Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

199,871 200,447 200,508 199,871 200,690 200,774 200,382 200,447 200,508

Civilian labor force

125,508 126,102 126,290 125,642 126,334 126,680 126,351 126,313 126,404

Participation rate

62.8 62.9 63.0 62.9 63.0 63.1 63.1 63.0 63.0

Employed

120,946 121,628 121,929 121,180 122,036 122,318 121,880 122,168 122,143

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.7 60.8 60.6 60.8 60.9 60.8 60.9 60.9

Unemployed

4,562 4,475 4,362 4,461 4,299 4,362 4,471 4,144 4,261

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.4

Not in labor force

74,363 74,345 74,218 74,229 74,355 74,094 74,030 74,134 74,104

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,889 65,925 66,029 65,877 65,961 66,110 66,051 66,052 66,014

Participation rate

72.0 71.8 71.9 72.0 71.8 71.9 72.0 72.0 71.9

Employed

63,507 63,636 63,742 63,698 63,960 64,046 63,890 64,088 63,936

Employment-population ratio

69.4 69.3 69.4 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.8 69.6

Unemployed

2,382 2,289 2,287 2,179 2,000 2,064 2,161 1,964 2,078

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,271 56,042 55,893 55,172 55,819 55,995 55,740 55,814 55,806

Participation rate

57.5 58.1 58.0 57.4 57.9 58.0 57.8 57.9 57.9

Employed

53,543 54,365 54,293 53,381 54,023 54,226 53,959 54,151 54,140

Employment-population ratio

55.7 56.4 56.3 55.6 56.0 56.2 56.0 56.2 56.1

Unemployed

1,727 1,677 1,600 1,791 1,796 1,769 1,781 1,663 1,666

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,348 4,135 4,368 4,593 4,554 4,575 4,560 4,447 4,585

Participation rate

35.3 33.7 35.6 37.2 37.0 37.2 37.2 36.3 37.4

Employed

3,895 3,627 3,894 4,101 4,052 4,047 4,031 3,929 4,067

Employment-population ratio

31.6 29.6 31.8 33.3 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.0 33.2

Unemployed

453 508 474 492 502 528 530 518 517

Unemployment rate

10.4 12.3 10.9 10.7 11.0 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,638 32,897 32,925 32,638 32,923 32,956 32,868 32,897 32,925

Civilian labor force

20,347 20,441 20,328 20,452 20,451 20,460 20,628 20,575 20,432

Participation rate

62.3 62.1 61.7 62.7 62.1 62.1 62.8 62.5 62.1

Employed

18,955 18,944 18,965 19,063 19,232 19,107 19,220 19,137 19,073

Employment-population ratio

58.1 57.6 57.6 58.4 58.4 58.0 58.5 58.2 57.9

Unemployed

1,392 1,497 1,364 1,389 1,219 1,353 1,408 1,437 1,359

Unemployment rate

6.8 7.3 6.7 6.8 6.0 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.7

Not in labor force

12,291 12,457 12,597 12,186 12,472 12,496 12,240 12,322 12,493

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,258 9,333 9,344 9,317 9,310 9,284 9,367 9,414 9,399

Participation rate

67.8 67.6 67.6 68.2 67.4 67.2 67.9 68.2 68.0

Employed

8,670 8,595 8,675 8,752 8,771 8,709 8,705 8,734 8,753

Employment-population ratio

63.5 62.3 62.8 64.1 63.5 63.0 63.1 63.3 63.3

Unemployed

588 738 669 565 539 575 662 680 646

Unemployment rate

6.4 7.9 7.2 6.1 5.8 6.2 7.1 7.2 6.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,335 10,358 10,324 10,319 10,303 10,359 10,419 10,366 10,316

Participation rate

62.7 62.3 62.1 62.6 62.0 62.2 62.8 62.4 62.0

Employed

9,720 9,793 9,777 9,718 9,789 9,749 9,847 9,822 9,777

Employment-population ratio

59.0 58.9 58.8 59.0 58.9 58.6 59.3 59.1 58.8

Unemployed

616 565 547 600 515 611 572 544 539

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.5 5.3 5.8 5.0 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

754 750 660 816 837 817 842 795 717

Participation rate

30.1 30.3 26.7 32.6 33.6 32.8 34.0 32.1 29.0

Employed

566 556 513 592 672 650 669 582 542

Employment-population ratio

22.6 22.5 20.7 23.6 27.0 26.1 27.0 23.5 21.9

Unemployed

189 194 148 224 165 167 173 213 174

Unemployment rate

25.0 25.9 22.4 27.4 19.7 20.5 20.6 26.8 24.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,983 16,055 16,245 15,983 16,096 16,138 16,034 16,055 16,245

Civilian labor force

10,138 10,383 10,447 10,097 10,334 10,262 10,298 10,369 10,402

Participation rate

63.4 64.7 64.3 63.2 64.2 63.6 64.2 64.6 64.0

Employed

9,833 10,053 10,133 9,786 10,050 9,929 9,978 10,045 10,082

Employment-population ratio

61.5 62.6 62.4 61.2 62.4 61.5 62.2 62.6 62.1

Unemployed

305 329 314 311 284 334 321 324 320

Unemployment rate

3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.7 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1

Not in labor force

5,845 5,672 5,798 5,886 5,762 5,876 5,736 5,686 5,843

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: April 05, 2019