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U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                      USDL-19-1775
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 11, 2019

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                             U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - SEPTEMBER 2019                              

U.S. import prices increased 0.2 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
following a 0.2-percent decline the previous month. The advance in September was driven by higher fuel 
prices; prices for nonfuel goods edged down 0.1 percent. The price index for U.S. exports fell 0.2 percent in 
September, after decreasing 0.6 percent in August.

Imports

Prices for U.S. imports advanced 0.2 percent in September, after decreasing 0.2 percent in August and 
unchanged in July. The price index for U.S. imports has not recorded an increase larger than 0.2 percent 
since the index rose 0.6 percent in March. U.S. import prices declined 1.6 percent from September 2018 to 
September 2019. (See table 1.)

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices rose 2.1 percent in September following a 1.9-percent decline in August. 
Higher prices for petroleum drove the September increase, more than offsetting lower natural gas prices. 
The price index for import petroleum advanced 2.3 percent in September, after declining 2.3 percent the 
previous month. In September, natural gas prices fell 3.7 percent, resuming a downward trend after the rise 
in August. Fuel prices decreased 5.1 percent over the past year. Prices for import petroleum fell 5.8 percent 
from September 2018 to September 2019. Natural gas prices declined 10.4 percent over the same period.

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports edged down 0.1 percent in September following 
two consecutive months unchanged. Foods, feeds, and beverages prices declined 0.8 percent; in contrast, 
nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices rose 0.5 percent. The price index for nonfuel imports 
declined 1.1 percent over the past 12 months, led by price decreases for capital goods and nonfuel industrial 
supplies and materials.

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials increased 0.5 
percent in September, after falling 0.3 percent in August and rising 0.2 percent in July. The increase in 
September was driven by higher prices for nonferrous metals and lumber, which more than offset price 
decreases for chemicals.
	
Finished Goods: Prices for imported finished goods were unchanged in September. Consumer goods prices 
were unchanged following a 0.1-percent increase in August. Lower prices for household goods were offset 
by price increases for coins, gems, jewelry, and collectibles. The price index for automotive vehicles was 
unchanged for the second consecutive month, after decreasing 0.2 percent in July. Prices for capital goods 
were unchanged in September, after edging down 0.1 percent the previous month.

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The price index for import foods, feeds, and beverages fell 0.8 percent in 
September following a 0.5-percent drop in August. A 7.6-percent decrease in fruit prices, which more than 
offset higher coffee prices, drove the September decline.
	
Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2018

September

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1.3 0.2

October

0.5 3.3 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.5

November

-1.6 -12.2 -0.2 -0.8 1.7 -1.0

December

-1.4 -13.3 0.0 -0.6 3.8 -1.1

2019

January

0.2 4.6 -0.3 -0.6 -2.1 -0.4

February

1.0 10.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.7

March

0.6 7.2 -0.2 0.7 0.9 0.7

April

0.2 1.9 -0.1 0.1 -1.4 0.2

May

0.2 3.6 -0.3 -0.3 -1.1 -0.2

June

-1.1 -7.8 -0.3 -0.6 2.4 -0.9

July

(r)0.0 (r)0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

August

(r)-0.2 (r)-1.9 0.0 -0.6 (r)-2.3 (r)-0.3

September

0.2 2.1 -0.1 -0.2 -1.8 -0.1

Sept. 2017 to 2018

3.1 25.6 0.6 2.7 -2.1 3.3

Sept. 2018 to 2019

-1.6 -5.1 -1.1 -1.6 0.2 -1.9

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports 

The price index for U.S. exports declined 0.2 percent in September following a 0.6-percent drop in August 
and a 0.2-percent advance in July. Price declines for agricultural and nonagricultural exports each 
contributed to the September decrease. U.S. export prices fell 1.6 percent from September 2018 to 
September 2019. (See table 2.)

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural export prices declined 1.8 percent in September, after falling 2.3 
percent in August. Lower prices for corn, meat, wheat, and soybeans each contributed to the decline, more 
than offsetting higher fruit prices. Despite the decrease in September, agricultural export prices advanced 
0.2 percent over the past year.

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports edged down 0.1 percent in 
September following a 0.3-percent drop the previous month. Price declines for nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials, consumer goods, and automotive vehicles drove the September decrease. Capital 
goods prices were unchanged in September. The price index for nonagricultural exports decreased 1.9 
percent from September 2018 to September 2019. Lower nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices more than offset price increases for capital goods, consumer goods, and automotive vehicles over the 
past year.

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials declined 0.3 percent in September following a 1.0-percent drop in August. The price index for 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials fell 6.5 percent over the past 12 months, the largest 
decrease since declining 7.7 percent over the period ended July 2016.

Finished Goods: Prices for export finished goods were mostly down in September. Consumer goods prices 
fell 0.3 percent, after edging down 0.1 percent in August. Prices for automotive vehicles declined for the 
third consecutive month in September, falling 0.1 percent. Capital goods prices were unchanged for the 
month; higher nonelectrical machinery and transportation equipment prices offset lower prices for electrical 
generating equipment in September.

Measures of Import and Export Prices by Locality

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China decreased 0.2 percent in September, after falling 
0.1 percent the previous month. Prices for imports from China have not increased on a monthly basis since 
ticking up 0.1 percent in May 2018. The price index for imports from China declined 1.8 percent over the 
past year, the largest 12-month drop since a 1.9-percent decrease from January 2016 to January 2017. Prices 
for imports from Japan were unchanged in September following an increase of 0.1 percent in August. The 
last time the index rose more than 0.1 percent was a 0.2-percent advance in July 2018. Import prices from 
Japan increased 0.2 percent over the past 12 months. Prices for imports from the European Union decreased 
0.1 percent in September, after declining 0.2 percent in August. Import prices from Mexico declined 0.2 
percent for the second consecutive month in September. The price index for imports from Canada advanced 
0.6 percent in September following a 0.6-percent increase in August. Import prices from Canada rose 5.9 
percent over the past year. (See table 7.)
	
Exports by Locality of Destination: The price index for exports to China decreased 0.2 percent in 
September following declines of 1.5 percent in August, 0.3 percent in July, and 0.2 percent in June. Export 
prices to China fell 2.0 percent over the past year. Prices for exports to Japan ticked up 0.1 percent in 
September, after a 0.7-percent drop in August. Export prices to the European Union edged down 0.1 percent 
in September and increased 1.5 percent over the past 12 months. The price indexes for exports to Canada 
and Mexico declined 0.2 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively, in September. (See table 8.)

Terms of Trade Indexes: Terms of Trade indexes are based on country, region, or grouping and measure 
the change in the purchasing power of exports relative to imports. The U.S. terms of trade with China were 
unchanged in September following a 1.4-percent drop in August. In September, lower export prices to China 
offset price decreases for imports from China. The index for U.S. terms of trade with China fell 0.2 percent 
over the past 12 months. U.S. terms of trade with Japan increased 0.1 percent in September, after a 0.7-
percent decline in August and a 0.6-percent rise in July. The U.S. terms of trade with Japan decreased 0.5 
percent over the year ended in September. The index for U.S. terms of trade with the European Union was 
unchanged for the second consecutive month in September. U.S. terms of trade with Mexico fell 0.2 percent 
in September and 1.0 percent over the past 12 months. The U.S. terms of trade with Canada decreased 0.7 
percent in September and declined 6.1 percent over the past year. (See table 9.)

Import and Export Services

Imports: Import air passenger fares rose 9.1 percent in September, after falling 8.2 percent in August and 
declining 9.9 percent in July. In September, higher European fares more than offset lower Latin 
American/Caribbean and Asian fares. Import air passenger fares fell 7.4 percent over the 12 months ended 
in September. Import air freight prices decreased 0.3 percent in September. The price index for import air 
freight fell 8.4 percent over the past year. (See table 10.)

Exports: The index for export air passenger fares declined 5.2 percent in September following a drop of 3.1 
percent in August. Lower Asian and Latin American/Caribbean fares more than offset higher European 
fares in September. Export air passenger fares decreased 3.2 percent from September 2018 to September 
2019. Export air freight prices fell 1.2 percent for the second consecutive month in September, the largest 
monthly drops since decreasing 6.2 percent in December 2017. Prices for export air freight declined 1.2 
percent over the past 12 months.
		
Import and Export Price Index data for October are scheduled for release on Friday, November 15, 2019 at 
8:30 a.m. (EST).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2018 to September 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

All commodities

  100.000 125.3 125.6 -1.6 -1.1 0.0 -0.2 0.2

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.554 99.2 99.2 -1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

All imports excluding petroleum

  89.883 112.0 111.9 -1.1 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  89.536 116.2 116.1 -1.1 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

5.982 178.1 176.7 -1.7 -1.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.622 193.7 191.6 -2.5 -1.8 -0.5 -1.2 -1.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.361 143.4 143.7 1.1 -0.2 -0.3 1.8 0.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

24.336 187.5 189.7 -3.7 -3.9 0.2 -1.1 1.2

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.375 151.7 152.3 -2.5 -1.2 0.1 0.0 0.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.873 173.8 174.6 -2.2 -0.6 0.2 -0.3 0.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.789 166.0 167.7 -0.5 -0.5 0.7 0.1 1.0

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.430 134.2 133.2 -5.2 -2.3 -1.0 -0.1 -0.7

Fuels & lubricants

10

10.464 211.3 215.8 -5.1 -7.8 0.1 -1.9 2.1

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

10.117 231.6 237.0 -5.8 -7.5 0.2 -2.3 2.3

Crude

10000

7.316 239.8 246.3 -6.7 -8.5 -0.9 -1.8 2.7

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.347 79.2 77.1 -11.3 -16.7 -3.9 10.8 -2.7

Gas-natural

10110

0.254 62.9 60.6 -10.4 -22.1 -2.6 13.1 -3.7

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.556 116.4 115.5 -5.9 0.1 -3.1 -0.3 -0.8

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.527 155.0 154.3 -5.0 -0.9 -0.4 -1.1 -0.5

Selected building materials

13

1.477 141.3 142.3 -6.8 0.6 0.9 -1.2 0.7

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.792 233.3 237.9 3.2 -1.2 1.1 0.7 2.0

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.766 157.1 157.7 -1.9 -0.5 0.3 -0.2 0.4

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.755 113.2 113.2 -1.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Capital goods

2

27.834 88.2 88.2 -1.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Electric generating equipment

20

3.441 119.7 120.0 1.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.089 80.2 80.1 -2.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.305 136.9 136.9 1.7 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.703 109.7 109.7 -0.7 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.145 107.1 107.1 -0.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.505 124.1 124.0 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.379 91.4 91.4 -1.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.260 116.5 116.5 1.0 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2018 to September 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

All commodities

  100.000 125.5 125.2 -1.6 -0.6 0.2 -0.6 -0.2

Agricultural commodities

  9.531 176.6 173.5 0.2 2.4 0.2 -2.3 -1.8

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  80.855 101.5 101.4 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.469 121.6 121.5 -1.9 -0.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.893 180.5 177.7 1.5 2.9 0.2 -2.1 -1.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.276 178.7 175.5 1.6 3.1 0.2 -2.3 -1.8

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.616 215.0 218.2 0.6 -0.8 0.5 1.3 1.5

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.942 153.3 152.8 -6.5 -2.7 0.5 -1.0 -0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.451 167.0 167.4 3.2 -0.5 0.7 0.9 0.2

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  21.491 147.3 146.5 -10.9 -3.6 0.3 -2.0 -0.5

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.225 168.1 165.9 -9.0 -1.5 -0.3 -2.8 -1.3

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  30.717 152.8 152.4 -6.5 -2.7 0.5 -1.0 -0.3

Fuels & lubricants

11

10.252 176.7 175.7 -16.5 -6.7 1.4 -3.3 -0.6

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.486 157.5 157.2 -1.1 -0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.2

Selected building materials

13

0.979 119.2 119.4 -2.9 -0.9 -0.7 -0.8 0.2

Capital goods

2

36.306 110.8 110.8 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.787 117.8 117.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

23.715 94.7 94.8 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.804 182.9 183.0 3.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.231 114.4 114.3 0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.629 110.7 110.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.983 108.2 107.9 1.3 0.0 0.7 -0.5 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.203 107.8 107.5 0.0 0.7 -0.4 0.4 -0.3

Nonmanufactured consumer goods (Dec. 2018=100)

42

1.443 99.0 99.2 - -0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: September 2018 to September 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  9.804 113.8 115.8 -3.0 -7.5 -0.9 -1.6 1.8

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.874 174.9 172.7 -3.3 -3.4 -0.7 -2.5 -1.3

Crop production

111

1.505 186.3 182.8 -4.2 -3.7 -1.1 -3.5 -1.9

Mining

21

7.930 107.7 110.4 -3.0 -8.5 -1.0 -1.5 2.5

Oil and gas extraction

211

7.674 107.4 110.1 -3.5 -8.7 -1.0 -1.6 2.5

Manufacturing

  89.887 111.0 111.0 -1.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Manufacturing, part 1

31

11.231 125.3 125.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.370 154.2 153.5 -1.4 -0.3 -0.8 -0.1 -0.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.154 126.0 125.5 3.0 -0.1 0.1 2.4 -0.4

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.367 99.9 99.6 -0.6 -0.3 2.0 -1.2 -0.3

Textile product mills

314

0.929 108.3 108.0 -0.9 -0.3 -0.7 0.0 -0.3

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.773 112.8 112.8 0.8 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.638 123.4 123.1 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 2

32

17.486 125.5 125.7 -2.7 -1.1 0.6 -0.9 0.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.027 110.9 110.3 -4.8 0.0 -1.7 -0.4 -0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.577 100.7 102.2 -2.3 -4.8 4.0 -3.6 1.5

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.560 138.6 138.4 -2.3 -0.6 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.266 118.9 118.7 -0.7 0.0 -0.3 0.1 -0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.036 131.0 130.7 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 0.2 -0.2

Manufacturing, part 3

33

61.170 103.5 103.6 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.384 155.7 158.4 3.2 -1.2 0.9 0.3 1.7

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.115 126.4 126.4 -1.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.320 119.0 118.9 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.215 72.4 72.3 -3.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

5.177 117.7 117.8 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.699 109.1 109.0 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.867 116.4 116.2 -1.0 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.393 118.4 118.6 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected industries: September 2018 to September 2019 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Nonmanufacturing

  8.735 127.5 126.7 -7.8 -0.4 -0.8 -3.2 -0.6

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.688 146.9 143.7 -1.3 4.0 0.0 -4.2 -2.2

Crop production

111

4.344 153.3 149.6 -1.1 4.5 -0.1 -4.6 -2.4

Mining

21

4.046 80.7 81.6 -16.1 -5.1 -1.7 -1.9 1.1

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.302 113.6 108.9 -4.3 -2.0 -1.3 -0.1 -4.1

Manufacturing

  90.047 116.7 116.4 -0.9 -0.6 0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Manufacturing, part 1

31

6.836 141.3 140.0 0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.3 -0.9

Food manufacturing

311

4.678 159.5 157.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 -0.3 -1.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.664 123.5 122.3 -0.6 0.4 0.8 0.1 -1.0

Manufacturing, part 2

32

25.093 114.1 113.4 -5.4 -2.3 0.8 -1.3 -0.6

Wood product manufacturing (Dec. 2017=100)

321

0.517 96.3 96.0 -6.5 -1.5 -0.5 -1.0 -0.3

Paper manufacturing

322

1.658 122.4 121.9 -8.0 -0.5 -1.6 -1.4 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

6.123 107.5 105.2 -15.4 -7.9 3.5 -3.8 -2.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.423 118.5 118.2 -1.6 -0.4 0.1 -0.5 -0.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.294 117.0 117.2 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.849 117.7 119.4 2.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 1.4

Manufacturing, part 3

33

58.119 115.3 115.3 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.183 151.4 152.7 7.8 -0.3 1.7 2.6 0.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.013 148.2 148.2 5.0 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

9.621 130.1 130.1 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

13.851 81.8 81.9 -1.8 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.821 117.8 117.5 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.803 129.0 129.1 1.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.399 122.5 122.6 1.6 -0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.429 121.1 120.8 0.4 0.6 -0.2 0.7 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2018 to September 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
importance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

1.400 196.2 195.8 1.3 -0.7 -0.3 0.6 -0.2

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.380 262.9 259.0 7.6 0.1 -1.3 0.2 -1.5

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.737 140.3 140.6 -0.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.6 0.2

Vegetable products

II

1.828 206.1 203.1 -3.7 -3.8 -1.3 -2.9 -1.5

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.484 497.9 502.8 30.9 0.5 -7.9 6.6 1.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.648 114.4 105.2 -22.2 -11.0 1.9 -9.9 -8.0

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.320 191.0 203.4 0.9 1.6 -0.1 -3.3 6.5

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.226 85.1 83.2 -14.8 -1.5 0.4 0.7 -2.2

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.865 166.7 166.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.8 -0.2

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.223 96.6 95.3 -3.2 1.2 0.6 -1.8 -1.3

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.365 171.2 170.4 -2.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.5

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.106 136.4 135.8 2.9 -0.1 0.1 2.6 -0.4

Mineral products

V

10.456 211.6 216.0 -5.1 -7.6 0.0 -1.8 2.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.141 208.7 213.1 -5.5 -7.8 0.0 -1.9 2.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.932 156.6 156.5 -1.9 -0.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.488 277.5 277.2 -15.2 -5.0 -0.5 -4.3 -0.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.016 126.4 126.0 -5.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.6 -0.3

Pharmaceutical products

30

4.416 155.0 155.2 1.4 -0.3 1.4 0.4 0.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.262 79.2 79.6 -4.7 -2.7 -6.7 -0.6 0.5

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2016=100)

33

0.603 103.6 103.2 -0.2 0.0 0.6 -0.4 -0.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.583 103.0 102.1 -4.6 -0.1 0.4 -0.5 -0.9

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.472 139.8 139.5 -1.3 0.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.322 142.6 142.2 -1.8 0.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.150 136.4 136.4 -0.1 0.5 -0.7 -0.4 0.0

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.617 123.9 123.8 -0.9 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.589 130.4 130.3 -0.5 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.836 142.6 144.4 -12.4 1.0 1.7 -2.3 1.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.079 117.4 116.6 -4.0 0.2 -2.0 -0.3 -0.7

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.728 109.9 109.2 -1.7 0.1 -0.9 -0.3 -0.6

Textile and textile articles

XI

4.903 114.7 114.6 0.1 -0.2 0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.994 105.8 105.8 1.3 -0.1 1.0 0.2 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.645 120.9 121.1 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.639 102.0 101.6 -2.4 -0.1 -1.2 -0.4 -0.4

Headgear, umbrellas, artificial flowers, etc.

XII

1.365 122.7 122.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.134 121.7 121.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.3

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.951 132.2 131.8 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.3

Ceramic products

69

0.267 135.7 135.7 0.4 0.1 -0.7 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.838 185.5 191.9 14.7 0.7 2.9 1.5 3.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.787 173.3 173.3 -3.7 -1.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.0

Iron and steel

72

1.328 214.3 212.9 -7.7 -1.3 -1.4 0.2 -0.7

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.720 149.6 150.0 -1.6 -0.3 -0.5 0.3 0.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.424 266.7 264.3 -2.4 -5.0 1.3 -3.1 -0.9

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.979 128.2 127.0 -8.0 -1.3 -0.3 -1.5 -0.9

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.443 123.6 123.8 0.3 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.517 135.8 135.8 -0.9 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.020 79.3 79.2 -1.5 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.921 85.5 85.3 -1.7 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.099 73.5 73.5 -1.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.920 113.4 113.3 -0.8 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.747 112.6 112.5 -0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.062 113.0 113.0 -1.8 -0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.989 101.6 101.7 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.716 98.1 98.2 -0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.211 143.3 144.1 1.3 -0.1 1.0 0.1 0.6

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.439 111.8 111.7 -1.0 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.790 117.8 117.6 -0.8 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.378 101.8 101.8 -1.4 0.1 -0.6 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.271 128.7 128.7 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2018 to September 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Live animals; animal products

I

2.006 217.4 213.8 2.9 1.0 -0.1 -0.1 -1.7

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.193 171.5 164.8 2.5 1.9 0.2 -0.9 -3.9

Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic invertebrates (Dec. 2016=100)

03

0.403 118.6 120.4 0.9 -1.0 0.4 1.8 1.5

Vegetable products

II

4.403 190.5 185.9 1.3 5.2 0.2 -4.5 -2.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.969 135.4 139.9 6.6 6.1 -2.5 -0.7 3.3

Cereals

10

1.380 194.4 177.3 -6.9 11.9 -0.5 -5.0 -8.8

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.658 184.3 182.8 2.3 3.8 1.7 -3.0 -0.8

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

3.046 154.6 153.4 1.3 1.0 0.8 -0.1 -0.8

Miscellaneous edible preparations (Dec. 2017=100)

21

0.573 98.8 98.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.1 -0.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.564 112.7 110.9 4.4 3.6 2.5 -0.2 -1.6

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.702 215.6 209.5 -3.1 1.5 0.8 -0.7 -2.8

Mineral products

V

10.346 212.8 211.9 -15.7 -6.8 1.4 -3.3 -0.4

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.410 98.3 96.6 1.3 -3.7 -0.5 1.7 -1.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

9.737 204.1 203.3 -16.8 -7.0 1.5 -3.6 -0.4

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.963 138.6 138.0 -1.1 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.735 147.7 146.4 -3.7 -0.3 0.0 -1.3 -0.9

Organic chemicals

29

2.592 142.4 141.3 -5.5 -0.7 -0.8 -0.2 -0.8

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.093 107.9 107.4 0.8 0.0 1.0 0.0 -0.5

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.567 107.5 104.5 2.1 -1.2 1.6 1.9 -2.8

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.851 130.5 130.4 -0.4 -0.6 -0.2 -0.5 -0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.494 124.6 125.2 4.5 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.973 155.5 156.3 1.4 -0.4 -0.6 -0.1 0.5

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.213 143.1 142.0 -2.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.6 -0.8

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.333 140.2 138.9 -1.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.6 -0.9

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.879 153.7 153.4 -3.7 -0.6 0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.624 95.5 94.3 -8.4 -1.3 -0.8 -1.0 -1.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.869 122.4 121.6 -8.9 -0.6 -1.6 -0.1 -0.7

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.083 125.0 124.9 -3.6 0.2 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.683 117.4 117.5 -6.7 -1.9 -0.2 -3.1 0.1

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.445 108.7 109.3 -19.0 -6.7 -1.9 -6.5 0.6

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.824 127.4 128.2 3.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.6

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.477 258.8 262.9 14.1 1.6 2.3 3.1 1.6

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.679 157.3 155.3 -2.8 -1.2 -0.6 -0.2 -1.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.465 172.7 171.4 -4.6 -5.3 -0.3 -3.0 -0.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.691 101.7 98.8 -11.9 -2.2 -1.1 -1.3 -2.9

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.337 154.3 154.1 0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.163 97.6 97.6 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.365 115.8 115.8 0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.798 78.1 78.1 -1.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.817 137.1 137.1 1.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.358 116.3 116.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.988 111.3 111.4 1.8 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.382 112.9 112.9 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.769 130.6 130.7 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.458 88.6 88.6 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: September 2018 to September 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 127.0 127.4 2.4 -1.6 0.2 0.2 0.3

Nonmanufacturing

11.184 189.0 193.2 24.4 -11.2 -0.2 2.6 2.2

Manufacturing

88.236 121.2 121.3 0.0 -0.4 0.3 -0.2 0.1

Canada

100.000 140.3 141.1 5.9 -4.4 -0.4 0.6 0.6

Nonmanufacturing

30.538 185.2 189.6 28.5 -11.6 -0.6 2.8 2.4

Manufacturing

68.584 129.8 129.7 -2.6 -0.9 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1

European Union

100.000 136.8 136.7 -0.2 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Manufacturing

98.744 133.2 133.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.1

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 127.8 127.5 -0.7 -0.6 0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 112.4 112.7 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.4 121.8 0.3 -0.7 0.5 -0.3 0.3

Latin America(3)

100.000 147.1 147.4 -3.3 -1.3 -0.2 -0.6 0.2

Nonmanufacturing

16.614 254.9 257.2 -10.7 -4.5 -1.4 -5.3 0.9

Manufacturing

83.104 120.4 120.6 -1.3 -0.6 0.1 0.3 0.2

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 127.7 127.4 -1.8 -1.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

8.319 136.7 132.6 -15.8 -9.5 1.2 -9.0 -3.0

Manufacturing (Dec. 2008=100)

91.418 87.8 87.8 -0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.7 0.0

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(4)

100.000 98.1 98.0 -1.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 98.6 98.4 -1.8 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Japan

100.000 96.8 96.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Taiwan (Dec. 2018=100)

100.000 99.0 99.2 - 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2

Asian NICs(5)

100.000 87.8 87.7 -1.2 -0.8 0.6 -0.6 -0.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 97.4 97.4 -1.3 -0.2 0.9 -0.1 0.0

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(7)

100.000 182.5 185.4 -6.4 -4.8 -0.7 1.2 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(5) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
(6) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
(7) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes by locality of destination: September 2018 to September 2019 [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 102.9 102.8 0.2 -0.3 0.3 -0.4 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing

8.082 104.0 104.7 3.4 -2.7 -1.2 -4.8 0.7

Manufacturing

90.796 103.1 102.8 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Canada

100.000 103.8 103.6 -0.7 -0.4 0.2 -0.9 -0.2

European Union

100.000 105.1 105.0 1.5 -0.4 0.7 -0.2 -0.1

Nonmanufacturing

7.075 103.0 100.9 -0.8 -2.4 -2.6 -2.5 -2.0

Manufacturing

91.802 105.3 105.4 1.7 -0.3 1.0 -0.1 0.1

Germany

100.000 104.3 104.5 3.7 0.2 1.2 0.0 0.2

Latin America(3)

100.000 100.5 100.1 -3.7 -1.8 0.7 -1.1 -0.4

Nonmanufacturing

6.974 103.7 100.7 -3.9 1.1 -0.7 -1.4 -2.9

Manufacturing

92.602 100.3 100.1 -3.7 -2.0 0.9 -1.1 -0.2

Mexico

100.000 100.3 99.8 -2.8 -1.3 0.7 -0.7 -0.5

Nonmanufacturing

6.007 96.6 95.0 -7.9 0.5 -0.4 -1.5 -1.7

Manufacturing

93.502 100.5 100.1 -2.5 -1.4 0.7 -0.6 -0.4

Pacific Rim(4)

100.000 100.2 100.3 0.6 -0.1 0.8 -0.5 0.1

Nonmanufacturing

14.313 99.2 98.7 7.0 0.2 4.0 -3.2 -0.5

Manufacturing

83.863 101.0 101.1 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1

China

100.000 96.3 96.1 -2.0 -0.2 -0.3 -1.5 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing

20.285 93.9 94.3 5.7 0.3 0.3 -3.7 0.4

Manufacturing

76.458 98.4 98.2 -2.4 0.0 -0.3 -1.0 -0.2

Japan

100.000 100.1 100.2 -0.3 0.1 0.7 -0.7 0.1

Nonmanufacturing

18.371 100.5 98.4 -0.2 1.8 0.1 -4.6 -2.1

Manufacturing

80.450 99.8 100.2 -0.7 -0.2 0.6 0.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: September 2018 to September 2019(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

99.2 98.8 -2.2 1.4 0.1 -0.5 -0.4

Canada

97.2 96.5 -6.1 4.1 0.5 -1.4 -0.7

European Union

103.4 103.4 1.8 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.0

Germany

106.8 106.7 2.9 0.2 1.0 0.0 -0.1

Latin America(3)

101.7 101.1 -0.3 -0.5 0.9 -0.5 -0.6

Mexico

101.3 101.1 -1.0 0.0 0.7 -0.6 -0.2

Pacific Rim(4)

100.5 100.7 1.7 0.1 0.8 -0.4 0.2

China

97.8 97.8 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -1.4 0.0

Japan

98.8 98.9 -0.5 0.1 0.6 -0.7 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 10. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: September 2018 to September 2019 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2019(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2018
to
Sept.
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 173.7 173.1 -8.4 -0.1 -2.5 -0.4 -0.3

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

27.356 145.7 145.5 -0.1 0.1 -2.6 1.0 -0.1

Asia

59.357 161.2 160.3 -13.0 -0.1 -2.8 -1.1 -0.6

Export Air Freight

100.000 164.4 162.4 -1.2 -0.5 0.7 -1.2 -1.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

32.038 151.6 151.1 1.2 -0.5 0.5 -0.6 -0.3

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 161.0 160.1 -7.2 0.5 -2.2 -2.1 -0.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.360 132.0 132.6 -2.2 1.4 -4.3 -0.1 0.5

Asia

56.355 147.9 146.0 -11.2 0.2 -1.6 -3.5 -1.3

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 146.4 141.8 -2.3 0.0 2.6 -1.5 -3.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

33.282 154.7 154.7 3.8 -0.3 0.4 -0.3 0.0

Asia

44.559 141.0 131.5 -8.0 0.4 6.2 -3.8 -6.7

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 153.6 167.6 -7.4 6.7 -9.9 -8.2 9.1

Europe

50.328 162.0 192.6 -8.9 7.3 -12.7 -12.2 18.9

Asia

21.530 125.9 124.0 -6.3 9.7 -11.8 -5.1 -1.5

Latin America/Caribbean

7.734 160.3 147.6 -0.8 4.3 6.1 -4.6 -7.9

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 154.4 146.3 -3.2 4.0 3.3 -3.1 -5.2

Europe

26.572 184.1 186.2 -6.2 5.2 3.2 -11.4 1.1

Asia

29.515 145.6 130.6 -3.2 5.5 1.6 3.2 -10.3

Latin America/Caribbean

25.874 164.6 154.1 0.6 4.9 6.7 -3.0 -6.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2017 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                                TECHNICAL NOTE                                                

Import and Export Goods and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
includes outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Goods Indexes - Items are classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification system 
of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" (f.a.s.) 
factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Indexes for import and export air passenger fares calculate changes in the 
average revenue received per passenger by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and by U.S. carriers from 
foreign residents, respectively. Data are obtained from an airline consulting service and report on tickets 
sold by travel agencies, travel websites, and directly by the airlines. Taxes and fees are included in both 
the import and export air passenger fares indexes. Import air passenger fares data have used the airline 
consulting service source since September 2008. Before April 2018, the export air passenger fares data 
were collected directly by BLS from U.S. airlines. The air freight indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the 
service being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any 
ground transportation or port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: 
balance of payments (which represents transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and 
international (which represents transactions inbound to and outbound from the United States.) Fact 
sheets specifying detailed information for each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp 
under "MXP Publications."

Import Price Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the import price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and, 
beginning with January 2002, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 
covering goods-producing industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and 
manufactured goods are defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Export Price Indexes by Locality of Destination - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data 
collected for the export price indexes. The indexes are specific to a country, region, or grouping and are 
based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) covering goods-producing 
industries. Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are 
defined as NAICS 31-33. 

Terms of Trade Indexes - Terms of trade indexes measure the relative price of exports in terms of 
import prices for a specific country, region, or grouping. The indexes are calculated as one country, 
region, or grouping's all-export goods price index divided by the corresponding all-import goods price 
index on a scale of 100. 
   
Relative Importance - A relative importance is a specific index's price-updated value share (expressed 
as a percentage) of overall imports or exports at a specific point in time. Relative importance values are 
affected by the trade weights at the point indexes are reweighted and index changes relative to other 
indexes since the reweight point. If an index is rising in value relative to other indexes over time, the 
relative importance will increase as well. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Rounding Policy - Index values are rounded to the tenth decimal place after being calculated. All 
percent changes are then derived from the rounded index values and subsequently rounded to the tenth 
decimal place.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. 

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   
Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: October 11, 2019