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Table 4. Workers with flexible schedules, how often they could vary their schedules, and presence of a formal arrangement, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 4. Workers with flexible schedules, how often they could vary their schedules, and presence of a formal arrangement, by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total
workers
(in thou-
sands)
Workers with flexible schedules(1)
Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Percent distribution by how often
workers could vary their schedules
With formal flexible schedules
Total Fre-
quently
Occasion-
ally
Rarely Total (in
thou-
sands)
Percent of
total
workers
Percent of
all workers
with flexible
schedules

Age

Total, 15 years and over

144,295 81,533 56.5 100.0 34.8 46.0 19.2 23,516 16.3 28.8

15 to 24 years

21,296 13,393 62.9 100.0 28.9 50.5 20.7 4,376 20.6 32.7

25 to 34 years

33,682 18,831 55.9 100.0 33.7 46.5 19.8 5,915 17.6 31.4

35 to 44 years

30,159 17,316 57.4 100.0 37.2 45.6 17.1 4,633 15.4 26.8

45 to 54 years

29,484 15,693 53.2 100.0 36.7 44.5 18.7 4,225 14.3 26.9

55 to 64 years

22,514 12,038 53.5 100.0 34.1 45.0 20.9 3,441 15.3 28.6

65 years and over

7,160 4,263 59.5 100.0 42.2 39.5 18.3 926 12.9 21.7

Sex

Men

74,830 42,784 57.2 100.0 37.2 44.7 18.1 11,325 15.1 26.5

Women

69,465 38,749 55.8 100.0 32.1 47.4 20.5 12,191 17.6 31.5

Race(2)

White

115,129 65,273 56.7 100.0 36.3 46.1 17.6 17,608 15.3 27.0

Black or African American

17,924 9,803 54.7 100.0 26.4 45.2 28.4 4,087 22.8 41.7

Asian

7,849 4,297 54.7 100.0 33.4 45.6 21.0 1,279 16.3 29.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

24,375 12,274 50.4 100.0 24.1 49.9 26.0 4,079 16.7 33.2

Non-Hispanic or Latino

119,920 69,259 57.8 100.0 36.6 45.3 18.0 19,437 16.2 28.1

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

6,743 2,523 37.4 100.0 26.2 45.8 28.0 752 11.2 29.8

High school graduates, no college

31,425 14,695 46.8 100.0 24.2 44.9 30.9 4,271 13.6 29.1

Some college or associate degree

29,407 15,667 53.3 100.0 30.4 49.9 19.7 4,213 14.3 26.9

Bachelor's degree and higher

55,424 35,255 63.6 100.0 44.0 43.0 13.0 9,903 17.9 28.1

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

47,693 26,506 55.6 100.0 35.6 45.3 19.0 7,179 15.1 27.1

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

10,003 5,397 54.0 100.0 32.9 49.0 18.1 1,541 15.4 28.6

Parent of a child under 13 years

37,690 21,109 56.0 100.0 36.3 44.4 19.3 5,638 15.0 26.7

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

96,602 55,027 57.0 100.0 34.3 46.3 19.3 16,337 16.9 29.7

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

22,754 16,808 73.9 100.0 41.0 46.0 12.9 4,360 19.2 25.9

Professional and related

40,284 23,025 57.2 100.0 43.6 40.9 15.4 6,995 17.4 30.4

Services

23,548 12,895 54.8 100.0 25.7 49.8 24.5 3,632 15.4 28.2

Sales and related

11,290 7,612 67.4 100.0 38.8 45.2 16.0 2,441 21.6 32.1

Office and administrative support

18,967 10,858 57.2 100.0 22.0 53.1 24.9 3,327 17.5 30.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

5,853 1,980 33.8 100.0 31.6 36.5 31.9 323 5.5 16.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4,053 1,813 44.7 100.0 28.3 38.7 33.0 476 11.7 26.3

Production

8,560 2,680 31.3 100.0 25.3 46.4 28.4 666 7.8 24.9

Transportation and material moving

7,859 3,402 43.3 100.0 23.5 53.2 23.2 1,185 15.1 34.8

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

1,634 831 50.9 s s s s s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s s

Construction

6,860 2,954 43.1 100.0 35.8 37.7 26.5 396 5.8 13.4

Manufacturing

16,185 8,346 51.6 100.0 39.9 40.9 19.2 2,169 13.4 26.0

Wholesale and retail trade

18,030 10,925 60.6 100.0 29.0 50.3 20.6 3,458 19.2 31.6

Transportation and utilities

7,357 3,516 47.8 100.0 27.4 53.8 18.8 1,462 19.9 41.6

Information

2,685 1,803 67.2 100.0 38.2 53.3 8.5 351 13.1 19.5

Financial activities

10,370 7,068 68.2 100.0 37.7 49.6 12.7 2,029 19.6 28.7

Professional and business services

16,778 12,065 71.9 100.0 45.4 42.0 12.7 3,030 18.1 25.1

Education and health services

37,294 16,931 45.4 100.0 34.5 43.8 21.7 5,033 13.5 29.7

Leisure and hospitality

13,450 8,953 66.6 100.0 25.4 50.8 23.9 2,308 17.2 25.8

Other services

5,475 3,434 62.7 100.0 31.0 51.8 17.3 781 14.3 22.8

Public administration

7,552 4,306 57.0 100.0 32.1 41.6 26.3 2,244 29.7 52.1

Class of worker

Private sector

118,872 70,707 59.5 100.0 35.1 46.3 18.6 18,792 15.8 26.6

Private, for profit

107,072 64,079 59.8 100.0 34.5 46.5 19.0 17,293 16.2 27.0

Private, not for profit

11,800 6,628 56.2 100.0 40.7 44.5 14.8 1,499 12.7 22.6

Public sector

25,423 10,826 42.6 100.0 32.5 44.2 23.3 4,724 18.6 43.6

Federal government

4,595 2,676 58.2 100.0 36.1 42.1 21.7 1,577 34.3 58.9

State government

8,807 4,165 47.3 100.0 37.7 44.9 17.4 1,652 18.8 39.7

Local government

12,022 3,984 33.1 100.0 24.7 45.0 30.4 1,494 12.4 37.5

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

106,369 57,954 54.5 100.0 34.0 46.6 19.4 16,727 15.7 28.9

Part-time workers

25,882 16,749 64.7 100.0 34.6 46.4 19.0 4,797 18.5 28.6

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

25,200 11,227 44.6 100.0 19.3 50.2 30.6 4,159 16.5 37.0

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

26,521 12,708 47.9 100.0 25.0 50.8 24.3 3,359 12.7 26.4

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

27,193 14,680 54.0 100.0 34.1 48.4 17.5 4,069 15.0 27.7

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

27,454 19,340 70.4 100.0 48.5 40.4 11.1 5,139 18.7 26.6

Workplace flexibility(5)

Could work at home

41,571 34,243 82.4 100.0 48.6 39.8 11.7 9,365 22.5 27.3

Could not work at home

102,338 47,072 46.0 100.0 24.7 50.6 24.7 14,084 13.8 29.9

(1) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
(2) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the totals because data are not presented for all races.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(5) The subcategories do not sum to the totals because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 24, 2019