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Employment Cost Index News Release

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR


TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-19-1867
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, October 31, 2019

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect 
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


				  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – September 2019

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.7 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period 
ending in September 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries increased 
0.9 percent and benefit costs increased 0.6 percent from June 2019. (See tables A, 1,  2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
September 2019, the same as in September 2018. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 percent for the 12-month 
period ending in September 2019 and also increased 2.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
September 2018. Benefit costs increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2019. 
In September 2018, the increase was 2.6 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.7 percent over the year, compared with a 
compensation cost increase of 2.9 percent in September 2018. Wages and salaries increased 3.0 percent for 
the 12-month period ending in September 2019 and increased 3.1 percent in September 2018. The cost of 
benefits rose 2.0 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2019 and increased 2.5 percent in 
September 2018. (See tables  A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 2.0 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2019. 
(For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending 
in September 2019 ranged from 2.3 percent for management, professional, and related occupations to 
3.5 percent for service occupations. (See table 5.)

Among private industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending in 
September 2019 ranged from 0.7 percent for information to 3.5 percent for construction. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government Workers

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 3.1 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2019. In September 2018, the increase was 2.5 percent. Wages and salaries increased 
2.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2019 and 2.3 percent a year ago. Benefit costs 
increased 3.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2019. The prior year increase was 3.1 
percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)


Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.6 0.7 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.8

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9

Benefits

0.5 0.6 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.3

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.5 0.8 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.7

Wages and salaries

0.6 0.9 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0

Benefits

0.4 0.5 2.5 2.6 2.4 1.8 2.0

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.8 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.0 3.1

Wages and salaries

0.5 1.0 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.7

Benefits

0.9 0.6 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.


The Employment Cost Index for December 2019 is scheduled for release on January 31, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— 
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the Employment Cost Index, are available through an email subscription service
at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

Videos and information graphics explaining the Employment Cost Index and how it is used are available at 
www.bls.gov/eci/videos.htm. 

Highlights of recent National Compensation Survey data are available in The Economics Daily at 
www.bls.gov/opub/ted/national-compensation-survey.htm.

An overview of available BLS compensation measures and an interactive guide on choosing among them are 
available at the BLS Commissioner’s Corner on “Making it Easier to Find Data on Pay and Benefits” at 
blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/24/making-it-easier-to-find-data-on-pay-and-benefits.



						TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of 
employment shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage, methods,
nonresponse adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of Methods at 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size

Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 26,300 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,400 private industry establishments and 
approximately 7,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local 
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors

To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of ECI series, standard errors of all current quarter 
not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the public data query tools at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. 
Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within an 
acceptable range for their intended purpose. 

Historical listings

Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and industry 
series listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational Classification System 
series from 1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry Classification System and Standard 
Occupational Classification from 2006 to the present. It provides the official series deemed continuous 
after the change in classification systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous 
series, see the article published in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs for 
Employee Compensation news release (ECEC). The ECEC release dates are available at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/2019/home.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents at 
www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather than the 
fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ from those 
in the ECI.

Fixed Employment Weights

For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-
index.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

137.0 138.0 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

134.0 135.1 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8

Manufacturing

133.7 134.5 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6

Service-providing industries(4)

137.6 138.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8

Education and health services

136.8 138.0 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9

Educational services

137.5 138.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Elementary and secondary schools

137.6 139.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

137.4 138.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

Health care and social assistance(5)

136.2 137.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7

Hospitals

136.7 137.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

133.2 134.0 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6

Public administration

141.4 142.5 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8

Private industry workers

All workers

136.2 137.3 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

135.5 136.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7

Management, business, and financial

137.2 138.1 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.7

Professional and related

134.2 135.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.7

Sales and office

136.9 138.3 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.0

Sales and related

132.3 133.9 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.2 1.2

Office and administrative support

140.2 141.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

136.0 137.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

136.5 137.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

135.4 136.5 0.8 0.8 0.4 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

137.2 138.0 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.6

Production

134.4 135.1 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.5

Transportation and material moving

140.7 141.7 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.7

Service occupations

138.5 139.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

134.0 135.1 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.8

Construction

134.6 136.2 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.2

Manufacturing

133.7 134.5 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6

Aircraft manufacturing

121.7 122.1 8.5 0.4 1.5 0.3 -6.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3

Service-providing industries(5)

137.0 138.0 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

139.0 140.0 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7

Wholesale trade

133.8 134.8 0.8 0.4 1.0 -0.1 1.8 0.7 0.8 -0.3 0.7

Retail trade

139.9 140.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

142.1 143.4 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.2 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.9

Utilities

149.3 149.9 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.8 0.7 0.4

Information

134.5 135.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.9 0.8 0.4 0.8 -1.0 0.4

Financial activities

136.2 137.9 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.2 1.2

Finance and insurance

136.5 138.4 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.2 1.4

Credit intermediation and related activities

134.8 136.8 0.5 -0.1 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.4 1.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

138.2 139.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.2 0.1 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

134.8 135.8 0.8 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.7

Professional and business services

137.2 138.2 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.7

Professional, scientific, and technical services

139.4 140.4 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.7

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

134.2 135.0 1.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6

Education and health services

135.5 136.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7

Educational services

135.5 137.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.1

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

137.7 138.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6

Health care and social assistance

135.5 136.4 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.7

Hospitals

136.3 137.2 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

131.3 132.2 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

137.7 138.7 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.1 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.7

Accommodations and food services

139.1 140.3 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.7 1.1 0.9

Other services, except public administration

137.9 137.7 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 -0.1

State and local government workers

All workers

139.8 140.9 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8

Industry

Education and health services

138.4 139.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Educational services

138.0 139.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Schools

137.9 139.2 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Elementary and secondary schools

138.1 139.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Health care and social assistance

141.4 142.6 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.8

Hospitals

138.5 139.7 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.4 0.9

Public administration

141.4 142.5 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

135.7 136.9 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

135.2 136.4 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9

Manufacturing

135.1 136.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7

Service-providing industries(3)

135.8 137.0 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9

Education and health services

132.9 134.1 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9

Educational services

130.1 131.7 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.2

Elementary and secondary schools

128.7 130.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

132.5 133.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8

Health care and social assistance

135.8 136.8 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7

Hospitals

135.7 136.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

133.1 134.1 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8

Public administration

132.5 133.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6

Private industry workers

All workers

136.7 137.9 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

136.3 137.2 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7

Professional and related

135.1 135.9 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Sales and office

137.0 138.6 1.0 0.6 1.2 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.4 1.2

Sales and related

133.1 134.9 1.3 0.5 1.4 0.5 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.2 1.4

Office and administrative support

140.0 141.4 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 1.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

135.3 136.5 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

135.8 137.0 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

134.8 136.1 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

137.9 139.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.7 0.8

Production

135.3 136.2 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7

Transportation and material moving

140.9 142.3 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.6 0.7 1.0

Service occupations(4)

139.7 140.6 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

135.2 136.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.0

Construction

134.6 136.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.4

Manufacturing

135.1 136.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7

Aircraft manufacturing

143.7 144.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.4

Service-providing industries(4)

137.2 138.3 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

138.1 139.4 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.9

Retail trade

140.6 141.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

141.4 143.3 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 1.3 0.5 1.3

Utilities

144.6 145.3 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.5

Information

133.5 134.0 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.4

Financial activities

136.7 138.7 0.7 0.7 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 1.0 -0.1 1.5

Finance and insurance

137.5 139.7 0.6 0.8 1.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 1.0 -0.1 1.6

Credit intermediation and related activities

133.9 136.1 0.6 0.4 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.2 1.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

136.9 138.6 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.4 1.3 -0.2 1.2

Professional and business services

137.9 139.0 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.4 1.0 0.8

Professional, scientific, and technical services

140.1 141.2 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.0 1.1 0.8

Education and health services

135.6 136.7 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.8

Educational services

134.0 135.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

135.3 136.1 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance

135.9 136.9 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

133.1 134.0 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

140.9 141.9 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.7 1.1 1.5 0.6 1.0 0.7

Accommodations and food service

141.9 143.2 0.5 0.8 1.3 0.7 1.0 1.3 0.8 1.2 0.9

Other services, except public administration

138.5 138.2 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 -0.1 1.3 1.0 1.1 -0.2

State and local government workers

All workers

131.0 132.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.0

Industry

Education and health services

130.0 131.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.1

Educational services

129.4 130.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.2

Schools

129.4 130.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.2

Elementary and secondary schools

128.7 130.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.3

Health care and social assistance

134.7 135.9 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.9

Hospitals

133.4 134.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.9

Public administration

132.5 133.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

140.0 140.8 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6

Private industry workers

All workers

135.1 135.8 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.6 134.5 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.7

Sales and office

136.9 137.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

137.5 138.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.5 0.7 -0.4 0.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

135.7 136.1 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3

Service occupations

134.5 134.9 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.9 0.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

131.6 132.2 1.2 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.4 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.5

Manufacturing

131.1 131.6 1.6 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.7 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.4

Service-providing industries(3)

136.5 137.2 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

157.2 158.1 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

All workers(2)

134.4 136.9 138.1 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.8 2.7 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

134.5 137.1 138.2 0.7 0.6 0.8 2.8 2.6 2.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.9 136.2 137.3 0.8 0.6 0.8 2.4 2.5 2.5

Management, business, and financial

135.0 137.5 138.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.6 2.5 2.6

Professional and related

133.4 135.5 136.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.5 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

134.9 137.5 138.9 1.0 0.5 1.0 3.5 2.9 3.0

Sales and related

130.5 132.5 134.3 1.5 0.2 1.4 3.7 3.0 2.9

Office and administrative support

137.6 140.6 141.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 3.4 2.9 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

134.3 136.6 137.8 0.4 0.6 0.9 2.5 2.2 2.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

134.2 137.0 138.2 0.4 0.9 0.9 2.2 2.5 3.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

134.5 136.2 137.4 0.5 0.4 0.9 2.8 1.8 2.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.5 137.5 138.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 2.8 2.9 3.0

Production

131.8 134.6 135.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.7

Transportation and material moving

137.8 141.0 142.4 1.0 0.4 1.0 3.3 3.4 3.3

Service occupations

136.2 139.8 140.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 3.3 3.6 3.4

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

131.3 134.1 135.2 0.3 0.8 0.8 2.3 2.4 3.0

Manufacturing

130.9 133.8 134.5 0.1 0.7 0.5 1.9 2.3 2.8

Service-providing industries(5)

135.0 137.5 138.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 3.0 2.8 2.7

Education and health services

134.3 136.5 138.0 1.1 0.5 1.1 2.7 2.7 2.8

Educational services

134.9 136.7 138.9 1.4 0.4 1.6 2.5 2.8 3.0

Elementary and secondary schools

134.9 136.7 139.1 1.5 0.3 1.8 2.7 2.9 3.1

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

134.7 136.9 138.6 1.1 0.4 1.2 2.2 2.7 2.9

Health care and social assistance

133.8 136.2 137.2 0.8 0.5 0.7 2.8 2.6 2.5

Hospitals

133.8 136.7 137.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 2.1 2.7 2.8

Nursing and residential care facilities

130.7 133.1 133.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.8 2.5 2.4

Public administration

138.3 140.9 142.5 1.2 0.4 1.1 2.7 3.1 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

All workers

133.8 136.4 137.4 0.7 0.6 0.7 2.9 2.6 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.9 136.6 137.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.8 2.6 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.3 135.6 136.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 2.5 2.3 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.6 134.9 135.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 2.5 2.2 2.3

Management, business, and financial

134.7 137.3 138.1 0.6 0.8 0.6 2.6 2.5 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.7 136.3 137.1 0.3 0.7 0.6 2.5 2.3 2.5

Professional and related

132.3 134.4 135.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.1 2.1

Sales and office

134.4 137.1 138.4 0.9 0.5 0.9 3.5 2.9 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

136.5 139.6 140.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 3.5 2.9 2.9

Sales and related

130.4 132.4 134.2 1.5 0.3 1.4 3.7 3.0 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.7 137.8 138.4 0.7 0.8 0.4 3.6 3.0 2.7

Office and administrative support

137.3 140.5 141.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 3.4 2.9 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.9 136.2 137.3 0.4 0.7 0.8 2.5 2.1 2.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

133.8 136.7 137.9 0.3 0.9 0.9 2.1 2.5 3.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.9 135.6 136.7 0.4 0.4 0.8 2.8 1.6 2.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.1 137.2 138.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 2.8 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.9 137.2 138.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 2.7 2.9 3.1

Production

131.5 134.4 135.1 0.3 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.8 134.8 135.5 0.3 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.6 2.8

Transportation and material moving

137.4 140.7 142.0 1.0 0.4 0.9 3.3 3.5 3.3

Service occupations

134.5 138.5 139.2 0.7 0.9 0.5 3.5 3.7 3.5

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

131.2 134.1 135.1 0.2 0.8 0.7 2.2 2.4 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.6 134.5 135.3 0.2 0.8 0.6 2.3 2.4 2.8

Management, professional, and related

129.4 132.3 132.9 -0.1 0.7 0.5 2.2 2.2 2.7

Sales and office

133.5 136.4 138.9 1.1 0.9 1.8 2.9 3.3 4.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.3 136.1 137.3 0.3 1.0 0.9 2.3 2.4 3.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.5 133.4 134.2 0.3 0.7 0.6 1.9 2.5 2.8

Construction

131.8 134.7 136.4 0.5 1.0 1.3 2.7 2.7 3.5

Manufacturing

130.9 133.8 134.5 0.1 0.7 0.5 1.9 2.3 2.8

Management, professional, and related

130.5 133.3 133.9 -0.3 0.5 0.5 1.9 1.8 2.6

Sales and office occupations

134.7 138.1 138.8 0.9 1.0 0.5 2.9 3.4 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.7 133.9 134.6 -0.1 0.8 0.5 1.6 1.6 2.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.1 133.0 133.9 0.2 0.6 0.7 1.8 2.5 2.9

Aircraft manufacturing

120.6 122.4 122.4 -8.8 0.2 0.0 -6.4 -7.5 1.5

Service-providing industries(4)

134.6 137.1 138.1 0.8 0.6 0.7 3.1 2.7 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.7 137.4 138.2 0.6 0.7 0.6 3.0 2.6 2.6

Management, professional, and related

134.1 136.3 137.1 0.7 0.7 0.6 2.6 2.3 2.2

Sales and office

134.5 137.2 138.4 0.9 0.5 0.9 3.5 2.9 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

134.8 136.4 137.4 0.5 0.1 0.7 2.8 1.7 1.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

138.2 141.5 142.6 1.0 0.4 0.8 3.7 3.4 3.2

Service occupations

134.5 138.4 139.2 0.8 0.9 0.6 3.5 3.7 3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

136.5 139.2 140.1 1.1 0.6 0.6 3.5 3.1 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

136.8 140.0 140.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 3.4 3.0 2.9

Wholesale trade

132.2 133.8 134.8 1.7 -0.3 0.7 3.1 2.9 2.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.1 137.5 138.2 0.6 0.7 0.5 3.2 2.4 2.3

Retail trade

137.1 140.3 140.9 0.7 1.2 0.4 3.6 3.0 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.6 139.0 139.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 3.5 3.3 2.9

Transportation and warehousing

139.3 142.2 143.8 1.3 0.5 1.1 3.8 3.4 3.2

Utilities

144.8 149.6 149.9 0.3 0.7 0.2 2.8 3.7 3.5

Information

134.4 134.8 135.3 0.7 -0.6 0.4 4.8 1.0 0.7

Financial activities

133.9 136.7 138.0 0.1 0.8 1.0 3.1 2.2 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.3 137.4 138.0 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.8 2.6 2.8

Finance and insurance

134.3 137.1 138.5 0.0 0.9 1.0 3.2 2.1 3.1

Credit intermediation and related activities

132.3 135.4 137.0 0.0 0.9 1.2 2.2 2.3 3.6

Excluding incentive paid

136.7 139.9 140.9 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.5 2.6 3.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

135.9 139.1 139.6 -0.3 0.9 0.4 2.6 2.1 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.0 138.4 138.4 0.4 1.1 0.0 2.8 2.9 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

132.1 134.9 135.9 0.6 0.3 0.7 2.2 2.7 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.5 138.7 139.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.5 3.0 2.9

Professional and business services

134.8 137.4 138.3 0.7 0.8 0.7 2.5 2.7 2.6

Professional, scientific, and technical services

137.3 139.5 140.4 1.1 0.6 0.6 2.5 2.7 2.3

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

131.2 134.2 135.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 2.7 2.8 2.9

Education and health services

133.3 135.5 136.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 2.9 2.6 2.5

Educational services

133.8 135.2 137.3 1.3 0.4 1.6 2.5 2.3 2.6

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

135.5 137.3 138.9 1.3 0.4 1.2 2.7 2.6 2.5

Health care and social assistance

133.2 135.6 136.4 0.8 0.6 0.6 2.9 2.6 2.4

Hospitals

133.4 136.4 137.1 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.1 2.7 2.8

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.0 131.4 132.2 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.6 2.4 2.5

Nursing care facilities(2)

128.6 130.9 131.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.4 2.4 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

134.0 137.8 138.4 0.8 0.6 0.4 3.4 3.6 3.3

Accommodations and food service

134.8 139.2 140.0 0.6 0.9 0.6 3.4 3.9 3.9

Other services, except public administration

134.0 137.9 138.0 0.2 1.0 0.1 2.2 3.1 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

137.8 140.8 141.4 0.3 0.6 0.4 3.1 2.5 2.6

Goods-producing industries(2)

132.7 135.4 136.3 -0.5 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.6 2.7

Manufacturing

126.5 128.3 129.1 -1.3 0.5 0.6 -0.2 0.1 2.1

Service-providing industries(3)

141.6 144.7 145.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 4.0 2.8 2.5

Nonunion

133.2 135.8 136.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 2.9 2.7 2.7

Goods-producing industries(2)

130.7 133.6 134.7 0.4 0.8 0.8 2.4 2.6 3.1

Manufacturing

132.0 135.1 135.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.7 2.9

Service-providing industries(3)

133.8 136.4 137.3 0.8 0.7 0.7 2.9 2.7 2.6

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

135.9 139.0 140.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 3.1 3.2 3.0

New England

139.7 142.0 143.4 2.3 0.6 1.0 3.6 4.0 2.6

Middle Atlantic

134.5 138.0 138.8 0.4 0.7 0.6 2.9 3.0 3.2

South

132.0 134.2 135.3 0.5 0.7 0.8 2.6 2.1 2.5

South Atlantic

134.0 136.5 137.5 0.4 0.7 0.7 2.8 2.2 2.6

East South Central

131.1 132.9 134.9 0.7 0.6 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.9

West South Central

129.0 130.9 131.8 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.5 2.0 2.2

Midwest

131.6 134.1 135.0 0.8 0.4 0.7 2.8 2.7 2.6

East North Central

130.2 132.7 133.5 0.9 0.3 0.6 2.9 2.9 2.5

West North Central

135.2 137.6 138.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 2.7 2.4 2.6

West

136.6 139.5 140.4 0.7 0.7 0.6 3.3 2.8 2.8

Mountain

133.2 136.6 137.8 0.5 1.0 0.9 2.9 3.1 3.5

Pacific

138.0 140.7 141.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 3.3 2.6 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

All workers

136.8 139.1 141.0 1.3 0.4 1.4 2.5 3.0 3.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

135.5 137.6 139.6 1.3 0.4 1.5 2.4 2.8 3.0

Professional and related

135.2 137.4 139.4 1.2 0.4 1.5 2.3 2.8 3.1

Sales and office

139.1 141.5 143.4 1.5 0.4 1.3 3.2 3.2 3.1

Office and administrative support

139.2 141.6 143.5 1.5 0.4 1.3 3.2 3.3 3.1

Service occupations

139.9 142.6 144.3 1.2 0.4 1.2 2.8 3.2 3.1

Industry

Education and health services

135.6 137.6 139.7 1.4 0.4 1.5 2.6 2.9 3.0

Educational services

135.2 137.2 139.3 1.4 0.4 1.5 2.5 2.9 3.0

Schools

135.1 137.1 139.2 1.4 0.4 1.5 2.5 2.9 3.0

Elementary and secondary schools

135.3 137.2 139.5 1.5 0.4 1.7 2.7 2.9 3.1

Health care and social assistance

138.2 140.9 142.5 0.8 0.3 1.1 2.4 2.8 3.1

Hospitals

135.2 138.1 139.6 0.7 0.1 1.1 2.0 2.9 3.3

Public administration

138.3 140.9 142.5 1.2 0.4 1.1 2.7 3.1 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

All workers(1)

133.1 135.7 137.0 0.9 0.6 1.0 2.9 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.9 135.6 136.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 2.9 2.8 2.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.4 134.5 135.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.6 2.5 2.5

Management, business, and financial

134.6 137.2 138.2 0.8 0.8 0.7 2.6 2.8 2.7

Professional and related

131.2 133.1 134.3 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.5 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

133.9 136.6 138.3 1.1 0.4 1.2 3.6 3.2 3.3

Sales and related

130.9 133.0 135.2 1.7 0.2 1.7 3.9 3.3 3.3

Office and administrative support

135.8 139.0 140.3 0.7 0.7 0.9 3.3 3.1 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.5 135.2 136.4 0.5 1.0 0.9 2.2 2.6 2.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

132.6 135.6 136.7 0.5 0.9 0.8 2.3 2.7 3.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

132.4 134.8 136.2 0.5 1.0 1.0 2.0 2.3 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.4 137.7 139.0 0.9 0.5 0.9 3.2 3.4 3.4

Production

132.4 135.5 136.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 2.8 3.0 2.9

Transportation and material moving

136.6 140.2 142.0 1.2 0.4 1.3 3.6 3.9 4.0

Service occupations

134.4 138.3 139.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 3.5 3.8 3.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

132.2 135.3 136.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 2.7 3.0 3.3

Manufacturing

132.0 135.2 136.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.6 3.0 3.1

Service-providing industries(4)

133.2 135.8 137.1 1.0 0.6 1.0 2.9 3.0 2.9

Education and health services

130.8 132.6 134.3 1.2 0.4 1.3 2.7 2.6 2.7

Educational services

128.4 129.7 132.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.8

Elementary and secondary schools

127.2 128.3 130.9 1.5 0.2 2.0 2.3 2.4 2.9

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

130.2 132.1 133.7 1.2 0.4 1.2 2.0 2.6 2.7

Health care and social assistance

133.4 135.8 136.8 0.9 0.5 0.7 3.1 2.7 2.5

Hospitals

132.8 135.7 136.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 2.1 2.6 2.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

130.3 133.2 134.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 3.0 2.9 2.9

Public administration

129.9 132.2 133.4 0.9 0.4 0.9 2.3 2.7 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

All workers

134.0 136.9 138.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 3.1 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.9 136.9 137.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 3.0 2.9 2.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.1 136.4 137.2 0.8 0.7 0.6 2.8 2.6 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.8 135.2 136.0 0.6 0.7 0.6 2.5 2.4 2.4

Management, business, and financial

135.3 137.9 138.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 2.7 2.8 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.5 136.2 137.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 2.5 2.6 2.6

Professional and related

133.2 135.2 136.0 0.8 0.6 0.6 2.8 2.3 2.1

Sales and office

134.3 137.1 138.8 1.1 0.5 1.2 3.7 3.2 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

136.3 139.5 140.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 3.7 3.1 3.2

Sales and related

131.0 133.1 135.3 1.7 0.2 1.7 4.0 3.3 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.3 138.7 139.5 0.7 0.9 0.6 3.7 3.3 3.1

Office and administrative support

136.8 140.2 141.4 0.7 0.7 0.9 3.5 3.2 3.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.6 135.4 136.6 0.5 1.0 0.9 2.2 2.6 3.0

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

132.9 136.0 137.1 0.5 1.0 0.8 2.3 2.8 3.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

132.4 134.9 136.3 0.5 1.0 1.0 2.1 2.4 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.4 137.9 139.1 0.9 0.6 0.9 3.3 3.5 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.2 137.9 139.0 0.6 0.9 0.8 3.1 3.4 3.6

Production

132.2 135.4 136.2 0.6 0.7 0.6 2.8 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.5 135.7 136.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 2.9 3.0 3.1

Transportation and material moving

137.0 140.8 142.6 1.3 0.4 1.3 3.7 4.1 4.1

Service occupations

135.2 139.7 140.5 0.9 1.0 0.6 3.8 4.3 3.9

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

132.2 135.3 136.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 2.6 3.0 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.6 135.8 136.7 0.5 0.9 0.7 2.6 3.0 3.1

Management, professional, and related

132.1 135.1 135.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.8 2.8 2.8

Sales and office

134.3 137.6 140.9 1.3 0.9 2.4 3.1 3.8 4.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.9 135.9 137.2 0.4 1.1 1.0 2.6 2.6 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.3 134.5 135.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 2.5 3.1 3.1

Construction

131.8 134.7 136.7 0.7 1.1 1.5 3.0 2.9 3.7

Manufacturing

132.0 135.2 136.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.6 3.0 3.1

Management, professional, and related

132.4 135.4 136.2 0.4 0.6 0.6 2.5 2.7 2.9

Sales and office

135.0 138.8 139.6 0.9 0.9 0.6 3.2 3.7 3.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.9 135.6 136.5 0.4 0.9 0.7 2.4 2.4 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.9 134.2 135.2 0.5 0.8 0.7 2.4 3.1 3.3

Aircraft manufacturing

141.2 144.1 144.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 1.9 2.1 2.1

Service-providing industries(3)

134.5 137.3 138.4 0.9 0.7 0.8 3.1 3.0 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.3 137.2 138.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 3.1 2.8 2.9

Management, professional, and related

134.4 136.6 137.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 2.7 2.5 2.3

Sales and office

134.3 137.0 138.6 1.1 0.4 1.2 3.8 3.2 3.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.3 134.7 135.9 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.6 2.4 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

137.6 141.4 142.9 1.2 0.4 1.1 4.0 4.0 3.9

Service occupations

135.1 139.6 140.5 0.9 1.0 0.6 3.8 4.3 4.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

135.4 138.2 139.5 1.3 0.6 0.9 3.5 3.4 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.3 138.6 139.7 0.8 1.0 0.8 3.4 3.3 3.3

Wholesale trade

129.5 131.0 132.2 2.2 -0.5 0.9 3.0 3.4 2.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.6 134.0 134.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 3.1 2.5 2.4

Retail trade

137.4 140.9 142.1 0.7 1.3 0.9 3.6 3.3 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.3 139.1 140.2 0.8 1.0 0.8 3.4 3.7 3.6

Transportation and warehousing

138.5 141.5 143.7 1.6 0.4 1.6 4.3 3.8 3.8

Utilities

141.2 145.0 145.3 0.1 1.0 0.2 2.4 2.8 2.9

Information

131.3 133.7 134.4 0.8 0.8 0.5 3.1 2.7 2.4

Financial activities

134.7 137.3 138.7 0.0 0.7 1.0 3.2 1.9 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.5 137.4 137.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 2.9 2.5 2.5

Finance and insurance

135.6 138.2 139.7 -0.2 0.7 1.1 3.4 1.7 3.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

131.4 134.4 136.1 0.0 0.7 1.3 2.7 2.3 3.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.8 138.9 139.7 0.4 0.5 0.6 3.0 2.7 2.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

134.9 137.9 138.6 -0.7 0.7 0.5 2.4 1.5 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.0 136.0 135.9 0.5 0.8 -0.1 2.6 2.7 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

131.0 133.4 134.6 0.7 0.0 0.9 2.3 2.5 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.6 137.4 138.3 0.7 0.1 0.7 2.7 2.8 2.7

Professional and business services

135.2 137.9 139.0 1.0 0.7 0.8 2.7 3.0 2.8

Professional, scientific, and technical services

137.9 140.1 141.2 1.5 0.7 0.8 2.8 3.1 2.4

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

132.4 135.9 136.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 2.9 3.3 3.4

Education and health services

133.3 135.5 136.7 1.0 0.5 0.9 3.1 2.7 2.6

Educational services

132.6 133.6 136.1 1.5 0.5 1.9 2.5 2.2 2.6

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

133.3 134.8 136.5 1.4 0.4 1.3 2.5 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

133.5 135.9 136.9 0.9 0.5 0.7 3.2 2.7 2.5

Hospitals

133.2 136.2 137.0 0.4 0.7 0.6 2.2 2.6 2.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

130.3 133.1 134.0 0.7 0.5 0.7 3.1 2.9 2.8

Nursing care facilities(1)

129.6 132.4 132.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 2.7 2.9 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

136.4 140.9 141.6 0.9 0.6 0.5 3.8 4.2 3.8

Accommodation and food service

137.1 142.0 142.9 0.8 0.9 0.6 3.8 4.4 4.2

Other services, except public administration

134.3 138.5 138.5 0.1 1.1 0.0 2.1 3.3 3.1

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

133.5 137.0 138.1 0.6 1.0 0.8 2.8 3.2 3.4

Goods-producing industries(1)

129.6 132.3 133.1 0.4 1.1 0.6 2.2 2.5 2.7

Manufacturing

126.9 128.6 129.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.9 1.8 2.1

Service-providing industries(2)

136.2 140.1 141.4 0.7 0.9 0.9 3.0 3.5 3.8

Nonunion

134.1 136.9 138.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 3.2 3.0 2.9

Goods-producing industries(1)

132.8 136.0 137.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 2.7 3.0 3.4

Manufacturing

133.1 136.5 137.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.6 3.1 3.2

Service-providing industries(2)

134.4 137.1 138.2 1.0 0.7 0.8 3.1 3.0 2.8

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

135.3 138.8 139.8 1.0 0.9 0.7 2.9 3.7 3.3

New England

141.3 143.7 145.4 2.8 0.6 1.2 3.6 4.6 2.9

Middle Atlantic

133.1 136.9 137.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 2.7 3.3 3.5

South

133.0 135.5 136.7 0.5 0.8 0.9 2.7 2.4 2.8

South Atlantic

135.1 137.9 139.1 0.4 0.9 0.9 3.1 2.5 3.0

East South Central

131.5 133.4 135.6 0.7 0.8 1.6 1.9 2.1 3.1

West South Central

130.2 132.2 133.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 2.4 2.2 2.3

Midwest

131.4 134.0 135.0 1.0 0.4 0.7 3.1 3.0 2.7

East North Central

129.7 132.4 133.4 1.1 0.2 0.8 3.0 3.2 2.9

West North Central

135.4 137.9 139.1 0.7 0.7 0.9 2.9 2.6 2.7

West

137.1 140.2 141.4 1.0 0.6 0.9 3.7 3.2 3.1

Mountain

134.2 137.5 139.0 0.6 0.9 1.1 3.2 3.1 3.6

Pacific

138.4 141.4 142.5 1.2 0.5 0.8 3.9 3.4 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

All workers

129.0 130.6 132.5 1.3 0.3 1.5 2.3 2.5 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

128.1 129.7 131.6 1.3 0.4 1.5 2.2 2.5 2.7

Professional and related

127.8 129.4 131.4 1.2 0.3 1.5 2.1 2.5 2.8

Sales and office

128.9 130.7 132.4 1.3 0.4 1.3 2.7 2.7 2.7

Office and administrative support

129.3 131.2 132.9 1.3 0.5 1.3 2.7 2.7 2.8

Service occupations

131.7 133.9 135.6 1.0 0.3 1.3 2.4 2.7 3.0

Industry

Education and health services

128.2 129.6 131.7 1.3 0.3 1.6 2.2 2.5 2.7

Educational services

127.6 129.0 131.3 1.4 0.3 1.8 2.2 2.5 2.9

Schools

127.6 129.0 131.2 1.4 0.3 1.7 2.2 2.5 2.8

Elementary and secondary schools

127.2 128.3 130.8 1.5 0.3 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.8

Health care and social assistance

132.5 134.5 135.9 0.7 0.1 1.0 2.2 2.2 2.6

Hospitals

131.1 133.1 134.5 0.5 0.0 1.1 1.8 2.1 2.6

Public administration

129.9 132.2 133.4 0.9 0.4 0.9 2.3 2.7 2.7

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

137.5 139.9 140.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.6 2.3 2.3

Private industry workers

All workers

133.2 135.3 135.8 0.2 0.4 0.4 2.5 1.8 2.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

131.7 133.9 134.5 0.0 0.5 0.4 2.2 1.7 2.1

Sales and office

134.8 137.2 137.6 0.5 0.7 0.3 3.1 2.3 2.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

136.5 137.7 138.7 0.2 -0.1 0.7 3.1 1.1 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.5 135.7 136.1 0.2 0.5 0.3 1.9 1.8 1.9

Service occupations

132.3 134.5 134.8 0.6 0.7 0.2 2.4 2.3 1.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.3 131.6 132.3 -0.4 0.6 0.5 1.3 1.4 2.3

Manufacturing

128.9 131.1 131.7 -0.7 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.0 2.2

Aircraft manufacturing

98.5 99.2 99.3 -19.5 0.2 0.1 -16.7 -19.0 0.8

Service-providing industries(3)

134.6 136.7 137.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.7 1.9 1.9

Bargaining status

Union

144.9 147.0 146.9 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 3.6 1.3 1.4

Nonunion

130.9 133.0 133.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 2.3 1.9 2.1

State and local government workers

All workers

153.2 156.5 158.5 1.5 0.4 1.3 3.1 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

2.4 2.7 2.7 2.0 3.0 2.9

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

3.1 3.9 3.8 2.8 3.9 4.0

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

2.5 1.4 1.7 2.9 1.9 1.8

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

1.8 2.5 3.3 2.1 3.0 3.9

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

2.8 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.0

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

1.9 1.4 1.7 2.0 1.5 1.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

2.7 1.6 2.2 3.0 1.7 2.5

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

2.8 2.2 2.4 3.0 2.1 2.4

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

3.5 2.3 2.3 3.5 2.4 2.3

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

2.8 2.7 2.8 3.2 2.8 3.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

4.5 3.0 3.1 4.7 2.8 2.8

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

2.4 3.4 3.7 3.0 4.3 4.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.0 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.8 4.0

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

4.0 2.6 2.4 4.5 3.0 2.9

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

0.7 -0.4 2.4 3.7 2.9 2.4

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: October 31, 2019