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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Workers who worked at home and how often they worked exclusively at home by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 3. Workers who worked at home and how often they worked exclusively at home by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total
workers
(in thou-
sands)
Workers who did work at home
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Workers with days they worked exclusively at home(1)
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent
of total
workers
Percent distribution by how often they worked exclusively at home(1)
Total Less
than
once per
month
Once a
month
Every 2
weeks
At least 1
day per
week
1 to 2
days per
week
3 to 4
days per
week
5 or more
days per
week

Age

Total, 15 years and over

144,295 35,724 24.8 21,273 14.7 100.0 18.4 13.5 13.1 10.2 17.4 12.8 14.5

15 to 24 years

21,296 1,122 5.3 672 3.2 s s s s s s s s

25 to 34 years

33,682 8,595 25.5 5,363 15.9 100.0 22.1 13.7 13.0 12.5 18.0 10.2 10.6

35 to 44 years

30,159 9,766 32.4 5,988 19.9 100.0 20.6 16.0 13.7 9.8 14.6 10.7 14.6

45 to 54 years

29,484 8,417 28.5 5,045 17.1 100.0 17.0 13.9 12.2 9.5 16.9 12.7 17.9

55 to 64 years

22,514 6,237 27.7 3,278 14.6 100.0 12.9 7.7 17.2 10.9 19.6 15.2 16.5

65 years and over

7,160 1,587 22.2 927 12.9 100.0 14.8 8.5 7.8 6.9 31.3 16.8 13.9

Sex

Men

74,830 18,726 25.0 11,305 15.1 100.0 19.6 15.4 14.0 10.4 15.7 12.4 12.6

Women

69,465 16,998 24.5 9,967 14.3 100.0 16.9 11.3 12.2 10.1 19.5 13.3 16.7

Race(2)

White

115,129 29,460 25.6 17,436 15.1 100.0 19.1 13.4 12.6 10.1 17.3 13.5 13.9

Black or African American

17,924 3,158 17.6 2,001 11.2 100.0 11.3 10.5 14.0 6.9 23.8 8.4 25.1

Asian

7,849 2,486 31.7 1,521 19.4 100.0 17.6 21.0 16.7 15.8 12.4 5.8 10.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

24,375 3,197 13.1 1,401 5.7 100.0 9.2 10.2 9.0 12.3 22.5 22.0 14.9

Non-Hispanic or Latino

119,920 32,526 27.1 19,871 16.6 100.0 19.0 13.7 13.4 10.1 17.1 12.1 14.5

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

6,743 215 3.2 89 1.3 s s s s s s s s

High school graduates, no college

31,425 2,900 9.2 1,479 4.7 100.0 17.2 7.7 15.7 11.1 12.4 9.9 26.0

Some college or associate degree

29,407 5,729 19.5 3,072 10.4 100.0 19.1 12.7 10.9 7.5 17.0 12.9 19.8

Bachelor's degree and higher

55,424 25,758 46.5 15,960 28.8 100.0 18.7 13.9 13.8 11.0 18.2 12.1 12.3

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

47,693 14,506 30.4 8,717 18.3 100.0 20.1 15.4 12.3 11.5 16.6 9.3 14.8

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

10,003 3,031 30.3 1,946 19.5 100.0 20.0 12.1 9.4 9.5 20.8 12.8 15.5

Parent of a child under 13 years

37,690 11,475 30.4 6,771 18.0 100.0 20.2 16.4 13.1 12.0 15.4 8.3 14.6

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

96,602 21,218 22.0 12,556 13.0 100.0 17.1 12.2 13.7 9.4 18.0 15.2 14.3

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

22,754 11,664 51.3 7,021 30.9 100.0 18.8 16.0 14.7 9.6 19.2 8.8 12.8

Professional and related

40,284 15,294 38.0 9,523 23.6 100.0 19.0 15.2 12.2 11.0 16.1 12.2 14.3

Services

23,548 1,201 5.1 576 2.4 s s s s s s s s

Sales and related

11,290 2,813 24.9 1,791 15.9 100.0 10.6 5.7 15.8 9.0 17.3 25.5 16.0

Office and administrative support

18,967 3,525 18.6 1,847 9.7 100.0 18.1 8.4 11.4 9.4 14.7 22.3 15.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

5,853 381 6.5 208 3.6 s s s s s s s s

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4,053 300 7.4 61 1.5 s s s s s s s s

Production

8,560 320 3.7 151 1.8 s s s s s s s s

Transportation and material moving

7,859 202 2.6 83 1.1 s s s s s s s s

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

1,634 170 10.4 72 4.4 s s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s s s s s

Construction

6,860 989 14.4 400 5.8 s s s s s s s s

Manufacturing

16,185 4,166 25.7 2,539 15.7 100.0 26.1 19.0 8.2 14.6 13.5 8.7 9.8

Wholesale and retail trade

18,030 2,511 13.9 1,355 7.5 100.0 21.6 8.9 15.9 7.5 20.5 14.1 11.5

Transportation and utilities

7,357 922 12.5 561 7.6 s s s s s s s s

Information

2,685 1,212 45.1 818 30.5 s s s s s s s s

Financial activities

10,370 4,838 46.7 3,131 30.2 100.0 14.1 7.6 12.4 8.9 25.9 13.7 17.5

Professional and business services

16,778 7,957 47.4 5,517 32.9 100.0 19.1 13.4 15.1 8.1 15.1 12.7 16.5

Education and health services

37,294 8,823 23.7 4,441 11.9 100.0 16.2 15.8 10.6 10.4 17.3 12.9 16.7

Leisure and hospitality

13,450 913 6.8 496 3.7 s s s s s s s s

Other services

5,475 1,236 22.6 678 12.4 s s s s s s s s

Public administration

7,552 1,650 21.8 1,063 14.1 100.0 19.2 12.6 13.5 14.6 23.1 8.9 8.2

Class of worker

Private sector

118,872 29,983 25.2 18,248 15.4 100.0 18.5 13.1 13.4 9.8 16.9 12.6 15.6

Private, for profit

107,072 26,229 24.5 16,119 15.1 100.0 19.1 12.9 13.6 10.2 16.9 12.4 14.9

Private, not for profit

11,800 3,754 31.8 2,129 18.0 100.0 14.2 14.8 11.8 6.3 16.9 14.4 21.5

Public sector

25,423 5,741 22.6 3,024 11.9 100.0 17.6 15.7 11.4 13.2 20.7 13.7 7.7

Federal government

4,595 1,128 24.5 760 16.5 s s s s s s s s

State government

8,807 2,792 31.7 1,648 18.7 100.0 20.5 18.3 9.0 16.0 17.1 14.0 5.1

Local government

12,022 1,822 15.2 616 5.1 s s s s s s s s

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

106,369 29,627 27.9 17,596 16.5 100.0 19.7 15.0 14.6 10.3 17.1 10.6 12.9

Part-time workers

25,882 3,082 11.9 1,933 7.5 100.0 9.9 5.2 4.2 7.6 16.9 33.0 23.2

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

25,200 1,656 6.6 1,021 4.1 s s s s s s s s

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

26,521 4,119 15.5 1,960 7.4 100.0 19.7 6.8 11.5 7.9 18.2 17.0 18.9

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

27,193 8,609 31.7 4,951 18.2 100.0 26.3 15.8 14.7 8.4 15.6 6.7 12.5

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

27,454 15,242 55.5 9,664 35.2 100.0 16.3 16.4 15.4 11.6 18.6 11.6 10.1

Work schedule flexibility(5)

Had flexible schedule

81,533 29,753 36.5 18,945 23.2 100.0 17.3 13.7 13.6 10.3 17.7 13.3 14.0

Did not have flexible schedule

62,762 5,971 9.5 2,328 3.7 100.0 26.9 11.8 9.2 9.5 15.6 8.3 18.7

(1) Includes workers who performed all of their work at home, regardless of how long they worked.
(2) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the totals because data are not presented for all races.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(5) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 24, 2019