Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
ATUS TUS Program Links

Table 8. Workers who needed to take leave from their jobs but did not take it: reasons for not taking leave by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018

Table 8. Workers who needed to take leave from their jobs but did not take it: reasons for not taking leave by selected characteristics, averages for the period 2017-2018
Characteristic Total
workers
(in thou-
sands)
Workers who needed to take leave during an average month but did not
Total
(in thou-
sands)
Per-
cent
Percent distribution by reasons for not taking leave(1)
Too
much
work
No one
avail-
able to
cover
shift
Made
alternate
arrange-
ments
Wanted
to save
leave
Did not
have
enough
leave
Could not
afford loss
in income
Feared
negative
employ-
ment conse-
quence or
leave denied
Did not
have
access to
paid or
unpaid
leave
Other

Age

Total, 15 years and over

144,295 12,485 8.7 22.9 6.7 6.0 4.8 6.5 15.2 20.7 8.9 9.3

15 to 24 years

21,296 2,164 10.2 s s s s s s s s s

25 to 34 years

33,682 2,768 8.2 23.2 5.9 4.7 4.1 3.8 16.5 24.4 10.3 7.7

35 to 44 years

30,159 3,022 10.0 33.3 7.9 6.5 7.3 8.9 8.6 13.8 6.8 7.8

45 to 54 years

29,484 2,507 8.5 25.3 7.6 7.5 3.0 3.5 15.8 21.1 8.4 9.6

55 to 64 years

22,514 1,682 7.5 19.6 10.1 9.0 1.7 0.3 12.7 27.9 7.0 12.6

65 years and over

7,160 342 4.8 s s s s s s s s s

Sex

Men

74,830 5,304 7.1 23.7 4.4 6.9 4.2 4.4 18.9 20.4 9.3 8.8

Women

69,465 7,181 10.3 22.4 8.3 5.3 5.2 8.0 12.5 20.9 8.5 9.7

Race(2)

White

115,129 8,954 7.8 22.8 6.4 5.9 4.1 6.8 15.7 23.7 7.0 8.4

Black or African American

17,924 2,549 14.2 20.3 6.4 7.1 7.7 2.1 15.1 12.5 17.1 13.0

Asian

7,849 419 5.3 s s s s s s s s s

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity(3)

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

24,375 2,038 8.4 12.8 4.5 8.6 5.4 16.5 14.5 27.3 9.2 2.8

Non-Hispanic or Latino

119,920 10,447 8.7 24.9 7.1 5.5 4.6 4.5 15.3 19.4 8.8 10.6

Educational attainment (25 years and over)

Less than a high school diploma

6,743 706 10.5 s s s s s s s s s

High school graduates, no college

31,425 2,831 9.0 19.7 4.7 9.0 7.0 1.7 20.4 19.3 10.2 9.2

Some college or associate degree

29,407 2,635 9.0 20.1 10.9 6.0 2.3 3.3 13.2 29.2 7.0 8.6

Bachelor's degree and higher

55,424 4,149 7.5 34.6 8.4 5.7 4.2 7.8 6.0 16.8 6.9 10.8

Parent of a household child

Parent of a household child under 18 years

47,693 5,112 10.7 25.8 7.4 6.7 7.9 6.9 14.3 14.5 7.8 9.4

Parent of a child 13 to 17 years (none younger)

10,003 866 8.7 37.2 11.2 1.7 2.0 1.8 14.0 17.2 5.3 11.7

Parent of a child under 13 years

37,690 4,247 11.3 23.5 6.6 7.7 9.1 7.9 14.3 13.9 8.4 8.9

Not a parent of a household child under 18 years

96,602 7,373 7.6 20.9 6.1 5.5 2.6 6.2 15.8 25.0 9.6 9.2

Class of worker

Private sector

118,872 10,251 8.6 23.2 6.0 5.2 4.3 6.9 16.5 20.0 9.8 9.0

Private, for profit

107,072 9,046 8.4 24.4 5.9 5.5 4.6 5.8 17.3 18.6 10.1 8.8

Private, not for profit

11,800 1,205 10.2 s s s s s s s s s

Public sector

25,423 2,234 8.8 21.7 9.5 9.8 7.0 4.5 9.1 23.9 4.6 10.7

Full- and part-time status (single jobholders only)(4)

Full-time workers

106,369 9,114 8.6 27.8 7.0 5.8 4.7 7.3 12.7 19.2 8.2 8.3

Part-time workers

25,882 2,193 8.5 6.0 3.5 6.1 5.7 3.1 23.1 29.6 10.0 12.8

Usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary
workers (single jobholders only)

Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile

25,200 2,791 11.1 16.5 7.7 5.7 2.3 8.6 25.1 19.9 9.2 6.1

Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles

26,521 2,121 8.0 18.7 6.9 6.9 7.4 12.4 7.3 25.3 5.2 11.2

Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles

27,193 2,256 8.3 34.5 9.3 6.9 1.7 5.2 10.5 18.2 7.8 7.1

Earnings greater than the 75th percentile

27,454 1,946 7.1 46.3 3.5 3.6 8.7 2.2 3.4 12.7 10.5 9.5

Work schedule flexibility(5)

Had flexible schedule

81,533 5,682 7.0 31.9 3.1 6.5 6.7 7.3 12.8 13.1 9.9 9.1

Did not have flexible schedule

62,762 6,803 10.8 15.4 9.7 5.6 3.1 5.8 17.2 27.0 8.0 9.5

Work place flexibility(6)

Could work at home

41,571 2,863 6.9 47.2 3.0 2.8 4.1 4.9 6.6 10.0 8.4 13.5

Could not work at home

102,338 9,595 9.4 15.7 7.7 7.0 5.0 6.9 17.7 23.9 8.9 8.1

(1) Estimates for reasons may sum to more than 100 percent because some people had multiple reasons for not taking leave.
(2) Estimates for race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to the totals because data are not presented for all races.
(3) Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
(4) Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time workers usually work less than 35 hours per week.
(5) Workers with flexible schedules were able to vary or change the times they began and stopped working.
(6) The subcategories do not sum to the totals because a small number of workers did not provide this information.
s - Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.

Note: Data refer to wage and salary workers at their main jobs. All self-employed workers (including workers with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses) are excluded. Unless otherwise specified, data refer to workers 15 years and over.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: August 29, 2019