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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                     USDL-19-1983
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 15, 2019

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Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                        U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - OCTOBER 2019

U.S. import prices fell 0.5 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, following 
a 0.1-percent increase the previous month. The decrease in October was driven by lower petroleum prices, 
which declined 3.7 percent; prices for all imports excluding petroleum fell 0.1 percent. The price index for 
U.S. exports decreased 0.1 percent in October, after declining 0.2 percent in September.


Imports

Prices for U.S. imports decreased 0.5 percent in October, after rising 0.1 percent in September and declining 
0.6 percent in August. The U.S. import price index declined 3.0 percent from October 2018 to October 
2019. The 3.0-percent 12-month decrease was the largest over-the-year decline since the index fell 3.7 
percent during the period ended July 2016. (See table 1.)

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices declined 2.9 percent in October after increasing 1.5 percent the previous 
month. A 3.7-percent drop in petroleum prices drove the October decrease, more than offsetting a 32.0-
percent increase in natural gas prices. Fuel prices declined 13.7 percent over the past year. Prices for import 
petroleum fell 14.7 percent for the year ended in October and natural gas prices declined 1.6 percent over 
the same period.

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports declined 0.2 percent in October following 2 
consecutive monthly decreases. Falling prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; foods, feeds, 
and beverages; consumer goods; and capital goods all contributed to the October decline. The price index 
for nonfuel imports declined 1.4 percent over the past 12 months, driven primarily by a 1.6-percent drop in 
capital goods prices and a 3.0-percent decrease in prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials.

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials decreased 0.9 
percent in October, after increasing 0.5 percent in September. The drop in October was driven by a 2.2-
percent decrease in prices for unfinished metals.

Finished Goods: Prices for imported finished goods mostly decreased in October. The price indexes for both 
consumer and capital goods declined 0.1 percent in October after each decreased 0.1 percent in September. 
The price index for automotive vehicles was unchanged in October after declining 0.1 percent the previous 
month.

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The price index for import foods, feeds, and beverages fell 0.4 percent in 
October following a 0.8-percent decrease in September. A 3.6-percent decrease in vegetable prices led the 
October decline.

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2018

October

0.5 3.3 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.5

November

-1.6 -12.2 -0.2 -0.8 1.7 -1.0

December

-1.4 -13.3 0.0 -0.6 3.8 -1.1

2019

January

0.2 4.6 -0.3 -0.6 -2.1 -0.4

February

1.0 10.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.7

March

0.6 7.2 -0.2 0.7 0.9 0.7

April

0.2 1.9 -0.1 0.1 -1.4 0.2

May

0.2 3.6 -0.3 -0.3 -1.1 -0.2

June

-1.1 -7.8 -0.3 -0.6 2.4 -0.9

July

0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

August

(r)-0.6 (r)-4.4 (r)-0.1 -0.6 (r)-2.4 -0.3

September

(r)0.1 (r)1.5 -0.1 -0.2 (r)-1.7 -0.1

October

-0.5 -2.9 -0.2 -0.1 1.9 -0.3

Oct. 2017 to 2018

3.4 29.3 0.6 3.1 -4.1 3.9

Oct. 2018 to 2019

-3.0 -13.7 -1.4 -2.2 2.2 -2.7

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports 

The price index for U.S. exports decreased 0.1 percent in October following a 0.2-percent drop in 
September and a 0.6-percent decrease in August. Price decreases for nonagricultural exports in October 
offset increased prices for agricultural exports. Overall export prices declined 2.2 percent over the past year, 
the largest 12-month decrease in the index since a 2.4-percent drop in August 2016. (See table 2.)

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural export prices increased 1.9 percent in October, after falling 1.7 percent 
the previous month. A 4.9-percent increase in soybean prices drove the October advance. Agricultural 
export prices increased 2.2 percent from October 2018 to October 2019.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports decreased 0.3 percent in October 
following a 0.1-percent drop in September and a 0.3-percent decline in August. Price declines for 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials, capital goods, and consumer goods led the October 
decrease. The price index for nonagricultural exports fell 2.7 percent during the 12 months ended in 
October, the largest over-the-year decline since a 3.0-percent drop in July 2016. Lower prices for 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials led the October 12-month drop.

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials decreased 0.6 percent in October following a 0.2-percent drop in September. The October 
decline was driven by lower prices for paper, chemicals, and nonferrous metals. Nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials prices fell 8.4 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month drop since a 9.8-
percent decline in June 2016.

Finished Goods: Prices for export finished goods were mostly down in October. Capital goods prices fell 
0.3 percent; consumer goods prices decreased 0.2 percent; and prices for automotive vehicles were 
unchanged. The October decline in capital goods prices was led by a 1.5-percent drop in the price index for 
computers, peripherals, and semiconductors. Consumer goods prices were driven down by lower prices for 
household goods.

Measures of Import and Export Prices by Locality

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China decreased 0.1 percent in October, after 
falling 0.1 percent in each of the 2 previous months; import prices from China have not increased on a 
monthly basis since advancing 0.1 percent in May 2018. The price index for imports from China declined 
1.6 percent over the past year. Import prices from Japan edged up 0.1 percent in October following a 
decrease of 0.1 percent in September. Import prices from Japan increased 0.2 percent over the past 12 
months. Prices for imports from the European Union decreased 0.1 percent in October, after increasing 0.1 
percent the previous month. The price index for imports from Canada decreased 1.5 percent in October, the 
largest monthly decline since falling 4.4 percent in June 2019. Import prices from Canada rose 2.2 percent 
over the past year. Prices for imports from Mexico declined 0.3 percent in October following a 0.2-percent 
drop in September. (See table 7.)

Exports by Locality of Destination: Prices for exports to China declined 0.2 percent in October, after 
edging down 0.1 percent in September. Export prices to China fell 1.6 percent over the past year. Prices for 
exports to Japan rose 0.7 percent in October following a 0.3-percent increase the previous month. The price 
index for exports to Japan advanced 0.5 percent over the past year. Prices for exports to the European Union 
decreased 0.4 percent in October. Despite the October decline, export prices to the European Union rose 0.8 
percent over the past 12 months. The price index for exports to Canada increased 0.2 percent in October and 
export prices to Mexico decreased 0.2 percent. (See table 8.)

Terms of Trade Indexes: Terms of Trade indexes are based on country, region, or grouping and measure 
the change in the purchasing power of exports relative to imports. The U.S. terms of trade with China 
decreased 0.1 percent in October, after recording no change in September. In October, lower export prices to 
China more than offset price declines for imports from China. The index for U.S. terms of trade with China 
was unchanged from October 2018 to October 2019. U.S. terms of trade with Japan increased 0.5 percent in 
October following a 0.4-percent advance in September. The U.S. terms of trade with Japan rose 0.2 percent 
over the year ended in October. The index for U.S. terms of trade with the European Union decreased 0.3 
percent in October, after declining 0.1 percent the previous month. The U.S terms of trade with Mexico 
ticked up 0.1 percent in October and decreased 1.3 percent over the past 12 months. U.S. terms of trade with 
Canada increased 1.7 percent in October and declined 2.6 percent over the past year. (See table 9.)

Import and Export Services

Imports: Import air passenger fares rose 3.4 percent in October following a 9.1-percent advance in 
September. Higher Asian fares drove the October increase. Import air passenger fares fell 4.9 percent over 
the 12 months ended in October. Import air freight prices increased 1.4 percent in October and fell 9.2 
percent over the past year. (See table 10.)

Exports: The index for export air passenger fares declined 2.1 percent in October, after a 5.2-percent 
decrease the previous month. Lower Asian, Latin American/Caribbean, and European fares contributed to 
the October decline. Export air passenger fares fell 3.6 percent from October 2018 to October 2019. Export 
air freight prices increased 0.4 percent in October following a 1.4-percent drop in September. Prices for 
export air freight declined 1.5 percent over the past 12 months, the largest over-the-year decrease since a 
2.9-percent drop in November 2018.
		
Import and Export Price Index data for November are scheduled for release on Friday, December 13, 2019 at 
8:30 a.m. (EST).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2018 to October 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

All commodities

  100.000 125.0 124.4 -3.0 0.0 -0.6 0.1 -0.5

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.680 99.1 98.9 -1.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  89.957 111.8 111.7 -1.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  89.627 116.0 115.8 -1.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

5.947 176.7 176.0 -3.9 -0.4 -0.5 -0.8 -0.4

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.587 191.8 191.0 -5.1 -0.5 -1.2 -1.0 -0.4

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.361 143.1 142.6 0.4 -0.3 1.8 -0.1 -0.3

Industrial supplies & materials

1

24.356 187.3 184.0 -8.0 0.2 -2.1 0.9 -1.8

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.464 152.3 152.1 -3.1 0.0 -0.1 0.5 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.985 174.8 173.3 -3.0 0.2 -0.3 0.5 -0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.903 167.8 166.0 -1.1 0.7 0.1 1.0 -1.1

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.410 133.3 135.1 -5.7 -1.1 -0.4 -0.2 1.4

Fuels & lubricants

10

10.373 209.0 202.9 -13.7 0.1 -4.4 1.5 -2.9

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

10.043 229.5 220.9 -14.7 0.3 -4.7 1.5 -3.7

Crude

10000

7.197 235.5 223.1 -17.8 -0.8 -5.2 1.6 -5.3

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.329 75.0 91.7 -7.9 -6.0 6.3 0.9 22.3

Gas-natural

10110

0.240 59.4 78.4 -1.6 -3.7 6.4 1.5 32.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.553 115.7 114.3 -7.4 -3.1 -0.3 -0.6 -1.2

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.528 154.7 154.3 -5.9 -0.4 -1.1 -0.3 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.491 142.4 142.4 -2.1 0.9 -1.1 0.7 0.0

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.877 238.1 232.9 -0.1 1.0 0.8 2.1 -2.2

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.778 158.0 156.7 -2.5 0.4 0.0 0.3 -0.8

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.756 113.1 113.0 -1.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Capital goods

2

27.806 88.0 87.9 -1.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.454 119.9 120.5 2.1 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.5

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.043 79.9 79.7 -2.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.310 136.9 136.9 1.7 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.719 109.6 109.6 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.171 107.0 106.9 -0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.509 123.9 123.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.400 91.4 91.2 -1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.262 116.5 116.5 1.2 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2018 to October 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

All commodities

  100.000 125.2 125.1 -2.2 0.2 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Agricultural commodities

  9.391 173.5 176.8 2.2 0.2 -2.4 -1.7 1.9

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  81.029 101.4 101.1 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.609 121.5 121.1 -2.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.772 177.7 181.1 3.3 0.2 -2.1 -1.6 1.9

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.145 175.5 179.1 3.5 0.2 -2.3 -1.8 2.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.627 218.2 219.5 1.4 0.5 1.3 1.5 0.6

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.931 152.8 152.1 -8.3 0.5 -1.1 -0.3 -0.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.528 167.8 166.6 2.6 0.7 0.9 0.5 -0.7

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  21.404 146.4 145.9 -13.1 0.3 -2.1 -0.6 -0.3

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.215 166.3 168.0 -5.6 -0.3 -2.9 -1.0 1.0

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  30.716 152.5 151.6 -8.4 0.5 -1.0 -0.2 -0.6

Fuels & lubricants

11

10.199 175.3 175.3 -19.9 1.4 -3.4 -0.6 0.0

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.535 157.5 156.2 -2.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 -0.8

Selected building materials

13

0.982 119.4 117.9 -3.2 -0.7 -0.8 0.2 -1.3

Capital goods

2

36.418 110.9 110.6 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.3

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.780 117.3 117.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

23.818 94.9 94.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.821 182.8 182.6 3.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.241 114.2 114.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.637 110.5 110.3 0.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.983 107.9 108.1 1.3 0.7 -0.4 -0.4 0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.206 107.6 107.1 -0.2 -0.4 0.4 -0.2 -0.5

Nonmanufactured consumer goods (Dec. 2018=100)

42

1.448 99.2 99.0 - 0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: October 2018 to October 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  9.646 111.8 107.6 -13.1 -0.9 -4.3 0.9 -3.8

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.847 172.1 169.9 -9.8 -0.7 -2.5 -1.6 -1.3

Crop production

111

1.480 182.8 180.1 -11.7 -1.1 -3.5 -1.9 -1.5

Mining

21

7.799 105.7 101.2 -13.9 -1.0 -4.7 1.4 -4.3

Oil and gas extraction

211

7.544 105.4 100.7 -14.7 -0.9 -4.9 1.5 -4.5

Manufacturing

  90.055 110.9 110.8 -1.3 0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.226 125.0 125.0 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Food manufacturing

311

3.368 153.8 153.7 -1.2 -0.8 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.152 125.5 125.4 2.8 0.1 2.4 -0.4 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.367 99.8 99.9 -0.2 2.0 -1.1 -0.2 0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.928 108.0 108.1 -0.8 -0.7 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.773 112.6 112.5 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.637 123.1 123.0 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.552 125.8 125.6 -2.9 0.6 -0.9 0.2 -0.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.024 110.4 109.3 -5.9 -1.7 -0.3 -0.5 -1.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.621 102.2 101.9 -5.5 4.0 -3.6 1.5 -0.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.569 138.5 138.3 -2.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.265 118.6 118.9 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.036 130.7 130.7 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.278 103.5 103.3 -1.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.449 157.7 154.2 -0.7 0.8 0.3 1.5 -2.2

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.129 126.7 126.4 -0.9 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.335 119.0 118.7 0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.196 72.2 72.3 -3.3 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

5.181 117.5 117.4 1.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.703 108.9 108.9 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.868 116.3 116.2 -1.0 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.417 118.7 118.3 -0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: October 2018 to October 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  8.673 126.3 127.8 -6.8 -0.8 -3.3 -0.8 1.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.598 143.8 149.2 2.8 0.0 -4.2 -2.1 3.8

Crop production

111

4.254 149.7 155.7 3.1 -0.1 -4.6 -2.3 4.0

Mining

21

4.074 81.0 79.6 -18.2 -1.7 -2.3 0.7 -1.7

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.257 109.4 108.9 -4.6 -1.3 -0.3 -3.5 -0.5

Manufacturing

  90.120 116.5 116.3 -1.4 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 1

31

6.792 140.0 139.9 0.3 0.3 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.640 157.8 157.7 1.0 0.4 -0.2 -1.1 -0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.656 121.9 122.5 0.2 0.8 -0.3 -0.9 0.5

Manufacturing, part 2

32

25.013 113.5 113.5 -7.0 0.9 -1.4 -0.5 0.0

Wood product manufacturing (Dec. 2017=100)

321

0.516 96.0 95.4 -6.0 -0.5 -1.0 -0.3 -0.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.652 121.7 119.7 -9.9 -1.6 -1.4 -0.6 -1.6

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

6.038 105.7 106.9 -18.7 3.5 -3.8 -1.7 1.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.413 118.1 117.8 -2.3 0.2 -0.6 -0.3 -0.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.303 117.2 117.2 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.862 119.3 119.1 2.4 0.0 0.0 1.4 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 3

33

58.315 115.4 115.2 1.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.250 153.5 152.8 7.8 1.7 2.6 1.4 -0.5

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.020 148.3 149.2 5.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.6

Machinery manufacturing

333

9.645 130.1 130.6 2.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.4

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

13.936 82.1 81.4 -2.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.9

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.817 117.4 117.3 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.827 128.9 128.8 1.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.400 122.5 122.5 1.5 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.421 120.6 120.5 0.1 -0.2 0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2018 to October 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
importance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

1.395 195.2 193.8 0.2 -0.3 0.7 -0.7 -0.7

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.378 261.5 258.7 7.9 -1.2 0.5 -0.9 -1.1

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.732 139.0 137.8 -3.1 -0.1 0.6 -0.9 -0.9

Vegetable products

II

1.804 203.0 199.6 -11.1 -1.3 -2.9 -1.5 -1.7

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.489 502.8 476.9 -11.4 -7.9 6.6 1.0 -5.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.596 105.2 104.7 -20.7 1.9 -9.9 -8.0 -0.5

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.341 203.4 199.2 -2.6 -0.1 -3.3 6.5 -2.1

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.222 83.3 84.9 -11.0 0.4 0.7 -2.1 1.9

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.866 166.5 166.8 0.7 0.0 0.9 -0.2 0.2

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.220 95.3 98.3 1.7 0.6 -1.8 -1.3 3.1

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.368 172.4 171.9 -1.7 0.6 0.6 0.1 -0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.103 135.7 135.6 2.5 0.1 2.5 -0.4 -0.1

Mineral products

V

10.361 209.3 203.4 -13.5 0.0 -4.2 1.4 -2.8

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.043 206.3 200.3 -14.0 0.0 -4.4 1.4 -2.9

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.942 156.5 156.6 -1.8 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.495 280.9 285.2 -14.8 -0.5 -3.9 0.8 1.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.016 126.1 126.9 -4.0 -0.2 -0.5 -0.4 0.6

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.418 154.7 154.7 1.7 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.0

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.271 81.8 77.2 -14.4 -6.6 -0.6 3.2 -5.6

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.601 103.2 103.4 -0.2 0.6 -0.4 -0.4 0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.579 102.2 102.1 -4.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.9 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.479 139.9 140.0 -1.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.326 142.6 142.7 -1.8 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.153 136.5 136.8 0.4 -0.7 -0.4 0.0 0.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.618 123.9 124.0 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.591 130.5 130.6 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.851 144.9 145.1 -5.0 1.7 -2.3 1.5 0.1

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.075 116.7 116.0 -4.7 -2.0 -0.4 -0.5 -0.6

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.724 109.1 108.4 -3.0 -0.9 -0.3 -0.7 -0.6

Textile and textile articles

XI

4.897 114.4 114.4 -0.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.992 105.5 105.5 1.0 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.646 120.8 120.6 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.638 101.6 101.8 -2.2 -1.2 -0.4 -0.4 0.2

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.364 122.4 122.3 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.132 121.3 121.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.950 131.8 131.6 -0.5 -0.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.2

Ceramic products

69

0.267 135.7 135.7 0.4 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.941 191.9 190.4 12.9 2.9 1.5 3.5 -0.8

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.786 172.9 170.1 -5.9 -0.6 -0.1 -0.2 -1.6

Iron and steel

72

1.323 213.1 204.9 -11.0 -1.5 0.4 -0.7 -3.8

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.713 148.8 147.4 -2.8 -0.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.9

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.421 264.6 262.8 -8.1 1.3 -3.1 -0.8 -0.7

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.972 127.0 124.3 -10.6 -0.3 -1.5 -0.9 -2.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.444 123.7 123.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.519 136.0 134.5 -1.9 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -1.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.017 79.1 79.1 -1.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.888 85.1 84.8 -2.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.129 73.5 73.7 -0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.921 113.2 113.2 -1.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.746 112.3 112.3 -0.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.064 113.0 113.1 -1.7 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.999 101.7 101.6 -1.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.725 98.2 98.1 -1.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.212 144.0 143.2 -0.1 1.0 0.1 0.5 -0.6

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.439 111.6 111.4 -1.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.788 117.5 117.5 -0.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.380 101.8 101.6 -1.7 -0.6 0.3 0.0 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.272 128.7 126.5 -2.8 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -1.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2018 to October 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

1.979 213.8 212.4 2.0 -0.1 -0.1 -1.7 -0.7

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.150 164.8 160.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.9 -3.9 -2.5

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.411 120.4 121.3 1.5 0.4 1.8 1.5 0.7

Vegetable products

II

4.314 186.1 192.9 4.7 0.2 -4.5 -2.3 3.7

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.006 140.2 139.0 7.6 -2.5 -0.8 3.6 -0.9

Cereals

10

1.265 177.6 190.3 -0.3 -0.5 -5.0 -8.6 7.2

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.650 182.8 190.1 6.1 1.7 -3.0 -0.8 4.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

3.014 152.5 154.9 2.4 0.8 -0.5 -1.0 1.6

Miscellaneous edible preparations (Dec. 2017=100)

21

0.574 98.7 100.3 2.7 0.7 0.1 -0.1 1.6

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.537 107.0 115.8 8.7 2.4 -1.6 -3.6 8.2

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.684 209.1 207.0 -2.3 0.8 -0.9 -2.8 -1.0

Mineral products

V

10.331 211.8 210.9 -19.2 1.4 -3.4 -0.4 -0.4

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.412 98.5 98.8 3.6 -0.5 1.7 0.2 0.3

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

9.719 203.1 202.1 -20.5 1.5 -3.6 -0.4 -0.5

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.948 137.9 137.7 -1.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.745 149.2 148.4 0.4 1.2 -1.1 -0.4 -0.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.560 140.2 139.1 -7.8 -0.8 -0.6 -1.2 -0.8

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.091 107.5 107.5 0.7 1.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.552 104.5 105.8 3.2 1.3 1.6 -2.2 1.2

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.854 130.4 130.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.498 125.2 125.2 3.6 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.989 156.3 156.1 1.0 -0.6 -0.1 0.4 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.190 142.0 141.2 -3.1 0.0 -0.6 -0.8 -0.6

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.310 139.0 138.0 -3.0 -0.1 -0.6 -0.8 -0.7

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.880 153.4 153.5 -3.7 0.5 -0.3 -0.2 0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.618 94.3 93.4 -7.2 -0.8 -1.0 -1.3 -1.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.860 121.5 118.9 -13.3 -1.6 -0.1 -0.7 -2.1

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.085 124.9 124.1 -4.5 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1 -0.6

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.686 117.3 117.9 -5.4 -0.2 -3.1 -0.1 0.5

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.449 109.3 112.7 -12.6 -1.9 -6.5 0.6 3.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.831 128.2 128.2 3.1 -0.1 0.0 0.6 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.561 262.8 261.7 12.8 2.3 3.1 1.5 -0.4

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.652 155.9 153.9 -3.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.9 -1.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.468 173.1 169.9 -7.7 -0.3 -3.0 0.2 -1.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.673 98.7 98.6 -11.0 -1.1 -1.3 -2.9 -0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.338 154.1 154.1 0.8 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.291 97.8 97.3 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.5

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.460 116.1 115.8 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.832 78.1 77.5 -1.4 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.8

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.854 137.0 137.1 1.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.371 116.2 116.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.968 110.5 110.8 1.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.385 112.8 112.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.771 130.6 130.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.460 88.6 88.6 1.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: October 2018 to October 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 126.7 126.0 1.1 0.2 -0.4 0.2 -0.6

Nonmanufacturing

10.868 183.1 177.0 12.5 -0.3 -2.0 1.4 -3.3

Manufacturing

88.593 121.3 121.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Canada

100.000 138.9 136.8 2.2 -0.4 -0.8 0.4 -1.5

Nonmanufacturing

29.928 179.7 173.2 15.9 -0.6 -1.8 1.6 -3.6

Manufacturing

69.264 129.7 129.0 -3.2 -0.3 -0.4 0.0 -0.5

European Union

100.000 136.9 136.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Manufacturing

98.646 133.2 133.1 -0.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 127.5 127.3 -1.1 0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 112.7 112.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.2

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.9 122.1 -0.2 0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.2

Latin America(3)

100.000 146.8 144.7 -6.3 -0.3 -0.7 0.1 -1.4

Nonmanufacturing

16.520 253.0 242.8 -20.1 -1.5 -6.0 0.0 -4.0

Manufacturing

83.217 120.3 119.3 -2.5 -0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.8

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 127.1 126.7 -2.9 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.118 132.8 132.0 -20.9 1.1 -10.0 -1.6 -0.6

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

91.636 87.6 87.3 -0.9 -0.2 0.7 0.0 -0.3

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(4)

100.000 97.9 97.7 -1.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 98.5 98.4 -1.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Japan

100.000 96.8 96.9 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Taiwan (Dec. 2018=100)

100.000 98.9 98.6 - 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Asian NICs(5)

100.000 87.2 86.8 -2.5 0.5 -0.6 -0.6 -0.5

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 97.3 97.2 -1.1 0.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(7)

100.000 176.8 172.4 -14.7 -0.3 -3.2 0.9 -2.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(5) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(6) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(7) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes by locality of destination: October 2018 to October 2019 [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 102.9 102.9 0.2 0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Nonmanufacturing

8.116 104.4 104.6 5.0 -1.2 -5.1 0.7 0.2

Manufacturing

90.741 103.0 103.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Canada

100.000 103.9 104.1 -0.6 0.2 -0.7 -0.1 0.2

European Union

100.000 105.0 104.6 0.8 0.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.4

Nonmanufacturing

6.962 101.3 101.3 2.6 -2.6 -2.7 -1.5 0.0

Manufacturing

91.909 105.3 104.9 0.8 1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Germany

100.000 104.6 104.3 3.3 1.2 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Latin America(3)

100.000 100.1 100.2 -4.8 0.7 -1.1 -0.4 0.1

Nonmanufacturing

6.801 100.7 102.7 -4.0 -0.7 -1.4 -2.9 2.0

Manufacturing

92.773 100.1 100.0 -4.9 0.9 -1.1 -0.2 -0.1

Mexico

100.000 99.7 99.5 -4.1 0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing

5.883 94.1 95.8 -8.5 -0.4 -1.5 -2.6 1.8

Manufacturing

93.623 100.1 99.7 -3.9 0.7 -0.6 -0.4 -0.4

Pacific Rim(4)

100.000 100.1 100.4 0.5 0.8 -0.5 -0.1 0.3

Nonmanufacturing

14.191 98.2 99.8 10.5 4.0 -3.4 -0.8 1.6

Manufacturing

84.010 101.0 101.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.1

China

100.000 97.5 97.3 -1.6 0.6 -1.1 -0.1 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing

20.004 93.7 93.8 4.6 0.3 -3.9 0.0 0.1

Manufacturing

76.926 100.2 100.1 -0.9 0.9 -0.4 0.0 -0.1

Japan

100.000 100.5 101.2 0.5 0.7 -0.6 0.3 0.7

Nonmanufacturing

17.814 97.8 98.9 -0.1 0.1 -4.7 -2.5 1.1

Manufacturing

80.887 100.6 101.2 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: October 2018 to October 2019(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

99.4 100.0 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.6

Canada

98.3 100.0 -2.6 0.6 0.1 -0.5 1.7

European Union

103.2 102.9 1.1 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Germany

106.8 106.7 2.6 1.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Latin America(3)

101.5 103.1 1.6 1.1 -0.4 -0.5 1.6

Mexico

101.2 101.3 -1.3 0.7 -0.3 -0.4 0.1

Pacific Rim(4)

100.6 101.1 1.8 0.9 -0.4 0.0 0.5

China

99.1 99.0 0.0 0.8 -1.0 0.0 -0.1

Japan

99.2 99.7 0.2 0.6 -0.7 0.4 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 10. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: October 2018 to October 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 173.1 175.6 -9.2 -2.5 -0.4 -0.3 1.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

27.425 145.5 145.7 -3.1 -2.6 1.0 -0.1 0.1

Asia

59.250 160.3 164.2 -13.1 -2.8 -1.1 -0.6 2.4

Export Air Freight

100.000 162.1 162.8 -1.5 0.7 -1.2 -1.4 0.4

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

32.227 150.5 150.4 0.7 0.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.1

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 160.1 162.1 -7.7 -2.2 -2.1 -0.6 1.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.654 132.6 132.7 -3.5 -4.3 -0.1 0.5 0.1

Asia

55.984 146.0 149.2 -11.2 -1.6 -3.5 -1.3 2.2

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 141.8 143.3 -0.7 2.6 -1.5 -3.1 1.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

34.355 154.7 154.9 3.5 0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Asia

42.892 131.5 133.9 -4.6 6.2 -3.8 -6.7 1.8

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 167.6 173.3 -4.9 -9.9 -8.2 9.1 3.4

Europe

54.826 192.6 192.9 -11.3 -12.7 -12.2 18.9 0.2

Asia

19.434 124.0 128.4 -3.6 -11.8 -5.1 -1.5 3.5

Latin America/Caribbean

6.526 147.6 153.5 1.4 6.1 -4.6 -7.9 4.0

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 146.3 143.2 -3.6 3.3 -3.1 -5.2 -2.1

Europe

28.380 186.2 180.8 -8.8 3.2 -11.4 1.1 -2.9

Asia

27.946 130.6 125.2 -1.3 1.6 3.2 -10.3 -4.1

Latin America/Caribbean

25.562 154.1 151.5 0.9 6.7 -3.0 -6.4 -1.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                                TECHNICAL NOTE                                                

Import and Export Goods and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
includes outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification system 
of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" (f.a.s.) 
factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Indexes for import and export air passenger fares calculate changes in the 
average revenue received per passenger by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and by U.S. carriers from 
foreign residents, respectively. Data are obtained from an airline consulting service and report on tickets 
sold by travel agencies, travel websites, and directly by the airlines. Taxes and fees are included in both 
the import and export air passenger fares indexes. Import air passenger fares data have used the airline 
consulting service source since September 2008. Before April 2018, the export air passenger fares data 
were collected directly by BLS from U.S. airlines. The air freight indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the 
service being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any 
ground transportation or port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: 
balance of payments (which represents transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and 
international (which represents transactions inbound to and outbound from the United States.) Fact 
sheets specifying detailed information for each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp 
under "MXP Publications."

Import Price Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the import price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and, 
beginning with January 2002, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 
covering goods-producing industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and 
manufactured goods are defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Export Price Indexes by Locality of Destination - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the export price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and are 
based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) covering goods-producing 
industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are 
defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Terms of Trade Indexes - Terms of trade indexes measure the relative price of exports in terms of 
import prices for a specific country, region, or grouping. The indexes are calculated as one country, 
region, or grouping's all-export goods price index divided by the corresponding all-import goods price 
index on a scale of 100. 
   
Relative Importance - A relative importance is a specific index's price-updated value share (expressed 
as a percentage) of overall imports or exports at a specific point in time. Relative importance values are 
affected by the trade weights at the point indexes are reweighted and index changes relative to other 
indexes since the reweight point. If an index is rising in value relative to other indexes over time, the 
relative importance will increase as well. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Rounding Policy - Index values are rounded to the tenth decimal place after being calculated. All 
percent changes are then derived from the rounded index values and subsequently rounded to the tenth 
decimal place.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. 

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   
Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2019