Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2016
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

198,845 199,386 199,458 198,845 199,082 199,191 199,298 199,386 199,458

Civilian labor force

124,081 124,966 124,594 124,688 125,030 125,397 124,757 125,110 125,200

Participation rate

62.4 62.7 62.5 62.7 62.8 63.0 62.6 62.7 62.8

Employed

118,992 120,749 120,148 119,401 120,242 120,754 120,400 120,514 120,551

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.6 60.2 60.0 60.4 60.6 60.4 60.4 60.4

Unemployed

5,090 4,217 4,446 5,287 4,788 4,643 4,356 4,596 4,649

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.4 3.6 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7

Not in labor force

74,764 74,420 74,864 74,157 74,053 73,794 74,541 74,276 74,258

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,895 65,297 65,263 65,133 65,298 65,348 65,244 65,394 65,511

Participation rate

71.4 71.6 71.6 71.7 71.7 71.8 71.6 71.7 71.8

Employed

62,194 63,327 62,964 62,534 62,997 63,159 63,155 63,282 63,307

Employment-population ratio

68.4 69.5 69.0 68.8 69.2 69.4 69.3 69.4 69.4

Unemployed

2,700 1,971 2,299 2,599 2,301 2,189 2,090 2,112 2,204

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.0 3.5 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,856 55,365 55,061 54,965 55,231 55,447 55,014 55,147 55,161

Participation rate

57.4 57.7 57.4 57.5 57.7 57.9 57.4 57.5 57.5

Employed

52,966 53,729 53,356 52,892 53,276 53,538 53,298 53,342 53,275

Employment-population ratio

55.4 56.0 55.6 55.3 55.7 55.9 55.6 55.6 55.5

Unemployed

1,890 1,635 1,705 2,072 1,955 1,909 1,715 1,805 1,886

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.0 3.1 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,330 4,304 4,270 4,591 4,500 4,602 4,499 4,569 4,528

Participation rate

35.1 34.9 34.6 37.2 36.5 37.3 36.5 37.0 36.7

Employed

3,832 3,693 3,828 3,975 3,968 4,057 3,947 3,891 3,970

Employment-population ratio

31.0 29.9 31.0 32.2 32.2 32.9 32.0 31.5 32.2

Unemployed

499 611 442 616 532 545 552 678 559

Unemployment rate

11.5 14.2 10.4 13.4 11.8 11.8 12.3 14.8 12.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,105 32,404 32,436 32,105 32,296 32,333 32,370 32,404 32,436

Civilian labor force

19,779 20,218 20,050 19,890 20,090 20,254 20,134 20,175 20,153

Participation rate

61.6 62.4 61.8 62.0 62.2 62.6 62.2 62.3 62.1

Employed

18,307 18,779 18,791 18,310 18,571 18,838 18,654 18,718 18,790

Employment-population ratio

57.0 58.0 57.9 57.0 57.5 58.3 57.6 57.8 57.9

Unemployed

1,472 1,439 1,260 1,579 1,519 1,416 1,479 1,457 1,362

Unemployment rate

7.4 7.1 6.3 7.9 7.6 7.0 7.3 7.2 6.8

Not in labor force

12,327 12,186 12,385 12,216 12,206 12,079 12,236 12,230 12,283

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,023 9,210 9,128 9,072 9,213 9,294 9,218 9,225 9,178

Participation rate

67.4 68.0 67.3 67.8 68.3 68.8 68.2 68.1 67.7

Employed

8,337 8,552 8,537 8,378 8,500 8,668 8,539 8,552 8,576

Employment-population ratio

62.3 63.1 63.0 62.6 63.0 64.2 63.1 63.1 63.2

Unemployed

686 658 591 695 713 626 679 673 601

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.1 6.5 7.7 7.7 6.7 7.4 7.3 6.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,088 10,310 10,236 10,114 10,127 10,166 10,204 10,219 10,252

Participation rate

62.2 63.1 62.5 62.4 62.1 62.3 62.5 62.5 62.6

Employed

9,459 9,703 9,707 9,411 9,487 9,550 9,560 9,622 9,657

Employment-population ratio

58.4 59.3 59.3 58.1 58.2 58.5 58.5 58.8 59.0

Unemployed

629 607 529 703 639 616 644 597 595

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.9 5.2 7.0 6.3 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

668 698 686 703 751 794 712 731 723

Participation rate

26.5 27.8 27.4 27.9 29.9 31.6 28.4 29.1 28.8

Employed

511 524 547 522 584 619 555 544 557

Employment-population ratio

20.3 20.9 21.8 20.7 23.3 24.7 22.1 21.7 22.2

Unemployed

157 174 140 181 167 174 157 187 166

Unemployment rate

23.5 25.0 20.3 25.8 22.2 22.0 22.0 25.5 22.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,433 15,370 15,610 15,433 15,341 15,483 15,466 15,370 15,610

Civilian labor force

9,681 9,633 9,779 9,685 9,876 9,985 9,864 9,699 9,782

Participation rate

62.7 62.7 62.6 62.8 64.4 64.5 63.8 63.1 62.7

Employed

9,428 9,343 9,546 9,418 9,489 9,626 9,565 9,407 9,536

Employment-population ratio

61.1 60.8 61.2 61.0 61.9 62.2 61.8 61.2 61.1

Unemployed

253 290 233 267 388 359 299 292 246

Unemployment rate

2.6 3.0 2.4 2.8 3.9 3.6 3.0 3.0 2.5

Not in labor force

5,752 5,737 5,831 5,749 5,464 5,498 5,602 5,671 5,829

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 05, 2018