Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, August 2018 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Aug. 2018 from: Percent change to Jul. 2018 from:
Aug.
2017
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2017
May
2018
Jun.
2018

U.S. city average

M

2.7 0.1 0.1 2.9 0.2 0.0

Region and area size(2)

Northeast

M

2.7 0.2 0.2 2.7 0.0 0.0

Northeast - Size Class A

M

2.3 0.2 0.1 2.4 0.1 0.0

Northeast - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.4 0.2 0.3 3.4 -0.1 -0.1

New England(4)

M

  0.0 -0.1   -0.1 0.0

Middle Atlantic(4)

M

  0.3 0.3   0.0 -0.1

Midwest

M

2.1 -0.1 0.0 2.4 0.1 0.0

Midwest - Size Class A

M

2.0 -0.2 -0.1 2.3 0.2 -0.1

Midwest - Size Class B/C(3)

M

1.9 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.1 0.0

East North Central(4)

M

  -0.2 0.0   0.0 -0.1

West North Central(4)

M

  0.1 0.0   0.5 0.1

South

M

2.4 -0.1 -0.1 2.9 0.2 0.0

South - Size Class A

M

2.7 -0.1 0.0 3.2 0.3 0.0

South - Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.3 -0.1 -0.1 2.8 0.2 0.0

South Atlantic(4)

M

  0.0 0.0   0.2 0.0

East South Central(4)

M

  -0.2 -0.2   0.1 0.0

West South Central(4)

M

  -0.2 -0.1   0.3 -0.1

West

M

3.6 0.3 0.2 3.6 0.3 0.1

West - Size Class A

M

3.8 0.3 0.1 3.9 0.4 0.2

West - Size Class B/C(3)

M

3.0 0.2 0.2 3.2 0.2 -0.1

Mountain(4)

M

  -0.1 0.0   0.0 -0.1

Pacific(4)

M

  0.4 0.2   0.4 0.2

Size classes

Size Class A(5)

M

2.8 0.1 0.0 3.0 0.2 0.0

Size Class B/C(3)

M

2.5 0.0 0.1 2.8 0.1 0.0

Selected local areas

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

M

1.7 -0.2 0.1 1.9 -0.4 -0.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

M

3.9 0.4 0.2 3.9 -0.1 0.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

M

2.2 0.1 0.1 2.2 0.0 0.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

2

2.2 0.3        

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD(6)

2

  0.1        

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

2

2.8 -0.6        

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

2

2.3 -0.5        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

2

3.6 -0.3        

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

1.7 0.3        

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ(7)

2

  -0.2        

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

2

4.3 0.6        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

2

3.1 -0.3        

St. Louis, MO-IL

2

  -0.2        

Urban Alaska

2

  0.1        

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

1

      3.4 0.3  

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

1

      3.5 -0.2  

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

1

        -0.2  

Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

1

        0.3  

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA(4)

1

        0.2  

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

1

        2.1  

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL(8)

1

        0.3  

Urban Hawaii

1

        0.4  

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV(6)

1

      2.5 0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 2017=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(6) 1998 - 2017 indexes based on substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

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Last Modified Date: September 13, 2018