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Economic News Release
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Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Jan.
2023
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

8,829 9,417 9,281 8,812 9,203 9,312 9,492 9,384 9,271

Participation rate

46.1 47.6 47.1 46.0 47.0 48.0 48.3 47.5 47.1

Employed

8,267 8,803 8,562 8,414 8,698 8,771 8,891 8,819 8,715

Employment-population ratio

43.1 44.5 43.5 43.9 44.4 45.2 45.2 44.6 44.3

Unemployed

562 613 719 398 506 542 601 564 556

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.5 7.7 4.5 5.5 5.8 6.3 6.0 6.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,983 35,662 35,853 36,095 36,198 35,637 35,790 35,748 35,927

Participation rate

56.1 57.0 56.9 56.2 56.8 56.9 57.3 57.1 57.0

Employed

34,457 34,167 34,116 34,737 34,708 34,195 34,327 34,247 34,385

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.6 54.2 54.1 54.5 54.6 55.0 54.7 54.6

Unemployed

1,526 1,495 1,736 1,358 1,490 1,442 1,463 1,501 1,543

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.2 4.8 3.8 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

35,952 35,765 36,167 36,068 35,918 35,814 35,874 35,737 36,205

Participation rate

63.2 62.4 62.6 63.4 62.7 62.2 62.1 62.4 62.6

Employed

34,859 34,715 34,922 35,023 34,843 34,691 34,866 34,623 35,020

Employment-population ratio

61.3 60.6 60.4 61.6 60.8 60.3 60.4 60.4 60.6

Unemployed

1,093 1,050 1,245 1,045 1,076 1,123 1,009 1,114 1,184

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.9 3.4 2.9 3.0 3.1 2.8 3.1 3.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

62,863 64,293 64,039 62,975 64,234 64,504 64,452 64,297 64,195

Participation rate

72.7 72.3 72.6 72.8 73.4 72.8 72.7 72.3 72.7

Employed

61,526 63,053 62,621 61,697 62,851 63,133 63,091 62,933 62,836

Employment-population ratio

71.1 70.9 71.0 71.3 71.8 71.2 71.2 70.8 71.2

Unemployed

1,338 1,239 1,418 1,278 1,383 1,371 1,360 1,364 1,359

Unemployment rate

2.1 1.9 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 02, 2024