U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					USDL-17-1010
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Technical information: (202) 691-7101 * MXPinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/mxp
Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JUNE 2017

U.S. import prices declined 0.2 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, after a 
0.1-percent decrease in May. Lower fuel prices drove the drop in June, which more than offset higher 
nonfuel prices. The price index for U.S. exports fell 0.2 percent in June following a 0.5-percent decline in 
May.


Imports

All Imports: Import prices declined 0.2 percent in June. For the second consecutive month the decline was 
driven by lower fuel prices. Despite the monthly decrease in June, the price index for U.S. imports rose 1.5 
percent over the past 12 months. The last over-the-year decline in import prices was a 0.2-percent decrease 
for the 12-month period ended in October.

Fuel Imports: The price index for fuel imports fell for a fourth consecutive month, declining 2.1 percent in 
June, after decreasing 4.6 percent over the previous 3 months. The main contributor to the drop was a 2.2-
percent decline in petroleum prices. Natural gas prices also fell in June, decreasing 1.0 percent. Despite the 
recent drops, import fuel prices advanced 6.3 percent over the 12-month period ended in June. The import 
price index for petroleum increased 4.5 percent over the past year and natural gas prices rose 58.6 percent. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports ticked up 0.1 percent in June after recording no 
change in May. The index for nonfuel imports has not recorded a monthly decline since a 0.1-percent dip in 
January. Higher import prices for foods, feeds, and beverages and capital goods more than offset lower 
prices for automotive vehicles, consumer goods, and nonfuel industrial supplies and materials. Prices for 
nonfuel imports advanced 1.0 percent over the past 12 months and the index has not recorded a 12-month 
decline since a 0.2-percent decrease in November. Rising prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
and foods, feeds, and beverages more than offset decreasing prices for capital goods and automotive 
vehicles over the 12-month period ended in June. Consumer goods prices recorded no change over the past 
year. 


Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

June

0.7 10.5 -0.2 0.8 2.5 0.5

July

0.1 -2.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

August

-0.2 -3.4 0.0 -0.8 -3.4 -0.6

September

0.1 1.3 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.5

October

0.5 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

-0.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0

December

0.4 5.8 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.4

2017

January

0.6 6.1 -0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2

February

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

March

-0.2 (r)-3.0 0.2 (r)0.1 1.1 (r)0.0

April

0.2 (r)-0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

May

(r)-0.1 (r)-1.2 0.0 (r)-0.5 -1.6 (r)-0.4

June

-0.2 -2.1 0.1 -0.2 -1.5 0.0

June 2015 to 2016

-4.7 -24.5 -1.8 -3.5 -1.3 -3.8

June 2016 to 2017

1.5 6.3 1.0 0.6 -3.9 1.1

Footnotes
(r) Revised



Exports

All Exports: Prices for U.S. exports fell for a second consecutive month in June, declining 0.2 percent. 
Falling prices for agricultural exports drove the decrease as nonagricultural export prices recorded no 
change. U.S. export prices increased over the past year, advancing 0.6 percent. The price index for U.S. 
exports has not recorded a 12-month decline since a 0.2-percent fall in November. 

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports decreased 1.5 percent in June following a 
1.6-percent drop in May. Falling prices for vegetables, soybeans, and fruit drove the June decrease, more 
than offsetting higher prices for meat. Prices for agricultural exports recorded a 3.9-percent decline over the 
12-month period ended in June, the first over-the-year decrease since the index fell 0.3 percent for the year 
ended in December. Lower export prices for soybeans, fruit, and corn led the decrease in agricultural prices 
between June 2016 and June 2017. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices recorded no change in June following a 
0.4-percent decline in May. Advancing prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials and 
consumer goods were offset by decreasing prices for automotive vehicles. Export prices for capital goods 
recorded no change in June. The price index for nonagricultural exports increased 1.1 percent over the past 
12 months as higher prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials and capital goods more than 
offset falling prices for consumer goods. Automotive vehicle prices recorded no change over the past year. 



                                          SELECTED JUNE HIGHLIGHTS


Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China declined 0.1 percent in June. The price index for 
imports from China fell 1.0 percent over the past 12 months and has not recorded a 12-month increase since 
advancing 0.1 percent in October 2014. The price index for imports from Japan decreased 0.1 percent in 
June and increased 1.0 percent over the past year. Import prices fell 0.9 percent from Canada and decreased 
0.2 percent from Mexico in June, after advancing 0.8 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively, the previous 
month. The price index for imports from the European Union rose 0.4 percent in June. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials decreased 
0.2 percent in June, after falling 0.4 percent the previous month. A 0.8-percent drop in chemical prices and a 
1.0-percent decrease in prices for building materials more than offset higher prices for gold and other 
precious metals.  

Finished Goods: Major finished goods prices were mostly up in June. Import prices for capital goods 
increased 0.2 percent, after recording no change over the previous 3 months. The increase in capital goods 
prices was driven by a 0.4-percent advance in prices for computers, peripherals, and semiconductors. Prices 
for automotive vehicles fell 0.2 percent following increases of 0.1 percent in May and 0.5 percent in April. 
In contrast, consumer goods prices declined 0.1 percent. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The price index for import foods, feeds, and beverages advanced 0.9 percent 
in June following a 1.0-percent rise in May and a 0.4-percent increase in April. Import prices for vegetables 
led the overall advance in June, rising 6.7 percent. Prices for meat imports also contributed to the overall 
advance in foods, feeds, and beverages prices, increasing 2.1 percent. 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares advanced 3.7 percent in June. The increase was 
largely driven by a 10.9-percent rise in Asian fares and a 4.2-percent advance in European fares. Import air 
passenger fares declined 3.8 percent over the past 12 months. Import air freight prices fell 0.8 percent in 
June. Despite the decline, the index increased 11.8 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month advance 
since the index for import air freight rose 13.7 percent in September 2011.


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Export prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials rose 0.1 percent in June following a 1.4-percent decline in May. The June increase was driven 
by a 1.7-percent advance for other petroleum products and a 2.8-percent rise in nonmonetary gold prices.

Finished Goods: Price movements for major finished goods exports were mixed in June. Export consumer 
goods prices rose for the fourth consecutive month, advancing 0.2 percent led by a 0.4-percent increase for 
manufactured durable goods. The price index for export automotive vehicles fell 0.1 percent in June, after 
recording no change in May. Export prices for capital goods recorded no change in June.

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares rose 4.9 percent in June, the largest monthly advance 
since a 7.9-percent rise in December. European fares drove the increase in June, advancing 7.7 percent. 
Export air passenger fares rose 2.3 percent for the year ended in June. Export air freight prices increased 0.4 
percent in June and rose 4.3 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month increase since a 4.4-percent 
advance in April 2015. 

Import and Export Price Index data for July 2017 are scheduled for release on Tuesday, August 15, 2017 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2016 to June 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

All commodities

  100.000 122.7 122.5 1.5 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.716 98.9 98.9 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.596 111.9 112.0 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  90.942 115.9 116.0 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.183 180.3 182.0 5.6 -0.2 0.4 1.0 0.9

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.832 197.5 199.7 6.6 -0.1 0.6 1.2 1.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.351 141.7 142.2 2.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.4 0.4

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.610 168.6 167.1 5.7 -0.4 0.4 -0.8 -0.9

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.395 148.0 147.8 6.5 0.9 1.1 -0.5 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.586 167.6 167.3 5.2 1.5 0.9 -0.4 -0.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.441 158.1 158.1 6.9 1.6 1.1 -0.4 0.0

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.765 135.4 134.8 5.8 0.0 1.0 -0.5 -0.4

Fuels & lubricants

10

9.058 172.0 168.4 6.3 -3.0 -0.4 -1.2 -2.1

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.404 185.0 180.9 4.5 -2.6 -0.7 -1.2 -2.2

Crude

10000

5.975 190.0 183.3 3.3 -3.3 -0.6 -0.2 -3.5

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.500 104.9 104.1 52.0 -10.2 6.1 -2.4 -0.8

Gas-natural

10110

0.377 83.6 82.8 58.6 -13.6 8.0 -3.1 -1.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.543 106.9 107.4 0.0 -0.1 1.3 0.5 0.5

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.636 154.3 153.5 2.9 1.4 0.4 -0.3 -0.5

Selected building materials

13

1.466 146.7 145.2 5.7 1.3 2.5 0.8 -1.0

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.495 213.2 213.8 12.9 2.8 0.9 -1.4 0.3

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.724 149.1 149.8 3.3 0.4 1.5 0.3 0.5

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.687 109.0 108.8 0.1 0.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Capital goods

2

27.433 88.7 88.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

3.315 116.3 116.8 0.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.554 81.3 81.4 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.565 134.6 134.5 -1.5 -0.1 -1.5 0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.340 110.7 110.5 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.434 107.0 106.9 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.482 121.7 121.7 1.6 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.620 93.0 93.0 -1.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.332 116.4 115.0 -3.4 -3.0 1.2 0.1 -1.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2016 to June 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

All commodities

  100.000 121.8 121.6 0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Agricultural commodities

  9.453 177.5 174.8 -3.9 1.1 0.1 -1.6 -1.5

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.517 98.7 98.7 0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.547 117.6 117.6 1.1 0.0 0.3 -0.4 0.0

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.778 179.2 176.3 -4.2 1.2 0.5 -2.0 -1.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.162 178.5 175.8 -4.8 1.0 0.3 -1.9 -1.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.616 197.3 191.0 3.3 3.2 3.4 -3.5 -3.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.587 145.6 145.6 3.4 -0.1 0.3 -1.3 0.0

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.667 158.1 157.6 3.9 1.2 -0.2 -0.6 -0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  18.962 139.9 140.1 3.2 -0.8 0.6 -1.7 0.1

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.292 176.7 174.3 2.5 1.3 -1.2 0.6 -1.4

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.296 144.6 144.7 3.5 -0.1 0.4 -1.4 0.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

7.747 161.4 161.6 9.3 -3.0 3.5 -2.9 0.1

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.509 150.1 150.2 1.4 0.9 -0.8 -0.9 0.1

Selected building materials

13

1.040 120.2 119.9 3.9 1.6 0.4 0.5 -0.2

Capital goods

2

38.422 107.7 107.7 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.979 112.8 112.6 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.141 93.8 93.8 -0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.302 170.3 170.5 3.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.380 113.3 113.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.833 108.3 108.5 -1.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.214 104.2 104.3 -1.6 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

5.211 106.9 107.3 -0.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: June 2016 to June 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.675 95.5 93.7 8.2 -3.7 0.1 0.2 -1.9

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.068 185.4 187.2 14.3 -2.8 1.2 2.0 1.0

Crop production

111

1.650 197.9 200.8 15.7 -2.9 2.1 2.1 1.5

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.212 81.2 82.5 2.6 -1.0 -1.1 3.4 1.6

Mining

21

6.607 84.9 82.5 6.3 -3.9 -0.4 -0.2 -2.8

Oil and gas extraction

211

6.328 84.3 81.5 5.6 -4.3 -0.1 -0.6 -3.3

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.280 110.2 118.9 25.2 2.3 -3.7 6.3 7.9

Manufacturing

  91.041 109.9 109.9 0.8 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.956 124.2 124.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.501 156.0 156.9 2.3 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.062 118.3 118.6 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.399 98.1 98.2 -0.5 0.2 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.933 108.5 108.6 -0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.208 110.9 111.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.852 123.1 123.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.560 120.2 120.1 3.3 0.7 0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.912 128.9 126.6 9.5 1.9 3.9 1.3 -1.8

Paper manufacturing

322

1.024 104.7 105.0 -0.6 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2016=100)

323

0.223 100.1 100.1 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.197 80.5 81.6 6.8 0.1 -0.7 -3.2 1.4

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.957 135.9 135.5 3.6 0.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.238 117.9 117.8 0.5 0.8 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.010 128.4 127.6 -1.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.6

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.524 103.5 103.6 0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.171 141.0 141.1 11.8 2.4 0.6 -1.2 0.1

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.094 122.3 122.6 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.082 116.1 116.4 -0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.621 75.8 75.9 -0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.916 114.5 114.5 0.0 -0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.583 109.7 109.5 -0.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.735 115.3 115.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.323 117.4 117.5 -1.9 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: June 2016 to June 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.451 132.7 129.0 1.8 -1.9 1.3 0.0 -2.8

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.601 154.2 148.5 -8.4 1.4 -0.1 -2.8 -3.7

Crop production

111

4.238 160.0 154.4 -9.2 1.1 -0.5 -2.7 -3.5

Mining

21

2.850 82.0 80.9 23.3 -7.4 3.9 4.9 -1.3

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.243 102.6 101.7 32.1 -2.7 -3.9 3.2 -0.9

Manufacturing

  91.051 111.9 112.0 0.6 0.2 0.3 -0.4 0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.111 137.7 137.8 1.7 0.9 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.780 156.0 156.5 2.7 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.706 111.5 110.6 0.8 2.9 -1.8 1.2 -0.8

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.676 101.4 101.2 - 0.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.285 98.7 98.5 - -0.2 -0.2 -1.2 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 2

32

23.671 105.8 106.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.7 -1.9 0.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.616 115.7 115.9 -4.1 -2.5 2.3 -1.3 0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.988 89.7 90.4 3.8 -1.8 3.3 -6.6 0.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.128 112.7 112.7 -1.1 0.5 -0.2 -0.7 0.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.312 114.6 114.4 -0.8 0.3 -0.5 0.3 -0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.848 113.4 113.6 1.2 1.1 -0.5 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.268 111.9 111.9 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.036 137.4 137.5 4.6 1.2 0.7 -0.3 0.1

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.333 138.2 138.1 6.1 0.0 0.0 0.6 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.298 125.4 125.4 -0.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.215 82.6 82.6 -1.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.997 113.1 113.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.562 124.3 124.4 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.457 117.5 117.5 2.2 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.370 118.9 119.1 -0.5 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2016 to June 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.518 196.0 198.7 4.9 -0.1 0.3 1.9 1.4

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.455 250.1 254.8 8.0 1.1 1.9 2.5 1.9

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.755 143.9 144.3 3.2 -1.2 -0.8 0.7 0.3

Vegetable products

II

2.095 219.7 221.8 19.3 -2.6 2.5 1.5 1.0

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.374 425.9 469.8 15.5 -2.4 2.9 1.0 10.3

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.900 133.3 133.5 62.6 -0.6 4.0 3.7 0.2

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.358 229.9 226.2 -1.4 -0.9 -1.2 -1.1 -1.6

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.302 115.4 116.4 9.1 -4.9 -0.4 1.7 0.9

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.686 160.0 160.7 -1.8 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.4

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.187 86.9 87.6 1.2 -0.2 0.7 0.5 0.8

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.189 92.7 96.4 -16.2 0.8 -4.6 -1.7 4.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.355 164.8 164.6 6.0 4.2 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.002 127.9 128.2 -0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Mineral products

V

8.959 171.8 168.7 6.8 -2.8 -0.2 -1.0 -1.8

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.712 169.5 165.9 6.7 -2.9 -0.1 -1.2 -2.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.367 152.1 151.8 3.4 0.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.568 285.1 276.5 5.9 5.8 1.2 -0.3 -3.0

Organic chemicals

29

2.410 124.5 124.1 3.2 1.2 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.354 148.9 148.9 4.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.258 73.0 72.7 -6.0 -1.1 -2.9 -4.1 -0.4

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.192 107.0 108.6 10.4 0.0 5.0 0.1 1.5

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.542 99.2 99.3 - -0.2 -1.0 0.2 0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.682 103.4 103.9 3.1 0.7 -0.2 -0.5 0.5

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.460 139.9 139.2 1.9 0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.183 140.8 140.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.1 -0.3

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.277 139.6 138.5 5.2 0.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.8

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.687 123.6 123.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.6 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.656 128.8 128.8 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.5 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.945 156.5 154.4 9.8 1.9 3.9 1.2 -1.3

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.920 107.9 106.4 10.1 2.0 3.9 1.3 -1.4

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.091 110.3 110.6 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.721 103.0 102.9 -1.5 0.0 -0.6 -0.1 -0.1

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.221 106.1 106.1 5.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.359 113.1 113.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.199 103.5 103.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.838 119.0 118.9 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.654 103.8 103.8 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.525 122.3 122.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.291 121.4 121.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.942 129.8 129.1 -2.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.5

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.324 95.7 94.2 -5.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5 -1.6

Ceramic products

69

0.273 136.7 136.6 -0.4 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.345 130.0 129.9 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.796 168.5 170.6 1.8 1.3 0.4 -1.2 1.2

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.541 166.5 166.0 7.0 1.4 0.8 -0.5 -0.3

Iron and steel

72

1.367 197.8 195.5 15.3 3.0 1.6 -0.7 -1.2

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.664 141.1 142.0 2.9 0.3 1.2 0.4 0.6

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.378 266.3 266.2 10.4 0.9 -1.7 -1.8 0.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.812 129.4 128.4 6.2 3.0 0.9 -0.4 -0.8

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.435 122.7 122.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.522 136.6 136.5 -0.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.837 80.4 80.4 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.824 85.7 85.8 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.014 75.3 75.3 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.669 114.3 114.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.201 113.2 113.2 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.336 116.1 115.8 -2.7 -0.2 -2.1 0.0 -0.3

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.852 101.1 101.4 -1.9 -0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.524 97.8 98.0 -2.3 -0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.268 142.0 142.5 0.7 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.292 110.9 110.9 -1.2 0.1 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.653 116.5 116.4 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.363 101.4 101.4 -2.1 0.0 -1.3 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.276 129.9 129.7 -4.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2016 to June 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.895 203.4 206.6 10.9 2.7 1.0 -0.3 1.6

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.112 162.1 166.2 11.2 5.3 0.8 1.6 2.5

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.399 106.8 102.1 - 3.3 6.0 -6.7 -4.4

Vegetable products

II

4.301 194.5 187.1 -10.0 1.3 0.5 -4.9 -3.8

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.823 137.6 133.4 -15.7 2.1 -1.1 -3.1 -3.1

Cereals

10

1.203 175.2 177.4 -7.8 2.3 -4.7 0.9 1.3

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.629 196.1 190.7 -13.4 1.6 -8.7 2.0 -2.8

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.102 148.7 147.3 -1.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 -0.9

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.385 117.0 117.0 -1.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.555 112.0 111.0 -0.1 1.4 1.0 -0.1 -0.9

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.723 196.3 191.9 -8.2 -1.0 -1.1 0.7 -2.2

Mineral products

V

8.058 191.7 191.7 14.4 -2.9 3.2 -2.3 0.0

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.544 91.4 89.5 17.9 -0.7 0.6 -2.1 -2.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.320 183.0 183.3 14.5 -3.2 3.5 -2.5 0.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.778 133.1 132.7 -2.6 0.4 -0.7 -0.5 -0.3

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.808 168.3 160.3 -7.7 -0.3 -5.1 -0.2 -4.8

Organic chemicals

29

2.495 129.3 130.0 -2.3 1.6 -2.4 -2.1 0.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.171 104.5 104.7 -2.4 0.0 1.1 0.2 0.2

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.254 109.8 107.7 - 3.8 4.1 1.9 -1.9

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.527 98.6 100.3 1.9 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.7

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.825 133.4 132.7 -1.3 0.1 1.1 -0.1 -0.5

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.505 113.5 112.5 -3.4 -0.6 -1.1 -1.1 -0.9

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.758 144.4 143.5 -3.1 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.6

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.133 137.8 138.0 1.2 1.1 0.1 -1.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.144 132.4 132.9 0.9 0.7 0.3 -0.5 0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.989 161.1 159.9 2.6 2.6 -0.5 -3.4 -0.7

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.348 122.0 121.1 1.5 0.7 -0.2 -1.4 -0.7

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.638 98.2 97.2 1.8 4.3 0.3 1.3 -1.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.100 123.9 126.7 4.5 2.4 -3.6 -0.3 2.3

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.651 130.4 139.3 13.7 6.8 -11.7 -0.9 6.8

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.095 120.2 120.5 0.7 0.1 0.8 -0.1 0.2

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.354 101.5 101.5 1.1 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.764 121.1 120.3 0.7 -0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.7

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.471 130.6 127.5 8.1 1.1 0.1 0.5 -2.4

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.838 122.8 123.0 0.2 0.8 -0.6 0.2 0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.280 101.1 101.1 0.6 0.8 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.429 99.2 99.1 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.192 230.5 233.5 1.7 1.8 0.3 -0.8 1.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.986 152.7 151.2 5.5 1.0 0.3 -0.1 -1.0

Iron and steel

72

1.045 157.3 153.4 6.0 2.3 -0.2 -0.7 -2.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.478 168.6 167.8 11.8 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 -0.5

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.862 113.9 111.3 6.3 2.9 0.9 0.2 -2.3

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.350 99.5 99.5 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.348 148.2 148.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.848 96.1 96.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.968 113.7 113.8 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.1

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.880 77.0 77.0 -0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.046 132.6 132.7 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.735 115.2 115.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.074 106.4 106.7 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.493 112.4 112.4 0.7 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.903 128.4 128.4 1.7 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.437 88.7 88.7 -0.6 -0.2 -0.7 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: June 2016 to June 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 119.4 119.3 1.6 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing

8.627 137.5 134.7 6.6 -4.0 -0.7 3.4 -2.0

Manufacturing

90.919 117.5 117.6 1.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.1

Other Countries(3)

100.000 119.2 118.9 0.4 -0.2 0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Nonmanufacturing

8.798 194.4 190.9 9.0 -3.7 0.1 -0.9 -1.8

Manufacturing

90.996 102.8 102.7 -0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Canada

100.000 125.3 124.2 3.4 -1.1 -0.1 0.8 -0.9

Nonmanufacturing

23.900 131.8 128.5 6.5 -4.2 -0.8 3.4 -2.5

Manufacturing

75.318 127.4 126.9 2.4 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.4

European Union(4)

100.000 132.3 132.8 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4

Manufacturing

99.459 129.0 129.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 120.8 121.1 -1.2 0.3 -0.4 -0.1 0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 113.8 114.1 0.8 0.0 0.5 -0.1 0.3

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.3 117.7 -0.9 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.3

Latin America(5)

100.000 143.3 142.6 2.3 -0.6 0.7 -0.2 -0.5

Nonmanufacturing

17.936 221.3 217.7 10.5 -4.8 0.9 -0.9 -1.6

Manufacturing

81.723 120.3 120.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 -0.1 -0.2

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 126.9 126.7 0.2 0.4 2.0 0.3 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.845 123.5 123.4 15.3 2.2 1.0 3.0 -0.1

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.846 88.1 88.0 -1.1 0.2 2.1 0.0 -0.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.4 98.3 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.1 100.0 -1.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Japan

100.000 96.4 96.3 1.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 85.8 85.9 1.9 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 98.0 98.0 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 152.8 149.2 3.2 -1.5 -2.8 -1.8 -2.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: June 2016 to June 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
May
2017(1)
Index Percent change
May
2017
June
2017
Annual Monthly
June
2016
to
June
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 166.2 164.8 11.8 0.6 1.5 0.7 -0.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.945 140.8 139.0 0.7 0.1 2.9 0.1 -1.3

Asia

62.050 152.9 151.9 18.6 1.1 1.6 0.3 -0.7

Export Air Freight

100.000 159.4 160.1 4.3 1.4 -0.3 0.5 0.4

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

35.971 146.9 146.9 1.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 155.6 155.7 9.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.720 132.3 132.7 -2.0 -0.5 0.9 -0.8 0.3

Asia

59.479 143.5 143.8 17.5 0.7 1.4 0.6 0.2

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 139.5 138.7 0.5 0.4 -1.6 1.8 -0.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.782 145.4 145.4 3.1 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0

Asia

46.546 134.1 132.7 0.8 0.3 -4.0 4.0 -1.0

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 175.3 181.7 -3.8 -4.0 -3.2 3.9 3.7

Europe

39.872 189.5 197.4 -11.9 -8.6 -7.5 3.7 4.2

Asia

22.573 136.2 151.1 2.3 -0.4 0.2 6.2 10.9

Latin America/Caribbean

9.746 156.0 162.7 6.8 2.4 0.9 -4.6 4.3

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 149.3 156.6 2.3 4.1 -6.0 1.9 4.9

Europe

30.587 192.9 207.7 -2.4 -4.5 -9.2 3.4 7.7

Asia

25.292 123.4 128.2 -4.2 2.2 -1.7 -0.6 3.9

Latin America/Caribbean

24.383 158.7 161.6 5.5 5.7 -3.0 -2.3 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                         TECHNICAL NOTE


Announcement - The Bureau of Labor Statistics is utilizing new index estimation and review systems 
for the import and export price indexes effective with the release of the June 2017 price data on July 18, 
2017. The new estimation and index review systems, the first major improvement to the existing 
systems in over 20 years, are redesigned, state-of-the-art systems with improved flexibility and review 
capabilities. The changes to the systems will not have a significant effect on the estimates of price 
change for the U.S. import and export price indexes.

Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 

Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: July 18, 2017