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Economic News Release
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Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
May
2021
May
2022
May
2021
May
2022
May
2021
May
2022

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

100,603 99,521 41,040 41,158 59,563 58,364

Persons who currently want a job

7,087 6,180 3,482 2,996 3,605 3,184

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,872 1,417 1,018 758 854 659

Discouraged workers(2)

551 379 317 207 234 172

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,321 1,038 701 551 620 487

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,249 7,313 3,570 3,545 3,679 3,768

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 5.2 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,041 4,295 2,143 2,184 1,898 2,112

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,668 1,714 574 607 1,094 1,107

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

373 372 226 261 147 110

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,093 868 592 462 501 406

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: June 03, 2022