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Economic News Release
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Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Jan.
2023
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

265,962 267,991 267,540 265,962 267,428 267,642 267,822 267,991 267,540

Civilian labor force

165,070 166,661 166,428 165,871 167,897 167,723 168,127 167,451 167,276

Participation rate

62.1 62.2 62.2 62.4 62.8 62.7 62.8 62.5 62.5

Employed

158,692 160,754 159,650 160,152 161,550 161,280 161,866 161,183 161,152

Employment-population ratio

59.7 60.0 59.7 60.2 60.4 60.3 60.4 60.1 60.2

Unemployed

6,378 5,907 6,778 5,719 6,347 6,443 6,262 6,268 6,124

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.5 4.1 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7

Not in labor force

100,892 101,330 101,113 100,090 99,531 99,919 99,695 100,540 100,265

Persons who currently want a job

5,466 5,465 5,964 5,318 5,424 5,376 5,343 5,671 5,793

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

129,998 130,985 130,436 129,998 130,713 130,816 130,903 130,985 130,436

Civilian labor force

87,842 88,610 88,014 88,270 89,335 88,968 89,555 89,250 88,507

Participation rate

67.6 67.6 67.5 67.9 68.3 68.0 68.4 68.1 67.9

Employed

84,120 85,198 83,959 85,129 85,657 85,327 85,981 85,794 85,034

Employment-population ratio

64.7 65.0 64.4 65.5 65.5 65.2 65.7 65.5 65.2

Unemployed

3,723 3,412 4,055 3,141 3,678 3,641 3,574 3,456 3,473

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.9 4.6 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9

Not in labor force

42,156 42,375 42,422 41,729 41,378 41,848 41,348 41,735 41,929

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,283 122,187 121,539 121,283 121,931 122,029 122,111 122,187 121,539

Civilian labor force

84,872 85,564 85,134 85,039 86,124 85,687 86,256 86,007 85,364

Participation rate

70.0 70.0 70.0 70.1 70.6 70.2 70.6 70.4 70.2

Employed

81,524 82,493 81,485 82,281 82,853 82,526 83,084 82,958 82,304

Employment-population ratio

67.2 67.5 67.0 67.8 68.0 67.6 68.0 67.9 67.7

Unemployed

3,348 3,071 3,650 2,759 3,271 3,161 3,172 3,050 3,060

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.6 4.3 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6

Not in labor force

36,412 36,623 36,405 36,244 35,807 36,343 35,854 36,180 36,175

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

135,963 137,006 137,104 135,963 136,715 136,826 136,919 137,006 137,104

Civilian labor force

77,228 78,051 78,413 77,602 78,562 78,755 78,572 78,201 78,768

Participation rate

56.8 57.0 57.2 57.1 57.5 57.6 57.4 57.1 57.5

Employed

74,572 75,556 75,691 75,023 75,893 75,953 75,885 75,389 76,118

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.1 55.2 55.2 55.5 55.5 55.4 55.0 55.5

Unemployed

2,656 2,495 2,723 2,578 2,669 2,801 2,688 2,811 2,650

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.4

Not in labor force

58,736 58,955 58,691 58,362 58,153 58,071 58,346 58,805 58,336

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,546 128,513 128,503 127,546 128,237 128,342 128,430 128,513 128,503

Civilian labor force

74,308 75,079 75,382 74,472 75,453 75,487 75,399 75,047 75,529

Participation rate

58.3 58.4 58.7 58.4 58.8 58.8 58.7 58.4 58.8

Employed

71,921 72,862 72,909 72,176 73,119 73,066 73,049 72,587 73,144

Employment-population ratio

56.4 56.7 56.7 56.6 57.0 56.9 56.9 56.5 56.9

Unemployed

2,387 2,217 2,473 2,295 2,333 2,421 2,350 2,460 2,385

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.0 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.2

Not in labor force

53,238 53,434 53,121 53,074 52,784 52,856 53,031 53,466 52,974

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,133 17,291 17,498 17,133 17,260 17,270 17,281 17,291 17,498

Civilian labor force

5,890 6,018 5,911 6,360 6,321 6,549 6,472 6,396 6,383

Participation rate

34.4 34.8 33.8 37.1 36.6 37.9 37.5 37.0 36.5

Employed

5,247 5,399 5,256 5,695 5,578 5,688 5,733 5,638 5,704

Employment-population ratio

30.6 31.2 30.0 33.2 32.3 32.9 33.2 32.6 32.6

Unemployed

643 619 655 665 743 861 739 758 679

Unemployment rate

10.9 10.3 11.1 10.5 11.8 13.1 11.4 11.9 10.6

Not in labor force

11,242 11,273 11,587 10,772 10,939 10,721 10,809 10,895 11,115

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 02, 2024