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Economic News Release
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Table 2. Main reason workers worked at home by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 2. Main reason workers worked at home by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total,
workers who
did work at
home (in
thousands)
Percent distribution by main reason for working at home
Total Finish or
catch up
on work
Job
requires
working at
home
Coordinate
work schedule
with personal
or family
needs
Reduce
commuting
time or
expense
Personal
preference
Weather Other

Age

Total, 15 years and over

35,724 100.0 23.0 16.0 22.4 9.3 23.9 3.7 1.8

15 to 24 years

1,122 s s s s s s s s

25 to 34 years

8,595 100.0 24.3 12.2 22.1 9.2 27.0 4.1 1.2

35 to 44 years

9,766 100.0 23.8 15.8 27.6 9.4 20.3 1.9 1.2

45 to 54 years

8,417 100.0 22.7 15.6 21.6 10.9 23.1 4.2 2.0

55 to 64 years

6,237 100.0 23.1 18.0 18.5 8.6 23.3 5.4 3.1

65 years and over

1,587 100.0 21.6 24.5 9.9 5.9 28.9 5.3 4.0

Sex

Men

18,726 100.0 20.7 16.3 20.3 9.9 26.6 4.0 2.1

Women

16,998 100.0 25.5 15.5 24.8 8.5 20.9 3.4 1.4

Race(1)

White

29,460 100.0 23.6 15.8 21.6 9.2 24.8 3.7 1.4

Black or African American

3,158 100.0 22.5 24.0 16.1 10.0 17.2 4.5 5.6

Asian

2,486 100.0 13.4 9.8 39.1 10.5 22.0 3.1 2.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(2)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

3,197 100.0 30.3 16.2 20.0 7.6 22.4 2.1 1.4

Non-Hispanic or Latino

32,526 100.0 22.3 15.9 22.7 9.4 24.0 3.9 1.8

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

215 s s s s s s s s

High school graduates, no college

2,900 100.0 21.4 24.4 22.6 7.1 14.6 2.7 7.1

Some college or associate degree

5,729 100.0 18.9 18.2 25.0 8.0 20.8 6.5 2.7

Bachelor's degree and higher

25,758 100.0 24.6 14.0 21.8 10.1 25.1 3.3 1.1

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

14,506 100.0 24.0 15.5 29.4 8.8 18.8 2.1 1.5

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

3,031 100.0 25.7 18.9 19.0 8.3 22.5 4.1 1.5

Parent of a child under 13 years

11,475 100.0 23.6 14.6 32.2 8.9 17.8 1.6 1.5

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

21,218 100.0 22.3 16.3 17.7 9.6 27.4 4.8 2.0

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

11,664 100.0 22.4 15.0 25.7 9.5 23.1 3.7 0.5

Professional and related

15,294 100.0 25.9 12.3 21.5 10.4 25.2 2.5 2.2

Services

1,201 100.0 21.2 32.3 9.4 10.5 15.0 1.0 10.7

Sales and related

2,813 100.0 19.7 27.6 13.2 9.0 24.0 5.1 1.4

Office and administrative support

3,525 100.0 17.0 18.7 30.7 4.8 21.1 7.1 0.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

381 s s s s s s s s

Installation, maintenance, and repair

300 s s s s s s s s

Production

320 s s s s s s s s

Transportation and material moving

202 s s s s s s s s

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

170 s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s

Construction

989 100.0 20.7 8.7 26.1 9.5 20.7 9.1 5.2

Manufacturing

4,166 100.0 16.4 18.2 28.7 6.1 23.0 6.2 1.4

Wholesale and retail trade

2,511 100.0 27.5 17.1 25.6 7.7 19.6 1.8 0.7

Transportation and utilities

922 100.0 25.3 19.5 19.1 9.7 18.3 8.0 z

Information

1,212 100.0 18.2 13.8 27.9 17.2 19.3 1.0 2.6

Financial activities

4,838 100.0 12.4 16.7 25.8 10.6 26.6 7.0 0.9

Professional and business services

7,957 100.0 16.6 15.9 25.3 11.2 27.6 2.4 1.0

Education and health services

8,823 100.0 38.5 13.4 15.7 4.4 23.3 2.6 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

913 s s s s s s s s

Other services

1,236 100.0 21.9 20.2 18.7 10.2 23.0 1.9 4.1

Public administration

1,650 100.0 15.1 19.5 15.2 25.2 19.0 3.2 2.8

Class of worker

Private sector

29,983 100.0 20.4 16.8 24.0 8.9 24.2 3.8 1.9

Private, for profit

26,229 100.0 19.1 17.3 25.0 9.6 23.7 3.8 1.5

Private, not for profit

3,754 100.0 29.3 13.4 17.4 3.8 27.6 3.9 4.6

Public sector

5,741 100.0 36.8 11.4 14.2 11.4 22.2 3.0 1.0

Federal government

1,128 100.0 14.5 18.0 12.4 27.8 19.4 7.5 0.4

State government

2,792 100.0 37.0 8.6 14.0 7.4 31.3 1.2 0.5

Local government

1,822 100.0 50.2 11.7 15.6 7.4 9.9 2.8 2.3

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(3)

Full-time workers

29,627 100.0 23.8 14.9 22.5 9.5 23.4 3.9 1.9

Part-time workers

3,082 100.0 13.9 28.3 25.4 5.8 23.9 1.6 1.2

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

1,656 100.0 23.9 27.8 12.3 4.1 23.7 6.0 2.2

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

4,119 100.0 31.6 17.0 20.2 4.8 20.6 3.4 2.3

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

8,609 100.0 25.5 14.7 23.1 8.5 19.6 5.9 2.7

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

15,242 100.0 20.7 13.1 23.8 11.9 26.3 2.7 1.3

Work schedule flexibility(4)

Had flexible schedule

29,753 100.0 19.2 16.2 24.1 9.9 25.7 3.4 1.5

Did not have flexible schedule

5,971 100.0 41.7 14.9 14.2 6.2 14.8 5.3 2.9

(1) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the total because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(3) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(4) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
z - Estimate is approximately zero.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 24, 2019