U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					  USDL-17-0181
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 10, 2017

Technical information: (202) 691-7101 * MXPinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/mxp
Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JANUARY 2017

U.S. import prices advanced 0.4 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
following a 0.5-percent increase in December. For both months, a rise in fuel prices more than offset 
declining nonfuel prices. Prices for U.S. exports advanced 0.1 percent in January, after rising 0.4 percent the 
previous month.  

Imports

All Imports: Import prices increased 0.4 percent in January following a 0.5-percent advance in December. 
The price index for overall imports has trended up since March 2016 and rose 3.7 percent over the past year. 
The advance between January 2016 and January 2017 was the largest 12-month rise since the index 
increased 5.1 percent in February 2012.   

Fuel Imports: Prices for import fuel rose 5.8 percent in January following an increase of 6.6 percent in 
December. In January, higher prices for both petroleum and natural gas contributed to the overall rise in fuel 
prices. Petroleum prices rose 5.2 percent and natural gas prices increased 12.2 percent in January, after both 
indexes advanced in the previous month. Import fuel prices increased 57.6 percent over the past 12 months, 
the largest over-the-year rise since the index advanced 61.7 percent in March 2010. Petroleum prices rose 
60.9 percent for the year ended in January and natural gas prices advanced 45.0 percent over the same 
period. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: In contrast to fuel prices, import nonfuel prices decreased 0.2 percent in 
January, after edging down 0.1 percent in December and November. The price index for nonfuel imports 
has not recorded a monthly increase since a 0.3-percent rise in July 2016. The January drop was led by 
lower prices for foods, feeds, and beverages and each of the major finished goods categories, which more 
than offset higher prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials. Nonfuel import prices recorded no 
change over the past 12 months.                     

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

January

-1.3 -15.6 -0.1 -0.9 -1.3 -0.9

February

-0.5 -6.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.6

March

0.4 8.5 -0.1 -0.1 -2.1 0.2

April

0.7 9.8 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.4

May

1.2 12.7 0.3 1.1 3.0 1.0

June

0.7 10.5 -0.2 0.8 2.5 0.5

July

0.1 -2.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

August

-0.2 -3.4 0.0 -0.8 -3.4 -0.6

September

0.1 1.3 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.5

October

(r)0.5 (r)6.6 (r)0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

(r)-0.1 (r)-1.1 -0.1 (r)0.1 (r)0.7 (r)0.0

December

(r)0.5 (r)6.6 (r)-0.1 (r)0.4 (r)-0.2 0.4

2017

January

0.4 5.8 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Jan. 2015 to 2016

-6.5 -37.7 -2.9 -5.9 -12.8 -5.1

Jan. 2016 to 2017

3.7 57.6 0.0 2.3 0.8 2.4

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports 

All Exports: Export prices ticked up 0.1 percent in January, following a 0.4-percent increase in December. 
Rising prices for nonagricultural exports more than offset falling agricultural prices in each of the 2 months. 
With the exception of a 0.8-percent drop in August 2016, export prices have trended up since April 2016 
and rose 2.3 percent for the year ended in January. The 2.3-percent rise was the largest 12-month advance 
since the index increased 2.6 percent between January 2011 and January 2012. 

Agricultural Exports: Export agricultural prices edged down 0.1 percent in January, after declining 0.2 
percent in December. The recent downturn followed increases of 0.7 percent and 0.5 percent in November 
and October, respectively. In January, falling prices for soybeans more than offset higher prices for corn. 
Despite the recent drops, agricultural export prices rose 0.8 percent for the year ended in January. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports ticked up 0.1 percent in 
January, after rising 0.4 percent the previous month. In January, the advance was led by increasing prices 
for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials and automotive vehicles. In contrast, consumer goods 
and capital goods prices declined in January. Nonagricultural exports also advanced over the past year, 
rising 2.4 percent between January 2016 and January 2017.   


                                       SELECTED JANUARY HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China fell 0.1 percent in January, after recording 
no change in December and fell 1.7 percent over the past 12 months. The price index for imports from 
China has not recorded a monthly increase since the index rose 0.1 percent in December 2014. Import prices 
from Japan declined 0.3 percent in January, the first decrease for the index since a 0.1-percent drop in 
January 2016 and the largest decline since the index fell 0.3 percent in August 2015. Prices for imports from 
Mexico and the European Union also fell in January, declining 1.3 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively. In 
contrast, import prices from Canada advanced 1.8 percent in January, driven by higher fuel prices. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials increased 
0.7 percent in January following a 0.6-percent rise in December. Both advances were led by higher 
unfinished metal prices.             

Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods price indexes declined in January. Prices for automotive 
vehicles fell 0.5 percent, driven by a 1.2-percent drop in the price index for non-engine parts. Capital goods 
and consumer goods prices also decreased in January, each edging down 0.1 percent. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Prices for import foods, feeds, and beverages declined 1.3 percent in 
January, after decreasing 1.5 percent the previous month.

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares fell 1.7 percent in January following a 1.3-percent rise 
in December. The January downturn was driven by an 8.5-percent decline in Asian fares and an 11.7-
percent drop in Latin American/Caribbean fares. The index for import air passenger fares decreased 4.9 
percent for the year ended in January. Import air freight prices also declined in January, falling 1.8 percent. 
The price index for import air freight increased 5.0 percent over the past 12 months. 

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Export nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials prices advanced 0.7 percent in January, after a 2.1-percent rise the previous month. Both increases 
were primarily led by rising fuel prices. 

Finished Goods: Export finished goods prices were mixed in January. The price index for consumer goods 
decreased 1.0 percent for the second consecutive month. Those were the largest monthly declines for the 
index since the index fell 1.4 percent in June 1991. In January, the drop was driven by a 3.5-percent decline 
in medicinal, dental, and pharmaceutical materials prices. Capital goods prices also fell in January, edging 
down 0.1 percent. In contrast, automotive vehicle prices rose 0.4 percent in January. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares increased 0.8 percent in January, and have not 
recorded a monthly decline since the index fell 11.1 percent in September 2016. The January advance was 
led by a 10.1-percent rise in Asian fares. The index for export air passenger fares rose 0.9 percent for the 
year ended in January. Export air freight prices increased 0.6 percent in January and declined 1.8 percent 
over the past year. 

Import and Export Price Index data for February 2017 are scheduled for release on Thursday, March 9, 2017 
at 8:30 a.m. (EST).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2016 to January 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 121.7 122.2 3.7 0.5 -0.1 0.5 0.4

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.742 98.1 98.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.610 111.0 111.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  90.945 115.0 114.8 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.203 179.5 177.2 2.0 -0.7 1.5 -1.5 -1.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.850 196.7 193.0 0.8 -1.0 1.8 -1.9 -1.9

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.353 140.7 142.1 6.0 0.4 0.4 -0.2 1.0

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.192 164.2 168.7 21.4 2.2 -0.4 3.0 2.7

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  13.802 142.7 144.6 5.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 1.3

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.137 161.1 162.2 4.2 -0.6 0.0 0.6 0.7

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.110 150.6 151.9 7.0 -1.2 0.2 0.6 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.027 132.7 135.4 3.3 -0.2 0.7 1.1 2.0

Fuels & lubricants

10

9.055 170.5 180.4 57.6 6.6 -1.1 6.6 5.8

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.390 183.2 192.7 60.9 7.5 -1.7 6.8 5.2

Crude

10000

5.961 187.9 194.5 67.5 8.2 -3.7 9.6 3.5

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.520 108.1 123.8 41.8 -3.8 9.3 5.5 14.5

Gas-natural

10110

0.420 92.5 103.8 45.0 -4.6 10.8 6.4 12.2

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.541 105.6 105.1 -2.5 -0.8 -0.6 1.1 -0.5

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.555 150.4 151.1 0.3 0.5 -0.1 0.6 0.5

Selected building materials

13

1.383 137.3 138.9 3.5 -0.1 -0.6 0.6 1.2

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.287 198.8 202.0 16.3 -2.2 0.7 0.9 1.6

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.688 144.7 144.8 0.1 -1.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.683 107.8 107.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.1

Capital goods

2

27.638 88.7 88.6 -1.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.338 116.2 116.1 -0.7 -0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.676 81.1 80.9 -1.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.624 136.5 136.8 -0.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.461 110.6 110.1 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.5

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.506 106.4 106.3 -0.9 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.389 119.9 120.0 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.784 93.4 93.1 -2.0 0.3 -0.5 -0.3 -0.3

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.333 115.5 115.7 -3.4 0.1 -0.2 -2.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2016 to January 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 121.3 121.4 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1

Agricultural commodities

  9.358 175.0 174.9 0.8 0.5 0.7 -0.2 -0.1

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.322 98.1 97.9 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.642 117.2 117.3 2.4 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.675 176.4 177.5 1.6 0.5 0.8 -0.5 0.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.089 176.2 176.8 1.1 0.5 0.9 -0.3 0.3

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.586 186.8 194.8 8.2 0.2 -0.7 -2.7 4.3

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.795 146.0 146.8 9.2 0.8 0.0 2.0 0.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.453 154.3 155.5 5.6 -0.8 1.0 -0.5 0.8

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.342 142.4 142.9 11.3 1.8 -0.5 3.5 0.4

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.269 172.9 168.0 -0.9 0.8 -0.9 0.2 -2.8

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.526 145.1 146.1 9.7 0.8 0.1 2.1 0.7

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.003 166.0 169.8 34.4 4.7 -1.4 8.4 2.3

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.501 149.5 149.6 2.5 -0.5 0.6 -0.1 0.1

Selected building materials

13

1.022 117.5 116.7 1.7 -0.2 0.3 0.4 -0.7

Capital goods

2

38.225 106.7 106.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.961 111.8 112.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.207 93.6 93.4 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.056 165.1 165.4 2.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.357 112.5 113.0 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.4

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.948 108.8 107.7 -2.6 -0.5 -0.2 -1.0 -1.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.304 105.3 103.1 -2.5 -0.5 -0.3 -0.6 -2.1

Durables, manufactured

41

5.242 107.1 106.9 -1.9 -0.6 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2016 to January 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.671 94.7 97.7 43.7 5.0 -1.2 6.0 3.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.058 183.0 181.2 0.9 -1.8 3.1 -2.8 -1.0

Crop production

111

1.659 197.3 192.3 -1.2 -2.1 3.7 -4.9 -2.5

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.196 74.7 79.1 -2.7 -4.7 -1.1 4.6 5.9

Mining

21

6.613 84.2 88.0 63.3 7.4 -2.6 8.9 4.5

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.247 96.7 106.2 14.1 0.3 0.1 1.0 9.8

Manufacturing

  91.051 109.0 109.1 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

12.026 123.9 123.5 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Food manufacturing

311

3.494 154.4 152.7 3.6 -0.1 0.4 0.1 -1.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.068 117.9 117.8 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.401 97.9 97.9 -1.5 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Textile product mills

314

0.944 108.8 108.4 -1.5 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.251 111.1 111.2 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.868 123.1 123.0 -0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.236 117.0 118.7 4.9 0.8 0.6 0.1 1.5

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.829 116.2 117.9 6.3 0.0 -0.8 1.2 1.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.031 104.5 104.2 -1.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.7 -0.3

Printing and related support activities (Dec.2016=100)

323

0.224 100.0 99.8 - - - - -0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.203 80.0 87.0 43.8 5.0 3.6 -0.4 8.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.691 131.1 131.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.4

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.236 116.8 116.9 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.023 129.0 129.0 -0.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.789 103.1 103.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.929 131.7 134.2 13.8 -1.6 0.5 0.9 1.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.093 121.3 121.2 -1.7 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.141 116.1 115.8 -1.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.777 75.8 75.6 -1.9 0.0 -0.7 0.0 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.966 114.7 114.5 -1.7 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.762 109.8 109.4 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.737 114.5 114.4 -0.8 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.384 117.7 117.4 -1.4 -0.4 -0.2 -1.2 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2016 to January 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.405 131.1 131.6 9.0 0.3 -0.5 7.5 0.4

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.555 151.8 152.6 0.2 1.1 1.2 -0.5 0.5

Crop production

111

4.302 158.4 158.9 0.8 1.1 1.4 -0.3 0.3

Mining

21

2.850 81.6 81.6 26.9 -1.2 -3.5 23.1 0.0

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.110 91.6 98.9 30.8 2.6 6.4 4.3 8.0

Manufacturing

  91.163 111.4 111.3 1.4 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.024 135.2 134.9 2.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Food manufacturing

311

4.712 152.9 153.4 3.8 -0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.688 108.0 101.8 -3.0 -1.0 -3.0 -0.5 -5.7

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.671 100.0 101.1 - - - - 1.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.291 100.0 100.1 - - - - 0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

24.207 107.6 107.2 5.4 1.3 -0.4 0.8 -0.4

Paper manufacturing

322

1.661 118.3 118.4 -2.7 -1.2 -0.7 0.3 0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.305 94.8 96.6 39.0 7.7 -1.8 4.6 1.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.347 113.9 112.0 -1.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1 -1.7

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.301 113.4 114.7 -0.6 -0.6 0.1 -0.3 1.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.846 112.4 112.6 0.6 -0.3 0.1 -0.3 0.2

Manufacturing, part 3

33

59.932 110.6 110.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.5 0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.924 132.8 133.8 5.6 -1.8 0.8 -2.6 0.8

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.159 130.2 130.8 0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.5

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.356 125.4 125.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.339 82.9 82.7 -1.9 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.984 112.1 112.2 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.350 122.2 122.6 0.7 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.3

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.459 117.3 117.8 6.5 0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.4

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.361 118.0 117.8 -3.4 -0.1 0.2 -1.5 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2016 to January 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.470 188.3 189.3 4.9 -1.2 0.2 -0.2 0.5

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.428 233.5 228.4 5.8 -1.5 0.9 -1.4 -2.2

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.764 144.5 146.7 10.6 0.2 0.7 -0.6 1.5

Vegetable products

II

2.106 219.0 212.7 0.3 -1.0 3.2 -4.4 -2.9

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.433 488.5 420.0 -28.7 -4.3 -1.5 -1.4 -14.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.851 125.0 123.4 32.4 0.2 7.8 -9.0 -1.3

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.367 234.1 239.2 6.2 -0.6 4.5 -4.4 2.2

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.311 117.9 116.4 19.0 -0.8 3.5 3.6 -1.3

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.721 160.7 159.4 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.3 -0.8

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.195 90.3 87.1 2.7 0.5 0.9 2.6 -3.5

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.215 104.8 100.8 -7.7 -3.0 -4.1 -1.6 -3.8

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.353 162.7 161.6 4.6 1.1 -0.4 1.2 -0.7

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.010 127.8 127.5 -0.4 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Mineral products

V

8.928 169.8 179.9 57.3 6.7 -1.1 6.6 5.9

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.686 167.6 177.8 60.0 6.8 -1.0 6.7 6.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.122 146.9 148.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.8

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.511 254.2 263.7 -2.9 -2.0 -0.1 1.9 3.7

Organic chemicals

29

2.353 120.6 121.7 -1.3 -0.6 -0.5 0.6 0.9

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.217 143.0 143.6 3.5 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.4

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.267 74.9 76.7 -7.8 -0.4 5.7 0.9 2.4

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.184 101.6 101.6 6.3 0.9 -0.2 -0.7 0.0

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.551 100.0 100.3 - - - - 0.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.680 102.3 103.0 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.7

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.424 137.3 138.1 1.3 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.6

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.173 139.0 139.3 -0.8 0.3 -0.5 -0.6 0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.251 135.6 137.4 5.2 0.7 0.4 1.1 1.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.692 123.3 123.1 -2.5 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.661 128.7 128.5 -1.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.861 141.4 143.7 6.1 -0.1 -0.8 1.1 1.6

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.836 97.2 98.8 6.4 0.0 -0.8 1.1 1.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.096 109.9 109.5 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 1.0 -0.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.731 103.6 103.5 -0.4 -0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.222 105.9 105.8 5.7 1.6 1.5 1.8 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.400 113.1 113.0 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.222 103.7 103.8 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.853 119.1 119.0 -0.8 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.658 103.6 103.2 -0.9 -0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.4

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.539 122.5 122.7 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.303 121.6 121.5 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.955 130.5 130.4 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.331 97.1 97.2 -2.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.6 0.1

Ceramic products

69

0.276 137.1 137.1 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.348 129.7 129.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.760 165.0 165.1 2.9 -2.2 0.0 -4.6 0.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.361 159.8 161.6 6.4 -0.7 0.6 2.3 1.1

Iron and steel

72

1.224 175.7 185.9 23.4 -2.7 0.2 4.7 5.8

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.641 138.0 138.4 -1.4 -0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.386 269.9 263.6 6.6 -1.1 3.9 8.6 -2.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.772 122.0 122.5 1.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.435 121.8 122.8 -2.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.8

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.522 135.4 135.2 -1.3 0.0 -0.7 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.121 80.5 80.3 -1.5 0.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.885 85.3 85.4 -1.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.236 75.8 75.4 -1.8 0.4 -0.4 0.0 -0.5

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.769 114.1 113.9 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.253 112.8 112.5 0.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.380 118.9 118.9 -1.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.932 102.4 101.5 -1.3 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1 -0.9

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.603 99.1 98.3 -1.3 -0.6 -0.3 -0.2 -0.8

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.269 141.6 140.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -1.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.355 111.6 111.2 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.672 116.3 116.0 -0.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.400 103.4 103.0 -0.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.283 131.7 128.5 -5.1 -1.7 0.0 -0.1 -2.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2016 to January 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.806 192.7 195.5 9.0 0.4 0.3 0.1 1.5

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.024 148.4 149.8 10.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.9

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.375 100.0 103.9 - - - - 3.9

Vegetable products

II

4.277 192.2 192.9 -0.8 1.3 2.1 -1.0 0.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.877 145.8 147.3 -14.6 7.0 -0.2 -3.8 1.0

Cereals

10

1.159 167.8 174.3 -2.6 2.8 1.2 -1.8 3.9

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.730 207.1 202.8 9.3 -2.8 0.4 3.7 -2.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.110 148.2 145.3 -1.0 -0.5 -0.3 0.1 -2.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.386 116.8 116.4 -2.4 -0.9 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.567 113.7 112.2 7.4 0.8 0.5 1.4 -1.3

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.752 203.0 190.5 -2.4 -1.1 -2.2 0.9 -6.2

Mineral products

V

8.252 195.1 197.9 35.6 4.2 0.0 8.8 1.4

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.533 89.0 87.7 27.7 0.5 5.1 3.7 -1.5

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.530 187.2 190.2 37.4 4.7 -0.4 9.5 1.6

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

11.059 135.8 133.1 -2.6 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -2.0

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.862 178.6 179.8 -2.4 1.3 0.5 1.6 0.7

Organic chemicals

29

2.604 134.1 128.8 -1.9 0.3 0.8 0.1 -4.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.268 107.0 103.0 -3.5 -0.2 -0.5 -1.1 -3.7

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.230 100.0 99.1 - - - - -0.9

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.526 97.9 97.3 -2.3 -0.2 0.0 0.4 -0.6

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.814 131.0 131.2 -2.3 -2.6 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.520 116.2 120.0 3.4 0.4 -0.1 0.0 3.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.795 146.5 145.5 -1.4 -0.5 0.1 0.4 -0.7

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.116 136.5 136.6 0.8 0.1 0.2 -0.4 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.155 132.0 131.8 0.8 0.5 0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.961 155.7 157.1 1.0 -1.1 1.1 -0.4 0.9

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.348 121.2 122.1 1.8 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.7

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.610 93.4 93.6 -2.6 -1.5 -1.3 -0.5 0.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.112 123.9 125.2 3.7 -0.2 0.3 0.7 1.0

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.675 134.6 139.5 16.7 -0.5 1.2 2.9 3.6

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.083 118.3 118.0 -1.9 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.353 100.6 100.6 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.753 119.6 121.0 0.6 -0.3 -0.2 0.2 1.2

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.443 122.1 126.2 10.0 0.2 0.2 -0.3 3.4

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.843 122.9 122.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.281 101.3 99.5 -1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 -1.8

Glass and glassware

70

0.433 99.6 100.2 0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.6

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.089 223.6 223.4 1.7 -2.1 0.2 -5.2 -0.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.834 147.2 149.2 5.6 -0.1 1.2 1.9 1.4

Iron and steel

72

1.014 151.7 161.1 18.2 -1.4 2.1 5.6 6.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.487 170.7 166.0 14.9 1.9 2.8 8.9 -2.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.813 106.8 106.9 2.6 -0.1 3.1 0.5 0.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.353 100.0 100.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.349 147.7 147.7 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.767 95.2 95.2 -0.7 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.821 112.1 111.8 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.946 77.0 77.1 -1.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.025 131.7 132.1 0.8 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.3

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.728 114.4 115.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.3 0.5

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.078 105.9 105.7 -1.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.501 112.4 112.6 1.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.908 128.3 128.7 3.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.442 89.3 89.4 -0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: January 2016 to January 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 118.2 118.6 4.2 0.6 -0.2 0.6 0.3

Nonmanufacturing

8.399 132.6 139.1 46.3 7.5 -3.6 7.6 4.9

Manufacturing

91.147 116.6 116.5 1.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Other Countries(3)

100.000 119.0 118.8 2.6 0.5 -0.3 0.8 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing

8.699 191.9 195.1 38.2 4.2 -0.3 6.3 1.7

Manufacturing

91.106 102.8 102.5 -0.1 0.2 -0.3 0.3 -0.3

Canada

100.000 122.4 124.6 13.2 1.7 -0.6 2.2 1.8

Nonmanufacturing

23.612 127.2 133.7 49.2 8.1 -3.5 8.0 5.1

Manufacturing

75.617 124.9 125.9 5.0 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.8

European Union(4)

100.000 131.6 131.5 -0.2 0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Manufacturing

99.413 128.2 128.2 -0.2 0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.0

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.9 121.7 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 111.6 110.7 -2.2 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.5 117.5 -3.5 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Latin America(5)

100.000 142.1 142.0 5.0 0.6 -0.9 2.2 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing

18.178 222.5 224.5 38.8 3.8 -0.1 8.5 0.9

Manufacturing

81.506 119.1 118.7 -0.5 0.0 -1.1 1.0 -0.3

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 124.3 122.7 -1.9 0.0 -1.2 -0.1 -1.3

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.415 115.1 113.1 20.4 -0.1 3.2 -2.0 -1.7

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

91.270 86.8 85.7 -3.7 0.0 -1.7 0.2 -1.3

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.3 98.2 -0.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.2 100.1 -1.7 -0.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.1

Japan

100.000 96.6 96.3 1.4 0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 84.4 84.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.3 97.5 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 152.6 156.3 26.0 3.4 0.7 2.2 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: January 2016 to January 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Sept.
2016
to
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 165.2 162.2 5.0 9.0 -0.3 -0.5 -1.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.407 136.9 135.9 -3.6 0.2 0.2 -1.4 -0.7

Asia

62.789 153.8 149.9 9.2 14.3 -0.6 -0.2 -2.5

Export Air Freight

100.000 154.9 155.8 -1.8 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.6

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

33.391 145.9 147.1 -3.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.8

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 155.4 154.3 3.8 6.0 0.5 0.1 -0.7

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.548 131.3 132.3 -2.3 -0.4 -1.0 -1.6 0.8

Asia

60.429 145.6 142.0 6.9 10.8 1.4 0.8 -2.5

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 136.5 138.9 -3.9 0.1 -0.5 0.1 1.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

31.010 143.3 146.0 -7.6 0.0 -0.1 0.0 1.9

Asia

45.670 128.7 131.6 -1.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 2.3

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 186.2 183.0 -4.9 6.3 -2.7 1.3 -1.7

Europe

38.922 196.5 215.5 -5.6 6.9 -1.2 -9.9 9.7

Asia

22.838 146.4 133.9 -6.9 4.8 -5.0 17.4 -8.5

Latin America/Caribbean

10.310 175.3 154.8 8.6 4.2 4.7 8.3 -11.7

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 168.5 169.9 0.9 2.5 4.1 7.9 0.8

Europe

30.588 217.8 204.1 3.1 2.6 2.4 6.9 -6.3

Asia

25.624 141.2 155.4 2.2 1.2 6.5 4.8 10.1

Latin America/Caribbean

23.241 170.8 175.7 -0.5 6.9 -1.0 4.8 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: February 10, 2017