Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2018
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,039 200,576 200,658 200,039 200,382 200,447 200,508 200,576 200,658

Civilian labor force

125,848 125,627 126,042 125,689 126,351 126,313 126,404 125,900 125,980

Participation rate

62.9 62.6 62.8 62.8 63.1 63.0 63.0 62.8 62.8

Employed

121,788 122,036 122,269 121,298 121,880 122,168 122,143 121,944 121,883

Employment-population ratio

60.9 60.8 60.9 60.6 60.8 60.9 60.9 60.8 60.7

Unemployed

4,060 3,591 3,773 4,392 4,471 4,144 4,261 3,957 4,097

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.3

Not in labor force

74,191 74,950 74,616 74,349 74,030 74,134 74,104 74,676 74,678

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,049 65,852 66,179 65,844 66,051 66,052 66,014 65,802 65,973

Participation rate

72.1 71.7 72.0 71.9 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.6 71.8

Employed

64,113 64,014 64,412 63,738 63,890 64,088 63,936 63,896 64,042

Employment-population ratio

70.0 69.7 70.1 69.6 69.6 69.8 69.6 69.6 69.7

Unemployed

1,936 1,838 1,767 2,106 2,161 1,964 2,078 1,906 1,931

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.8 2.7 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,277 55,639 55,457 55,253 55,740 55,814 55,806 55,671 55,526

Participation rate

57.5 57.7 57.5 57.5 57.8 57.9 57.9 57.7 57.5

Employed

53,681 54,309 53,957 53,496 53,959 54,151 54,140 54,133 53,869

Employment-population ratio

55.8 56.3 55.9 55.6 56.0 56.2 56.1 56.1 55.8

Unemployed

1,595 1,330 1,500 1,756 1,781 1,663 1,666 1,538 1,657

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.4 2.7 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,522 4,136 4,407 4,593 4,560 4,447 4,585 4,427 4,482

Participation rate

36.7 33.8 36.0 37.3 37.2 36.3 37.4 36.1 36.6

Employed

3,994 3,713 3,900 4,063 4,031 3,929 4,067 3,915 3,972

Employment-population ratio

32.4 30.3 31.8 33.0 32.9 32.0 33.2 31.9 32.4

Unemployed

528 423 507 529 530 518 517 512 510

Unemployment rate

11.7 10.2 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.3 11.6 11.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,704 32,955 32,984 32,704 32,868 32,897 32,925 32,955 32,984

Civilian labor force

20,292 20,537 20,547 20,294 20,628 20,575 20,432 20,589 20,562

Participation rate

62.0 62.3 62.3 62.1 62.8 62.5 62.1 62.5 62.3

Employed

19,145 19,262 19,335 19,096 19,220 19,137 19,073 19,219 19,280

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.4 58.6 58.4 58.5 58.2 57.9 58.3 58.5

Unemployed

1,147 1,275 1,212 1,198 1,408 1,437 1,359 1,370 1,282

Unemployment rate

5.7 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.2

Not in labor force

12,412 12,418 12,437 12,410 12,240 12,322 12,493 12,366 12,421

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,407 9,449 9,444 9,380 9,367 9,414 9,399 9,456 9,422

Participation rate

68.7 68.3 68.2 68.5 67.9 68.2 68.0 68.3 68.0

Employed

8,840 8,827 8,887 8,790 8,705 8,734 8,753 8,811 8,833

Employment-population ratio

64.6 63.8 64.2 64.2 63.1 63.3 63.3 63.7 63.8

Unemployed

567 622 557 590 662 680 646 645 589

Unemployment rate

6.0 6.6 5.9 6.3 7.1 7.2 6.9 6.8 6.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,207 10,406 10,446 10,235 10,419 10,366 10,316 10,411 10,469

Participation rate

61.8 62.5 62.7 62.0 62.8 62.4 62.0 62.5 62.8

Employed

9,757 9,907 9,949 9,755 9,847 9,822 9,777 9,859 9,934

Employment-population ratio

59.1 59.5 59.7 59.1 59.3 59.1 58.8 59.2 59.6

Unemployed

450 499 497 481 572 544 539 552 535

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.8 4.8 4.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

678 681 657 680 842 795 717 722 671

Participation rate

27.1 27.6 26.7 27.2 34.0 32.1 29.0 29.2 27.2

Employed

548 527 499 552 669 582 542 549 513

Employment-population ratio

21.9 21.3 20.3 22.1 27.0 23.5 21.9 22.2 20.8

Unemployed

130 155 158 128 173 213 174 173 158

Unemployment rate

19.2 22.7 24.0 18.8 20.6 26.8 24.3 24.0 23.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,874 16,290 16,361 15,874 16,034 16,055 16,245 16,290 16,361

Civilian labor force

9,932 10,166 10,290 9,941 10,298 10,369 10,402 10,180 10,304

Participation rate

62.6 62.4 62.9 62.6 64.2 64.6 64.0 62.5 63.0

Employed

9,732 9,954 10,049 9,727 9,978 10,045 10,082 9,957 10,046

Employment-population ratio

61.3 61.1 61.4 61.3 62.2 62.6 62.1 61.1 61.4

Unemployed

201 212 240 214 321 324 320 223 258

Unemployment rate

2.0 2.1 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.2 2.5

Not in labor force

5,941 6,124 6,072 5,933 5,736 5,686 5,843 6,110 6,058

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: June 07, 2019