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Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until	              USDL-19-2105
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 6, 2019

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2019


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 266,000 in November, and the unemployment rate
was little changed at 3.5 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Notable job gains occurred in health care and in professional and technical services.
Employment rose in manufacturing, reflecting the return of workers from a strike. 

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey
measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics.
The establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two
surveys, see the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate, at 3.5 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at
5.8 million, changed little in November. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.2 percent),
adult women (3.2 percent), teenagers (12.0 percent), Whites (3.2 percent), Blacks
(5.5 percent), Asians (2.6 percent), and Hispanics (4.2 percent) showed little or no
change in November. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more), at 1.2 million,
was essentially unchanged in November and accounted for 20.8 percent of the unemployed.
(See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate was little changed at 63.2 percent in November. The
employment-population ratio was 61.0 percent for the third consecutive month. (See
table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons, at 4.3 million, changed
little in November. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment,
were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find
full-time jobs. (See table A-8.)

In November, 1.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by
432,000 from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were
not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 325,000 discouraged workers in November, down
by 128,000 from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers
are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for
them. The remaining 921,000 persons marginally attached to the labor force in November
had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.
(See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 266,000 in November. Job growth has averaged
180,000 per month thus far in 2019, compared with an average monthly gain of 223,000 in
2018. In November, notable job gains occurred in health care and in professional and
technical services. Employment also increased in manufacturing, reflecting the return
of workers from a strike. Employment continued to trend up in leisure and hospitality,
transportation and warehousing, and financial activities, while mining lost jobs. (See
table B-1.)

In November, health care added 45,000 jobs, following little employment change in October
(+12,000). The November job gains occurred in ambulatory health care services (+34,000)
and in hospitals (+10,000). Health care has added 414,000 jobs over the last 12 months.

Employment in professional and technical services increased by 31,000 in November and by
278,000 over the last 12 months. 

Manufacturing employment rose by 54,000 in November, following a decline of 43,000 in the
prior month. Within manufacturing, employment in motor vehicles and parts was up by 41,000
in November, reflecting the return of workers who were on strike in October. 

In November, employment in leisure and hospitality continued to trend up (+45,000). The
industry has added 219,000 jobs over the last 4 months. 

Employment in transportation and warehousing continued on an upward trend in November
(+16,000). Within the industry, job gains occurred in warehousing and storage (+8,000)
and in couriers and messengers (+5,000). 

Financial activities employment also continued to trend up in November (+13,000), with
a gain of 7,000 in credit intermediation and related activities. Financial activities
has added 116,000 jobs over the last 12 months. 

Mining lost jobs in November (-7,000), largely in support activities for mining (-6,000).
Mining employment is down by 19,000 since a recent peak in May. 

In November, employment in retail trade was about unchanged (+2,000). Within the industry,
employment rose in general merchandise stores (+22,000) and in motor vehicle and parts
dealers (+8,000), while clothing and clothing accessories stores lost jobs (-18,000).

Employment in other major industries--including construction, wholesale trade, information,
and government--showed little change over the month. 

In November, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 7 cents to $28.29. Over the last 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by
3.1 percent. In November, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees rose by 7 cents to $23.83. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 34.4
hours in November. In manufacturing, the average workweek increased by 0.1 hour to 40.5
hours, while overtime decreased by 0.1 hour to 3.1 hours. The average workweek of private-
sector production and nonsupervisory employees held at 33.5 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised up by 13,000 from
+180,000 to +193,000, and the change for October was revised up by 28,000 from +128,000
to +156,000. With these revisions, employment gains in September and October combined were
41,000 more than previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from additional reports 
received from businesses and government agencies since the last published estimates and 
from the recalculation of seasonal factors.) After revisions, job gains have averaged
205,000 over the last 3 months.
 
_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 10, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



  _____________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                     |
 |             Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data                   |
 |                                                                                     |
 | In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation news release for        |
 | December 2019, scheduled for January 10, 2020, will incorporate annual revisions to |
 | seasonally adjusted household survey data. Seasonally adjusted data for the most    |
 | recent 5 years are subject to revision.                                             |
 |_____________________________________________________________________________________|

  _____________________________________________________________________________________
 |										       |
 |                       Upcoming Changes to Household Survey Data		       |
 |										       |
 | With the publication of The Employment Situation for January 2020 on February 7,    |
 | 2020, two not seasonally adjusted series currently displayed in Summary table A--   |
 | persons marginally attached to the labor force and discouraged workers--will be     |
 | replaced with new seasonally adjusted series. The new seasonally adjusted series    |
 | will be available in the BLS online database back to 1994. Not seasonally adjusted  |
 | data for persons marginally attached to the labor force and for discouraged workers |
 | will continue to be published in table A-16. These series will also be available in |
 | the BLS online database back to 1994.					       |
 | 										       |
 | Persons marginally attached to the labor force and discouraged workers are inputs   |
 | into three alternative measures of labor underutilization displayed in table A-15.  |
 | Therefore, with the publication of The Employment Situation for January 2020, data  |
 | for U-4, U-5, and U-6 in table A-15 will reflect the new seasonally adjusted series.|
 | Revised data back to 1994 will be available in the BLS online database. Not	       |
 | seasonally adjusted series for the alternative measures will be unaffected.	       |
 | 										       |
 | Beginning with data for January 2020, occupation estimates in table A-13 will       |
 | reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupation classification system into   |
 | the household survey. This occupation classification system is derived from the     |
 | 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. In addition, industry       |
 | estimates in table A-14 will reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry   |
 | classification system, which is derived from the 2017 North American Industry       |
 | Classification System (NAICS). Historical data on occupation and industry will not  |
 | be revised. Beginning with data for January 2020, estimates will not be strictly    |
 | comparable with earlier years.  						       |
 |										       |
 | Also beginning with data for January 2020, estimates of married persons will include|
 | those in opposite-sex and same-sex marriages. Prior to January 2020, these estimates|
 | include only those in opposite-sex marriages. This will affect marital status       |
 | estimates in tables A-9 and A-10. Historical data will not be revised.	       |
 |_____________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Change from:
Oct.
2019-
Nov.
2019

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

258,708 259,638 259,845 260,020 175

Civilian labor force

162,821 164,039 164,364 164,404 40

Participation rate

62.9 63.2 63.3 63.2 -0.1

Employed

156,803 158,269 158,510 158,593 83

Employment-population ratio

60.6 61.0 61.0 61.0 0.0

Unemployed

6,018 5,769 5,855 5,811 -44

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 -0.1

Not in labor force

95,886 95,599 95,481 95,616 135

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.4 3.1 3.2 3.2 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

12.0 12.5 12.3 12.0 -0.3

White

3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 0.0

Black or African American

6.0 5.5 5.4 5.5 0.1

Asian

2.7 2.5 2.9 2.6 -0.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.5 3.9 4.1 4.2 0.1

Total, 25 years and over

3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

5.6 4.8 5.6 5.3 -0.3

High school graduates, no college

3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 0.0

Some college or associate degree

3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 0.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.2 2.0 2.1 2.0 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,842 2,572 2,674 2,806 132

Job leavers

697 840 849 777 -72

Reentrants

1,880 1,669 1,703 1,664 -39

New entrants

577 677 627 586 -41

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,128 1,868 1,968 2,020 52

5 to 14 weeks

1,842 1,781 1,749 1,757 8

15 to 26 weeks

865 819 899 872 -27

27 weeks and over

1,259 1,314 1,264 1,224 -40

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,781 4,350 4,438 4,322 -116

Slack work or business conditions

2,882 2,588 2,754 2,633 -121

Could only find part-time work

1,562 1,322 1,287 1,268 -19

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,909 21,573 21,549 21,534 -15

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,678 1,299 1,229 1,246 -

Discouraged workers

453 321 341 325 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

196 193 156 266

Total private

200 183 163 254

Goods-producing

29 11 -25 48

Mining and logging

-3 0 4 -7

Construction

5 9 14 1

Manufacturing

27 2 -43 54

Durable goods(1)

16 -1 -50 44

Motor vehicles and parts

-1.9 0.6 -42.8 41.3

Nondurable goods

11 3 7 10

Private service-providing

171 172 188 206

Wholesale trade

11.3 5.0 10.0 -4.3

Retail trade

32.5 12.0 22.0 2.0

Transportation and warehousing

23.6 8.5 6.1 15.5

Utilities

0.3 -1.3 -1.6 0.5

Information

-3 6 -6 13

Financial activities

3 6 16 13

Professional and business services(1)

34 27 43 38

Temporary help services

1.3 9.9 3.8 4.8

Education and health services(1)

29 57 30 74

Health care and social assistance

36.6 49.0 33.1 60.2

Leisure and hospitality

39 56 70 45

Other services

1 -5 -1 9

Government

-4 10 -7 12

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

194 193 189 205

Total private

198 156 170 200

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.9 50.0 50.0

Total private women employees

48.3 48.6 48.6 48.6

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.3 82.3 82.2

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$27.43 $28.12 $28.22 $28.29

Average weekly earnings

$943.59 $967.33 $970.77 $973.18

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

110.1 111.5 111.7 111.9

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

144.4 149.9 150.7 151.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.1 0.5 0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (258 industries)

61.6 56.6 52.7 61.6

Manufacturing (76 industries)

65.8 43.4 36.2 54.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 142,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 689,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at https://www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 110,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-60,000 to +160,000 (50,000 +/- 110,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

258,708 259,845 260,020 258,708 259,225 259,432 259,638 259,845 260,020

Civilian labor force

162,665 164,576 164,386 162,821 163,351 163,922 164,039 164,364 164,404

Participation rate

62.9 63.3 63.2 62.9 63.0 63.2 63.2 63.3 63.2

Employed

157,015 159,067 158,945 156,803 157,288 157,878 158,269 158,510 158,593

Employment-population ratio

60.7 61.2 61.1 60.6 60.7 60.9 61.0 61.0 61.0

Unemployed

5,650 5,510 5,441 6,018 6,063 6,044 5,769 5,855 5,811

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5

Not in labor force

96,043 95,269 95,634 95,886 95,874 95,510 95,599 95,481 95,616

Persons who currently want a job

5,060 4,412 4,515 5,397 5,043 5,150 4,880 4,753 4,831

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,137 125,687 125,773 125,137 125,378 125,481 125,583 125,687 125,773

Civilian labor force

85,974 86,824 86,864 86,330 86,805 86,832 86,839 86,884 87,153

Participation rate

68.7 69.1 69.1 69.0 69.2 69.2 69.1 69.1 69.3

Employed

83,033 83,918 83,973 83,194 83,584 83,600 83,732 83,753 84,060

Employment-population ratio

66.4 66.8 66.8 66.5 66.7 66.6 66.7 66.6 66.8

Unemployed

2,941 2,906 2,890 3,136 3,221 3,233 3,107 3,132 3,094

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5

Not in labor force

39,163 38,863 38,909 38,807 38,573 38,649 38,744 38,802 38,620

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,646 117,242 117,331 116,646 116,939 117,040 117,140 117,242 117,331

Civilian labor force

83,231 83,967 83,970 83,408 83,794 83,868 83,829 83,902 84,106

Participation rate

71.4 71.6 71.6 71.5 71.7 71.7 71.6 71.6 71.7

Employed

80,636 81,433 81,464 80,633 80,981 81,039 81,135 81,181 81,421

Employment-population ratio

69.1 69.5 69.4 69.1 69.3 69.2 69.3 69.2 69.4

Unemployed

2,596 2,534 2,506 2,775 2,814 2,830 2,694 2,721 2,685

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2

Not in labor force

33,414 33,275 33,361 33,238 33,144 33,171 33,311 33,340 33,225

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

133,571 134,158 134,247 133,571 133,847 133,951 134,054 134,158 134,247

Civilian labor force

76,691 77,752 77,522 76,492 76,546 77,090 77,199 77,480 77,251

Participation rate

57.4 58.0 57.7 57.3 57.2 57.6 57.6 57.8 57.5

Employed

73,982 75,149 74,971 73,609 73,705 74,278 74,537 74,757 74,533

Employment-population ratio

55.4 56.0 55.8 55.1 55.1 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.5

Unemployed

2,709 2,603 2,550 2,883 2,841 2,812 2,662 2,723 2,718

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.5

Not in labor force

56,880 56,406 56,725 57,079 57,301 56,861 56,855 56,678 56,996

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,299 125,907 125,998 125,299 125,604 125,705 125,806 125,907 125,998

Civilian labor force

73,820 74,891 74,695 73,478 73,548 74,123 74,314 74,517 74,296

Participation rate

58.9 59.5 59.3 58.6 58.6 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.0

Employed

71,438 72,584 72,426 70,949 71,069 71,655 71,974 72,112 71,888

Employment-population ratio

57.0 57.6 57.5 56.6 56.6 57.0 57.2 57.3 57.1

Unemployed

2,383 2,307 2,269 2,529 2,479 2,468 2,340 2,405 2,408

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.1 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2

Not in labor force

51,479 51,016 51,303 51,821 52,057 51,582 51,491 51,390 51,702

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,763 16,696 16,692 16,763 16,682 16,687 16,691 16,696 16,692

Civilian labor force

5,613 5,718 5,721 5,935 6,009 5,931 5,895 5,946 6,003

Participation rate

33.5 34.2 34.3 35.4 36.0 35.5 35.3 35.6 36.0

Employed

4,941 5,050 5,055 5,221 5,239 5,184 5,160 5,217 5,285

Employment-population ratio

29.5 30.2 30.3 31.1 31.4 31.1 30.9 31.2 31.7

Unemployed

672 668 666 714 770 747 735 729 718

Unemployment rate

12.0 11.7 11.6 12.0 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.0

Not in labor force

11,150 10,978 10,971 10,828 10,673 10,756 10,796 10,750 10,689

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,690 201,172 201,254 200,690 200,843 200,953 201,062 201,172 201,254

Civilian labor force

126,165 127,165 127,170 126,334 126,345 126,765 127,053 127,114 127,192

Participation rate

62.9 63.2 63.2 63.0 62.9 63.1 63.2 63.2 63.2

Employed

122,247 123,402 123,397 122,036 122,144 122,471 122,972 123,012 123,077

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.3 61.3 60.8 60.8 60.9 61.2 61.1 61.2

Unemployed

3,918 3,763 3,773 4,299 4,201 4,293 4,081 4,102 4,115

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2

Not in labor force

74,525 74,007 74,084 74,355 74,498 74,188 74,008 74,058 74,063

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,825 66,081 66,143 65,961 65,994 66,066 66,134 66,119 66,226

Participation rate

71.6 71.7 71.7 71.8 71.7 71.8 71.8 71.7 71.8

Employed

64,000 64,316 64,336 63,960 64,005 64,094 64,246 64,168 64,262

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.8 69.8 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.7 69.6 69.7

Unemployed

1,826 1,765 1,807 2,000 1,989 1,972 1,888 1,951 1,964

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.7 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

56,054 56,682 56,591 55,819 55,663 56,063 56,356 56,394 56,281

Participation rate

58.1 58.6 58.5 57.9 57.6 58.0 58.3 58.3 58.1

Employed

54,413 55,143 55,095 54,023 53,988 54,286 54,707 54,750 54,648

Employment-population ratio

56.4 57.0 56.9 56.0 55.9 56.2 56.6 56.6 56.5

Unemployed

1,642 1,539 1,496 1,796 1,675 1,776 1,649 1,644 1,633

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,285 4,402 4,436 4,554 4,687 4,636 4,563 4,601 4,685

Participation rate

34.8 36.0 36.2 37.0 38.3 37.9 37.3 37.6 38.3

Employed

3,835 3,943 3,966 4,052 4,151 4,091 4,019 4,093 4,167

Employment-population ratio

31.2 32.2 32.4 32.9 33.9 33.4 32.8 33.4 34.1

Unemployed

450 460 470 502 536 545 545 508 518

Unemployment rate

10.5 10.4 10.6 11.0 11.4 11.8 11.9 11.0 11.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,923 33,152 33,184 32,923 33,045 33,081 33,116 33,152 33,184

Civilian labor force

20,467 20,834 20,670 20,451 20,714 20,588 20,669 20,682 20,662

Participation rate

62.2 62.8 62.3 62.1 62.7 62.2 62.4 62.4 62.3

Employed

19,288 19,695 19,587 19,232 19,481 19,463 19,540 19,559 19,527

Employment-population ratio

58.6 59.4 59.0 58.4 59.0 58.8 59.0 59.0 58.8

Unemployed

1,179 1,139 1,083 1,219 1,233 1,125 1,129 1,123 1,135

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.5 5.2 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5

Not in labor force

12,456 12,317 12,515 12,472 12,331 12,492 12,447 12,470 12,523

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,298 9,552 9,475 9,310 9,502 9,490 9,490 9,484 9,499

Participation rate

67.3 68.5 67.9 67.4 68.4 68.3 68.2 68.0 68.0

Employed

8,771 9,068 9,024 8,771 8,953 8,931 8,975 9,005 9,019

Employment-population ratio

63.5 65.0 64.6 63.5 64.5 64.2 64.5 64.6 64.6

Unemployed

528 484 451 539 549 559 515 480 480

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.1 4.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,375 10,567 10,490 10,303 10,421 10,379 10,460 10,471 10,436

Participation rate

62.4 63.1 62.5 62.0 62.4 62.1 62.5 62.5 62.2

Employed

9,872 10,039 9,995 9,789 9,877 9,926 9,978 9,967 9,929

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.9 59.6 58.9 59.2 59.4 59.6 59.5 59.2

Unemployed

503 528 494 515 544 453 482 503 508

Unemployment rate

4.8 5.0 4.7 5.0 5.2 4.4 4.6 4.8 4.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

794 715 704 837 790 719 719 726 726

Participation rate

31.9 29.1 28.7 33.6 32.1 29.2 29.3 29.6 29.6

Employed

645 588 568 672 650 605 587 587 579

Employment-population ratio

25.9 23.9 23.1 27.0 26.4 24.6 23.9 23.9 23.6

Unemployed

149 127 137 165 140 113 132 139 147

Unemployment rate

18.7 17.8 19.4 19.7 17.7 15.7 18.3 19.2 20.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,096 16,399 16,558 16,096 16,399 16,433 16,400 16,399 16,558

Civilian labor force

10,281 10,669 10,666 10,334 10,449 10,524 10,519 10,721 10,716

Participation rate

63.9 65.1 64.4 64.2 63.7 64.0 64.1 65.4 64.7

Employed

9,999 10,371 10,391 10,050 10,160 10,225 10,260 10,416 10,439

Employment-population ratio

62.1 63.2 62.8 62.4 62.0 62.2 62.6 63.5 63.0

Unemployed

282 298 274 284 289 299 258 306 277

Unemployment rate

2.7 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.6

Not in labor force

5,814 5,730 5,892 5,762 5,950 5,909 5,881 5,678 5,842

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

43,146 43,814 43,902 43,146 43,537 43,630 43,722 43,814 43,902

Civilian labor force

28,854 29,542 29,679 28,820 28,896 29,082 29,287 29,486 29,587

Participation rate

66.9 67.4 67.6 66.8 66.4 66.7 67.0 67.3 67.4

Employed

27,585 28,419 28,472 27,524 27,581 27,866 28,152 28,282 28,350

Employment-population ratio

63.9 64.9 64.9 63.8 63.4 63.9 64.4 64.6 64.6

Unemployed

1,269 1,123 1,207 1,296 1,314 1,216 1,135 1,204 1,237

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.8 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.2

Not in labor force

14,293 14,272 14,223 14,326 14,642 14,548 14,435 14,328 14,314

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,599 15,858 16,015 15,595 15,651 15,718 15,791 15,841 15,989

Participation rate

80.1 80.2 80.8 80.1 79.6 79.8 80.0 80.1 80.7

Employed

15,080 15,377 15,551 15,063 15,017 15,186 15,320 15,307 15,504

Employment-population ratio

77.4 77.7 78.4 77.3 76.4 77.1 77.6 77.4 78.2

Unemployed

519 481 464 533 634 532 471 533 485

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.0 2.9 3.4 4.0 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,945 12,376 12,294 11,857 11,929 12,113 12,191 12,327 12,197

Participation rate

60.6 61.8 61.3 60.2 60.0 60.8 61.0 61.6 60.8

Employed

11,395 11,922 11,771 11,308 11,480 11,604 11,724 11,844 11,676

Employment-population ratio

57.8 59.5 58.7 57.4 57.7 58.2 58.7 59.2 58.2

Unemployed

550 455 522 550 449 509 467 483 520

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.7 4.2 4.6 3.8 4.2 3.8 3.9 4.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,310 1,307 1,370 1,367 1,316 1,251 1,305 1,318 1,402

Participation rate

33.0 32.6 34.1 34.5 33.0 31.3 32.6 32.9 34.9

Employed

1,110 1,121 1,150 1,154 1,084 1,076 1,108 1,130 1,170

Employment-population ratio

28.0 27.9 28.6 29.1 27.2 26.9 27.7 28.2 29.2

Unemployed

200 187 221 214 232 175 197 188 232

Unemployment rate

15.3 14.3 16.1 15.6 17.6 14.0 15.1 14.3 16.5

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,254 9,588 9,778 10,191 9,975 10,032 9,929 9,786 9,748

Participation rate

47.0 46.3 46.6 46.7 47.1 47.1 46.0 47.2 46.5

Employed

9,700 9,137 9,279 9,619 9,466 9,490 9,448 9,242 9,231

Employment-population ratio

44.4 44.1 44.2 44.0 44.7 44.6 43.7 44.6 44.0

Unemployed

554 452 498 572 509 542 480 544 517

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.7 5.1 5.6 5.1 5.4 4.8 5.6 5.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,967 36,439 36,238 35,901 36,286 36,318 36,313 36,270 36,202

Participation rate

57.7 58.0 58.1 57.6 57.5 57.3 57.8 57.8 58.0

Employed

34,764 35,160 34,977 34,631 34,982 35,023 35,005 34,941 34,872

Employment-population ratio

55.8 56.0 56.1 55.6 55.4 55.3 55.7 55.7 55.9

Unemployed

1,203 1,279 1,260 1,271 1,304 1,295 1,308 1,328 1,329

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,649 37,881 37,626 37,471 37,222 37,710 37,452 37,581 37,451

Participation rate

65.6 65.3 65.0 65.3 65.0 65.6 65.1 64.8 64.7

Employed

36,516 36,862 36,572 36,293 36,028 36,549 36,363 36,510 36,354

Employment-population ratio

63.6 63.6 63.2 63.2 62.9 63.6 63.2 63.0 62.8

Unemployed

1,133 1,018 1,054 1,178 1,194 1,161 1,089 1,072 1,097

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.7 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

58,392 59,700 60,112 58,451 58,664 58,800 59,080 59,517 59,932

Participation rate

73.7 74.0 74.2 73.8 73.4 73.9 73.9 73.8 74.0

Employed

57,194 58,520 59,024 57,150 57,399 57,551 57,884 58,274 58,753

Employment-population ratio

72.2 72.6 72.8 72.1 71.8 72.3 72.4 72.3 72.5

Unemployed

1,198 1,180 1,088 1,301 1,265 1,249 1,196 1,243 1,178

Unemployment rate

2.1 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

19,060 18,669 17,187 16,777 1,873 1,892

Civilian labor force

9,458 9,169 8,297 8,077 1,162 1,092

Participation rate

49.6 49.1 48.3 48.1 62.0 57.7

Employed

9,167 8,860 8,040 7,824 1,127 1,036

Employment-population ratio

48.1 47.5 46.8 46.6 60.2 54.8

Unemployed

291 309 257 253 35 55

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.0 5.1

Not in labor force

9,602 9,500 8,890 8,700 711 800

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,226 4,446 3,506 3,662 720 784

Civilian labor force

3,489 3,488 2,957 2,952 533 537

Participation rate

82.6 78.5 84.3 80.6 73.9 68.5

Employed

3,370 3,324 2,859 2,830 511 494

Employment-population ratio

79.7 74.8 81.5 77.3 70.9 63.0

Unemployed

120 164 98 122 22 43

Unemployment rate

3.4 4.7 3.3 4.1 4.1 8.0

Not in labor force

737 957 549 710 188 247

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,074 3,077 2,587 2,619 487 458

Civilian labor force

2,382 2,278 2,032 1,971 350 307

Participation rate

77.5 74.0 78.5 75.3 71.8 67.0

Employed

2,321 2,224 1,977 1,925 344 299

Employment-population ratio

75.5 72.3 76.4 73.5 70.6 65.2

Unemployed

61 54 55 46 6 8

Unemployment rate

2.6 2.4 2.7 2.3 1.7 2.6

Not in labor force

692 799 555 648 137 151

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,469 6,977 7,213 6,732 256 245

Civilian labor force

1,600 1,452 1,532 1,404 68 48

Participation rate

21.4 20.8 21.2 20.9 26.5 19.5

Employed

1,565 1,409 1,497 1,361 68 48

Employment-population ratio

21.0 20.2 20.8 20.2 26.5 19.5

Unemployed

35 43 35 43 0 0

Unemployment rate

2.2 3.0 2.3 3.1 - -

Not in labor force

5,869 5,525 5,681 5,328 188 197

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,291 4,169 3,881 3,764 410 405

Civilian labor force

1,988 1,951 1,776 1,750 212 200

Participation rate

46.3 46.8 45.8 46.5 51.6 49.5

Employed

1,912 1,903 1,708 1,708 204 195

Employment-population ratio

44.6 45.6 44.0 45.4 49.9 48.2

Unemployed

76 47 68 43 7 5

Unemployment rate

3.8 2.4 3.8 2.4 3.4 2.4

Not in labor force

2,303 2,218 2,105 2,014 198 205

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

230,685 232,381 103,394 104,496 127,291 127,884

Civilian labor force

151,133 153,041 76,761 77,777 74,372 75,264

Participation rate

65.5 65.9 74.2 74.4 58.4 58.9

Employed

146,041 148,171 74,218 75,287 71,823 72,884

Employment-population ratio

63.3 63.8 71.8 72.0 56.4 57.0

Unemployed

5,093 4,871 2,543 2,491 2,549 2,380

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.2

Not in labor force

79,552 79,339 26,633 26,719 52,919 52,620

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,390 30,673 228,317 229,347

Civilian labor force

6,397 6,362 156,267 158,024

Participation rate

21.1 20.7 68.4 68.9

Employed

5,904 5,926 151,111 153,019

Employment-population ratio

19.4 19.3 66.2 66.7

Unemployed

494 436 5,156 5,005

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.9 3.3 3.2

Not in labor force

23,993 24,311 72,050 71,323

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,670 2,869 77,695 77,915

Participation rate

35.3 37.2 82.4 82.9

Employed

2,460 2,671 75,127 75,411

Employment-population ratio

32.5 34.6 79.7 80.2

Unemployed

210 198 2,568 2,504

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.9 3.3 3.2

Not in labor force

4,897 4,840 16,600 16,093

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,491 2,274 69,459 70,296

Participation rate

31.7 30.3 71.6 72.3

Employed

2,266 2,085 67,115 68,056

Employment-population ratio

28.9 27.7 69.1 70.0

Unemployed

225 189 2,343 2,240

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.3 3.4 3.2

Not in labor force

5,361 5,243 27,604 26,869

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,237 1,219 9,113 9,813

Participation rate

8.3 7.9 24.7 25.7

Employed

1,178 1,169 8,868 9,552

Employment-population ratio

7.9 7.6 24.0 25.0

Unemployed

59 49 245 260

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.1 2.7 2.7

Not in labor force

13,735 14,229 27,846 28,360

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

43,310 42,876 20,898 20,676 22,412 22,200

Civilian labor force

28,717 28,468 16,401 16,265 12,316 12,203

Participation rate

66.3 66.4 78.5 78.7 55.0 55.0

Employed

27,805 27,693 15,951 15,877 11,854 11,816

Employment-population ratio

64.2 64.6 76.3 76.8 52.9 53.2

Unemployed

912 775 451 389 462 386

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.7 2.7 2.4 3.7 3.2

Not in labor force

14,593 14,408 4,497 4,410 10,096 9,998

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

215,398 217,144 104,239 105,097 111,159 112,047

Civilian labor force

133,948 135,918 69,572 70,598 64,375 65,319

Participation rate

62.2 62.6 66.7 67.2 57.9 58.3

Employed

129,210 131,252 67,082 68,097 62,128 63,155

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.4 64.4 64.8 55.9 56.4

Unemployed

4,738 4,666 2,490 2,502 2,248 2,164

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.3

Not in labor force

81,450 81,226 34,667 34,499 46,784 46,727

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,553 2,553 2,363 2,556 2,402 2,400 2,404 2,461 2,363

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,784 1,738 1,676 1,772 1,577 1,560 1,610 1,630 1,635

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

742 786 663 768 779 789 769 796 684

Unpaid family workers

27 30 24 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

154,461 156,513 156,581 154,297 154,904 155,528 155,830 155,998 156,207

Wage and salary workers(1)

145,430 147,522 147,544 145,313 145,880 146,480 146,837 147,161 147,293

Government

21,270 21,598 21,619 21,054 20,823 20,913 21,088 21,469 21,342

Private industries

124,161 125,924 125,925 124,365 125,012 125,602 125,756 125,805 126,021

Private households

811 784 824 - - - - - -

Other industries

123,349 125,140 125,101 123,512 124,224 124,745 124,867 124,974 125,177

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,961 8,926 8,954 8,889 8,945 8,891 8,843 8,802 8,856

Unpaid family workers

69 66 83 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,558 4,046 4,110 4,781 3,984 4,381 4,350 4,438 4,322

Slack work or business conditions

2,760 2,533 2,512 2,882 2,385 2,678 2,588 2,754 2,633

Could only find part-time work

1,541 1,268 1,249 1,562 1,364 1,351 1,322 1,287 1,268

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

21,930 22,088 22,482 20,909 21,437 21,697 21,573 21,549 21,534

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

4,512 3,961 4,053 4,726 3,878 4,295 4,264 4,337 4,251

Slack work or business conditions

2,719 2,469 2,476 2,843 2,323 2,634 2,537 2,692 2,595

Could only find part-time work

1,541 1,258 1,246 1,571 1,350 1,337 1,311 1,275 1,263

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

21,539 21,679 22,109 20,521 21,049 21,322 21,190 21,138 21,166

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

157,015 159,067 158,945 156,803 157,288 157,878 158,269 158,510 158,593

16 to 19 years

4,941 5,050 5,055 5,221 5,239 5,184 5,160 5,217 5,285

16 to 17 years

1,807 1,854 1,914 1,915 1,704 1,835 1,797 1,835 1,981

18 to 19 years

3,134 3,197 3,141 3,295 3,559 3,360 3,321 3,404 3,322

20 years and over

152,073 154,016 153,890 151,582 152,050 152,694 153,109 153,293 153,308

20 to 24 years

13,899 14,337 14,037 13,942 14,233 14,057 14,297 14,363 14,110

25 years and over

138,174 139,679 139,852 137,615 137,837 138,508 138,742 138,999 139,170

25 to 54 years

101,273 101,942 102,027 100,844 100,373 101,042 101,151 101,414 101,512

25 to 34 years

35,779 36,230 36,351 35,672 35,486 35,937 35,910 36,057 36,176

35 to 44 years

32,958 33,594 33,459 32,796 33,044 33,149 33,377 33,393 33,301

45 to 54 years

32,537 32,118 32,217 32,376 31,842 31,956 31,864 31,964 32,035

55 years and over

36,901 37,738 37,826 36,771 37,464 37,467 37,592 37,585 37,658

Men, 16 years and over

83,033 83,918 83,973 83,194 83,584 83,600 83,732 83,753 84,060

16 to 19 years

2,397 2,485 2,509 2,561 2,603 2,561 2,597 2,572 2,639

16 to 17 years

775 868 862 848 855 894 895 899 930

18 to 19 years

1,622 1,617 1,647 1,711 1,762 1,657 1,679 1,684 1,710

20 years and over

80,636 81,433 81,464 80,633 80,981 81,039 81,135 81,181 81,421

20 to 24 years

7,019 7,157 7,073 7,089 7,228 7,099 7,218 7,215 7,158

25 years and over

73,617 74,276 74,391 73,519 73,761 73,827 73,871 73,966 74,223

25 to 54 years

54,032 54,139 54,247 53,933 53,688 53,749 53,843 53,941 54,104

25 to 34 years

19,205 19,353 19,451 19,201 19,088 19,194 19,182 19,305 19,411

35 to 44 years

17,698 17,954 17,915 17,664 17,790 17,764 17,926 17,877 17,892

45 to 54 years

17,128 16,832 16,880 17,068 16,810 16,791 16,735 16,759 16,801

55 years and over

19,585 20,137 20,144 19,587 20,073 20,078 20,028 20,026 20,119

Women, 16 years and over

73,982 75,149 74,971 73,609 73,705 74,278 74,537 74,757 74,533

16 to 19 years

2,544 2,565 2,546 2,660 2,636 2,623 2,563 2,645 2,645

16 to 17 years

1,032 985 1,052 1,067 849 941 901 937 1,051

18 to 19 years

1,512 1,580 1,494 1,584 1,797 1,703 1,641 1,720 1,612

20 years and over

71,438 72,584 72,426 70,949 71,069 71,655 71,974 72,112 71,888

20 to 24 years

6,880 7,180 6,964 6,853 7,005 6,958 7,079 7,148 6,952

25 years and over

64,557 65,403 65,461 64,096 64,076 64,682 64,871 65,033 64,947

25 to 54 years

47,242 47,803 47,780 46,912 46,685 47,293 47,308 47,473 47,408

25 to 34 years

16,573 16,877 16,900 16,471 16,398 16,743 16,728 16,752 16,765

35 to 44 years

15,260 15,640 15,543 15,132 15,254 15,385 15,451 15,517 15,409

45 to 54 years

15,408 15,286 15,337 15,308 15,032 15,165 15,129 15,204 15,234

55 years and over

17,316 17,601 17,681 17,184 17,392 17,389 17,563 17,560 17,539

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

46,164 46,113 46,035 46,204 46,005 46,215 46,009 45,946 46,042

Married women, spouse present(1)

36,521 36,933 36,896 36,220 36,110 36,366 36,432 36,696 36,575

Women who maintain families(2)

9,816 9,791 9,618 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

129,464 131,990 131,385 129,774 130,429 130,789 131,094 131,545 131,562

Part-time workers(4)

27,551 27,077 27,560 27,017 26,861 26,974 27,095 27,021 26,992

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,934 8,351 8,279 7,749 8,389 8,373 8,357 8,158 8,125

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.3 5.2 4.9 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

6,226 6,358 6,299 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,703 9,712 9,618 9,657 9,724 9,681 9,612 9,599 9,540

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

6,018 5,855 5,811 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5

16 to 19 years

714 729 718 12.0 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.0

16 to 17 years

291 299 283 13.2 15.5 12.9 13.1 14.0 12.5

18 to 19 years

430 435 436 11.5 10.9 12.0 12.2 11.3 11.6

20 years and over

5,305 5,126 5,093 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2

20 to 24 years

979 948 970 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.2 6.4

25 years and over

4,314 4,153 4,124 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9

25 to 54 years

3,218 3,154 3,106 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0

25 to 34 years

1,360 1,399 1,338 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6

35 to 44 years

979 901 927 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.7

45 to 54 years

879 854 840 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6

55 years and over

1,084 1,004 1,004 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.6

Men, 16 years and over

3,136 3,132 3,094 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5

16 to 19 years

360 411 408 12.3 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.4

16 to 17 years

147 150 152 14.8 15.3 14.4 13.1 14.3 14.0

18 to 19 years

214 257 255 11.1 11.8 13.3 14.1 13.2 13.0

20 years and over

2,775 2,721 2,685 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2

20 to 24 years

556 589 564 7.3 7.6 7.9 7.2 7.6 7.3

25 years and over

2,217 2,114 2,132 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

25 to 54 years

1,631 1,617 1,593 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9

25 to 34 years

655 743 742 3.3 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7

35 to 44 years

526 435 467 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5

45 to 54 years

450 439 384 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.2

55 years and over

587 497 539 2.9 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.6

Women, 16 years and over

2,883 2,723 2,718 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.5

16 to 19 years

353 319 310 11.7 12.1 11.6 11.2 10.7 10.5

16 to 17 years

144 149 132 11.9 15.7 11.6 13.2 13.7 11.1

18 to 19 years

216 178 180 12.0 10.1 10.8 10.1 9.4 10.1

20 years and over

2,529 2,405 2,408 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2

20 to 24 years

423 359 405 5.8 5.9 6.2 5.4 4.8 5.5

25 years and over

2,097 2,039 1,992 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0

25 to 54 years

1,587 1,537 1,513 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1

25 to 34 years

706 656 596 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.8 3.4

35 to 44 years

453 466 460 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9

45 to 54 years

429 415 457 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.9

55 years and over

498 491 472 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

923 818 916 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.0

Married women, spouse present(1)

871 845 853 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3

Women who maintain families(2)

558 558 480 5.4 6.0 5.1 4.7 5.4 4.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

4,739 4,788 4,763 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5

Part-time workers(4)

1,280 1,067 1,063 4.5 4.3 4.4 3.9 3.8 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,598 2,340 2,561 2,842 2,798 2,876 2,572 2,674 2,806

On temporary layoff

699 468 638 804 836 817 731 762 756

Not on temporary layoff

1,899 1,872 1,923 2,038 1,963 2,059 1,841 1,912 2,051

Permanent job losers

1,242 1,216 1,336 1,337 1,361 1,397 1,308 1,259 1,433

Persons who completed temporary jobs

657 656 587 701 602 661 532 653 618

Job leavers

699 859 759 697 833 781 840 849 777

Reentrants

1,829 1,719 1,599 1,880 1,810 1,801 1,669 1,703 1,664

New entrants

524 592 522 577 595 574 677 627 586

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

46.0 42.5 47.1 47.4 46.4 47.7 44.7 45.7 48.1

On temporary layoff

12.4 8.5 11.7 13.4 13.8 13.6 12.7 13.0 13.0

Not on temporary layoff

33.6 34.0 35.4 34.0 32.5 34.1 32.0 32.7 35.2

Job leavers

12.4 15.6 13.9 11.6 13.8 12.9 14.6 14.5 13.3

Reentrants

32.4 31.2 29.4 31.4 30.0 29.9 29.0 29.1 28.5

New entrants

9.3 10.7 9.6 9.6 9.9 9.5 11.8 10.7 10.0

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

1.6 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7

Job leavers

0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0

New entrants

0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

1,974 1,755 1,871 2,128 2,201 2,207 1,868 1,968 2,020

5 to 14 weeks

1,670 1,651 1,609 1,842 1,797 1,757 1,781 1,749 1,757

15 weeks and over

2,005 2,104 1,962 2,124 2,071 2,078 2,132 2,163 2,096

15 to 26 weeks

817 856 818 865 905 835 819 899 872

27 weeks and over

1,188 1,249 1,143 1,259 1,166 1,243 1,314 1,264 1,224

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

22.7 23.1 20.8 21.7 19.6 22.1 22.0 21.8 20.2

Median duration, in weeks

8.9 9.8 9.3 9.0 8.9 8.9 9.4 9.3 9.4

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

34.9 31.9 34.4 34.9 36.3 36.5 32.3 33.5 34.4

5 to 14 weeks

29.6 30.0 29.6 30.2 29.6 29.1 30.8 29.7 29.9

15 weeks and over

35.5 38.2 36.1 34.9 34.1 34.4 36.9 36.8 35.7

15 to 26 weeks

14.5 15.5 15.0 14.2 14.9 13.8 14.2 15.3 14.8

27 weeks and over

21.0 22.7 21.0 20.7 19.2 20.6 22.7 21.5 20.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019

Total, 16 years and over(1)

157,015 158,945 5,650 5,441 3.5 3.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

63,084 65,548 1,330 1,208 2.1 1.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

26,248 27,476 557 453 2.1 1.6

Professional and related occupations

36,836 38,072 773 755 2.1 1.9

Service occupations

26,724 26,915 1,154 1,141 4.1 4.1

Sales and office occupations

33,753 33,393 1,224 1,098 3.5 3.2

Sales and related occupations

15,995 15,627 620 531 3.7 3.3

Office and administrative support occupations

17,758 17,766 604 567 3.3 3.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,819 14,410 677 655 4.4 4.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,185 1,067 129 134 9.8 11.1

Construction and extraction occupations

8,636 8,242 400 437 4.4 5.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,998 5,101 148 84 2.9 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

18,635 18,679 723 802 3.7 4.1

Production occupations

8,797 8,586 307 334 3.4 3.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,837 10,093 415 468 4.0 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019

Total, 16 years and over(1)

5,650 5,441 3.5 3.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

4,366 4,165 3.4 3.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

16 24 1.9 3.2

Construction

375 428 3.9 4.4

Manufacturing

465 427 2.9 2.7

Durable goods

273 290 2.7 2.9

Nondurable goods

192 137 3.2 2.4

Wholesale and retail trade

803 684 3.9 3.4

Transportation and utilities

256 220 3.7 3.0

Information

95 39 3.8 1.6

Financial activities

213 221 2.1 2.1

Professional and business services

618 641 3.6 3.6

Education and health services

563 586 2.3 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

729 683 5.3 4.9

Other services

231 212 3.3 3.1

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

126 136 6.7 7.7

Government workers

428 408 2.0 1.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

206 211 2.1 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.6 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

3.7 3.5 3.5 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

4.5 4.1 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.2 6.5 6.5 7.6 7.0 7.2 6.9 7.0 6.9

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019
Nov.
2018
Nov.
2019

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

96,043 95,634 39,163 38,909 56,880 56,725

Persons who currently want a job

5,060 4,515 2,460 2,190 2,600 2,325

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,678 1,246 946 700 731 546

Discouraged workers(2)

453 325 294 203 159 122

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,225 921 652 497 573 424

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,934 8,279 3,860 4,046 4,074 4,233

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.2 4.6 4.8 5.5 5.6

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,516 4,601 2,417 2,471 2,099 2,130

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,081 2,167 689 734 1,392 1,433

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

287 295 192 217 95 78

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

993 1,186 541 605 452 581

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Change from:
Oct.2019 - Nov.2019(p)

Total nonfarm

151,375 152,016 153,002 153,624 150,048 151,830 151,986 152,252 266

Total private

128,415 129,394 129,996 130,500 127,566 129,191 129,354 129,608 254

Goods-producing

20,991 21,335 21,294 21,211 20,921 21,115 21,090 21,138 48

Mining and logging

751 754 760 747 748 746 750 743 -7

Logging

47.4 49.9 52.6 52.8 46.5 48.7 51.4 51.3 -0.1

Mining

703.4 704.2 706.9 694.1 701.0 697.7 698.8 691.9 -6.9

Oil and gas extraction

148.6 164.3 165.9 165.6 147.9 163.9 165.6 164.8 -0.8

Mining, except oil and gas

194.7 194.9 194.5 192.3 194.1 192.6 192.2 191.8 -0.4

Coal mining

52.3 53.2 53.1 53.4 52.3 53.2 53.1 53.4 0.3

Metal ore mining

40.7 39.7 39.6 38.5 41.0 39.8 39.8 38.8 -1.0

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

101.7 102.0 101.8 100.4 100.8 99.6 99.3 99.5 0.2

Support activities for mining

360.1 345.0 346.5 336.2 359.0 341.2 341.0 335.3 -5.7

Construction

7,457 7,697 7,715 7,602 7,384 7,515 7,529 7,530 1

Construction of buildings

1,658.3 1,685.4 1,693.4 1,674.7 1,648.1 1,663.0 1,664.9 1,664.1 -0.8

Residential building

827.1 852.3 857.9 852.6 822.0 842.8 845.3 847.1 1.8

Nonresidential building

831.2 833.1 835.5 822.1 826.1 820.2 819.6 817.0 -2.6

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,089.3 1,143.9 1,147.7 1,109.8 1,071.7 1,082.0 1,087.4 1,089.5 2.1

Specialty trade contractors

4,709.1 4,867.2 4,873.7 4,817.8 4,663.8 4,770.1 4,776.2 4,776.0 -0.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,067.1 2,109.1 2,114.3 2,089.3 2,050.3 2,072.0 2,074.9 2,072.6 -2.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,642.0 2,758.1 2,759.4 2,728.5 2,613.5 2,698.1 2,701.3 2,703.4 2.1

Manufacturing

12,783 12,884 12,819 12,862 12,789 12,854 12,811 12,865 54

Durable goods

8,018 8,064 8,010 8,056 8,022 8,066 8,016 8,060 44

Wood products

409.4 412.4 413.3 412.8 408.9 410.8 411.6 411.8 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

419.0 420.8 424.1 421.4 418.0 417.1 418.7 418.6 -0.1

Primary metals

380.2 377.4 371.4 372.0 381.1 378.2 372.8 373.5 0.7

Fabricated metal products

1,475.3 1,478.3 1,477.4 1,479.1 1,476.2 1,480.3 1,480.3 1,480.6 0.3

Machinery

1,132.0 1,128.0 1,125.6 1,122.4 1,134.6 1,131.6 1,129.9 1,125.6 -4.3

Computer and electronic products

1,061.4 1,091.2 1,090.6 1,092.8 1,063.4 1,092.4 1,092.0 1,094.7 2.7

Computer and peripheral equipment

157.7 163.8 163.7 163.2 157.9 163.4 163.4 163.1 -0.3

Communications equipment

85.8 86.1 86.0 86.4 85.8 86.3 86.2 86.4 0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

370.3 380.0 377.8 379.5 371.3 380.7 379.4 380.7 1.3

Electronic instruments

413.6 426.9 429.3 429.4 414.8 428.1 429.6 430.6 1.0

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

34.0 34.4 33.8 34.3 33.7 33.9 33.5 34.0 0.5

Electrical equipment and appliances

404.2 403.2 402.8 403.4 404.6 402.8 403.1 403.3 0.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,728.6 1,742.2 1,696.0 1,741.1 1,728.7 1,740.9 1,699.3 1,741.4 42.1

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

1,004.0 992.2 947.2 990.6 1,003.9 992.0 949.2 990.5 41.3

Furniture and related products

394.1 392.7 391.7 393.4 395.1 393.5 392.1 394.3 2.2

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

613.9 617.4 617.2 617.8 611.5 618.1 616.4 615.9 -0.5

Nondurable goods

4,765 4,820 4,809 4,806 4,767 4,788 4,795 4,805 10

Food manufacturing

1,628.8 1,665.4 1,661.6 1,657.5 1,630.1 1,641.8 1,649.8 1,656.0 6.2

Textile mills

112.9 111.0 110.6 109.9 112.6 110.9 110.4 109.8 -0.6

Textile product mills

116.0 112.6 113.4 114.1 115.7 112.3 113.4 113.8 0.4

Apparel

109.7 105.2 104.5 102.4 109.1 105.2 104.2 102.2 -2.0

Paper and paper products

368.4 369.0 368.9 368.2 369.2 369.3 370.0 369.3 -0.7

Printing and related support activities

429.4 420.5 419.4 418.6 427.4 419.4 418.1 416.8 -1.3

Petroleum and coal products

114.6 117.6 116.0 114.0 115.1 114.7 113.9 114.4 0.5

Chemicals

847.2 858.4 857.3 859.7 849.5 860.2 860.4 862.2 1.8

Plastics and rubber products

735.9 738.8 737.2 742.7 736.2 740.1 740.7 742.6 1.9

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

301.8 321.1 319.6 319.3 302.1 314.0 313.9 318.3 4.4

Private service-providing

107,424 108,059 108,702 109,289 106,645 108,076 108,264 108,470 206

Trade, transportation, and utilities

28,387 27,703 27,914 28,500 27,783 27,834 27,870 27,884 14

Wholesale trade

5,903.1 5,945.9 5,964.5 5,965.0 5,888.8 5,946.7 5,956.7 5,952.4 -4.3

Durable goods

3,181.6 3,226.6 3,231.5 3,228.2 3,180.6 3,226.6 3,233.0 3,227.4 -5.6

Nondurable goods

2,168.5 2,167.2 2,175.0 2,177.6 2,157.2 2,167.8 2,166.6 2,168.2 1.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

553.0 552.1 558.0 559.2 551.0 552.3 557.1 556.8 -0.3

Retail trade

16,291.3 15,637.9 15,794.0 16,260.4 15,826.9 15,771.5 15,793.5 15,795.5 2.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

2,028.1 2,070.1 2,068.6 2,073.8 2,027.7 2,062.9 2,064.3 2,072.2 7.9

Automobile dealers

1,302.4 1,314.6 1,311.5 1,311.5 1,300.7 1,310.5 1,308.4 1,310.2 1.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

154.2 163.1 161.0 158.7 159.0 161.2 161.7 162.9 1.2

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

571.5 592.4 596.1 603.6 568.0 591.1 594.2 599.1 4.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

500.2 477.1 482.8 497.0 483.4 483.9 481.5 481.3 -0.2

Electronics and appliance stores

484.7 455.9 469.3 483.6 468.8 463.2 467.6 466.5 -1.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,270.5 1,298.0 1,292.9 1,286.2 1,300.0 1,318.7 1,317.2 1,316.5 -0.7

Food and beverage stores

3,122.9 3,116.4 3,138.7 3,167.0 3,099.4 3,131.5 3,138.5 3,141.4 2.9

Health and personal care stores

1,082.9 1,028.7 1,052.3 1,070.7 1,064.8 1,040.8 1,052.8 1,048.8 -4.0

Gasoline stations

942.6 959.1 961.2 962.6 939.4 956.5 959.3 959.2 -0.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,479.4 1,268.0 1,285.9 1,393.5 1,351.7 1,302.5 1,298.1 1,280.3 -17.8

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

591.5 554.5 561.0 598.6 547.0 561.0 560.0 555.3 -4.7

General merchandise stores

3,333.6 3,018.3 3,072.8 3,300.5 3,128.3 3,055.4 3,060.6 3,082.5 21.9

Department stores

1,270.7 1,086.1 1,124.8 1,250.6 1,157.5 1,115.8 1,122.1 1,134.1 12.0

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

2,062.9 1,932.2 1,948.0 2,049.9 1,970.8 1,939.6 1,938.5 1,948.3 9.8

Miscellaneous store retailers

854.6 826.7 832.4 835.3 839.7 824.7 823.0 821.0 -2.0

Nonstore retailers

600.3 565.1 576.1 591.6 576.7 570.4 570.6 570.5 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

5,638.3 5,569.4 5,605.7 5,725.1 5,512.1 5,563.8 5,569.9 5,585.4 15.5

Air transportation

502.5 517.5 520.4 518.9 504.6 517.6 521.4 521.4 0.0

Rail transportation

217.0 199.5 196.2 196.2 216.5 199.2 196.1 195.8 -0.3

Water transportation

64.0 65.6 65.8 63.9 64.8 64.6 65.3 64.6 -0.7

Truck transportation

1,518.1 1,528.8 1,528.7 1,521.8 1,508.3 1,512.6 1,513.3 1,512.3 -1.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

504.0 503.6 509.2 508.4 487.6 489.7 490.7 492.0 1.3

Pipeline transportation

47.8 47.7 47.7 47.7 48.0 47.6 47.6 47.8 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

30.3 40.4 35.0 31.5 34.9 34.5 34.7 35.8 1.1

Support activities for transportation

725.1 723.3 727.3 728.4 722.5 722.9 723.7 725.5 1.8

Couriers and messengers

822.1 747.9 764.9 864.5 750.7 776.6 779.1 784.2 5.1

Warehousing and storage

1,207.4 1,195.1 1,210.5 1,243.8 1,174.2 1,198.5 1,198.0 1,206.0 8.0

Utilities

554.2 549.8 549.3 549.9 554.8 551.6 550.0 550.5 0.5

Information

2,854 2,822 2,828 2,865 2,829 2,828 2,822 2,835 13

Publishing industries, except Internet

737.2 748.3 744.7 744.8 734.2 744.6 742.8 742.0 -0.8

Motion picture and sound recording industries

449.1 423.4 426.2 448.1 433.2 429.0 421.6 428.7 7.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

274.1 268.4 269.5 270.1 271.9 267.3 267.8 267.9 0.1

Telecommunications

743.3 704.6 705.8 709.6 740.1 707.5 707.4 706.1 -1.3

Data processing, hosting and related services

331.1 336.9 340.1 342.3 331.6 337.7 339.3 341.4 2.1

Other information services

318.7 340.1 342.0 350.5 318.3 341.8 343.1 349.3 6.2

Financial activities

8,609 8,705 8,732 8,728 8,614 8,701 8,717 8,730 13

Finance and insurance

6,336.9 6,360.0 6,381.2 6,391.9 6,332.8 6,367.1 6,376.2 6,384.3 8.1

Monetary authorities - central bank

19.6 19.4 19.4 19.3 19.6 19.4 19.4 19.4 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,641.8 2,637.9 2,646.4 2,656.2 2,643.2 2,641.1 2,647.9 2,655.0 7.1

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,710.4 1,709.1 1,709.4 1,714.4 1,714.2 1,715.0 1,714.9 1,717.4 2.5

Commercial banking

1,313.1 1,304.9 1,304.0 1,308.2 1,316.3 1,309.9 1,309.1 1,310.8 1.7

Nondepository credit intermediation

621.7 624.2 625.5 629.2 619.6 620.7 622.6 626.6 4.0

Activities related to credit intermediation

309.7 304.6 311.5 312.6 309.4 305.4 310.3 311.1 0.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

968.1 974.7 979.1 975.6 967.4 975.8 976.5 974.6 -1.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,707.4 2,728.0 2,736.3 2,740.8 2,702.6 2,730.8 2,732.4 2,735.3 2.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,272.5 2,345.2 2,351.0 2,335.6 2,280.7 2,333.6 2,341.2 2,345.4 4.2

Real estate

1,675.6 1,720.0 1,733.2 1,726.2 1,677.5 1,717.5 1,725.0 1,728.7 3.7

Rental and leasing services

573.5 602.2 594.6 586.1 580.0 593.0 593.1 593.5 0.4

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.4 23.0 23.2 23.3 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.2 0.1

Professional and business services

21,444 21,625 21,825 21,869 21,217 21,553 21,596 21,634 38

Professional and technical services

9,442.7 9,559.0 9,660.5 9,724.8 9,417.6 9,646.3 9,665.4 9,696.0 30.6

Legal services

1,143.1 1,142.5 1,151.9 1,154.1 1,140.9 1,148.2 1,149.0 1,151.9 2.9

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,009.0 995.2 1,011.6 1,041.9 1,028.5 1,059.6 1,061.6 1,062.1 0.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,496.0 1,524.3 1,528.9 1,532.9 1,493.3 1,522.6 1,522.2 1,530.6 8.4

Specialized design services

148.1 150.2 153.8 153.9 146.1 150.5 152.6 151.7 -0.9

Computer systems design and related services

2,171.5 2,216.2 2,244.4 2,254.4 2,158.0 2,228.2 2,232.4 2,238.2 5.8

Management and technical consulting services

1,519.4 1,546.2 1,571.1 1,573.9 1,503.7 1,547.2 1,554.5 1,557.8 3.3

Scientific research and development services

706.6 732.5 736.5 742.5 706.6 736.1 738.4 742.6 4.2

Advertising and related services

492.7 488.0 493.5 494.8 491.5 489.8 491.7 493.0 1.3

Other professional and technical services

756.3 763.9 768.8 776.4 749.1 764.1 763.1 768.2 5.1

Management of companies and enterprises

2,392.4 2,426.6 2,433.8 2,433.2 2,391.9 2,430.4 2,434.2 2,433.8 -0.4

Administrative and waste services

9,609.1 9,639.1 9,730.9 9,711.4 9,407.7 9,476.1 9,496.0 9,504.3 8.3

Administrative and support services

9,164.9 9,173.5 9,264.0 9,243.6 8,962.4 9,012.8 9,030.4 9,035.8 5.4

Office administrative services

521.1 529.9 533.9 535.0 519.2 530.6 532.8 533.4 0.6

Facilities support services

154.7 157.6 160.2 159.2 154.6 156.4 158.6 158.8 0.2

Employment services(1)

3,878.8 3,804.3 3,883.9 3,913.6 3,715.1 3,730.0 3,736.7 3,741.0 4.3

Temporary help services

3,199.7 3,101.5 3,173.8 3,206.4 3,046.3 3,038.3 3,042.1 3,046.9 4.8

Business support services

923.5 882.4 893.5 905.6 900.3 883.5 879.7 881.9 2.2

Travel arrangement and reservation services

216.1 216.3 216.9 217.9 218.1 215.3 216.9 219.1 2.2

Investigation and security services

956.2 958.8 964.7 964.6 947.9 951.2 957.7 957.9 0.2

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,188.0 2,279.2 2,265.5 2,204.8 2,177.5 2,203.3 2,206.8 2,198.3 -8.5

Other support services

326.5 345.0 345.4 342.9 329.8 342.4 341.4 345.4 4.0

Waste management and remediation services

444.2 465.6 466.9 467.8 445.3 463.3 465.6 468.5 2.9

Education and health services

24,089 24,349 24,652 24,784 23,845 24,420 24,450 24,524 74

Educational services

3,921.6 3,801.1 3,992.0 4,042.3 3,731.6 3,833.1 3,829.9 3,843.5 13.6

Health care and social assistance

20,167.8 20,548.1 20,659.5 20,741.6 20,113.2 20,587.2 20,620.3 20,680.5 60.2

Health care(3)

16,177.2 16,475.7 16,531.4 16,593.3 16,135.2 16,492.3 16,504.2 16,549.4 45.2

Ambulatory health care services

7,603.1 7,802.6 7,843.7 7,885.8 7,577.3 7,818.7 7,826.3 7,860.2 33.9

Offices of physicians

2,650.4 2,694.2 2,710.1 2,729.2 2,640.3 2,700.9 2,702.6 2,718.7 16.1

Offices of dentists

966.4 983.5 984.0 992.5 964.3 986.9 984.3 990.7 6.4

Offices of other health practitioners

951.9 976.4 982.7 982.2 947.0 981.1 980.2 977.8 -2.4

Outpatient care centers

950.9 975.0 980.4 983.4 949.1 978.3 980.5 982.2 1.7

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

280.7 294.8 297.4 299.0 281.0 294.7 296.9 299.0 2.1

Home health care services

1,497.1 1,561.2 1,571.7 1,581.7 1,490.4 1,561.2 1,566.0 1,574.5 8.5

Other ambulatory health care services

305.7 317.5 317.4 317.8 305.2 315.6 315.8 317.4 1.6

Hospitals

5,198.6 5,270.5 5,279.7 5,295.5 5,188.9 5,269.3 5,273.3 5,283.2 9.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,375.5 3,402.6 3,408.0 3,412.0 3,369.0 3,404.3 3,404.6 3,406.0 1.4

Nursing care facilities

1,611.5 1,610.9 1,606.6 1,607.2 1,607.0 1,610.2 1,605.2 1,603.5 -1.7

Residential mental health facilities

644.6 652.7 656.0 657.8 644.8 654.4 656.5 657.7 1.2

Community care facilities for the elderly

951.9 967.7 973.9 975.0 949.8 968.7 971.6 973.0 1.4

Other residential care facilities

167.5 171.3 171.5 172.0 167.4 171.1 171.3 171.8 0.5

Social assistance

3,990.6 4,072.4 4,128.1 4,148.3 3,978.0 4,094.9 4,116.1 4,131.1 15.0

Individual and family services

2,500.3 2,570.7 2,609.6 2,622.6 2,500.0 2,590.5 2,607.8 2,618.9 11.1

Emergency and other relief services

178.4 178.8 178.8 179.7 178.3 179.2 179.1 179.4 0.3

Vocational rehabilitation services

330.3 326.1 330.4 331.0 330.4 327.5 330.4 330.6 0.2

Child day care services

981.6 996.8 1,009.3 1,015.0 969.2 997.7 998.9 1,002.3 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

16,182 16,922 16,806 16,601 16,489 16,794 16,864 16,909 45

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,261.2 2,518.4 2,443.5 2,329.9 2,433.3 2,480.3 2,487.8 2,503.5 15.7

Performing arts and spectator sports

500.5 536.6 522.2 503.1 516.0 523.0 513.3 518.6 5.3

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

168.7 177.5 177.6 174.2 174.1 176.0 177.5 179.2 1.7

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,592.0 1,804.3 1,743.7 1,652.6 1,743.2 1,781.3 1,797.0 1,805.7 8.7

Accommodation and food services

13,920.6 14,403.1 14,362.8 14,271.5 14,055.6 14,313.8 14,376.6 14,405.4 28.8

Accommodation

1,969.2 2,093.0 2,055.1 2,009.9 2,029.5 2,053.7 2,067.1 2,070.6 3.5

Food services and drinking places

11,951.4 12,310.1 12,307.7 12,261.6 12,026.1 12,260.1 12,309.5 12,334.8 25.3

Other services

5,859 5,933 5,945 5,942 5,868 5,946 5,945 5,954 9

Repair and maintenance

1,330.6 1,368.0 1,373.0 1,369.9 1,335.1 1,368.1 1,371.2 1,374.2 3.0

Personal and laundry services

1,525.5 1,535.2 1,534.4 1,536.2 1,521.1 1,535.1 1,531.6 1,533.6 2.0

Membership associations and organizations

3,003.2 3,029.8 3,037.2 3,036.1 3,011.5 3,043.2 3,042.6 3,046.1 3.5

Government

22,960 22,622 23,006 23,124 22,482 22,639 22,632 22,644 12

Federal

2,807.0 2,846.0 2,832.0 2,834.0 2,804.0 2,846.0 2,830.0 2,829.0 -1.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,191.2 2,243.0 2,225.4 2,218.9 2,193.0 2,238.5 2,222.1 2,220.2 -1.9

U.S. Postal Service

615.9 603.3 606.5 614.6 611.0 607.0 607.9 608.6 0.7

State government

5,361.0 5,246.0 5,359.0 5,379.0 5,180.0 5,190.0 5,195.0 5,195.0 0.0

State government education

2,671.7 2,534.1 2,649.5 2,673.7 2,483.8 2,480.7 2,480.8 2,484.1 3.3

State government, excluding education

2,689.7 2,711.4 2,709.3 2,705.3 2,695.9 2,708.9 2,714.0 2,710.5 -3.5

Local government

14,792.0 14,530.0 14,815.0 14,911.0 14,498.0 14,603.0 14,607.0 14,620.0 13.0

Local government education

8,303.7 7,968.1 8,284.4 8,377.9 7,970.4 8,031.5 8,030.8 8,037.9 7.1

Local government, excluding education

6,488.1 6,561.4 6,530.9 6,533.0 6,527.7 6,571.3 6,575.8 6,582.2 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.2 40.5 40.2 40.2

Mining and logging

45.9 46.2 46.3 46.2

Construction

38.7 39.8 39.2 39.1

Manufacturing

40.8 40.5 40.4 40.5

Durable goods

41.1 41.0 40.8 40.9

Nondurable goods

40.2 39.8 39.6 39.7

Private service-providing

33.3 33.2 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.2 34.2 34.1

Wholesale trade

39.0 38.9 39.0 39.0

Retail trade

30.9 30.7 30.6 30.5

Transportation and warehousing

39.1 38.4 38.4 38.4

Utilities

42.4 42.2 42.3 42.8

Information

36.1 36.5 36.4 36.3

Financial activities

37.6 37.5 37.7 37.8

Professional and business services

36.1 36.1 36.2 36.2

Education and health services

32.9 33.0 33.0 33.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 25.9 25.8 25.8

Other services

31.9 31.8 31.8 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.2 3.2 3.1

Durable goods

3.5 3.2 3.2 3.1

Nondurable goods

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)

Total private

$27.43 $28.12 $28.22 $28.29 $943.59 $967.33 $970.77 $973.18

Goods-producing

28.49 29.21 29.28 29.38 1,145.30 1,183.01 1,177.06 1,181.08

Mining and logging

32.84 34.56 34.93 34.85 1,507.36 1,596.67 1,617.26 1,610.07

Construction

30.26 30.86 30.96 31.08 1,171.06 1,228.23 1,213.63 1,215.23

Manufacturing

27.24 27.90 27.95 28.05 1,111.39 1,129.95 1,129.18 1,136.03

Durable goods

28.71 29.36 29.41 29.53 1,179.98 1,203.76 1,199.93 1,207.78

Nondurable goods

24.71 25.37 25.44 25.50 993.34 1,009.73 1,007.42 1,012.35

Private service-providing

27.18 27.86 27.97 28.04 905.09 924.95 928.60 930.93

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23.63 24.39 24.44 24.53 815.24 834.14 835.85 836.47

Wholesale trade

30.82 31.62 31.71 31.82 1,201.98 1,230.02 1,236.69 1,240.98

Retail trade

19.07 19.84 19.87 19.91 589.26 609.09 608.02 607.26

Transportation and warehousing

24.40 24.99 25.00 25.09 954.04 959.62 960.00 963.46

Utilities

41.13 41.85 41.72 41.98 1,743.91 1,766.07 1,764.76 1,796.74

Information

41.02 42.07 42.13 42.29 1,480.82 1,535.56 1,533.53 1,535.13

Financial activities

35.31 36.06 36.15 36.23 1,327.66 1,352.25 1,362.86 1,369.49

Professional and business services

32.93 33.90 34.03 34.16 1,188.77 1,223.79 1,231.89 1,236.59

Education and health services

27.27 27.66 27.84 27.81 897.18 912.78 918.72 920.51

Leisure and hospitality

16.21 16.68 16.71 16.77 419.84 432.01 431.12 432.67

Other services

24.80 25.10 25.16 25.25 791.12 798.18 800.09 805.48

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2019 - Nov.
2019(p)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2019 - Nov.
2019(p)

Total private

110.1 111.5 111.7 111.9 0.2 144.4 149.9 150.7 151.3 0.4

Goods-producing

95.8 97.4 96.6 96.8 0.2 123.4 128.6 127.8 128.6 0.6

Mining and logging

107.9 108.3 109.1 107.9 -1.1 142.2 150.3 153.0 150.9 -1.4

Construction

98.5 103.1 101.7 101.5 -0.2 129.5 138.2 136.9 137.1 0.1

Manufacturing

93.9 93.7 93.1 93.7 0.6 118.9 121.5 121.0 122.3 1.1

Durable goods

92.8 93.1 92.1 92.8 0.8 118.4 121.4 120.3 121.7 1.2

Nondurable goods

95.7 95.1 94.8 95.2 0.4 119.9 122.4 122.3 123.2 0.7

Private service-providing

114.3 115.4 115.6 115.9 0.3 150.9 156.3 157.2 157.9 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.5 103.8 103.9 103.7 -0.2 133.1 136.5 136.9 137.1 0.1

Wholesale trade

101.3 102.0 102.5 102.4 -0.1 130.6 135.0 135.9 136.3 0.3

Retail trade

99.3 98.3 98.1 97.8 -0.3 125.2 128.9 128.9 128.7 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing

123.2 122.1 122.3 122.6 0.2 152.5 154.8 155.0 156.0 0.6

Utilities

101.8 100.7 100.7 101.9 1.2 138.3 139.3 138.7 141.4 1.9

Information

93.3 94.3 93.8 94.0 0.2 136.2 141.2 140.7 141.5 0.6

Financial activities

106.1 106.9 107.6 108.1 0.5 146.1 150.3 151.8 152.7 0.6

Professional and business services

120.1 122.0 122.6 122.8 0.2 160.1 167.5 168.9 169.8 0.5

Education and health services

128.1 131.6 131.7 132.5 0.6 168.1 175.1 176.5 177.3 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

121.9 124.1 124.1 124.5 0.3 159.4 167.0 167.4 168.4 0.6

Other services

107.9 109.0 109.0 109.5 0.5 146.7 150.0 150.3 151.6 0.9

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)

Total nonfarm

74,605 75,832 75,958 76,113 49.7 49.9 50.0 50.0

Total private

61,640 62,755 62,876 63,013 48.3 48.6 48.6 48.6

Goods-producing

4,651 4,736 4,742 4,754 22.2 22.4 22.5 22.5

Mining and logging

95 102 101 100 12.7 13.7 13.5 13.5

Construction

958 975 981 981 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0

Manufacturing

3,598 3,659 3,660 3,673 28.1 28.5 28.6 28.6

Durable goods

1,908 1,946 1,941 1,950 23.8 24.1 24.2 24.2

Nondurable goods

1,690 1,713 1,719 1,723 35.5 35.8 35.8 35.9

Private service-providing

56,989 58,019 58,134 58,259 53.4 53.7 53.7 53.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

11,154 11,169 11,182 11,186 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.1

Wholesale trade

1,764.3 1,794.3 1,793.7 1,797.7 30.0 30.2 30.1 30.2

Retail trade

7,882.9 7,817.3 7,826.0 7,821.5 49.8 49.6 49.6 49.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,376.0 1,425.3 1,430.2 1,434.9 25.0 25.6 25.7 25.7

Utilities

130.4 132.2 132.1 131.8 23.5 24.0 24.0 23.9

Information

1,115 1,129 1,126 1,141 39.4 39.9 39.9 40.2

Financial activities

4,868 4,907 4,915 4,913 56.5 56.4 56.4 56.3

Professional and business services

9,623 9,852 9,869 9,894 45.4 45.7 45.7 45.7

Education and health services

18,411 18,869 18,907 18,975 77.2 77.3 77.3 77.4

Leisure and hospitality

8,689 8,922 8,964 8,973 52.7 53.1 53.2 53.1

Other services

3,129 3,171 3,171 3,177 53.3 53.3 53.3 53.4

Government

12,965 13,077 13,082 13,100 57.7 57.8 57.8 57.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)

Total private

105,051 106,313 106,409 106,596

Goods-producing

15,015 15,107 15,084 15,116

Mining and logging

558 540 545 539

Construction

5,491 5,600 5,608 5,599

Manufacturing

8,966 8,967 8,931 8,978

Durable goods

5,523 5,543 5,499 5,534

Nondurable goods

3,443 3,424 3,432 3,444

Private service-providing

90,036 91,206 91,325 91,480

Trade, transportation, and utilities

23,495 23,550 23,556 23,554

Wholesale trade

4,729.5 4,770.5 4,769.5 4,765.8

Retail trade

13,508.0 13,466.1 13,473.6 13,462.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,813.1 4,871.0 4,873.1 4,884.9

Utilities

444.3 442.8 440.2 441.6

Information

2,284 2,276 2,268 2,281

Financial activities

6,668 6,731 6,747 6,753

Professional and business services

17,306 17,526 17,557 17,599

Education and health services

20,931 21,448 21,474 21,535

Leisure and hospitality

14,489 14,757 14,806 14,836

Other services

4,863 4,918 4,917 4,922

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.6 33.5 33.5

Goods-producing

41.2 41.2 41.0 40.9

Mining and logging

46.1 47.2 47.7 47.3

Construction

39.3 40.2 39.7 39.5

Manufacturing

42.0 41.5 41.4 41.4

Durable goods

42.3 41.9 41.7 41.8

Nondurable goods

41.4 40.9 40.9 40.9

Private service-providing

32.4 32.3 32.3 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.9 33.8 33.7 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.7 38.7 38.7

Retail trade

30.2 30.3 30.2 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 37.9 37.9 37.9

Utilities

42.8 42.3 42.8 43.0

Information

35.5 35.5 35.2 35.1

Financial activities

36.9 36.9 36.9 36.9

Professional and business services

35.3 35.4 35.3 35.3

Education and health services

32.2 32.1 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.6 24.6 24.7

Other services

30.9 30.7 30.8 30.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.5 4.2 4.1 4.2

Durable goods

4.7 4.2 4.1 4.2

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)

Total private

$22.99 $23.67 $23.76 $23.83 $774.76 $795.31 $795.96 $798.31

Goods-producing

24.29 24.89 24.96 24.98 1,000.75 1,025.47 1,023.36 1,021.68

Mining and logging

28.86 30.60 31.09 31.07 1,330.45 1,444.32 1,482.99 1,469.61

Construction

28.14 28.59 28.65 28.69 1,105.90 1,149.32 1,137.41 1,133.26

Manufacturing

21.78 22.27 22.30 22.36 914.76 924.21 923.22 925.70

Durable goods

22.72 23.19 23.22 23.32 961.06 971.66 968.27 974.78

Nondurable goods

20.23 20.73 20.79 20.79 837.52 847.86 850.31 850.31

Private service-providing

22.72 23.41 23.51 23.59 736.13 756.14 759.37 761.96

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.17 20.78 20.80 20.94 683.76 702.36 700.96 703.58

Wholesale trade

25.53 26.27 26.37 26.47 993.12 1,016.65 1,020.52 1,024.39

Retail trade

16.14 16.75 16.72 16.77 487.43 507.53 504.94 501.42

Transportation and warehousing

21.99 22.57 22.57 22.84 844.42 855.40 855.40 865.64

Utilities

37.11 36.98 37.09 37.12 1,588.31 1,564.25 1,587.45 1,596.16

Information

32.70 34.28 34.35 34.16 1,160.85 1,216.94 1,209.12 1,199.02

Financial activities

27.17 27.84 27.94 28.06 1,002.57 1,027.30 1,030.99 1,035.41

Professional and business services

27.08 28.03 28.18 28.25 955.92 992.26 994.75 997.23

Education and health services

23.91 24.50 24.71 24.77 769.90 786.45 795.66 797.59

Leisure and hospitality

14.12 14.63 14.67 14.73 350.18 359.90 360.88 363.83

Other services

21.01 21.31 21.35 21.45 649.21 654.22 657.58 662.81

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2018 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2019 - Nov.
2019(p)
Nov.
2018
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019(p)
Nov.
2019(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2019 - Nov.
2019(p)

Total private

118.0 119.0 118.8 119.0 0.2 181.2 188.3 188.6 189.5 0.5

Goods-producing

94.5 95.1 94.5 94.5 0.0 140.6 145.0 144.4 144.5 0.1

Mining and logging

136.7 135.4 138.1 135.5 -1.9 229.4 241.0 249.8 244.8 -2.0

Construction

108.0 112.7 111.5 110.7 -0.7 164.2 174.0 172.5 171.5 -0.6

Manufacturing

86.4 85.4 84.9 85.3 0.5 123.1 124.4 123.8 124.8 0.8

Durable goods

87.8 87.3 86.1 86.9 0.9 124.5 126.3 124.9 126.5 1.3

Nondurable goods

84.0 82.5 82.7 83.0 0.4 120.1 120.9 121.5 121.9 0.3

Private service-providing

124.2 125.5 125.6 125.8 0.2 193.6 201.4 202.5 203.6 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

111.2 111.2 110.9 110.5 -0.4 160.2 164.9 164.6 165.2 0.4

Wholesale trade

109.2 109.6 109.5 109.5 0.0 164.5 169.9 170.5 171.0 0.3

Retail trade

103.2 103.3 103.0 101.9 -1.1 142.8 148.2 147.5 146.4 -0.7

Transportation and warehousing

139.0 138.9 138.9 139.3 0.3 193.9 198.8 198.8 201.7 1.5

Utilities

97.2 95.8 96.4 97.1 0.7 150.6 147.9 149.2 150.5 0.9

Information

92.5 92.2 91.1 91.4 0.3 149.8 156.5 154.9 154.5 -0.3

Financial activities

115.8 116.9 117.2 117.3 0.1 193.6 200.3 201.5 202.5 0.5

Professional and business services

136.6 138.7 138.6 138.9 0.2 220.0 231.2 232.2 233.3 0.5

Education and health services

143.7 146.8 147.4 147.8 0.3 226.8 237.4 240.4 241.7 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

131.6 133.0 133.4 134.2 0.6 211.1 220.9 222.3 224.5 1.0

Other services

105.4 105.9 106.2 106.7 0.5 161.3 164.4 165.2 166.7 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
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