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The National Longitudinal Surveys (NLS) are a set of surveys designed to gather information at multiple points in time on the labor market activities and other significant life events of several groups of men and women. NLS data have served as an important tool for economists, sociologists, and other researchers for more than 50 years. Learn about the different NLS cohorts.
Click the graphic to enlarge chart: NLSY97: Cumulative number of jobs held from age 18 through age 34 in 1998-2019, by sex and age.
Click the graphic to enlarge chart: NLSY97: Percent of weeks employed from age 18 to age 34 in 1998-2019, by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.
Click the graphic to enlarge chart: NLSY97: Percent of weeks not in the labor force from age 18 to age 34 in 1998-2019, by sex and age.
Click the graphic to enlarge chart: NLSY97: Marital status at age 24 and age 34 by educational attainment.
A longitudinal study of Americans born in the early 1980s reveals that individuals held an
average of 8.6 jobs from ages 18 through 34. Over half of these jobs were held between the
ages of 18 and 23. Individuals were employed for an average of 75 percent of weeks from ages
18 to 34.
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Persons born in the latter years of the baby boom (1957-64) held an average of 12.4
jobs from ages 18 to 54. Nearly half of these jobs were held from ages 18 to 24.
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This article reviews data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 on the likelihoods of work and telework associated with characteristics related to demographics, education, geography, and prepandemic jobs. read more »
People born in 1980–84 held an average of 8.6 jobs from ages 18 through 34. Women held an average of 8.7 jobs, and men held an average of 8.5 jobs. read more »
In an effort to understand how the COVID-19 pandemic affected labor market experience, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) fielded a short supplemental survey to gather information from its sample members on work and working conditions, among other topics. read more »