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Economic News Release
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Employment Cost Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                            USDL-21-0726
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, April 30, 2021

Technical information: (202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov

				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX  March 2021
				
Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.9 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month 
period ending in March 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries 
increased 1.0 percent and benefit costs increased 0.6 percent from December 2020. (See tables A, 
1, 2, and 3.)

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
March 2021 and increased 2.8 percent in March 2020. Wages and salaries increased 2.7 percent 
over the year and increased 3.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2020. Benefit 
costs increased 2.5 percent over the year and increased 2.1 percent for the 12-month period ending 
in March 2020. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.8 percent over the year. In March 2020, 
the increase was 2.8 percent. Wages and salaries increased 3.0 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in March 2021 and increased 3.3 percent in March 2020. The cost of benefits increased 
2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2021 and increased 1.6 percent in March 2020.
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.) 

Employer costs for health benefits increased 2.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
March 2021.(For further information, see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period 
ending in March 2021 ranged from 2.0 percent for management, professional, and related occupations 
to 3.9 percent for both sales and office, and service occupations. Within industry supersectors, 
compensation cost increases ranged from 2.1 percent for professional and business services to 
5.3 percent for financial activities. (See table 5.)

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.0 percent for the 12-month 
period ending in March 2021, compared with an increase of 2.8 percent in March 2020. Wages and 
salaries increased 1.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2021 and 2.7 percent 
a year ago. Benefit costs increased 2.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2021. 
The prior year increase was 3.3 percent.(See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on the March 2021 Employment Cost Index
Response rates for March were comparable with prior releases and no changes in estimation 
procedures were necessary. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/bls/effects-of-
covid-19-on-workplace-injuries-and-illnesses-compensation-and-occupational-requirements.htm#ECI.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.9 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.6

Wages and salaries

0.8 1.0 3.1 2.9 2.5 2.6 2.7

Benefits

0.6 0.6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.5

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.8 1.0 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.8

Wages and salaries

0.8 1.1 3.3 2.9 2.7 2.8 3.0

Benefits

0.6 0.6 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.5

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.6 0.4 2.8 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.0

Wages and salaries

0.4 0.4 2.7 2.6 1.8 1.8 1.6

Benefits

0.7 0.4 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.



					   TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of
employment shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage,
methods, nonresponse adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of
Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 24,300 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,000 private industry establishments and
approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors
To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of ECI series, standard errors of all current quarter
not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.
Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within
an acceptable range for their intended purpose.

Historical listings
Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and
industry series listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational
Classification System series from 1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry Classification
System and Standard Occupational Classification from 2006 to the present. It provides the official
series deemed continuous after the change in classification systems. For more information on the
criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article published in the Monthly Labor Review at
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data
The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs for
Employee Compensation (ECEC) news release. The ECEC release dates are available at
www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents
at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather than
the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ
from those in the ECI.

Fixed employment weights
For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-
index.htm.

Seasonal factors
Detailed information on seasonal factors for the 2021 reference year and the revisions of historical 
seasonally adjusted data for the most recent five years can be found at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectsfact.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

142.4 143.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

139.0 140.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7

Manufacturing

138.6 139.3 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.5

Service-providing industries(4)

143.2 144.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9

Education and health services

141.7 142.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.6

Educational services

142.5 143.1 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

143.1 143.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

141.1 141.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 -0.3 0.5 0.2

Health care and social assistance

141.0 142.1 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.8

Hospitals

141.7 143.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

138.7 139.9 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9

Public administration

147.2 147.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2

Private industry workers

All workers

141.8 143.2 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

139.7 140.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6

Management, business, and financial

141.3 142.0 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

Professional and related

138.6 139.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.7

Sales and office

143.4 146.0 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.4 1.1 0.6 0.4 1.1 1.8

Sales and related

139.7 144.3 0.9 0.2 1.4 0.3 1.6 0.6 0.1 1.5 3.3

Office and administrative support

146.0 146.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

141.4 142.8 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.0

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

141.3 142.4 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.1 -0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

141.6 143.2 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

144.0 144.9 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.6

Production

140.4 141.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9

Transportation and material moving

148.4 148.9 1.2 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.3

Service occupations

145.7 147.5 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

139.0 139.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6

Construction

140.3 141.5 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.9

Manufacturing

138.6 139.3 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.5

Aircraft manufacturing

123.9 124.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.4 -1.6 1.4 0.8 0.5 0.6

Service-providing industries(5)

142.6 144.1 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

145.4 146.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.3 1.2 0.8

Wholesale trade

138.4 139.6 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.4 0.9

Retail trade

147.0 148.5 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.6 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

149.9 150.1 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.1

Utilities

154.7 155.5 1.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5

Information

140.5 141.4 0.5 -1.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.2 0.6

Financial activities

142.0 147.1 0.8 0.3 1.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.7 3.6

Finance and insurance

142.6 148.8 0.8 0.4 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 4.3

Credit intermediation and related activities

141.1 141.4 1.0 0.3 1.4 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

143.7 144.8 1.2 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

138.9 139.4 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.4

Professional and business services

142.6 143.4 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.5 1.1 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.6

Professional, scientific, and technical services

144.4 144.7 0.1 1.0 0.6 0.4 1.2 -0.1 0.3 1.0 0.2

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

140.4 142.1 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.2

Education and health services

140.2 141.2 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 -0.1 0.9 0.6 0.7

Educational services

140.3 140.7 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 -0.2 0.7 0.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

140.7 141.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 -0.7 0.4 0.3

Health care and social assistance

140.2 141.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 -0.3 1.2 0.6 0.8

Hospitals

141.1 142.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 1.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

136.9 138.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

145.0 147.0 0.4 0.9 0.7 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.3 1.4

Accommodation and food services

147.6 149.8 0.7 1.2 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.6 1.5

Other services, except public administration

142.6 144.1 0.9 1.0 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.1

State and local government workers

All workers

145.1 145.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4

Industry

Education and health services

143.5 144.2 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5

Educational services

143.1 143.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4

Schools

143.0 143.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

143.6 144.3 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Health care and social assistance

146.8 147.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.5

Hospitals

143.9 144.7 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Public administration

147.2 147.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

141.4 142.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

141.0 141.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6

Manufacturing

140.8 141.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Service-providing industries(3)

141.5 143.1 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1

Education and health services

137.5 138.3 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.6

Educational services

134.6 135.1 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

133.6 134.2 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

135.4 135.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.4

Health care and social assistance

140.7 141.8 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 -0.4 1.2 0.6 0.8

Hospitals

140.6 142.0 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

139.5 140.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9

Private industry workers

All workers

142.8 144.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

140.7 141.6 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.6

Professional and related

139.7 140.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.0 -0.1 0.7 0.6 0.8

Management, business, and financial

142.0 142.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.5

Sales and office

144.3 147.5 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.4 1.4 0.6 0.4 1.2 2.2

Office and administrative support

146.3 147.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

141.2 142.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.2 0.1 0.7 0.6 1.2

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

141.1 142.3 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.4 -0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

141.5 143.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

145.7 146.8 1.2 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.8

Production

141.9 143.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.2

Transportation and material moving

150.0 150.6 1.5 0.7 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.2 0.4

Service occupations

147.7 149.8 1.0 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.4

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

141.1 142.0 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6

Construction

141.2 142.4 0.9 0.8 1.3 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.3 0.7 0.9

Manufacturing

140.8 141.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Aircraft manufacturing

149.2 149.2 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6 -0.2 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.0

Service-providing industries(4)

143.3 145.1 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

145.3 146.5 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.3 1.3 0.8

Wholesale trade

135.7 136.8 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.3 -0.2 0.4 0.8

Retail trade

148.9 150.4 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 1.9 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

150.9 151.4 1.2 0.8 1.3 1.3 0.8 1.0 0.5 1.5 0.3

Utilities

149.4 150.4 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7

Information

139.3 140.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.5 1.4 1.0

Financial activities

142.7 149.9 0.8 0.1 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.8 5.0

Finance and insurance

143.9 152.6 0.8 0.1 1.5 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 6.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

140.1 140.2 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

142.8 144.0 1.3 0.1 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

138.0 138.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.4

Professional and business services

143.9 144.4 0.3 1.0 0.8 0.6 1.4 0.1 0.4 0.9 0.3

Professional, scientific, and technical services

145.7 145.5 -0.1 1.2 0.8 0.5 1.8 -0.3 0.2 1.0 -0.2

Education and health services

140.5 141.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 -0.3 1.0 0.6 0.7

Educational services

139.0 139.7 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.4 1.0 0.6 -0.3 0.8 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

138.0 138.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.4 -0.9 0.4 0.4

Health care and social assistance

140.8 141.9 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 -0.6 1.3 0.6 0.8

Hospitals

141.1 142.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.0

Nursing and resideal care facilities

139.8 141.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

148.8 151.2 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.4 1.6

Accommodation and food services

151.3 153.9 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.6 0.6 1.7

Other services, except public administration

143.5 145.3 0.9 1.2 -0.1 1.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.3

State and local government workers

All workers

135.3 135.9 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4

Industry

Education and health services

134.3 134.8 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4

Educational services

133.7 134.2 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.4

Schools

133.7 134.2 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

133.4 134.0 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Health care and social assistance

139.4 140.2 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.6

Hospitals

138.4 139.2 0.8 0.3 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.5

Public administration

136.5 137.0 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

144.9 145.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Private industry workers

All workers

139.3 140.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

137.6 138.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7

Sales and office

141.2 142.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

141.9 142.7 0.6 -0.3 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

140.6 140.9 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.2

Service occupations

138.9 140.0 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

134.9 135.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.7

Manufacturing

134.3 134.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.4

Service-providing industries(3)

140.9 141.9 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

164.4 165.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

All workers(2)

140.0 142.2 143.7 0.9 0.6 1.1 2.8 2.5 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

140.0 142.3 143.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 2.7 2.5 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

138.8 140.5 141.5 0.7 0.4 0.7 2.5 2.0 1.9

Management, business, and financial

139.8 141.3 142.3 0.7 0.2 0.7 2.4 1.8 1.8

Professional and related

138.3 140.1 141.1 0.8 0.4 0.7 2.6 2.1 2.0

Sales and office

141.1 143.7 146.4 1.3 0.9 1.9 3.1 3.2 3.8

Sales and related

136.9 139.7 144.3 1.7 1.3 3.3 3.6 3.8 5.4

Office and administrative support

143.5 146.0 147.3 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.7 2.7 2.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.7 141.7 143.0 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.9 2.4 2.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

140.4 141.6 142.7 1.1 0.6 0.8 3.4 1.9 1.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

138.9 141.9 143.4 0.7 0.4 1.1 2.4 2.8 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

141.0 144.2 145.5 1.0 0.8 0.9 3.1 3.3 3.2

Production

137.5 140.5 141.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 2.8 3.2 3.2

Transportation and material moving

145.1 148.5 149.6 1.1 0.9 0.7 3.3 3.5 3.1

Service occupations

143.5 146.7 148.5 1.1 0.8 1.2 3.5 3.3 3.5

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

136.7 139.0 140.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 2.7 2.4 2.4

Manufacturing

136.2 138.5 139.4 0.7 0.7 0.6 2.5 2.4 2.3

Service-providing industries(5)

140.6 142.8 144.4 1.0 0.6 1.1 2.9 2.6 2.7

Education and health services

139.5 141.7 142.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 2.7 2.2 2.1

Educational services

140.1 142.4 142.7 0.5 0.4 0.2 2.9 2.2 1.9

Elementary and secondary schools

140.2 143.0 143.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 2.9 2.4 2.2

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

139.9 141.1 141.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 2.6 1.3 0.9

Health care and social assistance

139.0 141.0 142.2 0.8 0.6 0.9 2.6 2.2 2.3

Hospitals

139.4 141.6 143.0 0.6 0.5 1.0 2.6 2.2 2.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

135.6 138.5 139.9 0.8 0.8 1.0 2.5 3.0 3.2

Public administration

144.6 146.8 147.4 0.8 0.4 0.4 3.0 2.4 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

All workers

139.4 141.6 143.3 1.0 0.6 1.2 2.8 2.6 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

139.4 141.6 143.0 0.9 0.6 1.0 2.7 2.5 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

138.0 139.5 140.7 0.9 0.4 0.9 2.4 2.0 2.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

137.3 138.8 140.1 0.9 0.4 0.9 2.4 2.0 2.0

Management, business, and financial

139.5 141.0 142.0 0.8 0.2 0.7 2.4 1.9 1.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

138.5 139.9 141.1 0.8 0.3 0.9 2.4 1.8 1.9

Professional and related

136.8 138.4 139.7 0.9 0.4 0.9 2.3 2.1 2.1

Sales and office

140.6 143.2 146.1 1.3 0.9 2.0 3.1 3.2 3.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.3 145.0 146.5 1.0 0.8 1.0 2.7 2.9 3.0

Sales and related

136.8 139.6 144.3 1.7 1.3 3.4 3.6 3.8 5.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.4 143.9 145.3 1.0 1.2 1.0 2.7 3.5 3.5

Office and administrative support

143.3 145.6 147.1 1.0 0.6 1.0 2.7 2.6 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.3 141.3 142.7 1.0 0.5 1.0 3.0 2.5 2.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

140.2 141.2 142.4 1.2 0.6 0.8 3.5 1.9 1.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

138.2 141.4 143.0 0.7 0.4 1.1 2.3 3.0 3.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

140.6 143.8 145.1 1.0 0.8 0.9 3.1 3.3 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.3 143.6 144.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 3.1 3.3 3.2

Production

137.2 140.3 141.7 0.9 0.7 1.0 2.8 3.2 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

137.6 140.8 142.1 0.9 0.7 0.9 2.8 3.2 3.3

Transportation and material moving

144.8 148.2 149.3 1.1 0.9 0.7 3.4 3.5 3.1

Service occupations

142.2 145.6 147.8 1.1 0.9 1.5 3.6 3.6 3.9

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

136.7 138.9 139.9 0.7 0.5 0.7 2.7 2.3 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

137.0 138.8 140.0 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.7 2.1 2.2

Management, professional, and related

134.4 135.6 136.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 2.3 1.7 1.6

Sales and office

137.2 143.4 143.5 -1.9 0.6 0.1 1.5 2.5 4.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.3 140.7 141.9 1.1 0.6 0.9 3.4 2.1 1.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

136.4 139.2 140.4 0.9 0.7 0.9 2.9 3.0 2.9

Construction

137.6 140.3 141.3 0.4 0.4 0.7 3.1 2.4 2.7

Manufacturing

136.2 138.5 139.4 0.7 0.7 0.6 2.5 2.4 2.3

Management, professional, and related

135.4 136.9 137.7 0.7 0.4 0.6 2.1 1.9 1.7

Sales and office occupations

139.6 140.6 141.9 -0.2 0.5 0.9 2.0 0.5 1.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

136.4 139.4 140.3 0.9 0.9 0.6 2.7 3.1 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

136.0 138.9 140.1 0.8 0.7 0.9 2.9 3.0 3.0

Aircraft manufacturing

120.7 123.1 125.0 -1.3 0.1 1.5 -1.1 0.7 3.6

Service-providing industries(4)

140.2 142.4 144.3 1.1 0.6 1.3 2.9 2.7 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.2 142.5 144.0 1.0 0.6 1.1 2.7 2.7 2.7

Management, professional, and related

138.6 140.2 141.5 0.8 0.3 0.9 2.4 2.0 2.1

Sales and office

141.0 143.2 146.4 1.7 1.0 2.2 3.3 3.2 3.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.3 142.4 143.9 0.8 0.4 1.1 2.3 3.0 3.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

145.3 149.0 150.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 3.1 3.6 3.4

Service occupations

142.1 145.6 147.8 1.1 0.9 1.5 3.6 3.6 4.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

142.2 145.1 146.7 1.1 0.9 1.1 2.7 3.1 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.9 146.0 147.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 3.0 3.3 3.1

Wholesale trade

136.6 138.1 139.9 1.3 0.1 1.3 1.8 2.4 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.3 142.1 143.5 0.9 0.6 1.0 2.7 2.2 2.3

Retail trade

142.9 146.7 148.4 0.8 1.4 1.2 3.1 3.5 3.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

141.8 145.8 147.4 1.1 1.4 1.1 3.0 4.0 3.9

Transportation and warehousing

146.5 149.6 150.5 1.2 0.9 0.6 3.5 3.3 2.7

Utilities

151.8 154.0 155.7 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.2 2.4 2.6

Information

137.1 139.9 141.4 1.0 0.6 1.1 1.1 3.1 3.1

Financial activities

139.4 141.4 146.8 0.9 0.1 3.8 2.8 2.3 5.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

139.6 141.5 142.8 0.9 0.0 0.9 2.3 2.2 2.3

Finance and insurance

140.0 142.0 148.4 1.0 0.2 4.5 3.0 2.5 6.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

138.4 140.5 141.2 0.9 -0.1 0.5 3.1 2.5 2.0

Excluding incentive paid

142.5 144.2 145.7 1.1 0.1 1.0 2.7 2.3 2.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

140.6 143.0 144.6 0.7 0.2 1.1 2.0 2.4 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

139.9 142.0 143.2 0.8 0.1 0.8 2.2 2.3 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

137.0 138.8 139.7 0.5 0.0 0.6 1.9 1.8 2.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.9 142.7 143.9 0.6 0.0 0.8 2.0 1.9 2.1

Professional and business services

140.7 142.4 143.7 1.4 0.7 0.9 3.2 2.7 2.1

Professional, scientific, and technical services

143.2 144.0 145.2 1.9 0.8 0.8 3.3 2.5 1.4

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

137.3 140.3 142.1 1.1 0.9 1.3 3.2 3.3 3.5

Education and health services

138.3 140.2 141.3 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.7 2.2 2.2

Educational services

138.6 140.4 140.5 0.7 0.6 0.1 3.0 2.0 1.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

140.4 140.8 141.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 2.6 0.9 0.4

Health care and social assistance

138.3 140.2 141.4 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.6 2.3 2.2

Hospitals

138.8 141.1 142.6 0.6 0.5 1.1 2.4 2.2 2.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

133.8 136.8 138.3 0.8 0.7 1.1 2.4 3.0 3.4

Nursing care facilities(2)

133.1 136.1 137.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 2.2 3.0 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

141.9 144.7 147.4 1.4 0.4 1.9 3.6 3.4 3.9

Accommodation and food service

143.7 147.3 150.2 1.5 0.5 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.5

Other services, except public administration

140.4 142.3 144.3 0.9 0.4 1.4 2.8 2.2 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Bargaining status

Union

143.1 146.3 147.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 2.2 2.8 3.1

Goods-producing industries(2)

137.6 140.8 141.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 2.6 2.8 3.1

Manufacturing

130.5 134.7 135.4 0.5 0.9 0.5 2.2 3.8 3.8

Service-providing industries(3)

147.2 150.2 151.6 0.7 0.4 0.9 2.2 2.7 3.0

Nonunion

138.8 140.9 142.7 1.1 0.6 1.3 2.9 2.6 2.8

Goods-producing industries(2)

136.3 138.3 139.3 0.7 0.5 0.7 2.8 2.1 2.2

Manufacturing

137.6 139.5 140.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 2.5 2.1 2.1

Service-providing industries(3)

139.5 141.6 143.6 1.2 0.6 1.4 3.0 2.7 2.9

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

141.7 144.0 146.1 0.7 0.6 1.5 2.6 2.3 3.1

New England

144.9 147.0 149.0 0.6 0.3 1.4 2.7 2.1 2.8

Middle Atlantic

140.6 142.9 145.1 0.8 0.7 1.5 2.6 2.4 3.2

South

136.7 139.3 141.0 0.7 0.7 1.2 2.6 2.6 3.1

South Atlantic

138.7 141.8 143.7 0.5 0.8 1.3 2.3 2.8 3.6

East South Central

136.2 137.4 139.4 0.5 0.2 1.5 3.1 1.4 2.3

West South Central

133.7 135.9 137.0 1.1 0.6 0.8 2.8 2.7 2.5

Midwest

137.5 139.1 140.7 1.3 0.7 1.2 3.0 2.5 2.3

East North Central

136.4 137.6 139.1 1.7 0.7 1.1 3.1 2.6 2.0

West North Central

140.1 142.9 144.6 0.5 0.6 1.2 2.6 2.5 3.2

West

142.9 145.1 146.8 1.4 0.5 1.2 3.2 3.0 2.7

Mountain

139.5 142.0 143.8 1.1 0.4 1.3 3.1 2.9 3.1

Pacific

144.3 146.4 148.1 1.5 0.5 1.2 3.1 3.0 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

All workers

142.5 144.9 145.4 0.6 0.4 0.3 2.8 2.3 2.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

141.0 143.2 143.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 2.8 2.1 1.9

Professional and related

140.8 143.1 143.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 2.9 2.1 2.0

Sales and office

145.1 148.0 148.4 0.8 0.6 0.3 3.0 2.8 2.3

Office and administrative support

145.2 148.1 148.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 3.0 2.8 2.3

Service occupations

146.3 149.1 149.6 0.8 0.6 0.3 3.0 2.8 2.3

Industry

Education and health services

140.9 143.4 143.8 0.4 0.5 0.3 2.8 2.2 2.1

Educational services

140.4 142.9 143.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 2.7 2.1 2.1

Schools

140.3 142.9 143.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 2.7 2.2 2.1

Elementary and secondary schools

140.6 143.4 143.8 0.4 0.4 0.3 2.9 2.4 2.3

Health care and social assistance

144.6 146.7 147.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 2.9 2.2 2.1

Hospitals

141.9 143.9 144.9 0.8 0.6 0.7 2.9 2.2 2.1

Public administration

144.6 146.8 147.4 0.8 0.4 0.4 3.0 2.4 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

All workers(1)

139.1 141.3 142.9 1.0 0.6 1.1 3.1 2.6 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

138.8 140.9 142.2 0.9 0.6 0.9 3.0 2.5 2.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

137.3 138.7 139.7 0.9 0.3 0.7 2.7 1.9 1.7

Management, business, and financial

139.7 141.0 141.9 0.8 0.2 0.6 2.6 1.7 1.6

Professional and related

136.0 137.5 138.4 0.9 0.4 0.7 2.7 2.0 1.8

Sales and office

140.8 143.4 146.8 1.5 1.0 2.4 3.5 3.4 4.3

Sales and related

138.5 141.4 147.0 2.1 1.6 4.0 4.3 4.2 6.1

Office and administrative support

142.3 144.7 146.2 1.1 0.6 1.0 3.1 2.8 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

138.7 140.8 142.3 1.1 0.6 1.1 3.6 2.6 2.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

139.6 140.5 141.8 1.5 0.6 0.9 3.9 2.1 1.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

137.9 141.2 142.8 0.7 0.5 1.1 3.3 3.1 3.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

141.9 145.3 146.9 1.1 0.8 1.1 3.6 3.6 3.5

Production

138.9 141.9 143.7 1.0 0.6 1.3 3.2 3.2 3.5

Transportation and material moving

145.3 149.0 150.3 1.3 1.0 0.9 4.0 3.9 3.4

Service occupations

142.3 145.7 147.8 1.1 0.9 1.4 3.7 3.5 3.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

138.4 140.9 141.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 3.2 2.5 2.5

Manufacturing

138.4 140.7 141.8 0.9 0.6 0.8 3.1 2.6 2.5

Service-providing industries(4)

139.2 141.3 143.1 1.1 0.6 1.3 3.1 2.6 2.8

Education and health services

135.7 137.6 138.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.7 2.0 1.8

Educational services

132.8 134.8 134.9 0.3 0.4 0.1 2.7 1.8 1.6

Elementary and secondary schools

131.6 133.8 133.9 0.3 0.3 0.1 2.8 2.0 1.7

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

134.7 135.6 135.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 2.4 1.0 0.8

Health care and social assistance

138.9 140.7 141.9 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.8 2.2 2.2

Hospitals

138.5 140.6 142.0 0.7 0.6 1.0 2.7 2.2 2.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

136.2 139.4 140.9 1.0 0.9 1.1 2.9 3.4 3.5

Public administration

135.1 136.5 137.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 2.6 1.7 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

All workers

140.4 142.6 144.6 1.2 0.6 1.4 3.3 2.8 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

140.1 142.4 143.9 1.1 0.6 1.1 3.2 2.7 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

139.1 140.4 141.6 1.0 0.3 0.9 2.7 2.0 1.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

137.9 139.2 140.5 1.0 0.4 0.9 2.7 2.0 1.9

Management, business, and financial

140.4 141.7 142.7 0.9 0.2 0.7 2.6 1.8 1.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

138.5 139.8 140.9 0.8 0.4 0.8 2.5 1.7 1.7

Professional and related

138.1 139.5 140.8 1.1 0.4 0.9 2.8 2.1 2.0

Sales and office

141.5 144.1 147.7 1.7 1.1 2.5 3.7 3.5 4.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.8 145.7 147.3 1.1 0.9 1.1 3.1 3.2 3.2

Sales and related

138.6 141.5 147.2 2.1 1.6 4.0 4.3 4.2 6.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.9 145.7 147.1 1.2 1.5 1.0 3.2 3.9 3.7

Office and administrative support

143.6 146.0 147.6 1.2 0.7 1.1 3.2 2.9 2.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.0 141.2 142.7 1.2 0.6 1.1 3.7 2.8 2.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

140.1 141.0 142.3 1.5 0.6 0.9 4.1 2.2 1.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

137.9 141.4 143.1 0.7 0.5 1.2 3.3 3.3 3.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

142.1 145.5 147.1 1.1 0.9 1.1 3.6 3.6 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.7 145.2 146.7 1.0 0.8 1.0 3.7 3.5 3.5

Production

138.7 141.8 143.7 0.9 0.7 1.3 3.2 3.2 3.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

139.0 142.3 144.1 0.9 0.6 1.3 3.1 3.3 3.7

Transportation and material moving

146.0 149.7 151.1 1.4 1.0 0.9 4.1 4.0 3.5

Service occupations

143.9 147.6 150.1 1.2 1.0 1.7 4.0 3.8 4.3

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

138.5 141.0 142.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 3.2 2.5 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

138.9 140.7 142.0 1.0 0.6 0.9 3.2 2.3 2.2

Management, professional, and related

138.1 139.2 139.9 1.2 0.3 0.5 3.0 2.1 1.3

Sales and office

138.5 146.9 146.7 -2.6 0.7 -0.1 1.5 3.3 5.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.8 141.0 142.4 1.3 0.6 1.0 4.0 2.2 1.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

138.1 140.8 142.4 1.0 0.6 1.1 3.4 3.0 3.1

Construction

138.0 141.2 142.1 0.4 0.5 0.6 3.5 2.8 3.0

Manufacturing

138.4 140.7 141.8 0.9 0.6 0.8 3.1 2.6 2.5

Management, professional, and related

138.6 140.2 140.6 1.3 0.5 0.3 3.0 2.5 1.4

Sales and office

140.7 142.1 143.6 -0.3 0.8 1.1 2.3 0.7 2.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

138.9 142.1 143.3 0.9 0.9 0.8 3.3 3.3 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

137.7 140.7 142.3 0.9 0.7 1.1 3.4 3.1 3.3

Aircraft manufacturing

145.5 148.2 149.9 1.0 0.1 1.1 1.2 2.8 3.0

Service-providing industries(3)

140.9 143.1 145.3 1.3 0.7 1.5 3.3 2.9 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

140.5 142.9 144.4 1.2 0.7 1.0 3.2 2.9 2.8

Management, professional, and related

139.3 140.7 141.9 1.0 0.4 0.9 2.7 2.0 1.9

Sales and office

141.7 143.8 147.8 1.9 1.1 2.8 3.8 3.5 4.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

138.0 141.4 143.2 1.0 0.5 1.3 3.3 3.4 3.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

146.1 150.1 151.8 1.2 1.0 1.1 3.8 4.0 3.9

Service occupations

143.9 147.6 150.1 1.3 1.0 1.7 4.1 3.9 4.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

141.9 144.9 146.7 1.2 1.0 1.2 3.3 3.4 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.2 145.5 147.0 1.2 1.2 1.0 3.6 3.6 3.4

Wholesale trade

134.1 135.3 137.2 1.5 -0.1 1.4 1.8 2.4 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

137.1 138.8 140.1 1.1 0.7 0.9 2.9 2.4 2.2

Retail trade

144.3 148.6 150.3 1.0 1.6 1.1 3.7 4.0 4.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.8 147.2 148.8 1.3 1.6 1.1 3.7 4.4 4.2

Transportation and warehousing

146.9 150.5 151.8 1.4 1.1 0.9 4.3 3.9 3.3

Utilities

146.9 148.7 150.7 0.9 0.2 1.3 2.3 2.1 2.6

Information

136.3 138.9 140.6 1.1 0.9 1.2 2.8 3.0 3.2

Financial activities

140.6 142.2 149.5 1.2 0.4 5.1 3.1 2.3 6.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

139.8 141.1 142.6 1.1 0.1 1.1 2.3 2.0 2.0

Finance and insurance

141.7 143.3 152.1 1.3 0.5 6.1 3.3 2.4 7.3

Credit intermediation and related activities

137.7 139.4 140.1 1.2 -0.2 0.5 3.1 2.4 1.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.5 142.4 144.1 1.3 0.3 1.2 2.4 1.9 1.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

139.6 142.1 143.9 0.9 0.5 1.3 2.0 2.7 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

137.9 139.8 141.1 1.2 0.2 0.9 2.2 2.6 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

136.1 137.8 138.9 0.7 0.1 0.8 2.0 1.9 2.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

140.3 142.0 143.5 0.7 0.1 1.1 2.2 1.9 2.3

Professional and business services

142.2 143.6 144.9 1.9 0.7 0.9 3.9 2.9 1.9

Professional, scientific, and technical services

145.0 145.2 146.1 2.5 0.6 0.6 4.2 2.7 0.8

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

139.6 142.9 144.8 1.4 1.0 1.3 3.6 3.8 3.7

Education and health services

138.6 140.6 141.5 0.9 0.6 0.6 2.8 2.3 2.1

Educational services

137.2 139.3 139.4 0.6 0.7 0.1 3.2 2.1 1.6

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

138.0 138.2 138.4 0.6 0.3 0.1 2.8 0.7 0.3

Health care and social assistance

138.9 140.8 142.0 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.7 2.3 2.2

Hospitals

138.8 141.1 142.6 0.7 0.6 1.1 2.6 2.3 2.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

136.3 139.7 141.3 1.1 0.9 1.1 2.9 3.6 3.7

Nursing care facilities(1)

135.2 138.7 140.4 1.0 1.0 1.2 2.7 3.7 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

145.5 148.5 151.7 1.5 0.4 2.2 3.9 3.6 4.3

Accommodation and food service

147.0 151.1 154.4 1.5 0.7 2.2 4.5 4.4 5.0

Other services, except public administration

141.0 143.2 145.4 0.8 0.3 1.5 2.9 2.4 3.1

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Bargaining status

Union

140.2 143.0 144.5 0.7 0.6 1.0 3.3 2.7 3.1

Goods-producing industries(1)

134.8 137.5 138.6 0.5 0.4 0.8 3.0 2.5 2.8

Manufacturing

131.9 135.5 136.7 0.8 0.6 0.9 3.0 3.5 3.6

Service-providing industries(2)

143.7 146.6 148.3 0.8 0.7 1.2 3.5 2.9 3.2

Nonunion

140.4 142.6 144.6 1.2 0.7 1.4 3.2 2.8 3.0

Goods-producing industries(1)

139.3 141.8 142.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 3.3 2.6 2.5

Manufacturing

139.7 141.8 142.9 0.9 0.6 0.8 3.1 2.5 2.3

Service-providing industries(2)

140.7 142.8 145.0 1.4 0.7 1.5 3.3 2.9 3.1

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

141.9 144.1 146.7 0.9 0.7 1.8 3.1 2.4 3.4

New England

147.1 149.0 151.5 0.7 0.2 1.7 3.0 2.0 3.0

Middle Atlantic

140.0 142.3 144.9 0.9 0.9 1.8 3.2 2.6 3.5

South

138.4 141.2 143.1 0.8 0.8 1.3 3.0 2.8 3.4

South Atlantic

140.4 144.0 146.3 0.5 0.9 1.6 2.7 3.1 4.2

East South Central

137.1 138.4 140.5 0.6 0.3 1.5 3.5 1.5 2.5

West South Central

135.4 137.6 138.7 1.3 0.8 0.8 3.1 2.9 2.4

Midwest

138.2 139.6 141.2 1.6 0.6 1.1 3.5 2.6 2.2

East North Central

137.2 138.0 139.5 2.2 0.7 1.1 3.9 2.8 1.7

West North Central

140.8 143.7 145.5 0.6 0.6 1.3 2.8 2.6 3.3

West

144.3 146.5 148.4 1.7 0.5 1.3 3.6 3.2 2.8

Mountain

140.8 143.5 145.3 1.2 0.5 1.3 3.3 3.2 3.2

Pacific

145.8 147.8 149.8 1.8 0.5 1.4 3.6 3.2 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

All workers

133.7 135.4 135.8 0.5 0.4 0.3 2.7 1.8 1.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.6 134.3 134.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 2.6 1.6 1.5

Professional and related

132.4 134.2 134.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 2.6 1.7 1.6

Sales and office

133.6 135.7 136.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 2.6 2.1 2.0

Office and administrative support

134.1 136.2 136.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.7 2.2 1.9

Service occupations

137.0 139.2 139.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 2.6 2.3 2.0

Industry

Education and health services

132.6 134.5 134.7 0.3 0.4 0.1 2.6 1.7 1.6

Educational services

131.9 133.9 134.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 2.6 1.7 1.7

Schools

131.9 133.9 134.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 2.6 1.7 1.6

Elementary and secondary schools

131.4 133.6 133.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 2.7 1.9 1.8

Health care and social assistance

137.9 139.6 140.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 2.7 1.8 1.8

Hospitals

136.9 138.5 139.4 0.7 0.7 0.6 2.9 1.9 1.8

Public administration

135.1 136.5 137.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 2.6 1.7 1.6

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

142.1 144.5 145.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.1 2.3 2.5

Private industry workers

All workers

136.9 139.1 140.3 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.6 2.1 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

135.4 137.2 138.6 0.4 0.2 1.0 1.6 1.8 2.4

Sales and office

138.4 140.9 142.1 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.6 2.3 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.7 141.6 142.7 0.5 0.3 0.8 1.3 1.9 2.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

137.6 140.5 141.0 0.7 0.7 0.4 1.9 2.9 2.5

Service occupations

136.3 138.8 140.1 0.6 0.6 0.9 2.0 2.4 2.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

133.0 134.9 135.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.7 1.8 2.1

Manufacturing

132.2 134.3 135.0 0.2 0.6 0.5 1.3 1.8 2.1

Aircraft manufacturing

94.4 96.4 98.4 -4.6 0.1 2.1 -4.6 -2.6 4.2

Service-providing industries(3)

138.4 140.6 141.9 0.6 0.4 0.9 1.7 2.2 2.5

Bargaining status

Union

148.0 151.5 152.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.7 2.8 2.9

Nonunion

134.7 136.6 137.9 0.6 0.4 1.0 1.8 2.0 2.4

State and local government workers

All workers

160.9 164.4 165.1 0.9 0.5 0.4 3.3 3.1 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

3.5 3.3 2.9 4.0 3.2 2.9

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

2.5 1.8 2.9 2.9 1.8 3.1

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

2.3 2.8 2.4 2.9 3.7 3.0

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

3.6 2.9 2.3 4.3 3.4 2.9

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

2.9 3.4 3.0 3.7 2.8 2.3

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

2.8 2.7 1.1 2.8 3.0 1.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

1.9 1.5 3.4 2.0 1.5 4.0

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

3.0 3.6 3.9 3.5 3.9 4.0

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

3.2 2.8 3.1 3.8 3.2 3.3

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

2.7 3.1 3.1 3.7 2.9 2.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

3.1 1.6 2.1 3.6 1.8 2.4

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

3.5 3.7 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.8

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.7 3.8 3.6 4.4 4.2 3.4

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

3.7 3.5 2.2 4.4 3.7 2.1

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

2.1 3.1 2.5 3.3 4.1 2.6

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: April 30, 2021