Employment Cost Index News Release

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-19-1386
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect 
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


				  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – June 2019
				  
Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.6 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period 
ending in June 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries increased 0.7 
percent and benefit costs increased 0.5 percent from March 2019. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
June 2019 compared with an increase of 2.8 percent in June 2018. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 
percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and increased 2.8 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in June 2018. Benefit costs increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019. 
In June 2018, the increase was 2.9 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.6 percent over the year, compared with a 
compensation cost increase of 2.9 percent in June 2018. Wages and salaries increased 3.0 percent for 
the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and increased 2.9 percent in June 2018. The cost of benefits 
rose 1.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and increased 2.8 percent in June 2018. 
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019. 
(For further information, see chart 3 and www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.txt.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending 
in June 2019 ranged from 2.1 percent for natural resource, construction, and maintenance occupations to 
3.7 percent for service occupations. (See table 5.)

Among private industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending in June 
2019 ranged from 1.0 percent for information to 3.6 percent for leisure and hospitality. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government Workers

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 3.0 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in June 2019. In June 2018, the increase was 2.3 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.5 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and 1.9 percent a year ago. Benefit costs increased 3.6 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in June 2019. The prior year increase was 3.1 percent. (See tables A, 7, 
11, and 12.)


Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.6 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.7 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.9

Benefits

0.7 0.5 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.3

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.5 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.6

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.6 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0

Benefits

0.5 0.4 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.4 1.8

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.7 2.3 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.0

Wages and salaries

0.6 0.5 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5

Benefits

1.0 0.9 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.


The Employment Cost Index for September 2019 is scheduled for release on October 31, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— 
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the Employment Cost Index, are available through an email subscription service 
at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

Videos and information graphics explaining the Employment Cost Index and how it is used are available at 
www.bls.gov/eci/videos.htm. 

Highlights of recent National Compensation Survey data are available in The Economics Daily at 
www.bls.gov/opub/ted/national-compensation-survey.htm.

An overview of available BLS compensation measures and an interactive guide on choosing among them are 
available at the BLS Commissioner’s Corner on “Making it Easier to Find Data on Pay and Benefits” at 
blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/24/making-it-easier-to-find-data-on-pay-and-benefits.



						TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment 
shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage, methods, nonresponse 
adjustment,and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of Methods at 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size

Data for the June 2019 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 26,500 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,400 private industry establishments and 
approximately 7,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local government 
establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors

To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of Employment Cost Index (ECI) series, standard errors of all 
current quarter not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the public data query tools at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. Standard errors 
provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within an acceptable range for 
their intended purpose. 

Historical listings

Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and industry series 
listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational Classification System series from 
1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational Classification 
from 2006 to the present. It provides the official series deemed continuous after the change in classification 
systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article published in 
the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs for Employee 
Compensation news release (ECEC). The ECEC release dates are available at www.bls.gov/schedule/2019/home.htm. 
Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated 
with current employment weights rather than the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in 
the cost levels usually differ from those in the ECI.

Fixed Employment Weights

For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-index.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

136.2 137.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

133.1 134.0 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7

Manufacturing

132.9 133.7 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6

Service-providing industries(4)

136.9 137.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5

Education and health services

136.0 136.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6

Educational services

136.6 137.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Elementary and secondary schools

136.7 137.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

136.4 137.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7

Health care and social assistance(5)

135.4 136.2 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6

Hospitals

135.9 136.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

132.3 133.2 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7

Public administration

140.5 141.4 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6

Private industry workers

All workers

135.5 136.2 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.7 135.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6

Management, business, and financial

136.1 137.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8

Professional and related

133.6 134.2 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4

Sales and office

136.3 136.9 0.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.4

Sales and related

132.0 132.3 0.3 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.2

Office and administrative support

139.3 140.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

135.5 136.0 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

135.6 136.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

135.3 135.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.4 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

136.3 137.2 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.7

Production

133.5 134.4 0.6 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.7

Transportation and material moving

139.8 140.7 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.2 0.6

Service occupations

136.9 138.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

133.1 134.0 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.7

Construction

133.5 134.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8

Manufacturing

132.9 133.7 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6

Aircraft manufacturing

121.2 121.7 0.7 8.5 0.4 1.5 0.3 -6.7 0.3 0.6 0.4

Service-providing industries(5)

136.2 137.0 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

138.3 139.0 0.4 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.5

Wholesale trade

134.2 133.8 0.3 0.8 0.4 1.0 -0.1 1.8 0.7 0.8 -0.3

Retail trade

138.7 139.9 0.4 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

141.2 142.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.2 0.6 1.0 0.6

Utilities

148.3 149.3 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.8 0.7

Information

135.9 134.5 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.9 0.8 0.4 0.8 -1.0

Financial activities

135.9 136.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.2

Finance and insurance

136.2 136.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.2

Credit intermediation and related activities

134.3 134.8 0.6 0.5 -0.1 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

138.0 138.2 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.2 0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

134.4 134.8 0.9 0.8 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.3

Professional and business services

136.0 137.2 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.9

Professional, scientific, and technical services

138.1 139.4 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.1 0.9

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

133.1 134.2 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8

Education and health services

134.7 135.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.6

Educational services

134.8 135.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

137.0 137.7 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5

Health care and social assistance

134.7 135.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.6

Hospitals

135.4 136.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

130.6 131.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

136.6 137.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.1 1.3 0.4 0.8

Accommodations and food services

137.6 139.1 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.7 1.1

Other services, except public administration

136.6 137.9 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.0 1.2 1.0 1.0

State and local government workers

All workers

138.8 139.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Industry

Education and health services

137.4 138.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Educational services

137.0 138.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Schools

136.9 137.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

Elementary and secondary schools

137.2 138.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7

Health care and social assistance

140.5 141.4 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.6

Hospitals

137.9 138.5 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.4

Public administration

140.5 141.4 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

134.8 135.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

134.1 135.2 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8

Manufacturing

134.2 135.1 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7

Service-providing industries(3)

135.0 135.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6

Education and health services

132.1 132.9 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6

Educational services

129.4 130.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

128.2 128.7 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

131.7 132.5 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance

135.0 135.8 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.6

Hospitals

134.9 135.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.1 0.5 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

132.3 133.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6

Public administration

131.6 132.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

Private industry workers

All workers

135.9 136.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

135.4 136.3 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7

Professional and related

134.4 135.1 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5

Sales and office

136.4 137.0 0.4 1.0 0.6 1.2 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.4

Sales and related

132.8 133.1 0.3 1.3 0.5 1.4 0.5 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.2

Office and administrative support

139.1 140.0 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

134.3 135.3 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

134.8 135.8 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.7 134.8 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

137.0 137.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.7

Production

134.3 135.3 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8

Transportation and material moving

140.0 140.9 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.6 0.7

Service occupations(4)

138.0 139.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

134.2 135.2 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7

Construction

133.5 134.6 0.4 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9

Manufacturing

134.2 135.1 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7

Aircraft manufacturing

143.0 143.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.5

Service-providing industries(4)

136.4 137.2 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

137.5 138.1 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.4

Retail trade

139.3 140.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

140.7 141.4 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 1.3 0.5

Utilities

143.3 144.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.9

Information

132.9 133.5 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.5

Financial activities

136.8 136.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 1.0 -0.1

Finance and insurance

137.6 137.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 1.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 1.0 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related activities

133.6 133.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

137.2 136.9 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.4 1.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

136.6 137.9 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.4 1.0

Professional, scientific, and technical services

138.6 140.1 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.0 1.1

Education and health services

134.8 135.6 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.6

Educational services

133.3 134.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

134.5 135.3 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance

135.1 135.9 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

132.3 133.1 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

139.5 140.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.7 1.1 1.5 0.6 1.0

Accommodations and food service

140.2 141.9 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.3 0.7 1.0 1.3 0.8 1.2

Other services, except public administration

137.0 138.5 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 -0.1 1.3 1.0 1.1

State and local government workers

All workers

130.3 131.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5

Industry

Education and health services

129.3 130.0 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5

Educational services

128.7 129.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5

Schools

128.7 129.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

128.1 128.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5

Health care and social assistance

134.1 134.7 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4

Hospitals

133.0 133.4 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.3

Public administration

131.6 132.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

139.3 140.0 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5

Private industry workers

All workers

134.6 135.1 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.0 133.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.5

Sales and office

136.2 136.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

138.0 137.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.5 0.7 -0.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.9 135.7 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.6

Service occupations

133.3 134.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

130.8 131.6 0.5 1.2 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.4 0.3 0.9 0.6

Manufacturing

130.4 131.1 0.5 1.6 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.7 0.3 0.9 0.5

Service-providing industries(3)

136.0 136.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

155.8 157.2 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

All workers(2)

133.3 136.2 136.9 0.6 0.9 0.5 2.8 2.8 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

133.6 136.3 137.1 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.8 2.7 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.9 135.4 136.2 0.5 0.7 0.6 2.3 2.4 2.5

Management, business, and financial

134.1 136.5 137.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.5 2.3 2.5

Professional and related

132.3 134.8 135.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 2.2 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

133.6 136.8 137.5 0.9 1.0 0.5 3.4 3.3 2.9

Sales and related

128.6 132.2 132.5 0.6 0.9 0.2 3.5 3.4 3.0

Office and administrative support

136.6 139.7 140.6 1.0 1.0 0.6 3.3 3.3 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.7 135.8 136.6 1.1 0.6 0.6 2.8 2.7 2.2

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

133.6 135.8 137.0 0.9 0.7 0.9 2.5 2.6 2.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.8 135.7 136.2 1.4 0.4 0.4 3.1 2.8 1.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.6 136.8 137.5 0.5 1.3 0.5 3.2 2.9 2.9

Production

131.3 133.7 134.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 3.1 2.5 2.5

Transportation and material moving

136.4 140.4 141.0 0.4 1.5 0.4 3.4 3.4 3.4

Service occupations

134.9 138.7 139.8 0.5 1.1 0.8 3.1 3.4 3.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

130.9 133.1 134.1 0.8 0.9 0.8 2.8 2.5 2.4

Manufacturing

130.8 132.9 133.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.9 2.2 2.3

Service-providing industries(5)

133.8 136.7 137.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.8 2.9 2.8

Education and health services

132.9 135.8 136.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 2.3 2.6 2.7

Educational services

133.0 136.2 136.7 0.3 0.4 0.4 2.3 2.7 2.8

Elementary and secondary schools

132.9 136.3 136.7 0.3 0.4 0.3 2.4 2.9 2.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

133.3 136.3 136.9 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.2 2.6 2.7

Health care and social assistance

132.7 135.5 136.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 2.3 2.6 2.6

Hospitals

133.1 135.9 136.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 2.1 2.6 2.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.9 132.3 133.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.9 2.5 2.5

Public administration

136.7 140.4 140.9 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.2 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

All workers

132.9 135.6 136.4 0.8 0.9 0.6 2.9 2.8 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.2 135.7 136.6 0.8 0.9 0.7 2.9 2.6 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.6 134.8 135.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 2.4 2.3 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.0 134.1 134.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 2.4 2.2 2.2

Management, business, and financial

133.9 136.2 137.3 0.5 0.7 0.8 2.5 2.3 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.3 135.3 136.3 0.6 0.8 0.7 2.5 2.1 2.3

Professional and related

131.6 133.7 134.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.2 2.1

Sales and office

133.2 136.4 137.1 0.9 1.0 0.5 3.5 3.3 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.7 138.5 139.6 1.2 1.0 0.8 3.5 3.3 2.9

Sales and related

128.5 132.0 132.4 0.6 0.9 0.3 3.5 3.4 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.8 136.7 137.8 1.1 1.1 0.8 3.6 3.3 3.0

Office and administrative support

136.5 139.5 140.5 1.1 1.1 0.7 3.3 3.3 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.4 135.3 136.2 1.2 0.6 0.7 2.9 2.7 2.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

133.4 135.5 136.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 2.5 2.5 2.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.4 135.1 135.6 1.6 0.4 0.4 3.3 2.9 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.2 136.4 137.2 0.5 1.3 0.6 3.3 2.9 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.3 136.1 137.2 0.5 1.0 0.8 3.2 2.6 2.9

Production

131.1 133.5 134.4 0.7 0.9 0.7 3.1 2.5 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.4 133.9 134.8 0.7 1.0 0.7 3.1 2.6 2.6

Transportation and material moving

136.0 140.1 140.7 0.4 1.7 0.4 3.5 3.5 3.5

Service occupations

133.5 137.2 138.5 0.6 1.2 0.9 3.3 3.4 3.7

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

130.9 133.1 134.1 0.8 0.9 0.8 2.8 2.5 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.3 133.4 134.5 0.8 0.9 0.8 2.8 2.4 2.4

Management, professional, and related

129.5 131.4 132.3 0.6 1.1 0.7 3.1 2.1 2.2

Sales and office

132.0 135.2 136.4 1.2 0.7 0.9 3.0 3.7 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.9 134.7 136.1 1.0 0.7 1.0 2.6 2.4 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.1 132.5 133.4 0.5 1.0 0.7 2.7 2.3 2.5

Construction

131.1 133.4 134.7 1.1 0.8 1.0 3.0 2.9 2.7

Manufacturing

130.8 132.9 133.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.9 2.2 2.3

Management, professional, and related

130.9 132.6 133.3 0.7 1.1 0.5 3.1 2.0 1.8

Sales and office occupations

133.5 136.8 138.1 0.8 1.0 1.0 2.7 3.3 3.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.8 132.8 133.9 0.8 0.5 0.8 2.7 1.5 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

129.8 132.2 133.0 0.5 1.1 0.6 2.8 2.3 2.5

Aircraft manufacturing

132.3 122.1 122.4 0.2 1.5 0.2 13.6 -7.6 -7.5

Service-providing industries(4)

133.5 136.3 137.1 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.9 2.8 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.9 136.5 137.4 0.8 0.9 0.7 2.8 2.7 2.6

Management, professional, and related

133.2 135.4 136.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 2.3 2.3 2.3

Sales and office

133.3 136.5 137.2 0.9 1.0 0.5 3.5 3.3 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

134.1 136.2 136.4 1.6 0.5 0.1 3.2 3.2 1.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

136.8 140.9 141.5 0.7 1.6 0.4 3.7 3.7 3.4

Service occupations

133.4 137.2 138.4 0.6 1.2 0.9 3.3 3.5 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

135.0 138.4 139.2 0.7 1.2 0.6 3.1 3.3 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

135.9 138.7 140.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 3.2 3.1 3.0

Wholesale trade

130.0 134.2 133.8 0.0 0.9 -0.3 2.1 3.2 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.3 136.6 137.5 1.0 0.9 0.7 3.0 2.7 2.4

Retail trade

136.2 138.6 140.3 1.4 0.9 1.2 3.7 3.2 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.6 137.7 139.0 1.3 1.1 0.9 3.3 3.6 3.3

Transportation and warehousing

137.5 141.5 142.2 0.5 1.6 0.5 3.5 3.4 3.4

Utilities

144.3 148.5 149.6 0.6 2.4 0.7 2.9 3.5 3.7

Information

133.4 135.6 134.8 3.1 1.0 -0.6 4.5 4.8 1.0

Financial activities

133.8 135.6 136.7 1.4 1.0 0.8 3.2 2.7 2.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.9 136.4 137.4 1.1 1.2 0.7 2.9 2.9 2.6

Finance and insurance

134.3 135.9 137.1 1.6 1.0 0.9 3.4 2.8 2.1

Credit intermediation and related activities

132.3 134.2 135.4 1.3 1.3 0.9 2.4 2.8 2.3

Excluding incentive paid

136.3 138.8 139.9 1.1 1.4 0.8 2.4 3.0 2.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

136.3 137.8 139.1 1.6 1.5 0.9 2.6 2.8 2.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.5 136.9 138.4 1.1 1.3 1.1 2.8 2.9 2.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

131.3 134.5 134.9 0.3 1.1 0.3 2.3 2.8 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.7 138.1 138.7 0.5 1.0 0.4 2.5 3.1 3.0

Professional and business services

133.8 136.3 137.4 0.4 0.8 0.8 2.7 2.3 2.7

Professional, scientific, and technical services

135.8 138.6 139.5 -0.1 0.8 0.6 2.3 2.0 2.7

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

130.5 133.1 134.2 0.9 0.8 0.8 3.4 2.9 2.8

Education and health services

132.1 134.7 135.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 2.2 2.5 2.6

Educational services

132.1 134.6 135.2 0.5 0.1 0.4 2.2 2.4 2.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

133.8 136.8 137.3 0.6 0.4 0.4 2.7 2.9 2.6

Health care and social assistance

132.1 134.8 135.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.2 2.6 2.6

Hospitals

132.8 135.5 136.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.9 2.6 2.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

128.3 130.7 131.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 2.7 2.4 2.4

Nursing care facilities(2)

127.8 130.2 130.9 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.4 2.4 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

133.0 137.0 137.8 0.3 1.0 0.6 3.1 3.3 3.6

Accommodations and food service

134.0 138.0 139.2 0.4 1.2 0.9 3.1 3.4 3.9

Other services, except public administration

133.7 136.6 137.9 0.6 1.2 1.0 2.9 2.8 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

137.4 140.0 140.8 1.5 0.9 0.6 3.5 3.4 2.5

Goods-producing industries(2)

133.3 134.1 135.4 0.8 0.7 1.0 3.0 1.4 1.6

Manufacturing

128.2 127.7 128.3 0.3 0.6 0.5 3.5 -0.1 0.1

Service-providing industries(3)

140.7 144.1 144.7 1.8 0.9 0.4 3.8 4.3 2.8

Nonunion

132.2 134.9 135.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 2.8 2.7 2.7

Goods-producing industries(2)

130.2 132.6 133.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 2.8 2.6 2.6

Manufacturing

131.5 134.2 135.1 0.6 1.1 0.7 2.7 2.7 2.7

Service-providing industries(3)

132.8 135.5 136.4 0.6 0.8 0.7 2.8 2.7 2.7

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

134.7 138.1 139.0 0.7 1.2 0.7 2.7 3.3 3.2

New England

136.6 141.1 142.0 0.1 0.9 0.6 2.1 3.4 4.0

Middle Atlantic

134.0 137.1 138.0 1.0 1.3 0.7 2.9 3.3 3.0

South

131.4 133.3 134.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 2.7 2.2 2.1

South Atlantic

133.5 135.6 136.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 2.9 2.5 2.2

East South Central

130.2 132.1 132.9 0.2 0.6 0.6 2.5 1.6 2.1

West South Central

128.3 130.0 130.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 2.4 2.0 2.0

Midwest

130.6 133.5 134.1 0.6 0.9 0.4 2.5 2.9 2.7

East North Central

129.0 132.3 132.7 0.5 1.1 0.3 2.4 3.0 2.9

West North Central

134.4 136.6 137.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 2.7 2.5 2.4

West

135.7 138.5 139.5 0.8 0.9 0.7 3.6 2.9 2.8

Mountain

132.5 135.3 136.6 0.6 0.9 1.0 3.0 2.7 3.1

Pacific

137.1 139.9 140.7 0.9 1.0 0.6 3.9 2.9 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

All workers

135.1 138.6 139.1 0.4 0.7 0.4 2.3 3.0 3.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.8 137.1 137.6 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.3 2.8 2.8

Professional and related

133.6 136.8 137.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.3 2.7 2.8

Sales and office

137.1 140.9 141.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.6 3.4 3.2

Office and administrative support

137.1 141.0 141.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.6 3.4 3.3

Service occupations

138.2 142.1 142.6 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.5 3.3 3.2

Industry

Education and health services

133.7 137.1 137.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 2.4 2.9 2.9

Educational services

133.3 136.7 137.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 2.3 2.9 2.9

Schools

133.2 136.6 137.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 2.3 2.8 2.9

Elementary and secondary schools

133.3 136.7 137.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 2.5 2.9 2.9

Health care and social assistance

137.1 140.5 140.9 0.4 0.9 0.3 2.7 2.9 2.8

Hospitals

134.2 137.9 138.1 0.2 1.0 0.1 2.4 3.0 2.9

Public administration

136.7 140.4 140.9 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.2 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

All workers(1)

131.9 134.9 135.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 2.8 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.9 134.7 135.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 2.7 2.7 2.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

131.2 133.7 134.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.2 2.4 2.5

Management, business, and financial

133.5 136.1 137.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 2.4 2.3 2.8

Professional and related

130.0 132.4 133.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.1 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

132.4 136.0 136.6 0.8 1.1 0.4 3.5 3.5 3.2

Sales and related

128.7 132.8 133.0 0.4 1.1 0.2 3.8 3.6 3.3

Office and administrative support

134.8 138.0 139.0 1.0 1.0 0.7 3.2 3.4 3.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.8 133.9 135.2 0.8 0.5 1.0 2.5 2.4 2.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

132.0 134.4 135.6 0.9 0.7 0.9 2.6 2.8 2.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

131.8 133.5 134.8 0.8 0.2 1.0 2.4 2.1 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.2 137.0 137.7 0.7 1.4 0.5 3.4 3.6 3.4

Production

131.6 134.6 135.5 0.8 1.0 0.7 3.1 3.1 3.0

Transportation and material moving

135.0 139.7 140.2 0.5 1.9 0.4 3.7 4.0 3.9

Service occupations

133.2 137.2 138.3 0.6 1.2 0.8 3.3 3.6 3.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

131.4 134.1 135.3 0.8 0.9 0.9 2.8 2.8 3.0

Manufacturing

131.3 134.2 135.2 0.7 1.0 0.7 2.7 2.9 3.0

Service-providing industries(4)

131.9 135.0 135.8 0.5 0.8 0.6 2.6 2.9 3.0

Education and health services

129.3 132.1 132.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 2.2 2.6 2.6

Educational services

126.7 129.3 129.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.9 2.4 2.4

Elementary and secondary schools

125.3 128.0 128.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 1.9 2.5 2.4

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

128.7 131.6 132.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.9 2.5 2.6

Health care and social assistance

132.2 135.1 135.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.7 2.7

Hospitals

132.3 134.9 135.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.2 2.6 2.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.4 132.4 133.2 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.9 3.0 2.9

Public administration

128.7 131.7 132.2 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.1 2.7 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

All workers

132.9 135.9 136.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 2.9 3.0 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.0 135.8 136.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 2.9 2.8 2.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.0 135.4 136.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 2.3 2.3 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.0 134.3 135.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.2 2.3 2.4

Management, business, and financial

134.2 136.8 137.9 0.4 0.7 0.8 2.4 2.3 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.8 135.1 136.2 0.4 0.8 0.8 2.3 2.1 2.6

Professional and related

132.1 134.4 135.2 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.2 2.4 2.3

Sales and office

132.8 136.4 137.1 0.8 1.0 0.5 3.6 3.5 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.3 138.5 139.5 1.0 1.2 0.7 3.6 3.4 3.1

Sales and related

128.8 132.9 133.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 3.8 3.7 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.3 137.5 138.7 1.1 1.3 0.9 3.7 3.5 3.3

Office and administrative support

135.9 139.2 140.2 1.0 1.2 0.7 3.4 3.5 3.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.0 134.1 135.4 0.8 0.5 1.0 2.5 2.4 2.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

132.3 134.6 136.0 0.9 0.7 1.0 2.7 2.7 2.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

131.8 133.5 134.9 0.8 0.3 1.0 2.3 2.1 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.2 137.1 137.9 0.7 1.5 0.6 3.4 3.6 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.4 136.7 137.9 0.7 1.1 0.9 3.3 3.2 3.4

Production

131.4 134.4 135.4 0.8 1.0 0.7 3.1 3.1 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.7 134.8 135.7 0.8 1.0 0.7 3.2 3.1 3.0

Transportation and material moving

135.3 140.3 140.8 0.4 2.0 0.4 3.8 4.2 4.1

Service occupations

134.0 138.3 139.7 0.8 1.4 1.0 3.6 4.0 4.3

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

131.4 134.2 135.3 0.8 0.9 0.8 2.7 2.9 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.9 134.6 135.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 2.7 2.8 3.0

Management, professional, and related

131.4 134.1 135.1 0.5 1.1 0.7 2.4 2.6 2.8

Sales and office

132.6 136.4 137.6 1.4 0.8 0.9 3.4 4.3 3.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.4 134.4 135.9 1.1 0.6 1.1 2.9 2.6 2.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.5 133.5 134.5 0.5 1.0 0.7 2.8 2.9 3.1

Construction

130.9 133.3 134.7 1.1 0.7 1.1 3.2 2.9 2.9

Manufacturing

131.3 134.2 135.2 0.7 1.0 0.7 2.7 2.9 3.0

Management, professional, and related

131.9 134.6 135.4 0.8 1.1 0.6 2.2 2.8 2.7

Sales and office

133.8 137.5 138.8 0.9 1.1 0.9 3.1 3.7 3.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.4 134.4 135.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 2.8 2.4 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.2 133.2 134.2 0.5 1.0 0.8 2.8 2.9 3.1

Aircraft manufacturing

141.2 143.8 144.1 0.1 1.6 0.2 2.3 1.9 2.1

Service-providing industries(3)

133.3 136.4 137.3 0.6 0.9 0.7 2.9 2.9 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.4 136.2 137.2 0.7 0.9 0.7 2.9 2.8 2.8

Management, professional, and related

133.3 135.6 136.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 2.3 2.3 2.5

Sales and office

132.8 136.5 137.0 0.7 1.2 0.4 3.6 3.5 3.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.6 133.6 134.7 0.5 0.4 0.8 2.1 2.1 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

136.0 140.8 141.4 0.7 2.0 0.4 4.0 4.3 4.0

Service occupations

133.9 138.2 139.6 0.7 1.3 1.0 3.6 3.9 4.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

133.6 137.4 138.2 0.5 1.3 0.6 3.1 3.4 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.2 137.2 138.6 0.9 1.1 1.0 3.1 3.2 3.3

Wholesale trade

126.7 131.7 131.0 -0.5 1.0 -0.5 1.8 3.5 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.7 133.2 134.0 0.9 1.1 0.6 2.9 2.9 2.5

Retail trade

136.4 139.1 140.9 1.3 1.2 1.3 3.6 3.3 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.2 137.7 139.1 1.1 1.3 1.0 3.2 3.7 3.7

Transportation and warehousing

136.3 140.9 141.5 0.7 1.8 0.4 3.8 4.1 3.8

Utilities

141.0 143.6 145.0 0.6 1.6 1.0 2.5 2.4 2.8

Information

130.2 132.6 133.7 1.4 1.0 0.8 2.8 3.3 2.7

Financial activities

134.7 136.4 137.3 1.3 1.0 0.7 3.5 2.6 1.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.0 136.7 137.4 0.8 1.3 0.5 2.9 2.8 2.5

Finance and insurance

135.9 137.2 138.2 1.6 1.0 0.7 3.8 2.5 1.7

Credit intermediation and related activities

131.4 133.5 134.4 1.2 1.4 0.7 3.0 2.8 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

135.3 138.2 138.9 0.9 1.7 0.5 3.0 3.1 2.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

135.8 136.9 137.9 1.7 1.6 0.7 2.6 2.5 1.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.4 134.9 136.0 0.8 1.3 0.8 2.5 2.7 2.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

130.1 133.4 133.4 0.2 1.1 0.0 2.6 2.8 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.7 137.3 137.4 0.5 1.2 0.1 2.8 3.2 2.8

Professional and business services

133.9 136.9 137.9 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.8 2.5 3.0

Professional, scientific, and technical services

135.9 139.1 140.1 -0.1 0.7 0.7 2.4 2.2 3.1

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

131.5 134.8 135.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 3.6 3.5 3.3

Education and health services

132.0 134.8 135.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.5 2.7 2.7

Educational services

130.7 133.0 133.6 0.5 0.0 0.5 2.1 2.2 2.2

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

131.5 134.3 134.8 0.5 0.2 0.4 2.6 2.6 2.5

Health care and social assistance

132.3 135.2 135.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.8 2.7

Hospitals

132.7 135.3 136.2 0.7 0.4 0.7 2.2 2.7 2.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.4 132.4 133.1 0.7 0.8 0.5 3.0 3.0 2.9

Nursing care facilities(1)

128.7 131.6 132.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.6 2.9 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

135.2 140.0 140.9 0.4 1.2 0.6 3.4 3.9 4.2

Accommodation and food service

136.0 140.7 142.0 0.4 1.4 0.9 3.3 3.9 4.4

Other services, except public administration

134.1 137.0 138.5 0.7 1.2 1.1 3.0 2.9 3.3

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

132.7 135.7 137.0 0.8 0.8 1.0 2.7 3.1 3.2

Goods-producing industries(1)

129.1 130.9 132.3 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.4 2.3 2.5

Manufacturing

126.3 128.0 128.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 2.2 1.8 1.8

Service-providing industries(2)

135.3 138.9 140.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 2.9 3.5 3.5

Nonunion

132.9 136.0 136.9 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.9 3.0 3.0

Goods-producing industries(1)

132.0 134.9 136.0 0.8 1.0 0.8 2.9 3.0 3.0

Manufacturing

132.4 135.5 136.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 2.7 3.1 3.1

Service-providing industries(2)

133.1 136.2 137.1 0.5 0.9 0.7 2.9 2.9 3.0

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

133.9 137.6 138.8 0.4 1.2 0.9 2.4 3.1 3.7

New England

137.4 142.8 143.7 -0.4 0.9 0.6 1.6 3.5 4.6

Middle Atlantic

132.5 135.7 136.9 0.6 1.3 0.9 2.6 3.0 3.3

South

132.3 134.4 135.5 0.8 0.6 0.8 2.9 2.4 2.4

South Atlantic

134.5 136.7 137.9 0.9 0.6 0.9 3.2 2.6 2.5

East South Central

130.6 132.4 133.4 0.2 0.5 0.8 2.7 1.6 2.1

West South Central

129.4 131.3 132.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.5 2.2 2.2

Midwest

130.1 133.5 134.0 0.5 0.9 0.4 2.5 3.2 3.0

East North Central

128.3 132.1 132.4 0.3 1.1 0.2 2.4 3.3 3.2

West North Central

134.4 136.9 137.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 2.8 2.8 2.6

West

135.8 139.3 140.2 0.9 1.1 0.6 3.7 3.5 3.2

Mountain

133.4 136.3 137.5 0.7 0.8 0.9 3.2 2.9 3.1

Pacific

136.8 140.7 141.4 1.0 1.3 0.5 3.9 3.8 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

All workers

127.4 130.2 130.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 1.9 2.5 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

126.5 129.2 129.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.8 2.4 2.5

Professional and related

126.3 129.0 129.4 0.2 0.4 0.3 1.8 2.4 2.5

Sales and office

127.3 130.2 130.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 2.1 2.8 2.7

Office and administrative support

127.7 130.6 131.2 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.1 2.8 2.7

Service occupations

130.4 133.5 133.9 0.3 0.7 0.3 2.3 2.7 2.7

Industry

Education and health services

126.5 129.2 129.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.9 2.5 2.5

Educational services

125.9 128.6 129.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.9 2.5 2.5

Schools

125.9 128.6 129.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.9 2.5 2.5

Elementary and secondary schools

125.3 127.9 128.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.9 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

131.6 134.3 134.5 0.2 0.7 0.1 2.4 2.3 2.2

Hospitals

130.4 133.1 133.1 0.2 0.8 0.0 2.3 2.2 2.1

Public administration

128.7 131.7 132.2 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.1 2.7 2.7

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

136.8 139.2 139.9 0.8 0.8 0.5 2.9 2.6 2.3

Private industry workers

All workers

132.9 134.7 135.3 1.0 0.8 0.4 2.8 2.4 1.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

131.7 133.3 133.9 0.8 0.9 0.5 2.7 2.1 1.7

Sales and office

134.1 136.2 137.2 1.3 0.7 0.7 3.1 2.9 2.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

136.2 137.9 137.7 2.0 0.7 -0.1 3.4 3.3 1.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.3 135.0 135.7 0.5 0.9 0.5 2.9 1.8 1.8

Service occupations

131.5 133.6 134.5 0.2 0.6 0.7 2.3 1.8 2.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.8 130.8 131.6 0.6 0.9 0.6 2.9 1.4 1.4

Manufacturing

129.8 130.5 131.1 0.5 1.1 0.5 3.3 1.1 1.0

Aircraft manufacturing

122.4 99.0 99.2 0.2 1.3 0.2 31.0 -19.0 -19.0

Service-providing industries(3)

134.1 136.1 136.7 1.1 0.7 0.4 2.8 2.6 1.9

Bargaining status

Union

145.1 146.9 147.0 2.4 0.8 0.1 4.8 3.7 1.3

Nonunion

130.5 132.3 133.0 0.7 0.8 0.5 2.4 2.1 1.9

State and local government workers

All workers

151.0 155.8 156.5 0.4 0.9 0.4 3.1 3.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

1.7 2.5 2.7 1.1 2.4 3.0

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

3.0 3.9 3.9 2.8 3.5 3.9

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

3.0 1.9 1.4 2.8 1.9 1.9

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

1.9 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.5 3.0

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

2.1 2.8 2.2 1.8 2.9 2.7

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

1.8 1.4 1.4 1.9 1.4 1.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

2.7 2.5 1.6 3.1 2.9 1.7

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

3.1 2.6 2.2 3.5 2.4 2.1

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

3.1 2.6 2.3 3.1 2.7 2.4

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

3.0 1.9 2.7 3.4 1.8 2.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

3.2 2.7 3.0 3.1 2.2 2.8

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

3.1 3.5 3.4 3.3 4.5 4.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.5 3.1 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.8

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

4.0 3.0 2.6 4.5 3.3 3.0

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

7.8 -0.2 -0.4 3.9 2.9 2.9

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: July 31, 2019