U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                      USDL-17-0299
8:30 a.m. (EST) Thursday, March 9, 2017

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                              U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - FEBRUARY 2017                              

Prices for U.S. imports advanced 0.2 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today, led by higher nonfuel import prices which more than offset lower fuel prices. The February rise in 
import prices followed a 0.6-percent increase the previous month. U.S. export prices rose 0.3 percent in 
February, after advancing 0.2 percent in January.  

Imports

All Imports: Import prices rose for the third consecutive month in February, increasing 0.2 percent, after a 
0.6-percent advance in January and a 0.4-percent rise in December. The increase in February was driven by 
rising nonfuel prices, unlike the previous 2 months when higher fuel prices led the advances. The price 
index for imports also rose over the past year, increasing 4.6 percent. That rise was the largest 12-month 
advance in import prices since a 5.1-percent increase in February 2012.    

Fuel Imports: Prices for import fuel fell 0.7 percent in February, the first downturn since a 1.1-percent drop 
in November and the second monthly decline since the index fell in August. Prior to February, import fuel 
prices increased 7.2 percent in January and 5.8 percent in December. In February, prices for both petroleum 
and natural gas contributed to the overall decrease, falling 0.7 percent and 1.3 percent, respectively. Despite 
the downturn, the price index for import fuel increased 68.9 percent between February 2016 and February 
2017, the largest over-the-year advance for the index since a 72.0-percent rise in February 2010. Petroleum 
prices increased 73.3 percent and natural gas prices rose 51.7 percent for the year ended in February 2017.                          

All Imports Excluding Fuel: In contrast to fuel prices, nonfuel import prices rose 0.3 percent in February, 
the first monthly advance since a 0.3-percent increase in July. The last time nonfuel import prices rose by 
more than 0.3 percent was a 0.4-percent increase in March 2012. The February upturn was led by rising 
prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; consumer goods; and foods, feeds, and beverages. 
Nonfuel import prices also increased 0.5 percent over the past year, the largest 12-month advance for the 
index since a 0.7-percent rise in August 2014.                       
  
Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

February

-0.5 -6.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.6

March

0.4 8.5 -0.1 -0.1 -2.1 0.2

April

0.7 9.8 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.4

May

1.2 12.7 0.3 1.1 3.0 1.0

June

0.7 10.5 -0.2 0.8 2.5 0.5

July

0.1 -2.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

August

-0.2 -3.4 0.0 -0.8 -3.4 -0.6

September

0.1 1.3 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.5

October

0.5 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

-0.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0

December

(r)0.4 (r)5.8 -0.1 0.4 -0.2 0.4

2017

January

(r)0.6 (r)7.2 (r)-0.1 (r)0.2 (r)0.1 (r)0.2

February

0.2 -0.7 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

Feb. 2015 to 2016

-6.6 -40.8 -2.8 -6.1 -10.2 -5.8

Feb. 2016 to 2017

4.6 68.9 0.5 3.1 1.6 3.3

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: Prices for U.S. exports advanced 0.3 percent in February and have not recorded a monthly 
decline since the index fell 0.8 percent in August. In February, rising prices for both agricultural exports and 
nonagricultural exports contributed to the overall advance. Export prices increased 3.1 percent over the past 
12 months, the largest over-the-year rise since the index advanced 3.6 percent between December 2010 and 
December 2011.                               

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports increased 1.4 percent in February, after 
ticking up 0.1 percent the previous month. The February rise was the largest monthly advance since the 
index increased 2.5 percent in June. In February, the increase in agricultural prices was driven by a 24.3-
percent rise in vegetable prices. Higher prices for soybeans and corn also contributed to the overall advance. 
Prices for agricultural exports increased 1.6 percent for the year ended in February.         

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices increased 0.3 percent in February 
following advances of 0.2 percent in January and 0.4 percent in December. The February rise was led by 
increasing prices for capital goods and nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials, which more than 
offset lower consumer goods prices. The price index for nonagricultural exports advanced 3.3 percent over 
the past year, the largest 12-month increase since the index rose 4.0 percent in December 2011.

                                          SELECTED FEBRUARY HIGHLIGHTS                                          

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China ticked up 0.1 percent in February, the first 
monthly advance for the index since a 0.1-percent rise in December 2014. The last time the index rose by 
more than 0.1 percent was a 0.3-percent increase in May 2014. Despite the monthly upturn, prices for 
imports from China fell 1.5 percent over the past 12 months. The price indexes for imports from Canada and 
Mexico also advanced in February, increasing 0.6 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively. In contrast, import 
prices from the European Union declined 0.2 percent in February, after rising 0.5 percent the previous 
month. Prices for imports from Japan recorded no change following a 0.4-percent drop in January.                                  

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
increased 1.5 percent in February, after a 0.6-percent rise in January. The February advance was led by a 
3.9-percent increase in unfinished metals prices. Higher prices for chemicals and building materials also 
contributed to the February increase.             
 
Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were up in February. Consumer goods prices advanced 0.2 percent 
for the second consecutive month. Despite the recent upturn, prices for consumer goods declined 0.7 percent 
over the past year. The price indexes for capital goods and automotive vehicles each recorded no change in 
February, after both indexes decreased the previous month.                            
    
Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices rose 1.0 percent in February following a 
1.4-percent drop in January. Meat, fruit, and vegetable prices led the overall increase, after each index 
recorded declines the previous month.                     

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares fell 0.8 percent in February following a 1.7-percent 
decrease in January. The February decline was driven by lower Asian fares that more than offset advancing 
European and Latin American/Caribbean fares. The index for import air passenger fares decreased 4.2 
percent for the year ended in February. Import air freight prices edged down 0.1 percent in February and 
rose 7.0 percent over the past 12 months.

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials advanced 0.3 percent in February, after rising 0.6 percent in January. The February increase was 
led by higher metals and chemicals prices, which more than offset a downturn in fuel prices.             
 
Finished Goods: Export finished goods prices were mixed in February. Prices for export capital goods rose 
0.3 percent for the second consecutive month in February. The last time the index increased by more than 
0.3 percent was a 0.7-percent rise in January 2013. Both the February and January 2017 rises were driven by 
higher prices for transportation equipment. In contrast, consumer goods prices fell 0.2 percent in February 
and automotive vehicles prices recorded no change.                      

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares declined 12.4 percent in February following a 0.5-
percent rise in January. The February drop was led by lower Asian and Latin American/Caribbean fares. 
Despite the February decrease, export air passenger fares increased 1.8 percent over the past 12 months. The 
price index for export air freight prices advanced 1.0 percent in February and fell 0.8 percent over the past 
year.               
		
Import and Export Price Index data for March 2017 are scheduled for release on Wednesday, April 12, 2017 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2016 to February 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 122.3 122.6 4.6 -0.1 0.4 0.6 0.2

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.331 98.1 98.4 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.153 111.1 111.4 0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.3

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  90.412 114.9 115.3 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.081 176.8 178.5 4.4 1.4 -1.6 -1.4 1.0

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.723 192.4 194.8 3.8 1.8 -2.0 -2.0 1.2

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.358 142.0 142.0 6.2 0.4 -0.2 0.9 0.0

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.727 169.0 170.0 25.2 -0.4 2.6 3.3 0.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  13.880 144.4 146.4 7.0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.139 162.0 164.4 5.7 0.0 0.6 0.6 1.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.124 151.7 154.7 8.6 0.2 0.6 0.7 2.0

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.015 135.2 135.8 4.8 0.7 1.0 2.0 0.4

Fuels & lubricants

10

9.587 181.4 180.2 68.9 -1.1 5.8 7.2 -0.7

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.846 194.1 192.7 73.3 -1.7 5.9 6.9 -0.7

Crude

10000

6.200 196.5 195.7 81.4 -3.7 8.3 5.8 -0.4

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.587 122.6 121.3 46.7 9.3 5.4 13.5 -1.1

Gas-natural

10110

0.465 102.8 101.5 51.7 11.0 6.1 11.4 -1.3

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.536 105.1 105.0 -2.4 -0.6 1.1 -0.5 -0.1

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.548 150.9 152.1 1.8 -0.1 0.5 0.4 0.8

Selected building materials

13

1.391 138.8 140.1 5.0 -0.6 0.5 1.2 0.9

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.310 201.3 209.1 19.8 0.7 0.9 1.3 3.9

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.679 144.7 145.7 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.7

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.675 107.9 108.5 -0.3 -0.4 0.4 0.0 0.6

Capital goods

2

27.470 88.6 88.6 -1.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Electric generating equipment

20

3.319 116.1 116.3 -0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.535 81.0 81.0 -1.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.615 136.8 137.0 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.300 110.1 110.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.422 106.6 106.8 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.440 120.9 121.1 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

12.654 93.0 93.0 -1.9 -0.5 -0.3 -0.4 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.329 115.7 118.9 -1.0 -0.2 -2.4 0.2 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2016 to February 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 121.5 121.9 3.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Agricultural commodities

  9.348 175.1 177.5 1.6 0.7 -0.2 0.1 1.4

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.173 98.1 98.6 0.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.5

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.651 117.4 117.7 3.3 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.703 177.3 179.7 1.9 0.8 -0.5 0.5 1.4

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.104 176.9 179.5 1.8 0.9 -0.3 0.4 1.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.599 191.5 190.6 3.5 -0.5 -2.4 2.0 -0.5

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.813 146.4 146.9 11.5 0.1 1.7 0.5 0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.497 155.2 157.9 7.2 1.0 -0.5 0.5 1.7

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.316 142.5 141.9 14.3 -0.4 3.1 0.4 -0.4

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.244 169.8 171.0 0.8 -0.9 0.2 -1.8 0.7

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.569 145.7 146.1 12.0 0.1 1.8 0.6 0.3

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.123 168.9 164.5 40.5 -1.4 7.4 2.7 -2.6

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.434 149.2 151.5 4.4 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 1.5

Selected building materials

13

1.012 116.6 116.9 2.7 0.3 0.4 -0.8 0.3

Capital goods

2

38.314 107.2 107.5 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.3

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.966 112.2 111.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.4 -0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.118 93.5 93.7 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.230 168.6 169.9 4.0 -0.1 1.1 1.1 0.8

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.387 113.1 113.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.5 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.782 107.7 107.5 -2.6 -0.2 -1.0 -1.0 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.159 103.1 102.8 -2.4 -0.2 -0.7 -2.1 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.223 106.9 106.9 -1.9 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: February 2016 to February 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.948 98.2 98.6 54.5 -1.2 5.2 4.6 0.4

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.018 180.4 186.0 9.2 3.2 -2.9 -1.4 3.1

Crop production

111

1.598 191.2 197.0 8.1 3.7 -4.9 -3.1 3.0

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.207 79.1 80.0 -2.6 -1.1 4.6 5.9 1.1

Mining

21

6.930 88.7 88.5 75.9 -2.6 7.9 6.4 -0.2

Oil and gas extraction

211

6.661 88.5 88.2 79.6 -2.8 8.2 6.4 -0.3

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.269 105.6 104.7 12.3 0.1 1.0 9.2 -0.9

Manufacturing

  90.767 109.2 109.5 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.917 123.4 123.7 0.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.435 152.6 154.1 4.2 0.4 -0.1 -1.0 1.0

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.062 117.9 117.7 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.400 98.0 98.1 -1.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.936 108.4 108.1 -1.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.228 111.1 111.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.857 123.0 123.0 -0.6 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.489 119.4 119.6 5.9 0.6 0.1 2.1 0.2

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.837 117.8 120.1 8.7 -0.8 1.1 1.5 2.0

Paper manufacturing

322

1.023 104.2 104.2 -1.1 -0.2 0.7 -0.3 0.0

Printing and related support activities (Dec.2016=100)

323

0.223 99.8 100.1 - - - -0.2 0.3

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.382 87.0 85.2 51.9 3.6 -0.4 8.8 -2.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.781 133.0 133.9 1.6 0.2 0.2 1.4 0.7

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.227 116.9 116.8 -0.7 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.018 129.0 128.7 -1.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.360 102.9 103.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.972 133.8 139.2 17.9 0.5 0.9 1.6 4.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.071 121.1 121.1 -1.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.089 115.9 116.0 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.626 75.6 75.5 -2.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.936 114.6 114.3 -1.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.594 109.4 109.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.738 115.1 115.2 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.4 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.334 117.2 117.7 -1.7 -0.2 -1.2 -0.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: February 2016 to February 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.466 132.6 132.2 11.4 -0.3 6.5 1.9 -0.3

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.566 152.6 156.4 1.4 1.2 -0.5 0.5 2.5

Crop production

111

4.219 158.9 163.3 2.4 1.4 -0.3 0.3 2.8

Mining

21

2.900 83.3 79.4 33.9 -3.2 20.0 4.4 -4.7

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.218 100.3 105.0 42.1 6.9 5.8 7.5 4.7

Manufacturing

  91.068 111.6 111.9 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.006 135.3 135.2 2.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.718 153.6 153.2 3.7 0.3 0.3 0.4 -0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.660 104.0 105.0 -1.2 -3.0 -0.5 -3.7 1.0

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.676 101.1 101.6 - - - 1.1 0.5

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.290 100.1 100.4 - - - 0.1 0.3

Manufacturing, part 2

32

24.037 107.2 107.1 7.2 -0.4 0.9 -0.5 -0.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.654 118.1 117.6 -3.4 -0.7 0.3 -0.2 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.387 96.6 94.2 45.8 -1.8 4.6 1.9 -2.5

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.078 111.9 113.0 0.6 0.3 0.0 -1.9 1.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.326 115.0 115.0 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 1.3 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.844 112.6 112.7 0.7 0.1 -0.3 0.2 0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.025 111.1 111.6 0.7 0.1 -0.3 0.3 0.5

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.928 133.4 136.1 7.8 0.8 -2.8 0.6 2.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.239 133.9 137.4 5.7 0.0 -0.2 2.8 2.6

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.300 125.2 125.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.244 82.6 82.6 -1.8 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.976 112.2 112.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.522 123.7 124.2 1.9 0.0 0.4 0.7 0.4

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.459 117.8 117.6 4.0 0.0 -0.6 0.4 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.357 118.3 118.8 -2.5 0.2 -1.5 0.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2016 to February 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.471 189.4 191.9 5.2 0.3 -0.2 0.5 1.3

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.418 229.4 237.3 5.2 1.1 -1.3 -2.1 3.4

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.771 146.6 145.9 10.5 0.7 -0.6 1.5 -0.5

Vegetable products

II

2.028 212.0 218.1 9.6 3.2 -4.4 -3.2 2.9

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.360 408.1 418.4 -6.5 -1.5 -1.4 -16.5 2.5

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.837 123.6 126.7 30.9 7.8 -9.0 -1.1 2.5

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.373 239.2 237.9 5.3 4.5 -4.4 2.2 -0.5

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.305 116.4 119.2 19.6 3.5 3.6 -1.3 2.4

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.676 158.9 159.1 0.6 -0.3 0.1 -0.9 0.1

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.184 85.7 85.9 1.1 0.9 0.6 -3.2 0.2

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.206 100.8 98.0 -7.7 -4.1 -1.6 -3.8 -2.8

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.345 159.5 159.4 3.6 -0.4 -0.1 -0.7 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.002 127.6 127.3 -0.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Mineral products

V

9.458 180.9 178.9 67.7 -1.1 5.8 7.4 -1.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

9.215 178.8 176.9 71.1 -1.0 5.9 7.5 -1.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.238 149.6 150.9 1.8 0.1 0.3 1.8 0.9

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.524 262.3 268.0 -0.1 -0.4 1.6 3.8 2.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.361 121.7 122.6 0.0 -0.5 0.6 0.9 0.7

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.310 147.0 148.2 4.4 0.3 0.3 2.8 0.8

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.272 76.7 80.5 -3.5 5.7 0.9 2.4 5.0

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.183 101.6 101.6 5.6 -0.2 -0.7 0.0 0.0

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.550 100.3 100.3 - - - 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.681 103.0 103.2 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.421 138.0 139.2 2.2 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.9

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.163 139.1 139.7 0.0 -0.5 -0.6 0.1 0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.258 137.2 139.4 6.2 0.5 1.1 1.1 1.6

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.687 123.2 123.3 -1.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.656 128.5 128.6 -0.8 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.870 143.6 146.0 8.3 -0.8 1.1 1.6 1.7

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.845 98.7 100.4 8.7 -0.8 1.0 1.6 1.7

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.087 109.5 109.6 -0.2 0.0 1.0 -0.4 0.1

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.727 103.5 103.6 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.221 105.8 106.0 6.0 1.5 1.8 -0.1 0.2

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.367 113.0 113.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.213 103.8 103.8 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.841 118.9 119.2 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.653 103.2 103.2 -0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.530 122.4 122.4 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.295 121.5 121.5 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.949 130.4 130.0 -1.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.330 97.2 96.3 -2.7 -0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.9

Ceramic products

69

0.274 137.1 137.1 -0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.345 129.2 129.3 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.748 165.1 168.1 3.4 0.0 -4.6 0.1 1.8

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.382 161.3 163.8 8.3 0.6 2.3 0.9 1.5

Iron and steel

72

1.280 184.7 191.1 27.7 0.2 4.7 5.1 3.5

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.635 138.3 138.6 -0.5 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.377 264.6 273.4 13.0 3.9 8.6 -2.0 3.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.770 122.4 125.1 4.2 0.7 0.5 0.3 2.2

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.436 122.8 122.7 -2.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.8 -0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.518 135.2 135.0 -1.3 -0.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.859 80.2 80.2 -1.4 -0.4 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.818 85.4 85.5 -0.9 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.041 75.3 75.2 -1.7 -0.4 0.0 -0.7 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.654 113.8 113.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.151 112.5 112.6 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.371 118.8 118.7 -1.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.873 101.4 101.4 -2.2 -0.4 -0.1 -1.0 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.549 98.2 98.0 -2.6 -0.3 -0.2 -0.9 -0.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.265 140.1 142.9 1.2 -0.3 -0.1 -1.1 2.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.320 111.4 111.4 -0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.661 116.5 116.5 -0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.383 102.7 102.7 -0.9 0.0 0.1 -0.7 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.276 129.4 129.4 -4.4 0.0 -0.1 -1.7 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: February 2016 to February 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.833 196.1 196.8 7.8 0.3 0.1 1.7 0.4

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.031 149.8 149.9 5.1 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.1

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.393 104.8 103.8 - - - 4.8 -1.0

Vegetable products

II

4.281 192.9 200.6 1.7 2.1 -1.0 0.4 4.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.884 147.3 140.7 -18.3 -0.2 -3.8 1.0 -4.5

Cereals

10

1.201 174.3 178.2 -3.5 1.2 -1.8 3.9 2.2

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.690 202.8 206.5 10.0 0.4 3.7 -2.1 1.8

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.048 145.6 144.6 -0.6 -0.3 -0.1 -1.6 -0.7

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.384 116.6 116.4 -2.1 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.551 110.8 108.8 4.3 0.4 0.6 -1.7 -1.8

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.717 194.0 194.6 0.4 -2.1 0.9 -4.5 0.3

Mineral products

V

8.363 198.2 193.7 41.5 0.1 7.6 2.6 -2.3

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.526 88.0 96.5 39.5 5.1 4.4 -1.8 9.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.642 190.4 184.5 43.4 -0.3 8.1 2.9 -3.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.810 133.0 134.9 0.2 0.1 0.0 -2.2 1.4

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.869 179.8 178.2 3.1 0.5 1.6 0.7 -0.9

Organic chemicals

29

2.499 128.6 137.6 5.8 1.0 0.4 -4.6 7.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.149 103.1 102.5 -3.0 -0.5 -1.0 -3.7 -0.6

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.232 99.6 99.0 - - - -0.4 -0.6

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.524 97.3 97.3 -1.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.6 0.0

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.816 131.2 131.2 -2.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.524 116.9 117.2 0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.6 0.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.789 146.0 145.9 1.0 0.2 0.5 -0.5 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.113 136.8 137.2 1.0 0.2 -0.4 0.2 0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.143 131.9 131.4 0.1 0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.970 157.5 162.8 5.0 1.1 -0.4 1.2 3.4

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.349 122.1 123.9 2.5 0.6 0.1 0.7 1.5

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.611 93.8 93.8 -1.1 -1.2 -0.7 0.5 0.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.126 125.1 126.0 4.8 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.7

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.696 139.0 139.7 18.6 1.2 2.9 3.3 0.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.078 118.0 119.3 -0.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 1.1

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.352 100.6 100.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.769 121.0 121.5 1.4 -0.2 0.2 1.2 0.4

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.457 126.2 127.8 12.7 0.2 -0.3 3.4 1.3

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.839 122.5 122.6 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.276 99.5 99.5 -1.0 0.1 0.0 -1.8 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.435 100.2 100.2 0.8 0.1 -0.2 0.6 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.077 223.4 227.7 1.9 0.2 -5.2 -0.1 1.9

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.901 149.6 151.2 8.0 1.3 1.9 1.6 1.1

Iron and steel

72

1.058 158.6 156.5 16.1 2.8 5.2 4.2 -1.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.474 166.6 170.0 17.7 2.8 9.0 -2.5 2.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.812 106.9 109.5 9.9 3.1 0.5 0.1 2.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.351 99.4 98.9 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.6 -0.5

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.349 147.7 147.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.843 95.7 95.9 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.923 113.1 113.6 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.4

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.920 77.0 76.9 -1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.046 132.2 132.3 1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.757 115.1 115.1 0.4 0.0 -0.3 0.6 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.072 106.0 106.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.7

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.501 112.7 113.0 1.3 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.908 128.7 128.6 2.9 0.0 -0.2 0.3 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.442 89.5 89.5 -0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: February 2016 to February 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 119.0 119.5 5.3 -0.2 0.5 0.8 0.4

Nonmanufacturing

8.905 141.5 141.7 58.1 -3.7 6.2 8.3 0.1

Manufacturing

90.639 116.8 117.3 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4

Other Countries(3)

100.000 119.0 119.4 3.8 -0.3 0.8 -0.1 0.3

Nonmanufacturing

8.974 198.0 199.8 51.5 -0.1 7.2 2.1 0.9

Manufacturing

90.832 102.5 102.7 0.4 -0.3 0.3 -0.3 0.2

Canada

100.000 125.3 126.0 16.0 -0.6 1.8 2.7 0.6

Nonmanufacturing

24.721 136.3 136.2 62.1 -3.6 6.5 8.8 -0.1

Manufacturing

74.504 126.0 127.1 6.4 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.9

European Union(4)

100.000 132.2 131.9 0.6 0.0 -0.2 0.5 -0.2

Manufacturing

99.404 128.8 128.5 0.5 0.0 -0.2 0.5 -0.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.3 120.8 -1.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 -0.4

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 113.0 113.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.4 1.3 0.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.5 117.6 -3.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Latin America(5)

100.000 142.3 143.1 7.2 -0.9 2.4 -0.1 0.6

Nonmanufacturing

18.586 227.7 230.6 50.7 0.2 9.7 0.9 1.3

Manufacturing

81.100 118.6 119.1 0.4 -1.1 0.9 -0.3 0.4

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.9 123.4 -0.3 -1.1 0.0 -1.3 0.4

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.449 114.3 116.0 38.9 4.2 -1.2 -2.5 1.5

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

91.232 85.8 86.0 -3.3 -1.7 0.2 -1.2 0.2

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.1 98.3 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.0 100.1 -1.5 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Japan

100.000 96.2 96.2 1.1 0.3 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 84.4 84.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.4 97.7 1.5 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.3

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 157.5 158.9 34.9 0.7 2.2 3.2 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: February 2016 to February 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Jan.
2017(1)
Index Percent change
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Annual Monthly
Feb.
2016
to
Feb.
2017
Oct.
2016
to
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2016
to
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2016
to
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2017
to
Feb.
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 162.0 161.8 7.0 -0.3 -0.5 -1.9 -0.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.688 135.9 136.5 -1.7 0.2 -1.4 -0.7 0.4

Asia

62.268 149.6 148.6 11.9 -0.6 -0.3 -2.6 -0.7

Export Air Freight

100.000 155.8 157.4 -0.8 0.0 0.2 0.6 1.0

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

36.942 147.1 148.8 -2.0 0.0 0.3 0.8 1.2

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 154.4 154.4 5.2 0.5 0.0 -0.6 0.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.928 132.3 132.8 -0.7 -1.0 -1.6 0.8 0.4

Asia

59.386 142.2 141.7 8.9 1.4 0.8 -2.3 -0.4

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 140.1 139.3 -4.6 -0.5 0.1 2.6 -0.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.765 145.9 143.6 -9.3 -0.1 -0.1 1.9 -1.6

Asia

46.390 134.2 134.4 -2.3 -0.1 0.1 4.3 0.1

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 183.0 181.6 -4.2 -2.7 1.3 -1.7 -0.8

Europe

43.445 215.5 216.2 -8.6 -1.2 -9.9 9.7 0.3

Asia

21.269 133.9 128.5 -4.2 -5.0 17.4 -8.5 -4.0

Latin America/Caribbean

9.265 154.8 158.3 8.0 4.7 8.3 -11.7 2.3

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 169.3 148.3 1.8 4.1 7.9 0.5 -12.4

Europe

28.529 204.1 215.1 10.5 2.4 6.9 -6.3 5.4

Asia

28.079 155.4 123.6 -2.7 6.5 4.8 10.1 -20.5

Latin America/Caribbean

23.732 175.2 157.1 4.8 -1.0 4.8 2.6 -10.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: March 09, 2017