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Economic News Release
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Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2024
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2024
Jan.
2023
Jan.
2024

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

100,892 101,113 42,156 42,422 58,736 58,691

Persons who currently want a job

5,466 5,964 2,722 2,828 2,744 3,135

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,434 1,757 730 856 704 901

Discouraged workers(2)

349 466 233 284 117 182

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,085 1,292 498 572 587 719

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,877 8,133 3,847 3,957 4,030 4,176

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.1 4.6 4.7 5.4 5.5

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,418 4,602 2,367 2,496 2,051 2,106

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,862 2,048 634 729 1,228 1,319

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

343 416 214 245 129 171

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,212 1,011 610 466 602 545

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 02, 2024