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Economic News Release
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Table 7. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age 18 through age 32 in 1998-2017 by partner status, educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Table 7. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age 18 through age 32 
in 1998-2017 by partner status, educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                              Percent total weeks while ages 18 to 32 in 1998-2017		
						
            Characteristic                                                                                              
                                                    Single                     Married                     Cohabiting
	
                                                     Unem-   Not in              Unem-   Not in               Unem-   Not in
                                         Employed   ployed   labor   Employed	ployed   labor   Employed    ployed   labor
							     force                       force                        force
																
Total, ages 18 to 32 in 1998-2017 .......  70.1	     8.1      21.8     78.2	 4.2	  17.6	   74.0	     7.2      18.8
 Less than a high school diploma ........  45.6	    13.2      41.2     59.6	 9.7	  30.7	   51.9	    13.0      35.1
 High school graduates, no college (1) ..  65.2	    10.2      24.6     74.6	 6.0	  19.5	   73.7	     8.2      18.1
 Some college or associate degree .......  71.7	     8.5      19.8     78.6	 4.9	  16.6	   75.6	     7.3      17.1
 Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .......  79.2	     4.3      16.6     81.5	 2.2	  16.3	   81.2	     3.5      15.2

Men .....................................  70.9	     8.4      20.7     83.7	 4.6	  11.7	   76.8	     8.0      15.2
 Less than a high school diploma ........  53.6	    14.9      31.5     74.5	10.7	  14.9	   65.8	    14.2      20.0
 High school graduates, no college (1) ..  67.0	    10.6      22.4     84.3	 6.8	   8.9	   77.4	     8.5      14.1
 Some college or associate degree .......  73.5	     8.1      18.4     85.4	 5.0	   9.6	   77.9	     8.1      14.0
 Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .......  76.8	     4.4      18.9     82.8	 2.3	  14.9	   79.4	     3.7      16.8
												
Women ...................................  69.2	     7.8      23.1     73.2	 3.8	  23.0	   70.8	     6.4      22.8
 Less than a high school diploma ........  35.8	    11.2      53.0     43.6	 8.7	  47.7	   37.6	    11.7      50.7
 High school graduates, no college (1) ..  61.9	     9.7      28.5     63.0	 5.0	  32.0	   67.3	     7.8      24.9
 Some college or associate degree .......  69.4	     9.0      21.5     72.6	 4.8	  22.7	   73.2	     6.4      20.3
 Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .......  81.4	     4.2      14.4     80.4	 2.1	  17.5	   82.5	     3.4      14.1
												
White, non-Hispanic .....................  73.3	     6.7      20.1     79.3	 3.6	  17.1	   76.1	     6.6      17.3
 Less than a high school diploma ........  51.5	    12.3      36.2     62.4	 9.1	  28.5	   55.2	    12.4      32.4
 High school graduates, no college (1) ..  71.1	     8.7      20.2     76.0	 5.2	  18.8	   75.5	     7.8      16.7
 Some college or associate degree .......  73.0	     6.9      20.1     79.5	 4.2	  16.3	   77.3	     6.7      16.0
 Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .......  80.5	     3.5      16.0     81.8	 2.1	  16.1	   82.0	     3.3      14.7
						
Black, non-Hispanic .....................  62.5	    11.5      26.0     72.2	 8.8	  19.1	   64.1	    11.9      24.0
 Less than a high school diploma ........  33.3	    16.2      50.5     45.3	15.3	  39.5	   35.9	    17.1      47.0
 High school graduates, no college (1) ..  55.3	    12.6      32.1     70.1	11.5	  18.4	   64.4	    11.9      23.8
 Some college or associate degree .......  66.7	    12.1      21.2     72.9	 9.5	  17.6	   67.6	    12.6      19.8
 Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .......  76.9	     6.6      16.5     81.6	 3.0	  15.5	   79.2	     4.3      16.5
												
Hispanic or Latino ......................  72.1      7.8      20.1     75.8	 4.4	  19.7	   72.7      6.9      20.4
 Less than a high school diploma ........  49.8	    11.2      39.0     62.5	 7.1	  30.4	   57.0	    11.1      32.0
 High school graduates, no college (1) ..  65.7	     9.8      24.6     72.0	 6.0	  22.0	   73.8	     7.2      19.0
 Some college or associate degree .......  77.4	     6.9      15.7     78.0	 4.1	  17.9	   76.6	     5.9      17.5
 Bachelor's degree and higher (2) .......  78.7	     5.8      15.6     80.9	 2.3	  16.8	   80.6	     3.4      16.0
											
												
  (1)  Includes individuals with a high school diploma or equivalent (General Education Development (GED)) credential.		
  (2)  Includes individuals with bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and professional degrees.					
  NOTE: This table excludes individuals who had not yet turned age 33 when interviewed in 2017-18. The National Longitudinal 
Survey of Youth 1997 consists of young men and women who were ages 12 to 16 on December 31, 1996. Race and Hispanic or Latino 
ethnicity groups are mutually exclusive but not exhaustive. Other race groups, which are included in the overall totals, are 
not shown separately because their representation in the survey sample is not sufficiently large ENOUGH to provide statistically 
reliable estimates. Educational attainment and partner status are determined during the month of the respondent's 33rd birthday.



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Last Modified Date: May 05, 2020