Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2019
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sept.
2020
Oct.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,752 7,219 7,264 2,703 10,248 9,039 7,685 7,468 7,210

On temporary layoff

873 2,615 3,124 788 6,175 4,624 3,231 2,762 3,039

Not on temporary layoff

1,879 4,603 4,141 1,914 4,074 4,415 4,454 4,705 4,171

Permanent job losers

1,296 3,647 3,342 1,325 3,326 3,661 3,620 3,718 3,370

Persons who completed temporary jobs

583 956 798 590 747 754 834 987 802

Job leavers

776 680 706 814 595 808 763 698 743

Reentrants

1,524 1,855 2,044 1,734 2,104 2,123 2,017 1,968 2,250

New entrants

452 511 389 574 549 535 526 551 509

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

50.0 70.3 69.8 46.4 75.9 72.3 69.9 69.9 67.3

On temporary layoff

15.9 25.5 30.0 13.5 45.8 37.0 29.4 25.9 28.4

Not on temporary layoff

34.1 44.8 39.8 32.9 30.2 35.3 40.5 44.0 38.9

Job leavers

14.1 6.6 6.8 14.0 4.4 6.5 6.9 6.5 6.9

Reentrants

27.7 18.1 19.7 29.8 15.6 17.0 18.3 18.4 21.0

New entrants

8.2 5.0 3.7 9.9 4.1 4.3 4.8 5.2 4.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

1.7 4.5 4.5 1.6 6.4 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.5

Job leavers

0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Reentrants

0.9 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.4

New entrants

0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: January 08, 2021