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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Workers with access to paid leave by selected characteristics, averages for the periods 2011 and 2017-2018

Table 1. Workers with access to paid leave by selected characteristics, averages for the periods 2011 and 2017-2018
Characteristic Percent of workers with access to paid leave
2011(1) 2017-18(1) Change from 2011 to 2017-18
(percentage points)(2)
Yes No Do not
know
Yes No Do not
know
Yes No Do not
know

Age

Total, 15 years and over

60.2 38.4 1.2 66.0 32.9 1.1 5.8 -5.5 -0.1

15 to 24 years

25.9 71.0 3.0 35.4 62.0 2.6 9.4 -9.0 -0.4

25 to 34 years

63.9 35.0 0.9 70.3 29.1 0.6 6.4 -5.9 -0.2

35 to 44 years

67.3 31.5 0.8 71.7 27.4 0.9 4.4 -4.1 0.1

45 to 54 years

71.5 28.1 0.4 74.4 24.4 1.2 2.9 -3.6 0.7

55 to 64 years

66.7 31.7 1.1 74.2 24.9 0.9 7.5 -6.8 -0.2

65 years and over

46.6 51.3 1.8 51.7 48.2 0.1 5.0 -3.1 -1.7

Sex

Men

61.9 36.9 1.0 66.8 32.3 0.9 4.9 -4.6 -0.1

Women

58.3 40.1 1.4 65.0 33.6 1.3 6.8 -6.5 0.0

Race

White

60.2 38.5 1.2 66.3 32.6 1.1 6.1 -5.8 -0.1

Black or African American

60.9 37.9 1.0 62.6 36.3 1.2 1.7 -1.7 0.2

Asian

64.8 34.1 0.2 71.5 27.9 0.6 6.7 -6.2 0.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

43.6 54.5 1.9 49.9 48.4 1.7 6.3 -6.1 -0.2

Non-Hispanic or Latino

62.8 35.9 1.0 69.2 29.8 1.0 6.4 -6.1 -0.1

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

35.0 63.8 1.2 38.9 57.8 3.3 3.9 -5.9 2.1

High school graduates, no college

62.5 36.9 0.5 64.0 35.2 0.8 1.5 -1.7 0.4

Some college or associate degree

68.0 30.8 0.9 71.8 27.4 0.8 3.9 -3.5 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

74.1 24.6 1.0 79.0 20.4 0.6 4.9 -4.2 -0.4

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

65.0 34.2 0.7 70.2 28.9 1.0 5.2 -5.3 0.3

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

68.1 31.6 0.3 70.4 29.1 0.5 2.3 -2.5 0.2

Parent of a child under 13 years

64.2 34.8 0.8 70.1 28.8 1.1 5.9 -6.0 0.3

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

57.7 40.6 1.4 63.9 34.9 1.2 6.1 -5.7 -0.2

Occupation

Management, business, and financial operations

81.5 17.1 0.9 81.5 17.8 0.7 0.0 0.7 -0.2

Professional and related

71.0 27.9 0.8 75.8 23.6 0.5 4.9 -4.2 -0.3

Services

36.0 62.0 2.0 43.2 54.3 2.5 7.2 -7.7 0.5

Sales and related

46.0 50.6 3.3 55.7 41.6 2.7 9.7 -9.0 -0.6

Office and administrative support

66.4 32.7 0.6 71.1 28.3 0.6 4.7 -4.5 0.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry

s s s s s s s s s

Construction and extraction

37.0 62.6 0.4 35.8 64.0 0.3 -1.3 1.4 -0.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

71.1 28.7 0.1 79.2 19.6 1.2 8.1 -9.1 1.1

Production

63.6 35.7 0.7 70.2 28.9 0.9 6.5 -6.7 0.2

Transportation and material moving

58.7 40.6 0.5 55.7 43.3 0.9 -3.0 2.8 0.4

Industry

Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting

s s s 44.9 53.5 1.6 s s s

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

s s s s s s s s s

Construction

41.1 58.2 0.5 43.3 56.2 0.5 2.2 -2.0 -0.1

Manufacturing

73.8 25.3 0.8 79.8 19.7 0.5 6.0 -5.6 -0.3

Wholesale and retail trade

54.4 42.7 2.9 61.3 36.7 2.0 6.9 -6.0 -0.9

Transportation and utilities

73.1 26.4 z 73.2 26.3 0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Information

62.4 36.5 1.1 80.1 19.9 z 17.7 -16.6 -1.1

Financial activities

81.1 18.1 0.2 78.8 20.0 1.1 -2.3 1.9 1.0

Professional and business services

59.1 39.5 1.4 70.0 29.0 1.1 10.9 -10.6 -0.3

Education and health services

65.9 33.2 0.6 69.5 29.6 0.9 3.6 -3.6 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 71.8 3.2 33.4 64.0 2.6 8.8 -7.9 -0.6

Other services

43.4 56.3 0.2 44.8 54.6 0.7 1.3 -1.8 0.4

Public administration

89.2 10.7 0.2 88.0 11.3 0.6 -1.2 0.7 0.5

Class of worker

Private sector

56.8 41.7 1.3 63.1 35.7 1.2 6.3 -6.0 0.0

Private, for profit

56.2 42.2 1.4 62.6 36.1 1.3 6.4 -6.1 -0.1

Private, not for profit

63.0 36.7 0.3 68.2 31.4 0.4 5.2 -5.2 0.1

Public sector

76.1 23.1 0.7 79.2 20.2 0.6 3.2 -2.9 -0.1

Federal government

86.3 12.0 1.7 91.3 8.7 z 5.0 -3.3 -1.7

State government

75.3 24.2 0.5 74.6 24.5 0.9 -0.6 0.2 0.4

Local government

73.1 26.0 0.6 78.0 21.4 0.6 4.9 -4.6 0.1

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

72.7 26.2 0.9 77.0 22.2 0.8 4.3 -4.0 0.0

Part-time workers

22.7 74.4 2.7 23.3 74.1 2.5 0.6 -0.3 -0.1

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers
(single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

50.1 48.2 1.5 56.5 42.1 1.3 6.4 -6.1 -0.2

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

77.1 21.9 0.9 80.0 19.2 0.8 2.9 -2.7 -0.1

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

81.2 17.8 0.7 83.9 15.5 0.6 2.7 -2.3 -0.1

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

82.8 16.4 0.4 86.0 13.5 0.6 3.1 -3.0 0.2

(1) The subcategories do not sum to 100 percent because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
(2) Changes were calculated using unrounded estimates for 2011 and 2017-18, and thus they sometimes differ from calculations based on the estimates shown in this table.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
z - Estimate is approximately zero.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: August 29, 2019