Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  	USDL-17-1070
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 4, 2017

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data  (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:       (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                          THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2017


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July, and the unemployment rate 
was little changed at 4.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Employment increased in food services and drinking places, professional and business 
services, and health care.

Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate, at 4.3 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at 7.0 
million, changed little in July. After declining earlier in the year, the unemployment 
rate has shown little movement in recent months. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.0 percent), adult 
women (4.0 percent), teenagers (13.2 percent), Whites (3.8 percent), Blacks (7.4 percent), 
Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (5.1 percent) showed little or no change in July. 
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or 
more) was little changed at 1.8 million in July and accounted for 25.9 percent of the 
unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, changed little in July and has shown 
little movement on net over the past year. The employment-population ratio (60.2 percent) 
was also little changed in July but is up by 0.4 percentage point over the year. 
(See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as 
involuntary part-time workers), at 5.3 million, was essentially unchanged in July. These 
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because 
their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 
(See table A-8.)

In July, 1.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 321,000 
from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in 
the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in 
the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for 
work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 536,000 discouraged workers in July, essentially 
unchanged over the year. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons 
marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such 
as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July. Job gains occurred in food 
services and drinking places, professional and business services, and health care. 
Employment growth has averaged 184,000 per month thus far this year, in line with the 
average monthly gain in 2016 (+187,000). (See table B-1.)

Employment in food services and drinking places rose by 53,000 in July. The industry has 
added 313,000 jobs over the year.

Professional and business services added 49,000 jobs in July, in line with its average 
monthly job gain over the prior 12 months. 

In July, health care employment increased by 39,000, with job gains occurring in ambulatory 
health care services (+30,000) and hospitals (+7,000). Health care has added 327,000 jobs 
over the past year. 

Employment in mining was essentially unchanged in July (+1,000). From a recent low in 
October 2016 through June, the industry had added an average of 7,000 jobs per month. 

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, wholesale 
trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, 
and government, showed little change over the month. 

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 34.5 
hours in July. In manufacturing, the workweek was also unchanged at 40.9 hours, and 
overtime remained at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory 
employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.7 hours for the fourth consecutive month. 
(See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 9 
cents to $26.36. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 65 cents, or 2.5 
percent. In July, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory 
employees increased by 6 cents to $22.10. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised down from +152,000 to 
+145,000, and the change for June was revised up from +222,000 to +231,000. With these 
revisions, employment gains in May and June combined were 2,000 more than previously 
reported. Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from businesses and 
government agencies since the last published estimates and from the recalculation of 
seasonal factors. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 195,000 per month. 

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
September 1, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



   ________________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                        |
  |     2017 CES Preliminary Benchmark Revision will be released on September 6, 2017      |
  |                                                                                        |
  | Each year, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey estimates are benchmarked    |
  | to comprehensive counts of employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and      |
  | Wages (QCEW) for the month of March. These counts are derived from state unemployment  |
  | insurance (UI) tax records that nearly all employers are required to file. On          |
  | September 6, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will      |
  | release the preliminary estimate of the upcoming annual benchmark revision to the      |
  | establishment survey employment series. This is the same day the first-quarter 2017    |
  | data from the QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions for all major       |
  | industry sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private levels, will be available |
  | on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm.                           |
  |                                                                                        |
  | The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication of the January 2018   |
  | Employment Situation news release in February 2018.                                    |
  |________________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2016
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017
Change from:
June
2017-
July
2017

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

253,620 254,767 254,957 255,151 194

Civilian labor force

159,295 159,784 160,145 160,494 349

Participation rate

62.8 62.7 62.8 62.9 0.1

Employed

151,546 152,923 153,168 153,513 345

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.0 60.1 60.2 0.1

Unemployed

7,749 6,861 6,977 6,981 4

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Not in labor force

94,325 94,983 94,813 94,657 -156

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

4.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.6 3.8 4.0 4.0 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.3 4.0 4.0 4.0 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

15.6 14.3 13.3 13.2 -0.1

White

4.3 3.7 3.8 3.8 0.0

Black or African American

8.4 7.5 7.1 7.4 0.3

Asian

3.8 3.6 3.6 3.8 0.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

5.4 5.2 4.8 5.1 0.3

Total, 25 years and over

4.0 3.6 3.7 3.6 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

6.3 6.1 6.4 6.9 0.5

High school graduates, no college

5.0 4.7 4.6 4.5 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.5 2.3 2.4 2.4 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,711 3,327 3,444 3,378 -66

Job leavers

837 804 820 757 -63

Reentrants

2,299 2,100 2,043 2,083 40

New entrants

822 656 682 703 21

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,147 2,154 2,305 2,133 -172

5 to 14 weeks

2,274 1,960 1,933 2,017 84

15 to 26 weeks

1,158 1,157 948 957 9

27 weeks and over

2,017 1,663 1,664 1,785 121

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

5,936 5,219 5,326 5,282 -44

Slack work or business conditions

3,629 3,082 3,286 3,161 -125

Could only find part-time work

1,979 1,789 1,727 1,754 27

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,729 21,020 20,791 21,260 469

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,950 1,475 1,582 1,629 -

Discouraged workers

591 355 514 536 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

291 145 231 209

Total private

249 153 194 205

Goods-producing

26 13 32 22

Mining and logging

-4 6 5 0

Construction

18 7 15 6

Manufacturing

12 0 12 16

Durable goods(1)

9 5 16 13

Motor vehicles and parts

11.9 0.5 -0.2 1.6

Nondurable goods

3 -5 -4 3

Private service-providing

223 140 162 183

Wholesale trade

3.5 -1.8 10.3 6.1

Retail trade

18.6 -10.4 1.8 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

13.6 13.6 6.1 0.9

Utilities

0.6 -1.7 0.8 -0.9

Information

-2 -5 2 4

Financial activities

20 10 13 6

Professional and business services(1)

84 50 32 49

Temporary help services

16.4 15.3 2.9 14.7

Education and health services(1)

41 37 43 54

Health care and social assistance

54.2 29.7 55.2 45.0

Leisure and hospitality

42 33 40 62

Other services

2 15 13 1

Government

42 -8 37 4

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

210 134 194 195

Total private

178 135 180 184

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.6 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private women employees

48.2 48.1 48.1 48.1

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.3 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.4 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$25.71 $26.22 $26.27 $26.36

Average weekly earnings

$884.42 $901.97 $906.32 $909.42

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

105.5 106.9 107.4 107.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

129.7 134.0 134.9 135.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 -0.1 0.7 0.5

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (261 industries)

62.1 54.4 62.5 63.2

Manufacturing (78 industries)

46.8 42.9 60.3 59.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 147,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 634,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at https://www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

253,620 254,957 255,151 253,620 254,414 254,588 254,767 254,957 255,151

Civilian labor force

160,705 161,337 161,911 159,295 160,201 160,213 159,784 160,145 160,494

Participation rate

63.4 63.3 63.5 62.8 63.0 62.9 62.7 62.8 62.9

Employed

152,437 154,086 154,470 151,546 153,000 153,156 152,923 153,168 153,513

Employment-population ratio

60.1 60.4 60.5 59.8 60.1 60.2 60.0 60.1 60.2

Unemployed

8,267 7,250 7,441 7,749 7,202 7,056 6,861 6,977 6,981

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

92,916 93,621 93,240 94,325 94,213 94,375 94,983 94,813 94,657

Persons who currently want a job

6,244 5,725 5,713 5,892 5,781 5,707 5,561 5,431 5,420

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,539 123,215 123,311 122,539 122,945 123,032 123,120 123,215 123,311

Civilian labor force

86,130 85,970 86,212 84,818 85,076 85,175 84,896 84,992 84,989

Participation rate

70.3 69.8 69.9 69.2 69.2 69.2 69.0 69.0 68.9

Employed

81,823 82,230 82,484 80,544 81,136 81,419 81,290 81,290 81,273

Employment-population ratio

66.8 66.7 66.9 65.7 66.0 66.2 66.0 66.0 65.9

Unemployed

4,308 3,740 3,728 4,274 3,940 3,755 3,606 3,702 3,715

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.4 4.3 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.4

Not in labor force

36,409 37,245 37,099 37,721 37,870 37,857 38,224 38,223 38,323

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,058 114,721 114,817 114,058 114,455 114,538 114,627 114,721 114,817

Civilian labor force

82,393 82,394 82,656 81,818 82,046 82,091 81,942 81,975 82,108

Participation rate

72.2 71.8 72.0 71.7 71.7 71.7 71.5 71.5 71.5

Employed

78,695 79,267 79,457 78,042 78,556 78,838 78,801 78,707 78,830

Employment-population ratio

69.0 69.1 69.2 68.4 68.6 68.8 68.7 68.6 68.7

Unemployed

3,698 3,126 3,199 3,775 3,491 3,253 3,141 3,268 3,278

Unemployment rate

4.5 3.8 3.9 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.0

Not in labor force

31,665 32,327 32,161 32,240 32,409 32,447 32,685 32,746 32,709

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

131,081 131,742 131,840 131,081 131,469 131,556 131,647 131,742 131,840

Civilian labor force

74,574 75,366 75,699 74,477 75,126 75,038 74,887 75,153 75,505

Participation rate

56.9 57.2 57.4 56.8 57.1 57.0 56.9 57.0 57.3

Employed

70,615 71,856 71,986 71,002 71,863 71,737 71,633 71,878 72,240

Employment-population ratio

53.9 54.5 54.6 54.2 54.7 54.5 54.4 54.6 54.8

Unemployed

3,960 3,510 3,713 3,475 3,262 3,301 3,255 3,274 3,265

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

56,507 56,376 56,141 56,604 56,343 56,518 56,759 56,590 56,334

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,835 123,480 123,577 122,835 123,212 123,296 123,386 123,480 123,577

Civilian labor force

71,092 71,844 72,127 71,588 72,160 72,136 71,988 72,149 72,526

Participation rate

57.9 58.2 58.4 58.3 58.6 58.5 58.3 58.4 58.7

Employed

67,702 68,855 68,860 68,534 69,271 69,213 69,105 69,241 69,599

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.8 55.7 55.8 56.2 56.1 56.0 56.1 56.3

Unemployed

3,389 2,989 3,267 3,054 2,890 2,922 2,883 2,907 2,927

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0

Not in labor force

51,743 51,637 51,450 51,246 51,052 51,161 51,398 51,332 51,051

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,728 16,756 16,757 16,728 16,747 16,754 16,754 16,756 16,757

Civilian labor force

7,220 7,099 7,128 5,889 5,995 5,986 5,854 6,021 5,860

Participation rate

43.2 42.4 42.5 35.2 35.8 35.7 34.9 35.9 35.0

Employed

6,040 5,964 6,154 4,969 5,173 5,105 5,017 5,220 5,084

Employment-population ratio

36.1 35.6 36.7 29.7 30.9 30.5 29.9 31.2 30.3

Unemployed

1,179 1,135 974 920 822 881 837 801 775

Unemployment rate

16.3 16.0 13.7 15.6 13.7 14.7 14.3 13.3 13.2

Not in labor force

9,508 9,657 9,629 10,838 10,752 10,768 10,901 10,735 10,898

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

198,253 198,872 198,974 198,253 198,604 198,685 198,775 198,872 198,974

Civilian labor force

125,849 125,770 126,046 124,769 125,046 124,925 124,481 124,890 124,968

Participation rate

63.5 63.2 63.3 62.9 63.0 62.9 62.6 62.8 62.8

Employed

120,140 120,768 121,029 119,412 120,180 120,142 119,896 120,091 120,262

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.7 60.8 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.3 60.4 60.4

Unemployed

5,709 5,002 5,017 5,357 4,866 4,783 4,585 4,799 4,706

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.0 4.0 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8

Not in labor force

72,404 73,102 72,928 73,484 73,557 73,760 74,294 73,982 74,006

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,659 65,494 65,555 65,208 65,219 65,306 65,217 65,225 65,141

Participation rate

72.5 72.0 72.1 72.0 71.9 71.9 71.8 71.8 71.6

Employed

63,059 63,269 63,394 62,540 62,850 63,053 62,999 62,886 62,904

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.6 69.7 69.0 69.2 69.4 69.3 69.2 69.2

Unemployed

2,601 2,225 2,161 2,668 2,369 2,253 2,218 2,339 2,238

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.4 3.3 4.1 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,510 54,775 55,081 54,940 55,153 54,983 54,785 55,015 55,393

Participation rate

57.2 57.3 57.6 57.6 57.8 57.6 57.3 57.5 57.9

Employed

52,239 52,765 52,839 52,910 53,211 53,049 52,927 53,100 53,420

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.2 55.2 55.5 55.7 55.5 55.4 55.5 55.8

Unemployed

2,271 2,010 2,242 2,030 1,942 1,935 1,858 1,915 1,973

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,680 5,501 5,411 4,621 4,674 4,635 4,479 4,650 4,433

Participation rate

46.0 44.6 43.8 37.4 37.9 37.5 36.3 37.7 35.9

Employed

4,843 4,733 4,796 3,962 4,119 4,040 3,970 4,105 3,938

Employment-population ratio

39.2 38.4 38.9 32.1 33.4 32.7 32.2 33.3 31.9

Unemployed

837 768 615 659 555 595 508 545 495

Unemployment rate

14.7 14.0 11.4 14.3 11.9 12.8 11.4 11.7 11.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,904 32,226 32,260 31,904 32,128 32,161 32,193 32,226 32,260

Civilian labor force

19,753 20,132 20,309 19,548 20,002 20,110 20,075 20,002 20,096

Participation rate

61.9 62.5 63.0 61.3 62.3 62.5 62.4 62.1 62.3

Employed

18,004 18,686 18,719 17,915 18,409 18,514 18,560 18,576 18,617

Employment-population ratio

56.4 58.0 58.0 56.2 57.3 57.6 57.7 57.6 57.7

Unemployed

1,750 1,446 1,590 1,633 1,593 1,597 1,515 1,426 1,479

Unemployment rate

8.9 7.2 7.8 8.4 8.0 7.9 7.5 7.1 7.4

Not in labor force

12,151 12,094 11,951 12,356 12,126 12,051 12,118 12,224 12,163

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,067 9,179 9,250 8,993 9,132 9,169 9,063 9,084 9,163

Participation rate

68.3 68.2 68.7 67.7 68.1 68.3 67.5 67.5 68.0

Employed

8,326 8,628 8,598 8,257 8,384 8,496 8,475 8,510 8,522

Employment-population ratio

62.7 64.1 63.8 62.2 62.6 63.3 63.1 63.3 63.3

Unemployed

741 551 652 737 747 673 588 574 641

Unemployment rate

8.2 6.0 7.0 8.2 8.2 7.3 6.5 6.3 7.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,822 10,080 10,118 9,856 10,173 10,168 10,224 10,143 10,170

Participation rate

61.0 62.0 62.2 61.2 62.7 62.7 62.9 62.4 62.5

Employed

9,058 9,408 9,420 9,141 9,497 9,470 9,513 9,455 9,511

Employment-population ratio

56.2 57.9 57.9 56.7 58.6 58.4 58.6 58.1 58.4

Unemployed

764 672 698 715 676 698 712 689 660

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.7 6.9 7.3 6.6 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

864 873 941 698 697 773 787 774 763

Participation rate

34.4 34.8 37.5 27.8 27.7 30.8 31.3 30.8 30.4

Employed

620 650 701 518 528 547 572 611 585

Employment-population ratio

24.7 25.9 27.9 20.6 21.0 21.8 22.8 24.3 23.3

Unemployed

244 223 239 180 169 226 215 163 178

Unemployment rate

28.3 25.6 25.4 25.8 24.3 29.3 27.3 21.1 23.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,211 15,367 15,290 15,211 15,285 15,389 15,433 15,367 15,290

Civilian labor force

9,736 9,848 9,866 9,657 9,635 9,761 9,826 9,792 9,789

Participation rate

64.0 64.1 64.5 63.5 63.0 63.4 63.7 63.7 64.0

Employed

9,341 9,472 9,467 9,288 9,318 9,446 9,471 9,443 9,418

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.6 61.9 61.1 61.0 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.6

Unemployed

395 377 398 368 317 316 356 350 370

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.8

Not in labor force

5,475 5,519 5,424 5,554 5,650 5,628 5,607 5,575 5,502

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,732 41,323 41,404 40,732 41,081 41,162 41,241 41,323 41,404

Civilian labor force

26,981 27,419 27,677 26,802 27,387 27,241 27,239 27,290 27,487

Participation rate

66.2 66.4 66.8 65.8 66.7 66.2 66.0 66.0 66.4

Employed

25,463 26,076 26,204 25,346 25,986 25,832 25,833 25,974 26,078

Employment-population ratio

62.5 63.1 63.3 62.2 63.3 62.8 62.6 62.9 63.0

Unemployed

1,518 1,343 1,473 1,456 1,402 1,410 1,405 1,315 1,409

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.9 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.8 5.1

Not in labor force

13,752 13,904 13,727 13,930 13,694 13,921 14,003 14,034 13,917

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,900 14,990 15,146 14,849 14,957 14,927 14,936 14,976 15,085

Participation rate

81.2 80.6 81.2 80.9 80.9 80.5 80.4 80.5 80.9

Employed

14,242 14,473 14,537 14,135 14,291 14,297 14,304 14,414 14,425

Employment-population ratio

77.6 77.8 78.0 77.0 77.3 77.1 77.0 77.5 77.4

Unemployed

658 518 609 714 666 630 632 562 660

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.5 4.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.2 3.8 4.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,747 11,011 11,121 10,806 11,127 11,086 11,062 11,030 11,176

Participation rate

57.8 58.3 58.8 58.1 59.3 59.0 58.7 58.4 59.1

Employed

10,136 10,431 10,486 10,234 10,600 10,493 10,461 10,451 10,580

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.3 55.4 55.1 56.5 55.8 55.5 55.4 55.9

Unemployed

611 580 635 572 527 593 601 579 596

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.3 5.7 5.3 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,334 1,418 1,410 1,147 1,304 1,228 1,240 1,284 1,227

Participation rate

35.3 36.9 36.7 30.3 34.1 32.1 32.3 33.4 31.9

Employed

1,085 1,172 1,182 977 1,095 1,042 1,068 1,110 1,073

Employment-population ratio

28.7 30.5 30.7 25.8 28.6 27.2 27.8 28.9 27.9

Unemployed

249 245 229 170 209 186 172 174 154

Unemployment rate

18.7 17.3 16.2 14.8 16.0 15.2 13.9 13.6 12.5

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,409 10,446 10,403 10,630 10,139 10,041 10,299 10,304 10,570

Participation rate

46.0 45.9 46.5 46.9 45.1 44.7 45.1 45.3 47.3

Employed

9,756 9,843 9,695 9,957 9,450 9,385 9,671 9,649 9,842

Employment-population ratio

43.1 43.3 43.4 44.0 42.1 41.8 42.3 42.4 44.0

Unemployed

653 603 708 673 689 656 628 655 728

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.8 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.5 6.1 6.4 6.9

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,495 35,647 35,451 35,614 36,092 36,032 35,909 35,850 35,648

Participation rate

57.0 57.5 57.4 57.2 57.8 57.7 57.6 57.8 57.7

Employed

33,698 34,110 33,852 33,818 34,315 34,374 34,211 34,196 34,038

Employment-population ratio

54.1 55.0 54.8 54.3 54.9 55.1 54.9 55.2 55.1

Unemployed

1,798 1,536 1,599 1,797 1,778 1,658 1,697 1,653 1,610

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.3 4.5 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.5

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,977 37,513 37,485 37,854 37,851 37,850 37,433 37,579 37,475

Participation rate

66.5 65.5 65.4 66.3 66.1 65.8 65.9 65.6 65.4

Employed

36,319 36,127 36,033 36,254 36,454 36,465 35,941 36,150 36,077

Employment-population ratio

63.6 63.1 62.9 63.5 63.7 63.4 63.3 63.1 63.0

Unemployed

1,658 1,386 1,451 1,600 1,397 1,385 1,492 1,429 1,397

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.7 3.9 4.2 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

53,720 55,012 55,465 54,058 54,653 54,764 55,039 55,283 55,696

Participation rate

73.4 73.6 73.4 73.9 73.9 74.0 73.8 73.9 73.7

Employed

52,209 53,676 54,000 52,699 53,308 53,426 53,760 53,982 54,378

Employment-population ratio

71.4 71.8 71.5 72.0 72.0 72.2 72.1 72.2 72.0

Unemployed

1,511 1,336 1,465 1,359 1,345 1,338 1,278 1,302 1,318

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

20,883 20,553 18,868 18,522 2,015 2,031

Civilian labor force

10,621 10,057 9,407 8,861 1,213 1,195

Participation rate

50.9 48.9 49.9 47.8 60.2 58.8

Employed

10,121 9,700 8,992 8,540 1,129 1,160

Employment-population ratio

48.5 47.2 47.7 46.1 56.0 57.1

Unemployed

499 356 415 321 84 35

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.5 4.4 3.6 6.9 2.9

Not in labor force

10,262 10,496 9,461 9,661 802 836

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,892 4,131 3,173 3,369 719 762

Civilian labor force

3,207 3,314 2,690 2,776 517 537

Participation rate

82.4 80.2 84.8 82.4 72.0 70.5

Employed

3,019 3,160 2,535 2,642 484 518

Employment-population ratio

77.6 76.5 79.9 78.4 67.4 68.0

Unemployed

188 153 155 134 33 19

Unemployment rate

5.9 4.6 5.8 4.8 6.4 3.6

Not in labor force

685 817 483 593 202 225

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,366 3,341 2,886 2,870 480 471

Civilian labor force

2,668 2,596 2,336 2,255 332 341

Participation rate

79.3 77.7 81.0 78.6 69.2 72.4

Employed

2,543 2,507 2,241 2,171 303 336

Employment-population ratio

75.6 75.0 77.7 75.6 63.0 71.3

Unemployed

125 89 96 84 29 5

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.4 4.1 3.7 8.9 1.5

Not in labor force

697 745 549 615 148 130

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,474 8,049 8,170 7,758 304 291

Civilian labor force

2,121 1,813 2,030 1,755 91 58

Participation rate

25.0 22.5 24.9 22.6 29.8 19.9

Employed

2,037 1,749 1,951 1,691 86 58

Employment-population ratio

24.0 21.7 23.9 21.8 28.2 19.9

Unemployed

84 64 79 64 5 0

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.5 3.9 3.6 5.4 -

Not in labor force

6,353 6,236 6,140 6,003 213 233

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,151 5,032 4,639 4,525 512 507

Civilian labor force

2,624 2,333 2,351 2,074 274 259

Participation rate

50.9 46.4 50.7 45.8 53.4 51.1

Employed

2,522 2,284 2,266 2,036 256 248

Employment-population ratio

49.0 45.4 48.8 45.0 50.1 48.9

Unemployed

102 49 85 39 17 11

Unemployment rate

3.9 2.1 3.6 1.9 6.2 4.2

Not in labor force

2,527 2,699 2,288 2,451 238 248

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

223,769 225,662 99,175 100,240 124,594 125,422

Civilian labor force

147,286 149,056 75,343 76,042 71,944 73,014

Participation rate

65.8 66.1 76.0 75.9 57.7 58.2

Employed

140,007 142,454 71,665 72,876 68,342 69,578

Employment-population ratio

62.6 63.1 72.3 72.7 54.9 55.5

Unemployed

7,280 6,602 3,678 3,166 3,602 3,436

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.4 4.9 4.2 5.0 4.7

Not in labor force

76,483 76,606 23,832 24,198 52,651 52,408

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,214 30,414 223,406 224,737

Civilian labor force

6,150 6,333 154,555 155,578

Participation rate

20.4 20.8 69.2 69.2

Employed

5,467 5,723 146,970 148,747

Employment-population ratio

18.1 18.8 65.8 66.2

Unemployed

682 610 7,585 6,831

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.6 4.9 4.4

Not in labor force

24,064 24,081 68,851 69,159

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,836 2,872 78,023 78,120

Participation rate

35.7 35.8 83.8 83.9

Employed

2,534 2,572 74,231 74,842

Employment-population ratio

31.9 32.1 79.7 80.4

Unemployed

302 300 3,792 3,277

Unemployment rate

10.7 10.4 4.9 4.2

Not in labor force

5,103 5,149 15,115 15,016

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,216 2,390 68,250 69,074

Participation rate

28.1 30.4 70.7 71.5

Employed

1,910 2,147 64,822 65,764

Employment-population ratio

24.3 27.3 67.1 68.1

Unemployed

306 243 3,428 3,310

Unemployment rate

13.8 10.2 5.0 4.8

Not in labor force

5,656 5,474 28,335 27,500

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,098 1,071 8,282 8,384

Participation rate

7.6 7.4 24.6 23.9

Employed

1,023 1,004 7,917 8,140

Employment-population ratio

7.1 6.9 23.5 23.2

Unemployed

75 67 365 244

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.3 4.4 2.9

Not in labor force

13,306 13,458 25,402 26,642

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

41,311 41,452 19,979 20,085 21,332 21,367

Civilian labor force

27,132 27,536 15,779 15,801 11,353 11,735

Participation rate

65.7 66.4 79.0 78.7 53.2 54.9

Employed

25,984 26,438 15,204 15,290 10,779 11,148

Employment-population ratio

62.9 63.8 76.1 76.1 50.5 52.2

Unemployed

1,149 1,098 575 511 574 587

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.0 3.6 3.2 5.1 5.0

Not in labor force

14,178 13,916 4,200 4,283 9,979 9,632

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

212,310 213,699 102,561 103,227 109,749 110,472

Civilian labor force

133,572 134,375 70,351 70,411 63,221 63,964

Participation rate

62.9 62.9 68.6 68.2 57.6 57.9

Employed

126,453 128,033 66,618 67,194 59,835 60,838

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.9 65.0 65.1 54.5 55.1

Unemployed

7,119 6,342 3,733 3,216 3,386 3,126

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 5.3 4.6 5.4 4.9

Not in labor force

78,737 79,324 32,209 32,816 46,528 46,508

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,597 2,612 2,506 2,379 2,499 2,646 2,507 2,457 2,317

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,763 1,730 1,739 1,592 1,647 1,730 1,645 1,611 1,582

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

809 858 737 765 853 879 833 818 708

Unpaid family workers

25 23 30 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

149,840 151,475 151,964 149,136 150,429 150,481 150,417 150,848 151,208

Wage and salary workers(1)

140,983 142,483 143,372 140,486 141,663 141,931 141,849 141,989 142,714

Government

19,605 20,477 20,161 20,508 20,858 20,683 20,772 20,868 21,052

Private industries

121,378 122,006 123,211 119,947 120,904 121,281 121,096 121,053 121,627

Private households

756 630 686 - - - - - -

Other industries

120,621 121,376 122,525 119,222 120,148 120,592 120,441 120,457 120,964

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,777 8,924 8,538 8,659 8,707 8,489 8,550 8,753 8,475

Unpaid family workers

80 67 54 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,157 5,602 5,475 5,936 5,553 5,272 5,219 5,326 5,282

Slack work or business conditions

3,742 3,405 3,233 3,629 3,402 3,174 3,082 3,286 3,161

Could only find part-time work

1,990 1,787 1,763 1,979 1,852 1,802 1,789 1,727 1,754

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,088 19,831 19,707 20,729 20,723 20,700 21,020 20,791 21,260

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,071 5,555 5,430 5,842 5,502 5,197 5,154 5,282 5,231

Slack work or business conditions

3,676 3,370 3,214 3,563 3,386 3,130 3,045 3,249 3,137

Could only find part-time work

1,979 1,783 1,748 1,958 1,842 1,781 1,776 1,720 1,739

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,697 19,450 19,385 20,355 20,396 20,349 20,677 20,443 20,909

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

152,437 154,086 154,470 151,546 153,000 153,156 152,923 153,168 153,513

16 to 19 years

6,040 5,964 6,154 4,969 5,173 5,105 5,017 5,220 5,084

16 to 17 years

2,309 2,238 2,316 1,799 1,904 1,884 1,888 1,931 1,816

18 to 19 years

3,731 3,727 3,837 3,167 3,269 3,244 3,145 3,285 3,265

20 years and over

146,397 148,122 148,317 146,576 147,826 148,051 147,906 147,949 148,429

20 to 24 years

14,416 14,366 14,737 13,878 14,198 14,247 14,177 13,992 14,199

25 years and over

131,981 133,756 133,580 132,778 133,639 133,741 133,647 134,010 134,349

25 to 54 years

97,628 98,572 98,476 98,075 98,557 98,649 98,481 98,666 98,906

25 to 34 years

33,694 34,397 34,376 33,823 34,460 34,413 34,160 34,404 34,500

35 to 44 years

31,453 31,896 31,728 31,628 31,592 31,745 31,794 31,913 31,889

45 to 54 years

32,481 32,278 32,371 32,624 32,506 32,491 32,527 32,349 32,517

55 years and over

34,353 35,184 35,104 34,702 35,081 35,092 35,166 35,344 35,442

Men, 16 years and over

81,823 82,230 82,484 80,544 81,136 81,419 81,290 81,290 81,273

16 to 19 years

3,128 2,963 3,028 2,501 2,581 2,581 2,489 2,583 2,443

16 to 17 years

1,165 1,061 1,068 861 947 957 884 893 798

18 to 19 years

1,962 1,902 1,960 1,637 1,636 1,631 1,614 1,677 1,643

20 years and over

78,695 79,267 79,457 78,042 78,556 78,838 78,801 78,707 78,830

20 to 24 years

7,511 7,484 7,745 7,126 7,241 7,293 7,335 7,240 7,351

25 years and over

71,184 71,783 71,711 71,000 71,315 71,532 71,422 71,488 71,551

25 to 54 years

52,623 52,898 52,875 52,405 52,640 52,770 52,678 52,657 52,692

25 to 34 years

18,285 18,556 18,557 18,200 18,445 18,426 18,362 18,425 18,473

35 to 44 years

17,101 17,300 17,184 17,038 17,086 17,217 17,169 17,226 17,129

45 to 54 years

17,237 17,042 17,135 17,167 17,108 17,127 17,147 17,006 17,091

55 years and over

18,561 18,885 18,836 18,595 18,675 18,762 18,743 18,831 18,858

Women, 16 years and over

70,615 71,856 71,986 71,002 71,863 71,737 71,633 71,878 72,240

16 to 19 years

2,912 3,002 3,126 2,468 2,593 2,524 2,528 2,637 2,641

16 to 17 years

1,143 1,177 1,248 938 956 927 1,004 1,038 1,018

18 to 19 years

1,769 1,825 1,878 1,530 1,633 1,614 1,531 1,608 1,621

20 years and over

67,702 68,855 68,860 68,534 69,271 69,213 69,105 69,241 69,599

20 to 24 years

6,905 6,882 6,991 6,752 6,958 6,954 6,842 6,752 6,849

25 years and over

60,797 61,973 61,869 61,777 62,324 62,209 62,226 62,522 62,798

25 to 54 years

45,005 45,673 45,600 45,670 45,918 45,879 45,803 46,010 46,214

25 to 34 years

15,409 15,842 15,819 15,623 16,014 15,987 15,798 15,980 16,027

35 to 44 years

14,352 14,596 14,544 14,590 14,505 14,528 14,624 14,687 14,760

45 to 54 years

15,244 15,236 15,236 15,457 15,398 15,364 15,380 15,343 15,427

55 years and over

15,792 16,300 16,269 16,107 16,406 16,330 16,423 16,513 16,584

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

45,447 45,980 45,484 45,499 45,907 46,029 45,784 45,913 45,574

Married women, spouse present(1)

34,540 35,415 35,152 35,329 35,992 35,918 36,121 35,803 35,946

Women who maintain families(2)

9,809 9,447 9,654 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

125,507 127,337 127,542 123,888 125,507 125,987 125,620 125,975 125,921

Part-time workers(4)

26,930 26,749 26,929 27,583 27,603 27,233 27,366 27,142 27,535

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,190 7,425 7,303 7,442 7,960 7,683 7,589 7,639 7,589

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,468 5,611 5,752 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,586 9,783 9,275 9,424 9,560 9,368 9,383 9,571 9,183

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

7,749 6,977 6,981 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

16 to 19 years

920 801 775 15.6 13.7 14.7 14.3 13.3 13.2

16 to 17 years

326 312 332 15.3 17.4 16.8 13.1 13.9 15.5

18 to 19 years

590 498 428 15.7 11.2 12.5 14.6 13.2 11.6

20 years and over

6,829 6,175 6,205 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

20 to 24 years

1,347 1,130 1,133 8.9 7.3 7.3 6.7 7.5 7.4

25 years and over

5,472 5,078 5,078 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6

25 to 54 years

4,140 3,902 3,914 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8

25 to 34 years

1,789 1,575 1,652 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.4 4.6

35 to 44 years

1,151 1,113 1,184 3.5 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.6

45 to 54 years

1,200 1,214 1,078 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.6 3.2

55 years and over

1,324 1,160 1,162 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2

Men, 16 years and over

4,274 3,702 3,715 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.4

16 to 19 years

499 434 437 16.6 14.8 16.3 15.7 14.4 15.2

16 to 17 years

154 151 174 15.1 17.7 15.9 13.7 14.4 17.9

18 to 19 years

342 292 254 17.3 12.8 15.3 16.4 14.8 13.4

20 years and over

3,775 3,268 3,278 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.0

20 to 24 years

791 666 642 10.0 8.5 8.4 7.9 8.4 8.0

25 years and over

2,980 2,607 2,634 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6

25 to 54 years

2,239 2,024 2,068 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8

25 to 34 years

961 868 871 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.5

35 to 44 years

618 560 624 3.5 3.8 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.5

45 to 54 years

660 596 573 3.7 3.1 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.2

55 years and over

741 583 566 3.8 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.0 2.9

Women, 16 years and over

3,475 3,274 3,265 4.7 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

16 to 19 years

421 367 338 14.6 12.6 13.1 12.8 12.2 11.3

16 to 17 years

172 162 158 15.5 17.0 17.6 12.6 13.5 13.5

18 to 19 years

248 206 174 13.9 9.6 9.5 12.6 11.3 9.7

20 years and over

3,054 2,907 2,927 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0

20 to 24 years

557 464 491 7.6 6.0 6.1 5.3 6.4 6.7

25 years and over

2,492 2,471 2,444 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.7

25 to 54 years

1,901 1,878 1,846 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8

25 to 34 years

829 707 781 5.0 4.2 4.4 5.1 4.2 4.6

35 to 44 years

533 553 560 3.5 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.7

45 to 54 years

540 618 505 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.2

55 years and over

564 581 578 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,232 1,052 1,110 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.4

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,101 1,030 1,060 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.9

Women who maintain families(2)

765 703 703 7.2 5.5 6.0 6.8 6.9 6.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

6,333 5,775 5,717 4.9 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.3

Part-time workers(4)

1,439 1,194 1,291 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.2 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,869 3,359 3,519 3,711 3,519 3,538 3,327 3,444 3,378

On temporary layoff

1,165 926 1,226 1,000 953 934 814 900 1,044

Not on temporary layoff

2,704 2,433 2,293 2,712 2,567 2,604 2,513 2,545 2,334

Permanent job losers

2,014 1,700 1,666 2,002 1,819 1,806 1,741 1,758 1,676

Persons who completed temporary jobs

690 733 627 710 748 799 772 787 658

Job leavers

865 779 775 837 798 789 804 820 757

Reentrants

2,429 2,131 2,206 2,299 2,066 2,032 2,100 2,043 2,083

New entrants

1,104 981 941 822 790 712 656 682 703

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

46.8 46.3 47.3 48.4 49.1 50.0 48.3 49.3 48.8

On temporary layoff

14.1 12.8 16.5 13.0 13.3 13.2 11.8 12.9 15.1

Not on temporary layoff

32.7 33.6 30.8 35.4 35.8 36.8 36.5 36.4 33.7

Job leavers

10.5 10.7 10.4 10.9 11.1 11.2 11.7 11.7 10.9

Reentrants

29.4 29.4 29.7 30.0 28.8 28.7 30.5 29.2 30.1

New entrants

13.4 13.5 12.6 10.7 11.0 10.1 9.5 9.8 10.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

New entrants

0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,476 3,057 2,364 2,147 2,334 2,335 2,154 2,305 2,133

5 to 14 weeks

2,731 1,739 2,432 2,274 2,109 2,135 1,960 1,933 2,017

15 weeks and over

3,060 2,454 2,645 3,175 2,802 2,734 2,820 2,612 2,742

15 to 26 weeks

1,033 867 843 1,158 1,115 1,108 1,157 948 957

27 weeks and over

2,027 1,587 1,802 2,017 1,687 1,626 1,663 1,664 1,785

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

26.3 22.9 23.6 28.0 25.3 24.1 24.7 24.7 24.9

Median duration, in weeks

9.6 7.6 9.1 11.5 10.3 10.2 10.4 9.6 10.6

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

30.0 42.2 31.8 28.3 32.2 32.4 31.1 33.6 30.9

5 to 14 weeks

33.0 24.0 32.7 29.9 29.1 29.6 28.3 28.2 29.3

15 weeks and over

37.0 33.8 35.5 41.8 38.7 38.0 40.7 38.1 39.8

15 to 26 weeks

12.5 12.0 11.3 15.2 15.4 15.4 16.7 13.8 13.9

27 weeks and over

24.5 21.9 24.2 26.6 23.3 22.6 24.0 24.3 25.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

152,437 154,470 8,267 7,441 5.1 4.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

58,434 59,923 1,782 1,656 3.0 2.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,755 25,226 609 489 2.4 1.9

Professional and related occupations

33,678 34,698 1,174 1,166 3.4 3.3

Service occupations

28,293 27,942 1,626 1,489 5.4 5.1

Sales and office occupations

33,766 34,014 1,691 1,446 4.8 4.1

Sales and related occupations

16,031 15,882 828 692 4.9 4.2

Office and administrative support occupations

17,734 18,132 863 754 4.6 4.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,467 14,383 769 789 5.0 5.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,221 1,259 99 103 7.5 7.6

Construction and extraction occupations

8,354 8,110 463 545 5.3 6.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,892 5,013 207 141 4.1 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,477 18,208 1,265 1,100 6.8 5.7

Production occupations

8,235 8,607 517 462 5.9 5.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,242 9,601 749 638 7.5 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,267 7,441 5.1 4.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

5,789 5,230 4.6 4.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

77 32 9.3 4.5

Construction

410 469 4.5 4.9

Manufacturing

669 639 4.3 4.0

Durable goods

461 399 4.6 4.0

Nondurable goods

208 240 3.6 4.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,048 970 5.2 4.8

Transportation and utilities

313 262 4.9 3.9

Information

149 111 5.7 4.3

Financial activities

237 230 2.4 2.3

Professional and business services

803 687 4.7 4.0

Education and health services

889 830 3.7 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

889 739 6.0 4.9

Other services

306 262 4.4 4.0

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

100 89 5.5 5.0

Government workers

905 872 4.4 4.1

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

370 310 3.7 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.9 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.7

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.1 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.5 4.8 4.9 5.2 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.3 5.4 5.5 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.1 8.9 8.9 9.7 8.9 8.6 8.4 8.6 8.6

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017
July
2016
July
2017

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,916 93,240 36,409 37,099 56,507 56,141

Persons who currently want a job

6,244 5,713 2,905 2,600 3,339 3,113

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,950 1,629 1,071 837 879 792

Discouraged workers(2)

591 536 358 276 233 259

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,359 1,093 713 560 646 533

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,190 7,303 3,520 3,680 3,670 3,623

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.7 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,842 3,938 2,103 2,171 1,739 1,767

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,964 1,979 677 663 1,287 1,316

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

306 352 166 227 139 124

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,000 983 538 588 462 395

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
Change from:
June2017 - July2017(p)

Total nonfarm

144,203 146,784 147,407 146,368 144,457 146,175 146,406 146,615 209

Total private

123,203 124,133 125,145 125,256 122,200 123,858 124,052 124,257 205

Goods-producing

20,082 20,016 20,312 20,382 19,731 19,982 20,014 20,036 22

Mining and logging

672 703 716 723 664 707 712 712 0

Logging

52.8 49.4 50.9 51.1 51.1 50.8 50.3 49.4 -0.9

Mining

619.3 653.1 665.0 671.6 612.6 656.0 661.7 662.9 1.2

Oil and gas extraction

179.6 177.4 179.9 180.0 177.6 178.4 178.7 178.0 -0.7

Mining, except oil and gas

181.5 186.8 188.9 189.4 177.9 184.8 185.2 185.8 0.6

Coal mining

48.4 50.4 50.9 50.3 48.7 50.8 50.8 50.6 -0.2

Metal ore mining

39.0 38.5 39.3 39.5 38.8 38.8 39.0 39.3 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

94.1 97.9 98.7 99.6 90.4 95.2 95.4 95.9 0.5

Support activities for mining

258.2 288.9 296.2 302.2 257.1 292.8 297.8 299.1 1.3

Construction

6,971 6,938 7,103 7,157 6,708 6,878 6,893 6,899 6

Construction of buildings

1,536.2 1,525.5 1,557.4 1,573.9 1,490.9 1,526.0 1,523.8 1,529.3 5.5

Residential building

755.3 762.0 777.7 789.4 731.2 763.2 762.1 767.2 5.1

Nonresidential building

780.9 763.5 779.7 784.5 759.7 762.8 761.7 762.1 0.4

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,002.5 999.1 1,025.2 1,033.8 945.8 973.1 974.6 973.4 -1.2

Specialty trade contractors

4,432.4 4,413.5 4,520.3 4,548.8 4,271.2 4,379.2 4,394.6 4,395.8 1.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,930.7 1,947.2 1,995.6 2,005.9 1,850.1 1,924.4 1,930.3 1,932.4 2.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,501.7 2,466.3 2,524.7 2,542.9 2,421.1 2,454.8 2,464.3 2,463.4 -0.9

Manufacturing

12,439 12,375 12,493 12,502 12,359 12,397 12,409 12,425 16

Durable goods

7,751 7,731 7,802 7,793 7,723 7,737 7,753 7,766 13

Wood products

396.4 394.7 397.9 397.9 392.2 394.6 394.0 394.3 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral products

415.9 418.4 422.5 422.9 406.5 413.6 413.6 413.8 0.2

Primary metals

376.6 382.0 384.5 384.8 377.3 382.6 384.4 385.0 0.6

Fabricated metal products

1,426.9 1,434.8 1,446.8 1,449.3 1,422.0 1,435.0 1,439.5 1,444.5 5.0

Machinery

1,081.5 1,085.9 1,098.4 1,099.3 1,076.8 1,088.6 1,091.6 1,093.7 2.1

Computer and electronic products

1,053.2 1,034.8 1,044.4 1,046.4 1,046.9 1,036.3 1,038.7 1,040.0 1.3

Computer and peripheral equipment

166.7 161.8 163.0 162.8 164.4 161.5 161.6 160.6 -1.0

Communications equipment

86.3 84.4 85.6 85.6 86.0 84.6 85.0 85.1 0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

368.0 359.2 362.6 363.5 366.5 360.0 360.7 361.8 1.1

Electronic instruments

397.1 396.2 399.0 400.7 394.9 396.9 397.2 398.7 1.5

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.1 33.2 34.2 33.8 35.2 33.3 34.1 33.8 -0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

385.2 384.9 391.5 393.1 382.7 386.1 389.0 390.4 1.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,630.5 1,613.4 1,625.2 1,611.9 1,638.4 1,616.6 1,617.1 1,620.9 3.8

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

941.1 941.5 947.9 933.5 951.6 943.1 942.9 944.5 1.6

Furniture and related products

391.6 392.3 396.0 394.3 388.5 392.6 393.3 391.7 -1.6

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

593.6 589.9 595.2 593.3 591.4 591.3 591.5 591.3 -0.2

Nondurable goods

4,688 4,644 4,691 4,709 4,636 4,660 4,656 4,659 3

Food manufacturing

1,592.3 1,572.6 1,602.5 1,615.8 1,561.7 1,590.0 1,587.5 1,586.5 -1.0

Textile mills

113.8 110.4 109.9 109.0 113.6 109.8 109.3 109.0 -0.3

Textile product mills

114.5 111.5 111.8 111.5 114.1 111.7 111.1 111.1 0.0

Apparel

129.0 121.7 121.2 119.4 130.6 122.5 121.7 121.1 -0.6

Paper and paper products

372.7 369.5 369.4 368.7 370.5 369.1 366.6 366.7 0.1

Printing and related support activities

447.1 437.1 439.7 439.9 446.3 437.4 438.2 439.1 0.9

Petroleum and coal products

114.2 112.4 114.5 115.7 111.3 111.6 112.2 112.6 0.4

Chemicals

816.2 817.2 823.1 824.9 811.5 818.0 818.9 819.9 1.0

Plastics and rubber products

704.5 702.3 704.4 705.9 700.5 699.8 701.1 702.0 0.9

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

283.2 288.8 294.7 298.4 275.9 290.4 289.7 290.9 1.2

Private service-providing

103,121 104,117 104,833 104,874 102,469 103,876 104,038 104,221 183

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,249 27,261 27,418 27,378 27,245 27,362 27,381 27,388 7

Wholesale trade

5,893.5 5,915.0 5,954.7 5,956.3 5,861.2 5,908.1 5,918.4 5,924.5 6.1

Durable goods

2,943.6 2,948.6 2,968.7 2,971.9 2,927.3 2,947.2 2,951.5 2,955.2 3.7

Nondurable goods

2,053.5 2,063.0 2,074.6 2,071.0 2,040.5 2,057.7 2,058.0 2,058.6 0.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

896.4 903.4 911.4 913.4 893.4 903.2 908.9 910.7 1.8

Retail trade

15,862.7 15,749.9 15,842.8 15,850.9 15,843.4 15,833.7 15,835.5 15,836.4 0.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,996.3 2,018.5 2,025.9 2,031.6 1,979.3 2,011.4 2,011.4 2,015.2 3.8

Automobile dealers

1,287.2 1,304.3 1,305.8 1,308.4 1,281.7 1,303.5 1,302.2 1,303.5 1.3

Other motor vehicle dealers

158.8 162.0 166.7 167.7 149.7 156.4 157.3 157.9 0.6

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

550.3 552.2 553.4 555.5 547.9 551.5 552.0 553.8 1.8

Furniture and home furnishings stores

472.1 477.6 477.0 475.7 476.3 483.2 482.1 480.8 -1.3

Electronics and appliance stores

515.4 498.7 495.1 497.6 527.5 510.9 507.5 506.7 -0.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,309.9 1,353.6 1,348.1 1,326.0 1,273.9 1,282.8 1,284.8 1,289.8 5.0

Food and beverage stores

3,122.0 3,076.1 3,113.7 3,106.8 3,090.5 3,083.1 3,082.4 3,080.3 -2.1

Health and personal care stores

1,048.2 1,053.6 1,049.2 1,051.7 1,050.7 1,058.5 1,053.0 1,055.9 2.9

Gasoline stations

938.2 941.8 950.9 949.7 926.2 938.8 939.2 938.0 -1.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,341.6 1,302.0 1,315.3 1,323.0 1,349.2 1,344.7 1,341.4 1,331.4 -10.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

603.9 582.0 584.2 587.6 621.7 602.7 604.3 603.7 -0.6

General merchandise stores

3,138.4 3,056.4 3,083.8 3,099.9 3,172.0 3,121.6 3,130.8 3,135.4 4.6

Department stores

1,282.8 1,232.4 1,245.7 1,259.7 1,307.8 1,278.5 1,282.0 1,284.4 2.4

Other general merchandise stores

1,855.6 1,824.0 1,838.1 1,840.2 1,864.2 1,843.1 1,848.8 1,850.9 2.1

Miscellaneous store retailers

845.3 836.3 840.3 841.5 836.7 832.5 832.8 832.0 -0.8

Nonstore retailers

531.4 553.3 559.3 559.8 539.4 563.5 565.8 567.2 1.4

Transportation and warehousing

4,931.1 5,043.4 5,063.7 5,012.4 4,984.2 5,067.4 5,073.5 5,074.4 0.9

Air transportation

482.1 487.5 490.6 491.4 477.6 485.4 486.3 486.8 0.5

Rail transportation

214.4 209.3 208.7 208.7 214.0 209.4 208.4 208.3 -0.1

Water transportation

69.3 65.9 67.2 67.5 66.3 65.4 64.7 64.5 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,466.6 1,470.7 1,484.9 1,487.6 1,448.5 1,472.2 1,470.2 1,470.6 0.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

420.9 493.8 470.7 417.6 479.9 474.7 477.2 475.6 -1.6

Pipeline transportation

49.5 47.2 47.3 47.0 49.2 47.1 47.2 46.9 -0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

46.6 40.0 46.0 47.4 35.2 36.4 36.5 36.0 -0.5

Support activities for transportation

660.6 662.9 666.6 668.4 659.1 665.1 665.3 667.0 1.7

Couriers and messengers

606.3 626.3 638.0 630.8 638.4 662.1 666.0 669.2 3.2

Warehousing and storage

914.8 939.8 943.7 946.0 916.0 949.6 951.7 949.5 -2.2

Utilities

561.5 552.5 556.6 557.9 556.0 552.9 553.7 552.8 -0.9

Information

2,792 2,720 2,738 2,745 2,778 2,724 2,726 2,730 4

Publishing industries, except Internet

734.0 719.3 721.1 724.5 730.3 723.5 721.8 721.2 -0.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

428.8 409.5 410.5 411.4 421.8 404.7 402.0 404.1 2.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

266.8 259.9 260.1 258.2 267.3 260.8 260.0 259.0 -1.0

Telecommunications

799.5 759.3 766.3 767.0 799.0 761.3 765.4 765.3 -0.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

300.7 302.6 304.9 306.2 300.0 302.7 303.8 305.0 1.2

Other information services

261.9 269.2 275.2 277.6 259.7 271.3 273.0 275.3 2.3

Financial activities

8,380 8,414 8,503 8,528 8,300 8,429 8,442 8,448 6

Finance and insurance

6,175.8 6,224.5 6,264.4 6,280.3 6,149.5 6,239.0 6,245.4 6,254.0 8.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.8 18.7 18.9 19.0 18.6 18.8 18.8 18.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,626.5 2,649.9 2,667.0 2,672.0 2,614.1 2,654.1 2,657.6 2,660.2 2.6

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,708.3 1,717.3 1,724.4 1,728.3 1,699.7 1,717.2 1,718.7 1,720.0 1.3

Commercial banking

1,313.7 1,317.0 1,321.0 1,323.5 1,308.4 1,317.3 1,318.3 1,317.9 -0.4

Nondepository credit intermediation

611.4 621.2 627.7 629.2 610.5 625.1 627.0 628.9 1.9

Activities related to credit intermediation

306.8 311.4 314.9 314.5 303.9 311.7 312.0 311.3 -0.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

937.1 936.3 949.4 955.8 930.4 941.8 945.6 948.1 2.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,593.4 2,619.6 2,629.1 2,633.5 2,586.4 2,624.3 2,623.4 2,626.9 3.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,203.8 2,189.9 2,238.7 2,247.2 2,150.3 2,189.6 2,196.1 2,193.8 -2.3

Real estate

1,588.2 1,596.2 1,623.2 1,628.7 1,559.9 1,599.0 1,604.1 1,601.1 -3.0

Rental and leasing services

591.6 570.5 591.8 594.7 566.9 567.4 568.7 569.4 0.7

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.0 23.2 23.7 23.8 23.5 23.2 23.3 23.3 0.0

Professional and business services

20,271 20,675 20,841 20,857 20,165 20,664 20,696 20,745 49

Professional and technical services

8,897.5 9,062.5 9,127.5 9,165.9 8,896.5 9,121.9 9,143.2 9,161.1 17.9

Legal services

1,131.5 1,125.7 1,140.4 1,136.9 1,121.4 1,128.1 1,130.7 1,126.4 -4.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

925.0 952.4 943.8 942.7 989.1 1,001.9 1,003.0 1,005.4 2.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,432.4 1,452.6 1,475.9 1,483.4 1,410.7 1,452.9 1,457.8 1,461.4 3.6

Specialized design services

142.1 142.3 141.9 143.3 141.4 142.1 141.5 142.4 0.9

Computer systems design and related services

2,008.6 2,045.5 2,050.4 2,070.4 1,996.4 2,049.3 2,053.1 2,058.0 4.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,381.9 1,438.4 1,446.9 1,457.9 1,376.3 1,440.6 1,444.4 1,451.4 7.0

Scientific research and development services

692.6 704.8 714.5 716.7 683.1 703.3 705.6 707.0 1.4

Advertising and related services

495.6 487.5 491.6 490.9 493.5 488.7 489.6 488.7 -0.9

Other professional and technical services

687.8 713.3 722.1 723.7 684.7 714.9 717.5 720.3 2.8

Management of companies and enterprises

2,260.3 2,271.4 2,292.6 2,294.9 2,246.5 2,274.3 2,280.3 2,281.7 1.4

Administrative and waste services

9,113.1 9,340.8 9,421.1 9,395.8 9,022.2 9,267.9 9,272.2 9,302.2 30.0

Administrative and support services

8,699.1 8,925.2 9,001.0 8,973.8 8,618.3 8,853.4 8,859.1 8,889.3 30.2

Office administrative services

496.5 522.1 525.6 525.4 495.2 521.2 523.0 524.1 1.1

Facilities support services

140.2 141.7 144.3 144.6 140.8 141.6 143.5 144.6 1.1

Employment services(1)

3,523.8 3,678.6 3,702.3 3,668.4 3,557.9 3,681.3 3,685.4 3,700.9 15.5

Temporary help services

2,871.3 3,011.6 3,030.1 2,996.1 2,910.4 3,016.3 3,019.2 3,033.9 14.7

Business support services

902.2 902.4 894.9 895.1 916.2 913.4 907.1 910.0 2.9

Travel arrangement and reservation services

221.2 217.6 219.1 219.1 217.6 215.9 214.9 215.7 0.8

Investigation and security services

902.2 911.0 913.0 916.8 904.4 914.1 915.8 918.7 2.9

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,199.7 2,224.9 2,271.5 2,276.5 2,074.6 2,141.1 2,145.5 2,150.1 4.6

Other support services

313.3 326.9 330.3 327.9 311.5 324.7 324.0 325.3 1.3

Waste management and remediation services

414.0 415.6 420.1 422.0 403.9 414.5 413.1 412.9 -0.2

Education and health services

22,299 23,123 22,892 22,806 22,644 23,054 23,097 23,151 54

Educational services

3,245.8 3,681.5 3,402.7 3,317.6 3,549.1 3,629.1 3,616.8 3,626.6 9.8

Health care and social assistance

19,053.4 19,441.7 19,489.2 19,488.8 19,094.6 19,424.5 19,479.7 19,524.7 45.0

Health care(3)

15,469.1 15,682.3 15,749.5 15,798.0 15,450.6 15,701.3 15,737.9 15,777.3 39.4

Ambulatory health care services

7,093.4 7,268.5 7,296.2 7,327.3 7,094.4 7,270.9 7,295.4 7,325.4 30.0

Offices of physicians

2,534.1 2,574.8 2,588.0 2,600.0 2,533.5 2,579.6 2,590.4 2,597.2 6.8

Offices of dentists

928.5 942.1 946.1 945.1 927.0 942.2 942.7 944.1 1.4

Offices of other health practitioners

860.3 900.2 902.5 908.2 860.6 898.4 902.5 908.1 5.6

Outpatient care centers

858.8 899.6 904.3 912.0 858.2 900.0 903.9 911.2 7.3

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

264.4 257.1 258.8 259.4 263.7 258.1 259.8 258.6 -1.2

Home health care services

1,359.2 1,401.5 1,402.3 1,409.6 1,363.4 1,399.3 1,401.4 1,412.7 11.3

Other ambulatory health care services

288.1 293.2 294.2 293.0 288.1 293.2 294.9 293.4 -1.5

Hospitals

5,039.3 5,085.2 5,110.2 5,126.1 5,032.1 5,099.4 5,112.1 5,119.4 7.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,336.4 3,328.6 3,343.1 3,344.6 3,324.1 3,331.0 3,330.4 3,332.5 2.1

Nursing care facilities

1,657.0 1,635.4 1,641.0 1,640.2 1,650.1 1,638.4 1,635.5 1,634.5 -1.0

Residential mental health facilities

614.8 621.9 622.4 624.4 612.7 621.9 621.1 622.2 1.1

Community care facilities for the elderly

897.8 905.9 909.5 909.3 896.4 904.5 906.1 907.5 1.4

Other residential care facilities

166.8 165.4 170.2 170.7 164.9 166.1 167.8 168.2 0.4

Social assistance

3,584.3 3,759.4 3,739.7 3,690.8 3,644.0 3,723.2 3,741.8 3,747.4 5.6

Individual and family services

2,231.8 2,311.6 2,317.8 2,312.8 2,234.2 2,299.4 2,308.5 2,314.4 5.9

Emergency and other relief services

162.0 168.2 168.7 169.1 161.5 168.5 168.1 169.1 1.0

Vocational rehabilitation services

344.8 336.0 343.1 344.3 338.9 336.0 338.6 337.9 -0.7

Child day care services

845.7 943.6 910.1 864.6 909.4 919.2 926.7 926.0 -0.7

Leisure and hospitality

16,379 16,151 16,609 16,729 15,652 15,896 15,936 15,998 62

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,604.1 2,345.8 2,571.6 2,634.2 2,253.9 2,260.7 2,268.9 2,277.2 8.3

Performing arts and spectator sports

497.7 484.5 495.4 495.1 471.6 458.5 464.1 466.1 2.0

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

178.9 172.9 186.8 188.7 162.2 166.8 169.6 170.0 0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,927.5 1,688.4 1,889.4 1,950.4 1,620.1 1,635.4 1,635.2 1,641.1 5.9

Accommodation and food services

13,774.4 13,804.9 14,036.9 14,094.8 13,398.5 13,635.7 13,667.1 13,720.5 53.4

Accommodation

2,109.6 1,960.1 2,063.9 2,117.0 1,952.6 1,957.0 1,961.3 1,961.6 0.3

Food services and drinking places

11,664.8 11,844.8 11,973.0 11,977.8 11,445.9 11,678.7 11,705.8 11,758.9 53.1

Other services

5,751 5,773 5,832 5,831 5,685 5,747 5,760 5,761 1

Repair and maintenance

1,295.3 1,304.3 1,308.1 1,303.3 1,289.9 1,295.1 1,295.1 1,297.4 2.3

Personal and laundry services

1,456.5 1,495.0 1,502.8 1,498.5 1,446.6 1,481.8 1,486.4 1,488.1 1.7

Membership associations and organizations

2,999.3 2,973.5 3,020.8 3,029.3 2,948.6 2,970.3 2,978.9 2,975.9 -3.0

Government

21,000 22,651 22,262 21,112 22,257 22,317 22,354 22,358 4

Federal

2,814.0 2,808.0 2,825.0 2,823.0 2,802.0 2,811.0 2,810.0 2,810.0 0.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,207.8 2,191.2 2,208.5 2,205.4 2,190.8 2,191.9 2,191.1 2,188.9 -2.2

U.S. Postal Service

605.9 616.7 616.0 617.1 610.8 618.6 618.9 621.4 2.5

State government

4,763.0 5,109.0 4,856.0 4,769.0 5,093.0 5,091.0 5,098.0 5,095.0 -3.0

State government education

2,069.5 2,442.5 2,171.6 2,089.2 2,416.9 2,428.5 2,433.1 2,432.2 -0.9

State government, excluding education

2,693.7 2,666.8 2,684.7 2,680.0 2,676.2 2,662.8 2,665.0 2,663.2 -1.8

Local government

13,423.0 14,734.0 14,581.0 13,520.0 14,362.0 14,415.0 14,446.0 14,453.0 7.0

Local government education

6,764.7 8,287.9 7,916.6 6,798.0 7,942.2 7,961.4 7,972.9 7,973.4 0.5

Local government, excluding education

6,657.8 6,445.6 6,664.0 6,721.5 6,419.8 6,453.4 6,472.8 6,479.5 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.4 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.3 40.4 40.4 40.5

Mining and logging

43.3 45.2 45.0 45.2

Construction

39.2 39.2 39.2 39.2

Manufacturing

40.8 40.7 40.9 40.9

Durable goods

41.3 41.3 41.4 41.4

Nondurable goods

39.9 39.9 40.1 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.9 39.0 39.0 39.0

Retail trade

31.1 31.0 31.0 31.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.8 39.0 38.9

Utilities

42.5 42.0 42.3 42.1

Information

36.1 36.3 36.3 36.3

Financial activities

37.6 37.4 37.6 37.5

Professional and business services

36.1 36.1 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1

Other services

32.0 31.8 31.9 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)

Total private

$25.71 $26.22 $26.27 $26.36 $884.42 $901.97 $906.32 $909.42

Goods-producing

26.98 27.47 27.55 27.69 1,087.29 1,109.79 1,113.02 1,121.45

Mining and logging

32.10 32.25 32.50 33.08 1,389.93 1,457.70 1,462.50 1,495.22

Construction

28.22 28.69 28.82 28.90 1,106.22 1,124.65 1,129.74 1,132.88

Manufacturing

26.03 26.51 26.56 26.70 1,062.02 1,078.96 1,086.30 1,092.03

Durable goods

27.34 27.74 27.81 27.95 1,129.14 1,145.66 1,151.33 1,157.13

Nondurable goods

23.78 24.40 24.41 24.57 948.82 973.56 978.84 987.71

Private service-providing

25.41 25.93 25.97 26.06 846.15 863.47 864.80 867.80

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.39 22.73 22.78 22.83 770.22 781.91 783.63 785.35

Wholesale trade

29.69 30.03 30.09 30.19 1,154.94 1,171.17 1,173.51 1,177.41

Retail trade

17.89 18.12 18.14 18.18 556.38 561.72 562.34 563.58

Transportation and warehousing

23.29 23.80 23.86 23.88 903.65 923.44 930.54 928.93

Utilities

38.51 38.87 39.04 39.13 1,636.68 1,632.54 1,651.39 1,647.37

Information

36.65 38.08 38.40 38.44 1,323.07 1,382.30 1,393.92 1,395.37

Financial activities

32.39 32.91 32.97 33.09 1,217.86 1,230.83 1,239.67 1,240.88

Professional and business services

30.91 31.54 31.55 31.63 1,115.85 1,138.59 1,138.96 1,145.01

Education and health services

25.75 26.21 26.25 26.38 847.18 862.31 863.63 867.90

Leisure and hospitality

14.90 15.41 15.41 15.46 388.89 402.20 402.20 403.51

Other services

23.05 23.58 23.59 23.72 737.60 749.84 752.52 754.30

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
Percent change from:
June
2017 - July
2017(p)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
Percent change from:
June
2017 - July
2017(p)

Total private

105.5 106.9 107.4 107.6 0.2 129.7 134.0 134.9 135.6 0.5

Goods-producing

90.6 92.0 92.1 92.4 0.3 110.5 114.2 114.7 115.7 0.9

Mining and logging

90.3 100.4 100.7 101.1 0.4 116.4 130.0 131.4 134.3 2.2

Construction

90.6 92.9 93.1 93.2 0.1 111.1 115.9 116.6 117.1 0.4

Manufacturing

90.7 90.8 91.3 91.4 0.1 109.8 111.9 112.8 113.5 0.6

Durable goods

89.8 90.0 90.4 90.5 0.1 109.0 110.8 111.6 112.4 0.7

Nondurable goods

92.3 92.8 93.2 93.5 0.3 111.4 114.9 115.4 116.5 1.0

Private service-providing

109.8 111.3 111.5 111.7 0.2 135.6 140.2 140.7 141.4 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.9 102.4 102.4 102.5 0.1 122.8 125.2 125.6 125.9 0.2

Wholesale trade

99.5 100.5 100.7 100.8 0.1 123.3 126.0 126.5 127.0 0.4

Retail trade

100.1 99.7 99.7 99.7 0.0 118.4 119.4 119.6 119.9 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

110.7 112.5 113.2 113.0 -0.2 130.8 135.9 137.1 136.9 -0.1

Utilities

102.2 100.5 101.3 100.7 -0.6 130.1 129.0 130.7 130.2 -0.4

Information

91.6 90.3 90.4 90.5 0.1 119.5 122.4 123.6 123.9 0.2

Financial activities

102.2 103.2 104.0 103.8 -0.2 129.1 132.5 133.7 133.9 0.1

Professional and business services

114.5 117.3 117.5 118.1 0.5 143.4 149.9 150.2 151.4 0.8

Education and health services

121.6 123.8 124.1 124.4 0.2 150.7 156.2 156.7 157.8 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

116.6 118.4 118.7 119.1 0.3 140.1 147.2 147.5 148.6 0.7

Other services

104.9 105.4 105.9 105.6 -0.3 132.5 136.2 137.0 137.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)

Total nonfarm

71,632 72,384 72,476 72,593 49.6 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private

58,841 59,566 59,638 59,737 48.2 48.1 48.1 48.1

Goods-producing

4,320 4,382 4,393 4,409 21.9 21.9 21.9 22.0

Mining and logging

99 101 101 101 14.9 14.3 14.2 14.2

Construction

835 868 869 875 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.7

Manufacturing

3,386 3,413 3,423 3,433 27.4 27.5 27.6 27.6

Durable goods

1,805 1,808 1,815 1,821 23.4 23.4 23.4 23.4

Nondurable goods

1,581 1,605 1,608 1,612 34.1 34.4 34.5 34.6

Private service-providing

54,521 55,184 55,245 55,328 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

11,091 11,006 10,999 10,984 40.7 40.2 40.2 40.1

Wholesale trade

1,734.1 1,743.8 1,744.4 1,743.9 29.6 29.5 29.5 29.4

Retail trade

8,001.2 7,907.3 7,889.3 7,879.6 50.5 49.9 49.8 49.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,225.8 1,228.2 1,238.0 1,232.4 24.6 24.2 24.4 24.3

Utilities

130.2 127.1 127.4 127.9 23.4 23.0 23.0 23.1

Information

1,108 1,088 1,085 1,087 39.9 39.9 39.8 39.8

Financial activities

4,717 4,755 4,764 4,764 56.8 56.4 56.4 56.4

Professional and business services

9,036 9,299 9,305 9,322 44.8 45.0 45.0 44.9

Education and health services

17,456 17,759 17,794 17,852 77.1 77.0 77.0 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

8,131 8,246 8,259 8,275 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.7

Other services

2,982 3,031 3,039 3,044 52.5 52.7 52.8 52.8

Government

12,791 12,818 12,838 12,856 57.5 57.4 57.4 57.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)

Total private

100,603 102,051 102,207 102,359

Goods-producing

14,175 14,367 14,378 14,389

Mining and logging

464 504 512 511

Construction

5,038 5,162 5,163 5,158

Manufacturing

8,673 8,701 8,703 8,720

Durable goods

5,308 5,313 5,321 5,339

Nondurable goods

3,365 3,388 3,382 3,381

Private service-providing

86,428 87,684 87,829 87,970

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,883 23,036 23,066 23,067

Wholesale trade

4,690.6 4,738.0 4,745.1 4,749.9

Retail trade

13,437.6 13,452.1 13,467.1 13,465.7

Transportation and warehousing

4,308.2 4,401.4 4,407.1 4,407.3

Utilities

447.0 444.0 446.5 443.9

Information

2,236 2,198 2,203 2,206

Financial activities

6,444 6,550 6,570 6,577

Professional and business services

16,502 16,898 16,913 16,950

Education and health services

19,878 20,248 20,292 20,342

Leisure and hospitality

13,771 13,995 14,019 14,058

Other services

4,714 4,759 4,766 4,770

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.3 41.3 41.3 41.3

Mining and logging

45.4 45.9 45.4 45.9

Construction

39.7 39.9 39.7 39.7

Manufacturing

42.0 41.9 42.0 42.0

Durable goods

42.5 42.3 42.3 42.3

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.1 41.4 41.5

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.8 33.8 33.9

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.9 38.9 39.0

Retail trade

29.8 30.2 30.2 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.3 38.5 38.6

Utilities

42.7 42.3 42.5 42.5

Information

35.7 35.9 35.8 35.8

Financial activities

37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0

Professional and business services

35.5 35.4 35.5 35.6

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.8 24.9 24.8

Other services

31.0 30.7 30.8 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4

Durable goods

4.5 4.4 4.4 4.5

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.0 4.2 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)

Total private

$21.59 $21.99 $22.04 $22.10 $727.58 $741.06 $742.75 $744.77

Goods-producing

22.64 23.04 23.11 23.22 935.03 951.55 954.44 958.99

Mining and logging

27.07 27.50 27.69 27.97 1,228.98 1,262.25 1,257.13 1,283.82

Construction

26.12 26.52 26.66 26.76 1,036.96 1,058.15 1,058.40 1,062.37

Manufacturing

20.47 20.80 20.82 20.94 859.74 871.52 874.44 879.48

Durable goods

21.52 21.77 21.78 21.91 914.60 920.87 921.29 926.79

Nondurable goods

18.78 19.23 19.28 19.39 773.74 790.35 798.19 804.69

Private service-providing

21.37 21.77 21.82 21.87 692.39 705.35 709.15 710.78

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.01 19.28 19.36 19.38 638.74 651.66 654.37 656.98

Wholesale trade

24.27 24.64 24.77 24.83 939.25 958.50 963.55 968.37

Retail trade

15.03 15.26 15.31 15.34 447.89 460.85 462.36 463.27

Transportation and warehousing

20.93 21.24 21.29 21.22 812.08 813.49 819.67 819.09

Utilities

35.53 36.17 36.44 36.25 1,517.13 1,529.99 1,548.70 1,540.63

Information

30.14 30.72 30.86 30.95 1,076.00 1,102.85 1,104.79 1,108.01

Financial activities

26.15 26.49 26.56 26.67 967.55 980.13 982.72 986.79

Professional and business services

25.50 25.98 26.01 26.07 905.25 919.69 923.36 928.09

Education and health services

22.54 22.98 23.00 23.06 725.79 739.96 740.60 742.53

Leisure and hospitality

12.90 13.34 13.35 13.35 321.21 330.83 332.42 331.08

Other services

19.37 19.80 19.85 19.95 600.47 607.86 611.38 614.46

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
Percent change from:
June
2017 - July
2017(p)
July
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
July
2017(p)
Percent change from:
June
2017 - July
2017(p)

Total private

113.0 114.6 114.8 114.9 0.1 163.0 168.4 169.0 169.7 0.4

Goods-producing

89.5 90.7 90.7 90.8 0.1 124.0 127.9 128.4 129.1 0.5

Mining and logging

111.9 122.9 123.5 124.6 0.9 176.2 196.6 198.9 202.8 2.0

Construction

100.1 103.1 102.6 102.5 -0.1 141.2 147.7 147.7 148.2 0.3

Manufacturing

83.6 83.7 83.9 84.1 0.2 111.9 113.8 114.2 115.1 0.8

Durable goods

84.8 84.5 84.6 84.9 0.4 113.9 114.8 115.0 116.1 1.0

Nondurable goods

81.7 82.0 82.5 82.7 0.2 108.4 111.5 112.4 113.3 0.8

Private service-providing

119.3 121.0 121.6 121.8 0.2 174.8 180.6 181.9 182.6 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

107.2 108.5 108.7 109.0 0.3 145.4 149.3 150.1 150.7 0.4

Wholesale trade

106.9 108.5 108.7 109.1 0.4 152.8 157.5 158.6 159.6 0.6

Retail trade

101.4 102.8 102.9 102.9 0.0 130.6 134.5 135.1 135.3 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

125.8 126.9 127.7 128.1 0.3 167.1 171.0 172.5 172.4 -0.1

Utilities

97.6 96.0 97.0 96.5 -0.5 144.8 145.0 147.6 146.0 -1.1

Information

91.1 90.1 90.0 90.1 0.1 135.9 137.0 137.5 138.1 0.4

Financial activities

112.2 114.1 114.4 114.6 0.2 180.6 185.9 187.0 188.0 0.5

Professional and business services

131.3 134.1 134.6 135.2 0.4 199.2 207.3 208.3 209.8 0.7

Education and health services

136.5 139.0 139.3 139.7 0.3 203.0 210.8 211.5 212.6 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

125.6 127.1 127.9 127.7 -0.2 184.0 192.6 193.9 193.6 -0.2

Other services

102.5 102.5 102.9 103.0 0.1 144.6 147.8 148.9 149.8 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: August 04, 2017