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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from ages 18 to 52 in 1978-2016 by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Table 3. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor
force from ages 18 to 52 in 1978-2016 by educational attainment, sex, race, and  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                        
                                                                                    
                                                   Percent of total weeks while     
                                                    ages 18 to 52 in 1978-2016
            Characteristic                                                          
                                                                            Not in  
                                               Employed    Unemployed   labor force 
                                                                                    
Total, ages 18 to 52 in 1978-2016...........     77.7	       4.6	     17.8
  Less than a high school diploma ..........     58.8	       7.9	     33.3
  High school graduates, no college (1).....     76.3	       5.6	     18.0
  Some college or associate degree .........     78.8	       4.0	     17.2
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .........     84.3	       2.4	     13.3
 	 	 	 
Men ........................................     83.6	       5.0	     11.3
  Less than a high school diploma ..........     69.1	       9.4	     21.5
  High school graduates, no college (1).....     82.2	       6.1	     11.7
  Some college or associate degree .........     86.7	       4.0	      9.3
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .........     88.7	       2.5	      8.8
 	 	 	 
Women ......................................     71.6	       4.1	     24.3
  Less than a high school diploma ..........     44.8	       5.8	     49.4
  High school graduates, no college (1).....     69.4	       5.1	     25.6
  Some college or associate degree .........     72.7	       4.0	     23.3
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .........     80.0	       2.3	     17.6
 	 	 	 
White non-Hispanic .........................     79.8	       3.8	     16.4
  Less than a high school diploma ..........     63.1	       7.1	     29.9
  High school graduates, no college (1).....     79.3	       4.7	     16.0
  Some college or associate degree .........     79.3	       3.4	     17.2
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .........     84.3	       2.2	     13.5
 	 	 	 
Black non-Hispanic .........................     69.0	       8.4	     22.7
  Less than a high school diploma ..........     48.7	      11.1	     40.2
  High school graduates, no college (1).....     65.1	       9.6	     25.2
  Some college or associate degree .........     76.4	       6.9	     16.7
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .........     83.2	       4.7	     12.1
 	 	 	 
Hispanic  or Latino ........................     71.9	       5.8	     22.2
  Less than a high school diploma ..........     56.7	       8.0	     35.3
  High school graduates, no college (1).....     72.5	       6.3	     21.2
  Some college or associate degree .........     77.2	       4.6	     18.2
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .........     85.4	       2.5	     12.1
                                                                                    
   (1)  Includes individuals with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   (2)  Includes individuals with bachelor's, master's, professional, or doctoral
degrees.

Note: This table excludes individuals who turned age 18 before January 1, 1978,
and who had not yet turned age 53 when interviewed in 2016-17.

Note: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 consists of men and women who were
born in the years 1957-64 and were ages 14 to 22 when first interviewed in 1979. These
individuals were ages 51 to 60 in 2016-17. Educational attainment is defined as of the
2016-17 survey. Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups are mutually exclusive but
not exhaustive. Other race groups, which are included in the overall totals, are not shown
separately because their representation in the survey sample is not sufficiently large
to provide statistically reliable estimates.



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Last Modified Date: August 22, 2019