Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until		  USDL-17-0300
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 10, 2017

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- FEBRUARY 2017


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 235,000 in February, and the
unemployment rate was little changed at 4.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Employment gains occurred in construction,
private educational services, manufacturing, health care, and mining.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons, at 7.5 million, changed little in February.
The unemployment rate, at 4.7 percent, was little changed over the month but
was down from 4.9 percent a year earlier. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate decreased for Whites to
4.1 percent in February, while the jobless rates for adult men (4.3 percent),
adult women (4.3 percent), teenagers (15.0 percent), Blacks (8.1 percent),
Asians (3.4 percent), and Hispanics (5.6 percent) showed little or no change.
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
essentially unchanged at 1.8 million in February and accounted for 23.8 percent
of the unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed was down
by 358,000. (See table A-12.)

In February, the labor force participation rate, at 63.0 percent, and the
employment-population ratio, at 60.0 percent, showed little change. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 5.7 million
in February. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment,
were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they
were unable to find full-time jobs. (See table A-8.)

In February, 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force,
little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for
work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 522,000 discouraged workers in February,
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in February had not searched for work for
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.) 

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 235,000 in February. Job gains
occurred in construction, private educational services, manufacturing, health care,
and mining. (See table B-1.)

In February, construction employment increased by 58,000, with gains in specialty
trade contractors (+36,000) and in heavy and civil engineering construction
(+15,000). Construction has added 177,000 jobs over the past 6 months. 

Employment in private educational services rose by 29,000 in February, following
little change in the prior month (-5,000). Over the year, employment in the
industry has grown by 105,000.

Manufacturing added 28,000 jobs in February. Employment rose in food manufacturing
(+9,000) and machinery (+7,000) but fell in transportation equipment (-6,000). Over
the past 3 months, manufacturing has added 57,000 jobs. 

Health care employment rose by 27,000 in February, with a job gain in ambulatory
health care services (+18,000). Over the year, health care has added an average
of 30,000 jobs per month. 

Employment in mining increased by 8,000 in February, with most of the gain occurring
in support activities for mining (+6,000). Mining employment has risen by 20,000
since reaching a recent low in October 2016.

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in February
(+37,000). The industry has added 597,000 jobs over the year. 

Retail trade employment edged down in February (-26,000), following a gain of 40,000
in the prior month. Over the month, job losses occurred in general merchandise stores
(-19,000); sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores (-9,000); and electronics
and appliance stores (-8,000). 

Employment in other major industries, including wholesale trade, transportation and
warehousing, information, financial activities, leisure and hospitality, and
government, showed little or no change over the month. 

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
34.4 hours in February. In manufacturing, the workweek was unchanged at 40.8 hours,
and overtime remained at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls has been 33.6 hours since August
2016. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In February, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
increased by 6 cents to $26.09, following a 5-cent increase in January. Over the year,
average hourly earnings have risen by 71 cents, or 2.8 percent. In February, average
hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased
by 4 cents to $21.86 in February. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for December was revised down from
+157,000 to +155,000, and the change for January was revised up from +227,000 to
+238,000. With these revisions, employment gains in December and January combined 
were 9,000 more than previously reported. Monthly revisions result from additional
reports received from businesses since the last published estimates and from the
recalculation of seasonal factors. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged
209,000 per month. 

_____________
The Employment Situation for March is scheduled to be released on
Friday, April 7, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Change from:
Jan.
2017-
Feb.
2017

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

252,577 254,742 254,082 254,246 164

Civilian labor force

158,888 159,640 159,716 160,056 340

Participation rate

62.9 62.7 62.9 63.0 0.1

Employed

151,043 152,111 152,081 152,528 447

Employment-population ratio

59.8 59.7 59.9 60.0 0.1

Unemployed

7,845 7,529 7,635 7,528 -107

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.7 4.8 4.7 -0.1

Not in labor force

93,690 95,102 94,366 94,190 -176

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

4.9 4.7 4.8 4.7 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

15.6 14.7 15.0 15.0 0.0

White

4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 -0.2

Black or African American

8.8 7.8 7.7 8.1 0.4

Asian

3.8 2.6 3.7 3.4 -0.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

5.5 5.9 5.9 5.6 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

7.3 7.9 7.7 7.9 0.2

High school graduates, no college

5.3 5.1 5.3 5.0 -0.3

Some college or associate degree

4.2 3.8 3.8 4.0 0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,771 3,639 3,713 3,709 -4

Job leavers

760 905 862 802 -60

Reentrants

2,449 2,219 2,170 2,197 27

New entrants

833 783 813 773 -40

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,308 2,379 2,468 2,566 98

5 to 14 weeks

2,237 2,156 2,089 2,138 49

15 to 26 weeks

1,140 1,199 1,192 1,057 -135

27 weeks and over

2,159 1,831 1,850 1,801 -49

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,019 5,598 5,840 5,704 -136

Slack work or business conditions

3,614 3,401 3,583 3,574 -9

Could only find part-time work

2,104 1,873 1,944 1,864 -80

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,595 21,251 20,487 20,773 286

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,803 1,684 1,752 1,723 -

Discouraged workers

599 426 532 522 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

237 155 238 235

Total private

221 150 221 227

Goods-producing

-7 32 54 95

Mining and logging

-18 2 3 9

Construction

23 12 40 58

Manufacturing

-12 18 11 28

Durable goods(1)

-13 13 7 10

Motor vehicles and parts

1.2 0.9 2.7 -3.5

Nondurable goods

1 5 4 18

Private service-providing

228 118 167 132

Wholesale trade

-1.5 1.6 5.9 9.9

Retail trade

48.4 13.3 39.9 -26.0

Transportation and warehousing

3.2 13.4 -10.2 8.8

Utilities

0.7 0.2 -0.4 -1.0

Information

10 -6 -3 0

Financial activities

6 22 32 7

Professional and business services(1)

25 36 46 37

Temporary help services

-6.7 -17.4 6.5 3.1

Education and health services(1)

74 50 21 62

Health care and social assistance

52.0 39.2 26.1 32.5

Leisure and hospitality

45 5 24 26

Other services

17 -17 12 8

Government

16 5 17 8

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

201 148 186 209

Total private

183 153 183 199

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6

Total private women employees

48.0 48.2 48.1 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.5 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$25.38 $25.98 $26.03 $26.09

Average weekly earnings

$875.61 $893.71 $895.43 $897.50

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

105.1 106.2 106.4 106.6

Over-the-month percent change

-0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

127.5 131.9 132.4 133.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.0 0.7 0.4 0.5

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (261 industries)

58.6 60.0 58.0 63.0

Manufacturing (78 industries)

48.1 53.8 50.0 65.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 147,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 634,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at https://www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 120,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-70,000 to +170,000 (50,000 +/- 120,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
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HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

252,577 254,082 254,246 252,577 254,321 254,540 254,742 254,082 254,246

Civilian labor force

158,279 158,676 159,482 158,888 159,643 159,456 159,640 159,716 160,056

Participation rate

62.7 62.5 62.7 62.9 62.8 62.6 62.7 62.9 63.0

Employed

150,060 150,527 151,594 151,043 151,902 152,048 152,111 152,081 152,528

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.2 59.6 59.8 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.9 60.0

Unemployed

8,219 8,149 7,887 7,845 7,740 7,409 7,529 7,635 7,528

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7

Not in labor force

94,298 95,406 94,764 93,690 94,678 95,084 95,102 94,366 94,190

Persons who currently want a job

5,949 5,934 5,641 5,858 5,889 5,837 5,662 5,739 5,597

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,017 122,781 122,862 122,017 122,889 122,998 123,099 122,781 122,862

Civilian labor force

84,052 84,234 84,589 84,694 84,994 84,860 84,979 85,096 85,194

Participation rate

68.9 68.6 68.8 69.4 69.2 69.0 69.0 69.3 69.3

Employed

79,415 79,721 80,126 80,486 80,717 80,826 80,861 81,013 81,141

Employment-population ratio

65.1 64.9 65.2 66.0 65.7 65.7 65.7 66.0 66.0

Unemployed

4,637 4,514 4,463 4,208 4,278 4,034 4,118 4,083 4,053

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8

Not in labor force

37,965 38,546 38,273 37,323 37,895 38,139 38,120 37,685 37,668

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,566 114,297 114,375 113,566 114,401 114,506 114,603 114,297 114,375

Civilian labor force

81,306 81,551 81,782 81,681 81,967 81,817 81,983 82,113 82,138

Participation rate

71.6 71.4 71.5 71.9 71.6 71.5 71.5 71.8 71.8

Employed

77,148 77,483 77,781 77,974 78,232 78,330 78,379 78,503 78,573

Employment-population ratio

67.9 67.8 68.0 68.7 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.7 68.7

Unemployed

4,158 4,068 4,002 3,707 3,735 3,486 3,605 3,609 3,564

Unemployment rate

5.1 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

32,260 32,746 32,592 31,885 32,434 32,690 32,620 32,184 32,237

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

130,561 131,301 131,384 130,561 131,432 131,542 131,643 131,301 131,384

Civilian labor force

74,227 74,441 74,893 74,194 74,648 74,597 74,661 74,621 74,862

Participation rate

56.9 56.7 57.0 56.8 56.8 56.7 56.7 56.8 57.0

Employed

70,646 70,806 71,469 70,556 71,185 71,222 71,250 71,069 71,388

Employment-population ratio

54.1 53.9 54.4 54.0 54.2 54.1 54.1 54.1 54.3

Unemployed

3,582 3,635 3,424 3,637 3,463 3,375 3,411 3,552 3,475

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.6

Not in labor force

56,333 56,860 56,491 56,367 56,783 56,945 56,982 56,681 56,521

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,345 123,052 123,131 122,345 123,179 123,285 123,383 123,052 123,131

Civilian labor force

71,518 71,663 72,230 71,289 71,784 71,737 71,831 71,686 72,011

Participation rate

58.5 58.2 58.7 58.3 58.3 58.2 58.2 58.3 58.5

Employed

68,305 68,423 69,157 68,071 68,698 68,712 68,760 68,550 68,932

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.6 56.2 55.6 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.7 56.0

Unemployed

3,213 3,240 3,072 3,218 3,085 3,025 3,071 3,136 3,079

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

50,828 51,389 50,901 51,056 51,395 51,548 51,552 51,366 51,119

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,666 16,734 16,740 16,666 16,741 16,749 16,756 16,734 16,740

Civilian labor force

5,456 5,462 5,470 5,918 5,892 5,903 5,826 5,917 5,907

Participation rate

32.7 32.6 32.7 35.5 35.2 35.2 34.8 35.4 35.3

Employed

4,608 4,620 4,657 4,997 4,972 5,006 4,972 5,028 5,023

Employment-population ratio

27.6 27.6 27.8 30.0 29.7 29.9 29.7 30.0 30.0

Unemployed

848 842 813 921 920 897 854 890 884

Unemployment rate

15.5 15.4 14.9 15.6 15.6 15.2 14.7 15.0 15.0

Not in labor force

11,211 11,272 11,271 10,748 10,849 10,846 10,930 10,816 10,833

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

197,718 198,453 198,525 197,718 198,633 198,745 198,845 198,453 198,525

Civilian labor force

124,262 123,921 124,419 124,785 124,700 124,578 124,616 124,675 124,856

Participation rate

62.8 62.4 62.7 63.1 62.8 62.7 62.7 62.8 62.9

Employed

118,584 118,097 118,991 119,458 119,310 119,370 119,263 119,311 119,740

Employment-population ratio

60.0 59.5 59.9 60.4 60.1 60.1 60.0 60.1 60.3

Unemployed

5,678 5,824 5,428 5,327 5,391 5,208 5,354 5,364 5,116

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1

Not in labor force

73,456 74,532 74,106 72,933 73,932 74,168 74,229 73,778 73,669

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,988 64,905 65,089 65,326 65,259 65,124 65,146 65,345 65,362

Participation rate

71.9 71.6 71.7 72.3 71.9 71.7 71.7 72.1 72.0

Employed

62,078 61,910 62,255 62,787 62,592 62,608 62,476 62,730 62,877

Employment-population ratio

68.7 68.3 68.6 69.5 68.9 68.9 68.7 69.2 69.3

Unemployed

2,910 2,995 2,833 2,538 2,668 2,516 2,669 2,615 2,485

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.6 4.4 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,984 54,844 55,179 54,810 54,852 54,808 54,872 54,798 54,988

Participation rate

57.8 57.5 57.8 57.7 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.6

Employed

52,830 52,582 53,138 52,666 52,774 52,783 52,813 52,646 52,949

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.1 55.7 55.4 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.5

Unemployed

2,153 2,262 2,040 2,143 2,078 2,026 2,059 2,152 2,039

Unemployment rate

3.9 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,290 4,171 4,151 4,650 4,589 4,645 4,599 4,531 4,505

Participation rate

34.8 33.8 33.6 37.7 37.2 37.6 37.2 36.7 36.5

Employed

3,676 3,604 3,597 4,005 3,944 3,979 3,974 3,934 3,913

Employment-population ratio

29.8 29.2 29.2 32.5 31.9 32.2 32.2 31.9 31.7

Unemployed

614 567 554 645 645 666 625 597 592

Unemployment rate

14.3 13.6 13.4 13.9 14.1 14.3 13.6 13.2 13.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,716 32,063 32,095 31,716 32,028 32,068 32,105 32,063 32,095

Civilian labor force

19,387 19,830 19,858 19,542 19,801 19,856 19,844 19,993 19,998

Participation rate

61.1 61.8 61.9 61.6 61.8 61.9 61.8 62.4 62.3

Employed

17,665 18,262 18,215 17,831 18,104 18,262 18,292 18,445 18,378

Employment-population ratio

55.7 57.0 56.8 56.2 56.5 56.9 57.0 57.5 57.3

Unemployed

1,721 1,569 1,642 1,711 1,696 1,594 1,552 1,548 1,620

Unemployment rate

8.9 7.9 8.3 8.8 8.6 8.0 7.8 7.7 8.1

Not in labor force

12,329 12,232 12,238 12,174 12,228 12,212 12,261 12,070 12,097

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,826 9,028 9,001 8,907 9,011 9,018 9,056 9,106 9,081

Participation rate

66.9 67.5 67.2 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.7 68.1 67.8

Employed

8,014 8,318 8,232 8,145 8,223 8,328 8,366 8,437 8,369

Employment-population ratio

60.7 62.2 61.5 61.7 61.6 62.3 62.5 63.1 62.5

Unemployed

812 710 769 762 789 691 690 669 713

Unemployment rate

9.2 7.9 8.5 8.6 8.8 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,897 10,105 10,150 9,914 10,079 10,135 10,094 10,124 10,162

Participation rate

61.8 62.5 62.7 61.9 62.3 62.6 62.3 62.6 62.7

Employed

9,129 9,431 9,429 9,134 9,367 9,418 9,410 9,450 9,438

Employment-population ratio

57.0 58.3 58.2 57.0 57.9 58.2 58.1 58.4 58.3

Unemployed

767 673 721 780 712 716 683 673 724

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.7 7.1 7.9 7.1 7.1 6.8 6.7 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

664 698 706 721 710 703 694 764 754

Participation rate

26.6 27.8 28.1 28.8 28.2 27.9 27.6 30.4 30.0

Employed

522 512 554 552 515 516 515 558 571

Employment-population ratio

20.9 20.4 22.0 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.5 22.2 22.7

Unemployed

142 186 153 169 196 187 178 205 183

Unemployment rate

21.4 26.7 21.6 23.4 27.5 26.6 25.7 26.9 24.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,974 15,157 15,228 14,974 15,344 15,323 15,433 15,157 15,228

Civilian labor force

9,483 9,617 9,731 9,456 9,797 9,634 9,678 9,641 9,709

Participation rate

63.3 63.5 63.9 63.2 63.8 62.9 62.7 63.6 63.8

Employed

9,115 9,250 9,387 9,099 9,462 9,342 9,423 9,281 9,377

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.0 61.6 60.8 61.7 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.6

Unemployed

368 367 344 357 334 292 256 360 332

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.4 3.0 2.6 3.7 3.4

Not in labor force

5,491 5,540 5,497 5,517 5,547 5,690 5,755 5,517 5,519

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,302 40,922 41,003 40,302 41,011 41,102 41,190 40,922 41,003

Civilian labor force

26,528 26,927 27,153 26,642 26,931 26,990 27,079 27,044 27,251

Participation rate

65.8 65.8 66.2 66.1 65.7 65.7 65.7 66.1 66.5

Employed

24,967 25,146 25,527 25,188 25,389 25,448 25,486 25,453 25,727

Employment-population ratio

61.9 61.4 62.3 62.5 61.9 61.9 61.9 62.2 62.7

Unemployed

1,561 1,781 1,626 1,454 1,542 1,541 1,594 1,590 1,523

Unemployment rate

5.9 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.6

Not in labor force

13,774 13,995 13,850 13,661 14,080 14,113 14,111 13,879 13,753

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,639 14,837 14,879 14,707 14,861 14,881 14,821 14,898 14,938

Participation rate

80.6 80.5 80.6 80.9 80.4 80.3 79.8 80.9 80.9

Employed

13,834 13,966 14,081 14,018 14,118 14,113 14,102 14,187 14,253

Employment-population ratio

76.1 75.8 76.3 77.2 76.4 76.2 75.9 77.0 77.2

Unemployed

806 872 798 688 743 768 720 711 685

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.9 5.4 4.7 5.0 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,754 11,022 11,135 10,744 10,912 10,971 11,083 11,028 11,119

Participation rate

58.5 59.0 59.5 58.4 58.3 58.5 58.9 59.0 59.4

Employed

10,163 10,290 10,501 10,164 10,314 10,411 10,424 10,336 10,494

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.1 56.1 55.3 55.1 55.5 55.4 55.3 56.0

Unemployed

591 732 635 580 598 560 659 692 625

Unemployment rate

5.5 6.6 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.9 6.3 5.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,135 1,068 1,139 1,191 1,158 1,138 1,175 1,117 1,193

Participation rate

30.3 28.0 29.9 31.8 30.5 29.9 30.8 29.3 31.3

Employed

970 890 946 1,005 958 924 960 930 980

Employment-population ratio

25.9 23.4 24.8 26.9 25.2 24.3 25.2 24.4 25.7

Unemployed

165 178 193 186 200 214 215 187 214

Unemployment rate

14.5 16.6 17.0 15.6 17.3 18.8 18.3 16.7 17.9

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,386 10,627 9,926 10,658 10,657 10,587 10,483 10,533 10,229

Participation rate

45.0 45.7 44.7 46.2 45.3 45.1 45.0 45.3 46.1

Employed

9,530 9,677 9,030 9,885 9,872 9,753 9,660 9,725 9,424

Employment-population ratio

41.3 41.6 40.7 42.8 42.0 41.5 41.4 41.8 42.5

Unemployed

856 950 896 773 784 834 823 808 806

Unemployment rate

8.2 8.9 9.0 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.9 7.7 7.9

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,489 35,191 35,768 35,698 35,871 35,833 35,661 35,443 35,853

Participation rate

57.3 57.5 57.8 57.6 57.8 57.7 57.7 57.9 57.9

Employed

33,425 33,116 33,825 33,818 33,912 34,068 33,860 33,580 34,078

Employment-population ratio

54.0 54.1 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.9 54.8 54.9 55.0

Unemployed

2,063 2,076 1,943 1,880 1,959 1,765 1,801 1,863 1,776

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.5 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.0

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

38,156 37,982 37,837 37,984 38,119 38,189 38,244 38,007 37,754

Participation rate

66.8 65.6 66.0 66.5 66.4 66.4 66.1 65.7 65.8

Employed

36,412 36,436 36,193 36,374 36,666 36,702 36,773 36,563 36,245

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.0 63.1 63.7 63.9 63.8 63.6 63.2 63.2

Unemployed

1,744 1,547 1,644 1,610 1,453 1,486 1,472 1,444 1,509

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.1 4.3 4.2 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

53,563 54,369 55,254 53,175 54,064 53,899 54,032 54,271 54,804

Participation rate

74.4 73.9 74.1 73.9 74.1 73.7 73.6 73.8 73.5

Employed

52,237 52,987 53,943 51,862 52,683 52,656 52,699 52,925 53,498

Employment-population ratio

72.6 72.1 72.3 72.1 72.2 72.0 71.7 72.0 71.8

Unemployed

1,326 1,382 1,311 1,313 1,380 1,243 1,333 1,346 1,306

Unemployment rate

2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,007 20,657 18,999 18,633 2,008 2,024

Civilian labor force

10,657 10,423 9,412 9,240 1,245 1,182

Participation rate

50.7 50.5 49.5 49.6 62.0 58.4

Employed

10,221 10,014 9,029 8,882 1,193 1,132

Employment-population ratio

48.7 48.5 47.5 47.7 59.4 55.9

Unemployed

435 409 383 358 52 51

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.3

Not in labor force

10,350 10,234 9,587 9,393 763 842

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,752 4,045 3,125 3,379 627 666

Civilian labor force

3,063 3,329 2,593 2,886 470 443

Participation rate

81.6 82.3 83.0 85.4 75.0 66.5

Employed

2,918 3,175 2,465 2,754 453 421

Employment-population ratio

77.8 78.5 78.9 81.5 72.3 63.2

Unemployed

145 154 128 132 17 22

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.6 4.9 4.6 3.6 5.0

Not in labor force

689 716 533 493 157 223

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,417 3,340 2,859 2,787 558 553

Civilian labor force

2,774 2,660 2,364 2,264 410 396

Participation rate

81.2 79.6 82.7 81.2 73.5 71.6

Employed

2,690 2,577 2,289 2,197 401 380

Employment-population ratio

78.7 77.2 80.1 78.8 71.8 68.7

Unemployed

85 83 76 67 9 16

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.2 4.0

Not in labor force

643 680 495 523 148 157

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,639 8,191 8,330 7,895 309 296

Civilian labor force

2,205 1,900 2,134 1,844 70 56

Participation rate

25.5 23.2 25.6 23.4 22.7 18.9

Employed

2,105 1,810 2,042 1,760 63 50

Employment-population ratio

24.4 22.1 24.5 22.3 20.4 16.9

Unemployed

100 90 92 84 7 6

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.7 4.3 4.5 - -

Not in labor force

6,434 6,291 6,196 6,051 239 240

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,199 5,081 4,685 4,572 514 509

Civilian labor force

2,615 2,535 2,320 2,247 294 287

Participation rate

50.3 49.9 49.5 49.2 57.2 56.5

Employed

2,508 2,452 2,233 2,172 276 281

Employment-population ratio

48.2 48.3 47.7 47.5 53.6 55.2

Unemployed

106 82 88 76 19 7

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.2 3.8 3.4 6.3 2.3

Not in labor force

2,584 2,546 2,365 2,325 220 222

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

222,623 224,576 98,561 99,751 124,062 124,825

Civilian labor force

145,746 147,151 73,736 74,411 72,010 72,740

Participation rate

65.5 65.5 74.8 74.6 58.0 58.3

Employed

138,309 140,004 69,685 70,474 68,624 69,530

Employment-population ratio

62.1 62.3 70.7 70.6 55.3 55.7

Unemployed

7,437 7,147 4,051 3,937 3,386 3,210

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.9 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.4

Not in labor force

76,877 77,425 24,825 25,340 52,052 52,085

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,915 30,113 223,662 224,133

Civilian labor force

5,643 6,134 152,636 153,348

Participation rate

19.5 20.4 68.2 68.4

Employed

4,936 5,508 145,125 146,087

Employment-population ratio

17.1 18.3 64.9 65.2

Unemployed

707 626 7,511 7,261

Unemployment rate

12.5 10.2 4.9 4.7

Not in labor force

23,272 23,979 71,026 70,785

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,487 2,577 76,563 76,757

Participation rate

33.2 33.5 82.0 82.3

Employed

2,122 2,298 72,490 72,812

Employment-population ratio

28.4 29.9 77.7 78.0

Unemployed

365 280 4,073 3,945

Unemployment rate

14.7 10.9 5.3 5.1

Not in labor force

4,998 5,111 16,782 16,561

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,128 2,367 67,999 68,192

Participation rate

27.3 29.6 70.4 70.8

Employed

1,853 2,111 64,825 65,216

Employment-population ratio

23.8 26.4 67.2 67.7

Unemployed

275 256 3,174 2,977

Unemployment rate

12.9 10.8 4.7 4.4

Not in labor force

5,664 5,634 28,533 28,135

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,028 1,189 8,075 8,399

Participation rate

7.5 8.2 23.9 24.4

Employed

961 1,099 7,810 8,059

Employment-population ratio

7.0 7.6 23.1 23.4

Unemployed

67 90 264 339

Unemployment rate

6.5 7.6 3.3 4.0

Not in labor force

12,610 13,234 25,712 26,088

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,960 41,137 19,976 19,938 20,984 21,199

Civilian labor force

26,602 27,049 15,402 15,527 11,200 11,522

Participation rate

64.9 65.8 77.1 77.9 53.4 54.4

Employed

25,391 25,701 14,743 14,795 10,648 10,907

Employment-population ratio

62.0 62.5 73.8 74.2 50.7 51.4

Unemployed

1,211 1,348 659 732 553 616

Unemployment rate

4.6 5.0 4.3 4.7 4.9 5.3

Not in labor force

14,358 14,088 4,574 4,411 9,784 9,677

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

211,618 213,108 102,041 102,924 109,577 110,184

Civilian labor force

131,677 132,432 68,650 69,062 63,027 63,370

Participation rate

62.2 62.1 67.3 67.1 57.5 57.5

Employed

124,670 125,893 64,672 65,331 59,998 60,562

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.1 63.4 63.5 54.8 55.0

Unemployed

7,007 6,539 3,978 3,731 3,029 2,808

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.9 5.8 5.4 4.8 4.4

Not in labor force

79,941 80,676 33,391 33,862 46,550 46,814

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,274 2,225 2,262 2,478 2,317 2,431 2,356 2,418 2,458

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,402 1,460 1,424 1,586 1,493 1,559 1,470 1,633 1,603

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

857 747 820 880 817 833 857 795 841

Unpaid family workers

15 18 18 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

147,787 148,302 149,332 148,551 149,604 149,752 149,811 149,582 150,026

Wage and salary workers(1)

139,112 139,942 140,572 139,709 140,806 140,968 140,773 140,952 141,101

Government

21,104 21,083 21,295 20,673 20,698 20,938 20,865 20,796 20,843

Private industries

118,008 118,859 119,277 119,008 120,073 120,016 119,916 120,189 120,258

Private households

685 731 689 - - - - - -

Other industries

117,322 118,128 118,588 118,289 119,325 119,290 119,206 119,467 119,535

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,606 8,313 8,709 8,739 8,731 8,716 8,991 8,552 8,826

Unpaid family workers

69 47 52 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,106 6,226 5,773 6,019 5,850 5,659 5,598 5,840 5,704

Slack work or business conditions

3,726 3,966 3,704 3,614 3,481 3,485 3,401 3,583 3,574

Could only find part-time work

2,062 1,902 1,820 2,104 2,093 1,902 1,873 1,944 1,864

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

21,347 20,612 21,498 20,595 20,765 21,059 21,251 20,487 20,773

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,005 6,127 5,700 5,927 5,748 5,550 5,476 5,769 5,637

Slack work or business conditions

3,654 3,909 3,659 3,559 3,415 3,424 3,310 3,535 3,540

Could only find part-time work

2,053 1,895 1,811 2,098 2,082 1,870 1,862 1,947 1,853

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,991 20,277 21,184 20,220 20,455 20,696 20,818 20,136 20,445

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

150,060 150,527 151,594 151,043 151,902 152,048 152,111 152,081 152,528

16 to 19 years

4,608 4,620 4,657 4,997 4,972 5,006 4,972 5,028 5,023

16 to 17 years

1,530 1,643 1,576 1,734 1,665 1,682 1,723 1,813 1,779

18 to 19 years

3,078 2,977 3,080 3,264 3,283 3,318 3,253 3,219 3,252

20 years and over

145,453 145,907 146,938 146,046 146,930 147,042 147,139 147,054 147,505

20 to 24 years

13,848 13,691 13,947 14,099 13,889 14,000 14,071 14,070 14,181

25 years and over

131,605 132,215 132,991 131,909 133,100 133,166 133,065 132,956 133,252

25 to 54 years

97,380 97,656 98,070 97,720 98,442 98,453 98,495 98,190 98,371

25 to 34 years

33,322 33,926 34,216 33,372 33,934 33,952 34,185 34,136 34,247

35 to 44 years

31,370 31,406 31,448 31,549 31,604 31,741 31,611 31,553 31,614

45 to 54 years

32,688 32,324 32,406 32,799 32,904 32,760 32,698 32,502 32,511

55 years and over

34,225 34,560 34,920 34,188 34,658 34,713 34,570 34,765 34,880

Men, 16 years and over

79,415 79,721 80,126 80,486 80,717 80,826 80,861 81,013 81,141

16 to 19 years

2,267 2,237 2,345 2,512 2,485 2,495 2,482 2,509 2,567

16 to 17 years

701 769 770 834 754 769 786 871 895

18 to 19 years

1,565 1,468 1,576 1,675 1,725 1,728 1,699 1,641 1,677

20 years and over

77,148 77,483 77,781 77,974 78,232 78,330 78,379 78,503 78,573

20 to 24 years

7,107 7,028 7,045 7,289 7,122 7,206 7,246 7,302 7,223

25 years and over

70,041 70,455 70,736 70,628 71,128 71,186 71,114 71,202 71,299

25 to 54 years

52,013 52,196 52,241 52,480 52,627 52,700 52,737 52,705 52,687

25 to 34 years

17,905 18,287 18,262 18,054 18,223 18,228 18,374 18,472 18,408

35 to 44 years

16,895 16,886 16,906 17,070 17,038 17,137 17,054 17,048 17,072

45 to 54 years

17,213 17,023 17,073 17,356 17,365 17,334 17,309 17,185 17,206

55 years and over

18,027 18,259 18,495 18,148 18,502 18,486 18,377 18,497 18,612

Women, 16 years and over

70,646 70,806 71,469 70,556 71,185 71,222 71,250 71,069 71,388

16 to 19 years

2,341 2,383 2,311 2,485 2,487 2,510 2,490 2,518 2,456

16 to 17 years

829 874 807 900 911 914 938 942 884

18 to 19 years

1,512 1,509 1,505 1,589 1,558 1,590 1,554 1,578 1,574

20 years and over

68,305 68,423 69,157 68,071 68,698 68,712 68,760 68,550 68,932

20 to 24 years

6,741 6,663 6,903 6,810 6,767 6,794 6,825 6,767 6,957

25 years and over

61,564 61,760 62,255 61,280 61,972 61,981 61,951 61,754 61,953

25 to 54 years

45,367 45,460 45,829 45,240 45,815 45,753 45,758 45,485 45,685

25 to 34 years

15,417 15,639 15,954 15,318 15,710 15,724 15,812 15,664 15,838

35 to 44 years

14,475 14,520 14,542 14,479 14,566 14,603 14,557 14,505 14,541

45 to 54 years

15,475 15,301 15,333 15,443 15,539 15,426 15,389 15,317 15,305

55 years and over

16,197 16,300 16,426 16,040 16,157 16,227 16,193 16,269 16,268

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

44,874 45,344 45,729 45,196 45,331 45,268 45,252 45,593 46,017

Married women, spouse present(1)

35,344 35,444 35,891 35,119 35,404 35,342 35,478 35,402 35,640

Women who maintain families(2)

9,638 9,906 9,685 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

121,757 123,015 123,610 123,210 124,190 124,213 124,248 124,705 125,031

Part-time workers(4)

28,303 27,512 27,985 27,853 27,770 27,854 27,895 27,405 27,554

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,454 7,405 7,980 7,343 7,758 7,812 7,554 7,562 7,822

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 5.3 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,793 5,713 5,681 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,463 9,060 9,529 9,619 9,549 9,549 9,848 9,347 9,667

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

7,845 7,635 7,528 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7

16 to 19 years

921 890 884 15.6 15.6 15.2 14.7 15.0 15.0

16 to 17 years

406 345 390 19.0 19.8 18.1 17.6 16.0 18.0

18 to 19 years

526 546 509 13.9 13.5 14.2 13.1 14.5 13.5

20 years and over

6,924 6,745 6,643 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3

20 to 24 years

1,330 1,267 1,232 8.6 8.4 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.0

25 years and over

5,577 5,414 5,398 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9

25 to 54 years

4,234 4,173 4,159 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1

25 to 34 years

1,782 1,767 1,726 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8

35 to 44 years

1,253 1,297 1,353 3.8 3.9 3.5 4.0 3.9 4.1

45 to 54 years

1,200 1,109 1,080 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2

55 years and over

1,339 1,268 1,235 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4

Men, 16 years and over

4,208 4,083 4,053 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8

16 to 19 years

501 474 489 16.6 17.9 18.0 17.1 15.9 16.0

16 to 17 years

229 181 192 21.6 22.0 23.3 21.1 17.2 17.7

18 to 19 years

286 293 303 14.6 16.2 16.1 14.8 15.1 15.3

20 years and over

3,707 3,609 3,564 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3

20 to 24 years

747 752 751 9.3 9.7 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4

25 years and over

2,943 2,829 2,802 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8

25 to 54 years

2,190 2,190 2,157 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9

25 to 34 years

965 951 960 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.0

35 to 44 years

636 683 669 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.8

45 to 54 years

589 555 528 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0

55 years and over

753 639 645 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.4

Women, 16 years and over

3,637 3,552 3,475 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.6

16 to 19 years

420 416 396 14.5 13.2 12.2 12.0 14.2 13.9

16 to 17 years

177 164 198 16.4 18.0 13.1 14.4 14.8 18.3

18 to 19 years

240 253 206 13.1 10.2 12.1 11.1 13.8 11.6

20 years and over

3,218 3,136 3,079 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3

20 to 24 years

583 515 481 7.9 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1 6.5

25 years and over

2,634 2,585 2,595 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0

25 to 54 years

2,044 1,983 2,002 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.2

25 to 34 years

816 816 766 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 5.0 4.6

35 to 44 years

617 613 684 4.1 4.1 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.5

45 to 54 years

611 554 552 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5

55 years and over

572 615 588 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,173 1,284 1,234 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,088 1,119 1,122 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.1

Women who maintain families(2)

729 660 671 7.0 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.3 6.5

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

6,403 6,223 6,035 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.6

Part-time workers(4)

1,427 1,395 1,471 4.9 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Refers to persons in opposite-sex couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,244 4,361 4,184 3,771 3,749 3,542 3,639 3,713 3,709

On temporary layoff

1,282 1,518 1,307 960 994 896 1,033 1,062 979

Not on temporary layoff

2,962 2,843 2,877 2,810 2,755 2,646 2,606 2,651 2,730

Permanent job losers

2,049 2,093 2,118 1,991 1,906 1,903 1,902 1,981 2,042

Persons who completed temporary jobs

912 750 759 819 848 743 704 670 688

Job leavers

766 864 803 760 945 934 905 862 802

Reentrants

2,467 2,224 2,220 2,449 2,339 2,266 2,219 2,170 2,197

New entrants

742 701 681 833 791 728 783 813 773

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

51.6 53.5 53.0 48.3 47.9 47.4 48.2 49.1 49.6

On temporary layoff

15.6 18.6 16.6 12.3 12.7 12.0 13.7 14.0 13.1

Not on temporary layoff

36.0 34.9 36.5 36.0 35.2 35.4 34.5 35.1 36.5

Job leavers

9.3 10.6 10.2 9.7 12.1 12.5 12.0 11.4 10.7

Reentrants

30.0 27.3 28.1 31.3 29.9 30.3 29.4 28.7 29.4

New entrants

9.0 8.6 8.6 10.7 10.1 9.7 10.4 10.8 10.3

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.7 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

New entrants

0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,057 2,824 2,327 2,308 2,393 2,415 2,379 2,468 2,566

5 to 14 weeks

2,636 2,216 2,522 2,237 2,273 2,133 2,156 2,089 2,138

15 weeks and over

3,525 3,109 3,038 3,299 3,130 2,929 3,030 3,043 2,858

15 to 26 weeks

1,277 1,201 1,160 1,140 1,167 1,073 1,199 1,192 1,057

27 weeks and over

2,248 1,908 1,878 2,159 1,964 1,856 1,831 1,850 1,801

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

29.0 23.7 25.1 28.9 27.0 26.2 26.0 25.1 25.1

Median duration, in weeks

11.7 9.6 10.3 11.3 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.0

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

25.0 34.6 29.5 29.4 30.7 32.3 31.4 32.5 33.9

5 to 14 weeks

32.1 27.2 32.0 28.5 29.2 28.5 28.5 27.5 28.3

15 weeks and over

42.9 38.2 38.5 42.1 40.1 39.2 40.0 40.0 37.8

15 to 26 weeks

15.5 14.7 14.7 14.5 15.0 14.4 15.8 15.7 14.0

27 weeks and over

27.4 23.4 23.8 27.5 25.2 24.8 24.2 24.4 23.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

150,060 151,594 8,219 7,887 5.2 4.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

59,583 61,064 1,456 1,313 2.4 2.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,769 25,242 672 626 2.6 2.4

Professional and related occupations

34,815 35,822 784 687 2.2 1.9

Service occupations

25,678 25,894 1,792 1,857 6.5 6.7

Sales and office occupations

33,766 33,484 1,769 1,615 5.0 4.6

Sales and related occupations

16,146 15,970 751 712 4.4 4.3

Office and administrative support occupations

17,619 17,515 1,018 903 5.5 4.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,351 13,495 1,227 1,134 8.4 7.8

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

978 1,073 146 105 13.0 8.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,595 7,531 834 813 9.9 9.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,778 4,891 247 216 4.9 4.2

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,683 17,657 1,193 1,261 6.3 6.7

Production occupations

8,472 8,398 546 536 6.1 6.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,211 9,259 647 725 6.6 7.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,219 7,887 5.2 4.9

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

6,295 6,267 5.1 5.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

85 34 9.2 4.6

Construction

749 781 8.7 8.8

Manufacturing

729 619 4.7 4.0

Durable goods

454 443 4.7 4.5

Nondurable goods

275 177 4.8 3.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,086 1,106 5.3 5.4

Transportation and utilities

297 343 4.4 5.2

Information

103 105 3.7 3.9

Financial activities

349 344 3.6 3.4

Professional and business services

932 919 5.8 5.5

Education and health services

692 752 3.0 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

965 952 7.1 7.0

Other services

307 312 4.7 4.6

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

164 126 10.8 8.5

Government workers

596 463 2.7 2.1

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

422 350 4.2 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.2 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.6 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.0

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.3 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.1 10.1 9.5 9.8 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.4 9.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2017

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

94,298 94,764 37,965 38,273 56,333 56,491

Persons who currently want a job

5,949 5,641 2,759 2,575 3,189 3,066

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,803 1,723 943 972 860 751

Discouraged workers(2)

599 522 363 376 236 146

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,204 1,201 580 596 624 605

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,454 7,980 3,592 3,985 3,862 3,996

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.3 4.5 5.0 5.5 5.6

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,891 4,415 2,092 2,444 1,799 1,970

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,146 2,180 734 773 1,412 1,406

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

255 251 164 150 91 101

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,107 1,101 570 606 537 495

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Change from:
Jan.2017 - Feb.2017(p)

Total nonfarm

141,919 146,158 143,261 144,271 143,448 145,325 145,563 145,798 235

Total private

119,506 123,522 121,098 121,650 121,318 123,026 123,247 123,474 227

Goods-producing

19,244 19,670 19,337 19,446 19,747 19,794 19,848 19,943 95

Mining and logging

698 669 662 670 710 668 671 680 9

Logging

51.1 50.3 48.6 50.2 52.7 51.0 50.3 51.5 1.2

Mining

646.4 618.3 613.1 619.9 656.9 616.8 621.1 628.8 7.7

Oil and gas extraction

183.9 177.7 176.1 177.5 184.6 177.3 176.9 178.7 1.8

Mining, except oil and gas

178.8 179.7 177.1 177.2 185.5 182.0 183.4 183.3 -0.1

Coal mining

53.3 50.2 50.2 50.0 53.5 49.7 50.0 50.3 0.3

Metal ore mining

39.6 39.3 38.9 39.0 39.7 39.1 39.0 39.0 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

85.9 90.2 88.0 88.2 92.3 93.2 94.4 94.0 -0.4

Support activities for mining

283.7 260.9 259.9 265.2 286.8 257.5 260.8 266.8 6.0

Construction

6,256 6,660 6,414 6,475 6,662 6,783 6,823 6,881 58

Construction of buildings

1,415.3 1,491.9 1,460.2 1,463.7 1,477.5 1,503.2 1,515.1 1,521.0 5.9

Residential building

686.6 751.0 730.9 733.3 720.0 753.6 762.9 766.9 4.0

Nonresidential building

728.7 740.9 729.3 730.4 757.5 749.6 752.2 754.1 1.9

Heavy and civil engineering construction

843.1 885.3 825.5 852.8 947.0 935.0 941.6 956.7 15.1

Specialty trade contractors

3,997.6 4,282.5 4,128.6 4,158.9 4,237.5 4,345.0 4,366.7 4,403.1 36.4

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,736.4 1,882.7 1,814.1 1,825.5 1,850.8 1,912.2 1,925.2 1,940.1 14.9

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,261.2 2,399.8 2,314.5 2,333.4 2,386.7 2,432.8 2,441.5 2,463.0 21.5

Manufacturing

12,290 12,341 12,261 12,301 12,375 12,343 12,354 12,382 28

Durable goods

7,713 7,709 7,674 7,688 7,753 7,708 7,715 7,725 10

Wood products

385.6 396.0 393.1 392.2 391.1 396.2 397.4 398.9 1.5

Nonmetallic mineral products

389.8 407.0 397.9 400.2 406.3 412.3 413.7 416.1 2.4

Primary metals

381.7 377.2 376.9 377.8 382.0 375.8 376.4 378.0 1.6

Fabricated metal products

1,428.8 1,422.1 1,416.7 1,419.9 1,433.3 1,421.6 1,420.2 1,420.7 0.5

Machinery

1,092.2 1,075.7 1,075.9 1,083.0 1,092.7 1,075.6 1,079.1 1,085.9 6.8

Computer and electronic products

1,050.8 1,040.7 1,033.4 1,032.6 1,054.5 1,039.4 1,036.2 1,035.4 -0.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

163.3 162.4 160.5 160.3 164.3 162.4 161.8 161.4 -0.4

Communications equipment

85.9 84.0 84.2 84.5 86.3 84.2 84.4 84.8 0.4

Semiconductors and electronic components

370.1 363.2 359.0 358.4 371.0 362.1 359.2 358.8 -0.4

Electronic instruments

396.1 396.4 395.5 395.6 397.5 396.0 396.5 396.5 0.0

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.4 34.7 34.2 33.8 35.4 34.6 34.3 34.0 -0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

384.7 382.7 383.0 383.9 384.9 383.2 384.3 385.5 1.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,623.0 1,623.8 1,617.5 1,614.6 1,624.6 1,619.8 1,622.0 1,616.0 -6.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

934.1 946.1 942.1 941.2 934.8 942.4 945.1 941.6 -3.5

Furniture and related products

387.2 391.0 392.4 393.2 391.5 392.8 394.4 395.4 1.0

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

589.3 592.7 587.1 590.6 592.5 591.4 591.5 593.3 1.8

Nondurable goods

4,577 4,632 4,587 4,613 4,622 4,635 4,639 4,657 18

Food manufacturing

1,517.5 1,565.8 1,550.0 1,563.3 1,540.2 1,568.2 1,575.0 1,583.8 8.8

Textile mills

115.1 112.2 111.6 111.5 115.3 112.2 111.9 111.7 -0.2

Textile product mills

115.9 112.8 111.7 111.5 117.1 112.8 113.1 112.9 -0.2

Apparel

133.6 129.8 125.5 126.7 133.1 128.9 127.2 126.8 -0.4

Paper and paper products

371.8 368.7 367.9 369.0 373.3 368.3 368.6 370.1 1.5

Printing and related support activities

447.6 444.1 439.1 438.2 449.8 442.3 441.4 441.3 -0.1

Petroleum and coal products

107.8 110.0 107.1 106.9 112.0 111.0 110.3 110.3 0.0

Chemicals

809.1 812.5 806.7 809.8 810.4 809.8 809.7 812.2 2.5

Plastics and rubber products

695.6 695.8 693.9 699.9 698.2 698.3 700.1 702.6 2.5

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

263.3 280.3 273.0 276.4 272.5 283.6 282.0 285.1 3.1

Private service-providing

100,262 103,852 101,761 102,204 101,571 103,232 103,399 103,531 132

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,727 28,090 27,235 26,992 27,123 27,374 27,409 27,401 -8

Wholesale trade

5,811.5 5,892.8 5,844.7 5,861.5 5,854.0 5,888.4 5,894.3 5,904.2 9.9

Durable goods

2,914.3 2,933.0 2,916.6 2,923.8 2,928.6 2,932.7 2,935.9 2,941.3 5.4

Nondurable goods

2,010.0 2,054.6 2,031.7 2,036.7 2,031.6 2,052.9 2,055.0 2,056.7 1.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

887.2 905.2 896.4 901.0 893.8 902.8 903.4 906.2 2.8

Retail trade

15,480.5 16,375.9 15,832.7 15,606.5 15,766.5 15,881.0 15,920.9 15,894.9 -26.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,948.7 1,993.4 1,985.0 1,989.3 1,969.7 2,002.0 2,008.0 2,011.5 3.5

Automobile dealers

1,262.6 1,293.5 1,291.4 1,292.1 1,269.8 1,295.3 1,298.8 1,301.0 2.2

Other motor vehicle dealers

142.5 145.2 142.3 146.6 150.8 152.5 153.8 155.5 1.7

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

543.6 554.7 551.3 550.6 549.0 554.2 555.4 555.0 -0.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores

465.0 494.2 488.4 483.4 471.0 478.0 483.8 485.0 1.2

Electronics and appliance stores

527.0 532.7 528.3 507.9 528.0 509.0 514.3 506.1 -8.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,210.8 1,242.9 1,219.1 1,236.8 1,258.6 1,283.2 1,284.9 1,285.9 1.0

Food and beverage stores

3,050.1 3,117.5 3,079.0 3,065.4 3,080.9 3,097.0 3,100.0 3,099.3 -0.7

Health and personal care stores

1,033.9 1,080.8 1,070.3 1,066.5 1,039.5 1,065.0 1,067.8 1,071.0 3.2

Gasoline stations

904.7 929.9 922.4 923.2 919.3 934.3 936.0 937.8 1.8

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,314.2 1,489.7 1,365.8 1,301.2 1,364.0 1,340.8 1,360.8 1,355.3 -5.5

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

610.2 689.0 622.7 591.8 624.8 614.8 611.3 602.4 -8.9

General merchandise stores

3,085.9 3,392.0 3,193.4 3,078.7 3,153.7 3,180.2 3,174.8 3,155.5 -19.3

Department stores

1,280.8 1,448.4 1,314.4 1,253.3 1,310.6 1,301.6 1,293.1 1,288.4 -4.7

Other general merchandise stores

1,805.1 1,943.6 1,879.0 1,825.4 1,843.1 1,878.7 1,881.7 1,867.1 -14.6

Miscellaneous store retailers

810.3 840.6 808.5 815.9 827.3 830.3 830.0 832.7 2.7

Nonstore retailers

519.7 573.2 549.8 546.4 529.7 546.4 549.2 552.4 3.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,879.7 5,264.8 5,002.7 4,972.4 4,945.6 5,048.0 5,037.8 5,046.6 8.8

Air transportation

466.4 476.8 477.5 477.1 470.3 479.3 480.6 481.0 0.4

Rail transportation

216.8 210.9 208.4 207.4 217.8 210.8 209.5 208.4 -1.1

Water transportation

62.5 63.3 62.7 61.7 64.4 64.4 64.7 64.0 -0.7

Truck transportation

1,423.4 1,465.0 1,432.1 1,441.5 1,454.3 1,464.9 1,459.8 1,470.4 10.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

490.4 484.6 480.9 482.5 480.6 470.0 471.4 472.8 1.4

Pipeline transportation

50.1 48.5 48.1 47.9 50.2 48.5 48.2 48.1 -0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

24.7 29.3 24.9 25.0 33.2 35.3 35.1 34.6 -0.5

Support activities for transportation

656.5 665.8 654.4 655.4 660.4 664.0 659.9 659.3 -0.6

Couriers and messengers

606.0 855.2 671.5 635.3 622.3 668.0 658.5 659.4 0.9

Warehousing and storage

882.9 965.4 942.2 938.6 892.1 942.8 950.1 948.6 -1.5

Utilities

554.8 556.8 554.5 551.6 556.9 556.7 556.3 555.3 -1.0

Information

2,762 2,775 2,722 2,755 2,773 2,762 2,759 2,759 0

Publishing industries, except Internet

727.1 733.2 726.8 727.3 730.4 729.5 730.1 729.6 -0.5

Motion picture and sound recording industries

409.2 415.0 388.3 418.7 412.3 415.9 417.6 416.7 -0.9

Broadcasting, except Internet

271.9 264.6 264.0 263.2 272.5 264.7 265.0 264.0 -1.0

Telecommunications

802.7 793.3 777.1 780.1 804.4 786.2 777.7 779.6 1.9

Data processing, hosting and related services

296.1 303.9 300.1 298.9 297.8 300.7 301.2 300.5 -0.7

Other information services

255.0 264.9 265.6 266.7 255.7 265.2 266.9 268.3 1.4

Financial activities

8,155 8,373 8,342 8,342 8,213 8,364 8,396 8,403 7

Finance and insurance

6,079.9 6,210.7 6,204.7 6,202.7 6,094.7 6,194.6 6,214.7 6,216.9 2.2

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.4 18.9 18.8 18.9 18.5 18.8 18.8 18.9 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,582.6 2,644.3 2,645.9 2,640.6 2,589.3 2,637.9 2,647.1 2,646.6 -0.5

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,685.3 1,709.1 1,713.2 1,711.2 1,688.0 1,708.9 1,714.8 1,714.7 -0.1

Commercial banking

1,298.0 1,313.2 1,315.4 1,314.4 1,299.2 1,310.9 1,314.1 1,315.0 0.9

Nondepository credit intermediation

603.8 626.4 625.4 621.3 606.0 621.9 623.6 622.8 -0.8

Activities related to credit intermediation

293.5 308.8 307.3 308.1 295.3 307.0 308.7 309.1 0.4

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

917.2 934.6 930.9 930.2 920.7 933.0 934.1 933.5 -0.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,561.7 2,612.9 2,609.1 2,613.0 2,566.2 2,604.9 2,614.7 2,617.9 3.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,075.0 2,161.9 2,137.4 2,139.4 2,118.1 2,169.3 2,181.3 2,186.1 4.8

Real estate

1,515.2 1,586.0 1,571.6 1,576.8 1,539.3 1,586.4 1,597.3 1,604.4 7.1

Rental and leasing services

536.5 552.3 542.9 539.6 555.2 559.5 560.8 558.4 -2.4

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.3 23.6 22.9 23.0 23.6 23.4 23.2 23.3 0.1

Professional and business services

19,609 20,521 20,088 20,207 19,902 20,416 20,462 20,499 37

Professional and technical services

8,819.4 9,036.5 9,037.1 9,119.2 8,760.8 9,013.2 9,039.3 9,059.6 20.3

Legal services

1,112.5 1,130.5 1,119.2 1,119.2 1,119.1 1,126.1 1,126.4 1,125.1 -1.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,096.4 997.8 1,072.4 1,122.1 970.2 1,000.0 997.0 996.9 -0.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,385.2 1,424.8 1,413.7 1,416.9 1,405.4 1,427.3 1,433.3 1,437.8 4.5

Specialized design services

134.5 143.1 140.5 140.6 136.7 141.2 142.5 142.3 -0.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,949.3 2,028.1 2,036.1 2,043.4 1,956.7 2,031.5 2,042.8 2,048.3 5.5

Management and technical consulting services

1,326.6 1,422.3 1,387.2 1,399.7 1,337.2 1,407.4 1,407.3 1,413.6 6.3

Scientific research and development services

665.1 694.6 692.2 694.2 671.3 695.0 697.8 698.9 1.1

Advertising and related services

484.6 491.4 483.8 488.2 487.4 488.3 489.2 490.6 1.4

Other professional and technical services

665.2 703.9 692.0 694.9 676.9 696.4 703.0 706.1 3.1

Management of companies and enterprises

2,217.9 2,265.6 2,254.5 2,256.9 2,229.3 2,258.9 2,263.2 2,268.3 5.1

Administrative and waste services

8,571.6 9,218.9 8,796.1 8,830.5 8,911.4 9,143.6 9,159.4 9,171.5 12.1

Administrative and support services

8,181.4 8,807.5 8,389.6 8,422.9 8,512.4 8,730.6 8,745.3 8,755.6 10.3

Office administrative services

483.8 510.5 507.5 513.0 486.5 510.4 510.2 513.3 3.1

Facilities support services

141.3 140.7 138.4 138.0 141.3 140.6 139.6 139.0 -0.6

Employment services(1)

3,386.6 3,759.5 3,473.3 3,484.3 3,534.1 3,618.0 3,628.7 3,633.8 5.1

Temporary help services

2,752.9 3,093.1 2,835.0 2,841.3 2,880.2 2,961.6 2,968.1 2,971.2 3.1

Business support services

900.3 941.8 918.4 919.5 898.4 920.0 919.6 918.4 -1.2

Travel arrangement and reservation services

210.4 213.8 211.6 214.1 214.6 215.0 216.8 217.5 0.7

Investigation and security services

882.3 918.4 899.5 902.9 890.8 910.3 909.9 912.5 2.6

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,870.7 2,014.8 1,926.4 1,934.5 2,037.9 2,101.4 2,101.7 2,100.9 -0.8

Other support services

306.0 308.0 314.5 316.6 308.8 314.8 318.8 320.2 1.4

Waste management and remediation services

390.2 411.4 406.5 407.6 399.0 413.0 414.1 415.9 1.8

Education and health services

22,505 23,023 22,707 23,064 22,408 22,871 22,892 22,954 62

Educational services

3,665.3 3,699.1 3,471.0 3,774.4 3,523.7 3,603.6 3,599.1 3,628.4 29.3

Health care and social assistance

18,839.7 19,324.3 19,235.8 19,289.5 18,884.3 19,266.9 19,293.0 19,325.5 32.5

Health care(3)

15,227.0 15,641.9 15,552.9 15,589.9 15,276.8 15,594.5 15,606.6 15,633.4 26.8

Ambulatory health care services

6,963.4 7,224.2 7,171.5 7,198.1 6,989.3 7,194.7 7,201.8 7,220.1 18.3

Offices of physicians

2,496.4 2,575.6 2,552.6 2,561.3 2,502.2 2,558.9 2,559.4 2,566.3 6.9

Offices of dentists

914.5 937.7 935.0 938.7 918.4 937.1 938.1 940.2 2.1

Offices of other health practitioners

833.7 886.0 880.4 880.5 836.6 884.2 885.9 884.9 -1.0

Outpatient care centers

835.0 884.3 883.7 889.7 837.6 880.5 885.5 890.7 5.2

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

260.5 263.1 259.5 257.7 260.8 262.0 260.6 259.2 -1.4

Home health care services

1,337.3 1,384.8 1,373.5 1,378.1 1,345.5 1,380.0 1,381.6 1,385.8 4.2

Other ambulatory health care services

286.0 292.7 286.8 292.1 288.3 291.9 290.7 293.0 2.3

Hospitals

4,973.9 5,087.3 5,068.7 5,077.7 4,981.0 5,077.0 5,078.7 5,085.0 6.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,289.7 3,330.4 3,312.7 3,314.1 3,306.5 3,322.8 3,326.1 3,328.3 2.2

Nursing care facilities

1,632.0 1,651.1 1,639.6 1,637.5 1,642.2 1,645.8 1,644.3 1,645.2 0.9

Residential mental health facilities

610.6 616.2 614.8 616.7 613.4 615.8 617.4 618.5 1.1

Community care facilities for the elderly

885.5 899.1 895.3 895.7 887.4 897.3 899.8 899.7 -0.1

Other residential care facilities

161.6 164.0 163.0 164.2 163.5 163.9 164.6 164.9 0.3

Social assistance

3,612.7 3,682.4 3,682.9 3,699.6 3,607.5 3,672.4 3,686.4 3,692.1 5.7

Individual and family services

2,201.6 2,261.8 2,269.7 2,277.1 2,205.1 2,262.0 2,276.0 2,280.9 4.9

Emergency and other relief services

160.4 166.6 168.1 168.5 161.4 166.0 168.3 168.1 -0.2

Vocational rehabilitation services

335.9 336.2 330.8 330.4 339.7 335.5 334.4 333.5 -0.9

Child day care services

914.8 917.8 914.3 923.6 901.4 908.9 907.9 909.6 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

14,889 15,394 15,027 15,175 15,488 15,744 15,768 15,794 26

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,988.4 2,059.8 1,983.4 2,016.0 2,211.1 2,245.9 2,251.6 2,257.3 5.7

Performing arts and spectator sports

419.0 424.9 397.5 411.0 454.7 449.8 452.1 450.6 -1.5

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

141.4 153.4 147.5 148.7 154.7 161.4 162.3 163.4 1.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,428.0 1,481.5 1,438.4 1,456.3 1,601.7 1,634.7 1,637.2 1,643.3 6.1

Accommodation and food services

12,900.5 13,334.5 13,043.1 13,159.0 13,276.9 13,498.4 13,515.9 13,536.2 20.3

Accommodation

1,861.7 1,882.8 1,846.2 1,864.2 1,946.2 1,949.5 1,946.7 1,950.3 3.6

Food services and drinking places

11,038.8 11,451.7 11,196.9 11,294.8 11,330.7 11,548.9 11,569.2 11,585.9 16.7

Other services

5,615 5,676 5,640 5,669 5,664 5,701 5,713 5,721 8

Repair and maintenance

1,288.9 1,275.9 1,274.4 1,286.7 1,295.8 1,287.7 1,291.1 1,294.4 3.3

Personal and laundry services

1,410.5 1,461.9 1,445.1 1,451.5 1,429.2 1,462.6 1,465.7 1,471.9 6.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,915.6 2,938.2 2,920.2 2,930.5 2,938.9 2,950.4 2,955.8 2,954.5 -1.3

Government

22,413 22,636 22,163 22,621 22,130 22,299 22,316 22,324 8

Federal

2,761.0 2,837.0 2,804.0 2,803.0 2,777.0 2,819.0 2,823.0 2,825.0 2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,158.4 2,199.8 2,192.7 2,188.2 2,173.5 2,199.7 2,204.1 2,206.4 2.3

U.S. Postal Service

602.1 637.4 611.3 614.6 603.7 619.1 618.4 618.3 -0.1

State government

5,210.0 5,190.0 4,993.0 5,225.0 5,084.0 5,085.0 5,089.0 5,086.0 -3.0

State government education

2,547.0 2,524.2 2,330.1 2,560.9 2,407.7 2,414.1 2,415.3 2,412.1 -3.2

State government, excluding education

2,663.0 2,665.9 2,662.7 2,663.8 2,676.0 2,671.1 2,673.2 2,673.9 0.7

Local government

14,442.0 14,609.0 14,366.0 14,593.0 14,269.0 14,395.0 14,404.0 14,413.0 9.0

Local government education

8,178.4 8,246.2 8,052.4 8,266.0 7,886.7 7,944.6 7,951.5 7,956.4 4.9

Local government, excluding education

6,263.8 6,363.2 6,313.8 6,327.1 6,382.3 6,450.0 6,452.2 6,456.7 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.3 40.2 40.2 40.3

Mining and logging

43.1 43.7 43.7 44.1

Construction

39.2 38.9 38.9 39.1

Manufacturing

40.7 40.7 40.8 40.8

Durable goods

41.2 41.2 41.2 41.3

Nondurable goods

39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.4 34.3 34.2

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9

Retail trade

31.2 31.1 30.9 30.8

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.8 38.7 38.7

Utilities

41.6 42.5 42.5 42.0

Information

36.0 36.1 36.4 36.3

Financial activities

37.7 37.4 37.3 37.4

Professional and business services

36.1 36.0 36.1 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.0 26.0 25.9

Other services

31.9 31.9 31.8 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)

Total private

$25.38 $25.98 $26.03 $26.09 $875.61 $893.71 $895.43 $897.50

Goods-producing

26.54 27.24 27.30 27.30 1,069.56 1,095.05 1,097.46 1,100.19

Mining and logging

31.64 32.48 32.89 32.63 1,363.68 1,419.38 1,437.29 1,438.98

Construction

27.74 28.40 28.49 28.48 1,087.41 1,104.76 1,108.26 1,113.57

Manufacturing

25.62 26.33 26.35 26.36 1,042.73 1,071.63 1,075.08 1,075.49

Durable goods

26.96 27.60 27.60 27.61 1,110.75 1,137.12 1,137.12 1,140.29

Nondurable goods

23.29 24.13 24.22 24.20 929.27 962.79 968.80 968.00

Private service-providing

25.10 25.68 25.73 25.81 835.83 855.14 854.24 856.89

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.10 22.54 22.62 22.67 762.45 775.38 775.87 775.31

Wholesale trade

29.10 29.91 29.97 30.08 1,131.99 1,163.50 1,165.83 1,170.11

Retail trade

17.76 17.97 18.04 18.07 554.11 558.87 557.44 556.56

Transportation and warehousing

23.05 23.50 23.55 23.59 896.65 911.80 911.39 912.93

Utilities

37.73 38.72 39.00 38.50 1,569.57 1,645.60 1,657.50 1,617.00

Information

36.19 37.45 37.47 37.56 1,302.84 1,351.95 1,363.91 1,363.43

Financial activities

32.01 32.71 32.62 32.77 1,206.78 1,223.35 1,216.73 1,225.60

Professional and business services

30.51 31.23 31.25 31.33 1,101.41 1,124.28 1,128.13 1,127.88

Education and health services

25.56 26.02 26.04 26.11 838.37 856.06 856.72 859.02

Leisure and hospitality

14.61 15.12 15.19 15.22 382.78 393.12 394.94 394.20

Other services

22.83 23.39 23.55 23.61 728.28 746.14 748.89 753.16

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2017 - Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2017 - Feb.
2017(p)

Total private

105.1 106.2 106.4 106.6 0.2 127.5 131.9 132.4 133.0 0.5

Goods-producing

90.7 90.7 90.9 91.6 0.8 108.8 111.6 112.2 113.0 0.7

Mining and logging

96.2 91.7 92.1 94.2 2.3 122.2 119.6 121.7 123.4 1.4

Construction

90.0 91.0 91.5 92.7 1.3 108.5 112.2 113.3 114.8 1.3

Manufacturing

90.6 90.4 90.7 90.9 0.2 108.0 110.7 111.1 111.4 0.3

Durable goods

89.9 89.4 89.5 89.8 0.3 107.7 109.6 109.7 110.1 0.4

Nondurable goods

92.0 92.3 92.6 93.0 0.4 108.8 113.0 113.8 114.2 0.4

Private service-providing

108.8 110.6 110.4 110.6 0.2 132.7 138.0 138.1 138.7 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.8 102.4 102.2 101.9 -0.3 121.1 124.2 124.5 124.4 -0.1

Wholesale trade

99.4 99.9 100.0 100.2 0.2 120.7 124.7 125.1 125.8 0.6

Retail trade

99.9 100.3 99.9 99.4 -0.5 117.3 119.2 119.2 118.8 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

110.1 112.1 111.6 111.8 0.2 128.8 133.7 133.4 133.8 0.3

Utilities

100.2 102.4 102.3 100.9 -1.4 125.0 131.0 131.8 128.4 -2.6

Information

91.2 91.1 91.7 91.5 -0.2 117.5 121.4 122.4 122.3 -0.1

Financial activities

101.4 102.4 102.6 102.9 0.3 126.6 130.7 130.5 131.6 0.8

Professional and business services

113.0 115.6 116.2 116.1 -0.1 139.7 146.3 147.1 147.3 0.1

Education and health services

120.0 122.9 123.0 123.3 0.2 147.6 153.8 154.1 154.9 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

115.8 116.8 117.0 116.7 -0.3 136.5 142.5 143.4 143.3 -0.1

Other services

104.2 104.9 104.7 105.2 0.5 130.4 134.4 135.2 136.2 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)

Total nonfarm

70,943 72,066 72,137 72,282 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6

Total private

58,267 59,275 59,335 59,472 48.0 48.2 48.1 48.2

Goods-producing

4,312 4,348 4,352 4,363 21.8 22.0 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

104 99 99 99 14.6 14.8 14.8 14.6

Construction

830 853 857 862 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.5

Manufacturing

3,378 3,396 3,396 3,402 27.3 27.5 27.5 27.5

Durable goods

1,805 1,809 1,807 1,805 23.3 23.5 23.4 23.4

Nondurable goods

1,573 1,587 1,589 1,597 34.0 34.2 34.3 34.3

Private service-providing

53,955 54,927 54,983 55,109 53.1 53.2 53.2 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

11,004 11,084 11,074 11,082 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.4

Wholesale trade

1,728.9 1,744.0 1,745.6 1,753.6 29.5 29.6 29.6 29.7

Retail trade

7,953.9 7,971.9 7,970.2 7,970.6 50.4 50.2 50.1 50.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,188.3 1,239.4 1,229.6 1,229.7 24.0 24.6 24.4 24.4

Utilities

132.4 129.1 128.8 128.4 23.8 23.2 23.2 23.1

Information

1,108 1,106 1,102 1,102 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.9

Financial activities

4,682 4,746 4,760 4,766 57.0 56.7 56.7 56.7

Professional and business services

8,896 9,160 9,188 9,221 44.7 44.9 44.9 45.0

Education and health services

17,260 17,632 17,646 17,703 77.0 77.1 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

8,044 8,196 8,208 8,223 51.9 52.1 52.1 52.1

Other services

2,961 3,003 3,005 3,012 52.3 52.7 52.6 52.6

Government

12,676 12,791 12,802 12,810 57.3 57.4 57.4 57.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)

Total private

99,989 101,372 101,618 101,831

Goods-producing

14,265 14,247 14,312 14,386

Mining and logging

508 468 473 479

Construction

5,054 5,123 5,166 5,207

Manufacturing

8,703 8,656 8,673 8,700

Durable goods

5,338 5,300 5,312 5,320

Nondurable goods

3,365 3,356 3,361 3,380

Private service-providing

85,724 87,125 87,306 87,445

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,807 23,009 23,037 23,050

Wholesale trade

4,687.9 4,712.5 4,712.5 4,719.4

Retail trade

13,395.2 13,461.8 13,509.6 13,511.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,278.0 4,387.6 4,368.6 4,372.1

Utilities

445.9 447.4 446.5 446.9

Information

2,239 2,227 2,224 2,221

Financial activities

6,361 6,512 6,537 6,539

Professional and business services

16,303 16,697 16,751 16,797

Education and health services

19,657 20,069 20,098 20,156

Leisure and hospitality

13,649 13,886 13,925 13,944

Other services

4,708 4,725 4,734 4,738

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

41.1 41.0 41.1 41.3

Mining and logging

44.9 45.5 45.4 45.6

Construction

39.6 39.2 39.3 39.7

Manufacturing

41.8 41.9 41.9 42.0

Durable goods

42.2 42.3 42.3 42.5

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.1 41.3 41.4

Private service-providing

32.4 32.3 32.4 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.8 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

29.9 29.8 29.8 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.6 38.6 38.3

Utilities

41.7 42.9 43.4 42.4

Information

35.6 35.8 35.9 35.7

Financial activities

37.0 37.0 36.9 36.9

Professional and business services

35.4 35.2 35.3 35.2

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.2 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.8 24.9 24.8

Other services

30.7 30.9 30.8 30.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3

Durable goods

4.4 4.4 4.3 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)

Total private

$21.33 $21.80 $21.82 $21.86 $716.69 $732.48 $733.15 $734.50

Goods-producing

22.24 22.80 22.83 22.85 914.06 934.80 938.31 943.71

Mining and logging

26.86 27.36 27.55 27.37 1,206.01 1,244.88 1,250.77 1,248.07

Construction

25.41 26.23 26.30 26.27 1,006.24 1,028.22 1,033.59 1,042.92

Manufacturing

20.20 20.63 20.62 20.65 844.36 864.40 863.98 867.30

Durable goods

21.28 21.63 21.64 21.65 898.02 914.95 915.37 920.13

Nondurable goods

18.44 19.02 18.96 19.04 757.88 781.72 783.05 788.26

Private service-providing

21.14 21.59 21.61 21.65 684.94 697.36 700.16 699.30

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.86 19.19 19.20 19.23 633.70 644.78 645.12 646.13

Wholesale trade

23.96 24.45 24.50 24.62 924.86 948.66 950.60 955.26

Retail trade

14.98 15.28 15.25 15.26 447.90 455.34 454.45 456.27

Transportation and warehousing

20.88 20.91 20.96 21.04 812.23 807.13 809.06 805.83

Utilities

34.70 35.81 36.02 35.94 1,446.99 1,536.25 1,563.27 1,523.86

Information

29.77 30.44 30.35 30.37 1,059.81 1,089.75 1,089.57 1,084.21

Financial activities

25.88 26.32 26.28 26.31 957.56 973.84 969.73 970.84

Professional and business services

25.13 25.81 25.78 25.80 889.60 908.51 910.03 908.16

Education and health services

22.39 22.77 22.84 22.89 720.96 733.19 735.45 739.35

Leisure and hospitality

12.68 13.04 13.13 13.16 315.73 323.39 326.94 326.37

Other services

19.21 19.57 19.73 19.81 589.75 604.71 607.68 612.13

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2017 - Feb.
2017(p)
Feb.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017(p)
Feb.
2017(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2017 - Feb.
2017(p)

Total private

111.9 113.5 113.8 114.0 0.2 159.6 165.3 165.9 166.5 0.4

Goods-producing

89.6 89.3 89.9 90.8 1.0 122.0 124.6 125.7 127.0 1.0

Mining and logging

121.2 113.2 114.1 116.1 1.8 189.3 180.1 182.8 184.8 1.1

Construction

100.2 100.6 101.7 103.5 1.8 137.5 142.4 144.4 146.8 1.7

Manufacturing

83.5 83.3 83.4 83.9 0.6 110.3 112.3 112.5 113.3 0.7

Durable goods

84.7 84.3 84.4 85.0 0.7 112.5 113.8 114.1 114.9 0.7

Nondurable goods

81.5 81.3 81.8 82.4 0.7 106.2 109.2 109.6 110.9 1.2

Private service-providing

118.3 119.8 120.5 120.3 -0.2 171.5 177.4 178.5 178.6 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

106.8 107.8 107.9 108.0 0.1 143.7 147.5 147.8 148.1 0.2

Wholesale trade

106.6 107.7 107.7 107.8 0.1 150.4 155.1 155.4 156.4 0.6

Retail trade

101.4 101.5 101.9 102.3 0.4 130.2 133.0 133.2 133.7 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

125.3 127.5 126.9 126.0 -0.7 165.9 169.1 168.8 168.2 -0.4

Utilities

95.1 98.2 99.1 96.9 -2.2 137.7 146.7 149.0 145.4 -2.4

Information

91.0 91.0 91.1 90.5 -0.7 134.1 137.1 136.9 136.1 -0.6

Financial activities

110.8 113.4 113.6 113.6 0.0 176.4 183.7 183.6 183.9 0.2

Professional and business services

129.3 131.7 132.5 132.5 0.0 193.4 202.3 203.3 203.4 0.0

Education and health services

135.0 137.8 138.0 138.8 0.6 199.4 207.1 208.0 209.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

124.5 126.1 127.0 126.7 -0.2 179.3 186.8 189.4 189.3 -0.1

Other services

101.4 102.4 102.3 102.7 0.4 141.9 146.0 147.0 148.2 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2016 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: March 10, 2017