Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

199,738 200,774 200,382 199,738 200,476 200,596 200,690 200,774 200,382

Civilian labor force

124,547 126,072 125,516 125,318 125,617 126,100 126,334 126,680 126,351

Participation rate

62.4 62.8 62.6 62.7 62.7 62.9 63.0 63.1 63.1

Employed

119,640 121,900 120,542 120,899 121,507 121,923 122,036 122,318 121,880

Employment-population ratio

59.9 60.7 60.2 60.5 60.6 60.8 60.8 60.9 60.8

Unemployed

4,907 4,173 4,974 4,419 4,110 4,177 4,299 4,362 4,471

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.3 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5

Not in labor force

75,191 74,702 74,866 74,420 74,858 74,496 74,355 74,094 74,030

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,344 65,822 65,684 65,703 65,661 65,771 65,961 66,110 66,051

Participation rate

71.5 71.6 71.6 71.9 71.5 71.6 71.8 71.9 72.0

Employed

62,743 63,649 63,112 63,502 63,664 63,785 63,960 64,046 63,890

Employment-population ratio

68.6 69.2 68.8 69.5 69.4 69.4 69.6 69.6 69.6

Unemployed

2,601 2,174 2,572 2,201 1,996 1,986 2,000 2,064 2,161

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.3 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,873 55,939 55,612 54,910 55,378 55,778 55,819 55,995 55,740

Participation rate

57.2 58.0 57.7 57.2 57.5 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8

Employed

53,129 54,368 53,733 53,272 53,792 54,062 54,023 54,226 53,959

Employment-population ratio

55.3 56.3 55.8 55.5 55.8 56.1 56.0 56.2 56.0

Unemployed

1,744 1,571 1,879 1,638 1,586 1,716 1,796 1,769 1,781

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.8 3.4 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,330 4,311 4,219 4,705 4,578 4,551 4,554 4,575 4,560

Participation rate

35.1 35.1 34.4 38.1 37.2 37.0 37.0 37.2 37.2

Employed

3,768 3,883 3,697 4,125 4,051 4,076 4,052 4,047 4,031

Employment-population ratio

30.5 31.6 30.1 33.4 32.9 33.1 32.9 32.9 32.9

Unemployed

562 428 523 580 527 476 502 528 530

Unemployment rate

13.0 9.9 12.4 12.3 11.5 10.5 11.0 11.6 11.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,575 32,956 32,868 32,575 32,848 32,887 32,923 32,956 32,868

Civilian labor force

20,109 20,325 20,549 20,250 20,504 20,564 20,451 20,460 20,628

Participation rate

61.7 61.7 62.5 62.2 62.4 62.5 62.1 62.1 62.8

Employed

18,507 19,067 19,033 18,696 19,265 19,290 19,232 19,107 19,220

Employment-population ratio

56.8 57.9 57.9 57.4 58.6 58.7 58.4 58.0 58.5

Unemployed

1,602 1,257 1,516 1,554 1,239 1,274 1,219 1,353 1,408

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.2 7.4 7.7 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.6 6.8

Not in labor force

12,466 12,632 12,318 12,325 12,345 12,323 12,472 12,496 12,240

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,196 9,214 9,320 9,269 9,349 9,400 9,310 9,284 9,367

Participation rate

67.5 66.7 67.6 68.0 67.9 68.2 67.4 67.2 67.9

Employed

8,457 8,645 8,584 8,572 8,800 8,814 8,771 8,709 8,705

Employment-population ratio

62.1 62.5 62.2 62.9 63.9 63.9 63.5 63.0 63.1

Unemployed

739 570 736 697 549 586 539 575 662

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.2 7.9 7.5 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.2 7.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,210 10,329 10,433 10,224 10,422 10,327 10,303 10,359 10,419

Participation rate

62.1 62.1 62.8 62.2 62.8 62.2 62.0 62.2 62.8

Employed

9,518 9,779 9,820 9,549 9,874 9,825 9,789 9,749 9,847

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.8 59.2 58.1 59.5 59.2 58.9 58.6 59.3

Unemployed

692 551 613 674 548 501 515 611 572

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.3 5.9 6.6 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.9 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

703 781 797 758 733 837 837 817 842

Participation rate

28.0 31.4 32.2 30.2 29.4 33.6 33.6 32.8 34.0

Employed

532 644 629 575 591 650 672 650 669

Employment-population ratio

21.2 25.9 25.4 22.9 23.7 26.1 27.0 26.1 27.0

Unemployed

171 137 168 183 141 187 165 167 173

Unemployment rate

24.3 17.5 21.0 24.1 19.3 22.4 19.7 20.5 20.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,731 16,138 16,034 15,731 16,011 16,030 16,096 16,138 16,034

Civilian labor force

9,855 10,250 10,264 9,889 10,303 10,280 10,334 10,262 10,298

Participation rate

62.6 63.5 64.0 62.9 64.3 64.1 64.2 63.6 64.2

Employed

9,548 9,928 9,938 9,587 9,943 9,956 10,050 9,929 9,978

Employment-population ratio

60.7 61.5 62.0 60.9 62.1 62.1 62.4 61.5 62.2

Unemployed

307 322 326 301 360 324 284 334 321

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.1 2.7 3.3 3.1

Not in labor force

5,876 5,888 5,770 5,842 5,709 5,750 5,762 5,876 5,736

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: February 01, 2019