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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2021
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Dec.
2021
Aug.
2022
Sept.
2022
Oct.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,250 203,617 203,684 202,250 203,324 203,420 203,522 203,617 203,684

Civilian labor force

124,427 125,707 125,934 124,871 126,147 126,117 126,180 125,902 126,408

Participation rate

61.5 61.7 61.8 61.7 62.0 62.0 62.0 61.8 62.1

Employed

120,536 121,967 122,301 120,775 122,125 122,261 122,063 121,807 122,556

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.9 60.0 59.7 60.1 60.1 60.0 59.8 60.2

Unemployed

3,891 3,741 3,633 4,096 4,022 3,856 4,117 4,094 3,852

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.0 2.9 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.0

Not in labor force

77,823 77,910 77,750 77,379 77,177 77,303 77,342 77,716 77,276

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,784 65,590 65,789 65,036 65,616 65,884 66,032 65,759 66,045

Participation rate

69.8 69.8 70.0 70.1 69.9 70.2 70.3 70.0 70.3

Employed

62,745 63,771 63,876 63,055 63,592 64,012 64,026 63,767 64,189

Employment-population ratio

67.6 67.9 68.0 67.9 67.8 68.2 68.2 67.9 68.3

Unemployed

2,039 1,819 1,912 1,982 2,024 1,871 2,006 1,992 1,856

Unemployment rate

3.1 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,289 55,381 55,533 55,219 55,625 55,348 55,340 55,174 55,461

Participation rate

56.8 57.0 57.1 56.7 57.3 57.0 57.0 56.8 57.1

Employed

53,765 53,910 54,181 53,506 54,087 53,885 53,691 53,562 53,918

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.5 55.7 54.9 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.1 55.5

Unemployed

1,524 1,471 1,353 1,714 1,538 1,463 1,649 1,611 1,543

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.7 2.4 3.1 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,354 4,736 4,612 4,615 4,907 4,885 4,807 4,969 4,902

Participation rate

36.1 37.9 36.8 38.3 39.3 39.1 38.5 39.7 39.2

Employed

4,025 4,286 4,244 4,215 4,446 4,364 4,346 4,478 4,449

Employment-population ratio

33.4 34.3 33.9 35.0 35.6 34.9 34.8 35.8 35.5

Unemployed

329 450 369 400 460 521 462 491 453

Unemployment rate

7.5 9.5 8.0 8.7 9.4 10.7 9.6 9.9 9.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,749 34,272 34,301 33,749 34,171 34,204 34,237 34,272 34,301

Civilian labor force

20,364 21,354 21,278 20,514 21,129 21,260 21,247 21,365 21,418

Participation rate

60.3 62.3 62.0 60.8 61.8 62.2 62.1 62.3 62.4

Employed

19,045 20,203 20,146 19,086 19,785 20,016 19,988 20,139 20,189

Employment-population ratio

56.4 59.0 58.7 56.6 57.9 58.5 58.4 58.8 58.9

Unemployed

1,319 1,151 1,132 1,428 1,344 1,244 1,259 1,226 1,229

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.4 5.3 7.0 6.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7

Not in labor force

13,385 12,917 13,023 13,234 13,042 12,944 12,990 12,907 12,883

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,320 9,935 9,886 9,393 9,714 9,892 9,783 9,947 9,956

Participation rate

65.3 68.2 67.8 65.8 66.9 68.0 67.2 68.3 68.3

Employed

8,697 9,433 9,399 8,740 9,133 9,322 9,269 9,408 9,446

Employment-population ratio

60.9 64.7 64.5 61.2 62.9 64.1 63.7 64.6 64.8

Unemployed

623 502 487 652 582 570 514 539 510

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.1 4.9 6.9 6.0 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,391 10,660 10,631 10,443 10,640 10,637 10,696 10,633 10,679

Participation rate

60.8 62.0 61.7 61.1 62.0 61.9 62.2 61.8 62.0

Employed

9,814 10,133 10,100 9,806 10,017 10,057 10,080 10,077 10,093

Employment-population ratio

57.4 58.9 58.7 57.4 58.4 58.6 58.6 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

577 527 531 637 624 579 616 556 586

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.9 5.0 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

653 759 761 678 774 731 768 785 784

Participation rate

27.4 30.4 30.4 28.4 31.2 29.4 30.8 31.4 31.4

Employed

535 637 646 540 635 636 639 654 650

Employment-population ratio

22.4 25.5 25.9 22.6 25.6 25.6 25.7 26.2 26.0

Unemployed

118 122 114 139 139 95 128 131 134

Unemployment rate

18.1 16.0 15.0 20.4 18.0 12.9 16.7 16.7 17.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,612 16,980 17,005 16,612 16,989 17,132 17,129 16,980 17,005

Civilian labor force

10,727 10,968 10,890 10,752 11,084 11,106 11,106 10,995 10,918

Participation rate

64.6 64.6 64.0 64.7 65.2 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.2

Employed

10,344 10,686 10,650 10,346 10,778 10,832 10,781 10,704 10,654

Employment-population ratio

62.3 62.9 62.6 62.3 63.4 63.2 62.9 63.0 62.7

Unemployed

383 282 241 406 305 274 325 291 265

Unemployment rate

3.6 2.6 2.2 3.8 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.4

Not in labor force

5,885 6,011 6,115 5,860 5,906 6,025 6,023 5,984 6,086

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: January 06, 2023