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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2023
Apr.
2024
May
2024
May
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024
Apr.
2024
May
2024

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

204,345 204,831 204,917 204,345 204,608 204,677 204,752 204,831 204,917

Civilian labor force

127,111 127,369 127,207 127,282 126,962 127,040 127,596 127,708 127,384

Participation rate

62.2 62.2 62.1 62.3 62.1 62.1 62.3 62.3 62.2

Employed

123,247 123,298 123,061 123,103 122,663 122,685 123,286 123,229 122,922

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.2 60.1 60.2 60.0 59.9 60.2 60.2 60.0

Unemployed

3,864 4,071 4,145 4,179 4,299 4,356 4,310 4,479 4,462

Unemployment rate

3.0 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5

Not in labor force

77,233 77,463 77,711 77,062 77,646 77,637 77,156 77,123 77,533

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,450 65,960 65,804 66,430 65,869 65,685 65,963 65,982 65,797

Participation rate

70.3 69.8 69.6 70.2 69.8 69.6 69.8 69.8 69.6

Employed

64,521 63,887 63,762 64,330 63,674 63,658 64,029 63,801 63,588

Employment-population ratio

68.2 67.6 67.5 68.0 67.5 67.4 67.8 67.5 67.3

Unemployed

1,928 2,073 2,042 2,100 2,195 2,027 1,933 2,181 2,208

Unemployment rate

2.9 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1 2.9 3.3 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,878 56,561 56,340 55,979 56,219 56,454 56,489 56,622 56,441

Participation rate

57.5 57.9 57.7 57.6 57.6 57.9 57.9 58.0 57.8

Employed

54,379 54,995 54,787 54,349 54,615 54,646 54,677 54,843 54,752

Employment-population ratio

55.9 56.3 56.1 55.9 56.0 56.0 56.0 56.2 56.0

Unemployed

1,499 1,565 1,553 1,629 1,604 1,808 1,811 1,779 1,689

Unemployment rate

2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,784 4,848 5,062 4,873 4,874 4,902 5,145 5,103 5,146

Participation rate

38.2 38.2 39.8 39.0 38.4 38.6 40.5 40.2 40.5

Employed

4,347 4,416 4,512 4,424 4,374 4,381 4,580 4,584 4,582

Employment-population ratio

34.7 34.8 35.5 35.4 34.5 34.5 36.1 36.1 36.1

Unemployed

437 433 550 450 500 520 565 519 564

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.9 10.9 9.2 10.3 10.6 11.0 10.2 11.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,613 34,918 34,949 34,613 34,813 34,849 34,883 34,918 34,949

Civilian labor force

21,878 22,021 21,999 21,856 22,051 22,190 22,170 22,051 21,986

Participation rate

63.2 63.1 62.9 63.1 63.3 63.7 63.6 63.2 62.9

Employed

20,662 20,892 20,672 20,613 20,887 20,950 20,746 20,812 20,643

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.8 59.1 59.6 60.0 60.1 59.5 59.6 59.1

Unemployed

1,216 1,128 1,327 1,243 1,164 1,240 1,424 1,239 1,343

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.1 6.0 5.7 5.3 5.6 6.4 5.6 6.1

Not in labor force

12,735 12,897 12,950 12,757 12,762 12,659 12,713 12,867 12,963

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,103 10,187 10,164 10,081 10,266 10,344 10,317 10,194 10,150

Participation rate

68.4 68.6 68.4 68.2 69.4 69.8 69.6 68.7 68.3

Employed

9,536 9,670 9,506 9,511 9,717 9,709 9,677 9,661 9,497

Employment-population ratio

64.5 65.2 64.0 64.4 65.7 65.5 65.3 65.1 63.9

Unemployed

567 517 658 570 548 636 640 533 654

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.1 6.5 5.7 5.3 6.1 6.2 5.2 6.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,058 11,012 11,016 11,035 10,967 11,050 10,999 10,991 10,994

Participation rate

63.9 63.0 63.0 63.8 62.9 63.4 63.0 62.9 62.9

Employed

10,491 10,538 10,459 10,449 10,445 10,568 10,387 10,442 10,421

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.3 59.8 60.4 59.9 60.6 59.5 59.8 59.6

Unemployed

567 474 557 587 521 482 612 548 572

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.3 5.1 5.3 4.8 4.4 5.6 5.0 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

717 822 818 740 819 796 854 867 842

Participation rate

28.3 31.5 31.3 29.2 31.6 30.7 32.8 33.2 32.2

Employed

635 684 706 654 724 673 682 709 725

Employment-population ratio

25.1 26.2 27.0 25.8 27.9 25.9 26.2 27.2 27.7

Unemployed

82 138 112 86 95 122 171 158 117

Unemployment rate

11.4 16.8 13.6 11.6 11.6 15.4 20.1 18.2 13.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,511 17,816 17,993 17,511 17,930 17,784 17,781 17,816 17,993

Civilian labor force

11,348 11,485 11,734 11,382 11,559 11,472 11,403 11,536 11,754

Participation rate

64.8 64.5 65.2 65.0 64.5 64.5 64.1 64.7 65.3

Employed

11,034 11,182 11,395 11,043 11,223 11,081 11,113 11,214 11,393

Employment-population ratio

63.0 62.8 63.3 63.1 62.6 62.3 62.5 62.9 63.3

Unemployed

315 302 339 338 336 390 290 322 361

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.4 2.5 2.8 3.1

Not in labor force

6,163 6,331 6,259 6,130 6,372 6,312 6,379 6,280 6,239

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: June 07, 2024