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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Apr.
2020
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,082 201,642 201,687 201,082 201,749 201,588 201,606 201,642 201,687

Civilian labor force

120,795 123,768 123,638 121,158 124,208 123,727 123,737 123,819 123,964

Participation rate

60.1 61.4 61.3 60.3 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.5

Employed

104,083 116,981 117,458 104,028 116,703 116,699 116,859 117,166 117,358

Employment-population ratio

51.8 58.0 58.2 51.7 57.8 57.9 58.0 58.1 58.2

Unemployed

16,713 6,787 6,180 17,129 7,505 7,027 6,878 6,653 6,606

Unemployment rate

13.8 5.5 5.0 14.1 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3

Not in labor force

80,287 77,874 78,049 79,924 77,541 77,862 77,869 77,823 77,723

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

63,595 64,348 64,600 63,608 64,593 64,550 64,434 64,289 64,593

Participation rate

69.0 69.6 69.8 69.0 69.8 69.8 69.7 69.5 69.8

Employed

55,863 60,753 61,269 55,757 60,872 60,988 60,989 60,935 61,155

Employment-population ratio

60.6 65.7 66.2 60.5 65.8 66.0 66.0 65.9 66.1

Unemployed

7,732 3,596 3,331 7,850 3,721 3,561 3,446 3,353 3,439

Unemployment rate

12.2 5.6 5.2 12.3 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

53,581 55,040 54,576 53,594 54,980 54,529 54,599 54,911 54,603

Participation rate

55.4 56.7 56.2 55.4 56.6 56.2 56.3 56.6 56.2

Employed

45,735 52,340 52,147 45,555 51,871 51,739 51,782 52,155 51,965

Employment-population ratio

47.3 53.9 53.7 47.1 53.4 53.3 53.4 53.7 53.5

Unemployed

7,846 2,699 2,429 8,039 3,109 2,790 2,817 2,756 2,638

Unemployment rate

14.6 4.9 4.5 15.0 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

3,620 4,380 4,462 3,956 4,635 4,648 4,704 4,619 4,768

Participation rate

29.8 36.3 37.0 32.5 38.2 38.4 38.9 38.2 39.5

Employed

2,485 3,888 4,043 2,716 3,960 3,972 4,088 4,076 4,238

Employment-population ratio

20.4 32.2 33.5 22.3 32.7 32.8 33.8 33.7 35.1

Unemployed

1,135 492 420 1,240 675 676 616 543 530

Unemployment rate

31.3 11.2 9.4 31.3 14.6 14.5 13.1 11.8 11.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,267 33,530 33,551 33,267 33,516 33,493 33,511 33,530 33,551

Civilian labor force

19,425 20,283 20,488 19,507 20,055 20,189 20,154 20,362 20,544

Participation rate

58.4 60.5 61.1 58.6 59.8 60.3 60.1 60.7 61.2

Employed

16,248 18,281 18,555 16,247 18,061 18,323 18,159 18,412 18,546

Employment-population ratio

48.8 54.5 55.3 48.8 53.9 54.7 54.2 54.9 55.3

Unemployed

3,177 2,002 1,932 3,260 1,994 1,866 1,995 1,951 1,998

Unemployment rate

16.4 9.9 9.4 16.7 9.9 9.2 9.9 9.6 9.7

Not in labor force

13,841 13,247 13,064 13,760 13,461 13,305 13,357 13,168 13,007

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,856 9,394 9,450 8,882 9,222 9,348 9,340 9,430 9,465

Participation rate

63.2 66.3 66.7 63.4 65.2 66.1 66.0 66.6 66.8

Employed

7,431 8,406 8,478 7,457 8,265 8,468 8,383 8,501 8,498

Employment-population ratio

53.0 59.4 59.8 53.2 58.4 59.9 59.2 60.0 59.9

Unemployed

1,425 988 973 1,425 956 880 957 928 967

Unemployment rate

16.1 10.5 10.3 16.0 10.4 9.4 10.2 9.8 10.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,997 10,197 10,315 10,014 10,088 10,138 10,127 10,181 10,315

Participation rate

59.4 60.1 60.7 59.5 59.5 59.8 59.7 60.0 60.7

Employed

8,413 9,296 9,487 8,361 9,238 9,274 9,225 9,294 9,429

Employment-population ratio

50.0 54.8 55.9 49.7 54.5 54.7 54.4 54.8 55.5

Unemployed

1,584 902 828 1,653 849 864 902 887 887

Unemployment rate

15.8 8.8 8.0 16.5 8.4 8.5 8.9 8.7 8.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

573 691 723 610 746 703 687 752 764

Participation rate

23.6 28.9 30.2 25.2 31.0 29.3 28.7 31.4 32.0

Employed

405 579 591 428 558 581 551 616 620

Employment-population ratio

16.7 24.2 24.7 17.7 23.2 24.2 23.0 25.7 25.9

Unemployed

168 112 132 182 188 122 136 136 144

Unemployment rate

29.4 16.2 18.2 29.9 25.2 17.3 19.8 18.1 18.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,363 16,532 16,532 16,363 16,583 16,423 16,588 16,532 16,532

Civilian labor force

9,893 10,433 10,294 9,967 10,253 10,317 10,315 10,422 10,375

Participation rate

60.5 63.1 62.3 60.9 61.8 62.8 62.2 63.0 62.8

Employed

8,476 9,817 9,722 8,526 9,645 9,631 9,792 9,799 9,786

Employment-population ratio

51.8 59.4 58.8 52.1 58.2 58.6 59.0 59.3 59.2

Unemployed

1,418 616 571 1,441 608 686 523 623 589

Unemployment rate

14.3 5.9 5.6 14.5 5.9 6.6 5.1 6.0 5.7

Not in labor force

6,470 6,099 6,238 6,396 6,329 6,106 6,273 6,110 6,157

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 07, 2021