Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2017
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

199,458 200,690 200,774 199,458 200,356 200,476 200,596 200,690 200,774

Civilian labor force

124,594 126,165 126,072 125,227 125,347 125,617 126,100 126,334 126,680

Participation rate

62.5 62.9 62.8 62.8 62.6 62.7 62.9 63.0 63.1

Employed

120,148 122,247 121,900 120,585 121,074 121,507 121,923 122,036 122,318

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.9 60.7 60.5 60.4 60.6 60.8 60.8 60.9

Unemployed

4,446 3,918 4,173 4,642 4,272 4,110 4,177 4,299 4,362

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.1 3.3 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4

Not in labor force

74,864 74,525 74,702 74,231 75,009 74,858 74,496 74,355 74,094

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,263 65,825 65,822 65,559 65,527 65,661 65,771 65,961 66,110

Participation rate

71.6 71.6 71.6 71.9 71.4 71.5 71.6 71.8 71.9

Employed

62,964 64,000 63,649 63,370 63,513 63,664 63,785 63,960 64,046

Employment-population ratio

69.0 69.6 69.2 69.5 69.2 69.4 69.4 69.6 69.6

Unemployed

2,299 1,826 2,174 2,190 2,014 1,996 1,986 2,000 2,064

Unemployment rate

3.5 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,061 56,054 55,939 55,131 55,372 55,378 55,778 55,819 55,995

Participation rate

57.4 58.1 58.0 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.8 57.9 58.0

Employed

53,356 54,413 54,368 53,231 53,616 53,792 54,062 54,023 54,226

Employment-population ratio

55.6 56.4 56.3 55.5 55.7 55.8 56.1 56.0 56.2

Unemployed

1,705 1,642 1,571 1,900 1,757 1,586 1,716 1,796 1,769

Unemployment rate

3.1 2.9 2.8 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,270 4,285 4,311 4,537 4,447 4,578 4,551 4,554 4,575

Participation rate

34.6 34.8 35.1 36.8 36.1 37.2 37.0 37.0 37.2

Employed

3,828 3,835 3,883 3,985 3,945 4,051 4,076 4,052 4,047

Employment-population ratio

31.0 31.2 31.6 32.3 32.1 32.9 33.1 32.9 32.9

Unemployed

442 450 428 552 501 527 476 502 528

Unemployment rate

10.4 10.5 9.9 12.2 11.3 11.5 10.5 11.0 11.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,436 32,923 32,956 32,436 32,810 32,848 32,887 32,923 32,956

Civilian labor force

20,050 20,467 20,325 20,181 20,384 20,504 20,564 20,451 20,460

Participation rate

61.8 62.2 61.7 62.2 62.1 62.4 62.5 62.1 62.1

Employed

18,791 19,288 19,067 18,827 19,108 19,265 19,290 19,232 19,107

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.6 57.9 58.0 58.2 58.6 58.7 58.4 58.0

Unemployed

1,260 1,179 1,257 1,354 1,276 1,239 1,274 1,219 1,353

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.8 6.2 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.6

Not in labor force

12,385 12,456 12,632 12,255 12,426 12,345 12,323 12,472 12,496

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,128 9,298 9,214 9,193 9,394 9,349 9,400 9,310 9,284

Participation rate

67.3 67.3 66.7 67.8 68.3 67.9 68.2 67.4 67.2

Employed

8,537 8,771 8,645 8,598 8,828 8,800 8,814 8,771 8,709

Employment-population ratio

63.0 63.5 62.5 63.4 64.2 63.9 63.9 63.5 63.0

Unemployed

591 528 570 595 565 549 586 539 575

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.7 6.2 6.5 6.0 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,236 10,375 10,329 10,262 10,356 10,422 10,327 10,303 10,359

Participation rate

62.5 62.4 62.1 62.7 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.0 62.2

Employed

9,707 9,872 9,779 9,672 9,769 9,874 9,825 9,789 9,749

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.4 58.8 59.1 59.0 59.5 59.2 58.9 58.6

Unemployed

529 503 551 590 587 548 501 515 611

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

686 794 781 726 634 733 837 837 817

Participation rate

27.4 31.9 31.4 28.9 25.4 29.4 33.6 33.6 32.8

Employed

547 645 644 557 510 591 650 672 650

Employment-population ratio

21.8 25.9 25.9 22.2 20.5 23.7 26.1 27.0 26.1

Unemployed

140 149 137 169 124 141 187 165 167

Unemployment rate

20.3 18.7 17.5 23.3 19.5 19.3 22.4 19.7 20.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,610 16,096 16,138 15,610 16,093 16,011 16,030 16,096 16,138

Civilian labor force

9,779 10,281 10,250 9,787 10,260 10,303 10,280 10,334 10,262

Participation rate

62.6 63.9 63.5 62.7 63.8 64.3 64.1 64.2 63.6

Employed

9,546 9,999 9,928 9,547 9,951 9,943 9,956 10,050 9,929

Employment-population ratio

61.2 62.1 61.5 61.2 61.8 62.1 62.1 62.4 61.5

Unemployed

233 282 322 241 309 360 324 284 334

Unemployment rate

2.4 2.7 3.1 2.5 3.0 3.5 3.1 2.7 3.3

Not in labor force

5,831 5,814 5,888 5,823 5,832 5,709 5,750 5,762 5,876

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 04, 2019