U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                            USDL-17-1291
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, September 19, 2017

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - AUGUST 2017

U.S. import prices increased 0.6 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
following declines in the previous 3 months. The price index for U.S. exports also advanced 0.6 percent in 
August, after increasing 0.5 percent in July.


Hurricane Harvey: Hurricane Harvey did not impact the collection of the import and export price index 
data for August because the reference period for the data is the first week of the month. 


Imports

All Imports: Import prices rose 0.6 percent in August, the first monthly rise since a 0.2-percent increase in 
April and the largest advance since the index rose 0.6 percent in January. The last time import prices 
recorded a larger increase was a 0.7-percent advance in June 2016. Higher import prices for both fuel and 
nonfuel contributed to the rise in August. Prices for U.S. imports also increased over the past 12 months, 
advancing 2.1 percent. 

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices increased 4.2 percent in August, the first monthly advance since the index rose 
0.3 percent in February and the largest advance since the index increased 6.1 percent in January. Prior to 
August, prices for import fuel fell 8.3 percent between February and July. The August advance was driven 
by a 4.8-percent rise in petroleum prices which more than offset a 5.7-percent drop in natural gas prices. 
The price index for import fuel increased 15.0 percent between August 2016 and August 2017, led by a 
15.8-percent advance in petroleum prices over the same period. Prices for natural gas ticked up 0.1 percent 
for the year ended in August. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports advanced 0.3 percent in August, after 
edging down 0.1 percent in July. In August, advances for each of the major end-use categories contributed 
to the overall rise in nonfuel prices. Prices for nonfuel imports increased 1.0 percent over the past year. The 
rise was led by a 3.9-percent advance in nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices, although rising 
prices for each of the major finished goods categories and foods, feeds, and beverages also contributed to 
the overall advance in nonfuel prices. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

August

-0.2 -3.4 0.0 -0.8 -3.4 -0.6

September

0.1 1.3 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.5

October

0.5 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

-0.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0

December

0.4 5.8 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.4

2017

January

0.6 6.1 -0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2

February

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

March

-0.2 -3.0 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.0

April

0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

May

-0.1 -0.9 0.1 (r)-0.6 -1.6 -0.4

June

-0.2 (r)-3.7 0.1 (r)-0.1 -1.4 0.0

July

(r)-0.1 (r)-0.6 -0.1 (r)0.5 (r)1.9 0.3

August

0.6 4.2 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.7

Aug. 2015 to 2016

-2.2 -12.9 -0.9 -2.4 -3.5 -2.3

Aug. 2016 to 2017

2.1 15.0 1.0 2.3 1.9 2.4

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices rose 0.6 percent in August following a 0.5-percent increase the previous 
month. The August advance was the largest monthly rise since the index increased 0.8 percent in June 2016. 
Prices for exports advanced 2.3 percent over the past year. Both agricultural export prices and 
nonagricultural export prices contributed to the August and 12-month increases for overall export prices.

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports ticked up 0.1 percent in August, after rising 
1.9 percent in July. In August, higher prices for soybeans and other oilseeds, fruit, and meat more than 
offset lower wheat and corn prices. Export agricultural prices increased 1.9 percent over the past year, 
driven by increasing meat, wheat, and vegetable prices.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural export prices advanced 0.7 percent in August 
following a 0.3-percent rise the previous month. The increase was the largest monthly advance since a 1.0-
percent rise in May 2016. In August, the increase was driven by rising nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials prices. Each of the major finished goods categories also contributed to the overall increase in 
nonagricultural export prices in August. The price index for nonagricultural exports advanced 2.4 percent 
for the year ended in August, led by rising nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices. 


                                      SELECTED AUGUST HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China recorded no change in August, after edging up 
0.1 percent in July. Prices for imports from China fell 0.7 percent for the year ended in August, the smallest 
over-the-year decline since the index fell 0.5 percent between April 2014 and April 2015. Import prices 
from Japan decreased 0.5 percent in August following declines of 0.2 percent in July and 0.1 percent in 
June. In contrast, rising petroleum prices contributed to higher import prices from Canada, the European 
Union, and Mexico in August. The price index for imports from Canada rose 1.4 percent, import prices from 
the European Union advanced 0.8 percent, and prices for imports from Mexico increased 0.6 percent. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices rose 0.8 
percent in August, after decreasing 0.5 percent the previous month. The August advance was led by a 2.5-
percent increase in unfinished metals prices and a 2.2-percent rise in prices for selected building materials. 

Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods categories recorded increasing prices in August. 
Automotive vehicles prices rose 0.2 percent in August following a 0.2-percent decline in July. The August 
increase was driven by a 0.4-percent advance in automotive parts prices. The price indexes for capital goods 
and consumer goods each ticked up 0.1 percent in August. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Import foods, feeds, and beverages prices advanced 0.3 percent in August, 
after edging down 0.1 percent in July. The August increase was led by a 1.8-percent rise in fruit prices 
which more than offset falling meat prices.

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares declined 10.6 percent in August following a 2.8-
percent drop in July. Lower European and Asian fares contributed to the August decline which was the 
largest monthly drop since the index was first published on a monthly basis in December 2000. Import air 
passenger fares decreased 7.4 percent over the past year. The price index for import air freight rose 0.2 
percent in August and 20.4 percent over the past 12 months. 

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices increased 1.7 percent in August, after rising 0.6 percent in July. The August increase was led by a 
4.3-percent rise in fuel prices; higher prices for nonferrous metals and chemicals also contributed to the 
overall advance.

Finished Goods: The price index for each of the major finished goods categories rose 0.2 percent in 
August. Capital goods prices have not risen by more than 0.2 percent since a 0.3-percent advance in 
February 2014; the index has not recorded a decline since edging down 0.1 percent in October 2016. The 
0.2-percent increase in consumer goods prices followed a 0.5-percent advance in July and was led by higher 
medicinal, dental, and pharmaceutical prices. The 0.2-percent advance in automotive vehicles prices was 
driven by a 0.5-percent increase for transport vehicle prices. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares declined 1.3 percent in August and 1.5 percent over 
the past 12 months. The August decrease was driven by a 14.1-percent drop in European fares which more 
than offset a 16.4-percent rise in Asian fares. The price index for export air freight fell 0.3 percent in 
August. Despite the decline, export air freight prices advanced 2.7 percent for the year ended in August.

Import and Export Price Index data for September 2017 are scheduled for release on Tuesday, October 17, 
2017 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2016 to August 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 122.3 123.0 2.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.6

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.920 98.9 99.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.897 111.9 112.2 1.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.3

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  91.264 116.0 116.3 1.0 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.258 182.0 182.5 1.4 1.0 1.1 -0.1 0.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.906 199.9 200.8 1.4 1.1 1.3 0.1 0.5

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.352 141.4 140.9 1.5 0.4 0.2 -0.4 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.283 165.7 169.3 8.1 -0.5 -1.4 -0.5 2.2

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.366 147.3 148.3 4.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5 0.7

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.581 167.0 168.4 3.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 0.8

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.480 158.3 160.8 5.4 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 1.6

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.700 133.4 132.6 2.1 -0.5 -0.4 -1.1 -0.6

Fuels & lubricants

10

8.736 165.3 172.3 15.0 -0.9 -3.7 -0.6 4.2

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.103 177.8 186.3 15.8 -0.7 -3.9 -0.4 4.8

Crude

10000

5.750 182.3 189.9 14.9 0.4 -5.8 1.2 4.2

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.479 100.1 96.0 7.5 -3.3 -1.3 -2.4 -4.1

Gas-natural

10110

0.479 78.3 73.8 0.1 -4.4 -1.6 -3.6 -5.7

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.550 107.9 107.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.3 -0.4

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.585 152.2 151.8 1.7 -0.3 -0.5 -1.1 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.478 147.5 150.7 9.4 0.8 -0.6 1.2 2.2

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.471 211.1 216.4 6.3 -1.3 0.3 -1.4 2.5

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.750 150.9 151.7 3.5 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.5

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.712 110.2 110.3 2.4 -0.2 0.1 0.9 0.1

Capital goods

2

27.641 89.1 89.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.333 116.6 116.9 0.9 -0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.740 81.7 81.8 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.568 134.3 134.1 -1.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.320 110.2 110.4 0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.498 106.9 107.0 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.501 121.5 121.6 1.8 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.679 93.1 93.3 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.319 114.9 114.4 -3.1 0.1 -1.2 -0.1 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2016 to August 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

All commodities

  100.000 122.2 122.9 2.3 -0.6 -0.1 0.5 0.6

Agricultural commodities

  9.468 178.3 178.5 1.9 -1.6 -1.4 1.9 0.1

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.395 98.9 99.2 0.8 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.532 117.9 118.7 2.4 -0.4 0.0 0.3 0.7

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.813 180.6 180.8 2.4 -2.1 -1.5 2.3 0.1

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.192 179.7 179.9 2.1 -2.0 -1.3 2.1 0.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.622 199.8 200.4 6.8 -3.2 -3.2 3.8 0.3

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.638 146.3 148.7 6.1 -1.4 -0.1 0.6 1.6

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.517 156.4 158.5 2.4 -0.6 -0.6 -0.5 1.3

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.143 141.8 144.3 8.3 -1.8 0.2 1.3 1.8

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.276 175.1 174.8 0.8 0.6 -1.4 0.5 -0.2

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.362 145.4 147.8 6.3 -1.4 0.0 0.6 1.7

Fuels & lubricants

11

7.813 163.3 170.3 21.6 -3.3 0.0 1.6 4.3

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.514 150.7 151.7 1.4 -0.8 0.1 0.3 0.7

Selected building materials

13

1.035 119.9 120.6 4.1 0.4 -0.4 0.2 0.6

Capital goods

2

38.342 107.8 108.0 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.960 112.6 112.8 0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.082 93.9 94.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.300 170.8 171.1 3.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.340 113.2 113.4 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.867 109.0 109.2 -1.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.241 105.1 105.3 -1.1 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.222 107.5 107.8 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: August 2016 to August 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.462 92.9 95.4 11.4 0.5 -3.3 0.3 2.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.075 185.6 186.3 1.6 1.9 1.3 -1.2 0.4

Crop production

111

1.672 200.1 201.6 0.9 2.1 1.9 -0.8 0.7

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.211 80.9 80.8 2.1 2.6 1.6 -1.0 -0.1

Mining

21

6.388 81.8 84.7 14.9 0.2 -4.9 0.9 3.5

Oil and gas extraction

211

6.084 80.8 83.9 14.5 -0.1 -5.4 0.9 3.8

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.304 119.5 117.5 24.2 6.3 7.9 0.5 -1.7

Manufacturing

  91.253 109.8 110.2 1.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Manufacturing, part 1

31

12.013 124.5 124.6 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.528 156.8 157.1 2.5 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.2

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.070 118.9 118.5 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.3

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.401 98.3 98.5 0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Textile product mills

314

0.940 109.0 108.9 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.222 111.0 111.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.851 122.7 122.8 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.490 119.4 120.5 4.8 -0.4 0.0 -0.7 0.9

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.913 128.6 132.9 14.3 1.2 -1.8 1.7 3.3

Paper manufacturing

322

1.035 105.5 105.4 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2016=100)

323

0.223 100.0 99.9 - 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.128 77.8 82.7 17.0 -3.2 1.1 -4.4 6.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.921 135.0 134.7 3.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.260 118.7 119.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.011 128.1 128.2 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.750 103.6 103.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.184 141.0 143.2 6.4 -0.8 0.4 -0.8 1.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.119 123.0 123.6 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.139 116.8 117.1 0.7 -0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.701 75.9 76.0 -0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.952 115.0 115.1 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.569 109.3 109.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.740 115.3 115.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.345 117.5 117.8 -1.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: August 2016 to August 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.531 134.6 131.7 7.9 -0.4 -2.8 4.7 -2.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.561 153.4 152.4 1.3 -2.8 -3.6 3.2 -0.7

Crop production

111

4.209 159.5 158.4 0.8 -2.7 -3.4 3.2 -0.7

Mining

21

2.970 85.8 82.0 20.4 4.0 -1.5 7.1 -4.4

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.235 102.3 103.3 30.1 1.1 0.0 1.8 1.0

Manufacturing

  90.940 112.2 113.0 1.8 -0.4 0.1 0.2 0.7

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.157 139.1 139.6 2.6 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4

Food manufacturing

311

4.823 158.0 159.0 3.9 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.719 114.0 113.9 0.2 1.0 -0.7 2.9 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.671 100.9 100.8 - -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.283 98.4 96.8 - -0.8 -0.2 -0.4 -1.6

Manufacturing, part 2

32

23.747 106.6 108.8 4.4 -1.9 0.2 0.6 2.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.684 121.1 120.2 -0.2 -1.3 2.8 1.9 -0.7

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.979 89.8 98.0 23.0 -6.6 0.9 -0.8 9.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.183 113.6 113.9 0.1 -0.7 -0.3 1.1 0.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.286 113.7 114.2 0.0 0.3 -0.4 -0.4 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.846 113.5 114.1 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.036 111.8 112.1 0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.944 134.8 137.3 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 -2.0 1.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.320 138.1 138.2 5.9 0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.280 125.7 126.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.183 82.7 82.8 -0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.988 113.3 113.4 1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.519 124.5 124.6 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.455 117.4 117.4 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.348 118.8 119.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2016 to August 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.529 196.8 195.0 2.2 1.8 1.2 -0.7 -0.9

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.462 253.5 248.1 3.6 2.8 1.6 -0.5 -2.1

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.745 141.7 140.2 -1.4 0.6 0.1 -1.5 -1.1

Vegetable products

II

2.106 220.1 221.9 2.1 1.5 1.3 -1.1 0.8

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.408 463.4 457.9 5.8 1.0 9.8 -0.9 -1.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.888 131.1 133.9 1.1 3.7 1.1 -2.7 2.1

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.363 232.5 233.1 -0.5 -1.1 -1.4 2.6 0.3

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.303 115.3 116.7 8.8 0.1 1.6 0.1 1.2

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.721 161.6 162.4 0.9 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.5

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.187 86.7 85.9 -1.3 -0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.9

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.193 94.5 95.4 -15.5 -1.7 4.0 -2.0 1.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.364 168.7 169.4 7.2 0.2 -0.1 2.4 0.4

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.010 128.6 128.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.4

Mineral products

V

8.667 165.8 172.6 15.6 -0.6 -3.4 -0.4 4.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.398 163.0 170.0 15.7 -0.9 -3.8 -0.4 4.3

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.352 151.5 151.2 3.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.2

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.550 275.0 268.7 4.3 -0.1 -2.3 -1.6 -2.3

Organic chemicals

29

2.387 123.0 123.1 1.9 0.0 0.1 -0.4 0.1

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.358 148.6 148.7 5.4 0.1 0.1 -0.4 0.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.256 72.3 69.5 -5.3 -3.8 0.1 -1.4 -3.9

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.196 109.0 108.9 7.5 0.1 1.5 0.4 -0.1

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.547 99.8 100.2 - 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.694 105.0 105.0 3.2 -0.5 0.5 1.1 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.457 139.4 139.5 1.9 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.205 141.8 142.2 1.6 0.2 -0.2 0.6 0.3

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.252 136.4 136.2 2.6 -0.1 -0.7 -1.6 -0.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.690 123.7 123.7 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.659 129.0 129.0 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.949 156.7 161.7 14.2 1.2 -1.3 1.6 3.2

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.924 108.0 111.6 14.7 1.2 -1.4 1.6 3.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.098 110.7 110.5 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.722 102.9 102.9 -1.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.221 106.1 105.9 5.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.380 113.2 113.4 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.204 103.7 104.1 0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.836 118.9 118.9 -0.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.654 103.7 103.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.523 121.8 121.9 -0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.289 120.9 121.1 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.945 129.9 130.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.327 96.4 96.5 -1.7 -0.2 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Ceramic products

69

0.270 135.0 135.3 -1.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.7 0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.348 130.4 131.3 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.7

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.783 167.3 170.6 -4.7 -1.2 1.2 -1.9 2.0

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.579 167.2 168.2 7.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.6

Iron and steel

72

1.351 194.9 197.2 12.9 -0.3 -1.1 -0.8 1.2

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.715 145.0 143.2 3.8 1.0 1.3 0.7 -1.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.387 271.7 285.3 18.1 -1.9 0.0 2.1 5.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.809 128.7 128.7 6.6 -0.4 -0.8 0.2 0.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.435 122.5 123.0 0.6 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.4

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.523 136.4 136.8 0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.989 80.6 80.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.918 86.0 86.3 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.071 75.4 75.5 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.663 113.9 114.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.196 112.9 113.0 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.335 115.6 115.3 -2.9 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.883 101.7 101.8 -1.6 -0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.551 98.3 98.4 -1.9 -0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.272 143.9 143.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.306 111.0 111.1 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.664 116.6 116.8 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.366 101.4 101.3 -2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.277 129.7 129.7 -3.9 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2016 to August 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.970 212.3 213.0 13.1 -0.2 1.6 2.5 0.3

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.216 171.4 172.2 16.6 1.8 2.8 2.6 0.5

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.422 109.0 109.2 - -6.3 -4.4 5.5 0.2

Vegetable products

II

4.266 193.6 192.5 0.8 -5.0 -3.6 3.3 -0.6

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.827 138.8 141.6 -2.4 -3.1 -2.1 3.0 2.0

Cereals

10

1.306 190.9 180.8 5.9 0.9 1.3 7.6 -5.3

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.640 198.2 200.7 -4.0 1.9 -2.8 4.1 1.3

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.085 148.4 148.7 -1.3 0.5 -0.6 0.5 0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.383 117.1 117.0 -0.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.550 111.4 112.4 2.0 -0.1 -0.6 0.2 0.9

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.708 192.9 189.6 -11.9 0.5 -1.7 0.2 -1.7

Mineral products

V

8.167 195.0 202.7 24.9 -2.7 -0.1 2.2 3.9

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.547 92.1 95.0 21.0 -2.1 -2.1 2.9 3.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.427 186.4 194.1 26.0 -2.8 0.0 2.2 4.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.826 134.2 134.8 -0.9 -0.4 -0.4 1.1 0.4

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.770 161.0 163.0 -6.5 -0.5 -4.5 0.5 1.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.530 131.6 133.4 0.9 -2.0 0.1 1.5 1.4

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.179 105.1 105.5 -2.8 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.247 107.1 106.0 - 1.5 -1.5 -0.6 -1.0

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.533 100.0 98.3 0.4 0.4 1.8 -0.4 -1.7

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.816 132.5 132.3 -1.7 0.0 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.575 129.7 129.9 12.3 -1.1 -0.9 15.3 0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.745 143.9 144.0 -2.0 -0.3 -0.6 0.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.077 136.8 137.0 0.7 -1.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.137 132.7 133.1 1.1 -0.6 0.1 0.2 0.3

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.941 153.8 152.7 -1.7 -3.4 -2.5 -2.0 -0.7

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.341 119.9 117.1 -1.8 -1.4 -0.8 -0.9 -2.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.637 98.6 99.2 3.8 1.3 -2.0 2.5 0.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.209 130.8 129.0 4.0 -0.2 3.8 1.6 -1.4

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.746 150.0 143.6 7.2 -0.8 11.9 2.7 -4.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.110 122.3 122.4 3.0 -0.1 0.2 1.5 0.1

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.353 101.5 101.5 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.740 119.8 120.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3 0.2

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.454 126.2 127.3 4.9 0.4 -2.3 -1.0 0.9

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.836 123.0 123.0 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.279 101.1 101.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.425 98.5 98.4 -1.3 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.165 229.9 233.7 -3.1 -0.8 1.3 -1.5 1.7

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.926 151.4 153.3 7.1 -0.1 -0.9 0.1 1.3

Iron and steel

72

1.024 154.7 158.6 10.7 -0.8 -2.4 0.7 2.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.486 172.1 180.4 17.0 -0.3 -0.6 2.7 4.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.830 110.1 111.6 8.1 0.2 -2.3 -1.1 1.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.348 99.5 99.5 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.347 148.0 148.0 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.798 96.2 96.3 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.936 113.9 114.1 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.862 77.2 77.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.010 132.8 133.0 1.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.698 115.1 115.2 0.8 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.050 106.4 106.8 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.487 112.3 112.3 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.899 128.3 128.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.435 88.7 88.7 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: August 2016 to August 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 118.9 119.8 2.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.8

Nonmanufacturing

8.256 131.0 134.9 12.7 2.5 -3.7 -0.6 3.0

Manufacturing

91.341 117.5 118.1 1.6 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.5

Other Countries(3)

100.000 119.0 119.5 1.6 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.4

Nonmanufacturing

8.684 191.6 195.9 13.8 -0.2 -3.1 0.9 2.2

Manufacturing

91.113 102.8 103.0 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Canada

100.000 123.5 125.2 5.7 0.6 -1.4 0.0 1.4

Nonmanufacturing

23.002 125.0 128.9 13.1 2.4 -4.2 -0.5 3.1

Manufacturing

76.255 127.1 128.1 3.7 0.0 -0.4 0.2 0.8

European Union(4)

100.000 132.6 133.6 1.9 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.8

Manufacturing

99.452 129.3 130.2 2.0 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.7

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.9 124.8 2.0 -0.1 1.4 0.3 1.5

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 114.4 114.9 2.0 -0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.6 118.0 -0.7 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3

Latin America(5)

100.000 143.0 143.8 3.2 0.0 -0.7 0.3 0.6

Nonmanufacturing

17.986 221.6 226.9 16.8 0.3 -3.0 1.7 2.4

Manufacturing

81.680 120.1 120.2 0.5 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 126.5 127.2 1.0 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.6

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.850 123.2 127.6 12.6 3.3 0.1 -0.6 3.6

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.840 87.9 88.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.4 98.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.1 100.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Japan

100.000 96.1 95.6 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 86.6 86.6 3.0 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.0

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.8 97.9 1.2 0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 147.4 148.1 2.8 -1.7 -2.9 -0.9 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: August 2016 to August 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2017(1)
Index Percent change
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2016
to
Aug.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017
July
2017
to
Aug.
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 181.7 182.0 20.4 0.7 -0.8 10.3 0.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.206 143.3 144.7 6.6 0.1 -1.3 3.1 1.0

Asia

65.272 175.9 175.6 30.8 0.3 -0.7 15.8 -0.2

Export Air Freight

100.000 157.9 157.5 2.7 0.5 1.6 -2.5 -0.3

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

33.000 146.9 146.9 1.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 164.9 165.5 14.5 0.8 -0.3 6.3 0.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.466 133.6 134.4 0.1 -0.8 -1.3 2.3 0.6

Asia

61.997 158.5 159.2 25.2 0.6 0.2 10.2 0.4

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 143.1 141.0 3.1 1.8 1.1 1.5 -1.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.137 146.0 146.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Asia

47.860 141.4 137.0 6.6 4.0 2.5 2.9 -3.1

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 176.6 157.9 -7.4 3.9 3.7 -2.8 -10.6

Europe

38.729 185.4 162.4 -13.5 3.7 4.2 -6.1 -12.4

Asia

23.243 141.3 129.4 -2.6 6.2 10.9 -6.5 -8.4

Latin America/Caribbean

10.294 166.0 161.9 3.0 -4.6 4.3 2.0 -2.5

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 164.4 162.2 -1.5 1.9 4.8 5.0 -1.3

Europe

30.446 211.5 181.6 -5.9 3.4 7.7 1.8 -14.1

Asia

23.904 128.5 149.6 -9.9 -0.6 3.9 0.2 16.4

Latin America/Caribbean

23.880 171.2 168.8 3.4 -2.3 1.2 6.6 -1.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                         TECHNICAL NOTE


Announcement - The Bureau of Labor Statistics is utilizing new index estimation and review systems 
for the import and export price indexes effective with the release of the June 2017 price data on July 18, 
2017. The new estimation and index review systems, the first major improvement to the existing 
systems in over 20 years, are redesigned, state-of-the-art systems with improved flexibility and review 
capabilities. The changes to the systems will not have a significant effect on the estimates of price 
change for the U.S. import and export price indexes.

Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 

Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: September 19, 2017