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Economic News Release
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Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2023
Apr.
2024
May
2024
May
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024
May
2024

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

266,618 268,066 268,248 266,618 267,540 267,711 267,884 268,066 268,248

Civilian labor force

166,702 167,484 167,576 166,823 167,276 167,426 167,895 167,982 167,732

Participation rate

62.5 62.5 62.5 62.6 62.5 62.5 62.7 62.7 62.5

Employed

161,002 161,590 161,341 160,707 161,152 160,968 161,466 161,491 161,083

Employment-population ratio

60.4 60.3 60.1 60.3 60.2 60.1 60.3 60.2 60.1

Unemployed

5,700 5,894 6,235 6,117 6,124 6,458 6,429 6,492 6,649

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.0

Not in labor force

99,916 100,582 100,672 99,795 100,265 100,285 99,989 100,083 100,516

Persons who currently want a job

6,004 5,502 6,259 5,472 5,793 5,672 5,443 5,637 5,717

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

130,319 130,694 130,782 130,319 130,436 130,520 130,605 130,694 130,782

Civilian labor force

88,701 88,472 88,591 88,689 88,507 88,391 88,812 88,708 88,619

Participation rate

68.1 67.7 67.7 68.1 67.9 67.7 68.0 67.9 67.8

Employed

85,626 85,187 85,076 85,385 85,034 84,993 85,490 85,208 84,882

Employment-population ratio

65.7 65.2 65.1 65.5 65.2 65.1 65.5 65.2 64.9

Unemployed

3,075 3,285 3,515 3,305 3,473 3,398 3,323 3,500 3,737

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.2

Not in labor force

41,618 42,222 42,191 41,630 41,929 42,129 41,793 41,986 42,163

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,565 121,763 121,844 121,565 121,539 121,611 121,685 121,763 121,844

Civilian labor force

85,576 85,347 85,283 85,481 85,364 85,180 85,398 85,382 85,229

Participation rate

70.4 70.1 70.0 70.3 70.2 70.0 70.2 70.1 69.9

Employed

82,810 82,424 82,225 82,520 82,304 82,178 82,543 82,318 81,986

Employment-population ratio

68.1 67.7 67.5 67.9 67.7 67.6 67.8 67.6 67.3

Unemployed

2,765 2,923 3,057 2,962 3,060 3,002 2,855 3,064 3,243

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.8

Not in labor force

35,989 36,416 36,561 36,084 36,175 36,431 36,287 36,381 36,615

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

136,299 137,372 137,465 136,299 137,104 137,191 137,279 137,372 137,465

Civilian labor force

78,001 79,011 78,985 78,134 78,768 79,035 79,083 79,274 79,113

Participation rate

57.2 57.5 57.5 57.3 57.5 57.6 57.6 57.7 57.6

Employed

75,376 76,403 76,265 75,322 76,118 75,975 75,976 76,283 76,201

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.6 55.5 55.3 55.5 55.4 55.3 55.5 55.4

Unemployed

2,625 2,609 2,720 2,812 2,650 3,060 3,106 2,991 2,912

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7

Not in labor force

58,298 58,361 58,481 58,165 58,336 58,156 58,197 58,098 58,353

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,845 128,742 128,830 127,845 128,503 128,581 128,659 128,742 128,830

Civilian labor force

74,941 75,901 75,723 75,030 75,529 75,835 75,792 75,989 75,812

Participation rate

58.6 59.0 58.8 58.7 58.8 59.0 58.9 59.0 58.8

Employed

72,634 73,579 73,338 72,527 73,144 73,182 73,061 73,334 73,226

Employment-population ratio

56.8 57.2 56.9 56.7 56.9 56.9 56.8 57.0 56.8

Unemployed

2,307 2,322 2,385 2,503 2,385 2,653 2,731 2,655 2,586

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4

Not in labor force

52,904 52,841 53,106 52,815 52,974 52,746 52,867 52,753 53,018

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,208 17,561 17,574 17,208 17,498 17,519 17,540 17,561 17,574

Civilian labor force

6,185 6,236 6,570 6,312 6,383 6,411 6,704 6,611 6,692

Participation rate

35.9 35.5 37.4 36.7 36.5 36.6 38.2 37.6 38.1

Employed

5,558 5,587 5,777 5,660 5,704 5,608 5,862 5,839 5,871

Employment-population ratio

32.3 31.8 32.9 32.9 32.6 32.0 33.4 33.2 33.4

Unemployed

628 649 793 652 679 803 842 772 821

Unemployment rate

10.1 10.4 12.1 10.3 10.6 12.5 12.6 11.7 12.3

Not in labor force

11,023 11,326 11,004 10,896 11,115 11,108 10,835 10,950 10,882

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: June 07, 2024