U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                      USDL-17-1127
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, August 15, 2017

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                                U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JULY 2017                                

Prices for U.S. imports edged up 0.1 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, led 
by higher fuel prices which more than offset lower prices for nonfuel imports. The July increase in import 
prices followed declines in each of the 2 previous months. U.S. export prices advanced 0.4 percent in July, 
after decreasing 0.2 percent in June.

Imports

All Imports: Import prices advanced 0.1 percent in July, after a 0.2-percent decrease in June and a 0.1-
percent drop in May. The price index for U.S. imports rose over the past year, increasing 1.5 percent. Prices 
for U.S. imports have risen on an over-the-year basis for 9 consecutive months; the last decrease was a 0.2-
percent drop in October 2016.

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices rose 0.5 percent in July following declines of 2.6 percent in June, 0.9 percent in 
May, and 0.4 percent in April. The July increase was the first monthly advance since the index rose 0.3 
percent in February. A 0.7-percent rise in petroleum prices contributed to the advance in July, more than 
offsetting a 5.0-percent drop in natural gas prices. Import fuel prices increased 8.9 percent over the past 
year, driven by an 8.3-percent rise in petroleum prices and a 20.4-percent advance in natural gas prices. 
Import fuel prices have not recorded a 12-month decline since a 3.7-percent fall for the period ended 
September 2016.

All Imports Excluding Fuel: In contrast, nonfuel import prices edged down 0.1 percent in July, the first 
monthly decrease since a 0.1-percent drop in January. The last time nonfuel import prices fell more than 0.1 
percent on a monthly basis was a 0.2-percent decline in June 2016. Lower prices for nonfuel industrial 
supplies and materials and automotive vehicles more than offset price increases for foods, feeds, and 
beverages and capital goods. Consumer goods prices recorded no change in July. Nonfuel import prices 
advanced 0.7 percent over the past year; the index has not decreased on a 12-month basis since falling 0.2 
percent in November. The over-the-year increase was driven by rising prices for nonfuel industrial supplies 
and materials; foods, feeds, and beverages; capital goods; and consumer goods, which more than offset 
declining automotive vehicles prices.

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2016

July

0.1 -2.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.3

August

-0.2 -3.4 0.0 -0.8 -3.4 -0.6

September

0.1 1.3 0.0 0.3 -1.0 0.5

October

0.5 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

November

-0.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0

December

0.4 5.8 0.0 0.4 -0.2 0.4

2017

January

0.6 6.1 -0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2

February

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3

March

-0.2 -3.0 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.0

April

0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

May

-0.1 (r)-0.9 (r)0.1 -0.5 -1.6 -0.4

June

-0.2 (r)-2.6 0.1 -0.2 (r)-1.4 0.0

July

0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.4 2.1 0.3

July 2015 to 2016

-3.7 -21.3 -1.2 -3.0 -2.6 -3.0

July 2016 to 2017

1.5 8.9 0.7 0.8 -1.4 1.0

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: The price index for U.S. exports advanced 0.4 percent in July, matching a 0.4-percent rise in 
December 2016. The increases are the largest monthly advances since a 0.8-percent rise in June 2016. 
Rising prices for both agricultural and nonagricultural exports contributed to the July increase. Prices for 
U.S. exports rose 0.8 percent over the past year, continuing an upward trend; U.S. export prices have not 
recorded an over-the-year decrease since falling 0.2 percent in November 2016.

Agricultural Exports: Export agricultural prices advanced 2.1 percent in July, after dropping 1.4 percent in 
June and 1.6 percent in May. The July increase was the largest advance since the index rose 2.5 percent in 
June 2016. Increasing prices for wheat, soybeans, meat, and fruit contributed to the monthly advance, more 
than offsetting lower vegetables prices. Despite the monthly rise, agricultural prices recorded an overall 1.4-
percent decline for the year ended in July. Price decreases for soybeans and fruit led the yearly decline, 
despite higher prices for meat exports over the past 12 months.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports rose 0.3 percent in July.  
Export prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials; capital goods; and consumer goods 
increased, driving the monthly advance despite lower prices for automotive vehicles exports. 
Nonagricultural export prices increased 1.0 percent over the year ended in July, led by higher prices for 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials and capital goods. Export prices for consumer goods and 
automotive vehicles fell over the past 12 months.

                                            SELECTED JULY HIGHLIGHTS                                            

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China ticked up 0.1 percent in July, after falling 
0.2 percent over the previous 3 months. Import prices from China declined 0.9 percent over the past 12 
months, continuing a trend of 12-month price decreases since the index rose 0.1 percent in October 2014. 
The price index for imports from Japan fell 0.3 percent in July and increased 0.4 percent over the past year. 
Prices for imports from Canada advanced 0.6 percent in July. In contrast, the price indexes for imports from 
the European Union and Mexico fell 0.2 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively.

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
declined 0.4 percent in July, after recording no change in June. Lower prices for nonmonetary gold, other 
precious metals, and chemicals drove the decrease, despite higher building materials prices.

Finished Goods: Prices for the major finished goods categories were mixed in July. The price index for 
import capital goods rose 0.1 percent, driven by higher prices for nonelectrical machinery. Automotive 
vehicles prices fell 0.2 percent for the second consecutive month. Import prices for consumer goods 
recorded no change in July.

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Import foods, feeds, and beverages prices increased in July, rising 0.6 
percent. Import prices for vegetables and feedstuff rose, driving the monthly advance despite lower prices 
for imported fruit.

Transportation Services: The price index for import air passenger fares declined 2.8 percent in July. Asian 
fares led the drop, decreasing 6.5 percent after a 10.9-percent rise in June. European fares also contributed 
to the monthly decrease in July, falling 6.1 percent. Latin American/Caribbean fares rose 2.0 percent in July. 
The index for import air passenger fares fell 2.6 percent over the past year. Import air freight prices 
increased 10.3 percent in July, the largest increase since the index was first published in December 2005. 
The index rose 22.1 percent over the past 12 months. The over-the-year advance was the largest since a 
22.4-percent increase for the year ended in June 2010.

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials increased 0.5 percent in July, after declining 0.1 percent in June. A 1.0-percent rise in prices for 
petroleum and a 1.1-percent advance in prices for chemicals drove the increase. 

Finished Goods: Export finished goods prices were mostly up in July. Prices for capital goods edged up 0.1 
percent for the third consecutive month. Industrial engines prices drove the July increase, rising 0.9 percent. 
The price index for consumer goods rose 0.2 percent in July. Automotive vehicles export prices edged down 
0.1 percent in July, led by a 0.3-percent drop in parts and accessories prices.

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares rose 4.9 percent in July, following a 4.8-percent 
increase in June. Price increases for Latin American/Caribbean and European fares contributed to the July 
advance. The export air passenger fares index rose 4.3 percent over the past 12 months. Prices for export air 
freight dropped 2.5 percent in July. Despite the monthly decrease, the export air freight price index rose 3.1 
percent between July 2016 and July 2017.
		
Import and Export Price Index data for August 2017 are scheduled for release on Tuesday, September 19, 2017 
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2016 to July 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

All commodities

  100.000 122.5 122.6 1.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.827 98.9 98.9 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

All imports excluding petroleum

  91.794 112.0 112.0 0.9 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  91.135 116.1 116.0 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.249 182.1 183.2 3.2 0.3 1.0 1.1 0.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.894 199.8 201.7 3.5 0.6 1.1 1.3 1.0

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.355 141.9 141.1 1.7 -0.5 0.4 0.1 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials

1

22.441 167.2 167.1 5.4 0.4 -0.5 -1.1 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.425 148.2 147.4 3.9 1.2 -0.5 0.1 -0.5

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.610 167.7 167.0 3.3 1.0 -0.4 0.0 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.468 158.4 158.1 4.3 1.1 -0.4 0.2 -0.2

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.767 135.3 134.0 3.4 1.1 -0.5 -0.1 -1.0

Fuels & lubricants

10

8.865 168.1 168.9 8.9 -0.4 -0.9 -2.6 0.5

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

8.206 180.4 181.7 8.3 -0.7 -0.8 -2.9 0.7

Crude

10000

5.751 182.6 187.1 8.7 -0.6 0.3 -4.4 2.5

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.505 105.8 102.1 23.5 6.1 -3.3 1.7 -3.5

Gas-natural

10110

0.381 84.6 80.4 20.4 8.0 -4.2 2.3 -5.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.548 107.6 108.1 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.5

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.629 153.9 152.6 1.8 0.6 -0.3 -0.5 -0.8

Selected building materials

13

1.459 145.8 147.7 7.4 2.5 0.8 -0.6 1.3

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.511 213.9 210.7 5.0 0.9 -1.4 0.3 -1.5

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.740 150.3 150.5 3.1 1.5 0.4 0.7 0.1

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.690 109.0 109.9 1.9 0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.8

Capital goods

2

27.544 89.0 89.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.330 116.7 117.0 1.0 -0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.649 81.5 81.7 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.566 134.5 134.4 -1.5 -1.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.320 110.4 110.2 -0.2 0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.445 106.9 106.9 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.496 121.7 121.4 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

12.632 93.0 93.1 -1.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.318 115.0 114.8 -3.0 1.2 0.1 -1.2 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2016 to July 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

All commodities

  100.000 121.6 122.1 0.8 0.2 -0.5 -0.2 0.4

Agricultural commodities

  9.335 175.0 178.7 -1.4 0.1 -1.6 -1.4 2.1

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.663 98.7 98.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.665 117.5 117.8 1.0 0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.660 176.6 180.9 -1.3 0.5 -2.0 -1.5 2.4

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.058 176.0 180.1 -1.9 0.3 -1.9 -1.4 2.3

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.602 192.5 199.9 7.2 3.8 -3.2 -3.2 3.8

Industrial supplies & materials

1

29.600 145.5 146.1 3.0 0.4 -1.4 -0.1 0.4

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.630 157.3 156.7 1.4 -0.2 -0.6 -0.5 -0.4

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  19.044 140.0 141.3 3.8 0.6 -1.8 0.1 0.9

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.276 174.3 175.2 1.4 -1.2 0.6 -1.4 0.5

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  28.324 144.5 145.2 3.1 0.4 -1.4 -0.1 0.5

Fuels & lubricants

11

7.750 161.2 162.4 10.3 3.5 -2.9 -0.1 0.7

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.536 150.1 150.6 0.5 -0.8 -0.9 0.0 0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.038 119.7 119.7 3.6 0.5 0.4 -0.4 0.0

Capital goods

2

38.472 107.7 107.8 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.976 112.6 112.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.166 93.7 93.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.330 170.5 170.8 3.8 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.390 113.2 113.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.877 108.5 108.7 -1.7 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

6.231 104.4 104.7 -2.1 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.235 107.2 107.3 -0.5 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: July 2016 to July 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  8.509 93.6 95.2 9.7 0.1 0.5 -2.3 1.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.096 187.8 189.5 8.3 1.2 1.9 1.3 0.9

Crop production

111

1.683 201.8 205.4 8.8 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.212 81.5 80.5 2.9 -1.3 2.6 1.4 -1.2

Mining

21

6.413 82.3 83.9 10.1 -0.4 0.2 -3.5 1.9

Oil and gas extraction

211

6.111 81.3 83.0 9.4 -0.1 -0.1 -4.0 2.1

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.302 118.9 119.5 26.3 -3.7 6.3 7.9 0.5

Manufacturing

  91.207 110.0 109.8 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.986 124.4 124.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Food manufacturing

311

3.518 156.6 156.7 1.6 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.067 118.7 118.8 0.8 -0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.400 98.2 98.3 -0.6 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.934 108.5 109.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.212 110.9 110.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.856 123.2 122.9 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.579 120.2 119.6 3.1 0.3 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.896 126.5 129.2 11.6 3.9 1.2 -1.8 2.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.028 105.0 105.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2016=100)

323

0.223 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.224 81.4 78.7 6.5 -0.7 -3.2 1.1 -3.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.955 135.7 135.0 3.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.242 118.0 118.5 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.010 128.3 128.3 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.642 103.6 103.6 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.202 141.9 140.7 6.2 0.7 -1.1 0.4 -0.8

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.107 122.8 123.1 0.8 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.110 116.5 116.7 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.663 75.9 76.0 -0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.923 114.5 115.0 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.565 109.4 109.3 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.737 115.3 115.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.335 117.5 117.4 -2.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: July 2016 to July 2017 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

Nonmanufacturing

  7.244 128.8 134.1 5.1 1.3 0.0 -2.9 4.1

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.438 148.5 153.8 -3.6 -0.1 -2.8 -3.7 3.6

Crop production

111

4.095 154.4 160.0 -4.4 -0.5 -2.7 -3.5 3.6

Mining

21

2.805 80.6 84.6 22.3 3.9 5.0 -1.8 5.0

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.237 101.9 102.8 32.6 -3.9 3.3 -0.8 0.9

Manufacturing

  91.239 112.0 112.1 0.5 0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.1

Manufacturing, part 1

31

7.145 138.1 139.3 2.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.9

Food manufacturing

311

4.816 156.9 158.3 3.0 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.9

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.703 110.8 114.0 1.9 -1.5 1.0 -0.7 2.9

Textile mills (Dec. 2016=100)

313

0.676 101.2 100.9 - -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Leather and allied product manufacturing (Dec. 2016=100)

316

0.286 98.8 98.4 - -0.3 -0.8 -0.2 -0.4

Manufacturing, part 2

32

23.722 105.9 106.4 0.6 0.7 -1.9 0.1 0.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.663 118.9 121.1 0.6 2.3 -1.3 2.8 1.9

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.040 90.5 89.7 6.4 3.3 -6.6 0.9 -0.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.098 112.2 113.2 -1.4 -0.2 -0.8 -0.4 0.9

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.306 114.1 113.8 -0.5 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 -0.3

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.851 113.6 113.9 1.4 -0.5 0.2 0.2 0.3

Manufacturing, part 3

33

60.372 111.9 111.8 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.047 137.5 134.9 -2.2 0.7 -0.3 0.1 -1.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.338 138.1 138.0 6.0 0.0 0.6 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

10.316 125.4 125.7 -0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.247 82.7 82.7 -1.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.003 113.1 113.3 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.599 124.4 124.4 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.458 117.5 117.5 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.366 118.6 118.7 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2016 to July 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.536 198.1 196.6 3.6 0.3 1.8 1.2 -0.8

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.464 255.2 253.9 7.4 1.9 2.8 1.7 -0.5

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.754 143.7 141.2 -0.2 -0.8 0.6 -0.1 -1.7

Vegetable products

II

2.125 222.6 226.3 11.0 2.5 1.5 1.3 1.7

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.411 467.6 529.6 28.8 2.9 1.0 9.8 13.3

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.911 134.8 130.7 16.9 4.0 3.7 1.1 -3.0

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.353 226.6 232.5 -1.0 -1.2 -1.1 -1.4 2.6

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.302 115.2 115.2 7.8 -0.5 0.1 1.6 0.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.700 160.6 161.6 -1.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.5 0.6

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.186 86.6 87.4 0.9 0.1 -0.1 0.8 0.9

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.196 96.4 94.5 -18.0 -4.6 -1.7 4.0 -2.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.355 164.7 169.0 6.8 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 2.6

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.007 128.3 128.5 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Mineral products

V

8.784 168.3 169.3 9.6 -0.2 -0.6 -2.4 0.6

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.516 165.5 166.5 9.4 -0.1 -0.9 -2.7 0.6

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.365 151.9 151.5 3.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.557 279.2 277.7 7.9 1.4 -0.1 -2.4 -0.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.394 123.6 123.0 2.0 -0.6 0.0 0.2 -0.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.366 149.2 148.5 4.7 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.5

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.259 73.3 72.4 -9.5 -2.9 -3.8 0.1 -1.2

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.195 108.6 109.0 7.7 5.0 0.1 1.5 0.4

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.543 99.3 99.8 - -1.0 0.2 0.1 0.5

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.686 103.9 105.1 3.5 -0.2 -0.5 0.5 1.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.454 139.5 139.1 1.5 0.4 0.1 -0.5 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.185 140.8 141.6 1.1 0.6 0.1 -0.3 0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.269 138.6 136.0 2.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.7 -1.9

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.688 123.6 123.7 0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.0 0.1

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.657 128.8 129.0 0.1 -0.2 0.5 0.0 0.2

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.933 154.3 157.4 11.6 3.8 1.2 -1.3 2.0

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.908 106.3 108.5 12.0 3.9 1.2 -1.4 2.1

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.096 110.6 110.8 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.722 103.0 102.9 -1.6 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.221 106.0 106.1 5.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.363 113.1 113.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.203 103.5 103.6 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.838 118.9 119.0 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.654 103.7 103.7 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.528 122.4 122.1 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.294 121.5 121.1 -0.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.944 130.0 130.0 -0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.327 96.5 96.4 -2.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.5 -0.1

Ceramic products

69

0.272 136.0 135.7 -1.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.346 129.9 130.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.834 170.6 167.3 -5.6 0.4 -1.2 1.2 -1.9

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.551 166.7 166.9 6.6 0.9 -0.3 -0.1 0.1

Iron and steel

72

1.354 195.7 194.1 11.9 1.6 -0.7 -1.1 -0.8

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.699 143.9 144.6 4.8 1.4 0.9 1.3 0.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.378 266.0 271.5 12.3 -1.7 -1.9 0.0 2.1

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.806 128.4 128.7 6.5 0.9 -0.4 -0.8 0.2

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.434 122.4 122.6 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.522 136.5 136.3 -0.2 0.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.896 80.5 80.6 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.864 85.8 85.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.031 75.4 75.5 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.664 114.1 113.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.197 113.1 112.9 0.4 0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.335 115.8 115.7 -2.7 -2.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.866 101.4 101.5 -1.6 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.537 98.0 98.1 -1.9 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.269 142.5 143.9 1.6 0.1 0.0 0.4 1.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.295 110.9 111.0 -0.9 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.656 116.4 116.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.363 101.4 101.3 -2.0 -1.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.276 129.7 129.7 -4.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2016 to July 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

Live animals; animal products

I

1.937 207.6 213.6 13.3 1.2 0.0 1.7 2.9

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.147 166.9 172.6 15.3 0.8 1.8 2.8 3.4

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.387 103.3 109.0 - 6.7 -6.3 -4.4 5.5

Vegetable products

II

4.149 187.2 194.2 -5.2 0.5 -4.9 -3.8 3.7

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.800 133.5 140.5 -9.6 -1.1 -3.1 -3.0 5.2

Cereals

10

1.220 177.4 190.9 8.6 -4.7 0.9 1.3 7.6

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.586 190.7 198.6 -12.8 -8.7 2.0 -2.8 4.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.085 147.6 148.2 -1.7 0.3 0.6 -0.7 0.4

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.385 117.0 117.1 -0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.552 111.2 111.5 -0.4 0.9 -0.1 -0.6 0.3

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.708 191.9 191.6 -10.9 -1.1 0.7 -2.2 -0.2

Mineral products

V

8.053 191.2 193.7 14.8 3.2 -2.3 -0.3 1.3

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.534 89.5 92.5 19.4 0.6 -2.1 -2.1 3.4

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.325 182.8 185.0 14.8 3.5 -2.4 -0.2 1.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.748 132.5 133.7 -2.3 -0.7 -0.5 -0.5 0.9

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.773 160.7 161.8 -7.6 -5.1 -0.3 -4.4 0.7

Organic chemicals

29

2.488 128.7 130.0 -2.1 -2.4 -2.3 -0.2 1.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.188 104.8 104.8 -4.1 1.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Fertilizers (Dec. 2016=100)

31

0.250 107.7 106.7 - 4.1 1.9 -1.9 -0.9

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.537 100.3 99.5 1.3 0.3 0.3 1.8 -0.8

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.821 132.6 132.4 -1.6 1.0 0.0 -0.5 -0.2

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.501 112.5 129.7 12.1 -1.1 -1.1 -0.9 15.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.754 143.8 143.8 -3.0 -0.3 -0.3 -0.6 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.117 137.1 137.1 0.1 0.1 -1.1 -0.4 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.152 132.4 132.9 0.2 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.965 157.0 155.0 -0.3 -0.5 -3.4 -2.5 -1.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.346 121.1 120.2 0.6 -0.2 -1.4 -0.7 -0.7

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.626 96.2 97.2 2.2 0.3 1.3 -2.0 1.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.183 128.6 130.8 6.9 -3.6 -0.3 3.8 1.7

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.729 145.8 149.8 17.5 -11.7 -0.9 11.8 2.7

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.099 120.5 122.3 2.6 0.8 -0.1 0.2 1.5

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.355 101.5 101.5 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.755 120.2 119.8 -0.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.461 127.5 126.2 1.0 0.1 0.4 -2.3 -1.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.841 123.1 123.4 0.5 -0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.280 101.1 101.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.429 99.1 99.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.253 233.5 229.7 -4.5 0.3 -0.8 1.3 -1.6

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.947 151.3 151.7 6.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.9 0.3

Iron and steel

72

1.022 153.6 156.1 11.0 -0.1 -0.8 -2.4 1.6

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.476 167.6 172.6 11.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.6 3.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.844 111.3 110.1 5.1 0.9 0.2 -2.3 -1.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.350 99.5 99.5 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.349 148.0 148.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.898 96.1 96.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.997 113.7 113.9 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.901 77.0 77.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.079 132.7 132.7 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.745 115.1 115.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.079 106.3 106.3 0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.495 112.4 112.4 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.905 128.4 128.4 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.438 88.7 88.7 -0.6 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: July 2016 to July 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 119.6 119.6 1.9 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.0

Nonmanufacturing

8.643 138.0 140.4 14.1 -0.2 2.5 0.8 1.7

Manufacturing

90.958 117.7 117.5 0.9 0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Other Countries(3)

100.000 118.8 119.1 0.8 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 0.3

Nonmanufacturing

8.599 189.4 192.4 8.6 0.2 -0.5 -3.0 1.6

Manufacturing

91.194 102.7 102.8 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Canada

100.000 124.9 125.7 4.8 0.0 0.6 -0.2 0.6

Nonmanufacturing

23.977 131.8 134.5 14.7 -0.4 2.4 0.5 2.0

Manufacturing

75.285 126.9 127.1 1.9 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.2

European Union(4)

100.000 132.8 132.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.2

Manufacturing

99.470 129.4 129.3 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 120.9 121.4 -1.0 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 114.1 114.4 1.1 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.3

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.6 117.6 -0.9 -0.5 0.1 0.3 0.0

Latin America(5)

100.000 142.5 142.9 2.0 0.7 -0.1 -0.6 0.3

Nonmanufacturing

17.678 216.9 220.4 9.7 1.2 -0.3 -2.9 1.6

Manufacturing

81.977 120.0 120.1 0.5 0.5 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 126.7 126.6 0.0 1.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.887 123.9 123.6 2.0 1.0 3.2 0.2 -0.2

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

90.804 88.0 87.9 -0.2 2.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.3 98.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.0 100.1 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Japan

100.000 96.3 96.0 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 86.1 86.5 3.0 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.5

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 98.0 97.7 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 148.3 149.3 3.0 -2.7 -1.7 -3.1 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: July 2016 to July 2017 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
June
2017(1)
Index Percent change
June
2017
July
2017
Annual Monthly
July
2016
to
July
2017
Mar.
2017
to
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2017
to
May
2017
May
2017
to
June
2017
June
2017
to
July
2017

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 164.8 181.7 22.1 1.5 0.7 -0.8 10.3

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.827 139.0 143.3 4.1 2.9 0.1 -1.3 3.1

Asia

62.167 151.9 175.9 35.0 1.6 0.3 -0.7 15.8

Export Air Freight

100.000 161.9 157.9 3.1 -0.3 0.5 1.6 -2.5

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

32.183 146.9 146.9 1.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 155.1 164.9 15.6 0.7 0.8 -0.3 6.3

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

26.475 130.6 133.6 -1.0 0.9 -0.8 -1.3 2.3

Asia

59.812 143.8 158.5 27.6 1.4 0.6 0.2 10.2

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 141.0 143.1 4.3 -1.6 1.8 1.1 1.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.462 145.4 146.0 3.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.4

Asia

47.205 137.4 141.4 8.9 -4.0 4.0 2.5 2.9

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 181.7 176.6 -2.6 -3.2 3.9 3.7 -2.8

Europe

40.062 197.4 185.4 -9.6 -7.5 3.7 4.2 -6.1

Asia

24.163 151.1 141.3 -1.3 0.2 6.2 10.9 -6.5

Latin America/Caribbean

9.806 162.7 166.0 5.8 0.9 -4.6 4.3 2.0

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 156.5 164.2 4.3 -6.0 1.9 4.8 4.9

Europe

31.414 207.7 211.5 2.8 -9.2 3.4 7.7 1.8

Asia

25.073 128.2 127.5 -6.0 -1.7 -0.6 3.9 -0.5

Latin America/Caribbean

23.535 160.6 171.8 3.2 -3.0 -2.3 1.2 7.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2015 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                         TECHNICAL NOTE


Announcement - The Bureau of Labor Statistics is utilizing new index estimation and review systems 
for the import and export price indexes effective with the release of the June 2017 price data on July 18, 
2017. The new estimation and index review systems, the first major improvement to the existing 
systems in over 20 years, are redesigned, state-of-the-art systems with improved flexibility and review 
capabilities. The changes to the systems will not have a significant effect on the estimates of price 
change for the U.S. import and export price indexes.

Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 

Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: August 15, 2017