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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,508 200,968 201,023 200,508 201,254 201,326 200,918 200,968 201,023

Civilian labor force

126,290 126,954 125,761 126,398 127,191 127,197 127,288 127,146 126,021

Participation rate

63.0 63.2 62.6 63.0 63.2 63.2 63.4 63.3 62.7

Employed

121,929 122,669 120,660 122,111 123,077 123,175 123,332 123,189 121,042

Employment-population ratio

60.8 61.0 60.0 60.9 61.2 61.2 61.4 61.3 60.2

Unemployed

4,362 4,285 5,101 4,286 4,115 4,022 3,957 3,957 4,979

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.4 4.1 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 4.0

Not in labor force

74,218 74,014 75,261 74,111 74,063 74,129 73,630 73,821 75,002

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,029 66,057 65,501 66,020 66,204 66,076 66,279 66,153 65,522

Participation rate

71.9 71.7 71.1 71.9 71.8 71.6 72.0 71.8 71.1

Employed

63,742 63,767 62,842 63,937 64,247 64,238 64,341 64,204 63,120

Employment-population ratio

69.4 69.2 68.2 69.6 69.7 69.6 69.9 69.7 68.5

Unemployed

2,287 2,290 2,659 2,083 1,957 1,839 1,938 1,950 2,402

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.5 4.1 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,893 56,477 55,894 55,777 56,299 56,429 56,324 56,247 55,878

Participation rate

58.0 58.4 57.8 57.8 58.2 58.3 58.3 58.2 57.8

Employed

54,293 54,914 53,974 54,102 54,666 54,827 54,807 54,692 53,878

Employment-population ratio

56.3 56.8 55.8 56.1 56.5 56.6 56.7 56.6 55.7

Unemployed

1,600 1,563 1,921 1,676 1,633 1,602 1,517 1,555 2,000

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.8 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.8 3.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,368 4,420 4,366 4,600 4,688 4,692 4,686 4,746 4,621

Participation rate

35.6 36.3 35.9 37.5 38.3 38.4 38.4 39.0 38.0

Employed

3,894 3,988 3,844 4,073 4,164 4,111 4,184 4,294 4,043

Employment-population ratio

31.8 32.7 31.6 33.2 34.0 33.6 34.3 35.2 33.2

Unemployed

474 432 521 528 524 581 502 452 578

Unemployment rate

10.9 9.8 11.9 11.5 11.2 12.4 10.7 9.5 12.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,925 33,211 33,238 32,925 33,184 33,215 33,184 33,211 33,238

Civilian labor force

20,328 20,833 20,455 20,437 20,675 20,949 20,790 20,946 20,596

Participation rate

61.7 62.7 61.5 62.1 62.3 63.1 62.6 63.1 62.0

Employed

18,965 19,530 19,018 19,093 19,527 19,712 19,549 19,730 19,208

Employment-population ratio

57.6 58.8 57.2 58.0 58.8 59.3 58.9 59.4 57.8

Unemployed

1,364 1,303 1,438 1,344 1,148 1,238 1,241 1,216 1,387

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.3 7.0 6.6 5.6 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.7

Not in labor force

12,597 12,379 12,783 12,488 12,509 12,266 12,395 12,266 12,642

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,344 9,408 9,404 9,396 9,504 9,591 9,445 9,499 9,477

Participation rate

67.6 67.3 67.2 68.0 68.1 68.6 67.6 68.0 67.7

Employed

8,675 8,779 8,691 8,765 9,019 9,034 8,918 8,945 8,812

Employment-population ratio

62.8 62.8 62.1 63.4 64.6 64.6 63.9 64.0 63.0

Unemployed

669 629 713 630 485 557 526 554 665

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.7 7.6 6.7 5.1 5.8 5.6 5.8 7.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,324 10,726 10,363 10,318 10,445 10,625 10,617 10,721 10,374

Participation rate

62.1 63.9 61.6 62.0 62.3 63.3 63.3 63.8 61.7

Employed

9,777 10,194 9,806 9,776 9,929 10,094 10,067 10,207 9,830

Employment-population ratio

58.8 60.7 58.3 58.8 59.2 60.1 60.0 60.8 58.5

Unemployed

547 532 558 542 516 530 550 514 543

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.0 5.4 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.2 4.8 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

660 698 687 723 727 734 728 725 745

Participation rate

26.7 28.7 28.3 29.3 29.6 29.9 29.8 29.8 30.7

Employed

513 556 521 552 579 583 564 578 566

Employment-population ratio

20.7 22.9 21.4 22.3 23.6 23.8 23.1 23.7 23.3

Unemployed

148 142 167 171 147 151 164 148 180

Unemployment rate

22.4 20.3 24.2 23.7 20.3 20.6 22.5 20.4 24.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,245 16,421 16,419 16,245 16,558 16,482 16,178 16,421 16,419

Civilian labor force

10,447 10,596 10,486 10,400 10,705 10,478 10,332 10,574 10,470

Participation rate

64.3 64.5 63.9 64.0 64.7 63.6 63.9 64.4 63.8

Employed

10,133 10,327 10,058 10,082 10,429 10,214 10,017 10,312 10,037

Employment-population ratio

62.4 62.9 61.3 62.1 63.0 62.0 61.9 62.8 61.1

Unemployed

314 268 428 318 276 264 315 262 433

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.5 4.1 3.1 2.6 2.5 3.0 2.5 4.1

Not in labor force

5,798 5,825 5,932 5,845 5,852 6,004 5,847 5,848 5,948

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: April 03, 2020