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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Workers who could work at home, did work at home, and were paid for work at home, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 1. Workers who could work at home, did work at home, and were paid for work at home, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total workers
(in thousands)
Workers who could work at home
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Workers who did work at home
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Percent distribution by whether
at-home work was for pay
Total Paid Unpaid Both

Age

Total, 15 years and over

144,295 41,571 28.8 35,724 24.8 100.0 66.8 21.4 11.8

15 to 24 years

21,296 1,429 6.7 1,122 5.3 s s s s

25 to 34 years

33,682 10,566 31.4 8,595 25.5 100.0 68.9 19.0 12.1

35 to 44 years

30,159 10,923 36.2 9,766 32.4 100.0 67.5 19.9 12.6

45 to 54 years

29,484 9,576 32.5 8,417 28.5 100.0 65.0 22.8 12.2

55 to 64 years

22,514 7,253 32.2 6,237 27.7 100.0 67.6 22.6 9.8

65 years and over

7,160 1,823 25.5 1,587 22.2 100.0 54.9 35.0 10.1

Sex

Men

74,830 21,849 29.2 18,726 25.0 100.0 67.3 20.7 12.0

Women

69,465 19,722 28.4 16,998 24.5 100.0 66.2 22.2 11.6

Race(1)

White

115,129 34,390 29.9 29,460 25.6 100.0 66.7 20.9 12.4

Black or African American

17,924 3,522 19.7 3,158 17.6 100.0 66.8 25.3 7.9

Asian

7,849 2,902 37.0 2,486 31.7 100.0 71.9 18.6 9.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(2)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

24,375 3,961 16.2 3,197 13.1 100.0 63.7 27.5 8.8

Non-Hispanic or Latino

119,920 37,610 31.4 32,526 27.1 100.0 67.1 20.8 12.1

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

6,743 280 4.2 215 3.2 s s s s

High school graduates, no college

31,425 3,956 12.6 2,900 9.2 100.0 77.7 18.9 3.4

Some college or associate degree

29,407 7,118 24.2 5,729 19.5 100.0 70.3 18.9 10.8

Bachelor's degree and higher

55,424 28,788 51.9 25,758 46.5 100.0 64.8 22.4 12.8

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

47,693 16,477 34.5 14,506 30.4 100.0 67.6 20.7 11.7

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

10,003 3,315 33.1 3,031 30.3 100.0 67.3 22.6 10.2

Parent of a child under 13 years

37,690 13,163 34.9 11,475 30.4 100.0 67.6 20.3 12.1

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

96,602 25,094 26.0 21,218 22.0 100.0 66.2 21.9 11.9

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

22,754 13,679 60.1 11,664 51.3 100.0 67.4 20.3 12.3

Professional and related

40,284 17,108 42.5 15,294 38.0 100.0 64.3 23.5 12.2

Services

23,548 1,468 6.2 1,201 5.1 100.0 70.4 25.1 4.6

Sales and related

11,290 3,205 28.4 2,813 24.9 100.0 62.9 21.1 16.0

Office and administrative support

18,967 4,602 24.3 3,525 18.6 100.0 77.5 14.6 7.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

5,853 469 8.0 381 6.5 s s s s

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4,053 390 9.6 300 7.4 s s s s

Production

8,560 374 4.4 320 3.7 s s s s

Transportation and material moving

7,859 234 3.0 202 2.6 s s s s

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

1,634 182 11.1 170 10.4 s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s

Construction

6,860 1,177 17.2 989 14.4 100.0 58.7 27.2 14.1

Manufacturing

16,185 4,905 30.3 4,166 25.7 100.0 72.8 16.4 10.9

Wholesale and retail trade

18,030 2,975 16.5 2,511 13.9 100.0 71.3 16.7 12.0

Transportation and utilities

7,357 1,033 14.0 922 12.5 100.0 62.9 25.0 12.0

Information

2,685 1,432 53.3 1,212 45.1 100.0 75.0 12.7 12.3

Financial activities

10,370 5,949 57.4 4,838 46.7 100.0 70.0 15.5 14.5

Professional and business services

16,778 8,955 53.4 7,957 47.4 100.0 81.1 8.6 10.2

Education and health services

37,294 9,652 25.9 8,823 23.7 100.0 49.6 37.6 12.7

Leisure and hospitality

13,450 1,179 8.8 913 6.8 s s s s

Other services

5,475 1,518 27.7 1,236 22.6 100.0 66.2 24.3 9.5

Public administration

7,552 2,253 29.8 1,650 21.8 100.0 67.2 17.0 15.8

Class of worker

Private sector

118,872 34,884 29.3 29,983 25.2 100.0 70.9 18.3 10.8

Private, for profit

107,072 30,638 28.6 26,229 24.5 100.0 71.7 17.2 11.1

Private, not for profit

11,800 4,247 36.0 3,754 31.8 100.0 65.4 26.3 8.3

Public sector

25,423 6,687 26.3 5,741 22.6 100.0 45.2 37.7 17.2

Federal government

4,595 1,444 31.4 1,128 24.5 100.0 78.1 14.1 7.9

State government

8,807 3,155 35.8 2,792 31.7 100.0 42.1 38.6 19.3

Local government

12,022 2,087 17.4 1,822 15.2 100.0 29.6 50.8 19.6

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(3)

Full-time workers

106,369 34,678 32.6 29,627 27.9 100.0 65.3 21.9 12.9

Part-time workers

25,882 3,540 13.7 3,082 11.9 100.0 72.9 22.0 5.2

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers
(single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

25,200 2,314 9.2 1,656 6.6 100.0 60.9 33.0 6.1

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

26,521 5,337 20.1 4,119 15.5 100.0 63.7 27.6 8.7

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

27,193 10,148 37.3 8,609 31.7 100.0 66.9 20.2 12.9

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

27,454 16,879 61.5 15,242 55.5 100.0 65.2 20.0 14.7

Work schedule flexibility(4)

Had flexible schedule

81,533 34,243 42.0 29,753 36.5 100.0 71.1 16.0 12.9

Did not have flexible schedule

62,762 7,328 11.7 5,971 9.5 100.0 45.2 48.5 6.3

(1) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the totals because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(3) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(4) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 24, 2019