U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until				USDL-17-1401
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, October 17, 2017

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                        U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - SEPTEMBER 2017

U.S. import prices increased 0.7 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
after advancing 0.6 percent in August. The price index for U.S. exports rose 0.8 percent in September, after 
increasing 0.7 percent the previous month.


Hurricane Harvey and Irma: Hurricanes Harvey and Irma had a small impact on the collection of the 
import and export price index data for September, but no change in the estimation procedures. For more 
information on the impact, please see https://www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. 


Imports

All Imports: Import prices rose 0.7 percent in September, the largest monthly rise since an increase of 0.7 
percent in June 2016. The last time import prices advanced by more than 0.7 percent was a 1.2-percent 
increase in May 2016. Higher prices for both fuel and nonfuel imports contributed to the overall rise in 
import prices for September. Prices for U.S. imports also increased on a 12-month basis, advancing 2.7 
percent. 

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices increased 3.9 percent in September, after rising 4.4 percent in August. The 
monthly movements were the first advances since the index rose 0.3 percent in February, and the August 
rise was the largest advance since the index increased 6.1 percent in January. Prior to August, prices for 
import fuel fell 8.2 percent between February and July. The September advance was driven by a 4.5-percent 
rise in petroleum prices which more than offset a 7.8-percent drop in natural gas prices. Between September 
2016 and September 2017 the price index for import fuel increased 18.2 percent, led by a 20.1-percent 
advance in petroleum prices over the same period. Prices for natural gas declined 16.3 percent for the year 
ended in September.   

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports advanced 0.3 percent in September, 
following an identical increase in August. The major end-use categories largely increased in September and 
contributed to the rise in overall import prices. The most significant contributor was a 1.4-percent advance 
in nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices, although rising prices for foods, feeds, and beverages, 
capital goods, and automotive vehicles also contributed to the September advance in nonfuel prices. Prices 
for nonfuel imports increased 1.3 percent for the year ended in September. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

September

0.1 1.3 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.5

October

0.5 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

-0.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0

December

0.4 5.8 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.4

2017

January

0.6 6.1 -0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2

February

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

March

-0.2 -3.0 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.0

April

0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

May

-0.1 -0.9 0.1 -0.6 -1.6 -0.4

June

-0.2 (r)-3.6 0.1 -0.1 -1.4 0.0

July

-0.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.5 1.9 0.3

August

0.6 (r)4.4 0.3 (r)0.7 0.1 (r)0.8

September

0.7 3.9 0.3 0.8 -0.7 1.0

Sept. 2015 to 2016

-1.1 -3.7 -0.6 -1.5 -3.1 -1.3

Sept. 2016 to 2017

2.7 18.2 1.3 2.9 2.2 3.0

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices rose 0.8 percent in September following a 0.7-percent increase in August. 
The September advance was the largest monthly rise since an increase of 0.8 percent in June 2016. The last 
time the index increased by more than 0.8 percent was a 1.1-percent advance in May 2016. Prices for 
exports rose 2.9 percent over the past year. The September advance was driven by rising prices for 
nonagricultural commodities; agricultural export prices decreased in September.

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports declined 0.7 percent in September, the first 
monthly decrease since the index fell 1.4 percent in June. Lower prices for meat, wheat, and corn drove the 
September decline. Despite the monthly decrease, export agricultural prices rose 2.2 percent over the past 
year, driven by increasing meat, wheat, and vegetable prices over the 12-month period.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices increased 1.0 percent in September 
following an advance of 0.8 percent in August. Rising prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials drove the overall increase in nonagricultural export prices in September, though higher prices for 
capital goods and automotive vehicles also contributed. The price index for nonagricultural exports 
advanced 3.0 percent for the year ended in September, led by rising nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials prices. 


                                    SELECTED SEPTEMBER HIGHLIGHTS


Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China recorded no change in September, after edging 
down 0.1 percent in August. Prices for imports from China fell 0.7 percent for the year ended in September, 
the smallest over-the-year decline since the index fell 0.5 percent between April 2014 and April 2015. 
Import prices from Japan advanced 0.2 percent in September, the first monthly increase since the index rose 
0.2 percent in March. In September, rising petroleum prices contributed to higher import prices from 
Canada, the European Union, and Mexico. Import prices from Canada rose 0.5 percent, the price index for 
European Union imports advanced 0.3 percent, and prices for imports from Mexico increased 1.4 percent. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
rose 1.4 percent in September, after increasing 1.0 percent in August. Contributing to the September 
advance were a 4.4-percent increase in unfinished metals prices and a 1.8-percent rise in prices for finished 
metals. 

Finished Goods: Import prices for the finished goods categories were mixed in September. Prices for 
capital goods rose 0.1 percent following an identical increase in August. The advance was driven by a 1.6-
percent rise in prices for excavating, paving, and construction machinery. The price index for automotive 
vehicles rose 0.1 percent and the price index for consumer goods fell 0.1 percent. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Import foods, feeds, and beverages prices advanced 1.8 percent in 
September, the largest increase since a 3.1-percent rise in July 2016. The increase was led by a 12.5-percent 
rise in fruit prices which more than offset falling fish and shellfish prices.

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares rose 8.5 percent in September after declining 10.6 
percent in August. Higher European and Asian fares contributed to the September advance, which was the 
largest monthly increase since the index rose 8.9 percent in June 2015. Import air passenger fares decreased 
3.7 percent over the past year. The price index for import air freight rose 0.4 percent in September and 19.6 
percent over the past 12 months. 


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
export prices increased 3.1 percent in September after a 1.9-percent advance in August. The September 
increase was led by a 6.6-percent rise in fuel prices, with higher prices for nonferrous metals and chemicals 
also contributing to the overall advance.

Finished Goods: Export price indexes for both capital goods and automotive vehicles rose 0.1 percent in 
September. Capital goods prices have not recorded a monthly decline since a 0.1-percent drop in October 
2016, and the index advanced 1.2 percent over the past 12-months. The September increase was the second 
consecutive month in which prices for automotive vehicles advanced 0.1 percent, led by higher prices for 
passenger cars. The price index for consumer goods recorded no change in September. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares declined 8.7 percent in September, driven by a 20.7-
percent decline in Asian fares which more than offset a 13.5-percent increase in European fares. Despite the 
September decline, the index rose 1.2 percent from September 2016 to September 2017. The price index for 
export air freight rose 0.2 percent in September and 3.1 percent over the past 12 months.

Import and Export Price Index data for October 2017 are scheduled for release on Thursday, November 16, 
2017 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2016 to September 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 123.0 123.8 2.7 -0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.7

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.598 99.1 99.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.546 112.2 112.5 1.2 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.3

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  90.933 116.3 116.7 1.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.236 182.4 185.7 2.7 1.1 -0.1 0.2 1.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.896 200.7 205.7 3.4 1.3 0.1 0.4 2.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.340 141.0 139.7 -0.1 0.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.9

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.678 169.6 173.7 10.8 -1.4 -0.5 2.3 2.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.407 148.6 150.2 5.7 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 1.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.645 168.8 171.2 6.3 0.0 -0.4 1.0 1.4

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.565 160.9 164.2 8.6 0.2 -0.1 1.6 2.1

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.659 133.2 132.8 1.7 -0.4 -0.9 -0.4 -0.3

Fuels & lubricants

10

9.067 172.6 179.3 18.2 -3.6 -0.6 4.4 3.9

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.454 186.6 195.0 20.1 -3.8 -0.6 5.0 4.5

Crude

10000

5.956 189.9 195.1 18.5 -5.8 0.9 4.4 2.7

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.459 96.6 91.1 -6.6 -0.7 -2.2 -4.3 -5.7

Gas-natural

10110

0.335 74.6 68.8 -16.3 -0.8 -3.1 -5.9 -7.8

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.545 107.4 106.8 0.9 0.4 0.7 -0.6 -0.6

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.569 152.5 153.1 2.8 -0.5 -0.9 0.0 0.4

Selected building materials

13

1.501 150.6 149.3 8.7 -0.6 1.1 2.2 -0.9

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.538 216.4 226.0 12.9 0.3 -1.4 2.5 4.4

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.754 152.1 154.9 6.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 1.8

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.704 110.4 110.4 2.2 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.0

Capital goods

2

27.498 89.2 89.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.320 116.9 117.1 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.627 81.8 81.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.550 134.2 134.3 -1.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.238 110.3 110.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.350 106.9 106.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.429 121.5 121.5 1.8 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.616 93.2 93.1 -0.9 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.306 114.4 114.2 -3.6 -1.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2016 to September 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 123.0 124.0 2.9 -0.1 0.5 0.7 0.8

Agricultural commodities

  9.403 178.3 177.1 2.2 -1.4 1.9 0.1 -0.7

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.113 99.2 99.6 1.2 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.4

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.597 118.8 120.0 3.0 0.0 0.3 0.8 1.0

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.761 180.7 179.6 2.6 -1.5 2.2 0.2 -0.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.140 179.8 178.5 2.5 -1.4 2.1 0.1 -0.7

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.621 200.8 201.9 4.6 -3.2 3.8 0.5 0.5

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.982 149.0 153.4 8.1 -0.1 0.7 1.8 3.0

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.600 158.6 162.8 5.2 -0.5 -0.6 1.4 2.6

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.404 144.7 149.2 9.9 0.2 1.3 2.0 3.1

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.263 174.4 173.7 0.5 -1.4 0.5 -0.4 -0.4

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.720 148.2 152.8 8.4 0.0 0.6 1.9 3.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.147 171.4 182.7 23.2 0.0 1.6 5.0 6.6

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.534 151.8 154.5 3.4 0.0 0.3 0.7 1.8

Selected building materials

13

1.038 121.1 121.7 4.2 -0.4 0.2 1.0 0.5

Capital goods

2

38.166 108.0 108.1 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.952 113.1 113.2 1.1 -0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

24.963 94.1 94.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.252 171.0 171.2 3.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.284 113.3 113.4 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.806 109.2 109.2 -1.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.208 105.2 105.4 -1.2 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.204 107.8 107.7 -0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: September 2016 to September 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.656 95.6 98.2 14.1 -3.3 0.3 2.9 2.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.080 187.2 195.9 5.3 1.3 -1.0 0.7 4.6

Crop production

111

1.672 201.2 213.9 4.7 1.9 -0.8 0.5 6.3

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.210 80.8 74.5 -1.7 1.6 -1.0 -0.1 -7.8

Mining

21

6.575 84.7 86.6 17.2 -4.8 0.6 3.7 2.2

Oil and gas extraction

211

6.279 83.9 85.8 16.7 -5.3 0.6 4.0 2.3

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.296 117.0 116.7 22.5 7.9 0.4 -2.0 -0.3

Manufacturing

  91.050 110.2 110.7 1.7 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.956 124.6 124.7 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.512 157.0 157.2 2.2 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.065 118.9 119.3 1.2 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.399 98.5 98.9 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4

Textile product mills

314

0.934 108.9 109.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.4

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.203 111.1 111.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.842 122.8 122.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.551 120.6 121.8 5.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.9 1.0

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.937 132.8 131.7 13.8 -1.8 1.7 3.3 -0.8

Paper manufacturing

322

1.027 105.3 104.9 0.4 0.3 0.5 -0.3 -0.4

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2016=100)

323

0.219 98.6 98.6 - -0.1 0.0 -1.4 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.259 83.0 90.2 22.2 1.1 -4.1 6.3 8.7

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.856 134.9 134.9 3.9 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.248 118.8 118.6 0.9 -0.2 0.6 0.3 -0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.006 128.2 128.2 -0.9 0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.543 103.9 104.2 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.224 143.2 148.6 12.6 0.4 -0.7 1.5 3.8

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.119 123.7 124.9 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.143 117.5 117.9 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.601 76.0 75.8 -0.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.927 115.1 115.2 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.476 109.3 109.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.733 115.5 115.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.322 117.7 117.9 -1.6 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: September 2016 to September 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.361 132.4 133.7 9.4 -2.8 4.7 -1.6 1.0

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.496 152.2 150.8 1.1 -3.7 3.2 -0.7 -0.9

Crop production

111

4.144 158.1 156.5 1.0 -3.5 3.2 -0.8 -1.0

Mining

21

2.865 83.3 86.5 24.5 -1.5 7.1 -2.9 3.8

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.243 103.6 106.8 32.8 0.2 1.7 1.2 3.1

Manufacturing

  91.085 113.1 114.0 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.8

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.139 139.6 139.1 2.6 0.3 0.7 0.4 -0.4

Food manufacturing

311

4.825 159.1 158.3 3.9 0.5 0.8 0.7 -0.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.714 113.9 114.8 1.7 -0.7 2.9 -0.1 0.8

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.666 100.8 101.1 - -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.3

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.277 96.8 96.6 - -0.2 -0.4 -1.6 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 2

32

24.114 108.9 111.7 5.7 0.1 0.6 2.3 2.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.671 120.9 121.5 1.1 1.8 2.4 0.2 0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.415 98.3 106.4 24.2 0.9 -0.8 9.5 8.2

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.134 113.8 115.1 1.1 -0.3 1.0 0.3 1.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.284 114.4 114.5 0.2 -0.4 -0.3 0.5 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.842 113.7 114.2 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4

Manufacturing, part 3

33

59.832 112.2 112.5 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.997 137.4 142.6 3.5 0.1 -2.0 1.9 3.8

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.301 138.2 138.2 5.9 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.238 126.0 126.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.107 82.8 82.6 -0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.980 113.7 113.8 1.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.423 124.6 124.7 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.452 117.4 117.5 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.334 119.3 119.5 -0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2016 to September 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.503 194.7 190.9 0.2 1.2 -0.8 -1.0 -2.0

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.447 246.7 249.5 4.6 1.6 -0.9 -2.4 1.1

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.734 140.3 137.5 -4.5 0.1 -1.5 -1.0 -2.0

Vegetable products

II

2.108 221.6 234.6 4.6 1.3 -1.1 0.7 5.9

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.399 454.8 468.5 -10.9 9.8 -0.9 -1.9 3.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.901 133.9 152.0 19.5 1.1 -2.7 2.1 13.5

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.362 233.3 229.4 -2.7 -1.4 2.6 0.3 -1.7

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.304 116.4 118.6 7.0 1.6 0.1 1.0 1.9

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.721 162.5 163.0 1.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.184 85.9 87.0 0.2 0.8 0.1 -0.9 1.3

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.194 95.6 96.0 -16.2 4.0 -1.8 1.0 0.4

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.364 169.3 171.0 7.2 0.0 2.2 0.4 1.0

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.004 128.5 128.9 0.9 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Mineral products

V

8.984 172.8 179.2 18.7 -3.4 -0.5 4.2 3.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.722 170.2 176.7 18.9 -3.7 -0.5 4.4 3.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.291 151.3 151.3 3.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.538 270.7 259.6 2.0 -2.1 -1.1 -2.2 -4.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.380 123.3 124.5 2.7 0.2 -0.4 0.2 1.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.335 148.7 148.4 5.5 0.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.2

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.245 69.7 69.8 -1.0 0.1 -1.2 -3.7 0.1

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.195 108.9 106.6 4.9 1.5 0.4 -0.1 -2.1

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.547 100.4 101.0 - 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.6

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.690 104.9 105.0 3.0 0.5 1.0 0.0 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.451 139.9 140.2 2.4 -0.6 0.0 0.4 0.2

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.198 142.2 142.2 1.5 -0.2 0.6 0.3 0.0

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.253 137.3 138.1 4.1 -1.1 -1.2 0.6 0.6

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.686 123.7 124.1 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.655 129.0 129.4 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.974 161.7 160.4 13.8 -1.3 1.6 3.2 -0.8

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.948 111.5 110.6 14.1 -1.4 1.6 3.2 -0.8

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.086 110.1 109.9 0.8 0.2 0.3 -0.6 -0.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.718 102.9 102.5 -1.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.217 104.5 104.5 3.6 0.0 0.0 -1.4 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.356 113.4 113.5 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.204 104.0 104.0 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.830 118.9 118.9 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.652 103.7 103.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.515 121.9 121.6 -0.7 0.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.283 121.0 120.7 -0.7 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.943 130.3 130.5 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.326 96.7 96.7 -1.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0

Ceramic products

69

0.270 135.6 135.7 -1.1 -0.2 -0.7 0.4 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.347 130.9 131.2 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.821 170.6 174.9 -1.0 1.2 -1.9 2.0 2.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.584 168.3 172.0 10.0 -0.1 0.2 0.6 2.2

Iron and steel

72

1.359 197.2 200.7 16.6 -1.0 -0.8 1.1 1.8

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.687 143.5 145.3 5.9 1.3 0.8 -1.1 1.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.404 285.5 300.7 24.3 0.0 2.1 5.1 5.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.805 128.7 132.6 11.0 -0.8 0.2 0.0 3.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.435 123.0 123.0 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.4 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.521 136.8 137.6 0.8 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.6

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.863 80.7 80.7 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.873 86.2 86.3 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.990 75.4 75.3 -0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.588 114.0 114.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.132 113.0 113.1 0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.324 115.4 115.5 -2.8 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.863 101.7 102.0 -1.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.533 98.3 98.6 -1.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.270 143.9 143.9 1.1 0.4 1.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.284 111.1 111.1 -0.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.653 116.8 116.8 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.356 101.3 101.3 -1.9 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.275 129.7 129.7 -3.3 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2016 to September 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.965 213.0 209.0 9.3 1.6 2.5 0.3 -1.9

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.169 172.1 167.3 14.3 2.8 2.6 0.4 -2.8

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.406 109.5 110.1 - -4.4 5.5 0.5 0.5

Vegetable products

II

4.207 192.1 190.8 1.7 -3.7 3.2 -0.5 -0.7

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.829 139.9 141.8 -0.1 -3.2 3.1 1.9 1.4

Cereals

10

1.231 181.1 174.2 6.0 1.3 7.6 -5.1 -3.8

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.649 200.5 199.8 -2.5 -2.8 4.1 1.2 -0.3

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.074 148.8 149.5 0.3 -0.6 0.5 0.2 0.5

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.381 117.0 116.6 -0.9 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.551 112.2 113.0 2.2 -0.6 0.2 0.7 0.7

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.692 189.9 192.9 -7.2 -1.7 0.2 -1.6 1.6

Mineral products

V

8.500 204.2 217.8 26.6 -0.1 2.2 4.7 6.7

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.561 95.2 101.9 25.5 -1.5 2.7 3.0 7.0

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.745 195.6 208.9 27.5 0.0 2.2 4.9 6.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.801 134.7 135.6 -0.3 -0.4 1.1 0.4 0.7

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.774 162.9 156.8 -9.3 -4.5 0.5 1.2 -3.7

Organic chemicals

29

2.552 133.6 138.6 4.6 0.2 1.6 1.4 3.7

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.164 105.3 105.6 -3.0 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.243 106.0 102.6 - -1.5 -0.6 -1.0 -3.2

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.521 98.3 99.4 1.7 1.8 -0.4 -1.7 1.1

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.809 132.3 132.3 -1.7 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.571 129.8 129.0 11.4 -0.9 15.3 0.1 -0.6

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.738 144.1 144.1 -1.6 -0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.044 136.7 138.1 1.1 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 1.0

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.115 132.8 134.3 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 1.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.929 152.9 153.9 -1.6 -2.5 -2.0 -0.6 0.7

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.330 117.1 116.6 -2.8 -0.8 -0.9 -2.3 -0.4

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.638 99.2 101.2 4.9 -2.0 2.5 0.6 2.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.172 129.5 126.1 2.6 3.2 2.0 -0.8 -2.6

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.717 145.2 133.6 2.8 10.1 3.6 -2.5 -8.0

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.104 122.4 122.5 3.0 0.2 1.5 0.1 0.1

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.351 101.5 101.5 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.734 120.2 119.3 -0.6 -0.7 -0.3 0.3 -0.7

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.455 127.3 125.0 2.4 -2.3 -1.0 0.9 -1.8

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.831 123.0 123.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.277 101.3 101.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.421 98.4 98.4 -1.3 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.208 233.7 240.5 0.0 1.3 -1.5 1.7 2.9

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.958 153.4 157.5 10.2 -0.9 0.1 1.3 2.7

Iron and steel

72

1.049 159.5 172.2 20.7 -2.4 0.8 3.0 8.0

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.504 179.5 189.3 26.5 -0.6 2.7 4.3 5.5

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.836 111.6 114.6 11.0 -2.3 -1.1 1.4 2.7

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.346 99.5 99.5 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.345 148.0 148.2 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.659 96.4 96.3 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.840 114.0 114.0 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.819 77.4 77.3 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.941 133.0 133.2 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.653 115.3 115.3 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.032 106.8 106.9 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.477 112.3 112.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.893 128.3 128.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.432 88.7 88.7 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: September 2016 to September 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 120.0 120.6 3.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.8 0.5

Nonmanufacturing

8.517 136.3 137.4 15.6 -3.7 -0.2 3.5 0.8

Manufacturing

91.050 118.1 118.7 2.0 0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.5

Other Countries(3)

100.000 119.4 120.2 2.0 -0.3 0.1 0.3 0.7

Nonmanufacturing

8.808 195.0 203.1 16.9 -3.1 0.7 1.9 4.2

Manufacturing

90.986 103.0 103.3 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3

Canada

100.000 125.4 126.0 6.3 -1.4 0.1 1.5 0.5

Nonmanufacturing

23.636 130.4 130.6 15.7 -4.1 0.0 3.7 0.2

Manufacturing

75.574 127.9 128.6 3.7 -0.4 0.1 0.7 0.5

European Union(4)

100.000 133.6 134.0 2.1 0.4 -0.2 0.8 0.3

Manufacturing

99.448 130.2 130.6 2.1 0.4 -0.2 0.7 0.3

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 124.9 125.4 2.8 1.4 0.3 1.6 0.4

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 114.9 115.2 2.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.9 118.3 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Latin America(5)

100.000 143.9 145.6 4.4 -0.7 0.2 0.7 1.2

Nonmanufacturing

18.302 226.8 240.2 21.4 -3.0 1.3 2.8 5.9

Manufacturing

81.356 120.4 120.5 1.1 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 127.3 129.1 2.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.6 1.4

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

9.108 127.5 144.4 26.8 0.1 -0.1 2.9 13.3

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.584 88.1 88.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.3 98.3 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.0 100.0 -0.7 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Japan

100.000 95.6 95.8 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.2

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 86.6 86.5 2.5 0.3 0.6 0.0 -0.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.9 98.0 1.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 146.4 148.5 3.6 -2.7 -0.7 -1.0 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: September 2016 to September 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2016
to
Sept.
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2017
to
Sept.
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 182.0 182.8 19.6 -0.8 10.3 0.2 0.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.405 144.7 147.7 6.8 -1.3 3.1 1.0 2.1

Asia

65.092 175.6 175.6 29.5 -0.7 15.8 -0.2 0.0

Export Air Freight

100.000 157.5 157.8 3.1 1.6 -2.5 -0.3 0.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

33.078 146.9 147.9 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 165.5 166.3 14.1 -0.3 6.3 0.4 0.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.520 134.4 136.5 0.9 -1.3 2.3 0.6 1.6

Asia

62.039 159.2 159.4 24.0 0.2 10.2 0.4 0.1

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 141.0 138.7 1.3 1.1 1.5 -1.5 -1.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.587 146.0 143.8 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0 -1.5

Asia

47.081 137.0 133.7 4.3 2.5 2.9 -3.1 -2.4

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 157.9 171.3 -3.7 3.7 -2.8 -10.6 8.5

Europe

37.933 162.4 193.0 -6.5 4.2 -6.1 -12.4 18.8

Asia

23.810 129.4 135.1 7.8 10.9 -6.5 -8.4 4.4

Latin America/Caribbean

11.227 161.9 152.7 3.0 4.3 2.0 -2.5 -5.7

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 162.2 148.1 1.2 4.8 5.0 -1.3 -8.7

Europe

26.488 181.6 206.1 6.3 7.7 1.8 -14.1 13.5

Asia

28.214 149.6 118.6 -5.1 3.9 0.2 16.4 -20.7

Latin America/Caribbean

23.845 168.7 162.1 5.3 1.2 6.6 -1.5 -3.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                         TECHNICAL NOTE


Announcement - The Bureau of Labor Statistics is utilizing new index estimation and review systems 
for the import and export price indexes effective with the release of the June 2017 price data on July 18, 
2017. The new estimation and index review systems, the first major improvement to the existing 
systems in over 20 years, are redesigned, state-of-the-art systems with improved flexibility and review 
capabilities. The changes to the systems will not have a significant effect on the estimates of price 
change for the U.S. import and export price indexes.

Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 

Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: October 17, 2017