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Employment Cost Index News Release

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR


TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-20-0138
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, January 31, 2020

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect 
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


				  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – December 2019

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.7 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period 
ending in December 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries increased 
0.7 percent and benefit costs increased 0.5 percent from September 2019. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
December 2019, compared to 2.9 percent in December 2018. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 percent over the 
year and increased 3.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2018. Benefit costs increased 
2.2 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2019. In December 2018, the increase was 2.8 percent. 
(See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.7 percent over the year, compared with a 
compensation cost increase of 3.0 percent in December 2018. Wages and salaries increased 3.0 percent for 
the 12-month period ending in December 2019 and increased 3.1 percent in December 2018. The cost of 
benefits rose 1.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2019 and increased 2.6 percent in 
December 2018. (See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 2.2 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2019. 
(For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending 
in December 2019 ranged from 2.2 percent for management, professional, and related occupations to 
3.7 percent for service occupations. (See table 5.)

Among private industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending in 
December 2019 ranged from 1.0 percent for information to 3.5 percent for construction. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government Workers

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.9 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in December 2019. In December 2018, the increase was 2.6 percent. Wages and salaries increased 
2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2019 and 2.4 percent a year ago. Benefit costs 
increased 3.3 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2019. The prior year increase was 
3.1 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.7 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.7

Wages and salaries

0.9 0.7 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9

Benefits

0.6 0.5 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.2

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.8 0.7 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7

Wages and salaries

0.9 0.7 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

Benefits

0.5 0.5 2.6 2.4 1.8 2.0 1.9

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.8 0.6 2.6 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9

Wages and salaries

1.0 0.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.5

Benefits

0.6 0.8 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.


The Employment Cost Index for March 2020 is scheduled for release on April 30, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— 
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the Employment Cost Index, are available through an email subscription service 
at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

Videos and information graphics explaining the Employment Cost Index and how it is used are available at 
www.bls.gov/eci/videos.htm. 

Highlights of recent National Compensation Survey data are available in The Economics Daily at 
www.bls.gov/opub/ted/national-compensation-survey.htm.

An overview of available BLS compensation measures and an interactive guide on choosing among them are 
available at the BLS Commissioner’s Corner on “Making it Easier to Find Data on Pay and Benefits” at 
blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/24/making-it-easier-to-find-data-on-pay-and-benefits.

Seasonal Factors

The 2020 seasonal factors for directly adjusted series and revised seasonally adjusted series for the past 
five years are scheduled for release with the March 2020 Employment Cost Index on April 30, 2020 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT), 
see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectsfact.htm.



						TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of 
employment shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage, methods, 
nonresponse adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of Methods at 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size

Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 25,500 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,300 private industry establishments and 
approximately 7,800 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local 
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors

To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of ECI series, standard errors of all current quarter 
not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available; see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the public data query tools at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. 
Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within an 
acceptable range for their intended purpose. 

Historical listings

Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and industry 
series listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational Classification System 
series from 1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry Classification System and Standard 
Occupational Classification from 2006 to the present. It provides the official series deemed continuous 
after the change in classification systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous 
series, see the article published in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs for 
Employee Compensation news release (ECEC). The ECEC release dates are available at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents at 
www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather than the 
fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ from those 
in the ECI.

Fixed employment weights

For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-
index.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

138.0 138.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

135.1 135.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6

Manufacturing

134.5 135.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7

Service-providing industries(4)

138.7 139.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6

Education and health services

138.0 138.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.4

Educational services

138.8 139.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

139.0 139.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

138.4 139.2 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6

Health care and social assistance(5)

137.2 137.9 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5

Hospitals

137.6 138.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

134.0 134.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5

Public administration

142.5 143.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8

Private industry workers

All workers

137.3 138.2 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

136.4 137.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4

Management, business, and financial

138.1 138.6 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4

Professional and related

135.1 135.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5

Sales and office

138.3 139.3 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.7

Sales and related

133.9 135.0 0.5 1.3 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.2 1.2 0.8

Office and administrative support

141.4 142.2 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

137.2 138.0 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

137.8 138.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

136.5 137.4 0.8 0.4 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

138.0 139.4 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.0

Production

135.1 136.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.7

Transportation and material moving

141.7 143.5 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.7 1.3

Service occupations

139.3 140.8 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.6 1.1

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

135.1 135.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.6

Construction

136.2 137.0 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.6

Manufacturing

134.5 135.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7

Aircraft manufacturing

122.1 122.5 0.4 1.5 0.3 -6.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3

Service-providing industries(5)

138.0 138.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

140.0 141.1 0.8 1.0 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.8

Wholesale trade

134.8 135.0 0.4 1.0 -0.1 1.8 0.7 0.8 -0.3 0.7 0.1

Retail trade

140.8 142.1 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

143.4 145.3 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.2 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.9 1.3

Utilities

149.9 151.2 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.8 0.7 0.4 0.9

Information

135.0 136.0 0.5 0.6 2.9 0.8 0.4 0.8 -1.0 0.4 0.7

Financial activities

137.9 138.6 0.3 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.2 1.2 0.5

Finance and insurance

138.4 139.2 0.5 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.2 1.4 0.6

Credit intermediation and related activities

136.8 137.6 -0.1 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.4 1.5 0.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

139.6 140.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.2 0.1 1.0 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

135.8 136.3 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.7 0.4

Professional and business services

138.2 139.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.6

Professional, scientific, and technical services

140.4 141.0 0.4 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.7 0.4

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

135.0 135.9 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7

Education and health services

136.5 137.2 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5

Educational services

137.0 137.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

138.5 139.3 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance

136.4 137.1 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5

Hospitals

137.2 138.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

132.2 132.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

138.7 140.4 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.1 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.2

Accommodations and food services

140.3 142.0 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.7 1.1 0.9 1.2

Other services, except public administration

137.7 139.4 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 -0.1 1.2

State and local government workers

All workers

140.9 141.8 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6

Industry

Education and health services

139.7 140.3 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.4

Educational services

139.3 139.9 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.4

Schools

139.2 139.8 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

139.4 140.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5

Health care and social assistance

142.6 143.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6

Hospitals

139.7 140.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.4 0.9 0.6

Public administration

142.5 143.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

136.9 137.8 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

136.4 137.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Manufacturing

136.1 137.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.9

Service-providing industries(3)

137.0 137.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7

Education and health services

134.1 134.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5

Educational services

131.7 132.2 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

130.5 131.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.4 0.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

133.5 134.1 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4

Health care and social assistance

136.8 137.6 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6

Hospitals

136.6 137.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

134.1 134.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6

Public administration

133.3 134.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Private industry workers

All workers

137.9 138.9 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

137.2 137.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.4

Professional and related

135.9 136.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

Sales and office

138.6 139.7 0.6 1.2 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.4 1.2 0.8

Sales and related

134.9 136.2 0.5 1.4 0.5 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.2 1.4 1.0

Office and administrative support

141.4 142.3 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

136.5 137.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

137.0 138.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

136.1 136.9 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

139.0 140.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.7 0.8 1.2

Production

136.2 137.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.0

Transportation and material moving

142.3 144.4 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.6 0.7 1.0 1.5

Service occupations(4)

140.6 142.4 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.6 1.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

136.5 137.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.8

Construction

136.5 137.5 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.4 0.7

Manufacturing

136.1 137.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.9

Aircraft manufacturing

144.3 145.1 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6

Service-providing industries(4)

138.3 139.3 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

139.4 140.5 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.9 0.8

Retail trade

141.8 143.3 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

143.3 145.5 1.0 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 1.3 0.5 1.3 1.6

Utilities

145.3 146.3 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.7

Information

134.0 135.1 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.8

Financial activities

138.7 139.4 0.7 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 1.0 -0.1 1.5 0.5

Finance and insurance

139.7 140.4 0.8 1.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 1.0 -0.1 1.6 0.5

Credit intermediation and related activities

136.1 136.5 0.4 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.2 1.6 0.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

138.6 139.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.4 1.3 -0.2 1.2 0.3

Professional and business services

139.0 139.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.6

Professional, scientific, and technical services

141.2 141.9 0.4 0.7 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.0 1.1 0.8 0.5

Education and health services

136.7 137.4 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5

Educational services

135.7 136.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

136.1 136.9 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance

136.9 137.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

134.0 134.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

141.9 143.6 0.8 1.2 0.7 1.1 1.5 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.2

Accommodations and food service

143.2 145.1 0.8 1.3 0.7 1.0 1.3 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.3

Other services, except public administration

138.2 140.2 0.7 0.8 0.7 -0.1 1.3 1.0 1.1 -0.2 1.4

State and local government workers

All workers

132.3 132.9 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.5

Industry

Education and health services

131.4 132.0 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5

Educational services

130.9 131.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.4

Schools

130.9 131.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.4

Elementary and secondary schools

130.4 130.9 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.4

Health care and social assistance

135.9 136.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.7

Hospitals

134.5 135.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.9

Public administration

133.3 134.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

140.8 141.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5

Private industry workers

All workers

135.8 136.5 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.5 135.2 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.5

Sales and office

137.4 138.3 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

138.5 139.2 0.6 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.5 0.7 -0.4 0.7 0.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

136.1 136.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5

Service occupations

134.9 135.7 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.9 0.3 0.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

132.2 132.5 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.4 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.2

Manufacturing

131.6 131.9 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.7 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.2

Service-providing industries(3)

137.2 138.0 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

158.1 159.3 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

All workers(2)

135.0 138.1 138.7 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.9 2.8 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

135.2 138.2 138.8 0.5 0.8 0.4 2.8 2.8 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.5 137.3 137.8 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.5 2.5 2.5

Management, business, and financial

135.5 138.5 138.8 0.4 0.7 0.2 2.7 2.6 2.4

Professional and related

134.0 136.6 137.2 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.4 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

135.5 138.9 139.3 0.4 1.0 0.3 3.8 3.0 2.8

Sales and related

131.0 134.3 134.6 0.4 1.4 0.2 4.2 2.9 2.7

Office and administrative support

138.3 141.7 142.2 0.5 0.8 0.4 3.4 3.0 2.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

135.0 137.8 138.4 0.5 0.9 0.4 2.6 2.6 2.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

134.8 138.2 138.9 0.4 0.9 0.5 2.3 3.0 3.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

135.1 137.4 138.0 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.8 2.2 2.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

135.1 138.6 139.6 0.4 0.8 0.7 2.8 3.0 3.3

Production

132.5 135.3 136.2 0.5 0.5 0.7 2.4 2.7 2.8

Transportation and material moving

138.3 142.4 143.5 0.4 1.0 0.8 3.3 3.3 3.8

Service occupations

137.2 140.8 142.0 0.7 0.7 0.9 3.4 3.4 3.5

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

131.9 135.2 135.8 0.5 0.8 0.4 2.3 3.0 3.0

Manufacturing

131.6 134.5 135.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.1 2.8 2.8

Service-providing industries(5)

135.6 138.6 139.2 0.4 0.8 0.4 3.0 2.7 2.7

Education and health services

135.2 138.0 138.7 0.7 1.1 0.5 2.8 2.8 2.6

Educational services

135.7 138.9 139.4 0.6 1.6 0.4 2.6 3.0 2.7

Elementary and secondary schools

135.8 139.1 139.6 0.7 1.8 0.4 2.8 3.1 2.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

135.7 138.6 139.3 0.7 1.2 0.5 2.5 2.9 2.7

Health care and social assistance

134.7 137.2 137.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 2.9 2.5 2.4

Hospitals

135.0 137.6 138.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 2.5 2.8 2.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

131.6 133.9 134.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 2.9 2.4 2.2

Public administration

139.2 142.5 143.4 0.7 1.1 0.6 2.6 3.0 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

All workers

134.4 137.4 138.0 0.4 0.7 0.4 3.0 2.7 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.5 137.5 138.1 0.4 0.7 0.4 2.8 2.7 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.8 136.4 136.8 0.4 0.6 0.3 2.5 2.3 2.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.1 135.7 136.1 0.4 0.6 0.3 2.5 2.3 2.3

Management, business, and financial

135.2 138.1 138.4 0.4 0.6 0.2 2.7 2.5 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.2 137.1 137.4 0.4 0.6 0.2 2.5 2.5 2.4

Professional and related

132.8 135.1 135.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 2.5 2.1 2.1

Sales and office

135.0 138.4 138.8 0.4 0.9 0.3 3.8 3.0 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

137.1 140.4 140.9 0.4 0.6 0.4 3.5 2.9 2.8

Sales and related

130.8 134.2 134.5 0.3 1.4 0.2 4.2 2.9 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.2 138.4 139.0 0.4 0.4 0.4 3.6 2.7 2.8

Office and administrative support

138.0 141.4 141.9 0.5 0.6 0.4 3.5 3.0 2.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

134.5 137.3 137.9 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.5 2.5 2.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

134.4 137.9 138.6 0.4 0.9 0.5 2.1 3.1 3.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

134.6 136.7 137.3 0.5 0.8 0.4 2.8 2.1 2.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.7 138.1 139.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 2.8 3.0 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.7 138.0 139.0 0.6 0.6 0.7 2.8 3.1 3.2

Production

132.3 135.1 136.0 0.6 0.5 0.7 2.4 2.7 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.6 135.5 136.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 2.4 2.8 2.9

Transportation and material moving

137.8 142.0 143.2 0.3 0.9 0.8 3.3 3.3 3.9

Service occupations

135.6 139.2 140.6 0.8 0.5 1.0 3.6 3.5 3.7

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

131.9 135.1 135.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.3 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.2 135.3 135.9 0.5 0.6 0.4 2.2 2.8 2.8

Management, professional, and related

130.0 132.9 133.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 2.3 2.7 2.5

Sales and office

134.2 138.9 139.9 0.5 1.8 0.7 3.7 4.0 4.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.8 137.3 137.8 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.1 3.0 3.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.2 134.2 135.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.9 2.8 3.0

Construction

132.4 136.4 137.0 0.5 1.3 0.4 2.8 3.5 3.5

Manufacturing

131.6 134.5 135.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.1 2.8 2.8

Management, professional, and related

131.1 133.9 134.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 2.0 2.6 2.5

Sales and office occupations

135.4 138.8 139.9 0.5 0.5 0.8 3.1 3.0 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.1 134.6 135.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 1.1 2.2 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.8 133.9 134.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.9 2.9 3.1

Aircraft manufacturing

120.3 122.4 122.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -6.7 1.5 1.7

Service-providing industries(4)

135.2 138.1 138.7 0.4 0.7 0.4 3.2 2.6 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.3 138.2 138.8 0.4 0.6 0.4 3.0 2.6 2.6

Management, professional, and related

134.6 137.1 137.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 2.7 2.2 2.2

Sales and office

135.1 138.4 138.7 0.4 0.9 0.2 3.8 2.9 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

135.5 137.4 138.2 0.5 0.7 0.6 3.1 1.9 2.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

138.7 142.6 143.8 0.4 0.8 0.8 3.7 3.2 3.7

Service occupations

135.6 139.2 140.6 0.8 0.6 1.0 3.6 3.5 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

136.8 140.1 140.7 0.2 0.6 0.4 3.4 2.6 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

137.3 140.7 141.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 3.3 2.9 3.0

Wholesale trade

133.0 134.8 134.9 0.6 0.7 0.1 3.4 2.0 1.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.4 138.2 139.0 0.2 0.5 0.6 2.9 2.3 2.7

Retail trade

137.3 140.9 141.7 0.1 0.4 0.6 3.4 2.8 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

136.2 139.5 140.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 3.6 2.9 2.9

Transportation and warehousing

139.3 143.8 144.8 0.0 1.1 0.7 3.5 3.2 3.9

Utilities

145.0 149.9 150.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 2.7 3.5 3.7

Information

134.3 135.3 135.7 -0.1 0.4 0.3 4.6 0.7 1.0

Financial activities

134.2 138.0 138.2 0.2 1.0 0.1 3.3 3.1 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.8 138.0 138.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 3.3 2.8 2.7

Finance and insurance

134.5 138.5 138.6 0.1 1.0 0.1 3.4 3.1 3.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

132.5 137.0 137.1 0.2 1.2 0.1 2.9 3.6 3.5

Excluding incentive paid

136.9 140.9 141.0 0.1 0.7 0.1 3.1 3.1 3.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

135.7 139.6 139.6 -0.1 0.4 0.0 2.3 2.7 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.2 138.4 138.8 0.1 0.0 0.3 2.8 2.5 2.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

133.1 135.9 136.3 0.8 0.7 0.3 2.9 2.9 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

136.7 139.4 140.1 0.9 0.5 0.5 3.3 2.9 2.5

Professional and business services

135.2 138.3 138.7 0.3 0.7 0.3 2.5 2.6 2.6

Professional, scientific, and technical services

137.5 140.4 140.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 2.5 2.3 2.2

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

132.0 135.0 135.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.7 2.9 2.9

Education and health services

134.1 136.6 137.2 0.6 0.8 0.4 2.8 2.5 2.3

Educational services

134.4 137.3 137.6 0.4 1.6 0.2 2.5 2.6 2.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

136.2 138.9 139.5 0.5 1.2 0.4 2.8 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

134.1 136.4 137.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 3.0 2.4 2.2

Hospitals

134.7 137.1 138.0 1.0 0.5 0.7 2.6 2.8 2.4

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.9 132.2 132.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 2.7 2.5 2.2

Nursing care facilities(2)

129.7 131.4 132.1 0.9 0.4 0.5 2.7 2.2 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

135.7 138.4 140.0 1.3 0.4 1.2 4.1 3.3 3.2

Accommodations and food service

136.3 140.0 141.6 1.1 0.6 1.1 3.9 3.9 3.9

Other services, except public administration

135.0 138.0 139.2 0.7 0.1 0.9 2.8 3.0 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

138.8 141.4 142.3 0.7 0.4 0.6 3.2 2.6 2.5

Goods-producing industries(2)

133.2 136.3 137.0 0.4 0.7 0.5 1.1 2.7 2.9

Manufacturing

126.9 129.1 129.8 0.3 0.6 0.5 -0.2 2.1 2.3

Service-providing industries(3)

142.8 145.2 146.2 0.8 0.3 0.7 4.2 2.5 2.4

Nonunion

133.7 136.8 137.3 0.4 0.7 0.4 2.9 2.7 2.7

Goods-producing industries(2)

131.4 134.7 135.4 0.5 0.8 0.5 2.6 3.1 3.0

Manufacturing

132.7 135.8 136.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.9 2.9

Service-providing industries(3)

134.4 137.3 137.9 0.4 0.7 0.4 3.1 2.6 2.6

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

136.5 140.0 140.7 0.4 0.7 0.5 3.4 3.0 3.1

New England

139.9 143.4 144.0 0.1 1.0 0.4 3.4 2.6 2.9

Middle Atlantic

135.4 138.8 139.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 3.4 3.2 3.0

South

132.5 135.3 135.8 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.6 2.5 2.5

South Atlantic

134.8 137.5 138.0 0.6 0.7 0.4 2.8 2.6 2.4

East South Central

131.3 134.9 135.5 0.2 1.5 0.4 2.3 2.9 3.2

West South Central

129.2 131.8 132.3 0.2 0.7 0.4 2.2 2.2 2.4

Midwest

132.3 135.0 135.7 0.5 0.7 0.5 3.0 2.6 2.6

East North Central

130.9 133.5 134.1 0.5 0.6 0.4 3.1 2.5 2.4

West North Central

135.8 138.7 139.4 0.4 0.8 0.5 2.8 2.6 2.7

West

137.2 140.4 140.9 0.4 0.6 0.4 3.2 2.8 2.7

Mountain

134.1 137.8 138.0 0.7 0.9 0.1 3.2 3.5 2.9

Pacific

138.5 141.6 142.2 0.4 0.6 0.4 3.2 2.6 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

All workers

137.7 141.0 141.7 0.7 1.4 0.5 2.6 3.1 2.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

136.4 139.6 140.3 0.7 1.5 0.5 2.6 3.0 2.9

Professional and related

136.1 139.4 140.1 0.7 1.5 0.5 2.5 3.1 2.9

Sales and office

140.0 143.4 144.0 0.6 1.3 0.4 3.2 3.1 2.9

Office and administrative support

140.1 143.5 144.1 0.6 1.3 0.4 3.2 3.1 2.9

Service occupations

140.8 144.3 145.1 0.6 1.2 0.6 2.8 3.1 3.1

Industry

Education and health services

136.5 139.7 140.3 0.7 1.5 0.4 2.7 3.0 2.8

Educational services

136.1 139.3 139.9 0.7 1.5 0.4 2.7 3.0 2.8

Schools

136.0 139.2 139.8 0.7 1.5 0.4 2.7 3.0 2.8

Elementary and secondary schools

136.2 139.5 140.0 0.7 1.7 0.4 2.8 3.1 2.8

Health care and social assistance

139.3 142.5 143.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 2.6 3.1 3.0

Hospitals

136.5 139.6 140.8 1.0 1.1 0.9 2.3 3.3 3.2

Public administration

139.2 142.5 143.4 0.7 1.1 0.6 2.6 3.0 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

All workers(1)

133.8 137.0 137.7 0.5 1.0 0.5 3.1 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.6 136.8 137.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 2.8 2.9 2.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.0 135.7 136.1 0.5 0.9 0.3 2.6 2.5 2.3

Management, business, and financial

135.2 138.2 138.6 0.4 0.7 0.3 2.7 2.7 2.5

Professional and related

131.7 134.3 134.8 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.5 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

134.5 138.3 138.7 0.4 1.2 0.3 3.9 3.3 3.1

Sales and related

131.4 135.2 135.7 0.4 1.7 0.4 4.5 3.3 3.3

Office and administrative support

136.6 140.3 140.8 0.6 0.9 0.4 3.5 3.3 3.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.2 136.4 137.2 0.5 0.9 0.6 2.2 2.9 3.0

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

133.4 136.7 137.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 2.5 3.1 3.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.2 136.2 136.9 0.6 1.0 0.5 2.1 2.9 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

135.1 139.0 140.3 0.5 0.9 0.9 3.3 3.4 3.8

Production

133.3 136.3 137.5 0.7 0.6 0.9 2.9 2.9 3.2

Transportation and material moving

137.1 142.0 143.4 0.4 1.3 1.0 3.6 4.0 4.6

Service occupations

135.6 139.4 140.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 3.7 3.7 3.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

132.9 136.5 137.4 0.5 0.9 0.7 2.8 3.3 3.4

Manufacturing

132.9 136.1 137.1 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.8 3.1 3.2

Service-providing industries(4)

133.9 137.1 137.7 0.5 1.0 0.4 3.1 2.9 2.8

Education and health services

131.6 134.3 134.9 0.6 1.3 0.4 2.8 2.7 2.5

Educational services

129.0 132.0 132.4 0.5 1.8 0.3 2.4 2.8 2.6

Elementary and secondary schools

127.7 130.9 131.2 0.4 2.0 0.2 2.5 2.9 2.7

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

131.1 133.7 134.3 0.7 1.2 0.4 2.3 2.7 2.4

Health care and social assistance

134.4 136.8 137.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 3.2 2.5 2.5

Hospitals

134.2 136.6 137.6 1.1 0.7 0.7 2.5 2.9 2.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

131.4 134.1 134.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 3.2 2.9 2.6

Public administration

130.8 133.4 134.2 0.7 0.9 0.6 2.4 2.7 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

All workers

134.7 138.0 138.7 0.5 0.8 0.5 3.1 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.6 137.8 138.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 3.0 2.9 3.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.6 137.2 137.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 2.7 2.3 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.4 136.0 136.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 2.5 2.4 2.3

Management, business, and financial

135.8 138.9 139.2 0.4 0.7 0.2 2.6 2.7 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.0 137.0 137.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 2.4 2.6 2.5

Professional and related

133.7 136.0 136.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 2.7 2.1 2.2

Sales and office

135.0 138.8 139.2 0.5 1.2 0.3 4.0 3.4 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

136.9 140.6 141.2 0.4 0.8 0.4 3.6 3.2 3.1

Sales and related

131.5 135.3 135.8 0.4 1.7 0.4 4.4 3.3 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.8 139.5 140.2 0.4 0.6 0.5 3.7 3.1 3.2

Office and administrative support

137.6 141.4 141.9 0.6 0.9 0.4 3.5 3.4 3.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.4 136.6 137.4 0.6 0.9 0.6 2.3 3.0 3.0

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

133.6 137.1 138.0 0.5 0.8 0.7 2.5 3.2 3.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.1 136.3 136.9 0.5 1.0 0.4 2.0 2.9 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

135.1 139.1 140.5 0.5 0.9 1.0 3.4 3.5 4.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.2 139.0 140.3 0.7 0.8 0.9 3.4 3.6 3.8

Production

133.1 136.2 137.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 2.9 3.0 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.4 136.6 137.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 3.0 3.1 3.3

Transportation and material moving

137.5 142.6 144.0 0.4 1.3 1.0 3.7 4.1 4.7

Service occupations

136.4 140.5 142.2 0.9 0.6 1.2 3.9 3.9 4.3

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

133.0 136.5 137.5 0.6 0.9 0.7 2.9 3.3 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.3 136.7 137.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 2.7 3.1 3.2

Management, professional, and related

132.7 135.8 136.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 2.9 2.8 2.8

Sales and office

135.3 140.9 142.2 0.7 2.4 0.9 4.2 4.9 5.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.6 137.2 138.0 0.5 1.0 0.6 2.5 3.2 3.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

132.2 135.4 136.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 2.6 3.1 3.4

Construction

132.4 136.7 137.4 0.5 1.5 0.5 3.1 3.7 3.8

Manufacturing

132.9 136.1 137.1 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.8 3.1 3.2

Management, professional, and related

133.1 136.2 136.8 0.5 0.6 0.4 2.7 2.9 2.8

Sales and office

136.0 139.6 141.1 0.7 0.6 1.1 3.3 3.4 3.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.6 136.5 137.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 2.0 2.7 3.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.9 135.2 136.5 0.8 0.7 1.0 2.6 3.3 3.5

Aircraft manufacturing

141.5 144.1 144.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 2.2 2.1 1.8

Service-providing industries(3)

135.2 138.4 139.1 0.5 0.8 0.5 3.2 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.0 138.2 138.9 0.5 0.7 0.5 3.1 2.9 2.9

Management, professional, and related

134.9 137.5 137.9 0.4 0.7 0.3 2.7 2.3 2.2

Sales and office

134.9 138.6 139.0 0.4 1.2 0.3 3.9 3.2 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.1 135.9 136.7 0.6 0.9 0.6 2.0 2.7 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

138.1 142.9 144.3 0.4 1.1 1.0 3.9 3.9 4.5

Service occupations

136.4 140.5 142.1 1.0 0.6 1.1 4.0 4.0 4.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

135.7 139.5 140.2 0.2 0.9 0.5 3.4 3.0 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.7 139.7 140.5 0.3 0.8 0.6 3.3 3.3 3.5

Wholesale trade

130.4 132.2 132.1 0.7 0.9 -0.1 3.5 2.1 1.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.8 134.8 135.6 0.2 0.6 0.6 2.8 2.4 2.9

Retail trade

137.5 142.1 142.9 0.1 0.9 0.6 3.2 3.4 3.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.9 140.2 141.0 0.4 0.8 0.6 3.4 3.6 3.8

Transportation and warehousing

138.4 143.7 144.9 -0.1 1.6 0.8 4.0 3.8 4.7

Utilities

141.4 145.3 145.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 2.3 2.9 3.0

Information

131.3 134.4 134.8 0.0 0.5 0.3 3.0 2.4 2.7

Financial activities

135.0 138.7 139.0 0.2 1.0 0.2 3.1 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.0 137.9 138.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 3.1 2.5 2.4

Finance and insurance

135.8 139.7 139.9 0.1 1.1 0.1 3.2 3.0 3.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

131.6 136.1 136.1 0.2 1.3 0.0 2.8 3.6 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.9 139.7 139.7 0.1 0.6 0.0 3.0 2.9 2.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

134.7 138.6 138.3 -0.1 0.5 -0.2 2.0 2.7 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.2 135.9 136.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3 2.6 2.2 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

131.9 134.6 135.2 0.7 0.9 0.4 2.9 2.7 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.7 138.3 139.3 0.8 0.7 0.7 3.4 2.7 2.7

Professional and business services

135.8 139.0 139.5 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.9 2.8 2.7

Professional, scientific, and technical services

138.1 141.2 141.4 0.1 0.8 0.1 2.9 2.4 2.4

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

133.4 136.9 137.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 2.9 3.4 3.2

Education and health services

134.2 136.7 137.4 0.7 0.9 0.5 3.2 2.6 2.4

Educational services

133.0 136.1 136.4 0.3 1.9 0.2 2.3 2.6 2.6

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

134.0 136.5 137.2 0.5 1.3 0.5 2.5 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

134.5 136.9 137.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 3.3 2.5 2.4

Hospitals

134.7 137.0 137.9 1.1 0.6 0.7 2.7 2.9 2.4

Nursing and residential care facilities

131.4 134.0 134.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 3.2 2.8 2.6

Nursing care facilities(1)

131.0 132.9 133.8 1.1 0.4 0.7 3.1 2.5 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

138.4 141.6 143.4 1.5 0.5 1.3 4.6 3.8 3.6

Accommodation and food service

138.8 142.9 144.8 1.2 0.6 1.3 4.4 4.2 4.3

Other services, except public administration

135.4 138.5 139.9 0.8 0.0 1.0 2.7 3.1 3.3

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

134.6 138.1 139.2 0.8 0.8 0.8 2.8 3.4 3.4

Goods-producing industries(1)

130.2 133.1 134.1 0.5 0.6 0.8 2.0 2.7 3.0

Manufacturing

127.5 129.6 130.9 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.8 2.1 2.7

Service-providing industries(2)

137.5 141.4 142.5 1.0 0.9 0.8 3.2 3.8 3.6

Nonunion

134.7 138.0 138.7 0.4 0.8 0.5 3.1 2.9 3.0

Goods-producing industries(1)

133.6 137.3 138.2 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.9 3.4 3.4

Manufacturing

134.0 137.4 138.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.8 3.2 3.3

Service-providing industries(2)

135.0 138.2 138.8 0.4 0.8 0.4 3.2 2.8 2.8

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

136.0 139.8 140.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 3.3 3.3 3.5

New England

141.5 145.4 146.1 0.1 1.2 0.5 3.4 2.9 3.3

Middle Atlantic

134.0 137.8 138.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 3.2 3.5 3.5

South

133.6 136.7 137.3 0.5 0.9 0.4 2.7 2.8 2.8

South Atlantic

135.9 139.1 139.7 0.6 0.9 0.4 3.0 3.0 2.8

East South Central

131.7 135.6 136.3 0.2 1.6 0.5 2.4 3.1 3.5

West South Central

130.4 133.2 133.7 0.2 0.8 0.4 2.3 2.3 2.5

Midwest

132.3 135.0 136.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 3.3 2.7 2.8

East North Central

130.7 133.4 134.3 0.8 0.8 0.7 3.3 2.9 2.8

West North Central

136.1 139.1 140.0 0.5 0.9 0.6 3.0 2.7 2.9

West

137.8 141.4 141.9 0.5 0.9 0.4 3.7 3.1 3.0

Mountain

135.2 139.0 139.1 0.7 1.1 0.1 3.4 3.6 2.9

Pacific

138.9 142.5 143.2 0.4 0.8 0.5 3.8 3.0 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

All workers

129.7 132.5 133.0 0.5 1.5 0.4 2.4 2.7 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

128.7 131.6 132.2 0.5 1.5 0.5 2.2 2.7 2.7

Professional and related

128.5 131.4 131.9 0.5 1.5 0.4 2.2 2.8 2.6

Sales and office

129.7 132.4 132.9 0.6 1.3 0.4 2.8 2.7 2.5

Office and administrative support

130.1 132.9 133.3 0.6 1.3 0.3 2.8 2.8 2.5

Service occupations

132.6 135.6 136.1 0.7 1.3 0.4 2.6 3.0 2.6

Industry

Education and health services

128.8 131.7 132.2 0.5 1.6 0.4 2.4 2.7 2.6

Educational services

128.2 131.3 131.6 0.5 1.8 0.2 2.4 2.9 2.7

Schools

128.2 131.2 131.6 0.5 1.7 0.3 2.4 2.8 2.7

Elementary and secondary schools

127.6 130.8 131.1 0.3 1.9 0.2 2.4 2.8 2.7

Health care and social assistance

133.4 135.9 137.1 0.7 1.0 0.9 2.1 2.6 2.8

Hospitals

132.1 134.5 135.9 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.9 2.6 2.9

Public administration

130.8 133.4 134.2 0.7 0.9 0.6 2.4 2.7 2.6

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

138.1 140.7 141.2 0.4 0.6 0.4 2.8 2.3 2.2

Private industry workers

All workers

133.6 135.8 136.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 2.6 2.0 1.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.1 134.5 134.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 2.3 2.1 2.0

Sales and office

135.3 137.6 137.7 0.4 0.3 0.1 3.4 2.1 1.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

136.9 138.7 139.0 0.3 0.7 0.2 3.0 1.6 1.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.8 136.1 136.6 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.8 1.9 2.1

Service occupations

132.8 134.8 135.5 0.4 0.2 0.5 2.4 1.9 2.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.6 132.3 132.5 0.2 0.5 0.2 1.3 2.3 2.2

Manufacturing

129.1 131.7 131.9 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.9 2.2 2.2

Aircraft manufacturing

97.7 99.3 99.0 -0.8 0.1 -0.3 -17.4 0.8 1.3

Service-providing industries(3)

135.1 137.2 137.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 3.0 1.9 1.9

Bargaining status

Union

145.7 146.9 147.4 0.6 -0.1 0.3 3.6 1.4 1.2

Nonunion

131.2 133.6 133.9 0.2 0.5 0.2 2.3 2.1 2.1

State and local government workers

All workers

154.4 158.5 159.5 0.8 1.3 0.6 3.1 3.5 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

2.3 2.7 3.5 2.0 2.9 3.9

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

3.7 3.8 3.8 3.6 4.0 4.0

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

1.9 1.7 2.3 2.0 1.8 2.5

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

2.0 3.3 3.1 2.2 3.9 3.8

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

2.3 2.3 2.6 2.0 3.0 3.4

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

1.8 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.5 1.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

2.9 2.2 2.3 3.1 2.5 2.6

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

2.6 2.4 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.9

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

3.2 2.3 2.4 3.0 2.3 2.6

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

2.6 2.8 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

5.0 3.1 2.5 5.2 2.8 2.2

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

3.0 3.7 3.4 3.7 4.2 4.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.8 3.6 3.3 4.1 4.0 3.7

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

3.6 2.4 2.6 3.8 2.9 3.2

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

0.6 2.4 1.4 3.7 2.4 1.3

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: January 31, 2020