Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2019
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,953 201,319 201,417 200,953 201,082 201,154 201,233 201,319 201,417

Civilian labor force

126,920 124,664 124,491 126,853 121,242 122,661 124,009 123,618 124,471

Participation rate

63.2 61.9 61.8 63.1 60.3 61.0 61.6 61.4 61.8

Employed

122,439 112,913 115,205 122,566 104,065 107,499 111,538 112,226 115,354

Employment-population ratio

60.9 56.1 57.2 61.0 51.8 53.4 55.4 55.7 57.3

Unemployed

4,481 11,752 9,286 4,286 17,176 15,162 12,470 11,392 9,118

Unemployment rate

3.5 9.4 7.5 3.4 14.2 12.4 10.1 9.2 7.3

Not in labor force

74,033 76,655 76,927 74,100 79,840 78,493 77,224 77,701 76,946

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,119 64,672 64,909 66,064 63,645 64,125 64,688 64,420 64,911

Participation rate

71.8 70.1 70.3 71.8 69.1 69.5 70.1 69.8 70.3

Employed

64,252 59,432 60,577 64,099 55,776 57,263 58,898 59,054 60,425

Employment-population ratio

69.8 64.4 65.6 69.6 60.5 62.1 63.8 64.0 65.4

Unemployed

1,867 5,240 4,331 1,965 7,869 6,862 5,790 5,367 4,485

Unemployment rate

2.8 8.1 6.7 3.0 12.4 10.7 9.0 8.3 6.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,839 54,843 54,837 56,152 53,634 54,294 55,147 55,124 55,124

Participation rate

57.8 56.6 56.6 58.1 55.4 56.1 56.9 56.9 56.9

Employed

53,798 49,214 50,557 54,379 45,563 47,195 49,440 49,822 51,124

Employment-population ratio

55.7 50.8 52.2 56.3 47.1 48.8 51.1 51.4 52.7

Unemployed

2,042 5,629 4,279 1,773 8,071 7,099 5,707 5,302 4,000

Unemployment rate

3.7 10.3 7.8 3.2 15.0 13.1 10.3 9.6 7.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,962 5,150 4,746 4,636 3,963 4,242 4,174 4,074 4,437

Participation rate

40.5 42.4 39.1 37.9 32.6 34.9 34.4 33.6 36.6

Employed

4,389 4,266 4,070 4,088 2,727 3,041 3,201 3,350 3,805

Employment-population ratio

35.9 35.1 33.5 33.4 22.4 25.0 26.4 27.6 31.4

Unemployed

573 884 676 548 1,236 1,202 973 724 632

Unemployment rate

11.5 17.2 14.2 11.8 31.2 28.3 23.3 17.8 14.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,081 33,353 33,386 33,081 33,267 33,294 33,323 33,353 33,386

Civilian labor force

20,645 20,321 20,199 20,604 19,487 19,858 20,010 20,094 20,150

Participation rate

62.4 60.9 60.5 62.3 58.6 59.6 60.0 60.2 60.4

Employed

19,503 17,283 17,551 19,485 16,240 16,523 16,927 17,161 17,528

Employment-population ratio

59.0 51.8 52.6 58.9 48.8 49.6 50.8 51.5 52.5

Unemployed

1,143 3,038 2,648 1,119 3,247 3,334 3,083 2,933 2,621

Unemployment rate

5.5 15.0 13.1 5.4 16.7 16.8 15.4 14.6 13.0

Not in labor force

12,435 13,031 13,187 12,477 13,780 13,436 13,313 13,258 13,237

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,546 9,319 9,331 9,487 8,880 8,970 9,161 9,229 9,277

Participation rate

68.7 66.3 66.3 68.2 63.4 63.9 65.2 65.6 65.9

Employed

9,005 7,923 8,125 8,937 7,448 7,583 7,670 7,827 8,051

Employment-population ratio

64.8 56.4 57.7 64.3 53.2 54.1 54.6 55.7 57.2

Unemployed

540 1,396 1,206 550 1,432 1,388 1,492 1,402 1,225

Unemployment rate

5.7 15.0 12.9 5.8 16.1 15.5 16.3 15.2 13.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,346 10,136 10,141 10,400 9,995 10,097 10,113 10,156 10,174

Participation rate

61.9 60.0 60.0 62.2 59.4 59.9 60.0 60.2 60.2

Employed

9,858 8,702 8,870 9,944 8,351 8,426 8,693 8,785 8,949

Employment-population ratio

59.0 51.6 52.5 59.5 49.6 50.0 51.6 52.0 53.0

Unemployed

488 1,433 1,271 456 1,644 1,671 1,420 1,371 1,224

Unemployment rate

4.7 14.1 12.5 4.4 16.4 16.5 14.0 13.5 12.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

753 866 727 717 612 791 735 709 699

Participation rate

30.6 35.9 30.1 29.1 25.2 32.7 30.4 29.4 29.0

Employed

639 657 556 604 441 515 564 549 527

Employment-population ratio

26.0 27.2 23.0 24.6 18.2 21.3 23.3 22.7 21.9

Unemployed

114 209 171 113 171 276 171 160 172

Unemployment rate

15.2 24.2 23.5 15.8 28.0 34.9 23.2 22.5 24.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,433 16,420 16,597 16,433 16,363 16,385 16,471 16,420 16,597

Civilian labor force

10,554 10,481 10,627 10,527 9,938 9,968 10,108 10,408 10,595

Participation rate

64.2 63.8 64.0 64.1 60.7 60.8 61.4 63.4 63.8

Employed

10,248 9,207 9,491 10,227 8,499 8,475 8,717 9,163 9,462

Employment-population ratio

62.4 56.1 57.2 62.2 51.9 51.7 52.9 55.8 57.0

Unemployed

306 1,274 1,136 299 1,438 1,493 1,392 1,245 1,133

Unemployment rate

2.9 12.2 10.7 2.8 14.5 15.0 13.8 12.0 10.7

Not in labor force

5,879 5,939 5,969 5,906 6,425 6,417 6,362 6,012 6,001

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 04, 2020