Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Employment Situation Summary Table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category May
2023
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024
May
2024
Change from:
Apr.
2024-
May
2024

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

266,618 267,884 268,066 268,248 182

Civilian labor force

166,823 167,895 167,982 167,732 -250

Participation rate

62.6 62.7 62.7 62.5 -0.2

Employed

160,707 161,466 161,491 161,083 -408

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.3 60.2 60.1 -0.1

Unemployed

6,117 6,429 6,492 6,649 157

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 0.1

Not in labor force

99,795 99,989 100,083 100,516 433

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.5 3.3 3.6 3.8 0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.3 3.6 3.5 3.4 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

10.3 12.6 11.7 12.3 0.6

White

3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 0.0

Black or African American

5.7 6.4 5.6 6.1 0.5

Asian

3.0 2.5 2.8 3.1 0.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.1 4.5 4.8 5.0 0.2

Total, 25 years and over

3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

5.7 4.9 6.0 5.9 -0.1

High school graduates, no college

3.9 4.1 4.0 4.3 0.3

Some college or associate degree

3.2 3.4 3.3 3.1 -0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,999 3,042 3,241 3,220 -21

Job leavers

764 823 785 717 -68

Reentrants

1,851 1,920 1,929 2,046 117

New entrants

527 678 574 630 56

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,080 2,189 2,262 2,309 47

5 to 14 weeks

1,863 1,979 1,987 1,918 -69

15 to 26 weeks

911 982 869 955 86

27 weeks and over

1,132 1,246 1,250 1,350 100

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

3,737 4,308 4,469 4,419 -50

Slack work or business conditions

2,588 2,972 3,058 3,086 28

Could only find part-time work

847 999 1,134 1,042 -92

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,831 22,902 22,253 22,662 409

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,512 1,595 1,565 1,525 -40

Discouraged workers

425 337 362 462 100

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: June 07, 2024