 0.186 0.03 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

All items less shelter

67.248 0.2 0.107 0.03 L-Jan. 2018 0.7

All items less food and shelter

53.967 0.1 0.072 0.04 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.331 -0.1 -0.037 0.05 S-Apr. 2017 -0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.893 0.0 0.001 0.05 S-Nov. 2017 0.0

All items less medical care

91.321 0.2 0.213 0.03 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

All items less energy

92.365 0.1 0.112 0.03 S-Nov. 2017 0.1

Commodities

37.451 0.4 0.134 0.05 L-Jan. 2018 1.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.499 0.1 0.010 0.09 L-Feb. 2018 0.1

Commodities less food

24.170 0.4 0.099 0.07 L-Jan. 2018 1.4

Commodities less food and beverages

23.201 0.4 0.096 0.07 L-Jan. 2018 1.4

Services

62.549 0.1 0.086 0.03 S-Mar. 2017 0.0

Services less rent of shelter(16)

30.169 -0.1 -0.016 0.05 S-Mar. 2017 -0.2

Services less medical care services

55.605 0.2 0.092 0.04 S-Jan. 2018 0.2

Durables

10.104 -0.5 -0.046 0.08 S-Aug. 2009 -0.7

Nondurables

27.347 0.7 0.184 0.07 L-Jan. 2018 1.1

Nondurables less food

14.065 1.3 0.181 0.11 L-Jan. 2018 2.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.097 1.4 0.178 0.12 L-Jan. 2018 2.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.919 1.1 0.110 0.09 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.887 1.0 0.111 0.08 L-Jan. 2018 2.0

Housing

41.678 0.3 0.125 0.04 - -

Education and communication(5)

6.595 0.0 -0.002 0.07 L-Jan. 2018 0.1

Education(5)

2.987 0.2 0.005 0.06 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

Communication(5)

3.608 -0.2 -0.007 0.11 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.500 -0.2 -0.007 0.12 L-Jan. 2018 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.208 -0.6 -0.007 0.25 L-Jan. 2018 0.2

Recreation(5)

5.712 -0.4 -0.022 0.11 S-Dec. 2009 -0.4

Video and audio(5)

1.849 -0.5 -0.010 0.15 S-Sep. 2016 -0.5

Pets, pet products and services(5)

1.011 0.4 0.004 0.16 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Photography(5)

0.074 0.6 0.000 0.41 L-Feb. 2018 0.7

Food and beverages

14.250 0.3 0.038 0.06 L-Sep. 2015 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

6.109 0.4 0.022 0.11 L-Mar. 2017 0.5

Other services

11.522 0.0 -0.001 0.06 L-Feb. 2018 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.485 0.6 0.015 0.45 L-Feb. 2018 1.5

Fuels and utilities

4.668 -0.2 -0.011 0.06 - -

Household energy

3.596 -0.4 -0.015 0.08 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Medical care

8.679 0.1 0.008 0.09 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Transportation

16.724 0.2 0.041 0.06 L-Jan. 2018 1.8

Private transportation

15.547 0.4 0.060 0.06 L-Jan. 2018 2.0

New and used motor vehicles(5)

7.081 -0.9 -0.062 0.10 S-Sep. 2003 -1.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.460 -0.3 -0.031 0.07 S-Mar. 2017 -1.1

Household furnishings and operations

4.258 0.5 0.021 0.16 L-Apr. 2015 0.5

Other goods and services

3.184 0.8 0.026 0.10 L-Apr. 2017 1.0

Personal care(4)

2.541 0.7 0.017 0.13 L-EVER -

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2018, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2018
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Apr. 2017-
Apr. 2018
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Apr. 2017-
Apr. 2018(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 2.5   0.07 L-Feb. 2017 2.7

Food

13.281 1.4 0.188 0.10 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Food at home

7.310 0.5 0.041 0.16 L-Feb. 2018 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

0.961 0.0 -0.001 0.30 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.310 -0.3 -0.001 0.62 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.041 2.4 0.001 0.99 L-Oct. 2012 2.8

Breakfast cereal

0.150 -2.0 -0.003 0.85 L-Jan. 2018 -1.1

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.119 1.0 0.001 1.11 L-Dec. 2015 2.7

Rice(4)(5)

  1.5   1.35 L-May 2014 2.6

Bakery products

0.651 0.1 0.000 0.37 S-Dec. 2017 -0.1

Bread(4)

0.192 -0.6 -0.001 0.66 S-Feb. 2018 -1.3

White bread(5)

  -1.0   0.89 S-Feb. 2018 -2.5

Bread other than white(5)

  -0.6   0.89 S-Oct. 2017 -0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.092 0.7 0.001 1.07 S-Nov. 2017 0.5

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.164 0.6 0.001 0.68 S-Dec. 2017 -0.2

Cookies(5)

  -1.5   1.14 S-Dec. 2017 -1.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  2.7   1.11 L-Jun. 2017 2.9

Other bakery products

0.203 0.0 0.000 0.71 L-Oct. 2017 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  3.4   1.16 L-Feb. 2016 3.6

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -1.4   1.24 L-Oct. 2017 -0.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  0.4   1.15 L-Feb. 2018 0.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.622 3.5 0.059 0.33 L-Apr. 2015 3.9

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.522 2.4 0.038 0.32 L-Apr. 2015 4.0

Meats

0.955 2.4 0.024 0.39 L-Jan. 2018 2.4

Beef and veal

0.430 4.0 0.018 0.49 L-Aug. 2015 5.0

Uncooked ground beef

0.174 4.7 0.009 0.81 L-Dec. 2017 4.9

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.061 3.7 0.002 1.39 L-Jul. 2015 9.7

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.158 2.7 0.004 0.91 L-Dec. 2017 2.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.037 6.2 0.003 1.30 L-Aug. 2015 7.0

Pork

0.300 0.8 0.003 0.79 L-Feb. 2018 1.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.136 -0.1 0.000 1.01 S-Jan. 2017 -1.9

Bacon and related products(5)

  -1.8   1.31 S-Jan. 2017 -2.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  2.8   1.67 S-Feb. 2018 0.8

Ham

0.053 0.1 0.000 1.82 L-Jan. 2018 1.4

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  0.3   2.30 L-Jan. 2018 2.5

Pork chops

0.043 5.7 0.003 1.89 L-Feb. 2015 8.1

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.067 0.0 0.000 1.73 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Other meats

0.225 1.5 0.004 0.83 L-Dec. 2015 1.8

Frankfurters(5)

  6.8   2.43 L-Nov. 2015 6.8

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -0.5   0.83 - -

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.319 1.1 0.004 0.72 L-Feb. 2018 1.3

Chicken(4)

0.262 2.5 0.007 0.84 L-Feb. 2018 2.5

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  3.5   1.94 L-Jun. 2015 3.7

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  2.6   0.99 S-Jan. 2018 1.1

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.057 -4.7 -0.003 1.44 L-Feb. 2018 -3.7

Fish and seafood

0.248 3.8 0.010 0.84 L-Dec. 2014 4.3

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.129 3.9 0.005 1.17 L-Feb. 2017 5.3

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.119 3.9 0.005 0.98 L-Oct. 2017 4.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  5.8   1.31 L-Dec. 2012 6.9

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  1.3   1.50 L-Dec. 2017 1.3

Eggs

0.100 23.2 0.022 1.47 L-Nov. 2015 23.7

Dairy and related products

0.733 -0.4 -0.003 0.40 L-Nov. 2017 0.0

Milk(4)

0.199 -2.3 -0.005 0.70 L-Nov. 2017 -1.8

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -3.2   1.68 L-Nov. 2017 -3.0

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -1.1   0.99 L-Nov. 2017 -0.7

Cheese and related products

0.240 0.9 0.002 0.68 L-Jan. 2018 1.1

Ice cream and related products

0.106 0.1 0.000 0.96 L-Jan. 2018 0.4

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.188 -0.4 -0.001 0.82 S-Feb. 2018 -1.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.275 -0.4 -0.006 0.43 S-Mar. 2017 -1.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.005 -0.4 -0.005 0.53 S-Mar. 2017 -2.2

Fresh fruits

0.542 1.4 0.008 0.68 L-Feb. 2018 4.0

Apples

0.076 1.0 0.001 1.75 L-Feb. 2018 1.7

Bananas

0.082 0.0 0.000 1.03 S-Feb. 2018 -0.3

Citrus fruits(4)

0.151 9.6 0.014 1.42 L-Nov. 2017 10.2

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  6.0   2.18 S-Jan. 2018 6.0

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.233 -2.8 -0.007 1.05 L-Feb. 2018 4.0

Fresh vegetables

0.463 -2.5 -0.012 0.84 S-Mar. 2017 -4.1

Potatoes

0.074 0.2 0.000 2.08 L-Feb. 2018 0.5

Lettuce

0.057 -14.0 -0.010 2.35 S-Jan. 2017 -16.8

Tomatoes

0.079 1.7 0.002 1.67 S-Nov. 2017 -0.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.252 -1.6 -0.004 1.20 S-Mar. 2017 -4.5

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.270 -0.4 -0.001 0.69 L-Mar. 2017 -0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.146 -0.1 0.000 0.87 L-Dec. 2016 0.4

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  -1.5   1.19 L-Sep. 2017 -0.8

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  1.0   1.24 L-Sep. 2015 1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.079 -1.2 -0.001 1.35 - -

Frozen vegetables(5)

  -2.0   1.67 S-Nov. 2017 -2.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.044 0.0 0.000 1.42 L-Apr. 2016 0.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -2.2   2.11 L-Feb. 2018 -1.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.871 -0.8 -0.008 0.43 S-Feb. 2018 -1.0

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.615 -0.3 -0.002 0.53 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Carbonated drinks

0.257 0.0 0.000 0.87 S-Feb. 2018 -0.2

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.009 0.5 0.000 1.12 L-Jan. 2018 1.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.350 -0.5 -0.002 0.64 - -

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.256 -2.0 -0.006 0.77 S-Feb. 2018 -2.3

Coffee

0.166 -3.3 -0.006 1.09 S-Aug. 2016 -3.8

Roasted coffee(5)

  -3.3   1.60 S-Dec. 2016 -3.4

Instant coffee(5)

  -6.0   1.65 S-Feb. 2018 -6.4

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.091 0.2 0.000 1.01 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Other food at home

1.847 0.0 -0.001 0.31 - -

Sugar and sweets

0.282 0.7 0.002 0.70 S-Dec. 2017 0.5

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.042 1.9 0.001 0.87 L-Dec. 2017 2.1

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.184 0.4 0.001 0.91 S-Dec. 2017 0.4

Other sweets(4)

0.055 0.6 0.000 1.22 L-Feb. 2018 0.7

Fats and oils

0.215 1.0 0.002 0.61 L-Feb. 2018 1.6

Butter and margarine(4)

0.060 1.9 0.001 1.16 L-Jan. 2018 2.5

Butter(5)

  4.4   1.57 L-Jan. 2018 4.4

Margarine(5)

  -2.0   1.43 S-Mar. 2015 -2.9

Salad dressing(4)

0.052 0.2 0.000 1.37 L-Nov. 2017 1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.103 0.9 0.001 0.92 S-Aug. 2017 0.8

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  1.1   1.06 L-Feb. 2018 2.9

Other foods

1.350 -0.3 -0.005 0.36 - -

Soups

0.082 -0.5 -0.001 1.65 L-Feb. 2018 0.9

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.235 -1.2 -0.003 0.89 S-Oct. 2017 -1.2

Snacks

0.312 -0.3 -0.001 0.82 L-Feb. 2018 0.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.272 0.2 0.000 0.79 S-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  -0.3   1.40 S-Apr. 2017 -1.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  1.6   1.68 L-Feb. 2018 2.7

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  1.7   1.16 S-Feb. 2018 1.6

Other condiments(5)

  -1.5   1.74 S-Feb. 2018 -2.9

Baby food(4)

0.049 0.1 0.000 1.16 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.400 -0.2 -0.001 0.51 L-Feb. 2018 0.2

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  0.6   1.26 L-Feb. 2018 1.8

Food away from home

5.971 2.5 0.147 0.10 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.968 2.2 0.064 0.13 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.541 2.7 0.067 0.18 S-Oct. 2017 2.6

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.180 1.9 0.004 0.63 S-Nov. 2017 -0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

  1.5   0.52 S-Jan. 2018 1.4

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.090 2.4 0.002 1.49 L-Feb. 2018 2.5

Other food away from home(4)

0.193 4.7 0.010 0.53 L-Dec. 2008 5.7

Energy

7.635 7.9 0.582 0.11 L-Nov. 2017 9.4

Energy commodities

4.232 13.7 0.540 0.17 L-Nov. 2017 16.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.192 15.4 0.028 0.91 L-Jan. 2018 16.5

Fuel oil

0.115 22.6 0.023 1.08 L-Mar. 2017 24.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.077 6.5 0.006 1.58 S-Jul. 2017 5.7

Motor fuel

4.039 13.5 0.512 0.18 L-Nov. 2017 16.5

Gasoline (all types)

3.952 13.4 0.500 0.18 L-Nov. 2017 16.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  13.5   0.94 L-Nov. 2017 16.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  12.5   0.78 L-Nov. 2017 16.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  12.7   0.79 L-Nov. 2017 13.8

Other motor fuels(4)

0.087 19.1 0.012 0.28 L-Apr. 2017 20.3

Energy services(10)

3.404 1.2 0.042 0.15 S-Sep. 2016 0.7

Electricity(10)

2.620 1.2 0.034 0.18 S-Jan. 2017 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.784 1.0 0.008 0.22 S-Jan. 2018 0.2

All items less food and energy

79.083 2.1 1.692 0.08 - -

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.938 -0.4 -0.048 0.19 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.389 -0.7 -0.018 0.33 L-Jan. 2013 -0.6

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.266 -1.7 -0.004 1.10 - -

Floor coverings(4)

0.057 4.3 0.002 1.56 S-Feb. 2018 3.5

Window coverings(4)

0.047 -3.6 -0.002 2.47 L-Feb. 2018 -2.5

Other linens(4)

0.162 -3.2 -0.004 1.79 S-Nov. 2017 -5.5

Furniture and bedding

0.883 0.1 0.003 0.84 L-Sep. 2017 0.4

Bedroom furniture

0.323 0.0 0.000 1.05 L-Feb. 2018 0.3

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.421 0.7 0.004 1.41 L-Aug. 2017 0.9

Other furniture(4)

0.127 -1.5 -0.002 1.58 L-Jan. 2018 -0.8

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

           

Appliances(4)

0.209 0.2 0.002 1.10 L-Jan. 2013 0.7

Major appliances(4)

0.075 1.6 0.002 1.29 L-Jan. 2013 1.8

Laundry equipment(5)

  2.7   2.84 L-Jan. 2013 3.5

Other appliances(4)

0.132 -0.6 0.000 1.52 L-Dec. 2017 -0.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.525 -4.6 -0.021 1.03 L-Jun. 2017 -3.3

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.289 -7.8 -0.019 1.64 L-Jun. 2017 -5.6

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.096 1.3 0.001 1.28 S-Feb. 2018 0.3

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.057 -5.5 -0.003 3.20 L-Feb. 2018 -5.4

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.083 -1.4 0.000 1.49 L-Feb. 2017 -0.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.674 0.2 0.002 0.70 L-May 2017 0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.199 1.4 0.003 0.81 - -

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.312 -0.4 -0.001 0.92 L-Jun. 2017 0.1

Housekeeping supplies

0.832 0.0 0.000 0.43 L-Sep. 2016 0.0

Household cleaning products(4)

0.327 -1.2 -0.004 0.62 L-Jun. 2017 -1.1

Household paper products(4)

0.219 -0.6 -0.001 0.83 S-Dec. 2017 -0.6

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.286 1.9 0.005 0.88 L-Jul. 2012 2.1

Apparel

3.178 0.8 0.032 0.79 L-Jan. 2017 1.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.767 2.0 0.016 1.43 L-Oct. 2013 2.2

Men's apparel

0.603 1.1 0.006 1.68 L-Feb. 2017 2.2

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.109 0.5 0.001 2.87 L-Dec. 2017 1.3

Men's furnishings

0.151 -1.1 -0.003 3.59 L-Dec. 2017 2.2

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.178 3.9 0.007 2.21 L-Feb. 2017 5.8

Men's pants and shorts

0.157 0.3 0.001 2.81 S-Feb. 2018 -1.6

Boys' apparel

0.164 5.7 0.010 3.18 L-May 2014 5.8

Women's and girls' apparel

1.323 0.6 0.013 1.21 L-Feb. 2018 1.3

Women's apparel

1.137 0.2 0.010 1.32 L-Feb. 2018 1.2

Women's outerwear

0.072 -2.7 -0.001 4.56 L-Nov. 2017 -0.1

Women's dresses

0.145 6.7 0.007 3.98 L-Jan. 2017 7.8

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.603 -0.5 0.014 1.77 L-Feb. 2018 0.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.304 -2.4 -0.010 2.05 S-Jun. 2015 -2.4

Girls' apparel

0.186 1.5 0.002 2.99 L-Aug. 2017 2.6

Footwear

0.693 -0.4 -0.002 1.29 S-Jan. 2018 -2.3

Men's footwear

0.221 -0.3 0.000 2.00 S-Feb. 2018 -0.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.160 1.5 0.002 2.35 L-Sep. 2017 1.5

Women's footwear

0.312 -1.7 -0.005 1.69 S-Jan. 2018 -3.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.137 4.7 0.006 2.57 L-Sep. 2017 4.7

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.258 -1.2 -0.001 4.64 S-Nov. 2015 -2.3

Watches(8)

0.098 1.4 0.002 10.80 S-Mar. 2017 -1.5

Jewelry(8)

0.160 -2.6 -0.003 4.96 S-Nov. 2015 -3.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.698 -1.2 -0.070 0.19 S-Nov. 2017 -1.4

New vehicles

3.764 -1.6 -0.060 0.33 S-Jan. 2009 -2.6

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  -1.6   0.39 S-Feb. 2009 -1.6

New cars(5)

  -2.1   0.39 S-Feb. 2018 -2.1

New trucks(13)(5)

  -1.3   0.52 S-Mar. 2009 -1.9

Used cars and trucks

2.439 -0.9 -0.007 0.09 S-Dec. 2017 -1.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.381 -0.7 -0.003 0.70 S-Feb. 2017 -0.9

Tires

0.227 -2.4 -0.005 1.03 S-Jun. 2014 -2.6

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.153 1.7 0.003 0.75 L-Nov. 2017 1.9

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  1.5   0.80 S-Feb. 2018 1.0

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  3.2   1.08 L-Feb. 2018 3.6

Medical care commodities

1.735 1.9 0.036 0.69 L-Dec. 2017 2.3

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.679 2.1 0.037 0.71 L-Dec. 2017 2.4

Prescription drugs(10)

1.332 2.7 0.037 0.87 L-Dec. 2017 2.8

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.347 -0.2 -0.001 0.77 S-Jan. 2018 -0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.056 -1.8 -0.001 0.90 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Recreation commodities(11)

1.849 -2.8 -0.049 0.43 L-Oct. 2017 -2.8

Video and audio products(11)

0.245 -12.7 -0.029 1.38 S-Jan. 2017 -13.6

Televisions

0.115 -15.6 -0.018 1.88 S-May 2017 -16.0

Other video equipment(4)

0.027 -1.1 0.000 1.71 L-Feb. 2015 0.8

Audio equipment

0.044 -18.4 -0.011 2.38 S-EVER -

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)

0.051 -3.0 -0.001 7.26 S-Feb. 2017 -4.1

Pets and pet products

0.599 -0.1 0.000 0.54 L-Jul. 2017 -0.1

Pet food(4)(5)

  -0.2   0.69 L-Mar. 2017 -0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  0.1   1.01 L-Jul. 2017 0.8

Sporting goods

0.503 0.7 0.004 0.81 S-Feb. 2018 -0.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.286 3.0 0.009 1.23 L-Apr. 2013 3.0

Sports equipment

0.210 -2.1 -0.004 1.05 S-Feb. 2018 -2.1

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.035 1.2 0.000 2.01 L-Nov. 2017 1.9

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

           

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  2.2   2.74 L-Nov. 2017 2.5

Recreational reading materials

0.114 1.2 0.001 1.35 L-Jul. 2017 1.7

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.069 1.4 0.001 1.97 S-Feb. 2018 -1.0

Recreational books(4)

0.045 0.9 0.000 1.67 L-Feb. 2016 2.9

Other recreational goods(4)

0.353 -7.1 -0.026 0.98 S-Feb. 2018 -7.6

Toys

0.281 -9.0 -0.026 1.11 S-Feb. 2018 -9.1

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -8.5   1.57 - -

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.024 8.3 0.002 2.69 L-EVER -

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.036 -1.0 0.000 1.50 S-Feb. 2018 -1.6

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.558 -2.1 -0.013 0.97 L-Jul. 2017 -1.8

Educational books and supplies

0.132 0.4 0.000 1.91 L-Aug. 2017 0.4

College textbooks(14)(5)

  -0.3   1.65 L-Nov. 2017 0.1

Information technology commodities(11)

0.426 -3.0 -0.013 1.04 L-EVER -

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.320 -3.4 -0.009 1.24 L-Oct. 2017 -3.3

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.025 -0.5 0.000 3.43 L-Jan. 2018 0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.082 -5.0 -0.004 1.41 S-Dec. 2017 -5.0

Alcoholic beverages

0.968 1.4 0.013 0.29 - -

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.603 0.8 0.005 0.43 S-Jan. 2018 0.5

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 0.8 0.002 0.52 S-Nov. 2015 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.081 -1.1 -0.001 0.73 L-Feb. 2018 -1.1

Whiskey at home(5)

  -3.4   0.99 S-EVER -

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  0.2   1.03 - -

Wine at home

0.255 1.4 0.004 0.81 L-Nov. 2014 1.8

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.365 2.2 0.008 0.32 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  1.6   0.63 L-Feb. 2018 1.7

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  2.1   0.58 L-Jan. 2018 2.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  2.7   0.77 S-Feb. 2018 2.4

Other goods(11)

1.561 1.4 0.022 0.34 S-Mar. 2017 0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.643 3.0 0.020 0.44 S-Jul. 2016 2.9

Cigarettes(4)

0.569 2.9 0.017 0.43 S-Jul. 2016 2.9

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.059 5.0 0.002 1.18 - -

Personal care products

0.699 0.0 0.000 0.54 S-Feb. 2018 -0.3

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.384 -0.3 -0.001 0.81 L-Oct. 2017 -0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.308 0.3 0.001 0.85 S-Feb. 2018 0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.220 0.6 0.001 1.81 L-Sep. 2014 1.1

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  0.8   1.51 L-Oct. 2017 2.4

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  2.3   1.28 S-Jan. 2018 2.3

Services less energy services

59.145 2.9 1.740 0.09 - -

Shelter

32.752 3.4 1.122 0.10 L-Apr. 2017 3.5

Rent of shelter(15)

32.380 3.4 1.121 0.10 L-May 2017 3.4

Rent of primary residence(10)

7.777 3.7 0.288 0.11 L-Jan. 2018 3.7

Lodging away from home(4)

0.988 1.6 0.022 2.03 S-Feb. 2018 -1.5

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.112 2.1 0.002 0.29 L-Oct. 2017 2.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.875 1.2 0.020 2.37 S-Feb. 2018 -2.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

23.615 3.4 0.811 0.10 L-Apr. 2017 3.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

22.297 3.4 0.773 0.10 L-Apr. 2017 3.4

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.372 0.2 0.001 0.37 S-Mar. 2017 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.072 3.1 0.035 0.20 L-Dec. 2017 3.2

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.814 3.2 0.027 0.24 S-Feb. 2003 3.0

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.259 2.6 0.007 0.38 L-Oct. 2017 2.7

Household operations(4)

0.869 5.7 0.048 0.99 L-Dec. 2008 6.0

Domestic services(4)

0.299 3.1 0.009 0.41 S-Nov. 2017 3.1

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.286 7.0 0.019 0.51 L-Apr. 2009 7.7

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.101 6.8 0.008 4.54 S-Jan. 2018 4.3

Repair of household items(4)

0.108 8.0 0.008 0.81 S-Jan. 2018 4.5

Medical care services

6.943 2.2 0.154 0.32 L-Jul. 2017 2.3

Professional services

3.282 1.3 0.043 0.38 L-Apr. 2017 1.6

Physicians' services(10)

1.747 0.3 0.006 0.62 L-May 2017 0.8

Dental services(10)

0.796 4.1 0.032 0.50 L-Sep. 2008 4.7

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.319 1.2 0.004 0.78 S-Feb. 2018 1.1

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.420 0.5 0.001 0.86 L-Jan. 2018 0.9

Hospital and related services

2.604 4.2 0.108 0.50 S-Aug. 2017 4.1

Hospital services(10)(16)

2.326 4.5 0.102 0.55 S-Aug. 2017 4.4

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

  4.0   1.65 S-Oct. 2017 3.9

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

  4.0   1.51 S-Jan. 2017 3.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.191 3.2 0.006 0.44 - -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.087 -0.1 0.000 1.16 S-Feb. 2018 -0.1

Health insurance(7)

1.058 0.2 0.003 0.36 L-Jan. 2018 0.3

Transportation services

5.987 4.1 0.240 0.25 S-Jan. 2018 4.0

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.646 3.6 0.021 1.20 S-Nov. 2017 3.5

Car and truck rental(4)

0.118 2.4 0.003 2.67 L-Jul. 2017 2.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.112 1.5 0.017 0.47 - -

Motor vehicle body work

0.055 2.2 0.001 0.64 S-Dec. 2017 1.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.623 2.3 0.015 0.69 L-Dec. 2017 2.4

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.369 0.1 0.000 0.64 - -

Motor vehicle insurance

2.393 9.0 0.218 0.46 L-Feb. 2018 9.7

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.542 1.9 0.011 0.35 - -

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.281 1.4 0.004 0.43 S-Dec. 2017 1.4

Parking and other fees(4)

0.244 2.6 0.006 0.54 L-Dec. 2016 2.6

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  2.7   1.21 L-Oct. 2017 2.7

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

  3.1   1.99 L-Jul. 2012 3.3

Public transportation

1.177 -3.0 -0.029 0.63 S-Nov. 2016 -3.4

Airline fares

0.716 -6.9 -0.039 0.94 S-Apr. 2015 -7.5

Other intercity transportation

0.172 2.3 0.004 1.21 L-Apr. 2017 2.5

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

  3.3   3.59 L-Feb. 2018 3.9

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)

  0.3   2.08 S-Dec. 2017 -1.1

Intracity transportation

0.281 2.1 0.006 0.30 S-Aug. 2017 1.0

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

  2.6   0.81 S-Sep. 2017 2.5

Recreation services(11)

3.863 1.7 0.065 0.55 S-Apr. 2015 1.7

Video and audio services(11)

1.604 1.9 0.030 0.50 S-Jan. 2016 1.7

Cable and satellite television service(13)

1.516 1.9 0.030 0.51 S-Jan. 2016 1.7

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)

0.088 0.8 0.000 1.69 S-Feb. 2018 0.5

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  -2.7   3.58 S-Feb. 2018 -5.0

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)

  3.8   0.80 L-Apr. 2017 4.2

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.411 2.1 0.008 0.57 S-Nov. 2017 1.7

Pet services(4)(5)

  0.7   0.60 S-Jul. 2017 0.3

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  2.4   0.65 S-Feb. 2018 2.2

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.038 -2.5 -0.001 1.05 L-Feb. 2018 -2.5

Photographer fees(4)(5)

           

Film processing(4)(5)

  -8.7   1.21 - -

Other recreation services(4)

1.808 1.5 0.028 1.08 S-Feb. 2015 1.1

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)

0.671 3.0 0.019 1.42 S-Feb. 2018 2.6

Admissions

0.647 0.0 0.000 1.68 S-Jun. 2013 -0.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  1.9   1.68 S-Jun. 2017 1.5

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  -2.4   3.59 L-Feb. 2018 -1.7

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.218 2.5 0.006 1.34 S-Feb. 2017 2.1

Education and communication services(11)

6.037 0.3 0.021 0.24 L-Sep. 2016 0.5

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.855 1.9 0.058 0.20 - -

College tuition and fees

1.578 1.7 0.032 0.26 - -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.326 3.8 0.012 0.42 - -

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.801 1.4 0.010 0.40 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.032 1.6 0.001 1.02 S-Jul. 2016 1.6

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.109 2.3 0.003 0.22 S-Mar. 2017 1.5

Postage

0.095 2.0 0.002 0.22 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.014 5.9 0.001 0.99 S-Sep. 2017 5.2

Telephone services(4)

2.292 -0.4 -0.009 0.50 L-Aug. 2016 -0.4

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.719 -0.7 -0.011 0.64 L-Aug. 2016 -0.7

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.573 0.1 0.002 0.61 S-Oct. 2016 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.772 -3.9 -0.030 1.21 S-Dec. 2007 -5.2

Other personal services(11)

1.623 3.4 0.055 0.25 L-EVER -

Personal care services

0.621 2.3 0.014 0.36 L-May 2016 3.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.621 2.3 0.014 0.36 L-May 2016 3.2

Miscellaneous personal services

1.001 4.1 0.041 0.38 L-Oct. 2008 4.6

Legal services(8)

0.307 4.3 0.013 0.56 - -

Funeral expenses(8)

0.127 1.7 0.002 0.41 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.237 2.8 0.007 0.74 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.028 -0.5 0.000 0.91 S-Feb. 2018 -0.5

Financial services(8)

0.231 6.5 0.015 1.03 L-Jul. 2012 6.8

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  9.9   0.96 L-EVER -

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  6.6   1.14 L-Jan. 2018 6.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.719 2.6 2.275 0.07 L-Mar. 2017 2.7

All items less shelter

67.248 2.0 1.340 0.08 L-Feb. 2017 2.3

All items less food and shelter

53.967 2.1 1.153 0.10 L-Mar. 2017 2.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.331 1.2 0.570 0.11 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.893 1.3 0.577 0.12 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

All items less medical care

91.321 2.5 2.273 0.07 L-Feb. 2017 2.7

All items less energy

92.365 2.0 1.880 0.07 - -

Commodities

37.451 1.8 0.680 0.11 L-Feb. 2017 2.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.499 -0.3 -0.041 0.21 L-Jul. 2017 -0.2

Commodities less food

24.170 1.9 0.493 0.17 L-Sep. 2017 2.0

Commodities less food and beverages

23.201 1.9 0.480 0.17 L-Sep. 2017 2.0

Services

62.549 2.8 1.782 0.08 S-Feb. 2018 2.6

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.169 2.2 0.661 0.13 S-Feb. 2018 2.0

Services less medical care services

55.605 2.9 1.628 0.09 - -

Durables

10.104 -1.4 -0.121 0.18 S-Feb. 2018 -1.6

Nondurables

27.347 2.9 0.802 0.13 L-Sep. 2017 3.0

Nondurables less food

14.065 4.4 0.614 0.24 L-Sep. 2017 4.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

13.097 4.6 0.601 0.25 L-Sep. 2017 5.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.919 5.8 0.569 0.20 L-Nov. 2017 6.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.887 5.4 0.582 0.18 L-Nov. 2017 5.8

Housing

41.678 3.0 1.257 0.09 - -

Education and communication(4)

6.595 0.1 0.008 0.22 L-Sep. 2016 0.1

Education(4)

2.987 1.8 0.058 0.22 - -

Communication(4)

3.608 -1.4 -0.050 0.37 L-Aug. 2016 -0.9

Information and information processing(4)

3.500 -1.5 -0.053 0.38 L-Aug. 2016 -0.9

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.208 -3.6 -0.043 0.81 S-Apr. 2016 -3.6

Recreation(4)

5.712 0.3 0.016 0.40 S-Jun. 2015 0.3

Video and audio(4)

1.849 0.1 0.001 0.46 S-Oct. 2015 -0.1

Pets, pet products and services(4)

1.011 0.8 0.008 0.40 L-Feb. 2017 0.9

Photography(4)

0.074 -0.7 -0.001 1.02 L-Nov. 2017 0.2

Food and beverages

14.250 1.4 0.201 0.09 L-Feb. 2018 1.4

Domestically produced farm food

6.109 0.6 0.039 0.17 L-Feb. 2018 0.8

Other services

11.522 1.2 0.141 0.21 L-Feb. 2017 1.6

Apparel less footwear

2.485 1.1 0.034 0.97 L-Jun. 2014 1.4

Fuels and utilities

4.668 2.2 0.105 0.12 S-Nov. 2016 1.9

Household energy

3.596 1.9 0.071 0.15 S-Nov. 2016 1.4

Medical care

8.679 2.2 0.190 0.30 L-Jul. 2017 2.6

Transportation

16.724 4.1 0.682 0.12 L-Feb. 2018 4.1

Private transportation

15.547 4.7 0.711 0.12 L-Nov. 2017 4.8

New and used motor vehicles(4)

7.081 -0.8 -0.044 0.21 S-Nov. 2017 -1.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.460 0.7 0.068 0.16 S-Feb. 2018 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

4.258 0.6 0.030 0.36 L-Jul. 2012 0.9

Other goods and services

3.184 2.4 0.077 0.21 S-Feb. 2018 2.4

Personal care

2.541 2.2 0.056 0.26 L-Aug. 2012 2.3

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: May 10, 2018