U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                      USDL-17-1505
8:30 a.m. (EST) Thursday, November 16, 2017

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                              U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - OCTOBER 2017                               

U.S. import prices advanced 0.2 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, after 
increasing 0.8 percent in September. U.S. export prices recorded no change in October, after increasing 0.7 
percent in September.

Imports

All Imports: Import prices increased 0.2 percent in October, after rising 0.8 percent in September. The 
price index for all imports rose 1.6 percent over the past 3 months. Higher prices for fuel and nonfuel 
imports contributed to the overall rise in import prices for October. U.S. import prices increased 2.5 percent 
for the year ended in October.  

Fuel Imports: The price index for fuel imports advanced 1.4 percent in October following a 5.5-percent rise 
in September. Fuel import prices increased 11.1 percent over the past 3 months. The October increase was 
driven by higher petroleum prices which advanced 1.7 percent, more than offsetting a 6.7-percent drop in 
natural gas prices. Fuel import prices rose 13.2 percent over the past 12 months; petroleum prices were the 
primary contributor, advancing 14.9 percent. Import prices for natural gas fell 18.2 percent over the past 
year.   

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports rose 0.2 percent in October following a 0.3-percent 
advance in September. The increase in October was driven by nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
prices which advanced 0.9 percent; higher prices for capital goods also contributed to the overall increase. 
Import prices for automotive vehicles; consumer goods; and foods, feeds, and beverages all declined in 
October limiting the monthly advance. The price index for nonfuel imports rose 1.4 percent over the past 12 
months, the largest over-the-year increase since a 2.0-percent advance for the year ended March 2012.

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

October

0.5 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

-0.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0

December

0.4 5.8 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.4

2017

January

0.6 6.1 -0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2

February

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

March

-0.2 -3.0 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.0

April

0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

May

-0.1 -0.9 0.1 -0.6 -1.6 -0.4

June

-0.2 -3.6 0.1 -0.1 -1.4 0.0

July

(r)-0.2 (r)-1.0 -0.1 0.5 (r)1.8 0.3

August

0.6 (r)3.9 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.8

September

(r)0.8 (r)5.5 0.3 (r)0.7 -0.7 (r)0.9

October

0.2 1.4 0.2 0.0 1.9 -0.3

Oct. 2015 to 2016

-0.2 3.1 -0.3 -1.1 -2.7 -0.8

Oct. 2016 to 2017

2.5 13.2 1.4 2.7 3.5 2.5

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices recorded no change in October following 0.7-percent increases in 
September and August. The index has not recorded a decline since a 0.1-percent drop in June. Higher prices 
for agricultural exports were offset by lower prices for nonagricultural exports. The price index for exports 
advanced 2.7 percent over the past year.

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports increased 1.9 percent in October, the largest 
monthly rise since a 2.5-percent advance in June 2016. Higher vegetable prices drove the October increase, 
more than offsetting lower prices for soybeans and meats. Agricultural export prices increased 3.5 percent 
over the past year. Increasing vegetable and meat prices were the primary contributors to the 12-month 
advance.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices declined 0.3 percent in October 
following a 0.9-percent rise in September. In October, the index recorded the first monthly decline since a 
0.4-percent decrease in May. Lower prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials drove the 
decrease, and automotive prices also contributed to the overall decline. In contrast, capital goods and 
consumer goods prices increased in October. Despite the monthly decline in October, the price index for 
nonagricultural exports increased 2.5 percent over the past year. Higher nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials prices were the primary contributor to higher prices over the 12-month period.

                                          SELECTED OCTOBER HIGHLIGHTS                                           

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China recorded no change in October following a 0.3- 
percent decline in September. Over the past year prices from China fell 0.8 percent. The price index for 
imports from Japan fell 0.3 percent in October, after a 0.1-percent rise in September. Import prices from 
Japan decreased 0.8 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month decline since a 1.1-percent drop for the 
year ended in May 2016. Import prices from Canada rose 1.4 percent for the second consecutive month in 
October; those were the largest advances since a 2.0-percent rise in January. Import prices from the 
European Union rose 0.1 percent in October and prices for imports from Mexico fell 0.2 percent. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Import prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
rose 0.9 percent in October following a 1.5-percent advance in September. The index increased 7.9 percent 
over the past 12 months, the largest over-the-year rise since an 8.1-percent advance in November 2011. 
Higher import prices for chemicals and selected building materials drove the October advance. 

Finished Goods: Import prices for the major finished goods categories were mixed in October. The price 
index for capital goods rose 0.2 percent in October and recorded a 0.6-percent increase over the past year. 
Prices for automotive vehicles decreased 0.2 percent in October and consumer goods prices fell 0.1 percent. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The import price index for foods, feeds, and beverages fell 0.2 percent in 
October. A 4.3-percent drop in prices for feedstuff and food grains and a 2.3-percent drop in vegetable 
prices were the main contributors to the decline. 

Transportation Services: The index for import air passenger fares rose 8.8 percent in October following an 
8.5-percent increase in September. The October advance was the largest monthly increase since the index 
rose 8.9 percent in June 2015. European air passenger fares rose 9.9 percent driving the overall advance. 
Despite the recent increases, import air passenger fares decreased 1.4 percent over the past year. The price 
index for import air freight fell 4.0 percent in October and recorded a 5.4-percent increase over the past 12 
months.

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
export prices fell 1.1 percent in October, after increasing 2.8 percent in September. The October drop was 
the first decline since a 1.4-percent decrease in May. Lower prices for fuel and gold led the October decline.

Finished Goods: Export prices for capital goods rose 0.3 percent in October following a 0.1-percent 
advance the previous month. The October increase was driven by a 1.3-percent advance in the price index 
for computers, peripherals, and semiconductors. Export prices for automotive vehicles fell 0.2 percent in 
October and consumer goods prices ticked up 0.1 percent. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares increased 3.9 percent in October, driven by a 3.1-
percent increase in European fares. The price index for export air passenger fares rose 2.3 percent over the 
past year. Export air freight prices advanced 3.0 percent in October and 5.4 percent over the past 12 months.
		
Import and Export Price Index data for November 2017 are scheduled for release on Thursday, December 14, 
2017 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2016 to October 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 123.9 124.2 2.5 -0.2 0.6 0.8 0.2

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.181 99.3 99.5 1.3 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.137 112.5 112.6 1.4 -0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  90.579 116.6 116.8 1.4 -0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.300 185.6 185.2 3.1 -0.1 0.2 1.8 -0.2

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.974 205.3 204.2 3.7 0.0 0.4 2.3 -0.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.326 140.4 142.0 1.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.4 1.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

23.136 174.3 176.2 10.1 -0.6 2.1 3.1 1.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.449 150.1 151.0 7.1 -0.7 0.8 1.2 0.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.749 171.3 172.8 7.9 -0.4 1.0 1.5 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.677 164.1 164.5 10.1 -0.2 1.5 2.1 0.2

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.597 132.5 134.1 2.8 -1.4 -0.3 -0.2 1.2

Fuels & lubricants

10

9.421 180.6 183.1 13.2 -1.0 3.9 5.5 1.4

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.863 197.0 200.4 14.9 -0.6 4.4 6.3 1.7

Crude

10000

6.170 198.1 208.0 16.8 0.9 3.5 5.3 5.0

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.406 85.9 80.9 -13.8 -7.2 -4.2 -6.4 -5.8

Gas-natural

10110

0.306 68.7 64.1 -18.2 -3.1 -5.9 -7.9 -6.7

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.542 107.6 108.4 3.2 0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.7

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.564 153.5 156.5 4.5 -0.9 0.1 0.6 2.0

Selected building materials

13

1.478 149.4 152.6 11.1 1.1 1.9 -0.5 2.1

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.670 226.1 224.3 14.6 -1.4 2.5 4.4 -0.8

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.776 155.0 156.1 8.6 0.5 0.7 1.8 0.7

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.685 109.9 110.4 2.3 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Capital goods

2

27.304 89.2 89.4 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

3.299 117.0 117.1 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.457 81.7 81.8 0.6 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.548 135.0 135.6 -0.5 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.118 110.3 110.1 -0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.142 106.9 106.8 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.330 121.5 121.4 1.5 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.513 93.1 93.0 -1.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.299 114.6 114.9 -3.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2016 to October 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 123.9 123.9 2.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.0

Agricultural commodities

  9.263 177.0 180.3 3.5 1.8 0.1 -0.7 1.9

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  82.830 99.6 99.7 1.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.737 119.9 119.6 2.5 0.3 0.8 0.9 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.635 179.4 183.3 4.2 2.2 0.1 -0.6 2.2

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.015 178.3 182.2 4.1 2.0 0.1 -0.7 2.2

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.620 201.9 206.5 6.8 3.8 0.5 0.5 2.3

Industrial supplies & materials

1

30.535 152.9 151.4 5.8 0.6 1.8 2.7 -1.0

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.786 162.6 161.6 5.3 -0.5 1.3 2.5 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.776 148.5 146.7 6.1 1.3 2.0 2.7 -1.2

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.248 173.7 174.0 -0.1 0.5 -0.4 -0.4 0.2

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  29.287 152.3 150.7 6.1 0.6 1.9 2.8 -1.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.562 181.5 175.8 13.2 1.6 5.0 5.9 -3.1

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.692 154.2 153.7 3.4 0.3 0.7 1.6 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.034 121.5 123.6 6.0 0.1 0.9 0.5 1.7

Capital goods

2

37.904 108.1 108.4 1.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.924 113.2 113.0 1.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

24.786 94.1 94.5 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.4

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.193 171.2 171.5 3.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.209 113.4 113.2 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.717 109.2 109.3 -0.7 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.170 105.3 105.5 -0.7 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.163 107.7 107.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: October 2016 to October 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.917 99.2 102.2 13.1 0.1 2.4 4.5 3.0

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.166 196.3 193.4 5.9 -0.9 0.6 4.9 -1.5

Crop production

111

1.767 214.2 211.7 5.9 -0.8 0.5 6.5 -1.2

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.195 75.5 73.2 1.4 -1.0 -0.1 -6.6 -3.0

Mining

21

6.750 87.6 91.6 15.4 0.4 2.9 4.4 4.6

Oil and gas extraction

211

6.472 87.1 91.1 15.2 0.6 3.1 4.7 4.6

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.279 111.0 116.1 21.4 -4.5 -1.3 -1.0 4.6

Manufacturing

  90.783 110.7 110.6 1.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.881 124.7 124.7 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Food manufacturing

311

3.488 157.0 157.4 2.5 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.060 119.2 119.5 1.1 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.399 99.0 99.1 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.931 109.3 109.4 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.177 111.2 111.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.826 122.6 122.6 -0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.621 121.9 121.6 4.6 -0.6 0.8 1.2 -0.2

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.920 131.3 135.4 17.0 1.7 3.0 -0.8 3.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.019 105.3 105.7 1.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2016=100)

323

0.218 98.9 99.0 - 0.0 -1.3 0.2 0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.434 90.1 83.9 8.3 -4.2 6.4 8.6 -6.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.805 135.1 136.3 4.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.9

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.226 118.4 118.3 0.9 0.4 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.999 128.2 128.9 -0.3 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.5

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.282 104.2 104.2 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.366 149.1 148.6 14.4 -0.7 1.7 3.9 -0.3

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.129 125.0 125.7 3.3 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.6

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.109 117.8 117.9 1.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.402 75.6 75.7 -0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.896 115.2 115.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.361 109.4 109.3 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.724 115.7 115.8 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.295 117.9 117.7 -1.3 0.0 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: October 2016 to October 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.330 132.8 137.5 12.2 4.7 -1.6 0.3 3.5

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.422 150.8 156.7 4.0 3.2 -0.7 -0.9 3.9

Crop production

111

4.157 156.5 162.7 3.9 3.2 -0.8 -1.0 4.0

Mining

21

2.908 85.2 87.7 27.7 7.1 -2.9 2.3 2.9

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.272 106.8 107.7 30.5 1.7 1.3 3.0 0.8

Manufacturing

  91.087 113.9 113.7 2.0 0.2 0.7 0.8 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.055 139.0 139.0 2.8 0.7 0.4 -0.4 0.0

Food manufacturing

311

4.758 158.0 158.2 4.0 0.7 0.6 -0.5 0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.713 114.6 114.1 2.1 2.9 -0.1 0.6 -0.4

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.663 101.1 101.1 - -0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.273 96.3 95.6 - -0.4 -1.6 -0.5 -0.7

Manufacturing, part 2

32

24.487 111.4 110.7 3.4 0.6 2.2 2.4 -0.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.669 121.6 127.0 7.0 2.4 0.2 0.6 4.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.816 106.4 100.9 9.3 -0.8 9.5 8.2 -5.2

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.128 114.6 115.2 1.2 1.0 0.2 0.8 0.5

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.268 114.4 114.3 0.6 -0.3 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.840 114.3 114.8 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.4

Manufacturing, part 3

33

59.545 112.5 112.5 1.4 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.106 142.2 139.1 2.8 -1.8 1.9 3.4 -2.2

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.276 138.2 138.3 6.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.182 126.2 126.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

13.984 82.7 83.3 0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.7

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.950 113.7 113.8 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.298 124.7 124.7 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.448 117.4 117.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.300 119.4 119.3 -0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2016 to October 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.470 191.7 192.3 2.1 -0.9 -1.0 -1.4 0.3

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.444 246.6 250.9 6.8 -1.1 -2.5 0.3 1.7

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.723 139.4 140.6 -2.6 -1.5 -1.0 -0.6 0.9

Vegetable products

II

2.221 235.1 233.1 5.0 -1.1 0.7 6.1 -0.9

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.408 468.5 454.1 -9.8 -0.9 -1.9 3.0 -3.1

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.016 152.0 151.5 18.9 -2.7 2.1 13.5 -0.3

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.353 229.4 225.1 -3.9 2.6 0.3 -1.7 -1.9

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.307 118.4 116.4 5.9 0.1 1.0 1.7 -1.7

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.707 162.8 162.7 1.2 0.6 0.6 0.2 -0.1

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.185 86.8 88.0 0.9 0.1 -0.8 0.9 1.4

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.192 95.0 96.2 -13.4 -1.7 0.7 -0.5 1.3

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.363 170.4 172.1 6.7 1.9 0.4 1.0 1.0

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.000 128.9 129.1 0.9 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Mineral products

V

9.309 180.3 183.2 13.7 -1.0 3.8 5.3 1.6

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

9.051 177.9 180.2 13.5 -1.0 4.0 5.5 1.3

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.233 151.4 152.5 4.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.7

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.520 259.9 273.8 9.7 -1.1 -2.2 -4.0 5.3

Organic chemicals

29

2.421 124.6 125.6 4.2 -0.4 0.2 1.1 0.8

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.354 148.3 148.0 4.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.252 71.0 78.7 12.1 -1.2 -3.2 1.3 10.8

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.192 106.6 106.2 3.6 0.4 -0.1 -2.1 -0.4

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.562 102.4 102.8 - 1.4 0.7 1.0 0.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.696 105.1 105.2 3.2 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.433 140.2 140.6 2.3 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.183 142.2 143.0 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.250 138.0 137.7 3.1 -1.2 0.7 0.4 -0.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.683 124.1 124.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.653 129.4 129.5 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.957 160.0 164.8 17.0 1.6 2.8 -0.7 3.0

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.932 110.4 113.7 17.3 1.6 2.9 -0.6 3.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.080 110.3 110.8 1.8 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.713 102.9 103.0 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.216 104.7 104.9 2.3 0.1 -1.5 0.2 0.2

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.325 113.5 113.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.187 103.9 103.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.819 119.0 118.9 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.648 103.9 103.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.502 121.7 121.6 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.272 120.8 120.7 -0.7 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.938 130.5 130.9 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.324 96.7 97.2 -0.6 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.5

Ceramic products

69

0.269 135.9 136.4 -0.5 -0.7 0.4 0.2 0.4

Glass and glassware

70

0.345 131.2 131.2 1.1 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.873 174.9 170.6 -1.3 -1.9 2.0 2.5 -2.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.682 172.4 173.9 12.0 0.3 0.7 2.3 0.9

Iron and steel

72

1.373 200.7 204.3 22.0 -0.8 1.1 1.8 1.8

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.709 146.3 147.9 8.1 0.9 -0.8 1.5 1.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.423 300.7 290.9 21.6 2.1 5.1 5.3 -3.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.825 132.8 136.3 13.1 0.4 0.1 2.9 2.6

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.431 123.0 121.9 -0.3 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.9

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.521 137.6 137.8 1.0 -0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.627 80.6 80.7 -0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.814 86.5 86.6 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.813 75.1 75.1 -1.3 0.3 0.0 -0.5 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.474 113.9 113.8 -0.5 -0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.027 112.9 112.7 -0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.316 115.5 115.8 -2.6 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.3

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.845 102.0 102.0 -0.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.517 98.6 98.6 -1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.0

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.269 143.9 143.8 1.1 1.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.258 111.1 111.2 -0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.638 116.9 116.9 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.347 101.3 101.3 -1.9 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.273 129.8 129.8 -1.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2016 to October 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.910 208.6 208.9 8.8 2.3 0.2 -1.8 0.1

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.123 166.5 166.2 13.1 2.3 0.2 -2.7 -0.2

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.405 110.1 113.9 - 5.5 0.5 0.5 3.5

Vegetable products

II

4.150 190.8 200.1 5.2 3.2 -0.6 -0.6 4.9

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.835 141.9 144.7 -4.7 3.1 1.9 1.4 2.0

Cereals

10

1.176 174.1 178.8 5.9 7.6 -5.2 -3.8 2.7

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.632 199.8 199.0 -0.1 4.1 1.2 -0.3 -0.4

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.061 149.2 149.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.377 116.6 117.7 1.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.9

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.548 112.4 111.3 -0.2 0.2 0.6 0.3 -1.0

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.697 192.7 192.9 -6.2 0.2 -1.6 1.5 0.1

Mineral products

V

8.951 216.6 211.4 17.9 2.2 4.7 6.1 -2.4

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.597 101.9 103.8 27.2 2.7 3.1 6.9 1.9

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.163 207.6 201.9 17.7 2.2 4.9 6.1 -2.7

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.744 135.0 135.2 -0.4 1.1 0.4 0.3 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.742 157.1 158.4 -9.5 0.5 1.1 -3.4 0.8

Organic chemicals

29

2.575 135.7 135.7 2.1 1.5 1.1 2.0 0.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.148 105.5 105.9 -2.6 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.4

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.238 104.5 104.4 - -0.6 -1.0 -1.4 -0.1

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.523 99.4 102.4 5.0 -0.4 -1.7 1.1 3.0

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.805 132.5 132.1 0.8 -0.1 -0.2 0.2 -0.3

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.564 128.9 125.8 8.2 15.3 0.1 -0.7 -2.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.726 144.2 144.8 -0.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.4

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.054 138.0 139.6 2.0 -0.3 0.0 1.0 1.2

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.128 134.1 135.6 2.3 0.1 0.2 1.0 1.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.926 153.5 156.0 0.8 -2.0 -0.8 0.5 1.6

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.326 116.3 114.6 -4.8 -0.9 -2.3 -0.7 -1.5

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.644 101.0 103.9 9.3 2.3 0.8 1.8 2.9

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.101 126.2 123.1 0.4 2.0 -0.8 -2.5 -2.5

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.656 133.7 119.4 -7.7 3.6 -2.5 -7.9 -10.7

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.097 122.5 124.8 5.2 1.5 0.1 0.1 1.9

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.348 101.5 101.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.713 119.6 119.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.3 -0.4 -0.3

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.444 125.0 123.1 0.7 -1.0 0.9 -1.8 -1.5

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.827 123.3 123.5 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.275 101.3 101.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.420 98.7 99.1 -0.6 -0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.4

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.300 240.5 234.6 -0.3 -1.5 1.7 2.9 -2.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.037 156.9 156.3 9.5 0.2 1.2 2.3 -0.4

Iron and steel

72

1.098 168.1 163.9 16.5 1.2 2.5 5.5 -2.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.526 188.8 190.1 24.7 2.7 4.3 5.2 0.7

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.861 115.8 115.9 12.4 -0.9 1.3 3.7 0.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.344 99.5 99.5 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.343 148.2 148.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.455 96.4 96.6 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.727 114.0 114.3 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.728 77.3 77.6 0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.4

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.847 133.1 133.1 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.595 115.3 115.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.992 106.8 107.3 1.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.5

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.465 112.2 112.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.886 128.2 128.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.429 88.7 88.8 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: October 2016 to October 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 120.7 121.0 2.8 -0.2 0.7 0.8 0.2

Nonmanufacturing

8.650 139.4 144.3 12.9 -0.3 2.2 3.7 3.5

Manufacturing

90.856 118.6 118.6 1.9 -0.3 0.5 0.5 0.0

Other Countries(3)

100.000 120.3 120.4 1.7 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.1

Nonmanufacturing

9.250 206.3 209.7 15.9 0.7 2.1 5.6 1.6

Manufacturing

90.541 103.3 103.2 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Canada

100.000 126.3 128.1 6.3 -0.2 1.1 1.4 1.4

Nonmanufacturing

23.922 132.9 137.6 12.7 -0.2 2.3 3.5 3.5

Manufacturing

75.267 128.3 129.3 4.1 -0.2 0.6 0.7 0.8

European Union(4)

100.000 134.0 134.1 1.7 -0.2 0.8 0.3 0.1

Manufacturing

99.386 130.6 130.7 1.8 -0.2 0.7 0.3 0.1

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 125.4 125.8 3.1 0.3 1.6 0.4 0.3

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 115.1 115.4 2.9 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 118.2 118.4 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2

Latin America(5)

100.000 145.9 146.8 4.6 0.3 0.6 1.4 0.6

Nonmanufacturing

19.265 242.0 241.6 17.6 1.3 2.7 6.7 -0.2

Manufacturing

80.387 120.5 121.5 1.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.8

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 129.1 128.9 2.4 0.0 0.5 1.4 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

10.237 145.4 137.4 20.7 -0.1 3.1 13.8 -5.5

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

89.459 88.3 88.7 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.5

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.4 98.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 99.8 99.8 -0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Japan

100.000 95.8 95.5 -0.8 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 -0.3

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 87.3 87.5 3.8 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.2

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 98.1 98.2 1.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 153.0 165.1 11.3 -0.7 0.0 3.4 7.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: October 2016 to October 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2016
to
Oct.
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2017
to
Oct.
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 182.8 175.5 5.4 10.3 0.2 0.4 -4.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.789 147.7 145.1 4.7 3.1 1.0 2.1 -1.8

Asia

64.790 175.6 165.9 7.0 15.8 -0.2 0.0 -5.5

Export Air Freight

100.000 158.3 163.0 5.4 -2.5 -0.3 0.5 3.0

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

33.138 147.9 150.1 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.5

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 166.3 161.0 4.2 6.3 0.4 0.5 -3.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.803 136.5 130.8 -3.0 2.3 0.6 1.6 -4.2

Asia

61.833 159.4 153.7 7.9 10.2 0.4 0.1 -3.6

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 139.0 140.4 2.4 1.5 -1.5 -1.4 1.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.570 143.8 143.8 0.2 0.4 0.0 -1.5 0.0

Asia

46.581 133.7 134.0 4.1 2.9 -3.1 -2.4 0.2

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 171.3 186.4 -1.4 -2.8 -10.6 8.5 8.8

Europe

41.549 193.0 212.2 -3.9 -6.1 -12.4 18.8 9.9

Asia

22.904 135.1 135.5 3.2 -6.5 -8.4 4.4 0.3

Latin America/Caribbean

9.762 152.7 155.1 0.4 2.0 -2.5 -5.7 1.6

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 147.7 153.4 2.3 5.0 -2.1 -8.2 3.9

Europe

33.056 206.3 212.6 6.8 1.8 -14.1 13.6 3.1

Asia

24.633 118.9 116.0 -8.3 0.2 16.4 -20.5 -2.4

Latin America/Caribbean

25.264 162.7 159.3 -3.2 6.6 -1.5 -3.6 -2.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                                TECHNICAL NOTE                                                

Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Relative Importance - A relative importance is a specific index's price-updated value share (expressed 
as a percentage) of overall imports or exports at a specific point in time. Relative importance values are 
affected by the trade weights at the point indexes are reweighted and index changes relative to other 
indexes since the reweight point. If an index is rising in value relative to other indexes over time, the 
relative importance will increase as well. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: November 16, 2017