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Economic News Release
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Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2020

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

18,776 18,422 16,890 16,515 1,886 1,907

Civilian labor force

9,196 8,821 8,110 7,796 1,086 1,025

Participation rate

49.0 47.9 48.0 47.2 57.6 53.8

Employed

8,873 8,261 7,821 7,320 1,052 941

Employment-population ratio

47.3 44.8 46.3 44.3 55.8 49.4

Unemployed

323 560 289 476 34 84

Unemployment rate

3.5 6.4 3.6 6.1 3.2 8.2

Not in labor force

9,580 9,601 8,780 8,719 800 882

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,360 4,578 3,619 3,833 740 744

Civilian labor force

3,478 3,637 2,989 3,171 490 467

Participation rate

79.8 79.5 82.6 82.7 66.2 62.7

Employed

3,339 3,382 2,866 2,936 473 446

Employment-population ratio

76.6 73.9 79.2 76.6 63.9 59.9

Unemployed

140 256 123 235 17 21

Unemployment rate

4.0 7.0 4.1 7.4 3.4 4.5

Not in labor force

881 940 631 663 251 278

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,059 3,002 2,567 2,479 493 524

Civilian labor force

2,336 2,214 1,998 1,841 338 372

Participation rate

76.4 73.7 77.8 74.3 68.6 71.0

Employed

2,257 2,110 1,927 1,782 330 328

Employment-population ratio

73.8 70.3 75.1 71.9 67.0 62.7

Unemployed

80 104 71 60 8 44

Unemployment rate

3.4 4.7 3.6 3.2 2.5 11.8

Not in labor force

723 789 569 637 155 152

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,162 6,776 6,915 6,539 247 237

Civilian labor force

1,429 1,165 1,380 1,142 49 23

Participation rate

19.9 17.2 20.0 17.5 19.8 9.7

Employed

1,387 1,093 1,345 1,073 43 20

Employment-population ratio

19.4 16.1 19.4 16.4 17.4 8.4

Unemployed

41 72 35 69 6 3

Unemployment rate

2.9 6.2 2.6 6.0 - -

Not in labor force

5,733 5,611 5,535 5,397 198 214

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

4,195 4,066 3,789 3,664 406 402

Civilian labor force

1,953 1,806 1,744 1,642 209 164

Participation rate

46.6 44.4 46.0 44.8 51.5 40.7

Employed

1,890 1,677 1,684 1,529 206 148

Employment-population ratio

45.1 41.2 44.4 41.7 50.8 36.7

Unemployed

63 129 59 113 3 16

Unemployment rate

3.2 7.1 3.4 6.9 1.5 9.8

Not in labor force

2,242 2,260 2,045 2,022 197 238

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

232,023 233,177 104,201 105,012 127,821 128,165

Civilian labor force

152,502 149,789 77,872 76,683 74,630 73,106

Participation rate

65.7 64.2 74.7 73.0 58.4 57.0

Employed

146,893 136,921 75,226 70,410 71,667 66,511

Employment-population ratio

63.3 58.7 72.2 67.0 56.1 51.9

Unemployed

5,609 12,868 2,646 6,273 2,963 6,595

Unemployment rate

3.7 8.6 3.4 8.2 4.0 9.0

Not in labor force

79,520 83,388 26,329 28,329 53,191 55,059

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000). Updated population controls introduced with the release of January 2020 data.

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Last Modified Date: September 23, 2020