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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2019
Sept.
2020
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Sept.
2020
Oct.
2020

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,172 201,515 201,610 201,172 201,233 201,319 201,417 201,515 201,610

Civilian labor force

127,165 124,095 124,735 127,122 124,009 123,618 124,471 124,213 124,694

Participation rate

63.2 61.6 61.9 63.2 61.6 61.4 61.8 61.6 61.8

Employed

123,402 115,603 117,599 123,028 111,538 112,226 115,354 115,496 117,181

Employment-population ratio

61.3 57.4 58.3 61.2 55.4 55.7 57.3 57.3 58.1

Unemployed

3,763 8,492 7,135 4,094 12,470 11,392 9,118 8,717 7,513

Unemployment rate

3.0 6.8 5.7 3.2 10.1 9.2 7.3 7.0 6.0

Not in labor force

74,007 77,420 76,876 74,050 77,224 77,701 76,946 77,302 76,916

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,081 64,919 65,076 66,115 64,688 64,420 64,911 64,976 65,145

Participation rate

71.7 70.3 70.4 71.7 70.1 69.8 70.3 70.3 70.5

Employed

64,316 60,904 61,491 64,173 58,898 59,054 60,425 60,738 61,335

Employment-population ratio

69.8 65.9 66.5 69.6 63.8 64.0 65.4 65.7 66.3

Unemployed

1,765 4,014 3,585 1,941 5,790 5,367 4,485 4,238 3,810

Unemployment rate

2.7 6.2 5.5 2.9 9.0 8.3 6.9 6.5 5.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

56,682 54,696 55,151 56,399 55,147 55,124 55,124 54,568 54,836

Participation rate

58.6 56.4 56.8 58.3 56.9 56.9 56.9 56.3 56.5

Employed

55,143 50,917 52,153 54,755 49,440 49,822 51,124 50,794 51,742

Employment-population ratio

57.0 52.5 53.7 56.6 51.1 51.4 52.7 52.4 53.3

Unemployed

1,539 3,779 2,998 1,644 5,707 5,302 4,000 3,774 3,094

Unemployment rate

2.7 6.9 5.4 2.9 10.3 9.6 7.3 6.9 5.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,402 4,481 4,507 4,608 4,174 4,074 4,437 4,669 4,714

Participation rate

36.0 36.9 37.1 37.6 34.4 33.6 36.6 38.5 38.8

Employed

3,943 3,782 3,955 4,099 3,201 3,350 3,805 3,965 4,105

Employment-population ratio

32.2 31.2 32.6 33.5 26.4 27.6 31.4 32.7 33.8

Unemployed

460 699 552 509 973 724 632 704 609

Unemployment rate

10.4 15.6 12.3 11.0 23.3 17.8 14.2 15.1 12.9

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,152 33,420 33,453 33,152 33,323 33,353 33,386 33,420 33,453

Civilian labor force

20,834 19,907 20,249 20,704 20,010 20,094 20,150 19,956 20,136

Participation rate

62.8 59.6 60.5 62.5 60.0 60.2 60.4 59.7 60.2

Employed

19,695 17,609 18,109 19,571 16,927 17,161 17,528 17,537 17,970

Employment-population ratio

59.4 52.7 54.1 59.0 50.8 51.5 52.5 52.5 53.7

Unemployed

1,139 2,298 2,140 1,133 3,083 2,933 2,621 2,420 2,166

Unemployment rate

5.5 11.5 10.6 5.5 15.4 14.6 13.0 12.1 10.8

Not in labor force

12,317 13,513 13,204 12,448 13,313 13,258 13,237 13,464 13,318

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,552 9,133 9,285 9,485 9,161 9,229 9,277 9,117 9,227

Participation rate

68.5 64.8 65.8 68.0 65.2 65.6 65.9 64.7 65.4

Employed

9,068 8,031 8,249 9,003 7,670 7,827 8,051 7,967 8,169

Employment-population ratio

65.0 57.0 58.5 64.6 54.6 55.7 57.2 56.5 57.9

Unemployed

484 1,102 1,036 482 1,492 1,402 1,225 1,150 1,057

Unemployment rate

5.1 12.1 11.2 5.1 16.3 15.2 13.2 12.6 11.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,567 10,102 10,245 10,494 10,113 10,156 10,174 10,116 10,180

Participation rate

63.1 59.7 60.5 62.6 60.0 60.2 60.2 59.8 60.1

Employed

10,039 9,026 9,296 9,984 8,693 8,785 8,949 8,997 9,244

Employment-population ratio

59.9 53.4 54.9 59.6 51.6 52.0 53.0 53.2 54.6

Unemployed

528 1,076 949 511 1,420 1,371 1,224 1,120 936

Unemployment rate

5.0 10.7 9.3 4.9 14.0 13.5 12.0 11.1 9.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

715 672 718 724 735 709 699 723 729

Participation rate

29.1 27.9 29.8 29.5 30.4 29.4 29.0 30.0 30.3

Employed

588 552 563 584 564 549 527 573 557

Employment-population ratio

23.9 22.9 23.4 23.8 23.3 22.7 21.9 23.8 23.1

Unemployed

127 120 155 141 171 160 172 150 172

Unemployment rate

17.8 17.8 21.6 19.4 23.2 22.5 24.6 20.7 23.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,399 16,668 16,542 16,399 16,471 16,420 16,597 16,668 16,542

Civilian labor force

10,669 10,507 10,365 10,713 10,108 10,408 10,595 10,501 10,398

Participation rate

65.1 63.0 62.7 65.3 61.4 63.4 63.8 63.0 62.9

Employed

10,371 9,581 9,588 10,409 8,717 9,163 9,462 9,568 9,611

Employment-population ratio

63.2 57.5 58.0 63.5 52.9 55.8 57.0 57.4 58.1

Unemployed

298 926 777 305 1,392 1,245 1,133 933 787

Unemployment rate

2.8 8.8 7.5 2.8 13.8 12.0 10.7 8.9 7.6

Not in labor force

5,730 6,162 6,177 5,686 6,362 6,012 6,001 6,167 6,145

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: November 06, 2020