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Economic News Release
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Table 5. How far in advance workers knew their work schedules by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 5. How far in advance workers knew their work schedules by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total workers
(in thousands)
Percent distribution by how far in advance workers knew their work schedules
Total Less than 1 week 1 to 2 weeks 2 to 4 weeks 4 weeks or more

Age

Total, 15 years and over

144,295 100.0 18.7 16.4 9.7 55.2

15 to 24 years

21,296 100.0 23.6 30.4 16.6 29.4

25 to 34 years

33,682 100.0 16.4 16.4 9.6 57.6

35 to 44 years

30,159 100.0 16.8 12.6 8.3 62.3

45 to 54 years

29,484 100.0 18.0 13.5 6.9 61.5

55 to 64 years

22,514 100.0 19.3 11.7 8.6 60.4

65 years and over

7,160 100.0 23.4 18.3 9.9 48.4

Sex

Men

74,830 100.0 23.5 17.8 8.4 50.2

Women

69,465 100.0 13.5 14.9 11.0 60.6

Race(1)

White

115,129 100.0 18.6 16.1 9.4 55.9

Black or African American

17,924 100.0 20.8 16.6 9.3 53.3

Asian

7,849 100.0 13.8 19.0 14.5 52.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(2)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

24,375 100.0 23.0 21.2 7.3 48.5

Non-Hispanic or Latino

119,920 100.0 17.8 15.4 10.2 56.6

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

6,743 100.0 31.1 16.2 4.2 48.5

High school graduates, no college

31,425 100.0 21.8 16.3 8.9 53.1

Some college or associate degree

29,407 100.0 17.1 13.8 9.3 59.7

Bachelor's degree and higher

55,424 100.0 14.4 12.6 8.3 64.8

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

47,693 100.0 17.4 13.4 8.6 60.6

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

10,003 100.0 16.0 12.0 8.4 63.6

Parent of a child under 13 years

37,690 100.0 17.8 13.8 8.7 59.8

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

96,602 100.0 19.3 17.9 10.2 52.6

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

22,754 100.0 18.1 14.2 8.5 59.2

Professional and related

40,284 100.0 12.1 11.6 8.7 67.6

Services

23,548 100.0 23.2 25.8 12.5 38.6

Sales and related

11,290 100.0 21.0 28.2 20.5 30.4

Office and administrative support

18,967 100.0 12.2 13.9 9.7 64.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

5,853 100.0 39.6 13.1 4.1 43.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4,053 100.0 23.0 9.4 8.6 59.0

Production

8,560 100.0 18.6 14.7 2.9 63.9

Transportation and material moving

7,859 100.0 33.3 17.3 7.5 41.9

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

1,634 100.0 36.5 14.6 2.3 46.6

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s

Construction

6,860 100.0 39.9 13.0 4.6 42.6

Manufacturing

16,185 100.0 19.7 13.7 6.6 60.1

Wholesale and retail trade

18,030 100.0 16.3 25.5 20.2 38.0

Transportation and utilities

7,357 100.0 27.4 12.8 5.4 54.4

Information

2,685 100.0 17.7 17.0 8.5 56.8

Financial activities

10,370 100.0 15.4 14.3 7.1 63.2

Professional and business services

16,778 100.0 24.2 13.6 7.0 55.2

Education and health services

37,294 100.0 10.7 10.6 8.3 70.4

Leisure and hospitality

13,450 100.0 26.4 34.9 14.4 24.4

Other services

5,475 100.0 16.0 20.2 12.1 51.6

Public administration

7,552 100.0 10.2 9.6 8.7 71.5

Class of worker

Private sector

118,872 100.0 20.5 17.8 10.3 51.4

Private, for profit

107,072 100.0 21.7 18.4 10.5 49.3

Private, not for profit

11,800 100.0 9.1 12.5 8.4 70.1

Public sector

25,423 100.0 10.3 9.8 6.7 73.2

Federal government

4,595 100.0 11.1 13.8 9.9 65.2

State government

8,807 100.0 11.9 9.7 3.8 74.7

Local government

12,022 100.0 8.9 8.4 7.5 75.2

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(3)

Full-time workers

106,369 100.0 17.6 14.0 8.2 60.2

Part-time workers

25,882 100.0 22.9 27.3 14.5 35.2

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers
(single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

25,200 100.0 18.7 19.8 10.8 50.7

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

26,521 100.0 16.0 12.4 8.3 63.3

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

27,193 100.0 17.5 11.5 6.1 65.0

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

27,454 100.0 18.2 12.8 7.9 61.1

Work schedule flexibility(4)

Had flexible schedule

81,533 100.0 21.6 20.2 10.8 47.4

Did not have flexible schedule

62,762 100.0 15.0 11.5 8.2 65.3

Worker had input into schedule

10,681 100.0 16.2 13.4 12.1 58.3

Employer decided schedule

51,255 100.0 14.5 11.1 7.5 66.9

Workplace flexibility(5)

Could work at home

41,571 100.0 19.3 13.9 7.1 59.7

Could not work at home

102,338 100.0 18.5 17.5 10.7 53.4

(1) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the total because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(3) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(4) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working. Estimates for workers who did not have flexible schedules do not sum to the total because data are not presented for all response options.
(5) The subcategories do not sum to the total because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 24, 2019