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Economic News Release
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Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, 12-month analysis table

Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, May 2020, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Apr.
2020
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
May 2019-
May 2020
Unadjusted effect on All Items
May 2019-
May 2020(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1   0.08 S-Sep. 2015 0.0

Food

14.170 4.0 0.546 0.15 L-Jan. 2012 4.4

Food at home

7.910 4.8 0.368 0.19 L-Jan. 2012 5.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.022 2.6 0.026 0.44 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Cereals and cereal products

0.312 3.2 0.010 0.80 L-Jul. 2012 3.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.043 0.8 0.000 1.08 S-Mar. 2020 -0.7

Breakfast cereal

0.143 2.3 0.003 1.01 L-Jul. 2012 2.7

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.126 5.0 0.006 1.35 L-May 2012 5.0

Rice(4)(5)

  2.8   1.84 L-Dec. 2018 3.2

Bakery products

0.710 2.3 0.016 0.55 S-Mar. 2020 0.7

Bread(4)

0.205 3.5 0.007 0.98 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

White bread(5)

  4.3   1.32 S-Mar. 2020 4.0

Bread other than white(5)

  2.7   1.32 S-Mar. 2020 0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.103 1.9 0.002 1.35 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.181 0.7 0.002 1.01 S-Feb. 2020 -1.2

Cookies(5)

  1.6   1.31 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  -1.0   1.09 L-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Other bakery products

0.222 2.5 0.006 0.89 S-Mar. 2020 0.0

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  2.9   1.97 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  4.0   1.60 S-Mar. 2020 1.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  1.1   0.81 L-Feb. 2020 1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.775 10.0 0.166 0.33 L-May 2004 10.0

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.658 9.8 0.154 0.35 L-Jan. 2004 10.4

Meats

1.036 11.7 0.115 0.44 L-Jan. 2015 12.6

Beef and veal

0.477 18.2 0.082 0.59 L-Jan. 2015 19.0

Uncooked ground beef

0.178 16.8 0.028 0.86 L-Feb. 2015 17.3

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.074 26.9 0.019 1.62 L-EVER -

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.183 16.6 0.029 0.93 L-Sep. 2014 16.8

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.043 15.6 0.006 1.19 L-Mar. 2015 16.7

Pork

0.325 7.3 0.023 0.91 L-Jan. 2015 7.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.130 0.8 0.001 1.14 S-Aug. 2019 0.7

Bacon and related products(5)

  -1.8   1.48 S-Feb. 2019 -1.9

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  4.1   1.62 S-Feb. 2020 3.5

Ham

0.065 8.6 0.006 3.14 L-Feb. 2020 10.2

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  9.1   3.40 L-Feb. 2020 10.2

Pork chops

0.052 14.0 0.007 2.19 L-Jun. 2014 14.3

Other pork including roasts, steaks, and ribs(4)

0.078 13.2 0.009 2.01 S-Mar. 2020 2.3

Other meats

0.233 4.8 0.011 0.72 L-Apr. 2015 5.6

Frankfurters(5)

  8.3   1.91 L-Oct. 2015 9.3

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  5.7   0.88 L-Mar. 2015 6.9

Lamb and organ meats(5)

           

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

           

Poultry

0.341 8.8 0.028 0.77 L-Sep. 2004 9.8

Chicken(4)

0.280 8.4 0.022 0.91 L-Jan. 2008 9.5

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  9.6   1.77 L-Jun. 2013 10.2

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  7.7   1.08 L-Jan. 2008 10.2

Other uncooked poultry including turkey(4)

0.061 10.7 0.006 2.42 L-Mar. 2012 11.2

Fish and seafood

0.281 4.1 0.011 0.76 S-Mar. 2020 0.1

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.144 5.3 0.007 1.11 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.138 2.9 0.004 1.15 L-Feb. 2019 5.2

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  2.1   1.59 L-Sep. 2019 3.7

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  3.6   1.70 S-Mar. 2020 -2.1

Eggs

0.117 13.5 0.012 1.58 S-Mar. 2020 -1.6

Dairy and related products

0.794 5.7 0.042 0.43 L-Mar. 2012 6.3

Milk(4)

0.213 5.4 0.011 0.78 S-Mar. 2020 4.9

Fresh whole milk(5)

  5.4   1.41 L-Feb. 2020 5.8

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  5.4   1.25 S-Mar. 2020 4.2

Cheese and related products

0.268 7.0 0.017 0.71 - -

Ice cream and related products

0.112 5.8 0.006 1.16 L-May 2012 6.1

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.201 4.1 0.008 0.87 L-Jun. 2012 4.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.355 1.5 0.021 0.58 L-May 2019 1.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.063 0.8 0.009 0.61 L-Oct. 2019 0.8

Fresh fruits

0.549 -0.9 -0.005 0.64 L-Oct. 2019 -0.8

Apples

0.078 -4.3 -0.003 1.68 - -

Bananas

0.078 0.2 0.000 1.27 S-Mar. 2020 -1.4

Citrus fruits(4)

0.137 -2.4 -0.004 1.55 L-Apr. 2019 -2.0

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  -3.0   2.14 S-Mar. 2020 -10.8

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.257 0.7 0.002 1.12 L-Mar. 2020 1.0

Fresh vegetables

0.513 2.7 0.014 0.97 L-Oct. 2019 2.7

Potatoes

0.083 8.7 0.007 2.45 L-Oct. 2019 8.9

Lettuce

0.061 4.1 0.003 2.84 L-Jan. 2020 7.6

Tomatoes

0.084 8.8 0.006 2.00 L-Jan. 2018 16.5

Other fresh vegetables

0.285 -1.1 -0.002 1.12 L-Nov. 2019 -0.7

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.292 4.1 0.012 0.94 L-Jun. 2012 5.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.152 2.2 0.003 1.33 S-Mar. 2020 -0.7

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  3.0   1.81 L-Mar. 2019 8.6

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  2.1   1.74 S-Mar. 2020 0.4

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.088 6.3 0.005 1.57 L-Jun. 2012 6.9

Frozen vegetables(5)

  5.7   1.70 L-Aug. 2012 6.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.052 6.6 0.003 1.31 L-Aug. 2012 8.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  8.6   2.39 L-Sep. 2012 10.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.954 4.1 0.038 0.56 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.683 5.2 0.034 0.71 S-Mar. 2020 1.5

Carbonated drinks

0.288 4.9 0.013 1.43 S-Mar. 2020 1.6

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.006 -0.5 0.000 1.37 S-Mar. 2020 -4.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.389 5.6 0.020 0.79 S-Mar. 2020 1.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.271 1.3 0.004 0.82 S-Mar. 2020 1.1

Coffee

0.174 0.6 0.001 1.08 S-Mar. 2020 0.3

Roasted coffee(5)

  1.0   1.05 S-Mar. 2020 0.8

Instant coffee(5)

  -1.6   2.32 L-Dec. 2019 -1.5

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.097 2.5 0.002 1.16 S-Mar. 2020 2.4

Other food at home

2.010 3.9 0.075 0.33 - -

Sugar and sweets

0.271 4.9 0.013 0.80 L-Apr. 2012 5.9

Sugar and sugar substitutes

0.038 9.0 0.003 1.49 L-Nov. 2006 9.6

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.179 4.9 0.009 1.07 S-Mar. 2020 3.2

Other sweets(4)

0.053 2.6 0.001 1.22 L-Oct. 2019 2.6

Fats and oils

0.218 1.0 0.002 0.77 S-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Butter and margarine(4)

0.065 0.8 0.001 1.23 S-Mar. 2020 0.2

Butter(5)

  1.3   1.96 S-Mar. 2020 0.7

Margarine(5)

  2.6   1.35 L-Jun. 2017 3.2

Salad dressing(4)

0.052 2.8 0.001 1.42 S-Mar. 2020 2.7

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.101 0.2 0.000 1.19 S-Mar. 2020 -2.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)

           

Other foods

1.521 4.1 0.060 0.36 L-May 2012 4.3

Soups

0.093 1.9 0.002 1.43 S-Jan. 2020 0.7

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.261 4.7 0.012 0.81 L-Sep. 2011 5.1

Snacks

0.350 3.2 0.011 0.81 S-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.299 3.7 0.011 0.77 S-Mar. 2020 1.8

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  2.9   1.22 L-Nov. 2018 4.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  3.1   1.58 L-Sep. 2019 6.8

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  4.3   1.28 L-Oct. 2011 4.4

Other condiments(5)

  0.7   1.77 S-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Baby food(4)

0.044 5.5 0.002 2.13 L-Aug. 2019 5.8

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.474 5.2 0.021 0.74 L-Jan. 2009 7.7

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  3.6   1.29 L-Mar. 2020 5.4

Food away from home

6.260 2.9 0.178 0.18 L-Mar. 2020 3.0

Full service meals and snacks(4)

3.140 2.4 0.072 0.39 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.719 3.6 0.095 0.25 L-Aug. 2009 3.7

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.146 2.2 0.004 0.45 L-Apr. 2019 2.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.081 2.5 0.002 1.05 S-May 2018 1.9

Other food away from home(4)

0.174 2.5 0.005 0.47 L-Oct. 2019 2.7

Energy

5.777 -18.9 -1.393 0.28 S-Apr. 2015 -19.4

Energy commodities

2.683 -33.2 -1.387 0.33 S-Jan. 2015 -34.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.131 -26.0 -0.044 0.83 S-Sep. 2015 -27.7

Fuel oil

0.072 -37.5 -0.040 1.02 S-Aug. 2009 -39.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.059 -6.2 -0.004 1.25 L-Mar. 2020 -4.6

Motor fuel

2.552 -33.5 -1.343 0.34 S-Jan. 2015 -35.2

Gasoline (all types)

2.486 -33.8 -1.325 0.34 S-Jan. 2015 -35.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  -34.6   1.01 S-Jan. 2015 -36.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  -29.8   1.02 S-Apr. 2015 -30.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  -28.2   0.99 S-Feb. 2015 -29.3

Other motor fuels(4)

0.066 -21.2 -0.017 0.49 S-May 2016 -21.5

Energy services

3.095 -0.2 -0.006 0.46 - -

Electricity

2.425 -0.2 -0.006 0.50 S-Dec. 2019 -0.4

Utility (piped) gas service

0.669 -0.3 0.000 0.70 L-Nov. 2019 1.1

All items less food and energy

80.052 1.2 0.965 0.09 S-Mar. 2011 1.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

20.281 -1.0 -0.200 0.21 S-Oct. 2017 -1.0

Household furnishings and supplies(10)

3.781 0.9 0.036 0.44 L-Oct. 2019 0.9

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.292 0.6 0.002 1.76 S-Jan. 2020 -1.4

Floor coverings(4)

0.064 -2.7 -0.002 2.53 S-Sep. 2017 -3.1

Window coverings(4)

0.062 11.1 0.005 3.82 L-EVER -

Other linens(4)

0.165 -1.1 -0.001 2.71 S-Jan. 2020 -3.0

Furniture and bedding

0.920 -1.3 -0.012 0.94 L-Mar. 2020 -0.5

Bedroom furniture

0.322 -2.0 -0.007 1.47 L-Mar. 2020 -0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.446 -0.2 -0.001 1.78 L-Mar. 2020 1.0

Other furniture(4)

0.143 -3.5 -0.004 2.17 L-Feb. 2020 -1.0

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

  9.5   8.93 S-Dec. 2018 -4.7

Appliances(4)

0.217 1.2 0.003 1.76 L-Jun. 2019 2.6

Major appliances(4)

0.074 -0.8 -0.001 2.33 L-Sep. 2019 -0.1

Laundry equipment(5)

  -7.7   2.81 S-Jan. 2020 -8.6

Other appliances(4)

0.140 2.8 0.004 2.29 L-Dec. 2019 4.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.547 -1.5 -0.006 1.43 S-Mar. 2020 -2.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.320 -1.4 -0.003 2.31 S-Mar. 2020 -4.8

Indoor plants and flowers(11)

0.092 0.9 0.001 1.94 S-Mar. 2020 -0.2

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.055 -0.9 0.000 4.67 S-May 2019 -8.0

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.079 -5.0 -0.004 3.13 L-Jan. 2020 -3.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.890 2.2 0.019 0.81 L-Oct. 2019 2.5

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.245 0.0 0.001 1.49 S-Mar. 2020 -0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.455 3.6 0.014 1.13 L-EVER -

Housekeeping supplies

0.916 3.4 0.031 0.51 L-Jun. 2012 3.5

Household cleaning products(4)

0.357 1.8 0.006 0.71 L-May 2019 2.0

Household paper products(4)

0.230 5.9 0.013 1.26 S-Mar. 2020 1.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.329 3.4 0.011 1.24 L-Dec. 2018 4.4

Apparel

2.799 -7.9 -0.235 0.86 S-Dec. 1932 -9.7

Men's and boys' apparel

0.700 -6.8 -0.050 1.76 S-EVER -

Men's apparel

0.565 -6.0 -0.035 1.51 S-EVER -

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.097 -15.8 -0.017 3.69 S-EVER -

Men's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories

0.163 -0.2 0.000 3.27 S-Dec. 2019 -1.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.161 -8.3 -0.014 2.43 S-Jun. 2002 -9.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.137 -2.2 -0.004 2.31 S-May 2019 -2.4

Boys' apparel

0.136 -10.5 -0.016 5.37 S-Feb. 2020 -11.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.161 -10.6 -0.129 1.54 S-Dec. 1949 -11.0

Women's apparel

0.958 -12.3 -0.128 1.74 S-EVER -

Women's outerwear

0.062 -15.7 -0.011 4.11 S-EVER -

Women's dresses

0.101 -26.2 -0.032 3.14 S-EVER -

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.498 -10.4 -0.056 2.49 S-EVER -

Women's underwear, nightwear, swimwear, and accessories(4)

0.287 -9.0 -0.027 2.54 S-EVER -

Girls' apparel

0.203 -0.7 -0.002 3.27 S-Nov. 2019 -2.2

Footwear

0.655 -4.6 -0.031 1.44 S-Oct. 1952 -5.1

Men's footwear

0.230 -3.6 -0.008 1.93 S-Jun. 2007 -4.3

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.138 -3.0 -0.004 3.23 L-Mar. 2020 -0.4

Women's footwear

0.288 -6.1 -0.018 1.86 S-EVER -

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.126 -11.4 -0.016 2.75 S-EVER -

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.158 -3.1 -0.009 3.57 S-Mar. 2019 -4.8

Watches(8)

0.039 2.8 0.000 5.88 L-Mar. 2020 2.9

Jewelry(8)

0.118 -6.1 -0.009 4.18 S-Mar. 2019 -9.0

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(10)

6.978 -0.2 -0.012 0.25 L-Mar. 2020 -0.1

New vehicles

3.763 -0.3 -0.010 0.43 L-Feb. 2020 0.4

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  -0.3   0.39 L-Feb. 2020 0.4

New cars(5)

  -0.2   0.52 - -

New trucks(12)(5)

  -0.2   0.46 L-Feb. 2020 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.581 -0.4 -0.007 0.06 L-Mar. 2020 0.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.397 1.5 0.006 0.68 L-Mar. 2020 1.6

Tires

0.251 0.3 0.001 0.83 L-Mar. 2020 0.4

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.146 3.5 0.005 1.13 L-Mar. 2020 3.5

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  3.7   1.17 L-Mar. 2020 4.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  2.8   1.97 S-Mar. 2020 -1.2

Medical care commodities

1.631 0.8 0.015 0.79 L-Mar. 2020 1.3

Medicinal drugs(10)

1.559 0.9 0.016 0.82 L-Mar. 2020 1.3

Prescription drugs

1.178 1.3 0.018 0.95 L-Mar. 2020 1.5

Nonprescription drugs(10)

0.381 -0.5 -0.002 1.00 S-Jan. 2020 -0.5

Medical equipment and supplies(10)

0.072 -1.5 -0.001 1.73 S-Apr. 2018 -1.8

Recreation commodities(10)

2.021 -2.1 -0.041 0.62 S-Nov. 2018 -3.0

Video and audio products(10)

0.275 -8.2 -0.018 0.81 L-Mar. 2020 -7.9

Televisions

0.095 -15.6 -0.014 1.38 L-Apr. 2018 -15.6

Other video equipment(4)

0.043 1.1 0.001 2.24 L-Jul. 2019 1.1

Audio equipment

0.080 -3.4 -0.001 2.28 L-Mar. 2020 0.1

Recorded music and music subscriptions(4)

0.045 -7.5 -0.004 2.26 S-Oct. 2016 -7.9

Pets and pet products

0.645 -0.7 -0.005 0.73 S-Mar. 2018 -0.7

Pet food(4)(5)

  0.2   0.63 S-Sep. 2018 0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  -2.4   1.18 S-Dec. 2015 -2.4

Sporting goods

0.585 -0.5 -0.005 1.48 L-Mar. 2020 -0.3

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.350 1.9 0.003 2.36 L-Feb. 2020 3.3

Sports equipment

0.225 -3.8 -0.008 1.42 S-Oct. 2018 -4.0

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.027 6.3 0.002 1.95 S-Jan. 2020 2.9

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

           

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  5.7   1.71 S-Jan. 2020 1.9

Recreational reading materials

0.118 3.9 0.004 1.66 L-Mar. 2020 5.8

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.067 4.6 0.003 2.30 S-Mar. 2019 2.8

Recreational books(4)

0.049 2.5 0.001 2.36 L-Jun. 2018 3.5

Other recreational goods(4)

0.371 -5.9 -0.020 1.29 S-Mar. 2020 -6.1

Toys

0.285 -7.1 -0.019 1.49 S-Mar. 2020 -7.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -6.6   2.03 L-Jan. 2020 -6.0

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.020 -6.6 -0.002 2.89 L-Feb. 2020 -2.0

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.048 2.8 0.001 2.82 S-Dec. 2019 2.4

Education and communication commodities(10)

0.525 -3.5 -0.018 1.05 L-Aug. 2019 -3.4

Educational books and supplies

0.110 -0.9 -0.001 2.02 L-Aug. 2019 -0.4

College textbooks(13)(5)

  -1.6   1.97 L-Aug. 2019 -0.8

Information technology commodities(10)

0.415 -4.4 -0.017 1.23 L-Aug. 2019 -4.3

Computers, peripherals, and smart home assistants(6)

0.307 -1.8 -0.005 1.59 S-Mar. 2020 -3.0

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.018 -10.5 -0.002 2.89 L-Oct. 2019 -10.2

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.090 -12.5 -0.009 1.92 L-Dec. 2018 -11.2

Alcoholic beverages

1.042 2.2 0.023 0.38 L-Feb. 2012 2.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.587 2.0 0.012 0.53 S-Mar. 2020 1.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.228 4.8 0.011 0.72 S-Mar. 2020 3.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.094 0.6 0.001 1.03 L-Sep. 2019 1.2

Whiskey at home(5)

  0.0   1.17 S-Mar. 2020 -1.1

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  1.8   1.46 L-Jul. 2019 2.2

Wine at home

0.264 -0.3 0.000 0.98 S-Feb. 2020 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.455 2.7 0.011 0.43 L-Nov. 2013 2.7

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  1.9   0.82 L-Mar. 2019 2.2

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  2.9   1.00 L-Nov. 2018 3.2

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

           

Other goods(10)

1.504 2.2 0.033 0.45 S-Jul. 2019 1.7

Tobacco and smoking products

0.597 4.3 0.027 0.32 S-Feb. 2019 3.7

Cigarettes(4)

0.519 4.6 0.026 0.33 S-May 2019 4.6

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.060 1.7 0.001 1.18 S-Mar. 2020 1.3

Personal care products

0.697 -0.2 -0.001 0.58 S-Jan. 2020 -1.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.374 0.7 0.003 0.77 S-Jan. 2020 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.315 -1.4 -0.004 1.01 S-Jan. 2020 -2.7

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.209 3.4 0.007 2.55 S-Sep. 2019 0.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  9.2   2.41 L-Oct. 2019 9.2

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  7.7   2.24 S-Dec. 2019 -6.4

Services less energy services

59.771 2.0 1.164 0.11 S-Sep. 2011 2.0

Shelter

33.518 2.5 0.841 0.15 S-Dec. 2013 2.5

Rent of shelter(14)

33.148 2.6 0.844 0.15 - -

Rent of primary residence

7.887 3.5 0.272 0.14 - -

Lodging away from home(4)

0.928 -15.2 -0.157 2.54 S-EVER -

Housing at school, excluding board(14)

0.118 2.3 0.003 0.25 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.810 -17.3 -0.159 2.87 S-EVER -

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(14)

24.333 3.1 0.728 0.15 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(14)

23.111 3.1 0.689 0.15 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.370 -0.8 -0.003 0.42 S-Nov. 2007 -1.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.099 2.9 0.032 0.33 S-Dec. 2019 2.2

Water and sewerage maintenance

0.806 2.9 0.024 0.40 - -

Garbage and trash collection(12)

0.293 2.9 0.008 0.66 S-Dec. 2019 0.2

Household operations(4)

0.885 4.5 0.039 0.71 L-Mar. 2020 4.5

Domestic services(4)

0.294 4.0 0.012 0.87 L-May 2018 4.2

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.307 9.7 0.028 1.38 L-Nov. 2008 11.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.089 -2.2 -0.002 2.20 S-Jul. 2017 -3.8

Repair of household items(4)

0.118 -1.6 -0.002 0.90 S-EVER -

Medical care services

7.350 5.9 0.408 0.53 L-Dec. 2007 5.9

Professional services

3.676 2.2 0.075 0.83 L-Mar. 2017 2.5

Physicians' services

1.823 1.8 0.032 1.55 L-Apr. 2017 1.9

Dental services

1.007 3.9 0.036 0.76 L-Apr. 2018 4.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.370 0.7 0.003 0.64 - -

Services by other medical professionals(8)

0.477 1.0 0.005 0.47 S-Mar. 2020 0.8

Hospital and related services

2.436 4.6 0.114 0.52 S-Mar. 2020 4.2

Hospital services(15)

2.241 4.9 0.108 0.58 S-Mar. 2020 4.4

Inpatient hospital services(15)(5)

  4.5   0.84 S-Mar. 2020 4.0

Outpatient hospital services(8)(5)

  3.4   1.14 S-Jan. 2020 3.1

Nursing homes and adult day services(15)

0.125 2.6 0.004 0.51 S-Mar. 2020 2.5

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.070 2.8 0.002 0.93 L-Mar. 2020 3.1

Health insurance(7)

1.238 19.7 0.219 0.61 S-Sep. 2019 18.8

Transportation services

5.128 -8.7 -0.480 0.33 S-EVER -

Leased cars and trucks(13)

0.652 -1.2 -0.007 0.98 L-Apr. 2019 0.2

Car and truck rental(4)

0.097 -19.2 -0.023 2.41 S-EVER -

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.096 3.7 0.041 0.59 L-Aug. 2019 3.8

Motor vehicle body work

0.059 4.5 0.003 0.88 L-Sep. 2019 4.5

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.635 3.2 0.020 0.80 L-Mar. 2020 3.5

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.343 4.5 0.015 0.93 L-Apr. 2009 5.1

Motor vehicle insurance

1.592 -14.3 -0.238 0.59 S-EVER -

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.572 1.1 0.006 0.46 S-Jan. 2018 1.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)

0.300 2.8 0.008 0.32 L-Mar. 2020 2.8

Parking and other fees(4)

0.258 -0.9 -0.002 0.83 S-Dec. 2017 -1.1

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  -0.2   0.74 S-EVER -

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

      0.97 - -

Public transportation

1.119 -19.8 -0.259 0.71 S-EVER -

Airline fares

0.635 -28.8 -0.239 1.04 S-EVER -

Other intercity transportation

0.174 -7.9 -0.014 1.70 S-Sep. 2009 -9.0

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

           

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

           

Ship fare(4)(5)

  -9.8   1.95 S-Sep. 2009 -10.6

Intracity transportation

0.307 -1.6 -0.005 0.64 S-Aug. 1999 -2.2

Intracity mass transit(10)(5)

  -1.3   1.11 S-EVER -

Recreation services(10)

3.832 4.3 0.161 0.56 L-EVER -

Video and audio services(10)

1.262 3.6 0.052 0.66 L-Jan. 2018 3.8

Cable and satellite television service(12)

1.180 4.4 0.060 0.66 L-Dec. 2017 4.8

Video discs and other media, including rental of video(4)

0.082 -9.1 -0.008 2.85 S-Mar. 2020 -9.6

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  -14.8   5.58 S-Mar. 2020 -16.0

Rental of video discs and other media(4)(5)

  2.4   1.16 L-Mar. 2020 2.7

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.556 3.4 0.016 0.63 L-Jan. 2020 4.0

Pet services(4)(5)

  3.2   1.49 L-Aug. 2019 3.3

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  3.3   0.53 S-Mar. 2020 3.3

Photographers and photo processing(4)

0.044 -1.4 0.000 1.40 S-Jan. 2020 -3.0

Photographer fees(4)(5)

           

Photo processing(4)(5)

  0.1   1.42 L-Jan. 2020 0.1

Other recreation services(4)

1.968 5.0 0.094 1.03 L-May 2001 5.2

Club membership for shopping clubs, fraternal, or other organizations, or participant sports fees(4)

0.712 7.3 0.049 0.72 L-EVER -

Admissions

0.713 3.6 0.025 2.01 L-Apr. 2019 4.3

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  3.1   1.29 L-Mar. 2020 3.1

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  7.2   4.22 L-Apr. 2019 7.8

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.214 0.4 0.001 1.95 S-Oct. 2019 0.3

Education and communication services(10)

6.287 2.0 0.120 0.22 S-Dec. 2019 2.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.940 2.2 0.064 0.33 S-Jul. 2018 2.2

College tuition and fees

1.582 1.7 0.026 0.46 L-Mar. 2020 1.7

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.429 3.3 0.012 0.49 L-Jul. 2019 4.1

Day care and preschool(11)

0.772 2.9 0.023 0.46 S-Sep. 2019 2.8

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.037 1.8 0.001 0.38 S-Feb. 2020 1.5

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.113 3.8 0.004 0.23 S-Jan. 2019 3.1

Postage

0.103 4.3 0.004 0.25 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.010 -1.4 0.000 0.84 S-Dec. 2016 -2.0

Telephone services(4)

2.319 1.7 0.038 0.29 S-Dec. 2019 1.6

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.910 -0.1 -0.001 0.31 L-Mar. 2020 -0.1

Land-line telephone services(10)

0.409 7.8 0.039 0.72 S-Dec. 2019 6.9

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.904 1.8 0.014 0.93 L-Mar. 2020 2.1

Other personal services(10)

1.671 2.6 0.043 0.36 S-Feb. 2020 2.3

Personal care services

0.675 3.5 0.022 0.48 L-Dec. 2018 3.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.675 3.5 0.022 0.48 L-Dec. 2018 3.6

Miscellaneous personal services

0.996 2.1 0.021 0.47 S-Feb. 2020 1.6

Legal services(8)

0.253 1.4 0.004 0.93 L-Mar. 2019 1.8

Funeral expenses(8)

0.141 1.4 0.002 0.63 S-Nov. 2016 1.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.222 2.5 0.006 0.69 S-Jul. 2018 2.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.031 6.4 0.002 1.68 S-Mar. 2020 5.4

Financial services(8)

0.236 2.3 0.005 1.05 S-Feb. 2020 0.3

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  2.1   0.22 S-Feb. 2020 1.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  2.7   1.83 S-Feb. 2020 -0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.830 -0.5 -0.428 0.09 S-Apr. 2015 -0.5

All items less shelter

66.482 -1.1 -0.723 0.11 S-Oct. 2015 -1.3

All items less food and shelter

52.312 -2.4 -1.269 0.13 S-Sep. 2015 -2.4

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.534 0.3 0.123 0.14 S-Dec. 2003 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.953 0.3 0.130 0.14 S-EVER -

All items less medical care

91.019 -0.3 -0.305 0.08 S-May 2015 -0.3

All items less energy

94.223 1.6 1.511 0.08 S-Sep. 2017 1.6

Commodities

37.134 -2.8 -1.040 0.13 S-Nov. 2015 -2.8

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.700 -1.1 -0.193 0.24 S-Feb. 2004 -1.1

Commodities less food

22.964 -6.5 -1.586 0.19 S-Sep. 2015 -6.8

Commodities less food and beverages

21.922 -6.9 -1.609 0.20 S-Sep. 2015 -7.2

Services

62.866 1.9 1.158 0.10 S-Aug. 2011 1.8

Services less rent of shelter(14)

29.718 1.0 0.314 0.17 S-Sep. 2009 0.9

Services less medical care services

55.516 1.3 0.750 0.11 S-Mar. 2011 1.3

Durables

10.770 -0.5 -0.045 0.27 L-Dec. 2019 -0.5

Nondurables

26.364 -3.6 -0.995 0.16 S-Oct. 2015 -4.1

Nondurables less food

12.194 -11.2 -1.541 0.27 S-Jan. 2015 -11.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.152 -12.2 -1.564 0.29 S-Jan. 2015 -12.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.353 -13.6 -1.329 0.25 S-Sep. 2015 -13.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.395 -12.1 -1.306 0.23 S-Sep. 2015 -12.6

Housing

42.510 2.1 0.898 0.13 S-Apr. 2016 2.1

Education and communication(4)

6.812 1.6 0.102 0.22 - -

Education(4)

3.049 2.1 0.063 0.34 - -

Communication(4)

3.763 1.1 0.039 0.32 - -

Information and information processing(4)

3.650 1.0 0.035 0.33 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(16)

1.331 -0.3 -0.003 0.77 L-Oct. 1990 0.1

Recreation(4)

5.853 2.1 0.120 0.47 L-Oct. 2008 2.2

Video and audio(4)

1.537 2.1 0.034 0.58 L-Jan. 2018 2.3

Pets, pet products and services(4)

1.201 1.1 0.011 0.51 S-Aug. 2018 1.0

Photography(4)

0.073 1.6 0.001 1.34 S-Jan. 2020 -0.4

Food and beverages

15.212 3.9 0.569 0.14 L-Jan. 2012 4.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.596 5.0 0.319 0.21 L-Jan. 2012 5.5

Other services

11.790 2.8 0.324 0.23 L-Jul. 2012 2.8

Apparel less footwear

2.145 -8.8 -0.205 1.05 S-EVER -

Fuels and utilities

4.325 -0.4 -0.018 0.34 - -

Household energy

3.225 -1.5 -0.050 0.43 S-Jun. 2016 -3.0

Medical care

8.981 4.9 0.423 0.43 L-Sep. 2016 4.9

Transportation

14.658 -11.1 -1.834 0.16 S-Jul. 2009 -14.1

Private transportation

13.539 -10.4 -1.575 0.17 S-Jan. 2015 -11.2

New and used motor vehicles(4)

7.330 -0.7 -0.047 0.26 L-Mar. 2020 -0.4

Utilities and public transportation

8.812 -1.5 -0.135 0.23 S-Jul. 2015 -1.8

Household furnishings and operations

4.667 1.6 0.075 0.37 L-Nov. 2019 1.6

Other goods and services

3.174 2.4 0.076 0.30 S-Dec. 2019 2.3

Personal care

2.577 1.9 0.048 0.37 S-Feb. 2020 1.9

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: June 10, 2020