Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links
CES CES Program Links

Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

99,321 99,172 40,431 40,206 58,890 58,965

Persons who currently want a job

8,633 6,869 4,301 3,365 4,332 3,503

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,486 1,856 1,380 1,027 1,106 829

Discouraged workers(2)

684 631 395 419 289 212

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,803 1,225 985 608 818 617

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,114 6,987 2,986 3,462 3,128 3,525

Percent of total employed

4.3 4.6 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.9

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,428 3,882 1,835 2,085 1,594 1,797

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,503 1,694 479 619 1,023 1,075

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

320 423 211 238 108 186

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

817 926 434 486 383 440

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: July 02, 2021