U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                              USDL-17-0591
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, May 10, 2017

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - APRIL 2017

The price index for U.S. imports advanced 0.5 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today, after ticking up 0.1 percent the previous month. Higher fuel prices and nonfuel prices each 
contributed to the increase in April. U.S. export prices rose 0.2 percent in April following a 0.1-percent 
advance in March. Prices for U.S. exports have not recorded a monthly decline since the index fell 0.8 
percent in August 2016.

Imports

All Imports: Import prices rose 0.5 percent in April and have not recorded a monthly decline since the 
index edged down 0.1 percent in November. Prices for U.S. imports rose 4.1 percent for the year ended in 
April, continuing the recent trend of 12-month increases over 4.0 percent, which are the largest over-the-
year advances for the index since a 5.1-percent increase in February 2012. Import prices have risen on a 12-
month basis since November. 

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices rose 1.6 percent in April following a 0.9-percent decline the previous month. A 
1.6-percent advance in petroleum prices and a 4.0-percent rise in natural gas prices each contributed to the 
April increase in overall fuel prices. The price index for import fuel advanced 42.7 percent over the past 
year in contrast to a 31.7-percent decline for the previous 12-month period ended April 2016. Petroleum 
prices rose 43.8 percent between April 2016 and April 2017 and natural gas prices increased 48.9 percent 
over the same period. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel prices advanced 0.3 percent in April, after 
increasing 0.2 percent in March and 0.4 percent in February. In April, higher prices for nonfuel industrial 
supplies and materials; foods, feeds, and beverages; and each of the major finished goods categories all 
contributed to the overall rise in nonfuel prices. Prices for nonfuel imports advanced 1.1 percent for the year 
ended in April. Rising prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; automotive vehicles; foods, 
feeds, and beverages; and consumer goods more than offset lower capital goods prices for the year. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

April

0.7 9.8 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.4

May

1.2 12.7 0.3 1.1 3.0 1.0

June

0.7 10.5 -0.2 0.8 2.5 0.5

July

0.1 -2.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

August

-0.2 -3.4 0.0 -0.8 -3.4 -0.6

September

0.1 1.3 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.5

October

0.5 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

-0.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0

December

0.4 5.8 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.4

2017

January

0.6 6.1 -0.1 0.2 (r)0.4 0.2

February

(r)0.3 (r)0.4 0.4 0.3 (r)1.4 0.3

March

(r)0.1 (r)-0.9 0.2 (r)0.1 (r)0.8 (r)0.1

April

0.5 1.6 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

Apr. 2015 to 2016

-5.3 -31.7 -2.0 -5.1 -9.1 -4.7

Apr. 2016 to 2017

4.1 42.7 1.1 3.0 4.6 2.9

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices continued to rise in April, increasing 0.2 percent. Higher prices for both 
agricultural and nonagricultural exports contributed to the overall advance in export prices. Prices for U.S. 
exports rose 3.0 percent over the past 12 months following a 5.1-percent drop for the year ended April 2016. 

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural export prices advanced 0.3 percent in April, after a 0.8-percent increase 
the previous month. In April, a 37.9-percent jump in vegetable prices more than offset falling prices for 
soybeans, corn, and wheat. The increase in vegetable prices was the largest monthly advance since the index 
was first published monthly in December 1996. The price index for agricultural exports rose 4.6 percent 
over the past year.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports ticked up 0.1 percent for the second 
consecutive month in April. Higher prices for capital goods and automotive vehicles more than offset a drop 
in prices for industrial supplies and materials. The price index for nonagricultural exports increased 2.9 
percent over the past 12 months. The advance was primarily driven by a 9.6-percent rise in nonagricultural 
industrial supplies and materials prices. Consumer goods prices recorded no change in April. 


                                    SELECTED APRIL HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China edged down 0.1 percent in April, after rising 
0.2 percent in March and 0.1 percent in February. Despite the recent increases, import prices from China fell 
1.2 percent over the past year and have not risen on a 12-month basis since October 2014. In contrast, the 
price indexes for imports from Mexico, Canada, and the European Union all increased in April, rising 2.2 
percent, 0.6 percent, and 0.2 percent, respectively. Prices for imports from Japan recorded no change in 
April following a 0.1-percent advance in March and a 0.2-percent rise in February. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials increased 
0.8 percent in April, after advancing 1.5 percent the previous month. The April rise was led by a 2.6-percent 
advance in building materials prices. 

Finished Goods: Prices for each of the major finished goods categories increased in April. Automotive 
vehicles prices increased 0.5 percent, the largest monthly advance for the index since a 0.7-percent rise in 
April 2012. The price indexes for capital goods and consumer goods each ticked up 0.1 percent in April. 
Capital goods prices declined 0.3 percent over the past year and prices for consumer goods advanced 0.2 
percent. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices advanced 0.3 percent in April following 
a 0.5-percent decrease in March. The April increase was led by a 3.6-percent rise in fruit prices, which also 
advanced 33.0 percent over the past 12 months. 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares decreased 3.2 percent in April, after declining 6.4 
percent over the previous 3 months. The April decline was driven by a 7.5-percent drop in European fares. 
The index for import air passenger fares declined 9.1 percent between April 2016 and April 2017. Import air 
freight prices increased 0.7 percent in April and 7.5 percent over the past 12 months. 


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices edged down 0.1 percent for the second consecutive month in April. The decrease was led by lower 
prices for chemicals, coal, and paper stocks. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly up in April. Capital goods prices increased 0.2 percent 
for the fifth consecutive month and have not recorded a monthly decline since October. Prices for 
automotive vehicles advanced 0.3 percent, driven by a 0.7-percent rise in non-engine automobile parts. The 
price index for consumer goods recorded no change in April, after rising 0.3 percent in March. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares declined 5.8 percent in April following a 3.0-percent 
advance in March. The April downturn was led by a 10.1-percent decrease in European fares. The index for 
export air passenger fares fell 1.4 percent for the year ended in April. Lower European and Asian fares over 
the past year both contributed to the decline. Prices for export air freight decreased 0.2 percent in April and 
rose 3.2 percent over the past year. 

Import and Export Price Index data for May 2017 are scheduled for release on Thursday, June 15, 2017 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT). 


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2016 to April 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 122.8 123.4 4.1 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.5

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.519 98.7 99.0 1.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.242 111.6 112.0 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.4

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  90.606 115.7 116.0 1.1 -0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.087 177.8 178.4 3.3 -1.3 1.0 -0.5 0.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.736 193.8 194.9 3.3 -1.9 1.2 -0.6 0.6

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.351 141.9 141.3 3.4 1.0 0.2 -0.4 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.863 170.8 172.7 19.2 2.9 1.0 0.5 1.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.105 147.2 148.5 7.9 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.469 166.8 168.1 6.9 0.6 1.4 1.5 0.8

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.373 157.0 158.6 9.0 0.7 1.9 1.6 1.0

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.096 134.8 135.8 6.5 1.9 -0.4 0.1 0.7

Fuels & lubricants

10

9.394 178.6 181.5 42.7 6.1 0.4 -0.9 1.6

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.758 193.0 196.1 43.8 5.7 0.9 -0.4 1.6

Crude

10000

6.220 198.0 204.0 46.9 4.5 2.3 -0.2 3.0

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.482 101.3 104.4 45.0 13.7 -8.1 -10.2 3.1

Gas-natural

10110

0.359 79.9 83.1 48.9 11.6 -10.2 -13.6 4.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.534 105.1 106.7 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2 0.0 1.5

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.630 154.4 155.0 4.3 0.5 0.7 1.5 0.4

Selected building materials

13

1.416 141.9 145.6 7.1 1.1 0.9 1.3 2.6

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.509 214.3 215.5 17.8 1.2 3.6 2.8 0.6

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.692 146.5 148.6 2.6 0.1 0.6 0.5 1.4

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.688 109.2 109.4 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.5 0.2

Capital goods

2

27.423 88.8 88.9 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.305 116.2 116.1 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.507 81.2 81.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.611 137.1 136.9 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.230 110.1 110.7 0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.5

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.397 107.0 107.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.449 121.5 121.6 1.5 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.636 93.2 93.3 -1.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.313 114.9 116.3 -1.8 0.1 2.6 -3.0 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2016 to April 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 122.1 122.3 3.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Agricultural commodities

  9.548 179.8 180.4 4.6 0.4 1.4 0.8 0.3

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.426 98.9 98.8 0.6 -0.1 0.5 0.3 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.453 117.8 117.9 2.9 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.868 181.6 183.0 5.1 0.6 1.4 0.9 0.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.252 181.0 182.1 4.6 0.5 1.5 0.8 0.6

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.616 197.7 204.9 11.4 2.1 -0.3 3.3 3.6

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.816 147.2 146.9 9.4 0.5 0.4 0.0 -0.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.726 159.4 159.1 5.5 0.5 1.5 1.2 -0.2

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.091 141.6 141.3 11.8 0.7 -0.3 -0.6 -0.2

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.296 177.8 175.5 4.8 0.1 1.0 1.3 -1.3

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.520 146.2 146.0 9.6 0.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

7.707 161.0 164.0 35.1 2.9 -2.2 -2.8 1.9

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.779 152.7 151.3 2.4 -0.3 1.5 0.9 -0.9

Selected building materials

13

1.034 119.7 120.5 5.2 -0.4 0.2 2.1 0.7

Capital goods

2

38.228 107.5 107.7 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.958 112.6 112.7 0.2 0.4 -0.3 0.6 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.034 93.7 93.9 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.235 169.6 169.9 3.7 1.1 0.5 0.1 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.336 113.1 113.4 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.3

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.753 108.0 108.0 -2.1 -1.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.153 103.5 103.6 -2.0 -1.9 0.1 0.1 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

5.195 106.9 106.9 -1.5 -0.3 0.0 0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: April 2016 to April 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.843 97.5 99.8 35.2 3.6 1.8 -1.6 2.4

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.009 180.4 182.3 8.4 -1.4 3.0 -3.0 1.1

Crop production

111

1.588 190.8 194.4 9.0 -3.1 3.0 -3.1 1.9

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.206 79.1 77.9 -7.8 5.9 1.1 -1.1 -1.5

Mining

21

6.834 87.9 90.3 45.2 5.3 1.5 -1.2 2.7

Oil and gas extraction

211

6.561 87.6 90.2 47.1 5.0 1.6 -1.4 3.0

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.273 107.7 103.7 8.4 9.2 -0.3 2.3 -3.7

Manufacturing

  90.864 109.8 110.1 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.893 123.7 123.8 0.4 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.446 153.8 154.1 2.5 -0.8 0.9 -0.2 0.2

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.060 118.3 118.2 -0.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.399 98.2 98.4 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2

Textile product mills

314

0.931 108.5 108.5 -0.7 -0.4 -0.3 0.4 0.0

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.210 111.1 111.2 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.846 122.9 122.9 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.566 120.5 120.6 6.7 2.0 0.2 0.8 0.1

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.866 122.5 127.5 12.1 1.6 2.0 1.9 4.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.019 104.3 104.8 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.5

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2016=100)

323

0.222 100.1 100.1 - -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.284 83.8 82.3 34.5 8.1 -3.2 0.1 -1.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.931 135.7 136.1 4.5 1.7 0.8 0.9 0.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.236 118.0 117.9 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.009 128.4 128.4 -1.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.405 103.5 103.8 0.6 -0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.190 141.8 142.6 16.4 1.5 3.6 2.4 0.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.063 121.3 122.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.9

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.069 116.1 116.4 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.617 75.9 75.9 -1.0 -0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.887 114.0 114.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.7

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.522 109.4 109.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.731 115.2 115.3 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.325 117.6 117.8 -1.6 -0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: April 2016 to April 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.322 130.5 130.8 13.5 2.2 0.4 -2.2 0.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.709 158.0 158.6 6.4 0.7 2.6 0.8 0.4

Crop production

111

4.344 164.2 164.3 6.3 0.4 2.8 0.4 0.1

Mining

21

2.613 75.3 75.1 28.8 4.6 -2.9 -7.4 -0.3

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.253 103.5 99.5 30.7 8.4 4.7 -2.7 -3.9

Manufacturing

  91.092 112.1 112.3 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.074 137.2 137.1 3.2 0.4 0.1 1.0 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.737 154.8 155.2 4.6 0.5 -0.1 0.8 0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.709 112.1 109.7 2.1 -1.4 1.5 2.8 -2.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.678 101.8 101.6 - 1.1 0.4 0.3 -0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.289 100.1 99.9 - 0.1 0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 2

32

23.942 107.2 107.3 5.7 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.597 114.5 116.3 -4.3 -0.1 -0.6 -2.6 1.6

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.175 93.2 95.3 38.7 1.9 -2.1 -1.5 2.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.241 113.8 112.8 -0.6 -1.8 0.9 0.6 -0.9

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.315 114.9 114.2 -1.0 0.9 0.0 0.3 -0.6

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.850 113.7 113.8 1.6 0.2 -0.1 1.0 0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.075 111.6 111.9 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.017 136.9 138.1 5.1 0.6 1.4 1.2 0.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.308 137.3 137.3 6.0 2.9 2.5 0.0 0.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.271 125.3 125.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.182 82.5 82.7 -1.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.982 112.8 112.9 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.5 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.498 124.1 124.3 1.9 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.456 117.4 117.3 3.3 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.360 118.8 118.8 -1.8 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2016 to April 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.482 191.7 192.3 2.6 0.6 1.2 -0.1 0.3

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.435 239.4 242.8 5.3 -1.7 2.8 1.1 1.4

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.753 143.8 143.2 3.7 1.4 -0.6 -1.2 -0.4

Vegetable products

II

2.021 212.2 217.2 11.9 -3.2 3.1 -2.8 2.4

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.360 410.3 422.2 -5.1 -16.5 2.8 -2.2 2.9

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.842 124.8 129.8 40.3 -1.1 2.4 -1.4 4.0

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.368 236.7 232.8 2.8 2.2 -0.2 -0.8 -1.6

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.297 113.7 113.3 3.8 -1.3 3.0 -5.1 -0.4

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.677 159.7 159.0 -0.4 -0.8 0.2 0.3 -0.4

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.184 86.0 86.8 0.9 -2.7 0.1 -0.1 0.9

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.201 98.8 94.3 -15.4 -3.8 -2.8 0.8 -4.6

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.341 158.4 157.4 1.3 -0.9 -0.4 0.0 -0.6

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.001 128.0 127.8 -0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Mineral products

V

9.252 177.7 180.8 42.0 6.3 0.1 -0.8 1.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

9.010 175.6 179.0 44.1 6.4 0.1 -0.8 1.9

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.379 152.6 152.5 4.0 2.0 1.1 0.7 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.567 285.3 289.5 10.1 3.8 2.1 6.5 1.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.411 124.8 125.4 4.3 1.0 0.9 1.7 0.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.351 149.1 148.4 4.7 3.1 1.3 -0.4 -0.5

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.279 79.2 76.8 -1.3 2.1 3.7 -0.1 -3.0

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.182 101.9 107.2 9.9 0.3 0.0 0.1 5.2

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.546 100.0 98.6 - 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -1.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.685 104.1 103.9 2.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 -0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.450 139.7 139.9 2.9 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.174 140.5 140.7 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.276 139.7 139.8 6.8 1.0 1.5 0.4 0.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.684 123.1 122.9 -1.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.653 128.3 128.0 -1.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.898 148.8 154.9 11.9 1.6 1.7 1.9 4.1

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.873 102.5 106.8 12.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 4.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.084 109.7 110.1 0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.726 103.8 103.3 -1.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.5

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.220 106.0 106.0 5.6 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.355 113.2 113.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.202 103.8 103.9 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.835 119.1 119.1 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.653 103.7 103.7 0.4 -0.4 0.1 0.4 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.523 122.3 122.3 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.289 121.4 121.4 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.941 130.0 129.9 -1.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.325 96.3 96.1 -3.7 0.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Ceramic products

69

0.272 136.6 136.7 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.344 129.7 129.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.812 169.8 170.5 1.8 0.0 1.8 1.2 0.4

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.511 165.9 166.9 9.4 0.9 1.4 1.4 0.6

Iron and steel

72

1.352 195.9 198.7 27.8 5.1 3.0 3.0 1.4

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.635 138.9 140.6 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.4 1.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.391 275.9 270.9 9.1 -2.0 3.4 0.9 -1.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.806 128.8 129.9 7.6 0.3 2.2 3.0 0.9

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.434 122.8 122.9 -0.6 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.517 135.4 136.7 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 1.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.807 80.4 80.5 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.813 85.8 86.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.994 75.4 75.3 -1.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.596 113.9 114.6 0.4 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.6

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.101 112.6 113.3 0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.6

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.362 118.5 118.6 -1.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.856 101.4 101.5 -1.7 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.530 98.1 98.2 -1.9 -0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.267 141.7 142.0 0.1 -0.8 1.1 -0.1 0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.301 111.4 111.4 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.648 116.4 116.4 -0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.377 102.7 102.9 -0.7 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.276 129.7 129.7 -4.1 -1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2016 to April 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.873 201.7 203.3 10.9 1.8 0.0 2.8 0.8

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.082 158.2 159.1 9.1 0.9 0.3 5.3 0.6

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.403 108.0 114.6 - 5.1 -0.7 3.4 6.1

Vegetable products

II

4.462 202.3 205.7 7.9 0.5 4.0 0.7 1.7

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.857 143.7 142.0 -7.6 1.0 -4.5 2.1 -1.2

Cereals

10

1.248 182.3 173.7 -2.3 3.9 2.2 2.3 -4.7

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.715 207.2 191.6 2.2 -1.7 1.8 0.0 -7.5

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.064 147.3 147.8 1.0 -0.8 -0.3 0.6 0.3

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.382 116.7 116.9 -1.8 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.549 111.0 112.2 5.6 -1.7 -1.2 1.4 1.1

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.724 197.3 194.8 1.1 -2.0 0.4 -1.0 -1.3

Mineral products

V

8.005 191.0 193.2 37.5 2.8 -1.4 -2.6 1.2

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.553 93.1 93.7 27.0 -1.8 6.5 -0.6 0.6

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.260 182.1 184.3 39.9 3.1 -1.9 -2.7 1.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.882 134.8 133.1 -1.8 -2.1 0.8 0.4 -1.3

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.850 177.7 167.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.8 -0.3 -5.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.603 135.3 130.7 -0.9 -4.3 3.5 1.5 -3.4

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.131 103.5 103.6 -2.7 -3.5 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.240 103.8 107.9 - 0.0 -0.2 4.0 3.9

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.522 97.9 98.2 -0.7 -0.7 0.5 0.2 0.3

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.812 131.8 131.8 -2.0 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.515 116.1 114.5 -1.7 0.5 -0.2 -0.6 -1.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.769 145.7 145.1 -1.2 -0.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.166 139.1 138.8 1.7 0.0 0.8 1.1 -0.2

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.141 132.7 132.5 0.5 -0.2 0.2 0.7 -0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.025 167.5 166.7 6.6 1.1 3.7 2.6 -0.5

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.353 124.3 123.8 4.5 0.7 0.9 0.9 -0.4

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.627 96.9 97.7 2.7 0.6 -1.4 4.6 0.8

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.179 129.0 123.7 2.1 0.9 0.7 2.4 -4.1

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.742 149.1 131.6 7.4 3.2 0.4 6.8 -11.7

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.084 119.4 119.2 -0.4 -0.3 1.1 0.1 -0.2

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.353 101.5 101.6 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.758 121.0 121.1 1.5 1.2 0.6 -0.6 0.1

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.468 129.9 130.0 15.5 3.4 1.7 1.1 0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.838 123.3 123.4 0.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.9 0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.278 101.0 101.2 0.7 -1.3 0.2 0.8 0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.428 99.3 99.4 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.200 231.7 232.5 0.7 -0.1 1.9 1.8 0.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.973 152.8 153.5 8.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 0.5

Iron and steel

72

1.065 160.8 161.6 16.1 2.8 -0.8 3.6 0.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.479 169.3 169.6 12.0 -2.8 1.8 0.1 0.2

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.850 112.7 113.7 10.6 0.1 2.4 2.9 0.9

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.349 99.5 99.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.347 148.2 148.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.699 95.9 96.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.860 113.4 113.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.839 77.0 77.0 -0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.967 132.3 132.6 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.702 115.1 115.4 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.3

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.056 106.4 106.4 -0.6 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.492 112.7 112.4 0.7 0.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.899 128.2 128.2 2.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.438 89.3 88.7 -0.9 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: April 2016 to April 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 119.8 120.3 4.6 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.4

Nonmanufacturing

9.009 144.1 147.2 36.4 5.2 1.6 3.1 2.2

Manufacturing

90.519 117.3 117.7 2.3 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.3

Other Countries(3)

100.000 119.4 119.8 3.3 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.3

Nonmanufacturing

8.911 197.1 201.5 36.0 2.4 2.6 -3.1 2.2

Manufacturing

90.886 102.8 103.0 0.6 -0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Canada

100.000 126.7 127.5 11.9 2.0 1.1 0.7 0.6

Nonmanufacturing

24.861 138.7 141.6 38.6 5.5 1.5 3.4 2.1

Manufacturing

74.339 127.2 127.4 5.2 0.9 1.1 -0.2 0.2

European Union(4)

100.000 132.3 132.5 1.0 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

99.420 128.9 129.2 1.0 0.5 -0.1 0.2 0.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.4 121.6 -0.8 -0.5 -0.2 0.3 0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 113.3 113.8 0.6 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.4

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.7 117.3 -0.9 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Latin America(5)

100.000 143.0 144.3 6.3 -0.1 0.7 -0.2 0.9

Nonmanufacturing

18.242 224.6 229.6 35.2 1.1 1.9 -3.4 2.2

Manufacturing

81.422 119.7 120.4 1.3 -0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 124.1 126.8 1.9 -1.2 0.4 0.5 2.2

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.764 119.6 122.9 35.5 -2.4 1.5 3.0 2.8

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.920 86.3 88.1 -0.7 -1.2 0.3 0.2 2.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.4 98.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.2 100.1 -1.2 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Japan

100.000 96.5 96.5 1.4 -0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 85.2 85.6 1.2 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.5

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.8 97.9 1.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 158.7 157.8 20.6 3.4 2.9 -2.3 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: April 2016 to April 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2016
to
Apr.
2017
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017
Feb.
2017
to
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 162.6 163.8 7.5 -1.9 -0.2 0.6 0.7

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.754 136.7 136.7 0.7 -0.7 0.4 0.1 0.0

Asia

62.216 150.0 152.4 11.9 -2.6 -0.8 1.1 1.6

Export Air Freight

100.000 159.1 158.8 3.2 0.8 0.5 1.4 -0.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

32.751 147.0 147.0 1.0 0.6 0.5 -0.2 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 153.4 153.8 5.1 -0.9 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

27.083 132.2 131.1 -2.5 0.8 0.4 -0.5 -0.8

Asia

59.117 140.6 142.8 9.8 -2.8 -1.0 0.7 1.6

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 139.4 136.2 -1.4 2.4 -0.6 0.4 -2.3

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.619 144.4 144.4 1.4 1.9 -1.6 0.6 0.0

Asia

46.699 134.4 127.8 -2.9 4.0 0.1 0.3 -4.9

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 174.3 168.7 -9.1 -1.7 -0.8 -4.0 -3.2

Europe

41.785 197.5 182.7 -17.1 9.7 0.3 -8.6 -7.5

Asia

21.327 128.0 128.3 -5.2 -8.5 -4.0 -0.4 0.2

Latin America/Caribbean

10.184 162.1 163.5 12.7 -11.7 2.3 2.4 0.9

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 154.1 145.2 -1.4 0.5 -11.6 3.0 -5.8

Europe

33.932 211.4 190.0 -3.9 -6.3 5.4 -1.7 -10.1

Asia

26.459 127.5 117.8 -4.8 10.1 -20.5 3.2 -7.6

Latin America/Caribbean

26.969 173.4 166.9 11.6 2.6 -9.6 9.5 -3.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: May 10, 2017