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Table 3. Workers with access to paid or unpaid leave and their ability to use leave by reason, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 3. Workers with access to paid or unpaid leave and their ability to use leave by reason, averages for the period 2017-2018
Leave types and reasons Percent of workers with access to leave
Yes, could use leave No, could not use leave It depends Did not know
Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women

Workers with access to paid leave

Ability to use paid leave by reason:

Own illness or medical care

93.7 92.2 95.3 5.5 6.9 3.9 - - - 0.8 0.9 0.7

Illness or medical care of another family member

78.0 75.8 80.3 16.2 18.1 14.0 - - - 5.9 6.1 5.7

Childcare, other than for illness(1)

64.7 66.5 62.5 31.1 29.9 32.5 - - - 4.2 3.6 5.0

Eldercare(2)

64.0 63.8 64.2 28.0 29.9 26.3 - - - 8.0 6.3 9.5

Vacation

94.7 96.0 93.2 4.9 3.6 6.3 - - - 0.4 0.4 0.5

Errands or personal reasons

70.4 71.2 69.4 27.6 27.2 28.1 - - - 2.0 1.6 2.6

Birth or adoption of a child

75.8 74.6 77.1 14.9 16.8 12.8 - - - 9.3 8.7 10.1

Workers with access to unpaid leave

Ability to use unpaid leave by reason:

Own illness or medical care

92.8 92.1 93.5 2.9 3.5 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.6 1.9

Illness or medical care of another family member

85.9 85.3 86.5 5.7 5.9 5.4 3.3 3.6 3.0 5.1 5.2 5.1

Childcare, other than for illness(1)

73.8 74.4 73.3 14.8 14.8 14.8 4.5 4.4 4.6 6.8 6.4 7.2

Eldercare(2)

75.7 79.7 72.7 12.4 10.9 13.6 3.8 2.7 4.7 8.0 6.7 9.1

Vacation

72.5 72.9 72.1 18.8 18.1 19.6 3.5 3.7 3.4 5.1 5.3 4.9

Errands or personal reasons

68.1 71.1 65.0 22.3 20.2 24.6 4.9 5.2 4.6 4.6 3.5 5.8

Birth or adoption of a child

80.3 80.0 80.6 8.6 9.6 7.6 2.2 2.2 2.2 8.9 8.3 9.7

(1) Results are for workers who were parents of household children under age 18.
(2) Results are for workers who, in the previous 3 to 4 months, provided care to someone age 65 or older with a condition related to aging.
- Data not collected.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers, 15 years and over, at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded.

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Last Modified Date: August 29, 2019