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Economic News Release
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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Dec.
2018
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,774 201,254 201,326 200,774 200,953 201,062 201,172 201,254 201,326

Civilian labor force

126,072 127,170 126,758 126,546 126,853 127,018 127,122 127,191 127,197

Participation rate

62.8 63.2 63.0 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.2 63.2 63.2

Employed

121,900 123,397 122,919 122,209 122,566 122,955 123,028 123,077 123,175

Employment-population ratio

60.7 61.3 61.1 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.2 61.2 61.2

Unemployed

4,173 3,773 3,839 4,337 4,286 4,063 4,094 4,115 4,022

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2

Not in labor force

74,702 74,084 74,568 74,228 74,100 74,044 74,050 74,063 74,129

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,822 66,143 65,827 66,081 66,064 66,109 66,115 66,204 66,076

Participation rate

71.6 71.7 71.4 71.9 71.8 71.8 71.7 71.8 71.6

Employed

63,649 64,336 63,897 64,015 64,099 64,224 64,173 64,247 64,238

Employment-population ratio

69.2 69.8 69.3 69.6 69.6 69.7 69.6 69.7 69.6

Unemployed

2,174 1,807 1,930 2,066 1,965 1,886 1,941 1,957 1,839

Unemployment rate

3.3 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,939 56,591 56,509 55,894 56,152 56,348 56,399 56,299 56,429

Participation rate

58.0 58.5 58.4 57.9 58.1 58.3 58.3 58.2 58.3

Employed

54,368 55,095 55,086 54,144 54,379 54,709 54,755 54,666 54,827

Employment-population ratio

56.3 56.9 56.9 56.1 56.3 56.6 56.6 56.5 56.6

Unemployed

1,571 1,496 1,423 1,750 1,773 1,639 1,644 1,633 1,602

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,311 4,436 4,423 4,571 4,636 4,561 4,608 4,688 4,692

Participation rate

35.1 36.2 36.2 37.2 37.9 37.3 37.6 38.3 38.4

Employed

3,883 3,966 3,936 4,050 4,088 4,022 4,099 4,164 4,111

Employment-population ratio

31.6 32.4 32.2 32.9 33.4 32.9 33.5 34.0 33.6

Unemployed

428 470 486 521 548 539 509 524 581

Unemployment rate

9.9 10.6 11.0 11.4 11.8 11.8 11.0 11.2 12.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,956 33,184 33,215 32,956 33,081 33,116 33,152 33,184 33,215

Civilian labor force

20,325 20,670 20,855 20,422 20,604 20,685 20,704 20,675 20,949

Participation rate

61.7 62.3 62.8 62.0 62.3 62.5 62.5 62.3 63.1

Employed

19,067 19,587 19,692 19,082 19,485 19,550 19,571 19,527 19,712

Employment-population ratio

57.9 59.0 59.3 57.9 58.9 59.0 59.0 58.8 59.3

Unemployed

1,257 1,083 1,163 1,340 1,119 1,135 1,133 1,148 1,238

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.2 5.6 6.6 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.9

Not in labor force

12,632 12,515 12,360 12,534 12,477 12,431 12,448 12,509 12,266

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,214 9,475 9,500 9,304 9,487 9,488 9,485 9,504 9,591

Participation rate

66.7 67.9 68.0 67.3 68.2 68.1 68.0 68.1 68.6

Employed

8,645 9,024 8,965 8,712 8,937 8,976 9,003 9,019 9,034

Employment-population ratio

62.5 64.6 64.1 63.0 64.3 64.5 64.6 64.6 64.6

Unemployed

570 451 535 592 550 512 482 485 557

Unemployment rate

6.2 4.8 5.6 6.4 5.8 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,329 10,490 10,646 10,309 10,400 10,478 10,494 10,445 10,625

Participation rate

62.1 62.5 63.4 61.9 62.2 62.6 62.6 62.3 63.3

Employed

9,779 9,995 10,139 9,727 9,944 9,987 9,984 9,929 10,094

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.6 60.4 58.4 59.5 59.7 59.6 59.2 60.1

Unemployed

551 494 507 582 456 491 511 516 530

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 4.8 5.6 4.4 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

781 704 709 808 717 719 724 727 734

Participation rate

31.4 28.7 28.9 32.5 29.1 29.3 29.5 29.6 29.9

Employed

644 568 588 642 604 588 584 579 583

Employment-population ratio

25.9 23.1 24.0 25.8 24.6 23.9 23.8 23.6 23.8

Unemployed

137 137 121 166 113 132 141 147 151

Unemployment rate

17.5 19.4 17.1 20.5 15.8 18.3 19.4 20.3 20.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,138 16,558 16,482 16,138 16,433 16,400 16,399 16,558 16,482

Civilian labor force

10,250 10,666 10,443 10,287 10,527 10,521 10,713 10,705 10,478

Participation rate

63.5 64.4 63.4 63.7 64.1 64.2 65.3 64.7 63.6

Employed

9,928 10,391 10,189 9,951 10,227 10,262 10,409 10,429 10,214

Employment-population ratio

61.5 62.8 61.8 61.7 62.2 62.6 63.5 63.0 62.0

Unemployed

322 274 254 335 299 259 305 276 264

Unemployment rate

3.1 2.6 2.4 3.3 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.5

Not in labor force

5,888 5,892 6,040 5,852 5,906 5,879 5,686 5,852 6,004

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 10, 2020