Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2017
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

199,298 200,476 200,596 199,298 200,132 200,236 200,356 200,476 200,596

Civilian labor force

124,777 125,413 126,018 124,757 125,784 125,720 125,306 125,483 126,027

Participation rate

62.6 62.6 62.8 62.6 62.9 62.8 62.5 62.6 62.8

Employed

120,692 121,500 122,170 120,400 121,347 121,506 121,027 121,398 121,904

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.6 60.9 60.4 60.6 60.7 60.4 60.6 60.8

Unemployed

4,085 3,913 3,848 4,356 4,437 4,214 4,279 4,085 4,123

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3

Not in labor force

74,520 75,063 74,578 74,541 74,348 74,517 75,049 74,993 74,569

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,318 65,625 65,737 65,244 65,855 65,614 65,505 65,611 65,724

Participation rate

71.7 71.5 71.6 71.6 71.9 71.6 71.4 71.5 71.5

Employed

63,380 63,796 63,933 63,155 63,695 63,690 63,486 63,629 63,760

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.5 69.6 69.3 69.5 69.5 69.2 69.3 69.4

Unemployed

1,937 1,829 1,803 2,090 2,159 1,924 2,019 1,982 1,964

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.8 2.7 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,149 55,404 55,941 55,014 55,420 55,534 55,351 55,297 55,752

Participation rate

57.5 57.5 58.0 57.4 57.6 57.7 57.5 57.4 57.8

Employed

53,515 53,811 54,325 53,298 53,608 53,746 53,592 53,722 54,067

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.8 56.3 55.6 55.7 55.8 55.6 55.7 56.1

Unemployed

1,635 1,594 1,615 1,715 1,812 1,787 1,759 1,575 1,685

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.8 3.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,310 4,383 4,341 4,499 4,510 4,572 4,450 4,574 4,552

Participation rate

34.9 35.6 35.3 36.5 36.6 37.2 36.2 37.2 37.0

Employed

3,798 3,893 3,911 3,947 4,044 4,069 3,949 4,046 4,078

Employment-population ratio

30.8 31.6 31.8 32.0 32.8 33.1 32.1 32.9 33.1

Unemployed

513 490 429 552 466 502 501 528 474

Unemployment rate

11.9 11.2 9.9 12.3 10.3 11.0 11.3 11.5 10.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,370 32,848 32,887 32,370 32,737 32,771 32,810 32,848 32,887

Civilian labor force

20,264 20,484 20,706 20,134 20,364 20,495 20,404 20,513 20,590

Participation rate

62.6 62.4 63.0 62.2 62.2 62.5 62.2 62.4 62.6

Employed

18,744 19,295 19,397 18,654 19,045 19,144 19,114 19,272 19,310

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.7 59.0 57.6 58.2 58.4 58.3 58.7 58.7

Unemployed

1,520 1,189 1,309 1,479 1,319 1,351 1,289 1,240 1,280

Unemployment rate

7.5 5.8 6.3 7.3 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.2

Not in labor force

12,106 12,365 12,181 12,236 12,373 12,276 12,406 12,336 12,297

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,276 9,369 9,477 9,218 9,162 9,320 9,407 9,359 9,426

Participation rate

68.6 68.0 68.7 68.2 66.8 67.9 68.4 68.0 68.4

Employed

8,580 8,842 8,862 8,539 8,573 8,751 8,841 8,813 8,836

Employment-population ratio

63.4 64.2 64.3 63.1 62.5 63.7 64.3 64.0 64.1

Unemployed

696 526 615 679 589 569 566 546 590

Unemployment rate

7.5 5.6 6.5 7.4 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,291 10,421 10,415 10,204 10,406 10,426 10,361 10,427 10,337

Participation rate

63.0 62.8 62.7 62.5 63.0 63.0 62.5 62.9 62.3

Employed

9,609 9,892 9,892 9,560 9,838 9,793 9,766 9,874 9,834

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.6 59.6 58.5 59.5 59.2 59.0 59.5 59.2

Unemployed

682 529 523 644 568 633 595 554 503

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.1 5.0 6.3 5.5 6.1 5.7 5.3 4.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

697 694 815 712 796 750 635 726 827

Participation rate

27.8 27.8 32.7 28.4 31.9 30.0 25.5 29.1 33.2

Employed

555 560 643 555 635 600 508 585 640

Employment-population ratio

22.1 22.5 25.8 22.1 25.4 24.1 20.3 23.5 25.7

Unemployed

142 134 172 157 162 149 128 140 187

Unemployment rate

20.4 19.3 21.1 22.0 20.3 19.9 20.1 19.3 22.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,466 16,011 16,030 15,466 15,934 15,922 16,093 16,011 16,030

Civilian labor force

9,794 10,289 10,213 9,864 10,140 10,153 10,259 10,300 10,284

Participation rate

63.3 64.3 63.7 63.8 63.6 63.8 63.7 64.3 64.2

Employed

9,507 9,933 9,899 9,565 9,817 9,838 9,950 9,938 9,959

Employment-population ratio

61.5 62.0 61.8 61.8 61.6 61.8 61.8 62.1 62.1

Unemployed

288 356 314 299 322 314 309 362 324

Unemployment rate

2.9 3.5 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.5 3.2

Not in labor force

5,671 5,722 5,817 5,602 5,794 5,769 5,834 5,712 5,746

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: November 02, 2018