Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2021
June
2022
July
2022
July
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
June
2022
July
2022

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,888 203,125 203,229 201,888 202,932 202,982 203,039 203,125 203,229

Civilian labor force

125,285 126,371 126,611 124,293 126,364 125,664 125,772 125,706 125,705

Participation rate

62.1 62.2 62.3 61.6 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9

Employed

118,974 121,949 122,376 118,304 122,357 121,606 121,724 121,587 121,822

Employment-population ratio

58.9 60.0 60.2 58.6 60.3 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.9

Unemployed

6,311 4,422 4,235 5,990 4,007 4,058 4,048 4,119 3,884

Unemployment rate

5.0 3.5 3.3 4.8 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1

Not in labor force

76,602 76,754 76,618 77,594 76,568 77,319 77,267 77,419 77,524

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,140 65,607 65,662 64,817 66,059 65,540 65,653 65,556 65,430

Participation rate

70.3 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.6 70.0 70.1 70.0 69.8

Employed

62,093 63,653 63,763 61,699 64,043 63,521 63,620 63,529 63,464

Employment-population ratio

67.0 67.9 68.0 66.6 68.4 67.8 67.9 67.8 67.7

Unemployed

3,048 1,954 1,899 3,118 2,015 2,020 2,033 2,027 1,966

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.0 2.9 4.8 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,594 55,099 55,243 54,922 55,376 55,215 55,315 55,318 55,565

Participation rate

56.2 56.8 57.0 56.5 57.2 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.3

Employed

51,831 53,334 53,489 52,466 53,803 53,656 53,731 53,727 54,123

Employment-population ratio

53.3 55.0 55.2 54.0 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.4 55.8

Unemployed

2,763 1,765 1,754 2,456 1,572 1,559 1,583 1,591 1,442

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.2 3.2 4.5 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,551 5,665 5,706 4,555 4,930 4,909 4,804 4,832 4,711

Participation rate

46.0 45.4 45.7 37.8 39.5 39.4 38.5 38.7 37.7

Employed

5,050 4,961 5,124 4,140 4,510 4,429 4,373 4,331 4,235

Employment-population ratio

41.9 39.7 41.0 34.3 36.2 35.5 35.1 34.7 33.9

Unemployed

501 703 582 415 420 480 431 501 476

Unemployment rate

9.0 12.4 10.2 9.1 8.5 9.8 9.0 10.4 10.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,619 34,107 34,138 33,619 34,030 34,055 34,079 34,107 34,138

Civilian labor force

20,692 21,379 21,418 20,431 21,134 21,209 21,475 21,213 21,174

Participation rate

61.6 62.7 62.7 60.8 62.1 62.3 63.0 62.2 62.0

Employed

18,883 20,082 20,027 18,765 19,825 19,963 20,141 19,975 19,907

Employment-population ratio

56.2 58.9 58.7 55.8 58.3 58.6 59.1 58.6 58.3

Unemployed

1,809 1,297 1,391 1,666 1,309 1,246 1,335 1,238 1,268

Unemployment rate

8.7 6.1 6.5 8.2 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.0

Not in labor force

12,926 12,728 12,720 13,187 12,895 12,846 12,604 12,895 12,964

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,503 9,945 9,853 9,412 9,817 9,969 9,983 9,866 9,764

Participation rate

66.9 68.6 67.9 66.2 67.9 68.9 68.9 68.1 67.3

Employed

8,699 9,429 9,297 8,614 9,264 9,360 9,416 9,342 9,212

Employment-population ratio

61.2 65.0 64.1 60.6 64.1 64.7 65.0 64.4 63.5

Unemployed

804 516 556 798 553 608 566 524 552

Unemployment rate

8.5 5.2 5.6 8.5 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,284 10,612 10,664 10,285 10,569 10,555 10,731 10,628 10,688

Participation rate

60.4 61.9 62.2 60.4 61.8 61.7 62.7 62.0 62.3

Employed

9,426 9,998 10,032 9,514 9,984 10,022 10,102 10,030 10,119

Employment-population ratio

55.4 58.4 58.5 55.9 58.4 58.6 59.0 58.6 59.0

Unemployed

858 614 632 771 585 533 629 598 569

Unemployment rate

8.3 5.8 5.9 7.5 5.5 5.0 5.9 5.6 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

905 822 901 734 749 686 762 719 722

Participation rate

37.9 33.2 36.3 30.8 30.3 27.7 30.8 29.0 29.1

Employed

758 655 698 637 577 581 622 603 576

Employment-population ratio

31.8 26.4 28.1 26.7 23.3 23.5 25.1 24.3 23.2

Unemployed

147 167 203 98 172 104 140 116 146

Unemployment rate

16.3 20.3 22.6 13.3 22.9 15.2 18.3 16.1 20.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,514 16,910 16,920 16,514 16,803 16,826 16,815 16,910 16,920

Civilian labor force

10,703 10,954 11,050 10,652 10,761 10,837 10,912 10,894 10,980

Participation rate

64.8 64.8 65.3 64.5 64.0 64.4 64.9 64.4 64.9

Employed

10,118 10,602 10,731 10,100 10,460 10,504 10,651 10,565 10,693

Employment-population ratio

61.3 62.7 63.4 61.2 62.3 62.4 63.3 62.5 63.2

Unemployed

585 352 319 552 300 333 261 330 287

Unemployment rate

5.5 3.2 2.9 5.2 2.8 3.1 2.4 3.0 2.6

Not in labor force

5,811 5,956 5,870 5,863 6,042 5,989 5,903 6,016 5,940

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: August 05, 2022