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Economic News Release
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Employment Cost Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                 USDL-22-1553
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, July 29, 2022

Technical information: (202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov

				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX  JUNE 2022

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 1.3 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month 
period ending in June 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries 
increased 1.4 percent and benefit costs increased 1.2 percent from March 2022. (See tables A, 1, 
2, and 3.)

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 5.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
June 2022 and increased 2.9 percent in June 2021. Wages and salaries increased 5.3 percent for the 
12-month period ending in June 2022 and increased 3.2 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
June 2021. Benefit costs increased 4.8 percent over the year and increased 2.2 percent for the 
12-month period ending in June 2021. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 5.5 percent over the year. In June 2021, 
the increase was 3.1 percent. Wages and salaries increased 5.7 percent for the 12-month period ending 
in June 2022 and increased 3.5 percent in June 2021. The cost of benefits increased 5.3 percent for the 
12-month period ending in June 2022 and increased 2.0 percent in June 2021. Inflation-adjusted 
(constant dollar) private wages and salaries declined 3.1 percent for the 12 months ending June 2022. 
Inflation-adjusted benefit costs in the private sector declined 3.5 percent over that same period. 
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending 
in June 2022 ranged from 4.3 percent for natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 
to 8.0 percent for service occupations. Within industry supersectors, compensation cost increases 
ranged from 4.0 percent for construction to 7.8 percent for leisure and hospitality. (See table 5.)

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 3.4 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in June 2022, compared with an increase of 2.0 percent in June 2021. Wages and salaries 
increased 3.2 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2022 and 1.6 percent a year ago. 
Benefit costs increased 3.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2022. The prior year 
increase was 2.6 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Updated Employment Weights

Beginning with the December 2022 news release, the Employment Cost Index will introduce new 
employment weights based on the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/eci-2021-fixed-weights-and-2018-soc-update.htm.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted, current dollar 12-month, not seasonally adjusted, constant dollar
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

1.4 1.3 2.9 4.5 5.1 -2.4 -3.7 -3.6

Wages and salaries

1.2 1.4 3.2 4.7 5.3 -2.1 -3.6 -3.5

Benefits

1.8 1.2 2.2 4.1 4.8 -3.0 -4.2 -3.9

Private industry

Compensation(2)

1.4 1.5 3.1 4.8 5.5 -2.2 -3.5 -3.3

Wages and salaries

1.3 1.6 3.5 5.0 5.7 -1.8 -3.3 -3.1

Benefits

1.9 1.3 2.0 4.1 5.3 -3.1 -4.0 -3.5

Health benefits

- - 0.4 2.2 4.6 - - -

State and local government

Compensation(2)

1.1 0.8 2.0 3.2 3.4 -3.2 -4.9 -5.2

Wages and salaries

0.9 0.7 1.6 3.1 3.2 -3.5 -5.1 -5.4

Benefits

1.5 0.9 2.6 3.5 3.6 -2.6 -4.7 -5.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

Note: All estimates in the table can be found in the public database at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. Dashes indicate data not available.



					   TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence 
of employment shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, 
coverage, methods, nonresponse adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures 
Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 29,600 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 7,400 private industry establishments and 
approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local 
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview. Beginning December 2021, an 
additional (fourth) private industry sample is used in estimation to mitigate the impact of 
decreasing response rates.

Standard errors
To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of ECI series, standard errors of all current 
quarter not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. 
Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within 
an acceptable range for their intended purpose. 

Historical listings
Historical ECI data are available in xlsx format at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous 
occupational and industry series listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual 
and Occupational Classification System (OCS) series from 1975 through 2005 and the North American 
Industry Classification System (NAICS) and Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) from 2006 to the 
present. It provides the official series deemed continuous after the change in classification 
systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article 
published in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data
The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs 
for Employee Compensation (ECEC) news release. The ECEC release dates are available at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in xlsx format at 
www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather 
than the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually
differ from those in the ECI.

Fixed employment weights
For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-
employment-cost-index.htm.

Additional information
Starting with the June 2022 ECI release, historical tables are available in xlsx format for constant 
dollar, current dollar, and continuous series, see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/new-eci-historical-tables.htm. 
The 2022 ECI release dates are available on the release calendar at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/eci.htm. Subscribe to receive the BLS Economic News Release email at 
public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDOLBLS/subscriber/new. If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a 
speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications relay services.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

150.1 152.1 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.4 1.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

146.2 148.0 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.5 1.2

Manufacturing

146.2 147.8 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.8 1.1

Service-providing industries(4)

151.0 153.1 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.6 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.4

Education and health services

148.4 149.9 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.0

Educational services

147.5 148.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8

Elementary and secondary schools

148.0 149.0 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

146.1 147.3 0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.6 1.0 0.8

Health care and social assistance

149.4 151.2 -0.1 1.1 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.2

Hospitals

149.8 151.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.2

Nursing and residential care facilities

148.8 151.1 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5

Public administration

153.1 154.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.5 1.0

Private industry workers

All workers

150.0 152.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

146.5 148.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.3 0.8 1.3 1.3

Management, business, and financial

147.9 150.1 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.4 0.6 1.3 1.5

Professional and related

145.4 147.2 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2

Sales and office

152.5 155.7 0.6 0.4 1.1 1.8 0.3 1.3 1.1 1.7 2.1

Sales and related

150.0 153.7 0.6 0.1 1.4 3.3 -0.4 1.4 1.0 2.0 2.5

Office and administrative support

154.1 156.8 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

148.5 150.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

148.4 149.8 -0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

148.6 150.7 1.0 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

153.2 155.1 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.2

Production

149.8 151.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.6 1.3

Transportation and material moving

157.4 159.4 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.6 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3

Service occupations

159.0 162.1 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

146.2 148.0 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.2

Construction

146.4 148.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.5

Manufacturing

146.2 147.8 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.8 1.1

Aircraft manufacturing

137.7 138.5 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.8 0.5 7.0 0.4 2.2 0.6

Service-providing industries(5)

151.1 153.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.5 1.1 1.4 1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

155.1 157.4 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.5

Wholesale trade

148.6 151.3 1.0 0.1 0.4 1.0 1.6 1.1 1.5 1.9 1.8

Retail trade

158.7 161.5 0.7 0.7 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.7 2.2 1.8 1.8

Transportation and warehousing

155.8 157.0 1.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.7 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8

Utilities

160.6 161.5 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.6

Information

147.0 148.9 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.3

Financial activities

148.3 151.9 0.7 0.5 0.8 3.2 -1.6 2.1 -0.5 1.0 2.4

Finance and insurance

148.7 152.4 0.7 0.5 0.8 3.8 -2.0 2.3 -0.9 0.9 2.5

Credit intermediation and related activities

148.8 153.4 0.8 0.4 0.9 -0.1 2.1 5.3 -1.4 -0.8 3.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

150.1 152.8 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.9 0.9 1.6 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

146.7 149.8 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.3 2.0 2.1

Professional and business services

149.9 152.4 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.7

Professional, scientific, and technical services

150.9 153.7 -0.2 0.1 1.0 0.5 0.8 1.6 0.7 1.1 1.9

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

150.4 152.7 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.9 1.5

Education and health services

148.2 150.1 -0.1 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.7 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.3

Educational services

145.7 147.9 0.6 -0.4 0.8 0.4 0.4 1.3 0.5 1.3 1.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

146.0 147.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.9 1.1

Health care and social assistance

148.7 150.6 -0.2 1.2 0.5 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.3

Hospitals

149.6 151.4 0.8 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.5 1.2

Nursing and residential care facilities

147.5 149.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

159.7 162.4 0.8 1.1 0.5 1.6 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.9 1.7

Accommodation and food services

163.2 166.1 0.8 1.3 0.8 1.6 2.3 2.3 1.8 2.0 1.8

Other services, except public administration

152.5 154.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.0

State and local government workers

All workers

150.4 151.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.8

Industry

Education and health services

148.6 149.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7

Educational services

147.9 148.9 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.7

Schools

147.9 148.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.6

Elementary and secondary schools

148.4 149.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6

Health care and social assistance

153.7 155.4 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.1

Hospitals

150.7 152.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.1

Public administration

153.1 154.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.5 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

149.5 151.6 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.4

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

148.4 150.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3

Manufacturing

148.7 150.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.2

Service-providing industries(3)

149.8 151.9 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.4

Education and health services

144.1 145.5 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.0

Educational services

138.7 139.7 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.7

Elementary and secondary schools

137.4 138.1 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

140.1 141.3 0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.9

Health care and social assistance

149.7 151.6 -0.4 1.2 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3

Hospitals

149.4 151.4 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

150.8 153.3 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7

Private industry workers

All workers

151.7 154.1 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

147.5 149.5 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.4 0.8 1.1 1.4

Professional and related

146.7 148.4 0.0 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1

Management, business, and financial

148.7 151.0 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.7 0.4 0.9 1.6

Sales and office

154.2 157.6 0.5 0.4 1.1 2.3 0.5 1.5 1.1 1.4 2.2

Office and administrative support

155.1 157.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

149.2 150.8 0.1 0.7 0.6 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

149.2 150.5 -0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.3 0.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

149.4 151.2 0.9 0.8 0.6 1.4 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

156.1 158.2 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3

Production

152.1 154.1 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.3

Transportation and material moving

160.6 162.8 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.4

Service occupations

162.7 166.0 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.4 2.1 2.1 2.2 1.9 2.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

148.5 150.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3

Construction

147.7 150.3 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.7

Manufacturing

148.7 150.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.2

Aircraft manufacturing

153.0 154.0 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.5 1.2 0.7

Service-providing industries(4)

152.5 155.0 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.3 0.9 1.7 1.1 1.3 1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

155.9 158.5 0.9 0.4 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.7

Wholesale trade

146.3 149.4 1.0 0.0 0.4 1.0 2.0 1.4 1.7 1.6 2.1

Retail trade

161.4 164.2 0.8 0.6 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.8 2.5 1.5 1.8

Transportation and warehousing

158.0 159.6 1.0 0.5 1.2 0.6 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7 1.0

Utilities

155.3 156.2 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6

Information

146.6 147.5 0.3 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.4 0.8 1.5 0.6

Financial activities

149.5 153.1 0.6 0.3 1.0 4.5 -2.1 2.9 -1.3 0.5 2.4

Finance and insurance

150.1 153.9 0.6 0.3 1.2 5.3 -2.7 3.2 -1.8 0.1 2.5

Credit intermediation and related activities

148.9 153.7 0.3 0.6 1.2 -0.2 3.2 7.6 -2.3 -2.3 3.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

148.8 151.3 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

147.0 150.2 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 1.2 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.2

Professional and business services

151.4 154.0 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.4 0.9 1.3 1.7

Professional, scientific, and technical services

152.0 155.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.8 0.3 1.1 1.5 0.7 1.0 2.0

Education and health services

149.0 151.0 -0.3 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3

Educational services

144.5 146.9 0.6 -0.5 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.4 0.4 1.2 1.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

143.2 144.8 0.4 -0.9 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.8 1.1

Health care and social assistance

150.0 151.9 -0.4 1.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.3

Hospitals

150.3 152.2 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

151.6 154.2 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.4 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

165.1 168.0 0.8 1.1 0.6 1.7 2.6 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.8

Accommodation and food services

168.6 171.7 0.9 1.5 0.8 1.8 2.6 2.5 2.0 1.9 1.8

Other services, except public administration

154.4 155.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.0

State and local government workers

All workers

140.1 141.1 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7

Industry

Education and health services

138.5 139.3 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6

Educational services

137.5 138.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5

Schools

137.5 138.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

137.0 137.7 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5

Health care and social assistance

146.5 148.5 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.4

Hospitals

145.5 147.4 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.3

Public administration

142.6 144.1 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.4 0.7 1.3 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

151.6 153.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.8 1.2

Private industry workers

All workers

146.1 148.0 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.9 1.9 1.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

144.1 145.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.9 1.8 1.2

Sales and office

148.3 150.7 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.9 1.0 2.3 1.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

147.0 149.0 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

147.6 149.0 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 2.1 0.9

Service occupations

147.2 149.6 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.9 2.2 1.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

141.7 142.8 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.5 2.1 0.8

Manufacturing

141.6 142.7 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.8

Service-providing industries(3)

147.7 149.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.9 1.0 1.8 1.4

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

170.8 172.3 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.9 1.5 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

All workers(2)

144.7 150.2 152.1 0.7 1.6 1.3 2.9 4.5 5.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

144.6 150.1 151.8 0.8 1.6 1.1 2.8 4.6 5.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

142.3 146.9 148.4 0.6 1.3 1.0 2.2 3.8 4.3

Management, business, and financial

143.4 148.0 150.1 0.8 1.4 1.4 2.1 4.0 4.7

Professional and related

141.7 146.3 147.5 0.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 3.7 4.1

Sales and office

146.8 152.7 155.7 0.3 1.7 2.0 3.5 4.3 6.1

Sales and related

143.8 150.0 153.8 -0.3 1.9 2.5 4.4 4.0 7.0

Office and administrative support

148.5 154.2 156.5 0.8 1.7 1.5 2.9 4.7 5.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.4 148.8 150.6 1.0 1.2 1.2 2.9 4.1 4.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

144.5 148.8 150.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 3.1 4.3 4.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

144.4 148.8 151.0 0.7 1.2 1.5 2.8 3.8 4.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

147.1 153.6 155.4 1.1 1.7 1.2 3.5 5.6 5.6

Production

143.9 149.9 151.8 1.4 1.6 1.3 3.7 5.6 5.5

Transportation and material moving

151.0 158.0 159.6 0.9 1.6 1.0 3.4 5.6 5.7

Service occupations

150.4 158.7 161.0 1.3 2.0 1.4 4.2 6.9 7.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

141.6 146.2 148.2 1.1 1.5 1.4 2.8 4.4 4.7

Manufacturing

140.8 146.2 148.0 1.0 1.9 1.2 2.6 4.9 5.1

Service-providing industries(5)

145.3 150.9 152.8 0.6 1.5 1.3 2.9 4.5 5.2

Education and health services

143.1 148.2 149.4 0.5 1.2 0.8 2.5 4.1 4.4

Educational services

143.0 147.0 147.7 0.2 0.8 0.5 1.8 3.0 3.3

Elementary and secondary schools

143.6 147.4 147.8 0.2 0.8 0.3 2.1 2.9 2.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

141.6 145.8 146.7 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.9 3.3 3.6

Health care and social assistance

143.2 149.5 151.2 0.7 1.5 1.1 3.2 5.1 5.6

Hospitals

144.0 150.0 151.6 0.7 1.6 1.1 2.6 4.9 5.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

141.4 148.8 151.0 1.1 1.6 1.5 3.7 6.4 6.8

Public administration

147.9 152.9 154.0 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.0 3.7 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

All workers

144.4 150.2 152.4 0.8 1.6 1.5 3.1 4.8 5.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.3 150.1 152.1 0.9 1.7 1.3 3.0 5.0 5.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

141.7 146.6 148.5 0.7 1.5 1.3 2.4 4.2 4.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.8 145.8 147.4 0.5 1.7 1.1 2.3 4.1 4.7

Management, business, and financial

143.3 147.9 150.2 0.9 1.4 1.6 2.2 4.2 4.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

141.8 146.8 148.4 0.5 1.9 1.1 1.9 4.0 4.7

Professional and related

140.5 145.6 147.1 0.6 1.5 1.0 2.6 4.2 4.7

Sales and office

146.6 152.6 155.8 0.3 1.8 2.1 3.6 4.4 6.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

148.0 154.4 156.9 1.0 1.8 1.6 3.3 5.4 6.0

Sales and related

143.7 149.9 153.8 -0.4 1.9 2.6 4.4 3.9 7.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

147.2 154.7 157.0 1.3 2.1 1.5 3.8 6.5 6.7

Office and administrative support

148.4 154.3 156.9 0.9 1.7 1.7 3.0 4.9 5.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.2 148.4 150.4 1.1 1.2 1.3 3.1 4.0 4.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

144.3 148.4 150.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 3.1 4.2 4.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

144.1 148.5 150.8 0.8 1.2 1.5 3.0 3.8 4.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

146.8 153.4 155.2 1.2 1.7 1.2 3.6 5.7 5.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

146.5 153.0 154.9 1.2 1.6 1.2 3.6 5.7 5.7

Production

143.7 149.9 151.8 1.4 1.8 1.3 3.8 5.8 5.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.1 150.4 152.4 1.4 1.7 1.3 3.7 5.8 5.8

Transportation and material moving

150.8 157.7 159.4 1.0 1.5 1.1 3.5 5.6 5.7

Service occupations

150.1 159.4 162.1 1.6 2.2 1.7 4.8 7.8 8.0

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

141.5 146.2 148.2 1.1 1.5 1.4 2.8 4.5 4.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

141.5 146.4 148.1 1.1 1.7 1.2 2.8 4.6 4.7

Management, professional, and related

137.7 142.1 143.2 0.8 2.0 0.8 2.0 4.0 4.0

Sales and office

146.2 148.0 153.9 1.9 -0.2 4.0 2.6 3.1 5.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

143.5 147.7 149.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 3.1 4.1 4.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

142.1 148.2 150.2 1.2 1.8 1.3 3.3 5.6 5.7

Construction

143.3 146.1 149.0 1.4 0.6 2.0 3.0 3.4 4.0

Manufacturing

140.8 146.2 148.0 1.0 1.9 1.2 2.6 4.9 5.1

Management, professional, and related

138.7 143.4 144.6 0.7 2.1 0.8 1.9 4.1 4.3

Sales and office occupations

143.5 148.8 151.1 1.1 2.1 1.5 2.4 4.9 5.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

141.5 145.7 147.5 0.9 1.0 1.2 2.8 3.8 4.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

141.8 147.9 149.9 1.2 1.9 1.4 3.4 5.6 5.7

Aircraft manufacturing

125.5 141.0 141.8 0.4 3.0 0.6 2.6 12.8 13.0

Service-providing industries(4)

145.3 151.3 153.7 0.7 1.6 1.6 3.2 4.9 5.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

145.1 151.2 153.3 0.8 1.7 1.4 3.0 5.0 5.7

Management, professional, and related

142.4 147.4 149.4 0.6 1.4 1.4 2.4 4.2 4.9

Sales and office

146.6 153.1 156.0 0.1 2.0 1.9 3.7 4.6 6.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

145.2 149.6 151.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 3.1 4.0 4.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

152.1 159.1 160.7 1.2 1.5 1.0 3.9 5.9 5.7

Service occupations

150.1 159.4 162.1 1.6 2.2 1.7 4.9 7.8 8.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

148.3 155.3 157.6 1.1 1.8 1.5 3.5 5.9 6.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

148.5 155.2 157.2 0.8 1.7 1.3 3.1 5.4 5.9

Wholesale trade

142.3 148.8 151.5 1.7 2.2 1.8 3.3 6.4 6.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.7 150.9 152.9 0.8 1.8 1.3 2.6 5.2 5.7

Retail trade

150.3 158.8 161.7 1.3 1.8 1.8 4.2 7.0 7.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

148.9 157.0 159.7 1.0 2.0 1.7 3.9 6.5 7.3

Transportation and warehousing

151.1 156.3 157.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 2.5 3.9 3.9

Utilities

156.8 160.8 161.9 0.7 1.5 0.7 2.3 3.3 3.3

Information

142.4 147.1 149.2 0.7 1.7 1.4 2.8 4.0 4.8

Financial activities

145.0 148.5 152.5 -1.2 1.7 2.7 2.9 1.2 5.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

143.9 149.3 152.1 0.8 2.3 1.9 2.2 4.6 5.7

Finance and insurance

146.0 148.8 153.1 -1.6 1.6 2.9 3.1 0.3 4.9

Credit intermediation and related activities

145.2 148.5 154.3 2.8 -0.2 3.9 3.4 5.2 6.3

Excluding incentive paid

146.5 152.0 155.1 0.5 2.4 2.0 1.6 4.3 5.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

145.6 150.1 153.4 0.7 2.0 2.2 2.2 3.8 5.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.2 148.8 151.4 0.7 2.1 1.7 1.7 3.9 5.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

140.6 146.9 149.9 0.6 2.1 2.0 2.0 5.2 6.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.9 151.0 154.0 0.7 2.0 2.0 2.2 4.9 6.3

Professional and business services

144.6 150.2 152.4 0.6 1.6 1.5 2.6 4.5 5.4

Professional, scientific, and technical services

145.9 151.1 153.5 0.5 1.3 1.6 2.4 4.1 5.2

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

143.6 150.4 152.7 1.1 2.0 1.5 3.8 5.8 6.3

Education and health services

142.2 148.3 150.1 0.6 1.5 1.2 3.0 5.0 5.6

Educational services

140.7 145.4 147.4 0.1 1.0 1.4 1.1 3.5 4.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

141.6 145.8 147.1 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.6 3.4 3.9

Health care and social assistance

142.5 148.9 150.6 0.8 1.6 1.1 3.3 5.3 5.7

Hospitals

143.6 149.8 151.5 0.7 1.6 1.1 2.7 5.0 5.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

139.9 147.6 149.9 1.2 1.8 1.6 3.9 6.7 7.1

Nursing care facilities(2)

139.3 146.6 149.2 1.2 1.7 1.8 4.0 6.5 7.1

Leisure and hospitality

150.6 159.8 162.4 2.2 2.2 1.6 5.5 8.4 7.8

Accommodation and food service

153.6 163.4 166.1 2.3 2.4 1.7 6.2 8.8 8.1

Other services, except public administration

146.3 152.6 154.1 1.4 1.7 1.0 3.7 5.8 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Bargaining status

Union

148.4 152.6 154.0 0.6 0.9 0.9 2.6 3.5 3.8

Goods-producing industries(2)

143.1 147.5 148.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 2.9 4.0 4.1

Manufacturing

136.2 142.3 143.5 0.6 1.1 0.8 2.6 5.1 5.4

Service-providing industries(3)

152.4 156.5 157.9 0.5 1.0 0.9 2.4 3.2 3.6

Nonunion

143.8 149.7 152.1 0.8 1.7 1.6 3.2 4.9 5.8

Goods-producing industries(2)

141.0 145.7 147.9 1.2 1.7 1.5 2.8 4.6 4.9

Manufacturing

142.0 147.3 149.2 1.1 2.0 1.3 2.6 4.8 5.1

Service-providing industries(3)

144.6 150.7 153.2 0.7 1.7 1.7 3.3 4.9 5.9

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

146.4 152.2 153.9 0.2 1.7 1.1 2.7 4.2 5.1

New England

150.4 156.5 158.6 0.9 2.0 1.3 3.2 5.0 5.5

Middle Atlantic

145.1 150.7 152.2 0.0 1.6 1.0 2.5 3.9 4.9

South

142.3 147.5 150.5 0.9 1.3 2.0 3.1 4.6 5.8

South Atlantic

144.6 149.4 152.2 0.6 1.3 1.9 3.1 4.0 5.3

East South Central

140.8 148.2 149.8 1.0 1.8 1.1 2.8 6.3 6.4

West South Central

138.9 144.0 147.8 1.4 1.1 2.6 3.1 5.1 6.4

Midwest

141.8 147.9 149.9 0.8 1.6 1.4 3.1 5.1 5.7

East North Central

140.1 146.3 148.1 0.7 1.7 1.2 2.9 5.2 5.7

West North Central

145.8 151.9 154.5 0.8 1.5 1.7 3.2 5.0 6.0

West

148.3 154.3 156.4 1.0 1.9 1.4 3.6 5.1 5.5

Mountain

145.9 152.2 154.4 1.5 1.9 1.4 3.8 5.8 5.8

Pacific

149.5 155.3 157.4 0.9 1.9 1.4 3.6 4.9 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

All workers

145.8 150.0 150.7 0.3 0.9 0.5 2.0 3.2 3.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

143.9 147.7 148.2 0.1 0.8 0.3 1.8 2.8 3.0

Professional and related

143.9 147.6 148.0 0.2 0.8 0.3 1.9 2.8 2.8

Sales and office

149.0 153.3 154.3 0.4 1.3 0.7 2.3 3.3 3.6

Office and administrative support

149.1 153.4 154.3 0.4 1.3 0.6 2.3 3.3 3.5

Service occupations

150.5 156.2 157.6 0.6 1.4 0.9 2.5 4.4 4.7

Industry

Education and health services

144.1 148.1 148.6 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.0 3.0 3.1

Educational services

143.6 147.4 147.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 1.9 2.9 2.9

Schools

143.5 147.3 147.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 1.9 2.9 3.0

Elementary and secondary schools

144.1 147.8 148.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.2 2.8 2.8

Health care and social assistance

148.5 153.7 154.9 0.6 1.1 0.8 2.5 4.1 4.3

Hospitals

145.8 150.8 151.9 0.6 1.1 0.7 2.5 4.1 4.2

Public administration

147.9 152.9 154.0 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.0 3.7 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

All workers(1)

144.1 149.6 151.7 0.8 1.3 1.4 3.2 4.7 5.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

143.5 149.1 150.8 0.9 1.4 1.1 3.0 4.9 5.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

140.6 144.9 146.5 0.6 1.0 1.1 2.2 3.7 4.2

Management, business, and financial

143.3 147.6 149.9 1.0 1.0 1.6 2.1 4.0 4.6

Professional and related

139.1 143.5 144.6 0.5 1.1 0.8 2.2 3.7 4.0

Sales and office

147.3 153.2 156.4 0.3 1.5 2.1 4.1 4.4 6.2

Sales and related

146.4 152.4 156.8 -0.4 1.6 2.9 5.2 3.7 7.1

Office and administrative support

147.6 153.4 155.7 1.0 1.5 1.5 3.3 4.9 5.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

143.8 148.6 150.4 1.1 1.3 1.2 3.3 4.4 4.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

143.9 148.7 150.2 1.5 1.4 1.0 3.5 4.9 4.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

143.8 148.7 150.7 0.7 1.2 1.3 3.2 4.1 4.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

149.1 155.8 157.7 1.5 1.4 1.2 4.3 6.1 5.8

Production

146.3 152.1 154.2 1.8 1.3 1.4 4.5 5.8 5.4

Transportation and material moving

152.2 159.9 161.6 1.3 1.5 1.1 4.2 6.4 6.2

Service occupations

150.0 159.2 161.8 1.5 2.0 1.6 4.7 7.7 7.9

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

143.9 148.3 150.7 1.4 1.2 1.6 3.1 4.5 4.7

Manufacturing

143.6 148.7 150.7 1.3 1.6 1.3 3.1 4.9 4.9

Service-providing industries(4)

144.1 149.9 151.8 0.7 1.4 1.3 3.2 4.8 5.3

Education and health services

139.0 144.0 145.2 0.6 1.0 0.8 2.5 4.2 4.5

Educational services

135.2 138.5 139.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.7 3.0

Elementary and secondary schools

134.3 137.2 137.5 0.3 0.5 0.2 1.7 2.5 2.4

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

136.2 140.0 140.8 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.8 3.1 3.4

Health care and social assistance

143.2 149.9 151.6 0.9 1.4 1.1 3.6 5.6 5.9

Hospitals

143.3 149.6 151.3 0.9 1.3 1.1 2.9 5.4 5.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

142.7 150.9 153.2 1.3 1.7 1.5 4.0 7.1 7.4

Public administration

137.5 142.7 143.8 0.2 1.3 0.8 1.5 4.0 4.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

All workers

145.9 151.8 154.2 0.9 1.4 1.6 3.5 5.0 5.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

145.3 151.4 153.4 1.0 1.6 1.3 3.3 5.2 5.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

142.8 147.6 149.5 0.8 1.2 1.3 2.5 4.2 4.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.3 146.2 147.8 0.6 1.5 1.1 2.4 4.1 4.6

Management, business, and financial

144.3 148.6 151.1 1.1 1.0 1.7 2.3 4.1 4.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.7 146.4 148.0 0.6 1.7 1.1 1.9 3.9 4.4

Professional and related

141.7 146.8 148.3 0.6 1.3 1.0 2.7 4.3 4.7

Sales and office

148.2 154.3 157.7 0.3 1.6 2.2 4.3 4.5 6.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

149.0 155.7 158.2 1.2 1.6 1.6 3.7 5.7 6.2

Sales and related

146.5 152.6 156.9 -0.5 1.7 2.8 5.2 3.7 7.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

149.3 157.0 159.3 1.5 1.9 1.5 4.3 6.7 6.7

Office and administrative support

149.2 155.3 157.8 1.1 1.5 1.6 3.5 5.2 5.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.3 149.0 151.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 3.4 4.4 4.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

144.5 149.1 150.7 1.5 1.3 1.1 3.7 4.8 4.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

144.3 149.1 151.3 0.8 1.3 1.5 3.4 4.2 4.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

149.4 156.2 158.2 1.6 1.5 1.3 4.5 6.2 5.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

149.0 155.8 157.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 4.4 6.2 5.9

Production

146.2 152.1 154.3 1.7 1.4 1.4 4.5 5.8 5.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

146.7 152.7 154.9 1.8 1.4 1.4 4.6 6.0 5.6

Transportation and material moving

153.1 160.8 162.6 1.3 1.5 1.1 4.3 6.4 6.2

Service occupations

152.9 163.0 165.9 1.9 2.2 1.8 5.5 8.6 8.5

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

144.0 148.3 150.8 1.4 1.2 1.7 3.2 4.4 4.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

143.9 148.6 150.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 3.3 4.6 4.6

Management, professional, and related

141.3 145.1 146.5 1.0 1.7 1.0 1.9 3.7 3.7

Sales and office

150.1 150.5 158.4 2.3 -1.2 5.2 3.0 2.6 5.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.2 148.7 150.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 3.4 4.4 4.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

144.8 150.8 153.1 1.7 1.5 1.5 4.2 5.9 5.7

Construction

144.4 147.2 150.7 1.6 0.4 2.4 3.2 3.6 4.4

Manufacturing

143.6 148.7 150.7 1.3 1.6 1.3 3.1 4.9 4.9

Management, professional, and related

141.9 145.9 147.2 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.9 3.8 3.7

Sales and office

145.5 150.7 153.5 1.3 1.9 1.9 3.0 4.9 5.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.9 148.6 150.7 1.1 0.7 1.4 3.5 3.7 4.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

144.6 150.6 153.0 1.6 1.5 1.6 4.1 5.8 5.8

Aircraft manufacturing

150.7 153.5 154.5 0.5 2.2 0.7 2.3 2.4 2.5

Service-providing industries(3)

146.5 152.8 155.1 0.8 1.5 1.5 3.7 5.2 5.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

145.8 152.2 154.2 1.0 1.6 1.3 3.4 5.4 5.8

Management, professional, and related

143.1 148.0 150.0 0.8 1.2 1.4 2.6 4.3 4.8

Sales and office

148.0 154.7 157.6 0.1 1.9 1.9 4.4 4.7 6.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.5 149.6 151.7 0.9 1.4 1.4 3.5 4.5 5.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

154.0 161.5 163.3 1.4 1.4 1.1 4.7 6.4 6.0

Service occupations

152.9 163.0 165.9 1.9 2.2 1.8 5.5 8.6 8.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

148.7 156.0 158.5 1.4 1.5 1.6 4.0 6.3 6.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

148.4 155.4 157.5 1.0 1.5 1.4 3.6 5.7 6.1

Wholesale trade

139.7 146.5 149.4 1.8 2.0 2.0 3.4 6.8 6.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.4 147.7 149.6 0.9 1.7 1.3 2.7 5.4 5.8

Retail trade

152.5 161.4 164.4 1.5 1.5 1.9 4.7 7.4 7.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

150.6 159.0 161.8 1.2 1.7 1.8 4.3 6.9 7.4

Transportation and warehousing

152.8 158.3 159.3 0.7 0.8 0.6 3.4 4.3 4.3

Utilities

151.5 155.6 156.6 0.5 1.4 0.6 2.1 3.3 3.4

Information

141.7 146.7 147.8 0.8 1.7 0.7 3.5 4.3 4.3

Financial activities

147.1 149.8 153.9 -1.6 1.4 2.7 3.7 0.2 4.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

143.6 149.2 151.3 0.7 2.2 1.4 2.1 4.6 5.4

Finance and insurance

148.8 150.5 154.8 -2.2 1.1 2.9 4.0 -1.1 4.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

145.9 148.6 154.8 4.1 -1.4 4.2 4.9 6.1 6.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

145.3 151.0 153.2 0.8 2.4 1.5 2.3 4.8 5.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

144.9 148.9 151.8 0.7 1.8 1.9 2.7 3.5 4.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.1 146.2 148.2 0.7 1.8 1.4 2.1 3.6 4.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

140.1 147.2 150.0 0.9 2.3 1.9 2.4 6.0 7.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

144.9 151.9 154.7 1.0 2.2 1.8 2.8 5.9 6.8

Professional and business services

146.0 151.6 153.9 0.8 1.4 1.5 2.8 4.6 5.4

Professional, scientific, and technical services

147.1 152.3 154.7 0.7 1.2 1.6 2.2 4.2 5.2

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

146.6 154.0 156.5 1.2 1.9 1.6 4.3 6.4 6.8

Education and health services

142.7 149.1 150.9 0.8 1.4 1.2 3.3 5.4 5.7

Educational services

139.7 144.1 146.3 0.2 0.8 1.5 1.4 3.4 4.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

139.3 143.0 144.3 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.8 3.3 3.6

Health care and social assistance

143.3 150.2 151.9 0.9 1.5 1.1 3.7 5.8 6.0

Hospitals

143.9 150.4 152.2 0.9 1.4 1.2 3.0 5.5 5.8

Nursing and residential care facilities

143.1 151.7 154.1 1.3 1.9 1.6 4.2 7.4 7.7

Nursing care facilities(1)

142.3 150.2 152.9 1.4 1.8 1.8 4.4 7.0 7.4

Leisure and hospitality

155.3 165.3 168.1 2.4 2.2 1.7 6.1 9.0 8.2

Accommodation and food service

158.3 168.9 171.8 2.5 2.3 1.7 6.9 9.4 8.5

Other services, except public administration

147.7 154.5 156.0 1.6 1.7 1.0 4.2 6.3 5.6

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Bargaining status

Union

145.9 149.8 150.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 3.3 3.7 3.4

Goods-producing industries(1)

140.4 143.5 144.7 1.3 0.6 0.8 3.4 3.5 3.1

Manufacturing

138.5 142.3 143.3 1.3 0.6 0.7 3.7 4.1 3.5

Service-providing industries(2)

149.4 153.8 154.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 3.2 3.7 3.5

Nonunion

145.9 152.0 154.6 0.9 1.5 1.7 3.5 5.1 6.0

Goods-producing industries(1)

144.9 149.4 152.1 1.5 1.3 1.8 3.1 4.6 5.0

Manufacturing

144.8 150.0 152.2 1.3 1.7 1.5 3.1 5.0 5.1

Service-providing industries(2)

146.2 152.6 155.1 0.8 1.5 1.6 3.7 5.2 6.1

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

147.2 153.1 154.7 0.3 1.6 1.0 3.2 4.4 5.1

New England

153.3 159.4 161.6 1.2 2.0 1.4 3.7 5.2 5.4

Middle Atlantic

145.0 150.8 152.2 0.1 1.4 0.9 3.0 4.1 5.0

South

144.7 149.9 153.2 1.1 1.0 2.2 3.6 4.8 5.9

South Atlantic

147.4 151.9 155.1 0.8 0.9 2.1 3.7 3.8 5.2

East South Central

142.1 149.3 150.8 1.1 1.7 1.0 3.1 6.3 6.1

West South Central

141.2 146.8 151.2 1.8 0.8 3.0 3.7 5.8 7.1

Midwest

142.5 149.0 151.0 0.9 1.6 1.3 3.3 5.5 6.0

East North Central

140.7 147.3 148.9 0.9 1.6 1.1 3.2 5.6 5.8

West North Central

146.9 153.1 156.0 1.0 1.4 1.9 3.5 5.2 6.2

West

150.2 156.3 158.6 1.2 1.8 1.5 4.1 5.3 5.6

Mountain

147.6 154.6 157.0 1.6 1.8 1.6 4.1 6.4 6.4

Pacific

151.5 157.2 159.4 1.1 1.7 1.4 4.1 4.9 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

All workers

136.2 140.0 140.6 0.3 0.7 0.4 1.6 3.1 3.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.9 138.0 138.5 0.2 0.5 0.4 1.4 2.5 2.7

Professional and related

134.7 137.8 138.2 0.1 0.5 0.3 1.4 2.5 2.6

Sales and office

136.9 140.6 141.6 0.4 0.9 0.7 2.2 3.2 3.4

Office and administrative support

137.4 141.0 142.0 0.5 0.9 0.7 2.2 3.1 3.3

Service occupations

140.5 146.7 148.1 0.5 1.2 1.0 2.1 4.9 5.4

Industry

Education and health services

135.1 138.3 138.8 0.3 0.4 0.4 1.6 2.7 2.7

Educational services

134.3 137.3 137.7 0.1 0.4 0.3 1.5 2.4 2.5

Schools

134.3 137.3 137.7 0.2 0.4 0.3 1.5 2.5 2.5

Elementary and secondary schools

134.1 136.8 137.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 1.7 2.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance

141.2 146.7 148.1 0.6 0.8 1.0 2.2 4.5 4.9

Hospitals

140.4 145.7 147.1 0.7 0.8 1.0 2.3 4.5 4.8

Public administration

137.5 142.7 143.8 0.2 1.3 0.8 1.5 4.0 4.6

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

146.2 151.5 153.2 0.4 2.0 1.1 2.2 4.1 4.8

Private industry workers

All workers

140.8 146.1 148.2 0.4 2.0 1.4 2.0 4.1 5.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

139.1 144.2 146.0 0.4 2.1 1.2 2.1 4.0 5.0

Sales and office

142.5 148.3 151.0 0.3 2.5 1.8 1.9 4.4 6.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

143.8 147.1 149.1 0.8 1.0 1.4 2.2 3.1 3.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

141.6 147.6 149.1 0.4 2.1 1.0 1.9 4.7 5.3

Service occupations

140.8 147.3 149.6 0.5 2.3 1.6 2.5 5.1 6.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

136.5 141.8 143.0 0.5 2.2 0.8 1.9 4.4 4.8

Manufacturing

135.5 141.7 142.8 0.4 2.5 0.8 1.6 5.0 5.4

Aircraft manufacturing

98.7 127.3 127.8 0.3 4.0 0.4 3.2 29.4 29.5

Service-providing industries(3)

142.4 147.8 150.0 0.4 2.1 1.5 2.1 4.2 5.3

Bargaining status

Union

152.6 157.2 159.3 0.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 3.2 4.4

Nonunion

138.5 143.9 145.9 0.4 2.2 1.4 2.1 4.4 5.3

State and local government workers

All workers

165.6 170.9 171.6 0.3 1.4 0.4 2.6 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

3.1 5.6 5.8 3.6 6.1 5.8

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

2.3 4.0 5.2 2.3 4.2 5.3

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

2.8 4.5 4.0 3.8 4.7 3.9

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

2.4 3.3 4.3 3.4 3.4 4.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

3.1 4.5 5.4 3.0 5.4 5.9

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

1.7 4.5 5.5 2.1 5.2 6.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

2.4 4.3 6.3 2.9 4.6 6.8

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

3.7 3.5 4.2 4.3 3.5 3.8

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

2.7 3.9 5.3 3.0 3.8 5.1

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

2.7 4.6 4.8 2.8 5.1 4.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

2.4 5.1 5.6 2.4 5.0 5.8

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

4.5 5.2 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.7 5.5 5.5 3.5 6.4 6.5

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

3.1 3.6 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.5

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

2.1 7.8 8.7 2.4 4.5 5.4

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: July 29, 2022