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Economic News Release
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Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2018
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,265 9,778 9,918 10,246 10,020 9,917 9,783 9,761 9,895

Participation rate

46.0 46.6 46.6 46.0 47.1 45.9 47.2 46.5 46.5

Employed

9,604 9,279 9,330 9,654 9,478 9,440 9,240 9,245 9,379

Employment-population ratio

43.1 44.2 43.8 43.3 44.5 43.7 44.6 44.1 44.0

Unemployed

661 498 588 592 542 477 543 516 516

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.1 5.9 5.8 5.4 4.8 5.5 5.3 5.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,011 36,238 35,923 36,186 36,313 36,305 36,263 36,178 36,094

Participation rate

57.8 58.1 58.2 58.1 57.3 57.8 57.8 58.0 58.5

Employed

34,631 34,977 34,585 34,814 35,011 34,990 34,928 34,850 34,764

Employment-population ratio

55.6 56.1 56.0 55.9 55.3 55.7 55.6 55.9 56.3

Unemployed

1,380 1,260 1,337 1,372 1,302 1,315 1,335 1,328 1,330

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,132 37,626 37,499 37,160 37,701 37,455 37,585 37,478 37,509

Participation rate

65.6 65.0 64.7 65.6 65.6 65.1 64.8 64.7 64.7

Employed

35,952 36,572 36,516 35,936 36,558 36,370 36,515 36,393 36,491

Employment-population ratio

63.5 63.2 63.0 63.5 63.6 63.2 63.0 62.9 63.0

Unemployed

1,180 1,054 983 1,224 1,143 1,085 1,069 1,085 1,018

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.8 2.6 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

58,701 60,112 60,174 58,535 58,866 59,159 59,555 59,924 59,938

Participation rate

73.6 74.2 73.8 73.4 74.0 74.0 73.9 74.0 73.5

Employed

57,519 59,024 59,096 57,264 57,630 57,966 58,319 58,750 58,778

Employment-population ratio

72.1 72.8 72.5 71.8 72.4 72.5 72.3 72.5 72.1

Unemployed

1,182 1,088 1,079 1,271 1,236 1,193 1,235 1,174 1,160

Unemployment rate

2.0 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 10, 2020