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Economic News Release
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CES CES Program Links

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this news release is embargoed until		    USDL-21-2075
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, December 3, 2021

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

	
			THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2021


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 210,000 in November, and the unemployment rate
fell by 0.4 percentage point to 4.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Notable job gains occurred in professional and business services, transportation
and warehousing, construction, and manufacturing. Employment in retail trade declined over
the month.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey measures
labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics. The establishment
survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. For more information
about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two surveys, see the Technical
Note.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage point to 4.2 percent in November. The number
of unemployed persons fell by 542,000 to 6.9 million. Both measures are down considerably
from their highs at the end of the February-April 2020 recession. However, they remain above
their levels prior to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic (3.5 percent and 5.7 million,
respectively, in February 2020). (See table A-1. See the box note at the end of this news
release for more information about how the household survey and its measures were affected
by the coronavirus pandemic.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.0 percent), adult
women (4.0 percent), Whites (3.7 percent), Blacks (6.7 percent), and Hispanics (5.2 percent)
declined in November. The jobless rates for teenagers (11.2 percent) and Asians (3.8 percent)
showed little change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of permanent job losers declined by 205,000 to 1.9 million
in November but is 623,000 higher than in February 2020. The number of persons on temporary
layoff decreased by 255,000 to 801,000 in November. This measure is down from the high of
18.0 million in April 2020 and has nearly returned to its February 2020 level of 750,000.
(See table A-11.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more), at 2.2 million,
changed little in November but is 1.1 million higher than in February 2020. The long-term
unemployed accounted for 32.1 percent of the total unemployed in November. (See table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate edged up to 61.8 percent in November. The participation
rate is 1.5 percentage points lower than in February 2020. The employment-population ratio
increased by 0.4 percentage point to 59.2 percent in November. This measure is up from its
low of 51.3 percent in April 2020 but remains below the figure of 61.1 percent in February
2020. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons, at 4.3 million, changed
little in November. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment,
were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find
full-time jobs. This figure was about the same as in February 2020. (See table A-8.)

The number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job was 5.9 million in 
November, little changed over the month but up by 849,000 since February 2020. These
individuals were not counted as unemployed because they were not actively looking for
work during the 4 weeks preceding the survey or were unavailable to take a job. (See 
table A-1.)

Among those not in the labor force who wanted a job, the number of persons marginally 
attached to the labor force was little changed at 1.6 million in November. These individuals
wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12
months but had not looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. The number of
discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were
available for them, was essentially unchanged over the month at 450,000. (See Summary
table A.)

Household Survey Supplemental Data

In November, the share of employed persons who teleworked because of the coronavirus
pandemic declined by 0.3 percentage point to 11.3 percent. These data refer to employed
persons who teleworked or worked at home for pay at some point in the 4 weeks preceding
the survey specifically because of the pandemic.

In November, 3.6 million persons reported that they had been unable to work because their
employer closed or lost business due to the pandemic--that is, they did not work at all
or worked fewer hours at some point in the 4 weeks preceding the survey due to the pandemic.
This measure was little different from the level of 3.8 million in October. Among those
who reported in November that they were unable to work because of pandemic-related closures
or lost business, 15.8 percent received at least some pay from their employer for the 
hours not worked, little changed from the prior month.

Among those not in the labor force in November, 1.2 million persons were prevented from
looking for work due to the pandemic, little changed from October. (To be counted as
unemployed, by definition, individuals must be either actively looking for work or on
temporary layoff.)

These supplemental data come from questions added to the household survey beginning in
May 2020 to help gauge the effects of the pandemic on the labor market. The data are not
seasonally adjusted. Tables with estimates from the supplemental questions for all months
are available online at www.bls.gov/cps/effects-of-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic.htm.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 210,000 in November. Thus far this year, monthly
job growth has averaged 555,000. Nonfarm employment has increased by 18.5 million since
April 2020 but is down by 3.9 million, or 2.6 percent, from its pre-pandemic level in
February 2020. In November, notable job gains occurred in professional and business
services, transportation and warehousing, construction, and manufacturing. Employment
in retail trade declined over the month. (See table B-1. See the box note at the end of
this news release for more information about how the establishment survey and its measures
were affected by the coronavirus pandemic.)

Professional and business services added 90,000 jobs in November. Job gains continued in
administrative and waste services (+42,000), although employment in its temporary help
services component changed little (+6,000). Job growth also continued in management and
technical consulting services (+12,000) and in computer system design and related services
(+10,000). Employment in professional and business services overall is 69,000 below its
level in February 2020.

Employment in transportation and warehousing increased by 50,000 in November and is 210,000
above its February 2020 level. In November, job gains occurred in couriers and messengers
(+27,000) and in warehousing and storage (+9,000).

Construction employment rose by 31,000 in November, following gains of a similar magnitude
in the prior 2 months. In November, employment continued to trend up in specialty trade
contractors (+13,000), construction of buildings (+10,000), and heavy and civil engineering
construction (+8,000). Construction employment is 115,000 below its February 2020 level. 

Manufacturing added 31,000 jobs in November. Job gains occurred in miscellaneous durable
goods manufacturing (+10,000) and fabricated metal products (+8,000), while motor vehicles
and parts lost jobs (-10,000). Employment in machinery declined by 6,000, largely reflecting
a strike. Manufacturing employment is down by 253,000 since February 2020.

Employment in financial activities continued to trend up in November (+13,000) and is
30,000 above its February 2020 level. Job growth occurred in securities, commodity contracts,
and investments in November (+9,000). 

Employment in retail trade declined by 20,000 in November, with job losses in general 
merchandise stores (-20,000); clothing and clothing accessories stores (-18,000); and 
sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores (-9,000). These losses were partially offset
by job gains in food and beverage stores (+9,000) and in building material and garden 
supply stores (+7,000). Retail trade employment is 176,000 lower than in February 2020.

Employment in leisure and hospitality changed little in November (+23,000), following 
large gains earlier in the year. Leisure and hospitality has added 2.4 million jobs thus
far in 2021, but employment in the industry is down by 1.3 million, or 7.9 percent, since
February 2020.

Health care employment was about unchanged in November (+2,000). Within the industry,
employment in ambulatory health care services continued to trend up (+17,000), while
nursing and residential care facilities lost 11,000 jobs. Employment in health care is
down by 450,000 since February 2020, with nursing and residential care facilities
accounting for nearly all of the loss. 

In November, employment showed little change in other major industries, including mining,
wholesale trade, information, other services, and public and private education. 

In November, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
increased by 8 cents to $31.03. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have
increased by 4.8 percent. In November, average hourly earnings of private-sector 
production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 12 cents to $26.40. (See tables B-3 and
B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.1 hour
to 34.8 hours in November. In manufacturing, the average workweek edged up by 0.1 hour
to 40.4 hours, and overtime was unchanged at 3.2 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
34.1 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised up by 67,000,
from +312,000 to +379,000, and the change for October was revised up by 15,000, from
+531,000 to +546,000. With these revisions, employment in September and October combined
is 82,000 higher than previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from additional
reports received from businesses and government agencies since the last published 
estimates and from the recalculation of seasonal factors.)

_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 7, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


  ________________________________________________________________________________________
 |											  |
 |            Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on November 2021 Household			  |
 |                          and Establishment Survey Data				  |
 |											  |
 | Data collection for both surveys was affected by the pandemic. In the establishment	  |
 | survey, more data continued to be collected by web than in months prior to the 	  |
 | pandemic. In the household survey, for the safety of both interviewers and 		  |
 | respondents, in-person interviews were conducted only when telephone interviews 	  |
 | could not be done. 									  |
 |											  |
 | As in previous months, some workers affected by the pandemic who should have been	  |
 | classified in the household survey as unemployed on temporary layoff were instead	  |
 | misclassified as employed but not at work. However, the share of responses that may	  |
 | have been misclassified was highest in the early months of the pandemic and has 	  |
 | been considerably lower in recent months. 						  |
 | 											  |
 | Since March 2020, BLS has published an estimate of what the unemployment rate might	  |
 | have been had misclassified workers been included among the unemployed. Repeating	  |
 | this same approach, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in November 2021 	  |
 | would have been 0.1 percentage point higher than reported. However, this represents	  |
 | the upper bound of our estimate of misclassification and probably overstates the	  |
 | size of the misclassification error. 						  |
 |											  |
 | More information about the impact of the pandemic on the two surveys is available	  |
 | at www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-november-2021.htm.		  |
 |________________________________________________________________________________________|
 
 
  ________________________________________________________________________________________
 |											  |
 |                    Upcoming Changes to Household Survey Data				  |
 |											  |
 | In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation news release for December  |
 | 2021, scheduled for January 7, 2022, will incorporate annual revisions in seasonally	  |
 | adjusted household survey data. Seasonally adjusted data for the most recent 5 years	  |
 | are subject to revision.								  |
 |											  |
 | Effective with the release of The Employment Situation for January 2022 on February	  |
 | 4, 2022, new population controls will be used in the household survey estimation	  |
 | process. These new controls will reflect a "blended base," which is 2010 Census-based  |
 | and controlled to elements from the 2020 Census and other sources. In accordance with  |
 | usual practice, historical data will not be revised to incorporate the new controls;	  |
 | consequently, household survey data for January 2022 will not be directly comparable	  |
 | with data for December 2021 or earlier periods. A table showing the effects of the	  |
 | new controls on the major labor force series will be included in the January 2022 	  |
 | news release.									  |
 |________________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Change from:
Oct.
2021-
Nov.
2021

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

261,085 261,766 261,908 262,029 121

Civilian labor force

160,536 161,354 161,458 162,052 594

Participation rate

61.5 61.6 61.6 61.8 0.2

Employed

149,809 153,680 154,039 155,175 1,136

Employment-population ratio

57.4 58.7 58.8 59.2 0.4

Unemployed

10,728 7,674 7,419 6,877 -542

Unemployment rate

6.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 -0.4

Not in labor force

100,548 100,412 100,450 99,977 -473

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 -0.4

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.6 4.7 4.3 4.0 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.2 4.2 4.4 4.0 -0.4

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

13.9 11.5 11.9 11.2 -0.7

White

5.9 4.2 4.0 3.7 -0.3

Black or African American

10.3 7.9 7.9 6.7 -1.2

Asian

6.7 4.2 4.2 3.8 -0.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

8.4 6.3 5.9 5.2 -0.7

Total, 25 years and over

6.0 4.2 4.0 3.7 -0.3

Less than a high school diploma

9.2 7.9 7.4 5.7 -1.7

High school graduates, no college

7.8 5.8 5.4 5.2 -0.2

Some college or associate degree

6.3 4.5 4.4 3.7 -0.7

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.2 2.5 2.4 2.3 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,468 4,065 3,719 3,323 -396

Job leavers

698 788 840 847 7

Reentrants

1,968 2,289 2,210 2,154 -56

New entrants

551 490 537 440 -97

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,455 2,237 2,085 1,972 -113

5 to 14 weeks

2,404 1,872 1,966 1,773 -193

15 to 26 weeks

1,875 990 994 877 -117

27 weeks and over

3,929 2,683 2,326 2,190 -136

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,641 4,468 4,423 4,286 -137

Slack work or business conditions

5,223 3,180 3,178 2,940 -238

Could only find part-time work

1,167 975 947 1,066 119

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,580 20,389 20,605 20,474 -131

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,083 1,744 1,681 1,625 -56

Discouraged workers

657 450 455 450 -5

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

264 379 546 210

Total private

359 424 628 235

Goods-producing

68 65 94 60

Mining and logging

3 1 3 -2

Construction

24 35 43 31

Manufacturing

41 29 48 31

Durable goods(1)

30 15 32 15

Motor vehicles and parts

17.7 -2.9 19.3 -10.1

Nondurable goods

11 14 16 16

Private service-providing

291 359 534 175

Wholesale trade

14.8 9.9 12.5 8.0

Retail trade

-2.1 39.1 37.8 -20.4

Transportation and warehousing

123.6 63.4 59.8 49.7

Utilities

-0.6 -0.3 0.1 -0.4

Information

0 4 11 -2

Financial activities

10 12 26 13

Professional and business services(1)

95 111 121 90

Temporary help services

39.0 14.9 46.4 6.2

Education and health services(1)

43 16 59 4

Health care and social assistance

48.4 37.2 47.6 5.7

Leisure and hospitality

10 108 170 23

Other services

-3 -4 36 10

Government

-95 -45 -82 -25

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

553 651 469 378

Total private

748 581 519 429

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8

Total private women employees

48.4 48.4 48.5 48.4

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

81.5 81.4 81.6 81.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.8 34.8 34.7 34.8

Average hourly earnings

$29.61 $30.84 $30.95 $31.03

Average weekly earnings

$1,030.43 $1,073.23 $1,073.97 $1,079.84

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

106.0 109.9 110.2 110.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.9 0.3 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

150.0 162.1 163.0 164.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 1.5 0.6 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (257 industries)

64.4 65.0 73.9 63.0

Manufacturing (75 industries)

59.3 58.0 66.7 67.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.htm.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   https://www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit https://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 697,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll jobs.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific active efforts to find employment sometime during
the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who worked or received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or 
more detailed age categories. Percentage distributions of unemployment by reason and
duration are derived from the sum of the independently seasonally adjusted component
series, and will not necessarily match calculations made using the seasonally adjusted
total unemployment level. Additional information about seasonal adjustment in the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 110,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-60,000 to +160,000 (50,000 +/- 110,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.2 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.3 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

261,085 261,908 262,029 261,085 261,469 261,611 261,766 261,908 262,029

Civilian labor force

160,468 161,863 162,099 160,536 161,347 161,537 161,354 161,458 162,052

Participation rate

61.5 61.8 61.9 61.5 61.7 61.7 61.6 61.6 61.8

Employed

150,203 154,966 155,797 149,809 152,645 153,154 153,680 154,039 155,175

Employment-population ratio

57.5 59.2 59.5 57.4 58.4 58.5 58.7 58.8 59.2

Unemployed

10,264 6,896 6,302 10,728 8,702 8,384 7,674 7,419 6,877

Unemployment rate

6.4 4.3 3.9 6.7 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.6 4.2

Not in labor force

100,617 100,045 99,930 100,548 100,123 100,074 100,412 100,450 99,977

Persons who currently want a job

6,791 5,567 5,491 7,127 6,517 5,682 5,969 5,978 5,859

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,296 126,719 126,779 126,296 126,499 126,570 126,648 126,719 126,779

Civilian labor force

84,934 85,725 85,793 85,161 85,507 85,684 85,797 85,720 86,011

Participation rate

67.2 67.6 67.7 67.4 67.6 67.7 67.7 67.6 67.8

Employed

79,291 82,163 82,474 79,267 80,712 81,100 81,501 81,825 82,366

Employment-population ratio

62.8 64.8 65.1 62.8 63.8 64.1 64.4 64.6 65.0

Unemployed

5,643 3,562 3,318 5,894 4,795 4,584 4,296 3,896 3,645

Unemployment rate

6.6 4.2 3.9 6.9 5.6 5.4 5.0 4.5 4.2

Not in labor force

41,363 40,994 40,986 41,135 40,992 40,886 40,850 40,998 40,768

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,936 118,406 118,466 117,936 118,192 118,261 118,337 118,406 118,466

Civilian labor force

82,134 82,786 82,929 82,226 82,526 82,665 82,847 82,689 83,009

Participation rate

69.6 69.9 70.0 69.7 69.8 69.9 70.0 69.8 70.1

Employed

76,904 79,556 79,904 76,777 78,041 78,440 78,927 79,163 79,694

Employment-population ratio

65.2 67.2 67.4 65.1 66.0 66.3 66.7 66.9 67.3

Unemployed

5,230 3,230 3,025 5,449 4,484 4,225 3,919 3,526 3,314

Unemployment rate

6.4 3.9 3.6 6.6 5.4 5.1 4.7 4.3 4.0

Not in labor force

35,802 35,620 35,537 35,710 35,667 35,597 35,490 35,717 35,457

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

134,788 135,189 135,250 134,788 134,970 135,041 135,118 135,189 135,250

Civilian labor force

75,534 76,138 76,306 75,376 75,840 75,853 75,557 75,737 76,041

Participation rate

56.0 56.3 56.4 55.9 56.2 56.2 55.9 56.0 56.2

Employed

70,913 72,803 73,323 70,542 71,934 72,054 72,179 72,214 72,809

Employment-population ratio

52.6 53.9 54.2 52.3 53.3 53.4 53.4 53.4 53.8

Unemployed

4,621 3,335 2,984 4,834 3,906 3,799 3,378 3,523 3,232

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.4 3.9 6.4 5.2 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.3

Not in labor force

59,254 59,052 58,944 59,413 59,130 59,188 59,561 59,452 59,209

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,604 127,051 127,112 126,604 126,837 126,906 126,982 127,051 127,112

Civilian labor force

72,695 73,296 73,463 72,395 72,883 72,842 72,533 72,784 73,058

Participation rate

57.4 57.7 57.8 57.2 57.5 57.4 57.1 57.3 57.5

Employed

68,407 70,274 70,786 67,941 69,235 69,357 69,466 69,604 70,168

Employment-population ratio

54.0 55.3 55.7 53.7 54.6 54.7 54.7 54.8 55.2

Unemployed

4,289 3,022 2,677 4,453 3,648 3,485 3,067 3,179 2,890

Unemployment rate

5.9 4.1 3.6 6.2 5.0 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.0

Not in labor force

53,909 53,755 53,649 54,209 53,954 54,065 54,449 54,267 54,054

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,545 16,451 16,450 16,545 16,440 16,443 16,447 16,451 16,450

Civilian labor force

5,639 5,780 5,707 5,915 5,938 6,031 5,975 5,984 5,985

Participation rate

34.1 35.1 34.7 35.8 36.1 36.7 36.3 36.4 36.4

Employed

4,893 5,137 5,107 5,091 5,369 5,357 5,287 5,271 5,312

Employment-population ratio

29.6 31.2 31.0 30.8 32.7 32.6 32.1 32.0 32.3

Unemployed

745 644 600 825 569 674 687 714 673

Unemployment rate

13.2 11.1 10.5 13.9 9.6 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.2

Not in labor force

10,906 10,670 10,743 10,630 10,502 10,412 10,473 10,466 10,465

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,685 202,138 202,199 201,685 201,888 201,968 202,057 202,138 202,199

Civilian labor force

124,065 124,407 124,666 124,038 124,413 124,332 124,222 124,333 124,652

Participation rate

61.5 61.5 61.7 61.5 61.6 61.6 61.5 61.5 61.6

Employed

117,041 119,891 120,431 116,665 118,428 118,697 119,023 119,338 119,985

Employment-population ratio

58.0 59.3 59.6 57.8 58.7 58.8 58.9 59.0 59.3

Unemployed

7,024 4,517 4,234 7,373 5,985 5,635 5,199 4,995 4,666

Unemployment rate

5.7 3.6 3.4 5.9 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7

Not in labor force

77,620 77,731 77,533 77,647 77,475 77,635 77,835 77,805 77,547

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,598 64,725 64,941 64,648 64,858 64,856 64,996 64,784 65,023

Participation rate

69.8 69.8 70.0 69.9 70.0 70.0 70.1 69.9 70.1

Employed

60,953 62,644 62,962 60,844 61,701 61,980 62,295 62,424 62,835

Employment-population ratio

65.9 67.5 67.9 65.8 66.6 66.9 67.2 67.3 67.7

Unemployed

3,645 2,081 1,979 3,804 3,157 2,875 2,700 2,360 2,188

Unemployment rate

5.6 3.2 3.0 5.9 4.9 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,014 55,170 55,310 54,717 54,993 54,816 54,578 54,870 54,994

Participation rate

56.7 56.7 56.8 56.4 56.6 56.4 56.1 56.4 56.5

Employed

52,200 53,184 53,435 51,765 52,538 52,496 52,571 52,736 52,948

Employment-population ratio

53.8 54.6 54.9 53.3 54.0 54.0 54.0 54.2 54.4

Unemployed

2,814 1,986 1,875 2,953 2,455 2,319 2,007 2,134 2,046

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.6 3.4 5.4 4.5 4.2 3.7 3.9 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,453 4,512 4,415 4,673 4,562 4,661 4,648 4,679 4,634

Participation rate

36.7 37.4 36.6 38.5 37.8 38.7 38.5 38.8 38.4

Employed

3,887 4,062 4,035 4,056 4,189 4,220 4,157 4,177 4,202

Employment-population ratio

32.1 33.7 33.5 33.4 34.7 35.0 34.5 34.6 34.8

Unemployed

565 450 380 616 373 441 492 501 432

Unemployment rate

12.7 10.0 8.6 13.2 8.2 9.5 10.6 10.7 9.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,486 33,699 33,725 33,486 33,619 33,645 33,673 33,699 33,725

Civilian labor force

20,166 20,689 20,478 20,165 20,430 20,717 20,634 20,590 20,493

Participation rate

60.2 61.4 60.7 60.2 60.8 61.6 61.3 61.1 60.8

Employed

18,184 19,120 19,232 18,087 18,757 18,892 18,996 18,959 19,128

Employment-population ratio

54.3 56.7 57.0 54.0 55.8 56.2 56.4 56.3 56.7

Unemployed

1,982 1,568 1,246 2,077 1,673 1,825 1,638 1,631 1,366

Unemployment rate

9.8 7.6 6.1 10.3 8.2 8.8 7.9 7.9 6.7

Not in labor force

13,320 13,011 13,247 13,321 13,189 12,928 13,039 13,109 13,232

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,197 9,540 9,450 9,217 9,402 9,491 9,399 9,484 9,485

Participation rate

65.1 66.9 66.3 65.2 66.2 66.7 66.0 66.5 66.5

Employed

8,217 8,779 8,823 8,184 8,609 8,628 8,644 8,693 8,788

Employment-population ratio

58.2 61.6 61.9 57.9 60.6 60.7 60.7 61.0 61.6

Unemployed

980 761 626 1,033 793 864 755 791 697

Unemployment rate

10.7 8.0 6.6 11.2 8.4 9.1 8.0 8.3 7.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,295 10,447 10,352 10,242 10,293 10,480 10,442 10,390 10,299

Participation rate

60.7 61.2 60.6 60.4 60.5 61.5 61.2 60.9 60.3

Employed

9,395 9,742 9,874 9,320 9,511 9,652 9,683 9,665 9,786

Employment-population ratio

55.4 57.1 57.8 55.0 55.9 56.7 56.8 56.6 57.3

Unemployed

900 705 478 921 782 828 759 725 513

Unemployment rate

8.7 6.7 4.6 9.0 7.6 7.9 7.3 7.0 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

674 702 677 706 735 746 794 716 710

Participation rate

28.0 29.4 28.4 29.3 30.8 31.2 33.3 30.0 29.7

Employed

572 599 535 583 637 612 669 601 554

Employment-population ratio

23.8 25.1 22.4 24.2 26.7 25.6 28.0 25.2 23.2

Unemployed

102 102 142 123 98 134 125 115 156

Unemployment rate

15.1 14.6 20.9 17.4 13.3 17.9 15.7 16.1 21.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,558 16,485 16,513 16,558 16,514 16,555 16,540 16,485 16,513

Civilian labor force

10,366 10,756 10,767 10,380 10,654 10,610 10,635 10,742 10,755

Participation rate

62.6 65.2 65.2 62.7 64.5 64.1 64.3 65.2 65.1

Employed

9,675 10,312 10,365 9,685 10,094 10,122 10,190 10,288 10,346

Employment-population ratio

58.4 62.5 62.8 58.5 61.1 61.1 61.6 62.4 62.7

Unemployed

691 445 402 695 559 488 446 454 409

Unemployment rate

6.7 4.1 3.7 6.7 5.3 4.6 4.2 4.2 3.8

Not in labor force

6,192 5,729 5,746 6,179 5,861 5,945 5,905 5,744 5,758

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

44,559 45,159 45,232 44,559 44,927 45,004 45,083 45,159 45,232

Civilian labor force

29,240 29,736 30,079 29,152 29,529 29,534 29,617 29,681 30,001

Participation rate

65.6 65.8 66.5 65.4 65.7 65.6 65.7 65.7 66.3

Employed

26,821 28,154 28,648 26,688 27,576 27,652 27,738 27,934 28,436

Employment-population ratio

60.2 62.3 63.3 59.9 61.4 61.4 61.5 61.9 62.9

Unemployed

2,419 1,582 1,431 2,463 1,953 1,882 1,880 1,748 1,565

Unemployment rate

8.3 5.3 4.8 8.4 6.6 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.2

Not in labor force

15,319 15,423 15,153 15,407 15,398 15,470 15,466 15,478 15,231

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,971 16,220 16,411 15,951 16,228 16,285 16,403 16,256 16,457

Participation rate

79.4 79.5 80.3 79.3 79.9 80.1 80.5 79.7 80.5

Employed

14,753 15,495 15,766 14,700 15,225 15,318 15,411 15,409 15,699

Employment-population ratio

73.3 75.9 77.1 73.0 75.0 75.3 75.6 75.5 76.8

Unemployed

1,218 724 645 1,251 1,003 967 992 848 758

Unemployment rate

7.6 4.5 3.9 7.8 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.2 4.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,910 12,127 12,296 11,821 12,020 11,977 11,915 12,029 12,156

Participation rate

58.4 58.6 59.4 58.0 58.4 58.1 57.7 58.2 58.7

Employed

10,946 11,485 11,666 10,851 11,209 11,253 11,253 11,347 11,517

Employment-population ratio

53.7 55.5 56.3 53.2 54.5 54.6 54.5 54.9 55.6

Unemployed

964 642 629 970 811 725 662 681 640

Unemployment rate

8.1 5.3 5.1 8.2 6.7 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,358 1,389 1,373 1,380 1,280 1,271 1,300 1,396 1,388

Participation rate

33.6 34.1 33.7 34.2 31.6 31.3 32.0 34.3 34.1

Employed

1,121 1,173 1,216 1,137 1,142 1,081 1,074 1,177 1,221

Employment-population ratio

27.8 28.8 29.9 28.2 28.2 26.7 26.4 28.9 30.0

Unemployed

237 216 157 243 138 190 226 219 167

Unemployment rate

17.5 15.5 11.4 17.6 10.8 15.0 17.4 15.7 12.1

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

9,418 8,921 8,915 9,276 9,254 9,158 9,127 9,033 8,792

Participation rate

46.4 45.9 45.8 45.7 46.7 45.8 45.3 46.5 45.1

Employed

8,585 8,365 8,462 8,418 8,377 8,448 8,406 8,367 8,294

Employment-population ratio

42.3 43.1 43.5 41.4 42.3 42.2 41.7 43.1 42.6

Unemployed

833 555 452 858 877 710 721 666 498

Unemployment rate

8.8 6.2 5.1 9.2 9.5 7.8 7.9 7.4 5.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,246 35,575 35,562 35,163 34,947 35,347 34,858 35,276 35,390

Participation rate

55.5 55.5 55.9 55.4 55.3 55.3 55.1 55.0 55.7

Employed

32,622 33,774 33,831 32,435 32,735 33,232 32,838 33,365 33,538

Employment-population ratio

51.4 52.7 53.2 51.1 51.8 52.0 51.9 52.0 52.7

Unemployed

2,624 1,801 1,731 2,728 2,211 2,115 2,020 1,911 1,853

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.1 4.9 7.8 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.4 5.2

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

35,833 35,710 35,605 35,644 35,896 35,845 35,826 35,354 35,406

Participation rate

62.6 63.4 62.9 62.3 63.0 63.6 63.0 62.7 62.5

Employed

33,647 34,236 34,374 33,387 34,111 34,019 34,200 33,783 34,081

Employment-population ratio

58.8 60.8 60.7 58.4 59.9 60.4 60.2 60.0 60.2

Unemployed

2,185 1,474 1,231 2,257 1,785 1,826 1,626 1,571 1,324

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.1 3.5 6.3 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.4 3.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

59,719 61,068 61,484 59,620 60,927 60,794 60,785 60,973 61,355

Participation rate

72.3 72.0 72.2 72.2 72.4 72.3 72.1 71.9 72.1

Employed

57,287 59,654 60,181 57,095 59,027 59,077 59,246 59,493 59,956

Employment-population ratio

69.3 70.3 70.7 69.1 70.1 70.2 70.3 70.2 70.4

Unemployed

2,432 1,414 1,303 2,524 1,900 1,717 1,539 1,480 1,400

Unemployment rate

4.1 2.3 2.1 4.2 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,315 17,950 16,408 16,029 1,907 1,921

Civilian labor force

8,764 8,444 7,636 7,277 1,128 1,167

Participation rate

47.9 47.0 46.5 45.4 59.2 60.8

Employed

8,213 8,117 7,144 6,996 1,068 1,121

Employment-population ratio

44.8 45.2 43.5 43.6 56.0 58.4

Unemployed

552 327 492 281 60 46

Unemployment rate

6.3 3.9 6.4 3.9 5.3 4.0

Not in labor force

9,551 9,506 8,772 8,752 779 754

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,540 4,595 3,752 3,779 789 815

Civilian labor force

3,532 3,633 2,979 3,052 553 582

Participation rate

77.8 79.1 79.4 80.8 70.1 71.3

Employed

3,288 3,476 2,766 2,915 522 560

Employment-population ratio

72.4 75.7 73.7 77.1 66.1 68.7

Unemployed

244 158 212 136 32 21

Unemployment rate

6.9 4.3 7.1 4.5 5.7 3.6

Not in labor force

1,009 961 773 727 236 234

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,065 3,150 2,578 2,661 486 490

Civilian labor force

2,251 2,263 1,934 1,925 317 338

Participation rate

73.5 71.8 75.0 72.3 65.2 69.1

Employed

2,145 2,203 1,839 1,878 305 324

Employment-population ratio

70.0 69.9 71.3 70.6 62.8 66.3

Unemployed

107 61 95 47 12 14

Unemployment rate

4.7 2.7 4.9 2.4 3.7 4.2

Not in labor force

814 887 644 736 169 151

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,676 6,297 6,443 6,075 233 222

Civilian labor force

1,175 1,021 1,146 971 29 50

Participation rate

17.6 16.2 17.8 16.0 12.6 22.7

Employed

1,100 976 1,071 930 29 45

Employment-population ratio

16.5 15.5 16.6 15.3 12.6 20.5

Unemployed

75 46 75 41 0 5

Unemployment rate

6.4 4.5 6.6 4.2 - -

Not in labor force

5,501 5,276 5,297 5,104 204 172

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,034 3,908 3,635 3,514 399 394

Civilian labor force

1,806 1,526 1,577 1,329 229 197

Participation rate

44.8 39.0 43.4 37.8 57.3 50.0

Employed

1,680 1,463 1,468 1,272 212 191

Employment-population ratio

41.6 37.4 40.4 36.2 53.1 48.4

Unemployed

126 63 109 56 17 6

Unemployment rate

7.0 4.1 6.9 4.3 7.3 3.2

Not in labor force

2,228 2,382 2,058 2,185 170 197

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

233,995 234,974 105,486 106,190 128,510 128,784

Civilian labor force

149,673 151,411 76,357 77,439 73,316 73,972

Participation rate

64.0 64.4 72.4 72.9 57.1 57.4

Employed

140,243 145,654 71,337 74,520 68,906 71,134

Employment-population ratio

59.9 62.0 67.6 70.2 53.6 55.2

Unemployed

9,430 5,757 5,019 2,919 4,411 2,838

Unemployment rate

6.3 3.8 6.6 3.8 6.0 3.8

Not in labor force

84,322 83,563 29,129 28,751 55,193 54,812

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000). Updated population controls introduced with the release of January 2021 data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,169 31,963 230,916 230,066

Civilian labor force

6,163 7,455 154,305 154,644

Participation rate

20.4 23.3 66.8 67.2

Employed

5,407 6,878 144,796 148,919

Employment-population ratio

17.9 21.5 62.7 64.7

Unemployed

755 577 9,509 5,725

Unemployment rate

12.3 7.7 6.2 3.7

Not in labor force

24,006 24,508 76,611 75,422

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,740 3,103 76,194 76,582

Participation rate

35.3 39.5 81.4 82.1

Employed

2,380 2,832 71,246 73,727

Employment-population ratio

30.7 36.1 76.1 79.0

Unemployed

359 271 4,948 2,855

Unemployment rate

13.1 8.7 6.5 3.7

Not in labor force

5,021 4,752 17,450 16,724

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,350 2,929 68,384 68,506

Participation rate

31.8 35.9 70.5 71.5

Employed

2,029 2,710 64,343 65,898

Employment-population ratio

27.5 33.3 66.4 68.8

Unemployed

321 219 4,042 2,607

Unemployment rate

13.7 7.5 5.9 3.8

Not in labor force

5,030 5,221 28,579 27,304

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,073 1,422 9,726 9,556

Participation rate

7.1 8.9 24.1 23.3

Employed

998 1,336 9,207 9,293

Employment-population ratio

6.6 8.4 22.8 22.7

Unemployed

75 87 519 263

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.1 5.3 2.8

Not in labor force

13,956 14,534 30,582 31,394

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

42,730 44,048 20,477 21,519 22,253 22,529

Civilian labor force

27,494 28,895 15,806 16,686 11,689 12,209

Participation rate

64.3 65.6 77.2 77.5 52.5 54.2

Employed

25,644 27,853 14,888 16,139 10,757 11,713

Employment-population ratio

60.0 63.2 72.7 75.0 48.3 52.0

Unemployed

1,850 1,043 918 546 932 496

Unemployment rate

6.7 3.6 5.8 3.3 8.0 4.1

Not in labor force

15,236 15,152 4,672 4,833 10,564 10,319

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,355 217,981 105,819 105,260 112,536 112,721

Civilian labor force

132,973 133,204 69,128 69,107 63,845 64,097

Participation rate

60.9 61.1 65.3 65.7 56.7 56.9

Employed

124,559 127,944 64,403 66,335 60,156 61,609

Employment-population ratio

57.0 58.7 60.9 63.0 53.5 54.7

Unemployed

8,414 5,260 4,725 2,772 3,689 2,487

Unemployment rate

6.3 3.9 6.8 4.0 5.8 3.9

Not in labor force

85,381 84,777 36,691 36,153 48,690 48,624

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,441 2,418 2,194 2,432 2,305 2,329 2,249 2,306 2,201

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,590 1,596 1,429 1,553 1,584 1,606 1,519 1,511 1,423

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

820 785 727 837 708 712 724 759 741

Unpaid family workers

30 37 38 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

147,763 152,548 153,603 147,314 150,481 151,115 151,693 151,676 152,732

Wage and salary workers(1)

139,095 142,933 144,279 138,891 140,487 141,168 141,768 142,280 143,855

Government

20,637 20,586 20,936 20,418 20,761 20,793 20,487 20,453 20,668

Private industries

118,458 122,347 123,343 118,525 119,955 120,345 121,741 121,872 123,141

Private households

626 766 654 - - - - - -

Other industries

117,832 121,581 122,689 117,902 119,334 119,608 120,981 120,954 122,402

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,622 9,548 9,277 8,570 9,571 9,541 9,418 9,442 9,256

Unpaid family workers

45 68 47 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,492 4,094 4,163 6,641 4,483 4,469 4,468 4,423 4,286

Slack work or business conditions

5,131 2,913 2,819 5,223 2,965 3,183 3,180 3,178 2,940

Could only find part-time work

1,151 928 1,085 1,167 1,116 1,032 975 947 1,066

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,449 21,128 21,322 18,580 20,087 20,359 20,389 20,605 20,474

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,423 3,998 4,121 6,582 4,351 4,414 4,406 4,328 4,263

Slack work or business conditions

5,087 2,838 2,789 5,176 2,908 3,126 3,130 3,059 2,865

Could only find part-time work

1,142 927 1,085 1,163 1,099 1,019 960 946 1,071

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,043 20,773 20,948 18,182 19,736 20,027 20,003 20,268 20,107

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

150,203 154,966 155,797 149,809 152,645 153,154 153,680 154,039 155,175

16 to 19 years

4,893 5,137 5,107 5,091 5,369 5,357 5,287 5,271 5,312

16 to 17 years

1,748 1,999 2,026 1,797 1,971 2,025 2,013 1,981 2,064

18 to 19 years

3,146 3,137 3,081 3,277 3,378 3,293 3,256 3,284 3,236

20 years and over

145,310 149,830 150,690 144,718 147,277 147,797 148,393 148,768 149,863

20 to 24 years

13,169 13,800 13,842 13,203 13,342 13,238 13,498 13,709 13,831

25 years and over

132,142 136,030 136,848 131,461 134,135 134,652 134,958 135,223 135,988

25 to 54 years

96,394 99,355 100,032 95,861 98,131 98,289 98,346 98,746 99,363

25 to 34 years

33,767 35,257 35,622 33,581 34,589 34,742 34,664 35,010 35,356

35 to 44 years

32,290 33,237 33,354 32,098 32,923 32,914 32,915 33,020 33,145

45 to 54 years

30,337 30,862 31,056 30,182 30,620 30,633 30,767 30,716 30,862

55 years and over

35,748 36,674 36,815 35,600 36,003 36,363 36,611 36,477 36,625

Men, 16 years and over

79,291 82,163 82,474 79,267 80,712 81,100 81,501 81,825 82,366

16 to 19 years

2,387 2,608 2,571 2,490 2,670 2,660 2,574 2,661 2,672

16 to 17 years

809 972 958 863 944 949 974 979 1,010

18 to 19 years

1,578 1,636 1,613 1,630 1,720 1,691 1,584 1,685 1,667

20 years and over

76,904 79,556 79,904 76,777 78,041 78,440 78,927 79,163 79,694

20 to 24 years

6,662 6,969 7,074 6,722 6,713 6,769 6,868 6,969 7,112

25 years and over

70,241 72,587 72,830 70,040 71,479 71,690 72,046 72,168 72,504

25 to 54 years

51,207 53,007 53,157 51,025 52,220 52,348 52,398 52,700 52,881

25 to 34 years

17,984 18,855 18,945 17,889 18,472 18,535 18,516 18,714 18,788

35 to 44 years

17,334 17,866 17,899 17,288 17,707 17,699 17,793 17,784 17,852

45 to 54 years

15,889 16,286 16,313 15,848 16,041 16,115 16,090 16,202 16,242

55 years and over

19,034 19,580 19,673 19,015 19,259 19,342 19,647 19,467 19,623

Women, 16 years and over

70,913 72,803 73,323 70,542 71,934 72,054 72,179 72,214 72,809

16 to 19 years

2,506 2,529 2,537 2,600 2,698 2,697 2,713 2,610 2,640

16 to 17 years

939 1,027 1,068 934 1,027 1,076 1,040 1,002 1,054

18 to 19 years

1,567 1,501 1,469 1,647 1,658 1,602 1,672 1,600 1,569

20 years and over

68,407 70,274 70,786 67,941 69,235 69,357 69,466 69,604 70,168

20 to 24 years

6,506 6,831 6,768 6,481 6,629 6,469 6,630 6,740 6,719

25 years and over

61,900 63,443 64,018 61,422 62,655 62,962 62,912 63,055 63,483

25 to 54 years

45,187 46,348 46,875 44,836 45,911 45,941 45,948 46,045 46,482

25 to 34 years

15,783 16,401 16,677 15,692 16,116 16,207 16,149 16,296 16,568

35 to 44 years

14,956 15,371 15,455 14,810 15,216 15,215 15,122 15,236 15,293

45 to 54 years

14,448 14,576 14,743 14,334 14,579 14,519 14,677 14,514 14,620

55 years and over

16,714 17,095 17,142 16,586 16,744 17,021 16,964 17,010 17,002

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

43,753 43,910 44,274 43,754 43,823 43,641 43,593 43,706 44,225

Married women, spouse present(1)

35,165 35,209 35,700 34,795 35,208 35,043 35,013 34,907 35,300

Women who maintain families(2)

9,541 9,696 9,738 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

124,325 128,848 129,322 124,292 127,466 127,436 128,027 128,306 129,260

Part-time workers(4)

25,879 26,119 26,475 25,373 25,360 25,783 25,747 25,906 25,948

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,690 7,166 7,180 6,559 7,026 7,041 7,045 6,978 7,063

Percent of total employed

4.5 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.6

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

6,236 6,334 6,363 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,443 10,332 10,004 9,408 10,279 10,253 10,142 10,201 9,997

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(4) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

10,728 7,419 6,877 6.7 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.6 4.2

16 to 19 years

825 714 673 13.9 9.6 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.2

16 to 17 years

314 247 247 14.9 9.7 11.6 11.4 11.1 10.7

18 to 19 years

507 473 421 13.4 9.4 11.0 11.6 12.6 11.5

20 years and over

9,903 6,705 6,204 6.4 5.2 5.0 4.5 4.3 4.0

20 to 24 years

1,580 1,104 1,131 10.7 9.1 9.3 8.0 7.5 7.6

25 years and over

8,409 5,624 5,166 6.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7

25 to 54 years

6,193 4,303 3,891 6.1 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.2 3.8

25 to 34 years

2,530 1,764 1,557 7.0 6.1 5.6 5.3 4.8 4.2

35 to 44 years

1,910 1,331 1,340 5.6 4.7 4.4 4.0 3.9 3.9

45 to 54 years

1,753 1,208 993 5.5 3.8 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.1

55 years and over

2,202 1,372 1,266 5.8 4.4 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.3

Men, 16 years and over

5,894 3,896 3,645 6.9 5.6 5.4 5.0 4.5 4.2

16 to 19 years

444 370 330 15.1 10.4 11.9 12.8 12.2 11.0

16 to 17 years

146 117 130 14.5 10.1 11.2 12.3 10.7 11.4

18 to 19 years

299 257 196 15.5 10.5 12.6 13.3 13.2 10.5

20 years and over

5,449 3,526 3,314 6.6 5.4 5.1 4.7 4.3 4.0

20 to 24 years

904 633 637 11.9 10.4 9.7 9.3 8.3 8.2

25 years and over

4,617 2,938 2,736 6.2 4.9 4.7 4.3 3.9 3.6

25 to 54 years

3,433 2,227 2,109 6.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.1 3.8

25 to 34 years

1,491 987 872 7.7 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.0 4.4

35 to 44 years

1,028 689 731 5.6 4.7 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.9

45 to 54 years

914 551 506 5.5 4.1 4.2 3.7 3.3 3.0

55 years and over

1,183 711 627 5.9 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.1

Women, 16 years and over

4,834 3,523 3,232 6.4 5.2 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.3

16 to 19 years

380 344 343 12.8 8.7 10.4 10.3 11.6 11.5

16 to 17 years

168 130 117 15.2 9.3 11.9 10.5 11.5 10.0

18 to 19 years

208 217 225 11.2 8.3 9.3 10.0 11.9 12.5

20 years and over

4,453 3,179 2,890 6.2 5.0 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.0

20 to 24 years

676 471 494 9.4 7.7 9.0 6.5 6.5 6.8

25 years and over

3,792 2,686 2,430 5.8 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.7

25 to 54 years

2,759 2,076 1,782 5.8 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.3 3.7

25 to 34 years

1,039 776 685 6.2 6.0 5.3 4.9 4.5 4.0

35 to 44 years

882 643 610 5.6 4.7 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8

45 to 54 years

839 657 487 5.5 3.5 3.9 4.1 4.3 3.2

55 years and over

1,020 649 630 5.8 4.3 3.8 3.4 3.7 3.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present(1)

1,854 1,139 1,061 4.1 3.4 3.2 2.9 2.5 2.3

Married women, spouse present(1)

1,644 1,090 1,027 4.5 3.3 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8

Women who maintain families(2)

798 610 493 7.7 8.5 7.9 6.8 5.9 4.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(3)

9,145 6,184 5,800 6.9 5.5 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.3

Part-time workers(4)

1,610 1,286 1,082 6.0 5.0 5.2 4.2 4.7 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples. Prior to January 2020, referred to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Data are not seasonally adjusted. Beginning with data for January 2020, refers to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not a spouse of either sex. Prior to January 2020, referred to female householders residing with one or more family members, but not an opposite-sex spouse.
(3) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(4) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,219 3,306 3,079 7,468 4,960 4,468 4,065 3,719 3,323

On temporary layoff

2,615 693 673 2,762 1,239 1,252 1,124 1,056 801

Not on temporary layoff

4,603 2,613 2,406 4,705 3,721 3,217 2,941 2,663 2,522

Permanent job losers

3,647 2,082 1,839 3,718 2,930 2,487 2,251 2,126 1,921

Persons who completed temporary jobs

956 530 567 987 791 730 689 537 601

Job leavers

680 869 828 698 930 822 788 840 847

Reentrants

1,855 2,186 2,010 1,968 2,287 2,487 2,289 2,210 2,154

New entrants

511 536 385 551 463 512 490 537 440

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

70.3 47.9 48.9 69.9 57.4 53.9 53.3 50.9 49.1

On temporary layoff

25.5 10.1 10.7 25.9 14.3 15.1 14.7 14.5 11.8

Not on temporary layoff

44.8 37.9 38.2 44.0 43.1 38.8 38.5 36.4 37.3

Job leavers

6.6 12.6 13.1 6.5 10.8 9.9 10.3 11.5 12.5

Reentrants

18.1 31.7 31.9 18.4 26.5 30.0 30.0 30.2 31.8

New entrants

5.0 7.8 6.1 5.2 5.4 6.2 6.4 7.4 6.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.5 2.0 1.9 4.7 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.1

Job leavers

0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3

New entrants

0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,291 1,884 1,791 2,455 2,257 2,083 2,237 2,085 1,972

5 to 14 weeks

2,293 1,762 1,575 2,404 1,861 2,066 1,872 1,966 1,773

15 weeks and over

5,681 3,251 2,936 5,804 4,599 4,343 3,674 3,320 3,067

15 to 26 weeks

1,807 919 805 1,875 1,174 1,164 990 994 877

27 weeks and over

3,873 2,332 2,131 3,929 3,425 3,179 2,683 2,326 2,190

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

24.0 27.7 29.6 23.0 29.5 29.6 28.4 26.7 28.9

Median duration, in weeks

18.8 13.1 12.8 18.9 15.2 14.7 13.3 12.0 12.7

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.3 27.3 28.4 23.0 25.9 24.5 28.7 28.3 29.0

5 to 14 weeks

22.3 25.5 25.0 22.5 21.3 24.3 24.1 26.7 26.0

15 weeks and over

55.3 47.1 46.6 54.4 52.8 51.1 47.2 45.0 45.0

15 to 26 weeks

17.6 13.3 12.8 17.6 13.5 13.7 12.7 13.5 12.9

27 weeks and over

37.7 33.8 33.8 36.8 39.3 37.4 34.5 31.6 32.1

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021

Total, 16 years and over(1)

150,203 155,797 10,264 6,302 6.4 3.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

63,387 66,060 2,415 1,308 3.7 1.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

27,272 28,334 1,107 629 3.9 2.2

Professional and related occupations

36,116 37,726 1,309 679 3.5 1.8

Service occupations

23,822 25,252 2,583 1,506 9.8 5.6

Sales and office occupations

30,632 30,883 1,978 1,232 6.1 3.8

Sales and related occupations

14,711 14,528 991 633 6.3 4.2

Office and administrative support occupations

15,921 16,355 987 599 5.8 3.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,677 13,890 1,085 728 7.4 5.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,006 909 117 66 10.4 6.8

Construction and extraction occupations

8,024 8,250 694 518 8.0 5.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,648 4,731 274 145 5.6 3.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

18,685 19,712 1,672 1,123 8.2 5.4

Production occupations

7,848 7,928 563 355 6.7 4.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

10,837 11,785 1,108 768 9.3 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,264 6,302 6.4 3.9

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,289 5,032 6.5 3.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

137 50 19.2 8.6

Construction

732 469 7.3 4.7

Manufacturing

708 478 4.7 3.1

Durable goods

400 296 4.3 3.0

Nondurable goods

308 182 5.4 3.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,252 833 6.0 4.2

Transportation and utilities

591 455 8.0 5.5

Information

196 99 8.2 4.1

Financial activities

343 196 3.5 2.0

Professional and business services

1,027 700 5.9 3.8

Education and health services

904 555 3.7 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

1,896 988 15.0 7.5

Other services

502 209 8.1 3.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

141 79 8.4 5.4

Government workers

722 415 3.4 1.9

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

601 391 5.9 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2017 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). No historical data have been revised.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
July
2021
Aug.
2021
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.5 2.0 1.8 3.6 2.9 2.7 2.3 2.1 1.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.5 2.0 1.9 4.7 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.4 4.3 3.9 6.7 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.6 4.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.8 4.5 4.2 7.1 5.7 5.4 5.0 4.9 4.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.6 5.2 4.8 7.9 6.5 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.6 7.7 7.4 12.0 9.2 8.8 8.5 8.3 7.8

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Nov.
2021

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

100,617 99,930 41,363 40,986 59,254 58,944

Persons who currently want a job

6,791 5,491 3,396 2,523 3,395 2,968

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,068 1,594 1,094 780 974 814

Discouraged workers(2)

674 471 419 288 256 183

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,394 1,123 676 492 718 631

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,690 7,180 3,195 3,535 3,496 3,645

Percent of total employed

4.5 4.6 4.0 4.3 4.9 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,776 3,946 1,969 2,130 1,807 1,816

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,675 1,750 548 556 1,127 1,194

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

279 333 176 185 103 148

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

899 1,107 474 630 425 477

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Change from:
Oct.2021 - Nov.2021(p)

Total nonfarm

144,121 147,650 149,226 150,004 142,809 147,855 148,401 148,611 210

Total private

122,128 125,691 127,022 127,693 121,321 125,848 126,476 126,711 235

Goods-producing

20,203 20,737 20,836 20,811 20,146 20,570 20,664 20,724 60

Mining and logging

599 646 653 648 597 644 647 645 -2

Logging

45.7 43.9 43.4 43.2 44.9 43.3 42.7 42.5 -0.2

Mining

553.1 602.2 609.4 604.6 552.5 600.4 604.3 602.7 -1.6

Oil and gas extraction

139.8 141.7 143.3 141.6 139.4 140.0 141.0 139.8 -1.2

Mining, except oil and gas

176.7 185.1 184.9 184.1 176.2 182.7 183.1 183.2 0.1

Coal mining

39.3 42.2 42.5 42.0 39.3 42.3 42.4 42.1 -0.3

Metal ore mining

41.6 42.2 42.8 43.0 41.9 42.4 43.0 43.2 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

95.8 100.7 99.6 99.1 95.0 98.0 97.8 98.0 0.2

Support activities for mining

236.6 275.4 281.2 278.9 236.9 277.7 280.2 279.7 -0.5

Construction

7,413 7,626 7,666 7,605 7,353 7,459 7,502 7,533 31

Construction of buildings

1,657.6 1,719.8 1,728.1 1,725.3 1,651.2 1,701.7 1,705.6 1,715.6 10.0

Residential building

844.3 887.9 897.0 896.4 836.7 883.7 884.8 888.9 4.1

Nonresidential building

813.3 831.9 831.1 828.9 814.5 818.0 820.8 826.7 5.9

Heavy and civil engineering construction

1,058.8 1,104.8 1,113.8 1,088.5 1,036.2 1,044.0 1,056.5 1,064.6 8.1

Specialty trade contractors

4,696.4 4,800.9 4,824.4 4,790.7 4,665.6 4,713.2 4,740.1 4,753.1 13.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

2,141.6 2,202.1 2,216.1 2,202.1 2,132.2 2,173.3 2,180.9 2,187.1 6.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,554.8 2,598.8 2,608.3 2,588.6 2,533.4 2,539.9 2,559.2 2,566.0 6.8

Manufacturing

12,191 12,465 12,517 12,558 12,196 12,467 12,515 12,546 31

Durable goods

7,570 7,739 7,776 7,795 7,580 7,753 7,785 7,800 15

Wood products

398.7 410.3 413.4 416.0 398.8 410.9 412.5 414.5 2.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

399.3 402.5 401.4 404.3 396.7 399.5 397.9 400.6 2.7

Primary metals

348.5 353.9 355.1 357.0 350.0 356.3 357.7 358.4 0.7

Fabricated metal products

1,376.5 1,419.1 1,423.9 1,431.6 1,383.1 1,424.6 1,430.4 1,438.3 7.9

Machinery

1,051.5 1,080.7 1,081.1 1,076.3 1,055.6 1,086.4 1,087.9 1,081.9 -6.0

Computer and electronic products

1,071.2 1,088.5 1,092.0 1,091.1 1,071.0 1,090.1 1,093.1 1,091.8 -1.3

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.2 167.0 167.2 167.7 162.2 166.9 167.3 167.7 0.4

Communications equipment

85.1 85.0 84.8 84.6 85.0 85.2 85.3 84.7 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

367.1 373.8 374.5 374.4 367.4 374.2 375.4 374.8 -0.6

Electronic instruments

422.4 428.4 430.7 429.5 422.2 429.6 430.7 430.1 -0.6

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

34.4 34.3 34.8 34.9 34.2 34.1 34.5 34.5 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

371.8 380.4 381.6 385.4 372.1 380.9 382.3 385.6 3.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,595.2 1,614.6 1,633.3 1,627.7 1,594.7 1,613.1 1,629.2 1,625.4 -3.8

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

905.0 914.9 936.2 928.4 906.9 914.5 933.8 923.7 -10.1

Furniture and related products

354.2 361.4 361.9 362.3 355.0 362.2 361.8 361.5 -0.3

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

603.1 627.7 632.0 643.3 602.7 628.8 631.7 641.7 10.0

Nondurable goods

4,621 4,726 4,741 4,763 4,616 4,714 4,730 4,746 16

Food manufacturing

1,634.1 1,655.0 1,662.0 1,671.5 1,629.1 1,649.5 1,653.1 1,660.5 7.4

Textile mills

95.6 98.5 99.1 99.8 95.6 98.4 98.8 99.4 0.6

Textile product mills

104.5 107.9 108.8 109.0 103.9 107.7 108.4 108.3 -0.1

Apparel

89.4 93.6 93.5 94.4 89.2 92.9 93.1 93.9 0.8

Paper and paper products

354.5 353.5 353.6 357.3 355.6 354.3 355.2 357.4 2.2

Printing and related support activities

373.1 377.4 380.2 382.7 370.7 376.7 379.9 379.8 -0.1

Petroleum and coal products

103.5 103.0 103.7 102.4 103.9 101.3 101.5 101.5 0.0

Chemicals

838.5 854.6 858.6 859.3 839.6 859.0 862.8 862.8 0.0

Plastics and rubber products

716.1 734.8 736.3 741.3 717.8 736.4 739.3 740.9 1.6

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

311.7 347.2 345.3 344.8 310.4 338.2 338.2 341.7 3.5

Private service-providing

101,925 104,954 106,186 106,882 101,175 105,278 105,812 105,987 175

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,520 27,409 27,761 28,343 26,983 27,603 27,714 27,751 37

Wholesale trade

5,615.0 5,724.8 5,747.2 5,764.3 5,602.4 5,726.8 5,739.3 5,747.3 8.0

Durable goods

3,064.8 3,142.7 3,156.1 3,165.3 3,064.4 3,142.4 3,155.7 3,163.7 8.0

Nondurable goods

2,069.0 2,104.6 2,111.4 2,117.2 2,058.2 2,106.1 2,105.1 2,105.0 -0.1

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

481.2 477.5 479.7 481.8 479.8 478.3 478.5 478.6 0.1

Retail trade

15,487.9 15,279.6 15,500.1 15,831.7 15,129.7 15,416.6 15,454.4 15,434.0 -20.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,940.2 1,987.7 1,984.9 1,985.1 1,941.0 1,986.6 1,986.0 1,987.1 1.1

Automobile dealers

1,229.9 1,254.5 1,249.0 1,250.9 1,229.7 1,255.6 1,251.4 1,251.6 0.2

Other motor vehicle dealers

150.0 166.6 165.9 162.3 154.0 165.0 166.3 166.5 0.2

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

560.3 566.6 570.0 571.9 557.3 566.0 568.2 568.9 0.7

Furniture and home furnishings stores

443.4 440.6 448.2 458.5 432.8 447.3 447.0 446.7 -0.3

Electronics and appliance stores

455.3 418.6 438.4 449.7 435.3 425.7 428.4 427.1 -1.3

Building material and garden supply stores

1,363.3 1,365.4 1,342.4 1,339.8 1,402.8 1,377.1 1,366.0 1,373.3 7.3

Food and beverage stores

3,161.3 3,071.2 3,102.7 3,138.6 3,139.2 3,088.0 3,106.5 3,115.1 8.6

Health and personal care stores

969.5 1,007.1 1,032.8 1,057.9 950.1 1,018.5 1,026.7 1,031.1 4.4

Gasoline stations

938.5 960.0 960.5 962.8 937.4 955.3 958.2 960.5 2.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,029.5 1,035.2 1,060.0 1,114.9 966.8 1,062.3 1,062.1 1,044.4 -17.7

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

484.1 487.8 494.9 505.0 456.4 495.4 492.9 484.0 -8.9

General merchandise stores

3,300.2 3,047.8 3,153.2 3,319.6 3,091.3 3,095.3 3,111.8 3,091.4 -20.4

Department stores

1,092.5 972.2 1,015.2 1,109.7 982.4 1,006.7 1,005.1 997.6 -7.5

General merchandise stores, including warehouse clubs and supercenters

2,207.7 2,075.6 2,138.0 2,209.9 2,108.9 2,088.6 2,106.7 2,093.8 -12.9

Miscellaneous store retailers

779.9 824.3 833.3 832.9 773.2 828.8 828.6 828.9 0.3

Nonstore retailers

622.7 633.9 648.8 666.9 603.4 636.3 640.2 644.4 4.2

Transportation and warehousing

5,876.7 5,870.1 5,977.9 6,210.8 5,711.3 5,923.6 5,983.4 6,033.1 49.7

Air transportation

392.9 457.5 465.1 468.9 394.3 458.2 467.0 470.4 3.4

Rail transportation

143.0 142.3 142.3 142.5 143.3 142.0 142.2 142.5 0.3

Water transportation

58.4 60.3 58.8 57.5 59.8 59.3 58.5 59.0 0.5

Truck transportation

1,480.5 1,520.4 1,531.1 1,530.3 1,472.8 1,507.8 1,515.7 1,521.3 5.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

389.5 404.7 419.3 419.7 372.7 393.5 404.4 403.5 -0.9

Pipeline transportation

50.3 49.5 49.6 49.8 50.2 49.5 49.5 49.7 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

21.2 38.3 35.9 32.7 25.1 33.0 35.1 37.6 2.5

Support activities for transportation

699.2 727.8 740.5 747.5 694.5 729.0 739.0 741.5 2.5

Couriers and messengers

1,173.4 1,004.9 1,014.8 1,208.1 1,063.9 1,074.0 1,072.8 1,099.6 26.8

Warehousing and storage

1,468.3 1,464.4 1,520.5 1,553.8 1,434.7 1,477.3 1,499.2 1,508.0 8.8

Utilities

540.0 534.5 535.9 536.4 539.5 536.4 536.5 536.1 -0.4

Information

2,659 2,771 2,790 2,797 2,650 2,782 2,793 2,791 -2

Publishing industries, except Internet

758.2 769.8 772.3 776.2 755.2 770.1 773.4 774.3 0.9

Motion picture and sound recording industries

260.6 332.2 347.8 344.6 258.4 338.1 348.6 345.2 -3.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

248.2 239.5 238.4 237.4 247.9 238.9 237.3 236.8 -0.5

Telecommunications

681.2 668.6 670.5 672.0 679.0 670.2 672.3 669.6 -2.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

354.2 380.4 380.9 380.6 352.7 383.3 380.0 379.8 -0.2

Other information services

357.0 380.4 380.2 386.0 357.0 381.2 381.6 385.7 4.1

Financial activities

8,763 8,860 8,907 8,915 8,756 8,866 8,892 8,905 13

Finance and insurance

6,542.2 6,537.5 6,564.5 6,580.3 6,532.8 6,549.2 6,561.1 6,570.4 9.3

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.2 20.2 20.1 20.1 20.3 20.2 20.1 20.2 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,669.2 2,660.0 2,659.1 2,660.2 2,668.9 2,665.9 2,663.6 2,661.5 -2.1

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,751.3 1,717.3 1,715.1 1,715.6 1,754.7 1,723.9 1,721.5 1,718.9 -2.6

Commercial banking

1,365.3 1,327.3 1,323.6 1,322.8 1,368.3 1,332.9 1,329.3 1,326.6 -2.7

Nondepository credit intermediation

601.2 619.8 620.8 620.1 599.9 619.0 619.9 619.8 -0.1

Activities related to credit intermediation

316.7 322.9 323.2 324.5 314.3 323.0 322.2 322.8 0.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

971.5 995.3 1,010.4 1,018.3 971.6 997.6 1,008.1 1,016.9 8.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,881.3 2,862.0 2,874.9 2,881.7 2,872.0 2,865.5 2,869.3 2,871.8 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,220.9 2,322.3 2,342.4 2,335.0 2,223.6 2,317.0 2,330.7 2,334.1 3.4

Real estate

1,714.3 1,771.0 1,791.3 1,791.7 1,712.5 1,773.8 1,779.9 1,784.8 4.9

Rental and leasing services

484.0 529.2 528.5 520.7 488.6 520.9 528.3 526.9 -1.4

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

22.6 22.1 22.6 22.6 22.5 22.3 22.5 22.4 -0.1

Professional and business services

20,580 21,207 21,603 21,708 20,391 21,189 21,310 21,400 90

Professional and technical services

9,475.6 9,885.4 10,036.2 10,101.8 9,466.2 9,972.4 10,032.3 10,076.1 43.8

Legal services

1,125.3 1,142.5 1,157.1 1,160.6 1,122.8 1,148.5 1,153.6 1,156.3 2.7

Accounting and bookkeeping services

966.3 1,005.3 1,023.2 1,049.6 997.6 1,071.6 1,077.9 1,085.5 7.6

Architectural and engineering services

1,523.7 1,593.9 1,606.6 1,603.1 1,521.6 1,592.0 1,594.8 1,596.8 2.0

Specialized design services

135.1 142.6 145.6 146.6 134.0 143.7 144.3 145.3 1.0

Computer systems design and related services

2,203.5 2,279.5 2,313.4 2,328.7 2,190.0 2,286.6 2,298.0 2,307.5 9.5

Management and technical consulting services

1,550.5 1,649.9 1,694.1 1,703.0 1,535.5 1,649.6 1,670.5 1,682.5 12.0

Scientific research and development services

779.3 828.6 836.8 842.6 779.9 835.3 840.1 843.4 3.3

Advertising and related services

437.5 451.1 454.8 457.7 436.2 453.8 453.8 455.4 1.6

Other professional and technical services

754.4 792.0 804.6 809.9 748.6 791.2 799.2 803.5 4.3

Management of companies and enterprises

2,339.1 2,337.2 2,341.8 2,347.1 2,339.9 2,338.5 2,343.9 2,347.8 3.9

Administrative and waste services

8,765.7 8,984.7 9,224.9 9,259.5 8,584.8 8,877.7 8,934.0 8,975.6 41.6

Administrative and support services

8,315.7 8,528.5 8,761.5 8,799.2 8,134.8 8,423.6 8,474.7 8,517.1 42.4

Office administrative services

525.3 566.3 571.6 577.0 523.4 566.0 569.7 573.6 3.9

Facilities support services

153.6 150.9 153.5 152.1 153.3 151.8 152.2 151.8 -0.4

Employment services(1)

3,323.0 3,438.0 3,645.5 3,686.3 3,176.2 3,395.1 3,437.7 3,461.4 23.7

Temporary help services

2,713.3 2,776.6 2,963.7 3,003.4 2,558.5 2,739.2 2,785.6 2,791.8 6.2

Business support services

819.8 779.1 788.7 809.1 800.3 785.6 781.9 787.6 5.7

Travel arrangement and reservation services

148.8 165.9 165.0 163.4 149.1 167.1 166.3 164.6 -1.7

Investigation and security services

909.9 898.6 899.6 907.2 903.2 896.7 898.3 899.0 0.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,138.3 2,205.7 2,210.7 2,183.1 2,130.8 2,141.5 2,147.9 2,158.3 10.4

Other support services

297.0 324.0 326.9 321.0 298.5 319.9 320.6 320.8 0.2

Waste management and remediation services

450.0 456.2 463.4 460.3 450.0 454.1 459.3 458.5 -0.8

Education and health services

23,510 23,584 23,917 24,006 23,278 23,709 23,768 23,772 4

Educational services

3,555.5 3,564.7 3,771.3 3,803.8 3,388.2 3,612.9 3,624.8 3,622.5 -2.3

Health care and social assistance

19,954.6 20,019.4 20,146.0 20,201.8 19,889.4 20,095.7 20,143.3 20,149.0 5.7

Health care(3)

15,979.5 15,969.5 16,044.2 16,078.8 15,935.4 15,996.9 16,039.8 16,041.9 2.1

Ambulatory health care services

7,708.0 7,864.0 7,933.6 7,969.6 7,680.4 7,881.3 7,923.3 7,940.3 17.0

Offices of physicians

2,672.1 2,711.5 2,732.8 2,743.3 2,660.1 2,716.6 2,728.9 2,731.3 2.4

Offices of dentists

983.8 1,023.0 1,029.4 1,036.7 981.2 1,025.6 1,028.1 1,031.9 3.8

Offices of other health practitioners

944.2 998.3 1,013.2 1,023.0 941.3 1,004.7 1,012.9 1,019.7 6.8

Outpatient care centers

998.8 1,010.9 1,013.2 1,017.5 998.4 1,012.1 1,012.8 1,015.3 2.5

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

286.2 297.4 299.1 298.8 286.3 298.5 298.8 299.3 0.5

Home health care services

1,516.7 1,505.0 1,529.8 1,531.4 1,508.8 1,506.7 1,526.0 1,525.7 -0.3

Other ambulatory health care services

306.2 317.9 316.1 318.9 304.3 317.2 315.8 317.1 1.3

Hospitals

5,148.2 5,144.9 5,153.8 5,154.5 5,136.3 5,144.1 5,149.8 5,145.9 -3.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,123.3 2,960.6 2,956.8 2,954.7 3,118.7 2,971.5 2,966.7 2,955.7 -11.0

Nursing care facilities

1,443.3 1,347.3 1,351.7 1,347.9 1,439.0 1,349.8 1,356.5 1,348.1 -8.4

Residential mental health facilities

614.0 592.8 590.0 590.4 613.3 592.9 590.9 589.8 -1.1

Community care facilities for the elderly

911.1 870.5 865.7 866.2 911.5 877.8 869.6 867.7 -1.9

Other residential care facilities

154.9 150.0 149.4 150.2 154.9 150.9 149.7 150.1 0.4

Social assistance

3,975.1 4,049.9 4,101.8 4,123.0 3,954.0 4,098.8 4,103.5 4,107.1 3.6

Individual and family services

2,624.8 2,656.3 2,689.2 2,695.5 2,618.7 2,684.9 2,690.7 2,694.4 3.7

Emergency and other relief services

185.4 184.1 184.6 187.9 185.1 185.6 185.6 186.9 1.3

Vocational rehabilitation services

278.7 282.3 286.1 285.7 280.1 284.9 286.7 287.4 0.7

Child day care services

886.2 927.2 941.9 953.9 870.1 943.3 940.5 938.4 -2.1

Leisure and hospitality

13,418 15,397 15,435 15,332 13,632 15,388 15,558 15,581 23

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,698.8 2,212.3 2,164.2 2,095.9 1,816.5 2,198.2 2,221.7 2,226.8 5.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

320.4 483.9 488.1 482.7 329.3 472.3 480.4 487.9 7.5

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

129.8 145.4 146.9 144.0 133.5 146.6 148.0 147.7 -0.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,248.6 1,583.0 1,529.2 1,469.2 1,353.7 1,579.3 1,593.3 1,591.2 -2.1

Accommodation and food services

11,719.2 13,184.8 13,270.7 13,236.3 11,815.6 13,189.5 13,336.5 13,354.1 17.6

Accommodation

1,411.3 1,794.0 1,779.0 1,748.4 1,453.6 1,771.4 1,796.0 1,802.6 6.6

Food services and drinking places

10,307.9 11,390.8 11,491.7 11,487.9 10,362.0 11,418.1 11,540.5 11,551.5 11.0

Other services

5,475 5,726 5,773 5,781 5,485 5,741 5,777 5,787 10

Repair and maintenance

1,309.9 1,374.5 1,392.6 1,403.4 1,311.9 1,376.6 1,386.3 1,396.4 10.1

Personal and laundry services

1,311.1 1,423.5 1,446.6 1,439.6 1,311.6 1,421.3 1,449.7 1,444.7 -5.0

Membership associations and organizations

2,853.6 2,927.6 2,933.9 2,938.2 2,861.6 2,942.6 2,940.9 2,945.6 4.7

Government

21,993 21,959 22,204 22,311 21,488 22,007 21,925 21,900 -25

Federal

2,895 2,888 2,875 2,887 2,888 2,882 2,877 2,879 2

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,281.0 2,285.1 2,277.2 2,269.3 2,283.7 2,274.6 2,272.7 2,270.4 -2.3

U.S. Postal Service

613.8 603.3 597.6 617.9 604.2 607.3 604.2 608.9 4.7

State government

5,112 5,103 5,186 5,205 4,931 5,067 5,039 5,030 -9

State government education

2,432.3 2,457.3 2,552.8 2,582.2 2,245.3 2,423.7 2,401.4 2,398.4 -3.0

State government, excluding education

2,679.5 2,646.1 2,632.7 2,622.3 2,685.8 2,642.8 2,637.8 2,631.7 -6.1

Local government

13,986 13,968 14,143 14,219 13,669 14,058 14,009 13,991 -18

Local government education

7,677.4 7,639.8 7,852.8 7,934.0 7,334.8 7,705.1 7,656.3 7,643.7 -12.6

Local government, excluding education

6,308.4 6,327.9 6,290.0 6,284.5 6,333.8 6,353.1 6,352.2 6,347.7 -4.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.8 34.8 34.7 34.8

Goods-producing

39.9 40.5 39.9 40.0

Mining and logging

45.0 45.4 45.0 45.2

Construction

39.0 40.1 38.7 39.0

Manufacturing

40.3 40.5 40.3 40.4

Durable goods

40.5 40.6 40.5 40.5

Nondurable goods

39.8 40.2 40.1 40.1

Private service-providing

33.7 33.6 33.7 33.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.4 34.5 34.7

Wholesale trade

38.6 39.3 39.4 39.3

Retail trade

30.9 30.8 30.9 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

39.0 38.5 38.6 38.0

Utilities

43.1 42.2 42.1 41.8

Information

36.9 36.9 36.9 37.0

Financial activities

37.8 37.5 37.6 37.5

Professional and business services

36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7

Education and health services

33.4 33.3 33.3 33.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.7 26.2 26.3 26.4

Other services

32.4 32.2 32.2 32.2

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

3.1 3.2 3.0 3.1

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)

Total private

$29.61 $30.84 $30.95 $31.03 $1,030.43 $1,073.23 $1,073.97 $1,079.84

Goods-producing

30.23 31.36 31.45 31.52 1,206.18 1,270.08 1,254.86 1,260.80

Mining and logging

34.47 35.46 35.48 35.25 1,551.15 1,609.88 1,596.60 1,593.30

Construction

31.97 33.27 33.41 33.51 1,246.83 1,334.13 1,292.97 1,306.89

Manufacturing

28.99 29.98 30.10 30.15 1,168.30 1,214.19 1,213.03 1,218.06

Durable goods

30.51 31.52 31.60 31.66 1,235.66 1,279.71 1,279.80 1,282.23

Nondurable goods

26.45 27.44 27.61 27.63 1,052.71 1,103.09 1,107.16 1,107.96

Private service-providing

29.47 30.71 30.83 30.92 993.14 1,031.86 1,038.97 1,042.00

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25.47 26.62 26.60 26.66 878.72 915.73 917.70 925.10

Wholesale trade

32.76 33.92 34.15 34.09 1,264.54 1,333.06 1,345.51 1,339.74

Retail trade

21.15 22.17 21.99 22.08 653.54 682.84 679.49 693.31

Transportation and warehousing

25.48 26.83 26.92 27.21 993.72 1,032.96 1,039.11 1,033.98

Utilities

44.37 45.23 45.22 45.15 1,912.35 1,908.71 1,903.76 1,887.27

Information

44.40 44.29 44.50 44.54 1,638.36 1,634.30 1,642.05 1,647.98

Financial activities

38.79 40.25 40.52 40.74 1,466.26 1,509.38 1,523.55 1,527.75

Professional and business services

35.44 37.12 37.38 37.49 1,300.65 1,362.30 1,371.85 1,375.88

Education and health services

28.86 30.34 30.45 30.49 963.92 1,010.32 1,013.99 1,015.32

Leisure and hospitality

17.09 18.88 19.04 19.20 439.21 494.66 500.75 506.88

Other services

26.69 27.54 27.66 27.77 864.76 886.79 890.65 894.19

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2021 - Nov.
2021(p)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2021 - Nov.
2021(p)

Total private

106.0 109.9 110.2 110.7 0.5 150.0 162.1 163.0 164.2 0.7

Goods-producing

91.6 94.9 93.9 94.4 0.5 125.1 134.5 133.5 134.5 0.7

Mining and logging

84.4 91.9 91.5 91.6 0.1 116.8 130.8 130.3 129.7 -0.5

Construction

98.9 103.1 100.1 101.3 1.2 137.3 149.0 145.3 147.5 1.5

Manufacturing

88.4 90.8 90.7 91.2 0.6 119.2 126.6 127.0 127.9 0.7

Durable goods

86.4 88.6 88.8 88.9 0.1 117.1 124.1 124.6 125.1 0.4

Nondurable goods

91.7 94.6 94.7 95.0 0.3 123.1 131.7 132.6 133.2 0.5

Private service-providing

109.8 113.9 114.8 115.0 0.2 157.2 170.0 172.0 172.8 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.6 103.6 104.3 105.1 0.8 139.5 148.7 149.7 151.1 0.9

Wholesale trade

95.4 99.3 99.7 99.6 -0.1 130.7 140.9 142.5 142.1 -0.3

Retail trade

94.9 96.4 97.0 98.4 1.4 132.7 141.3 140.9 143.6 1.9

Transportation and warehousing

128.0 131.0 132.7 131.7 -0.8 165.9 178.9 181.7 182.3 0.3

Utilities

100.6 97.9 97.7 97.0 -0.7 147.5 146.4 146.0 144.6 -1.0

Information

89.3 93.8 94.1 94.3 0.2 141.2 147.8 149.1 149.6 0.3

Financial activities

108.4 108.9 109.5 109.4 -0.1 164.1 171.0 173.1 173.9 0.5

Professional and business services

117.3 121.9 122.6 123.1 0.4 168.4 183.3 185.6 186.9 0.7

Education and health services

127.0 128.9 129.2 129.3 0.1 176.3 188.2 189.3 189.6 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

100.0 115.0 116.7 117.4 0.6 137.8 175.2 179.3 181.8 1.4

Other services

102.5 106.6 107.3 107.4 0.1 149.9 160.9 162.6 163.5 0.6

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)

Total nonfarm

71,100 73,668 73,956 74,032 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8

Total private

58,723 60,895 61,280 61,374 48.4 48.4 48.5 48.4

Goods-producing

4,562 4,688 4,707 4,721 22.6 22.8 22.8 22.8

Mining and logging

83 83 82 83 13.9 12.9 12.7 12.9

Construction

978 1,035 1,039 1,040 13.3 13.9 13.8 13.8

Manufacturing

3,501 3,570 3,586 3,598 28.7 28.6 28.7 28.7

Durable goods

1,857 1,894 1,904 1,913 24.5 24.4 24.5 24.5

Nondurable goods

1,644 1,676 1,682 1,685 35.6 35.6 35.6 35.5

Private service-providing

54,161 56,207 56,573 56,653 53.5 53.4 53.5 53.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,619 10,886 10,965 11,002 39.4 39.4 39.6 39.6

Wholesale trade

1,678.1 1,726.5 1,729.3 1,734.6 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.2

Retail trade

7,365.2 7,491.9 7,535.8 7,545.7 48.7 48.6 48.8 48.9

Transportation and warehousing

1,441.6 1,532.9 1,565.2 1,587.6 25.2 25.9 26.2 26.3

Utilities

134.1 135.1 134.6 134.3 24.9 25.2 25.1 25.1

Information

1,058 1,093 1,098 1,103 39.9 39.3 39.3 39.5

Financial activities

4,957 4,972 4,975 4,974 56.6 56.1 55.9 55.9

Professional and business services

9,365 9,796 9,913 9,933 45.9 46.2 46.5 46.4

Education and health services

17,986 18,254 18,304 18,310 77.3 77.0 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,262 8,146 8,237 8,250 53.3 52.9 52.9 52.9

Other services

2,914 3,060 3,081 3,081 53.1 53.3 53.3 53.2

Government

12,377 12,773 12,676 12,658 57.6 58.0 57.8 57.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)

Total private

98,926 102,496 103,204 103,366

Goods-producing

14,301 14,670 14,729 14,783

Mining and logging

428 481 483 484

Construction

5,432 5,527 5,532 5,549

Manufacturing

8,441 8,662 8,714 8,750

Durable goods

5,137 5,301 5,341 5,353

Nondurable goods

3,304 3,361 3,373 3,397

Private service-providing

84,625 87,826 88,475 88,583

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,859 23,277 23,377 23,452

Wholesale trade

4,447.2 4,561.6 4,572.1 4,590.9

Retail trade

12,920.5 13,142.2 13,189.8 13,184.8

Transportation and warehousing

5,063.2 5,146.7 5,188.3 5,248.8

Utilities

427.9 426.7 426.9 427.4

Information

2,084 2,215 2,218 2,215

Financial activities

6,671 6,687 6,706 6,703

Professional and business services

16,414 16,945 17,172 17,208

Education and health services

20,381 20,683 20,764 20,760

Leisure and hospitality

11,753 13,344 13,534 13,539

Other services

4,463 4,675 4,704 4,706

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.2 34.2 34.1 34.1

Goods-producing

40.7 41.4 40.7 40.9

Mining and logging

46.0 47.3 46.9 47.1

Construction

39.3 41.0 39.4 39.7

Manufacturing

41.3 41.4 41.2 41.3

Durable goods

41.5 41.4 41.2 41.5

Nondurable goods

40.9 41.3 41.2 41.1

Private service-providing

33.1 33.0 33.0 33.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.2 34.3 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.5 39.1 39.2 39.1

Retail trade

31.0 30.7 30.8 30.9

Transportation and warehousing

39.0 38.3 38.4 38.3

Utilities

42.6 42.3 41.9 41.6

Information

37.3 36.3 36.3 36.4

Financial activities

37.3 37.4 37.4 37.4

Professional and business services

36.2 36.5 36.3 36.4

Education and health services

32.8 32.6 32.6 32.5

Leisure and hospitality

24.3 24.9 25.0 25.0

Other services

31.4 31.2 31.1 31.3

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1

Durable goods

4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)

Total private

$24.93 $26.16 $26.28 $26.40 $852.61 $894.67 $896.15 $900.24

Goods-producing

25.69 26.89 26.91 27.02 1,045.58 1,113.25 1,095.24 1,105.12

Mining and logging

29.87 31.52 31.47 31.59 1,374.02 1,490.90 1,475.94 1,487.89

Construction

29.55 30.82 30.99 31.11 1,161.32 1,263.62 1,221.01 1,235.07

Manufacturing

23.10 24.11 24.14 24.24 954.03 998.15 994.57 1,001.11

Durable goods

24.14 25.14 25.19 25.34 1,001.81 1,040.80 1,037.83 1,051.61

Nondurable goods

21.44 22.47 22.49 22.50 876.90 928.01 926.59 924.75

Private service-providing

24.77 26.01 26.16 26.27 819.89 858.33 863.28 866.91

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.62 22.73 22.83 22.98 743.73 777.37 783.07 790.51

Wholesale trade

27.08 28.04 28.16 28.16 1,042.58 1,096.36 1,103.87 1,101.06

Retail trade

17.92 18.72 18.83 18.86 555.52 574.70 579.96 582.77

Transportation and warehousing

22.79 24.55 24.64 25.15 888.81 940.27 946.18 963.25

Utilities

39.17 40.16 40.33 40.33 1,668.64 1,698.77 1,689.83 1,677.73

Information

36.24 36.58 36.89 37.03 1,351.75 1,327.85 1,339.11 1,347.89

Financial activities

29.68 30.61 30.80 30.95 1,107.06 1,144.81 1,151.92 1,157.53

Professional and business services

29.48 31.10 31.32 31.46 1,067.18 1,135.15 1,136.92 1,145.14

Education and health services

25.83 27.47 27.61 27.75 847.22 895.52 900.09 901.88

Leisure and hospitality

14.70 16.52 16.71 16.67 357.21 411.35 417.75 416.75

Other services

22.80 23.42 23.61 23.74 715.92 730.70 734.27 743.06

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2020 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2021 - Nov.
2021(p)
Nov.
2020
Sept.
2021
Oct.
2021(p)
Nov.
2021(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2021 - Nov.
2021(p)

Total private

112.7 116.8 117.3 117.5 0.2 187.9 204.2 206.0 207.3 0.6

Goods-producing

88.9 92.8 91.6 92.4 0.9 139.9 152.8 150.9 152.9 1.3

Mining and logging

104.6 120.9 120.4 121.1 0.6 181.8 221.6 220.3 222.6 1.0

Construction

106.9 113.5 109.1 110.3 1.1 170.6 188.8 182.6 185.3 1.5

Manufacturing

80.0 82.3 82.4 83.0 0.7 120.9 129.8 130.1 131.5 1.1

Durable goods

80.1 82.4 82.7 83.5 1.0 120.7 129.4 130.0 132.0 1.5

Nondurable goods

79.6 81.8 81.9 82.3 0.5 120.6 129.9 130.1 130.8 0.5

Private service-providing

119.3 123.5 124.4 124.6 0.2 202.8 220.3 223.2 224.4 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

110.0 111.3 112.1 112.8 0.6 169.9 180.8 182.9 185.3 1.3

Wholesale trade

101.6 105.9 106.4 106.5 0.1 162.4 175.2 176.8 177.1 0.2

Retail trade

101.4 102.1 102.8 103.1 0.3 155.6 163.8 165.9 166.6 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

149.4 149.2 150.8 152.1 0.9 216.8 233.1 236.5 243.6 3.0

Utilities

93.2 92.3 91.5 90.9 -0.7 152.4 154.7 154.0 153.1 -0.6

Information

88.7 91.8