Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.1 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

4.5 4.1 4.1 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

4.9 4.4 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

5.6 5.0 5.0 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.4 8.1 8.1 9.7 9.4 9.2 8.9 8.6 8.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: June 02, 2017