Employment Cost Index News Release

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-18-1737
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, October 31, 2018

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect 
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


				  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – September 2018

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.8 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period 
ending in September 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries (which make 
up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.9 percent and benefit costs (which  make up the 
remaining 30 percent of compensation) increased 0.4 percent from June 2018. 
(See tables A, 1,  2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers 

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
September 2018 compared with a compensation costs increase of 2.5 percent in September 2017. Wages and 
salaries increased 2.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2018 and increased 2.5 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in September 2017. Benefit costs increased 2.6 percent for the 12-month 
period ending in September 2018. In September 2017, the increase was 2.4 percent. 
(See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.9 percent over the year and increased 2.5 percent
in September 2017. Wages and salaries increased 3.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2018 
and increased 2.6 percent in September 2017. The cost of benefits rose 2.5 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2018 and increased 2.4 percent in September 2017. 
(See tables  A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2018.
(For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2018 ranged from 2.5 percent for both management, professional, and related and natural 
resources, construction, and maintenance occupations to 3.5 percent for both sales and office and service 
occupations.(See table 5.)

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2018 ranged from 1.9 percent for manufacturing to 4.8 percent for information.
(See table 5.)


State and Local Government Workers

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending 
in September 2018. In September 2017, the increase was 2.4 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.3 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in September 2018, compared with 2.0 percent a year ago. Benefit costs increased 
3.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2018. The prior year increase was 3.0 percent. 
(See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)


Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.6 0.8 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8

Wages and salaries

0.5 0.9 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.9

Benefits

0.9 0.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.6

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.6 0.8 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9

Wages and salaries

0.6 0.8 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.1

Benefits

0.8 0.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.5

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.8 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.5

Wages and salaries

0.5 0.9 2.0 2.1 1.8 1.9 2.3

Benefits

0.9 0.8 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

  
The Employment Cost Index for December 2018 is scheduled for release on January 31, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— 
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the Employment Cost Index, are available through an email subscription service 
at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

For videos and information graphics explaining the Employment Cost Index and how it is used, 
see www.bls.gov/eci/videos.htm. 

For links to an overview of available BLS compensation measures and an interactive guide on choosing among 
them, see the BLS Commissioner’s Corner on “Making it Easier to Find Data on Pay and Benefits” at 
blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/24/making-it-easier-to-find-data-on-pay-and-benefits.
 


						TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment
shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage, methods, nonresponse
adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of Methods at
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size

Data for the September 2018 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 27,000 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,500 private industry establishments and 
approximately 7,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local government 
establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors

To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of Employment Cost Index (ECI) series, standard errors of all 
current quarter not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the public data query tools at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. Standard errors 
provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within an acceptable range for 
their intended purpose. 

Historical listings

Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and industry series
listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational Classification System series from 
1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational 
Classification from 2006 to the present. It provides the official series deemed continuous after the change 
in classification systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the 
article published in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published in a separate news release titled "Employer
Costs for Employee Compensation" (ECEC). The ECEC release dates are available at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/2018/home.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents at 
www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather than the fixed 
weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ from those in the ECI.

Fixed Employment Weights

For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-index.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

133.3 134.3 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

130.8 131.2 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3

Manufacturing

130.7 130.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2

Service-providing industries(4)

133.9 135.1 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.9

Education and health services

133.2 134.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8

Educational services

133.7 134.8 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8

Elementary and secondary schools

133.7 134.8 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

133.8 134.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5

Health care and social assistance(5)

132.7 133.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8

Hospitals

133.0 133.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

130.0 130.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Public administration

137.1 138.3 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.7 0.9

Private industry workers

All workers

132.7 133.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.6 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.5 133.2 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5

Management, business, and financial

133.9 134.5 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.4

Professional and related

131.4 132.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7

Sales and office

132.9 134.3 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.2 1.0 0.5 1.2 0.7 1.1

Sales and related

128.1 130.0 -0.4 0.1 1.1 -0.2 1.4 0.4 1.7 0.0 1.5

Office and administrative support

136.4 137.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.9 1.2 0.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.3 133.7 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.3 1.1 0.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

133.2 133.7 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.3 133.8 0.6 0.5 0.3 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.2 1.5 0.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.2 134.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6

Production

131.1 131.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.3

Transportation and material moving

135.9 137.2 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.7 1.2 0.4 1.0

Service occupations

133.4 134.5 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

130.8 131.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.2

Construction

131.2 131.6 0.0 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.0 0.3

Manufacturing

130.7 130.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2

Aircraft manufacturing

128.7 120.1 -0.8 1.2 1.5 0.7 8.4 0.5 1.6 0.2 -6.7

Service-providing industries(5)

133.4 134.5 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

134.8 136.4 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.6 1.2

Wholesale trade(6)

129.9 132.2 -0.1 -0.1 1.5 0.3 0.8 0.4 1.0 -0.1 1.8

Retail trade

135.9 137.0 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.0 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

137.3 139.0 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.8 1.3 0.4 1.2

Utilities

143.9 144.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.3 0.6

Information

133.3 134.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.6 3.0 0.8

Financial activities

133.5 133.7 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.2 1.7 0.9 0.1

Finance and insurance

134.0 134.1 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.2 1.8 1.1 0.1

Credit intermediation and related activities

131.8 132.2 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 -0.1 1.2 0.8 0.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

135.9 135.8 1.3 0.3 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.5 0.9 1.3 -0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

131.2 132.0 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.2 1.2 0.3 0.6

Professional and business services

133.6 134.8 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.9

Professional, scientific, and technical services

135.6 137.4 0.0 0.4 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.0 1.3

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

130.4 131.2 0.3 -0.6 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6

Education and health services

132.1 133.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8

Educational services

132.5 133.5 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

134.3 135.1 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.6

Health care and social assistance

132.0 133.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.8

Hospitals

132.7 133.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

128.3 129.0 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

132.9 134.1 1.0 0.6 1.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.4 0.4 0.9

Accommodations and food services

133.9 134.9 1.1 0.5 1.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.4 0.5 0.7

Other services, except public administration

133.7 133.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.0

State and local government workers

All workers

135.7 136.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.8

Industry

Education and health services

134.5 135.5 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7

Educational services

134.1 135.1 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7

Schools

134.0 135.0 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7

Elementary and secondary schools

134.1 135.3 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9

Health care and social assistance

137.4 138.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7

Hospitals

134.5 135.2 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.5

Public administration

137.1 138.3 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.7 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(6) The private wholesale trade industry compensation series is seasonal as of the 2018 seasonal adjustment revision. Historical data for this series are published beginning with 2002.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

131.8 133.0 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

131.3 132.1 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6

Manufacturing

131.2 132.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

Service-providing industries(3)

131.9 133.2 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.0

Education and health services

129.5 130.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8

Educational services

127.0 128.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

Elementary and secondary schools

125.7 126.9 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

129.1 130.0 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.7

Health care and social assistance

132.2 133.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.9

Hospitals

132.2 132.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.4 130.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7

Public administration

128.9 129.9 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.7

Private industry workers

All workers

132.8 133.9 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.6 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.9 133.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.8

Management, business, and financial

134.3 135.0 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.3 0.5

Professional and related

131.9 133.2 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.0

Sales and office

132.5 134.2 0.1 0.3 1.0 0.1 1.2 0.5 1.4 0.5 1.3

Sales and related

128.3 130.7 -0.7 0.0 1.4 -0.5 1.7 0.5 1.9 -0.2 1.8

Office and administrative support

135.8 136.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.1 0.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.0 132.4 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

132.2 132.8 0.0 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

131.7 132.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.1 134.3 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.9

Production

131.4 132.1 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6

Transportation and material moving

135.2 136.8 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.8 1.3 0.4 1.2

Service occupations(4)

134.0 135.2 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

131.4 132.1 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.5

Construction

131.0 131.6 0.0 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.1 1.0 0.4

Manufacturing

131.2 132.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

Aircraft manufacturing

140.8 141.3 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3

Service-providing industries(4)

133.2 134.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.5 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

133.5 135.3 0.3 0.6 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.6 1.2 0.4 1.3

Retail trade

136.1 137.2 0.6 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

136.2 138.2 0.6 1.3 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.8 1.4 0.6 1.4

Utilities

140.7 141.2 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.3

Information

129.9 131.2 0.8 0.6 0.1 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.7 1.0 1.0

Financial activities

134.4 134.6 1.2 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.8 0.7 0.1

Finance and insurance

135.5 135.5 1.3 0.5 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.5 2.0 0.9 0.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

130.9 131.4 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.3 1.3 0.7 0.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

135.4 134.8 1.4 0.3 0.5 1.3 -0.3 0.5 0.9 1.3 -0.4

Professional and business services

133.7 135.3 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.3 1.2

Professional, scientific, and technical services

135.7 138.0 -0.2 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.7

Education and health services

132.0 133.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.5 1.0

Educational services

131.1 132.2 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

132.0 132.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7

Health care and social assistance

132.2 133.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.7 1.0 0.5 1.0

Hospitals

132.6 133.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.4 130.3 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

135.1 136.5 1.1 0.6 1.7 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.3 0.5 1.0

Accommodations and food service

135.9 137.2 1.3 0.5 1.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.4 0.6 1.0

Other services, except public administration

134.2 134.0 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.6 -0.2

State and local government workers

All workers

127.7 128.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.9

Industry

Education and health services

126.8 127.9 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

Educational services

126.2 127.3 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9

Schools

126.2 127.3 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

Elementary and secondary schools

125.7 126.8 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.9

Health care and social assistance

131.7 132.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6

Hospitals

130.6 131.1 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4

Public administration

128.9 129.9 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

136.9 137.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4

Private industry workers

All workers

132.7 133.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

131.5 131.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.2

Sales and office

133.9 134.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.2 0.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

136.1 136.5 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.2 133.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.2

Service occupations

131.5 132.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.7 129.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.4

Manufacturing

129.7 128.8 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 0.3 0.8 0.5 -0.7

Service-providing industries(3)

133.9 134.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.0 0.5

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

151.6 152.8 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

All workers(2)

130.7 133.3 134.4 0.8 0.6 0.8 2.5 2.8 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

130.9 133.6 134.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.5 2.8 2.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.7 132.9 133.9 0.6 0.5 0.8 2.3 2.3 2.4

Management, business, and financial

131.6 134.1 135.0 0.6 0.5 0.7 2.8 2.5 2.6

Professional and related

130.2 132.3 133.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 2.0 2.2 2.5

Sales and office

130.4 133.6 134.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 2.4 3.4 3.5

Sales and related

125.8 128.6 130.5 1.3 0.6 1.5 2.4 3.5 3.7

Office and administrative support

133.1 136.6 137.6 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.4 3.3 3.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.0 133.7 134.3 0.7 1.1 0.4 2.7 2.8 2.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

131.3 133.6 134.2 0.7 0.9 0.4 2.9 2.5 2.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

130.8 133.8 134.5 0.8 1.4 0.5 2.6 3.1 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.9 133.6 134.5 1.2 0.5 0.7 3.2 3.2 2.8

Production

128.8 131.3 131.8 1.1 0.6 0.4 3.0 3.1 2.3

Transportation and material moving

133.4 136.4 137.8 1.1 0.4 1.0 3.5 3.4 3.3

Service occupations

131.8 134.9 136.2 0.7 0.5 1.0 2.6 3.1 3.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

128.4 130.9 131.3 0.9 0.8 0.3 2.6 2.8 2.3

Manufacturing

128.4 130.8 130.9 1.0 0.6 0.1 2.6 2.9 1.9

Service-providing industries(5)

131.1 133.8 135.0 0.7 0.7 0.9 2.5 2.8 3.0

Education and health services

130.8 132.9 134.3 0.7 0.5 1.1 2.0 2.3 2.7

Educational services

131.6 133.0 134.9 1.2 0.3 1.4 2.3 2.3 2.5

Elementary and secondary schools

131.4 132.9 134.9 1.2 0.3 1.5 2.3 2.4 2.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

131.8 133.3 134.7 1.1 0.4 1.1 2.3 2.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance

130.1 132.7 133.8 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.9 2.3 2.8

Hospitals

131.0 133.1 133.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.2 2.1 2.1

Nursing and residential care facilities

127.2 129.9 130.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 2.5 2.9 2.8

Public administration

134.7 136.7 138.3 0.7 0.4 1.2 2.3 2.2 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

All workers

130.0 132.9 133.8 0.6 0.8 0.7 2.5 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.2 133.2 133.9 0.5 0.8 0.5 2.5 2.9 2.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.0 132.6 133.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.3 2.4 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.4 132.0 132.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.2 2.4 2.5

Management, business, and financial

131.3 133.9 134.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.8 2.5 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.5 133.3 133.7 0.4 0.6 0.3 2.7 2.5 2.5

Professional and related

129.1 131.6 132.3 0.3 0.6 0.5 1.9 2.3 2.5

Sales and office

129.9 133.2 134.4 0.9 0.9 0.9 2.5 3.5 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.9 135.7 136.5 0.6 1.2 0.6 2.6 3.5 3.5

Sales and related

125.7 128.5 130.4 1.3 0.6 1.5 2.4 3.5 3.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.0 133.8 134.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 2.8 3.6 3.6

Office and administrative support

132.8 136.5 137.3 0.5 1.1 0.6 2.5 3.3 3.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.6 133.4 133.9 0.7 1.2 0.4 2.8 2.9 2.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

131.1 133.4 133.8 0.7 0.9 0.3 3.0 2.5 2.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

130.2 133.4 133.9 0.8 1.6 0.4 2.6 3.3 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.4 133.2 134.1 1.1 0.5 0.7 3.2 3.3 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.4 133.3 133.9 0.9 0.5 0.5 3.0 3.2 2.7

Production

128.6 131.1 131.5 1.1 0.7 0.3 2.9 3.1 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.8 131.4 131.8 1.0 0.7 0.3 2.9 3.1 2.3

Transportation and material moving

133.0 136.0 137.4 1.2 0.4 1.0 3.6 3.5 3.3

Service occupations

130.0 133.5 134.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 2.8 3.3 3.5

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

128.4 130.9 131.2 0.9 0.8 0.2 2.6 2.8 2.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.7 131.3 131.6 0.8 0.8 0.2 2.5 2.8 2.3

Management, professional, and related

126.6 129.5 129.4 0.8 0.6 -0.1 2.2 3.1 2.2

Sales and office

129.7 132.0 133.5 1.2 1.2 1.1 2.3 3.0 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.3 132.9 133.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 2.7 2.6 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.1 130.1 130.5 1.1 0.5 0.3 2.8 2.7 1.9

Construction

128.3 131.1 131.8 0.8 1.1 0.5 2.7 3.0 2.7

Manufacturing

128.4 130.8 130.9 1.0 0.6 0.1 2.6 2.9 1.9

Management, professional, and related

128.1 130.9 130.5 0.9 0.7 -0.3 2.5 3.1 1.9

Sales and office occupations

130.9 133.5 134.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 2.2 2.7 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

129.6 131.8 131.7 1.0 0.8 -0.1 2.1 2.7 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

127.8 129.8 130.1 1.2 0.5 0.2 2.9 2.8 1.8

Aircraft manufacturing

128.9 132.3 120.6 10.6 0.2 -8.8 15.1 13.6 -6.4

Service-providing industries(4)

130.6 133.5 134.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 2.6 2.9 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.8 133.9 134.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 2.5 2.8 3.0

Management, professional, and related

130.7 133.2 134.1 0.4 0.6 0.7 2.3 2.3 2.6

Sales and office

129.9 133.3 134.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 2.5 3.5 3.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.1 134.1 134.8 0.8 1.6 0.5 2.9 3.2 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

133.3 136.8 138.2 1.1 0.7 1.0 3.6 3.7 3.7

Service occupations

130.0 133.4 134.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 2.8 3.3 3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

131.9 135.0 136.5 0.8 0.7 1.1 2.9 3.1 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.3 135.9 136.8 0.5 1.0 0.7 2.7 3.2 3.4

Wholesale trade

128.2 130.0 132.2 0.7 0.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.9 134.3 135.1 0.4 1.0 0.6 2.4 3.0 3.2

Retail trade

132.3 136.2 137.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 3.0 3.7 3.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.0 134.6 135.6 0.5 1.3 0.7 3.0 3.3 3.5

Transportation and warehousing

134.2 137.5 139.3 1.1 0.5 1.3 3.3 3.5 3.8

Utilities

140.9 144.3 144.8 0.5 0.6 0.3 2.6 2.9 2.8

Information

128.3 133.4 134.4 0.5 3.1 0.7 2.6 4.5 4.8

Financial activities

129.9 133.8 133.9 0.2 1.4 0.1 2.3 3.2 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.6 133.9 134.3 0.4 1.1 0.3 2.4 2.9 2.8

Finance and insurance

130.1 134.3 134.3 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.2 3.4 3.2

Credit intermediation and related activities

129.5 132.3 132.3 0.2 1.3 0.0 2.4 2.4 2.2

Excluding incentive paid

133.4 136.3 136.7 0.2 1.1 0.3 2.6 2.4 2.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

132.5 136.3 135.9 -0.2 1.6 -0.3 2.3 2.6 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.3 134.5 135.0 0.3 1.1 0.4 2.3 2.8 2.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

129.2 131.3 132.1 0.7 0.3 0.6 2.6 2.3 2.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.2 134.7 135.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.2 2.5 2.5

Professional and business services

131.5 133.8 134.8 0.9 0.4 0.7 2.7 2.7 2.5

Professional, scientific, and technical services

134.0 135.8 137.3 0.9 -0.1 1.1 3.1 2.3 2.5

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

127.8 130.5 131.2 1.3 0.9 0.5 1.9 3.4 2.7

Education and health services

129.6 132.1 133.3 0.3 0.5 0.9 1.9 2.2 2.9

Educational services

130.5 132.1 133.8 0.9 0.5 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

132.0 133.8 135.5 1.3 0.6 1.3 2.5 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

129.5 132.1 133.2 0.2 0.5 0.8 1.9 2.2 2.9

Hospitals

130.7 132.8 133.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 2.3 1.9 2.1

Nursing and residential care facilities

125.7 128.3 129.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 2.4 2.7 2.6

Nursing care facilities(2)

125.6 127.8 128.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.4 2.4 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

129.6 133.0 134.0 0.5 0.3 0.8 3.4 3.1 3.4

Accommodations and food service

130.4 134.0 134.8 0.3 0.4 0.6 3.3 3.1 3.4

Other services, except public administration

131.1 133.7 134.0 0.9 0.6 0.2 2.5 2.9 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Bargaining status

Union

133.7 137.4 137.8 0.8 1.5 0.3 2.5 3.5 3.1

Goods-producing industries(2)

131.2 133.3 132.7 1.4 0.8 -0.5 3.2 3.0 1.1

Manufacturing

126.8 128.2 126.5 2.3 0.3 -1.3 4.0 3.5 -0.2

Service-providing industries(3)

136.1 140.7 141.6 0.4 1.8 0.6 2.2 3.8 4.0

Nonunion

129.5 132.2 133.2 0.7 0.6 0.8 2.5 2.8 2.9

Goods-producing industries(2)

127.6 130.2 130.7 0.8 0.8 0.4 2.4 2.8 2.4

Manufacturing

129.0 131.5 132.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 2.4 2.7 2.3

Service-providing industries(3)

130.0 132.8 133.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 2.6 2.8 2.9

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

131.8 134.7 135.9 0.5 0.7 0.9 2.8 2.7 3.1

New England

134.9 136.6 139.7 0.8 0.1 2.3 3.6 2.1 3.6

Middle Atlantic

130.7 134.0 134.5 0.4 1.0 0.4 2.6 2.9 2.9

South

128.7 131.4 132.0 0.6 0.8 0.5 2.0 2.7 2.6

South Atlantic

130.4 133.5 134.0 0.5 0.9 0.4 2.4 2.9 2.8

East South Central

128.8 130.2 131.1 1.4 0.2 0.7 3.0 2.5 1.8

West South Central

125.9 128.3 129.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 2.4 2.5

Midwest

128.0 130.6 131.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 2.2 2.5 2.8

East North Central

126.5 129.0 130.2 0.4 0.5 0.9 2.3 2.4 2.9

West North Central

131.7 134.4 135.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.7 2.7 2.7

West

132.3 135.7 136.6 1.0 0.8 0.7 3.4 3.6 3.3

Mountain

129.4 132.5 133.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 2.9 3.0 2.9

Pacific

133.6 137.1 138.0 1.2 0.9 0.7 3.7 3.9 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

All workers

133.4 135.1 136.8 1.1 0.4 1.3 2.4 2.3 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.3 133.8 135.5 1.1 0.3 1.3 2.3 2.3 2.4

Professional and related

132.1 133.6 135.2 1.1 0.3 1.2 2.3 2.3 2.3

Sales and office

134.8 137.1 139.1 0.9 0.6 1.5 1.9 2.6 3.2

Office and administrative support

134.9 137.1 139.2 1.0 0.6 1.5 1.9 2.6 3.2

Service occupations

136.1 138.2 139.9 1.0 0.4 1.2 2.4 2.5 2.8

Industry

Education and health services

132.2 133.7 135.6 1.2 0.3 1.4 2.2 2.4 2.6

Educational services

131.9 133.3 135.2 1.2 0.3 1.4 2.3 2.3 2.5

Schools

131.8 133.2 135.1 1.2 0.2 1.4 2.3 2.3 2.5

Elementary and secondary schools

131.8 133.3 135.3 1.3 0.3 1.5 2.3 2.5 2.7

Health care and social assistance

135.0 137.1 138.2 1.1 0.4 0.8 2.1 2.7 2.4

Hospitals

132.6 134.2 135.2 1.1 0.2 0.7 2.2 2.4 2.0

Public administration

134.7 136.7 138.3 0.7 0.4 1.2 2.3 2.2 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

All workers(1)

129.3 131.9 133.1 0.8 0.6 0.9 2.5 2.8 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.2 131.9 132.9 0.6 0.6 0.8 2.5 2.7 2.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

129.1 131.2 132.4 0.5 0.5 0.9 2.1 2.2 2.6

Management, business, and financial

131.2 133.5 134.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.6 2.4 2.6

Professional and related

128.0 130.0 131.2 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.9 2.1 2.5

Sales and office

129.2 132.4 133.9 1.0 0.8 1.1 2.6 3.5 3.6

Sales and related

126.0 128.7 130.9 1.6 0.4 1.7 2.7 3.8 3.9

Office and administrative support

131.4 134.8 135.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.6 3.2 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

129.6 131.8 132.5 0.8 0.8 0.5 2.9 2.5 2.2

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

129.6 132.0 132.6 0.8 0.9 0.5 3.3 2.6 2.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

129.8 131.8 132.4 0.9 0.8 0.5 2.7 2.4 2.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.2 133.2 134.4 1.1 0.7 0.9 3.5 3.4 3.2

Production

128.8 131.6 132.4 0.9 0.8 0.6 3.2 3.1 2.8

Transportation and material moving

131.8 135.0 136.6 1.2 0.5 1.2 3.7 3.7 3.6

Service occupations

129.8 133.2 134.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 2.8 3.3 3.5

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

128.7 131.4 132.2 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.5 2.8 2.7

Manufacturing

128.7 131.3 132.0 0.6 0.7 0.5 2.4 2.7 2.6

Service-providing industries(4)

129.4 131.9 133.2 0.7 0.5 1.0 2.5 2.6 2.9

Education and health services

127.4 129.3 130.8 0.7 0.5 1.2 2.0 2.2 2.7

Educational services

125.6 126.7 128.4 1.0 0.3 1.3 1.9 1.9 2.2

Elementary and secondary schools

124.3 125.3 127.2 1.1 0.3 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.3

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

127.6 128.7 130.2 1.0 0.2 1.2 2.2 1.9 2.0

Health care and social assistance

129.4 132.2 133.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 2.1 2.5 3.1

Hospitals

130.1 132.3 132.8 0.5 0.6 0.4 2.4 2.2 2.1

Nursing and residential care facilities

126.5 129.4 130.3 0.6 0.7 0.7 2.8 2.9 3.0

Public administration

127.0 128.7 129.9 0.7 0.3 0.9 2.1 2.1 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

All workers

130.0 132.9 134.0 0.7 0.7 0.8 2.6 2.9 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.0 133.0 133.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.6 2.9 3.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.5 133.0 134.1 0.4 0.5 0.8 2.2 2.3 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.5 132.0 132.8 0.3 0.5 0.6 2.1 2.2 2.5

Management, business, and financial

131.8 134.2 135.3 0.6 0.4 0.8 2.6 2.4 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.3 132.8 133.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 2.4 2.3 2.5

Professional and related

129.6 132.1 133.2 0.2 0.6 0.8 1.9 2.2 2.8

Sales and office

129.5 132.8 134.3 1.0 0.8 1.1 2.7 3.6 3.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.5 135.3 136.3 0.7 1.0 0.7 2.9 3.6 3.7

Sales and related

126.0 128.8 131.0 1.5 0.5 1.7 2.6 3.8 4.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.5 134.3 135.3 0.8 1.1 0.7 3.2 3.7 3.7

Office and administrative support

132.2 135.9 136.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.7 3.4 3.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

129.8 132.0 132.6 0.8 0.8 0.5 3.0 2.5 2.2

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

129.9 132.3 132.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 3.4 2.7 2.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

129.7 131.8 132.4 0.7 0.8 0.5 2.6 2.3 2.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.1 133.2 134.4 1.0 0.7 0.9 3.3 3.4 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.2 133.4 134.2 0.9 0.7 0.6 3.3 3.3 3.1

Production

128.6 131.4 132.2 0.9 0.8 0.6 3.0 3.1 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.8 131.7 132.5 0.9 0.8 0.6 3.0 3.2 2.9

Transportation and material moving

132.1 135.3 137.0 1.3 0.4 1.3 3.9 3.8 3.7

Service occupations

130.2 134.0 135.2 0.7 0.8 0.9 3.0 3.6 3.8

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

128.8 131.4 132.2 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.6 2.7 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.2 131.9 132.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 2.7 2.7 2.6

Management, professional, and related

128.5 131.4 132.1 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 2.4 2.8

Sales and office

130.2 132.6 134.3 1.6 1.4 1.3 2.7 3.4 3.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

129.5 132.4 132.9 0.6 1.1 0.4 3.1 2.9 2.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.1 130.5 131.3 0.9 0.5 0.6 3.0 2.8 2.5

Construction

127.9 130.9 131.8 0.9 1.1 0.7 3.0 3.2 3.0

Manufacturing

128.7 131.3 132.0 0.6 0.7 0.5 2.4 2.7 2.6

Management, professional, and related

129.2 131.9 132.4 0.2 0.8 0.4 1.7 2.2 2.5

Sales and office

130.8 133.8 135.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 2.5 3.1 3.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

129.8 132.4 132.9 0.8 0.8 0.4 2.1 2.8 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

127.8 130.2 130.9 0.9 0.5 0.5 3.0 2.8 2.4

Aircraft manufacturing

138.5 141.2 141.2 0.4 0.1 0.0 3.0 2.3 1.9

Service-providing industries(3)

130.4 133.3 134.5 0.7 0.6 0.9 2.6 2.9 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.3 133.4 134.3 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.6 2.9 3.1

Management, professional, and related

130.9 133.3 134.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 2.3 2.3 2.7

Sales and office

129.4 132.8 134.3 0.9 0.7 1.1 2.6 3.6 3.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.2 131.6 132.3 1.0 0.5 0.5 2.9 2.1 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

132.3 136.0 137.6 1.1 0.7 1.2 3.8 4.0 4.0

Service occupations

130.2 133.9 135.1 0.7 0.7 0.9 3.0 3.6 3.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

130.8 133.6 135.4 0.9 0.5 1.3 3.2 3.1 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.8 134.2 135.3 0.5 0.9 0.8 3.1 3.1 3.4

Wholesale trade

125.7 126.7 129.5 1.0 -0.5 2.2 2.8 1.8 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.6 130.7 131.6 0.5 0.9 0.7 2.7 2.9 3.1

Retail trade

132.6 136.4 137.4 0.8 1.3 0.7 3.4 3.6 3.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.8 134.2 135.3 0.5 1.1 0.8 3.4 3.2 3.4

Transportation and warehousing

132.8 136.3 138.5 1.1 0.7 1.6 3.6 3.8 4.3

Utilities

137.9 141.0 141.2 0.2 0.6 0.1 2.5 2.5 2.4

Information

127.4 130.2 131.3 0.6 1.4 0.8 2.4 2.8 3.1

Financial activities

130.5 134.7 134.7 0.3 1.3 0.0 2.3 3.5 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.7 134.0 134.5 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.3 2.9 2.9

Finance and insurance

131.1 135.9 135.6 0.2 1.6 -0.2 2.1 3.8 3.4

Credit intermediation and related activities

127.9 131.4 131.4 0.2 1.2 0.0 2.5 3.0 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.8 135.3 135.8 0.3 0.9 0.4 2.7 3.0 3.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

131.8 135.8 134.9 -0.5 1.7 -0.7 1.9 2.6 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.6 132.4 133.0 0.3 0.8 0.5 1.9 2.5 2.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

128.0 130.1 131.0 0.9 0.2 0.7 2.9 2.6 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.0 133.7 134.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 2.3 2.8 2.7

Professional and business services

131.6 133.9 135.2 1.1 0.3 1.0 2.6 2.8 2.7

Professional, scientific, and technical services

134.1 135.9 137.9 1.1 -0.1 1.5 3.0 2.4 2.8

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

128.7 131.5 132.4 1.4 0.9 0.7 2.0 3.6 2.9

Education and health services

129.3 132.0 133.3 0.4 0.6 1.0 2.1 2.5 3.1

Educational services

129.4 130.7 132.6 1.1 0.5 1.5 2.3 2.1 2.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

130.1 131.5 133.3 1.5 0.5 1.4 2.7 2.6 2.5

Health care and social assistance

129.3 132.3 133.5 0.2 0.6 0.9 2.0 2.6 3.2

Hospitals

130.3 132.7 133.2 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.3 2.2 2.2

Nursing and residential care facilities

126.4 129.4 130.3 0.6 0.7 0.7 2.8 3.0 3.1

Nursing care facilities(1)

126.2 128.7 129.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 2.5 2.6 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

131.4 135.2 136.4 0.5 0.4 0.9 3.5 3.4 3.8

Accommodation and food service

132.1 136.0 137.1 0.4 0.4 0.8 3.4 3.3 3.8

Other services, except public administration

131.5 134.1 134.3 1.0 0.7 0.1 2.4 3.0 2.1

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Bargaining status

Union

129.9 132.7 133.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 2.1 2.7 2.8

Goods-producing industries(1)

126.8 129.1 129.6 0.6 0.9 0.4 2.5 2.4 2.2

Manufacturing

124.5 126.3 126.9 0.7 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.2 1.9

Service-providing industries(2)

132.2 135.3 136.2 0.5 0.8 0.7 1.8 2.9 3.0

Nonunion

130.0 132.9 134.1 0.7 0.6 0.9 2.7 2.9 3.2

Goods-producing industries(1)

129.3 132.0 132.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 2.7 2.9 2.7

Manufacturing

129.7 132.4 133.1 0.6 0.8 0.5 2.4 2.7 2.6

Service-providing industries(2)

130.3 133.1 134.4 0.8 0.5 1.0 2.8 2.9 3.1

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

131.5 133.9 135.3 0.6 0.4 1.0 3.0 2.4 2.9

New England

136.4 137.4 141.3 0.9 -0.4 2.8 4.0 1.6 3.6

Middle Atlantic

129.6 132.5 133.1 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.6 2.6 2.7

South

129.5 132.3 133.0 0.7 0.8 0.5 2.1 2.9 2.7

South Atlantic

131.1 134.5 135.1 0.6 0.9 0.4 2.5 3.2 3.1

East South Central

129.1 130.6 131.5 1.5 0.2 0.7 3.1 2.7 1.9

West South Central

127.1 129.4 130.2 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.3 2.5 2.4

Midwest

127.5 130.1 131.4 0.5 0.5 1.0 2.2 2.5 3.1

East North Central

125.9 128.3 129.7 0.5 0.3 1.1 2.5 2.4 3.0

West North Central

131.6 134.4 135.4 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.7 2.8 2.9

West

132.2 135.8 137.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 3.4 3.7 3.7

Mountain

130.0 133.4 134.2 0.5 0.7 0.6 2.8 3.2 3.2

Pacific

133.2 136.8 138.4 1.1 1.0 1.2 3.6 3.9 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

All workers

126.1 127.4 129.0 0.9 0.3 1.3 2.0 1.9 2.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

125.4 126.5 128.1 0.9 0.2 1.3 2.0 1.8 2.2

Professional and related

125.2 126.3 127.8 0.9 0.2 1.2 1.9 1.8 2.1

Sales and office

125.5 127.3 128.9 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.5 2.1 2.7

Office and administrative support

125.9 127.7 129.3 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.5 2.1 2.7

Service occupations

128.6 130.4 131.7 0.9 0.3 1.0 2.2 2.3 2.4

Industry

Education and health services

125.4 126.5 128.2 1.0 0.3 1.3 1.9 1.9 2.2

Educational services

124.9 125.9 127.6 1.1 0.3 1.4 1.9 1.9 2.2

Schools

124.8 125.9 127.6 1.0 0.3 1.4 1.8 1.9 2.2

Elementary and secondary schools

124.3 125.3 127.2 1.1 0.3 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.3

Health care and social assistance

129.7 131.6 132.5 0.9 0.2 0.7 2.3 2.4 2.2

Hospitals

128.8 130.4 131.1 1.0 0.2 0.5 2.5 2.3 1.8

Public administration

127.0 128.7 129.9 0.7 0.3 0.9 2.1 2.1 2.3

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

134.0 136.8 137.5 0.8 0.8 0.5 2.4 2.9 2.6

Private industry workers

All workers

130.0 132.9 133.2 0.5 1.0 0.2 2.4 2.8 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

128.9 131.7 131.7 0.5 0.8 0.0 2.5 2.7 2.2

Sales and office

130.8 134.1 134.8 0.5 1.3 0.5 1.9 3.1 3.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.4 136.2 136.5 0.5 2.0 0.2 2.3 3.4 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.0 133.3 133.5 1.1 0.5 0.2 2.8 2.9 1.9

Service occupations

129.2 131.5 132.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 2.1 2.3 2.4

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

127.6 129.8 129.3 1.2 0.6 -0.4 2.4 2.9 1.3

Manufacturing

127.7 129.8 128.9 1.7 0.5 -0.7 2.9 3.3 0.9

Aircraft manufacturing

118.2 122.4 98.5 26.6 0.2 -19.5 34.3 31.0 -16.7

Service-providing industries(3)

131.0 134.1 134.6 0.4 1.1 0.4 2.3 2.8 2.7

Bargaining status

Union

139.9 145.1 144.9 1.1 2.4 -0.1 3.2 4.8 3.6

Nonunion

128.0 130.5 130.9 0.5 0.7 0.3 2.2 2.4 2.3

State and local government workers

All workers

148.6 151.0 153.2 1.5 0.4 1.5 3.0 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA

3.0 1.7 2.4 2.8 1.1 2.0

New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

2.1 3.0 2.5 1.8 2.8 2.9

South

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL CSA

2.2 1.9 1.8 2.7 2.0 2.1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA

1.4 2.1 2.8 1.9 1.8 2.5

Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA

2.1 1.8 1.9 2.6 1.9 2.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA

3.7 2.7 2.7 3.9 3.1 3.0

Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV CSA

2.5 3.1 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.0

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI CSA

2.4 3.1 3.5 2.3 3.1 3.5

Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA

2.5 3.0 2.8 2.8 3.4 3.2

Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA

1.1 3.2 4.5 1.0 3.1 4.7

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA

3.6 3.1 2.4 3.2 3.3 3.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

2.8 3.5 3.0 3.0 3.6 3.4

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

2.9 4.0 4.0 2.9 4.5 4.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA

7.6 7.8 0.7 3.8 3.9 3.7

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). For more information on metropolitan area definitions, visit the U.S. Census Bureau's Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas page at www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: October 31, 2018