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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2020
Sept.
2020
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,918 201,749 201,588 200,918 201,515 201,610 201,685 201,749 201,588

Civilian labor force

126,487 123,828 123,054 127,121 124,202 124,672 124,038 124,208 123,727

Participation rate

63.0 61.4 61.0 63.3 61.6 61.8 61.5 61.6 61.4

Employed

122,058 116,479 115,454 123,258 115,510 117,146 116,665 116,703 116,699

Employment-population ratio

60.8 57.7 57.3 61.3 57.3 58.1 57.8 57.8 57.9

Unemployed

4,429 7,348 7,601 3,863 8,691 7,525 7,373 7,505 7,027

Unemployment rate

3.5 5.9 6.2 3.0 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.7

Not in labor force

74,431 77,921 78,534 73,797 77,313 76,939 77,647 77,541 77,862

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,925 64,407 64,287 66,146 65,001 65,123 64,648 64,593 64,550

Participation rate

71.6 69.6 69.5 71.8 70.4 70.4 69.9 69.8 69.8

Employed

63,599 60,561 60,252 64,299 60,780 61,314 60,844 60,872 60,988

Employment-population ratio

69.1 65.5 65.2 69.8 65.8 66.3 65.8 65.8 66.0

Unemployed

2,326 3,847 4,035 1,846 4,220 3,808 3,804 3,721 3,561

Unemployment rate

3.5 6.0 6.3 2.8 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

56,255 55,048 54,489 56,304 54,568 54,866 54,717 54,980 54,529

Participation rate

58.2 56.7 56.1 58.3 56.3 56.5 56.4 56.6 56.2

Employed

54,639 52,116 51,581 54,796 50,813 51,761 51,765 51,871 51,739

Employment-population ratio

56.5 53.7 53.2 56.7 52.4 53.3 53.3 53.4 53.3

Unemployed

1,616 2,932 2,908 1,508 3,755 3,105 2,953 3,109 2,790

Unemployment rate

2.9 5.3 5.3 2.7 6.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,308 4,372 4,278 4,671 4,633 4,683 4,673 4,635 4,648

Participation rate

35.3 36.1 35.4 38.3 38.2 38.6 38.5 38.2 38.4

Employed

3,821 3,802 3,620 4,163 3,917 4,071 4,056 3,960 3,972

Employment-population ratio

31.3 31.4 29.9 34.1 32.3 33.5 33.4 32.7 32.8

Unemployed

487 570 657 508 716 612 616 675 676

Unemployment rate

11.3 13.0 15.4 10.9 15.5 13.1 13.2 14.6 14.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,184 33,516 33,493 33,184 33,420 33,453 33,486 33,516 33,493

Civilian labor force

20,702 19,919 20,087 20,802 19,942 20,123 20,165 20,055 20,189

Participation rate

62.4 59.4 60.0 62.7 59.7 60.2 60.2 59.8 60.3

Employed

19,327 18,066 18,124 19,524 17,558 17,955 18,087 18,061 18,323

Employment-population ratio

58.2 53.9 54.1 58.8 52.5 53.7 54.0 53.9 54.7

Unemployed

1,375 1,853 1,963 1,278 2,385 2,169 2,077 1,994 1,866

Unemployment rate

6.6 9.3 9.8 6.1 12.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.2

Not in labor force

12,482 13,597 13,406 12,382 13,478 13,330 13,321 13,461 13,305

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,351 9,166 9,281 9,412 9,124 9,224 9,217 9,222 9,348

Participation rate

67.0 64.8 65.6 67.4 64.7 65.4 65.2 65.2 66.1

Employed

8,754 8,245 8,346 8,875 7,975 8,166 8,184 8,265 8,468

Employment-population ratio

62.7 58.3 59.0 63.6 56.6 57.9 57.9 58.4 59.9

Unemployed

597 921 935 537 1,149 1,058 1,033 956 880

Unemployment rate

6.4 10.0 10.1 5.7 12.6 11.5 11.2 10.4 9.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,662 10,041 10,152 10,652 10,093 10,169 10,242 10,088 10,138

Participation rate

63.5 59.2 59.9 63.5 59.7 60.1 60.4 59.5 59.8

Employed

10,049 9,264 9,236 10,081 8,999 9,230 9,320 9,238 9,274

Employment-population ratio

59.9 54.6 54.5 60.1 53.2 54.5 55.0 54.5 54.7

Unemployed

613 778 915 570 1,093 939 921 849 864

Unemployment rate

5.7 7.7 9.0 5.4 10.8 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

690 712 654 739 726 731 706 746 703

Participation rate

28.3 29.6 27.3 30.3 30.1 30.3 29.3 31.0 29.3

Employed

524 557 542 567 584 559 583 558 581

Employment-population ratio

21.5 23.2 22.6 23.3 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.2 24.2

Unemployed

166 154 113 171 142 172 123 188 122

Unemployment rate

24.0 21.7 17.2 23.2 19.6 23.5 17.4 25.2 17.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,178 16,583 16,423 16,178 16,668 16,542 16,558 16,583 16,423

Civilian labor force

10,259 10,259 10,231 10,331 10,480 10,382 10,380 10,253 10,317

Participation rate

63.4 61.9 62.3 63.9 62.9 62.8 62.7 61.8 62.8

Employed

9,932 9,664 9,533 10,016 9,553 9,598 9,685 9,645 9,631

Employment-population ratio

61.4 58.3 58.0 61.9 57.3 58.0 58.5 58.2 58.6

Unemployed

327 595 698 315 926 784 695 608 686

Unemployment rate

3.2 5.8 6.8 3.1 8.8 7.6 6.7 5.9 6.6

Not in labor force

5,920 6,324 6,192 5,848 6,188 6,160 6,179 6,329 6,106

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: February 05, 2021