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Economic News Release
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Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2021

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,578 18,914 16,678 16,905 1,900 2,009

Civilian labor force

9,072 8,995 7,974 7,820 1,098 1,176

Participation rate

48.8 47.6 47.8 46.3 57.8 58.5

Employed

8,703 8,544 7,653 7,403 1,051 1,141

Employment-population ratio

46.8 45.2 45.9 43.8 55.3 56.8

Unemployed

368 452 321 417 47 35

Unemployment rate

4.1 5.0 4.0 5.3 4.3 2.9

Not in labor force

9,506 9,919 8,704 9,085 802 833

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,267 4,622 3,551 3,833 716 789

Civilian labor force

3,394 3,637 2,864 3,103 530 534

Participation rate

79.5 78.7 80.6 81.0 74.0 67.7

Employed

3,254 3,414 2,756 2,900 497 514

Employment-population ratio

76.2 73.9 77.6 75.7 69.4 65.1

Unemployed

140 223 107 203 33 20

Unemployment rate

4.1 6.1 3.7 6.5 6.2 3.8

Not in labor force

873 985 687 730 186 255

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,249 3,315 2,711 2,776 538 539

Civilian labor force

2,437 2,455 2,087 2,063 350 392

Participation rate

75.0 74.1 77.0 74.3 65.0 72.8

Employed

2,359 2,345 2,021 1,964 338 381

Employment-population ratio

72.6 70.8 74.6 70.7 62.8 70.8

Unemployed

78 110 66 99 12 11

Unemployment rate

3.2 4.5 3.2 4.8 3.4 2.8

Not in labor force

812 860 624 713 188 146

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,941 6,804 6,699 6,541 242 263

Civilian labor force

1,327 1,141 1,303 1,106 24 35

Participation rate

19.1 16.8 19.5 16.9 9.8 13.3

Employed

1,273 1,090 1,249 1,059 24 31

Employment-population ratio

18.3 16.0 18.7 16.2 9.8 11.9

Unemployed

54 51 54 47 0 3

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.4 4.1 4.3 - -

Not in labor force

5,614 5,663 5,396 5,435 218 228

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,121 4,173 3,717 3,755 404 418

Civilian labor force

1,914 1,762 1,719 1,548 195 214

Participation rate

46.4 42.2 46.3 41.2 48.2 51.3

Employed

1,817 1,694 1,626 1,480 192 214

Employment-population ratio

44.1 40.6 43.7 39.4 47.5 51.3

Unemployed

97 68 94 68 3 0

Unemployment rate

5.0 3.9 5.5 4.4 1.4 0.0

Not in labor force

2,207 2,411 1,998 2,207 209 204

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

232,458 233,443 104,614 104,963 127,844 128,480

Civilian labor force

151,507 149,422 77,080 76,020 74,427 73,403

Participation rate

65.2 64.0 73.7 72.4 58.2 57.1

Employed

144,827 140,208 73,417 71,012 71,410 69,196

Employment-population ratio

62.3 60.1 70.2 67.7 55.9 53.9

Unemployed

6,679 9,215 3,663 5,008 3,017 4,207

Unemployment rate

4.4 6.2 4.8 6.6 4.1 5.7

Not in labor force

80,951 84,021 27,534 28,943 53,417 55,077

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000). Updated population controls introduced with the release of January 2021 data.

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Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021