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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
May
2019
June
2019
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,476 200,953 201,062 200,476 200,658 200,746 200,843 200,953 201,062

Civilian labor force

125,413 126,920 126,928 125,617 125,980 126,244 126,345 126,765 127,053

Participation rate

62.6 63.2 63.1 62.7 62.8 62.9 62.9 63.1 63.2

Employed

121,500 122,439 123,055 121,507 121,883 122,125 122,144 122,471 122,972

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.9 61.2 60.6 60.7 60.8 60.8 60.9 61.2

Unemployed

3,913 4,481 3,873 4,110 4,097 4,119 4,201 4,293 4,081

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.2

Not in labor force

75,063 74,033 74,133 74,858 74,678 74,502 74,498 74,188 74,008

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,625 66,119 66,100 65,661 65,973 65,928 65,994 66,066 66,134

Participation rate

71.5 71.8 71.8 71.5 71.8 71.7 71.7 71.8 71.8

Employed

63,796 64,252 64,380 63,664 64,042 64,009 64,005 64,094 64,246

Employment-population ratio

69.5 69.8 69.9 69.4 69.7 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.7

Unemployed

1,829 1,867 1,720 1,996 1,931 1,919 1,989 1,972 1,888

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,404 55,839 56,449 55,378 55,526 55,704 55,663 56,063 56,356

Participation rate

57.5 57.8 58.4 57.5 57.5 57.7 57.6 58.0 58.3

Employed

53,811 53,798 54,807 53,792 53,869 53,993 53,988 54,286 54,707

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.7 56.7 55.8 55.8 55.9 55.9 56.2 56.6

Unemployed

1,594 2,042 1,643 1,586 1,657 1,711 1,675 1,776 1,649

Unemployment rate

2.9 3.7 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.2 2.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,383 4,962 4,379 4,578 4,482 4,612 4,687 4,636 4,563

Participation rate

35.6 40.5 35.8 37.2 36.6 37.7 38.3 37.9 37.3

Employed

3,893 4,389 3,868 4,051 3,972 4,123 4,151 4,091 4,019

Employment-population ratio

31.6 35.9 31.6 32.9 32.4 33.7 33.9 33.4 32.8

Unemployed

490 573 511 527 510 489 536 545 545

Unemployment rate

11.2 11.5 11.7 11.5 11.4 10.6 11.4 11.8 11.9

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,848 33,081 33,116 32,848 32,984 33,014 33,045 33,081 33,116

Civilian labor force

20,484 20,645 20,656 20,504 20,562 20,430 20,714 20,588 20,669

Participation rate

62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.3 61.9 62.7 62.2 62.4

Employed

19,295 19,503 19,611 19,265 19,280 19,199 19,481 19,463 19,540

Employment-population ratio

58.7 59.0 59.2 58.6 58.5 58.2 59.0 58.8 59.0

Unemployed

1,189 1,143 1,045 1,239 1,282 1,231 1,233 1,125 1,129

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.5 5.1 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.5

Not in labor force

12,365 12,435 12,460 12,345 12,421 12,584 12,331 12,492 12,447

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,369 9,546 9,509 9,349 9,422 9,303 9,502 9,490 9,490

Participation rate

68.0 68.7 68.3 67.9 68.0 67.1 68.4 68.3 68.2

Employed

8,842 9,005 9,032 8,800 8,833 8,768 8,953 8,931 8,975

Employment-population ratio

64.2 64.8 64.9 63.9 63.8 63.2 64.5 64.2 64.5

Unemployed

526 540 477 549 589 535 549 559 515

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.7 5.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,421 10,346 10,480 10,422 10,469 10,396 10,421 10,379 10,460

Participation rate

62.8 61.9 62.6 62.8 62.8 62.3 62.4 62.1 62.5

Employed

9,892 9,858 10,024 9,874 9,934 9,846 9,877 9,926 9,978

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.0 59.9 59.5 59.6 59.0 59.2 59.4 59.6

Unemployed

529 488 456 548 535 550 544 453 482

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.7 4.3 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2 4.4 4.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

694 753 668 733 671 731 790 719 719

Participation rate

27.8 30.6 27.2 29.4 27.2 29.7 32.1 29.2 29.3

Employed

560 639 556 591 513 586 650 605 587

Employment-population ratio

22.5 26.0 22.6 23.7 20.8 23.8 26.4 24.6 23.9

Unemployed

134 114 112 141 158 145 140 113 132

Unemployment rate

19.3 15.2 16.8 19.3 23.5 19.9 17.7 15.7 18.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,011 16,433 16,400 16,011 16,361 16,557 16,399 16,433 16,400

Civilian labor force

10,289 10,554 10,518 10,303 10,304 10,526 10,449 10,524 10,519

Participation rate

64.3 64.2 64.1 64.3 63.0 63.6 63.7 64.0 64.1

Employed

9,933 10,248 10,261 9,943 10,046 10,303 10,160 10,225 10,260

Employment-population ratio

62.0 62.4 62.6 62.1 61.4 62.2 62.0 62.2 62.6

Unemployed

356 306 257 360 258 222 289 299 258

Unemployment rate

3.5 2.9 2.4 3.5 2.5 2.1 2.8 2.8 2.5

Not in labor force

5,722 5,879 5,881 5,709 6,058 6,032 5,950 5,909 5,881

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: October 04, 2019