Table 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over by region, division, and state, 2017-18 annual averages

Table 1.  Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over by region, division, and state,
2017-18 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
                                    Population      Civilian labor       Employed         Unemployed     Unemployment                
                                                        force                                                rate      Error range of
  Region, division, and state                                                                                          rate, 2018 (1)
                                                                                                                                     
                                  2017     2018     2017     2018     2017     2018      2017     2018    2017   2018                
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     

     United States.............  255,079  257,791  160,320  162,075  153,337  155,761    6,982    6,314    4.4    3.9    3.8  -  4.0

Northeast......................   45,074   45,168   28,385   28,495   27,110   27,362    1,275    1,133    4.5    4.0    3.8  -  4.1
   New England.................   12,045   12,110    7,946    8,073    7,638    7,793      307      280    3.9    3.5    3.2  -  3.7
      Connecticut..............    2,878    2,883    1,897    1,905    1,808    1,827       89       78    4.7    4.1    3.5  -  4.7
      Maine....................    1,099    1,104      698      699      675      675       24       24    3.4    3.4    2.8  -  3.9
      Massachusetts............    5,586    5,630    3,696    3,805    3,557    3,678      139      127    3.8    3.3    3.0  -  3.7
      New Hampshire............    1,105    1,114      754      762      734      743       20       19    2.7    2.5    2.2  -  2.9
      Rhode Island.............      859      861      554      556      529      533       24       23    4.4    4.1    3.5  -  4.7
      Vermont..................      516      519      346      346      336      337       10        9    3.0    2.7    2.3  -  3.0

   Middle Atlantic.............   33,030   33,058   20,440   20,422   19,472   19,569      968      853    4.7    4.2    4.0  -  4.4
      New Jersey...............    7,058    7,082    4,454    4,423    4,248    4,240      206      183    4.6    4.1    3.7  -  4.6
      New York.................   15,724   15,705    9,561    9,575    9,114    9,181      448      394    4.7    4.1    3.8  -  4.4
      Pennsylvania.............   10,248   10,271    6,425    6,424    6,111    6,149      314      276    4.9    4.3    3.9  -  4.7

Midwest........................   53,468   53,674   34,777   34,817   33,344   33,530    1,433    1,287    4.1    3.7    3.6  -  3.8
   East North Central..........   36,961   37,072   23,623   23,642   22,570   22,687    1,053      955    4.5    4.0    3.8  -  4.2
      Illinois.................   10,049   10,035    6,490    6,470    6,171    6,191      319      278    4.9    4.3    3.9  -  4.7
      Indiana..................    5,176    5,208    3,337    3,382    3,218    3,266      119      116    3.6    3.4    3.0  -  3.9
      Michigan.................    7,954    7,986    4,886    4,902    4,661    4,699      225      203    4.6    4.1    3.7  -  4.6
      Ohio.....................    9,193    9,229    5,770    5,755    5,483    5,492      287      263    5.0    4.6    4.2  -  5.0
      Wisconsin................    4,589    4,615    3,140    3,133    3,037    3,039      103       94    3.3    3.0    2.6  -  3.4

   West North Central..........   16,507   16,602   11,154   11,176   10,774   10,843      380      332    3.4    3.0    2.8  -  3.2
      Iowa.....................    2,453    2,465    1,678    1,687    1,626    1,644       52       43    3.1    2.5    2.1  -  2.9
      Kansas...................    2,217    2,222    1,479    1,482    1,425    1,432       54       50    3.7    3.4    2.9  -  3.8
      Minnesota................    4,357    4,395    3,057    3,070    2,953    2,981      104       89    3.4    2.9    2.5  -  3.3
      Missouri.................    4,776    4,796    3,061    3,052    2,946    2,955      115       98    3.8    3.2    2.8  -  3.6
      Nebraska.................    1,463    1,474    1,012    1,020      982      992       29       29    2.9    2.8    2.4  -  3.2
      North Dakota.............      579      582      410      404      399      394       11       11    2.7    2.6    2.3  -  3.0
      South Dakota.............      662      669      456      459      442      446       15       14    3.2    3.0    2.6  -  3.5

South..........................   96,100   97,203   59,137   59,772   56,571   57,497    2,566    2,275    4.3    3.8    3.7  -  3.9
   South Atlantic..............   51,037   51,681   31,557   31,846   30,196   30,670    1,362    1,176    4.3    3.7    3.5  -  3.9
      Delaware.................      762      772      477      482      455      464       21       18    4.5    3.8    3.2  -  4.3
      District of Columbia.....      570      575      401      405      377      382       24       22    6.1    5.6    5.0  -  6.1
      Florida..................   16,940   17,233   10,093   10,235    9,669    9,870      424      365    4.2    3.6    3.3  -  3.9
      Georgia..................    7,995    8,099    5,059    5,108    4,822    4,906      237      201    4.7    3.9    3.5  -  4.3
      Maryland.................    4,736    4,755    3,193    3,197    3,058    3,072      136      125    4.3    3.9    3.5  -  4.4
      North Carolina...........    8,029    8,141    4,938    4,982    4,717    4,787      221      195    4.5    3.9    3.5  -  4.3
      South Carolina...........    3,946    4,004    2,306    2,323    2,207    2,244       99       80    4.3    3.4    3.0  -  3.9
      Virginia.................    6,595    6,645    4,310    4,331    4,150    4,203      159      129    3.7    3.0    2.6  -  3.3
      West Virginia............    1,464    1,456      780      783      739      742       41       41    5.2    5.3    4.7  -  5.8

   East South Central..........   14,869   14,958    8,703    8,781    8,320    8,431      382      350    4.4    4.0    3.7  -  4.2
      Alabama..................    3,833    3,847    2,178    2,199    2,082    2,112       97       86    4.4    3.9    3.5  -  4.4
      Kentucky.................    3,475    3,490    2,054    2,062    1,953    1,972      101       89    4.9    4.3    3.8  -  4.9
      Mississippi..............    2,290    2,293    1,281    1,276    1,215    1,215       65       61    5.1    4.8    4.2  -  5.3
      Tennessee................    5,270    5,329    3,190    3,245    3,070    3,132      120      113    3.8    3.5    3.1  -  3.9

   West South Central..........   30,195   30,563   18,877   19,145   18,055   18,396      822      749    4.4    3.9    3.7  -  4.1
      Arkansas.................    2,324    2,336    1,348    1,351    1,298    1,301       50       50    3.7    3.7    3.3  -  4.1
      Louisiana................    3,584    3,582    2,104    2,103    1,996    2,001      108      103    5.1    4.9    4.4  -  5.4
      Oklahoma.................    3,000    3,011    1,836    1,842    1,758    1,779       78       63    4.2    3.4    2.9  -  3.9
      Texas....................   21,287   21,635   13,589   13,848   13,003   13,314      586      534    4.3    3.9    3.6  -  4.1

West...........................   60,358   61,046   37,975   38,555   36,269   36,954    1,706    1,601    4.5    4.2    4.0  -  4.3
   Mountain....................   18,679   19,028   11,916   12,224   11,433   11,736      483      487    4.1    4.0    3.8  -  4.2
      Arizona..................    5,492    5,606    3,328    3,440    3,165    3,274      163      166    4.9    4.8    4.3  -  5.3
      Colorado.................    4,399    4,477    2,992    3,096    2,911    2,995       81      102    2.7    3.3    2.8  -  3.7
      Idaho....................    1,305    1,337      835      857      808      833       27       24    3.2    2.8    2.5  -  3.2
      Montana..................      834      843      525      528      504      509       21       20    3.9    3.7    3.3  -  4.2
      Nevada...................    2,328    2,382    1,458    1,500    1,385    1,432       74       68    5.1    4.6    4.0  -  5.1
      New Mexico...............    1,625    1,633      936      940      881      894       55       47    5.9    4.9    4.4  -  5.5
      Utah.....................    2,248    2,303    1,548    1,572    1,498    1,523       50       49    3.3    3.1    2.7  -  3.5
      Wyoming..................      448      448      293      290      281      278       12       12    4.2    4.1    3.6  -  4.6

   Pacific.....................   41,679   42,018   26,059   26,331   24,836   25,218    1,223    1,114    4.7    4.2    4.0  -  4.4
      Alaska...................      547      547      361      357      336      333       25       24    7.0    6.6    5.9  -  7.3
      California...............   30,865   31,063   19,205   19,398   18,285   18,583      920      815    4.8    4.2    4.0  -  4.4
      Hawaii...................    1,093    1,092      684      679      667      662       17       17    2.4    2.4    2.0  -  2.8
      Oregon...................    3,332    3,376    2,091    2,105    2,005    2,017       86       87    4.1    4.2    3.7  -  4.6
      Washington...............    5,842    5,941    3,719    3,793    3,544    3,622      175      171    4.7    4.5    4.1  -  4.9

Puerto Rico....................    2,739    2,682    1,096    1,084      977      985      119      100   10.8    9.2         NA

   1 Error ranges are shown at the 90-percent confidence level and are based on unrounded data.
   NA = Data not available.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Unemployment rates are in percent and are based on unrounded levels. Data for subnational
areas reflect revised population controls and model re-estimation. As a result, they do not sum to U.S. totals. Data for Puerto Rico
are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey.

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Last Modified Date: February 28, 2019