Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2017
July
2018
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2018
May
2018
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

199,082 200,236 200,356 199,082 199,950 200,039 200,132 200,236 200,356

Civilian labor force

125,280 126,927 125,462 125,030 125,731 125,688 125,784 125,720 125,306

Participation rate

62.9 63.4 62.6 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.5

Employed

120,365 122,332 121,040 120,242 121,233 121,303 121,347 121,506 121,027

Employment-population ratio

60.5 61.1 60.4 60.4 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.4

Unemployed

4,915 4,595 4,421 4,788 4,498 4,385 4,437 4,214 4,279

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4

Not in labor force

73,802 73,309 74,894 74,053 74,219 74,350 74,348 74,517 75,049

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,455 65,957 65,601 65,298 65,982 65,890 65,855 65,614 65,505

Participation rate

71.9 71.9 71.5 71.7 72.1 72.0 71.9 71.6 71.4

Employed

63,281 64,110 63,702 62,997 63,746 63,785 63,695 63,690 63,486

Employment-population ratio

69.5 69.9 69.4 69.2 69.7 69.7 69.5 69.5 69.2

Unemployed

2,174 1,847 1,899 2,301 2,235 2,106 2,159 1,924 2,019

Unemployment rate

3.3 2.8 2.9 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,980 55,382 55,100 55,231 55,179 55,197 55,420 55,534 55,351

Participation rate

57.4 57.5 57.2 57.7 57.4 57.4 57.6 57.7 57.5

Employed

52,797 53,272 53,100 53,276 53,429 53,450 53,608 53,746 53,592

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.3 55.1 55.7 55.6 55.6 55.7 55.8 55.6

Unemployed

2,183 2,110 2,000 1,955 1,750 1,747 1,812 1,787 1,759

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,845 5,588 4,761 4,500 4,570 4,601 4,510 4,572 4,450

Participation rate

39.3 45.4 38.7 36.5 37.1 37.3 36.6 37.2 36.2

Employed

4,288 4,950 4,239 3,968 4,057 4,068 4,044 4,069 3,949

Employment-population ratio

34.7 40.2 34.4 32.2 32.9 33.0 32.8 33.1 32.1

Unemployed

557 638 522 532 512 533 466 502 501

Unemployment rate

11.5 11.4 11.0 11.8 11.2 11.6 10.3 11.0 11.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,296 32,771 32,810 32,296 32,672 32,704 32,737 32,771 32,810

Civilian labor force

20,142 20,708 20,452 20,090 20,220 20,296 20,364 20,495 20,404

Participation rate

62.4 63.2 62.3 62.2 61.9 62.1 62.2 62.5 62.2

Employed

18,542 19,255 19,114 18,571 18,892 19,092 19,045 19,144 19,114

Employment-population ratio

57.4 58.8 58.3 57.5 57.8 58.4 58.2 58.4 58.3

Unemployed

1,600 1,453 1,338 1,519 1,328 1,204 1,319 1,351 1,289

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.0 6.5 7.6 6.6 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.3

Not in labor force

12,154 12,063 12,358 12,206 12,452 12,408 12,373 12,276 12,406

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,214 9,410 9,431 9,213 9,257 9,382 9,162 9,320 9,407

Participation rate

68.3 68.5 68.6 68.3 67.7 68.5 66.8 67.9 68.4

Employed

8,521 8,841 8,884 8,500 8,663 8,792 8,573 8,751 8,841

Employment-population ratio

63.2 64.4 64.6 63.0 63.3 64.2 62.5 63.7 64.3

Unemployed

693 570 546 713 594 590 589 569 566

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.1 5.8 7.7 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,108 10,391 10,345 10,127 10,229 10,233 10,406 10,426 10,361

Participation rate

62.0 62.8 62.4 62.1 62.0 62.0 63.0 63.0 62.5

Employed

9,405 9,709 9,690 9,487 9,707 9,754 9,838 9,793 9,766

Employment-population ratio

57.7 58.7 58.5 58.2 58.9 59.1 59.5 59.2 59.0

Unemployed

703 682 655 639 522 479 568 633 595

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.1 4.7 5.5 6.1 5.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

820 906 676 751 734 681 796 750 635

Participation rate

32.7 36.3 27.1 29.9 29.3 27.3 31.9 30.0 25.5

Employed

617 705 539 584 521 547 635 600 508

Employment-population ratio

24.6 28.2 21.6 23.3 20.8 21.9 25.4 24.1 20.3

Unemployed

204 201 137 167 213 135 162 149 128

Unemployment rate

24.8 22.2 20.3 22.2 29.0 19.8 20.3 19.9 20.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,341 15,922 16,093 15,341 15,933 15,874 15,934 15,922 16,093

Civilian labor force

9,894 10,227 10,279 9,876 10,034 9,932 10,140 10,153 10,259

Participation rate

64.5 64.2 63.9 64.4 63.0 62.6 63.6 63.8 63.7

Employed

9,498 9,889 9,967 9,489 9,755 9,720 9,817 9,838 9,950

Employment-population ratio

61.9 62.1 61.9 61.9 61.2 61.2 61.6 61.8 61.8

Unemployed

396 338 312 388 280 212 322 314 309

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.3 3.0 3.9 2.8 2.1 3.2 3.1 3.0

Not in labor force

5,446 5,695 5,814 5,464 5,898 5,942 5,794 5,769 5,834

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: September 07, 2018