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Economic News Release
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Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2022
Sept.
2022
Oct.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

8,762 8,918 8,829 8,746 8,990 9,141 8,901 8,885 8,814

Participation rate

44.9 45.8 46.1 44.8 45.7 46.6 45.6 45.6 46.0

Employed

8,044 8,428 8,267 8,194 8,491 8,574 8,506 8,443 8,417

Employment-population ratio

41.2 43.3 43.1 42.0 43.1 43.7 43.5 43.4 43.9

Unemployed

719 490 562 551 499 567 395 442 397

Unemployment rate

8.2 5.5 6.4 6.3 5.5 6.2 4.4 5.0 4.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,764 35,532 35,983 36,994 35,282 35,070 35,192 35,605 36,189

Participation rate

56.7 56.1 56.1 57.1 56.2 55.9 55.7 56.2 56.4

Employed

34,877 34,270 34,457 35,312 33,975 33,692 33,816 34,339 34,836

Employment-population ratio

53.8 54.1 53.7 54.5 54.1 53.7 53.5 54.2 54.3

Unemployed

1,887 1,262 1,526 1,682 1,307 1,378 1,377 1,266 1,353

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.6 4.2 4.5 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

35,182 35,849 35,952 35,347 35,575 35,806 35,880 35,789 36,082

Participation rate

62.9 62.8 63.2 63.2 62.7 62.7 62.9 62.7 63.5

Employed

33,871 34,851 34,859 34,106 34,558 34,734 34,748 34,735 35,046

Employment-population ratio

60.5 61.0 61.3 60.9 60.9 60.8 60.9 60.8 61.7

Unemployed

1,311 998 1,093 1,242 1,017 1,071 1,133 1,054 1,036

Unemployment rate

3.7 2.8 3.0 3.5 2.9 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

61,803 63,241 62,863 61,737 63,519 63,312 63,041 63,150 62,854

Participation rate

72.7 72.8 72.7 72.6 72.9 72.7 72.5 72.7 72.7

Employed

60,349 62,156 61,526 60,343 62,381 62,089 61,781 61,947 61,591

Employment-population ratio

71.0 71.5 71.1 71.0 71.6 71.3 71.1 71.3 71.2

Unemployed

1,454 1,085 1,338 1,394 1,138 1,223 1,260 1,203 1,263

Unemployment rate

2.4 1.7 2.1 2.3 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 03, 2023