Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2016
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

1.9 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.2 2.2 1.9 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

4.8 4.5 4.1 4.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.1 4.8 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

5.9 5.4 5.0 6.0 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.3 8.6 8.0 9.7 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.3

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: October 06, 2017